Texas Instruments | INA220-Q1 Automotive Grade, 26-V, Bi-Directional, Zero-Drift, Low- or High-Side, I2C-Compatible Current/Power Monitor (Rev. B) | Datasheet | Texas Instruments INA220-Q1 Automotive Grade, 26-V, Bi-Directional, Zero-Drift, Low- or High-Side, I2C-Compatible Current/Power Monitor (Rev. B) Datasheet

Texas Instruments INA220-Q1 Automotive Grade, 26-V, Bi-Directional, Zero-Drift, Low- or High-Side, I2C-Compatible Current/Power Monitor (Rev. B) Datasheet
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INA220-Q1
SLOS785B – JUNE 2012 – REVISED MARCH 2016
INA220-Q1 Automotive Grade, 26-V, Bi-Directional, Zero-Drift,
Low- or High-Side, I2C-Compatible Current/Power Monitor
1 Features
3 Description
•
•
The INA220-Q1 device is a current shunt and power
monitor with an I2C- or SMBUS-compatible interface.
The INA220-Q1 device monitors both shunt drop and
supply voltage. A programmable calibration value,
combined with an internal multiplier, enables direct
readouts in amperes. An additional multiplying
register calculates power in watts. The I2C- or
SMBUS-compatible
interface
features
16
programmable addresses. The separate shunt input
on the INA220-Q1 device allows it to be used in
systems with low-side sensing.
1
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Qualified for Automotive Applications
AEC-Q100 Qualified with the following results:
– Device Temperature Grade 1: –40°C to
+125°C Ambient Operating Temperature
Range
– Device HBM ESD Classification Level H2
– Device CDM ESD Classification Level C3B
High- or Low-Side Sensing
Senses Bus Voltages from 0 V to 26 V
Reports Current, Voltage, and Power
16 Programmable Addresses
High Accuracy: 0.5% (Maximum) Over
Temperature
User-Programmable Calibration
Fast (2.56-MHz) I2C- or SMBUS-Compatible
Interface
VSSOP-10 Package
The INA220-Q1 device senses across shunts on
buses that can vary from 0 to 26 V, useful for lowside sensing or CPU power supplies. The device
uses a single 3- to 5.5-V supply, drawing a maximum
of 1 mA of supply current. The INA220-Q1 device
operates from –40°C to +125°C.
Device Information(1)
PART NUMBER
INA220-Q1
2 Applications
•
•
•
•
PACKAGE
VSSOP (10)
BODY SIZE (NOM)
3.00 mm × 3.00 mm
(1) For all available packages, see the orderable addendum at
the end of the data sheet.
Electric Power Steering (EPS) Systems
Body Control Modules
Brake Systems
Electronic Stability Control (ESC) Systems
General Load, Low- or High-Side Sensing
Supply (0 to 26 V)
CBYPASS
0.1 µF
HighSide
Shunt
3.3 V to
5V
Bus Voltage Input
VS (Supply Voltage)
INA220-Q1
x
Load
LowSide
Shunt
R2F
V
VIN+
Current Register
ADC
R1F CF
SDA
Power Register
I2C-/SMBUSCompatible
Interface
SCL
DATA
CLK
A0
A1
Voltage Register
VIN-
I
GND
1
An IMPORTANT NOTICE at the end of this data sheet addresses availability, warranty, changes, use in safety-critical applications,
intellectual property matters and other important disclaimers. PRODUCTION DATA.
INA220-Q1
SLOS785B – JUNE 2012 – REVISED MARCH 2016
www.ti.com
Table of Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Features ..................................................................
Applications ...........................................................
Description .............................................................
Revision History.....................................................
Related Products ...................................................
Pin Configuration and Functions .........................
Specifications.........................................................
1
1
1
2
3
3
4
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
4
4
4
4
5
7
Absolute Maximum Ratings ......................................
ESD Ratings..............................................................
Recommended Operating Conditions.......................
Thermal Information ..................................................
Electrical Characteristics...........................................
Typical Characteristics ..............................................
Detailed Description .............................................. 9
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
Overview ................................................................... 9
Functional Block Diagram ......................................... 9
Feature Description................................................... 9
Device Functional Modes........................................ 10
8.5 Programming .......................................................... 11
8.6 Register Maps ......................................................... 18
9
Application and Implementation ........................ 25
9.1 Application Information............................................ 25
9.2 Typical Application .................................................. 25
9.3 System Examples ................................................... 28
10 Power Supply Recommendations ..................... 30
11 Layout................................................................... 30
11.1 Layout Guidelines ................................................. 30
11.2 Layout Example .................................................... 30
12 Device and Documentation Support ................. 31
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
Related Documentation.........................................
Community Resources..........................................
Trademarks ...........................................................
Electrostatic Discharge Caution ............................
Glossary ................................................................
31
31
31
31
31
13 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable
Information ........................................................... 31
4 Revision History
NOTE: Page numbers for previous revisions may differ from page numbers in the current version.
Changes from Revision A (June 2012) to Revision B
Page
•
Changed part number to INA220-Q1...................................................................................................................................... 1
•
Added ESD Ratings table, Feature Description section, Device Functional Modes section, Application and
Implementation section, Power Supply Recommendations section, Layout section, Device and Documentation
Support section, and Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information section ............................................................... 1
•
Changed "Two-wire" to "I2C- or SMBUS-compatible" throughout document ......................................................................... 1
•
Deleted the Ordering Information table ................................................................................................................................. 1
•
Corrected errors in graphics ................................................................................................................................................... 1
•
Added automotive part numbers to Related Products............................................................................................................ 3
•
Changed pin names in Pin Configuration and Functions ...................................................................................................... 3
•
Added common-mode definition to Absolute Maximum Ratings ........................................................................................... 4
•
Changed IN+ and IN– pin input impedance to input bias current ......................................................................................... 5
•
Changed Power register to Bus Voltage register ................................................................................................................ 10
•
Replaced Programming the INA220B-Q1 with Programming the INA220-Q1 Calibration Register .................................... 12
•
Replaced PROGRAMMING THE INA220 POWER MEASUREMENT ENGINE with Calibration Register and Scaling ..... 12
•
Updated Table 2 based on one-time sample of devices ...................................................................................................... 17
•
Changed Power register to Bus Voltage register ................................................................................................................ 23
•
Corrected register values in Detailed Design Procedure and Table 8 ................................................................................. 26
•
Changed Configure, Measure, and Calculate Example table to Table 8 and removed first column ................................... 26
Changes from Original (June 2012) to Revision A
•
2
Page
Device went from preview to production ................................................................................................................................ 1
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5 Related Products
PART NUMBER
DESCRIPTION
INA212-Q1
Automotive, 26-V, Bi-Directional, Zero-Drift, Precision, Low-/High-Side, Volt. Out Current Sense Amp
INA225-Q1
Automotive, 36-V Prog. Gain, Bi-Directional, Zero-Drift, High-Speed Voltage Out Current Sense Amp
INA226-Q1
Automotive, 36-V, Ultra-High Accuracy, Low-/High-Side, I2C Out Current/Power Monitor w/ Alert
INA282-Q1
Automotive, 80-V, Bi-Directional, High Accuracy, Low-/High-Side, Voltage Out Current Shunt Monitor
INA300-Q1
Automotive, 36-V Low-/High-Side, Overcurrent Protection Comparator
INA3221-Q1
Automotive 26-V, Triple, Bi-Directional, Zero-Drift, I2C Out Current/Voltage Monitor w/ Alerts
6 Pin Configuration and Functions
DGS Package
10-Pin VSSOP
Top View
A1
1
10 IN+
A0
2
9
IN-
NC
3
8
VBUS
SDA
4
7
GND
SCL
5
6
VS
Pin Functions
PIN
I/O
DESCRIPTION
NO.
NAME
1
A1
Digital Input
Address pin. Connect to GND, SCL, SDA, or VS. Table 1 shows pin settings and corresponding
addresses.
2
A0
Digital Input
Address pin. Connect to GND, SCL, SDA, or VS. Table 1 shows pin settings and corresponding
addresses.
3
NC
—
4
SDA
Digital I/O
No internal connection
Serial bus data line
5
SCL
Digital Input
Serial bus clock line
6
VS
Analog
Power supply, 3 V to 5.5 V
7
GND
Analog
Ground
8
VBUS
Analog Input
Bus voltage input
9
IN–
Analog Input
Negative differential shunt voltage. Connect to negative side of shunt resistor. Bus voltage is
measured from this pin to ground.
10
IN+
Analog Input
Positive differential shunt voltage. Connect to positive side of shunt resistor.
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7 Specifications
7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted) (1)
MIN
VS
MAX
UNIT
6
V
Supply voltage
Analog inputs
IN+, IN–
Differential (VIN+) – (VIN–)
(2)
Common-mode (VIN+ + VIN-) / 2
–26
26
V
–0.3
26
V
–0.3
26
V
V
VVBUS
Voltage at VBUS pin
VSDA
Voltage at SDA pin
GND – 0.3
6
VSCL
Voltage at SCL pin
GND – 0.3
VS + 0.3
V
5
mA
Input current into any pin
Open-drain digital output current
Operating temperature
TJ
Junction temperature
Tstg
Storage temperature
(1)
(2)
–40
–65
10
mA
125
°C
150
°C
150
°C
Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings
only, which do not imply functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under Recommended
Operating Conditions. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
IN+ and IN– may have a differential voltage of –26 to 26 V; however, the voltage at these pins must not exceed the range of –0.3 to 26
V.
