Texas Instruments | PCM5252 Purepath™ Smart Amp 4.2-VRMS DirectPath, 114-dB Audio Stereo Differential-Output DAC with 32-bit, 384-kHz PCM Interface | Datasheet | Texas Instruments PCM5252 Purepath™ Smart Amp 4.2-VRMS DirectPath, 114-dB Audio Stereo Differential-Output DAC with 32-bit, 384-kHz PCM Interface Datasheet

Texas Instruments PCM5252 Purepath™ Smart Amp 4.2-VRMS DirectPath, 114-dB Audio Stereo Differential-Output DAC with 32-bit, 384-kHz PCM Interface Datasheet
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PCM5252
SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
PCM5252 Purepath™ Smart Amp 4.2-VRMS DirectPath™, 114-dB Audio Stereo DifferentialOutput DAC with 32-bit, 384-kHz PCM Interface
1 Features
3 Description
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The PCM5252 is a monolithic CMOS integrated
circuit that includes a stereo digital-to-analog
converter and additional support circuitry in a small
QFN package. The PCM5252 uses the latest
generation
of
TI’s
advanced
segment-DAC
architecture
to
achieve
excellent
dynamic
performance and improved tolerance to clock jitter.
1
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Differential DirectPath™ Ground Biased Outputs
Smart Amplifier Technology
Market-Leading Low Out-of-Band Noise
Selectable Digital-Filter Latency and Performance
No DC Blocking Capacitors Required
Integrated Negative Charge Pump
Intelligent Muting System; Soft Up or Down Ramp
and Analog Mute for 120-dB Mute SNR
Integrated High-Performance Audio PLL With
BCK Reference to Generate SCK Internally
Accepts 16-Bit, 24-Bit, and 32-Bit Audio Data
PCM Data Formats: I2S, Left-Justified
SPI or I2C Control
Hardware Configuration
Automatic Power-Save Mode When LRCK And
BCK Are Deactivated
1.8-V or 3.3-V Failsafe LVCMOS Digital Inputs
Single Supply Operation:
– 3.3 V Analog, 1.8 V or 3.3 V Digital
Integrated Power-On Reset
Small 32-pin VQFN Package
The PCM5252 integrates a fully programmable
miniDSP core, allowing developers to integrate filters,
dynamic range controls, custom interpolators, and
other differentiating features to their products.
The PCM5252 integrates ROM components of TI's
PurePath™ Smart Amp technology, which allows
speakers to be driven with more peak power than
their average-power rating, without damage to the
speaker by voice coil over excursion or thermal
overload.
The PCM5252 provides 4.2-VRMS ground-centered
differential outputs, allowing designers to eliminate
DC blocking capacitors on the output, as well as
external muting circuits traditionally associated with
single supply line drivers.
The integrated PLL on the device removes the
requirement for a system clock (commonly known as
master clock), allowing a 3-wire I2S connection and
reducing system EMI.
2 Applications
•
•
•
•
Block diagrams for the can be found at Functional
Block Diagram.
HiFi Smartphone
A/V Receivers
DVD, BD Players
HDTV Receivers
Device Information(1)
PART NAME
PCM5252
PACKAGE
VQFN (32)
BODY SIZE (NOM)
5.00mm × 5.00mm
(1) For all available packages, see the orderable addendum at
the end of the datasheet.
Simplified System Diagram
2
I S
2ch Single Ended
PCM1863/5
DOUT
BCK
LRCK
IN
AUX
2ch Single Ended
Current Segment DAC
TAS5630B
miniDSPs,
Filters
PCM5252
IN
MIC
TPA6120A2
Analog
Sensor
- Light Intensity
- Ultrasonic
- Battery Level
BT Module
MSP430
WiLAN chip
1
An IMPORTANT NOTICE at the end of this data sheet addresses availability, warranty, changes, use in safety-critical applications,
intellectual property matters and other important disclaimers. PRODUCTION DATA.
PCM5252
SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
www.ti.com
Table of Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
Features ..................................................................
Applications ...........................................................
Description .............................................................
Revision History.....................................................
Device Comparison ...............................................
Pin Configuration and Functions .........................
8.4 Device Functional Modes........................................ 48
1
1
1
2
3
4
9
9.1 Application Information............................................ 54
9.2 Typical Application .................................................. 54
10 Power Supply Recommendations ..................... 56
10.1 Power Supply Distribution and Requirements ......
10.2 Recommended Powerdown Sequence.................
10.3 External Power Sense Undervoltage Protection
Mode ........................................................................
10.4 Power-On Reset Function.....................................
10.5 PCM5252 Power Modes .......................................
6.1 Control Mode Effect On Pin Assignments ................ 4
6.2 Pin Assignments ....................................................... 4
7
Specifications......................................................... 7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
8
Application and Implementation ........................ 54
Absolute Maximum Ratings ...................................... 7
ESD Ratings ............................................................ 7
Recommended Operating Conditions....................... 7
Thermal Information .................................................. 7
Electrical Characteristics........................................... 8
Switching Characteristics ........................................ 11
Timing Requirements: SCK Input ........................... 11
Timing Requirements: PCM Audio Data ................. 12
Timing Requirements: I2S Master, See Figure 6 ... 12
Timing Requirements: XSMT ................................ 13
Typical Characteristics .......................................... 14
56
57
60
62
63
11 Layout................................................................... 65
11.1 Layout Guidelines ................................................. 65
11.2 Layout Example .................................................... 65
12 Programming ....................................................... 66
12.1 Coefficient Data Formats ...................................... 66
12.2 Power Down and Reset Behavior ......................... 66
13 Register Maps...................................................... 67
13.1 PCM5252 Register Map........................................ 67
14 Device and Documentation Support ............... 115
14.1 Community Resources........................................ 115
14.2 Trademarks ......................................................... 115
14.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution .......................... 115
Detailed Description ............................................ 16
8.1 Overview ................................................................. 16
8.2 Functional Block Diagram ....................................... 17
8.3 Feature Description................................................. 17
15 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable
Information ......................................................... 115
4 Revision History
NOTE: Page numbers for previous revisions may differ from page numbers in the current version.
2
DATE
REVISION
NOTES
November 2014
*
Initial release.
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SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
5 Device Comparison
Table 1. Typical Performance (3.3-V Power Supply)
PARAMETER
PCM5252
SNR
114 dB
Dynamic range
114 dB
THD+N at –1 dBFS
-93 dB
Full-scale single-ended output
4.2 VRMS (GND center)
Normal 8× oversampling digital filter latency
20/fS
Low latency 8× oversampling digital filter latency
3.5/fS
Sampling frequency
8 kHz to 384 kHz
System clock multiples (fSCK): 64, 128, 192, 256, 384, 512, 768, 1024, 1152,
1536, 2048, 3072
Up to 50 MHz
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SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
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6 Pin Configuration and Functions
6.1 Control Mode Effect On Pin Assignments
The PCM5252 supports control from I2C, SPI and Hardware Modes (referred to as HW mode). Selection of
modes is done using MODE1 and MODE2 pins. (See the PCM5252 Pin Functions table.
SPI Mode is selected by pulling MODE1 to DVDD.
I2C Mode is selected by pulling MODE1 to DGND and MODE2 to DVDD.
Hardware Control Mode is selected by pulling both MODE1 and MODE2 pins to DGND.
6.2 Pin Assignments
32
31
30
29
SCK
25
24
NC
26
NC
27
FMT
28
LRCK
SCK
29
GPIO6
30
DIN
31
BCK
32
1
FLT
XSMT
QFN Package
32-Pin RHB
Top View
DIN
MODE2
NC
25
24
NC
26
MISO
27
LRCK
SCK
28
GPIO6
29
DIN
30
BCK
NC
31
NC
ADR1
32
1
QFN Package
32-Pin RHB
Top View
BCK
XSMT
LRCK
QFN Package
32-Pin RHB
Top View
28
27
26
25
24
MS
XSMT
1
MODE2
MODE1
LDOO
2
23
MODE1
3
22
GPO
21
AGNS
LDOO
2
DGND
3
22
ADR2
DGND
3
22
GPIO2
DGND
DVDD
4
21
GPIO3
DVDD
4
21
GPIO3
DVDD
4
CPVDD
5
20
GPIO4
CPVDD
5
20
GPIO4
CPVDD
5
20
MAST
CAPP
6
19
GPIO5
CAPP
6
19
GPIO5
CAPP
6
19
ATT0
CPGND
7
18
ATT1
CAPM
8
ATT2
Figure 1. I2C Control
12 13
14
15
17
16
MOSI
Figure 2. SPI Control
9
10
11
12 13
14
15
17
16
DEMP
11
MC
GND
AGND
10
AGND
9
VCOM
8
CAPM
AVDD
AVDD
SDA
OUTRP
OUTRP
17
16
OUTLN
OUTLN
15
18
OUTRN
14
7
VNEG
12 13
CPGND
SCL
OUTLP
11
AGND
10
OUTRN
8
9
VCOM
18
VNEG
CAPM
7
OUTLP
CPGND
GND
AVDD
GND
OUTRP
23
OUTLN
2
OUTRN
LDOO
VNEG
MODE1
OUTLP
23
Figure 3. Hardware Control
PCM5252 Pin Functions
PIN
MODE, NAME
I2C
SPI
HW
PIN
I/O
XSMT
1
I
Soft mute control (1) Soft mute (Low) / soft un-mute (High)
LDOO
2
-
Internal logic supply rail pin for decoupling, 1.8V
DGND
3
-
Digital ground
DVDD
4
-
Digital power supply, 3.3V or 1.8V
CPVDD
5
-
Charge pump power supply, 3.3V
CAPP
6
O
Charge pump flying capacitor pin for positive rail
CPGND
7
-
Charge pump ground
CAPM
8
O
Charge pump flying capacitor pin for negative rail
VNEG
9
O
Negative charge pump rail pin for decoupling, -3.3V
OUTLP
10
Positive Differential Analog output from DAC left channel
OUTLN
11
Negative Differential Analog output from DAC left channel
OUTRN
12
Negative Differential Analog output from DAC right channel
OUTRP
13
AVDD
14
-
Analog power supply, 3.3V
AGND
15
-
Analog ground
O
I2C, SPI
VCOM output (Optional mode selected by register; default setting is VREF mode.) When in
VREF mode (default), this pin ties to GND. When in VCOM mode, decoupling capacitor to
GND is required.
I
HW
DEMP: De-emphasis control for 44.1kHz sampling rate: Off (Low) / On (High)
VCOM
16
Positive Differential Analog output from DAC right channel.
DEMP
(1)
4
DESCRIPTION
Failsafe LVCMOS Schmitt trigger input.
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Pin Assignments (continued)
PCM5252 Pin Functions (continued)
PIN
MODE, NAME
I2C
SPI
HW
PIN
SDA
I/O
DESCRIPTION
I/O
I2C
Data for I2C (2) (1)
SPI
Input data for SPI (1)
HW
Digital gain and attenuation control pin
17
MOSI
I
ATT2
2
SCL
18
MC
I
ATT1
GPIO5
19
I/O
ATT0
GPIO4
20
21
I/O
AGNS
ADR2
22
GPIO2
GPO
Input clock for I2C (1)
SPI
Input clock for SPI (1)
HW
Digital gain and attenuation control pin
I2C, SPI
General purpose digital input and output port
HW
Digital gain and attenuation control pin
I2C, SPI
General purpose digital input and output port
I/O
MAST
GPIO3
IC
I/O
O
(3)
(3)
2
HW
I S Master clock select pin : Master (High) BCK/LRCK outputs, Slave (Low) BCK/LRCK
inputs
I2C, SPI
General purpose digital input and output port
HW
Analog gain selector : 0dB 2VRMS output (Low), -6dB 1VRMS output (High)
I2C
2nd LSB address select bit for I2C (3)
SPI
General purpose digital input and output port
HW
General Purpose Output (Low level)
(3)
(3)
Mode control selection pin (1)
MODE1 = Low, MODE2 = Low : Hardwired mode Reserved
MODE1
23
I
MODE1 = Low, MODE2 = High: I2C mode
MODE1 = High: SPI mode
MODE2
MODE2
24
MS
I
GPIO6
25
I/O
FLT
MODE2 (See definition in Mode 1 description)
SPI
MS pin (chip select for SPI)
2
I C, SPI
General purpose digital input and output port
Filter select : Normal latency (Low) / Low latency (High)
I
HW
SCK
26
I
System clock input (1)
BCK
27
I/O
DIN
28
I
29
-
30
-
31
I/O
NC
LRCK
ADR1
MISO
(GPIO1)
32
I/O
FMT
(2)
(3)
I2C, HW
Audio data bit clock input (slave) or output (master) (1)
Audio data input (1)
No connect
Audio data word clock input (slave) or output (master) (1)
I2C
LSB address select bit for I2C
SPI
Primary output data for SPI readback. Secondary; general purpose digital input/output port
controlled by register
HW
Audio format selection : I2S (Low) / Left justified (High)
Open-drain configuration in out mode.
Internal Pulldown
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SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
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Table 2. Gain and Attenuation in Hardwired Mode
6
ATT PIN CONDITION
(ATT2 : ATT1 : ATT0)
GAIN AND ATTENUATION LEVEL
(000)
0 dB
(001)
+ 3 dB
(010)
+ 6 dB
(011)
+ 9 dB
(100)
+ 12 dB
(101)
+ 15 dB
(110)
- 6 dB
(111)
- 3 dB
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7 Specifications
7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
Supply voltage
Digital input voltage
MIN
MAX
AVDD, CPVDD, DVDD
–0.3
3.9
LDO with DVDD at 1.8 V
–0.3
2.25
DVDD at 1.8 V
–0.3
2.25
DVDD at 3.3 V
–0.3
3.9
UNIT
V
V
Analog input voltage
–0.3
3.9
V
Storage temperature, Tstg
–40
125
°C
7.2 ESD Ratings
VALUE
V(ESD)
(1)
(2)
Electrostatic
discharge
Human-body model (HBM), per ANSI/ESDA/JEDEC JS-001 (1)
±2500
Charged-device model (CDM), per JEDEC specification JESD22-C101 (2)
±1500
UNIT
V
JEDEC document JEP155 states that 500-V HBM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process.
JEDEC document JEP157 states that 250-V CDM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process.
7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
AVDD
Analog power supply voltage
Referenced to AGND (1)
DVDD
Digital power supply voltage
Referenced to DGND (1)
CPVDD
Charge pump supply voltage
Referenced to CPGND (1)
MCLK
Master clock frequency
LOL, LOR
Stereo line output load resistance
CLOUT
Digital output load capacitance
TJ
Operating junction temperature
(1)
MIN
NOM
MAX
3
3.3
3.46
VREF mode
3.2
3.3
3.46
1.8 V DVDD
1.65
1.8
1.95
3.3 V DVDD
3.1
3.3
3.46
3.1
3.3
3.46
2
10
kΩ
10
pF
VCOM mode
50
–25
85
UNIT
V
V
V
MHz
°C
All grounds on board are tied together; they must not differ in voltage by more than 0.2-V maximum, for any combination of ground
signals.
7.4 Thermal Information
THERMAL METRIC (1)
PW
20 PINS
UNIT
RθJA
Junction-to-ambient thermal resistance
91.2
°C/W
RθJC(top)
Junction-to-case (top) thermal resistance
25.3
°C/W
RθJB
Junction-to-board thermal resistance
42
°C/W
ψJT
Junction-to-top characterization parameter
1
°C/W
ψJB
Junction-to-board characterization parameter
41.5
°C/W
RθJC(bot)
Junction-to-case (bottom) thermal resistance
—
°C/W
(1)
For more information about traditional and new thermal metrics, see the Semiconductor and IC Package Thermal Metrics application
report.
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7.5 Electrical Characteristics
All specifications at TA = 25°C, AVDD = CPVDD = DVDD = 3.3V, fS = 48kHz, system clock = 512 fS and 24-bit data unless
otherwise noted.
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
Resolution
MIN
TYP
MAX
16
24
32
UNIT
Bits
Digital Input/Output
Logic family: 3.3 V LVCMOS compatible
VIH
Input logic level, high
VIL
Input logic level, low
0.7×DVDD
IIH
Input logic current, high
VIN = VDD
IIL
Input logic current, low
VIN = 0 V
VOH
Output logic level, high
IOH = –4 mA
VOL
Output logic level, low
IOL = 4 mA
V
0.3×DVDD
V
10
µA
–10
µA
0.8×DVDD
V
0.22×DVDD
V
Logic family 1.8 V LVCMOS compatible
VIH
Input logic level, high
VIL
Input logic level, low
0.7×DVDD
IIH
Input logic current, high
VIN = VDD
IIL
Input logic current, low
VIN = 0 V
VOH
Output logic level, high
IOH = –2 mA
VOL
Output logic level, low
IOL = 2 mA
V
0.3×DVDD
V
10
µA
–10
µA
0.8×DVDD
V
0.22×DVDD
V
Dynamic Performance (PCM Mode) (1) (2)
THD+N at –1 dBFS (2)
fS = 48 kHz
–93
fS = 96 kHz
–93
fS = 192 kHz
–93
EIAJ, A-weighted, fS = 48 kHz
Dynamic range (2)
Signal-to-noise ratio (2)
Signal to noise ratio with analog
mute (2) (3)
Channel separation
(1)
(2)
(3)
8
108
–83
dB
114
EIAJ, A-weighted, fS = 96 kHz
114
EIAJ, A-weighted, fS = 192 kHz
114
EIAJ, A-weighted, fS = 48 kHz
114
EIAJ, A-weighted, fS = 96 kHz
114
EIAJ, A-weighted, fS = 192 kHz
114
EIAJ, A-weighted, fS = 48 kHz
113
123
EIAJ, A-weighted, fS = 96 kHz
113
123
EIAJ, A-weighted, fS = 192 kHz
113
123
fS = 48 kHz
100 / 95
109 / 103
fS = 96 kHz
100 / 95
109 / 103
fS = 192 kHz
100 / 95
109 / 103
dB
dB
dB
dB
Filter condition: THD+N: 20-Hz HPF, 20-kHz AES17 LPF; Dynamic range: 20-Hz HPF, 20-kHz AES17 LPF; A-weighted signal-to-noise
ratio: 20-Hz HPF, 20-kHz AES17 LPF; A-weighted channel separation: 20-Hz HPF, 20-kHz AES17 LPF. Analog performance
specifications are measured using the System Two Cascade™ audio measurement system by Audio Precision™ in the RMS mode.
Output load is 10 kΩ, with 470-Ω output resistor and a 2.2-nF shunt capacitor (see recommended output filter).
Assert XSMT or both L-ch and R-ch PCM data are Bipolar Zero.
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Electrical Characteristics (continued)
All specifications at TA = 25°C, AVDD = CPVDD = DVDD = 3.3V, fS = 48kHz, system clock = 512 fS and 24-bit data unless
otherwise noted.
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
Analog Output
Single Ended Output voltage
2.1
Differential Output Voltage
4.2
Gain error
Gain mismatch, channel-to-channel
Bipolar zero error (per pin)
At bipolar zero
Load impedance
VRMS
VRMS
–6
±2
6
% of FSR
–6
±2
6
% of FSR
–2
±1
2
mV
5
kΩ
Filter Characteristics–1: Normal (8x)
Pass band
0.45fS
Stop band
0.55fS
Stop band attenuation
–60
dB
Pass-band ripple
±0.02
Delay time
20fS
dB
s
Filter Characteristics–2: Low Latency (8x)
Pass band
0.47fS
Stop band
0.55fS
Stop band attenuation
–52
dB
Pass-band ripple
±0.0001
Delay time
3.5fS
dB
s
Filter Characteristics–3: Asymmetric FIR (8x)
Pass band
0.40fS
Stop band
0.72fS
Stop band attenuation
–52
dB
Pass-band ripple
±0.05
Delay time
1.2fS
dB
s
Filter Characteristics–4: High-Attenuation (8x)
Pass band
0.45fS
Stop band
0.45S
Stop band attenuation
–100
Pass-band ripple
dB
±0.0005
Delay time
33.7fS
dB
s
Power Supply Requirements
DVDD
Digital supply voltage
Target DVDD = 1.8 V
1.65
1.8
1.95
VDC
DVDD
Digital supply voltage
Target DVDD = 3.3 V
3
3.3
3.6
VDC
AVDD
Analog supply voltage
3
3.3
3.6
VDC
CPVDD
Charge-pump supply voltage
3
3.3
3.6
VDC
fS = 48 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
11
14
fS = 96 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
12
fS = 192 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
14
fS = 48 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
11
fS = 96 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
12
fS = 192 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
14
fS = N/A, Power Down Mode
0.3
0.6
fS = 48 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
12
15
fS = 96 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
13
fS = 192 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
15
IDD
IDD
IDD
IDD
(4)
DVDD supply current at 1.8 V
DVDD supply current at 1.8 V
DVDD supply current at 1.8 V (4)
DVDD supply current at 3.3 V
mA
14
mA
mA
mA
Power Down Mode, with LRCK, BCK, and SCK halted at Low level.
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Electrical Characteristics (continued)
All specifications at TA = 25°C, AVDD = CPVDD = DVDD = 3.3V, fS = 48kHz, system clock = 512 fS and 24-bit data unless
otherwise noted.
PARAMETER
IDD
IDD
ICC
ICC
ICC
DVDD supply current at 3.3 V
DVDD supply current at 3.3 V (4)
AVDD / CPVDD supply current
AVDD / CPVDD supply current
AVDD / CPVDD supply current (4)
Power dissipation, DVDD = 1.8 V
Power dissipation, DVDD = 1.8 V
Power dissipation, DVDD = 1.8 V (4)
Power dissipation, DVDD = 3.3 V
Power dissipation, DVDD = 3.3 V
Power dissipation, DVDD = 3.3 V (4)
10
TYP
MAX
fS = 48 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
TEST CONDITIONS
12
15
fS = 96 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
13
fS = 192 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
15
fS = N/A, Power Down Mode
0.5
0.8
fS = 48 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
11
16
fS = 96 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
11
fS = 192 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
11
fS = 48 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
24
fS = 96 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
24
fS = 192 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
24
fS = N/A, Power Down Mode
MIN
mA
32
mA
0.2
0.4
59.4
78
fS = 96 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
61.2
fS = 192 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
64.8
99
fS = 96 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
100.8
fS = 192 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
104.4
fS = N/A (Power Down Mode)
79.2
fS = 96 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
82.5
fS = 192 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
89.1
fS = 48 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
118.8
fS = 96 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
122.1
fS = 192 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
128.7
fS = N/A (Power Down Mode)
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2.3
mA
mW
130.8
mW
1.2
fS = 48 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
mA
mA
fS = 48 kHz, Input is Bipolar Zero data
fS = 48 kHz, Input is 1kHz -1dBFS data
UNIT
mW
103
mW
155
mW
4
mW
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7.6 Switching Characteristics
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
DATA FORMAT (PCM MODE)
Audio data interface format
I2S, left-justified, right-justified, and
TDM
Audio data bit length
16, 20, 24, 32-bit acceptable
Audio data format
MSB first, twos-complement
Sampling frequency (1)
fS
8
384
kHz
CLOCKS
64, 128, 192, 256, 384, 512, 768,
1024, 1152, 1536, 2048, or 3072
fSCK, up to 50 Mhz
System clock frequency
PLL input frequency
(1)
(2)
Clock divider uses fractional divide
D > 0, P=1
(2)
Clock divider uses integer divide
D = 0, P=1
6.7
20
MHz
1
20
MHz
One sample time is defined as the reciprocal of the sampling frequency. 1 × tS = 1 / fS
With the appropriate P coefficient setting, the PLL accepts up to 50 MHz. This clock is then divided to meet the ≤ 20-MHz requirement.
See PLL Calculation.
7.7 Timing Requirements: SCK Input
Figure 4 shows the timing requirements for the system clock input. For optimal performance, use a clock source with low
phase jitter and noise.
MIN
tSCY
System clock pulse cycle time
tSCKH
System clock pulse width, high
tSCKL
System clock pulse width, low
20
DVDD = 1.8 V
8
DVDD = 3.3 V
9
DVDD = 1.8 V
8
DVDD = 3.3 V
9
NOM
MAX
UNIT
1000
ns
ns
ns
tSCKH
"H"
0.7*DVDD
System Clock
(SCK)
0.3*DVDD
"L"
tS CK L
tSCY
Figure 4. Timing Requirements for SCK Input
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7.8 Timing Requirements: PCM Audio Data
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
tBCY
BCK Pulse Cycle Time
40
ns
tBCL
BCK Pulse Width LOW
16
ns
tBCH
BCK Pulse Width HIGH
16
ns
tBL
BCK Rising Edge to LRCK Edge
tBCK
BCK frequency at DVDD = 3.3V
24.576
MHz
tBCK(1.8V)
BCK frequency at DVDD = 1.8V
12.288
MHz
tLB
LRCK Edge to BCK Rising Edge
8
ns
tDS
DATA Set Up Time
8
ns
tDH
DATA Hold Time
8
ns
tDOD
DATA delay time from BCK falling edge
8
ns
15
ns
Figure 5. PCM5252 Serial Audio Timing - Slave
In software mode, The PCM5252 can act as an I2S master, generating BCK and LRCK as outputs from the SCK
input.
Table 3. I2S Master Mode Registers
Register
Function
Page0, Register 9, D(0), D(4), and D(5)
I2S Master mode select
Register 32, D(6:0)
Register 33, D(7:0)
BCK divider and LRCK divider
7.9 Timing Requirements: I2S Master, See Figure 6
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
tBCY
BCK Pulse Cycle Time
40
ns
tBCL
BCK Pulse Width LOW
16
ns
tBCH
BCK Pulse Width HIGH
16
ns
tBCK
BCK frequency at DVDD = 3.3 V
24.576
MHz
tBCK(1.8V)
BCK frequency at DVDD = 1.8 V
12.288
MHz
tLRD
LRCKx delay time from BCKx falling edge
tDS
DATA Set Up Time
12
–10
8
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20
ns
ns
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Timing Requirements: I2S Master, See Figure 6 (continued)
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
tDH
DATA Hold Time
8
tDOD
DATA delay time from BCK falling edge at DVDD = 3.3 V
15
ns
ns
tDOD(1.8V)
DATA delay time from BCK falling edge at DVDD = 1.8 V
20
ns
Figure 6. PCM5252 Serial Audio Timing - I2S Master
7.10 Timing Requirements: XSMT
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
tr
Rise time
20
ns
tf
Fall time
20
ns
Figure 7. XSMT Timing for Soft Mute and Soft Un-Mute
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7.11 Typical Characteristics
10
10
-10
-10
-30
-30
THD+N (dB)
THD+N (dB)
All specifications at TA = 25°C, AVDD = CPVDD = DVDD = 3.3V, fS = 48kHz, system clock = 512 fS and 24-bit data unless
otherwise noted.
