Texas Instruments | ADS1118 Ultrasmall, Low-Power, SPI-Compatible, 16-Bit Analog-to-Digital Converter with Internal Reference and Temperature Sensor (Rev. F) | Datasheet | Texas Instruments ADS1118 Ultrasmall, Low-Power, SPI-Compatible, 16-Bit Analog-to-Digital Converter with Internal Reference and Temperature Sensor (Rev. F) Datasheet

Texas Instruments ADS1118 Ultrasmall, Low-Power, SPI-Compatible, 16-Bit Analog-to-Digital Converter with Internal Reference and Temperature Sensor (Rev. F) Datasheet
Product
Folder
Order
Now
Support &
Community
Tools &
Software
Technical
Documents
Reference
Design
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
ADS1118 Ultrasmall, Low-Power, SPI™-Compatible, 16-Bit
Analog-to-Digital Converter with Internal Reference and Temperature Sensor
1 Features
3 Description
•
The ADS1118 is a precision, low power, 16-bit
analog-to-digital converter (ADC) that provides all
features necessary to measure the most common
sensor signals in an ultra-small, leadless X2QFN-10
package or a VSSOP-10 package. The ADS1118
integrates a programmable gain amplifier (PGA),
voltage reference, oscillator and high-accuracy
temperature sensor. These features, along with a
wide power supply range from 2 V to 5.5 V, make the
ADS1118 ideally suited for power- and spaceconstrained, sensor-measurement applications.
1
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ultrasmall X2QFN Package:
2 mm × 1.5 mm × 0.4 mm
Wide Supply Range: 2 V to 5.5 V
Low Current Consumption:
– Continuous Mode: Only 150 μA
– Single-Shot Mode: Automatic Power Down
Programmable Data Rate:
8 SPS to 860 SPS
Single-Cycle Settling
Internal Low-Drift Voltage Reference
Internal Temperature Sensor:
0.5°C (Maximum) Error: 0°C to 70°C
Internal Oscillator
Internal PGA
Four Single-Ended or Two Differential Inputs
The ADS1118 can perform conversions at data rates
up to 860 samples per second (SPS). The PGA offers
input ranges from ±256 mV to ±6.144 V, allowing
both large and small signals to be measured with
high resolution. An input multiplexer (MUX) allows to
measure two differential or four single-ended inputs.
The high-accuracy temperature sensor can be used
for system-level temperature monitoring or coldjunction compensation for thermocouples.
2 Applications
•
•
•
The ADS1118 operates either in continuousconversion mode, or in a single-shot mode that
automatically powers down after a conversion.
Single-shot mode significantly reduces current
consumption during idle periods. Data are transferred
through a serial peripheral interface (SPI™). The
ADS1118 is specified from –40°C to +125°C.
Temperature Measurement:
– Thermocouple Measurement
– Cold-Junction Compensation
– Thermistor Measurement
Portable Instrumentation
Factory Automation and Process Controls
Device Information(1)
PART NUMBER
ADS1118
PACKAGE
BODY SIZE (NOM)
X2QFN (10)
1.50 mm × 2.00 mm
VSSOP (10)
3.00 mm × 3.00 mm
(1) For all available packages, see the orderable addendum at
the end of the data sheet.
K-Type Thermocouple Measurement
Using Integrated Temperature Sensor for Cold-Junction Compensation
3.3 V
3.3 V
0.1 F
AIN0
VDD
Voltage
Reference
AIN1
ADS1118
SCLK
Mux
PGA
3.3 V
16-bit
û
ADC
Digital Filter
and
Interface
CS
DOUT/DRDY
DIN
AIN2
Oscillator
AIN3
Temperature
Sensor
GND
1
An IMPORTANT NOTICE at the end of this data sheet addresses availability, warranty, changes, use in safety-critical applications,
intellectual property matters and other important disclaimers. PRODUCTION DATA.
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
Table of Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Features ..................................................................
Applications ...........................................................
Description .............................................................
Revision History.....................................................
Device Comparison Table.....................................
Pin Configuration and Functions .........................
Specifications.........................................................
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
1
1
1
2
5
5
6
Absolute Maximum Ratings ...................................... 6
ESD Ratings.............................................................. 6
Recommended Operating Conditions....................... 6
Thermal Information .................................................. 6
Electrical Characteristics........................................... 7
Timing Requirements: Serial Interface...................... 9
Switching Characteristics: Serial Interface................ 9
Typical Characteristics ............................................ 10
8
Parameter Measurement Information ................ 16
9
Detailed Description ............................................ 17
8.1 Noise Performance ................................................. 16
9.1 Overview ................................................................. 17
9.2 Functional Block Diagram ....................................... 17
9.3 Feature Description................................................. 18
9.4 Device Functional Modes........................................ 22
9.5 Programming........................................................... 23
9.6 Register Maps ......................................................... 26
10 Application and Implementation........................ 28
10.1 Application Information.......................................... 28
10.2 Typical Application ............................................... 33
11 Power Supply Recommendations ..................... 36
11.1 Power-Supply Sequencing.................................... 36
11.2 Power-Supply Decoupling..................................... 36
12 Layout................................................................... 37
12.1 Layout Guidelines ................................................. 37
12.2 Layout Example .................................................... 38
13 Device and Documentation Support ................. 39
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
13.6
Documentation Support ........................................
Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
Community Resources..........................................
Trademarks ...........................................................
Electrostatic Discharge Caution ............................
Glossary ................................................................
39
39
39
39
39
39
14 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable
Information ........................................................... 39
4 Revision History
NOTE: Page numbers for previous revisions may differ from page numbers in the current version.
Changes from Revision E (October 2015) to Revision F
Page
•
Changed maximum VDD voltage from 5.5 V to 7 V in the Absolute Maximum Ratings table............................................... 6
•
Changed bit description of Config Register bit 0.................................................................................................................. 27
Changes from Revision D (October 2013) to Revision E
Page
•
Added ESD Ratings table, Feature Description section, Noise Performance section, Device Functional Modes
section, Application and Implementation section, Power Supply Recommendations section, Layout section, Device
and Documentation Support section, and Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information section .............................. 1
•
Changed title, Description section, Features section, and block diagram on front page ....................................................... 1
•
Changed title from Product Family to Device Comparison Table and deleted Package Designator column ........................ 5
•
Updated descriptions and changed name of I/O column in Pin Configurations and Functions table .................................... 5
•
Changed digital input voltage range and added minimum specification for TJ in Absolute Maximum Ratings table ............ 6
•
Added Differential input impedance specification in Electrical Characteristics ...................................................................... 7
•
Changed Condition statement in Timing Requirements: Serial Interface ............................................................................. 9
•
Moved tCSDOD, tDOPD, and tCSDOZ parameters from Timing Requirements to Switching Characteristics ................................ 9
•
Moved tCSDOD and tCSDOZ values from MIN column to MAX column. ...................................................................................... 9
•
Deleted Noise vs Input Signal, Noise vs Supply Voltage, and Noise vs Input Signal plots ................................................. 10
•
Updated Overview section and deleted "Gain = 2/3, 1, 2, 4, 8, or 16" from Functional Block Diagram ............................. 17
•
Updated Analog Inputs section............................................................................................................................................. 19
•
Updated Full-Scale Range (FSR) and LSB Size section ..................................................................................................... 20
•
Updated Reset and Power Up section ................................................................................................................................. 22
•
Updated 32-Bit Data Transmission Cycle section ................................................................................................................ 25
•
Updated Register Maps section ........................................................................................................................................... 26
2
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
•
Updated Application Information section .............................................................................................................................. 28
•
Updated Figure 48................................................................................................................................................................ 31
•
Deleted Thermocouple Measurement With Cold Junction Temperature section, and moved Figure 50 to Typical
Application section................................................................................................................................................................ 33
Changes from Revision C (February 2013) to Revision D
Page
•
Deleted device graphic ........................................................................................................................................................... 1
•
Changed bit 1 to NOP0 in Figure 44 .................................................................................................................................... 26
•
Changed NOP bit description in Figure 44: changes bits[2:0] to bits [2:1] and changed NOP to NOP[1:0]........................ 27
Changes from Revision B (August 2012) to Revision C
Page
•
Changed document to current standards ............................................................................................................................... 1
•
Changed Single-Shot Mode sub-bullet in Low Current Consumption Features bullet ........................................................... 1
•
Changed Internal Temperature Sensor Features bullet ......................................................................................................... 1
•
Changed Description section.................................................................................................................................................. 1
•
Changed Product Family table ............................................................................................................................................... 5
•
Changed Function column name in Pin Descriptions table.................................................................................................... 5
•
Changed Analog Input, Full-scale input voltage range parameter row in Electrical Characteristics table ............................. 6
•
Changed footnotes 1 and 2 in Electrical Characteristics table............................................................................................... 6
•
Changed conditions for Electrical Characteristics table ......................................................................................................... 7
•
Changed System Performance, Integral nonlinearity and Gain Error test conditions in Electrical Characteristics table....... 7
•
Changed first two Temperature Sensor, Temperature sensor accuracy parameter test conditions in Electrical
Characteristics table ............................................................................................................................................................... 7
•
Changed Power-Supply Requirements, Supply current parameter test conditions in Electrical Characteristics table .......... 8
•
Changed footnote 3 of Timing Requirements: Serial Interface Timing table.......................................................................... 9
•
Updated Figure 3.................................................................................................................................................................. 10
•
Updated Figure 9.................................................................................................................................................................. 10
•
Changed title of Figure 11 to Figure 14................................................................................................................................ 10
•
Updated Figure 15 and Figure 33 ........................................................................................................................................ 11
•
Changed conditions in Figure 21 to Figure 25 ..................................................................................................................... 12
•
Updated Figure 20................................................................................................................................................................ 13
•
Changed comments in Figure 27 to Figure 31 ..................................................................................................................... 13
•
Changed Overview section................................................................................................................................................... 17
•
Updated Multiplexer section ................................................................................................................................................. 18
•
Changed Full-Scale Input section......................................................................................................................................... 20
•
Changed Voltage Reference section.................................................................................................................................... 20
•
Changed Oscillator section................................................................................................................................................... 20
•
Added multiplication points to example equations in Converting from Digital Codes to Temperature section .................... 21
•
Changed Serial Interface, Chip Select, Serial Clock, Data Input, and Data Output and Data Ready sections ................... 23
•
Changed Data Retrieval section........................................................................................................................................... 24
•
Changed Registers section .................................................................................................................................................. 26
•
Changed Aliasing, Reset and Power Up, Operating Modes, and Duty Cycling for Low Power sections ............................ 29
•
Updated Figure 50................................................................................................................................................................ 33
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
3
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
Changes from Revision A (July 2011) to Revision B
Page
•
Added (VSSOP) to titles of Figure 20 to Figure 25 .............................................................................................................. 13
•
Added Figure 26 to Figure 31............................................................................................................................................... 14
4
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
5 Device Comparison Table
DEVICE
RESOLUTION
(Bits)
MAXIMUM SAMPLE
RATE
(SPS)
INPUT CHANNELS
Differential
(Single-Ended)
PGA
INTERFACE
SPECIAL
FEATURES
ADS1118
16
860
2 (4)
Yes
SPI
Temperature sensor
ADS1018
12
3300
2 (4)
Yes
SPI
Temperature sensor
ADS1115
16
860
2 (4)
Yes
I2C
Comparator
ADS1114
16
860
1 (1)
Yes
I2C
Comparator
ADS1113
16
860
1 (1)
No
I2C
None
2
ADS1015
12
3300
2 (4)
Yes
IC
Comparator
ADS1014
12
3300
1 (1)
Yes
I2C
Comparator
ADS1013
12
3300
1 (1)
No
I2C
None
6 Pin Configuration and Functions
RUG Package
10-Pin X2QFN
Top View
DGS Package
10-Pin VSSOP
Top View
DIN
DIN
10
SCLK
1
9
DOUT/
DRDY
CS
2
8
VDD
GND
3
7
AIN3
AIN0
4
6
AIN2
5
SCLK
1
10 DIN
CS
2
9
DOUT/
DRDY
GND
3
8
VDD
AIN0
4
7
AIN3
AIN1
5
6
AIN2
AIN1
AIN1
Pin Functions
PIN
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
NO.
