ADTRAN | Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port Practice | Installation and Maintenance | Adtran Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port Practice Installation and Maintenance

Adtran Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port  Practice Installation and Maintenance
1292006
SYNC
LOOP
OPEN
CRC
QM
DISC
NO
DSU
NTWK
LBK
CUST
LBK
LBK
AP
®
Total Reach® Office Channel Unit Data Port
Installation and Maintenance Practice
Document Number: 61292006L1-5C
CLEI: D4D4AS1C_ _
October 2006
Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port Installation and Maintenance Practice
Trademarks
Front Matter
Any brand names and product names included in this document are trademarks, registered
trademarks, or trade names of their respective holders.
To the Holder of this Document
The contents of this document are current as of the date of publication. ADTRAN® reserves the
right to change the contents without prior notice.
In no event will ADTRAN be liable for any special, incidental, or consequential damages or
for commercial losses even if ADTRAN has been advised thereof as a result of issue of this
document.
®
901 Explorer Boulevard
P.O. Box 140000
Huntsville, AL 35814-4000
(256) 963-8000
©2006 ADTRAN, Inc.
All Rights Reserved.
ii
61292006L1-5C
Revision History
Revision
Date
Description
A
April, 2001
Initial release
B
October, 2001
Revised to change CLEI code
C
October, 2006
Revised to change CLEI code
Conventions
The following typographical conventions are used in this document:
This font indicates a cross-reference link.
This font indicates screen menus, fields, and parameters.
THIS FONT indicates keyboard keys (ENTER, ESC, ALT). Keys that are to be pressed simultaneously
are shown with a plus sign (ALT+X indicates that the ALT key and X key should be pressed at the
same time).
This font indicates references to other documentation and is also used for emphasis.
This font indicates on-screen messages and prompts.
This font indicates text to be typed exactly as shown.
This font indicates silk-screen labels or other system label items.
This font is used for strong emphasis.
NOTE
Notes inform the user of additional, but essential, information or
features.
CAUTION
Cautions inform the user of potential damage, malfunction, or
disruption to equipment, software, or environment.
WARNING
Warnings inform the user of potential bodily pain, injury, or death.
61292006L1-5C
iii
Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port Installation and Maintenance Practice
Training
ADTRAN offers training courses on our products. These courses include overviews on product
features and functions while covering applications of ADTRAN product lines. ADTRAN
provides a variety of training options, including customized training and courses taught at our
facilities or at customer sites.
For inquiries concerning training, contact ADTRAN:
Training Phone:
800-615-1176, ext. 7500
Training Fax:
256-963-6700
Training Email:
training@adtran.com
iv
61292006L1-5C
Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
2
2
3
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shipping Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instructions for Installing the Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronization and LED Indication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Panel LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Signal Pair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Span Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Circuit Board DIP Switch (SW1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Panel DIP Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Latching Loopback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
False Loopback Immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Protected Loopback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
4
4
5
5
5
6
6
6
7
8
8
Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Dual Function LBK Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Loopback LED Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
TR OCU DP Bidirectional Loopback Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Remote End Initiated LBK Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Latching Loopback Time out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Remote Provisioning and Diagnostics Control Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Provisioning and Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Deployment Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Troubleshooting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Appendix A
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
Warranty and Customer Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ADTRAN Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ADTRAN Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ADTRAN Repair/CAPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Repair and Return Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61292006L1-5C
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A-1
A-1
A-1
A-1
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Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port Installation and Maintenance Practice
Figures
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
Figure 6.
Figure 7.
Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Total Reach DDS Circuit Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Circuit Board DIP Switch SW1 - Option Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Front Panel DIP Switch - Rate Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
OCU DP Bidirectional Loopback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
TR DDS-R Remote End Initiated Loopback, Local Loop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
TR DDS-R Remote End Initiated Loopback, Customer Loop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Tables
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Table 4.
Table 5.
Table 6.
Table 7.
Table 8.