7.2 ESD Ratings
V(ESD)
(1)
Electrostatic discharge
VALUE
UNIT
Human-body model (HBM), per AEC Q100-002 (1)
±2000
V
Charged-device model (CDM), per AEC Q100-011
±750
V
AEC Q100-002 indicates that HBM stressing shall be in accordance with the ANSI/ESDA/JEDEC JS-001 specification.
7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
MIN
VCM
(VIN+ + VIN-) / 2
VS
Supply voltage
TA
Ambient temperature
NOM
MAX
12
UNIT
V
3.3
V
–25
85
ºC
7.4 Thermal Information
THERMAL METRIC (1)
INA220-Q1
DGS (10 PINS)
UNIT
RθJA
Junction-to-ambient thermal resistance
165.4
°C/W
RθJC(top)
Junction-to-case (top) thermal resistance
53.2
°C/W
RθJB
Junction-to-board thermal resistance
86.6
°C/W
ψJT
Junction-to-top characterization parameter
6.4
°C/W
ψJB
Junction-to-board characterization parameter
85
°C/W
(1)
4
For more information about traditional and new thermal metrics, see the Semiconductor and IC Package Thermal Metrics application
report, SPRA953.
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7.5 Electrical Characteristics
at TA = 25°C, VS = 3.3 V, VIN+ = 12 V, VSHUNT = (VIN+ – VIN–) = 32 mV, VVBUS = 12 V, PGA = /1, and BRNG (1) = 1, unless
otherwise noted.
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
INPUT
VSHUNT
Full-scale current sense (input)
voltage range
Bus voltage (input voltage) (2)
Common-mode rejection
Offset voltage, RTI (3)
VOS
PSRR
Offset voltage versus power
supply, RTI (3)
Current sense gain error
IIN+, IIN–
PGA = /1
0
±40
mV
PGA = /2
0
±80
mV
PGA = /4
0
±160
mV
PGA = /8
0
±320
mV
BRNG = 1
0
32
BRNG = 0
0
16
VIN+ = 0 to 26 V
100
120
V
V
dB
PGA = /1
±10
±50
μV
PGA = /2
±20
±75
μV
PGA = /4
±30
±75
μV
PGA = /8
±40
±100
TA = –40°C to 85°C
0.16
μV/°C
10
μV/V
±40
m%
VS = 3 to 5.5 V
TA = –40°C to 85°C
1
μV
m%/°C
Input bias current at IN+ and IN–
Active mode
20
μA
VBUS pin input impedance (4)
Active mode
320
kΩ
IN+ pin input leakage (5)
Power-down mode
0.1
±0.5
μA
IN– pin input leakage (5)
Power-down mode
0.1
±0.5
μA
DC ACCURACY
ADC basic resolution
12
bits
Shunt voltage
1-LSB step size
10
μV
Bus voltage
1-LSB step size
4
mV
Current measurement error
Bus voltage measurement error
±0.2%
TA = –40°C to 85°C
±0.3%
±0.5%
VBUS = 12 V
±0.2%
TA = –40°C to 85°C
±0.5%
±1%
Differential nonlinearity
±0.1
LSB
ADC TIMING
ADC conversion time
12-bit
532
586
μs
11-bit
276
304
μs
10-bit
148
163
μs
9-bit
84
93
μs
Minimum convert input low time
μs
4
SMBus
SMBus timeout (6)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
28
35
ms
BRNG is bit 13 of the Configuration Register 00h (see Figure 19).
This parameter only expresses the full-scale range of the ADC scaling. In no event should more than 26 V be applied to this device.
Referred-to-input (RTI)
The input impedance of this pin may vary approximately ±15%.
Input leakage is positive (current flowing into the pin) for the conditions shown at the top of the table. Negative leakage currents can
occur under different input conditions.
SMBus timeout in the INA220-Q1 resets the interface any time SCL or SDA is low for more than 28 ms.
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Electrical Characteristics (continued)
at TA = 25°C, VS = 3.3 V, VIN+ = 12 V, VSHUNT = (VIN+ – VIN–) = 32 mV, VVBUS = 12 V, PGA = /1, and BRNG(1) = 1, unless
otherwise noted.
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
DIGITAL INPUTS (SDA as Input, SCL, A0, A1)
Input capacitance
Leakage input current
VIH
Input logic-level high
VIL
Input logic-level low
3
0 ≤ VIN ≤ VS
pF
1
μA
0.7 (VS)
6
V
–0.3
0.3 (VS)
0.1
Hysteresis
500
V
mV
OPEN-DRAIN DIGITAL OUTPUTS (SDA)
Logic 0 output level
ISINK = 3 mA
High-level output leakage current
VOUT = VS
0.15
0.4
V
0.1
1
μA
POWER SUPPLY
Operating supply range
3
Quiescent current
6
5.5
V
0.7
1
mA
Quiescent current, power-down
mode
6
15
μA
Power-on reset threshold
2
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7.6 Typical Characteristics
0
100
-10
80
-20
60
-30
40
Offset (mV)
Gain (dB)
at TA = 25°C, VS = 3.3 V, VIN+ = 12 V, VSHUNT = (VIN+ – VIN–) = 32 mV, PGA = /1, and BRNG = 1, unless otherwise noted.
-40
-50
-60
20
0
-20
-70
-40
-80
-60
-90
-80
-100
-100
1k
100
10
10k
100k
320mV Range
160mV Range
1M
80mV Range
-50
0
-25
Input Frequency (Hz)
Figure 1. Frequency Response
75
100
125
Figure 2. ADC Shunt Offset vs Temperature
45
160mV Range
320mV Range
60
40
35
40
Offset (mV)
Gain Error (m%)
50
50
80
20
0
-40
25
Temperature (°C)
100
-20
40mV Range
80mV Range
40mV Range
30
25
20
-60
10
-80
5
16V Range
32V Range
15
0
-100
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
Temperature (°C)
Temperature (°C)
Figure 3. ADC Shunt Gain Error vs Temperature
Figure 4. ADC Bus Voltage Offset vs Temperature
100
20
80
15
10
40
16V
20
INL (mV)
Gain Error (m%)
60
0
-20
0
-5
32V
-40
5
-60
-10
-80
-15
-100
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
-20
-0.4
Temperature (°C)
-0.3
-0.2
-0.1
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
Input Voltage (V)
Figure 5. ADC Bus Gain Error vs Temperature
Figure 6. Integral Nonlinearity vs Input Voltage
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Typical Characteristics (continued)
at TA = 25°C, VS = 3.3 V, VIN+ = 12 V, VSHUNT = (VIN+ – VIN–) = 32 mV, PGA = /1, and BRNG = 1, unless otherwise noted.
2.0
1.2
VS = 5 V
1.0
1.0
VS = 5V
0.8
0.5
IQ (mA)
Input Currents (mA)
1.5
VS = 3 V
0
VS = 3 V
0.6
VS = 3V
0.4
-0.5
0.2
-1.0
VS = 5 V
0
-1.5
10
5
0
15
20
25
-50
30
-25
0
VIN- Voltage (V)
50
75
16
1.0
14
0.9
0.7
IQ (mA)
10
VS = 5V
8
6
VS = 3V
4
0.6
VS = 3V
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
2
0.1
0
0
-50
0
-25
25
50
75
100
10k
1k
125
100k
1M
10M
SCL Frequency (Hz)
Temperature (°C)
Figure 9. Shutdown IQ vs Temperature
Figure 10. Active IQ vs Clock Frequency
300
5
4
5V +Error
250
VS = 5V
3
3.3V +Error
2
200
1
IQ (mA)
% Bus Voltage Error
125
VS = 5V
0.8
12
0
-1
150
100
-2
-3
50
5V -Error
-4
VS = 3V
3.3V -Error
0
-5
0
8
100
Figure 8. Active IQ vs Temperature
Figure 7. Input Currents With Large Differential Voltages
(VIN+ at 12 V, Sweep Of VIN–)
IQ (mA)
25
Temperature (°C)
1
2
3
4
5
24
25
26
10k
1k
100k
1M
VBUS (V)
SCL Frequency (Hz)
Figure 11. Total Percent Bus Voltage Error
vs Supply Voltage
Figure 12. Shutdown IQ vs Clock Frequency
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8 Detailed Description
8.1 Overview
The INA220-Q1 is a digital current sense amplifier with an I2C- and SMBus-compatible interface. It provides
digital current, voltage, and power readings necessary for accurate decision-making in precisely-controlled
systems. Programmable registers allow flexible configuration for measurement resolution as well as continuousversus-triggered operation. Detailed register information appears at the end of this data sheet, beginning with
Table 3. See Functional Block Diagram for a block diagram of the INA220-Q1 device.
