Billy Goat | AE401H5T | manual | Billy Goat AE401H5T Aerators Manual

Billy Goat AE401H5T Aerators Manual
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AE Owner’s Manual
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BILLY GOAT AERATOR
Owner's Manual
AE401, AE401H, AE401H5T
Replacement Parts
TINE ROW KIT
TINE KIT
Complete tine row set for
replacement of one
complete row of tines.
Includes mounting plates,
spacer, and all hardware.
Individual coring tine for
replacement of worn or
broken tines.
P/N 360197
Part No 360390 (B)
P/N 360100
1
Form No F021113A
AE Owner’s Manual
CONTENTS
SPECIFICATIONS AND SOUND/VIBRATION
___
3
4
PACKING CHECKLIST & ASSEMBLY
5
MAINTENANCE
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OPERATION
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INSTRUCTION LABELS
_
TROUBLESHOOTING___________________________
7-9
10
11-14
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ILLUSTRATED PARTS & PARTS LIST
6-7
Go to http://www.billygoat.com for French-Canadian translations of the product manuals.
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Visitez http://www.billygoat.com pour la version canadienne-française des manuels de produits
Part No 360390
2
Form No F021113A
AE Owner’s Manual
Specifications
AE401
AE401H5T
5.5 (4.1 kW)
4.0 (2.98 kW)
4.0 (2.98 kW)
Engine: Model
1273520197B1
GX120K1HX2
GX120K1HX2
Engine: Type
B&S INTEK
HONDA OHV
HONDA OHV
Engine: Fuel Capacity
3.0 qt. (2.84 L)
2.1 qt. (2.0 L)
2.1 qt. (2.0 L)
Engine: Oil Capacity
0.66 qt. (0.62 L)
0.63 qt. (0.6 L)
0.63 qt. (0.6 L)
Total Unit Weight:
244# (109.8 Kg)
242# (109.8 Kg)
248# (109.8 Kg)
20
Sound test in accordance
with 2000/14/EC
115 dB(a)
Sound at operators ear
95 dB(a)
Vibration at operator
position
SOUND
20
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20
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Max. operating slope
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Engine: HP
AE401H
115 dB(a)
115 dB(a)
95 dB(a)
2
0.3g (2.97 m/s )
95 dB(a)
2
2
0.3g (2.97 m/s )
0.3g (2.97 m/s )
SOUND LEVEL 95 dB(a) at Operators Position
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115
Sound tests were conducted in accordance with 2000/14/EC, and were performed on 2-13-2002 under the
conditions listed below.
Sound power level listed is the highest value for any model covered in this manual. Please refer to serial plate on
the unit for the sound power level for your model.
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General Conditions:
Temperature:
Wind Speed:
Wind Direction:
Humidity:
Barometric Pressure:
Sunny
48oF (8.9oC)
2 mph (3.2 kmh)
South East
29%
30.34Hg (770 mm Hg)
VIBRATION LEVEL .3g (2.97 m/s2)
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VIBRATION DATA
Vibration levels at the operator’s handles were measured in the vertical, lateral and longitudinal directions using
calibrated vibration test equipment. Tests were performed on 5-25-2006 under the conditions listed below.
General Conditions:
Sunny
Temperature:
72.32oF (22.4oC)
Wind Speed:
3.8 mph (6.12kph)
Wind Direction:
East
Humidity:
62.2%
Barometric Pressure:
29.9Hg (101.3kpa)
Part No 360390
3
Form No F021113A
AE Owner’s Manual
INSTRUCTION LABELS
®
LABEL LIFT HERE
P/N 360187
LABEL EXPLOSIVE FUEL
P/N 400268
LABEL PATENT
P/N 360286
LABEL WARNING UNIT WEIGHT
P/N 360188
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LABEL WARNING GUARDS
P/N 900327
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The labels shown below were installed on your BILLY GOAT Aerator. If any labels are damaged or missing, replace them before operating this
equipment. Part numbers from the Illustrated Parts List are provided for convenience in ordering replacement labels. The correct position for
each label may be determined by referring to the part numbers shown.
