Texas Instruments | TLK10002 10-Gbps, Dual-Channel, Multi-Rate Transceiver (Rev. B) | Datasheet | Texas Instruments TLK10002 10-Gbps, Dual-Channel, Multi-Rate Transceiver (Rev. B) Datasheet

Texas Instruments TLK10002 10-Gbps, Dual-Channel, Multi-Rate Transceiver (Rev. B) Datasheet
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TLK10002
SLLSE75B – MAY 2011 – REVISED JULY 2016
TLK10002 10-Gbps, Dual-Channel, Multi-Rate Transceiver
1 Features
2 Applications
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Dual-Channel, 10-Gbps, Multi-Rate Transceiver
Supports All CPRI and OBSAI Data Rates From 1
Gbps to 10 Gbps
Integrated Latency Measurement Function,
Accuracy up to 814 ps
Supports SERDES Operation With up to 10-Gbps
Data Rate on the High-Speed Side and up to 5G
bps on the Low-Speed Side
Differential CML I/Os on Both High-Speed and
Low-Speed Sides
Shared or Independent Reference Clock Per
Channel
Loopback Capability on Both High-Speed and
Low-Speed Sides, OBSAI Compliant
Supports Data Retime Operation
Supports PRBS 27-1, 223-1 and 231-1 and HighFrequency, Low-Frequency, Mixed-Frequency,
and CRPAT Long and Short Pattern Generation
and Verification
Two Power Supplies: 1-V Core, and 1.5-V or 1.8V I/O
Transmit De-Emphasis and Receive Adaptive
Equalization to Allow Extended Backplane or
Cable Reach on Both High-Speed and Low-Speed
Sides
Programmable Transmit Output Swing on Both
High-Speed and Low-Speed Sides.
Minimum Receiver Differential Input Threshold of
100 mVpp
Loss-of-Signal (LOS) Detection
Interface to Backplanes, Passive and Active
Copper Cables, or SFP/SFP+ Optical Modules
Hot Plug Protection
JTAG; IEEE 1149.1 Test Interface
MDIO; IEEE 802.3 Clause-22 Support
65-nm Advanced CMOS Technology
Industrial Ambient Operating Temperature (–40°C
to 85°C) at Full Rate
Power Consumption: 1.6 W Typical
Device Package: 13-mm × 13-mm, 144-pin
PBGA, 1-mm Ball-Pitch
Wireless Infrastructure CPRI and OBSAI Links
High-Speed Video Applications
Proprietary Cable or Backplane Links
High-Speed Point-to-Point Transmission Systems
3 Description
The TLK10002 device is a dual-channel, multi-rate
transceiver intended for use in high-speed
bidirectional point-to-point data transmission systems.
It has special support for the wireless base station
Remote Radio Head (RRH) application, but may also
be used in other high-speed applications. It supports
all the CPRI and OBSAI rates from 1.2288 Gbps to
9.8304 Gbps.
Device Information(1)
PART NUMBER
TLK10002
PACKAGE
FCBGA (144)
BODY SIZE (NOM)
13.00 mm × 13.00 mm
(1) For all available packages, see the orderable addendum at
the end of the data sheet.
Simplified Schematic
TLK10002 CHANNEL A
0.5 - 5Gbps
1/2/4 Diff Pairs
1:11:1
2:12:1
4:14:1
1 - 10Gbps
1 Diff Pair
0. 5 - 5Gbps
1/ 2/4 Diff Pairs
1:11:1
2:12:1
4:14:1
1 - 10Gbps
1 Diff Pair
L
O
W
S
P
E
E
D
S
I
D
E
H
I
G
H
S
P
E
E
D
TLK10002 CHANNEL B
0.5 - 5Gbps
1/2/4 Diff Pairs
1:11:1
2:12:1
4:14:1
1 - 10Gbps
1 Diff Pair
0. 5 - 5Gbps
1/2/4 Diff Pairs
1:11:1
2:12:1
4:14:1
1 - 10Gbps
1 Diff Pair
S
I
D
E
1
An IMPORTANT NOTICE at the end of this data sheet addresses availability, warranty, changes, use in safety-critical applications,
intellectual property matters and other important disclaimers. PRODUCTION DATA.
TLK10002
SLLSE75B – MAY 2011 – REVISED JULY 2016
www.ti.com
Table of Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Features .................................................................. 1
Applications ........................................................... 1
Description ............................................................. 1
Revision History..................................................... 2
Description (continued)......................................... 4
Pin Configuration and Functions ......................... 4
Specifications....................................................... 10
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
8
Absolute Maximum Ratings ....................................
ESD Ratings ..........................................................
Recommended Operating Conditions.....................
Thermal Information ................................................
10-Gbps Power Characteristics – 1.0 V..................
10-Gbps Power Characteristics – 1.5 V..................
10-Gbps Power Characteristics – 1.8 V..................
Transmitter and Receiver Characteristics...............
MDIO Timing Requirements ...................................
JTAG Timing Requirements..................................
Typical Characteristics ..........................................
10
10
10
11
12
13
14
15
17
17
19
Detailed Description ............................................ 20
8.1 Overview ................................................................. 20
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
9
Functional Block Diagram .......................................
Feature Description.................................................
Device Functional Modes........................................
Programming...........................................................
Register Maps .........................................................
20
21
40
42
42
Application and Implementation ........................ 62
9.1 Application Information............................................ 62
9.2 Typical Application .................................................. 62
9.3 Initialization Setup ................................................... 63
10 Power Supply Recommendations ..................... 68
11 Layout................................................................... 68
11.1 Layout Guidelines ................................................. 68
11.2 Layout Example .................................................... 72
12 Device and Documentation Support ................. 73
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
Community Resources..........................................
Trademarks ...........................................................
Electrostatic Discharge Caution ............................
Glossary ................................................................
73
73
73
73
73
13 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable
Information ........................................................... 73
4 Revision History
NOTE: Page numbers for previous revisions may differ from page numbers in the current version.