Table 9.
vi
Compliance Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Front Panel LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Circuit Board DIP Switch (SW1) Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Protected Loopback Mode Requirement T1E1.2/99-007R1 (Latching Loopback) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Cable Type and Temperature Loss Data at 13.3 kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Latching Loopback Activation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Alternating Loopback Activation Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Total Reach DDS Insertion Loss Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Troubleshooting Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
61292006L1-5C
Total Reach
Office Channel Unit Data Port
INTRODUCTION
The Total Reach® Office Channel Unit Data Port (TR OCU DP) is a functional replacement for
the D4 OCU DP, delivering data at rates up to 64 kbps over a single copper pair. Used in
combination with the Total Reach Digital Data System-All Rate (DDS-R) termination unit
(TR DDS-R), the TR OCU DP can accommodate extended loop lengths, eliminating the need for
DDS repeaters.
Figure 1 illustrates the TR OCU DP front panel.
1292006
SYNC
LOOP
OPEN
CRC
QM
DISC
NO
DSU
NTWK
LBK
CUST
LBK
LBK
AP
Figure 1. Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port
61292006L1-5C
1
Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port Installation and Maintenance Practice
Description
The TR OCU DP can interoperate over the carrier system with another TR OCU DP, DS0 DP,
TR DDS-DP, 1/0 DCS, or switch. The TR OCU DP can be located in an end office, hub office,
intermediate office, or Digital Loop Carrier (refer to Figure 2.)
NOTE
The TR OCU DP must be used with an appropriate TR DDS-R unit.
Customer Premises
D4 or SLC-96
TR
OCU
DP
T-Carrier
2-Wire Loop
4-Wire Customer
Interface
TR DDS-R
DSU/CSU
T/R Pair
Figure 2. Total Reach DDS Circuit Diagram
The TR OCU DP occupies a single channel position in a WECO®-compatible D4 channel bank,
AT&T® SLC-96 terminal, or an ADTRAN ACT 1900/2300 channel bank, providing the
interface between a DS0 time slot of the T-carrier data stream and the 2-wire metallic loop
extending to the customer premises.
The TR OCU DP span-powers the remote TR DDS-R located at the customer premises. The TR
DDS-R converts the 2-wire signal to the traditional 4-wire Alternate Mark Inversion (AMI)
signal for transmission to the customer.
Features
• Two-wire deployment
• Repeaterless operation
• Bridged tap tolerant
• Span power for remote TR DDS-R termination unit
• Protected Loopback prevents false latching loopback at 64 kbps
• For use in all D4 channel bank and SLC-96 Mode I, II, and III remote terminal applications
• NEAR and FAR logic level bantam test access
• Loop Quality Monitor and A/B Signaling options
• Embedded Digital System 6 capabilities for remote provisioning, configuration, and
performance monitoring
2
61292006L1-5C
Introduction
Compliance
Table 1 lists the compliance codes for the TR OCU DP. The TR OCU DP is NRTL listed to the
applicable UL standards. The TR OCU DP is only intended for installation in an enclosure
installed in a restricted access location. The maximum input current at maximum load is
100 mA at −48 VDC.
Table 1. Compliance Codes
Code
Input
Output
Power Code (PC)
F
C
Telecommunication Code (TC)
–
X
Installation Code (IC)
A
–
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by ADTRAN could void the user’s authority
to operate this equipment.
61292006L1-5C
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Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port Installation and Maintenance Practice
INSTALLATION
C A U T I O N !
SUBJECT TO ELECTROSTATIC DAMAGE
OR DECREASE IN RELIABILITY.
HANDLING PRECAUTIONS REQUIRED.
After unpacking the TR OCU DP, inspect it for damage. If damage has occurred, file a claim
with the carrier then contact ADTRAN Customer Service. Refer to “Appendix A, Warranty” for
further information. If possible, keep the original shipping container to return the TR OCU DP
for repair or for verification of shipping damage.
Shipping Contents
The contents include the following items:
• TR OCU DP Access Module
• Total Reach OCU Data Port (TR OCU DP) Job Aid (P/N 61292006L1-22)
CAUTION
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage electronic modules.