NAME
1
SCLK
Digital input
Serial clock input
2
CS
Digital input
Chip select; active low. Connect to GND if not used.
3
GND
Supply
4
AIN0
Analog input
Analog input 0. Leave unconnected or tie to VDD if not used.
5
AIN1
Analog input
Analog input 1. Leave unconnected or tie to VDD if not used.
6
AIN2
Analog input
Analog input 2. Leave unconnected or tie to VDD if not used.
7
AIN3
Analog input
Analog input 3. Leave unconnected or tie to VDD if not used.
8
VDD
Supply
9
DOUT/DRDY
Digital output
Serial data output combined with data ready; active low
10
DIN
Digital input
Serial data input
Ground
Power supply. Connect a 100-nF power supply decoupling capacitor to GND.
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
5
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
7 Specifications
7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
over operating ambient temperature range (unless otherwise noted) (1)
MIN
MAX
UNIT
–0.3
7
V
AIN0, AIN1, AIN2, AIN3
GND – 0.3
VDD + 0.3
V
DIN, DOUT/DRDY, SCLK, CS
GND – 0.3
VDD + 0.3
V
Any pin except power supply pins
–10
10
mA
Junction, TJ
–40
150
Storage, Tstg
–60
150
Power-supply voltage
VDD to GND
Analog input voltage
Digital input voltage
Input current, continuous
Temperature
(1)
°C
Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings
only, which do not imply functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under Recommended
Operating Conditions. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
7.2 ESD Ratings
VALUE
Electrostatic
discharge
V(ESD)
(1)
(2)
Human-body model (HBM), per ANSI/ESDA/JEDEC JS-001 (1)
±4000
Charged-device model (CDM), per JEDEC specification JESD22-C101 (2)
±1000
UNIT
V
JEDEC document JEP155 states that 500-V HBM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process.
JEDEC document JEP157 states that 250-V CDM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process.
7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
over operating ambient temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
POWER SUPPLY
VDD
Power supply
VDD to GND
2
5.5
V
GND
VDD
V
GND
VDD
V
–40
125
°C
ANALOG INPUTS (1)
FSR
Full-scale input voltage range (2)
V(AINx)
Absolute input voltage
VIN = V(AINP) - V(AINN)
See Table 3
DIGITAL INPUTS
Input voltage
TEMPERATURE RANGE
TA
(1)
(2)
Operating ambient temperature
AINP and AINN denote the selected positive and negative inputs. AINx denotes one of the four available analog inputs.
This parameter expresses the full-scale range of the ADC scaling. No more than VDD + 0.3 V or 5.5 V (whichever is smaller) must be
applied to this device.
7.4 Thermal Information
ADS1118
THERMAL METRIC (1)
DGS (VSSOP)
RUG (X2QFN)
10 PINS
10 PINS
UNIT
RθJA
Junction-to-ambient thermal resistance
186.8
245.2
°C/W
RθJC(top)
Junction-to-case (top) thermal resistance
51.5
69.3
°C/W
RθJB
Junction-to-board thermal resistance
108.4
172
°C/W
ψJT
Junction-to-top characterization parameter
2.7
8.2
°C/W
ψJB
Junction-to-board characterization parameter
106.5
170.8
°C/W
RθJC(bot)
Junction-to-case (bottom) thermal resistance
n/a
n/a
°C/W
(1)
6
For more information about traditional and new thermal metrics, see the Semiconductor and IC Package Thermal Metrics application
report.
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
7.5 Electrical Characteristics
Maximum and minimum specifications apply from TA = –40°C to +125°C. Typical specifications are at TA = 25°C.
All specifications are at VDD = 3.3 V, data rate = 8 SPS, and full-scale range (FSR) = ±2.048 V (unless otherwise noted).
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
ANALOG INPUTS
Common-mode input impedance
FSR = ±6.144 V (1)
8
FSR = ±4.096 V (1), FSR = ±2.048 V
6
FSR = ±1.024 V
3
FSR = ±0.512 V, FSR = ±0.256 V
FSR = ±6.144 V
Differential input impedance
MΩ
100
(1)
22
FSR = ±4.096 V (1)
15
FSR = ±2.048 V
4.9
FSR = ±1.024 V
2.4
FSR = ±0.512 V, FSR = ±0.256 V
710
MΩ
kΩ
SYSTEM PERFORMANCE
Resolution (No missing codes)
DR
16
Data rate
Data rate variation
All data rates
Output noise
INL
Bits
8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 250, 475, 860
Integral nonlinearity
Offset error
–10%
SPS
10%
See Noise Performance section
DR = 8 SPS, FSR = ±2.048 V (2)
1
FSR = ±2.048 V, differential inputs
±0.1
LSB
±2
LSB
FSR = ±2.048 V, single-ended inputs
±0.25
Offset drift
FSR = ±2.048 V
0.002
LSB/°C
Offset power-supply rejection
FSR = ±2.048 V, DC supply variation
0.2
LSB/V
Offset channel match
Match between any two inputs
0.6
LSB
Gain error
(3)
Gain drift (3) (4)
FSR = ±2.048 V, TA = 25°C
0.01%
FSR = ±0.256 V
7
FSR = ±2.048 V
5
FSR = ±6.144 V (1)
5
Gain power-supply rejection
0.15%
40
10
ppm/V
Gain match (3)
Match between any two gains
0.01%
0.1%
Gain channel match
Match between any two inputs
0.01%
0.1%
CMRR Common-mode rejection ratio
At DC, FSR = ±0.256 V
105
At DC, FSR = ±2.048 V
100
At DC, FSR = ±6.144 V (1)
ppm/°C
90
fCM = 50 Hz, DR = 860 SPS
105
fCM = 60 Hz, DR = 860 SPS
105
dB
TEMPERATURE SENSOR
Temperature range
–40
Temperature resolution
Accuracy
0.03125
(2)
(3)
(4)
°C
°C/LSB
TA = 0°C to 70°C
0.2
±0.5
TA = –40°C to +125°C
0.4
±1
0.03125
±0.25
vs supply
(1)
125
°C
°C/V
This parameter expresses the full-scale range of the ADC scaling. No more than VDD + 0.3 V or 5.5 V (whichever is smaller) must be
applied to this device.
Best-fit INL; covers 99% of full-scale.
Includes all errors from onboard PGA and voltage reference.
Maximum value specified by characterization.
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
7
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
Electrical Characteristics (continued)
Maximum and minimum specifications apply from TA = –40°C to +125°C. Typical specifications are at TA = 25°C.
All specifications are at VDD = 3.3 V, data rate = 8 SPS, and full-scale range (FSR) = ±2.048 V (unless otherwise noted).
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
DIGITAL INPUTS/OUTPUTS
VIH
High-level input voltage
0.7 VDD
VDD
V
VIL
Low-level input voltage
GND
0.2 VDD
V
VOH
High-level output voltage
IOH = 1 mA
0.8 VDD
VOL
Low-level output voltage
IOL = 1 mA
GND
0.2 VDD
V
IH
Input leakage, high
VIH = 5.5 V
–10
10
μA
IL
Input leakage, low
VIL = GND
–10
10
μA
V
POWER SUPPLY
Power down, TA = 25°C
IVDD
Supply current
0.5
2
150
200
Power down
Operating, TA = 25°C
5
Operating
PD
8
Power dissipation
μA
300
VDD = 5 V
0.9
VDD = 3.3 V
0.5
VDD = 2 V
0.3
Submit Documentation Feedback
mW
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
7.6 Timing Requirements: Serial Interface
Over operating ambient temperature range and VDD = 2 V to 5.5 V (unless otherwise noted)
MIN
(1)
MAX
UNIT
tCSSC
Delay time, CS falling edge to first SCLK rising edge
100
ns
tSCCS
Delay time, final SCLK falling edge to CS rising edge
100
ns
tCSH
Pulse duration, CS high
200
ns
tSCLK
SCLK period
250
ns
tSPWH
Pulse duration, SCLK high
100
ns
100
ns
tSPWL
Pulse duration, SCLK low (2)
tDIST
Setup time, DIN valid before SCLK falling edge
50
ns
tDIHD
Hold time, DIN valid after SCLK falling edge
50
ns
tDOHD
Hold time, SCLK rising edge to DOUT invalid
0
ns
(1)
(2)
28
ms
CS can be tied low permanently in case the serial bus is not shared with any other device.
Holding SCLK low longer than 28 ms resets the SPI interface.
7.7 Switching Characteristics: Serial Interface
Over operating ambient temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
tCSDOD
Propagation delay time,
CS falling edge to DOUT driven
DOUT load = 20 pF || 100 kΩ to GND
tDOPD
Propagation delay time,
SCLK rising edge to valid new DOUT
DOUT load = 20 pF || 100 kΩ to GND
tCSDOZ
Propagation delay time,
CS rising edge to DOUT high impedance
DOUT load = 20 pF || 100 kΩ to GND
TYP
0
MAX
UNIT
100
ns
50
ns
100
ns
tCSH
CS
tSCLK
tCSSC
tSPWH
tSCCS
SCLK
tDIHD
tDIST
tSPWL
tSCSC
DIN
tCSDOD
tDOPD
Hi-Z
tDOHD
tCSDOZ
Hi-Z
DOUT
Figure 1. Serial Interface Timing
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
9
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
7.8 Typical Characteristics
4
4
3
3
2
2
Data Rate Error (%)
Total Error (mV)
At TA = 25°C, VDD = 3.3 V, FSR = ±2.048 V (unless otherwise noted).
1
0
-1
-2
VDD = 2.0 V
VDD = 3.3 V
VDD = 5.0 V
1
0
−1
−2
−3
-3
−4
−60 −40 −20
-4
-2.048
0
-1.024
1.024
0
2.048
20
40
60
80
Temperature (°C)
100 120 140
G028
Input Signal (V)
DR = 860 SPS, diff inputs, includes noise, offset and gain error
Figure 3. Data Rate vs Temperature
Figure 2. Total Error vs Input Signal
12.5
5
FSR = ±0.256 V
FSR = ±0.512 V
FSR = ±2.048 V
FSR = ±6.144 V
TA = −40°C
TA = 25°C
TA = 125°C
4
Integral Nonlinearity (ppm)
Integral Nonlinearity (ppm)
15
10
7.5
5
2.5
3
2
1
0
−1
−2
−3
−4
0
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
Supply Voltage (V)
5.0
−5
5.5
−2
−1.5
−1
G010
−0.5
0
0.5
Input Signal (V)
1
1.5
2
FSR = ±2.048 V, DR = 8 SPS, VDD = 3.3 V, best fit
Figure 4. INL vs Supply Voltage
Figure 5. INL vs Input Signal
5
10
6
TA = −40°C
TA = 25°C
TA = 125°C
4
2
0
−2
−4
−6
3
2
1
0
−1
−2
−3
−4
−8
−10
−0.5
TA = −40°C
TA = 25°C
TA = 125°C
4
Integral Nonlinearity (ppm)
Integral Nonlinearity (ppm)
8
−0.4
−0.2
−0.1
0
0.1
Input Signal (V)
0.2
0.4
FSR = ±0.512 V, DR = 8 SPS, VDD = 3.3 V, best fit
0.5
−5
−2
−1
−0.5
0
0.5
Input Signal (V)
1
1.5
2
FSR = ±2.048 V, DR = 8 SPS, VDD = 5 V, best fit
Figure 6. INL vs Input Signal
10
−1.5
Figure 7. INL vs Input Signal
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
Typical Characteristics (continued)
At TA = 25°C, VDD = 3.3 V, FSR = ±2.048 V (unless otherwise noted).