8.2 Functional Block Diagram
Power
(1)
Bus Voltage
(1)
´
Shunt Voltage
Channel
Current
(1)
ADC
Bus Voltage
Channel
Full-Scale Calibration
(2)
´
Shunt Voltage
(1)
PGA
(In Configuration Register)
NOTES:
(1) Read-only
(2) Read/write
Data Registers
8.3 Feature Description
8.3.1 Basic ADC Functions
The two analog inputs to the INA220-Q1, IN+ and IN–, connect to a shunt resistor in the bus of interest. Bus
voltage is measured at VBUS pin. The INA220-Q1 is typically powered by a separate supply from 3 to 5.5 V. The
bus being sensed can vary from 0 to 26 V. It requires no special considerations for power-supply sequencing (for
example, a bus voltage can be present with the supply voltage off, and vice-versa). The INA220-Q1 senses the
small drop across the shunt for shunt voltage, and senses the voltage with respect to ground from VBUS pin for
the bus voltage.
When the INA220-Q1 is in the normal operating mode (that is, MODE bits of the Configuration register are set to
111), it continuously converts the shunt voltage up to the number set in the shunt voltage averaging function
(Configuration register, SADC bits). The device then converts the bus voltage up to the number set in the bus
voltage averaging (Configuration register, BADC bits). The Mode control in the Configuration register also
permits selecting modes to convert only voltage or current, either continuously or in response to an event
(triggered).
All current and power calculations are performed in the background and do not contribute to conversion time;
conversion times shown in Electrical Characteristics can be used to determine the actual conversion time.
Power-down mode reduces the quiescent current and turns off current into the INA220-Q1 inputs, avoiding any
supply drain. Full recovery from power-down requires 40 μs. ADC off mode (set by the Configuration register,
MODE bits) stops all conversions.
In triggered mode, writing any of the triggered convert modes into the Configuration register (even if the desired
mode is already programmed into the register) triggers a single-shot conversion.
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Feature Description (continued)
Although the INA220-Q1 can be read at any time, and the data from the last conversion remain available, the
Conversion Ready bit (Bus Voltage register, CNVR bit) is provided to help coordinate one-shot or triggered
conversions. The Conversion Ready bit is set after all conversions, averaging, and multiplication operations are
complete.
The Conversion Ready bit clears under any of these conditions:
• Writing to the Configuration register, except when configuring the MODE bits for power down or ADC off
(disable) modes
• Reading the Bus Voltage register
8.3.1.1 Power Measurement
Current and bus voltage are converted at different points in time, depending on the resolution and averaging
mode settings. For instance, when configured for 12-bit and 128-sample averaging, up to 68 ms in time between
sampling these two values is possible. Again, these calculations are performed in the background and do not add
to the overall conversion time.
8.3.1.2 PGA Function
If larger full-scale shunt voltages are desired, the INA220-Q1 provides a PGA function that increases the fullscale range up to 2, 4, or 8 times (320 mV). Additionally, the bus voltage measurement has two full-scale ranges:
16 or 32 V.
8.4 Device Functional Modes
8.4.1 Filtering and Input Considerations
Measuring current is often noisy, and such noise can be difficult to define. The INA220-Q1 offers several options
for filtering by choosing resolution and averaging in the Configuration register. These filtering options can be set
independently for either voltage or current measurement.
The internal ADC is based on a delta-sigma (ΔΣ) front-end with a 500-kHz (±30%) typical sampling rate. This
architecture has good inherent noise rejection; however, transients that occur at or very close to the sampling
rate harmonics can cause problems. Because these signals are at 1 MHz and higher, they can be dealt with by
incorporating filtering at the input of the INA220-Q1. The high frequency enables the use of low-value series
resistors on the filter for negligible effects on measurement accuracy. In general, filtering the INA220-Q1 input is
only necessary if there are transients at exact harmonics of the 500-kHz (±30%) sampling rate (>1 MHz). Filter
using the lowest possible series resistance and ceramic capacitor. TI recommends values of 0.1 to 1 μF.
Figure 13 shows the INA220-Q1 with an additional filter added at the input.
Overload conditions are another consideration for the INA220-Q1 inputs. The INA220-Q1 inputs are specified to
tolerate 26 V across the inputs. A large differential scenario might be a short to ground on the load side of the
shunt. This type of event can result in full power-supply voltage across the shunt (as long the power supply or
energy storage capacitors support it). It must be remembered that removing a short to ground can result in
inductive kickbacks that could exceed the 26-V differential and common-mode rating of the INA220-Q1. Inductive
kickback voltages are best dealt with by Zener-type transient-absorbing devices combined with sufficient energy
storage capacitance.
In applications that do not have large energy storage electrolytics on one or both sides of the shunt, an input
overstress condition may result from an excessive dV/dt of the voltage applied to the input. A hard physical short
is the most likely cause of this event, particularly in applications with no large electrolytics present. This problem
occurs because an excessive dV/dt can activate the ESD protection in the INA220-Q1 in systems where large
currents are available. Testing has demonstrated that the addition of 10-Ω resistors in series with each input of
the INA220-Q1 sufficiently protects the inputs against dV/dt failure up to the 26-V rating of the INA220-Q1. These
resistors have no significant effect on accuracy.
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Device Functional Modes (continued)
RSHUNT
Load
Supply
RFILTER 10 Ω
RFILTER 10 Ω
Supply Voltage
3.3-V Supply
VBUS
0.1-µF to 1-µF
Ceramic Capacitor
VIN+ VIN-
VS
INA220-Q1
x
Power Register
Data (SDA)
Clock (SCL)
2
Current Register
I C-/SMBUSCompatible
Interface
A0
ADC
A1
Voltage Register
GND
Figure 13. INA220-Q1 With Input Filtering
8.5 Programming
8.5.1 Programming the INA220-Q1 Calibration Register
Register Details shows the default power-up states of the registers. These registers are volatile, and if
programmed to anything other than default values, they must be reprogrammed at every device power-up. The
Calibration Register is calculated based on Equation 1. This equation includes the term Current_LSB, which is
the programmed value for the LSB for the Current Register (04h). The Current_LSB value is used to convert the
value in the Current Register (04h) to the actual current in amperes. The highest resolution for the Current
Register (04h) can be obtained by using the smallest allowable Current_LSB based on the maximum expected
current as shown in Equation 2. While this value yields the highest resolution, it is common to select a value for
the Current_LSB to the nearest round number above this value to simplify the conversion of the Current Register
(04h) and Power Register (03h) to amperes and watts respectively. The RSHUNT term is the value of the external
shunt used to develop the differential voltage across the input pins. The Power Register (03h) is internally set to
be 20 times the programmed Current_LSB (see Equation 3).
0.04096
Cal = trunc Current_LSB ´ R
SHUNT
where
•
•
0.04096 is an internal fixed value used to ensure scaling is maintained properly
Current_LSB is the programmed value for the LSB for the Current Register (04h)
Current _ LSB =
(1)
Maximum Expected Current
215
Power_LSB = 20 Current_LSB
(2)
(3)
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Programming (continued)
Shunt voltage is calculated by multiplying the Shunt Voltage Register contents with the Shunt Voltage LSB of 10
μV. The Bus Voltage register bits are not right-aligned. To compute the value of the Bus Voltage, Bus Voltage
Register contents must be shifted right by three bits. This shift puts the BD0 bit in the LSB position so that the
contents can be multiplied by the Bus Voltage LSB of 4-mV to compute the bus voltage measured by the device.
After programming the Calibration Register, the value expected in the Current Register (04h) can be calculated
by multiplying the Shunt Voltage register contents by the Calibration Register and then dividing by 4096 as
shown in Equation 4. To obtain a value in amperes, the Current register value is multiplied by the programmed
Current_LSB.
Shunt Voltage Re gister ´ Calibration Re gister
Current Register =
4096
(4)
The value expected in the Power register (03h) can be calculated by multiplying the Current register value by the
Bus Voltage register value and then dividing by 5000 as shown in Equation 5. Power Register content is
multiplied by Power LSB which is 20 times the Current_LSB for a power value in watts.
Current Re gister ´ Bus Voltage Re gister
Power Register =
5000
(5)
8.5.2 Programming the INA220-Q1 Power Measurement Engine
8.5.2.1 Calibration Register and Scaling
The Calibration register makes it possible to set the scaling of the Current and Power registers to whatever
values are most useful for a given application. One strategy may be to set the Calibration register such that the
largest possible number is generated in the Current register or Power register at the expected full-scale point;
this approach yields the highest resolution. The Calibration register can also be selected to provide values in the
Current and Power registers that either provide direct decimal equivalents of the values being measured, or yield
a round LSB number. After these choices have been made, the Calibration register also offers possibilities for
end-user system-level calibration, where the value is adjusted slightly to cancel total system error. After
determining the exact current by using an external ammeter, the value of the Calibration Register can then be
adjusted based on the measured current result of the INA220-Q1 to cancel the total system error as shown in
Equation 6.
Corrected_Full_Scale_Cal = trunc
Cal ´ MeasShuntCurrent
INA220_Current
(6)
8.5.3 Simple Current Shunt Monitor Usage (No Programming Necessary)
The INA220-Q1 can be used without any programming if it is only necessary to read a shunt voltage drop and
bus voltage with the default 12-bit resolution, 320-mV shunt full-scale range (PGA = /8), 32-V bus full-scale
range, and continuous conversion of shunt and bus voltage.