When handling modules, wear an antistatic discharge wrist strap
to prevent damage to electronic components. Place modules in
antistatic packing material when transporting or storing. When
working on modules, always place them on an approved antistatic
mat that is electrically grounded.
Instructions for Installing the Module
Installation assumes that the TR DDS-R is already installed. To install the TR OCU DP,
perform the following steps:
1. Select DIP Switch SW1 options as required (refer to “Circuit Board DIP Switch (SW1)” on
page 6).
2. Select the desired data rate using the front panel DIP Switch (refer to “Circuit Board DIP
Switch (SW1)”).
3. Hold the TR OCU DP by the front panel while supporting the bottom edge of the module;
align the module edges to fit in the lower and upper guide grooves for the access module
slot.
4. Insert the module into the chassis. To do this, slide the module into the access module
slot. Simultaneous thumb pressure at the top (above the PWR LED) and bottom (below the
electrostatic caution symbol) of the module ensures that the module is firmly positioned
against the backplane of the chassis.
On power up, the TR OCU DP runs a power-up self-test and performs a synchronization
phase during which all LEDs undergo an on/off sequence.
4
61292006L1-5C
Installation
Synchronization and LED Indication
The TR OCU DP and TR DDS-R typically require 30 to 90 seconds to reach synchronization.
Once synchronized, the SYNC LED turns green. All other LEDs remain off until network occurrences cause them to turn on. If the units cannot synchronize, examine the T/R pair for open
(or short) circuit conditions or load coils. For more information, refer to “Troubleshooting” on
page 15.
Front Panel LEDs
The TR OCU DP provides front panel LEDs to display status information. Table 2 lists the TR
OCU DP LEDs and status descriptions.
Table 2. Front Panel LEDs
Label
Status
Description
SYNC
z
Green
Loop synchronized
z
Red
Loop not synchronized
(Red indicates that the is no synchronization between the TR
OCU DP and the remote TR DDS-R; check for continuity, load
coils, and other abnormal line conditions.)
LOOP OPEN
z
Red
No sealing current on local loop
(Check for continuity and proper Total Reach DDS termination
at remote end TR DDS-R.)
CRC
z
Red
Errors on the 2-wire loop
(Check for abnormal loop conditions.)
QM DISC
z
Red
Quality Monitor Disconnect has occurred
NO DSU
z
Yellow
Customer DSU/CSU is not responding or installed, as
determined by the TR DDS-R
NTWK LBK
z
Yellow
An OCU loopback toward the network exists at the TR OCU
DP.
2
Flashing Yellow
A loopback toward the network exists at the TR DDS-R or a
channel loopback at the CSU.
CUST LBK
z
Yellow
Loopback toward the customer exists at the TR OCU DP.
AP
z
Green
Unit has been remotely provisioned.
2
Flashing Green
Flashing: The remote control link is active. Push and hold the
LBK button for five seconds to toggle between manual and
remote provisioning.
Signal Pair
The TR OCU DP plugs directly into either a WECO-compatible D4 channel bank, AT&T SLC96 terminal, or an ADTRAN ACT 1900/2300 channel bank. This requires no special wiring.
The 2-wire loop uses the T/R (Tip and Ring) pair pins 24 and 51 of the D4 backplane. The
Total Reach DDS system is not polarity sensitive.
61292006L1-5C
5
Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port Installation and Maintenance Practice
Span Power
Span powering is accomplished using −130 VDC measured from Tip to Ring. Voltage
measured from Ring to GND should indicate 0 V. Voltage measured from Tip to GND should
indicate −130 VDC or less, depending on voltmeter impedance.
Circuit Board DIP Switch (SW1)
The circuit board DIP Switch (see Figure 3) is used to provision the TR OCU DP and is set prior
to circuit board installation. Pushing the switches to the right (ON) enables the function. The
functions of SW1 are shown in the Table 3 on page 7.