Changes from Revision A (July 2013) to Revision B
•
Page
Added ESD Ratings table, Feature Description section, Device Functional Modes, Application and Implementation
section, Power Supply Recommendations section, Layout section, Device and Documentation Support section, and
Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information section. ................................................................................................. 1
Changes from Original (May 2011) to Revision A
Page
•
Changed Feature From: Supports all CPRI and OBSAI Data Rates To: Supports all CPRI and OBSAI Data Rates
From 1Gbps to 10Gbps .......................................................................................................................................................... 1
•
Changed Feature From: JTAG; IEEE 1149.1 /1149.6 Test Interface To: JTAG; IEEE 1149.1 Test Interface ...................... 1
•
Changed JT1 and JD1 Parameters From: (CPRI LV/LV-II and OBSAI Rates) To: (CPRI LV/LV-II/ LV-III and OBSAI
Rates) ................................................................................................................................................................................... 15
•
Changed JT2 and JD2 Parameters From: (CPRI E.6/12.HV) To: (CPRI E.12.HV) ............................................................. 15
•
Deleted the RIN - Differential input impedance, MIN = 80 Ω and MAX = 120 Ω values ....................................................... 16
•
Changed Functional Block Diagram text, From: 8B/10B Decoder Lane Align Master To: 8B/10B Encoder Lane Align
Master................................................................................................................................................................................... 20
•
Changed text in the Lane Alignment Slave (LAS) section From: Resides in the TLK10002 LS transmitter To:
Resides in the TLK10002 LS receiver.................................................................................................................................. 22
•
Changed values in the text and in list item 1, From: 1.485Gbps To: 1.987Gbps and From: 2.97Gbps To: 3.974Gbps ..... 27
•
Changed list item 1 text From: "supported in the quarter rate mode (RateScale = 1)" To: "supported in the quarter
rate mode (RateScale = 0.5)" ............................................................................................................................................... 27
•
Changed list item 4 text From: "clock frequencies can be selected: 148.5MHz, 185.625MHz, 247.5MHz, 297MHz,
and 371.25MHz." To: "clock frequencies can be selected: 397.4MHz, 331.167MHz, 248.375MHz, 198.7MHz,
165.583MHz, 158.96MHz, and 132.467MHz." ..................................................................................................................... 27
•
Changed Table 7 .................................................................................................................................................................. 28
•
Added list items for latency measurement ........................................................................................................................... 33
2
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Copyright © 2011–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TLK10002
TLK10002
www.ti.com
SLLSE75B – MAY 2011 – REVISED JULY 2016
•
Changed LOOPBACK_TP_CONTROL, BIT B.0 From: 1 = Enable shallow remote loopback mode To: Enable
shallow local loopback mode................................................................................................................................................ 55
•
Changed LAS_CONFIG_CONTROL BIT C.2 ACCESS From: RW To: RW SC(1) ............................................................... 55
•
Deleted list item from the HS/LS Data Rate Setting section: "Write 1'B1 to 9.9 HS_PEAK_DISABLE
(HS_OVERLAY_CONTROL = 0x0B00)." ............................................................................................................................. 63
•
Changed list item in the HS Serial Configuration Changed section From: 4.11:10 (HS_CDRFMULT[1:0]), 4.9:8
(HS_CDRTHR[1:0]) To: 4.11:10 (HS_CDRFMULT[1:0]), 4.9:8 (HS_CDRTHR[1:0]), 4.5 (H1CDRMODE) ......................... 64
•
Changed the HS/LS Data Rate Setting section: From: Refer to Table 3 To: Refer to Table 2............................................ 66
•
Changed the HS/LS Data Rate Setting section: list item text ............................................................................................. 66
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TLK10002
SLLSE75B – MAY 2011 – REVISED JULY 2016
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5 Description (continued)
The TLK10002 performs 1:1, 2:1 and 4:1 serialization of the 8B/10B encoded data streams presented on its lowspeed (LS) side data inputs. The serialized 8B/10B encoded data is presented on the high-speed (HS) side
outputs. Likewise, the TLK10002 performs 1:1, 1:2 and 1:4 deserialization of 8B/10B encoded data streams
presented on its high-speed side data inputs. The deserialized 8B/10B encoded data is presented on the lowspeed side outputs. Depending on the serialization or deserialization ratio, the low-speed side data rate can
range from 0.5 Gbps to 5 Gbps and the high-speed side data rate can range from 1 Gbps to 10 Gbps. Both lowspeed and high-speed side data inputs and outputs are of differential current mode logic (CML) type with
integrated termination resistors. In the 1:1 mode, the input can be raw (non-8B/10B encoded) data, allowing for
transmission of PRBS data through the device.
The TLK10002 performs data serialization or deserialization and clock extraction as a physical layer interface
device. Flexible clocking schemes are provided to support various operations. They include the support for
clocking with an externally-jitter-cleaned clock recovered from the high-speed side.
The TLK10002 provides two low-speed side and two high-speed side loopback modes for self-test and system
diagnostic purposes.
The TLK10002 has built-in pattern generation and verification to help in system tests. The low speed side
supports generation and verification of PRBS 27-1, 223-1, and 231-1 patterns. In addition to those PRBS patterns,
the high-speed side supports High, Low, Mixed, and CRPAT long and short pattern generation and verification.
The TLK10002 has an integrated loss-of-signal (LOS) detection function on both high-speed and low-speed
sides. LOS is asserted in conditions where the input differential voltage swing is less than the LOS assert
threshold. The input differential voltage swing must exceed the de-assert threshold for the LOS condition to be
cleared.
Lane alignment for each channel is achieved through a proprietary lane alignment scheme implemented on the
low-speed side interface. The interfaced upstream link partner device needs to implement the lane alignment
scheme for the correct link operation. Normal link operation resumes only after lane alignment is achieved.
The two TLK10002 channels are fully independent. They can be operated with different reference clocks, at
different data rates, and with different serialization or deserialization ratios.
The low-speed side of the TLK10002 is ideal for interfacing with an FPGA or ASIC located on the same local
physical system. The high-speed side is ideal for interfacing with remote systems through an optical fiber, an
electrical cable, or a backplane interface. The TLK10002 supports operation with SFP and SFP+ optical
modules.
