Texas Instruments | TCA9538 Low Voltage 8-Bit I2C and SMBus Low-Power I/O Expander with Interrupt Output, Reset, and Configuration Registers (Rev. D) | Datasheet | Texas Instruments TCA9538 Low Voltage 8-Bit I2C and SMBus Low-Power I/O Expander with Interrupt Output, Reset, and Configuration Registers (Rev. D) Datasheet

Texas Instruments TCA9538 Low Voltage 8-Bit I2C and SMBus Low-Power I/O Expander with Interrupt Output, Reset, and Configuration Registers (Rev. D) Datasheet
Product
Folder
Sample &
Buy
Support &
Community
Tools &
Software
Technical
Documents
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
TCA9538 Low Voltage 8-Bit I2C and SMBus Low-Power I/O Expander with Interrupt
Output, Reset, and Configuration Registers
1 Features
2 Applications
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Low Standby Current Consumption
I2C to Parallel Port Expander
Open-Drain Active-Low Interrupt Output
Active-Low Reset Input
Operating Power-Supply Voltage Range of 1.65 V
to 5.5 V
5-V Tolerant I/O Ports
400-kHz Fast I2C Bus
Two Hardware Address Pins Allow up to Four
Devices on the I2C/SMBus
Input and Output Configuration Register
Polarity Inversion Register
Power-Up With All Channels Configured as Inputs
No Glitch on Power Up
Noise Filter on SCL/SDA Inputs
Latched Outputs With High-Current Drive
Maximum Capability for Directly Driving LEDs
Latch-Up Performance Exceeds 100 mA Per
JESD 78, Class II
ESD Protection Exceeds JESD 22
– 2000-V Human-Body Model (A114-A)
– 1000-V Charged-Device Model (C101)
Servers
Routers (Telecom Switching Equipment)
Personal Computers
Personal Electronics (example: Gaming Consoles)
Industrial Automation
Products With GPIO-Limited Processors
3 Description
The TCA9538 is a 16-pin device that provides 8 bits
of general purpose parallel input and output (I/O)
expansion for the two-line bidirectional I2C bus (or
SMBus) protocol. The device can operate with a
power supply voltage ranging from 1.65 V to 5.5 V.
The device supports both 100-kHz (Standard-mode)
and 400-kHz (Fast-mode) clock frequencies. I/O
expanders such as the TCA9538 provide a simple
solution when additional I/Os are needed for
switches, sensors, push-buttons, LEDs, fans, etc.
The features of the TCA9538 include an interrupt that
is generated on the INT pin whenever an input port
changes state. The A0 and A1 hardware selectable
address pins allow up to four TCA9538 devices on
the same I2C bus. The device can also be reset to its
default sate by using the RESET feature or by cycling
the power supply and causing a power-on reset.
Device Information(1)
PART NUMBER
TCA9538
PACKAGE
BODY SIZE (NOM)
TSSOP (16)
5.00 mm × 4.40 mm
SSOP (16)
6.20 mm × 5.30 mm
(1) For all available packages, see the orderable addendum at
the end of the datasheet.
Simplified Block Diagram
VCC
I2C or SMBus
Master
(e.g. Processor)
SDA
SCL
INT
RESET
A0
A1
GND
TCA9538
P0
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7
Peripheral
Devices
• RESET,
ENABLE, or
control
inputs
• INT or
status
outputs
• LEDs
1
An IMPORTANT NOTICE at the end of this data sheet addresses availability, warranty, changes, use in safety-critical applications,
intellectual property matters and other important disclaimers. PRODUCTION DATA.
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
Table of Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Features ..................................................................
Applications ...........................................................
Description .............................................................
Revision History.....................................................
Pin Configuration and Functions .........................
Specifications.........................................................
1
1
1
2
3
4
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
4
4
4
5
5
6
7
7
8
Absolute Maximum Ratings .....................................
ESD Ratings ............................................................
Recommended Operating Conditions.......................
Thermal Information ..................................................
Electrical Characteristics...........................................
I2C Interface Timing Requirements...........................
RESET Timing Requirements...................................
Switching Characteristics ..........................................
Typical Characteristics ..............................................
Parameter Measurement Information ................ 10
Detailed Description ............................................ 14
8.1 Overview ................................................................. 14
8.2 Functional Block Diagram ....................................... 15
8.3 Feature Description................................................. 16
8.4 Device Functional Modes........................................ 17
8.5 Programming........................................................... 17
8.6 Register Map........................................................... 19
9
Application and Implementation ........................ 23
9.1 Application Information............................................ 23
9.2 Typical Application ................................................. 23
10 Power Supply Recommendations ..................... 26
10.1 Power-On Reset Requirements ........................... 26
11 Layout................................................................... 28
11.1 Layout Guidelines ................................................. 28
11.2 Layout Example .................................................... 28
12 Device and Documentation Support ................. 29
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
Documentation Support ........................................
Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
Community Resources..........................................
Trademarks ...........................................................
Electrostatic Discharge Caution ............................
Glossary ................................................................
29
29
29
29
29
29
13 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable
Information ........................................................... 29
4 Revision History
NOTE: Page numbers for previous revisions may differ from page numbers in the current version.
Changes from Revision C (October 2015) to Revision D
•
Page
Updated Figure 18 ............................................................................................................................................................... 19
Changes from Revision B (September 2015) to Revision C
Page
•
Added "Time to reset; VCC = 1.65 V-2.3 V" parameter to RESET Timing Requirements table. ............................................ 7
•
Added "Output data valid; VCC = 1.65 V-2.3 V" to Switching Characteristics table................................................................ 7
•
Updated VCC_GW parameter. ................................................................................................................................................ 26
Changes from Revision A (September 2014) to Revision B
•
Added DB package to datasheet. .......................................................................................................................................... 1
Changes from Original (August 2014) to Revision A
•
2
Page
Page
Updated document to full version. ......................................................................................................................................... 1
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
5 Pin Configuration and Functions
PW, DB Package
16-Pin TSSOP, SSOP
Top View
A0
A1
RESET
P0
P1
P2
P3
GND
1
16
2
15
3
14
4
13
5
12
6
11
7
10
8
9
VCC
SDA
SCL
INT
P7
P6
P5
P4
Pin Functions
PIN
NAME
NO.