SW1
ON
O 1
N
D4
2
SLC - 96 MODE I, III
3
SLC - 96 MODE II
4
ZERO CODE SUPPR
5
6
ERROR CORR
PROTECTED LBK
7
QUALITY MONITOR
8
A/B SIGNALING
Figure 3. Circuit Board DIP Switch SW1 − Option Selection
Front Panel DIP Switch
The front panel DIP Switch (see Figure 4) is used to set the data rate. Pushing the switch to
the left (ON) enables the function. The Secondary Channel (SC) cannot be selected if circuit is
SW56 or 64 kbps. Only one data rate can be selected.
NOTE
If SW56 is selected, Error Correction must be OFF.
Figure 4. Front Panel DIP Switch − Rate Selection
6
61292006L1-5C
Installation
Table 3. Circuit Board DIP Switch (SW1) Settings
Switch
Function
On/Off
Description
SW1-1
D4 Channel Bank
(Default)
–
Selects the D4 Channel Bank type (1)
SW1-2
SLC 96 Mode I, III
–
Selects the SLC 96 Mode I, III Bank type (1)
SW1-3
SLC 96 Mode II
–
Selects the SLC 96 Mode II Bank type (1)
SW1-4
Zero Code Suppression
On
Ensures pulse density in T-carrier data stream for
rates other than 64 kbps
Off
Disabled for 64 kbps operation; Zero Code
Suppression is automatically disabled for 64 kbps
clear channel operation
SW1-5
Error Correction
On
Enables data integrity across the T-carrier system (2)
SW1-6
Protected Loopback
On
Enables Protected Loopback mode
(3)
For more information refer to “Latching Loopback”
on page 7.
SW1-7
Quality Monitor
On
Enables the TR OCU DP to monitor the incoming 4wire loop and 4-wire customer interface data for
errors. If excessive errors are detected, the unit
blocks the customer’s data transmission and sends
an abnormal station code (ASC) to the network.
Customer data transmission is automatically
restored when the trouble condition is cleared.
SW1-8
A/B Signaling
On
Enables the TR OCU DP to determine the state of the
A and B signaling bits using signals present on the
backplane on the channel bank. This method
assumes that proper signaling has been maintained
throughout the network tandems and cross connect
systems.
Off
Enables the TR OCU DP to derive signaling from the
incoming data stream. (4)
1. Note: Only one bank type can be selected or selection defaults to D4.
2. Error Correction at data rates of 56 kbps and 64 kbps requires two DS0 time slots for data and error-correcting
parity bytes. When SW56 is enabled on the front panel DIP switch, Error Correction should remain in the OFF
position.
3. Latching Loopback is always enabled except when temporarily disabled using the protected loopback features.
4. The A/B signaling option is only applicable when SW56 is selected on the front panel DIP Switch; otherwise it is
a “don’t care.”
Latching Loopback
Latching Loopback is always enabled except when temporarily disabled using the protected
loopback features.
When a data rate of 64 kbps is enabled, placing SW1-6 to OFF permits the TR OCU DP to
respond to the legacy latching loopback sequence, as described in TR62310 and ANSI T1.107.
With a data rate of 64 kbps, with SW1-6 ON, the TR OCU DP will enable the ADTRAN “Protected
Loopback” mode.
61292006L1-5C
7
Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port Installation and Maintenance Practice
False Loopback Immunity
The ADTRAN Protected Loopback family of channel units includes an algorithm compatible
with SARTS®, Hekimian®, TPI®, and other test systems that virtually eliminates false latching
loopbacks. Immunity is automatically enabled at a data rate of 64 kbps. Additionally, the
ADTRAN Protected Loopback family features a “Protected Loopback” mode for further false
latching loopback protection.