6 Pin Configuration and Functions
CTR Package
144-Pin FCBGA
4
1
2
3
4
5
A
INA1P
VSS
INA0N
INA0P
VSS
B
INA1N
INA2P
VSS
VSS
C
VSS
INA2N
D
INA3P
VDDA_LS
VSS
E
INA3N
VSS
F
VSS
G
VDDRA_LS OUTA2P
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
PDTRXA_N
CLKOUTBP
CLKOUTBN
VSS
HSRXAN
VSS
TMS
PRBSEN
LS_OK_IN_A
VSS
HSRXAP
OUTA0P OUTA0N
OUTA1P OUTA1N
OUTA2N
VSS
VDDO0
TDI
CLKOUTAP
CLKOUTAN
AMUXA
VSS
AMUXB
VSS
TDO
VPP
TCK
LS_OK_OUT_A
VSS
VSS
HSTXAP
OUTA3N
VSS
TRST_N
VDDD
DVDD
VDDD
LOSA
PRTAD0
VDDA_LS
OUTA3P
VDDT_LS
VSS
VDDD
DVDD
VSS
VDDT_HS
VSS
VDDA_HS
VSS
VSS
VDDA_LS
VSS
VDDT_LS
VSS
DVDD
VSS
DVDD
PRTAD1
VDDA_HS
VSS
HSRXBN
H
INB0P
VSS
OUTB0N
VSS
RESET_N
VDDD
DVDD
VDDD
VSS
HSRXBP
J
INB0N
VDDA_LS
VSS
PRTAD3
MDIO
MDC
PRBS_PASS
GPI0
VDDRB_HS
VSS
K
VSS
INB1P
OUTB1P
VSS
VDDO1
LOSB
REFCLK1P
REFCLK1N
VSS
HSTXBP
L
INB2P
INB1N
VSS
VSS
VSS
LS_OK_IN_B
PRTAD2
TESTEN
VSS
HSTXBN
M
INB2N
VSS
INB3P
INB3N
PRTAD4
REFCLKA_SEL
REFCLK0P
REFCLK0N
VSS
OUTB0P PDTRXB_N
VDDRB_LS OUTB1N
OUTB2N OUTB2P
VSS
OUTB3N OUTB3P
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LS_OK_OUT_B REFCLKB_SEL
VDDRA_HS HSTXAN
Copyright © 2011–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Links: TLK10002
TLK10002
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SLLSE75B – MAY 2011 – REVISED JULY 2016
Pin Functions
PIN
SIGNAL
NO.
DIRECTION
TYPE
SUPPLY
DESCRIPTION
CHANNEL A
HSTXAP
HSTXAN
D12
E12
Output
CML
VDDA_HS
Serial Transmit Channel A Output. HSTXAP and HSTXAN comprise the high speed side
transmit direction Channel A differential serial output signal. During device reset (RESET_N
asserted low) these pins are driven differential zero. These CML outputs must be ACcoupled.
HSRXAP
HSRXAN
B12
A12
Input
CML
VDDA_HS
Serial Receive Channel A Input. HSRXAP and HSRXAN comprise the high speed side
receive direction Channel A differential serial input signal. These CML input signals must be
AC-coupled.
INA[3:0]P/N
D1/E1
B2/C2
A1/B1
A4/A3
Input
CML
VDDA_LS
OUTA[3:0]P/N
F3/E3
C4/C5
B5/B6
A6/A7
Output
CML
VDDA_LS
LOSA
REFCLKA_SEL
E9
M9
Output
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO0
40Ω Driver
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO0
Parallel Channel A Inputs. INAP and INAN comprise the low speed side transmit direction
Channel A differential input signals. Only INA[0] is used in the 1:1 mode, and only INA[1:0]
are used in the 2:1 mode. These signals must be AC-coupled.
Parallel Channel A Outputs. OUTAP and OUTAN comprise the low speed side receive
direction Channel A differential output signals. During device reset (RESET_N asserted
low) these pins are driven differential zero. Only OUTA[0] is used in the 1:1 mode, and only
OUTA[1:0] are used in the 2:1 mode. These signals must be AC-coupled.
Channel A Receive Loss Of Signal (LOS) Indicator.
LOSA=0: Signal detected.
LOSA=1: Loss of signal.
Loss of signal detection is based on the input signal level.
When HSRXAP/N has a differential input signal swing of <75 mVpp, LOSA will be asserted
(if enabled). Once asserted, the input signal has to be > 150 mVpp for this LOS to be
deasserted.
Other functions can be observed on LOSA in real-time, configured through MDIO.
During device reset (RESET_N asserted low) this pin is driven low. During pin-based power
down (PDTRXA_N asserted low), this pin is floating. During register-based power down
(1.15 asserted high), this pin is floating. NOTE: TI highly recommends that LOSA be
brought to an easily accessible point on the application board (header), in the event that
debug is required.
Reference Clock Select Channel A. This input, when low, selects REFCLK0P/N as the
clock reference to Channel A SERDES. When high, REFCLK1P/N is selected as the clock
reference to Channel A SERDES. If software control is desired (register bit 1.1), this input
signal should be tied low. See Figure 13 for more detail. Default reference clock for
Channel A is REFCLK0P/N.
Channel A High Speed Side Output Clock. By default, this output is enabled and outputs
the high speed side Channel A recovered byte clock (high speed line rate divided by 20).
Optionally it can be configured to output the VCO clock divided by 2. Additional MDIOselectable divide ratios of 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 16, 20, and 25 are available. See Figure 13.
CLKOUTAP/N
C9/C10
Output
CML
DVDD
This CML output must be AC-coupled.
During device reset (RESET_N asserted low) these pins are driven differential zero.
During pin-based power down (PDTRXA_N and PDTRXB_N asserted low), these pins are
floating.
During register-based power down (1.15 asserted high both channels), these pins are
floating.
Channel A high speed side recovered byte clock can also be directed to CLKOUTBP/N pins
through the MDIO interface.
LS_OK_IN_A
LS_OK_OUT_A
B10
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO0
D9
Output
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO0
40Ω Driver
Channel A Receive Lane Alignment Status Indicator.
Lane alignment status signal received from a Lane Alignment Slave on the link partner
device.
LS_OK_IN_A=0: Channel A Link Partner Receive lanes not aligned.
LS_OK_IN_A=1: Channel A Link Partner Receive lanes aligned
Channel A Transmit Lane Alignment Status Indicator.
Lane alignment status signal sent to a Lane Alignment Master on the link partner device.
LS_OK_OUT_A=0: Channel A Transmit lanes not aligned.
LS_OK_OUT_A=1: Channel A Transmit lanes aligned.