Without programming, current is measured by reading the shunt voltage. The Current register and Power register
are only available if the Calibration register contains a programmed value.
8.5.4 Bus Overview
The INA220-Q1 offers compatibility with both I2C and SMBus interfaces. The I2C and SMBus protocols are
essentially compatible with one another.
The I2C interface is used throughout this data sheet as the primary example, with SMBus protocol specified only
when a difference between the two systems is being addressed. Two lines, SCL and SDA, connect the INA220Q1 to the bus. Both SCL and SDA are open-drain connections.
The device that initiates the transfer is called a master, and the devices controlled by the master are slaves. The
bus must be controlled by a master device that generates the serial clock (SCL), controls the bus access, and
generates START and STOP conditions.
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Programming (continued)
To address a specific device, the master initiates a START condition by pulling the data signal line (SDA) from a
high to a low logic level while SCL is high. All slaves on the bus shift in the slave address byte on the rising edge
of SCL, with the last bit indicating whether a read or write operation is intended. During the ninth clock pulse, the
slave being addressed responds to the master by generating an Acknowledge and pulling SDA low.
Data transfer is then initiated and eight bits of data are sent, followed by an Acknowledge bit. During data
transfer, SDA must remain stable while SCL is high. Any change in SDA while SCL is high is interpreted as a
START or STOP condition.
After all data have been transferred, the master generates a STOP condition, indicated by pulling SDA from low
to high while SCL is high. The INA220-Q1 includes a 28-ms timeout on its interface to prevent locking up an
SMBus.
8.5.4.1 Serial Bus Address
To communicate with the INA220-Q1, the master must first address slave devices through a slave address byte.
The slave address byte consists of seven address bits, and a direction bit indicating the intent of executing a
read or write operation.
The INA220-Q1 has two address pins, A0 and A1. Table 1 describes the pin logic levels for each of the 16
possible addresses. The state of pins A0 and A1 is sampled on every bus communication and should be set
before any activity on the interface occurs. The address pins are read at the start of each communication event.
Table 1. INA220-Q1 Address Pins and Slave Addresses
A1
A0
SLAVE ADDRESS
GND
GND
1000000
GND
VS
1000001
GND
SDA
1000010
GND
SCL
1000011
VS
GND
1000100
VS
VS
1000101
VS
SDA
1000110
VS
SCL
1000111
SDA
GND
1001000
SDA
VS
1001001
SDA
SDA
1001010
SDA
SCL
1001011
SCL
GND
1001100
SCL
VS
1001101
SCL
SDA
1001110
SCL
SCL
1001111
8.5.4.2 Serial Interface
The INA220-Q1 operates only as a slave device on the I2C bus and SMBus. Connections to the bus are made by
the open-drain I/O lines SDA and SCL. The SDA and SCL pins feature integrated spike suppression filters and
Schmitt triggers to minimize the effects of input spikes and bus noise. The INA220-Q1 supports the transmission
protocol for fast (1-kHz to 400-kHz) and high-speed (1-kHz to 2.56-MHz) modes. All data bytes are transmitted
most significant byte first.
8.5.5 Writing to and Reading from the INA220-Q1
Accessing a particular register on the INA220-Q1 is accomplished by writing the appropriate value to the register
pointer. Refer to Table 3 for a complete list of registers and corresponding addresses. The value for the register
pointer, as shown in Figure 17, is the first byte transferred after the slave address byte with the R/W bit LOW.
Every write operation to the INA220-Q1 requires a value for the register pointer.
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Writing to a register begins with the first byte transmitted by the master. This byte is the slave address, with the
R/W bit LOW. The INA220-Q1 then acknowledges receipt of a valid address. The next byte transmitted by the
master is the address of the register to which data will be written. This register address value updates the
register pointer to the desired register. The next two bytes are written to the register addressed by the register
pointer. The INA220-Q1 acknowledges receipt of each data byte. The master may terminate data transfer by
generating a START or STOP condition.
When reading from the INA220-Q1, the last value stored in the register pointer by a write operation determines
which register is read during a read operation. To change the register pointer for a read operation, a new value
must be written to the register pointer. This write is accomplished by issuing a slave address byte with the R/W
bit LOW, followed by the register pointer byte. No additional data are required. The master then generates a
START condition and sends the slave address byte with the R/W bit HIGH to initiate the read command. The
next byte is transmitted by the slave and is the most significant byte of the register indicated by the register
pointer. This byte is followed by an Acknowledge from the master; then the slave transmits the least significant
byte. The master acknowledges receipt of the data byte. The master may terminate data transfer by generating a
Not Acknowledge after receiving any data byte, or generating a START or STOP condition. If repeated reads
from the same register are desired, it is not necessary to continually send the register pointer bytes; the INA220Q1 retains the register pointer value until it is changed by the next write operation.
Figure 14 and Figure 15 show write and read operation timing diagrams, respectively. Note that register bytes
are sent most-significant byte first, followed by the least significant byte. Figure 16 shows the timing diagram for
the SMBus Alert response operation. Figure 17 shows a typical register pointer configuration.
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1
9
9
1
9
1
9
1
SCL
SDA
1
0
0
A3
A2
A1
A0
R/W
Start By
Master
Frame 1 2-Wire Slave Address Byte
(1)
P7
P6
P5
P4
P3
P2
P1
ACK By
INA220-Q1
D15 D14
P0
D13
D12 D11 D10
D9
D8
(1)
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
ACK By
INA220-Q1
ACK By
INA220-Q1
Frame 2 Register Pointer Byte
ACK By
INA220-Q1
Frame 3 Data MSByte
Stop By
Master
Frame 4 Data LSByte
The value of the Slave Address Byte is determined by the settings of the A0 and A1 pins. Refer to Table 1.
Figure 14. Timing Diagram for Write Word Format
1
9
1
9
1
9
SCL
SDA
1
0
0
A3
A2
A1
A0
R/W
Start By
Master
D15 D14
ACK By
INA220-Q1
Frame 1 2-Wire Slave Address Byte
(1)
D13
D12
D11 D10
D9
From
INA220-Q1
Frame 2 Data MSByte
D7
D8
D6
ACK By
Master
(2)
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
From
INA220-Q1
No ACK By
Master
Frame 3 Data LSByte
(1)
The value of the Slave Address Byte is determined by the settings of the A0 and A1 pins. Refer to Table 1.
(2)
Read data is from the last register pointer location. If a new register is desired, the register pointer must be updated. See Figure 17.
(3)
ACK by Master can also be sent.
D0
(3)
Stop
(2)
Figure 15. Timing Diagram for Read Word Format
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ALERT
1
9
1
9
SCL
SDA
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
R/W
Start By
Master
1
0
A3
A2
ACK By
INA220-Q1
A1
A0
0
From
INA220-Q1
Frame 1 SMBus ALERT Response Address Byte
(1)
0
Frame 2 Slave Address Byte
NACK By
Master
Stop By
Master
(1)
The value of the Slave Address Byte is determined by the settings of the A0 and A1 pins. Refer to Table 1.
Figure 16. Timing Diagram for SMBus Alert
1
9
1
9
¼
SCL
SDA
1
0
0
A3
A2
A1
A0
R/W
Start By
Master
Frame 1 2-Wire Slave Address Byte
(1)
P7
P6
P5
P4
P3
P2
P1
ACK By
INA220-Q1
(1)
P0
Stop
ACK By
INA220-Q1
Frame 2 Register Pointer Byte
The value of the Slave Address Byte is determined by the settings of the A0 and A1 pins. Refer to Table 1.
Figure 17. Typical Register Pointer Set
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8.5.5.1 High-Speed Mode
When the bus is idle, both the SDA and SCL lines are pulled high by the pullup devices. The master generates a
start condition followed by a valid serial byte containing high-speed (HS) master code 00001XXX. This
transmission is made in fast (400 kbps) or standard (100 kbps) (F/S) mode at no more than 400 kbps. The
INA220-Q1 does not acknowledge the HS master code, but does recognize it and switches its internal filters to
support 2.56-Mbps operation.
The master then generates a repeated start condition (a repeated start condition has the same timing as the start
condition). After this repeated start condition, the protocol is the same as F/S mode, except that transmission
speeds up to 2.56 Mbps are allowed. Instead of using a stop condition, repeated start conditions should be used
to secure the bus in HS-mode. A STOP condition ends the HS-mode and switches all the internal filters of the
INA220-Q1 to support the F/S mode. See Table 2 and Figure 18 for timing.
Table 2. Bus Timing Diagram Definitions (1)
FAST MODE
HIGH-SPEED MODE
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
0.4
0.001
2.56
UNIT
ƒ(SCL)
SCL operating frequency
0.001
t(BUF)
Bus free time between STOP and START
condition
1300
160
ns
t(HDSTA)
Hold time after repeated START condition
After this period, the first clock is generated.