Protected Loopback
The ADTRAN Protected Loopback supports the DDS latching loopback standard in T1E1.2/
99-007R1. When protected loopback is enabled, the TR OCU DP responds to latching
loopback when the idle code preamble is sent prior to the latching loopback sequence
specified in TR62310 and ANSI T1.107. Protected loopback prevents false latching loopbacks
when the loopback sequence is embedded in customer payload data. Test equipment should
support T1E1.2/99-007R1 to perform testing at a data rate of 64 kbps when protected
loopback is enabled. Refer to Table 4 for the latching loopback sequence requirement when
protected loopback is enabled.
Table 4. Protected Loopback Mode Requirement T1E1.2/99-007R1
(Latching Loopback)
Sequence Function
Byte Code
Number of Received Bytes
Exit data protocol
Idle - 11111110
Minimum of 35 Idle bytes
Clear existing loopbacks
Transition in progress (TIP)
Minimum of 35 TIP bytes
X0111010
Identify device to be looped
Loopback select code (LSC)
Minimum of 35 LSC bytes
X1010101 - OCU
X0110001 - CSU
X1000001 - NEI
Prepare to loop; send MAP code
after 30 bytes
Loopback enabled (LBE)
Activate loopback
Far-End voice (FEV)
Minimum of 100 LBE bytes
X1010110
Minimum of 32 FEV bytes
X1011010
Note: Minimum of 35 TIP bytes required to disable established latching loopback.
Note: X = Don't care bit
8
61292006L1-5C
Testing
TESTING
Testing for the TR OCU DP is accomplished using the same test procedures for 4-wire OCU DP
units. Table 5 describes cable loss for the Total Reach DDS Nyquist frequency of 13.3 kHz.
The TR OCU DP is equipped with logic level bantam test access jacks that permit testing in
both directions using a portable test set. Latching OCU DP loopback sequences are supported.
Choose NEAR to test toward the customer loop; choose FAR to test toward the T-carrier.
• In the FAR direction, an OCU DP loopback sequence will loop the unit across the T-carrier
system.
• In the NEAR direction, an OCU DP loopback sequence will loop the unit directly connected
to the portable test set.
Latching and alternating OCU and CSU loopback sequences are supported. Alternating
loopbacks do not operate when the a data rate of 64 kbps is selected.
NOTE
If a data rate of 64 kbps is selected, the unit will only respond to
latching loopback sequences. Alternating sequences are not valid
at this rate.
Table 5. Cable Type and Temperature Loss Data at 13.3 kHz
Plastic Cable
dB Loss/kft
Paper Cable
dB Loss/kft
19 Gauge PIC (0°F)
0.5302
19 Gauge PULP (0°F)
0.5616
19 Gauge PIC (70°F)
0.6083
19 Gauge PULP (70°F)
0.6415
19 Gauge PIC (120°F)
0.6610
19 Gauge PULP (120°F)
0.6955
22 Gauge PIC (0°F)
0.912
22 Gauge PULP (0°F)
0.9454
22 Gauge PIC (70°F)
1.0258
22 Gauge PULP (70°F)
1.0606
22 Gauge PIC (120°F)
1.1015
22 Gauge PULP (120°F)
1.1370
24 Gauge PIC (0°F)
1.2571
24 Gauge PULP (0°F)
1.2900
24 Gauge PIC (70°F)
1.3982
24 Gauge PULP (70°F)
1.4324
24 Gauge PIC (120°F)
1.4917
24 Gauge PULP (120°F)
1.5268
26 Gauge PIC (0°F)
1.6751
26 Gauge PULP (0°F)
1.6823
26 Gauge PIC (70°F)
1.8469
26 Gauge PULP (70°F)
1.8568
26 Gauge PIC (120°F)
61292006L1-5C
1.9608
26 Gauge PULP (120°F)
1.9718
9
Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port Installation and Maintenance Practice
Dual Function LBK Button
The TR OCU DP front panel loopback pushbutton (LBK) allows loopbacks to be activated
without test equipment or centralized test coordination.
• Pressing the LBK button once loops the TR DDS-R toward the network.
