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Texas Instruments TPA321EVM - User guides
 User’s Guide
November 2000
Mixed Signal Products
SLOU089
MPORTANT NOTICE
Texas Instruments and its subsidiaries (TI) reserve the right to make changes to their products or to discontinue
any product or service without notice, and advise customers to obtain the latest version of relevant information
to verify, before placing orders, that information being relied on is current and complete. All products are sold
subject to the terms and conditions of sale supplied at the time of order acknowledgment, including those
pertaining to warranty, patent infringement, and limitation of liability.
TI warrants performance of its semiconductor products to the specifications applicable at the time of sale in
accordance with TI’s standard warranty. Testing and other quality control techniques are utilized to the extent
TI deems necessary to support this warranty. Specific testing of all parameters of each device is not necessarily
performed, except those mandated by government requirements.
Customers are responsible for their applications using TI components.
In order to minimize risks associated with the customer’s applications, adequate design and operating
safeguards must be provided by the customer to minimize inherent or procedural hazards.
TI assumes no liability for applications assistance or customer product design. TI does not warrant or represent
that any license, either express or implied, is granted under any patent right, copyright, mask work right, or other
intellectual property right of TI covering or relating to any combination, machine, or process in which such
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party’s products or services does not constitute TI’s approval, warranty or endorsement thereof.
Copyright  2000, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Information About Cautions and Warnings
Preface
Read This First
Information About Cautions and Warnings
This book may contain cautions and warnings.
This is an example of a caution statement.
A caution statement describes a situation that could potentially
damage your software or equipment.
This is an example of a warning statement.
A warning statement describes a situation that could potentially
cause harm to you.
The information in a caution or a warning is provided for your protection.
Please read each caution and warning carefully.
Related Documentation From Texas Instruments
TI Plug-N-Play Audio Amplifier Evaluation Platform (literature
number SLOU011) provides detailed information on the evaluation
platform and its use with TI audio evaluation modules.
TPA321 350-mW Low-Voltage Audio Power Amplifier (literature
number SLOS312) This is the data sheet for the TPA321 audio
amplifier integrated circuit.
Read This First
iii
FCC Warning
FCC Warning
This equipment is intended for use in a laboratory test environment only. It
generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and has not been
tested for compliance with the limits of computing devices pursuant to subpart
J of part 15 of FCC rules, which are designed to provide reasonable protection
against radio frequency interference. Operation of this equipment in other
environments may cause interference with radio communications, in which
case the user at his own expense will be required to take whatever measures
may be required to correct this interference.
iv
Running Title—Attribute Reference
Contents
1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1
Feature Highlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3
TPA321 EVM Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
1-2
1-3
1-3
2
Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1
Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2
Quick Start List for Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3
Quick Start List for Stand-Alone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.1 TPA321 EVM Connected for Stereo BTL Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.2 TPA321 EVM Connected for Stereo Single-Ended Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.3 TPA321 EVM Schematic Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4.4 TPA321 MSOP Audio Power Amplifier Evaluation Module Parts List . . . . . . . .
2.4.5 TPA321 MSOP EVM PCB Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-5
2-6
2-6
2-7
2-8
Figures
1–1
2–1
2–2
2–3
2–4
2–5
2–6
2–7
2–8
2–9
The TI TPA321 Audio Amplifier Evaluation Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quick Start Platform Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quick Start Module Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TPA321 EVM Connected for Stereo BTL Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TPA321 EVM Connected for Stereo Single-Ended Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TPA321 EVM Schematic Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TPA321 EVM PCB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TPA321 EVM Silkscreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TPA321 EVM Top Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TPA321 EVM Bottom Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
2-2
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-6
2-8
2-8
2-9
2-9
Tables
2–1
2–2
2–3
Typical TI Plug-N-Play Platform Jumper and Switch Settings for the TPA321 . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Platform Jumper and Switch Settings for the TPA321 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
TPA321 MSOP EVM Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Contents
v
vi
Chapter 1
Introduction
This chapter provides an overview of the Texas Instruments (TI) TPA321 audio
amplifier evaluation module (SLOP341). It includes a list of EVM features, a
brief description of the module illustrated with a pictorial diagram, and a list of
EVM specifications.