-50
-50
-70
-70
-90
-90
-110
-100
-80
-60
-40
Input Level (dBFS)
-20
-110
-100
0
-20
-40
-40
-60
-60
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
-40
-20
0
Figure 9. THD+N vs Input Level
-20
-80
-100
-80
-100
-120
-120
-140
-140
-160
-160
0
5
10
Frequency (kHz)
15
0
20
5
10
Frequency (kHz)
15
20
Figure 11. FFT Plot At –60 db Input
Figure 10. FFT Plot At –60 db Input
-20
-20
-40
-40
-60
-60
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
-60
Input Level (dBFS)
Figure 8. THD+N vs Input Level
-80
-100
-120
-80
-100
-120
-140
-140
-160
-160
-180
-180
0
5
10
Frequency (kHz)
15
20
0
Figure 12. FFT Plot at Bipolar Zero Data (BPZ)
14
-80
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5
10
Frequency (kHz)
15
20
Figure 13. FFT Plot at BPZ
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Typical Characteristics (continued)
All specifications at TA = 25°C, AVDD = CPVDD = DVDD = 3.3V, fS = 48kHz, system clock = 512 fS and 24-bit data unless
otherwise noted.
-20
-40
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
-60
-80
-100
-120
-140
-160
-180
0
5
Frequency (kHz)
0
-20
-20
-40
-40
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
0
-80
-100
15
20
Figure 15. FFT Plot at BPZ With Analog Mute (AMUTE)
Figure 14. FFT Plot at BPZ With Analog Mute (AMUTE)
-60
10
Frequency (kHz)
-60
-80
-100
-120
-120
-140
-140
-160
-160
0
50
100
150
200
Frequency (kHz)
250
300
0
Figure 16. FFT Plot at –60 dB to 300 khz
50
100
150
200
Frequency (kHz)
250
300
Figure 17. FFT Plot at –60 dB to 300 khz
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8 Detailed Description
8.1 Overview
The PCM5252 PurePath™ Smart Amp enhances the bass, sound fidelity and increased loudness by driving the
speaker to its thermal and mechanical limits.
TI's PurePath™ Smart Amp technology allows speakers to be driven with more peak power than their averagepower rating, without damage to the speaker by voice coil over excursion or thermal overload.
Sophisticated speaker models (electro-mechanical-thermal) are used as a foundation for the protection and
enhancement of the system. This is done by modeling the loudspeaker in the on-chip miniDSP and running an
adaptive algorithm that modifies the output based on the modeled conditions of the speaker.
TI provides a PurePath™ Console (PPC) GUI, including a TI learning board that measures the loudspeaker
parameters. The PPC GUI generates the code for download to the device on boot-up.
Smart Amp technology in the PCM5252 devices use information from the SOA (Safe Operating Area)
characterization details for the loudspeaker, as well as real-world temperature, and uses this data in an adaptive
control algorithm in order to control Smart Bass and Smart DRP (Dynamic Range Preservation). The protection
side of the algorithm is also used for thermal protection and mechanical voice coil excursion protection.
The integrated PLL on the device provided adds the flexibility to remove the system clock (commonly known as
master clock), allowing a 3-wire I2S connection and reducing system EMI. In addition, the PLL is completely
programmable, allowing the device to become the I2S clock master and drive a DSP serial port as a slave. The
PLL also accepts a non-standard clock (up to 50 MHz) as a source to generate the audio related clock (for
example, 24.576 MHz).
Powersense undervoltage protection utilizes a two-level mute system. Upon clock error or system power failure,
the device digitally attenuates the data (or last known good data) and then mutes the analog circuit.
Compared with existing DAC technology, the PCM5252 devices offer up to 20 dB of lower out-of-band noise,
reducing EMI and aliasing in downstream amplifiers/ADCs (from traditional 100-kHz OBN measurements to
3 MHz).
The PCM5252 devices accept industry-standard audio data formats with 16-bit to 32-bit data. Sample rates up to
384 kHz are supported.
16
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Zero Data
Detector
32-bit ∆Σ Modulator
Interpolation Filter
Current
Segment
DAC
Differential
Line Outputs
Current
Segment
DAC
I/V
DOUT (I2S)
(through
any GPIO)
Digital
Volume
Control
Programmable
miniDSP
DIN (I2S)
I/V
Audio Interface
8.2 Functional Block Diagram
Advanced Mute Control
SPI/I2C
Clock Halt
Detection
PCM5252
Program
RAM
GPIO
GPIO6/FLT
GPIO5/ATT0
GPIO4/MAST
GPIO3/AGNS
GPIO2/ADR2/DOUT
Power
Supply
CPVDD (3.3V)
AVDD (3.3V)
DVDD (1.8V or 3.3V)
GND
LRCK
BCK
MCK
PLL
Clock
UVP/
Reset
UVP/XSMT
POR
VCom
Charge
Pump
MOSI/SDA/ATT2
MS/MODE2
MODE1
MC/SCL/ATT1
MISO/ADR1/FMT
CAPP
CAPM
VNEG
8.3 Feature Description
8.3.1 Terminology
Control registers in this data sheet are given by REGISTER BIT/BYTE NAME (Page.x HEX ADDRESS). SE
refers to single-ended analog inputs, DIFF refers to Differential analog inputs. SCK (System Clock) and MCLK
(Master Clock) are used interchangeably. Sampling frequency is symbolized by fS. Full scale is symbolized by
FS. Sample time as a unit is symbolized by tS.
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Feature Description (continued)
8.3.2 Audio Data Interface
8.3.2.1 Audio Serial Interface
The audio interface port is a 3-wire serial port with the signals LRCK, BCK, and DIN. BCK is the serial audio bit
clock, used to clock the serial data present on DIN into the serial shift register of the audio interface. Serial data
is clocked into the PCM5252 on the rising edge of BCK. LRCK is the serial audio left/right word clock. LRCK
polarity for left/right is given by the format selected.
Table 4. PCM5252 Audio Data Formats, Bit Depths and Clock Rates
CONTROL MODE
FORMAT
DATA BITS
I2S/LJ
32, 24, 20, 16
Software Control
(SPI or I2S)
TDM/DSP
Hardware Control
I2S/LJ
32, 24, 20, 16
32, 24, 20, 16
MAX LRCK
FREQUENCY [fS]
SCK RATE [x fS]
BCK RATE [x fS]
Up to 192 kHz
128 – 3072
64, 48, 32
384 kHz
64, 128
64, 48, 32
Up to 48 kHz
128 – 3072
128, 256
128, 256
96 kHz
128 – 512
192 kHz
128, 192, 256
128
Up to 192 kHz
128 – 3072
64, 48, 32
384 kHz
64, 128
64, 48, 32
The PCM5252 requires the synchronization of LRCK and system clock, but does not need a specific phase
relation between LRCK and system clock.
If the relationship between LRCK and system clock changes more than ±5 SCK, internal operation (using an
onchip oscillator) is initialized within one sample period and analog outputs are forced to the bipolar zero level
until resynchronization between LRCK and system clock is completed.
If the relationship between LRCK and BCK are invalid more than 4 LRCK periods, internal operation (using an
onchip oscillator) is initialized within one sample period and analog outputs are forced to the bipolar zero level
until resynchronization between LRCK and BCK is completed.
18
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8.3.2.2 PCM Audio Data Formats
The PCM5252 supports industry-standard audio data formats, including standard I2S and left-justified. Data
formats are selected via Register (Pg0Reg40). All formats require binary twos-complement, MSB-first audio data;
up to 32-bit audio data is accepted.
The PCM5252 also supports right-justified and TDM/DSP in software control mode. I2S, LJ, RJ, and TDM/DSP
are selected using Register (Pg0Reg40). All formats require binary twos-complement, MSB-first audio data. Up
to 32 bits are accepted. Default setting is I2S and 24-bit word length.
!
"
!
#
!
"
! #
!
"
!
$
$
$
Figure 18. Left-Justified Audio Data Format
!"
!#
$
!
!"
$
!#
!
!
!#
I2S Data Format; L-channel = LOW, R-channel = HIGH
Figure 19. I2S Audio Data Format
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NOTE
In TDM Modes, Duty Cycle of LRCK should be 1x BCK at minimum. Rising edge is
considered frame start.
TDM/DSP Data Format; L-channel = FIRST, R-channel = LAST with OFFSET = 1
Figure 20. TDM/DSP 2 Audio Data Format
TDM/DSP Data Format; L-channel = FIRST, R-channel = LAST with OFFSET = N
Figure 21. TDM/DSP 3 Audio Data Format
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8.3.2.3 Zero Data Detect
The PCM5252 has a zero-detect function. When the device detects the continuous zero data for both left and
right channels, or separate channels, Analog mutes are set to both OUTL and OUTR, or separate OUTL and
OUTR. These are controlled by Page 0, Register 65, D(2:1) as shown in Table 5.
Table 5. Zero Data Detection Mode
ATMUTECTL
VALUE
FUNCTION
0
Independently L-ch or R-ch are zero data for zero data
detection
1 (Default)
Both L-ch and R-ch have to be zero data for zero data
detection
0
Zero detection and analog mute are disabled for R-ch
Bit : 2
Bit : 1
Bit : 0
1 (Default)
Zero detection analog mute are enabled for R-ch
0
Zero detection analog mute are disabled for L-ch
1 (Default)
Zero detection analog mute are enabled for L-ch
Table 6. Zero Data Detection Time
ATMUTETIML /
ATMUTETIMR
NUMBER OF LRCKs
TIME AT 48 kHz
000
1024
21 ms
001
5120
106 ms
010
10240
213 ms
011
25600
533 ms
100
51200
1.066 sec
101
102400
2.133 sec
110
256000
5.333 sec
111
512000
10.66 sec
8.3.3 XSMT Pin (Soft Mute / Soft Un-Mute)
An external digital host controls the PCM5252 soft mute function by driving the XSMT pin with a specific
minimum rise time (tr) and fall time (tf) for soft mute and soft un-mute. The PCM5252 requires tr and tf times of
less than 20 ns. In the majority of applications, this is no problem; however, traces with high capacitance may
have issues.
When the XSMT pin is shifted from high to low (3.3 V to 0 V), a soft digital attenuation ramp begins. –1-dB
attenuation is then applied every sample time from 0 dBFS to –∞. The soft attenuation ramp takes 104 samples.
When the XSMT pin is shifted from low to high (0 V to 3.3 V), a soft digital un-mute is started. 1-dB gain steps
are applied every sample time from –∞ to 0 dBFS. The un-mute takes 104 samples.
In systems where XSMT is not required, it can be directly connected to AVDD.
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8.3.4 Audio Processing
8.3.4.1 PCM5252 Audio Processing Options
8.3.4.1.1 Overview
The PCM5252 features a programmable miniDSP core that offers Hybrid-Flows which are a RAM/ROM
combination of code. Common functions are embedded in ROM, and custom RAM flows, created by TI can be
run on the miniDSP core. The algorithms for the miniDSP must be loaded into the device after power up. The
miniDSP can run up to 1024 instructions on every audio sample at a 48kHz sample rate. Development is done
using Purepath™ Console software.
NOTE
At higher sampling frequencies, fewer instruction cycles are available. (For example, 512
instructions can be done in a 96-kHz frame.)
The PCM5252 supports two different code sources. ROM based process flow (See the next section for how to
select) and RAM based process flow. In program 31 (RAM based), different algorithms can be called from ROM such as EQ, DRC and Zero Crossing volume control. Please see the PurePath Studio Development Environment
for more details.
Smart Amplifier is another process flow that is available for use. Program 5 integrates a 2.1 Smart Amplifier
system, without Smart Bass enhancement. A mixed RAM/ROM Mode is available using program 31 that can do
a 2.0 Stereo Smart Amplifier with Smart Bass enhancement. However, the MIPS requirements for Smart
Amplifier allow the process flow to work up to 48kHz sampling rate. Any higher sampling rates will require a
custom process flow with limited processing (such as a simpler EQ and Dynamic Range Control),
8.3.4.1.2 miniDSP Instruction Register
Registers on Page 152-169 are 25-bit instructions for the miniDSP engine. For details, see Table 43. 7 bits of
Instr(32:25) in Base register +0 are reserved bits. 1 bit of Instr(24) - (LSB) in Base register +0 is MSB bit of 25 bit
instruction. These instructions control miniDSP operation. When the fully programmable miniDSP mode is
enabled and the DAC channel is powered up, the read and write access to these registers is disabled.
8.3.4.1.3 Digital Output
The PCM5252 supports an SDOUT output. This can be selected within the process flow, and driven out of a
GPIO pin selected in the register map (for example, Page 0 / Register 80). Users should note that the I2S output
will be attenuated by 0.5 dB. A full scale (FS) output will actually be FS-0.5dB. This can be compensated for
within the process flow using PurePath Studio. The I2S output can be a separate audio stream to the analog
DAC output, allowing 2.1 and 2.2 systems to be implimented. By default, the SDOUT is not linked to the volume
control registers on Page 0 / Register 60, 61, 62. However, it is possible to configure the SDOUT component in
Purepath studio to mirror that register.
8.3.4.1.4 Software
Software development for the PCM5252 is supported through TI's comprehensive PurePath Console; a powerful,
easy-to-use tool designed specifically to simplify software development on the PCM5252 miniDSP audio
platform. The Graphical Development Environment consists of number of Hybrid Flows that can be downloaded
to the device and run on the miniDSP.
Please visit the PCM5252 product folder on www.ti.com to learn more about PurePath Console and the latest
status on available, ready-to-use DSP algorithms.
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8.3.4.2 Interpolation Filter
The PCM5252 provides 4 types of interpolation filters, selectable by writing to Page 0, Register 43, D(4:0).
Additional RAM based Hybrid Flows can be implemented by selecting Program 31, and downloading instructions
and coefficients to the device.
Table 7. ROM Preset Programs
(1)
PROGRAM
NUMBER
D(4:0)
0
0 0000
Reserved
1
0 0001
Normal x8/x4/x2/x1 Interpolation Filter (1)
DESCRIPTION
MINIMUM CYCLES
256
(1)
2
0 0010
Low Latency x8/x4/x2/x1 Interpolation Filter
3
0 0011
High Attenuation x8/x4/x2 Interpolation Filter (1)
4
0 0100
Reserved
5
0 0101
Reserved
6
0 0110
Reserved
7
0 0111
Asymmetric FIR Interpolation Filter (1)
:
:
31
1 1111
256
512
512
Reserved
RAM Process flow (e.g. can be used to implement Smart Amplifier 2.1
Mode)
At fs=44.1 kHz, de-emphasis filter is supported.
The PCM5252 supports four sampling modes (single rate, dual rate, quad rate, and octal rate) which produce
different oversampling rates (OSR) in the interpolation digital filter operation. These are shown in Table 8.
Table 8. Sampling Modes and Oversampling Rates
SAMPLING MODE
SAMPLING FREQUENCY (fS) kHz
OVERSAMPLING RATE (OSR)
8
16
Single Rate
32
8 or 16
44.1
48
Dual Rate
Quad Rate
Octal Rate
88.2
96
176.4
192
384
4
2
1 (Bypass)
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Table 9. Normal x8 Interpolation Filter, Single Rate
PARAMETER
CONDITION
Filter Gain Pass Band
0 ……. 0.45 × fS
VALUE (TYP)
Filter Gain Stop Band
0.55 × fS ….. 7.455 × fS
Filter Group Delay
VALUE (MAX)
UNIT
±0.01
dB
–60
dB
20 / fs
S
SPACE
1.0
0
0.8
−20
0.6
Amplitude (FFS)
Amplitude (dB)
−40
−60
0.4
0.2
−80
0.0
−100
−120
−0.2
0
1
2
Frequency (x fS)
3
−0.4
4
0
50
100
150
200
250
Samples
300
350
G023
G012
Figure 22. Normal x8 Interpolation Filter
Frequency Response
400
Figure 23. Normal x8 Interpolation Filter
Impulse Response
0.05
0.04
0.03
Amplitude (dB)
0.02
0.01
0.00
−0.01
−0.02
−0.03
−0.04
−0.05
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
Frequency (x fS)
0.4
0.5
G034
Figure 24. Normal x8 Interpolation Filter Passband Ripple
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Table 10. Normal x4 Interpolation Filter, Dual Rate
PARAMETER
CONDITION
Filter Gain Pass Band
0 ……. 0.45 × fS
VALUE (TYP)
Filter Gain Stop Band
0.55 × fS ….. 3.455 × fS
Filter Group Delay
VALUE (MAX)
UNIT
±0.01
dB
–60
dB
20 / fs
S
SPACE
0
1.0
0.8
−20
0.6
Amplitude (FFS)
Amplitude (dB)
−40
−60
0.4
0.2
−80
0.0
−100
−120
−0.2
−0.4
0
1
Frequency (x fS)
2
0
20
40
60
80
100
Samples
120
140
G020
G009
Figure 25. Normal x4 Interpolation Filter
Frequency Response
160
Figure 26. Normal x4 Interpolation Filter
Impulse Response
0.05
0.04
0.03
Amplitude (dB)
0.02
0.01
0.00
−0.01
−0.02
−0.03
−0.04
−0.05
0.0
0.25
Frequency (x fS)
0.5
G031
Figure 27. Normal x4 Interpolation Filter Passband Ripple
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Table 11. Normal x2 Interpolation Filter, Quad Rate
PARAMETER
CONDITION
Filter Gain Pass Band
0 ……. 0.45 × fS
VALUE (TYP)
Filter Gain Stop Band
0.55 × fS ….. 1.455 × fS
Filter Group Delay
VALUE (MAX)
UNIT
±0.01
dB
–60
dB
20 / fs
S
SPACE
0
1.0
0.8
−20
0.6
Amplitude (FFS)
Amplitude (dB)
−40
−60
0.4
0.2
−80
0.0
−100
−120
−0.2
−0.4
0
0.5
Frequency (x fS)
1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Samples
70
80
90
G017
G006
Figure 28. Normal x2 Interpolation Filter
Frequency Response
100
Figure 29. Normal x2 Interpolation Filter
Impulse Response
0.05
0.04
0.03
Amplitude (dB)
0.02
0.01
0.00
−0.01
−0.02
−0.03
−0.04
−0.05
0.0
0.25
Frequency (x fS)
0.5
G028
Figure 30. Normal x2 Interpolation Filter Passband Ripple
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Table 12. Low Latency x8 Interpolation Filter, Single Rate
PARAMETER
CONDITION
Filter Gain Pass Band
0 ……. 0.45 × fS
VALUE (TYP)
Filter Gain Stop Band
0.55 × fS ….. 7.455 × fS
Filter Group Delay
VALUE (MAX)
UNIT
±0.001
dB
–52
dB
3.5 × ts
S
SPACE
1.0
0
0.8
−20
0.6
Amplitude (FFS)
Amplitude (dB)
−40
−60
0.4
0.2
0.0
−80
−0.2
−100
−0.4
−120
0
1
2
Frequency (x fS)
3
4
−0.6
0
50
100
150
200
250
Samples
300
350
400
G022
G011
Figure 31. Low Latency x8 Interpolation Filter
Frequency Response
Figure 32. Low Latency x8 Interpolation Filter
Impulse Response
0.00010
0.00008
0.00006
Amplitude (dB)
0.00004
0.00002
0.00000
−0.00002
−0.00004
−0.00006
−0.00008
−0.00010
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
Frequency (x fS)
0.4
0.5
G033
Figure 33. Low Latency x8 Interpolation Filter Passband Ripple
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Table 13. Low Latency x4 Interpolation Filter, Dual Rate
PARAMETER
CONDITION
Filter Gain Pass Band
0 ……. 0.45 × fS
VALUE (TYP)
Filter Gain Stop Band
0.55 × fS ….. 3.455 × fS
Filter Group Delay
VALUE (MAX)
UNIT
±0.001
dB
–52
dB
3.5 × ts
S
SPACE
0
1.0
0.8
−20
0.6
Amplitude (FFS)
Amplitude (dB)
−40
−60
0.4
0.2
0.0
−80
−0.2
−100
−0.4
−120
−0.6
0
1
Frequency (x fS)
2
0
20
40
60
80
100
Samples
120
140
160
180
G019
G008
Figure 34. Low Latency x4 Interpolation Filter
Frequency Response
Figure 35. Low Latency x4 Interpolation Filter
Impulse Response
0.0001
0.00008
0.00006
Amplitude (dB)
0.00004
0.00002
0
−0.00002
−0.00004
−0.00006
−0.00008
−0.0001
0.0
0.25
Frequency (x fS)
0.5
G030
Figure 36. Low Latency x4 Interpolation Filter Passband Ripple
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Table 14. Low Latency ×2 Interpolation Filter, Quad Rate
PARAMETER
CONDITION
Filter Gain Pass Band
0 ……. 0.45 × fS
VALUE (TYP)
Filter Gain Stop Band
0.55 × fS ….. 1.455 × fS
Filter Group Delay
VALUE (MAX)
UNIT
±0.001
dB
–52
dB
3.5 × ts
S
SPACE
0
1.0
0.8
−20
0.6
Amplitude (FFS)
Amplitude (dB)
−40
−60
0.4
0.2
−80
0.0
−100
−120
−0.2
−0.4
0
0.5
Frequency (x fS)
1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Samples
70
80
90
100
G016
G005
Figure 37. Low Latency x2 Interpolation Filter
Frequency Response
Figure 38. Low Latency x2 Interpolation Filter
Impulse Response
0.0001
0.00008
0.00006
Amplitude (dB)
0.00004
0.00002
0
−0.00002
−0.00004
−0.00006
−0.00008
−0.0001
0.0
0.25
Frequency (x fS)
0.5
G030
Figure 39. Low Latency x2 Interpolation Filter Passband Ripple
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Table 15. Asymmetric FIR x8 Interpolation Filter, Single Rate
PARAMETER
CONDITION
Filter Gain Pass Band
0 ……. 0.40 × fS
VALUE (TYP)
Filter Gain Stop Band
0.72 × fS ….. 7.28 × fS
Filter Group Delay
VALUE (MAX)
UNIT
±0.05
dB
–50
dB
1.2 × ts
S
SPACE
0
1
0.8
−20
0.6
Amplitude (FFS)
Amplitude (dB)
−40
−60
0.4
0.2
−80
0
−100
−120
−0.2
0
1
2
Frequency ( × fS)
3
−0.4
4
0
10
20
30
40
50
Samples
G003
Figure 40. Asymmetric FIR x8 Interpolation Filter
Frequency Response, Single Rate
60
70
80
G006
Figure 41. Asymmetric FIR x8 Interpolation Filter Impulse
Response, Single Rate
0.2
0.15
Amplitude (dB)
0.1
0.05
0
−0.05
−0.1
−0.15
−0.2
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
Frequency ( × fS)
0.4
0.5
G009
Figure 42. Asymmetric FIR x8 Interpolation Filter Passband Ripple, Single Rate
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Table 16. Asymmetric FIR x4 Interpolation Filter, Dual Rate
PARAMETER
CONDITION
Filter Gain Pass Band
0 ……. 0.40 × fS
VALUE (TYP)
Filter Gain Stop Band
0.72 × fS ….. 3.28 × fS
Filter Group Delay
VALUE (MAX)
UNIT
±0.05
dB
–50
dB
1.2 × ts
S
SPACE
0
1
−20
0.8
0.6
Amplitude (FFS)
Amplitude (dB)
−40
−60
0.4
0.2
−80
0
−100
−120
−0.2
0
1
2
Frequency (x fS)
−0.4
0
10
20
30
Samples
40
50
G002
Figure 43. Asymmetric FIR x4 Interpolation Filter
Frequency Response, Dual Rate
60
G005
Figure 44. Asymmetric FIR x4 Interpolation Filter Impulse
Response, Dual Rate
0.2
0.15
Amplitude (dB)
0.1
0.05
0
−0.05
−0.1
−0.15
−0.2
0
0.5
Frequency ( × fS)
1
G008
Figure 45. Asymmetric x4 Interpolation Filter Passband Ripple, Dual Rate
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Table 17. Asymmetric FIR x2 Interpolation Filter, Quad Rate
PARAMETER
CONDITION
Filter Gain Pass Band
0 ……. 0.40 × fS
VALUE (TYP)
Filter Gain Stop Band
0.72 × fS ….. 1.28 × fS
Filter Group Delay
VALUE (MAX)
UNIT
±0.05
dB
–50
dB
1.2 × ts
S
SPACE
0
1
−20
0.8
0.6
Amplitude (FFS)
Amplitude (dB)
−40
−60
0.4
0.2
−80
0
−100
−120
−0.2
0
0.5
Frequency (x fS)
−0.4
1
0
10
20
30
40
50
Samples
G001
Figure 46. Asymmetric FIR x2 Interpolation Filter
Frequency Response, Quad Rate
G004
Figure 47. Asymmetric FIR x2 Interpolation Filter Impulse
Response, Quad Rate
0.2
0.15
Amplitude (dB)
0.1
0.05
0
−0.05
−0.1
−0.15
−0.2
0
0.25
Frequency (x fS)
0.5
G100
Figure 48. Asymmetric x2 Interpolation Filter Passband Ripple, Quad Rate
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Table 18. High-Attentuation x8 Interpolation Filter, Single Rate
PARAMETER
CONDITION
Filter Gain Pass Band
0 ……. 0.45 × fS
VALUE (TYP)
Filter Gain Stop Band
0.55 × fS ….. 7.455 × fS
Filter Group Delay
VALUE (MAX)
UNIT
±0.0005
dB
–100
dB
33.7 × tS
S
SPACE
0
1
0.8
−20
0.6
Amplitude (FFS)
Amplitude (dB)
−40
−60
0.4
0.2
−80
0
−100
−120
−0.2
0
1
2
Frequency ( × fS)
3
−0.4
4
0
50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600
Samples
G003
Figure 49. High-Attentuation x8 Interpolation Filter
Frequency Response, Single Rate
G006
Figure 50. High-Attentuation x8 Interpolation Filter Impulse
Response, Single Rate
0.002
0.0015
Amplitude (dB)
0.001
0.0005
0
−0.0005
−0.001
−0.0015
−0.002
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
Frequency ( × fS)
0.4
0.5
G009
Figure 51. High-Attentuation x8 Interpolation Filter Passband Ripple, Single Rate
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Table 19. High-Attentuation x4 Interpolation Filter, Dual Rate
PARAMETER
CONDITION
Filter Gain Pass Band
0 ……. 0.45 × fS
VALUE (TYP)
Filter Gain Stop Band
0.55 × fS ….. 3.455 × fS
Filter Group Delay
VALUE (MAX)
UNIT
±0.0005
dB
–100
dB
33.7 × tS
S
SPACE
0
1
−20
0.8
0.6
Amplitude (FFS)
Amplitude (dB)
−40
−60
0.4
0.2
−80
0
−100
−120
−0.2
0
1
Frequency (x fS)
2
−0.4
0
50
100
150
Samples
G004
Figure 52. High-Attentuation x4 Interpolation Filter
Frequency Response, Dual Rate
200
250
300
G005
Figure 53. High-Attentuation x4 Interpolation Filter Impulse
Response, Dual Rate
0.002
0.0015
Amplitude (dB)
0.001
0.0005
0
−0.0005
−0.001
−0.0015
−0.002
0
0.25
Frequency (x fS)
0.5
G101
Figure 54. High-Attentuation x4 Interpolation Filter Passband Ripple, Dual Rate
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Table 20. High-Attentuation x2 Interpolation Filter, Quad Rate
PARAMETER
CONDITION
Filter Gain Pass Band
0 ……. 0.45 × fS
VALUE (TYP)
Filter Gain Stop Band
0.55 × fS ….. 1.455 × fS
Filter Group Delay
VALUE (MAX)
UNIT
±0.0005
dB
–100
dB
33.7 × tS
S
SPACE
0
1
−20
0.8
0.6
Amplitude (FFS)
Amplitude (dB)
−40
−60
0.4
0.2
−80
0
−100
−120
−0.2
0
0.5
Frequency (x fS)
1
−0.4
0
10
20
30
40
50 60 70
Samples
80
90 100 110 120
G003
Figure 55. High-Attentuation x2 Interpolation Filter
Frequency Response, Quad Rate
G004
Figure 56. High-Attentuation x2 Interpolation Filter Impulse
Response, Quad Rate
0.002
0.0015
Amplitude (FFS)
0.001
0.0005
0
−0.0005
−0.001
−0.0015
−0.002
0
0.25
Frequency (x fS)
0.5
G102
Figure 57. High-Attentuation x2 Interpolation Filter Passband Ripple, Quad Rate
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8.3.4.3 Overview
The PCM5252 features a configurable miniDSP core. The algorithms for the miniDSP are loaded into the device
after power up. The miniDSP has direct access to the digital stereo audio stream, offering the possibility for
advanced DSP algorithms with very low group delay. The miniDSP can run up to 1024 instructions on every
audio sample at a 48 kHz sample rate.
