ADTRAN | T200 | Installation and Maintenance | Adtran T200 Installation and Maintenance

Adtran T200 Installation and Maintenance
Section 61212083L1-5
Issue 4, March 2000
CLEI Code #DDRPMLP1 _ _
CLEI Code #DDRPMLS1 _ _
CLEI Code #DDRPMLT1_ _
CLEI Code #DDR1AAAA_ _
T200/T400 TRI-R
Total Reach® ISDN Remote Card
Installation and Maintenance
CONTENTS
1. GENERAL .................................................................. 1
2. INSTALLATION ......................................................... 2
3. TESTING .................................................................... 6
4. SPECIFICATIONS ...................................................... 7
5. MAINTENANCE ........................................................ 7
6. WARRANTY AND CUSTOMER SERVICE ............. 7
SW
NO
FIGURES
Figure 1. T200/T400 Total Reach ISDN-R ....................... 1
Figure 2. 1st to 2nd Generation Compatibility .................. 2
Figure 3. T400 TRI-R Pin Assignments ............................ 3
TABLES
Table 1. SW1 Option Settings ........................................... 3
Table 2. ADTRAN 19" and 23" T400 Shelves
Wiring Pinout ....................................................... 4
Table 3. Pinout Cross-Reference for TRI-R ...................... 4
Table 4. Front Panel Indicators .......................................... 5
Table 5. 20 kHz vs 40 kHz Loop Loss Conversion ........... 6
Table 6. TRI-Interface Deployment Guidelines ................ 6
Table 7. Cable Loss Constants (PIC @ 70°F) ................... 6
Table 8. dB Loss Over Temperature @20 kHz .................. 7
Table 9. U-Interface Deployment Guidelines .................... 7
Table 10. TRI-R Specifications ......................................... 8
1. GENERAL
This practice provides installation and maintenance
procedures for the ADTRAN Low Voltage Total
Reach ISDN - circuit card (TRI-R). Figure 1 is an
illustration of the T200/T400 Total Reach ISDN-R.
Revision History
This Installation and Maintenance Practice has been
reissued to include the following information and
changes:
• Addition of Figure 2. 1st Generation to 2nd
Generation Compatibility
• Clarification of the LOOPBACK LED in Table 4.
Front Panel Indicators
• Minor format change to Tables 6 and 8
61212083L1-5D
ISD
1
SX
TE
ST
N
SW
ISDN
NO
1
SX
TE
ST
4
Figure 1. T200/T400 Total Reach ISDN-R
• Added note to Table 7. Cable Loss Constants
(PIC @ 70°F)
• Clarification of the Deployment Guidelines
section
• Addition of Table 8.
• Addition of Type 200 TRI-R, part numbers
1212083L4 and 1212083L5.
Features
Total Reach ISDN-R, part numbers 1212083L1,
L1#A, L4, and L5 features include:
• ISDN 2B1Q U-interface meets all Layer 1
requirements as specified in ANSI T1.601-1992
• U-interface provides 18 kft nominal range on
mixed gauge wire
Trademarks: Any brand names and
product names
included in this document
Section
61212083L1-5,
Issue 4are trademarks, registered trademarks, or trade
names of their respective holders.
1
• Total Reach (TR) interface provides 30.5 kft
nominal range on mixed wire gauge
• Performance monitoring of the Layer 1 facility as
specified in TR-NWT-000397 and
TR-TSY-000829
• Eight hours of performance history, per
TR-NWT-000829
• Eight ISDN BRA National Standard eoc
messages responded to, including B1, B2, and
2B+D loopbacks
• Lightning and power cross protection in
compliance with GR-1089-CORE
• Span powered by the Total Reach ISDN-Central
Office Unit
• Compatible with -130 VDC and -190 VDC
Central Office Units
customer premises at distances up to 30.5 kft over a
single twisted pair of mixed gauge wire.
The TRI-R restores the 2B+D data and Layer 1
embedded operations channel (eoc) information from
the Total Reach ISDN interface, converting it to
standard U-interface 2B1Q line code for transport to
the customer’s NT1/TA.
TRI-R makes use of ADTRAN's Simple Coded-Pulse
Amplitude Modulation (SC PAM) line coding
technology to extend the service range of ISDN
without requiring the use of current mid-span
U-Repeater technology. SC PAM is a full-duplex,
multilevel encoding scheme that utilizes bandwidth
reduction and improved adaptive equalization to
transparently extend the ISDN Digital Subscriber Line
(DSL) well beyond the current serving range of ISDN.