Topic
Page
1.1
Feature Highlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–2
1.2
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–3
1.3
TPA321 EVM Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–3
Introduction
1-1
Feature Highlights
1.1 Feature Highlights
The TI TPA321 audio amplifier evaluation module and the TI plug-n-play audio
amplifier evaluation platform include the following features:
TPA321 Low-Voltage Audio Power Amplifier Evaluation Module
Single channel, bridge-tied load (BTL) or single-ended operation
2.5-V and 5.5-V operation
350 mW output power into 8 Ω at 5 V, BTL
Ultralow current consumption in shutdown/mute mode
Internal thermal and short-circuit protection
Quick and Easy Configuration With the TI Plug-N-Play Audio Amplifier
Evaluation Platform
Evaluation module is designed to simply plug into the platform, automatically making all signal, control, and power connections
Platform provides flexible power options
Jumpers on the platform select power and module control options
Switches on the platform route signals
Platform provides quick and easy audio input and output connections
Platform Power Options
Onboard 9-V battery
External 5-V–15-V dc VCC supply inputs
External regulated VDD supply input
Socket for on-board 5 V/3.3 V VDD voltage regulator EVM
Onboard overvoltage and reverse polarity power protection
Platform Audio Input and Output Connections
1-2
Left and right RCA phono jack inputs
Miniature stereo phone jack input
Left and right RCA phono jack outputs
Left and right compression speaker terminal outputs
Miniature stereo headphone jack output
Introduction
Description
1.2 Description
The TPA321 audio power amplifier evaluation module is a complete, low power single-channel audio power amplifier. It consists of the TI TPA321 350-mW
low-voltage audio power amplifier IC along with a small number of other parts
mounted on a circuit board that is approximately one and a quarter inches
square (see Figure 1–1).
Figure 1–1. The TI TPA321 Audio Amplifier Evaluation Module
VDD GND
Shutdown
+
S1
C4
R1
C1
R2
R3
C2
R4
C3
U1 †
C5
R5
OUT–
GND
OUT+
C6
TEXAS
INSTRUMENTS
IN–
GND
SLOP341
TPA321 MSOP EVM
Single in-line header pins are mounted to the underside of the module circuit
board. These pins allow the EVM to be plugged into the TI plug-n-play audio
amplifier evaluation platform or to be wired directly into existing circuits and
equipment when used stand-alone.
The platform has room for a pair of TPA321 evaluation modules and is a
convenient vehicle for demonstrating TI’s audio power amplifier and related
evaluation modules. The EVMs simply plug into the platform, which automatically provides power to the modules, interconnects them correctly, and
connects them to a versatile array of standard audio input and output jacks and
connectors. Easy-to-use configuration controls allow the platform and EVMs
to quickly model many possible end-equipment configurations.
There is nothing to build, nothing to solder, and nothing but the speakers
included with the platform to hook up.
1.3 TPA321 EVM Specifications
Supply voltage range, VDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 V to 5.5 V
Supply current, IDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 mA, max
Continuous output power, PO: 8-Ω BTL, VDD = 5 V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350 mW
32-Ω BTL, VDD = 5 V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 mW
Audio input voltage, VI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Vpp, max
Minimum load impedance, RL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Ω
Introduction
1-3
1-4
Introduction
Chapter 2
Operations
Follow the steps in this chapter to quickly prepare the TPA321 audio amplifier
EVM for use. The TPA321 and the TI plug-n-play audio amplifier evaluation
platform provide a quick and easy way to connect power, signal and control
inputs, and signal outputs to the EVM using standard connectors; however the
audio amplifier evaluation module can be used stand-alone by making
connections directly to the module pins and can be wired directly into existing
circuits or equipment.