The PCM5252 Smart Amplifier uses a mix of code sources. ROM based process flow and RAM based process
flow. In the program, different algorithms are called from ROM – such as EQ, DRC and Zero Crossing volume
control enabling a faster program load.
8.3.4.4 Smart SOA
The "Safe Operating Area" (SOA) for a loudspeaker is based on its electro-mechanical-thermal model.
Depending on a speaker's inefficiency, some of the power is dissipated as heat rather than mechanical/acoustic
energy. By understanding the characteristics of the speaker, Smart Amp is able to drive the speaker harder,
without causing the speaker to thermally overload; or, suffer voice coil over-exclusion and fail. SMART SOA are
parameters that are differentiated by a PPC GUI into coefficients that the algorithm uses.
8.3.4.5 Smart BASS
Smart Bass is an intelligent True Bass Alignment algorithm. Smart Bass uses the combination of the speaker
model and a desired target response selected by the user to equalize the speaker in the bass region. This target
response is critical for the sound character and the user can apply the same target response to very different
speakers and get the same sound.
In conventional adaptive Bass Boost Algorithms, designers need to vary the amount of bass boost whenever the
output volume is changed. This approach is very much an "open loop" process. Smart Bass is a new proprietary
algorithm that combines: True bass extension (in bandwidth and amplitude) and Psycho-acoustic bass extension,
with a smart adaptive control.
Smart Bass varies the mix of True Bass extension and Psycho-acoustic bass extension in real time, depending
on the loudspeakers position in its SOA.
Smart Bass dynamically switches between True Bass and Psycho-acoustic extension based on a number of
parameters such as:
• Capabilities and properties of the speaker, including Q compensation
• Music type
• Volume setting
• Temperature
• User preferences
• Designer preferences
8.3.4.6 Smart Protection
The two main failure mechanisms for loudspeakers are over temperature and over excursion. By modeling the
current state of the speaker, Smart Protection adaptively changes various settings in Smart Amplifier to avoid
over temperature and over excursion. Design engineers must first provide details of the loudspeaker (driver and
enclosure) into the GUI. From there the appropriate coefficients are generated for the algorithm.
8.3.4.7 Implementing a Real World Design
Traditionally, system developers and hardware engineers use graphic equalizers in trial-and-error fashion to
boost the bass for each new speaker until the sound is right (or "good enough" in many cases). However, this
typically results in a strange combined response with too much phase shift. This process must be repeated every
time a new speaker is selected. The Smart Bass concept uses the GUI to select a desired target response takes
the speaker out of the equation. By this approach users can obtain a target response with minimum phase warp
and time domain ringing which gives a speedy and tight bass. Conversely, users can select a target response
that has lots of ringing to give a classical heavy ‘oomph’ bass.
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8.3.4.8 Digital Output
The PCM5252 supports an SDOUT output. This can be selected within the process flow, and driven out of a
GPIO pin selected in the register map (e.g. Page 0 / Register 80). The I2S output can be fed back to the signal
host and used for echo cancellation.
8.3.4.9 Software
Software selection for the PCM5252 is supported through TI's comprehensive PurePathTM Console Development
Environment; a powerful, easy-to-use tool designed specifically to simplify development on the PCM5252
platform. Visit the PCM5252 product folder on www.ti.com to learn more about PurePath™ Console and the
latest status on available, ready-to-use DSP algorithms.
8.3.4.10 Process Flow
An example of the default Process Flow available for the PCM5252 in the PurePath™ Console target is shown
below:
DIN
GPIO3
(SDOUT)
I2S
Input
Stereo
Volume
Control
I2S
Output
Mono
Bass
Mix
10
BiQuads
Smart
Amp
Left/Right
DAC
Analog Output
DACL
DACR
Left
Right
Figure 58. Example Processflow
This process flow has from input to output:
• Volume block, from -110 db to +6 dB with 0.5 dB steps, including a fixed gain block of 0dB to 12 dB gain
• monobass mixer – mixes the bass into mono below the set frequency, useful for systems where left and right
speaker shares the same cabinet volume, bypassed when not needed
• 10 Biquads for filtering and EQ. The PPC GUI have an advanced biquad control where various filter and eq
options can be set and controlled.
• SmartAmp block, containing all the blocks for bass Q compensation, bass alignment, excursion control and
power limited
• Digital monitor output enabled on GPIO3
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8.3.5 DAC and Differential Analog Outputs
8.3.5.1 Analog Outputs
The PCM5252 devices include a two-channel DAC, with differential outputs. Each pin has a full-scale output
voltage is 2.1 Vrms with ground center output. This equates to a 4.2 Vrms differential output. A DC-coupled load is
supported in addition to an AC-coupled load, if the load resistance conforms to the specification. The PCM5252
DAC outputs on the OUTLP, OUTLN, OUTRP, and OUTRN terminals have market-leading low out-of-band
noise, which offer up to 20-dB lower out-of-band noise compared with existing DAC technology.
Many applications require an external low-pass RC filter (470 Ω + 1.2 nF) to provide sufficient out-of-band noise
rejection. This RC filter provides the added advantage of improved protection against ESD damage.
The PCM5252 can also support single ended outputs, using OUTLP and OUTRP respectively. A single 470-Ω
and 2.2-nF capacitor can be used on each pin in single ended mode.
The choice between VREF and VCOM modes affects the maximum output level. This is explained in
Recommended Operating Conditions.
Optional RC Low-Pass Filter
P Output
4.3nF
470W
N Output
470W
+
Right Differential
+ Output
Left Differential Output
6 OUTLP
RC LPF
7 OUTLN
8 OUTRN
RC LPF
9 OUTRP
Figure 59. Optional Low Pass Filters
8.3.5.2 Choosing Between VREF and VCOM Modes
VREF mode is the default configuration. This mode allows full 2.1-Vrms signal output. As shown in Recommended
Operating Conditions, the minimum AVDD to avoid clipping is 3.2 V.
VCOM mode allows setting a custom common-mode voltage when required by the application. This somewhat
limits the output signal swing before clipping.
8.3.5.2.1 Voltage Reference and Output Levels
The PCM5252 devices have an internal, fixed band-gap reference voltage, with default operation in VREF mode.
No external decoupling capacitor is required for this mode.
The PCM5252 devices can be operated with a common-mode voltage output (VCOM mode) at the VCOM pin by
setting Page 1, Register 1, D(0) to 1. In this mode, an external decoupling capacitor is required.
When using this DAC in VREF mode, the output-signal voltage is independent of the power-supply voltage: The
D/A conversion gain in VREF mode yields a 2.1-Vrms output voltage with a digital full-scale input. However, in
VREF mode, an output waveform may clip due to the limitations that may be present in the analog power supply
voltage. On the other hand, the full-scale output voltage in VCOM mode is proportional to the analog power
supply AVDD (for example, (2.1 × AVDD / 3.3) Vrms).
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8.3.5.2.2 Mode Switching Sequence, from VREF Mode to VCOM Mode
Following register setting sequence is recommended for changing VREF mode to VCOM mode.
1. Page 0 / Register 2
RQST = 1: Standby mode
2. Page 1 / Register 8
RCMF = 1: Fast ramp up → on
3. Page 1 / Register 9
VCPD = 0: VCOM is power on
4.
Wait 3 ms with external capacitor = 1 µF
5. Page 1 / Register 8
RCMF = 0: Fast ramp up → off
6. Page 1 / Register 1
OSEL = 1: VCOM mode
7. Page 0 / Register 2
RQST = 0: Normal mode
8.3.5.3 Digital Volume Control
A basic digital volume control with range from 24 dB to –103 dB and mute is available on each channels by Page
0, Resister 61, D(7:0) for L-ch and Register 62, D(7:0) for R-ch. These volume controls all have 0.5-dB step
programmability over most gain and attenuation ranges. Table 21 lists the detailed gain versus programmed
setting for this basic volume control. Volume can be changed for both L-ch and R-ch at the same time or
independently by Page 0, Register 60, D(1:0). When D(1:0) set 00 (default), independent control is selected.
When D(1:0) set 01, R-ch accords with L-ch volume. When D(1:0) set 10, L-ch accords with R-ch volume. To set
D(1:0) to 11 is prohibited.
NOTE
This volume control is done externally to the miniDSP and only influences the analog DAC
output. Any changes to the SDOUT data should be done in the miniDSP process flow.
Table 21. Digital Volume Control Settings
GAIN
SETTING
BINARY DATA
GAIN
(dB)
COMMENTS
0
0000-0000
24.0
Positive maximum
1
0000-0001
23.5
:
:
—
46
0010-1110
1.0
47
0010-1111
0.5
48
0011-0000
0.0
49
0011-0001
–0.5
50
0011-0010
–1.0
51
0011-0011
–1.5
:
:
—
253
1111-1101
–102.5
254
1111-1110
–103
255
1111-1111
–∞
No attenuation (default)
Negative maximum
Negative infinite (Mute)
Ramp-up frequency and ramp-down frequency can be controlled by Page 0, Register 63, D(7:6) and D(3:2) as
shown in Table 22. Also Ramp-up step and ramp-down step can be controlled by Page 0, Register 63 D(5:4) and
D(1:0) as shown in Table 23.
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Table 22. Ramp-Up or Down Frequency
RAMP-UP
SPEED
EVERY N fS
COMMENTS
RAMP-DOWN
FREQUENCY
EVERY N fS
COMMENTS
00
1
Default
00
1
Default
01
2
01
2
10
4
10
4
11
Direct change
11
Direct change
Table 23. Ramp-Up or Down Step
RAMP-UP
STEP
STEP dB
RAMP-DOWN
STEP
STEP dB
00
01
4.0
00
-4.0
2.0
01
-2.0
10
1.0
11
0.5
10
-1.0
11
-0.5
COMMENTS
Default
COMMENTS
Default
8.3.5.3.1 Emergency Ramp-Down
Digital volume emergency ramp-down by is provided for situations such as I2S clock error and power supply
failure. Ramp-down speed is controlled by Page 0, Register 64, D(7:6). Ramp-down step can be controlled by
Page 0 Register 64, D(5:4). Default is ramp-down by every fS cycle with –4-dB step.
8.3.5.4 Analog Gain Control
Analog gain control can be selected between 2-Vrms FS (0 dB) or 1-Vrms FS (–6 dB). Gain is controlled through
hardware by the AGNS pin, and through software (SPI/I2C), Page 1, Register 2, D4(L-ch) / D0(R-ch).
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8.3.6 Reset and System Clock Functions
8.3.6.1 Clocking Overview
The PCM5252 devices have flexible systems for clocking. Internally, the device requires a number of clocks,
mostly at related clock rates to function correctly. All of these clocks can be derived from the serial audio
interface in one form or another.
Delta
Sigma
Modulator
16fS (24bit)
128fS (~8 bit)
DSPCK
Current
Segments
I
V
Line Driver
+
-3V3
DACCK
miniDSP
(inc interpolator)
OSRCK
fS (24bit)
LRCK
Serial Audio
Interface
(Input)
CPCK
-3v3 Charge
Pump
Figure 60. Audio Flow with Respective Clocks
As shown in Figure 60 the data flows at the sample rate (fS). Once the data is brought into the serial audio
interface, it gets processed, interpolated and modulated all the way to 128 × fS before arriving at the current
segments for the final digital to analog conversion.
The clock tree is shown in Figure 61.
SCK
SCK/PLL Mux
PLLEN (Pg0, Reg 4 0x04)
DSPCK (miniDSP Clock )
Divider
DDSP (Pg0, Reg 27 0x1B)
SREF (Pg0, Reg 13 0x0D)
SDAC (Pg0, Reg 14
0x0E)
BCK
PLL
GPIO *
PLLCKIN
K*R/P
DAC
CLK
Source
GPIO* Mux
SCK
PLLCK
SCK
DACCK (DAC Clock )
Divider
DDAC (Pg0, Reg 28 0x1C)
Divider
CPCK (Charge Pump Clock )
DNCP (Pg0, Reg 29 0x1D)
K = J.D
J = 1,2,3,…..,62,63
D= 0000,0001,….,9998,9999
R= 1,2,3,4,….,15,16
P= 1,2,….,127,128
Divider
OSRCK (Oversampling Ratio Clock )
MUX
Divide
by 2
DOSR (Pg0, Reg 30 0x1E)
I16E (Pg0, Reg 34 0x22)
Figure 61. PCM5252 Clock Distribution Tree
The serial audio interface typically has 4 connections: SCK (system master clock), BCK (bit clock), LRCK (left
right word clock), and DIN (data). The device has an internal PLL that is used to take either SCK or BCK and
create the higher rate clocks required by the interpolating processor and the DAC clock. This allows the device to
operate with or without an external SCK.
In situations where the highest audio performance is required, it is suggested that the SCK is brought to the
device, along with BCK and LRCK. The device should be configured so that the PLL is only providing a clock
source to the miniDSP. By ensuring that the DACCK (DAC Clock) is being driven by the external SCK source,
jitter evident in the PLL (in all PLLs) is kept out of the DAC, charge pump, and oversampling system.
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Everything else should be a division of the incoming SCK. This is done by setting DAC CLK Source Mux (SDAC
in Figure 61) to use SCK as a source, rather than the output of the SCK/PLL Mux. Code examples for this are
available in SLASE12.
When the Auto Clock Configuration bit is set (Page 0/ Register 0x25), no additional clocks configuration is
required. However, when setting custom PLL values and so forth, the target output rates should match those
shown in the recommended PLL values of Table 122.
8.3.6.2 Clock Slave Mode With Master and System Clock (SCK) Input (4 Wire I2S)
The PCM5252 requires a system clock to operate the digital interpolation filters and advanced segment DAC
modulators. The system clock is applied at the SCK input and supports up to 50 MHz. The PCM5252 systemclock detection circuit automatically senses the system-clock frequency. Common audio sampling frequencies in
the bands of 8 kHz, 16 kHz, (32 kHz - 44.1 kHz - 48 kHz), (88.2kHz - 96kHz), (176.4 kHz - 192 kHz), and 384
kHz with ±4% tolerance are supported. Values in the parentheses are grouped when detected, (for example,
88.2 kHZ and 96 kHz are detected as double rate, and 32 kHz, 44.1 kHz and 48 kHz are detected as single
rate.)
In the presence of a valid bit SCK, BCK and LRCK in software mode, the device will auto-configure the clock tree
and PLL to drive the miniDSP as required.
The sampling frequency detector sets the clock for the digital filter, Delta Sigma Modulator (DSM) and the
Negative Charge Pump (NCP) automatically. Table 24 shows examples of system clock frequencies for common
audio sampling rates.
SCK rates that are not common to standard audio clocks, between 1 MHz and 50 MHz, are only supported in
software mode by configuring various PLL and clock-divider registers. This programmability allows the device to
become a clock master and drive the host serial port with LRCK and BCK, from a non-audio related clock (for
example, using 12 MHz to generate 44.1 kHz [LRCK] and 2.8224 MHz [BCK]).
Table 24. System Master Clock Inputs for Audio Related Clocks
SYSTEM CLOCK FREQUENCY (fSCK) (MHz)
SAMPLING
FREQUENCY
64 fS
128 fS
192 fS
256 fS
384 fS
512 fS
768 fS
1024 fS
1152 fS
1536 fS
2048 fS
3072 fS
8 kHz
– (1)
1.024 (2)
1.536 (2)
2.048
3.072
4.096
6.144
8.192
9.216
12.288
16.384
24.576
16 kHz
– (1)
2.048 (2)
3.072 (2)
4.096
6.144
8.192
12.288
16.384
18.432
24.576
36.864
49.152
32 kHz
– (1)
4.096 (2)
6.144 (2)
8.192
12.288
16.384
24.576
32.768
36.864
49.152
– (1)
– (1)
44.1 kHz
– (1)
5.6488 (2)
8.4672 (2)
11.2896
16.9344
22.5792
33.8688
45.1584
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
–
(1)
–
(1)
–
(1)
– (1)
–
(1)
–
(1)
–
(1)
– (1)
48 kHz
88.2 kHz
–
(1)
6.144
(2)
9.216
12.288
18.432
24.576
36.864
(1)
49.152
16.9344
22.5792
33.8688
45.1584
–
12.288 (2)
18.432
24.576
36.864
49.152
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
176.4 kHz
– (1)
22.579
33.8688
45.1584
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
192 kHz
– (1)
24.576
36.864
49.152
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
– (1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
– (1)
49.152
–
(1)
–
(1)
–
–
–
–
(1)
– (1)
24.576
11.2896
(2)
(2)
96 kHz
384 kHz
(1)
(2)
–
(1)
–
–
–
–
This system clock rate is not supported for the given sampling frequency.
This system clock rate is supported by PLL mode.
See Timing Requirements: PCM Audio Data for clock timing requirements.
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8.3.6.3 Clock Slave Mode With BCK PLL to Generate Internal Clocks (3-Wire PCM)
The system clock PLL mode allows designers to use a simple 3-wire I2S audio source. The 3-wire source
reduces the need for a high frequency SCK, making PCB layout easier, and reduces high frequency
electromagnetic interference.
In hardwired mode, the internal PLL is disabled as soon as an external SCK is supplied.
In hardwired mode, the device starts up expecting an external SCK input, but if BCK and LRCK start correctly
while SCK remains at ground level for 16 successive LRCK periods, then the internal PLL starts, automatically
generating an internal SCK from the BCK reference. Specific BCK rates are required to generate an appropriate
master clock. Table 25 describes the minimum and maximum BCK per LRCK for the integrated PLL to
automatically generate an internal SCK.
In software mode, the user must set all the PLL registers and clock divider registers for referencing BCK. See
Clock Generation Using the PLL for more information. Recommended values can be found in Table 122.
Table 25. BCK Rates (MHz) by LRCK Sample Rate for
PCM5252 PLL Operation
BCK (fS)
SAMPLE F (kHz)
32
64
8
–
–
16
–
1.024
32
1.024
2.048
44.1
1.4112
2.8224
48
1.536
3.072
96
3.072
6.144
192
6.144
12.288
384
12.288
24.576
8.3.6.4 Clock Generation Using the PLL
The PCM5252 supports a wide range of options to generate the required clocks for the DAC section as well as
interface and other control blocks as shown in Figure 61.
The clocks for the PLL require a source reference clock. This clock is sourced as the incoming BCK or SCK. In
software mode, a GPIO can also be used.
The source reference clock for the PLL reference clock is selected by programming the SRCREF value on Page
0, Register 13, D(6:4). The PCM5252 provides several programmable clock dividers to achieve a variety of
sampling rates for the DAC and clocks for the NCP, OSR and the miniDSP. OSRCK for OSR must be set at 16
fS frequency by DOSR on Page0, Register 30, D(6:0). See Figure 61.
If PLL functionality is not required, set the PLLEN value on Page 0, Register 4, D(0) to 0. In this situation, an
external SCK is required.
Table 26. PLL Configuration Registers
CLOCK MULTIPLEXER
FUNCTION
BITS
SRCREF
PLL reference
Page 0, Register 13, D(6:4)
DIVIDER
FUNCTION
BITS
miniDSP clock divider
Page 0, Register 27, D(6:0)
DACCK
DAC clock divider
Page 0, Register 28, D(6:0)
CPCK
NCP clock divider
Page 0, Register 29, D(6:0)
OSRCK
OSR clock divider
Page 0, Register 30, D(6:0)
DBCK
External BCK Div
Page 0, Register 32, D(6:0)
DLRK
External LRCK Div
Page 0, Register 33, D(7:0)
DDSP
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8.3.6.5 PLL Calculation
The PCM5252 has an on-chip PLL with fractional multiplication to generate the clock frequency needed by the
audio DAC, Negative Charge Pump, Modulator and Digital Signal Processing blocks. The programmability of the
PLL allows operation from a wide variety of clocks that may be available in the system. The PLL input (PLLCKIN)
supports clock frequencies from 1 MHz to 50 MHz and is register programmable to enable generation of required
sampling rates with fine precision.
The PLL is enabled by default. The PLL can be turned on by writing to Page 0, Register 4, D(0). When the PLL
is enabled, the PLL output clock PLLCK is given by Equation 1.
PLLCK =
PLLCKIN x R x J.D
P
or PLLCK =
PLLCKIN x R x K
P
where
•
•
•
•
R = 1, 2, 3,4, ... , 15, 16
J = 4,5,6, . . . 63, and D = 0000, 0001, 0002, . . . 9999
K = [J value].[D value]
P = 1, 2, 3, ... 15
(1)
R, J, D, and P are programmable. J is the integer portion of K (the numbers to the left of the decimal point), while
D is the fractional portion of K (the numbers to the right of the decimal point, assuming four digits of precision).
8.3.6.5.1 Examples:
•
•
•
•
If
If
If
If
K
K
K
K
=
=
=
=
8.5, then J = 8, D = 5000
7.12, then J = 7, D = 1200
14.03, then J = 14, D = 0300
6.0004, then J = 6, D = 0004
When the PLL is enabled and D = 0000, the following conditions must be satisfied:
• 1 MHz ≤ ( PLLCKIN / P ) ≤ 20 MHz
• 64 MHz ≤ (PLLCKIN x K x R / P ) ≤ 100 MHz (in VREF mode)
• 72 MHz ≤ (PLLCKIN x K x R / P ) ≤ 86 MHz (in VCOM mode)
• 1 ≤ J ≤ 63
When the PLL is enabled and D ≠ 0000, the following conditions must be satisfied:
• 6.667 MHz ≤ PLLCLKIN / P ≤ 20 MHz
• 64 MHz ≤ (PLLCKIN x K x R / P ) ≤ 100 MHz (in VREF mode)
• 72 MHz ≤ (PLLCK IN x K x R / P ) ≤ 86 MHz (in VCOM mode)
• 4 ≤ J ≤ 11
• R=1
When the PLL is enabled,
• fS = (PLLCLKIN × K × R) / (2048 × P)
• The value of N is selected so that fS × N = PLLCLKIN x K x R / P is in the allowable range.
Example: MCLK = 12 MHz and fS = 44.1 kHz, (N=2048)
Select P = 1, R = 1, K = 7.5264, which results in J = 7, D = 5264
Example: MCLK = 12 MHz and fS = 48.0 kHz, (N=2048)
Select P = 1, R = 1, K = 8.192, which results in J = 8, D = 1920
Values are written to the registers in Table 27.
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8.3.6.5.1.1 Recommended PLL Settings
Recommended values for the PLL can be found after the register descriptions in this data sheet. Different values
are defined based on the device configuration for VREF or VCOM mode.
Other configurations are possible, at your own risk.
Table 27 show the details of the register locations, as well as the nomenclature for the table of registers found at
the end of this document.
Table 27. PLL Registers
DIVIDER
FUNCTION
BITS
PLLE
PLL enable
Page 0, Register 4, D(0)
PPDV
PLL P
Page 0, Register 20, D(3:0)
PJDV
PLL J
Page 0, Register 21, D(5:0)
PDDV
PLL D
PRDV
PLL R
Page 0, Register 22, D(5:0)
Page 0, Register 23, D(7:0)
Page 0, Register 24, D(3:0)
Table 28. PLL Configuration Recommendations
COLUMN
DESCRIPTION
fS (kHz)
Sampling frequency
RSCK
Ratio between sampling frequency and SCK frequency (SCK frequency = RSCK × sampling frequency)
SCK (MHz)
System master clock frequency at SCK input (pin 20)
PLL VCO (MHz) PLL VCO frequency as PLLCK in Figure 61
P
One of the PLL coefficients in Equation 1
PLL REF (MHz)
Internal reference clock frequency which is produced by SCK / P
M=K*R
The final PLL multiplication factor computed from K and R as described in Equation 1
K = J.D
One of the PLL coefficients in Equation 1
R
One of the PLL coefficients in Equation 1
PLL fS
Ratio between fS and PLL VCO frequency (PLL VCO / fS)
DSP fS
Ratio between miniDSP operating clock rate and fS (PLL fS / NMAC)
NMAC
The miniDSP clock divider value in Table 26
DSP CLK (MHz) The miniDSP operating frequency as DSPCK in Figure 61
MOD fS
Ratio between DAC operating clock frequency and fS (PLL fS / NDAC)
MOD f (kHz)
DAC operating frequency as DACCK in Figure 61
NDAC
DAC clock divider value in Table 26
DOSR
OSR clock divider value in Table 26 for generating OSRCK in Figure 61. DOSR must be chosen so that MOD fS / DOSR
= 16 for correct operation.
NCP
NCP (negative charge pump) clock divider value in Table 26
CP f
Negative charge pump clock frequency (fS × MOD fS / NCP)
% Error
Percentage of error between PLL VCO / PLL fS and fS (mismatch error).
•
This number is typically zero but can be non-zero especially when K is not an integer (D is not zero).
•
This number may be non-zero only when the PCM5252 acts as a master.
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8.3.6.6 Clock Master Mode from Audio Rate Master Clock
In Master Mode, the device generates bit clock (BCK) and left-right clock (LRCK) and outputs them on the
appropriate pins. To configure the device in this mode, first put the device into reset, then use registers BCKO
and LRKO (Pg 0, Reg 9 0x09). Then reset the LRCK and BCK divider counters using bits RBCK and RLRK (Pg
0, Reg 12 0x0C). Finally, exit reset.
An example of this is given in register programming examples in the PCM5242 data sheet (SLASE12.)
Figure 62 shows a simplified serial port clock tree for the device in master mode.
