Texas Instruments | High-Performance, 2-Channel, 24-Bit, 216kHz Sampling Multi-Bit Delta-Sigma A/D (Rev. A) | Datasheet | Texas Instruments High-Performance, 2-Channel, 24-Bit, 216kHz Sampling Multi-Bit Delta-Sigma A/D (Rev. A) Datasheet

Texas Instruments High-Performance, 2-Channel, 24-Bit, 216kHz Sampling Multi-Bit Delta-Sigma A/D (Rev. A) Datasheet
 PC
M4
222
PCM4222
SBAS399A – OCTOBER 2006 – REVISED MARCH 2007
High-Performance, Two-Channel, 24-Bit, 216kHz Sampling
Multi-Bit Delta-Sigma Analog-to-Digital Converter
FEATURES
•
•
•
•
•
•
Supports Linear PCM, 1-Bit Direct Stream
Digital (DSD), and Multi-Bit Modulator Output
Data
– Supports PCM Output Sampling Rates
from 8kHz to 216kHz
– Choose from 64x or 128x Oversampled
Output Rates for DSD
Differential Voltage Inputs
On-Chip Voltage Reference Improves Power
Supply Noise Rejection
Dynamic Performance: Multi-Bit Modulator
Output with 6.144MHz Modulator Clock
– 6-Bit Modulator Data
– Dynamic Range (–60dB input, A-weighted):
124dB typical
– Dynamic Range (–60dB input, 20kHz
Bandwidth): 122dB typical
– Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise
(–1dB input, 20kHz bandwidth): –108dB
typical
Dynamic Performance: PCM Output with
24-Bit Word Length
– Dynamic Range (–60dB input, A-weighted):
123dB typical
– Dynamic Range (–60dB input, 20kHz
bandwidth): 121dB typical
– Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise
(–1dB input, 20kHz bandwidth): –108dB
typical
Dynamic Performance: DSD Output with
5.6448MHz bit rate
– Dynamic Range (–60dB input, 20kHz
bandwidth): 121dB typical
– Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise
(–1dB input, 20kHz bandwidth): –108dB
typical
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Low Power Dissipation:
– 305mW typical for 48kHz sampling rate
– 330mW typical for 96kHz sampling rate
– 340mW typical for 192kHz sampling rate
Linear Phase Digital Decimation Filtering
– Select from Classic or Low Group Delay
Filter Responses
Digital High-Pass Filtering Removes DC Offset
– Left and Right Channel Filters May Be
Disabled Independently
PCM Audio Serial Port Interface
– Master or Slave Mode Operation
– Supports Left-Justified, I2S™, and TDM
Data Formats
PCM Output Word Length Reduction
Overflow Indicators for the Left and Right
Channels
Analog Power Supply:
+4.0V nominal
Digital Power Supply:
+3.3V nominal
Power-Down Mode: 4mW typical
Package: TQFP-48, RoHS compliant
APPLICATIONS
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Digital Audio Recorders and
Mixing Desks
Digital Live Sound Consoles
Digital Audio Effects Processors
Surround Sound Encoders
Broadcast Studio Equipment
Audio Test and Measurement
Sonar Systems
High-Performance Data Acquisition
Please be aware that an important notice concerning availability, standard warranty, and use in critical applications of Texas
Instruments semiconductor products and disclaimers thereto appears at the end of this data sheet.
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft.
I2S is a trademark of NXP Semiconductors.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date.
Products conform to specifications per the terms of the Texas
Instruments standard warranty. Production processing does not
necessarily include testing of all parameters.
Copyright © 2006–2007, Texas Instruments Incorporated
PCM4222
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SBAS399A – OCTOBER 2006 – REVISED MARCH 2007
DESCRIPTION
The PCM4222 is a high-performance, two-channel analog-to-digital (A/D) converter designed for use in
professional audio applications. Offering outstanding dynamic performance, the PCM4222 supports 24-bit linear
PCM, 1-bit Direct Stream Digital (DSD), and 6-bit modulator data outputs. The supported output formats make
the PCM4222 ideal for digital audio recording and processing applications. The multi-bit modulator output adds
versatility, allowing customers to design their own digital decimation filter and processing hardware. The on-chip,
linear phase decimation filtering engine supports Classic and Low Group Delay filter responses, allowing
optimization for either studio or live sound applications.
The PCM4222 includes three PCM sampling modes, supporting output sampling rates from 8kHz to 216kHz.
The DSD output supports either 64x or 128x oversampled bit rates. The PCM4222 is configured using dedicated
control pins for selection of output modes, PCM audio data formats and word length, decimation filter response,
high-pass filter disable, and reset/power-down functions.
While providing uncompromising performance, the PCM4222 addresses power concerns with just over 300mW
typical total power dissipation, making the device suitable for multi-channel audio systems. The PCM4222 is
typically powered from a +4.0V analog supply and a +3.3V digital supply. The digital I/O is logic-level compatible
with common digital signal processors, digital interface transmitters, and programmable logic devices. The
PCM4222 is available in a TQFP-48 package, which is RoHS-compliant.
This integrated circuit can be damaged by ESD. Texas Instruments recommends that all integrated circuits be handled with
appropriate precautions. Failure to observe proper handling and installation procedures can cause damage.
ESD damage can range from subtle performance degradation to complete device failure. Precision integrated circuits may be
more susceptible to damage because very small parametric changes could cause the device not to meet its published
specifications.
ORDERING INFORMATION
For the most current package and ordering information, see the Package Option Addendum at the end of this
datasheet, or see the TI website at www.ti.com.
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS (1)
VALUE
Power Supplies:
VCC1, VCC2
–0.3V to +6.0V
VDD
–0.3V to +4.0V
Digital input voltage
All digital input and I/O pins
–0.3V < (VDD + 0.3V) < +4.0V
Analog input voltage
VINL+, VINL–, VINR+, VINR–
–0.3V < (VCC + 0.3V) < +6.0V
±10mA
Input current (all pins except power and ground)
Ambient operating temperature
–40°C to +85°C
Storage temperature
–65°C to +150°C
(1)
2
These limits are stress ratings only. Stresses beyond these limits may result in permanent damage. Extended exposure to absolute
maximum ratings may degrade device reliability. Normal operation or performance at or beyond these limits is not specified or ensured.
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SBAS399A – OCTOBER 2006 – REVISED MARCH 2007
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS: DIGITAL and DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE
All specifications are at TA = +25°C, VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V and VDD = +3.3V unless otherwise noted.
PCM4222
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
VDD
V
DIGITAL I/O CHARACTERISTICS
(Applies to all digital I/O pins)
High-level input voltage, VIH
0.7 × VDD
Low-level input voltage, VIL
0
High-level input current, IIH
1
0.3 × VDD
V
10
µA
10
µA
High-level output voltage, VOH
IO = –2mA
0.8 × VDD
VDD
V
Low-level output voltage, VOL
IO = +2mA
0
0.2 × VDD
Low-level input current, IIL
1
Input capacitance, CIN
3
V
pF
PCM OUTPUT SAMPLING RATE, fS
Normal mode
8
54
kHz
Double Speed mode
54
108
kHz
Quad Speed mode
108
216
kHz
64x output mode
0.512
3.456
MHz
128x output mode
1.024
6.912
MHz
1.024
6.912
MHz
Normal mode, MCKI = 256fS
2.048
13.824
MHz
Double Speed mode, MCKI = 128fS
6.912
13.824
MHz
Quad Speed mode, MCKI = 64fS
6.912
13.824
MHz
DSD 64x output mode, MCKI = 4 × fDSD
2.048
13.824
MHz
DSD 128x output mode, MCKI = 2 × fDSD
2.048
13.824
MHz
Multi-bit modulator output, MCKI = 2 × fMOD
2.048
13.824
MHz
–101
dB
DSD OUTPUT RATE, fDSD
MULTI-BIT MODULATOR OUTPUT RATE, fMOD
MASTER CLOCK INPUT
DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE (1)
PCM output, Normal mode, fS = 48kHz
BW = 22Hz to 20kHz
Total harmonic distortion + noise (THD+N)
f = 997Hz, –1dB input
–108
f = 997Hz, –20dB input
–100
dB
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
–61
dB
Dynamic range, no weighting
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
121
dB
Dynamic range, A-weighted
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
118
123
dB
Channel separation/interchannel isolation
f = 10kHz, –1dB input
115
135
dB
PCM output, Double Speed mode, fS = 96kHz
BW = 22Hz to 40kHz
Total harmonic distortion + noise (THD+N)
f = 997Hz, –1dB input
–108
dB
f = 997Hz, –20dB input
–98
dB
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
–58
dB
Dynamic range, no weighting
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
118
dB
Dynamic range, A-weighted
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
123
dB
f = 10kHz, –1dB input
135
dB
Channel separation/interchannel isolation
(1)
Typical PCM output performance is measured and characterized with an Audio Precision SYS-2722 192kHz test system and a
PCM4222EVM evaluation module using the bandwidth and weighting settings as noted in the Conditions column. Typical DSD and
Multi-Bit output performance is characterized using an Audio Precision SYS-2722 analog generator, a PCM4222EVM evaluation
module, and a separate data acquisition system for collection and signal processing. The bandwidth and input settings used for these
measurements are noted in the Conditions column. Master mode operation is utilized for all modes, with the master clock input
frequency (MCKI) set to 12.288MHz for PCM and MBM output modes, and 11.2896MHz for DSD output mode.