The platform switch and jumper settings shown in Table 2–1 are typical for the
TPA321 EVM. These settings cause the TPA321 to mute when a plug is inserted into platform headphone jack J10.
Table 2–1. Typical TI Plug-N-Play Platform Jumper and Switch Settings for the TPA321
EVM
JP6
JP7
JP8
S2
S3
TPA321
Mute
X
Hi
See Note 2
X
Notes:
1) X = Don’t care
2) Set S2 to ON when signal conditioning board is installed in U1; set S2 to OFF when
no signal conditioning board is installed.
Topic
Page
2.1
Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–2
2.2
Quick Start List for Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–3
2.3
Quick Start List for Stand-Alone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–4
2.4
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–5
Operations
2-1
Precautions
2.1 Precautions
Power Supply Input Polarity and Maximum Voltage
Always ensure that the polarity and voltage of the external power
connected to VCC power input connector J1, J2, and/or VDD power
input connector J6 are correct. Overvoltage or reverse-polarity
power applied to these terminals can open on-board soldered-in
fuses and cause other damage to the platform, installed evaluation
modules, and/or the power source.
Inserting or Removing EVM Boards
Do not insert or remove EVM boards with power applied — damage
to the EVM board, the platform, or both may result.
Figure 2–1. Quick Start Platform Map
1 10
6b
C1+
On
Off
JP3
ICC
VR2
JP4
VR1
F2
U6
+
LED2
VDD
+ Right –
Out
U3
Off
S2
J4
Stereo
In
U2
U1
Audio
Input
Left
Out
J5
Left
In
Left
Out
Stereo
Headphone
Output
HP Out
J10
+
R4
5
J9
+
S3
HP
Source
GND
2
R3
–
Hi
Spk(U2-U4) C3 C2
JP8
U5
U5
JP7
HP(U5)
U2-U4
Polarity
Lo
TP1
TEXAS
INSTRUMENTS
1997
3
Mode
Mute
JP6
U4
****CAUTION****
Do not insert or remove
EVM boards with power
applied
Plug-N-Play Audio Amplifier
Evaluation Platform
SLOP097 Rev. C.1
Speaker
9
Output
+
On
Conditioning
8
6a
J8
J7 Right
Out
JP5
IDD
LED1
VCC
Audio
Power
Amps
DC
Power
In/Out
J6
VDD
In/Out
D1
D2
D3
J3
Right
In
R2
R1
Signal Conditioning
2-2
POWER
B1
SUPPLY
S1
Pwr
Batt
J1
D4 J2
AC/DC
In
6b
JP2 AC/DC
(J2)
JP1
VCC(J1)
DC
SOURCE
VCC
In
+
Power
Input
F1
6b
6b
R5
4
Operations
Quick Start List for Platform
2.2 Quick Start List for Platform
Use the following steps when using the TPA321 EVM with the TI plug-n-play
audio amplifier evaluation platform (see the platform user’s guide, SLOU011,
for additional details). Numbered callouts for selected steps are shown in
Figure 2–1 and details appear in Chapter 3.
Platform preparations
1) Ensure that all external power sources are set to OFF and that the platform
power switch S1 is set to OFF.
2) Install a TPA321 module in platform sockets U3 and U4 for stereo
operation (or a module in either U3 or U4 for single channel operation),
taking care to align the module pins correctly.
3) Use switch S2 to select or bypass the signal conditioning EVM (U1).
4) Set control signal polarity jumper JP8 to Hi.
5) Set jumper JP6 to select the mute control input (which causes the TPA321
to shut down if a plug is inserted into platform headphone jack J10).