Audio Related System Clock(SCK)
SCK
Divider
Q=1...128
BCKO (Bit Clock Output In Master Mode)
Divider
Q=1...128
BCK
LRCKO (LR Clock Output In Master Mode)
LRCK
Figure 62. Simplified Clock Tree for SCK Sourced Master Mode
In master mode, SCK is an input and BCK/LRCK are outputs. BCK and LRCK are integer divisions of SCK.
Master mode with a non-audio rate master clock source will require external GPIOs to use the PLL in standalone
mode.
The PLL will also need to be configured to ensure that the onchip miniDSP processor can be driven at its
maximum clock rate.
Register changes that need to be done include switching the device into master mode, and setting the divider
ratio.
Here is an example of using 24.576 MCLK as a master clock source and driving the BCK and LRCK with integer
dividers to create 48 kHz.
In this mode, the DAC section of the device is also running from the PLL output. While the PLL inside the
PCM5252 is one that has been specified to achieve the stated performance, using the SCK CMOS Oscillator
source will have less jitter.
To switch the DAC clocks (SDAC in the Figure 61) the following registers should be modified.
• Clock Tree Flex Mode (Page 253, Registers 0x3F and 0x40)
• DAC and OSR Source Clock Register (Page 0, Reg 14) – set to 0x30 (SCK input, and OSR is set to
whatever the DAC source is)
• The DAC clock divider should be 16 FS.
– 16 × 48 kHz = 768 kHz
– 24.576 MHz (SCK in) / 768 kHz = 32
– Therefor, divide ratio for register DDAC (Page 0, Reg 28 0x1C) should be set to 32. The may the register
is mapped gives 0x00 = 1, so 32 must be converted to 0x1F.
An example configuration can be found in the PCM5242 data sheet (SLASE12).
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8.3.6.7 Clock Master from a Non-Audio Rate Master Clock
The classic example here is running a 12-MHz Master clock for a 48-kHz sampling system. Given the clock tree
for the device (shown in Figure 61), a non-audio clock rate cannot be brought into the SCK to the PLL in master
mode. Therefore, the PLL source must be configured to be a GPIO pin, and the output brought back into another
GPIO pin.
NON AUDIO SCK
GPIOx
NEW
AUDIO
SCK
PLL
GPIOy
SCK
BCK OUT
BCK
LRCK OUT
LRCK
Master Mode
BCK Integer
Divider
Master Mode
LRCK Integer
Divider
Figure 63. Application Diagram for Using Non-Audio Clock Sources to Generate Audio Clocks
The clock flow through the system is shown in Figure 63. The newly-generated SCK must be brought out of the
device on a GPIO pin, then brought into the SCK pin for integer division to create BCK and LRCK outputs.
NOTE
Pullup resistors must be used on BCK and LRCK in this mode to ensure the device does
not go into sleep mode.
A code example for configuring this mode is provided in the PCM5242 data sheet (SLASE12).
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8.4 Device Functional Modes
8.4.1 Choosing a Control Mode
SPI Mode is selected by connecting MODE1 to DVDD. SPI Mode uses four signal lines and allows higher-speed
full-duplex communication between the host and the PCM5252 device.
I2C Mode is selected by connecting MODE1 to DGND and Mode2 to DVDD. I2C uses two signal lines for halfduplex communication, and is widely used in a variety of devices.
Hardware Control Mode is selected by connecting both MODE1 and MODE2 pins to DGND. Hardware control is
useful in applications that do not require on-the-fly device-reconfiguration changes in operating features such as
gain or filter latency selection.
See Pin Assignments for a comparison of pin assignments for the 32-pin VQFN.
8.4.1.1 Software Control
8.4.1.1.1 SPI Interface
The SPI interface is a 4-wire synchronous serial port which operates asynchronously to the serial audio interface
and the system clock (SCK). The serial control interface is used to program and read the on-chip mode registers.
The control interface includes MISO (pin 24), MOSI (pin 11), MC (pin 12), and MS (pin 18). MISO (Master In
Slave Out) is the serial data output, used to read back the values of the mode registers; MOSI (Master Out Slave
In) is the serial data input, used to program the mode registers.
MC is the serial bit clock, used to shift data in and out of the control port by falling edge of MC, and MS is the
mode control enable with LOW active, used to enable the internal mode register access. If feedback from the
device is not required, the MISO pin can be assigned to GPIO1 by register control.
8.4.1.1.1.1 Register Read and Write Operation
All read/write operations for the serial control port use 16-bit data words. Figure 64 shows the control data word
format. The most significant bit is the read/write bit. For write operations, the bit must be set to 0. For read
operations, the bit must be set to 1. There are seven bits, labeled IDX[6:0], that hold the register index (or
address) for the read and write operations. The least significant eight bits, D[7:0], contain the data to be written
to, or the data that was read from, the register specified by IDX[6:0].
Figure 64 and Figure 65 show the functional timing diagram to write or read through the serial control port. MS is
held at a logic-1 state until a register access. To start the register write or read cycle, set MS to logic 0. Sixteen
clocks are then provided on MC, corresponding to the 16 bits of the control data word on MOSI and read-back
data on MISO. After the eighth clock cycle has completed, the data from the indexed-mode control register
appears on MISO during the read operation. After the sixteenth clock cycle has completed, the data is latched
into the indexed-mode control register during the write operation. To write or read subsequent data, MS is set to
logic 1 once (see tMHH in Figure 69).
LSB
MSB
IDX6 IDX5 IDX4 IDX3 IDX2
IDX1
IDX0 R/W
D7
D6
D5
Register Index (or Address)
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
Register Data
Figure 64. Control Data Word Format; MDI
NOTE
B8 is used for selection of Write or Read. Setting = 0 indicates a Write, while = 1 indicates
a Read. Bits 15–9 are used for register address. Bits 7–0 are used for register data.
Multiple-byte write or read (up to 8 bytes) is supported while MS is kept low. The address
field becomes the initial address, automatically incrementing for each byte.
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Device Functional Modes (continued)
Figure 65. Serial Control Format; Write, Single Byte
Figure 66. Serial Control Format; Write, Multiple Byte
Figure 67. Serial Control Format; Read
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Device Functional Modes (continued)
Figure 68. Serial Control Format; Read, Multiple Byte
Figure 69. Control Interface Timing
Table 29. Control Interface Timing
MIN
tMCY
MC Pulse Cycle Time
tMCL
UNIT
ns
MC Low Level Time
40
ns
tMCH
MC High Level Time
40
ns
tMHH
MS High Level Time
20
ns
tMSS
MS ↓ Edge to MC ↑ Edge
30
ns
tMSH
MS Hold Time (1)
30
ns
tMDH
MDI Hold Time
15
ns
tMDS
MDI Set-up Time
15
tMOS
MC Rise Edge to MDO Stable
(1)
50
MAX
100
ns
20
ns
MC falling edge for LSB to MS rising edge.
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8.4.1.1.2 I2C Interface
The PCM5252 supports the I2C serial bus and the data transmission protocol for standard and fast mode as a
slave device.
In I2C mode, the control terminals are changed as follows.
Table 30. I2C Pins and Functions
SIGNAL
PIN
I/O
DESCRIPTION
SDA
11
I/O
I2C data
SCL
12
I
I2C clock
2
ADR2
16
I
I C address 2
ADR1
24
I
I2C address 1
8.4.1.1.2.1 Slave Address
Table 31. I2C Slave Address
MSB
LSB
1
0
0
1
1
ADR2
ADR1
R/ W
The PCM5252 has 7 bits for its own slave address. The first five bits (MSBs) of the slave address are factory
preset to 10011 (0x9x). The next two bits of the address byte are the device select bits which can be userdefined by the ADR1 and ADR0 terminals. A maximum of four devices can be connected on the same bus at
one time. This gives a range of 0x98, 0x9A, 0x9C and 0x9E. Each PCM5252 responds when it receives its own
slave address.
8.4.1.1.2.2 Register Address Auto-Increment Mode
MSB
LSB
INC
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
Figure 70. Auto Increment Mode
Auto-increment mode allows multiple sequential register locations to be written to or read back in a single
operation, and is especially useful for block write and read operations.
8.4.1.1.2.3 Packet Protocol
A master device must control packet protocol, which consists of start condition, slave address, read/write bit,
data if write or acknowledge if read, and stop condition. The PCM5252 supports only slave receivers and slave
transmitters.
SDA
SCL
St
Start
condition
1–7
8
9
1–8
9
Slave address
R/W
ACK
DATA
ACK
1–8
DATA
R/W: Read operation if 1; otherwise, write operation
ACK: Acknowledgement of a byte if 0
DATA: 8 bits (byte)
9
9
ACK
ACK
Sp
Stop
condition
Figure 71. Packet Protocol
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Table 32. Write Operation - Basic I2C Framework
Transmitter
M
M
M
S
M
S
M
S
S
M
Data Type
St
slave address
R/
ACK
DATA
ACK
DATA
ACK
ACK
Sp
Table 33. Read Operation - Basic I2C Framework
Transmitter
M
M
M
S
S
M
S
M
M
M
Data Type
St
slave address
R/
ACK
DATA
ACK
DATA
ACK
NACK
Sp
M = Master Device; S = Slave Device; St = Start Condition; Sp = Stop Condition
8.4.1.1.2.4 Write Register
A master can write to any PCM5252 registers using single or multiple accesses. The master sends a PCM5252
slave address with a write bit, a register address with auto-increment bit, and the data. If auto-increment is
enabled, the address is that of the starting register, followed by the data to be transferred. When the data is
received properly, the index register is incremented by 1 automatically. When the index register reaches 0x7F,
the next value is 0x0. Table 34 shows the write operation.
Table 34. Write Operation
Transmitter
M
Data Type
M
St
M
slave addr
S
W
M
ACK
reg
addr
inc
S
M
ACK
write
data 1
S
M
S
S
M
ACK
write
data 2
ACK
ACK
Sp
M = Master Device; S = Slave Device; St = Start Condition; Sp = Stop Condition; W = Write; ACK =
Acknowledge
8.4.1.1.2.5 Read Register
A master can read the PCM5252 register. The value of the register address is stored in an indirect index register
in advance. The master sends a PCM5252 slave address with a read bit after storing the register address. Then
the PCM5252 transfers the data which the index register points to. When auto-increment is enabled, the index
register is incremented by 1 automatically. When the index register reaches 0x7F, the next value is 0x0. Table 35
shows the read operation.
Table 35. Read Operation
Transmitter
Data Type
M
M
St
slave
addr
M
W
S
M
ACK
inc
S
reg
addr
ACK
M
M
M
S
S
M
M
M
Sr
slave
addr
R
ACK
data
ACK
NACK
Sp
M = Master Device; S = Slave Device; St = Start Condition; Sr = Repeated Start Condition; Sp = Stop Condition;
W = Write; R = Read; NACK = Not acknowledge
8.4.1.1.2.6 Timing Characteristics
Repeated
START
START
tBUF
STOP
tSDA-R
tD-HD
tD-SU
tSDA-F
tP-SU
SDA
tLOW
tRS-HD
tSCL-R
tSP
SCL
tS-HD
tSCL-F
tHI
tRS-SU
Figure 72. Register Access Timing
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Table 36. I2C Bus Timing
MIN
fSCL
Standard
SCL clock frequency
Fast
tBUF
Bus free time between a STOP and START condition
tLOW
Low period of the SCL clock
tHI
High period of the SCL clock
tRS-SU
Setup time for (repeated)START condition
tS-HD
tRS-HD
Hold time for (repeated)START condition
Standard
4.7
Fast
1.3
Standard
4.7
Fast
1.3
MAX
UNIT
100
kHz
400
kHz
µs
µs
Standard
4.0
µs
Fast
600
ns
Standard
4.7
µs
Fast
600
ns
Standard
4.0
µs
ns
Fast
600
Standard
250
Fast
100
tD-SU
Data setup time
tD-HD
Data hold time
tSCL-R
Rise time of SCL signal
tSCL-R1
Rise time of SCL signal after a repeated START
condition and after an acknowledge bit
tSCL-F
Fall time of SCL signal
tSDA-R
Rise time of SDA signal
tSDA-F
Fall time of SDA signal
tP-SU
Setup time for STOP condition
CB
Capacitive load for SDA and SCL line
tSP
Pulse width of spike suppressed
VNH
Noise margin at High level for each connected device (including hysteresis)
ns
Standard
0
900
Fast
0
900
Standard
20 + 0.1CB
1000
Fast
20 + 0.1CB
300
Standard
20 + 0.1CB
1000
Fast
20 + 0.1CB
300
Standard
20 + 0.1CB
1000
Fast
20 + 0.1CB
300
Standard
20 + 0.1CB
1000
Fast
20 + 0.1CB
300
Standard
20 + 0.1CB
1000
Fast
20 + 0.1CB
300
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
Standard
4.0
µs
Fast
600
ns
Fast
0.2 × VDD
400
pF
50
ns
V
8.4.2 VREF and VCOM Modes
See Choosing Between VREF and VCOM Modes for information on configuring these modes.
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9 Application and Implementation
NOTE
Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component
specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are
responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should
validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.
9.1 Application Information
9.2 Typical Application
Differential outputs DAC's are regularly used where higher performance is required from them compared to
single ended output DACs. They offer twice as much output voltage for the same power supply, along with noise
cancelling effect of differential signaling. The PCM5252 makes an ideal front end for both analog input speaker
amplifiers and headphone amplifiers with its higher voltage differential output and low noise floor.
9.2.1 High Fidelity Smartphone Application
A new trend in portable applications are termed "Hifi Smartphones". In these systems, a standard portable audio
codec continues to be used for telephony, while a separate, higher performance DAC and Headphone Amplifier
is used for music playback.
Figure 73 shows a complete circuit schematic for such a system. The digital audio is fed into a high performance
DAC. The PCM5252 is a 32-bit, stereo DAC. The PCM5252 is pin to pin and register set compatible with the
PCM5242. The PCM5252 contains an expanded ROM that contains the Smart Amplifier Algorithm components.
Vcc+
Vcc-
1.0mF
0603
10mF/25V
10mF/25V
+3.3V
0603 X5R
0603 X5R
0.1mF/16V
TPA6120A2RGY
10mF/10V
0603 X5R
0.1mF/25V
0402 X7R
AGND
AVDD
OUTRP
OUTRN
NC
QFN32-RHB
OUTLN
LRCK
ADR1/MISO/FMT
1
2
3
4
5
6
CPGND
PCM5242RHB
7
CAPM
NC
8
OUTLP
VNEG
402W
16
0603
15
0402 X7R
0402 X7R
13
OUTRP
12
OUTRN
11
OUTLN
OUTLP
10
402W
1000pF/50V
402W
0603
402W
402W
0603
402W
RIN+
1
RIN-
2
LIN-
6
LIN+
0603 COG
0603
9
2.2mF/25V
0603
1000pF/50V
402W
0603 COG
0603
0603
8
12
10
LINRIN-
HEADPHONE OUTPUT
3
NC
4
NC
5
NC
11
NC
LOUT
1
39.2W
13
7
ROUT
RIN+
3
RIGHT
2
LEFT
0805 1/8W
TPA6120A2
LIN+
39.2W
9
0805 1/8W
3.5mm
806W
0603
806W
806W
0603
+1.8V
0603
0805 X7R
806W
+1.8V
10.0kW
XSMT
0402 X7R
0603
14
14
QFN14-RGY
PowerPAD
0.1mF/25V
402W
LVCC-
SDA/MOSI/ATT2
DIN
VCOM/DEMP
LVCC+
GPIO5/ATT0
GPIO4/MAST
GPIO3/AGNS
SCL/MC/ATT1
MODE1
17
CAPP
32
19 18
CPVDD
31
20
GND
30
21
DVDD
29
BCK
22
LDOO
28
SCK
MODE2/MS
27
23
XSMT
26
GPIO6/FLT
GPIO2/GPO
24
25
0.1mF/25V
0.1mF/25V
RVCC-
0402 X7R
RVCC+
QFN32-RHB
PowerPAD
Shield
PCM5242RHB
0603
0402
2.2mF/25V
0805 X7R
SOFT MUTE
2
1
0.1mF/16V
2.2mH
+3.3V
TPS65135
0402 X7R
0.1mF/16V
0402 X7R
2.2mF/25V
+3.3V to +5/-5V POWER SUPPLY
15
0805 X7R
1
+3.3V
8
10mF/6.3V
+1.8V
0.1mF/16V
TPS65135
0.1mF/16V
0402 X7R
10mF/10V
16
QFN16-RTE
PowerPAD
0603 X5R
0402 X7R
100LS
4
11
12
0603 X5R
0.1mF/16V
5
L1
L2
L1
L2
VIN
OUTP
EN
OUTP
VAUX
FB
PGND
FBG
PGND
OUTN
GND
OUTN
Vcc+
14
13
10
9
365kW
0805 1/8W
7
10mF/6.3V
0603 X5R
6
3
120kW
0805 1/8W
2
0402 X7R
487kW
0805 1/8W
10mF/6.3V
0603 X5R
Vcc-
Figure 73. High Fidelity Smartphone Application
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Typical Application (continued)
9.2.1.1 Design Requirements
• Directpath output to headphone amplifier
• 1VRMS output, as 2VRMS may cause hearing damage into low impedance headphones
• Stereo differential inputs (DAC is differential)
• Be transparent to the user. (DAC SNR and THD+N performance all the way to the headphone)
• Automatic fS switching up to 384kHz
• 3-wire I2S source
9.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
For optimal performance, the TPA6120A2 is configured for use with differential inputs, stereo use, and a gain of
1V/V.
The TPA6120A2 requires a bipolar power supply to drive a ground centered output. The application employs a
TPS65135 DC-DC converter that generates ±5V from a single 3.3V supply.
The PCM5252 DAC is configured for a 1VRMS output so that clipping is avoided should the 3.3V power supply
sag. The PCM5252 offers a ground centered output, so that no DC blocking capacitors are required between it
and the TPA6120A2. (Page 1, Register 2)
9.2.1.2.1 Initialization Script
w 98 00 01 # PCM5252 to Page 1
w 98 02 11 # PCM5252 output to 1 Vrms
w 98 00 00 # PCM5252 back to page 0
w 98 3B 66 # set auto mute time to six seconds of audio zero.
w 98 3C 01 # Left Vol register controls both
w 98 3D 4F # Change left channel volume, right will follow.
w 98 3F BB # set vol changes for every 4 samples, 0.5 sample steps.
9.2.1.3 Application Performance Plot
-20
-40
Amplitude (dB)
-60
-80
-100
-120
-140
-160
0
5
10
Frequency (kHz)
15
20
Figure 74. 2 FFT Plot At -60db Input
In this particular application, the TPA6120A2's performance is transparent and the performance of the system is
dictated by the PCM5252 DAC, even into a 32-Ω headphone load.
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10 Power Supply Recommendations
10.1 Power Supply Distribution and Requirements
The PCM5252 devices are powered through the pins shown in Figure 75.
AVDD 3.3V
CPVDD 3.3V
DAC
Charge Pump
Reference
Oscillator
DVDD (1.8V or 3.3v)
LDOO 1.8V
Digital Core
( ^W[•, Logic etc)
Digital IO
Analog Circuits
1.8V LDO
PLL
Clock Halt Detect
Digital Circuits
Power Circuits
Line Driver
PCM186x
Figure 75. Power Distribution Tree Within PCM5252
Table 37. Power Supply Pin Descriptions
56
NAME
USAGE / DESCRIPTION
AVDD
Analog voltage supply; must be 3.3 V. This powers all analog circuitry that the DAC runs on.
DVDD
Digital voltage supply. This is used as the I/O voltage control and the input to the onchip LDO.
CPVDD
Charge Pump Voltage Supply - must be 3.3 V
LDOO
Output from the onchip LDO. Should be used with a 0.1-µF decoupling cap. Can be driven (used as power
input) with a 1.8-V supply to bypass the onchip LDO for lower power consumption.
AGND
Analog ground
DGND
Digital ground
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10.2 Recommended Powerdown Sequence
Under certain conditions, the PCM5252 devices can exhibit some pops on power down. Pops are caused by a
device not having enough time to detect power loss and start the muting process.
The PCM5252 devices have two auto-mute functions to mute the device upon power loss (intentional or
unintentional).
10.2.1 XSMT = 0
When the XSMT pin is pulled low, the incoming PCM data is attenuated to 0, closely followed by a hard analog
mute. This process takes 150 sample times (ts) + 0.2 ms.
Because this mute time is mainly dominated by the sampling frequency, systems sampling at 192 kHz will mute
much faster than a 48-kHz system.
10.2.2 Clock Error Detect
When clock error is detected on the incoming data clock, the PCM5252 devices switch to an internal oscillator,
and continue to the drive the output, while attenuating the data from the last known value. Once this process is
complete, the PCM5252 outputs are hard muted to ground.
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Recommended Powerdown Sequence (continued)
10.2.3 Planned Shutdown
These auto-muting processes can be manipulated by system designs to mute before power loss in the following
ways:
1. Assert XSMT low 150 tS + 0.2 ms before power is removed.
3.3V
VDD
0V
150tS + 0.2ms
High
XSMT
Low
High
I2 S Clocks
SCK, BCK, LRCK
Low
Time
Figure 76. Assert XSMT
2. Stop I2S clocks (SCK, BCK, LRCK) 3 ms before powerdown as shown in Figure 77.
3.3V
VDD
0V
High
XSMT
Low
3 ms
High
I2S Clocks
SCK, BCK, LRCK
Low
Time
Figure 77. Stop I2C Clocks
10.2.4 Unplanned Shutdown
Many systems use a low-noise regulator to provide an AVDD 3.3-V supply for the DAC. The XSMT Pin can take
advantage of such a feature to measure the pre-regulated output from the system SMPS to mute the output
before the entire SMPS discharges. Figure 78 shows how to configure such a system to use the XSMT pin. The
XSMT pin can also be used in parallel with a GPIO pin from the system microcontroller/DSP or power supply.
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Recommended Powerdown Sequence (continued)
MCU GPIO
“mute” signal
GND
XSMT
Linear
Regulator
110V / 220V
SMPS
6V
PCM5xxx
Audio DAC
3.3V
10 F
GND
GND
Figure 78. Using the XSMT Pin
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10.3 External Power Sense Undervoltage Protection Mode
NOTE
External Power Sense Undervoltage Protection Mode is supported only when
DVDD = 3.3 V.
The XSMT pin can also be used to monitor a system voltage, such as the 24-VDC LCD TV backlight, or 12-VDC
system supply using a voltage divider created with two resistors. (See Figure 79.)
• If the XSMT pin makes a transition from 1 to 0 over 6 ms or more, the device switches into external
undervoltage protection mode. This mode uses two trigger levels:
– When the XSMT pin level reaches 2 V, soft mute process begins.
– When the XSMT pin level reaches 1.2 V, analog mute engages, regardless of digital audio level, and
shutdown begins. (DAC and related circuitry powers down).
A timing diagram to show this is shown in Figure 80.
NOTE
The XSMT input pin voltage range is from –0.3 V to DVDD + 0.3 V. The ratio of external
resistors must produce a voltage within this input range. Any increase in power supply
(such as power supply positive noise or ripple) can pull the XSMT pin higher than DVDD +
0.3 V.
For example, if the PCM5252 is monitoring a 12-V input, and dividing the voltage by 4, then the voltage at XSMT
during ideal power supply conditions is 3.3 V. A voltage spike higher than 14.4 V causes a voltage greater than
3.6 V (DVDD + 0.3) on the XSMT pin, potentially damaging the device.
Providing the divider is set appropriately, any DC voltage can be monitored.
System
VDD
12V
supply
7.25kW
XSMT
2.75kW
Figure 79. XSMT in External UVP Mode
60
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External Power Sense Undervoltage Protection Mode (continued)
Figure 80. XSMT Timing for Undervoltage Protection
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10.4 Power-On Reset Function
10.4.1 Power-On Reset, DVDD 3.3-V Supply
The PCM5252 includes a power-on reset function, as shown in Figure 81. With VDD > 2.8 V, the power-on reset
function is enabled. After the initialization period, the PCM5252 is set to its default reset state. Analog output will
begin ramping after valid data has been passing through the device for the given group delay given by the digital
interpolation filter selected.
3.3V
2.8V
AVDD, DVDD,
CPVDD
Internal Reset
Reset Removal
Internal Reset
4 ms
I2S Clocks
SCK, BCK, LRCK
Figure 81. Power-On Reset Timing, DVDD = 3.3 V
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Power-On Reset Function (continued)
10.4.2 Power-On Reset, DVDD 1.8-V Supply
The PCM5252 includes a power-on reset function, as shown in Figure 82. With AVDD greater than
approximately 2.8 V, CPVDD greater than approximately 2.8 V, and DVDD greater than approximately 1.5 V, the
power-on reset function is enabled. After the initialization period, the PCM5252 is set to its default reset state.
3.3V
2.8V
AVDD, CPVDD
1.8V
1.5V
DVDD, LDOO
Internal Reset
Reset Removal
Internal Reset
4 ms
I2S Clocks
SCK, BCK, LRCK
Figure 82. Power-On Reset Timing, DVDD = 1.8 V
10.5 PCM5252 Power Modes
10.5.1 Setting Digital Power Supplies and I/O Voltage Rails
The internal digital core of the PCM5252 devices run from a 1.8-V supply. This can be generated by the internal
LDO, or by an external 1.8-V supply.
DVDD is used to set the I/O voltage, and to be used as the input to the onchip LDO that creates the 1.8 V
required by the digital core.
For systems that require 3.3-V I/O support, but lower power consumption, DVDD should be connected to 3.3 V
and LDOO can be connected to an external 1.8-V source. Doing so will disable the onchip LDO.
When setting I/O voltage to be 1.8 V, both DVDD and LDOO must be provided with an external 1.8-V supply.
10.5.2 Power Save Modes
The PCM5252 devices offer two power-save modes: standby and power-down.
When a clock error (SCK, BCK, and LRCK) or clock halt is detected, the PCM5252 device automatically enters
standby mode. The DAC and line driver are also powered down. The device can also be placed in standby mode
via software command.
When BCK and LRCK remain at a low level for more than 1 second, the PCM5252 device automatically enters
powerdown mode. Power-down mode disables the negative charge pump and bias/reference circuit, in addition
to those disabled in standby mode. The device can also be placed in power-down mode via software command.
The detection time of BCK and LRCK halt can be controlled by Page 0, Register 44, D(2:0).
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PCM5252 Power Modes (continued)
When expected audio clocks (SCK, BCK, LRCK) are applied to the PCM5252 device, or if BCK and LRCK start
correctly while SCK remains at ground level for 16 successive LRCK periods, the device starts its powerup
sequence automatically.
10.5.3 Power Save Parameter Programming
Table 38. Power Save Registers
REGISTER
Page 0, Register 2, D(4)
Software standby mode command
Page 0, Register 2, D(0)
Software power-down command
Page 0, Register 2, D(4) and D(0)
Page 0, Register 44, D(2:0)
64
DESCRIPTION
Software power-up sequence command (required after software standby or powerdown)
Detection time of BCK and LRCK halt
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11 Layout
11.1 Layout Guidelines
•
•
•
•
•
The PCM5252 family of devices are simple to layout. Most engineers use a shared common ground for an
entire device. GND can consider AGND and DGND connected.