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Product Folder Links: TLK10002
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TLK10002
SLLSE75B – MAY 2011 – REVISED JULY 2016
www.ti.com
Pin Functions (continued)
PIN
DIRECTION
TYPE
SUPPLY
DESCRIPTION
SIGNAL
NO.
PDTRXA_N
A8
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO0
Transceiver Power Down. When this pin is held low (asserted), Channel A is placed in
power down mode. When deasserted, Channel A operates normally. After deassertion, a
software data path reset must be issued through the MDIO interface.
HSTXBP
HSTXBN
K12
L12
Output
CML
VDDA_HS
Serial Transmit Channel B Output. HSTXBP and HSTXBN comprise the high speed side
transmit direction Channel B differential serial output signal. During device reset (RESET_N
asserted low) these pins are driven differential zero. These CML outputs must be ACcoupled.
HSRXBP
HSRXBN
H12
G12
Input
CML
VDDA_HS
Serial Receive Channel B Input. HSRXBP and HSRXBN comprise the high-speed side
receive direction Channel B differential serial input signal. These CML input signals must be
AC-coupled.
INB[3:0]P/N
M3/M4
L1/M1
K2/L2
H1/J1
Input
CML
VDDA_LS
OUTB[3:0]P/N
M7/M6
L6/L5
K5/K4
J3/H3
Output
CML
VDDA_LS
CHANNEL B
LOSB
K8
Output
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO1
40Ω Driver
Parallel Channel B Inputs. INBP and INBN comprise the low speed side transmit direction
Channel B differential input signals. Only INB[0] is used in the 1:1 mode, and only INB[1:0]
are used in the 2:1 mode. These signals must be AC-coupled.
Parallel Channel B Outputs. OUTBP and OUTBN comprise the low-speed side receive
direction Channel B differential output signals. During device reset (RESET_N asserted
low) these pins are driven differential zero. Only OUTB[0] is used in the 1:1 mode, and only
OUTB[1:0] are used in the 2:1 mode. These signals must be AC-coupled.
Channel B Receive Loss Of Signal (LOS) Indicator.
LOSB=0: Signal detected.
LOSB=1: Loss of signal. Loss of signal detection is based on the input signal level. When
HSRXBP/N has a differential input signal swing of <75 mVpp, LOSB will be asserted (if
enabled). Once asserted, the input signal has to be > 150 mVpp for this LOS to be
deasserted
Other functions can be observed on LOSB in real-time, configured through MDIO.
During device reset (RESET_N asserted low) this pin is driven low. During pin-based power
down (PDTRXB_N asserted low), this pin is floating. During register-based power down
(1.15 asserted high), this pin is floating.
TI highly recommends that LOSB be brought to an easily accessible point on the
application board (header), in the event that debug is required.
REFCLKB_SEL
H10
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO1
Reference Clock Select Channel B. This input, when low, selects REFCLK0P/N as the
clock reference to Channel B SERDES. When high, REFCLK1P/N is selected as the clock
reference to Channel B SERDES. If software control is desired (register bit 1.1), this input
signal should be tied low. See Figure 13 for more detail. Default reference clock for
Channel B is REFCLK0P/N.
Channel B High Speed Side Output Clock. By default, this output is enabled and outputs
the high-speed side Channel B recovered byte clock (high speed line rate divided by 20).
Optionally it can be configured to output the VCO clock divided by 2. Additional MDIOselectable divide ratios of 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 16, 20, and 25 are available. See Figure 13.
CLKOUTBP/N
A9/A10
Output
CML
DVDD
This CML output must be AC-coupled.
During device reset (RESET_N asserted low) these pins are driven differential zero. During
pin-based power down (PDTRXA_N and PDTRXB_N asserted low), these pins are floating.
During register-based power down (1.15 asserted high both channels), these pins are
floating.
Channel B high-speed side recovered byte clock can also be directed to CLKOUTAP/N
pins through the MDIO interface.
LS_OK_IN_B
LS_OK_OUT_B
6
L8
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO1
Channel B Receive Lane Alignment Status Indicator. Lane alignment status signal
received from a Lane Alignment Slave on the link partner device.
LS_OK_IN_B=0: Channel B Link Partner Receive lanes not aligned.
LS_OK_IN_B=1: Channel B Link Partner Receive lanes aligned
H9
Output
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO1
40Ω Driver
Channel B Transmit Lane Alignment Status Indicator. Lane alignment status signal sent
to a Lane Alignment Master on the link partner device.
LS_OK_OUT_B=0: Channel B Transmit lanes not aligned.
LS_OK_OUT_B=1: Channel B Transmit lanes aligned.
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SLLSE75B – MAY 2011 – REVISED JULY 2016
Pin Functions (continued)
PIN
SIGNAL
PDTRXB_N
NO.
J4
DIRECTION
TYPE
SUPPLY
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO1
DESCRIPTION
Transceiver Power Down. When this pin is held low (asserted), Channel B is placed in
power-down mode. When deasserted, Channel B operates normally. After deassertion, a
software data path reset must be issued through the MDIO interface.
REFERENCE CLOCKS AND CONTROL AND MONITORING SIGNALS
REFCLK0P/N
M10/M11
Input
LVDS/
LVPECL
DVDD
Reference Clock Input Zero. This differential input is a clock signal used as a reference to
one or both channels. The reference clock selection is done through MDIO or
REFCLKA_SEL and REFCLKB_SEL pins. This input signal must be AC-coupled. If
unused, REFCLK0P/N must be pulled down to GND through a shared 100-Ω resistor.
REFCLK1P/N
K9/K10
Input
LVDS/
LVPECL
DVDD
Reference Clock Input One. This differential input is a clock signal used as a reference to
one or both channels. The reference clock selection is done through MDIO. This input
signal must be AC-coupled. If unused, REFCLK1P/N must be pulled down to GND through
a shared 100-Ω resistor.
B9
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO0
Enable PRBS: When this pin is asserted high, the internal PRBS generator and verifier
circuits are enabled on both transmit and receive data paths on high-speed and low-speed
sides of both channels. This signal is logically OR’d with MDIO register bits B.7:6, and
B.13:12. PRBS 231-1 is selected by default, and can be changed through MDIO.
PRBSEN
PRBS_PASS
J9
Output
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO1
40Ω Driver
Receive PRBS Error Free (Pass) Indicator.