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ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS: DIGITAL and DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE (continued)
All specifications are at TA = +25°C, VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V and VDD = +3.3V unless otherwise noted.
PCM4222
PARAMETER
PCM output, Quad Speed mode, fS = 192kHz
Total harmonic distortion + noise (THD+N)
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
BW = 22Hz to 80kHz
f = 997Hz, –1dB input
–106
dB
f = 997Hz, –20dB input
–91
dB
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
–52
dB
Dynamic range, no weighting
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
112
dB
Dynamic range, A-weighted
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
123
dB
Channel separation/interchannel isolation
f = 10kHz, –1dB input
135
dB
PCM output, Quad Speed mode, fS = 192kHz
BW = 22Hz to 40kHz
Total harmonic distortion + noise (THD+N)
f = 997Hz, –1dB input
–107
dB
f = 997Hz, –20dB input
–98
dB
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
–58
dB
Dynamic range, no weighting
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
118
dB
Dynamic range, A-weighted
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
123
dB
Channel separation/interchannel isolation
f = 10kHz, –1dB input
135
dB
DSD output: 64x mode, 2.8224MHz output rate
BW = 20Hz to 20kHz
Total harmonic distortion + noise (THD+N)
f = 997Hz, –1dB input
–108
dB
Dynamic range, no weighting
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
118
dB
Channel separation/interchannel isolation
f = 10kHz, –1dB input
135
dB
DSD output: 128x mode, 5.6448MHz output rate
BW = 20Hz to 20kHz
Total harmonic distortion + noise (THD+N)
f = 997Hz, –1dB input
–108
dB
Dynamic range, no weighting
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
121
dB
Channel separation/interchannel isolation
f = 10kHz, –1dB input
135
dB
Multi-bit modulator (MBM) output, 6.144MHz output
rate
BW = 20Hz to 20kHz
Total harmonic distortion + noise (THD+N)
f = 997Hz, –1dB input
–108
dB
Dynamic range, no weighting
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
122
dB
Dynamic range, A-weighted
f = 997Hz, –60dB input
124
dB
f = 10kHz, –1dB input
135
dB
Channel separation/interchannel isolation
Digital decimation filter characteristics: Classic
response
Passband
Passband ripple
0.4535 × fS
Hz
±0.00015
dB
0.5465 × fS
Stop band
Stop band attenuation
Hz
–100
Group delay
dB
39/fS
Seconds
0.4167 × fS
Hz
±0.001
dB
Digital decimation filter characteristics: Low Group
Delay response
Passband
Passband ripple
0.5833 × fS
Stop band
Stop band attenuation
Hz
–90
Group delay
dB
21/fS
Seconds
fS/48000
Hz
Digital high-pass filter characteristics
–3dB corner frequency
4
High-pass filter enabled
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SBAS399A – OCTOBER 2006 – REVISED MARCH 2007
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS: ANALOG INPUTS, OUTPUTS, AND DC ERROR
All specifications are at TA = +25°C, VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V, and VDD = +3.3V, unless otherwise noted.
PCM4222
PARAMETER
ANALOG INPUTS
Full-scale input range
Input impedance
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
Applies to VINL+, VINL–, VINR+, and VINR–
Differential input
5.6
VPP
Per input pin
2.8
VPP
Per input pin
2.8
kΩ
100
dB
Common-mode rejection
ANALOG OUTPUTS
Common-mode output, left channel
Measured from VCOML (pin 13) to AGND
0.4875 ×
VCC2
V
Common-mode output, right channel
Measured from VCOMR (pin 48) to AGND
0.4875 ×
VCC1
V
Common-mode output current
Applies to VCOML or VCOMR
200
µA
DC ERROR
Output offset error
Digital high-pass filter disabled
3
mV
Offset drift
Digital high-pass filter disabled
3.5
µV/°C
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS: POWER SUPPLIES
All specifications are at TA = +25°C, VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V, VDD = +3.3V, and MCKI = 12.288MHz, unless otherwise noted.
PCM4222
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
VCC1, VCC2
0°C < TA ≤ +85°C
+3.8
+4.0
+4.2
V
VCC1, VCC2
–40°C ≤ TA ≤ 0°C
+3.9
+4.0
+4.2
V
–40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C
+2.4
+3.3
+3.6
V
POWER SUPPLIES
Recommended supply voltage range
VDD
Supply current: power-down
RST (pin 36) held low with no clocks applied
VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V
600
µA
VDD = +3.3V
325
µA
VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V
65
75
mA
VDD = +3.3V
14
18
mA
VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V
65
mA
VDD = +3.3V
21
mA
VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V
65
mA
VDD = +3.3V
24
mA
Total power dissipation: power-down
3.5
mW
Total power dissipation: fS = 48kHz
305
Total power dissipation: fS = 96kHz
330
mW
Total power dissipation: fS = 192kHz
340
mW
ICC1 + ICC2
IDD
Supply current: fS = 48kHz
ICC1 + ICC2
IDD
Supply current: fS = 96kHz
ICC1 + ICC2
IDD
Supply current: fS = 192kHz
ICC1 + ICC2
IDD
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mW
5
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SBAS399A – OCTOBER 2006 – REVISED MARCH 2007
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS: AUDIO INTERFACE TIMING
All specifications are at TA = +25°C, VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V, and VDD = +3.3V, unless otherwise noted.
PCM4222
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN
All data formats
TYP
MAX
UNITS
4.62
125
µs
0.45 × tLRCKP
0.55 × tLRCKP
µs
0.45 × tLRCKP
0.55 × tLRCKP
µs
AUDIO SERIAL PORT (PCM OUTPUT)
LRCK period, tLRCKP
LRCK high/low time, tLRCKHL
LRCK high/low time, tLRCKHL
BCK period, tBCKP
BCK period, tBCKP
Left-Justified and
I2S
data formats
TDM data formats
Left-Justified and I2S data formats
Normal sampling
tLRCKP/128
ns
Double Speed sampling
tLRCKP/64
ns
Quad Speed sampling
tLRCKP/64
ns
TDM data formats
Normal sampling
tLRCKP/256
ns
Double Speed sampling
tLRCKP/128
ns
Quad Speed sampling
tLRCKP/64
ns
BCK high/low time, tBCKHL
All data formats
0.45 × tBCKP
Data output delay, tDO
All data formats
0.55 × tBCKP
ns
10
ns
DSD OUTPUT
DSDCLK period, tDSDCLKP
DSDCLK high/low time, tDSDCLKHL
64x output rate
289
1954
ns
128x output rate
144.5
977
ns
0.45 × tDSDCLKP
0.55 × tDSDCLKP
ns
10
ns
Data output delay, tDSDO
MULTI-BIT MODULATOR OUTPUT
MCKI period, tMCKIP
MCKI high/low time, tMCKIHL
WCKO period, tWCKOP
WCKO high/low time, tWCKOHL
72.3
488.3
ns
0.45 × tMCKIP
0.55 × tMCKIP
ns
144.5
977
ns
0.45 × tWCKOP
0.55 × tWCKOP
ns
15
ns
Data output delay, tMODO
6
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LRCK
tBCKHL
BCK
tBCKHL
tDO
DATA
Figure 1. Audio Serial Port Timing: Left-Justified and I2S Data Formats
LRCK
tBCKHL
BCK
tBCKHL
tDO
DATA
Figure 2. Audio Serial Port Timing: TDM Data Formats
tDSDCLKHL
DSDCLK
tDSDCLKHL
DSDL
tDSDO
DSDR
Figure 3. Direct Stream Digital (DSD) Output Timing
WCKO
tMCKIHL
MCKI
tMCKIHL
tMODO
MOD1
...
MOD6
Figure 4. Multi-Bit Modulator (MBM) Output Timing
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PIN CONFIGURATION
OVFR
OVFL
DGND
S/M
OWL0
OWL1
FMT0
FMT1
VREFR
DGND
VCOMR
REFGNDR
TQFP-64
Top View
48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37
AGND 1
36 RST
VINR- 2
35 MCKI
VINR+ 3
34 LRCK
VCC1 4
33 BCK
AGND 5
32 DATA
AGND 6
31 VDD
PCM4222
AGND 7
30 DGND
AGND 8
29 DSDR
VCC2 9
28 DSDL
VINL- 10
27 DSDCLK
VINL+ 11
26 SUB0/WCKO
AGND 12
25 SUB1/MCKO
MODEN
DSDMODE
DF/MOD5
DSDEN/MOD6
FS1/MOD4
FS0 /MOD3
HPFDL/MOD2
HPFDR /MOD1
VREFL
PCMEN
VCOML
REFGNDL
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
8
NAME
PIN NUMBER
I/O
DESCRIPTION
AGND
1
Ground
Analog ground
VINR–
2
Input
Right channel inverting, 2.8VPP nominal full-scale
VINR+
3
Input
Right channel noninverting, 2.8VPP nominal full-scale
VCC1
4
Power
Analog supply, +4.0V nominal
AGND
5
Ground
Analog ground
AGND
6
Ground
Analog ground
AGND
7
Ground
Analog ground
AGND
8
Ground
Analog ground
VCC2
9
Power
Analog supply, +4.0V nominal
VINL–
10
Input
Left channel inverting, 2.8VPP nominal full-scale
VINL+
11
Input
Left channel noninverting, 2.8VPP nominal full-scale
AGND
12
Ground
Analog ground
VCOML
13
Output
Left channel common-mode voltage, (0.4875 × VCC2) nominal
REFGNDL
14
Ground
Left channel reference ground. Connect to analog ground.