12
10
Integral Nonlinearity (ppm)
6
Integral Nonlinearity (ppm)
TA = −40°C
TA = 25°C
TA = 125°C
8
4
2
0
−2
−4
−6
VDD = 2.0 V
VDD = 3.3 V
VDD = 5.0 V
10
8
6
4
2
−8
−10
−0.5
−0.4
−0.2
−0.1
0
0.1
Input Signal (V)
0.2
0.4
0
−60 −40 −20
0.5
FSR = ±0.512 V, DR = 8 SPS, VDD = 5 V, best fit
20
40
60
Temperature (°C)
80
100 120 140
G015
FSR = ±2.048 V, DR = 8 SPS, best fit
Figure 8. INL vs Input Signal
Figure 9. INL vs Temperature
60
16
TA = −40°C
TA = 25°C
TA = 125°C
14
12
40
Offset Voltage (µV)
Integral Nonlinearity (ppm)
0
10
8
6
AIN0 to GND
AIN1 to GND
AIN2 to GND
AIN3 to GND
20
0
−20
4
−40
2
0
8
16
32
64
128
250
Data Rate (SPS)
475
−60
−40
860
−20
0
20
40
60
Temperature (°C)
80
100
120
G004
FSR = ±2.048 V, best fit
Figure 11. Single-Ended Offset Voltage vs Temperature
Figure 10. INL vs Data Rate
40
60
AIN0 to GND
AIN1 to GND
AIN2 to GND
AIN3 to GND
30
Offset Voltage (µV)
Offset Voltage (µV)
40
20
0
−20
−40
−60
20
AIN0 to AIN1
AIN0 to AIN3
AIN1 to AIN3
AIN2 to AIN3
10
0
−10
−20
−30
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
Supply Voltage (V)
4.5
5
−40
−40
G005
Figure 12. Single-Ended Offset Voltage vs Supply
−20
0
20
40
60
Temperature (°C)
80
100
120
G006
Figure 13. Differential Offset Voltage vs Temperature
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
11
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
Typical Characteristics (continued)
At TA = 25°C, VDD = 3.3 V, FSR = ±2.048 V (unless otherwise noted).
15
40
Offset Voltage (µV)
30
20
Number of Occurrences
AIN0 to AIN1
AIN0 to AIN3
AIN1 to AIN3
AIN2 to AIN3
10
0
−10
−20
10
5
−30
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.001
G007
0
5
−0.001
4.5
−0.002
3
3.5
4
Supply Voltage (V)
−0.003
2.5
−0.004
2
−0.005
0
−40
Offset Drift (LSB/°C)
G046
FSR = ±2.048 V, TA = –40°C to +125°C, MUX = AIN0 to AIN3,
540 units from 3 production lots
Figure 15. Offset Drift Histogram
Figure 14. Differential Offset Voltage vs Supply
200
0.05
0.03
150
Gain Error (%)
Number of Occurrences
0.04
100
0.02
0.01
0
−0.01
FSR = ±0.256 V
FSR = ±0.512 V
FSR = ±1.024 V
FSR = ±2.048 V
FSR = ±4.096 V
FSR = ±6.144 V
−0.02
50
−0.03
−0.04
0
−10
−8
−6
−4
−2
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
−0.05
−40
Offset (µV)
−20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Temperature (°C)
G000
FSR = ±2.048 V,
540 units from 3 production lots
Figure 17. Gain Error vs Temperature
Figure 16. Offset Histogram
0.15
200
0.05
Number of Occurrences
Gain Error (%)
0.1
FSR = ±256 mV
0
FSR = ±2.048 V
-0.05
150
100
50
-0.1
-0.15
Gain Error (%)
0.05
0.045
0.04
0.035
0.03
0.02
0.025
0.015
Supply Voltage (V)
5.5
0.01
5
0.005
4.5
0
4
−0.005
3.5
−0.01
3
−0.02
2.5
−0.015
0
2
G000
FSR = ±2.048 V,
540 units from 3 production lots
Figure 18. Gain Error vs Supply
12
Submit Documentation Feedback
Figure 19. Gain Error Histogram
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
Typical Characteristics (continued)
At TA = 25°C, VDD = 3.3 V, FSR = ±2.048 V (unless otherwise noted).
1
0.6
35
Number of Occurences
0.4
0.2
0
−0.2
−0.4
−0.6
30
25
20
15
10
−0.8
5
120
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0
G023
0.1
100
0
80
-0.1
20
40
60
Temperature (°C)
-0.2
0
-0.3
−20
-0.5
−1
−40
-0.4
Temperature Error (°C)
40
Average Temperature Error
Average ± 3 sigma
Average ± 6 sigma
0.8
Temperature Error (qC)
TA = –40°C, 48 units from 3 production lots
Figure 21. Temperature Sensor Error Histogram (VSSOP)
40
35
35
30
30
Temperature Error (qC)
35
35
30
30
Temperature Error (qC)
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
-0.5
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0
0
-0.1
5
-0.2
5
0.1
10
0
10
15
-0.1
15
20
-0.2
20
25
-0.3
25
-0.4
Number of Occurences
40
-0.3
0.5
Figure 23. Temperature Sensor Error Histogram (VSSOP)
40
-0.4
0.4
TA = 25°C, 48 units from 3 production lots
Figure 22. Temperature Sensor Error Histogram (VSSOP)
-0.5
0.3
Temperature Error (qC)
TA = 0°C, 48 units from 3 production lots
Number of Occurences
0.2
-0.5
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-0.1
0
-0.2
0
-0.3
5
-0.4
5
0.1
10
0
10
15
-0.1
15
20
-0.2
20
25
-0.3
25
-0.4
Number of Occurences
40
-0.5
Number of Occurences
Figure 20. Temperature Sensor Error vs Temp (VSSOP)
Temperature Error (qC)
TA = 70°C, 48 units from 3 production lots
Figure 24. Temperature Sensor Error Histogram (VSSOP)
TA = 125°C, 48 units from 3 production lots
Figure 25. Temperature Sensor Error Histogram (VSSOP)
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
13
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
Typical Characteristics (continued)
At TA = 25°C, VDD = 3.3 V, FSR = ±2.048 V (unless otherwise noted).
1
0.6
60
Number of Occurences
Temperature Error (ƒC)
70
Average Temperature Error
Average “ 3 sigma
Average “ 6 sigma
0.8
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
50
40
30
20
10
-1
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
C007
0.1
0
120
0
100
-0.1
80
-0.2
20
40
60
Temperature (ƒC)
-0.3
0
-0.4
-20
-0.5
-40
Temperature Error (qC)
TA = –40°C, 94 units from production
Figure 27. Temperature Sensor Error Histogram (X2QFN)
70
60
60
Temperature Error (qC)
60
60
Temperature Error (qC)
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
-0.5
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0
-0.1
0
-0.2
10
-0.3
10
0.1
20
0
20
30
-0.1
30
40
-0.2
40
50
-0.3
50
-0.4
Number of Occurences
70
-0.4
0.5
Figure 29. Temperature Sensor Error Histogram (X2QFN)
70
-0.5
0.4
TA = 25°C, 94 units from production
Figure 28. Temperature Sensor Error Histogram (X2QFN)
Number of Occurences
0.3
Temperature Error (qC)
TA = 0°C, 94 units from production
Temperature Error (qC)
TA = 70°C, 94 units from production
TA = 125°C, 94 units from production
Figure 30. Temperature Sensor Error Histogram (X2QFN)
14
0.2
-0.5
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-0.1
0
-0.2
0
-0.3
10
-0.4
10
0.1
20
0
20
30
-0.1
30
40
-0.2
40
50
-0.3
50
-0.4
Number of Occurences
70
-0.5
Number of Occurences
Figure 26. Temperature Sensor Error vs Temp (X2QFN)
Figure 31. Temperature Sensor Error Histogram (X2QFN)
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
Typical Characteristics (continued)
At TA = 25°C, VDD = 3.3 V, FSR = ±2.048 V (unless otherwise noted).
5
300
VDD = 2.0 V
VDD = 3.3 V
VDD = 5.0 V
4.5
Power−Down Current (µA)
Operating Current (mA)
250
VDD = 5 V
200
150
VDD = 3.3 V
VDD = 2 V
100
50
4
3.5
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
0
−40
140
−20
0
Temperature (°C)
Figure 32. Operating Current vs Temperature
20
40
60
80
Temperature (°C)
100
120
140
G003
Figure 33. Power-Down Current vs Temperature
0
-10
Gain (dB)
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
1
10
100
1k
10k
Input Frequency (Hz)
DR = 8 SPS
Figure 34. Digital Filter Frequency Response
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
15
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
8 Parameter Measurement Information
8.1 Noise Performance
Delta-sigma (ΔΣ) analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) are based on the principle of oversampling. The input
signal of a ΔΣ ADC is sampled at a high frequency (modulator frequency) and subsequently filtered and
decimated in the digital domain to yield a conversion result at the respective output data rate. The ratio between
modulator frequency and output data rate is called oversampling ratio (OSR). By increasing the OSR, and thus
reducing the output data rate, the noise performance of the ADC can be optimized. In other words, the inputreferred noise drops when reducing the output data rate because more samples of the internal modulator are
averaged to yield one conversion result. Increasing the gain also reduces the input-referred noise, which is
particularly useful when measuring low-level signals.
Table 1 and Table 2 summarize the device noise performance. Data are representative of typical noise
performance at TA = 25°C with the inputs shorted together externally. Table 1 show the input-referred noise in
units of μVRMS for the conditions shown. Note that µVPP values are shown in parenthesis. Table 2 shows the
corresponding data in effective number of bits (ENOB) calculated from μVRMS values using Equation 1. The
noise-free bits calculated from peak-to-peak noise values using Equation 2 are shown in parenthesis.
ENOB = ln (FSR / VRMS-Noise) / ln(2)
Noise-Free Bits = ln (FSR / VPP-Noise) / ln(2)
(1)
(2)
Table 1. Noise in μVRMS (μVPP) at VDD = 3.3 V
FSR (Full-Scale Range)
DATA RATE
(SPS)
±6.144 V
±4.096 V
±2.048 V
±1.024 V
±0.512 V
±0.256 V
8
187.5 (187.5)
125 (125)
62.5 (62.5)
31.25 (31.25)
15.62 (15.62)
7.81 (7.81)
16
187.5 (187.5)
125 (125)
62.5 (62.5)
31.25 (31.25)
15.62 (15.62)
7.81 (7.81)
32
187.5 (187.5)
125 (125)
62.5 (62.5)
31.25 (31.25)
15.62 (15.62)
7.81 (7.81)
64
187.5 (187.5)
125 (125)
62.5 (62.5)
31.25 (31.25)
15.62 (15.62)
7.81 (7.81)
128
187.5 (187.5)
125 (125)
62.5 (62.5)
31.25 (31.25)
15.62 (15.62)
7.81 (12.35)
250
187.5 (252.09)
125 (148.28)
62.5 (84.03)
31.25 (39.54)
15.62 (16.06)
7.81 (18.53)
475
187.5 (266.92)
125 (227.38)
62.5 (79.08)
31.25 (56.84)
15.62 (32.13)
7.81 (25.95)
860
187.5 (430.06)
125 (266.93)
62.5 (118.63)
31.25 (64.26)
15.62 (40.78)
7.81 (35.83)
Table 2. ENOB from RMS Noise (Noise-Free Bits from Peak-to-Peak Noise) at VDD = 3.3 V
FSR (Full-Scale Range)
DATA RATE
(SPS)
±6.144 V
±4.096 V
±2.048 V
±1.024 V
±0.512 V
±0.256 V
8
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
32
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
64
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16
128
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (16)
16 (15.33)
250
16 (15.57)
16 (15.75)
16 (15.57)
16 (15.66)
16 (15.96)
16 (14.75)
475
16 (15.49)
16 (15.13)
16 (15.66)
16 (15.13)
16 (14.95)
16 (14.26)
860
16 (14.8)
16 (14.9)
16 (15.07)
16 (14.95)
16 (14.61)
16 (13.8)
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
9 Detailed Description
9.1 Overview
The ADS1118 is a very small, low-power, 16-bit, delta-sigma (ΔΣ) analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The
ADS1118 consists of a ΔΣ ADC core with adjustable gain, an internal voltage reference, a clock oscillator, and
an SPI. This device is also a highly linear and accurate temperature sensor. All of these features are intended to
reduce required external circuitry and improve performance. Functional Block Diagram shows the ADS1118
functional block diagram.