When PRBS test is enabled (PRBSEN=1): PRBS_PASS=1 indicates that PRBS pattern
reception is error free. PRBS_PASS=0 indicates that a PRBS error is detected. The
channel, high-speed or low-speed side, and lane (for low-speed side) that this signal refers
to is chosen through MDIO register bits 0.3:0.
During device reset (RESET_N asserted low) this pin is driven low.
During pin-based power down (PDTRXA_N and PDTRXB_N asserted low), this pin is
floating.
During register-based power down, this pin is floating.
TI highly recommends that PRBS_PASS be brought to easily accessible point on the
application board (header), in the event that debug is required.
MDIO Port Address. Used to select the MDIO port address.
PRTAD[4:0]
M8
J6
L9
G9
E10
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO[1:0]
PRTAD[4:1] selects the MDIO port address. The TLK10002 has two different MDIO port
addresses. Selecting a unique PRTAD[4:1] per TLK10002 device allows 16 TLK10002
devices per MDIO bus. Each channel can be accessed by setting the appropriate port
address field within the serial interface protocol transaction.
The TLK10002 will respond if the 4 MSB’s of the port address field on MDIO protocol
(PA[4:1]) matches PRTAD[4:1]. The LSB of port address field (PA[0]) determines which
TLK10002 channel responds. Channel A responds when PA[0]=0 and Channel B responds
when PA[0]=1.
PRTAD[0] is not used functionally, but is present for device testability and compatibility with
other devices in the family of products. PRTAD[0] must be grounded on the application
board.
RESET_N
MDC
H5
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO1
Low True Device Reset. RESET_N must be held asserted (low logic level) for at least 10
µs after device power stabilization.
MDIO Clock Input. Clock input for the Clause 22 MDIO interface.
Note that an external pullup is generally not required on MDC.
J8
Input
LVCMOS
with
Hysteresis
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO1
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Pin Functions (continued)
PIN
SIGNAL
MDIO
TDI
TDO
TMS
TCK
TRST_N
NO.
DIRECTION
TYPE
SUPPLY
DESCRIPTION
MDIO Data I/O. MDIO interface data input/output signal for the Clause 22 MDIO interface.
This signal must be externally pulled up to VDDO, using a 2-kΩ resistor.
J7
Input/Output
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO1
25Ω Driver
C8
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO0
(Internal
Pullup)
D6
Output
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO0
50Ω Driver
B8
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO0
(Internal
Pullup)
JTAG Mode Select. TMS is used to control the state of the internal test-port controller. In
system applications where JTAG is not implemented, this input signal can be left
unconnected.
D8
Input
LVCMOS
with
Hysteresis
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO0
JTAG Clock. TCK is used to clock state information and test data into and out of the
device during boundary scan operation. In system applications where JTAG is not
implemented, this input signal must be grounded.
E5
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO0
(Internal
Pulldown)
During device reset (RESET_N asserted low) this pin is floating. During register-based
power down the management interface remains active for control register writes and reads.
Certain status bits are not deterministic as their generating clock source may be disabled
as a result of asserting either power down input signal. During pin-based power down
(PDTRXA_N and PDTRXB_N asserted low), this pin is floating. During register-based
power down (1.15 asserted high both channels), this pin is driven normally.
JTAG Input Data. TDI is used to serially shift test data and test instructions into the device
during the operation of the test port. In system applications where JTAG is not
implemented, this input signal may be left floating.
During pin based power down (PDTRXA_N and PDTRXB_N asserted low), this pin is not
pulled up. During register based power down (1.15 asserted high both channels), this pin is
pulled up.
JTAG Output Data. TDO is used to serially shift test data and test instructions out of the
device during operation of the test port. When the JTAG port is not in use, TDO is in a high
impedance state.
During device reset (RESET_N asserted low) this pin is floating.
During pin-based power down (PDTRXA_N and PDTRXB_N asserted low), this pin is
floating.
During register-based power down (1.15 asserted high both channels), this pin is floating.
During pin based power down (PDTRXA_N and PDTRXB_N asserted low), this pin is not
pulled up.
During register-based power down (1.15 asserted high both channels), this pin is pulled up.
JTAG Test Reset. TRST_N is used to reset the JTAG logic into system operational mode.
This input can be left unconnected in the application and is pulled down internally, disabling
the JTAG circuitry. If JTAG is implemented on the application board, this signal must be
deasserted (high) during JTAG system testing, and otherwise asserted (low) during normal
operation mode.
During pin-based power down (PDTRXA_N and PDTRXB_N asserted low), this pin is not
pulled down. During register-based power down (1.15 asserted high both channels), this
pin is pulled down.
L10
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO1
Test Enable. This signal is used during the device manufacturing process. It must be
grounded through a resistor in the device application board. The application board must
allow the flexibility of easily reworking this signal to a high level if device debug is
necessary (by including an uninstalled resistor to VDDO).
GPI0
J10
Input
LVCMOS
1.5V/1.8V
VDDO1
General Purpose Input Zero. This signal is used during the device manufacturing process.
It must be grounded through a resistor on the device application board. The application
board must also allow the flexibility of easily reworking this signal to a high level if device
debug is necessary (by including an uninstalled resistor to VDDO).
AMUXA
C11
Analog I/O
SERDES Channel A Analog Testability I/O. This signal is used during the device
manufacturing process. It must be left unconnected in the device application.
AMUXB
D4
Analog I/O
SERDES Channel B Analog Testability I/O. This signal is used during the device
manufacturing process. It must be left unconnected in the device application.
TESTEN
8
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Pin Functions – Power Pins (1)
PIN
SIGNAL
BGA
Type
DESCRIPTION
VDDA_LS/HS
D2, F2, G2,
J2 / F11, G10
Power
SERDES Analog Power. VDDA_LS and VDDA_HS provide supply voltage for the analog
circuits on the low-speed and high-speed sides respectively. 1 V nominal. Can be tied
together on the application board.
VDDT_LS/HS
F4, G4 / F9
Power
SERDES Analog Power. VDDT_LS and VDDT_HS provide termination and supply
voltage for the analog circuits on the low-speed and high-speed sides respectively. 1 V
nominal. Can be tied together on the application board.
VDDD
E6, E8, F6, H6,
H8
Power
SERDES Digital Power. VDDD provides supply voltage for the digital circuits internal to
the SERDES. 1 V nominal.