Left channel reference output for decoupling purposes only.
VREFL
15
Output
PCMEN
16
Input
HPFDR or MOD1
17
I/O
Right channel high-pass filter disable input (active high), or modulator Data output 1 (LSB) when
MODEN = high.
HPFDL or MOD2
18
I/O
Left channel high-pass filter disable input (active high), or modulator data output 2 when MODEN =
high.
FS0 or MOD3
19
I/O
PCM sampling mode selection input, or modulator data output 3 when MODEN = high.
FS1 or MOD4
20
I/O
PCM sampling mode selection input, or modulator data output 4 when MODEN = high.
DF or MOD5
21
I/O
Digital decimation filter response selection Input, or modulator data output 5 when MODEN = high.
PCM output enable (active high)
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PIN DESCRIPTIONS (continued)
NAME
PIN NUMBER
I/O
DESCRIPTION
DSDEN or MOD6
22
I/O
DSD output enable input (active high), or modulator data output 6 (MSB) when MODEN = high.
MODEN
23
Input
Multi-bit modulator output enable (Active High)
DSDMODE
24
Input
DSD output mode/rate
SUB1 or MCKO
25
I/O
TDM active sub-frame selection input, or master clock output when MODEN = high.
SUB0 or WCKO
26
I/O
TDM active sub-frame selection input, or modulator left/right word clock output when MODEN = high.
DSDCLK
27
Output
DSD data clock
DSDL
28
Output
Left channel DSD data
DSDR
29
Output
Right channel DSD data
DGND
30
Ground
Digital ground
VDD
31
Power
Digital supply, +3.3V nominal
DATA
32
Output
PCM output data
BCK
33
I/O
PCM bit or data clock
LRCK
34
I/O
PCM left/right Word clock
MCKI
35
Input
Master clock
RST
36
Input
Reset and power-down
OVFL
37
Output
Left channel overflow flag (Active high)
OVFR
38
Output
Right channel overflow flag (Active high)
S/M
39
Input
DGND
40
Output
OWL1
41
Input
PCM output word length
OWL0
42
Input
PCM output word length
FMT1
43
Input
PCM output data format
FMT0
44
Input
PCM output data format
DGND
45
Ground
Digital ground
VREFR
46
Output
Right channel reference output for decoupling purposes only.
REFGNDR
47
Ground
Right channel reference ground. Connect to analog ground.
VCOMR
48
Output
Right channel common-mode voltage (0.4875 x VCC1 nominal)
PCM output slave/master mode
Digital ground
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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
At TA = +25°C, VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V, and VDD = +3.3V, unless otherwise noted.
FFT PLOT
FFT PLOT
0
0
fS = 48kHz
fIN = 997kHz, -60dB
-20
-20
-40
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
-40
fS = 48kHz
Idle Channel (no input)
-60
-80
-100
-120
-60
-80
-100
-120
-140
-140
-160
-160
-180
-180
20
100
1k
10k 24k
20
100
1k
Frequency (Hz)
Figure 5.
Figure 6.
THD+N vs INPUT FREQUENCY
-60
-70
THD+N vs INPUT AMPLITUDE
-60
fS = 48kHz
Input Amplitude = -1dB
BW = 22Hz to 20kHz
-70
THD+N (dB)
THD+N (dB)
fS = 48kHz
fIN = 997Hz
BW = 22Hz to 20kHz
-80
-80
-90
-100
-90
-100
-110
-110
-120
-120
-130
-140
-130
20
100
1k
10k
20k
-120
-100
Figure 7.
-60
-40
-20
0
-40
-20
0
Figure 8.
CHANNEL SEPARATION vs INPUT FREQUENCY
0
-80
Input Amplitude (dB)
Input Frequency (Hz)
LINEARITY
0
fS = 48kHz
fS = 48kHz
Left Channel
-20
-20
Right Channel
-40
Output Amplitude (dB)
Channel Separation (dB)
10k 24k
Frequency (Hz)
-60
-80
-100
-120
-140
-40
-60
-80
-100
-160
-120
-180
-200
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
-140
-140
Input Frequency (kHz)
-100
-80
-60
Input Amplitude (dB)
Figure 9.
10
-120
Figure 10.
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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
At TA = +25°C, VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V, and VDD = +3.3V, unless otherwise noted.
FFT PLOT
FFT PLOT
0
0
fS = 96kHz
fIN = 997Hz, -60dB
-20
-20
-40
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
-40
fS = 96kHz
Idle Channel (no input)
-60
-80
-100
-120
-60
-80
-100
-120
-140
-140
-160
-160
-180
-180
20
100
1k
10k
48k
20
100
Figure 11.
Figure 12.
THD+N vs INPUT FREQUENCY
fS = 96kHz
Input Amplitude = -1dB
BW = 22Hz to 40kHz
-70
fS = 96kHz
fIN = 997Hz
BW = 22Hz to 40kHz
-80
THD+N (dB)
THD+N (dB)
48k
THD+N vs INPUT AMPLITUDE
-60
-80
-90
-100
-90
-100
-110
-110
-120
-120
-130
-140
-130
20
100
1k
10k
40k
-120
-100
Figure 13.
-60
-40
-20
0
-40
-20
0
Figure 14.
CHANNEL SEPARATION vs INPUT FREQUENCY
0
-80
Input Amplitude (dB)
Input Frequency (Hz)
LINEARITY
0
fS = 96kHz
fS = 96kHz
Left Channel
-20
-20
Right Channel
-40
Output Amplitude (dB)
Channel Separation (dB)
10k
Frequency (Hz)
-60
-70
1k
Frequency (Hz)
-60
-80
-100
-120
-140
-40
-60
-80
-100
-160
-120
-180
-200
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
-140
-140
Input Frequency (kHz)
-120
-100
-80
-60
Input Amplitude (dB)
Figure 15.
Figure 16.
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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
At TA = +25°C, VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V, and VDD = +3.3V, unless otherwise noted.
FFT PLOT
FFT PLOT
0
-20
0
fS = 192kHz
fIN = 997Hz, -60dB
-20
-40
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
-40
fS = 192kHz
Idle Channel (no input)
-60
-80
-100
-120
-60
-80
-100
-120
-140
-140
-160
-160
-180
-180
20
100
1k
10k
96k
20
100
-70
Figure 17.
Figure 18.
fS = 192kHz
Input Amplitude = -1dB
BW = 22Hz to 80kHz
-70
fS = 192kHz
fIN = 997Hz
BW = 22Hz to 80kHz
-80
THD+N (dB)
THD+N (dB)
96k
THD+N vs INPUT AMPLITUDE
-60
-80
-90
-100
-90
-100
-110
-110
-120
-120
-130
-140
-130
20
100
1k
10k
80k
-120
-100
Figure 19.
-60
-40
-20
0
-40
-20
0
Figure 20.
CHANNEL SEPARATION vs INPUT FREQUENCY
LINEARITY
0
fS = 192kHz
fS = 192kHz
Left Channel
-20
Right Channel
-40
-60
-80
-100
-120
-140
-20
Output Amplitude (dB)
0
-80
Input Amplitude (dB)
Input Frequency (Hz)
Channel Separation (dB)
10k
Frequency (Hz)
THD+N vs INPUT FREQUENCY
-60
1k
Frequency (Hz)
-40
-60
-80
-100
-160
-120
-180
-200
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
-140
-140
Input Frequency (kHz)
-100
-80
-60
Input Amplitude (dB)
Figure 21.
12
-120
Figure 22.
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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
At TA = +25°C, VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V, and VDD = +3.3V, unless otherwise noted.
FREQUENCY RESPONSE
(up to 20kHz)
0
0
fS = 48kHz
Classic or Low Group Delay Response
High-Pass Filter Enabled
Input Amplitude = -1dB
-0.2
-0.4
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0
-1.2
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0
-1.2
-1.4
-1.4
-1.6
-1.6
-1.8
-1.8
-2.0
-2.0
20
0
100
1k
10k
20k
20
-0.4
100
1k
10k
40k
Frequency (Hz)
Frequency (Hz)
Figure 23.
Figure 24.
FREQUENCY RESPONSE
(up to 80kHz)
DIGITAL DECIMATION FILTER, CLASSIC RESPONSE
Overall Frequency Response
50
fS = 192kHz
High-Pass Filter Enabled
Input Amplitude = -1dB
-0.2
0
-0.6
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
fS = 96kHz
Classic or Low Group Delay Response
High-Pass Filter Enabled
Input Amplitude = -1dB
-0.2
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
FREQUENCY RESPONSE
(up to 40kHz)
-0.8
-1.0
-1.2
-50
-100
-1.4
-1.6
-150
-1.8
-2.0
20
100
1k
10k
-200
80k
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
Frequency (Hz)
Normalized Frequency (fS)
Figure 25.