The ADS1118 ADC core measures a differential signal, VIN, that is the difference of V(AINP) and V(AINN). The
converter core consists of a differential, switched-capacitor ΔΣ modulator followed by a digital filter. This
architecture results in a very strong attenuation in any common-mode signals. Input signals are compared to the
internal voltage reference. The digital filter receives a high-speed bitstream from the modulator and outputs a
code proportional to the input voltage.
The ADS1118 has two available conversion modes: single-shot mode and continuous conversion mode. In
single-shot mode, the ADC performs one conversion of the input signal upon request and stores the value to an
internal conversion register. The device then enters a power-down state. This mode is intended to provide
significant power savings in systems that require only periodic conversions or when there are long idle periods
between conversions. In continuous conversion mode, the ADC automatically begins a conversion of the input
signal as soon as the previous conversion is completed. The rate of continuous conversion is equal to the
programmed data rate. Data can be read at any time and always reflect the most recently completed conversion.
9.2 Functional Block Diagram
VDD
Device
Voltage
Reference
Mux
CS
AIN0
SCLK
AIN1
PGA
16-Bit ΔΣ
ADC
Serial
Peripheral
Interface
DIN
DOUT/DRDY
AIN2
Oscillator
AIN3
Temperature
Sensor
GND
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
17
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
9.3 Feature Description
9.3.1 Multiplexer
The ADS1118 contains an input multiplexer (mux), as shown in Figure 35. Either four single-ended or two
differential signals can be measured. Additionally, AIN0, AIN1, and AIN2 can be measured differentially to AIN3.
The multiplexer is configured by bits MUX[2:0] in the Config register. When single-ended signals are measured,
the negative input of the ADC is internally connected to GND by a switch within the multiplexer.
VDD
Device
AIN0
VDD
GND
AINP
AIN1
AINN
VDD
GND
AIN2
VDD
GND
AIN3
GND
GND
Figure 35. Input Multiplexer
When measuring single-ended inputs, the device does not output negative codes. These negative codes indicate
negative differential signals; that is, (V(AINP) – V(AINN)) < 0. Electrostatic discharge (ESD) diodes to VDD and GND
protect the ADS1118 inputs. To prevent the ESD diodes from turning on, keep the absolute voltage on any input
within the range given in Equation 3:
GND – 0.3 V < V(AINx) < VDD + 0.3 V
(3)
If the voltages on the input pins can possibly violate these conditions, use external Schottky diodes and series
resistors to limit the input current to safe values (see the Absolute Maximum Ratings table).
Also, overdriving one unused input on the ADS1118 may affect conversions currently taking place on other input
pins. If overdriving unused inputs is possible, clamp the signal with external Schottky diodes.
18
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
Feature Description (continued)
9.3.2 Analog Inputs
The ADS1118 uses a switched-capacitor input stage where capacitors are continuously charged and then
discharged to measure the voltage between AINP and AINN. This frequency at which the input signal is sampled
is called the sampling frequency or the modulator frequency (f(MOD)). ADS1118 has a 1 MHz internal oscillator
which is further divided by a factor of 4 to generate the modulator frequency at 250 kHz. The capacitors used in
this input stage are small, and to external circuitry, the average loading appears resistive. This structure is shown
in Figure 36. The resistance is set by the capacitor values and the rate at which they are switched. Figure 37
shows the setting of the switches illustrated in Figure 36. During the sampling phase, switches S1 are closed.
This event charges CA1 to V(AINP), CA2 to V(AINN), and CB to (V(AINP) – V(AINN)). During the discharge phase, S1 is
first opened and then S2 is closed. Both CA1 and CA2 then discharge to approximately 0.7 V and CB discharges to
0 V. This charging draws a very small transient current from the source driving the ADS1118 analog inputs. The
average value of this current can be used to calculate the effective impedance (Zeff), where Zeff = VIN / IAVERAGE.
0.7 V
CA1
AINP
S1
ZCM
S2
0.7 V
Equivalent
Circuit
AINP
CB
S1
ZDIFF
S2
AINN
AINN
0.7 V
CA2
ZCM
f(MOD) = 250 kHz
0.7 V
Figure 36. Simplified Analog Input Circuit
tSAMPLE
ON
S1
OFF
ON
S2
OFF
Figure 37. S1 and S2 Switch Timing
The common-mode input impedance is measured by applying a common-mode signal to the shorted AINP and
AINN inputs and measuring the average current consumed by each pin. The common-mode input impedance
changes depending on the full-scale range, but is approximately 6 MΩ for the default full-scale range. In
Figure 36, the common-mode input impedance is ZCM.
The differential input impedance is measured by applying a differential signal to AINP and AINN inputs where one
input is held at 0.7 V. The current that flows through the pin connected to 0.7 V is the differential current and
scales with the full-scale range. In Figure 36, the differential input impedance is ZDIFF.
Make sure to consider the typical value of the input impedance. Unless the input source has a low impedance,
the ADS1118 input impedance may affect the measurement accuracy. For sources with high-output impedance,
buffering may be necessary. Active buffers introduce noise, and also introduce offset and gain errors. Consider
all of these factors in high-accuracy applications.
The clock oscillator frequency drifts slightly with temperature; therefore, the input impedances also drift. For most
applications, this input impedance drift is negligible, and can be ignored.
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
19
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
Feature Description (continued)
9.3.3 Full-Scale Range (FSR) and LSB Size
A programmable gain amplifier (PGA) is implemented before the ADS1118 ΔΣ core. The full-scale range is
configured by three bits (PGA[2:0]) in the Config Register and can be set to ±6.144 V, ±4.096 V, ±2.048 V,
±1.024 V, ±0.512 V, ±0.256 V. Table 3 shows the FSR together with the corresponding LSB size. LSB size is
calculated from full-scale voltage by the formula shown in Equation 4. However, analog input voltages may never
exceed the analog input voltage limits given in the Electrical Characteristics. If a supply voltage of VDD greater
than 4 V is used, the ±6.144 V full-scale range allows input voltages to extend up to the supply. Note though that
in this case, or whenever the supply voltage is less than the full-scale range (for example, VDD = 3.3 V and fullscale range = ±4.096 V), a full-scale ADC output code cannot be obtained. This inability means that some
dynamic range is lost.
LSB = FSR / 216
(4)
Table 3. Full-Scale Range and Corresponding LSB Size
(1)
FSR
LSB SIZE
±6.144 V (1)
187.5 μV
±4.096 V (1)
125 μV
±2.048 V
62.5 μV
±1.024 V
31.25 μV
±0.512 V
15.625 μV
±0.256 V
7.8125 μV
This parameter expresses the full-scale range of the ADC scaling.
No more than VDD + 0.3 V must be applied to this device.
9.3.4 Voltage Reference
The ADS1118 has an integrated voltage reference. An external reference cannot be used with this device. Errors
associated with the initial voltage reference accuracy and the reference drift with temperature are included in the
gain error and gain drift specifications in the Electrical Characteristics.
9.3.5 Oscillator
The ADS1118 has an integrated oscillator running at 1 MHz. No external clock is required to operate the device.
Note that the internal oscillator drifts over temperature and time. The output data rate will scale proportional with
the oscillator frequency.
20
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
9.3.6 Temperature Sensor
The ADS1118 offers an integrated precision temperature sensor. The temperature sensor mode is enabled by
setting bit TS_MODE = 1 in the Config Register. Temperature data are represented as a 14-bit result that is leftjustified within the 16-bit conversion result. Data are output starting with the most significant byte (MSB). When
reading the two data bytes, the first 14 bits are used to indicate the temperature measurement result. One 14-bit
LSB equals 0.03125°C. Negative numbers are represented in binary twos complement format, as shown in
Table 4.
Table 4. 14-Bit Temperature Data Format
TEMPERATURE (°C)
DIGITAL OUTPUT (BINARY)
HEX
128
01 0000 0000 0000
1000
127.96875
00 1111 1111 1111
0FFF
100
00 1100 1000 0000
0C80
75
00 1001 0110 0000
0960
50
00 0110 0100 0000
0640
25
00 0011 0010 0000
0320
0.25
00 0000 0000 1000
0008
0.03125
00 0000 0000 0001
0001
0
00 0000 0000 0000
0000
–0.25
11 1111 1111 1000
3FF8
–25
11 1100 1110 0000
3CE0
–40
11 1011 0000 0000
3B00
9.3.6.1 Converting from Temperature to Digital Codes
For positive temperatures:
Twos complement is not performed on positive numbers. Therefore, simply convert the number to binary
code in a 14-bit, left justified format with the MSB = 0 to denote the positive sign.
Example: 50°C / (0.03125°C/count) = 1600 = 0640h = 00 0110 0100 0000
For negative temperatures:
Generate the twos complement of a negative number by complementing the absolute binary number and
adding 1. Then denote the negative sign with the MSB = 1.
Example: |–25°C| / (0.03125°C/count) = 800 = 0320h = 00 0011 0010 0000
Twos complement format: 11 1100 1101 1111 + 1 = 11 1100 1110 0000
9.3.6.2 Converting from Digital Codes to Temperature
To convert from digital codes to temperature, first check whether the MSB is a 0 or a 1. If the MSB is a 0,
simply multiply the decimal code by 0.03125°C to obtain the result. If the MSB = 1, subtract 1 from the result
and complement all of the bits. Then multiply the result by –0.03125°C.
Example: The device reads back 0960h: 0960h has an MSB = 0.
0960h × 0.03125°C = 2400 × 0.03125°C = 75°C
Example: The device reads back 3CE0h: 3CE0h has an MSB = 1.
Subtract 1 and complement the result: 3CE0h → 0320h
0320h × (–0.03125°C) = 800 × (–0.03125°C) = –25°C
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
21
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
9.4 Device Functional Modes
9.4.1 Reset and Power Up
When the ADS1118 powers up, a reset is performed. As part of the reset process, the ADS1118 sets all of its
bits in the Config Register to the respective default settings. By default, the ADS1118 enters a power-down state
at start-up. The device interface and digital blocks are active, but no data conversions are performed. The initial
power-down state of the ADS1118 is intended to relieve systems with tight power-supply requirements from
encountering a surge during power up.
9.4.2 Operating Modes
The ADS1118 operates in one of two modes: continuous-conversion or single-shot. The MODE bit in the Config
register selects the respective operating mode.
9.4.2.1 Single-Shot Mode and Power-Down
When the MODE bit in the Config register is set to 1, the ADS1118 enters a power-down state, and operates in
single-shot mode. This power-down state is the default state for the ADS1118 when power is first applied.