I/O
DESCRIPTION
A0
1
I
Address input. Connect directly to VCC or ground
A1
2
I
Address input. Connect directly to VCC or ground
GND
8
—
Ground
INT
13
O
Interrupt output. Connect to VCC through a pull-up resistor
P0
4
I/O
P-port input-output. Push-pull design structure. At power on, P0 is
configured as an input
P1
5
I/O
P-port input-output. Push-pull design structure. At power on, P1 is
configured as an input
P2
6
I/O
P-port input-output. Push-pull design structure. At power on, P2 is
configured as an input
P3
7
I/O
P-port input-output. Push-pull design structure. At power on, P3 is
configured as an input
P4
9
I/O
P-port input-output. Push-pull design structure. At power on, P4 is
configured as an input
P5
10
I/O
P-port input-output. Push-pull design structure. At power on, P5 is
configured as an input
P6
11
I/O
P-port input-output. Push-pull design structure. At power on, P6 is
configured as an input
P7
12
I/O
P-port input-output. Push-pull design structure. At power on, P7 is
configured as an input
RESET
3
I
Active-low reset input. Connect to VCC through a pull-up resistor if no active
connection is used
SCL
14
I
Serial clock bus. Connect to VCC through a pull-up resistor
SDA
15
I/O
Serial data bus. Connect to VCC through a pull-up resistor
VCC
16
—
Supply voltage
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
3
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
6 Specifications
6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings (1)
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
VCC
Supply voltage
(2)
MIN
MAX
UNIT
–0.5
6
V
–0.5
6
V
–0.5
6
V
VI
Input voltage
VO
Output voltage (2)
IIK
Input clamp current
VI < 0
–20
mA
IOK
Output clamp current
VO < 0
–20
mA
IIOK
Input-output clamp current
VO < 0 or VO > VCC
±20
mA
IOL
Continuous output low current through a single P-port
VO = 0 to VCC
50
mA
IOH
Continuous output high current through a single P-port
VO = 0 to VCC
–50
mA
ICC
Tstg
(1)
(2)
Continuous current through GND by all P-ports, INT, and SDA
250
Continuous current through VCC by all P-ports
–160
Storage temperature
–65
mA
150
°C
Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings
only, which do not imply functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under Recommended
Operating Conditions. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
The input negative-voltage and output voltage ratings may be exceeded if the input and output current ratings are observed.
6.2 ESD Ratings
VALUE
V(ESD)
(1)
(2)
Electrostatic discharge
Human-body model (HBM), per ANSI/ESDA/JEDEC JS-001
(1)
UNIT
2000
Charged-device model (CDM), per JEDEC specification JESD22-C101 (2)
V
1000
JEDEC document JEP155 states that 500-V HBM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process. Manufacturing with
less than 500-V HBM is possible with the necessary precautions.
JEDEC document JEP157 states that 250-V CDM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process. Manufacturing with
less than 250-V CDM is possible with the necessary precautions.
6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
VCC
SCL, SDA
VIH
High-level input voltage
A0, A1, RESET, P7–P0
SCL, SDA
VIL
MIN
MAX
1.65
5.5
VCC = 1.65 V to 5.5 V
0.7 × VCC
VCC (1)
VCC = 1.65 V to 2.7 V
0.7 × VCC
5.5
VCC = 3 V to 5.5 V
0.8 × VCC
5.5
VCC = 1.65 V to 5.5 V
–0.5
0.3 × VCC
VCC = 1.65 V to 2.7 V
–0.5
0.3 × VCC
VCC = 3 V to 5.5 V
–0.5
0.2 × VCC
Supply voltage
Low-level input voltage
A0, A1, RESET, P7–P0
UNIT
V
V
V
IOL
Low-level output current
Any P-port, P7–P0
25
mA
IOH
High-level output current
Any P-port, P7–P0
–10
mA
ICC
Continuous current through
GND
All P-ports P7-P0, INT, and SDA
200
Continuous current through VCC
All P-ports P7-P0
–80
TA
(1)
4
Operating free-air temperature
–40
85
mA
°C
The SCL and SDA pins shall not be at a higher potential than the supply voltage VCC in the application, or an increase in supply current,
ICC, will result.
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
6.4 Thermal Information
TCA9538
THERMAL METRIC (1)
PW (TSSOP)
DB (SSOP)
16 PINS
16 PINS
UNIT
RθJA
Junction-to-ambient thermal resistance
122
113.2
°C/W
RθJC(top)
Junction-to-case (top) thermal resistance
56.4
63.6
°C/W
RθJB
Junction-to-board thermal resistance
67.1
64
°C/W
ψJT
Junction-to-top characterization parameter
10.8
21.2
°C/W
ψJB
Junction-to-board characterization parameter
66.5
63.4
°C/W
(1)
For more information about traditional and new thermal metrics, see the Semiconductor and IC Package Thermal Metrics application
report.
6.5 Electrical Characteristics
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
VIK
Input diode clamp voltage
TEST CONDITIONS
II = –18 mA
VCC
MIN
1.65 V to 5.5 V
–1.2
VPORR Power-on reset voltage, VCC rising VI = VCC or GND, IO = 0
VPORF
Power-on reset voltage, VCC
falling
VI = VCC or GND, IO = 0
IOH = –8 mA
VOH
P-port high-level output voltage (2)
IOH = –10 mA
SDA
(3)
VOL = 0.4 V
VOL = 0.5 V
IOL
P port (4)
VOL = 0.7 V
INT
II
(5)
SCL, SDA
A0, A1, RESET
0.75
1.65 V
1.2
2.3 V
1.8
3V
2.6
4.5 V
4.1
1.65 V
1.1
2.3 V
1.7
3V
2.5
TYP (1)
MAX
1.2
1.5
UNIT
V
1
V
V
V
4.5 V
4
1.65 V to 5.5 V
3
11
1.65 V
8
10
2.3 V
8
13
3V
8
15
4.5 V
8
17
1.65 V
10
14
2.3 V
10
17
3V
10
20
4.5 V
10
24
VOL = 0.4 V
1.65 V to 5.5 V
3
7
VI = VCC or GND
1.65 V to 5.5 V
mA
±1
±1
μA
IIH
P port
VI = VCC
1.65 V to 5.5 V
1
μA
IIL
P port
VI = GND
1.65 V to 5.5 V
–1
μA
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
All typical values are at nominal supply voltage (1.8-, 2.5-, 3.3-, or 5-V VCC) and TA = 25°C.
Each P-port I/O configured as a high output must be externally limited to a maximum of 10 mA, and the total current sourced by all I/Os
(P-ports P7-P0) through VCC must be limited to a maximum current of 80 mA.
The SDA pin must be externally limited to a maximum of 12 mA, and the total current sunk by all I/Os (P-ports P7-P0, INT, and SDA)
through GND must be limited to a maximum current of 200 mA.
Each P-port I/O configured as a low output must be externally limited to a maximum of 25 mA, and the total current sunk by all I/Os (Pports P7-P0, INT, and SDA) through GND must be limited to a maximum current of 200 mA.
The INT pin must be externally limited to a maximum of 7 mA, and the total current sunk by all I/Os (P-ports P7-P0, INT, and SDA)
through GND must be limited to a maximum current of 200 mA.
