Texas Instruments | Voltage Regulator Controls Scanner Lamp Brightness | Application notes | Texas Instruments Voltage Regulator Controls Scanner Lamp Brightness Application notes

Texas Instruments Voltage Regulator Controls Scanner Lamp Brightness Application notes
LM9830
Voltage Regulator Controls Scanner Lamp Brightness
Literature Number: SNOA832
N
National Semiconductor
VOLTAGE REGULATOR
CONTROLS SCANNER
LAMP BRIGHTNESS
APPLICATION
Best possible performance in an image scanning device can only be obtained
when the scanner IC is able to control the brightness of the image reflected into
the light sensors. The best way to do this is to adjust the intensity (light output) of
the fluorescent lamp which shines light onto the item being scanned.
Traditionally, adjustable brightness has not been economically feasible in most
scanners due to the cost of implementing a high-current voltage source which is
software programmable. This paper describes a simple, low-cost circuit which can
be used with National SemiconductorÕs LM9830 Òscanner-on-a-chipÓ IC to
implement full-range lamp brightness control.
DESCRIPTION OF BRIGHTNESS CONTROL REGULATOR
The fluorescent lamp in most low-cost scanners is typically run from a fixed +12V
source, which operates the lamp at maximum brightness. If the 12V used to
power the lamp is reduced to a lower voltage, the brightness of the lamp can be
adjusted to virtually any level. To accomplish this, a circuit is used which takes
12V in and produces a regulated DC output voltage which varies between 0 and
12V, depending on the brightness control signal coming from the LM9830 IC (see
Figure 1). This control signal is a 5V pulse train, whose duty cycle is set by the
LM9830.
The lamp brightness controller circuit (Figure 2) takes in +12V and regulates it
down to any voltage between 0 and 12V. Since the ON-resistance of the
NDP6020P FET is only about 50 mΩ, the maximum regulated output voltage the
circuit can provide is within about 25mV of the input voltage at the typical lamp
current of 0.5A.
The regulated output voltage is generated by the error amplifier U1B, resistive
divider R8 and R9, and the reference voltage produced by averaging the square
wave pulse train. The square waves are filtered into a DC voltage by R4, C3, R6,
and C4. The voltage across C4 is the average value of the pulse train, which is
directly proportional to the duty cycle:
VC4 = 5V x (Duty cycle)
This shows that the reference voltage applied to pin 6 of U1B can be varied
linearly between 0 and 5V by adjusting the duty cycle of the 5V pulse train.
When used with the LM9830, a maximum of 4095 different values of duty cycle
can be programmed (which yields 4095 different brightness levels).
The error amplifier U1B compares the C4 voltage to the voltage at the center of
resistive divider R8 and R9 (which is derived from the regulated output voltage
Vout). The regulating action of U1B is such that it constantly adjusts the gate
drive voltage to the FET Q1 to cause Vout to be the value required to keep the
voltages at the inputs of U1B equal. In this way, the voltage at C4 (which is
proportional to the duty cycle of the pulse train) controls the regulated voltage
Vout. Vout can be calculated from:
Vout = VC4 x (R8 + R9) / R9 = Vpk x (duty cycle) x (R8 + R9) / R9
Where Vpk is the peak amplitude of the pulse train (5V in this application) and
duty cycle is the pulse ON time divided by the total period (see Figure 2).
Components C2, R5, R7, C1, and C5 are required for compensation and stability.
For component values shown, best performance is obtained with the frequency of
the pulse train between 10 kHz and 50 kHz.
Chester Simpson 9-15-98
408 - 721 - 7501
FIGURE 1. TYPICAL IMAGE SCANNER
SCANNING
BAR ASSY
LIGHT
SENSOR
SENSOR OUTPUTS
SENSOR CONTROL SIGNALS
OBJECT TO
BE SCANNED
128k X 8
SRAM
PC
PARALLEL
PORT
+12V IN
LAMP BRIGHTNESS
CONTROL SIGNAL
LM9830
0 - 12V OUT
LAMP
ASSY
PC
LAMP
BRIGHTNESS
CONTROL
REGULATOR
STEPPER
MOTOR
A
A
+12V
B
B
SENSEA
SENSEB
FIGURE 2. LAMP BRIGHTNESS CONTROL REGULATOR
+12V IN
S
G
R1
10k
+
C1
22 µF/25V
TANT
VOUT
0 - 12V @ 0.5A
D
Q1
NDP6020P
(Note 3)
R3
5.1k
2.8k
1%
1/4W
(1/2) LM358 8
5
+
7
U1B
6
4
C2
R5
.01
51k
R6
100k
5V
0
F = 10 kHz - 50 kHz
2
U1A
3
+
(1/2) LM358
1
C3
0.1
GND
NOTES (UNLESS OTHERWISE SHOWN):
1) All resistors are 5% tolerance, 1/8W.
2) TANT capacitors are solid Tantalum. All other capacitors are ceramic.
3) Solder to PC board with copper area ≥ 1 in2 for heatsinking.
+
R7
51k
R4
100k
CONTROL
SIGNAL
VOUT = 12 X (duty cycle)
R8
2.0k
1%
1/4W
C5
47 µF/16V
TANT
R9
C4
0.1
GND
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