General Descriptions
The TRI-R is a Type 200/400 mount circuit card that
occupies a single slot on a standard Network
Communication Termination Equipment housing,
such as the ADTRAN T400 19" and T400 23"
shelves, single mount stand-alone housing, and T400
Environmental Housings.
The Total Reach ISDN system extends the DSL
serving range up to 52 dB when measured at 20 kHz@
135 ohms termination. This is based on -44.2 dBm of
2B1Q Near End Crosstalk (NEXT) as defined in
ANSI T1.601 (typically referred to as 0 dB margin).
Refer to Deployment Guidelines for additional
information.
The T200/T400 TRI-R, in conjunction with the
Central Office card (TRI-C), allows the transparent
transport of Basic Rate ISDN (BRI) service to the
The Low Power T200/T400 TRI-R is span powered
by -130 VDC maximum from the multiple Low Power
TRI-C products, or by -190 VDC maximum from the
T400 TRI-C, P/N 1210082L1, CLEI DDRPLKC1AA
(see Figure 2). This allows the TRI-R to be located
near or at the customer's premises. The TRI-R
converts the span-power input to provide operation
voltages for the TRI-R and provide sealing current for
the customer's NT1/TA.
1st Generation
190 Volts
TRI-C
TRI-R
1210082L1
19
0
Vo
lts
1210083L1
1210083L2
4210083NID
4210083LID
2. INSTALLATION
C A U T I O N !
SUBJECT TO ELECTROSTATIC DAMAGE
OR DECREASE IN RELIABILITY.
HANDLING PRECAUTIONS REQUIRED.
2nd Generation
TRI-C
1102182L1
1152082L1
1152182L1
1212082L1
130 Volts
TRI-R
1212083L1
1212083L2
4212083NID
4212083LID
4212083CASE
1212083L4
1212083L5
After unpacking the unit, inspect it for damage. If
damage is discovered, file a claim with the carrier,
then contact ADTRAN. See Warranty and Customer
Service.
Optioning
The TRI-R has a two-position Dual In-Line Package
(DIP) switch SW1 that is used to option the unit. See
Table 1 for a description of optioning.
Figure 2. 1st to 2nd Generation Compatibility
2
Section 61212083L1-5, Issue 4
61212083L1-5D
Table 1. SW1 Option Settings
Switch
Label
SW1-1
NO SX
Description
ON
Default and normal
position. Provides
between 4 to 10 mA of
sealing current toward the
customer's NT1/TA
OFF Disables sealing current
to the customer's
NT1/TA.
SW1-2
TEST
ON (TEST) Factory Test
only.
OFF Default and operational
mode.
Connections
The Central-Office-Side Interface and the Customer
Side U-interface connections to the TRI-R are made
through a 56-pin connector on a T200/T400 shelf, or
terminal strip. Some stand-alone housings provide an
RJ connector that can be used as the Customer Side
connection.
CAUTION
-130 VDC maximum is present on the TRI-R
when a low-voltage TRI-C is used and -190
maximum when used with the 1210.082L1
Referring to Figure 3 and the T200/T400 housing
documentation, connect the U-interface and TRIinterface to the appropriate cross-connect. These
connections are not sensitive to Tip/Ring reversal.
55
Tip, U-interface
49
Ring, U-interface
47
Ring, TR-interface
41
Tip, TR-interface
To Customer NT1
To TRI-C
27
Frame Ground
11
Frame Ground
(No Connection on L5)
17
Frame Ground
(Digital Ground on L5)
Figure 3. T400 TRI-R Pin Assignments
Pin-out information for ADTRAN environmental
housings and other similar housings is provided in
Tables 2 and 3.
61212083L1-5D
WARNING
The frame ground must be connected to
provide lightning and power cross protection
for the TRI-R.
To install the T200/T400 TRI-R, grasp the unit by the
faceplate and insert it into a shelf slot. Push the T200/
T400 TRI-R into the backplane connector until firmly
seated. The TRI-C can be installed or powered on at
this time. Following power-up, some of the TRI-R
faceplate indicators will initially illuminate, and then
stabilize with the NT1 I/F and TRI I/F LEDs
remaining ON. Table 4 describes the four front panel
status LEDs.
After installation, the TRI-R will initiate the training
sequences to the TRI-C. Once synchronization is
achieved on the Total Reach interface, the TRI-R will
then initiate the training sequences to the customer's
terminal equipment. The TRI I/F and NT1 I/F LEDs
should go out when synchronization has been
achieved on the TRI-interface and U-interface
respectively.
After synchronization, if either the TRI I/F or NT1 I/F
LED flashes at a rate of once per second, this indicates
the receipt of Near End Block Errors (NEBE) on the
associated interface. Both LEDs may illuminate
immediately following synchronization of each
interface, but should go OUT within 1 second. An
LED which remains ON, or flashes intermittently,
indicates a possible error condition on the associated
interface, and should be checked before concluding
circuit turn-up.
