ADTRAN | Model T400 | Installation and Maintenance | Adtran Model T400 Installation and Maintenance

Adtran Model T400 Installation and Maintenance
Section 61212021L1-5
Issue 3, July 1997
CLEI Code # NCTDENN_ _ _
C A U T I O N !
PRACTICES
SUBJECT TO ELECTROSTATIC DAMAGE
OR DECREASE IN RELIABILITY.
HANDLING PRECAUTIONS REQUIRED.
MODEL T400 DDST III LOCAL POWER
DIGITAL DATA STATION TERMINATION W/LOCAL POWER
INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
CONTENTS
GENERAL ................................................................... 1
INSTALLATION ........................................................... 2
TESTING ..................................................................... 4
WARRANTY AND CUSTOMER SERVICE ................ 6
SW2
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Table A.
Table B.
Table C.
Table D.
Table E.
Table F.
FIGURES
T400 DDST III LOCAL POWER ......................... 1
Circuit Card Pin Assignments ............................. 2
SW2 Option Labeling .......................................... 2
Bidirectional Connections for Loops
Greater Than -45 dB ........................................... 3
TABLES
Part Numbers ....................................................... 2
SW2 Option Settings ........................................... 3
Faceplate Indicators and Controls ...................... 4
All-1s Repeater Release Code Sequence .......... 4
Alternating Loopback Activation Sequence ......... 5
Latching Loopback Activation Sequence ............. 6
SW1
Figure 1. T400 DDST III LOCAL POWER
1. GENERAL
This section provides installation and maintenance
information for the ADTRAN® T400 Digital Data Station
Termination (DDST III) with Local Power. The T400
DDST III is Type-400 mount compatible. A detailed
description of the unit can be found in ADTRAN Practice,
Section 61212021L1-2. Figure 1 is a drawing of the
T400 DDST III Local Power.
• Optional CSU loopback response, sealing current
detection, and line build-out
• Extended loop option
• Front panel indicators for rate, loopback, >34 dB
loop loss, reversed network wire pairs, and loss of
sealing current
• Signal cut-through upon loss of power
Document Revision History
Revisions to this practice include SW2 preconfiguration
for loopback option and documentation styles.
The DDST III unit is an auto-rate adaptive digital network
interface located at the customer premises point-ofdemarcation. It primarily functions as a regenerative
loopback device supporting telco-generated testing. A
switch-selectable regeneration capability accomodates
45 dB loop-loss deployment to customer equipment
designed to meet the -34 dB receiver sensitivity
requirement of applicable industry standards. The DDST
III interfaces with an OCU, OCU DP, or digital data
service (DDS) repeater from the network interface, and
a DSU/CSU from the customer interface of the unit.
Features
The basic features of the T400 DDST III, part number
1212021L1, include:
• All subrates, 19.2, 38.4, and 56 kbps loop rates, including
Secondary Channel and 64 kbps Clear Channel capability
• Adapts automatically to loop rate
• Powered by -48 VDC supplied by mounting assembly
(local power)
• Manual and remote latching loopback
61212.021L1-5C
The DDST III automatically adapts to the output signal of
the central office OCU or OCU DP and supports all
standard rates as well as 19.2, 38.4, and 64 kbps.
Trademarks: Any brand names and
product 61212021L1-5,
names included in this document
Section
Issue 3are trademarks, registered trademarks,
trade names of their respective holders.
1
The DDST III can be optioned to pass the loop signal to
the CPE without regeneration. In this mode, regeneration
of an incoming signal will occur only in loopback, allowing
loops of up to 45 dB loss to be tested. For loops with
losses in excess of 34 dB, the regenerative mode of
operation can be selected to accomodate customer
equipment that requires a stronger signal to aid in lengthy
wiring extentions beyond the demarcation point. The
DDST III can receive signals that have been attenuated
by 45 dB from an OCU or OCU DP. The RPT/RPT OFF
option switch controls regeneration in the DDST.
Wiring
The DDST III can be used in a standard T400 shelf or
housed in the ADTRAN T400 Standalone housing, part
number 1210007L1. Connections are made using
screwdown terminals of the barrier strip located in the
rear of the housing.
Wires should be connected as shown in Figure 2.
Connect the From Network pair to the terminals labeled
RR and RT. Connect the To Network pair to the terminals
labeled TT and TR. Connect the To Customer pair to the
terminals labeled DRT and DRR. Connect the From
Customer pair to the terminals labeled DTT and DTR.
The DDST III is a single Type 400 mount circuit card
operating from -48 VDC supplied by the mounting
assembly. Table A provides applicable part numbers.