Good system partitioning should keep digital clock and interface traces away from the differential analog
outputs for highest analog performance. This reduces any high-speed clock return currents influencing the
analog outputs.
Power supply and charge pump decoupling capacitors should be placed as close as possible to the device.
The thermal pad on the underside of the package should be connected to GND.
The top layer should be used for routing signals, whilst the bottom layer can be used for GND.
11.2 Layout Example
MCU or Connect to
3.3V/GND
GPIO4
GPIO5
SCL/MC
22
21
20
19
18
SDA/MOSI
SDA/MOSI
GPIO3
23
17
16
VCOM
SCK
26
15
AGND
BCK
27
14
AVDD
DIN
28
13
LINEOUTRP
NC
29
12
LINEOUTRL
NC
30
11
LINEOUTLR
LRCK
31
10
LINEOUTLP
32
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
LDOO
DGND
DVDD
CPVDD
CPAPP
CPGND
CAPM
ADR1/MISO/GPIO1
Thermal Pad
(GND)
XSMT
3.3V / GND
SCL/MC
ADR2/GPIO2
PCM Data
Source
24
25
MODE1
GPIO5
MODE2/MS
GPIO4
GPIO6
9
3.3V
Amplifier
VNEG
3.3V
3.3V
Figure 83. PCM5252 Layout Example
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12 Programming
12.1 Coefficient Data Formats
All mixer gain coefficients are 24-bit coefficients using a 4.20 number format. Numbers formatted as 4.20
numbers have 4 bits to the left of the binary point and 20 bits to the right of the binary point. If the most
significant bit is logic 0, the number is a positive number. If the most significant bit is a logic 1, then the number is
a negative number. In this case, every bit must be inverted, a 1 added to the result.
12.2 Power Down and Reset Behavior
Register values including those in the Coefficient Memory and Instruction Memory should remain when the
device is put into power down mode. (PG0 Reg 0x02).
Register values in the device are reset to defaults when bit 0 or 4 of (Pg0, Reg 0x01) is set to 1. Please see the
register description for more information.
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13 Register Maps
13.1 PCM5252 Register Map
In any page, register 0 is the Page Select Register. The register value selects the Register Page from 0 to 255
for next read or write command.
Table 39. Register Map Overview (continued)
Table 39. Register Map Overview
REGISTER
REGISTER
NUMBER
NUMBER
DESCRIPTION
Page 0
DESCRIPTION
65
Auto mute
75 - 79
Reserved
0
Page select register
80 - 85
GPIOn output selection
1
Analog control register
86, 87
GPIO control
2
Standby, Powerdown requests
88, 89
Reserved
3
Mute
90
DSP overflow
4
PLL Lock Flag, PLL enable
91 - 94
Sample rate status
5
Reserved
95 - 107
Reserved
6
SPI MISO function select
108
Analog mute monitor
7
De-emphasis enable, SDOUT select
109 - 118
Reserved
8
GPIO enables
119
GPIO input
9
BCK, LRCLK configuration
120
Auto Mute flags
10
DSP GPIO Input
121
Reserved
11
Reserved
Page 1
12
Master mode BCK, LRCLK reset
1
Output amplitude type
13
PLL clock source select
2
Analog gain control
14 - 19
Reserved
3, 4
Reserved
20 - 24
PLL dividers
5
Undervoltage protection
25, 26
Reserved
6
Analog mute control
27
DSP clock divider
7
Analog gain boost
28
DAC clock divider
8, 9
VCOM configuration
29
NCP clock divider
Page 44
30
OSR clock divider
1
Coefficient memory (CRAM) control
31
Reserved
Pages 44 - 52
32, 33
Master mode dividers
Coefficient buffer - A (256 coeffs x 24 bits) : See
Table 41
34
fS speed mode
Pages 62 - 70
35, 36
IDAC (number of DSP clock cycles available in
one audio frame)
Coefficient buffer - B (256 coeffs x 24 bits) : See
Table 42
71 - 252
Reserved
37
Ignore various errors
38,39
Reserved
Pages 152 186
Instruction buffer (1024 instruction x 25 bits),
I512 - I1023 are reserved.: See Table 43
40, 41
I2S configuration
Pages 187 252
Reserved
42
DAC data path
Page 253
43
DSP program selection
63, 64
Clock Flex Mode
44
Clock missing detection period
Reserved
59
Auto mute time
Pages 254 255
60 - 64
Digital volume
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The PCM5252 has a register map split into multiple pages. Pages 0 and 1 control of the DAC and other on-chip
peripherals. Pages 44 through 52 are used for Coefficient A memory, while Pages 62-70 are coefficient B
memory. Pages 152-186 contain the miniDSP instruction memory. Page 253 is where the Clock Flex Mode
register is located.
256 24-bit coefficients,
30 coefficients per
page,
4 registers per
coefficient
1024 24-bit instructions,
30 instructions per
page,
4 registers per
instruction
Reserved
256 24-bit coefficients,
30 coefficients per
page,
4 registers per
coefficient
Instruction
253
Clock Flex Mode Clock Flex
Analog
Control
187-252
General
Control and
Configuration
Coeffient B
Reserved
Desc:
Coeffient A
152-186
71-151
Analog
Control
Reserved
Control
62-70
53-61
Func:
44-52
Reserved
1
2-43
0
Reserved
Page:
254-255
Table 40. PCM5252 Register Page Structure
Table 41. Coefficient Buffer-A Map
COEFF NO
PAGE NO
BASE REGISTER
BASE REGISTER + 0
BASE REGISTER + 1
BASE REGISTER + 2
BASE REGISTER + 3
C0
44
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C1
44
12
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C29
44
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C30
45
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C59
45
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C60
46
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C89
46
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C90
47
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C119
47
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C120
48
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C149
48
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C150
49
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C179
49
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C180
50
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C209
50
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C210
51
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C239
51
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C240
52
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C255
52
68
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
68
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Table 42. Coefficient Buffer-B Map
COEFF NO
PAGE NO
BASE REGISTER
BASE REGISTER + 0
BASE REGISTER + 1
BASE REGISTER + 2
BASE REGISTER + 3
C0
62
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C1
62
12
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C29
62
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C30
63
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C59
63
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C60
64
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C89
64
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C90
65
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C119
65
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C120
66
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C149
66
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C150
67
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C179
67
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C180
68
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C209
68
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C210
69
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C239
69
124
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
C240
70
8
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
C255
70
68
Coef(23:16)
Coef(15:8)
Coef(7:0)
Reserved.
Table 43. miniDSP Instruction Map
COEFF NO
PAGE NO
BASE REGISTER
BASE REGISTER + 0
BASE REGISTER + 1
BASE REGISTER + 2
BASE REGISTER + 3
I0
152
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I1
152
12
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I29
152
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I30
153
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I59
153
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I60
154
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I89
154
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I90
155
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I119
155
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I120
156
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I149
156
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I150
157
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I179
157
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I180
158
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I209
158
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I210
159
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
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Table 43. miniDSP Instruction Map (continued)
COEFF NO
PAGE NO
BASE REGISTER
BASE REGISTER + 0
BASE REGISTER + 1
BASE REGISTER + 2
BASE REGISTER + 3
I239
159
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I240
160
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I269
160
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I270
161
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I299
161
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I300
162
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I329
162
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I330
163
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I359
163
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I360
164
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I389
164
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I390
165
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I419
165
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I420
166
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I449
166
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I450
167
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I479
167
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I480
168
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I509
168
124
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I510
169
8
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
I511
169
12
Instr(31:24)
Instr(23:16)
Instr(15:8)
Instr(7:0)
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I539
169
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I540
170
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I569
170
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I570
171
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I599
171
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I600
172
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I629
172
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I630
173
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I659
173
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I660
174
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I689
174
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I690
175
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I719
175
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I720
176
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I749
176
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I750
177
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I779
177
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
70
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Table 43. miniDSP Instruction Map (continued)
COEFF NO
PAGE NO
BASE REGISTER
BASE REGISTER + 0
BASE REGISTER + 1
BASE REGISTER + 2
BASE REGISTER + 3
I780
178
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I809
178
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I810
179
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I839
179
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I840
180
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I869
180
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I870
181
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I899
181
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I900
182
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I929
182
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I930
183
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I959
183
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I960
184
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I989
184
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I990
185
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I1019
185
124
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
I1020
186
8
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
I1023
186
20
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
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13.1.1 Detailed Register Descriptions
13.1.1.1 Register Map Summary
Table 44. Register Map Summary
DEC
HEX
B7
B6
B5
B4
B3
B2
B1
B0
1
01
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSTM
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSTR
2
02
RSV
RSV
RSV
RQST
RSV
RSV
RSV
RQPD
3
03
RSV
RSV
RSV
RQML
RSV
RSV
RSV
RQMR
4
04
RSV
RSV
RSV
PLCK
RSV
RSV
RSV
PLLE
6
06
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
FSMI1
FSMI0
7
07
RSV
RSV
RSV
DEMP
RSV
RSV
RSV
SDSL
8
08
RSV
RSV
G6OE
G5OE
G4OE
G3OE
G2OE
G1OE
Page 0
72
9
09
RSV
RSV
BCKP
BCKO
RSV
RSV
RSV
LRKO
10
0A
DSPG7
DSPG6
DSPG5
DSPG4
DSPG3
DSPG2
DSPG1
DSPG0
12
0C
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RBCK
RLRK
13
0D
RSV
SREF2
SREF1
SREF0
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
14
0E
RSV
SDAC2
SDAC1
SDAC0
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
18
12
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
GREF2
GREF1
GREF0
19
13
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RQSY
20
14
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
PPDV3
PPDV2
PPDV1
PPDV0
21
15
RSV
RSV
PJDV5
PJDV4
PJDV3
PJDV2
PJDV1
PJDV0
22
16
RSV
RSV
PDDV13
PDDV12
PDDV11
PDDV10
PDDV9
PDDV8
23
17
PDDV7
PDDV6
PDDV5
PDDV4
PDDV3
PDDV2
PDDV1
PDDV0
24
18
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
PRDV3
PRDV2
PRDV1
PRDV0
27
1B
RSV
DDSP6
DDSP5
DDSP4
DDSP3
DDSP2
DDSP1
DDSP0
28
1C
RSV
DDAC6
DDAC5
DDAC4
DDAC3
DDAC2
DDAC1
DDAC0
29
1D
RSV
DNCP6
DNCP5
DNCP4
DNCP3
DNCP2
DNCP1
DNCP0
30
1E
RSV
DOSR6
DOSR5
DOSR4
DOSR3
DOSR2
DOSR1
DOSR0
32
20
RSV
DBCK6
DBCK5
DBCK4
DBCK3
DBCK2
DBCK1
DBCK0
33
21
DLRK7
DLRK6
DLRK5
DLRK4
DLRK3
DLRK2
DLRK1
DLRK0
34
22
RSV
RSV
RSV
I16E
RSV
RSV
FSSP1
FSSP0
35
23
IDAC15
IDAC14
IDAC13
IDAC12
IDAC11
IDAC10
IDAC9
IDAC8
36
24
IDAC7
IDAC6
IDAC5
IDAC4
IDAC3
IDAC2
IDAC1
IDAC0
37
25
RSV
IDFS
IDBK
IDSK
IDCH
IDCM
DCAS
IPLK
40
28
RSV
RSV
AFMT1
AFMT0
RSV
RSV
ALEN1
ALEN0
41
29
AOFS7
AOFS6
AOFS5
AOFS4
AOFS3
AOFS2
AOFS1
AOFS0
42
2A
RSV
RSV
AUPL1
AUPL0
RSV
RSV
AUPR1
AUPR0
43
2B
RSV
RSV
RSV
PSEL4
PSEL3
PSEL2
PSEL1
PSEL0
44
2C
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
CMDP2
CMDP1
CMDP0
59
3B
RSV
AMTL2
AMTL1
AMTL0
RSV
AMTR2
AMTR1
AMTR0
60
3C
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
PCTL1
PCTL0
61
3D
VOLL7
VOLL6
VOLL5
VOLL4
VOLL3
VOLL2
VOLL1
VOLL0
62
3E
VOLR7
VOLR6
VOLR5
VOLR4
VOLR3
VOLR2
VOLR1
VOLR0
63
3F
VNDF1
VNDF0
VNDS1
VNDS0
VNUF1
VNUF0
VNUS1
VNUS0
64
40
VEDF1
VEDF0
VEDS1
VEDS0
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
65
41
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
ACTL2
AMLE1
AMRE0
80
50
RSV
RSV
RSV
G1SL4
G1SL3
G1SL2
G1SL1
G1SL0
81
51
RSV
RSV
RSV
G2SL4
G2SL3
G2SL2
G2SL1
G2SL0
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Table 44. Register Map Summary (continued)
DEC
HEX
B7
B6
B5
B4
B3
B2
B1
B0
82
52
RSV
RSV
RSV
G3SL4
G3SL3
G3SL2
G3SL1
G3SL0
83
53
RSV
RSV
RSV
G4SL4
G4SL3
G4SL2
G4SL1
G4SL0
84
54
RSV
RSV
RSV
G5SL4
G5SL3
G5SL2
G5SL1
G5SL0
85
55
RSV
RSV
RSV
G6SL4
G6SL3
G6SL2
G6SL1
G6SL0
86
56
RSV
RSV
GOUT5
GOUT4
GOUT3
GOUT2
GOUT1
GOUT0
87
57
RSV
RSV
GINV5
GINV4
GINV3
GINV2
GINV1
GINV0
90
5A
RSV
RSV
RSV
L1OV
R1OV
L2OV
R2OV
SFOV
91
5B
RSV
DTFS2
DTFS1
DTFS0
DTSR3
DTSR2
DTSR1
DTSR0
92
5C
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
DTBR8
93
5D
DTBR7
DTBR6
DTBR5
DTBR4
DTBR3
DTBR2
DTBR1
DTBR0
94
5E
RSV
CDST
PLL-L
LrckBck
fS-SCKr
SCKval
BCKval
fSval
95
5F
RSV
RSV
RSV
LTSH
RSV
CKMF
CSRF
CERF
108
6C
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
AMLM
AMRM
109
6D
RSV
RSV
RSV
SDTM
RSV
RSV
RSV
SHTM
114
72
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
MTST1
MTST0
115
73
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
FSMM1
FSMM0
118
76
BOTM
RSV
RSV
RSV
PSTM3
PSTM2
PSTM1
PSTM0
119
77
RSV
RSV
GPIN5
GPIN4
GPIN3
GPIN2
GPIN1
RSV
120
78
RSV
RSV
RSV
AMFL
RSV
RSV
RSV
AMFR
121
79
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
DAMD
122
7A
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
EIFM
123
7B
RSV
G1MC2
G1MC1
G1MC0
RSV
G2MC2
G2MC1
G2MC0
124
7C
RSV
G3MC2
G3MC1
G3MC0
RSV
G4MC2
G4MC1
G4MC0
125
7D
RSV
G5MC2
G5MC1
G5MC0
RSV
G6MC2
G6MC1
G6MC0
Page 1
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
1
01
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
OSEL
2
02
RSV
RSV
RSV
LAGN
RSV
RSV
RSV
RAGN
5
05
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
UEPD
UIPD
6
06
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
AMCT
7
07
RSV
RSV
RSV
AGBL
RSV
RSV
RSV
AGBR
8
08
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RCMF
9
09
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
VCPD
Page 44
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
1
01
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
ACRM
AMDC
ACRS
ACSW
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
Page 253
Dec
Hex
63
3F
PLLFLEX17 PLLFLEX16 PLLFLEX15 PLLFLEX14 PLLFLEX13 PLLFLEX12 PLLFLEX11 PLLFLEX10
64
40
PLLFLEX27 PLLFLEX26 PLLFLEX25 PLLFLEX24 PLLFLEX23 PLLFLEX22 PLLFLEX21 PLLFLEX20
13.1.1.2
Page 0 Registers
Table 45. Page 0 / Register 1
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
1
01
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSTM
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSTR
Reset Value
0
0
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RSV
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Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
RSTM
Reset Modules
This bit resets the interpolation filter and the DAC modules. Since the DSP is also reset, the coeffient RAM
content will also be cleared by the DSP. This bit is auto cleared and can be set only in standby mode.
Default value: 0
0: Normal
1: Reset modules
RSTR
Reset Registers
This bit resets the mode registers back to their initial values. The RAM content is not cleared, but the execution
source will be back to ROM. This bit is auto cleared and must be set only when the DAC is in standby mode
(resetting registers when the DAC is running is prohibited and not supported).
Default value: 0
0: Normal
1: Reset mode registers
Table 46. Page 0 / Register 2
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
2
02
RSV
RSV
RSV
RQST
RSV
RSV
RSV
RQPD
Reset Value
RSV
0
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
RQST
Standby Request
When this bit is set, the DAC will be forced into a system standby mode, which is also the mode the system
enters in the case of clock errors. In this mode, most subsystems will be powered down but the charge pump
and digital power supply.
Default value: 0
0: Normal operation
1: Standby mode
RQPD
Powerdown Request
When this bit is set, the DAC will be forced into powerdown mode, in which the power consumption would be
minimum as the charge pump is also powered down. However, it will take longer to restart from this mode. This
mode has higher precedence than the standby mode, that is, setting this bit along with bit 4 for standby mode
will result in the DAC going into powerdown mode.
Default value: 0
0: Normal operation
1: Powerdown mode
Table 47. Page 0 / Register 3
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
3
03
RSV
RSV
RSV
RQML
RSV
RSV
RSV
RQMR
Reset Value
RSV
0
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
RQML
Mute Left Channel
This bit issues soft mute request for the left channel. The volume will be smoothly ramped down/up to avoid
pop/click noise.
Default value: 0
0: Normal volume
1: Mute
74
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RQMR
Mute Right Channel
This bit issues soft mute request for the right channel. The volume will be smoothly ramped down/up to avoid
pop/click noise.
Default value: 0
0: Normal volume
1: Mute
Table 48. Page 0 / Register 4
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
4
04
RSV
RSV
RSV
PLCK
RSV
RSV
RSV
PLLE
Reset Value
RSV
1
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
PLCK
PLL Lock Flag (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether the PLL is locked or not. When the PLL is disabled this bit always shows that the
PLL is not locked.
0: The PLL is locked
1: The PLL is not locked
PLLE
PLL Enable
This bit enables or disables the internal PLL. When PLL is disabled, the master clock will be switched to the
SCK.
Default value: 1
0: Disable PLL
1: Enable PLL
Table 49. Page 0 / Register 6
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
6
06
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
FSMI1
FSMI0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
FSMI[1:0]
SPI MISO function sel
These bits select the function of the SPI_MISO pin when in SPI mode. If the pin is set as GPIO, register
readout via SPI is not possible.
Default value: 00
00: SPI_MISO
01: GPIO1
Others: Reserved (Do not set)
Table 50. Page 0 / Register 7
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
7
07
RSV
RSV
RSV
DEMP
RSV
RSV
RSV
SDSL
Reset Value
RSV
0
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
DEMP
De-Emphasis Enable
This bit enables or disables the de-emphasis filter. The default coefficients are for 44.1kHz sampling rate, but
can be changed by reprogramming the appropriate coeffients in RAM.
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Default value: 0
0: De-emphasis filter is disabled
1: De-emphasis filter is enabled
SDSL
SDOUT Select
This bit selects what is being output as SDOUT via GPIO pins.
Default value: 0
0: SDOUT is the DSP output (post-processing)
1: SDOUT is the DSP input (pre-processing)
Table 51. Page 0 / Register 8
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
8
08
RSV
RSV
G6OE
G5OE
G4OE
G3OE
G2OE
G1OE
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
G6OE
GPIO6 Output Enable
This bit sets the direction of the GPIO6 pin
Default value: 0
0: GPIO6 is input
1: GPIO6 is output
G5OE
GPIO5 Output Enable
This bit sets the direction of the GPIO5 pin
Default value: 0
0: GPIO5 is input
1: GPIO5 is output
G4OE
GPIO4 Output Enable
This bit sets the direction of the GPIO4 pin
Default value: 0
0: GPIO4 is input
1: GPIO4 is output
G3OE
GPIO3 Output Enable
This bit sets the direction of the GPIO3 pin
Default value: 0
0: GPIO3 is input
1: GPIO3 is output
G2OE
GPIO2 Output Enable
This bit sets the direction of the GPIO2 pin
Default value: 0
0: GPIO2 is input
1: GPIO2 is output
G1OE
GPIO1 Output Enable
This bit sets the direction of the GPIO1 pin
Default value: 0
0: GPIO1 is input
1: GPIO1 is output
76
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Table 52. Page 0 / Register 9
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
9
09
RSV
RSV
BCKP
BCKO
RSV
RSV
RSV
LRKO
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
BCKP
BCK Polarity
This bit sets the inverted BCK mode. In inverted BCK mode, the DAC assumes that the LRCK and DIN edges
are aligned to the rising edge of the BCK. Normally they are assumed to be aligned to the falling edge of the
BCK.
Default value: 0
0: Normal BCK mode
1: Inverted BCK mode
BCKO
BCK Output Enable
This bit sets the BCK pin direction to output for I2S master mode operation. In I2S master mode the PCM5xxx
outputs the reference BCK and LRCK, and the external source device provides the DIN according to these
clocks. Use Page 0 / Register 32 to program the division factor of the SCK to yield the desired BCK rate
(normally 64FS)
Default value: 0
0: BCK is input (I2S slave mode)
1: BCK is output (I2S master mode)
LRKO
LRCLK Output Enable
This bit sets the LRCK pin direction to output for I2S master mode operation. In I2S master mode the PCM5xxx
outputs the reference BCK and LRCK, and the external source device provides the DIN according to these
clocks. Use Page 0 / Register 33 to program the division factor of the BCK to yield 1FS for LRCK.
Default value: 0
0: LRCK is input (I2S slave mode)
1: LRCK is output (I2S master mode)
Table 53. Page 0 / Register 10
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
10
0A
DSPG7
DSPG6
DSPG5
DSPG4
DSPG3
DSPG2
DSPG1
DSPG0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
DSPG[7:0]
DSP GPIO Input
The DSP accepts a 24-bit external control signals input. The value set in this register will go to bit 16:8 of this
external input.
Default value: 00000000
Table 54. Page 0 / Register 12
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
12
0C
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RBCK
RLRK
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
RBCK
Master Mode BCK Divider Reset
This bit, when set to 0, will reset the SCK divider to generate BCK clock for I2S master mode. To use I2S
master mode, the divider must be enabled and programmed properly.
Default value: 0
0: Master mode BCK clock divider is reset
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1: Master mode BCK clock divider is functional
RLRK
Master Mode LRCK Divider Reset
This bit, when set to 0, will reset the BCK divider to generate LRCK clock for I2S master mode. To use I2S
master mode, the divider must be enabled and programmed properly.
Default value: 0
0: Master mode LRCK clock divider is reset
1: Master mode LRCK clock divider is functional
Table 55. Page 0 / Register 13
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
13
0D
RSV
SREF2
SREF1
SREF0
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
SREF[2:0]
PLL Reference
This bit select the source clock for internal PLL. This bit is ignored and overriden in clock auto set mode.
Default value: 000
000: The PLL reference clock is SCK
001: The PLL reference clock is BCK
010: Reserved
011: The PLL reference clock is GPIO (selected using Page 0 / Register 18)
others: Reserved (PLL reference is muted)
SREF
PLL Reference
Default value: 0
Table 56. Page 0 / Register 14
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
14
0E
RSV
SDAC2
SDAC1
SDAC0
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
SDAC[2:0]
DAC clock source
These bits select the source clock for DAC clock divider.
Default value: 000
This Register requires use of the Clock Flex Register
000: Master clock (PLL/SCK and OSC auto-select)
001: PLL clock
010: Reserved
011: SCK clock
100: BCK clock
others: Reserved (muted)
Table 57. Page 0 / Register 18
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
18
12
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
GREF2
GREF1
GREF0
0
0
0
Reset Value
78
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RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
GREF[2:0]
GPIO Source for PLL reference clk
These bits select the GPIO pins as clock input source when GPIO is selected as the PLL reference clock
source.
Default value: 000
This register requires use of the Clock Flex Register.000: GPIO1
001: GPIO2
010: GPIO3
011: GPIO4
100: GPIO5
101: GPIO6
others: Reserved (muted)
Table 58. Page 0 / Register 19
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
19
13
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RQSY
Reset Value
RSV
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
RQSY
Sync request
This bit, when set to 1 will issue the clock resynchronization by synchronously resets the DAC, CP and OSR
clocks. The actual clock resynchronization takes place when this bit is set back to 0, where the DAC, CP and
OSR clocks are resumed at the beginning of the audio frame.
Default value: 0
0: Resume DAC, CP and OSR clocks synchronized to the beginning of audio frame
1: Halt DAC, CP and OSR clocks as the beginning of resynchronization process
Table 59. Page 0 / Register 20
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
20
14
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
PPDV3
PPDV2
PPDV1
PPDV0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
PPDV[3:0]
PLL P
These bits set the PLL divider P factor. These bits are ignored in clock auto set mode.
Default value: 0000
0000: P=1
0001: P=2
...
1110: P=15
1111: Prohibited (do not set this value)
Table 60. Page 0 / Register 21
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
21
15
RSV
RSV
PJDV5
PJDV4
PJDV3
PJDV2
PJDV1
PJDV0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
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RSV
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Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
PJDV[5:0]
PLL J
These bits set the J part of the overall PLL multiplication factor J.D * R. These bits are ignored in clock auto set
mode.
Default value: 000000
000000: Prohibited (do not set this value)
000001: J=1
000010: J=2
...
111111: J=63
Table 61. Page 0 / Register 22
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
22
16
RSV
RSV
PDDV13
PDDV12
PDDV11
PDDV10
PDDV9
PDDV8
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
Table 62. Page 0 / Register 23
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
23
17
PDDV7
PDDV6
PDDV5
PDDV4
PDDV3
PDDV2
PDDV1
PDDV0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
PDDV[13:0]
PLL D (MSB)
These bits set the D part of the overall PLL multiplication factor J.D * R. These bits are ignored in clock auto
set mode.
Default value: 00000000000000
0 (in decimal): D=0000
1 (in decimal): D=0001
...
9999 (in decimal): D=9999
others: Prohibited (do not set)
Table 63. Page 0 / Register 24
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
24
18
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
PRDV3
PRDV2
PRDV1
PRDV0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
PRDV[3:0]
PLL R
These bits set the R part of the overall PLL multiplication factor J.D * R. These bits are ignored in clock auto
set mode.
Default value: 0000
0000: R=1
0001: R=2
...
1111: R=16
80
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Table 64. Page 0 / Register 27
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
27
1B
RSV
DDSP6
DDSP5
DDSP4
DDSP3
DDSP2
DDSP1
DDSP0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
DDSP[6:0]
DSP Clock Divider
These bits set the source clock divider value for the DSP clock. These bits are ignored in clock auto set mode.