Table 2–2. Platform Jumper and Switch Settings for the TPA321 MSOP EVM
EVM
JP6
JP7
JP8
S2
S3
TPA321
Mute
X
Hi
See Note 2
X
Notes:
1) X = Don’t care
2) Set S2 to ON when signal conditioning board is installed in U1; set S2 to OFF when
no signal conditioning board is installed.
Power supply
6) Select and connect the power supply:
Connect an external regulated power supply set to a voltage between
2.5 V and 5.5 V to platform VDD power input connector J6, taking care
to observe marked polarity,
or
Install a voltage regulator EVM (SLVP097 or equivalent.) in platform
socket U6. Install a 9-V battery in B1 or connect a 7 V–12 V power
source to a platform VCC power input J1 or J2 and jumper the appropriate power input (see platform user’s guide).
Inputs and outputs
7) Ensure that signal source level is set to minimum.
8) Connect the audio source to left and right RCA phono jacks J3 and J5 or
to stereo miniature phone jack J4.
9) Connect 8-Ω–32-Ω speakers to left and right RCA jacks J7 and J9 or to
stripped wire connector J8.
Power Up
10) Verify correct voltage and input polarity and set the external power supply
to ON. If VCC and an on-board regulator EVM are used to provide VDD, set
platform power switch S1 to ON.
Platform LED2 lights, indicating the presence of VDD, and the evaluation
modules installed on the platform begin operation.
11) Adjust the signal source level as needed.
Operations
2-3
Quick Start List for Stand-Alone
2.3 Quick Start List for Stand-Alone
Follow the steps in this section to use the TPA321 EVM stand-alone or when
connecting it into existing circuits or equipment. Connections to the TPA321
module header pins can be made via individual sockets, wire-wrapping, or
soldering to the pins, either on the top or the bottom of the module circuit board.
Numbered callouts for selected steps are shown in Figure 2–2 and details
appear in Chapter 3.
Figure 2–2. Quick Start Module Map
2
VDD GND
Shutdown
+
5
S1
C4
R1
C1
R2
R3
C2
R4
C3
U1 †
C5
R5
OUT–
GND
6
OUT+
C6
TEXAS
INSTRUMENTS
IN–
4
IN+
SLOP341
TPA321 MSOP EVM
Power supply
1) Ensure that all external power sources are set to OFF.
2) Connect an external regulated power supply set to 5 V to the module VDD
and GND pins, taking care to observe marked polarity.
Inputs and outputs
3) Ensure that the signal source level is set to minimum.
4) Connect the positive lead from the audio source to the module IN+ pin and
the negative lead to the IN– pin.
5) Connect the S1 pin to VDD through a normally open switch.
6) Select the proper output and perform one of the following:
For BTL output, connect an 8-Ω–32-Ω speaker to the module OUT+
and OUT– pins.
For single-ended output, connect a headphone or an 8-Ω–32-Ω
speaker to the module OUT+ and GND pins through a 33 µF to 1000
µF output-coupling capacitor (See Figure 2–4).
Power Up
7) Verify correct voltage and input polarity and set the external power supply
to ON.
The EVM begins operation.
2-4
Operations
Quick Start List for Stand-Alone
8) Adjust the signal source level as needed.