600
160
ns
t(SUSTA)
Repeated START condition setup time
600
160
ns
t(SUSTO)
STOP condition setup time
600
160
t(HDDAT)
Data hold time
t(SUDAT)
Data setup time
100
10
ns
t(LOW)
SCL clock LOW period
1300
250
ns
t(HIGH)
SCL clock HIGH period
600
60
ns
tFDA
Data fall time
300
150
ns
tFCL
Clock fall time
300
40
ns
tRCL
Clock rise time
300
40
ns
tRCL
Clock rise time for SCLK ≤ 100 kHz
(1)
0
900
0
MHz
ns
90
1000
ns
ns
Values based on a statistical analysis of a one-time sample of devices. Minimum and maximum values are not production tested.
Condition: A0=A1=0.
t(LOW)
tF
tR
t(HDSTA)
SCL
t(HDSTA)
t(HIGH)
t(HDDAT)
t(SUSTO)
t(SUSTA)
t(SUDAT)
SDA
t(BUF)
P
S
S
P
Figure 18. Bus Timing Diagram
8.5.5.2 Power-Up Conditions
Power-up conditions apply to a software reset through the RST bit (bit 15) in the Configuration register, or the I2C
bus General Call Reset.
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8.6 Register Maps
8.6.1 Register Information
The INA220-Q1 uses a bank of registers for holding configuration settings, measurement results, and status
information. Table 3 summarizes the INA220-Q1 registers; Functional Block Diagram illustrates the registers.
Register contents are updated 4 μs after completion of the write command. Therefore, a 4-μs delay is required
between completion of a write to a given register and a subsequent read of that register (without changing the
pointer) when using SCL frequencies in excess of 1 MHz.
Table 3. Summary of Register Set
POINTER
ADDRESS
REGISTER NAME
FUNCTION
HEX
(1)
(2)
18
POWER-ON RESET
TYPE (1)
BINARY
HEX
00
Configuration
All-register reset, settings for bus
voltage range, PGA gain, ADC
resolution/averaging.
00111001 10011111
399F
R/W
01
Shunt voltage
Shunt voltage measurement data.
Shunt voltage
—
R
02
Bus voltage
Bus voltage
—
R
03
Power (2)
Power measurement data.
00000000 00000000
0000
R
04
Current (2)
Contains the value of the current flowing
through the shunt resistor.
00000000 00000000
0000
R
05
Calibration
Sets full-scale range and LSB of current
and power measurements. Overall
system calibration.
00000000 00000000
0000
R/W
Bus voltage measurement data.
Type: R = Read only, R/W = Read/Write.
The Power register and Current register default to 0 because the Calibration register defaults to 0, yielding a zero current value until the
Calibration register is programmed.
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8.6.2 Register Details
All INA220-Q1 registers 16-bit registers are actually two 8-bit bytes through the I2C- or SMBUS-compatible
interface.
8.6.2.1 Configuration Register (address = 00h) [reset = 399Fh]
Figure 19. Configuration Register
15
14
13
12
11
RST
—
BRNG
PG1
PG0
R/W0
R/W0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
10
BADC
4
9
BADC
3
8
BADC
2
7
BADC
1
6
SADC
4
5
SADC
3
4
SADC
2
3
SADC
1
2
MODE
3
1
MODE
2
0
MODE
1
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
RST:
Reset Bit
Bit 15
Setting this bit to 1 generates a system reset that is the same as power-on reset. Resets all registers to default
values; this bit self-clears.
BRNG:
Bus Voltage Range
Bit 13
0 = 16-V FSR
1 = 32-V FSR (default value)
PG:
PGA (Shunt Voltage Only)
Bits 11, 12
Sets PGA gain and range. Note that the PGA defaults to ÷8 (320-mV range). Table 4 shows the gain and range for
the various product gain settings.
Table 4. PG Bit Settings [12:11] (1)
(1)
PG1
PG0
GAIN
RANGE
0
0
1
±40 mV
0
1
/2
±80 mV
1
0
/4
±160 mV
1
1
/8
±320 mV
Shaded values are default.
BADC:
BADC Bus ADC Resolution/Averaging
Bits 7–10
These bits adjust the Bus ADC resolution (9-, 10-, 11-, or 12-bit) or set the number of samples used when
averaging results for the Bus Voltage Register (02h).
SADC:
SADC Shunt ADC Resolution/Averaging
Bits 3–6
These bits adjust the Shunt ADC resolution (9-, 10-, 11-, or 12-bit) or set the number of samples used when
averaging results for the Shunt Voltage Register (01h).
BADC (Bus) and SADC (Shunt) ADC resolution/averaging and conversion time settings are shown in Table 5.
Table 5. ADC Settings (SADC [6:3], BADC [10:7]) (1)
ADC4
(1)
(2)
ADC3
ADC2
ADC1
0
X
(2)
0
0
9-bit
84 μs
0
X (2)
0
1
10-bit
148 μs
0
X (2)
1
0
11-bit
276 μs
0
(2)
1
1
12-bit
532 μs
1
0
0
0
12-bit
532 μs
1
0
0
1
2
1.06 ms
1
0
1
0
4
2.13 ms
1
0
1
1
8
4.26 ms
1
1
0
0
16
8.51 ms
X
Mode/Samples
Conversion Time
Shaded values are default.
X = Don't care
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Table 5. ADC Settings (SADC [6:3], BADC [10:7])() (continued)
ADC4
ADC3
ADC2
ADC1
Mode/Samples
Conversion Time
1
1
0
1
32
17.02 ms
1
1
1
0
64
34.05 ms
1
1
1
1
128
68.10 ms
MODE:
Operating Mode
Bits 0–2
Selects continuous, triggered, or power-down mode of operation. These bits default to continuous shunt and bus
measurement mode. The mode settings are shown in Table 6.
Table 6. Mode Settings [2:0] (1)
(1)
MODE3
MODE2
MODE1
0
0
0
Power-down
MODE
0
0
1
Shunt voltage, triggered
0
1
0
Bus voltage, triggered
0
1
1
Shunt and bus, triggered
1
0
0
ADC off (disabled)
1
0
1
Shunt voltage, continuous
1
1
0
Bus voltage, continuous
1
1
1
Shunt and bus, continuous
Shaded values are default.
8.6.3 Data Output Registers
8.6.3.1 Shunt Voltage Register (address = 01h)
The Shunt Voltage register stores the current shunt voltage reading, VSHUNT. Shunt Voltage register bits are
shifted according to the PGA setting selected in the Configuration register (00h). When multiple sign bits are
present, they are all the same value. Negative numbers are represented in 2's complement format. Generate the
2's complement of a negative number by complementing the absolute value binary number and adding 1. Extend
the sign, denoting a negative number by setting the MSB = 1. Extend the sign to any additional sign bits to form
the 16-bit word.
Example: For a value of VSHUNT = –320 mV:
1. Take the absolute value (include accuracy to 0.01 mV) → 320.00
2. Translate this number to a whole decimal number → 32000
3. Convert it to binary → 111 1101 0000 0000
4. Complement the binary result : 000 0010 1111 1111
5. Add 1 to the complement to create the 2's-complement formatted result → 000 0011 0000 0000
6. Extend the sign and create the 16-bit word: 1000 0011 0000 0000 = 8300h (Remember to extend the sign to
all sign-bits, as necessary based on the PGA setting.)
At PGA = /8, full-scale range = ±320 mV (decimal = 32000). For VSHUNT = +320 mV, Value = 7D00h; For VSHUNT
= –320 mV, Value =8300h; and LSB = 10 μV.
Figure 20. Shunt Voltage Register at PGA = /8
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
SD14_ SD13_ SD12_ SD11_ SD10_
SIGN
SD9_8 SD8_8 SD7_8 SD6_8 SD5_8 SD4_8 SD3_8 SD2_8 SD1_8 SD0_8
8
8
8
8
8
At PGA = /4, full-scale range = ±160 mV (decimal = 16000). For VSHUNT = +160 mV, Value = 3E80h; For VSHUNT
= –160 mV, Value = C180h; and LSB = 10 μV.
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Figure 21. Shunt Voltage Register at PGA = /4
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
SD13_ SD12_ SD11_ SD10_
SIGN SIGN
SD9_4 SD8_4 SD7_4 SD6_4 SD5_4 SD4_4 SD3_4 SD2_4 SD1_4 SD0_4
4
4
4
4
At PGA = /2, full-scale range = ±80 mV (decimal = 8000). For VSHUNT = +80 mV, Value = 1F40h; For VSHUNT =
–80 mV, Value = E0C0h; and LSB = 10 μV.
Figure 22. Shunt Voltage Register at PGA = /2
15
14
13
12
SD12_
SIGN SIGN SIGN
2
11
SD11_
2
10
SD10_
2
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
SD9_2
SD8_2
SD7_2
SD6_2
SD5_2
SD4_2
SD3_2
SD2_2
SD1_2
SD0_2
At PGA = /1, full-scale range = ±40 mV (decimal = 4000). For VSHUNT = +40 mV, Value = 0FA0h; For VSHUNT =
–40 mV, Value = F060h; and LSB = 10 μV.