LABEL INSTRUCTIONS AE
P/N 360025
ENGINE LABELS
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HONDA
THROTTLE CONTROLS
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Honda
Choke
Throttle
Briggs
Set lever to choke when starting cold
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Fuel valve
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Set lever to desired engine speed.
Move lever completely to the left to
stop engine
PACKING CHECKLIST
Your Billy Goat is shipped from the factory in one carton, completely assembled.
READ all safety instructions before assembling unit.
TAKE CAUTION when removing the unit from the box.
PUT OIL IN ENGINE BEFORE STARTING
Part No 360390
4
Form No F021113A
AE Owner’s Manual
PARTS BAG &
LITERATURE ASSY
Warranty card P/N- 400972, Owner’s Manual P/N-360390, General Safety and Warnings Manual
Renovation-100295, Declaration of Conformity P/N-360194.
Boxing Parts
FILL WITH WATER
Checklist
Owner’s Manual
AE 360390
Engine Manual Per
Model
Honda 4.0 HP
Briggs 5.5 HP
ASSEMBLY
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ONLY!
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1. UNFOLD the upper handle (item 48) and slide handle lock loops (item 118) into place to secure the upper handle
to the lower handle (item 82 & 83).
2. ASSEMBLE the water tank to the unit and secure with the two carriage bolts, two locknuts and washers (items
137, 105 and 111) that can be found in the parts bag.
3. FILL the water tank (item 2) to desired weight with water ONLY.
4. CHECK engine oil level and fill to proper level. Also check oil in gear reduction reservoir and fill if necessary. See
engine owner’s manual for type and amount of oil to use. Move the tine engagement lever to the down position, to
level engine during checking.
5. CONNECT spark plug wire. Set the engine stop switch to the ON position. You will use the stop switch on the
handle during operation.
Part No 360390
5
Form No F021113A
AE Owner’s Manual
OPERATION
PARKING
NEVER PARK THIS UNIT ON A SLOPE OF ANY KIND. Always keep tines in the up position when parking the unit.
TINES RAISING/LOWERING
The tines are raised or lowered into the ground by operating the tine
engagement lever on the upper handle. Tine penetration is very dependent on
surface preparation. READ the entire operation section before aerating.
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AERATING OPERATION
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MOW: Mow the lawn to its normal cut height.
WATER: For the best performance and maximum tine penetration the lawn
should be thoroughly watered the day before aeration.
INSPECT lawn before beginning work. Remove all rocks, wire, string, or other
objects that can present a hazard during work prior to starting.
IDENTIFY and mark all fixed objects to be avoided during work, such as
sprinkler heads, water valves, buried cables, or clothes line anchors, etc.
START ENGINE: See Safety and General Operation manual.
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SET SPEED: The ground speed of your aerator varies with the engine speed.
Set the engine at approximately half throttle to start. Speed may be increased
based on the turf conditions (i.e. large flat areas) and operator experience.
Speed should be lowered when operating under adverse turf conditions (i.e.
fenced areas, hills, or slopes).
MOVE: Be sure the tine engagement control is in the up position (tines out of the
ground) and engage the wheel drive by squeezing the operators clutch bail
against the handle. Transport the aerator to the work area.
Tines up
transport
Tines down
Aerating
ENGAGE TINES: With the aerator in the work area, release the clutch bail and push forward on the tine engagement lever,
lowering the tines into the dirt.
AERATE: Engage the operators clutch bail by pushing it pulling it backwards from the handle, and start aerating.
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NOTE: For maximum tine penetration apply downward pressure on the handle.
TURNING: At the end of an aerating run, release the clutch bail and lift up on the tine engagement control to lift the tines out of
the ground. Using the handle lift the front of the unit to pivot it around and line up for the next pass.
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TRANSPORT: Be sure to lift the tine engagement lever (tines out of the ground) before transporting away from the work area.
AERATING TIPS
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WATER: For the best performance and maximum tine penetration, the lawn should be thoroughly watered the day before
aeration.
SLOPES: Do not operate the aerator on steep slopes. Use extreme caution when operating on any sloped surface. For lesser
sloped areas operate the unit, traversing up and down at a 45 degree angle to the slope rather than straight across. Extended
operation on steep slopes can cause engine damage.