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
5
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
Electrical Characteristics (continued)
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TYP (1)
MAX
5.5 V
18
30
5.5 V
34
3.6 V
15
2.7 V
9
1.65 V
5
5.5 V
20
3.6 V
8
2.7 V
5
TEST CONDITIONS
VCC
VI = VCC or GND, IO = 0,
I/O = inputs, fscl = 400 kHz, No load
tr = 3 ns
Operating mode
ICC
VI = VCC or GND, IO = 0,
I/O = inputs, fscl = 400 kHz, No load
tr,max = 300 ns
VI = VCC or GND, IO = 0,
I/O = inputs, fscl = 100 kHz, No load
tr,max = 1 µs
3
5.5 V
1.9
3.5
3.6 V
1.1
1.8
2.7 V
1
1.6
1.65 V
0.4
1
VI = VCC or GND, IO = 0,
I/O = inputs, fscl = 0 kHz, No load
ΔICC
Additional current in standby
mode
One P-port input at VCC – 0.6 V,
Other P-port inputs at VCC or GND
1.65 V to 5.5 V
Ci
SCL
VI = VCC or GND
1.65 V to 5.5 V
Cio
P port
VIO = VCC or GND
1.65 V to 5.5 V
UNIT
μA
1.65 V
Standby mode
SDA
MIN
μA
70
µA
pF
4
5
5.5
6.5
8
9.5
pF
6.6 I2C Interface Timing Requirements
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted) (see Figure 9)
MIN
MAX
UNIT
100
kHz
STANDARD MODE
fscl
I2C clock frequency
0
tsch
I2C clock high time
4
μs
tscl
I2C clock low time
4.7
μs
2
tsp
I C spike time
tsds
I2C serial-data setup time
tsdh
I2C serial-data hold time
50
ns
250
ns
0
ns
2
ticr
I C input rise time
1000
ns
ticf
I2C input fall time
300
ns
tocf
I2C output fall time
300
ns
tbuf
10-pF to 400-pF bus
2
4.7
μs
2
I C bus free time between Stop and Start
tsts
I C Start or repeated Start condition setup
4.7
μs
tsth
I2C Start or repeated Start condition hold
4
μs
tsps
I2C Stop condition setup
4
tvd(data)
Valid data time
SCL low to SDA output valid
3.45
μs
tvd(ack)
Valid data time of ACK condition
ACK signal from SCL low to
SDA (out) low
3.45
μs
400
ns
400
kHz
Cb
2
I C bus capacitive load
μs
FAST MODE
fscl
I2C clock frequency
tsch
I2C clock high time
2
tscl
I C clock low time
tsp
I2C spike time
tsds
I2C serial-data setup time
6
0
0.6
μs
1.3
μs
50
100
Submit Documentation Feedback
ns
ns
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
I2C Interface Timing Requirements (continued)
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted) (see Figure 9)
MIN
tsdh
ticr
I2C serial-data hold time
MAX
UNIT
0
ns
2
20
300
ns
2
20 × (VDD /
5.5 V)
300
ns
20 × (VDD /
5.5 V)
300
ns
I C input rise time
ticf
I C input fall time
tocf
I2C output fall time
10-pF to 400-pF bus
2
tbuf
I C bus free time between Stop and Start
1.3
μs
tsts
I2C Start or repeated Start condition setup
0.6
μs
μs
2
tsth
I C Start or repeated Start condition hold
0.6
tsps
I2C Stop condition setup
0.6
tvd(data)
Valid data time
SCL low to SDA output valid
0.9
μs
tvd(ack)
Valid data time of ACK condition
ACK signal from SCL low to
SDA (out) low
0.9
μs
Cb
I2C bus capacitive load
400
ns
μs
6.7 RESET Timing Requirements
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
MIN
MAX
UNIT
STANDARD and FAST MODE
tw
Reset pulse duration
4
ns
tREC
Reset recovery time
0
ns
tRESET
Time to reset; VCC = 2.3 V-5.5 V
400
Time to reset; VCC = 1.65 V-2.3 V
550
ns
6.8 Switching Characteristics
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted) (see Figure 10 and Figure 11)
PARAMETER
FROM
(INPUT)
TO
(OUTPUT)
P port
INT
4
μs
SCL
INT
4
μs
MIN
MAX
UNIT
STANDARD and FAST MODE
tiv
Interrupt valid time
tir
Interrupt reset delay time
tpv
Output data valid; VCC = 2.3 V-5.5 V
Output data valid; VCC = 1.65 V-2.3 V
SCL
P7–P0
200
300
ns
tps
Input data setup time
P port
SCL
100
ns
tph
Input data hold time
P port
SCL
1
μs
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
7
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
6.9 Typical Characteristics
TA = 25°C (unless otherwise noted)
22
1.8
1.8 V
2.5 V
3.3 V
5V
ICC - Supply Current (µA)
18
16
1.6
ICC - Supply Current (µA)
20
14
12
10
8
6
4
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
1.8 V
2.5 V
3.3 V
5V
0.6
0.4
0.2
2
0
-40
-15
10
35
TA - Free-Air Temperature (°C)
fSCL = 400 kHz
60
0
-40
85
I/Os = High or Low
Inputs
fSCL = 0 kHz
Figure 1. Supply Current (ICC, Operating Mode) vs
Temperature (TA) at Four Supply Voltages
60
85
D002
I/Os = High or Low
Inputs
250
VOL - Output Low Voltage (mV)
ICC - Supply Current (µA)
10
35
TA - Free-Air Temperature (°C)
Figure 2. Supply Current (ICC, Standby Mode) vs
Temperature (TA) at Four Supply Voltages
25
20
15
10
5
0
0
0.5
1
1.5
fSCL = 400 kHz
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
VCC - Supply Voltage (V)
I/Os = High or Low
Inputs
4.5
5
200
150
100
VCC
VCC
VCC
VCC
50
0
-40
5.5
-15
D003
TA = 25°C
=
=
=
=
1.8 V, IOL = 8 mA
5 V, IOL = 8 mA
1.8 V, IOL = 10 mA
5 V, IOL = 10 mA
10
35
TA - Free-Air Temperature (°C)
60
85
D004
I/Os = High or Low
Inputs
Figure 3. Supply Current (ICC, Operating Mode) vs Supply
Voltage (VCC)
Figure 4. Output Low Voltage (VOL) vs Temperature (TA) for
P-Port I/Os
80
500
1.8 V
2.5 V
3.3 V
5V
70
60
(VCC - VOH) - Output High Voltage (mV)
IOL - Output Sink Current (mA)
-15
D001
50
40
30
20
10
0
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
VOL - Output Low Voltage - (V)
0.7
0.8
450
400
VCC
VCC
VCC
VCC
=
=
=
=
1.8 V, IOH = 8 mA
5 V, IOH = 8 mA
1.65 V, IOH = 10 mA
5 V, IOH = 10 mA
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
-40
D005
-15
10
35
TA - Free-Air Temperature (°C)
60
85
D006
TA = 25°C
Figure 5. Sink Current (IOL) vs Output Low Voltage (VOL) for
P-Ports at Four Supply Voltages
8
Figure 6. Output High Voltage (VCC – VOH) vs Temperature
(TA) for P-Ports
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
Typical Characteristics (continued)
TA = 25°C (unless otherwise noted)
6
1.8 V
2.5 V
3.3 V
5V
60
50
VOH - Output High Voltage (V)
IOH - Output Source Current (mA)
70
40
30
20
10
5
4
3
2
1
IOH = -8 mA
IOH = -10 mA
0
0
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
(VCC - VOH) - Output High Voltage (V)
0.7
0.8
0
1
D007
TA = 25°C
2
3
4
VCC - Supply Voltage (V)
5
6
D008
TA = 25°C
Figure 7. Source Current (IOH) vs Output High Voltage (VOH)
for P-Ports at Four Supply Voltages
Figure 8. Output High Voltage (VOH) vs Supply Voltage (VCC)
for P-Ports
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
9
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
7 Parameter Measurement Information
VCC
RL = 1 kΩ
SDA
DUT
CL = 50 pF
(see Note A)
SDA LOAD CONFIGURATION
Three Bytes for Complete
Device Programming
Stop
Condition
(P)
Start
Address
Address
Bit 7
Condition
Bit 6
(MSB)
(S)
Address
Bit 1
tscl
R/W
Bit 0
(LSB)
ACK
(A)
Data
Bit 07
(MSB)
Data
Bit 10
(LSB)
Stop
Condition
(P)
tsch
0.7 × VCC
SCL
0.3 × VCC
ticr
tPHL
ticf
tbuf
tsts
tPLH
tsp
0.7 × VCC
SDA
0.3 × VCC
ticf
ticr
tsth
tsdh
tsds
tsps
Repeat
Start
Condition
Start or
Repeat
Start
Condition
Stop
Condition
VOLTAGE WAVEFORMS
BYTE
DESCRIPTION
1
I2C address
2, 3
P-port data
A.