Figure 23. Shunt Voltage Register at PGA = /1
15
14
13
12
SIGN
SIGN
SIGN
SIGN
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
SD11_ SD10_
SD9_1 SD8_1 SD7_1 SD6_1 SD5_1 SD4_1 SD3_1 SD2_1 SD1_1 SD0_1
1
1
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Table 7. Shunt Voltage Register Format (1)
(1)
22
VSHUNT Reading (mV)
Decimal Value
PGA = /8
(D15:D0)
PGA = /4
(D15:D0)
PGA = /2
(D15:D0)
PGA = /1
(D15:D0)
320.02
32002
0111 1101 0000 0000
0011 1110 1000 0000
0001 1111 0100 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
320.01
32001
0111 1101 0000 0000
0011 1110 1000 0000
0001 1111 0100 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
320.00
32000
0111 1101 0000 0000
0011 1110 1000 0000
0001 1111 0100 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
319.99
31999
0111 1100 1111 1111
0011 1110 1000 0000
0001 1111 0100 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
319.98
31998
0111 1100 1111 1110
0011 1110 1000 0000
0001 1111 0100 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
160.02
16002
0011 1110 1000 0010
0011 1110 1000 0000
0001 1111 0100 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
160.01
16001
0011 1110 1000 0001
0011 1110 1000 0000
0001 1111 0100 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
160.00
16000
0011 1110 1000 0000
0011 1110 1000 0000
0001 1111 0100 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
159.99
15999
0011 1110 0111 1111
0011 1110 0111 1111
0001 1111 0100 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
159.98
15998
0011 1110 0111 1110
0011 1110 0111 1110
0001 1111 0100 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
80.02
8002
0001 1111 0100 0010
0001 1111 0100 0010
0001 1111 0100 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
80.01
8001
0001 1111 0100 0001
0001 1111 0100 0001
0001 1111 0100 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
80.00
8000
0001 1111 0100 0000
0001 1111 0100 0000
0001 1111 0100 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
79.99
7999
0001 1111 0011 1111
0001 1111 0011 1111
0001 1111 0011 1111
0000 1111 1010 0000
79.98
7998
0001 1111 0011 1110
0001 1111 0011 1110
0001 1111 0011 1110
0000 1111 1010 0000
40.02
4002
0000 1111 1010 0010
0000 1111 1010 0010
0000 1111 1010 0010
0000 1111 1010 0000
40.01
4001
0000 1111 1010 0001
0000 1111 1010 0001
0000 1111 1010 0001
0000 1111 1010 0000
40.00
4000
0000 1111 1010 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
0000 1111 1010 0000
39.99
3999
0000 1111 1001 1111
0000 1111 1001 1111
0000 1111 1001 1111
0000 1111 1001 1111
39.98
3998
0000 1111 1001 1110
0000 1111 1001 1110
0000 1111 1001 1110
0000 1111 1001 1110
0.02
2
0000 0000 0000 0010
0000 0000 0000 0010
0000 0000 0000 0010
0000 0000 0000 0010
0.01
1
0000 0000 0000 0001
0000 0000 0000 0001
0000 0000 0000 0001
0000 0000 0000 0001
0
0
0000 0000 0000 0000
0000 0000 0000 0000
0000 0000 0000 0000
0000 0000 0000 0000
–0.01
–1
1111 1111 1111 1111
1111 1111 1111 1111
1111 1111 1111 1111
1111 1111 1111 1111
–0.02
–2
1111 1111 1111 1110
1111 1111 1111 1110
1111 1111 1111 1110
1111 1111 1111 1110
–39.98
–3998
1111 0000 0110 0010
1111 0000 0110 0010
1111 0000 0110 0010
1111 0000 0110 0010
–39.99
–3999
1111 0000 0110 0001
1111 0000 0110 0001
1111 0000 0110 0001
1111 0000 0110 0001
–40.00
–4000
1111 0000 0110 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
–40.01
–4001
1111 0000 0101 1111
1111 0000 0101 1111
1111 0000 0101 1111
1111 0000 0110 0000
–40.02
–4002
1111 0000 0101 1110
1111 0000 0101 1110
1111 0000 0101 1110
1111 0000 0110 0000
–79.98
–7998
1110 0000 1100 0010
1110 0000 1100 0010
1110 0000 1100 0010
1111 0000 0110 0000
–79.99
–7999
1110 0000 1100 0001
1110 0000 1100 0001
1110 0000 1100 0001
1111 0000 0110 0000
–80.00
–8000
1110 0000 1100 0000
1110 0000 1100 0000
1110 0000 1100 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
–80.01
–8001
1110 0000 1011 1111
1110 0000 1011 1111
1110 0000 1100 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
–80.02
–8002
1110 0000 1011 1110
1110 0000 1011 1110
1110 0000 1100 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
–159.98
–15998
1100 0001 1000 0010
1100 0001 1000 0010
1110 0000 1100 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
–159.99
–15999
1100 0001 1000 0001
1100 0001 1000 0001
1110 0000 1100 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
–160.00
–16000
1100 0001 1000 0000
1100 0001 1000 0000
1110 0000 1100 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
–160.01
–16001
1100 0001 0111 1111
1100 0001 1000 0000
1110 0000 1100 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
–160.02
–16002
1100 0001 0111 1110
1100 0001 1000 0000
1110 0000 1100 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
–319.98
–31998
1000 0011 0000 0010
1100 0001 1000 0000
1110 0000 1100 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
–319.99
–31999
1000 0011 0000 0001
1100 0001 1000 0000
1110 0000 1100 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
–320.00
–32000
1000 0011 0000 0000
1100 0001 1000 0000
1110 0000 1100 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
–320.01
–32001
1000 0011 0000 0000
1100 0001 1000 0000
1110 0000 1100 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
–320.02
–32002
1000 0011 0000 0000
1100 0001 1000 0000
1110 0000 1100 0000
1111 0000 0110 0000
Out-of-range values are shown in gray shading.
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8.6.3.2 Bus Voltage Register (address = 02h)
The Bus Voltage register stores the most recent bus voltage reading, VBUS.
At full-scale range = 32 V (decimal = 8000, hex = 1F40), and LSB = 4 mV.
Figure 24. Bus Voltage Register (BRNG = 1)
15
BD12
14
BD11
13
BD10
12
BD9
11
BD8
10
BD7
9
BD6
8
BD5
7
BD4
6
BD3
5
BD2
4
BD1
3
BD0
2
—
1
CNVR
0
OVF
3
BD0
2
—
1
CNVR
0
OVF
At full-scale range = 16 V (decimal = 4000, hex = 0FA0), and LSB = 4 mV.
Figure 25. Bus Voltage Register (BRNG = 0)
15
0
14
BD11
13
BD10
12
BD9
11
BD8
10
BD7
9
BD6
8
BD5
7
BD4
6
BD3
5
BD2
4
BD1
CNVR:
Conversion Ready
Bit 1
Although the data from the last conversion can be read at any time, the INA220-Q1 Conversion Ready bit (CNVR)
indicates when data from a conversion is available in the data output registers. The CNVR bit is set after all
conversions, averaging, and multiplications are complete. CNVR will clear under the following conditions:
1.) Writing a new mode into the Operating Mode bits in the Configuration Register (except for Power-Down or
Disable)
2.) Reading the Bus Voltage register
OVF:
Math Overflow Flag
Bit 0
The Math Overflow Flag (OVF) is set when the Power or Current calculations are out of range. It indicates that
current and power data may be meaningless.
8.6.3.3 Power Register (address = 03h) [reset = 00h]
Full-scale range and LSB are set by the Calibration register. See Programming the INA220-Q1 Calibration
Register.
Figure 26. Power Register
15
PD15
R-0
14
PD14
R-0
13
PD13
R-0
12
PD12
R-0
11
PD11
R-0
10
PD10
R-0
9
PD9
R-0
8
PD8
R-0
7
PD7
R-0
6
PD6
R-0
5
PD5
R-0
4
PD4
R-0
3
PD3
R-0
2
PD2
R-0
1
PD1
R-0
0
PD0
R-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
The Power register records power in watts by multiplying the values of the current with the value of the bus
voltage according to the Equation 5:
8.6.3.4 Current Register (address = 04h) [reset =00h]
Full-scale range and LSB depend on the value entered in the Calibration register. See Programming the INA220Q1 Calibration Register. Negative values are stored in 2's complement format.
Figure 27. Current Register
15
CSIGN
R-0
14
CD14
R-0
13
CD13
R-0
12
CD12
R-0
11
CD11
R-0
10
CD10
R-0
9
CD9
R-0
8
CD8
R-0
7
CD7
R-0
6
CD6
R-0
5
CD5
R-0
4
CD4
R-0
3
CD3
R-0
2
CD2
R-0
1
CD1
R-0
0
CD0
R-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
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The value of the Current register is calculated by multiplying the value in the Shunt Voltage register with the
value in the Calibration register according to the Equation 4.
8.6.4 Calibration Register
8.6.4.1 Calibration Register (address = 05h) [reset = 00h]
Current and power calibration are set by bits FS15 to FS1 of the Calibration register. Note that bit FS0 is not
used in the calculation. This register sets the current that corresponds to a full-scale drop across the shunt. Fullscale range and the LSB of the current and power measurement depend on the value entered in this register.