T400
DDST III
-48 VDC
Table A. Part Numbers
Description
Part Number
T400 DDST III Circuit Pack
T400 DDST III Standalone
T400 Standalone Housing Only
1212021L1
1212041L1
1210007L1
If the signal loss from the CO exceeds 34 dB, the unit
detects this condition and the >34 dB indicator on the
faceplate turns ON.
When used in conjunction with ADTRAN high
performance OCUs or OCU DPs, the unit can be optioned
to provide extended range operation on loops with loss
to 45 dB1 at all rates.
(TT)
To
Network
(TR)
(RT)
From
Network
(RR)
35
17
41
55
47
49
7
5
13
Ground
(DTT)
From
Customer
(DTR)
(DRT)
15
To
Customer
(DRR)
Figure 2. Circuit Card Pin Assignments
No rate selection is necessary for the DDST III. The unit
automatically adapts to the operating rate of the OCU in
the central office.
2. INSTALLATION
After unpacking the unit, immediately inspect it for possible
shipping damage. If damage is discovered, file a claim
immediately with the carrier, and then contact ADTRAN
Customer Service (see section 4, Warranty and
Customer Service).
• Never install telephone wiring
during a lightning storm.
• Never install telephone jacks in
wet locations unless the jack is
specifically designed for wet
locations.
Optioning
The DDST III is equipped with one dual in-line package
(DIP) switch (SW2) that controls sealing current detection,
loopback capability, regeneration, and regenerated signal
output level.
See Figure 1, Figure 3, and Table B for the location,
labeling, and description of the option settings.
The DDST III is sent from the factory with the option
switches set to NORMAL, LBK OFF, RPT, and -10dB.
NO SX
LBK
OFF
RPT
0dB
4
2
Covered under ADTRAN patent number 4,759,035.
OFF
3
1
NORMAL
2
• Use caution when installing or
modifying telephone lines.
O 1
N
• Never touch uninsulated telephone
wires of terminals unless the telephone line has been disconnected
at the network interface.
-10dB
Figure 3. SW2 Option Labeling
Section 61212021L1-5, Issue 3
61212.021L1-5C
All option switches are located on the DDST III circuit
card.
Table B. SW2 Option Settings
Function
Switch/Description
Sealing
Current
Detection
SW2-1 (NO SX, NORMAL)
On - Detects presence of sealing current
Off - Ignores sealing current
Loopback
Enable
SW2-2 (LBK)
On - Responds to CSU loopback
Off - Ignores CSU loopback
Repeat
SW2-3 (RPT)
On - Regenerates signals toward customer
Off - Passes signal to customer without
regeneration
Transmit
Line
Build-Out
SW2-4 (0dB, -10dB)
On - Outputs regenerated signal at -10 dB
Off - Outputs regenerated signal at 0 dB
Sealing Current Detection
When the DDST III interfaces with an OCU, OCU DP, or
DDS repeater, sealing current flows across the 4-wire
loop. The DDST III must be optioned for NORMAL
under these conditions to ensure proper operation and
testability.
Repeat
The DDST III can be optioned to regenerate the DDS loop
signal in the network-to-customer direction only. Because
DSU/CSU units are not required to operate on loops with
loss beyond 34 dB, the RPT option can be enabled to
extend the DDS loop to distances corresponding to 45 dB
of loss. If RPT is disabled, loop signals pass transparently
through the DDST III without regeneration. If the unit is
commanded into network loopback, the incoming signal is
regenerated toward the network at 0 dB, regardless of the
RPT and Transmit Line Build-Out switch settings.
Two DDST III units may be used in the bidirectional
configuration to extend DDS loops beyond 45 dB loss. The
loop loss from the central office may not exceed 45 dB, and
the loop loss toward the customer may not exceed 34 dB.
Wiring for this application is described in Figure 4.
LBK must be disabled on DDST III #2 and LBK
must be enabled in DDST III #1 to accomodate
telco testing.
DDST III #2
(Repeat Option)
To Network
Loopback Enable
The DDST III can be optioned to ignore or respond to
CSU latching and non-latching loopback command
sequences. CSU loopback sequences are processed
by the OCU or OCU DP, which in turn reverses sealing
current direction on the DDS loop. The DDST III detects
sealing current reversal and responds with a regenerative
loopback toward the network if LBK is selected. If LBK
is disabled, the DDST III passes the reversed sealing
current condition to the DSU/CSU. The DDST III always
responds to the Network Interface Equipment (NIE)
latching loopback sequence regardless of the position
of the LBK option switch. Loopback command sequences
are described in section 3, Testing.
TT
41
55
DTT
TR
47
49
DTR
Network
In less-typical applications, a DDS circuit between two
locations may consist of nothing more than two copper
pairs. The DDST III may be used to extend loss
limitations imposed by customer DSU/CSUs from 34 dB
to 45 dB. Sealing current is absent in copper-only
circuits, and the DDST III must be optioned for NO SX.