Although powered down, the device still responds to commands. The ADS1118 remains in this power-down state
until a 1 is written to the single-shot (SS) bit in the Config register. When the SS bit is asserted, the device
powers up, resets the SS bit to 0, and starts a single conversion. When conversion data are ready for retrieval,
the device powers down again. Writing a 1 to the SS bit while a conversion is ongoing has no effect. To switch to
continuous-conversion mode, write a 0 to the MODE bit in the Config register.
9.4.2.2 Continuous-Conversion Mode
In continuous-conversion mode (MODE bit set to 0), the ADS1118 continuously performs conversions. When a
conversion completes, the ADS1118 places the result in the Conversion register and immediately begins another
conversion. To switch to single-shot mode, write a 1 to the MODE bit in the Config register, or reset the device.
9.4.3 Duty Cycling for Low Power
The noise performance of a ΔΣ ADC generally improves when lowering the output data rate because more
samples of the internal modulator can be averaged to yield one conversion result. In applications where power
consumption is critical, the improved noise performance at low data rates may not be required. For these
applications, the ADS1118 supports duty cycling that can yield significant power savings by periodically
requesting high data rate readings at an effectively lower data rate. For example, an ADS1118 in power-down
state with a data rate set to 860 SPS can be operated by a microcontroller that instructs a single-shot conversion
every 125 ms (8 SPS). Because a conversion at 860 SPS only requires approximately 1.2 ms, the ADS1118
enters power-down state for the remaining 123.8 ms. In this configuration, the ADS1118 consumes
approximately 1/100th the power that is otherwise consumed in continuous conversion mode. The duty cycling
rate is completely arbitrary and is defined by the master controller. The ADS1118 offers lower data rates that do
not implement duty cycling and also offers improved noise performance if required.
22
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
9.5 Programming
9.5.1 Serial Interface
The SPI-compatible serial interface consists of either four signals (CS, SCLK, DIN, and DOUT/DRDY), or three
signals (in which case CS may be tied low). The interface is used to read conversion data, read and write
registers, and control device operation.
9.5.2 Chip Select (CS)
The chip select pin (CS) selects the ADS1118 for SPI communication. This feature is useful when multiple
devices share the same serial bus. Keep CS low for the duration of the serial communication. When CS is taken
high, the serial interface is reset, SCLK is ignored, and DOUT/DRDY enters a high-impedance state. In this state,
DOUT/DRDY cannot provide data-ready indication. In situations where multiple devices are present and
DOUT/DRDY must be monitored, lower CS periodically. At this point, the DOUT/DRDY pin either immediately
goes high to indicate that no new data are available, or immediately goes low to indicate that new data are
present in the Conversion register and are available for transfer. New data can be transferred at any time without
concern of data corruption. When a transmission starts, the current result is locked into the output shift register
and does not change until the communication completes. This system avoids any possibility of data corruption.
9.5.3 Serial Clock (SCLK)
The serial clock (SCLK) features a Schmitt-triggered input and is used to clock data on the DIN and
DOUT/DRDY pins into and out of the ADS1118. Even though the input has hysteresis, TI recommends keeping
SCLK as clean as possible to prevent glitches from accidentally shifting the data. If SCLK is held low for 28 ms,
the serial interface resets and the next SCLK pulse starts a new communication cycle. This time-out feature can
be used to recover communication when a serial interface transmission is interrupted. When the serial interface
is idle, hold SCLK low.
9.5.4 Data Input (DIN)
The data input pin (DIN) is used along with SCLK to send data to the ADS1118. The device latches data on DIN
on the SCLK falling edge. The ADS1118 never drives the DIN pin.
9.5.5 Data Output and Data Ready (DOUT/DRDY)
The data output and data ready pin (DOUT/DRDY) is used with SCLK to read conversion and register data from
the ADS1118. Data on DOUT/DRDY are shifted out on the SCLK rising edge. DOUT/DRDY is also used to
indicate that a conversion is complete and new data are available. This pin transitions low when new data are
ready for retrieval. DOUT/DRDY is also able to trigger a microcontroller to start reading data from the ADS1118.
In continuous-conversion mode, DOUT/DRDY transitions high again 8 µs before the next data ready signal
(DOUT/DRDY low) if no data are retrieved from the device. This transition is shown in Figure 38. Complete the
data transfer before DOUT/DRDY returns high.
CS(1)
SCLK
DOUT/DRDY
8 µs
Hi-Z
DIN
(1)
CS may be held low. If CS is low, DOUT/DRDY asserts low indicating new data are available.
Figure 38. DOUT/DRDY Behavior Without Data Retrieval in Continuous Conversion Mode
When CS is high, DOUT/DRDY is configured by default with a weak internal pullup resistor. This feature reduces
the risk of DOUT/DRDY floating near midsupply and causing leakage current in the master device. To disable
this pullup resistor and place the device into a high-impedance state, set the PULL_UP_EN bit to 0 in the Config
Register.
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
23
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
Programming (continued)
9.5.6 Data Format
The ADS1118 provides 16 bits of data in binary twos complement format. A positive full-scale input produces an
output code of 7FFFh and a negative full-scale input produces an output code of 8000h. The output clips at these
codes for signals that exceed full-scale. Table 5 summarizes the ideal output codes for different input signals.
Figure 39 shows code transitions versus input voltage.
Table 5. Input Signal versus Ideal Output Code
(1)
INPUT SIGNAL, VIN
(AINP – AINN)
IDEAL OUTPUT CODE (1)
≥ +FS (215 – 1)/215
7FFFh
+FS/215
0001h
0
0
–FS/215
FFFFh
≤ –FS
8000h
Excludes the effects of noise, INL, offset, and gain errors.
0x7FFF
0x0001
0x0000
0xFFFF
¼
Output Code
¼
0x7FFE
0x8001
0x8000
¼
-FS
2
15
FS
¼
-1
-FS
2
0
Input Voltage (AINP - AINN)
15
2
15
FS
2
-1
15
Figure 39. ADS1118 Code Transition Diagram
9.5.7 Data Retrieval
Data is written to and read from the ADS1118 in the same manner for both single-shot and continuous
conversion modes, without having to issue any commands. The operating mode for the ADS1118 is selected by
the MODE bit in the Config register.
Set the MODE bit to 0 to put the device in continuous-conversion mode. In continuous-conversion mode, the
device is constantly starting new conversions even when CS is high.
Set the MODE bit to 1 for single-shot mode. In single-shot mode, a new conversion only starts by writing a 1 to
the SS bit.
The conversion data are always buffered, and retain the current data until replaced by new conversion data.
Therefore, data can be read at any time without concern of data corruption. When DOUT/DRDY asserts low,
indicating that new conversion data are ready, the conversion data are read by shifting the data out on
DOUT/DRDY. The MSB of the data (bit 15) on DOUT/DRDY is clocked out on the first SCLK rising edge. At the
same time that the conversion result is clocked out of DOUT/DRDY, new Config register data are latched on DIN
on the SCLK falling edge.
The ADS1118 also offers the possibility of direct readback of the Config register settings in the same data
transmission cycle. One complete data transmission cycle consists of either 32 bits (when the Config register
data readback is used) or 16 bits (only used when the CS line can be controlled and is not permanently tied low).
24
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
9.5.7.1 32-Bit Data Transmission Cycle
The data in a 32-bit data transmission cycle consists of four bytes: two bytes for the conversion result, and an
additional two bytes for the Config Register read back. The device always reads the MSB first.
Write the same Config register setting twice during one transmission cycle as shown in Figure 40. If convenient,
write the Config register setting once during the first half of the transmission cycle, and then hold the DIN pin
either low (as shown in Figure 41) or high during the second half of the cycle. If no update to the Config register
is required, hold the DIN pin either low or high during the entire transmission cycle. The Config register setting
written in the first two bytes of a 32-bit transmission cycle is read back in the last two bytes of the same cycle.
CS(1)
1
9
17
25
SCLK
DOUT/DRDY
Hi-Z
DIN
(1)
DATA MSB
DATA LSB
CONFIG MSB
CONFIG LSB
CONFIG MSB
CONFIG LSB
CONFIG MSB
CONFIG LSB
Next Data Ready
CS can be held low if the ADS1118 does not share the serial bus with another device. If CS is low, DOUT/DRDY
asserts low indicating new data are available.
Figure 40. 32-Bit Data Transmission Cycle With Config Register Readback
CS(1)
1
9
17
25
SCLK
DOUT/DRDY
Hi-Z
DIN
(1)
DATA MSB
DATA LSB
CONFIG MSB
CONFIG LSB
CONFIG MSB
CONFIG LSB
Next Data Ready
CS can be held low if the ADS1118 does not share the serial bus with another device. If CS is low, DOUT/DRDY
asserts low indicating new data are available.
Figure 41. 32-Bit Data Transmission Cycle: DIN Held Low
9.5.7.2 16-Bit Data Transmission Cycle
If Config Register data are not required to be readback, the ADS1118 conversion data can also be clocked out in
a short 16-bit data transmission cycle, as shown in Figure 42. Therefore, CS must be taken high after the 16th
SCLK cycle. Taking CS high resets the SPI interface. The next time CS is taken low, data transmission starts
with the currently buffered conversion result on the first SCLK rising edge. If DOUT/DRDY is low when data
retrieval starts, the conversion buffer is already updated with a new result. Otherwise, if DOUT/DRDY is high, the
same result from the previous data transmission cycle is read.
CS
1
9
1
9
SCLK
DOUT/DRDY
DIN
Hi-Z
DATA MSB
DATA LSB
DATA MSB
DATA LSB
CONFIG MSB
CONFIG LSB
CONFIG MSB
CONFIG LSB
Figure 42. 16-Bit Data Transmission Cycle
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
25
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
9.6 Register Maps
The ADS1118 has two registers that are accessible through the SPI interface. The Conversion Register contains
the result of the last conversion. The Config Registerallows the user to change the ADS1118 operating modes
and query the status of the devices.
9.6.1 Conversion Register [reset = 0000h]
The 16-bit Conversion register contains the result of the last conversion in binary twos complement format.
Following power up, the Conversion register is cleared to 0, and remains 0 until the first conversion is completed.
The register format is shown in Figure 43.
Figure 43. Conversion Register
15
D15
R-0h
7
D7
14
D14
R-0h
6
D6
13
D13
R-0h
5
D5
12
D12
R-0h
4
D4
11
D11
R-0h
3
D3
10
D10
R-0h
2
D2
9
D9
R-0h
1
D1
8
D8
R-0h
0
D0
R-0h
R-0h
R-0h
R-0h
R-0h
R-0h
R-0h
R-0h
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 6. Conversion Register Field Descriptions
Bit
15:0
Field
Type
Reset
Description
D[15:0]
R
0000h
16-bit conversion result
9.6.2 Config Register [reset = 058Bh]
The 16-bit Config register can be used to control the ADS1118 operating mode, input selection, data rate, fullscale range, and temperature sensor mode. The register format is shown in Figure 44.
Figure 44. Config Register
15
SS
R/W-0h
7
14
13
MUX[2:0]
R/W-0h
5
6
DR[2:0]
R/W-4h
12
11
4
TS_MODE
R/W-0h
3
PULL_UP_EN
R/W-1h
10
PGA[2:0]
R/W-2h
2
NOP[1:0]
R/W-1h
9
1
8
MODE
R/W-1h
0
Reserved
R-1h
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 7. Config Register Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Type
Reset
Description
Single-shot conversion start
This bit is used to start a single conversion. SS can only be written when in
power-down state and has no effect when a conversion is ongoing.
15
SS
R/W
0h
When writing:
0 = No effect
1 = Start a single conversion (when in power-down state)
Always reads back 0 (default).
Input multiplexer configuration
These bits configure the input multiplexer.