Operations
2-5
References
2.4 References
2.4.1
TPA321 EVM Connected for Stereo BTL Output
Figure 2–3. TPA321 EVM Connected for Stereo BTL Output
5 VDC
VDD
GND
Shutdown
+
S1
R1
C1
R2
R3
C2
R4
C3
Audio
Input
(Right)
C4
IN–
IN+
U1
†
C5
R
C6
5
2-6
GND
VDD
Shutdown
GND
+
S1
C4
R1
C1
R2
R3
C2
R4
C3
Audio
Input
(Left)
Right
TEXAS
INSTRUMENTS
SLOP341
TPA321 MSOP EVM
5 VDC
External Mute
Control
(active high)
OUT–
GND
OUT+
IN–
IN+
U1
†
C5
R
C6
5
OUT–
GND
OUT+
Left
TEXAS
INSTRUMENTS
SLOP341
TPA321 MSOP EVM
Operations
References
2.4.2
TPA321 EVM Connected for Stereo Single-Ended Output
Figure 2–4. TPA321 EVM Connected for Stereo Single-Ended Output
5 VDC
VDD
GND
Shutdown
+
S1
DL
C1
R2
R3
C2
R4
C3
Audio
Input
(Right)
C4
R1
IN–
IN+
U1
†
C5
OUT–
GND
OUT+
R
C6
5
TEXAS
INSTRUMENTS
SLOP341
TPA321 MSOP EVM
GND
5 VDC
VDD
GND
Shutdown
External Mute
Control
(active high)
+
S1
Audio
Input
(Left)
C4
R1
IN–
IN+
33 µF –
1000 µF
DL
C1
R2
R3
C2
R4
C3
2.4.3
33 µF –
1000 µF
+
U1
†
C5
R
5
C6
+
OUT–
GND
OUT+
TEXAS
INSTRUMENTS
SLOP341
TPA321 MSOP EVM
TPA321 EVM Schematic Diagram
Figure 2–5. TPA321 EVM Schematic Diagram
VDD
2.5 V to 5.5 V
S1
NO
Shutdown
R1
20 kΩ
1
2
C1
C2 1 µF
1 µF
Audio Input+
C3
1 µF
GND
C4
10 µF
+
R2
39 kΩ
3
4
Shutdown VO –
Bypass
GND
In+
VDD
In –
VO +
R3
20 kΩ
Audio Input–
R4
20 kΩ
8
7
6
5
OUT–
C5
1 µF
GND
OUT+
R5
39 kΩ
C6
5 pF
Operations
2-7
TPA321 MSOP Audio Power Amplifier Evaluation Module Parts List
2.4.4
TPA321 MSOP Audio Power Amplifier Evaluation Module Parts List
Table 2–3. TPA321 MSOP EVM Parts List
Reference
Description
Manufacturer/
Part Number
Size
Qty.
A
1
Panasonic
ECS-TOJY106R
Murata
GRM39-Y5V105Z10PT
Digi-Key
Number
C4
Capacitor, 10 µF, 6.3 V
C1, C2,
C3, C5
Capacitor, 1 µF, 80%/–20%,
nonpolarized
0603
4
C6
Capacitor, pad only
0603
0
R1, R3, R4
Resistor, 20 kΩ, 1/16 W, 5%
0603
4
Panasonic
ERJ-3GSYJ203
R5, R2
Resistor, 39 kΩ, 1/16 W, 5%
0603
1
Panasonic
ERJ-3GSYJ393
S1
Switch, momentary
1
Panasonic
P8048SCT-ND
Digi-Key
P8048SCT-ND
Terminal Post Headers
9
Sullins
PTC36SABN
Digi-Key
S1022-36-ND
1
TI
TPA321DGN
U1
IC, TPA321DGN†, audio
amplifier, 350 mW, mono
PCB1
PCB, TPA321 MSOP EVM
MSOP-8
Digi-Key
PCS1106CT-ND
1
† Due to the very small size of the MSOP IC package, the standard part number TPA321 is replaced with the code TIAJB.
Note:
2-8
All items are SMD except as noted.
Operations
TPA321 MSOP EVM PCB Layers
2.4.5
TPA321 MSOP EVM PCB Layers
The following illustrations depict the TPA321 EVM PCB layers and silkscreen.
These drawings are not to scale. Gerber plots can be obtained from any TI
sales office.
Figure 2–6. TPA321 EVM PCB
Figure 2–7. TPA321 EVM Silkscreen
Operations
2-9
TPA321 MSOP EVM PCB Layers
Figure 2–8. TPA321 EVM Top Layer
Figure 2–9. TPA321 EVM Bottom Layer
2-10
Operations
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