Network
Demarcation
Point
Customer
5
RT
7
RR
13 Loopback 15
DRT
DRR
Disabled
DDST III #1
(Repeat Option)
TT
41
TR
47
To
Network
From Network
55
DTT
49
DTR
DSU/
CSU
Customer
5
RT
7
RR
13 Loopback 15
From
DRT
DRR
Enabled
Figure 4. Bidirectional Connections for Loops
Greater Than -45 dB
The LBK option does not disable Network
Interface Equipment latching loopback
response.
61212.021L1-5C
Section 61212021L1-5, Issue 3
3
Transmit Line Build-Out
The DDST III can be optioned to transmit a regenerated
signal at either 0 dB or -10 dB. 0dB should be selected if the
two DDST III units are used in the bidirectional configuration
shown in Figure 4. -10dB should be selected under typical
circumstances to accomodate the sensitivity of customer
DSU/CSU units to unattenuated incoming signal levels.
This switch has no effect if RPT has been
disabled.
Table C. Faceplate Indicators and Controls
Indicator
Status
Explanation
SC
On
Secondary Channel enabled
56
On
56 kbps data rate enabled
SC and 56
Both On 64 kbps or 56 SC data rate
enabled
38.4
On
38.4 kbps data rate enabled
19.2
On
19.2 kbps data rate enabled
9.6
On
9.6 kbps data rate
4.8
On
4.8 kbps data rate
2.4
On
2.4 kbps data rate
LOOPBACK
ACTIVE
On
Loopback is activated
>34 dB
On
Loop loss exceeds 34 dB
CHK WIRE
NO SX
Flashing Loop pairs are reversed
On
No sealing current detected
Display Indicators
The DDST III contains faceplate-mounted LED indicators
which display the operating data rate and status. The
indicators are described in Table C.
3. TESTING
Loopback Testing
Loopback tests can be performed from the CO to verify
proper loop and DDST III operation. The DDST III
provides a network loopback in response to sealing
current reversal initiated from a CSU latching or nonlatching loopback command. The DDST III also provides
both Manual and NIE latching loopback capabilities at all
rates. Repeater loopback operation functions in
accordance with TR-TSY-000476.
4
Repeater Loopback (56 kbps)
A Repeater loopback code transmitted from a remote or
local test system causes the OCU or OCU DP to reverse
the sealing current direction on the loop. Upon detection
of sealing current reversal, the DDST III operates relays
that cause a loopback toward the network by connecting
the customer-side transmit and receive pairs together.
Circuit integrity can then be verified by transmitting bit
error rate (BER) data from the test system and examining
the returning data for synchronization and errors.
While in loopback, the DDST III can detect the All-1s
Repeater Release Code sequence, and upon recognition
of this sequence, drops its loopback and allows the
reversed sealing current condition to pass to the next
downstream device. The All-1s Repeater Release Code
may be transmitted in two separate iterations from a test
system to release any looping devices that may exist on
the loop between the CO and the customer DSU/CSU.
The All-1s Repeater Release Code sequence is described
in Table D.
Table D. All-1s Repeater Release Code Sequence
Function
Time
Duration
Byte Code
. . . following CSU alternating or CSU latching loopback
command sequences . . .
CLEAR loopback CSU loopback code
on first repeater alternating with All-1s byte
CSU/All-1s/CSU/All-1s . . .
1 to 2
seconds
WAIT
1 second
CSU loopback code
alternating with data byte
(i.e., 2047 test pattern)
CSU/data/CSU/data . . .
CLEAR loopback CSU/All-1s/CSU/All-1s . . .
on second
repeater
1 to 2
seconds
WAIT
1 second
CLEAR loopback
on Nth repeater
CSU/data/CSU/data . . .
Repeat CLEAR and WAIT sequence
N times.
Some test systems and test sets support both a CSU
(Channel loopback) and a 56 kbps Repeater loopback. If
Repeater loopback is available, it only loops the repeater.
When CSU or Channel loopback is selected, some test
systems automatically send the All-1s Repeater Release
Code to release loopbacks from any repeaters on the loop.
If the test system or test set does not support a 56 kbps
Repeater loopback, a CSU or Channel loopback should be
selected and the All-1s Repeater Release Code data
injected for approximately two seconds to release any
repeater loopbacks prior to looping the CSU. The repeater
is transparent to all other test commands.
Section 61212021L1-5, Issue 3
61212.021L1-5C
CSU Latching Loopback
Some test systems embed All-1s Repeater Release
Codes within the CSU Latching Loopback command to
bypass loop repeaters and directly access the DSU/
CSU. If a latching loopback at the DDST III is desired,
see subsection Network Interface Equipment Latching
Loopback.