CL includes probe and jig capacitance.
B.
All inputs are supplied by generators having the following characteristics: PRR ≤ 10 MHz, ZO = 50 Ω, tr/tf ≤ 30 ns.
C.
All parameters and waveforms are not applicable to all devices.
Figure 9. I2C Interface Load Circuit and Voltage Waveforms
10
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
Parameter Measurement Information (continued)
VCC
RL = 4.7 kΩ
INT
DUT
CL = 100 pF
(see Note A)
INTERRUPT LOAD CONFIGURATION
ACK
From Slave
Start
Condition
8 Bits
(One Data Byte)
From Port
R/W
Slave Address
S
1
1
1
0
0 A1 A0 1
A
1
2
3
4
5
A
6
7
8
Data 1
ACK
From Slave
Data From Port
A
Data 2
1
P
A
tir
tir
B
B
INT
A
tiv
tsps
A
Data
Into
Port
Address
Data 1
0.7 × VCC
INT
SCL
0.3 × VCC
Data 2
0.7 × VCC
R/W
tiv
A
0.3 × VCC
tir
0.7 × VCC
Pn
0.7 × VCC
INT
0.3 × VCC
0.3 × VCC
View A−A
View B−B
A.
CL includes probe and jig capacitance.
B.
All inputs are supplied by generators having the following characteristics: PRR ≤ 10 MHz, ZO = 50 Ω, tr/tf ≤ 30 ns.
C.
All parameters and waveforms are not applicable to all devices.
Figure 10. Interrupt Load Circuit and Voltage Waveforms
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
11
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
Parameter Measurement Information (continued)
500 Ω
Pn
DUT
2 × VCC
CL = 50 pF
(see Note A)
500 Ω
P-PORT LOAD CONFIGURATION
0.7 × VCC
SCL
P0
A
P3
0.3 × VCC
Slave
ACK
SDA
tpv
(see Note B)
Pn
Unstable
Data
Last Stable Bit
WRITE MODE (R/W = 0)
0.7 × VCC
SCL
P0
A
tps
P3
0.3 × VCC
tph
0.7 × VCC
Pn
0.3 × VCC
READ MODE (R/W = 1)
A.
CL includes probe and jig capacitance.
B.
All inputs are supplied by generators having the following characteristics: PRR ≤ 10 MHz, ZO = 50 Ω, tr/tf ≤ 30 ns.
C.
The outputs are measured one at a time, with one transition per measurement.
D.
All parameters and waveforms are not applicable to all devices.
Figure 11. P-Port Load Circuit and Voltage Waveforms
12
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
Parameter Measurement Information (continued)
A.
CL includes probe and jig capacitance.
B.
All inputs are supplied by generators having the following characteristics: PRR ≤ 10 MHz, ZO = 50 Ω, tr/tf ≤ 30 ns.
C.
The outputs are measured one at a time, with one transition per measurement.
D.
I/Os are configured as inputs.
E.
All parameters and waveforms are not applicable to all devices.
Figure 12. Reset Load Circuits and Voltage Waveforms
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
13
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
8 Detailed Description
8.1 Overview
The TCA9538 is an 8-bit I/O expander for the two-line bidirectional bus (I2C) is designed for 1.65-V to 5.5-V
VCC operation. It provides general-purpose remote I/O expansion for most micro-controller families via the
I2C interface (serial clock, SCL, and serial data, SDA, pins).
The TCA9538 open-drain interrupt (INT) output is activated when any input state differs from its
corresponding Input Port register state and is used to indicate to the system master that an input state has
changed. The INT pin can be connected to the interrupt input of a micro-controller. By sending an interrupt
signal on this line, the remote I/O can inform the micro-controller if there is incoming data on its ports without
having to communicate via the I2C bus. Thus, the TCA9538 can remain a simple slave device. The device
outputs (latched) have high-current drive capability for directly driving LEDs.
Two hardware pins (A0 and A1) are used to program and vary the fixed I2C slave address and allow up to
four devices to share the same I2C bus or SMBus.
The system master can reset the TCA9538 in the event of a timeout or other improper operation by asserting
a low on the RESET input pin or by cycling the power supply and causing a power-on reset (POR). A reset
puts the registers in their default state and initializes the I2C /SMBus state machine. The RESET feature and
a POR cause the same reset/initialization to occur, but the RESET feature does so without powering down
the part.
The TCA9538 consists of one 8-bit Configuration (input or output selection), Input Port, Output Port, and
Polarity Inversion (active high or active low) registers. At power on, the I/Os are configured as inputs.
However, the system master can enable the I/Os as either inputs or outputs by writing to the I/O
configuration bits. The data for each input or output is kept in the corresponding Input Port or Output Port
register. The polarity of the Input Port register can be inverted with the Polarity Inversion register. All
registers can be read by the system master.
The TCA9538 is identical to the TCA9554 except for the removal of the internal I/O pull-up resistors, which
greatly reduces power consumption when the I/Os are held LOW, the replacement of A2 with RESET, and
different slave address range.
14
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
8.2 Functional Block Diagram
INT
A0
A1
SCL
SDA
RESET
VCC
GND
13
Interrupt
Logic
LP Filter
1
2
P7−P0
14
15
I2C Bus
Control
Input
Filter
8
8 Bits
I/O
Port
Write Pulse
3
16
Shift
Register
Power-On
Reset
Read Pulse
Pin numbers shown are for the PW package.
Figure 13. Functional Block Diagram
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
15
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
Functional Block Diagram (continued)
Data From
Shift Register
Data From
Shift Register
Output Port
Register Data
Configuration
Register
VCC
Q1
Q
D
FF
Write Configuration
Pulse
CK Q
Q
D
FF
Write Pulse
P0 to P7
CK Q
Q2
Output Port
Register
Input Port
Register
GND
Input Port
Register Data
Q
D
FF
Read Pulse
CK Q
Data From
Shift Register
To INT
Polarity
Register Data
Q
D
ESD Protection
Diode
FF
Write Polarity
Pulse
CK Q
Polarity
Inversion
Register
At power-on reset, all registers return to default values.
Figure 14. Simplified Schematic of P0 to P7
8.3 Feature Description
8.3.1 I/O Port
When an I/O is configured as an input, FETs Q1 and Q2 are off, creating a high-impedance input. The input
voltage may be raised above VCC to a maximum of 5.5 V.
If the I/O is configured as an output, Q1 or Q2 is enabled depending on the state of the output port register. In
this case, there are low impedance paths between the I/O pin and either VCC or GND. The external voltage
applied to this I/O pin must not exceed the recommended levels for proper operation.
8.3.2 Interrupt Output (INT)
An interrupt is generated by any rising or falling edge of any P-port I/O configured as an input. After time tiv, the
signal INT is valid. Resetting the interrupt circuit is achieved when data on the ports is changed back to the
original state or when data is read from the Input Port register. Resetting occurs in the read mode at the
acknowledge (ACK) bit after the rising edge of the SCL signal. Interrupts that occur during the ACK clock pulse
can be lost (or be very short) due to the resetting of the interrupt during this pulse. Each change of the I/Os after
resetting is detected and is transmitted as an interrupt on the INT pin.