14:12
26
MUX[2:0]
R/W
0h
000 = AINP
001 = AINP
010 = AINP
011 = AINP
100 = AINP
101 = AINP
110 = AINP
111 = AINP
is
is
is
is
is
is
is
is
AIN0
AIN0
AIN1
AIN2
AIN0
AIN1
AIN2
AIN3
and AINN is
and AINN is
and AINN is
and AINN is
and AINN is
and AINN is
and AINN is
and AINN is
Submit Documentation Feedback
AIN1 (default)
AIN3
AIN3
AIN3
GND
GND
GND
GND
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
Table 7. Config Register Field Descriptions (continued)
Bit
Field
Type
Reset
Description
Programmable gain amplifier configuration
These bits configure the programmable gain amplifier.
11:9
8
PGA[2:0]
MODE
R/W
R/W
2h
1h
000 = FSR is ±6.144
001 = FSR is ±4.096
010 = FSR is ±2.048
011 = FSR is ±1.024
100 = FSR is ±0.512
101 = FSR is ±0.256
110 = FSR is ±0.256
111 = FSR is ±0.256
V (1)
V (1)
V (default)
V
V
V
V
V
Device operating mode
This bit controls the ADS1118 operating mode.
0 = Continuous conversion mode
1 = Power-down and single-shot mode (default)
Data rate
These bits control the data rate setting.
7:5
4
3
DR[2:0]
TS_MODE
PULL_UP_EN
R/W
R/W
R/W
4h
0h
1h
000 = 8 SPS
001 = 16 SPS
010 = 32 SPS
011 = 64 SPS
100 = 128 SPS (default)
101 = 250 SPS
110 = 475 SPS
111 = 860 SPS
Temperature sensor mode
This bit configures the ADC to convert temperature or input signals.
0 = ADC mode (default)
1 = Temperature sensor mode
Pullup enable
This bit enables a weak internal pullup resistor on the DOUT/DRDY pin only
when CS is high. When enabled, an internal 400-kΩ resistor connects the bus
line to supply. When disabled, the DOUT/DRDY pin floats.
0 = Pullup resistor disabled on DOUT/DRDY pin
1 = Pullup resistor enabled on DOUT/DRDY pin (default)
2:1
NOP[1:0]
R/W
1h
No operation
The NOP[1:0] bits control whether data are written to the Config register or not.
For data to be written to the Config register, the NOP[1:0] bits must be '01'. Any
other value results in a NOP command. DIN can be held high or low during SCLK
pulses without data being written to the Config register.
00
01
10
11
= Invalid data, do not update the contents of the Config register
= Valid data, update the Config register (default)
= Invalid data, do not update the contents of the Config register
= Invalid data, do not update the contents of the Config register
Reserved
0
(1)
Reserved
R
1h
Writing either 0 or 1 to this bit has no effect.
Always reads back 1.
This parameter expresses the full-scale range of the ADC scaling. No more than VDD + 0.3 V must be applied to this device.
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
27
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
10 Application and Implementation
NOTE
Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component
specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are
responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should
validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.
10.1 Application Information
The ADS1118 is a precision, 16-bit ΔΣ ADC that offers many integrated features to ease the measurement of the
most common sensor types including various type of temperature and bridge sensors. The following sections
give example circuits and suggestions for using the ADS1118 in various situations.
10.1.1 Serial Interface Connections
The principle serial interface connections for the ADS1118 are shown in Figure 45.
Device
10
DIN
1
Microcontroller or
Microprocessor
with SPI Port
SCLK
VDD
DOUT/DRDY
9
2
CS
VDD
8
3
GND
AIN3
7
4
AIN0
AIN2
6
0.1 µF
AIN1
5
50 W
DOUT
50 W
DIN
50 W
Inputs Selected
from Configuration
Register
CS
50 W
SCLK
Figure 45. Typical Connections of the ADS1118
Most microcontroller SPI peripherals can operate with the ADS1118. The interface operates in SPI mode 1
where CPOL = 0 and CPHA = 1. In SPI mode 1, SCLK idles low and data are launched or changed only on
SCLK rising edges; data are latched or read by the master and slave on SCLK falling edges. Details of the SPI
communication protocol employed by the ADS1118 can be found in the Timing Requirements: Serial Interface
section.
It is a good practice to place 50-Ω resistors in the series path to each of the digital pins to provide some short
circuit protection. Care must be taken to still meet all SPI timing requirements because these additional series
resistors along with the bus parasitic capacitances present on the digital signal lines could slew the signals.
The fully-differential input of the ADS1118 is ideal for connecting to differential sources (such as thermocouples
and thermistors) with a moderately low source impedance. Although the ADS1118 can read fully-differential
signals, the device cannot accept negative voltages on either of its inputs because of ESD protection diodes on
each pin. When an input exceeds supply or drops below ground, these diodes turn on to prevent any ESD
damage to the device.
10.1.2
GPIO Ports for Communication
Most microcontrollers have programmable input/output (I/O) pins that can be set in software to act as inputs or
outputs. If an SPI controller is not available, the ADS1118 can be connected to GPIO pins and the SPI bus
protocol can be simulated. Using GPIO pins to generate the SPI interface only requires that the pins be
configured as push or pull inputs or outputs. Furthermore, if the SCLK line is held low for more than 28 ms, the
communication times out. This condition means that the GPIO ports must be capable of providing SCLK pulses
with no more than 28 ms between pulses.
28
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
Application Information (continued)
10.1.3 Analog Input Filtering
Analog input filtering serves two purposes: first, to limit the effect of aliasing during the sampling process and
second, to reduce external noise from being a part of the measurement.
As with any sampled system, aliasing can occur if proper antialias filtering is not in place. Aliasing occurs when
frequency components are present in the input signal that are higher than half the sampling frequency of the
ADC (also known as the Nyquist frequency). These frequency components fold back and show up in the actual
frequency band of interest below half the sampling frequency. The filter response of the digital filter repeats at
multiples of the sampling frequency, also known as the modulator frequency (f(MOD)), as shown in Figure 46.
Signals or noise up to a frequency where the filter response repeats are attenuated to a certain amount by the
digital filter depending on the filter architecture. Any frequency components present in the input signal around the
modulator frequency or multiples thereof are not attenuated and alias back into the band of interest, unless
attenuated by an external analog filter.
Magnitude
Sensor
Signal
Unwanted
Signals
Unwanted
Signals
Output
Data Rate
f(MOD)/2
f(MOD)
Frequency
f(MOD)
Frequency
f(MOD)
Frequency
Magnitude
Digital Filter
Aliasing of
Unwanted Signals
Output
Data Rate
f(MOD)/2
Magnitude
External
Antialiasing Filter
Roll-Off
Output
Data Rate
f(MOD)/2
Figure 46. Effect of Aliasing
Many sensor signals are inherently bandlimited; for example, the output of a thermocouple has a limited rate of
change. In this case, the sensor signal does not alias back into the pass-band when using a ΔΣ ADC. However,
any noise pick-up along the sensor wiring or the application circuitry can potentially alias into the pass-band.
Power line-cycle frequency and harmonics are one common noise source. External noise can also be generated
from electromagnetic interference (EMI) or radio frequency interference (RFI) sources, such as nearby motors
and cellular phones. Another noise source typically exists on the printed-circuit-board (PCB) itself in the form of
clocks and other digital signals. Analog input filtering helps remove unwanted signals from affecting the
measurement result.
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
29
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
Application Information (continued)
A first-order resistor-capacitor (RC) filter is (in most cases) sufficient to either totally eliminate aliasing, or to
reduce the effect of aliasing to a level within the noise floor of the sensor. Ideally, any signal beyond f(MOD) / 2 is
attenuated to a level below the noise floor of the ADC. The digital filter of the ADS1118 attenuates signals to a
certain degree, as shown in Figure 34. In addition, noise components are usually smaller in magnitude than the
actual sensor signal. Therefore, using a first-order RC filter with a cutoff frequency set at the output data rate or
10x higher is generally a good starting point for a system design.
10.1.4 Single-Ended Inputs
Although the ADS1118 has two differential inputs, the device can measure four single-ended signals. Figure 47
shows a single-ended connection scheme. The ADS1118 is configured for single-ended measurement by
configuring the MUX to measure each channel with respect to ground. Data are then read out of one input based
on the selection in the Config Register. The single-ended signal can range from 0 V up to positive supply or +FS,
whichever is lower. Negative voltages cannot be applied to this circuit because the ADS1118 can only accept
positive voltages with respect to ground. The ADS1118 does not lose linearity within the input range.
The ADS1118 offers a differential input voltage range of ±FS. The single-ended circuit shown in Figure 47
however only uses the positive half of the ADS1118 FS input voltage range because differentially negative inputs
are not produced. Because only half of the FS range is used, one bit of resolution is lost. For optimal noise
performance, TI recommends using differential configurations whenever possible. Differential configurations
maximize the dynamic range of the ADC and provide strong attenuation of common-mode noise.
VDD
Device
10
DIN
1
SCLK
DOUT/DRDY
9
2
CS
VDD
8
3
GND
AIN3
7
4
AIN0
AIN2
6
0.1 µF
AIN1
5
Inputs Selected
from Configuration
Register
NOTE: Digital pin connections omitted for clarity.
Figure 47. Measuring Single-Ended Inputs
The ADS1118 is also designed to allow AIN3 to serve as a common point for measurements by adjusting the
mux configuration. AIN0, AIN1, and AIN2 can all be measured with respect to AIN3. In this configuration the
ADS1118 can operate with inputs where AIN3 serves as the common point. This ability improves the usable
range over the single-ended configuration because negative differential voltages are allowed when GND < V(AIN3)
< VDD; however, common-mode noise attenuation is not offered.
30
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
Application Information (continued)
10.1.5 Connecting Multiple Devices
When connecting multiple ADS1118 devices to a single SPI bus, SCLK, DIN, and DOUT/DRDY can be safely
shared by using a dedicated chip-select (CS) for each SPI-enabled device. By default, when CS goes high for
the ADS1118, DOUT/DRDY is pulled up to VDD by a weak pullup resistor. This feature is intended to prevent
DOUT/DRDY from floating near mid-rail and causing excess current leakage on a microcontroller input. If the
PULL_UP_EN bit in the Config Register is set to 0, the DOUT/DRDY pin enters a 3-state mode when CS
transitions high. The ADS1118 cannot issue a data ready pulse on DOUT/DRDY when CS is high. To evaluate
when a new conversion is ready from the ADS1118 when using multiple devices, the master can periodically
drop CS to the ADS1118. When CS goes low, the DOUT/DRDY pin immediately drives either high or low. If the
DOUT/DRDY line drives low on a low CS, new data are currently available for clocking out at any time. If the
DOUT/DRDY line drives high, no new data are available and the ADS1118 returns the last read conversion
result. Valid data can be retrieved from the ADS1118 at anytime without concern of data corruption. If a new
conversion becomes available during data transmission, that conversion is not available for readback until a new
SPI transmission is initiated.
Microcontroller or
Microprocessor
Device
10
50 W
SCLK
DIN
DOUT
CS1
CS2
SCLK DOUT/DRDY
9
2
CS
VDD
8
3
GND
AIN3
7
4
AIN0
AIN2
6
50 W
50 W
50 W
DIN
1
AIN1
5
50 W
Device
10
DIN
DOUT/DRDY 9
1
SCLK
2
CS
VDD
8
3
GND
AIN3
7
4
AIN0
AIN2
6
AIN1
5
NOTE: Power and input connections omitted for clarity.
Figure 48. Connecting Multiple ADS1118s
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
31
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
Application Information (continued)
10.1.6 Pseudo Code Example
The flow chart in Figure 49 shows a pseudo code sequence with the required steps to set up communication
between the device and a microcontroller to take subsequent readings from the ADS1118. As an example, the
default Config Register settings are changed to set up the device in FSR = ±0.512 V, continuous conversion
mode and 64-SPS data rate.