Figure 26.
DIGITAL DECIMATION FILTER, CLASSIC RESPONSE
Stop Band Detail
DIGITAL DECIMATION FILTER, CLASSIC RESPONSE
Passband Ripple Detail
0
2
Amplitude (dB/10000)
Amplitude (dB)
1
-50
-100
0
-1
-2
-3
-150
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
-4
0
0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.40 0.45 0.50
Normalized Frequency (fS)
Normalized Frequency (fS)
Figure 27.
Figure 28.
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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
At TA = +25°C, VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V, and VDD = +3.3V, unless otherwise noted.
DIGITAL DECIMATION FILTER, CLASSIC RESPONSE
Transition Band Detail
DIGITAL DECIMATION FILTER, LOW GROUP DELAY
RESPONSE
Overall Frequency Response
0
0
-1
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
-50
-2
-3
-4
-100
-150
-5
-6
0.41 0.42 0.43 0.44 0.45 0.46 0.47 0.48 0.49 0.50 0.51
-200
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
Normalized Frequency (fS)
Figure 29.
Figure 30.
DIGITAL DECIMATION FILTER, LOW GROUP DELAY
RESPONSE
Stop Band Detail
DIGITAL DECIMATION FILTER, LOW GROUP DELAY
RESPONSE
Passband Ripple Detail
0
2.0
-10
1.5
-20
1.0
Amplitude (dB/1000)
Amplitude (dB)
Normalized Frequency (fS)
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
0.5
0
-0.5
-1.0
-80
-1.5
-90
-100
-2.0
0
14
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
0
0.05 0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
Normalized Frequency (fS)
Normalized Frequency (fS)
Figure 31.
Figure 32.
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0.45
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TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
At TA = +25°C, VCC1 = VCC2 = +4.0V, and VDD = +3.3V, unless otherwise noted.
DIGITAL DECIMATION FILTER, LOW GROUP DELAY
RESPONSE
Transition Band Detail
DIGITAL HIGH-PASS FILTER
Passband Response
0
0.6
-0.5
0.4
-1.0
0.2
Amplitude (dB)
-1.5
-2.0
-2.5
0
-0.2
-0.4
-3.0
-0.6
-3.5
-4.0
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.50
0.55
-0.8
-0.5
0.60
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
Normalized Frequency (fS/1000)
Normalized Frequency (fS)
Figure 33.
Figure 34.
DIGITAL HIGH-PASS FILTER
Stop Band Response
0
-20
Amplitude (dB)
Amplitude (dB)
High-Pass Filter Passband
-40
-60
-80
-100
-120
High-Pass Filter Stop Band
-140
0
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
Normalized Frequency (fS/1000)
Figure 35.
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PRODUCT INFORMATION
The PCM4222 is a two-channel, multi-bit delta-sigma (∆Σ) analog-to-digital (A/D) converter. The 6-bit outputs
from the delta-sigma modulators are routed to the digital decimation filter, where the output of the filter provides
linear PCM data. The linear PCM data are output at the audio serial port interface for connection to external
processing and logic circuitry. The multi-bit modulator outputs are also routed to a direct stream digital (DSD)
engine, which converts the multi-bit data to one-bit DSD data. The DSD data are output at a separate serial
interface, allowing both PCM and DSD data to be output simultaneously from the PCM4222. The multi-bit
modulator data may also be output directly, for use by external digital filtering and processing hardware. When
the modulator output mode is enabled, the PCM and DSD outputs are not available.
Figure 36 shows a simplified functional block diagram for the PCM4222, highlighting the interconnection
between the various functional blocks. The pin names noted in parentheses on the block diagram reflect the pin
configuration for the Multi-Bit Modulator (MBM) output mode.
DF (MOD5)
HPFDR (MOD1)
HPFDL (MOD2)
VINL+
Multi-Bit
Delta-Sigma
Audio
Serial
Port
Digital
Filters
VINL-
VREFL
REFGNDL
VCOML
Reference
VCOMR
REFGNDR
VREFR
LRCK
BCK
DATA
Control
and
Status
S/M
FMT0
FMT1
OWL0
OWL1
SUB0 (WCK0)
SUB1 (MCK0)
PCMEN
FS0 (MOD3)
FS1 (MOD4)
OVFL
OVFR
MODEN
DSD
Engine
DSDEN (MOD6)
DSDCLK
DSDL
DSDR
VINR+
Multi-Bit
Delta-Sigma
VINR-
DSDMODE
Reset
Logic
Figure 36. Functional Block Diagram
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RST
VDD
DGND
DGND
DGND
AGND
AGND
AGND
AGND
AGND
AGND
Master Clock
and Timing
VCC1
VCC2
MCKI
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PRODUCT INFORMATION (continued)
ANALOG INPUTS
The PCM4222 includes two analog inputs, referred to as the left and right channels. Each channel includes a
pair of differential voltage input pins. The left channel inputs are named VINL– (pin 10) and VINL+ (pin 11),
respectively. The right channel inputs are named VINR– (pin 2) and VINR+ (pin 3), respectively. Each pin of an
input pair has a nominal full scale input of 2.8VPP. The full-scale input for a given pair is specified as 5.6VPP
differential in the Electrical Characteristics table. Figure 37 shows the full-scale input range of the PCM4222,
with the input signals centered on the nominal common-mode voltage of +1.95V.
In a typical application, the front end is driven by a buffer amplifier or microphone/line level preamplifier.
Examples are given in the Input Buffer Circuits section of this datasheet. The analog inputs of the PCM4222
may be driven up to the absolute maximum input rating without instability. If the analog input voltage is expected
to exceed the absolute maximum input ratings in a given application, it is recommended that input clamping or
limiting be added to the analog input circuitry prior to the PCM4222 in order to provide protection against
damaging the device. Specifications for the analog inputs are given in the Electrical Characteristics and Absolute
Maximum Ratings tables of this datasheet.
2.8VPP Full-Scale
VINL+
or
VINR+
+1.95V
VINLor
VINR-
+1.95V
2.8VPP Full-Scale
Figure 37. Full-Scale Analog Input Range
VOLTAGE REFERENCE
The PCM4222 includes an on-chip, band-gap voltage reference. The band-gap output voltage is buffered and
then routed to the two delta-sigma modulators. The inclusion of an on-chip reference circuit enhances the
power-supply noise rejection of the PCM4222. The buffered reference voltage for each channel is filtered using
external capacitors. The capacitors are connected between VREFL (pin 15) and REFGNDL (pin 14) for the left
channel, and VREFR (pin 46) and REFGNDR (pin 47) for the right channel. Figure 38 illustrates the recommend
reference decoupling capacitor values and connection scheme.
The 10nF to 100nF capacitors in Figure 38 may be metal film or X7R/C0G ceramic chip capacitors. The 100µF
capacitors may be polymer tantalum chip (Kemet T520 series or equivalent) or aluminum electrolytic.
The VREFL and VREFR pins are not designed for biasing external input circuitry. Two common-mode voltage
outputs are provided for this purpose, and are discussed in the following section.
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PRODUCT INFORMATION (continued)
100mF
PCM4222
+
10-100nF
46
VREFR
+
AGND
47
REFGNDR
14
REFGNDL
10-100nF
+
15
VREFL
100mF
AGND
+
Figure 38. Recommended Reference Capacitor Connections and Values
COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE OUTPUTS
The PCM4222 includes two dc common-mode voltage outputs, VCOML (pin 13) and VCOMR (pin 48), which
correspond to the left and right input channels, respectively. The common-mode voltage is utilized to bias
internal op amps within the modulator section of the PCM4222, and may be used to bias external input circuitry
when proper design guidelines are followed. The common-mode voltages are derived from the VCC1 and VCC2
analog power supplies using internal voltage dividers. The voltage divider outputs are buffered and then routed
to internal circuitry and the VCOML and VCOMR outputs.
The common-mode output voltage is nominally equal to (0.4875 × VCC1) for VCOMR and (0.4875 × VCC2) for
VCOML. Given an analog supply voltage of +4.0V connected to both VCC1 and VCC2, the resulting
common-mode voltages are +1.95V.
The common-mode voltage outputs have limited drive capability. If multiple bias points are to be driven, or the
external bias nodes are not sufficiently high impedance, an external output buffer is recommended. Figure 39
shows a typical buffer configuration using the OPA227. The op amp utilized in the buffer circuit should exhibit
low dc offset and drift characteristics, as well as low output noise.
PCM4222
Direct Connect to
High-Z Bias Node
(ZL > 10MW)
To
Bias Nodes
R
VCOML
or
(Optional)
VCOMR
Precision, Low-Noise Op Amp
(OPA227 or equivalent)
100nF to 1mF
Close to IC pins
Figure 39. Common-Mode Output Connections
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PRODUCT INFORMATION (continued)
MASTER CLOCK INPUT
The PCM4222 requires a master clock for operating the internal logic and modulator circuitry. The master clock
is supplied from an external source, connected at the MCKI input (pin 35). Table 1 summarizes the requirements
for various operating modes of the PCM4222. Referring to Table 1, the term fS refers to the PCM4222 PCM
output sampling rate (that is, 48kHz, 96kHz, 192kHz, etc.). Refer to the Electrical Characteristics table for timing
specifications related to the master clock input, as well as the output sampling and data rates for the PCM, DSD,
and multi-bit output modes.