See the Programming the INA220-Q1 Calibration Register. This register is suitable for use in overall system
calibration. Note that the 0 POR values are all default.
Figure 28. Calibration Register (1)
15
FS15
R/W-0
14
FS14
R/W-0
13
FS13
R/W-0
12
FS12
R/W-0
11
FS11
R/W-0
10
FS10
R/W-0
9
FS9
R/W-0
8
FS8
R/W-0
7
FS7
R/W-0
6
FS6
R/W-0
5
FS5
R/W-0
4
FS4
R/W-0
3
FS3
R/W-0
2
FS2
R/W-0
1
FS1
R/W-0
0
FS0
R-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
(1)
24
FS0 is a void bit and will always be 0. It is not possible to write a 1 to FS0. CALIBRATION is the value stored in FS15:FS1.
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9 Application and Implementation
NOTE
Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component
specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are
responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should
validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.
9.1 Application Information
The INA220-Q1 is a digital current-shunt monitor with an I2C- and SMBus-compatible interface. It provides digital
current, voltage, and power readings necessary for accurate decision-making in precisely-controlled systems.
Programmable registers allow flexible configuration for measurement resolution, and continuous-versus-triggered
operation. See Table 3 for detailed register information. See Figure 29 for a block diagram of the INA220-Q1.
9.2 Typical Application
Figure 29 shows a typical application circuit for the INA220-Q1. Use a 0.1-μF ceramic capacitor for power-supply
bypassing, placed as closely as possible to the supply and ground pins.
The input filter circuit consisting of RF1, RF2, and CF is not necessary in most applications. If the need for filtering
is unknown, reserve board space for the components and install 0-Ω resistors unless a filter is needed. See
Filtering and Input Considerations.
Supply (0 to 26 V)
CBYPASS
0.1 µF
HighSide
Shunt
3.3 V to
5V
Bus Voltage Input
VS (Supply Voltage)
INA220-Q1
x
Load
LowSide
Shunt
R2F
V
VIN+
SDA
Power Register
Current Register
I2C-/SMBUSCompatible
Interface
ADC
R1F CF
SCL
DATA
CLK
A0
A1
Voltage Register
VIN-
I
GND
Figure 29. General Load, Low- or High-Side Sensing
9.2.1 Design Requirements
The INA220-Q1 measures the voltage across a current-sensing resistor ®SHUNT) when current passes through
the resistor. The device also measures the bus supply voltage, and calculates power when calibrated. This
section goes through the steps to program the device for power measurements, and shows the register results in
Table 8. The Conditions for the example circuit is: Maximum expected load current = 15 A, Nominal load current
= 10 A, VCM = 12 V, RSHUNT = 2 mΩ, VSHUNT FSR = 40 mV (PGA = /1), and BRNG = 0 (VBUS range = 16 V).
9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
In this example, the 10-A load creates a differential voltage of 20 mV across a 2-mΩ shunt resistor. The voltage
present at the IN– pin is equal to the common-mode voltage minus the differential drop across the resistor. The
bus voltage for the INA220-Q1 is measured at the external VBUS input pin, which in this example is connected to
the IN– pin to measure the voltage level delivered to the load. For this example, the voltage at the IN– pin is
11.98 V. For this particular range (40-mV full-scale), this small difference is not a significant deviation from the
12-V common-mode voltage. However, at larger full-scale ranges, this deviation can be much larger.
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Typical Application (continued)
Note that the Bus Voltage register bits are not right-aligned. To compute the value of the Bus Voltage register
contents using the LSB of 4 mV, the register must be shifted right by three bits. This shift puts the BD0 bit in the
LSB position so that the contents can be multiplied by the 4-mV LSB value to compute the bus voltage measured
by the device. The shifted value of the bus voltage register contents is now equal to BB3h, a decimal equivalent
of 2995. This value of 2995 multiplied by the 4-mV LSB results in a value of 11.98 V.
The Calibration register (05h) is set to provide the device information about the current shunt resistor that was
used to create the measured shunt voltage. By knowing the value of the shunt resistor, the device can then
calculate the amount of current that created the measured shunt voltage drop. The first step when calculating the
calibration value is setting the current LSB. The Calibration register value is based on a calculation that has its
precision capability limited by the size of the register and the Current register LSB. The device can measure
bidirectional current; thus, the MSB of the Current register is a sign bit that allows for the rest of the 15 bits to be
used for the Current register value. For this example, the minimum current LSB would be 457.78 µA/bit assuming
a maximum expected current of 15 A using Equation 2. For this example, a value of 1 mA/bit was chosen for the
current LSB. Setting the current LSB to this value allows for sufficient precision while serving to simplify the math
as well. Using Equation 1 results in a Calibration register value of 20480 or 5000h.
The Current register (04h) is internally calculated by multiplying the shunt voltage contents by the Calibration
register and then dividing by 4096 using Equation 4. For this example, the shunt voltage of 2000 is multiplied by
the Calibration register of 20480 and then divided by 4096 to yield a Current register value of 10000 (2710h).
The Power register (03h) is internally calculated by multiplying the Current register value of 10000 by the Bus
Voltage register value of 2995 and then dividing by 5000 using Equation 5. For this example, the Power register
contents are 5990 (1766h). Multiplying this result by the power LSB that is 20 times the 1 × 10–3 current LSB, or
20 × 10–3, results in a power calculation of 5990 × 20 mW/bit, which equals 119.8 W. This result matches what is
expected for this register. A manual calculation for the power being delivered to the load would use 11.98 V
(12 VCM – 20 mV shunt drop) multiplied by the load current of 10 A to give a 119.8-W result.
3.3 V to 5 V
12-V
VCM
RSHUNT
2 mW
10 µF
10-A
Load
0.1 µF
VS (Supply Voltage)
x
Power Register
V
VIN+
VIN-
Current Register
Voltage Register
SDA
I2C-/
SMBUSCompatible
Interface
SCK
A0
A1
I
GND
Figure 30. Example Circuit Configuration
26
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Typical Application (continued)
9.2.2.1 Register Results for the Example Circuit
Table 8 shows the register readings for the Calibration example.
Table 8. Register Results (1)
(1)
REGISTER NAME
ADDRESS
CONTENTS
ADJ
Configuration
00h
019Fh
Shunt
01h
07D0h
Bus
02h
5D98h
Calibration
05h
5000h
20480
Current
04h
2710h
10000
1 mA
10.0 A
Power
03h
1766h
5990
20 mW
119.8 W
0BB3
DEC
LSB
VALUE
2000
10 µV
20 mV
2995
4 mV
11.98 V
Conditions: load = 10 A, VCM = 12 V, RSHUNT = 2 mΩ, VSHUNT FSR = 40 mV, and VBUS = 16 V.
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9.3 System Examples
Figure 31, Figure 32, and Figure 33 show the INA220-Q1 in additional circuit configurations for current, voltage,
and power monitoring applications.
HCPL2300
0.1 mF
3.3 V to 5 V
1/4-W Zener
or shunt reg
0.1 mF
4.3 kW
4.3 kW
1W
10 mF
-48V
Supply
8
1
7
2
6
3
5
4
SDA
0.1mF
35.7 kW
5V
HCPL2300
VBUS (Bus Voltage Input)
VS (Supply Voltage)
INA220-Q1
13.7 kW
24-V
TransZorb
0.1 mF
1
8
2
7
3
6
4
5
4.3 kW
Power Register
Data
V
VIN+
Current Register
I2C-/SMBUSCompatible
Interface
Clock
A0
ADC
VIN-
Voltage Register
GND
-48-V
Supply
4.3 kW
A1
I
HCPL2300
0.1 mF
8
1
7
2
6
3
5
4
4.3 kW
SCL
-48 V
to Load
Shunt
(40-mV max
for 12-bit)
Figure 31. –48-V Telecom Current, Voltage, and Power Sense With Isolation
From
Supply
Shunt
RSHUNT
Load
RG
3.3 V to
5V
100 W
MOSFET rated to
standoff supply voltage
such as BSS84 for
up to 50 V
10 kW
5.1-V
Zener
0.1 µF
35.7 kW
OPA333
10 µF
VBUS (Bus Voltage Input)
VS (Supply Voltage)
INA220-Q1
13.7 kW
24-V
TransZorb
x
V
VIN+
RL
100 W
Power Register
Current Register
I2C-/SMBUSCompatible
Interface
Data
(SDA)
Clock
(SCL)
A0
ADC
VIN-
Voltage Register
A1
I
GND
Figure 32. 48-V Telecom Current, Voltage, and Power Sense
28
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System Examples (continued)
3.3 V to
5V
CBYPASS
0.1 µF
Bus Voltage Input
VS (Supply Voltage)
Load
INA220-Q1
Battery
x
SDA
Power Register
Shunt
(40-mV
max
for
12-bit)
R2F
R1F
V
VIN+
Current Register
I C-/SMBUSCompatible
Interface
ADC
CF
DATA
SCL
2
CLK
A0
A1
Voltage Register
VIN-
I
Address
Select
GND
Figure 33. General Source Low-Side Sensing
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10 Power Supply Recommendations
The input circuitry of the device can accurately measure signals on common-mode voltages beyond its power
supply voltage, VS. For example, the voltage applied to the VS power supply terminal can be 5 V, whereas the
load power-supply voltage being monitored (the common-mode voltage) can be as high as 26 V. Note also that
the device can withstand the full 0-V to 26-V range at the input terminals, regardless of whether the device has
power applied or not. Place the required power-supply bypass capacitors as close as possible to the supply and
ground terminals of the device to ensure stability. A typical value for this supply bypass capacitor is 0.1 μF.