Once synchronization is complete and all connections
are made, the interface indicates activation using the
ACT LED. The ACT LED will light after successful
exchange of the Activation bit between the customer's
terminal equipment and the ISDN Switch.
The ACT LED will flash if the activation bit is
received on the U-interface (when NT1 or the
customer's terminal equipment is providing the
Activation bit) but is not received from the ISDN
Switch on the TRI-interface.
During normal operation, the ACT LED will be ON,
and all other LEDs will be OFF. See Table 4 for
additional LED information.
Section 61212083L1-5, Issue 4
3
Table 2. ADTRAN 19" and 23" T400 Shelves Wiring Pinout
23" T400 Shelf
(1150.092L1)
23" and 19" T400
(1150.024L1 & 150.028L1)
Field Side
TRIInterface
(Pins 47/41)
Customer
Side UInterface
(Pins 49/55)
Field Side
TRIInterface
(Pins 47/41)
Customer
Side UInterface
(Pins
49/55)
Field
Side UInterface
(Pins
47/41)
Customer
Side TRIInterface
(Pins
49/55)
1
P1-1/26
P3-1/26
P1-1/26
P2-1/26
P2-14/39
P1-14/39
2
P1-2/27
P3-2/27
P1-3/28
P2-5/30
P2-15/40
P1-15/40
3
P1-3/28
P3-3/28
P1-5/30
P2-9/34
P2-16/41
P1-16/41
4
P1-4/29
P3-4/29
P1-7/32
P2-13/38
P2-17/42
P1-17/42
5
P1-5/30
P3-5/30
P1-9/34
P2-17/42
P2-18/43
P1-18/43
6
P1-6/31
P3-6/31
P1-11/36
P2-21/46
P2-19/44
P1-19/44
7
P1-7/32
P3-7/32
P1-13/38
P3-1/26
P2-20/45
P1-20/45
8
P1-8/33
P3-8/33
P1-15/40
P3-5/30
P2-21/46
P1-21/46
9
P1-9/34
P3-9/34
P1-17/42
P3-9/34
P2-22/47
P1-22/47
10
P1-10/35
P3-10/35
P1-19/44
P3-13/38
P2-23/48
P1-23/48
11
P1-11/36
P3-11/36
P1-21/46
P3-17/42
P2-24/49
P1-24/49
12
P1-12/37
P3-12/37
P1-23/48
P3-21/46
P2-25/50
P1-25/50
13
P1-13/38
P3-13/38
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
14
P1-14/39
P3-14/39
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Slot #
Table 3. Pinout Cross-Reference for TRI-R
TRI-Interface
Pin 41 (Tip):
TT, T Loop 2 (HDSL-Compatible
Housings)
Pin 47 Ring): TR, R Loop 2 (HDSL-Compatible
Housings)
U-Interface
Pin 55 (Tip):
DTT, T from CPE (HDSLCompatible Housings)
Pin 49 Ring): DTR, R from CPE (HDSLCompatible Housings)
4
HR12 Shelf
Deployment Guidelines
The Total Reach ISDN system is designed to provide
range extension on single twisted-pair, non-loaded
loops that exceed the typical ISDN deployment range.
The general guidelines require the loop to have an
insertion loss of less than 52 dB at 20 kHz, or less
than 61 dB at 40 kHz with 135 ohms driving and
terminating impedances, see Table 5. Table 6
provides recommended guidelines for the Total Reach
ISDN interface. Adherence to these guidelines will
allow general deployment of Total Reach ISDN
without further qualification. If any of the stated
guidelines are exceeded, additional circuit testing will
be required to ensure loop loss and noise levels are not
exceeded.
Section 61212083L1-5, Issue 4
61212083L1-5D
Table 4. Front Panel Indicators
Indicator
Color
Description
NT1 I/F
Red
ON solid indicates a loss of
signal or synchronization
with the 2B1Q BRI
interface toward cutomer's
NT1. Flashing once per
second indicates receipt of a
Near End Block Error
(NEBE) from the 2B1Q
BRI interface.
TRI I/F
Red
ON solid indicates a loss of
signal or synchronization
with the TRI-C unit.
Flashing once per second
indicates receipt of a NEBE
from the TRI-C unit.
LOOPBACK
ACT
Yellow Indicates the TRI-R is in a
network-commanded
loopback; 1 flash per
second for B1 loopback, 2
flashes per second for a B2
loopback, and solid for
2B+D loopback.