NOTE: DO NOT release the operators clutch bail when operating on a slope. This will allow the unit to free wheel and allow the
unit to roll down the slope.
NOTE: Honda engines are equipped with a low oil sensor to prevent engine damage. When it senses a low oil condition (i.e.
unit is operating or sitting on a steep slope) the engine shuts down. The low oil condition must be corrected before the engine
can be restarted. See the engine owner’s manual for more information.
TINE PENETRATION: Maximum tine penetration is achieved by applying downward pressure on the handle during operation.
TURNING: At the end of a pass the tines can be lifted out of the ground to turn by lifting straight up on the operators handle.
Part No 360390
6
Form No F021113A
AE Owner’s Manual
FOLDING HANDLE
This unit is equipped with a folding upper handle for
easier storage. TO FOLD THE HANDLE (See Fig. 3):
1. Slide handle lock loops (item 118) up on both sides.
2. Fold the upper handle (item 48).
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MAINTENANCE
Fig 4
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Fig 3
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic maintenance should be performed at the following intervals:
Maintenance Operation
Every Use (daily)
Inspect for loose, worn or damaged parts.
Check engine oil.
Every 25 hrs
Every 50 Hours


Inspect belt for wear.

Engine (See Engine Manual)
Oil chains (see lubrication).

Thoroughly clean all debris from unit and tine reel
Check tine reel nut torque. Torque to min. 100 ft.lbs.

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Check gear reduction oil level

Grease bearings (see lubrication).


ENGINE MUST BE LEVEL WHEN CHECKING OR FILLING OIL
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TINE REEL REMOVAL AND TINE ROW REPLACEMENT
TINE REEL REMOVAL
NOTE: Tine reel removal is only necessary to replace an entire tine row or for other major unit maintenance. Individual tines
can be replaced by following the INDIVIDUAL TINE REPLACEMENT instructions.
1. Wait for engine to cool and disconnect spark plug.
2. Remove the top guard by removing the four nuts, two on each side that secures it to the frame.
3. Release the tension on the chain. See CHAIN TENSION ADJUSTMENT in this manual.
4. Remove the four bolts and nuts, two on each side, holding the tine reel bearings in place. BE CAREFUL the tine reel is heavy and
sharp. Take precautions to not allow it to fall when the bearing bolts are removed.
5. Lift the reel up and to the side to remove it from the drive chain.
6. See TINE ROW REPLACEMENT for instructions on maintenance.
7. To reinstall the reel follow the above steps in reverse.
8. Replace the guard and reinstall the four nuts that secure it in place.
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TINE ROW REPLACEMENT
1. Wait for engine to cool and disconnect spark plug.
2. Remove the top guard by removing the four nuts, two on each side that secures it to the frame.
3. Remove the tine reel per the TINE REEL REMOVAL instructions.
4. Remove the nut at the end of the tine reel shaft that secures the tine rows in place.
5. Remove the tine rows and spacers as necessary to replace the defective part. Be sure to note the order in which the spacers were
removed for later reassembly.
6. Reassemble the tine reel in the exact order that it was disassembled.
7. Tighten the nut that secures the tine rows and spacers on the shaft. Torque the nut to a minimum of 100 ft. lbs. Check that all of the
tine rows are tight by attempting to move them by hand.
8. Reinstall the tine reel per the TINE REEL REMOVAL instructions above.
9. Reset the tension on the chain.
10. Replace the guard and reinstall the four nuts that secure it in place.
TIP: Spraying tines with a rust preventing lubricant can increase tine life and allow for easier replacement of worn or damaged tines.
Part No 360390
7
Form No F021113A
AE Owner’s Manual
INDIVIDUAL TINES REPLACEMENT
1. Wait for engine to cool and disconnect spark plug.
2. Loosen but do not remove the outermost nut and carriage bolt that secure the damaged or worn tine.
3. Loosen and remove the innermost nut and carriage bolt that hold the tine in the reel.
4. Use a small pry bar and push the tine plates apart slightly to slide out the tine to be replaced.
5. Slide the new tine in place and secure with the innermost nut and carriage bolt. Tighten completely.
6. Retighten the outermost nut and carriage bolt to completely secure the new tine.
7. Repeat as required to replace all damaged or worn tines.
NOTE: Tines are a normal wear item and should be inspected regularly for signs of wear or damage.