For best performance, the master clock jitter should be maintained below 40ps peak amplitude.
Table 1. Master Clock Requirements
OPERATING MODE
REQUIRED MASTER CLOCK (MCKI) RATE
PCM Normal
256fS
PCM Double Speed
128fS
PCM Quad Speed
64fS
DSD with 64x output rate
4x the desired DSD output rate
DSD with 128x output rate
2x the desired DSD output rate
Multi-bit modulator (MBM)
2x the desired modulator output rate
RESET AND POWER-DOWN OPERATION
The PCM4222 includes an external reset input, RST (pin 36), which may be utilized to force an internal reset
initialization or power down sequence. The reset input is active low. Figure 40 shows the required timing for an
external forced reset.
A power-down state for the PCM422 may be initiated by forcing and holding the reset input low for the duration
of the desired power-down condition. Minimum power is consumed during this state when all clock inputs for the
PCM4222 are forced low. Before releasing the reset input by forcing a high state, the master clock should be
enabled so that the PCM4222 can execute a reset initialization sequence.
While the RST pin is forced low, or during reset initialization, the audio data and clock outputs are driven to fixed
states. The following is a summary of the PCM, DSD, and Multi-Bit Modulator audio interfaces. The conditions
noted assume that the given interface has been enabled (that is, PCMEN, DSDEN, or MODEN forced high).
• For PCM mode, the audio serial port LRCK, BCK and DATA are driven low if the port is configured for
Master mode operation. For Slave mode, the DATA pin is forced low.
• For DSD mode, the DSDL, DSDR, and DSDCLK outputs are driven low.
• For the Multi-Bit Modulator (or MBM) mode, the WCKO, MCKO, and MOD1–MOD6 outputs are all driven
low.
40ns minimum
RST
0V
Internal
Reset
0V
1024 System Clock Periods
Required for Initialization
MCKI
0V
Figure 40. External Reset Sequence
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DISABLED STATES FOR THE PCM4222 AUDIO INTERFACES
When a particular mode is disabled, the output data and clocks associated with that mode are driven low. The
exception is when MODEN is driven low, disabling the multi-bit modulator output. For this case, the data and
clock outputs associated with the modulator output are re-mapped to functions utilized for either PCM or DSD
mode operation.
PCM OUTPUT AND SAMPLING MODES
The PCM4222 supports 24-bit linear PCM output data when the PCMEN input (pin 16) is forced high. The PCM
output is disabled when PCMEN is forced low. The 24-bit output data may be dithered to 20-, 18-, or 16-bits
using internal word length reduction circuitry. Refer to the Output Word Length Reduction section of this data
sheet for additional information.
The PCM4222 supports three PCM sampling modes, referred to as Normal, Double Speed, and Quad Speed.
The sampling mode is determined by the state of the FS0 and FS1 inputs (pins 19 and 20, respectively). Table 2
summarizes the sampling modes available for the PCM4222.
Normal sampling mode supports output sampling rates from 8kHz to 54kHz. The ∆Σ modulator operates with
128x oversampling in this mode. Both the Classic and Low Group Delay decimation filter responses are
available in Normal mode. The master clock (MCKI) rate must be 256x the desired output sampling rate for
Normal operation.
The Double Speed sampling mode supports output sampling rates from 54kHz to 108kHz. The delta-sigma
modulator operates with 64x oversampling in this mode. Both the Classic and Low Group Delay decimation filter
responses are available in Double Speed mode. The master clock (MCKI) rate must be 128x the desired output
sampling rate for Double Speed operation.
Quad Speed sampling mode supports output sampling rates from 108kHz to 216kHz. The delta-sigma modulator
operates with 32x oversampling in this mode. Only the Low Group Delay decimation filter response is available
in Quad Speed mode. The master clock (MCKI) rate must be 64x the desired output sampling rate for Quad
Speed operation.
Table 2. PCM Sampling Mode Configuration
FS1 (pin 20)
FS0 (pin 19)
SAMPLING MODE
LO
LO
Normal, 8kHz ≤ fS ≤ 54kHz
LO
HI
Double Speed, 54kHz < fS ≤ 108kHz
HI
LO
Quad Speed, 108kHz < fS≤ 216kHz
HI
HI
Reserved
AUDIO SERIAL PORT INTERFACE
The PCM output mode supports a three-wire synchronous serial interface. This interface includes a serial data
output (DATA, pin 32), a serial bit or data clock (BCK, pin 33), and a left/right word clock (LRCK, pin 34). The
BCK and LRCK clock pins may be inputs or outputs, dependent upon the Slave or Master mode configuration.
Figure 41 illustrates Slave and Master mode serial port connections to an external audio signal processor or
host device.
The audio serial port supports four data formats that are illustrated in Figure 42, Figure 44, and Figure 45. The
I2S and Left-Justified formats support two channels of audio output data. The TDM data formats can support up
to eight channels of audio output data on a single data line. The audio data format is selected using the FMT0
and FMT1 inputs (pins 44 and 43, respectively). Table 3 summarizes the audio data format options. For all
formats, audio data are represented as two’s complement binary data, with the MSB transmitted first.
Regardless of the format selection, audio data are always clocked out of the port on the falling edge of the BCK
clock.
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Table 3. PCM Audio Data Format Selection
FMT1 (pin 43)
FMT0 (pin 44)
AUDIO DATA FORMAT
LO
LO
Left-Justified
LO
HI
I2S
HI
LO
TDM
HI
HI
TDM with data delayed one BCK cycle from LRCK rising edge
The LRCK clock rate should always be operated at the desired output sampling rate, or fS. In Slave mode, the
LRCK clock is an input, with the rate set by an external audio bus master (that is, a clock generator, digital
signal processor, etc.). In Master mode, the LRCK clock is an output, derived from the master clock input using
on-chip clock dividers (as is the BCK clock). The clock divider is configured using the FS0 and FS1 pins, which
are discussed in the PCM Output and Sampling Modes section of this datasheet.
For the I2S and Left-Justified data formats, the BCK clock output rate is fixed in Master mode, with the Normal
mode being 128fS and the Double and Quad Speed modes being 64fS. In Slave Mode, a BCK clock input rate of
64fS or 128fS is recommended for Normal mode, while 64fS is recommended for Double and Quad Rate modes.
For the TDM data formats, the BCK rate depends upon the sampling mode for either Slave or Master operation.
For Normal sampling, the BCK must be 256fS. Double Speed mode requires 128fS, while Quad Speed mode
requires 64fS. This requirement limits the maximum number of channels carried by the TDM formats to eight for
Normal mode, four for Double Rate mode, and two for Quad Rate mode.
When using the TDM formats, the sub-frame assignment for the device must be selected using the SUB0 and
SUB1 inputs (pins 26 and 25, respectively). Table 4 summarizes the sub-frame selection options. A sub-frame
contains two 32-bit time slots, with each time slot carrying 24-bits of audio data corresponding to either the left
or right channel of the PCM4222. Refer to Figure 43 through Figure 45 for TDM interfacing connections and
sub-frame formatting details. For the TDM format with one BCK delay, the serial data output is delayed by one
BCK period after the rising edge of the LRCK clock.
Table 4. TDM Sub-frame Assignment
SUB1 (pin 25)
SUB0 (pin 26)
SUB-FRAME ASSIGNMENT
LO
LO
Sub-frame 0
LO
HI
Sub-frame 1
HI
LO
Sub-frame 2
HI
HI
Sub-frame 3
When using TDM formats with Double Speed sampling, it is recommended that the SUB1 pin be forced low.
When using TDM formats with Quad Speed sampling, it is recommended that both the SUB0 and SUB1 pins be
forced low.
For all serial port modes and data formats, when driving capacitive loads greater than 30pF with the data and
clock outputs, it is recommended that external buffers be utilized to ensure data and clock integrity at the
receiving device(s).
For specifications regarding audio serial port operation, the reader is referred to the Electrical Characteristics:
Audio Interface Timing table, as well as Figure 1 and Figure 2 in this datasheet.
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Audio DSP
or
Interface
PCM4222
LRCK
Audio DSP
or
Interface
PCM4222
LRCK
FSYNC
FSYNC
BCK
SCLK
BCK
SCLK
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
MCKI
MCLK
MCKI
MCLK
Master
Clock
Master
Clock
(a) Slave Mode (S/M = HI)
(b) Master Mode (S/M = LO)
Figure 41. Slave and Master Mode Operation
Left Channel
Right Channel
LRCK
BCK
DATA
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
(a) Left-Justified Data Format
LRCK
BCK
DATA
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
2
(b) I S Data Format
1/fS
Figure 42. Left-Justified and I2S Data Formats
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(a) All devices are Slaves.
PCM4222
(sub-frame 0)
Slave
LO
LO
PCM4222
(sub-frame 1)
Slave
HI
LO
SUB0
SUB1
LO
HI
SUB0
SUB1
LRCK
BCK DATA
PCM4222
(sub-frame 2)
Slave
PCM4222
(sub-frame 3)
Slave
HI
HI
SUB0
SUB1
LRCK
BCK DATA
SUB0
SUB1
LRCK
BCK DATA
LRCK
BCK DATA
PCM4222
(sub-frame 2)
Slave
PCM4222
(sub-frame 3)
Slave
LRCK
BCK
DATA
(b) One device is the Master while all other devices are Slaves.