Default value: 0000000
0000000: Divide by 1
0000001: Divide by 2
...
1111111: Divide by 128
Table 65. Page 0 / Register 28
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
28
1C
RSV
DDAC6
DDAC5
DDAC4
DDAC3
DDAC2
DDAC1
DDAC0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
DDAC[6:0]
DAC Clock Divider
These bits set the source clock divider value for the DAC clock. These bits are ignored in clock auto set mode.
Default value: 0000000
0000000: Divide by 1
0000001: Divide by 2
...
1111111: Divide by 128
Table 66. Page 0 / Register 29
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
29
1D
RSV
DNCP6
DNCP5
DNCP4
DNCP3
DNCP2
DNCP1
DNCP0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
DNCP[6:0]
NCP Clock Divider
These bits set the source clock divider value for the CP clock. These bits are ignored in clock auto set mode.
Default value: 0000000
0000000: Divide by 1
0000001: Divide by 2
...
1111111: Divide by 128
Table 67. Page 0 / Register 30
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
30
1E
RSV
DOSR6
DOSR5
DOSR4
DOSR3
DOSR2
DOSR1
DOSR0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
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RSV
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Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
DOSR[6:0]
OSR Clock Divider
These bits set the source clock divider value for the OSR clock. These bits are ignored in clock auto set mode.
Default value: 0000000
0000000: Divide by 1
0000001: Divide by 2
...
1111111: Divide by 128
Table 68. Page 0 / Register 32
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
32
20
RSV
DBCK6
DBCK5
DBCK4
DBCK3
DBCK2
DBCK1
DBCK0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
DBCK[6:0]
Master Mode BCK Divider
These bits set the SCK divider value to generate I2S master BCK clock.
Default value: 0000000
0000000: Divide by 1
0000001: Divide by 2
...
1111111: Divide by 128
Table 69. Page 0 / Register 33
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
33
21
DLRK7
DLRK6
DLRK5
DLRK4
DLRK3
DLRK2
DLRK1
DLRK0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
DLRK[7:0]
Master Mode LRCK Divider
These bits set the I2S master BCK clock divider value to generate I2S master LRCK clock.
Default value: 00000000
00000000: Divide by 1
00000001: Divide by 2
...
11111111: Divide by 256
Table 70. Page 0 / Register 34
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
34
22
RSV
RSV
RSV
I16E
RSV
RSV
FSSP1
FSSP0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
I16E
16x Interpolation
This bit enables or disables the 16x interpolation mode
Default value: 0
0: 8x interpolation
82
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1: 16x interpolation
FSSP[1:0]
FS Speed Mode
These bits select the FS operation mode, which must be set according to the current audio sampling rate.
These bits are ignored in clock auto set mode.
Default value: 00
00: Single speed (FS ≤ 48 kHz)
01: Double speed (48 kHz < FS ≤ 96 kHz)
10: Quad speed (96 kHz < FS ≤ 192 kHz)
11: Octal speed (192 kHz < FS ≤ 384 kHz)
Table 71. Page 0 / Register 35
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
35
23
IDAC15
IDAC14
IDAC13
IDAC12
IDAC11
IDAC10
IDAC9
IDAC8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
Reset Value
Table 72. Page 0 / Register 36
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
36
24
IDAC7
IDAC6
IDAC5
IDAC4
IDAC3
IDAC2
IDAC1
IDAC0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
IDAC[15:0]
IDAC (MSB)
These bits specify the number of DSP clock cycles available in one audio frame. The value should match the
DSP clock FS ratio. These bits are ignored in clock auto set mode.
Default value: 0000000100000000
Table 73. Page 0 / Register 37
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
37
25
RSV
IDFS
IDBK
IDSK
IDCH
IDCM
DCAS
IPLK
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
IDFS
Ignore FS Detection
This bit controls whether to ignore the FS detection. When ignored, FS error will not cause a clock error.
Default value: 0
0: Regard FS detection
1: Ignore FS detection
IDBK
Ignore BCK Detection
This bit controls whether to ignore the BCK detection against LRCK. The BCK must be stable between 32FS
and 256FS inclusive or an error will be reported. When ignored, a BCK error will not cause a clock error.
Default value: 0
0: Regard BCK detection
1: Ignore BCK detection
IDSK
Ignore SCK Detection
This bit controls whether to ignore the SCK detection against LRCK. Only some certain SCK ratios within some
error margin are allowed. When ignored, an SCK error will not cause a clock error.
Default value: 0
0: Regard SCK detection
1: Ignore SCK detection
IDCH
Ignore Clock Halt Detection
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This bit controls whether to ignore the SCK halt (static or frequency is lower than acceptable) detection. When
ignored an SCK halt will not cause a clock error.
Default value: 0
0: Regard SCK halt detection
1: Ignore SCK halt detection
IDCM
Ignore LRCK/BCK Missing Detection
This bit controls whether to ignore the LRCK/BCK missing detection. The LRCK/BCK need to be in low state
(not only static) to be deemed missing. When ignored an LRCK/BCK missing will not cause the DAC go into
powerdown mode.
Default value: 0
0: Regard LRCK/BCK missing detection
1: Ignore LRCK/BCK missing detection
DCAS
Disable Clock Divider Autoset
This bit enables or disables the clock auto set mode. When dealing with uncommon audio clock configuration,
the auto set mode must be disabled and all clock dividers must be set manually. Addtionally, some clock
detectors might also need to be disabled. The clock autoset feature will not work with PLL enabled in VCOM
mode. In this case this feature has to be disabled and the clock dividers must be set manually.
Default value: 0
0: Enable clock auto set
1: Disable clock auto set
IPLK
Ignore PLL Lock Detection
This bit controls whether to ignore the PLL lock detection. When ignored, PLL unlocks will not cause a clock
error. The PLL lock flag at Page 0 / Register 4, bit 4 is always correct regardless of this bit.
Default value: 0
0: PLL unlocks raise clock error
1: PLL unlocks are ignored
Table 74. Page 0 / Register 40
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
40
28
RSV
RSV
AFMT1
AFMT0
RSV
RSV
ALEN1
ALEN0
0
0
1
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
AFMT[1:0]
I2S Data Format
These bits control both input and output audio interface formats for DAC operation.
Default value: 00
00: I2S
01: TDM/DSP
10: RTJ
11: LTJ
ALEN[1:0]
I2S Word Length
These bits control both input and output audio interface sample word lengths for DAC operation.
Default value: 10
00: 16 bits
01: 20 bits
10: 24 bits
11: 32 bits
84
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Table 75. Page 0 / Register 41
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
41
29
AOFS7
AOFS6
AOFS5
AOFS4
AOFS3
AOFS2
AOFS1
AOFS0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
AOFS[7:0]
I2S Shift
These bits control the offset of audio data in the audio frame for both input and output. The offset is defined as
the number of BCK from the starting (MSB) of audio frame to the starting of the desired audio sample.
Default value: 00000000
00000000: offset = 0 BCK (no offset)
00000001: ofsset = 1 BCK
00000010: offset = 2 BCKs
...
11111111: offset = 256 BCKs
Table 76. Page 0 / Register 42
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
42
2A
RSV
RSV
AUPL1
AUPL0
RSV
RSV
AUPR1
AUPR0
0
1
0
1
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
AUPL[1:0]
Left DAC Data Path
These bits control the left channel audio data path connection.
Default value: 01
00: Zero data (mute)
01: Left channel data
10: Right channel data
11: Reserved (do not set)
AUPR[1:0]
Right DAC Data Path
These bits control the right channel audio data path connection.
Default value: 01
00: Zero data (mute)
01: Right channel data
10: Left channel data
11: Reserved (do not set)
Table 77. Page 0 / Register 43
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
43
2B
RSV
RSV
RSV
PSEL4
PSEL3
PSEL2
PSEL1
PSEL0
0
0
0
0
1
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
PSEL[4:0]
DSP Program Selection
These bits select the DSP program to use for audio processing.
Default value: 00001
00000: Reserved (do not set)
00001: 8x/4x/2x FIR interpolation filter with de-emphasis
00010: 8x/4x/2x Low latency IIR interpolation filter with de-emphasis
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00011: High attenuation x8/x4/x2 interpolation filter with de-emphasis
00100: Reserved
00101: Fixed process flow with configurable parameters
00110: Reserved (do not set)
00111: 8x Ringing-less low latency FIR interpolation filter without de-emphasis
11111:
others: Reserved (do not set)
Table 78. Page 0 / Register 44
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
44
2C
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
CMDP2
CMDP1
CMDP0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
CMDP[2:0]
Clock Missing Detection Period
These bits set how long both BCK and LRCK keep low before the audio clocks deemed missing and the DAC
transitions to powerdown mode.
Default value: 000
000: about 1 second
001: about 2 seconds
010: about 3 seconds
...
111: about 8 seconds
Table 79. Page 0 / Register 59
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
59
3B
RSV
AMTL2
AMTL1
AMTL0
RSV
AMTR2
AMTR1
AMTR0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
AMTL[2:0]
Auto Mute Time for Left Channel
These bits specify the length of consecutive zero samples at left channel before the channel can be auto
muted. The times shown are for 48 kHz sampling rate and will scale with other rates.
Default value: 000
000: 21 ms
001: 106 ms
010: 213 ms
011: 533 ms
100: 1.07 sec
101: 2.13 sec
110: 5.33 sec
111: 10.66 sec
AMTR[2:0]
Auto Mute Time for Right Channel
These bits specify the length of consecutive zero samples at right channel before the channel can be auto
muted. The times shown are for 48 kHz sampling rate and will scale with other rates.
Default value: 000
000: 21 ms
001: 106 ms
86
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010: 213 ms
011: 533 ms
100: 1.07 sec
101: 2.13 sec
110: 5.33 sec
111: 10.66 sec
Table 80. Page 0 / Register 60
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
60
3C
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
PCTL1
PCTL0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
PCTL[1:0]
Digital Volume Control
These bits control the behavior of the digital volume.
Default value: 00
00: The volume for Left and right channels are independent
01: Right channel volume follows left channel setting
10: Left channel volume follows right channel setting
11: Reserved (The volume for Left and right channels are independent)
Table 81. Page 0 / Register 61
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
61
3D
VOLL7
VOLL6
VOLL5
VOLL4
VOLL3
VOLL2
VOLL1
VOLL0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
VOLL[7:0]
Left Digital Volume
These bits control the left channel digital volume. The digital volume is 24 dB to -103 dB in -0.5 dB step.
Default value: 00110000
00000000: +24.0 dB
00000001: +23.5 dB
...
00101111: +0.5 dB
00110000: 0.0 dB
00110001: -0.5 dB
...
11111110: -103 dB
11111111: Mute
Table 82. Page 0 / Register 62
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
62
3E
VOLR7
VOLR6
VOLR5
VOLR4
VOLR3
VOLR2
VOLR1
VOLR0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
VOLR[7:0]
Right Digital Volume
These bits control the right channel digital volume. The digital volume is 24 dB to -103 dB in -0.5 dB step.
Default value: 00110000
00000000: +24.0 dB
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00000001: +23.5 dB
...
00101111: +0.5 dB
00110000: 0.0 dB
00110001: -0.5 dB
...
11111110: -103 dB
11111111: Mute
Table 83. Page 0 / Register 63
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
63
3F
VNDF1
VNDF0
VNDS1
VNDS0
VNUF1
VNUF0
VNUS1
VNUS0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
Reset Value
VNDF[1:0]
Digital Volume Normal Ramp Down Frequency
These bits control the frequency of the digital volume updates when the volume is ramping down. The setting
here is applied to soft mute request, asserted by XSMUTE pin or Page 0 / Register 3.
Default value: 00
00: Update every 1 FS period
01: Update every 2 FS periods
10: Update every 4 FS periods
11: Directly set the volume to zero (Instant mute)
VNDS[1:0]
Digital Volume Normal Ramp Down Step
These bits control the step of the digital volume updates when the volume is ramping down. The setting here is
applied to soft mute request, asserted by XSMUTE pin or Page 0 / Register 3.
Default value: 10
00: Decrement by 4 dB for each update
01: Decrement by 2 dB for each update
10: Decrement by 1 dB for each update
11: Decrement by 0.5 dB for each update
VNUF[1:0]
Digital Volume Normal Ramp Up Frequency
These bits control the frequency of the digital volume updates when the volume is ramping up. The setting here
is applied to soft unmute request, asserted by XSMUTE pin or Page 0 / Register 3.
Default value: 00
00: Update every 1 FS period
01: Update every 2 FS periods
10: Update every 4 FS periods
11: Directly restore the volume (Instant unmute)
VNUS[1:0]
Digital Volume Normal Ramp Up Step
These bits control the step of the digital volume updates when the volume is ramping up. The setting here is
applied to soft unmute request, asserted by XSMUTE pin or Page 0 / Register 3.
Default value: 10
00: Increment by 4 dB for each update
01: Increment by 2 dB for each update
10: Increment by 1 dB for each update
11: Increment by 0.5 dB for each update
Table 84. Page 0 / Register 64
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
64
40
VEDF1
VEDF0
VEDS1
VEDS0
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
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RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
VEDF[1:0]
Digital Volume Emergency Ramp Down Frequency
These bits control the frequency of the digital volume updates when the volume is ramping down due to clock
error or power outage, which usually needs faster ramp down compared to normal soft mute.
Default value: 00
00: Update every 1 FS period
01: Update every 2 FS periods
10: Update every 4 FS periods
11: Directly set the volume to zero (Instant mute)
VEDS[1:0]
Digital Volume Emergency Ramp Down Step
These bits control the step of the digital volume updates when the volume is ramping down due to clock error
or power outage, which usually needs faster ramp down compared to normal soft mute.
Default value: 00
00: Decrement by 4 dB for each update
01: Decrement by 2 dB for each update
10: Decrement by 1 dB for each update
11: Decrement by 0.5 dB for each update
Table 85. Page 0 / Register 65
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
65
41
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
ACTL2
AMLE1
AMRE0
1
1
1
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
ACTL[2:0]
Auto Mute Control
This bit controls the behavior of the auto mute upon zero sample detection. The time length for zero detection
is set with Page 0 / Register 59.
Default value: 111
0: Auto mute left channel and right channel independently.
1: Auto mute left and right channels only when both channels are about to be auto muted.
AMLE[1:0]
Auto Mute Left Channel
This bit enables or disables auto mute on right channel. Note that when right channel auto mute is disabled and
the Page 0 / Register 65, bit 2 is set to 1, the left channel will also never be auto muted.
Default value: 11
0: Disable right channel auto mute
1: Enable right channel auto mute
AMRE
Auto Mute Right Channel
This bit enables or disables auto mute on left channel. Note that when left channel auto mute is disabled and
the Page 0 / Register 65, bit 2 is set to 1, the right channel will also never be auto muted.
Default value: 1
0: Disable left channel auto mute
1: Enable left channel auto mute
Table 86. Page 0 / Register 80
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
80
50
RSV
RSV
RSV
G1SL4
G1SL3
G1SL2
G1SL1
G1SL0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
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RSV
www.ti.com
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
G1SL[4:0]
GPIO1 Output Selection
These bits select the signal to output to GPIO1. To actually output the selected signal, the GPIO1 must be set
to output mode at Page 0 / Register 8.
Default value: 00000
00000: off (low)
00001: DSP GPIO1 output
00010: Register GPIO1 output (Page 0 / Register 86, bit 0)
00011: Auto mute flag (asserted when both L and R channels are auto muted)
00100: Auto mute flag for left channel
00101: Auto mute flag for right channel
00110: Clock invalid flag (clock error or clock changing or clock missing)
00111: Serial audio interface data output (SDOUT)
01000: Analog mute flag for left channel (low active)
01001: Analog mute flag for right channel (low active)
01010: PLL lock flag
01011: Charge pump clock
01100: Reserved
01101: Reserved
01110: Under voltage flag, asserted when XSMUTE voltage is higher than 0.7 DVDD
01111: Under voltage flag, asserted when XSMUTE voltage is higher than 0.3 DVDD
010000: PLL Output/4 (Requires Clock Flex Register)
OTHERS: RESERVED
Table 87. Page 0 / Register 81
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
81
51
RSV
RSV
RSV
G2SL4
G2SL3
G2SL2
G2SL1
G2SL0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
G2SL[4:0]
GPIO2 Output Selection
These bits select the signal to output to GPIO2. To actually output the selected signal, the GPIO2 must be set
to output mode at Page 0 / Register 8.
Default value: 00000
00000: off (low)
00001: DSP GPIO2 output
00010: Register GPIO2 output (Page 0 / Register 86, bit 1)
00011: Auto mute flag (asserted when both L and R channels are auto muted)
00100: Auto mute flag for left channel
00101: Auto mute flag for right channel
00110: Clock invalid flag (clock error or clock changing or clock missing)
00111: Serial audio interface data output (SDOUT)
01000: Analog mute flag for left channel (low active)
01001: Analog mute flag for right channel (low active)
01010: PLL lock flag
01011: Charge pump clock
01100: Reserved
01101: Reserved
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01110: Under voltage flag, asserted when XSMUTE voltage is higher than 0.7 DVDD
01111: Under voltage flag, asserted when XSMUTE voltage is higher than 0.3 DVDD
010000: PLL Output/4 (Requires Clock Flex Register)
OTHERS: RESERVED
Table 88. Page 0 / Register 82
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
82
52
RSV
RSV
RSV
G3SL4
G3SL3
G3SL2
G3SL1
G3SL0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
G3SL[4:0]
GPIO3 Output Selection
These bits select the signal to output to GPIO3. To actually output the selected signal, the GPIO3 must be set
to output mode at Page 0 / Register 8.
Default value: 00000
0000: off (low)
0001: DSP GPIO3 output
0010: Register GPIO3 output (Page 0 / Register 86, bit 2)
00011: Auto mute flag (asserted when both L and R channels are auto muted)
00100: Auto mute flag for left channel
00101: Auto mute flag for right channel
00110: Clock invalid flag (clock error or clock changing or clock missing)
00111: Serial audio interface data output (SDOUT)
01000: Analog mute flag for left channel (low active)
01001: Analog mute flag for right channel (low active)
01010: PLL lock flag
01011: Charge pump clock
01100: Reserved
01101: Reserved
01110: Under voltage flag, asserted when XSMUTE voltage is higher than 0.7 DVDD
01111: Under voltage flag, asserted when XSMUTE voltage is higher than 0.3 DVDD
010000: PLL Output/4 (Requires Clock Flex Register)
OTHERS: RESERVED
Table 89. Page 0 / Register 83
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
83
53
RSV
RSV
RSV
G4SL4
G4SL3
G4SL2
G4SL1
G4SL0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
G4SL[4:0]
GPIO4 Output Selection
These bits select the signal to output to GPIO4. To actually output the selected signal, the GPIO4 must be set
to output mode at Page 0 / Register 8.
Default value: 00000
00000: off (low)
00001: DSP GPIO4 output
00010: Register GPIO4 output (Page 0 / Register 86, bit 3)
00011: Auto mute flag (asserted when both L and R channels are auto muted)
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00100: Auto mute flag for left channel
00101: Auto mute flag for right channel
00110: Clock invalid flag (clock error or clock changing or clock missing)
00111: Serial audio interface data output (SDOUT)
01000: Analog mute flag for left channel (low active)
01001: Analog mute flag for right channel (low active)
01010: PLL lock flag
01011: Charge pump clock
01100: Reserved
01101: Reserved
01110: Under voltage flag, asserted when XSMUTE voltage is higher than 0.7 DVDD
01111: Under voltage flag, asserted when XSMUTE voltage is higher than 0.3 DVDD
010000: PLL Output/4 (Requires Clock Flex Register)
OTHERS: RESERVED
Table 90. Page 0 / Register 84
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
84
54
RSV
RSV
RSV
G5SL4
G5SL3
G5SL2
G5SL1
G5SL0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
G5SL[4:0]
GPIO5 Output Selection
These bits select the signal to output to GPIO5. To actually output the selected signal, the GPIO5 must be set
to output mode at Page 0 / Register 8.
Default value: 00000
00000: off (low)
00001: DSP GPIO5 output
00010: Register GPIO5 output (Page 0 / Register 86, bit 4
00011: Auto mute flag (asserted when both L and R channels are auto muted)
00100: Auto mute flag for left channel
00101: Auto mute flag for right channel
00110: Clock invalid flag (clock error or clock changing or clock missing)
00111: Serial audio interface data output (SDOUT)
01000: Analog mute flag for left channel (low active)
01001: Analog mute flag for right channel (low active)
01010: PLL lock flag
01011: Charge pump clock
01100: Reserved
01101: Reserved
01110: Under voltage flag, asserted when XSMUTE voltage is higher than 0.7 DVDD
01111: Under voltage flag, asserted when XSMUTE voltage is higher than 0.3 DVDD
010000: PLL Output/4 (Requires Clock Flex Register)
OTHERS: RESERVED
Table 91. Page 0 / Register 85
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
85
55
RSV
RSV
RSV
G6SL4
G6SL3
G6SL2
G6SL1
G6SL0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
92
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RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
G6SL[4:0]
GPIO6 Output Selection
These bits select the signal to output to GPIO6. To actually output the selected signal, the GPIO6 must be set
to output mode at Page 0 / Register 8.
Default value: 00000
00000: off (low)
00001: DSP GPIO6 output
00010: Register GPIO6 output (Page 0 / Register 86, bit 5)
00011: Auto mute flag (asserted when both L and R channels are auto muted)
00100: Auto mute flag for left channel
00101: Auto mute flag for right channel
00110: Clock invalid flag (clock error or clock changing or clock missing)
00111: Serial audio interface data output (SDOUT)
01000: Analog mute flag for left channel (low active)
01001: Analog mute flag for right channel (low active)
01010: PLL lock flag
01011: Charge pump clock
01100: Reserved
01101: Reserved
01110: Under voltage flag, asserted when XSMUTE voltage is higher than 0.7 DVDD
01111: Under voltage flag, asserted when XSMUTE voltage is higher than 0.3 DVDD
010000: PLL Output/4 (Requires Clock Flex Register)
OTHERS: RESERVED
Table 92. Page 0 / Register 86
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
86
56
RSV
RSV
GOUT5
GOUT4
GOUT3
GOUT2
GOUT1
GOUT0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
GOUT5
GPIO6 Output Control
This bit controls the GPIO6 output when the selection at Page 0 / Register 85 is set to 0010 (register output)
Default value: 0
0: Output low
1: Output high
GOUT4
GPIO5 Output Control
This bit controls the GPIO5 output when the selection at Page 0 / Register 84 is set to 0010 (register output)
Default value: 0
0: Output low
1: Output high
GOUT3
GPIO4 Output Control
This bit controls the GPIO4 output when the selection at Page 0 / Register 83 is set to 0010 (register output)
Default value: 0
0: Output low
1: Output high
GOUT2
GPIO3 Output Control
This bit controls the GPIO3 output when the selection at Page 0 / Register 82 is set to 0010 (register output)
Default value: 0
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0: Output low
1: Output high
GOUT1
GPIO2 Output Control
This bit controls the GPIO2 output when the selection at Page 0 / Register 81 is set to 0010 (register output)
Default value: 0
0: Output low
1: Output high
GOUT0
GPIO1 Output Control
This bit controls the GPIO1 output when the selection at Page 0 / Register 80 is set to 0010 (register output)
Default value: 0
0: Output low
1: Output high
Table 93. Page 0 / Register 87
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
87
57
RSV
RSV
GINV5
GINV4
GINV3
GINV2
GINV1
GINV0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
GINV5
GPIO6 Output Inversion
This bit controls the polarity of GPIO6 output. When set to 1, the output will be inverted for any signal being
selected.
Default value: 0
0: Non-inverted
1: Inverted
GINV4
GPIO5 Output Inversion
This bit controls the polarity of GPIO5 output. When set to 1, the output will be inverted for any signal being
selected.
Default value: 0
0: Non-inverted
1: Inverted
GINV3
GPIO4 Output Inversion
This bit controls the polarity of GPIO4 output. When set to 1, the output will be inverted for any signal being
selected.
Default value: 0
0: Non-inverted
1: Inverted
GINV2
GPIO3 Output Inversion
This bit controls the polarity of GPIO3 output. When set to 1, the output will be inverted for any signal being
selected.
Default value: 0
0: Non-inverted
1: Inverted
GINV1
GPIO2 Output Inversion
This bit controls the polarity of GPIO2 output. When set to 1, the output will be inverted for any signal being
selected.
Default value: 0
0: Non-inverted
1: Inverted
GINV0
94
GPIO1 Output Inversion
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This bit controls the polarity of GPIO1 output. When set to 1, the output will be inverted for any signal being
selected.
Default value: 0
0: Non-inverted
1: Inverted
Table 94. Page 0 / Register 90
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
90
5A
RSV
RSV
RSV
L1OV
R1OV
L2OV
R2OV
SFOV
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
L1OV
Left1 Overflow (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether the left channel of DSP first output port has overflow. This bit is sticky and is cleared
when read.
0: No overflow
1: Overflow occurred
R1OV
Right1 Overflow (Read Only)
The bit indicates whether the right channel of DSP first output port has overflow. This bit is sticky and is cleared
when read.
0: No overflow
1: Overflow occurred
L2OV
Left2 Overflow (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether the left channel of DSP second output port has overflow. This bit is sticky and is
cleared when read.
0: No overflow
1: Overflow occurred
R2OV
Right2 Overflow (Read Only)
The bit indicates whether the right channel of DSP second output port has overflow. This bit is sticky and is
cleared when read.
0: No overflow
1: Overflow occurred
SFOV
Shifter Overflow (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether overflow occurred in the DSP shifter (possible sample corruption). This bit is sticky
and is cleared when read.
0: No overflow
1: Overflow occurred
Table 95. Page 0 / Register 91
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
91
5B
RSV
DTFS2
DTFS1
DTFS0
DTSR3
DTSR2
DTSR1
DTSR0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
DTFS[2:0]
Detected FS (Read Only)
These bits indicate the currently detected audio sampling rate.
000: Error (Out of valid range)
001: 8 kHz
010: 16 kHz
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011: 32-48 kHz
100: 88.2-96 kHz
101: 176.4-192 kHz
110: 384 kHz
DTSR[3:0]
Detected SCK Ratio (Read Only)
These bits indicate the currently detected SCK ratio. Note that even if the SCK ratio is not indicated as error,
clock error might still be flagged due to incompatible combination with the sampling rate. Specifically the SCK
ratio must be high enough to allow enough DSP cycles for minimal audio processing when PLL is disabled. The
absolute SCK frequency must also be lower than 50 MHz.
0000: Ratio error (The SCK ratio is not allowed)
0001: SCK = 32 FS
0010: SCK = 48 FS
0011: SCK = 64 FS
0100: SCK = 128 FS
0101: SCK = 192 FS
0110: SCK = 256 FS
0111: SCK = 384 FS
1000: SCK = 512 FS
1001: SCK = 768 FS
1010: SCK = 1024 FS
1011: SCK = 1152 FS
1100: SCK = 1536 FS
1101: SCK = 2048 FS
1110: SCK = 3072 FS
Table 96. Page 0 / Register 92
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
92
5C
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
DTBR8
Reset Value
Table 97. Page 0 / Register 93
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
93
5D
DTBR7
DTBR6
DTBR5
DTBR4
DTBR3
DTBR2
DTBR1
DTBR0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
DTBR[8:0]
Detected BCK Ratio (MSB) (Read Only)
These bits indicate the currently detected BCK ratio, that is, the number of BCK clocks in one audio frame.