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BELT AND CHAIN TENSION ADJUSTMENT
ADJUSTING BELT TENSION1. Remove the top guard (item 3) by removing the four nuts (item 87), two on each side, that secure it to the frame.
2. Locate the top of the belt idler assembly where the clutch cable (item 55) is secured in place. A properly tensioned belt should
stretch the idler spring (located next to the idler pulley) between 1/4" - 3/8" when the clutch bail (item 54) is held in the drive position.
3. Using a 1/2" wrench loosen the two nuts that secure the cable (item 55) in place.
4. TO INCREASE belt tension adjust these two nuts so that the cable (item 55) is secured in place with an additional 1/4" of the
threaded adjuster at the top of the assembly.
TO DECREASE belt tension, adjust these two nuts so that the cable (item 55) is secured in place with 1/4" less of the threaded
adjuster at the top of the assembly.
5. Replace the guard (item 3) and reinstall the four nuts (item 87) that secure it in place.
6. Run the unit to test your adjustment. Repeat as necessary to achieve proper adjustment. A properly adjusted belt will pull the unit
up a 15 degree slope when clutched without any belt slip, and will declutch and stop the unit completely when the clutch is released.
NOTE: Never release the clutch on a slope. The unit is heavy and will free wheel down hill.
NOTE: A worn belt will not allow for proper adjustment and must be replaced.
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ADJUSTING CHAIN TENSION1. Remove the top guard (item 3) by removing the four nuts (item 87), two on each side, that secure it to the frame.
2. Locate the bolt (item 31, 33) and nut (item 80) that hold each idler sprocket to the frame of the unit. One idler sprocket sets
tension on the wheel drive chain and one sets tension on the tine drive chain.
3. Loosen the bolt and nut and slide the idler sprocket (item 29) in the desired direction.
INCREASED TENSION: Slide the sprocket to the rear.
DECREASED TENSION: Slide the idler sprocket to the front.
4. Tighten the bolt and nut to secure the sprocket in place.
5. Replace the guard and reinstall the four nuts that secure it in place.
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NOTE: Over tensioning the chain will cause premature chain and sprocket wear. DO NOT OVER TENSION THE CHAIN. A properly
tensioned chain will have slack of 1/4"-3/8" when moved by hand.
Part No 360390
8
Form No F021113A
AE Owner’s Manual
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DRIVE BELT REPLACEMENT
1. Wait for engine to cool and disconnect spark plug.
2. Remove the top guard by removing the four nuts, two on each side, that secure it to the frame.
3. Slide the belt off of the engine drive pulley, and off of the jackshaft drive pulley.
4. Continue sliding the belt along the jackshaft to the right jackshaft bearing away from the pulley and sprockets.
5. Using a 9/16" wrench, remove the two bolts and nuts that hold the jackshaft bearing in place.
6. Carefully lift the jackshaft up until the belt can be slid out underneath the bearing.
7. Slide the new belt in place over the jackshaft.
8. Replace and tighten the bolts and nuts holding the jackshaft bearing in place. Be sure that the jackshaft is aligned straight
across between both bearings.
9. Slide the belt along the jackshaft and over both engine and jackshaft pulleys. Be sure the idler pulley is positioned on the
flat side of the belt.
10. Check proper belt tension. See BELT TENSION ADJUSTMENT in this manual.
CHAIN REPLACEMENT
NOTE: This procedure will work to change the wheel drive chain or the tine drive chain.
1. Wait for engine to cool and disconnect spark plug.
2. Remove the top guard by removing the four nuts, two on each side, that secure it to the frame.
3. Roll the unit until the master link of the chain that you want to replace is exposed near the jackshaft sprocket.
4. Release the tension on the chain. See CHAIN TENSION ADJUSTMENT in this manual.
5. Using a screwdriver or similar device, remove the spring clip that secures the master link in the chain.
6. With the master link removed unwind the chain from the two sprockets that it connects.
7. Carefully string the replacement chain around the same two sprockets and reconnect it with the new master link provided
with your replacement chain.