Reading from or writing to another device does not affect the interrupt circuit, and a pin configured as an output
cannot cause an interrupt. Changing an I/O from an output to an input may cause a false interrupt to occur if the
state of the pin does not match the contents of the Input Port register.
The INT output has an open-drain structure and requires pull-up resistor to VCC.
16
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
Feature Description (continued)
8.3.3
RESET Input
The RESET input can be asserted to reset the system while keeping the VCC at its operating level. A reset can
be accomplished by holding the RESET pin low for a minimum of tW. The TCA9538 registers and I2C/SMBus
state machine are changed to their default states once RESET is low (0). Once RESET is high (1), the I/O levels
at the P port can be changed externally or through the master. This input requires a pull-up resistor to VCC if no
active connection is used.
8.4 Device Functional Modes
8.4.1 Power-On Reset
When power (from 0 V) is applied to VCC, an internal power-on reset holds the TCA9538 in a reset condition
until VCC has reached VPORR. At that point, the reset condition is released and the TCA9538 registers and
SMBus/I2C state machine initialize to their default states. After that, VCC must be lowered to below VPORF and
then back up to the operating voltage for a power-on reset cycle.
8.5 Programming
8.5.1 I2C Interface
The bidirectional I2C bus consists of the serial clock (SCL) and serial data (SDA) lines. Both lines must be
connected to a positive supply through a pull-up resistor when connected to the output stages of a device. Data
transfer may be initiated only when the bus is not busy.
I2C communication with this device is initiated by a master sending a Start condition, a high-to-low transition on
the SDA input/output while the SCL input is high (see Figure 15). After the Start condition, the device address
byte is sent, most significant bit (MSB) first, including the data direction bit (R/W).
After receiving the valid address byte, this device responds with an acknowledge (ACK), a low on the SDA
input/output during the high of the ACK-related clock pulse. The address inputs (A0–A1) of the slave device must
not be changed between the Start and the Stop conditions.
On the I2C bus, only one data bit is transferred during each clock pulse. The data on the SDA line must remain
stable during the high pulse of the clock period, as changes in the data line at this time are interpreted as control
commands (Start or Stop) (see Figure 16).
A Stop condition, a low-to-high transition on the SDA input/output while the SCL input is high, is sent by the
master (see Figure 15).
Any number of data bytes can be transferred from the transmitter to receiver between the Start and the Stop
conditions. Each byte of eight bits is followed by one ACK bit. The transmitter must release the SDA line before
the receiver can send an ACK bit. The device that acknowledges must pull down the SDA line during the ACK
clock pulse so that the SDA line is stable low during the high pulse of the ACK-related clock period (see
Figure 17). When a slave receiver is addressed, it must generate an ACK after each byte is received. Similarly,
the master must generate an ACK after each byte that it receives from the slave transmitter. Setup and hold
times must be met to ensure proper operation.
A master receiver signals an end of data to the slave transmitter by not generating an acknowledge (NACK) after
the last byte has been clocked out of the slave. This is done by the master receiver by holding the SDA line high.
In this event, the transmitter must release the data line to enable the master to generate a Stop condition.
SDA
SCL
S
P
Start Condition
Stop Condition
Figure 15. Definition of Start and Stop Conditions
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
17
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
Programming (continued)
SDA
SCL
Data Line
Stable;
Data Valid
Change
of Data
Allowed
Figure 16. Bit Transfer
Data Output
by Transmitter
NACK
Data Output
by Receiver
ACK
SCL From
Master
1
2
8
9
S
Clock Pulse for
Acknowledgment
Start
Condition
Figure 17. Acknowledgment on I2C Bus
Table 1 shows the TCA9538 interface definition.
Table 1. Interface Definition Table
BYTE
BIT
7 (MSB)
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 (LSB)
I2C slave address
H
H
H
L
L
A1
A0
R/W
Px I/O data bus
P7
P6
P5
P4
P3
P2
P1
P0
18
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
8.6 Register Map
8.6.1 Device Address
Figure 18 shows the address byte of the TCA9538.
R/W
Slave Address
1
1
1
0
Fixed
0
A1 A0
Programmable
Figure 18. TCA9538 Address
Table 2 shows the Address Reference of the TCA9538.
Table 2. Address Reference Table
INPUTS
A1
I2C BUS SLAVE ADDRESS
A0
L
L
112 (decimal), 70 (hexadecimal)
L
H
113 (decimal), 71 (hexadecimal)
H
L
114 (decimal), 72 (hexadecimal)
H
H
115 (decimal), 73 (hexadecimal)
The last bit of the slave address defines the operation (read or write) to be performed. When it is high (1), a read
is selected while a low (0) selects a write operation.
8.6.2 Control Register and Command Byte
Following the successful Acknowledgment of the address byte, the bus master sends a command byte that is
stored in the control register in the TCA9538 (see Figure 19). Two bits of this command byte state the operation
(read or write) and the internal register (input, output, polarity inversion or configuration) that is affected. This
register can be written or read through the I2C bus. The command byte is sent only during a write transmission.
Once a command byte has been sent, the register that was addressed continues to be accessed by reads until a
new command byte has been sent.
0
0
0
0
0
B2
B1
B0
Figure 19. Control Register Bits
Table 3 shows the TCA9538 Command byte.
Table 3. Command Byte Table
CONTROL REGISTER BITS
B1
B0
COMMAND BYTE
(HEX)
0
0
0x00
0
1
0x01
1
0
0x02
1
1
0x03
REGISTER
PROTOCOL
POWER-UP DEFAULT
Input Port
Read byte
XXXX XXXX
Output Port
Read/write byte
1111 1111
Polarity Inversion
Read/write byte
0000 0000
Configuration
Read/write byte
1111 1111
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
19
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
8.6.3 Register Descriptions
The Input Port register (register 0) reflects the incoming logic levels of the pins, regardless of whether the pin is
defined as an input or an output by the Configuration register. It only acts on read operation. Writes to these
registers have no effect. The default value, X, is determined by the externally applied logic level.
Before a read operation, a write transmission is sent with the command byte to indicate to the I2C device that the
Input Port register is accessed next. See Table 4.
Table 4. Register 0 (Input Port Register) Table
BIT
I7
I6
I5
I4
I3
I2
I1
I0
DEFAULT
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
The Output Port register (register 1) shows the outgoing logic levels of the pins defined as outputs by the
Configuration register. Bit values in this register have no effect on pins defined as inputs. In turn, reads from this
register reflect the value that is in the flip-flop controlling the output selection, not the actual pin value. See
Table 5.
Table 5. Register 1 (Output Port Register) Table
BIT
O7
O6
O5
O4
O3
O2
O1
O0
DEFAULT
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
The Polarity Inversion register (register 2) allows polarity inversion of pins defined as inputs by the Configuration
register. If a bit in this register is set (written with 1), the corresponding port pin polarity is inverted. If a bit in this
register is cleared (written with a 0), the corresponding port pin original polarity is retained. See Table 6.
Table 6. Register 2 (Polarity Inversion Register) Table
BIT
N7
N6
N5
N4
N3
N2
N1
N0
DEFAULT
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
The Configuration register (register 3) configures the directions of the I/O pins. If a bit in this register is set to 1,
the corresponding port pin is enabled as an input with a high-impedance output driver. If a bit in this register is
cleared to 0, the corresponding port pin is enabled as an output. See Table 7.