DVDD
E7, F7, G6, G8,
H7
Power
Digital Core Power. DVDD provides supply voltage to the digital core. 1 V nominal.
VDDRA_LS/HS
C3/E11
Power
SERDES Analog Regulator Power. VDDRA_LS and VDDRA_HS provide supply voltage
for the internal PLL regulator for Channel A low-speed and high-speed sides respectively.
1.5 V or 1.8 V nominal.
VDDRB_LS/HS
K3/J11
Power
SERDES Analog Regulator Power. VDDRB_LS and VDDRB_HS provide supply voltage
for the internal PLL regulator for Channel B low-speed and high-speed sides respectively.
1.5 V or 1.8 V nominal.
VDDO[1:0]
K7/C7
Power
LVCMOS I/O Power. VDDO0 and VDDO1 provide supply voltage for the LVCMOS inputs
and outputs. 1.5 V or 1.8 V nominal. Can be tied together on the application board.
D7
Power
Factory Program Voltage. Used during device manufacturing. The application must
connect this power supply directly to DVDD.
VPP
VSS
(1)
A2, A5, A11,
B3, B4, B7,
B11, C1, C6,
C12, D3, D5,
D10, D11, E2,
E4, F1, F5, F8,
F10, F12, G1, Ground Ground. Common analog and digital ground.
G3, G5, G7,
G11, H2, H4,
H11, J5, J12,
K1, K6, K11, L3,
L4, L7, L11, M2,
M5, M12
External AC-coupling is not needed if already included in the SFP+ module
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7 Specifications
7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted) (1)
MIN
MAX
UNIT
Supply voltage
DVDD, VDDA_LS/HS, VDDT_LS/HS, VPP, VDDD
–0.3
1.4
V
Supply voltage
VDDRA_LS/HS, VDDRB_LS/HS, VDDO[1:0]
–0.3
2.2
V
Input voltage
VI, (LVCMOS/LVDS/LVPECL/CML/Analog)
–0.3
Supply + 0.3
V
Characterized free-air operating temperature
–40
85
°C
Storage temperature, Tstg
–65
150
°C
(1)
Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings
only, which do not imply functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under Recommended
Operating Conditions. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
7.2 ESD Ratings
VALUE
V(ESD)
(1)
(2)
Electrostatic
discharge
Human-body model (HBM), per ANSI/ESDA/JEDEC JS-001
(1)
UNIT
±1000
Charged-device model (CDM), per JEDEC specification JESD22-C101 (2)
V
±500
JEDEC document JEP155 states that 500-V HBM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process.
JEDEC document JEP157 states that 250-V CDM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process.
7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
NOM
MAX
UNIT
0.95
1.00
1.05
V
1.425
1.5
1.575
V
1.8 V nominal
1.71
1.8
1.89
V
1.5 V nominal
1.425
1.5
1.575
V
1.8 V nominal
1.71
1.8
1.89
V
Digital / Analog supply
voltages
VDDD, VDDA_LS/HS, DVDD, VDDT_LS/HS, VPP
SERDES PLL regulator
voltage
VDDRA_LS/HS
VDDRB_LS/HS
LVCMOS I/O supply
voltage
IDD
MIN
Supply current
1.5 V nominal
VDDO[1:0]
VDDD
375
VDDA_LS/HS
460
DVDD + VPP
220
VDDT_LS/HS
540
VDDRA_LS
10 Gbps
VDDRA_HS
VDDRB_LS
8
VDDD
80
VDDA
25
DVDD + VPP
15
VDDT
VDDO
10
6
1.8-V mode
1.75 (1)
VDDRA_HS/LS +
VDDRB_HS/LS
(1)
1.5-V mode
All supplies worst case
Shutdown current
mA
20
VDDO[1:0] (1.5-V /1.8-V
Mode)
ISD
20
50
VDDRB_HS
PD
50
1.5-V mode
PD* Asserted
45
0.5
1.8-V mode
0.5
1.5-V mode
5
1.8-V mode
5
W
mA
Total worst case power is not a sum of the individual power supply worst case as the individual power is taken from multiple modes.
These modes are mutually exclusive and therefore used only for power supply requirements.
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7.4 Thermal Information
TLK10002
THERMAL METRIC (1)
CTR (FCBGA)
UNIT
144 PINS
24.5
RθJA
Junction-to-ambient thermal resistance
EVM Board (5in. x 7in., 14 layer, 1-oz. copper)
24.5
JEDEC High-K PCB
25.5
°C/W
SPACE
RθJC(top)
Junction-to-case (top) thermal resistance
EVM Board (5in. x 7in., 14 layer, 1-oz. copper)
2.8
°C/W
JEDEC High-K PCB
15.2
RθJB
Junction-to-board thermal resistance
EVM Board (5in. x 7in., 14 layer, 1-oz. copper)
12
JEDEC High-K PCB
18
°C/W
0.9
Junction-to-top characterization parameter
ψJT
EVM Board (5in. x 7in., 14 layer, 1-oz. copper)
JEDEC High-K PCB
0.9
°C/W
1.8
14.0
ψJB
Junction-to-board characterization
parameter
RθJC(bot)
Junction-to-case (bottom) thermal resistance
EVM Board (5in. x 7in., 14 layer, 1-oz. copper)
JEDEC High-K PCB
(1)
11
°C/W
13.7
—
°C/W
For more information about traditional and new thermal metrics, see the Semiconductor and IC Package Thermal Metrics application
report.