PCM4222
(sub-frame 0)
Master
LO
LO
PCM4222
(sub-frame 1)
Slave
HI
LO
SUB0
SUB1
LO
HI
SUB0
SUB1
LRCK
BCK DATA
HI
HI
SUB0
SUB1
LRCK
BCK DATA
LRCK
BCK DATA
SUB0
SUB1
LRCK
BCK DATA
LRCK
BCK
DATA
Figure 43. TDM Mode Interface Connections (PCM Normal Mode Shown)
LRCK
Normal Mode
DATA
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
Sub-frame 0 Sub-frame 1 Sub-frame 2 Sub-frame 3
One Frame, 1/fS
LRCK
Double Speed Mode
DATA
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
Sub-frame 0 Sub-frame 1 Sub-frame 0 Sub-frame 1
One Frame, 1/fS
One Frame, 1/fS
LRCK
Quad Speed Mode
DATA
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
One Frame One Frame One Frame One Frame
1/fS
1/fS
1/fS
1/fS
Each L or R channel time slot is 32-bits long, with 24-bit data Left-Justified in the time slot. Audio data is MSB first.
Sub-frame assignments for each PCM4222 device are selected by the corresponding SUB0 and SUB1 pin settings.
Figure 44. TDM Data Formats: Slave Mode
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LRCK
Normal Mode
DATA
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
Sub-frame 0 Sub-frame 1 Sub-frame 2 Sub-frame 3
One Frame, 1/fS
LRCK
Double Speed Mode
DATA
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
Sub-frame 0 Sub-frame 1 Sub-frame 0 Sub-frame 1
One Frame, 1/fS
One Frame, 1/fS
LRCK
Quad Speed Mode
DATA
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
One Frame One Frame One Frame One Frame
1/fS
1/fS
1/fS
1/fS
Each L or R channel time slot is 32-bits long, with 24-bit data Left-Justified in the time slot. Audio data is MSB first.
Sub-frame assignments for each PCM4222 device are selected by the corresponding SUB0 and SUB1 pin settings.
Figure 45. TDM Data Formats: Master Mode
DIGITAL DECIMATION FILTER
The PCM4222 digital decimation filter is a linear phase, multistage finite impulse response (FIR) design with two
user-selectable filter responses. The decimation filter provides the digital downsampling and low-pass anti-alias
filter functions for the PCM4222.
The Classic filter response is typical of traditional audio data converters, with Figure 26 through Figure 29
detailing the frequency response, and the related specifications given in the Electrical Characteristics table. The
group delay for the Classic filter is 39/fS, or 812.5µs for fS = 48kHz and 406.25µs for fS = 96kHz. The Classic
filter response is not available for the Quad Speed sampling mode.
The Low Group Delay response provides a lower latency option for the decimation filter, and is detailed in
Figure 30 through Figure 33, with the relevant specifications given in the Electrical Characteristics table. The
Low Group Delay filter response is available for all sampling modes. The group delay for this filter is 21/fS, or
437.5µs for fS = 48kHz, 218.75µs for fS = 96kHz, and 109.375µs for fS = 192kHz.
The decimation filter response is selected using the DF input (pin 21), with the settings summarized in Table 5.
For Quad Speed sampling mode operation, the Low Group Delay filter is always selected, regardless of the DF
pin setting.
Table 5. Decimation Filter Response Selection
DF (pin 21)
DECIMATION FILTER RESPONSE
LO
Classic response, with group delay = 39/fS
HI
Low Group Delay response, with group delay = 21/fS
DIGITAL HIGH-PASS FILTER
The PCM4222 incorporates digital high-pass filters for both the left and right audio channels, with the purpose of
removing the ∆Σ modulator dc offset from the audio output data. Figure 34 and Figure 35 detail the frequency
response for the digital high-pass filter. The f–3dB frequency is approximately fS/48000, where fS is the PCM
output sampling rate.
Two inputs, HPFDR (pin 17) and HPFDL (pin 18), allow the digital high-pass filter to be enabled or disabled
individually for the right and left channels, respectively. Table 6 summarizes the operation of the high-pass filter
disable pins.
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Table 6. Digital High-Pass Filter Configuration
HPFDR (pin 17) or HPFDL (pin 18)
HIGH-PASS FILTER STATE
LO
Enabled for the corresponding channel
HI
Disabled for the corresponding channel
PCM OUTPUT WORD LENGTH REDUCTION
The PCM4222 is typically configured to output 24-bit linear PCM audio data. However, internal word length
reduction circuitry may be utilized to reduce the 24-bit data to 20-, 18-, or 16-bit data. This reduction is
accomplished by using a Triangular PDF dithering function. The OWL0 (pin 42) and OWL1 (pin 41) inputs are
utilized to select the output data word length. Table 7 summarizes the output word length configuration options.
Table 7. PCM Audio Data Word Length Selection
OWL1 (pin 41)
OWL0 (pin 42)
OUTPUT WORD LENGTH
LO
LO
24 bits
LO
HI
18 bits
HI
LO
20 bits
HI
HI
16 bits
OVERFLOW INDICATORS
The PCM4222 includes two active-high digital overflow outputs, OVFL (pin 37) and OVFR (pin 38),
corresponding to the left and right channels, respectively. These outputs are functional when the PCM output
mode is enabled, as the overflow detection circuitry is incorporated into the digital filter engine. The overflow
indicators are forced high whenever a digital overflow is detected for a given channel. The overflow indicators
may be utilized as clipping flags, and monitored using a host processor or light-emitting diode (LED) indicators.
When driving a LED, the overflow output may be buffered to ensure adequate drive for the LED. A
recommended buffer is Texas Instruments' SN74LVC1G125. Equivalent buffers may be substituted
DIRECT STREAM DIGITAL (DSD) OUTPUT OPERATION
The PCM4222 supports 1-bit, direct stream digital (DSD) output data. The DSD data stream is utilized as the
format for super audio CD (SACD) data. An on-chip DSD engine converts the multi-bit delta-sigma modulator
output data to 1-bit DSD output data. Figure 46 shows a simplified functional block diagram for this process. The
PCM4222 allows for the simultaneous output of both PCM and DSD output data, enabling both data types to be
captured for recording and editing purposes.
The DSD engine operates in a Master mode configuration, with one data clock output and two data outputs,
corresponding to the left and right channels, respectively. The DSDCLK output (pin 27) functions as the DSD
data or bit clock and operates at the output data rate, which is typically set to either 64x or 128x the base rate of
44.1kHz. This configuration results in an output data rate of either 2.8224MHz or 5.6448MHz. The 2.8224MHz is
the standard playback rate for SACD, while the 128x rate may be desirable for recording or processing
purposes. The DSDL (pin 28) and DSDR (pin 29) outputs are utilized for the left and right channel data,
respectively.
The DSD output mode is enabled using the DSDEN input (pin 22). Table 8 summarizes the function of this pin.
The DSD output rate is selected using the DSDMODE input (pin 24). Table 9 summarizes the operation of this
pin.
Table 8. DSD Output Configuration
DSDEN (pin 22)
DSD OUTPUT MODE
LO
DSD Output Mode is disabled with clock and data outputs forced low
HI
DSD Output Mode is enabled
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Table 9. DSD Output Rate Selection
DSDMODE (pin 24)
DSD OUTPUT RATE
LO
64x Oversampled Data
HI
128x Oversampled Data
When driving capacitive loads greater than 30pF with the DSD data and clock outputs, it is recommended that
external buffers be utilized to ensure data and clock integrity at the receiving device(s).
Details regarding dynamic performance for the DSD output are shown in the Electrical Characteristics table of
this datasheet. Figure 3 and the Electrical Characteristics: Audio Interface Timing table detail the timing
parameters for the DSD output.
Left
Left
6-bits/ch
128fS
Multi-Bit
Delta-Signma
Modulator
Digital
Decimation
Filter
(Down by 2)
6-bits/ch
64fS
DSDCLK
DSD
Engine
DSDL
DSDR
Right
Right
DSDEN
DSDMODE
Figure 46. Simplified Block Diagram for DSD Mode Operation
MULTI-BIT MODULATOR (MBM) OUTPUT OPERATION
The PCM4222 supports direct data output from the multi-bit delta sigma modulators. This mode allows the use
of external, user-defined digital filtering and/or processing. Figure 47 illustrates the functional concept for the
multi-bit modulator (or MBM) output mode, as well as the output data format.
The MBM output mode is enabled or disabled using the MODEN input (pin 23). Table 10 summarizes the
operation of the MODEN pin. When MBM mode is enabled, both the PCM and DSD output modes are disabled,
and multiple pins are re-mapped. Table 11 summarizes the pin mapping for MBM mode, compared to the PCM
and DSD output modes. The PCMEN input (pin 16) must be forced high when the multi-bit output is enabled;
forcing this input high enables both the left and right channel multi-bit output data.