• Pressing the LBK button during an active loopback releases any loopbacks in the Total
Reach system.
• Pressing and holding the LBK button for five seconds toggles between local and alternate
(remotely-provisioned) option settings.
Loopback LED Operation
The TR OCU DP system loopback status is indicated by the front panel NTWK LBK and CUST
LBK LEDs. An active loopback occurring at the unit being viewed is indicated by a solid
loopback LED. A flashing loopback LED indicates a loopback condition at the remote unit.
When a loopback toward the network is initiated, the NTWK LBK LED is illuminated. A
loopback generated toward the customer illuminates the CUST LBK LED.
TR OCU DP Bidirectional Loopback Support
The TR OCU DP will execute a bidirectional loopback when performing an OCU DP loopback
at the TR OCU DP. This allows a standard portable DDS test set, connected to the 4-wire
customer interface of the TR DDS-R, to verify the integrity of the 4-wire loop by transmitting a
test pattern and examining the returning data for synchronization and errors. The TR OCU DP
NTWK LBK and CUST LBK indicators illuminate during a TR OCU DP bidirectional loopback.
Refer to Figure 5 for an illustration of the bidirectional loopback. The latching and alternating
loopback sequences are defined in Table 6 and Table 7.
TROCU DP
Intra-office
Customer
Bidirectional
loopback
Figure 5. OCU DP Bidirectional Loopback
10
61292006L1-5C
Testing
Table 6. Latching Loopback Activation
Sequence Function
Byte Code
Number of Received Bytes
Clear existing loopbacks
Transition in progress (TIP)
X0111010
Minimum of 35 TIP bytes
Identify device to be looped
Loopback select code (LSC)
Minimum of 35 LSC bytes
X1010101 - OCU
X0110001 - CSU
X1000001 - NEI
Prepare to loop; send MAP code
after 30 bytes
Loopback enabled (LBE)
Activate loopback
Far-End voice (FEV)
Minimum of 100 LBE bytes
X1010110
Minimum of 32 FEV bytes
X1011010
Note: Minimum of 35 TIP bytes required to disable established latching loopback.
Table 7. Alternating Loopback Activation Sequence
Sequence Function
Received Bytes
Active loopback
Four consecutive bytes of specified loopback code
X0101010 - OCU
X0101000 - CSU
X0101100 - DSU
Maintain loopback and test for bit errors
Data byte alternating with loopback code
Example:
XDDDDDD1/X0101010
Clear loopback
Four consecutive data bytes without alternating
loopback code
Note: X = Don't Care bit
61292006L1-5C
11
Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port Installation and Maintenance Practice
Remote End Initiated LBK Tests
The TR OCU DP supports loopbacks generated from the TR DDS-R, which allow testing to be
performed without coordination with the central office (CO) or test center. Loopbacks initiated
by the TR DDS-R front panel LBK pushbutton aid in system turnup testing or troubleshooting
from the remote end. The TR OCU DP responds to a loopback command initiated at the TR
DDS-R as follows:
• Pressing the TR DDS-R LBK pushbutton once initiates a loopback at the TR OCU DP toward
the customer. Refer to Figure 6. This allows data to be sent from the remote end to test the
local loop and the TR DDS-R. This loopback is indicated by a flashing CUST LED on the TR
DDS-R and a solid CUST LED on the TR OCU DP.
• Pressing the LBK pushbutton a second time initiates a loopback at the TR DDS-R toward
the 4-wire DDS (CPE) interface. Refer to Figure 7. A solid CUST LBK LED on the TR DDS-R
indicates a loopback at the TR DDS-R toward the customer equipment.
• Pressing the TR DDS-R LBK pushbutton a third time disables all current latching
loopbacks.
If errors exist, the loopbacks can help determine the source, either the local loop or the TR
DDS-R. During a remote end initiated loopback, the Total Reach system transmits ASC (9Eh)
toward the network, indicating an out-of-service condition generated by the remote end, as
shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7.