Note that for extreme case of BCK = 1 FS (which is not usable anyway), the detected ratio will be unreliable.
Table 98. Page 0 / Register 94
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
94
5E
RSV
CDST
PLL-L
LrckBck
fS-SCKr
SCKval
BCKval
fSval
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
CDST
Clock Detector Status (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether the SCK clock is present or not.
0: SCK is present
96
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1: SCK is missing (halted)
PLL-L
PLL locked (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether the PLL is locked or not. The PLL will be reported as unlocked when it is disabled.
0: PLL is locked
1: PLL is unlocked
LrckBck
LRCK-BCK present (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether the both LRCK and BCK are missing (tied low) or not.
0: LRCK and/or BCK is present
1: LRCK and BCK are missing
fS-SCKr
Sample rate SCK ratio valid (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether the combination of current sampling rate and SCK ratio is valid for clock auto set.
0: The combination of FS/SCK ratio is valid
1: Error (clock auto set is not possible)
SCKval
SCK valid (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether the SCK is valid or not. The SCK ratio must be detectable to be valid. There is a
limitation with this flag, that is, when the low period of LRCK is less than or equal to 5 BCKs, this flag will be
asserted (SCK invalid reported).
0: SCK is valid
1: SCK is invalid
BCKval
BCK valid (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether the BCK is valid or not. The BCK ratio must be stable and in the range of 32-256FS
to be valid.
0: BCK is valid
1: BCK is invalid
fSval
fS valid (Read Only)
This bit indicated whether the audio sampling rate is valid or not. The sampling rate must be detectable to be
valid. There is a limitation with this flag, that is when this flag is asserted and Page 0 / Register 37 is set to
ignore all asserted error flags such that the DAC recovers, this flag will be de-asserted (sampling rate invalid
not reported anymore).
0: Sampling rate is valid
1: Sampling rate is invalid
Table 99. Page 0 / Register 95
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
95
5F
RSV
RSV
RSV
LTSH
RSV
CKMF
CSRF
CERF
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
LTSH
Latched Clock Halt (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether SCK halt has occurred. The bit is cleared when read.
0: SCK halt has not occurred
1: SCK halt has occurred since last read
CKMF
Clock Missing (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether the LRCK and BCK are missing (tied low).
0: LRCK and/or BCK is present
1: LRCK and BCK are missing
CSRF
Clock Resync Request (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether the clock resynchronization is in progress.
0: Not resynchronizing
1: Clock resynchronization is in progress
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CERF
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Clock Error (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether a clock error is being reported.
0: Clock is valid
1: Clock is invalid (Error)
Table 100. Page 0 / Register 108
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
108
6C
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
AMLM
AMRM
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
AMLM
Left Analog Mute Monitor (Read Only)
This bit is a monitor for left channel analog mute status.
0: Mute
1: Unmute
AMRM
Right Analog Mute Monitor (Read Only)
This bit is a monitor for right channel analog mute status.
0: Mute
1: Unmute
Table 101. Page 0 / Register 109
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
109
6D
RSV
RSV
RSV
SDTM
RSV
RSV
RSV
SHTM
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
SDTM
Short detect monitor (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether line output short is occuring.
0: Normal (No short)
1: Line output is being shorted
SHTM
Short detected monitor (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether line output short has occurred since last read. This bit is sticky and is cleared when
read.
0: No short
1: Line output short occurred
Table 102. Page 0 / Register 114
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
114
72
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
MTST1
MTST0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
MTST[1:0]
MUTEZ status (Read Only)
These bits indicate the output of the XSMUTE level decoder for monitoring purpose.
11: 0.7 VDD ≤ XSMUTE
01: 0.3 VDD ≤ XSMUTE < 0.7 VDD
00: 0.3 VDD > XSMUTE
98
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Table 103. Page 0 / Register 115
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
115
73
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
FSMM1
FSMM0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
FSMM[1:0]
FS Speed Mode Monitor (Read Only)
These bits indicate the actual FS operation mode being used. The actual value is the auto set one when clock
auto set is active and register set one when clock auto set is disabled.
00: Single speed (FS ≤ 48 kHz)
01: Double speed (48 kHz < FS ≤ 96 kHz)
10: Quad speed (96 kHz < FS ≤ 192 kHz)
11: Octal speed (192 kHz < FS ≤ 384 kHz)
Table 104. Page 0 / Register 118
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
118
76
BOTM
RSV
RSV
RSV
PSTM3
PSTM2
PSTM1
PSTM0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
BOTM
DSP Boot Done Flag (Read Only)
This bit indicates whether the DSP boot is completed.
0: DSP is booting
1: DSP boot completed
PSTM[3:0]
Power State (Read Only)
These bits indicate the current power state of the DAC.
0000: Powerdown
0001: Wait for CP voltage valid
0010: Calibration
0011: Calibration
0100: Volume ramp up
0101: Run (Playing)
0110: Line output short / Low impedance
0111: Volume ramp down
1000: Standby
Table 105. Page 0 / Register 119
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
119
77
RSV
RSV
GPIN5
GPIN4
GPIN3
GPIN2
GPIN1
RSV
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
GPIN[5:0]
GPIO Input States (Read Only)
This bit indicates the logic level at GPIO6 pin.
0: Low
1: High
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Table 106. Page 0 / Register 120
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
120
78
RSV
RSV
RSV
AMFL
RSV
RSV
RSV
AMFR
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
AMFL
Auto Mute Flag for Left Channel (Read Only)
This bit indicates the auto mute status for left channel.
0: Not auto muted
1: Auto muted
AMFR
Auto Mute Flag for Right Channel (Read Only)
This bit indicates the auto mute status for right channel.
0: Not auto muted
1: Auto muted
Table 107. Page 0 / Register 121
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
121
79
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
DAMD
Reset Value
RSV
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
DAMD
DAC Mode
This bit controls the DAC architecture to vary the DAC auditory signature.
Default value: 0
0: Mode1 - New hyper-advanced current-segment architecture
1: Mode2 - Classic PCM1792 advanced current-segment architecture
Table 108. Page 0 / Register 122
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
122
7A
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
EIFM
Reset Value
RSV
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
EIFM
External Interpolation Filter Mode
This bit enables or disables the PCM1792 External Interpolation Filter Mode. This mode is used with a
PCM1792 in external digital filter mode.
Default value: 0
0: Normal mode
1: External Interpolation Filter Mode
Table 109. Page 0 / Register 123
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
123
7B
RSV
G1MC2
G1MC1
G1MC0
RSV
G2MC2
G2MC1
G2MC0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
100
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RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
G1MC[2:0]
GPIO1 output for External Interpolation Filter Mode
These bits select a signal to be output to GPIO1 in External Interpolation Filter mode.
Default value: 000
000: Logic low
001: MS
010: BCK (256FS)
011: WDCK (8FS)
100: DATAL
101: DATAR
110: Raw DIN (from DIN pin)
111: Raw LRCK (from LRCK pin)
G2MC[2:0]
GPIO2 output for External Interpolation Filter Mode
These bits select a signal to be output to GPIO2 in External Interpolation Filter mode.
Default value: 000
000: Logic low
001: MS
010: BCK (256FS)
011: WDCK (8FS)
100: DATAL
101: DATAR
110: Raw DIN (from DIN pin)
111: Raw LRCK (from LRCK pin)
Table 110. Page 0 / Register 124
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
124
7C
RSV
G3MC2
G3MC1
G3MC0
RSV
G4MC2
G4MC1
G4MC0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
G3MC[2:0]
GPIO3 output for External Interpolation Filter Mode
These bits select a signal to be output to GPIO3 in External Interpolation Filter Mode.
Default value: 000
000: Logic low
001: MS
010: BCK (256FS)
011: WDCK (8FS)
100: DATAL
101: DATAR
110: Raw DIN (from DIN pin)
111: Raw LRCK (from LRCK pin)
G4MC[2:0]
GPIO4 output for External Interpolation Filter Mode
These bits select a signal to be output to GPIO4 in External Interpolation Filter Mode.
Default value: 000
000: Logic low
001: MS
010: BCK (256FS)
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011: WDCK (8FS)
100: DATAL
101: DATAR
110: Raw DIN (from DIN pin)
111: Raw LRCK (from LRCK pin)
Table 111. Page 0 / Register 125
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
125
7D
RSV
G5MC2
G5MC1
G5MC0
RSV
G6MC2
G6MC1
G6MC0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
G5MC[2:0]
GPIO5 output for External Interpolation Filter Mode
These bits select a signal to be output to GPIO5 in External Interpolation Filter mode.
Default value: 000
000: Logic low
001: MS
010: BCK (256FS)
011: WDCK (8FS)
100: DATAL
101: DATAR
110: Raw DIN (from DIN pin)
111: Raw LRCK (from LRCK pin)
G6MC[2:0]
GPIO6 output for External Interpolation Filter Mode
These bits select a signal to be output to GPIO6 in External Interpolation Filter mode.
Default value: 000
000: Logic low
001: MS
010: BCK (256FS)
011: WDCK (8FS)
100: DATAL
101: DATAR
110: Raw DIN (from DIN pin)
111: Raw LRCK (from LRCK pin)
13.1.1.3
Page 1 Registers
Table 112. Page 1 / Register 1
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
1
01
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
OSEL
Reset Value
RSV
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
OSEL
Output Amplitude Type
This bit selects the output amplitude type. The clock autoset feature will not work with PLL enabled in VCOM
mode. In this case this feature has to be disabled via Page 0 / Register 37 and the clock dividers must be set
manually.
Default value: 0
102
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0: VREF mode (Constant output amplitude against AVDD variation)
1: VCOM mode (Output amplitude is proportional to AVDD variation)
Table 113. Page 1 / Register 2
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
2
02
RSV
RSV
RSV
LAGN
RSV
RSV
RSV
RAGN
Reset Value
RSV
0
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
LAGN
Analog Gain Control for Left Channel
This bit controls the left channel analog gain.
Default value: 0
0: 0 dB
1:-6 dB
RAGN
Analog Gain Control for Right Channel
This bit controls the right channel analog gain.
Default value: 0
0: 0 dB
1: -6 dB
Table 114. Page 1 / Register 5
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
5
05
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
UEPD
UIPD
0
0
Reset Value
RSV
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
UEPD
External UVP Control
This bit enables or disables detection of power supply drop via XSMUTE pin (External Under Voltage
Protection).
Default value: 0
0: Enabled
1: Disabled
UIPD
Internal UVP Control
This bit enables or disables internal detection of AVDD voltage drop (Internal Under Voltage Protection).
Default value: 0
0: Enabled
1: Disabled
Table 115. Page 1 / Register 6
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
6
06
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
AMCT
Reset Value
RSV
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
AMCT
Analog Mute Control
This bit enables or disables analog mute following digital mute.
Default value: 0
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0: Enabled
1: Disabled
Table 116. Page 1 / Register 7
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
7
07
RSV
RSV
RSV
AGBL
RSV
RSV
RSV
AGBR
Reset Value
RSV
0
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
AGBL
Analog +10% Gain for Left Channel
This bit enables or disables amplitude boost mode for left channel.
Default value: 0
0: Normal amplitude
1: +10% (+0.8 dB) boosted amplitude
AGBR
Analog +10% Gain for Right Channel
This bit enables or disables amplitude boost mode for right channel.
Default value: 0
0: Normal amplitude
1: +10% (+0.8 dB) boosted amplitude
Table 117. Page 1 / Register 8
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
8
08
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RCMF
Reset Value
RSV
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
RCMF
VCOM Reference Ramp Up
This bit controls the VCOM voltage ramp up speed.
Default value: 0
0: Normal ramp up, ~600ms with external capacitance = 1uF
1: Fast ramp up, ~3ms with external capacitance = 1uF
Table 118. Page 1 / Register 9
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
9
09
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
VCPD
Reset Value
RSV
1
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
VCPD
Power down control for VCOM
This bit controls VCOM powerdown switch.
Default value: 1
0: VCOM is powered on
1: VCOM is powered down
104
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13.1.1.4
SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
Page 44 Registers
Table 119. Page 44 / Register 1
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
1
01
RSV
RSV
RSV
RSV
ACRM
AMDC
ACRS
ACSW
Reset Value
RSV
0
0
Reserved
Reserved. Do not access.
ACRM
Active CRAM Monitor (Read Only)
This bit indicates which CRAM is being accessed by the DSP when adaptive mode is disabled. When adaptive
mode is enabled, this bit has no meaning.
0: CRAM A is being used by the DSP
1: CRAM B is being used by the DSP
AMDC
Adaptive Mode Control
This bit controls the DSP adaptive mode. When in adaptive mode, only CRAM A is accessible via serial
interface when the DSP is disabled (DAC in standby state), while when the DSP is enabled (DAC is run state)
the CRAM A can only be accessed by the DSP and the CRAM B can only be accessed by the serial interface,
or vice versa depending on the value of CRAMSTAT. When not in adaptive mode, both CRAM A and B can be
accessed by the serial interface when the DSP is disabled, but when the DSP is enabled, no CRAM can be
accessed by serial interface. The DSP can access either CRAM, which can be monitored at SWPMON.
Default value: 0
0: Adaptive mode disabled
1: Adaptive mode enabled
ACRS
Active CRAM Selection (Read Only)
This bit indicates which CRAM currently serves as the active one. The other CRAM serves as an update buffer,
and can accessed by serial interface (SPI/I2C)
0: CRAM A is active and being used by the DSP
1: CRAM B is active and being used by the DSP
ACSW
Switch Active CRAM
This bit is used to request switching roles of the two buffers, that is, switching the active buffer role between
CRAM A and CRAM B. This bit is cleared automatically when the switching process completed.
Default value: 0
0: No switching requested or switching completed
1: Switching is being requested
13.1.1.5
Page 253 Registers
Table 120. Page 253 / Register 63
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
63
3F
PLLFLEX1
7
PLLFLEX1
6
PLLFLEX1
5
PLLFLEX1
4
PLLFLEX1
3
PLLFLEX1
2
PLLFLEX1
1
PLLFLEX1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
PLLFLEX1[7:0]
Clock Flex Register #1
Clock Flex Register #1. Write 0x11 to this register to allow advanced clock tree functions. See Clocking
Overview section.
Default value: 00000000
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Table 121. Page 253 / Register 64
Dec
Hex
b7
b6
b5
b4
b3
b2
b1
b0
64
40
PLLFLEX2
7
PLLFLEX2
6
PLLFLEX2
5
PLLFLEX2
4
PLLFLEX2
3
PLLFLEX2
2
PLLFLEX2
1
PLLFLEX2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Reset Value
PLLFLEX2[7:0]
Clock Flex Register #2
Clock Flex Register #2. Write 0xFF to this register to allow advanced clock tree functions. See Clocking
Overview section.
Default value: 00000000
106
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SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
13.1.2 PLL Tables for Software Controlled Devices
Table 122. Recommended Clock Divider Settings for PLL as Master Clock (VREF Mode)
fS (kHz)
RSCK
SCK (MHz)
PLL VCO
(MHz)
P
PLL REF (MHz)
M = K*R
K = J.D
R
PLL fS
DSP fS
NMAC
DSP CLK (MHz)
MOD fS
MOD F
(kHz)
NDAC
DOSR
% ERROR
NCP
CP F (kHz)
8
128
1.024
98.304
1
1.024
96
48
2
12288
1024
12
8.192
768
6144
16
48
0
4
1536
8
192
1.536
98.304
1
1.536
64
32
2
12288
1024
12
8.192
768
6144
16
48
0
4
1536
8
256
2.048
98.304
1
2.048
48
48
1
12288
1024
12
8.192
768
6144
16
48
0
4
1536
8
384
3.072
98.304
3
1.024
96
48
2
12288
1024
12
8.192
768
6144
16
48
0
4
1536
8
512
4.096
98.304
3
1.365
72
36
2
12288
1024
12
8.192
768
6144
16
48
0
4
1536
8
768
6.144
98.304
3
2.048
48
48
1
12288
1024
12
8.192
768
6144
16
48
0
4
1536
8
1024
8.192
98.304
3
2.731
36
36
1
12288
1024
12
8.192
768
6144
16
48
0
4
1536
8
1152
9.216
98.304
9
1.024
96
48
2
12288
1024
12
8.192
768
6144
16
48
0
4
1536
8
1536
12.288
98.304
9
1.365
72
36
2
12288
1024
12
8.192
768
6144
16
48
0
4
1536
8
2048
16.384
98.304
9
1.82
54
54
1
12288
1024
12
8.192
768
6144
16
48
0
4
1536
8
3072
24.576
98.304
9
2.731
36
36
1
12288
1024
12
8.192
768
6144
16
48
0
4
1536
11.025
128
1.4112
90.3168
1
1.411
64
32
2
8192
1024
8
11.2896
512
5644.8
16
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
192
2.1168
90.3168
3
0.706
128
32
4
8192
1024
8
11.2896
512
5644.8
16
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
256
2.8224
90.3168
1
2.822
32
32
1
8192
1024
8
11.2896
512
5644.8
16
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
384
4.2336
90.3168
3
1.411
64
32
2
8192
1024
8
11.2896
512
5644.8
16
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
512
5.6448
90.3168
3
1.882
48
48
1
8192
1024
8
11.2896
512
5644.8
16
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
768
8.4672
90.3168
3
2.822
32
32
1
8192
1024
8
11.2896
512
5644.8
16
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
1024
11.2896
90.3168
3
3.763
24
24
1
8192
1024
8
11.2896
512
5644.8
16
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
1152
12.7008
90.3168
9
1.411
64
32
2
8192
1024
8
11.2896
512
5644.8
16
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
1536
16.9344
90.3168
9
1.882
48
48
1
8192
1024
8
11.2896
512
5644.8
16
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
2048
22.5792
90.3168
9
2.509
36
36
1
8192
1024
8
11.2896
512
5644.8
16
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
3072
33.8688
90.3168
9
3.763
24
24
1
8192
1024
8
11.2896
512
5644.8
16
32
0
4
1411.2
16
64
1.024
98.304
1
1.024
96
48
2
6144
1024
6
16.384
384
6144
16
24
0
4
1536
16
128
2.048
98.304
1
2.048
48
48
1
6144
1024
6
16.384
384
6144
16
24
0
4
1536
16
192
3.072
98.304
1
3.072
32
32
1
6144
1024
6
16.384
384
6144
16
24
0
4
1536
16
256
4.096
98.304
1
4.096
24
24
1
6144
1024
6
16.384
384
6144
16
24
0
4
1536
16
384
6.144
98.304
3
2.048
48
48
1
6144
1024
6
16.384
384
6144
16
24
0
4
1536
16
512
8.192
98.304
3
2.731
36
36
1
6144
1024
6
16.384
384
6144
16
24
0
4
1536
16
768
12.288
98.304
3
4.096
24
24
1
6144
1024
6
16.384
384
6144
16
24
0
4
1536
16
1024
16.384
98.304
3
5.461
18
18
1
6144
1024
6
16.384
384
6144
16
24
0
4
1536
16
1152
18.432
98.304
3
6.144
16
16
1
6144
1024
6
16.384
384
6144
16
24
0
4
1536
16
1536
24.576
98.304
9
2.731
36
36
1
6144
1024
6
16.384
384
6144
16
24
0
4
1536
16
2048
32.768
98.304
9
3.641
27
27
1
6144
1024
6
16.384
384
6144
16
24
0
4
1536
16
3072
49.152
98.304
9
5.461
18
18
1
6144
1024
6
16.384
384
6144
16
24
0
4
1536
22.05
64
1.4112
90.3168
1
1.411
64
32
2
4096
1024
4
22.5792
256
5644.8
16
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
128
2.8224
90.3168
1
2.822
32
32
1
4096
1024
4
22.5792
256
5644.8
16
16
0
4
1411.2
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Table 122. Recommended Clock Divider Settings for PLL as Master Clock (VREF Mode) (continued)
fS (kHz)
RSCK
SCK (MHz)
PLL VCO
(MHz)
P
PLL REF (MHz)
M = K*R
K = J.D
R
PLL fS
DSP fS
NMAC
DSP CLK (MHz)
MOD fS
MOD F
(kHz)
NDAC
DOSR
% ERROR
NCP
CP F (kHz)
22.05
192
4.2336
90.3168
3
1.411
64
32
2
4096
1024
4
22.5792
256
5644.8
16
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
256
5.6448
90.3168
1
5.645
16
16
1
4096
1024
4
22.5792
256
5644.8
16
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
384
8.4672
90.3168
3
2.822
32
32
1
4096
1024
4
22.5792
256
5644.8
16
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
512
11.2896
90.3168
3
3.763
24
24
1
4096
1024
4
22.5792
256
5644.8
16
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
768
16.9344
90.3168
3
5.645
16
16
1
4096
1024
4
22.5792
256
5644.8
16
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
1024
22.5792
90.3168
3
7.526
12
12
1
4096
1024
4
22.5792
256
5644.8
16
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
1152
25.4016
90.3168
9
2.822
32
32
1
4096
1024
4
22.5792
256
5644.8
16
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
1536
33.8688
90.3168
9
3.763
24
24
1
4096
1024
4
22.5792
256
5644.8
16
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
2048
45.1584
90.3168
9
5.018
18
18
1
4096
1024
4
22.5792
256
5644.8
16
16
0
4
1411.2
32
32
1.024
98.304
1
1.024
96
48
2
3072
1024
3
32.768
192
6144
16
12
0
4
1536
32
48
1.536
98.304
1
1.536
64
16
4
3072
1024
3
32.768
192
6144
16
12
0
4
1536
32
64
2.048
98.304
1
2.048
48
24
2
3072
1024
3
32.768
192
6144
16
12
0
4
1536
32
128
4.096
98.304
1
4.096
24
24
1
3072
1024
3
32.768
192
6144
16
12
0
4
1536
32
192
6.144
98.304
3
2.048
48
48
1
3072
1024
3
32.768
192
6144
16
12
0
4
1536
32
256
8.192
98.304
2
4.096
24
24
1
3072
1024
3
32.768
192
6144
16
12
0
4
1536
32
384
12.288
98.304
3
4.096
24
24
1
3072
1024
3
32.768
192
6144
16
12
0
4
1536
32
512
16.384
98.304
3
5.461
18
18
1
3072
1024
3
32.768
192
6144
16
12
0
4
1536
32
768
24.576
98.304
3
8.192
12
12
1
3072
1024
3
32.768
192
6144
16
12
0
4
1536
32
1024
32.768
98.304
3
10.923
9
9
1
3072
1024
3
32.768
192
6144
16
12
0
4
1536
32
1152
36.864
98.304
9
4.096
24
24
1
3072
1024
3
32.768
192
6144
16
12
0
4
1536
32
1536
49.152
98.304
6
8.192
12
12
1
3072
1024
3
32.768
192
6144
16
12
0
4
1536
44.1
32
1.4112
90.3168
1
1.411
64
32
2
2048
1024
2
45.1584
128
5644.8
16
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
64
2.8224
90.3168
1
2.822
32
16
2
2048
1024
2
45.1584
128
5644.8
16
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
128
5.6448
90.3168
1
5.645
16
16
1
2048
1024
2
45.1584
128
5644.8
16
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
192
8.4672
90.3168
3
2.822
32
32
1
2048
1024
2
45.1584
128
5644.8
16
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
256
11.2896
90.3168
2
5.645
16
16
1
2048
1024
2
45.1584
128
5644.8
16
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
384
16.9344
90.3168
3
5.645
16
16
1
2048
1024
2
45.1584
128
5644.8
16
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
512
22.5792
90.3168
3
7.526
12
12
1
2048
1024
2
45.1584
128
5644.8
16
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
768
33.8688
90.3168
3
11.29
8
8
1
2048
1024
2
45.1584
128
5644.8
16
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
1024
45.1584
90.3168
3
15.053
6
6
1
2048
1024
2
45.1584
128
5644.8
16
8
0
4
1411.2
48
32
1.536
98.304
1
1.536
64
32
2
2048
1024
2
49.152
128
6144
16
8
0
4
1536
48
64
3.072
98.304
1
3.072
32
16
2
2048
1024
2
49.152
128
6144
16
8
0
4
1536
48
128
6.144
98.304
1
6.144
16
16
1
2048
1024
2
49.152
128
6144
16
8
0
4
1536
48
192
9.216
98.304
3
3.072
32
32
1
2048
1024
2
49.152
128
6144
16
8
0
4
1536
48
256
12.288
98.304
2
6.144
16
16
1
2048
1024
2
49.152
128
6144
16
8
0
4
1536
48
384
18.432
98.304
3
6.144
16
16
1
2048