Applications with noisy or high-impedance power supplies may require additional decoupling capacitors to reject
power-supply noise.
11 Layout
11.1 Layout Guidelines
Connect the input pins (IN+ and IN–) to the sensing resistor using a Kelvin connection or a 4-wire connection.
These connection techniques ensure that only the current-sensing resistor impedance is detected between the
input pins. Poor routing of the current-sensing resistor commonly results in additional resistance present between
the input pins. Given the very low ohmic value of the current-sensing resistor, any additional high-current carrying
impedance causes significant measurement errors. Place the power-supply bypass capacitor as close as
possible to the supply and ground pins.
11.2 Layout Example
A1
IN+
A0
IN±
Sense/Shunt
Resistor
(1)
NC
VBUS
SDA
GND
SCL
VS
2
I C-/SMBUSCompatible
Interface
Supply Bypass
Capacitor
Via to Ground Plane
Via to Power Plane
(1)
Connect the VBUS pin to the power supply rail
Figure 34. Layout Recommendation
30
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12 Device and Documentation Support
12.1 Related Documentation
For related documentation see the following:
• OPA333-Q1 1.8-V Micropower CMOS Operational Amplifier Zero-Drift Series, SBOS522
• TPS249x Positive High-Voltage Power-Limiting Hotswap Controller, SLVS503
12.2 Community Resources
The following links connect to TI community resources. Linked contents are provided "AS IS" by the respective
contributors. They do not constitute TI specifications and do not necessarily reflect TI's views; see TI's Terms of
Use.
TI E2E™ Online Community TI's Engineer-to-Engineer (E2E) Community. Created to foster collaboration
among engineers. At e2e.ti.com, you can ask questions, share knowledge, explore ideas and help
solve problems with fellow engineers.
Design Support TI's Design Support Quickly find helpful E2E forums along with design support tools and
contact information for technical support.
12.3 Trademarks
E2E is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
12.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
These devices have limited built-in ESD protection. The leads should be shorted together or the device placed in conductive foam
during storage or handling to prevent electrostatic damage to the MOS gates.
12.5 Glossary
SLYZ022 — TI Glossary.
This glossary lists and explains terms, acronyms, and definitions.
13 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information
The following pages include mechanical, packaging, and orderable information. This information is the most
current data available for the designated devices. This data is subject to change without notice and revision of
this document. For browser-based versions of this data sheet, refer to the left-hand navigation.
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Copyright © 2012–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: INA220-Q1
31
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
24-Mar-2016
PACKAGING INFORMATION
Orderable Device
Status
(1)
INA220BQDGSRQ1
ACTIVE
Package Type Package Pins Package
Drawing
Qty
VSSOP
DGS
10
2500
Eco Plan
Lead/Ball Finish
MSL Peak Temp
(2)
(6)
(3)
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAUAG
Level-2-260C-1 YEAR
Op Temp (°C)
Device Marking
(4/5)
-40 to 125
IPUQ
(1)
The marketing status values are defined as follows:
ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.
LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.
NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.
PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.
OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.
(2)
Eco Plan - The planned eco-friendly classification: Pb-Free (RoHS), Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt), or Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) - please check http://www.ti.com/productcontent for the latest availability
information and additional product content details.
TBD: The Pb-Free/Green conversion plan has not been defined.
Pb-Free (RoHS): TI's terms "Lead-Free" or "Pb-Free" mean semiconductor products that are compatible with the current RoHS requirements for all 6 substances, including the requirement that
lead not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, TI Pb-Free products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes.
Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt): This component has a RoHS exemption for either 1) lead-based flip-chip solder bumps used between the die and package, or 2) lead-based die adhesive used between
the die and leadframe. The component is otherwise considered Pb-Free (RoHS compatible) as defined above.
Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br): TI defines "Green" to mean Pb-Free (RoHS compatible), and free of Bromine (Br) and Antimony (Sb) based flame retardants (Br or Sb do not exceed 0.1% by weight
in homogeneous material)
(3)
MSL, Peak Temp. - The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.
(4)
There may be additional marking, which relates to the logo, the lot trace code information, or the environmental category on the device.
(5)
Multiple Device Markings will be inside parentheses. Only one Device Marking contained in parentheses and separated by a "~" will appear on a device. If a line is indented then it is a continuation
of the previous line and the two combined represent the entire Device Marking for that device.
(6)
Lead/Ball Finish - Orderable Devices may have multiple material finish options. Finish options are separated by a vertical ruled line. Lead/Ball Finish values may wrap to two lines if the finish
value exceeds the maximum column width.
Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information
provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and
continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals.
TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release.
In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis.
Addendum-Page 1
Samples
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
24-Mar-2016
Addendum-Page 2
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
25-Mar-2016
TAPE AND REEL INFORMATION
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
INA220BQDGSRQ1
Package Package Pins
Type Drawing
VSSOP
DGS
10
SPQ
Reel
Reel
A0
Diameter Width (mm)
(mm) W1 (mm)
2500
330.0
12.4
Pack Materials-Page 1
5.3
B0
(mm)
K0
(mm)
P1
(mm)
3.4
1.4
8.0
W
Pin1
(mm) Quadrant
12.0
Q1
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
25-Mar-2016
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
Package Type
Package Drawing
Pins
SPQ
Length (mm)
Width (mm)
Height (mm)
INA220BQDGSRQ1
VSSOP
DGS
10
2500
366.0
364.0
50.0
Pack Materials-Page 2
PACKAGE OUTLINE
DGS0010A
VSSOP - 1.1 mm max height
SCALE 3.200
SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE
C
5.05
TYP
4.75
SEATING PLANE
PIN 1 ID
AREA
A
0.1 C
10
1
3.1
2.9
NOTE 3
8X 0.5
2X
2
5
6
B
10X
3.1
2.9
NOTE 4
SEE DETAIL A
0.27
0.17
0.1
C A
1.1 MAX
B
0.23
TYP
0.13
0.25
GAGE PLANE
0 -8
0.15
0.05
0.7
0.4
DETAIL A
TYPICAL
4221984/A 05/2015
NOTES:
1. All linear dimensions are in millimeters. Any dimensions in parenthesis are for reference only. Dimensioning and tolerancing
per ASME Y14.5M.
2. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
3. This dimension does not include mold flash, protrusions, or gate burrs. Mold flash, protrusions, or gate burrs shall not
exceed 0.15 mm per side.
4. This dimension does not include interlead flash. Interlead flash shall not exceed 0.25 mm per side.
5. Reference JEDEC registration MO-187, variation BA.
www.ti.com
EXAMPLE BOARD LAYOUT
DGS0010A
VSSOP - 1.1 mm max height
SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE
10X (0.3)
10X (1.45)
(R0.05)
TYP
SYMM
1
10
SYMM
8X (0.5)
6
5
(4.4)
LAND PATTERN EXAMPLE
SCALE:10X
SOLDER MASK
OPENING
METAL
SOLDER MASK
OPENING
METAL UNDER
SOLDER MASK
0.05 MAX
ALL AROUND
0.05 MIN
ALL AROUND
SOLDER MASK
DEFINED
NON SOLDER MASK
DEFINED
SOLDER MASK DETAILS
NOT TO SCALE
4221984/A 05/2015
NOTES: (continued)
6. Publication IPC-7351 may have alternate designs.
7. Solder mask tolerances between and around signal pads can vary based on board fabrication site.
www.ti.com
EXAMPLE STENCIL DESIGN
DGS0010A
VSSOP - 1.1 mm max height
SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE
10X (1.45)
10X (0.3)
SYMM
1
(R0.05) TYP
10
SYMM
8X (0.5)
6
5
(4.4)
SOLDER PASTE EXAMPLE
BASED ON 0.125 mm THICK STENCIL
SCALE:10X
4221984/A 05/2015
NOTES: (continued)
8. Laser cutting apertures with trapezoidal walls and rounded corners may offer better paste release. IPC-7525 may have alternate
design recommendations.
9. Board assembly site may have different recommendations for stencil design.
www.ti.com
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DESIGNS), APPLICATION OR OTHER DESIGN ADVICE, WEB TOOLS, SAFETY INFORMATION, AND OTHER RESOURCES “AS IS”
AND WITH ALL FAULTS, AND DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS AND IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT OF THIRD
PARTY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.
These resources are intended for skilled developers designing with TI products. You are solely responsible for (1) selecting the appropriate
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standards, and any other safety, security, or other requirements. These resources are subject to change without notice. TI grants you
permission to use these resources only for development of an application that uses the TI products described in the resource. Other
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Mailing Address: Texas Instruments, Post Office Box 655303, Dallas, Texas 75265
Copyright © 2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
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