All Total Reach system latching loopbacks, whether initiated by a LBK pushbutton, CO, or
from a remote Test Center, can be released by sending 35 DDS loop down TIP bytes
<X0111010> (where X is a “don’t care” bit). All existing latching loopbacks can also be
disabled by pressing the LBK pushbutton on the CO or remote unit.
4-Wire
CPE Interface
ASC 9Eh
TR DDS-R
TR OCU
DP
Local Loop
Test
Set
Loopback
Pushbutton
Push once for TR OCU DP
Loopback
Figure 6. TR DDS-R Remote End Initiated Loopback, Local Loop
ASC 9Eh
TR OCU
DP
ASC 9Eh
Local Loop
4-Wire
CPE Interface
TR
DDS-R
Loopback
Pushbutton
Test
Set
Push twice for TR DDS-R
Loopback
Figure 7. TR DDS-R Remote End Initiated Loopback, Customer Loop
12
61292006L1-5C
Testing
Latching Loopback Time out
Latching loopbacks created by either the LBK pushbutton on the TR OCU DP or the TR DDS-R
automatically release after 120 minutes, returning the system to normal operation.
Remote Provisioning and Diagnostics Control Protocol
Remote access to provisioning and status information is accomplished using the ADTRAN
Digital System 6 Message protocol, as defined in the Control and Diagnostic Procedures
Practice, Section 6032991-6. Digital System 6 is supported by the TPI 108/109 and 105
portable test sets and is supported by the Hekimian React 2001 Release 1.900 remote test
system. The Total Reach DDS network elements comply with ANSI T1.107-1995, “Digital
Hierarchy Format Specifications Annex G,” which allows remote provisioning, querying, and
performance monitoring using in-band control of network elements.
NOTE
The REACT 2001 GUI software Release 1.900 supports ANSI
T1.107-1995. Remote access is accomplished using a defined set of
in-band DS0 byte sequences similar to the latching loopback
sequence. Commands issued through the test system are
recognized by the individual channel unit, which responds with the
appropriate byte sequences. These in-band commands can be used
to verify options by way of dialogs with REACT 2001, TPI 105, and
TPI 108/109 test sets. Unit CLEI, serial number, provisioning, and
performance information can be retrieved remotely using the
Digital System 6 protocol.
Provisioning and Status
All configuration options can be remotely viewed or provisioned. The front panel AP LED
flashes during control link establishment and remains ON after the TR OCU DP has been
remotely provisioned. If the TR OCU DP has been remotely provisioned, the operator can
alternate between remote configuration and manual switch settings by depressing the front
panel LBK pushbutton for five seconds. If the TR OCU DP is removed from the system, the unit
retains previous provisioning information in nonvolatile RAM. The AP LED remains ON when
the TR OCU DP is operating based on remote provisioning, and is OFF when operating on
manual switch settings. Refer to Table 2 on page 5 for LED indicators.
61292006L1-5C
13
Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port Installation and Maintenance Practice
DEPLOYMENT GUIDELINES
The TR OCU DP and TR DDS-R use technology intended to eliminate the need for repeaters
and concerns over impairments caused by typical noise and bridged tap. Listed below are the
loop design guidelines for Total Reach DDS (Refer to Table 5 on page 9 and Table 8 for more
information).
• All loops must be nonloaded.
• Actual Measured Loss (AML) should not exceed 50 dB at 13.3 kHz (135-ohm termination),
the Nyquist frequency of Total Reach DDS.
NOTE
The 50 dB AML limit includes 6 dB of signal margin to account for
potential near-end cross talk (NEXT) from other digital services
that may be provisioned in the same binder group.
• Loop length should not exceed 50 kft.
• Bridged tap length should not exceed 12 kft.
• Background noise level should not exceed 34 dBrn.
• Impulse noise should not exceed −40 dBm, (+50 dBrn).