1024
2
49.152
128
6144
16
8
0
4
1536
48
512
24.576
98.304
3
8.192
12
12
1
2048
1024
2
49.152
128
6144
16
8
0
4
1536
48
768
36.864
98.304
3
12.288
8
8
1
2048
1024
2
49.152
128
6144
16
8
0
4
1536
108
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PCM5252
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SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
Table 122. Recommended Clock Divider Settings for PLL as Master Clock (VREF Mode) (continued)
fS (kHz)
RSCK
SCK (MHz)
PLL VCO
(MHz)
P
PLL REF (MHz)
K = J.D
R
PLL fS
DSP fS
NMAC
DSP CLK (MHz)
MOD fS
MOD F
(kHz)
NDAC
DOSR
% ERROR
NCP
CP F (kHz)
48
1024
49.152
98.304
3
16.384
96
32
3.072
98.304
1
3.072
6
6
1
2048
1024
2
49.152
128
6144
16
8
0
4
1536
32
16
2
1024
512
2
49.152
64
6144
16
4
0
4
96
48
4.608
98.304
3
1.536
1536
64
32
2
1024
512
2
49.152
64
6144
16
4
0
4
96
64
6.144
98.304
1
1536
6.144
16
8
2
1024
512
2
49.152
64
6144
16
4
0
4
96
128
12.288
98.304
1536
2
6.144
16
16
1
1024
512
2
49.152
64
6144
16
4
0
4
96
192
18.432
1536
98.304
3
6.144
16
16
1
1024
512
2
49.152
64
6144
16
4
0
4
96
256
1536
24.576
98.304
4
6.144
16
16
1
1024
512
2
49.152
64
6144
16
4
0
4
96
1536
384
36.864
98.304
6
6.144
16
16
1
1024
512
2
49.152
64
6144
16
4
0
4
1536
96
512
49.152
98.304
8
6.144
16
16
1
1024
512
2
49.152
64
6144
16
4
0
4
1536
192
32
6.144
98.304
1
6.144
16
8
2
512
256
2
49.152
32
6144
16
2
0
4
1536
192
48
9.216
98.304
3
3.072
32
16
2
512
256
2
49.152
32
6144
16
2
0
4
1536
192
64
12.288
98.304
1
12.288
8
4
2
512
256
2
49.152
32
6144
16
2
0
4
1536
192
128
24.576
98.304
2
12.288
8
8
1
512
256
2
49.152
32
6144
16
2
0
4
1536
192
192
36.864
98.304
3
12.288
8
8
1
512
256
2
49.152
32
6144
16
2
0
4
1536
192
256
49.152
98.304
4
12.288
8
8
1
512
256
2
49.152
32
6144
16
2
0
4
1536
384
32
12.288
98.304
2
6.144
16
8
2
256
128
2
49.152
16
6144
16
1
0
4
1536
384
48
18.432
98.304
3
6.144
16
8
2
256
128
2
49.152
16
6144
16
1
0
4
1536
384
64
24.576
98.304
2
12.288
8
4
2
256
128
2
49.152
16
6144
16
1
0
4
1536
384
128
49.152
98.304
4
12.288
8
8
1
256
128
2
49.152
16
6144
16
1
0
4
1536
M = K*R
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PCM5252
SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
www.ti.com
Table 123. Recommended Clock Divider Settings for PLL as Master Clock (VCOM Mode)
fS (kHz)
RSCK
SCK
(MHz)
PLL VCO
(MHz)
P
PLL REF
(MHz)
M = K*R
K = J.D
R
PLL fS
DSP fS
NMAC
DSP CLK
(MHz)
MOD fS
MOD F
(kHz)
NDAC
DOSR
% ERROR
NCP
CP F
(kHz)
8
128
1.024
73.728
1
1.024
72
36
2
9216
768
12
6.144
768
6144
12
48
0
4
1536
8
192
1.536
73.728
1
1.536
48
24
2
9216
768
12
6.144
768
6144
12
48
0
4
1536
8
256
2.048
73.728
1
2.048
36
36
1
9216
768
12
6.144
768
6144
12
48
0
4
1536
8
384
3.072
73.728
1
3.072
24
12
2
9216
768
12
6.144
768
6144
12
48
0
4
1536
8
512
4.096
73.728
2
2.048
36
36
1
9216
768
12
6.144
768
6144
12
48
0
4
1536
8
768
6.144
73.728
3
2.048
36
36
1
9216
768
12
6.144
768
6144
12
48
0
4
1536
8
1024
8.192
73.728
4
2.048
36
36
1
9216
768
12
6.144
768
6144
12
48
0
4
1536
8
1152
9.216
73.728
6
1.536
48
48
1
9216
768
12
6.144
768
6144
12
48
0
4
1536
8
1536
12.288
73.728
6
2.048
36
36
1
9216
768
12
6.144
768
6144
12
48
0
4
1536
8
2048
16.384
73.728
8
2.048
36
36
1
9216
768
12
6.144
768
6144
12
48
0
4
1536
8
3072
24.576
73.728
12
2.048
36
36
1
9216
768
12
6.144
768
6144
12
48
0
4
1536
11.025
128
1.4112
84.672
1
1.411
60
30
2
7680
960
8
10.584
512
5644.8
15
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
192
2.1168
84.672
1
2.117
40
10
4
7680
960
8
10.584
512
5644.8
15
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
256
2.8224
84.672
1
2.822
30
30
1
7680
960
8
10.584
512
5644.8
15
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
384
4.2336
84.672
2
2.117
40
20
2
7680
960
8
10.584
512
5644.8
15
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
512
5.6448
84.672
2
2.822
30
30
1
7680
960
8
10.584
512
5644.8
15
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
768
8.4672
84.672
3
2.822
30
30
1
7680
960
8
10.584
512
5644.8
15
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
1024
11.2896
84.672
4
2.822
30
30
1
7680
960
8
10.584
512
5644.8
15
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
1152
12.7008
84.672
6
2.117
40
20
2
7680
960
8
10.584
512
5644.8
15
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
1536
16.9344
84.672
8
2.117
40
40
1
7680
960
8
10.584
512
5644.8
15
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
2048
22.5792
84.672
8
2.822
30
30
1
7680
960
8
10.584
512
5644.8
15
32
0
4
1411.2
11.025
3072
33.8688
84.672
8
4.234
20
20
1
7680
960
8
10.584
512
5644.8
15
32
0
4
1411.2
16
64
1.024
73.728
1
1.024
72
36
2
4608
768
6
12.288
384
6144
12
24
0
4
1536
16
128
2.048
73.728
1
2.048
36
36
1
4608
768
6
12.288
384
6144
12
24
0
4
1536
16
192
3.072
73.728
1
3.072
24
24
1
4608
768
6
12.288
384
6144
12
24
0
4
1536
16
256
4.096
73.728
2
2.048
36
36
1
4608
768
6
12.288
384
6144
12
24
0
4
1536
16
384
6.144
73.728
3
2.048
36
36
1
4608
768
6
12.288
384
6144
12
24
0
4
1536
16
512
8.192
73.728
4
2.048
36
36
1
4608
768
6
12.288
384
6144
12
24
0
4
1536
16
768
12.288
73.728
6
2.048
36
36
1
4608
768
6
12.288
384
6144
12
24
0
4
1536
16
1024
16.384
73.728
8
2.048
36
36
1
4608
768
6
12.288
384
6144
12
24
0
4
1536
16
1152
18.432
73.728
9
2.048
36
36
1
4608
768
6
12.288
384
6144
12
24
0
4
1536
16
1536
24.576
73.728
8
3.072
24
24
1
4608
768
6
12.288
384
6144
12
24
0
4
1536
16
2048
32.768
73.728
8
4.096
18
18
1
4608
768
6
12.288
384
6144
12
24
0
4
1536
16
3072
49.152
73.728
8
6.144
12
12
1
4608
768
6
12.288
384
6144
12
24
0
4
1536
22.05
64
1.4112
84.672
1
1.411
60
30
2
3840
960
4
21.168
256
5644.8
15
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
128
2.8224
84.672
1
2.822
30
30
1
3840
960
4
21.168
256
5644.8
15
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
192
4.2336
84.672
3
1.411
60
30
2
3840
960
4
21.168
256
5644.8
15
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
256
5.6448
84.672
2
2.822
30
30
1
3840
960
4
21.168
256
5644.8
15
16
0
4
1411.2
110
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: PCM5252
PCM5252
www.ti.com
SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
Table 123. Recommended Clock Divider Settings for PLL as Master Clock (VCOM Mode) (continued)
SCK
(MHz)
PLL VCO
(MHz)
P
PLL REF
(MHz)
M = K*R
K = J.D
R
PLL fS
DSP fS
NMAC
DSP CLK
(MHz)
MOD fS
MOD F
(kHz)
NDAC
DOSR
% ERROR
NCP
CP F
(kHz)
fS (kHz)
RSCK
22.05
384
8.4672
84.672
3
2.822
30
30
1
3840
960
4
21.168
256
5644.8
15
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
512
11.2896
84.672
2
5.645
15
15
1
3840
960
4
21.168
256
5644.8
15
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
768
16.9344
84.672
3
5.645
15
15
1
3840
960
4
21.168
256
5644.8
15
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
1024
22.5792
84.672
4
5.645
15
15
1
3840
960
4
21.168
256
5644.8
15
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
1152
25.4016
84.672
9
2.822
30
30
1
3840
960
4
21.168
256
5644.8
15
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
1536
33.8688
84.672
8
4.234
20
20
1
3840
960
4
21.168
256
5644.8
15
16
0
4
1411.2
22.05
2048
45.1584
84.672
8
5.645
15
15
1
3840
960
4
21.168
256
5644.8
15
16
0
4
1411.2
32
32
1.024
73.728
1
1.024
72
36
2
2304
768
3
24.576
192
6144
12
12
0
4
1536
32
48
1.536
73.728
1
1.536
48
12
4
2304
768
3
24.576
192
6144
12
12
0
4
1536
32
64
2.048
73.728
1
2.048
36
18
2
2304
768
3
24.576
192
6144
12
12
0
4
1536
32
128
4.096
73.728
2
2.048
36
36
1
2304
768
3
24.576
192
6144
12
12
0
4
1536
32
192
6.144
73.728
3
2.048
36
36
1
2304
768
3
24.576
192
6144
12
12
0
4
1536
32
256
8.192
73.728
4
2.048
36
36
1
2304
768
3
24.576
192
6144
12
12
0
4
1536
32
384
12.288
73.728
6
2.048
36
36
1
2304
768
3
24.576
192
6144
12
12
0
4
1536
32
512
16.384
73.728
8
2.048
36
36
1
2304
768
3
24.576
192
6144
12
12
0
4
1536
32
768
24.576
73.728
6
4.096
18
18
1
2304
768
3
24.576
192
6144
12
12
0
4
1536
32
1024
32.768
73.728
8
4.096
18
18
1
2304
768
3
24.576
192
6144
12
12
0
4
1536
32
1152
36.864
73.728
9
4.096
18
18
1
2304
768
3
24.576
192
6144
12
12
0
4
1536
32
1536
49.152
73.728
12
4.096
18
18
1
2304
768
3
24.576
192
6144
12
12
0
4
1536
44.1
32
1.4112
84.672
1
1.411
60
30
2
1920
960
2
42.336
128
5644.8
15
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
48
2.1168
84.672
1
2.117
40
10
4
1920
960
2
42.336
128
5644.8
15
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
64
2.8224
84.672
1
2.822
30
15
2
1920
960
2
42.336
128
5644.8
15
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
128
5.6448
84.672
1
5.645
15
15
1
1920
960
2
42.336
128
5644.8
15
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
192
8.4672
84.672
2
4.234
20
20
1
1920
960
2
42.336
128
5644.8
15
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
256
11.2896
84.672
2
5.645
15
15
1
1920
960
2
42.336
128
5644.8
15
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
384
16.9344
84.672
3
5.645
15
15
1
1920
960
2
42.336
128
5644.8
15
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
512
22.5792
84.672
4
5.645
15
15
1
1920
960
2
42.336
128
5644.8
15
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
768
33.8688
84.672
6
5.645
15
15
1
1920
960
2
42.336
128
5644.8
15
8
0
4
1411.2
44.1
1024
45.1584
84.672
8
5.645
15
15
1
1920
960
2
42.336
128
5644.8
15
8
0
4
1411.2
48
32
1.536
73.728
1
1.536
48
24
2
1536
768
2
36.864
128
6144
12
8
0
4
1536
48
48
2.304
73.728
1
2.304
32
8
4
1536
768
2
36.864
128
6144
12
8
0
4
1536
48
64
3.072
73.728
1
3.072
24
12
2
1536
768
2
36.864
128
6144
12
8
0
4
1536
48
128
6.144
73.728
2
3.072
24
24
1
1536
768
2
36.864
128
6144
12
8
0
4
1536
48
192
9.216
73.728
3
3.072
24
24
1
1536
768
2
36.864
128
6144
12
8
0
4
1536
48
256
12.288
73.728
4
3.072
24
24
1
1536
768
2
36.864
128
6144
12
8
0
4
1536
48
384
18.432
73.728
6
3.072
24
24
1
1536
768
2
36.864
128
6144
12
8
0
4
1536
48
512
24.576
73.728
4
6.144
12
12
1
1536
768
2
36.864
128
6144
12
8
0
4
1536
48
768
36.864
73.728
6
6.144
12
12
1
1536
768
2
36.864
128
6144
12
8
0
4
1536
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: PCM5252
111
PCM5252
SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
www.ti.com
Table 123. Recommended Clock Divider Settings for PLL as Master Clock (VCOM Mode) (continued)
fS (kHz)
RSCK
SCK
(MHz)
48
1024
49.152
73.728
8
6.144
12
12
1
1536
768
2
36.864
128
6144
12
8
0
4
1536
96
32
3.072
73.728
2
1.536
48
24
2
768
384
2
36.864
64
6144
12
4
0
4
1536
96
48
4.608
73.728
3
1.536
48
24
2
768
384
2
36.864
64
6144
12
4
0
4
1536
96
64
6.144
73.728
2
3.072
24
12
2
768
384
2
36.864
64
6144
12
4
0
4
1536
96
128
12.288
73.728
4
3.072
24
24
1
768
384
2
36.864
64
6144
12
4
0
4
1536
96
192
18.432
73.728
6
3.072
24
24
1
768
384
2
36.864
64
6144
12
4
0
4
1536
96
256
24.576
73.728
8
3.072
24
24
1
768
384
2
36.864
64
6144
12
4
0
4
1536
96
384
36.864
73.728
6
6.144
12
12
1
768
384
2
36.864
64
6144
12
4
0
4
1536
96
512
49.152
73.728
8
6.144
12
12
1
768
384
2
36.864
64
6144
12
4
0
4
1536
192
32
6.144
73.728
2
3.072
24
12
2
384
192
2
36.864
32
6144
12
2
0
4
1536
192
48
9.216
73.728
3
3.072
24
12
2
384
192
2
36.864
32
6144
12
2
0
4
1536
192
64
12.288
73.728
4
3.072
24
12
2
384
192
2
36.864
32
6144
12
2
0
4
1536
192
128
24.576
73.728
8
3.072
24
24
1
384
192
2
36.864
32
6144
12
2
0
4
1536
192
192
36.864
73.728
6
6.144
12
12
1
384
192
2
36.864
32
6144
12
2
0
4
1536
192
256
49.152
73.728
8
6.144
12
12
1
384
192
2
36.864
32
6144
12
2
0
4
1536
384
32
12.288
73.728
2
6.144
12
6
2
192
96
2
36.864
16
6144
12
1
0
4
1536
384
48
18.432
73.728
3
6.144
12
6
2
192
96
2
36.864
16
6144
12
1
0
4
1536
384
64
24.576
73.728
4
6.144
12
6
2
192
96
2
36.864
16
6144
12
1
0
4
1536
384
128
49.152
73.728
8
6.144
12
12
1
192
96
2
36.864
16
6144
12
1
0
4
1536
112
PLL VCO
(MHz)
P
PLL REF
(MHz)
M = K*R
K = J.D
R
PLL fS
DSP fS
NMAC
DSP CLK
(MHz)
MOD fS
MOD F
(kHz)
NDAC
DOSR
% ERROR
NCP
CP F
(kHz)
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Copyright © 2014, Texas Instruments Incorporated
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PCM5252
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SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
Table 124. Recommended Clock Divider Settings for SCK as Master Clock
fS (kHz)
RSCK
SCK (MHz)
DSP fS
NMAC
DSP CLK
(MHz)
MOD fS
MOD f (kHz)
NDAC
DOSR
NCP
CP f (kHz)
8
256
2.048
256
1
2.048
256
2048
1
16
2
1024
8
384
3.072
384
1
3.072
384
3072
1
24
2
1536
8
512
4.096
512
1
4.096
512
4096
1
32
2
2048
8
768
6.144
768
1
6.144
768
6144
1
48
4
1536
8
1024
8.192
1024
1
8.192
512
4096
2
32
2
2048
8
1152
9.216
1152
1
9.216
576
4608
2
36
4
1152
8
1536
12.288
1536
1
12.288
768
6144
2
48
4
1536
8
2048
16.384
2048
1
16.384
512
4096
4
32
2
2048
8
3072
24.576
3072
1
24.576
768
6144
4
48
4
1536
11.025
256
2.8224
256
1
2.822
256
2822.4
1
16
2
1411.2
11.025
384
4.2336
384
1
4.234
384
4233.6
1
24
4
1058.4
11.025
1152
12.7008
1152
1
12.701
384
4233.6
3
24
4
1058.4
11.025
1536
16.9344
1536
1
16.934
512
5644.8
3
32
4
1411.2
11.025
2048
22.5792
2048
1
22.579
512
5644.8
4
32
4
1411.2
11.025
3072
33.8688
3072
1
33.869
512
5644.8
6
32
4
1411.2
16
256
4.096
256
1
4.096
256
4096
1
16
2
2048
16
384
6.144
384
1
6.144
384
6144
1
24
4
1536
16
512
8.192
512
1
8.192
256
4096
2
16
2
2048
16
768
12.288
768
1
12.288
384
6144
2
24
4
1536
16
1152
18.432
1152
1
18.432
288
4608
4
18
4
1152
16
1536
24.576
1536
1
24.576
384
6144
4
24
4
1536
16
2048
32.768
2048
1
32.768
256
4096
8
16
2
2048
16
3072
49.152
3072
1
49.152
384
6144
8
24
4
1536
22.05
256
5.6448
256
1
5.645
256
5644.8
1
16
4
1411.2
22.05
384
8.4672
384
1
8.467
192
4233.6
2
12
4
1058.4
22.05
512
11.2896
512
1
11.29
256
5644.8
2
16
4
1411.2
22.05
768
16.9344
768
1
16.934
256
5644.8
3
16
4
1411.2
22.05
1024
22.5792
1024
1
22.579
256
5644.8
4
16
4
1411.2
22.05
1152
25.4016
1152
1
25.402
192
4233.6
6
12
4
1058.4
22.05
1536
33.8688
1536
1
33.869
256
5644.8
6
16
4
1411.2
22.05
2048
45.1584
2048
1
45.158
256
5644.8
8
16
4
1411.2
32
256
8.192
256
1
8.192
128
4096
2
8
2
2048
32
384
12.288
384
1
12.288
128
4096
3
8
2
2048
32
512
16.384
512
1
16.384
128
4096
4
8
2
2048
32
768
24.576
768
1
24.576
128
4096
6
8
2
2048
32
1024
32.768
1024
1
32.768
128
4096
8
8
2
2048
32
1152
36.864
1152
1
36.864
128
4096
9
8
4
1024
32
1536
49.152
1536
1
49.152
128
4096
12
8
4
1024
44.1
256
11.2896
256
1
11.29
128
5644.8
2
8
4
1411.2
44.1
384
16.9344
384
1
16.934
128
5644.8
3
8
4
1411.2
44.1
512
22.5792
512
1
22.579
128
5644.8
4
8
4
1411.2
44.1
768
33.8688
768
1
33.869
128
5644.8
6
8
4
1411.2
44.1
1024
45.1584
1024
1
45.158
128
5644.8
8
8
4
1411.2
48
256
12.288
256
1
12.288
128
6144
2
8
4
1536
48
384
18.432
384
1
18.432
128
6144
3
8
4
1536
48
512
24.576
512
1
24.576
128
6144
4
8
4
1536
48
768
36.864
768
1
36.864
128
6144
6
8
4
1536
48
1024
49.152
1024
1
49.152
128
6144
8
8
4
1536
96
192
18.432
192
1
18.432
48
4608
4
3
6
768
96
256
24.576
256
1
24.576
64
6144
4
4
4
1536
96
384
36.864
384
1
36.864
64
6144
6
4
4
1536
96
512
49.152
512
1
49.152
64
6144
8
4
4
1536
Submit Documentation Feedback
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Product Folder Links: PCM5252
113
PCM5252
SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
www.ti.com
Table 124. Recommended Clock Divider Settings for SCK as Master Clock (continued)
fS (kHz)
RSCK
SCK (MHz)
DSP fS
NMAC
DSP CLK
(MHz)
MOD fS
MOD f (kHz)
NDAC
DOSR
NCP
CP f (kHz)
192
128
24.576
128
1
24.576
32
6144
4
2
4
1536
192
192
36.864
192
1
36.864
32
6144
6
2
4
1536
192
256
49.152
256
1
49.152
32
6144
8
2
4
1536
384
64
24.576
64
1
24.576
16
6144
4
1
4
1536
384
128
49.152
128
1
49.152
16
6144
8
1
4
1536
114
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: PCM5252
PCM5252
www.ti.com
SLASE63 – NOVEMBER 2014
14 Device and Documentation Support
14.1 Community Resources
E2E™ Audio Converters Forum TI
E2E Community
14.2 Trademarks
PurePath is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
System Two Cascade, Audio Precision are trademarks of Audio Precision.
DirectPath is a trademark of Texas, Instruments, Inc..
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
14.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
This integrated circuit can be damaged by ESD. Texas Instruments recommends that all integrated circuits be handled with
appropriate precautions. Failure to observe proper handling and installation procedures can cause damage.
ESD damage can range from subtle performance degradation to complete device failure. Precision integrated circuits may be more
susceptible to damage because very small parametric changes could cause the device not to meet its published specifications.
15 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information
The following pages include mechanical packaging and orderable information. This information is the most
current data available for the designated devices. This data is subject to change without notice and revision of
this document. For browser-based versions of this data sheet, see the left-hand navigation.
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Product Folder Links: PCM5252
115
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
14-Feb-2017
PACKAGING INFORMATION
Orderable Device
Status
(1)
Package Type Package Pins Package
Drawing
Qty
Eco Plan
Lead/Ball Finish
MSL Peak Temp
(2)
(6)
(3)
Op Temp (°C)
Device Marking
(4/5)
PCM5252RHBR
ACTIVE
VQFN
RHB
32
3000
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-3-260C-168 HR
-25 to 85
PCM5252
PCM5252RHBT
ACTIVE
VQFN
RHB
32
250
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-3-260C-168 HR
-25 to 85
PCM5252
(1)
The marketing status values are defined as follows:
ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.
LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.
NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.
PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.
OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.
(2)
Eco Plan - The planned eco-friendly classification: Pb-Free (RoHS), Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt), or Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) - please check http://www.ti.com/productcontent for the latest availability
information and additional product content details.
TBD: The Pb-Free/Green conversion plan has not been defined.
Pb-Free (RoHS): TI's terms "Lead-Free" or "Pb-Free" mean semiconductor products that are compatible with the current RoHS requirements for all 6 substances, including the requirement that
lead not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, TI Pb-Free products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes.
Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt): This component has a RoHS exemption for either 1) lead-based flip-chip solder bumps used between the die and package, or 2) lead-based die adhesive used between
the die and leadframe. The component is otherwise considered Pb-Free (RoHS compatible) as defined above.
Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br): TI defines "Green" to mean Pb-Free (RoHS compatible), and free of Bromine (Br) and Antimony (Sb) based flame retardants (Br or Sb do not exceed 0.1% by weight
in homogeneous material)
(3)
MSL, Peak Temp. - The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.
(4)
There may be additional marking, which relates to the logo, the lot trace code information, or the environmental category on the device.
(5)
Multiple Device Markings will be inside parentheses. Only one Device Marking contained in parentheses and separated by a "~" will appear on a device. If a line is indented then it is a continuation
of the previous line and the two combined represent the entire Device Marking for that device.
(6)
Lead/Ball Finish - Orderable Devices may have multiple material finish options. Finish options are separated by a vertical ruled line. Lead/Ball Finish values may wrap to two lines if the finish
value exceeds the maximum column width.
Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information
provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and
continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals.
TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release.
Addendum-Page 1
Samples
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
14-Feb-2017
In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis.
Addendum-Page 2
GENERIC PACKAGE VIEW
RHB 32
VQFN - 1 mm max height
PLASTIC QUAD FLATPACK - NO LEAD
5 x 5, 0.5 mm pitch
Images above are just a representation of the package family, actual package may vary.
Refer to the product data sheet for package details.
4224745/A
www.ti.com
PACKAGE OUTLINE
RHB0032E
VQFN - 1 mm max height
SCALE 3.000
PLASTIC QUAD FLATPACK - NO LEAD
5.1
4.9
A
B
PIN 1 INDEX AREA
(0.1)
5.1
4.9
SIDE WALL DETAIL
OPTIONAL METAL THICKNESS
20.000
C
1 MAX
SEATING PLANE
0.05
0.00
0.08 C
2X 3.5
(0.2) TYP
3.45 0.1
9
EXPOSED
THERMAL PAD
16
28X 0.5
8
17
2X
3.5
SEE SIDE WALL
DETAIL
SYMM
33
32X
24
1
PIN 1 ID
(OPTIONAL)
32
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05
C A B
C
25
SYMM
32X
0.5
0.3
4223442/B 08/2019
NOTES:
1. All linear dimensions are in millimeters. Any dimensions in parenthesis are for reference only. Dimensioning and tolerancing
per ASME Y14.5M.
2. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
3. The package thermal pad must be soldered to the printed circuit board for thermal and mechanical performance.
www.ti.com
EXAMPLE BOARD LAYOUT
RHB0032E
VQFN - 1 mm max height
PLASTIC QUAD FLATPACK - NO LEAD
( 3.45)
SYMM
32
25
32X (0.6)
1
24
32X (0.25)
(1.475)
28X (0.5)
33
SYMM
(4.8)
( 0.2) TYP
VIA
8
17
(R0.05)
TYP
9
(1.475)
16
(4.8)
LAND PATTERN EXAMPLE
SCALE:18X
0.07 MIN
ALL AROUND
0.07 MAX
ALL AROUND
SOLDER MASK
OPENING
METAL
SOLDER MASK
OPENING
METAL UNDER
SOLDER MASK
NON SOLDER MASK
DEFINED
(PREFERRED)
SOLDER MASK
DEFINED
SOLDER MASK DETAILS
4223442/B 08/2019
NOTES: (continued)
4. This package is designed to be soldered to a thermal pad on the board. For more information, see Texas Instruments literature
number SLUA271 (www.ti.com/lit/slua271).
5. Vias are optional depending on application, refer to device data sheet. If any vias are implemented, refer to their locations shown
on this view. It is recommended that vias under paste be filled, plugged or tented.
www.ti.com
EXAMPLE STENCIL DESIGN
RHB0032E
VQFN - 1 mm max height
PLASTIC QUAD FLATPACK - NO LEAD
4X ( 1.49)
(0.845)
(R0.05) TYP
32
25
32X (0.6)
1
24
32X (0.25)
28X (0.5)
(0.845)
SYMM
33
(4.8)
17
8
METAL
TYP
16
9
SYMM
(4.8)
SOLDER PASTE EXAMPLE
BASED ON 0.125 mm THICK STENCIL
EXPOSED PAD 33:
75% PRINTED SOLDER COVERAGE BY AREA UNDER PACKAGE
SCALE:20X
4223442/B 08/2019
NOTES: (continued)
6. Laser cutting apertures with trapezoidal walls and rounded corners may offer better paste release. IPC-7525 may have alternate
design recommendations.
www.ti.com
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DESIGNS), APPLICATION OR OTHER DESIGN ADVICE, WEB TOOLS, SAFETY INFORMATION, AND OTHER RESOURCES “AS IS”
AND WITH ALL FAULTS, AND DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS AND IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT OF THIRD
PARTY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.
These resources are intended for skilled developers designing with TI products. You are solely responsible for (1) selecting the appropriate
TI products for your application, (2) designing, validating and testing your application, and (3) ensuring your application meets applicable
standards, and any other safety, security, or other requirements. These resources are subject to change without notice. TI grants you
permission to use these resources only for development of an application that uses the TI products described in the resource. Other
reproduction and display of these resources is prohibited. No license is granted to any other TI intellectual property right or to any third
party intellectual property right. TI disclaims responsibility for, and you will fully indemnify TI and its representatives against, any claims,
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warranties or warranty disclaimers for TI products.
Mailing Address: Texas Instruments, Post Office Box 655303, Dallas, Texas 75265
Copyright © 2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
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