8. Re set the tension on the chain.
9. Replace the guard and reinstall the four nuts that secure it in place.
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LUBRICATION
BEARINGS1. Remove the top guard by removing the four nuts, two on each side that secures it to the frame. NOTE: Guard must be
removed to lubricate the jackshaft bearings only. All other bearings can be lubed without removing the guard.
2. Lubricate all 6 bearings using a pressurized grease gun with standard lithium based grease.
3. Wipe any excess grease off of all bearings and fittings after each lubrication.
4. Replace the guard and reinstall the four screws that secure it in place.
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CHAINS1. Remove the top guard by removing the four nuts, two on each side that secures it to the frame.
2. Apply a light coat of No. 30 Oil or a penetrating chain lubricant to keep the chain clean and in good running order.
3. Replace the guard and reinstall the four screws that secure it in place.
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NOTE: If machine is cleaned with a pressure washer the chains and bearings should be lubricated after each cleaning.
Part No 360390
9
Form No F021113A
AE Owner’s Manual
Troubleshooting
Possible Cause
Stop switch off (Honda only). Throttle in off
position. Engine not in full choke position. Out
of gasoline. Bad or old gasoline. Spark plug
wire disconnected. Dirty air cleaner. Engine oil
level too low (Honda only).
Solution
Check stop switches, throttle, choke
position and gasoline. Connect spark
plug wire. Clean or replace air cleaner.
Or contact a qualified service person.
Check and fill engine oil.
Abnormal vibration.
Damaged or missing tines. Loose handle
bolts. Loose engine bolts.
Engine is making loud
noise or squealing
Engine stalls or labors
when aerating
Gear reduction oil level is low
Engine is locked, will not
pull over.
Debris locked against reel, or drive pulleys.
Engine problem.
Stop work immediately. Replace any
damaged or missing tines. Tighten all
loose bolts and nuts.
Check and add oil according to engine
owner's manual
Work at 45 degrees to the slope moving
up and down instead of of across. Check
and add engine oil.
Pull spark plug wire and remove debris.
Contract an engine servicing dealer for
engine problems.
See maintenance on pg. 12 of this
manual. Contact a qualified servicing
dealer.
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Problem
Engine will not start.
Working on too steep of a slope. Not enough
oil in the engine.
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Unit does not move when Belt drive out of adjustment. Worn drive belt.
clutch is engaged.
Loose or damaged chain or sprockets. Loose
or damaged pulleys. Damaged or broken
clutch cable.
Part No 360390
10
Form No F021113A
AE Owner’s Manual
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PARTS DRAWING AE
Part No 360390
11
Form No F021113A
AE Owner’s Manual
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PARTS LIST AE
Part No 360390
360279
2
360279
2
360279
2
LOOP FOLDING HANDLE
350138
2
350138
2
350138
2
BOLT SHOULDER 3/8 x 1 1/4"
360284
2
360284
2
360284
2
124
LABEL BILLY GOAT OVAL
360274
1
360274
1
360274
1
125
LABEL BILLY GOAT CIRCLE
430303
1
430303
1
430303
1
126
GRIP
400570
2
400570
2
400570
2
127
1/4 WASHER FLAT FENDER
8172019
1
8172019
1
8172019
1
135
LABEL MADE IN U.S.A.
520116
1
520116
1
520116
1
136
SCREWCAP 1/4"-20 X 1 1/2" HCS ZP
8041008
1
8041008
1
8041008
1
137
BOLT CARRIAGE 5/16"-18 X 2" ZP
8024044
2
8024044
2
8024044
2
12
Form No F021113A
AE Owner’s Manual
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PARTS DRAWING AE
Part No 360390
13
Form No F021113A
AE Owner’s Manual
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PARTS LIST AE
Part No 360390
WASHER 1.062" ID X 1.75 OD
8172021
3 OR 4
8172021
3 OR 4
8172021
3 OR 4
CHAIN MASTER LINK
360205
2
360205
2
360205
2
SPACER - TINE PLATES
360105
4
360105
5
360105
4
TINE ASSY (INCLUDES 50,64,65,72,&119)
360197
1
360197
1
360197
1
WASHER 1/4" FC
8171002
3
8171002
3
8171002
3
14
Form No F021113A
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