NOTE
Measure noise with 50-kbit weighting characteristic approximating
a filter with a passband of 40 Hz to 30 kHz. Background noise level
or impulse noise level is referenced from data rates of 56/64 kbps
in TR6210.
Table 8. Total Reach DDS Insertion Loss Measurements
Line Configuration
13.3 kHz
28 kHz
27 kft 26 AWG
50.12 dB
65.35 dB
36.25 kft 24 AWG
50.00 dB
62.50 dB
50 kft 22 AWG
50.24 dB
59.33 dB
14
61292006L1-5C
Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
The TR OCU DP does not require routine maintenance for normal operation. Do not attempt
repairs in the field. Repair services can be obtained by returning the defective unit to
ADTRAN. For more information, refer to the “Appendix A, Warranty” section for further information.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Follow the steps in Table 9 to troubleshoot the installation of the TR OCU DP.
Table 9. Troubleshooting Table
Problem
No power at the TR DDS-R
Possible Solution
• Ensure the TR OCU DP is supplying the necessary voltage to
power the TR DDS-R. Measure tip/ring voltage at the frame (tip
to ground should be –130 VDC or less depending on input
voltmeter impedance; tip to ring should be –125 VDC to –130
VDC; ring to ground should be 0 VDC). The Total Reach DDS
system is not polarity sensitive.
• Measure tip/ring voltage at the TR DDS-R. If voltage is not
present, check the continuity of the cable pair. If voltage is
measured at the TR DDS-R, replace the unit. The TR DDS-R
does not invoke a measurable short between tip/ring, thus
cable resistance measurements must be made with a manually
applied short, and the Total Reach elements removed.
Power, but no synchronization
• Check the cable for load coils.
• Note the signal meter reading on the TR DDS-R during power up
and the synchronization process. Refer to “Signal Loss
Indication” on the applicable TR DDS-R job aid for definitions.
Loop loss can be too great for synchronization to occur.
• Ensure loop length is within allowable deployment guidelines.
• Relocate the TR DDS-R to splice points sequentially closer to the
TR OCU DP to isolate suspect cable sections.
Excessive errors on loop
• Measure the background noise; ensure that it does not exceed
34 dBrn.
• Using a 50 kb filter, ensure that the impulse noise is not greater
than –40 dBm (+50 dBrn).
• Compare resistances of individual conductors. If different, highresistance or intermittent opens could be indicated.
Trouble codes
• The TR OCU DP transmits an ASC (9Eh) trouble code toward the
network under the following fault conditions: 2-wire DSL loss of
signal; Loss of synchronization; Open loop.
• The TR DDS-R transmits an ASC (9Eh) trouble code toward the
network from the customer premises for similar 4-wire
customer interface fault conditions.
• ASC (9Eh) is transmitted to the network during loopback
conditions initiated by the TR DDS-R.
61292006L1-5C
15
Total Reach Office Channel Unit Data Port Installation and Maintenance Practice
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16
61292006L1-5C
Appendix A
Warranty
WARRANTY AND CUSTOMER SERVICE
ADTRAN will replace or repair this product within the warranty period if it does not meet its
published specifications or fails while in service. Warranty information can be found at
www.adtran.com/warranty.
Refer to the following subsections for sales, support, Customer and Product Service (CAPS)
requests, or further information.
ADTRAN Sales
Pricing/Availability:
800-827-0807
ADTRAN Technical Support
Pre-Sales Applications/Post-Sales Technical Assistance:
800-726-8663
Standard hours: Monday - Friday, 7 a.m. - 7 p.m. CST
Emergency hours: 7 days/week, 24 hours/day
ADTRAN Repair/CAPS
Return for Repair/Upgrade:
(256) 963-8722
Repair and Return Address
Contact CAPS prior to returning equipment to ADTRAN.
ADTRAN, Inc.
CAPS Department
901 Explorer Boulevard
Huntsville, Alabama 35806-2807
61292006L1-5C
A-1
®
Carrier Networks Division
901 Explorer Blvd.
Huntsville, AL 35806
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