Table 7. Register 3 (Configuration Register) Table
20
BIT
C7
C6
C5
C4
C3
C2
C1
C0
DEFAULT
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
8.6.3.1 Bus Transactions
Data is exchanged between the master and the TCA9538 through write and read commands.
8.6.3.1.1 Writes
Data is transmitted to the TCA9538 by sending the device address and setting the least-significant bit (LSB) to a
logic 0 (see Figure 18 for device address). The command byte is sent after the address and determines which
register receives the data that follows the command byte (see Figure 20 and Figure 21). There is no limitation on
the number of data bytes sent in one write transmission.
SCL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Slave Address
S
SDA
1
1
1
0
Command Byte
0 A1 A0 0
A
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
Data 1
A
A
P
ACK From Slave
ACK From Slave
R/W ACK From Slave
Start Condition
Data to Port
Write to Port
Data Out
From Port
Data 1 Valid
tpv
Figure 20. Write to Output Port Register
<br/>
SCL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Slave Address
SDA
S
1
1
1
0
Start Condition
Command Byte
0 A1 A0 0
R/W
A
0
0
0
0
ACK From Slave
0
0
Data to Register
1 1/0 A
Data
ACK From Slave
A
P
ACK From Slave
Data to
Register
Figure 21. Write to Configuration or Polarity Inversion Registers
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
21
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
8.6.3.1.2 Reads
The bus master first must send the TCA9538 address with the LSB set to a logic 0 (see Figure 18 for device
address). The command byte is sent after the address and determines which register is accessed. After a restart,
the device address is sent again but, this time, the LSB is set to a logic 1. Data from the register defined by the
command byte then is sent by the TCA9538 (see Figure 22 and Figure 23). After a restart, the value of the
register defined by the command byte matches the register being accessed when the restart occurred. Data is
clocked into the register on the rising edge of the ACK clock pulse. There is no limitation on the number of data
bytes received in one read transmission, but when the final byte is received, the bus master must not
acknowledge the data.
S 1
1
1
0
ACK From
Slave
ACK From
Slave
Slave Address
0 A1 A0 0
Command Byte
A
ACK From
ACK From
Master
Slave Data from Register
Slave Address
A S 1
1
1
0
Data
A
Data from Register
NACK From
Master
0 A1 A0 1 A
R/W
R/W
Data
NA P
Last Byte
Figure 22. Read From Register
<br/>
1
SCL
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Data From Port
Slave Address
S 1
SDA
1
1
0
0 A1 A0 1
Start
Condition
R/W
Data 1
A
Data From Port
Data 4
A
ACK From
Master
ACK From
Slave
NA P
NACK From
Master
Stop
Condition
Read From
Port
Data Into
Port
Data 2
tph
Data 3
Data 4
Data 5
tps
INT
tiv
tir
A.
This figure assumes the command byte has previously been programmed with 00h.
B.
Transfer of data can be stopped at any moment by a Stop condition.
C.
This figure eliminates the command byte transfer, a restart, and slave address call between the initial slave address
call and actual data transfer from the P port. See Figure 22 for these details.
Figure 23. Read From Input Port Register
22
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
9 Application and Implementation
NOTE
Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component
specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are
responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should
validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.
9.1 Application Information
Figure 24 shows an application in which the TCA9538 can be used.
9.2 Typical Application
VCC
(1)
VCC
10 kΩ
(1)
10 kΩ
10 kΩ
4
SDA
P0
14
SCL
SCL
13
INT
3
RESET
100 kΩ
(x 3)
VCC
15
SDA
Master
Controller
2 kΩ
16
10 kΩ
5
P1
Subsystem 1
(e.g., temperature sensor)
INT
INT
RESET
P2
P3
GND
TCA9538
6
7
RESET
9
Subsystem 2
(e.g., counter)
P4
10
A
P5
P6
ENABLE
A1
1
Controlled Device
(e.g., CBT device)
11
2
P7
12
B
A0
GND
ALARM
8
Subsystem 3
(e.g., alarm system)
VCC
(1)
The SCL and SDA pins must be tied directly to VCC because if SCL and SDA are tied to an auxiliary power supply
that could be powered on while VCC is powered off, then the supply current, ICC, increases as a result.
A.
Device address is configured as 1110000 for this example.
B.
P0, P2, and P3 are configured as outputs.
C.
P1, P4, and P5 are configured as inputs.
D.
P6 and P7 are not used and must be configured as outputs.
Figure 24. Application Schematic
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
23
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
Typical Application (continued)
9.2.1 Design Requirements
9.2.1.1 Minimizing ICC When I/Os Control LEDs
When the I/Os are used to control LEDs, normally they are connected to VCC through a resistor as shown in
Figure 24. For a P-port configured as an input, ICC increases as VI becomes lower than VCC. The LED is a diode,
with threshold voltage VT, and when a P-port is configured as an input the LED is off but VI is a VT drop below
VCC.
For battery-powered applications, it is essential that the voltage of P-ports controlling LEDs is greater than or
equal to VCC when the P-ports are configured as input to minimize current consumption. Figure 25 shows a highvalue resistor in parallel with the LED. Figure 26 shows VCC less than the LED supply voltage by at least VT.
Both of these methods maintain the I/O VI at or above VCC and prevents additional supply current consumption
when the P-port is configured as an input and the LED is off.
VCC
LED
100 k
VCC
LEDx
Figure 25. High-Value Resistor in Parallel with LED
3.3 V
VCC
5V
LED
LEDx
Figure 26. Device Supplied by a Lower Voltage
9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
The pull-up resistors, RP, for the SCL and SDA lines need to be selected appropriately and take into
consideration the total capacitance of all slaves on the I2C bus. The minimum pull-up resistance is a function of
VCC, VOL,(max), and IOL as shown in Equation 1:
VCC - VOL(max)
Rp(min) =
IOL
(1)
The maximum pull-up resistance is a function of the maximum rise time, tr (300 ns for fast-mode operation, fSCL =
400 kHz) and bus capacitance, Cb as shown in Equation 2:
tr
Rp(max) =
0.8473 ´ Cb
(2)
The maximum bus capacitance for an I2C bus must not exceed 400 pF for standard-mode or fast-mode
operation. The bus capacitance can be approximated by adding the capacitance of the TCA9538, Ci for SCL or
Cio for SDA, the capacitance of wires/connections/traces, and the capacitance of additional slaves on the bus.
24
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
Typical Application (continued)
9.2.3 Application Curves
25
1.8
Standard-mode
Fast-mode
1.6
1.4
Rp(min) (kOhm)
Rp(max) (kOhm)
20
15
10
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
5
VCC > 2V
VCC <= 2
0.2
0
0
0
50
100
150
Standard-mode
(fSCL = 100 kHz, tr = 1 µs)
200
250
Cb (pF)
300
350
400
450
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
D008
Fast-mode
(fSCL = 400 kHz, tr = 300 ns)
Figure 27. Maximum Pull-Up Resistance (Rp(max)) vs Bus
Capacitance (Cb)
2.5
3
VCC (V)
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
D009
VOL = 0.2*VCC, IOL = 2 mA
when VCC ≤ 2 V
VOL = 0.4 V, IOL = 3 mA
when VCC > 2 V
Figure 28. Minimum Pull-Up Resistance (Rp(min)) vs Pull-Up
Reference Voltage (VCC)
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
25
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
10 Power Supply Recommendations
10.1 Power-On Reset Requirements
In the event of a glitch or data corruption, the TCA9538 can be reset to its default conditions by using the poweron reset feature. Power-on reset requires that the device go through a power cycle to be completely reset. This
reset also happens when the device is powered on for the first time in an application.