INITIALIZE
DATA CAPTURE
Power-up; Wait for supplies to settle to
nominal to ensure power-up reset is complete;
Wait for 50 µs
POWER DOWN
Take CS low
Wait for DOUT/
DRDY to transition
low
NO
YES
Configure microcontroller SPI interface to SPI
mode 1 (CPOL = 0, CPHA = 1);
Delay for minimum td(CSSC)
Take CS low
If the CS pin is not tied low permanently,
configure the microcontroller GPIO connected
to CS as an output;
Configure the microcontroller GPIO connected
to the DRDY pin as a falling edge triggered
interrupt input;
Set MODE bit in config register to '1'
to enter power-down and single-shot
mode
Delay for minimum td(CSSC)
Clear CS to high
Set CS to the device low;
Delay for minimum td(CSSC)
Read out conversion result
and clear CS to high before
DOUT/DRDY goes low again
Write the config register to set the device to
FSR = ±0.512 V, continuous conversion
mode, data rate = 64 SPS
Clear CS to high to reset the serial interface
Figure 49. Pseudo Code Example Flow Chart
32
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
10.2 Typical Application
Figure 50 shows the basic connections for an independent, two-channel thermocouple measurement system
when using the internal high-precision temperature sensor for cold-junction compensation. Apart from the
thermocouples, the only external circuitry required are biasing resistors, first order low-pass, anti-aliasing filters,
and a power supply decoupling capacitor.
3.3 V
GND
3.3 V
RPU
1M
0.1 F
CCMA
0.1 F
RDIFFA
500
AIN0
VDD
ADS1118
1 F
Voltage Reference
AIN1
RDIFFB
500
RPD
1M
GND
CCMB
0.1 F
±256-mV FSR
SCLK
GND
Mux
GND
3.3 V
RPU
1M
PGA
Digital Filter
and
Interface
16-bit
û ADC
DIN
CCMA
0.1 F
RDIFFA
500
AIN2
1 F
Temperature
Sensor
Oscillator
AIN3
RPD
1M
CS
DOUT/DRDY
RDIFFB
500
GND
CCMB
0.1 F
Figure 50. Two-Channel Thermocouple Measurement System
10.2.1 Design Requirements
Table 8 shows the design parameters for this application.
Table 8. Design Parameters
DESIGN PARAMETER
(1)
VALUE
Supply voltage
3.3 V
Reference voltage
Internal
Update rate
≥100 readings per second
Thermocouple type
K
Temperature measurement range
–200°C to +1250°C
Measurement accuracy at TA = 25°C (1)
±0.7°C
With offset calibration, and no gain calibration. Measurement does not account for thermocouple
inaccuracy.
10.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
The biasing resistors (RPU and RPD) serve two purposes. The first purpose is to set the common-mode voltage of
the thermocouple to within the specified voltage range of the device. The second purpose is to offer a weak
pullup and pulldown to detect an open thermocouple lead. When one of the thermocouple leads fails open, the
positive input will be pulled to VDD and the negative input will be pulled to GND. The ADC consequently reads a
full-scale value, which is outside the normal measurement range of the thermocouple voltage, to indicate this
failure condition. When choosing the values of the biasing resistors, care must be taken so that the biasing
current does not degrade measurement accuracy. The biasing current flows through the thermocouple and can
cause self-heating and additional voltage drops across the thermocouple leads. Typical values for the biasing
resistors range from 1 MΩ to 50 MΩ.
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
33
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
Although the device digital filter attenuates high-frequency components of noise, TI recommends providing a firstorder, passive RC filter at the inputs to further improve performance. The differential RC filter formed by RDIFFA,
RDIFFB, and the differential capacitor CDIFF offers a cutoff frequency that is calculated using Equation 5. While the
digital filter of the ADS1118 strongly attenuates high-frequency components of noise, TI recommends to provide
a first-order, passive RC filter to further suppress high-frequency noise and avoid aliasing. Care must be taken
when choosing the filter resistor values because the input currents flowing into and out of the device cause a
voltage drop across the resistors. This voltage drop shows up as an additional offset error at the ADC inputs. TI
recommends limiting the filter resistor values to below 1 kΩ.
fC = 1 / [2π · (RDIFFA + RDIFFB) · CDIFF]
(5)
Two common-mode filter capacitors (CCMA and CCMB) are also added to offer attenuation of high-frequency,
common-mode noise components. TI recommends that the differential capacitor CDIFF be at least an order of
magnitude (10x) larger than these common-mode capacitors because mismatches in the common-mode
capacitors can convert common-mode noise into differential noise.
The highest measurement resolution is achieved when the largest potential input signal is slightly lower than the
FSR of the ADC. From the design requirement, the maximum thermocouple voltage (VTC) occurs at a
thermocouple temperature (TTC) of 1250°C. At this temperature, VTC = 50.644 mV, as defined in the tables
published by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) using a cold-junction temperature (TCJ)
of 0°C. A thermocouple produces an output voltage that is proportional to the temperature difference between the
thermocouple tip and the cold junction. If the cold junction is at a temperature below 0°C, the thermocouple
produces a voltage larger than 50.644 mV. The isothermal block area is constrained by the operating
temperature range of the device. Therefore, the isothermal block temperature is limited to –40°C. A K-type
thermocouple at TTC = 1250°C produces an output voltage of VTC = 50.644 mV – (–1.527 mV) = 52.171 mV
when referenced to a cold-junction temperature of TCJ = –40°C. The device offers a full-scale range of ±0.256 V
and that is what is used in this application example.
The device integrates a high-precision temperature sensor that can be used to measure the temperature of the
cold junction. The temperature sensor mode is enabled by setting bit TS_MODE = 1 in the Config register. The
accuracy of the overall temperature sensor depends on how accurately the ADS1118 can measure the cold
junction, and hence, careful component placement and PCB layout considerations must be employed for
designing an accurate thermocouple system. The ADS1118 Evaluation Module provides a good starting point
and offers an example to achieve good cold-junction compensation performance. The ADS1118 Evaluation
Module uses the same schematic as shown in Figure 50, except with only one thermocouple channel connected.
Refer to the application note, Precision Thermocouple Measurement With the ADS1118, SBAA189, for details on
how to optimize your component placement and layout to achieve good cold-junction compensation performance.
The calculation procedure to achieve cold-junction compensation can be done in several ways. A typical way is
to interleave readings between the thermocouple inputs and the temperature sensor. That is, acquire one on-chip
temperature result, TCJ, for every thermocouple ADC voltage measured, VTC. To account for the cold junction,
first convert the temperature sensor reading within the ADS1118 to a voltage (VCJ) that is proportional to the
thermocouple currently being used. This process is generally accomplished by performing a reverse lookup on
the table used for the thermocouple voltage-to-temperature conversion. Adding these two voltages yields the
thermocouple-compensated voltage (VActual), where VActual = VCJ + VTC. VActual is then converted to a temperature
(TActual) using the same NIST lookup table. A block diagram showing this process is given in Figure 51. Refer to
the application note, Precision Thermocouple Measurement With the ADS1118, SBAA189, for a detailed
explanation of this method.
34
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
Device
MCU
VTC
Thermocouple
Voltage
TActual
TCJ
On-chip
Temperature
TÆV
VCJ
VActual
Result
VÆT
Figure 51. Software Flow Block Diagram
Figure 52 and Figure 53 show the measurement results. The measurements are taken at TA = TCJ = 25°C. A
system offset calibration is performed at TTC = 25°C that equates to VTC = 0 V when TCJ = 25°C. No gain
calibration was performed during the measurements. The data in Figure 52 are taken using a precision voltage
source as the input signal instead of a thermocouple. The solid black line in Figure 53 is the respective
temperature measurement error and is calculated from the data in Figure 52 using the NIST tables. The solid
black line in Figure 53 is the measurement error due to the ADC gain and nonlinearity error. The dashed blue
lines in Figure 53 include the guard band for the temperature sensor inaccuracy (±0.5°C), in addition to the
device gain and nonlinearity error. Note that the measurement results in Figure 52 and Figure 53 do not account
for the thermocouple inaccuracy that must also be considered while designing a thermocouple measurement
system.
10.2.3 Application Curves
0.6
0.01
Measurement Error (qC)
Measurement Error (mV)
0.4
0.005
0
-0.005
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.01
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
-0.6
-200
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
Temperature (qC)
Thermocouple Voltage (mV)
Figure 52. Voltage Measurement Error vs VTC
Figure 53. Temperature Measurement Error vs TTC
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
35
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
11 Power Supply Recommendations
The device requires a single power supply, VDD, to power both the analog and digital circuitry of the device.
11.1 Power-Supply Sequencing
Wait approximately 50 µs after VDD is stabilized before communicating with the device to allow the power-up
reset process to complete.
11.2 Power-Supply Decoupling
Good power-supply decoupling is important to achieve optimum performance. VDD must be decoupled with at
least a 0.1-µF capacitor, as shown in Figure 54. The 0.1-μF bypass capacitor supplies the momentary bursts of
extra current required from the supply when the ADS1118 is converting. Place the bypass capacitor as close to
the power-supply pin of the device as possible using low-impedance connections. TI recommends using multilayer ceramic chip capacitors (MLCCs) that offer low equivalent series resistance (ESR) and inductance (ESL)
characteristics for power-supply decoupling purposes. For very sensitive systems, or for systems in harsh noise
environments, avoiding the use of vias for connecting the capacitors to the device pins may offer superior noise
immunity. The use of multiple vias in parallel lowers the overall inductance and is beneficial for connections to
ground planes.
VDD
Device
10
DIN
1
SCLK
2
CS
VDD
8
3
GND
AIN3
7
4
AIN0
AIN2
6
DOUT/DRDY
9
0.1 µF
AIN1
5
Figure 54. Power Supply Decoupling
36
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
12 Layout
12.1 Layout Guidelines
TI recommends employing best design practices when laying out a printed-circuit-board (PCB) for both analog
and digital components. This recommendation generally means that the layout separates analog components
[such as ADCs, amplifiers, references, digital-to-analog converters (DACs), and analog MUXs] from digital
components [such as microcontrollers, complex programmable logic devices (CPLDs), field-programmable gate
arrays (FPGAs), radio frequency (RF) transceivers, universal serial bus (USB) transceivers, and switching
regulators]. An example of good component placement is shown in Figure 55. Although Figure 55 provides a
good example of component placement, the best placement for each application is unique to the geometries,
components, and PCB fabrication capabilities employed. That is, there is no single layout that is perfect for every
design and careful consideration must always be used when designing with any analog component.
Microcontroller
Device
Ground Fill or
Ground Plane
Supply
Generation
Optional: Split
Ground Cut
Signal
Conditioning
(RC Filters
and
Amplifiers)
Ground Fill or
Ground Plane
Optional: Split
Ground Cut
Ground Fill or
Ground Plane
Interface
Transceiver
Connector
or Antenna
Ground Fill or
Ground Plane
Figure 55. System Component Placement
The use of split analog and digital ground planes is not necessary for improved noise performance (although for
thermal isolation this option is a worthwhile consideration). However, the use of a solid ground plane or ground
fill in PCB areas with no components is essential for optimum performance. If the system being used employs a
split digital and analog ground plane, TI generally recommends that the ground planes be connected together as
close to the device as possible. A two-layer board is possible using common grounds for both analog and digital
grounds. Additional layers can be added to simplify PCB trace routing. Ground fill may also reduce EMI and RFI
issues.
TI also strongly recommends that digital components, especially RF portions, be kept as far as practically
possible from analog circuitry in a given system. Additionally, minimize the distance that digital control traces run
through analog areas and avoid placing these traces near sensitive analog components. Digital return currents
usually flow through a ground path that is as close to the digital path as possible. If a solid ground connection to
a plane is not available, these currents may find paths back to the source that interfere with analog performance.