Manual Loopback
Manual loopback is activated from the faceplate of the
DDST III by pressing the LOOPBACK ON/OFF (SW1)
button. Manual loopback will automatically terminate
after 20 minutes unless otherwise terminated by pressing
the button again or by receiving a Latching Loopback
Disable command from the CO.
For test systems or test sets that do not support automatic
release of CSU latching loopback from the repeaters or
network interface devices, use the following procedures.
To activate Manual Loopback
Initiating CSU Latching Loopback to Loop DDST III
(SW2-2 LBK enabled)
• Press the LOOPBACK ON/OFF button; the ACTIVE
LED turns ON.
To deactivate Manual Loopback
• From a test system or set, send a CSU latching
loopbacksequence. This instructs the OCU DP to
reverse sealing current and loop the DDST III.
• Press the LOOPBACK ON/OFF button; the ACTIVE
LED turns OFF, or
• Send a selected test pattern and test for error-free
operation.
• Receive a Latching Loopback Disable command from
the CO.
• Upon completion of this test, advance to Terminating
CSU Latching Loopback to DDST III or CSU for
latching loopback termination.
Initiating CSU Latching Loopback to Loop a DSU/
CSU (SW2-2 LBK enabled)
• From a test system or set, send a CSU latching
loopback sequence. This instructs the OCU DP to
reverse sealing current and causes the DDST III to
loop.
• To release the DDST III from latching loopback and
pass reversed sealing current to the DSU/CSU, send
the non-latching CSU loopback code alternating with
an all 1s data pattern for approximately two seconds.
The DSU/CSU should loop when reversed sealing
current is detected.
• Send a selected test pattern and test for error-free
operation.
• Wait for the 20-minute time out, or
Network Interface Equipment Latching Loopback
Because some remote test systems do not support a
Repeater loopback for rates other than 56 kbps, the NIE
latching loopback method can be used to loop the DDST
III at all other rates. This loopback test may require
programming of the loopback select code or the complete
sequence into the test system.
Alternating and latching loopback sequences are
described in Table E and Table F. The All-1s Repeater
Release code is described in Table D.
Table E. Alternating Loopback Activation
Sequence
Function
Activate loopback
Four consecutive bytes of
specified loopback code
*0101010 - OCU
*0101000 - CSU
*0101100 - DSU
Maintain loopback and
test for bit errors
Data byte alternating with
loopback code
example:
*DDDDDD1/*0101010
Clear loopback
Four consecutive data bytes
without CSU loopback code
• Upon completion of this test, advance to Terminating
CSU Latching Loopback to DDST III or CSU for
latching loopback termination.
Terminating CSU Latching Loopback to DDST III
or DSU/CSU
• From a test system or set, send a CSU Latching
Loopback Disable command (35 TIP bytes); see
subsection Network Interface Equipment Latching
Loopback.
61212.021L1-5C
Received Bytes
* - Don't Care bit D - data bit
Section 61212021L1-5, Issue 3
5
Table F. Latching Loopback Activation
Sequence
Function
Clear existing
loopbacks
Byte Code
# of Received
Bytes
Transition in
progress (TIP)
*0111010
Minimum of 35
TIP bytes
Loopback select
code (LSC)
*1010101 - OCU
*0110001 - CSU
*1000001 - NIE
Minimum of 35
LSC bytes
Prepare
to loop;
send MAP
code after
30 bytes
Loopback
Enable (LBE)
*1010110
Minimum of 100
LBE bytes
Activate
loopback
Far-End Voice
(FEV)
*1011010
Identify device
to be looped
4. WARRANTY AND CUSTOMER SERVICE
ADTRAN will replace or repair this product within ten
years from the date of shipment if it does not meet its
published specifications or fails while in service (see
ADTRAN Equipment Warranty, Repair, and Return Policy
and Procedure).
Return Material Authorization (RMA) is required prior to
returning equipment to ADTRAN.
For service, RMA requests, or further information, contact
one of the following numbers:
ADTRAN Technical Support ............. (800) 726-8663
Standard support hours, Monday-Friday, 7am-7pm CST
Emergency Support:, 7 days/week, 24 hours/day
ADTRAN Sales ................................... (800) 827-0807
ADTRAN Repair/RMA ........................ (205) 963-8722
Minimum of 32
FEV bytes
Minimum of 35 TIP bytes required to disable established
latching loopback.
Repair and Return Address
ADTRAN, Inc.
Customer Service Department
901 Explorer Boulevard
Huntsville, Alabama 35806-2807
* - Don't Care bit
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE
STATEMENT
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with
the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15
of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference when
the equipment is operated in a commercial environment.
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause
harmful interference to radio frequencies. Operation of
this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause
harmful interference, in which case the user will be
required to correct the interference at their own expense.
6
Section 61212021L1-5, Issue 3
61212.021L1-5C
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