The two types of power-on reset are shown in and Figure 29.
VCC
Ramp-Up
Ramp-Down
VCC_TRR
VCC drops below VPORF – 50 mV
Time
Time to Re-Ramp
VCC_FT
VCC_RT
Figure 29. VCC is Lowered Below the POR Threshold, Then Ramped Back Up to VCC
Table 8 specifies the performance of the power-on reset feature for the TCA9538 for both types of power-on
reset.
Table 8. Recommended Supply Sequencing And Ramp Rates (1)
PARAMETER
MIN
MAX
UNIT
VCC_FT
Fall rate
See Figure 29
1
ms
VCC_RT
Rise rate
See Figure 29
0.1
ms
VCC_TRR
Time to re-ramp (when VCC drops to VPOR_MIN – 50 mV or when
VCC drops to GND)
See Figure 29
2
μs
VCC_GH
Level that VCC can glitch down to, but not cause a functional
disruption when VCC_GW = 1 µs
See Figure 30
1.2
V
VCC_GW
Glitch width that does not cause a functional disruption when
VCC_GH = 0.5 × VCC (For VCC > 3 V)
See Figure 30
10
μs
(1)
All supply sequencing and ramp rate values are measured at TA = 25°C
Glitches in the power supply can also affect the power-on reset performance of this device. The glitch width
(VCC_GW) and height (VCC_GH) are dependent on each other. The bypass capacitance, source impedance, and
device impedance are factors that affect power-on reset performance. Figure 30 and Table 8 provide more
information on how to measure these specifications.
VCC
VCC_GH
Time
VCC_GW
Figure 30. Glitch Width and Glitch Height
VPOR is critical to the power-on reset. VPOR is the voltage level at which the reset condition is released and all the
registers and the I2C/SMBus state machine are initialized to their default states. The value of VPOR differs based
on the VCC being lowered to or from 0. Figure 31 and Table 8 provide more details on this specification.
26
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
VCC
VPOR
VPORF
Time
POR
Time
Figure 31. VPOR
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
27
TCA9538
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
www.ti.com
11 Layout
11.1 Layout Guidelines
For printed circuit board (PCB) layout of the TCA9538, common PCB layout practices must be followed but
additional concerns related to high-speed data transfer such as matched impedances and differential pairs are
not a concern for I2C signal speeds.
In all PCB layouts, it is a best practice to avoid right angles in signal traces, to fan out signal traces away from
each other upon leaving the vicinity of an integrated circuit (IC), and to use thicker trace widths to carry higher
amounts of current that commonly pass through power and ground traces. By-pass and de-coupling capacitors
are commonly used to control the voltage on the VCC pin, using a larger capacitor to provide additional power in
the event of a short power supply glitch and a smaller capacitor to filter out high-frequency ripple. These
capacitors must be placed as close to the TCA9538 as possible. These best practices are shown in Figure 32.
For the layout example provided in Figure 32, it would be possible to fabricate a PCB with only 2 layers by using
the top layer for signal routing and the bottom layer as a split plane for power (VCC) and ground (GND). However,
a 4 layer board is preferable for boards with higher density signal routing. On a 4 layer PCB, it is common to
route signals on the top and bottom layer, dedicate one internal layer to a ground plane, and dedicate the other
internal layer to a power plane. In a board layout using planes or split planes for power and ground, vias are
placed directly next to the surface mount component pad which needs to attach to VCC or GND and the via is
connected electrically to the internal layer or the other side of the board. Vias are also used when a signal trace
needs to be routed to the opposite side of the board, but this technique is not demonstrated in Figure 32.
11.2 Layout Example
LEGEND
Power or GND Plane
To I2C Master
VIA to Power Plane
VCC
VIA to GND Plane
A0
VCC
16
2
A1
SDA
15
3
RESET
SCL
14
4
P0
INT
13
5
P1
P7
12
6
P2
P6
11
7
P3
P5
10
8
GND
P4
9
TCA9538
1
To I/Os
To I/Os
By-pass/De-coupling
capacitors
GND
Figure 32. TCA9538 Layout
28
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
TCA9538
www.ti.com
SCPS199D – AUGUST 2014 – REVISED OCTOBER 2016
12 Device and Documentation Support
12.1 Documentation Support
12.1.1 Related Documentation
For related documentation see the following:
• I2C Bus Pull-Up Resistor Calculation
• Maximum Clock Frequency of I2C Bus Using Repeaters
• Introduction to Logic
• Understanding the I2C Bus
• Choosing the Correct I2C Device for New Designs
• I/O Expander EVM User's Guide
12.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
To receive notification of documentation updates, navigate to the device product folder on ti.com. In the upper
right corner, click on Alert me to register and receive a weekly digest of any product information that has
changed. For change details, review the revision history included in any revised document.
12.3 Community Resources
The following links connect to TI community resources. Linked contents are provided "AS IS" by the respective
contributors. They do not constitute TI specifications and do not necessarily reflect TI's views; see TI's Terms of
Use.
TI E2E™ Online Community TI's Engineer-to-Engineer (E2E) Community. Created to foster collaboration
among engineers. At e2e.ti.com, you can ask questions, share knowledge, explore ideas and help
solve problems with fellow engineers.
Design Support TI's Design Support Quickly find helpful E2E forums along with design support tools and
contact information for technical support.
12.4 Trademarks
E2E is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
This integrated circuit can be damaged by ESD. Texas Instruments recommends that all integrated circuits be handled with
appropriate precautions. Failure to observe proper handling and installation procedures can cause damage.
ESD damage can range from subtle performance degradation to complete device failure. Precision integrated circuits may be more
susceptible to damage because very small parametric changes could cause the device not to meet its published specifications.
12.6 Glossary
SLYZ022 — TI Glossary.
This glossary lists and explains terms, acronyms, and definitions.
13 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information
The following pages include mechanical, packaging, and orderable information. This information is the most
current data available for the designated devices. This data is subject to change without notice and revision of
this document. For browser-based versions of this data sheet, refer to the left-hand navigation.
Submit Documentation Feedback
Copyright © 2014–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TCA9538
29
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
10-Oct-2016
PACKAGING INFORMATION
Orderable Device
Status
(1)
Package Type Package Pins Package
Drawing
Qty
Eco Plan
Lead/Ball Finish
MSL Peak Temp
(2)
(6)
(3)
Op Temp (°C)
Device Marking
(4/5)
TCA9538DBR
ACTIVE
SSOP
DB
16
2000
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-1-260C-UNLIM
-40 to 85
TD538
TCA9538PWR
ACTIVE
TSSOP
PW
16
2000
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-1-260C-UNLIM
-40 to 85
PW538
(1)
The marketing status values are defined as follows:
ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.
LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.
NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.
PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.
OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.
(2)
Eco Plan - The planned eco-friendly classification: Pb-Free (RoHS), Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt), or Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) - please check http://www.ti.com/productcontent for the latest availability
information and additional product content details.
TBD: The Pb-Free/Green conversion plan has not been defined.