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7.5 10-Gbps Power Characteristics – 1.0 V
at Vmax, 1.0 V Core, over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
0.95
1
1.05
V
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
Power supply
voltage
VDDA_LS/HS,
VDDT_LS/HS, VDDD,
DVDD, VPP
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
VDDA_LS/HS
VDDT_LS/HS
0.407
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.411
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.222
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.22
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.229
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.228
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.489
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.347
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.268
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.197
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.273
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
Power supply
current
DVDD+VPP
VDDD
12
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
A
0.199
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.1743
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.1887
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.1375
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.1407
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.1356
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.1414
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.3151
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.333
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.21
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.2136
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.209
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.2165
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7.6 10-Gbps Power Characteristics – 1.5 V
at Vmax, 1.5 V I/O, over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
1.425
1.5
1.575
V
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
Power supply
voltage
VDDRA_LS/HS,
VDDRB_LS/HS, VDDO
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
VDDRA_LS
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0191
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0371
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.019
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0371
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
VDDRA_HS
Power supply
current
VDDRB_LS
VDDRB_HS
0
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0152
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0152
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0153
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0153
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
A
A
0
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0192
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0374
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0192
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0374
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0155
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0155
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0156
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0156
A
A
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
VDDO[1:0]
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0037
A
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
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7.7 10-Gbps Power Characteristics – 1.8 V
at Vmax, 1.8 V I/O, over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
1.71
1.8
1.89
V
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
Power supply
voltage
VDDRA_LS/HS,
VDDRB_LS/HS, VDDO
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
VDDRA_LS
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0191
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0372
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0191
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0372
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
VDDRA_HS
Power supply
current
VDDRB_LS
VDDRB_HS
VDDO[1:0]
14
0
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0151
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0151
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0151
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0151
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
A
0
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0194
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0376
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0193
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0376
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0154
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0154
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0155
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0155
2 Ch Mode, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0047
2 Ch Mode, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0047
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0046
1 Ch Mode, Ch A on, Ch B off, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0047
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 4:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0046
1 Ch Mode, Ch A off, Ch B on, 2:1 at 10 Gpbs
0.0047
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7.8 Transmitter and Receiver Characteristics
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
SWING (3.15:12) = 0000
50
130
220
SWING (3.15:12) = 0001
110
220
320
SWING (3.15:12) = 0010
180
300
430
SWING (3.15:12) = 0011
250
390
540
SWING (3.15:12) = 0100
320
480
650
SWING (3.15:12) = 0101
390
570
770
SWING (3.15:12) = 0110
460
660
880
SWING (3.15:12) = 0111
530
750
1000
SWING (3.15:12) = 1000
590
830
1100
SWING (3.15:12) = 1001
660
930
1220
SWING (3.15:12) = 1010
740
1020
1320
SWING (3.15:12) = 1011
820
1110
1430
SWING (3.15:12) = 1100
890
1180
1520
SWING (3.15:12) = 1101
970
1270
1610
SWING (3.15:12) = 1110
1060
1340
1680
SWING (3.15:12) = 1111
1090
1400
1740
UNIT
HIGH-SPEED SIDE SERIAL TRANSMITTER
VOD(pp)
TX Output differential peak-topeak voltage swing
VCMT
TX Output common-mode voltage
100-Ω differential termination, DC-coupled
tskew
Intra-pair output skew
SWING(3.15:12) = 0110
tr, tf
Differential output signal rise,
Fall time (20% to 80%)
Differential load = 100Ω
JT1
Serial output total jitter (CPRI
LV/LV-II/LV-III and OBSAI Rates)
Serial output deterministic jitter
(CPRI LV/LV-II/ LV-III and OBSAI
Rates)
JD1
JT2
Serial output total jitter
(CPRI E.12.HV)
JD2
Serial output deterministic jitter
(CPRI E.12.HV)
Scc22
Common-mode output return loss
T(LATENCY)
Transmit path latency
VDDT(0.25*VOD(pp))
mVpp
mV
0.09
20
UI
ps
Serial Rate ≤ 3.072 Gbps
(Not Applicable to LV-II/LV-III)
0.35