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8kHz £ fS £ 54kHz
VINL+
Multi-Bit
Delta-Signma
Modultaor
MCKI (256fS)
128fS
WCKO (128fS)
MOD1
VINL-
MOD2
Output
Port
VINR+
Multi-Bit
Delta-Signma
Modultaor
VINR-
MOD3
MOD4
MOD5
128fS
MOD6
MODEN
WCKO
MCKI
MOD1 (LSB)
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
MOD2
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
MOD3
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
MOD4
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
MOD5
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
MOD6 (MSB)
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
Figure 47. Multi-Bit Modulator (MBM) Output Function and Interface Format
Table 10. Multi-bit Modulator (MBM) Mode Configuration
MODEN (pin 23)
MULTI-BIT MODULATOR OUTPUT
LO
MBM Mode Disabled. Pins 17–22, 25, and 26 are mapped for PCM and DSD mode operation
HI
MBM Mode Enabled. Pins 17–22, 25, and 26 are mapped for MBM operation. PCM and DSD
modes are disabled.
When driving capacitive loads greater than 30pF with the MBM data and clock outputs, it is recommended that
external buffers be utilized to ensure data and clock integrity at the receiving device(s).
Refer to the Electrical Characteristics: Audio Interface Timing table and Figure 4 for parameters and timing
information related to MBM operation.
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Table 11. MBM Mode Pin Mapping vs PCM and DSD Modes
PIN NUMBER
MBM MODE FUNCTION
PCM AND DSD MODE FUNCTION
17
MOD1 data output (LSB)
HPFDR
18
MOD2 data output
HPFDL
19
MOD3 data output
FS0
20
MOD4 data output
FS1
21
MOD5 data output
DF
22
MOD6 data output
DSDEN
25
MCKO master clock output ( fMCKO = fMCKI )
SUB1
26
WCKO word clock output ( fWCKO = fMCKO÷ 2 )
SUB0
TYPICAL CONNECTIONS
Figure 48 and Figure 49 provide typical connection diagrams for the PCM4222. Figure 48 illustrates an
application where both PCM and DSD outputs are available. Figure 49 illustrates connections for a typical
application using the Multi-Bit Modulator output mode. Both figures show recommended power-supply bypass
and reference filter capacitors. These components should be located as close to the corresponding PCM4222
package pins as physically possible. Larger power-supply bypass capacitors may be placed on the bottom side
of the printed circuit board (PCB). However, reference decoupling capacitors should be located on the top side
of the PCB to avoid issues with added via inductance.
As Figure 48 illustrates, the audio host device may be a digital signal processor (DSP), digital audio interface
transmitter (DIT), or a programmable logic device. DSD data capture may be accomplished using a
programmable logic device or an audio host capable of capturing/processing the 1-bit data.
In Figure 49, the modulator output may be connected to a programmable logic device that is configured to
perform digital decimation filtering and post-processing tasks.
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PCM4222PFB
1
2
Right Channel
Analog Input
3
100mF
+
100nF
4
+4.0V
5
6
100nF
7
8
100mF
9
+
10
Left Channel
Analog Input
11
100nF to 1mF
12
13
14
100nF
+
100mF
15
16
17
18
19
From Host, Logic,
or Manual Controls
20
21
22
23
24
AGND
VCOMR
VINR-
REFGNDR
VINR+
VREFR
VCC1
DGND
AGND
FMT0
AGND
FMT1
AGND
OWL0
AGND
OWL1
VCC2
DGND
VINL-
S/M
VINL+
OVFR
AGND
OVFL
VCOML
RST
REFGNDL
MCKI
VREFL
LRCK
PCMEN
BCK
HPFDR
DATA
HPFDL
VDD
FS0
DGND
FS1
DSDR
DF
DSDL
DSDEN
DSDCLK
MODEN
SUB0
DSDMODE
SUB1
100nF to 1mF
48
47
100nF
46
45
44
+
100mF
43
42
41
From Host, Logic,
or Manual Controls
40
39
38
37
36
35
To Host and/or Clipping Indicators
From Host or Master Reset
From Audio Master Clock Source
34
33
32
Audio
DSP or Host
100nF
31
30
100mF
+
29
28
27
26
25
+3.3V
DSD
Data Capture
Required Only for TDM data formats.
These pins are ignored for all other formats.
Figure 48. Typical Connections for PCM and DSD Output Modes
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PCM4222PFB
1
2
Right Channel
Analog Input
3
100mF
+
100nF
4
5
+4.0V
6
7
100nF
8
100mF
9
+
10
Left Channel
Analog Input
11
12
100nF to 1mF
13
14
100nF
15
+
+3.3V
16
17
100mF
18
External
Digital
Filtering
and Processing
19
20
21
22
+3.3V
23
24
AGND
VCOMR
VINR-
REFGNDR
VINR+
VREFR
VCC1
DGND
AGND
FMT0
AGND
FMT1
AGND
OWL0
AGND
OWL1
VCC2
DGND
VINL-
S/M
VINL+
OVFR
AGND
OVFL
VCOML
RST
REFGNDL
MCKI
VREFL
LRCK
PCMEN
BCK
MOD1
DATA
MOD2
VDD
MOD3
DGND
MOD4
DSDR
MOD5
DSDL
MOD6
DSDCLK
MODEN
WCKO
DSDMODE
MCKO
48
100nF to 1mF
47
100nF
46
45
100mF
+
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
From Host or Master Reset
From Audio Master Clock Source
34
33
32
31
30
29
+3.3V
100nF
100mF
+
28
27
26
25
Figure 49. Typical Connections for MBM Output Mode
INPUT BUFFER CIRCUITS
The PCM4222 is typically preceded in an application by an input buffer or preamplifier circuit. The input circuit is
required to perform anti-aliasing filtering, in addition to application-specific analog gain scaling, limiting, or
processing that may be needed. At a minimum, first-order, low-pass anti-aliasing filtering is necessary. The input
buffer must be able to perform the input filtering requirement, in addition to driving the switched-capacitor inputs
of the PCM4222 device. The buffer must have adequate bandwidth, slew rate, settling time, and output drive
capability to perform these tasks.
Figure 50 illustrates the input buffer/filter circuit utilized on the PCM4222EVM evaluation module. This circuit has
been optimized for measurement purposes, so that it does not degrade the dynamic characteristics of the
PCM4222. The resistors are primarily 0.1% metal film. The 40.2Ω resistor is 1% tolerance thick film. The 1nF
and 2.7nF capacitors may be either PPS film or C0G ceramic capacitors; both types perform with equivalent
results in this application. Surface-mount devices are utilized throughout because they provide superior
performance when combined with a wideband amplifier such as the OPA1632. The DGN package version of the
OPA1632 is utilized; this package includes a thermal pad on the bottom side. The thermal pad must be soldered
to the PCB ground plane for heat sink and mechanical support purposes.
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270W (0.1%)
1nF
-15V
10nF-100nF
Full-Scale: 11.76VPP Differential
typical with RS = 40W
6
7
Analog Input
560W (0.1%)
8
EN
2
3
560W (0.1%)
5
OPA1632DGN
1
VOCM
G
40.2W (1%)
VINL- or VINR40.2W (1%)
2.7nF
4
VINL+ or VINR+
2
1
3
R
10nF-100nF
100nF
From
Buffered VCOM
T
S
Ground
Lift Switch
+15V
1nF
270W (0.1%)
Figure 50. Differential Input Buffer Circuit Utilizing the OPA1632
Figure 51 demonstrates the same circuit topology of Figure 50, while using standard single or dual op amps.
The noise level of this circuit is adequate for obtaining the typical A-weighted dynamic range performance for the
PCM4222. However, unweighted performance may suffer, depending upon the op amp noise specifications.
Near-typical THD+N can be achieved with this configuration, although this performance also depends on the op
amps used for the application. The NE5534A and OPA227 (the lower cost 'A' version) are good candidates from
a noise and distortion perspective, and are reasonably priced. More expensive lower-noise models, such as the
OPA211, should also work well for this configuration. Feedback and input resistor values may be changed to
alter circuit gain. However, it is recommmended that all circuit changes be simulated and then tested on the
bench using a working prototype to verify performance.
Figure 52 illustrates a differential input circuit that employs a noninverting architecture. The total noise and
distortion is expected to be higher than that measured for Figure 50 and Figure 51. As with Figure 51, the
NE5534A and OPA227 are good candidates for this circuit, although similar op amps should yield equivalent
results.
A useful tool for simulating the circuits shown here is TINA-TI, a free schematic capture and SPICE-based
simulator program available from the Texas Instruments web site. This tool includes macro models for many TI
and Burr-Brown branded amplifiers and analog integrated circuits. TINA-TI runs on personal computers using
Microsoft Windows® operating systems.
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270W
1nF
C1
INPUT+
560W
40.2W
+
VINL- or VINR-
U1
VCOML
or
VCOMR
100nF
2.7nF
40.2W
C2
INPUT-
VINL+ or VINR+
U2
560W
+
1nF
270W
U1, U2 = NE5534A, OPA227, or similar
C1 and C2 provide ac coupling. They may be removed if the dc offset from the preceeding circuit is negligible.