Pb-Free (RoHS): TI's terms "Lead-Free" or "Pb-Free" mean semiconductor products that are compatible with the current RoHS requirements for all 6 substances, including the requirement that
lead not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, TI Pb-Free products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes.
Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt): This component has a RoHS exemption for either 1) lead-based flip-chip solder bumps used between the die and package, or 2) lead-based die adhesive used between
the die and leadframe. The component is otherwise considered Pb-Free (RoHS compatible) as defined above.
Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br): TI defines "Green" to mean Pb-Free (RoHS compatible), and free of Bromine (Br) and Antimony (Sb) based flame retardants (Br or Sb do not exceed 0.1% by weight
in homogeneous material)
(3)
MSL, Peak Temp. - The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.
(4)
There may be additional marking, which relates to the logo, the lot trace code information, or the environmental category on the device.
(5)
Multiple Device Markings will be inside parentheses. Only one Device Marking contained in parentheses and separated by a "~" will appear on a device. If a line is indented then it is a continuation
of the previous line and the two combined represent the entire Device Marking for that device.
(6)
Lead/Ball Finish - Orderable Devices may have multiple material finish options. Finish options are separated by a vertical ruled line. Lead/Ball Finish values may wrap to two lines if the finish
value exceeds the maximum column width.
Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information
provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and
continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals.
TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release.
Addendum-Page 1
Samples
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
10-Oct-2016
In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis.
Addendum-Page 2
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
20-Dec-2018
TAPE AND REEL INFORMATION
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
TCA9538PWR
Package Package Pins
Type Drawing
TSSOP
PW
16
SPQ
Reel
Reel
A0
Diameter Width (mm)
(mm) W1 (mm)
2000
330.0
12.4
Pack Materials-Page 1
6.9
B0
(mm)
K0
(mm)
P1
(mm)
5.6
1.6
8.0
W
Pin1
(mm) Quadrant
12.0
Q1
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
20-Dec-2018
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
Package Type
Package Drawing
Pins
SPQ
Length (mm)
Width (mm)
Height (mm)
TCA9538PWR
TSSOP
PW
16
2000
367.0
367.0
35.0
Pack Materials-Page 2
PACKAGE OUTLINE
PW0016A
TSSOP - 1.2 mm max height
SCALE 2.500
SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE
SEATING
PLANE
C
6.6
TYP
6.2
A
0.1 C
PIN 1 INDEX AREA
14X 0.65
16
1
2X
5.1
4.9
NOTE 3
4.55
8
9
B
0.30
0.19
0.1
C A B
16X
4.5
4.3
NOTE 4
1.2 MAX
(0.15) TYP
SEE DETAIL A
0.25
GAGE PLANE
0.15
0.05
0 -8
0.75
0.50
DETAIL A
A 20
TYPICAL
4220204/A 02/2017
NOTES:
1. All linear dimensions are in millimeters. Any dimensions in parenthesis are for reference only. Dimensioning and tolerancing
per ASME Y14.5M.
2. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
3. This dimension does not include mold flash, protrusions, or gate burrs. Mold flash, protrusions, or gate burrs shall not
exceed 0.15 mm per side.
4. This dimension does not include interlead flash. Interlead flash shall not exceed 0.25 mm per side.
5. Reference JEDEC registration MO-153.
www.ti.com
EXAMPLE BOARD LAYOUT
PW0016A
TSSOP - 1.2 mm max height
SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE
SYMM
16X (1.5)
(R0.05) TYP
1
16
16X (0.45)
SYMM
14X (0.65)
8
9
(5.8)
LAND PATTERN EXAMPLE
EXPOSED METAL SHOWN
SCALE: 10X
SOLDER MASK
OPENING
METAL UNDER
SOLDER MASK
METAL
SOLDER MASK
OPENING
EXPOSED METAL
EXPOSED METAL
0.05 MAX
ALL AROUND
NON-SOLDER MASK
DEFINED
(PREFERRED)
0.05 MIN
ALL AROUND
SOLDER MASK
DEFINED
SOLDER MASK DETAILS
15.000
4220204/A 02/2017
NOTES: (continued)
6. Publication IPC-7351 may have alternate designs.
7. Solder mask tolerances between and around signal pads can vary based on board fabrication site.
www.ti.com
EXAMPLE STENCIL DESIGN
PW0016A
TSSOP - 1.2 mm max height
SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE
16X (1.5)
SYMM
(R0.05) TYP
1
16X (0.45)
16
SYMM
14X (0.65)
8
9
(5.8)
SOLDER PASTE EXAMPLE
BASED ON 0.125 mm THICK STENCIL
SCALE: 10X
4220204/A 02/2017
NOTES: (continued)
8. Laser cutting apertures with trapezoidal walls and rounded corners may offer better paste release. IPC-7525 may have alternate
design recommendations.
9. Board assembly site may have different recommendations for stencil design.
www.ti.com
MECHANICAL DATA
MSSO002E – JANUARY 1995 – REVISED DECEMBER 2001
DB (R-PDSO-G**)
PLASTIC SMALL-OUTLINE
28 PINS SHOWN
0,38
0,22
0,65
28
0,15 M
15
0,25
0,09
8,20
7,40
5,60
5,00
Gage Plane
1
14
0,25
A
0°–ā8°
0,95
0,55
Seating Plane
2,00 MAX
0,10
0,05 MIN
PINS **
14
16
20
24
28
30
38
A MAX
6,50
6,50
7,50
8,50
10,50
10,50
12,90
A MIN
5,90
5,90
6,90
7,90
9,90
9,90
12,30
DIM
4040065 /E 12/01
NOTES: A.
B.
C.
D.
All linear dimensions are in millimeters.
This drawing is subject to change without notice.
Body dimensions do not include mold flash or protrusion not to exceed 0,15.
Falls within JEDEC MO-150
POST OFFICE BOX 655303
• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
IMPORTANT NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER
TI PROVIDES TECHNICAL AND RELIABILITY DATA (INCLUDING DATASHEETS), DESIGN RESOURCES (INCLUDING REFERENCE
DESIGNS), APPLICATION OR OTHER DESIGN ADVICE, WEB TOOLS, SAFETY INFORMATION, AND OTHER RESOURCES “AS IS”
AND WITH ALL FAULTS, AND DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS AND IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT OF THIRD
PARTY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.
These resources are intended for skilled developers designing with TI products. You are solely responsible for (1) selecting the appropriate
TI products for your application, (2) designing, validating and testing your application, and (3) ensuring your application meets applicable
standards, and any other safety, security, or other requirements. These resources are subject to change without notice. TI grants you
permission to use these resources only for development of an application that uses the TI products described in the resource. Other
reproduction and display of these resources is prohibited. No license is granted to any other TI intellectual property right or to any third
party intellectual property right. TI disclaims responsibility for, and you will fully indemnify TI and its representatives against, any claims,
damages, costs, losses, and liabilities arising out of your use of these resources.
TI’s products are provided subject to TI’s Terms of Sale (www.ti.com/legal/termsofsale.html) or other applicable terms available either on
ti.com or provided in conjunction with such TI products. TI’s provision of these resources does not expand or otherwise alter TI’s applicable
warranties or warranty disclaimers for TI products.
Mailing Address: Texas Instruments, Post Office Box 655303, Dallas, Texas 75265
Copyright © 2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Related manuals

Download PDF

advertising