The implications that layout has on the temperature-sensing functions are much more significant than for ADC
functions.
Supply pins must be bypassed to ground with a low-ESR ceramic capacitor. The optimum placement of the
bypass capacitors is as close as possible to the supply pins. The ground-side connections of the bypass
capacitors must be low-impedance connections for optimum performance. The supply current flows through the
bypass capacitor terminal first and then to the supply pin to make the bypassing most effective.
Analog inputs with differential connections must have a capacitor placed differentially across the inputs. The
differential capacitors must be of high quality. The best ceramic chip capacitors are C0G (NPO), which have
stable properties and low noise characteristics. Thermally isolate a copper region around the thermocouple input
connections to create a thermally-stable cold junction. Obtaining acceptable performance with alternate layout
schemes is possible as long as the above guidelines are followed.
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
37
ADS1118
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
www.ti.com
DOUT/DRDY
DIN
12.2 Layout Example
Vias connect to either the bottom layer or
an internal plane. The bottom layer or
internal plane are dedicated GND planes
VDD
10
SCLK
CS
DIN
DOUT/
DRDY
9
VDD
8
1
SCLK
2
CS
3
GND
AIN3
7
4
AIN0
AIN2
6
Device
AIN1
AIN3
AIN2
AIN1
AIN0
5
DOUT/DRDY
DIN
Figure 56. X2QFN Package
SCLK
VDD
CS
AIN0
1
SCLK
2
CS
3
GND
4
5
Device
DIN
10
DOUT/
DRDY
9
VDD
8
AIN0
AIN3
7
AIN1
AIN2
6
AIN3
AIN2
AIN1
Figure 57. VSSOP Package
38
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
ADS1118
www.ti.com
SBAS457F – OCTOBER 2010 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2019
13 Device and Documentation Support
13.1 Documentation Support
13.1.1 Related Documentation
For related documentation see the following:
• Texas Instruments, Precision Thermocouple Measurement with the ADS1118 application report
• Texas Instruments, ADS1118EVM User Guide and Software Tutorial user guide
• Texas Instruments, 430BOOST-ADS1118 Booster Pack user' guide
• Texas Instruments, ADS1118 Boosterpack quick start
• Texas Instruments, A Glossary of Analog-to-Digital Specifications and Performance Characteristics
application report
13.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
To receive notification of documentation updates, navigate to the device product folder on ti.com. In the upper
right corner, click on Alert me to register and receive a weekly digest of any product information that has
changed. For change details, review the revision history included in any revised document.
13.3 Community Resources
TI E2E™ support forums are an engineer's go-to source for fast, verified answers and design help — straight
from the experts. Search existing answers or ask your own question to get the quick design help you need.
Linked content is provided "AS IS" by the respective contributors. They do not constitute TI specifications and do
not necessarily reflect TI's views; see TI's Terms of Use.
13.4 Trademarks
E2E is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
SPI is a trademark of Motorola.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
13.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
This integrated circuit can be damaged by ESD. Texas Instruments recommends that all integrated circuits be handled with
appropriate precautions. Failure to observe proper handling and installation procedures can cause damage.
ESD damage can range from subtle performance degradation to complete device failure. Precision integrated circuits may be more
susceptible to damage because very small parametric changes could cause the device not to meet its published specifications.
13.6 Glossary
SLYZ022 — TI Glossary.
This glossary lists and explains terms, acronyms, and definitions.
14 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information
The following pages include mechanical, packaging, and orderable information. This information is the most
current data available for the designated devices. This data is subject to change without notice and revision of
this document. For browser-based versions of this data sheet, refer to the left-hand navigation.
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2010–2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: ADS1118
39
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
26-Aug-2019
PACKAGING INFORMATION
Orderable Device
Status
(1)
Package Type Package Pins Package
Drawing
Qty
Eco Plan
Lead/Ball Finish
MSL Peak Temp
(2)
(6)
(3)
Op Temp (°C)
Device Marking
(4/5)
ADS1118IDGSR
ACTIVE
VSSOP
DGS
10
2500
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-2-260C-1 YEAR
-40 to 125
BBEI
ADS1118IDGST
ACTIVE
VSSOP
DGS
10
250
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-2-260C-1 YEAR
-40 to 125
BBEI
ADS1118IRUGR
ACTIVE
X2QFN
RUG
10
3000
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-1-260C-UNLIM
-40 to 125
SDQ
ADS1118IRUGT
ACTIVE
X2QFN
RUG
10
250
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-1-260C-UNLIM
-40 to 125
SDQ
(1)
The marketing status values are defined as follows:
ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.
LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.
NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.
PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.
OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.
(2)
RoHS: TI defines "RoHS" to mean semiconductor products that are compliant with the current EU RoHS requirements for all 10 RoHS substances, including the requirement that RoHS substance
do not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, "RoHS" products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes. TI may
reference these types of products as "Pb-Free".
RoHS Exempt: TI defines "RoHS Exempt" to mean products that contain lead but are compliant with EU RoHS pursuant to a specific EU RoHS exemption.
Green: TI defines "Green" to mean the content of Chlorine (Cl) and Bromine (Br) based flame retardants meet JS709B low halogen requirements of <=1000ppm threshold. Antimony trioxide based
flame retardants must also meet the <=1000ppm threshold requirement.
(3)
MSL, Peak Temp. - The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.
(4)
There may be additional marking, which relates to the logo, the lot trace code information, or the environmental category on the device.
(5)
Multiple Device Markings will be inside parentheses. Only one Device Marking contained in parentheses and separated by a "~" will appear on a device. If a line is indented then it is a continuation
of the previous line and the two combined represent the entire Device Marking for that device.
(6)
Lead/Ball Finish - Orderable Devices may have multiple material finish options. Finish options are separated by a vertical ruled line. Lead/Ball Finish values may wrap to two lines if the finish
value exceeds the maximum column width.
Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information
provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and
Addendum-Page 1
Samples
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
26-Aug-2019
continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals.
TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release.
In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis.
OTHER QUALIFIED VERSIONS OF ADS1118 :
• Automotive: ADS1118-Q1
NOTE: Qualified Version Definitions:
• Automotive - Q100 devices qualified for high-reliability automotive applications targeting zero defects
Addendum-Page 2
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
26-Aug-2019
TAPE AND REEL INFORMATION
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
Package Package Pins
Type Drawing
ADS1118IDGSR
VSSOP
DGS
10
SPQ
Reel
Reel
A0
Diameter Width (mm)
(mm) W1 (mm)
2500
330.0
12.4
5.3
B0
(mm)
K0
(mm)
P1
(mm)
W
Pin1
(mm) Quadrant
3.3
1.3
8.0
12.0
Q1
ADS1118IDGST
VSSOP
DGS
10
250
180.0
12.4
5.3
3.3
1.3
8.0
12.0
Q1
ADS1118IRUGR
X2QFN
RUG
10
3000
179.0
8.4
1.75
2.25
0.65
4.0
8.0
Q1
ADS1118IRUGT
X2QFN
RUG
10
250
179.0
8.4
1.75
2.25
0.65
4.0
8.0
Q1
Pack Materials-Page 1
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
26-Aug-2019
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
Package Type
Package Drawing
Pins
SPQ
Length (mm)
Width (mm)
Height (mm)
ADS1118IDGSR
VSSOP
DGS
10
2500
370.0
355.0
55.0
ADS1118IDGST
VSSOP
DGS
10
250
195.0
200.0
45.0
ADS1118IRUGR
X2QFN
RUG
10
3000
203.0
203.0
35.0
ADS1118IRUGT
X2QFN
RUG
10
250
203.0
203.0
35.0
Pack Materials-Page 2
PACKAGE OUTLINE
DGS0010A
VSSOP - 1.1 mm max height
SCALE 3.200
SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE
C
5.05
TYP
4.75
SEATING PLANE
PIN 1 ID
AREA
A
0.1 C
10
1
3.1
2.9
NOTE 3
8X 0.5
2X
2
5
6
B
10X
3.1
2.9
NOTE 4
SEE DETAIL A
0.27
0.17
0.1
C A
1.1 MAX
B
0.23
TYP
0.13
0.25
GAGE PLANE
0 -8
0.15
0.05
0.7
0.4
DETAIL A
TYPICAL
4221984/A 05/2015
NOTES:
1. All linear dimensions are in millimeters. Any dimensions in parenthesis are for reference only. Dimensioning and tolerancing
per ASME Y14.5M.
2. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
3. This dimension does not include mold flash, protrusions, or gate burrs. Mold flash, protrusions, or gate burrs shall not
exceed 0.15 mm per side.
4. This dimension does not include interlead flash. Interlead flash shall not exceed 0.25 mm per side.
5. Reference JEDEC registration MO-187, variation BA.
www.ti.com
EXAMPLE BOARD LAYOUT
DGS0010A
VSSOP - 1.1 mm max height
SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE
10X (0.3)
10X (1.45)
(R0.05)
TYP
SYMM
1
10
SYMM
8X (0.5)
6
5
(4.4)
LAND PATTERN EXAMPLE
SCALE:10X
SOLDER MASK
OPENING
METAL
SOLDER MASK
OPENING
METAL UNDER
SOLDER MASK
0.05 MAX
ALL AROUND
0.05 MIN
ALL AROUND
SOLDER MASK
DEFINED
NON SOLDER MASK
DEFINED
SOLDER MASK DETAILS
NOT TO SCALE
4221984/A 05/2015
NOTES: (continued)
6. Publication IPC-7351 may have alternate designs.
7. Solder mask tolerances between and around signal pads can vary based on board fabrication site.
www.ti.com
EXAMPLE STENCIL DESIGN
DGS0010A
VSSOP - 1.1 mm max height
SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE
10X (1.45)
10X (0.3)
SYMM
1
(R0.05) TYP
10
SYMM
8X (0.5)
6
5
(4.4)
SOLDER PASTE EXAMPLE
BASED ON 0.125 mm THICK STENCIL
SCALE:10X
4221984/A 05/2015
NOTES: (continued)
8. Laser cutting apertures with trapezoidal walls and rounded corners may offer better paste release. IPC-7525 may have alternate
design recommendations.
9. Board assembly site may have different recommendations for stencil design.
www.ti.com
IMPORTANT NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER
TI PROVIDES TECHNICAL AND RELIABILITY DATA (INCLUDING DATASHEETS), DESIGN RESOURCES (INCLUDING REFERENCE
DESIGNS), APPLICATION OR OTHER DESIGN ADVICE, WEB TOOLS, SAFETY INFORMATION, AND OTHER RESOURCES “AS IS”
AND WITH ALL FAULTS, AND DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS AND IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT OF THIRD
PARTY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.
These resources are intended for skilled developers designing with TI products. You are solely responsible for (1) selecting the appropriate
TI products for your application, (2) designing, validating and testing your application, and (3) ensuring your application meets applicable
standards, and any other safety, security, or other requirements. These resources are subject to change without notice. TI grants you
permission to use these resources only for development of an application that uses the TI products described in the resource. Other
reproduction and display of these resources is prohibited. No license is granted to any other TI intellectual property right or to any third
party intellectual property right. TI disclaims responsibility for, and you will fully indemnify TI and its representatives against, any claims,
damages, costs, losses, and liabilities arising out of your use of these resources.
TI’s products are provided subject to TI’s Terms of Sale (www.ti.com/legal/termsofsale.html) or other applicable terms available either on
ti.com or provided in conjunction with such TI products. TI’s provision of these resources does not expand or otherwise alter TI’s applicable
warranties or warranty disclaimers for TI products.
Mailing Address: Texas Instruments, Post Office Box 655303, Dallas, Texas 75265
Copyright © 2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Related manuals

Download PDF

advertising