Green
ON solid indicates that the
terminal equipment has
exchanged ACT bits with
the ISDN switch. Flashing
once per second indicates
that the ACT bit is being
sent from only the terminal
equipment.
CAUTION
All load coils must be removed from the
circuit pairs being deployed. Loading coils,
which are used to enhance voice quality on
analog circuits, are designed to pass
frequencies in the lower bandwidth range.
Technologies operating in higher bandwidth
ranges such as DDS, HDSL, or in this case
ISDN, will not operate properly if all loading
coils are not removed from the pair.
kHz and can be used to determine the Estimated
Measured Loss (EML) for any local loop. Examples
of maximum loop lengths are provided for each wire
gauge, and are based on 70°F PIC cable, with -44.2
dBm ANSI NEXT. These constants were derived
using Bell Lab Transmission System for
Communications, 1982, and the method for
determining the insertion loss with 135 ohms driving
and termination impedances. The total length of
multi-gauge cable must yield a loop loss less than or
equal to 52 dB @ 20 kHz or 61 dB @ 40 kHz.
For EML, multiply each section’s loop length in
kilofeet by the appropriate cable loss constant in
Table 7 to determine the insertion loss of each
section. To determine the insertion loss for each
bridged tap in the feeder, multiply the length of the
bridged tap by 1.32 dB (2.09 for 40 kHz). The
maximum loss of each bridged tap is 4.2 dB, (4.7 dB
for 40 kHz) regardless of length. Assume 250 feet for
Central Office wiring. For total insertion loss for the
loop, add each section’s insertion loss, the loss due to
bridged taps, and loss of Central Office wiring.
Some Loop Deployment Programs provide automatic
loop insertion loss predictions based on 40 kHz for
ISDN 2B1Q. Table 5 provides a conversion estimate
in dB between insertion loss at 40 kHz for 2B1Q
ISDN and the recommended 20 kHz for Total Reach
ISDN. To use, determine the dB loss at 40 kHz using
current methods and the largest component cable size
(24 or 22 AWG). If the 22 and 24 AWG components
are approximately the same, use the values associated
with 22 AWG. This table should only be used to
provide a rough estimate of the insertion loss at 20
kHz. A more accurate estimate can be obtained by
determining the exact cable make-up of a loop and
using the cable loss constants in Table 7. Additional
temperature loss data for various wire gauges and
cable material is shown in Table 8.
The U-Interface follows local deployment guidelines
for standard ISDN, as specified in ANSI T1.601 and
shown in Table 9.
Specific loss constant values and DC loop resistance
for various wire gauges are provided in Table 5. Loop
loss constants (in db/kft) are provided for 20 and 40
61212083L1-5D
Section 61212083L1-5, Issue 4
5
Table 5. 20 kHz vs 40 kHz Loop Loss
Conversion
6
Table 6. TRI-Interface Deployment Guidelines
Description
Value
20 kHz
(dB)
40 kHz
w/majority 22
AWG (dB)
40 kHz
w/majority 24
AWG (dB)
Maximum Loop Loss @
-44.2 dBm ANSI NEXT
52 dB @ 20 kHz
or
61 dB @ 40 kHz
1
1
1
Maximum DC resistance
2000 Ω
5
6
6
Maximum single bridged taps
2 kft
10
12
12
Maximum total bridged taps
6 kft
15
18
18
20
23
24
Maximum number bridged
taps
25
29
30
30
35
36
31
36
38
32
37
39
33
39
40
34
40
41
35
41
42
36
42
44
37
43
45
38
44
46
39
46
47
40
47
48
41
48
50
42
49
51
43
50
52
44
51
53
45
53
55
46
54
56
47
55
57
48
56
58
49
57
59
50
58
61
51
60
62
52
61
63
3
Table 7. Cable Loss Constants (PIC @ 70°F)
Cable Maximum
Gauge
Loop
(mm)
Length*
Loss @
20 kHz
per kft
Loss @
Ohms
40 kHz
per kft
per kft
26/0.40
24/0.51
22/0.61
19/0.91
24 kft
33 kft
46 kft
80 kft
2.159 dB
1.586 dB
1.134 dB
0.655 dB
2.721 dB
1.921 dB
1.325 dB
0.770 dB
83
52
32
16
Bridged
Tap
6 kft
1.32 dB
2.09 dB
N/A
*Based on -44.2 dBm ANSI NEXT
3. TESTING
The TRI-R responds to eoc loopbacks, including B1,
B2, and 2B+D. Loopback can be initiated from the
ISDN switch, or from any other upstream network
device that affords test access. The TRI-R also
supports performance monitoring as described in TR
829 for fault isolation.