Figure 51. Alternative Buffer Circuit Using Standard Op Amps
1.5kW
1nF
40.2W
C1
INPUT+
R1W
VINL+ or VINR+
U1
+
10kW
2.7nF
10kW
C2
INPUT-
R2W
40.2W
+
VINL- or VINR-
U2
VCOML
or
VCOMR
1nF
U3
1.5kW
U1, U2 = NE5534A, OPA227, or similar.
U3 = OPA227 or equivalent.
R1 and R2 are optional. When used, values may be selected for the desired attenuation.
C1 and C2 provide ac coupling. They may be removed if the dc offset from the preceeding circuit is negligible.
Figure 52. Noninverting Differential Input Buffer Utilizing Standard Op Amps
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IINTERFACING TO DIGITAL AUDIO TRANSMITTERS (AES3, IEC60958-3, and S/PDIF)
The serial output of audio analog-to-digital converters are often times interfaced to transmitter devices that
encode the serial output data to either the AES3 or IEC60958-3 (or S/PDIF) interface formats. Texas
Instruments manufactures several devices that perform this encoding, including the DIT4192, DIX4192,
SRC4382, and SRC4392. This section describes and illustrates the audio serial port interface connections
required for communications between the PCM4222 and these devices. Register programming details for the
DIX4192 and SRC4382/4392 are also provided.
Figure 53 shows the interface between a PCM4222 and a DIT4192 transmitter. This configuration supports
sampling frequencies and encoded frame rates from 8kHz to 216kHz. For this example, the audio data format
must be either Left-Justified or I2S; TDM formats are not supported by the DIT4192. In addition, the PCM4222
VDD supply and DIT4192 VIO supply must be the same voltage, to ensure logic level compatibility.
Figure 54 illustrates the audio serial port interface between the PCM4222 and either a DIX4192 transceiver or
SRC4382/SRC4392 combo sample rate converter/transceiver device. Port A of the DIX4192 or
SRC4382/SRC4392 is utilized for this example. Data acquired by Port A are sent on to the DIT function block
within the interface device for AES3 encoding and transmission.
The DIX4192 and SRC4382/SRC4392 are software-configurable, with control register and data buffer settings
that determine the operation of internal function blocks. Table 12 and Table 13 summarize the control register
settings for the Port A and the DIT function blocks for both A/D Converter Master and Slave modes, respectively.
Input sampling and encoded frame rates from 8kHz to 216kHz are supported with the appropriate register
settings.
Master
Clock
512fS (Normal)
256fS (Double Speed)
128fS (Quad Speed)
Divided by 2
PCM4222
MCKI
FS1
FS0
FS1
LO
LO
HI
HI
FS0
LO
HI
LO
HI
Mode
Normal
Double Speed
Quad Speed
Reserved
DIT4192
BCK
SCLK
LRCK
SYNC
DATA
SDATA
S/M
M/S
MCLK
CLK0
CLK1
LO = ADC Master
HI = ADC Slave
CLK1
LO
LO
HI
HI
CLK0
LO
HI
LO
HI
Mode
Quad Speed
Double Speed
Reserved
Normal
Figure 53. Interfacing the PCM4222 to a DIT4192
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DIX4192
or
SRC4392
PCM4222
BCK
BCKA
LRCK
LRCKA
DATA
SDINA
MCKI
MCLK
Divided by 2
512fS (Normal)
256fS (Double Speed)
128fS (Quad Speed)
Master
Clock
VDDPCM4222 = VIODIX4192 or SRC4392.
Audio data format if I2S or Left Justified.
Interface supports ADC Slave or Master configurations, depending on DIX4192, SRC4382, or SRC4392 register
setup.
Figure 54. Interfacing the PCM4222 to a DIT4192, SRC4382, or SRC4392
Table 12. Register Configuration Sequence for an ADC Master Mode Interface
REGISTER ADDRESS (hex)
REGISTER DATA (hex)
COMMENTS
7F
00
Select Register Page 0
03
00
01
Port A is Slave mode with Left-Justified audio data format, or
Port A is Slave mode with I2S Data format
04
00
Default for Port A Slave mode operation
07
64
24
04
Divide MCLK by 512 for Normal sampling,or
Divide MCLK by 256 for Double Speed Sampling, or
Divide MCLK by 128 for Quad Speed sampling
08
00
Line Driver and AESOUT buffer enabled
09
01
Data buffers on Register Page 2 are the source for the DIT
channel status (C) and user (U) data
01
34
Power up Port A and the DIT
Table 13. Register Configuration Sequence for an ADC Slave Mode Interface
34
REGISTER ADDRESS (hex)
REGISTER DATA (hex)
COMMENTS
7F
00
Select Register Page 0
03
08
09
Port A is Master mode with Left-Justified audio data format, or
Port A is Master mode with I2S Data format
04
03
01
00
Divide MCLK by 512 for Normal sampling, or
Divide MCLK by 256 for Double Speed sampling, or
Divide MCLK by 128 for Quad Speed sampling
07
64
24
04
Divide MCLK by 512 for Normal sampling,or
Divide MCLK by 256 for Double Speed Sampling, or
Divide MCLK by 128 for Quad Speed sampling
08
00
Line Driver and AESOUT buffer enabled
09
01
Data buffers on Register Page 2 are the source for the DIT
channel status (C) and user (U) data
01
34
Power up Port A and the DIT
Submit Documentation Feedback
PCM4222
www.ti.com
SBAS399A – OCTOBER 2006 – REVISED MARCH 2007
The DIT channel status (C) and user (U) data bits in register page 2 may be programmed after the DIT block
has powered up. To program these bits, disable buffer transfers by setting the BTD bit in control register 0x08 to
'1'. Then, select register page 2 using register address 0x7F. You can now load the necessary C and U data
registers for the intended application by writing the corresponding data buffer addresses. When you have
finished writing the C and U data, select register page 0 using register address 0x7F. Re-enable buffer transfers
by setting the BTD bit in control register 0x08 to '0'.
Submit Documentation Feedback
35
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
24-Aug-2018
PACKAGING INFORMATION
Orderable Device
Status
(1)
Package Type Package Pins Package
Drawing
Qty
Eco Plan
Lead/Ball Finish
MSL Peak Temp
(2)
(6)
(3)
Op Temp (°C)
Device Marking
(4/5)
PCM4222PFB
ACTIVE
TQFP
PFB
48
250
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-3-260C-168 HR
-40 to 85
PCM4222
PCM4222PFBR
ACTIVE
TQFP
PFB
48
1000
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-3-260C-168 HR
-40 to 85
PCM4222
(1)
The marketing status values are defined as follows:
ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.
LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.
NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.
PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.
OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.
(2)
RoHS: TI defines "RoHS" to mean semiconductor products that are compliant with the current EU RoHS requirements for all 10 RoHS substances, including the requirement that RoHS substance
do not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, "RoHS" products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes. TI may
reference these types of products as "Pb-Free".
RoHS Exempt: TI defines "RoHS Exempt" to mean products that contain lead but are compliant with EU RoHS pursuant to a specific EU RoHS exemption.
Green: TI defines "Green" to mean the content of Chlorine (Cl) and Bromine (Br) based flame retardants meet JS709B low halogen requirements of <=1000ppm threshold. Antimony trioxide based
flame retardants must also meet the <=1000ppm threshold requirement.
(3)
MSL, Peak Temp. - The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.
(4)
There may be additional marking, which relates to the logo, the lot trace code information, or the environmental category on the device.
(5)
Multiple Device Markings will be inside parentheses. Only one Device Marking contained in parentheses and separated by a "~" will appear on a device. If a line is indented then it is a continuation
of the previous line and the two combined represent the entire Device Marking for that device.
(6)
Lead/Ball Finish - Orderable Devices may have multiple material finish options. Finish options are separated by a vertical ruled line. Lead/Ball Finish values may wrap to two lines if the finish
value exceeds the maximum column width.
Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information
provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and
continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals.
TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release.
In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis.
Addendum-Page 1
Samples
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
24-Aug-2018
Addendum-Page 2
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
26-Feb-2019
TAPE AND REEL INFORMATION
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
PCM4222PFBR
Package Package Pins
Type Drawing
TQFP
PFB
48
SPQ
Reel
Reel
A0
Diameter Width (mm)
(mm) W1 (mm)
1000
330.0
16.4
Pack Materials-Page 1
9.6
B0
(mm)
K0
(mm)
P1
(mm)
W
Pin1
(mm) Quadrant
9.6
1.5
12.0
16.0
Q2
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
26-Feb-2019
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
Package Type
Package Drawing
Pins
SPQ
Length (mm)
Width (mm)
Height (mm)
PCM4222PFBR
TQFP
PFB
48
1000
350.0
350.0
43.0
Pack Materials-Page 2
MECHANICAL DATA
MTQF019A – JANUARY 1995 – REVISED JANUARY 1998
PFB (S-PQFP-G48)
PLASTIC QUAD FLATPACK
0,27
0,17
0,50
36
0,08 M
25
37
24
48
13
0,13 NOM
1
12
5,50 TYP
7,20
SQ
6,80
9,20
SQ
8,80
Gage Plane
0,25
0,05 MIN
0°– 7°
1,05
0,95
Seating Plane
0,75
0,45
0,08
1,20 MAX
4073176 / B 10/96
NOTES: A. All linear dimensions are in millimeters.
B. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
C. Falls within JEDEC MS-026
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