Section 61212083L1-5, Issue 4
61212083L1-5D
Table 8. dB Loss Over temperature @ 20 kHz.
dB Loss
per kft
Plastic Cable
Paper Cable
dB Loss
per kft
19 Gauge PIC (0º F)
19 Gauge PIC (70º F)
19 Gauge PIC (120º F)
0.568
0.655
0.719
19 Gauge PULP (0º F)
19 Gauge PULP (70º F)
19 Gauge PULP (120º F)
0.611
0.705
0.768
22 Gauge PIC (0º F)
22 Gauge PIC (70º F)
22 Gauge PIC (120º F)
1.006
1.134
1.238
22 Gauge PULP (0º F)
22 Gauge PULP (70º F)
22 Gauge PULP (120º F)
1.054
1.195
1.290
24 Gauge PIC (0º F)
24 Gauge PIC (70º F)
24 Gauge PIC (120º F)
1.429
1.586
1.721
24 Gauge PULP (0º F)
24 Gauge PULP (70º F)
24 Gauge PULP (120º F)
1.475
1.653
1.771
26 Gauge PIC (0º F)
26 Gauge PIC (70º F)
26 Gauge PIC (120º F)
1.961
2.159
2.323
26 Gauge PULP (0º F)
26 Gauge PULP (70º F)
26 Gauge PULP (120º F)
1.955
2.170
2.313
Table 9. U-Interface Deployment Guidelines
Description
Value
Maximum Loop Loss @
-38.2 dBm ANSI NEXT
42 dB @ 40 kHz
Maximum DC resistance
1300 Ω
Maximum single bridged taps
3 kf t
Maximum total bridged taps
6 kft
Maximum number bridged
taps
Max Noise
3
-57 dBm (135 W
termination, 50 kb
filter)
6. WARRANTY AND CUSTOMER SERVICE
ADTRAN will replace or repair this product within
ten years from the date of shipment if it does not meet
its published specifications or fails while in service
(see ADTRAN Carrier Network Equipment Warranty,
Repair, and Return Policy and Procedure document
60000087-10A).
Contact Customer and Product Service (CAPS) prior
to returning equipment to ADTRAN.
For service, CAPS requests, or further information,
contact one of the following numbers:
ADTRAN Sales
Pricing and availability
(800) 827-0807
ADTRAN Technical Support
Presales Applications / Post-sale Technical Assistance
(800) 726-8663
4. SPECIFICATIONS
Refer to Table 10 for unit specifications.
5. MAINTENANCE
The TRI-R does not require routine maintenance for
normal operation.
Standard support hours:
Monday-Friday, 7 a.m. - 7 p.m. CST
ADTRAN does not recommend that repairs be
performed in the field. Repair services are obtained
by returning the defective unit to ADTRAN's
Customer Service.
ADTRAN Repair/CAPS
Return for repair / upgrade
(256) 963-8722
Emergency support: 7 days/week, 24 hours/day
Repair and Return Address:
ADTRAN, Inc.
CAPS
901 Explorer Boulevard
Huntsville, Alabama 35806-2807
61212083L1-5D
Section 61212083L1-5, Issue 4
7
Table 10. TRI-R Specifications
Line:
Operating Mode:
Data Rate:
Signal Format:
Transmit Power (rms):
Tx/Rx Impedance:
Receiver Sensitivity:
Sealing Current:
2 Wire (Network) Loop Interface
2-Wire
Full-duplex
160 kbps total; 144 kbps available to customer
2B1Q
13 dBm to 14 dBm nominal
135 Ω nominal
42 dB @ 40 kHz with -38.2 dBm ANSI NEXT
Optional; when enabled, provides 4 to 10 mA, dependent on loop loss
Line:
Operating Mode:
Signal Format:
Transmit Power (rms):
Tx/Rx Impedance:
Input Power:
Receiver Sensitivity:
Total Reach ISDN Interface
2-Wire
Full-duplex
SC PAM
13 dBm nominal
135 Ω nominal
1.4 watts nominal, -95 VDC to -130 VDC, dependent on loop loss
52 dB @ 20 kHz with -44.2 dBm of ANSI NEXT
Size:
Weight:
Mounting:
Temperature:
Relative Humidity:
8
Mechanical
1 3/8" wide x 5 5/8" high x 6" long (L1)
3/4" wide x 5 5/8" high x 6" long (L4)
13 oz
Type 200/400 compatible
Environmental
Operating: -40° C to 70° C (-40° F to 158° F)
Storage:
-40° C to 85° C (-40° F to 185° F)
Up to 95%, non-condensing
Section 61212083L1-5, Issue 4
61212083L1-5D
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