Serial Rate > 3.072 Gbps
(And All LV-II/LV-III Rates)
0.30
Serial Rate ≤ 3.072 Gbps
(Not Applicable to LV-II/LV-III)
0.17
Serial Rate > 3.072 Gbps
(And All LV-II/LV-III Rates)
0.15
UI
UI
CPRI E.12.HV (0.6144 and 1.2288 Gbps)
0.279
UI
0.14
100MHz < f < 1.0 GHz
7
1.0GHz < f < 5.0 GHz
5
See Figure 19
dB
UI
HIGH-SPEED SIDER SERIAL RECEIVER
VID
RX Input differential voltage
|RXP – RXN|
Full Rate AC-Coupled
50
600
Half/Quarter/Eighth Rate AC-Coupled
50
800
RX Input differential peak-to-peak
voltage swing
2 * |RXP – RXN|
Full Rate AC-Coupled
100
1200
VID(pp)
Half/Quarter/Eighth Rate AC-Coupled
100
1600
CI
RX Input capacitance
JTOL
Jitter tolerance, total jitter at serial
input (DJ + RJ) (BER 10-15)
Zero crossing Half/Quarter/Eighth Rate
JDR
Serial input deterministic jitter
(BER 10-15)
Zero crossing Half/Quarter/Eighth Rate
SDD11
Differential input return loss
tskew
Intra-pair input skew
t(LATENCY)
Receive path latency
(1)
2
Zero crossing Full Rate
Zero crossing Full Rate
0.66
0.65
0.50
0.35
100 MHz < f < 0.75*[Serial Bit Rate]
0.75 × [Serial Bit Rate] < f < [Serial Bit Rate]
8
See
mV
mVpp
pF
UIpp
UIpp
dB
(1)
0.23
See Figure 19
UI
UI
Differential input return loss, SDD11 = 8 – 16.6 log10(f / (0.75 × [Serial Bit Rate])) dB
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Transmitter and Receiver Characteristics (continued)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
SWING (7:14:12) = 000
110
190
280
SWING (7:14:12) = 001
280
380
490
SWING (7:14:12) = 010
420
560
700
SWING (7:14:12) = 011
560
710
870
SWING (7:14:12) = 100
690
850
1020
SWING (7:14:12) = 101
760
950
1150
SWING (7:14:12) = 110
800
1010
1230
SWING (7:14:12)= 111
830
1050
1270
UNIT
LOW-SPEED SIDE SERIAL TRANSMITTER CHARACTERISTICS
VOD(pp)
Transmitter output differential
peak-to-peak voltage swing
VCMT
Transmitter output common mode
voltage
tskew
Intra-pair output skew
tR, tF
Differential output signal rise, fall
time (20% to 80%) Differential
Load = 100Ω
JT
JD
VDDT (0.5*VOD(pp))
100-Ω differential termination, DC-coupled
mVpp
mV
0.045
UI
-
ps
Serial output total jitter
0.35
UI
Serial output deterministic jitter
0.17
UI
30
-
LOW-SPEED SIDE SERIAL RECEIVER CHARACTERISTICS
VID
Receiver input differential voltage|
INP – INN|
Full Rate AC-Coupled
50
600
Half/Quarter Rate AC-Coupled
50
800
Receiver input differential peak-topeak voltage swing
2 × |INP – INN|
Full Rate AC-Coupled
100
1200
VID(pp)
Half/Quarter Rate AC-Coupled
100
1600
CI
Receiver input capacitance
JTOL
Jitter tolerance, total jitter at serial
input
(DJ + RJ)(BER 10-15)
JDR
Serial input deterministic jitter(BER Zero crossing Half/Quarter Rate
10-15)
Zero crossing Full Rate
Sdd11
Differential input return loss
tskew
Intra-pair input skew
tlane-skew
Lane-to-lane input skew
2
Zero crossing Half/Quarter Rate
0.66
Zero crossing Full Rate
0.65
0.50
0.35
625 MHz < f < 2.5 GHz
mV
mVdfpp
pF
UIpp
UIpp
8
dB
0.23
UI
30
UI
MHz
REFERENCE CLOCK CHARACTERISTICS (REFCLK0P/N, REFCLK1P/N)
F
Frequency
122.88
425
Relative to Nominal HS Serial Data Rate
–100
100
Relative to Incoming HS Serial Data Rate
–200
200
FHSoffset
Accuracy
FLSoffset
Accuracy to LS serial data
Synchronous (Multiple/Divide)
DC
Duty cycle
High Time
VID
Differential input voltage
CIN
Input capacitance
RIN
Differential input impedance
TRISE
Rise/fall time
10% to 90%
JR
Random jitter
12 kHz to 20 MHz
0
0
0
45%
50%
55%
250
2000
ppm
mVpp
1
pF
350
ps
100
50
ppm
Ω
4
ps-RMS
DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT CLOCK CHARACTERISTICS (CLKOUTAP/N, CLKOUTBP/N)
VOD
Differential Output Voltage
Peak to peak
TRISE
Output Rise Time
10% to 90%, 2pF lumped capacitive load, ACCoupled
RTERM
Output Termination
CLKOUTA/BP/N to DVDD
F
Output Frequency
1000
40
50
2000
mVpp
350
ps
60
Ω
0
500
MHz
IOH = 2 mA, Driver Enabled (1.8 V)
VDDO –
0.45
VDDO
IOH = 2 mA, Driver Enabled (1.5 V)
0.75 ×
VDDO
VDDO
LVCMOS ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VDDO)
VOH
16
High-level output voltage
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Transmitter and Receiver Characteristics (continued)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
IOL = –2 mA, Driver Enabled (1.8 V)
0
0.45
IOL = –2 mA, Driver Enabled (1.5 V)
0
0.25 ×
VDDO
UNIT
VOL
Low-level output voltage
VIH
High-level input voltage
0.65 ×
VDDO
VDDO +
0.3
V
VIL
Low-level input voltage
–0.3
0.35 ×
VDDO
V
IIH, IIL
Low/high input current
±170
µA
IOZ
High-impedance output current
CIN
Input capacitance
Receiver only
Driver disabled
±25
Driver disabled with pullup or pulldown enabled
±195
3
V
µA
pF
7.9 MDIO Timing Requirements
over recommended operating conditions (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
tperiod
MDC period
See Figure 4
100
ns
tsetup
MDIO setup to ↑ MDC
See Figure 4
10
ns
thold
MDIO hold to ↑ MDC
See Figure 4
10
ns
tvalid
MDIO valid from MDC ↑
0
40
ns
7.10 JTAG Timing Requirements
over recommended operating conditions (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP MAX
UNIT
tPERIOD
TCK period
See Figure 5
66.67
ns
tSETUP
TDI/TMS/TRST_N setup to ↑ TCK
See Figure 5
3
ns
tHOLD
TDI/TMS/TRST_N hold from ↑ TCK
See Figure 5
5
tVALID
TDO delay from TCK falling
See Figure 5
0
0.5 * VDE *
VOD(pp)
VCMT
ns
10
ns
0.5 *
VOD(pp)
0.25 * VDE * VOD(pp)
tr , tf
bit
time
0.25 * VOD(pp)
Figure 1. Transmit Output Waveform Parameter Definitions
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+V0 /0
+Vpst
+Vpre
+Vss
0
-Vss
-Vpre
-Vpst
-V0/0
UI
h-1 = TWPRE (0% > -17.5% for typical application) setting
h1 = TWPOST1 (0% > -37.5% for typical application) setting
h0 = 1 - |h1| - |h-1|
V0/0 = Output Amplitude with TWPRE = 0%, TWPOST = 0%.
Vss = Steady State Output Voltage = V0/0 * | h1 + h0 + h-1|
Vpre = PreCursor Output Voltage = V0/0 * | -h1 – h0 + h-1|
Vpst = PostCursor Output Voltage = V0/0 * | -h1 + h0 + h-1|
Figure 2. Pre/Post Cursor Swing Definitions
JDR
JR
JR
JTOL
NOTE: JTOL = JR + JDR, where JTOL is the receive jitter tolerance, JDR is the received deterministic jitter, and JR is the
Gaussian random edge jitter distribution at a maximum BER = 10-12 for CPRI link and BER = 10-15 for OBSAI (RP3)
link.
Figure 3. Input Jitter Definition
MDC
tPERIOD
tSETUP
tHOLD
MDIO
Figure 4. MDIO Read/Write Timing
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TCK
tPERIOD
tHOLD
tSETUP
TDI/TMS/
TRST_N
tVALID
TDO
Figure 5. JTAG Timing
7.11 Typical Characteristics
Total Jitter = .298 UI, PRBS 27-1, 4:1 Mode, RefClk=122.88MHz,
Swing = 1260 mVpp, PRE = -5, POST1 = -10, POST2 = -7.5, ACcoupled
Figure 6. Transmitter Output (4-Inch FR-4 Trace)
Total Jitter = .339 UI, PRBS 27-1, 4:1 Mode, RefClk=122.88MHz,
Swing = 1260 mVpp, PRE = -2.5, POST1 = -17.5, POST2 = 0, ACcoupled
Figure 7. Transmitter Output (8-Inch FR-4 Trace)
Total Jitter = .339 UI, PRBS 27-1, 4:1 Mode, RefClk=122.88MHz, Swing = 1260
mVpp, PRE = -2.5, POST1 = -17.5, POST2 = 0, AC-coupled
Figure 8. Transmitter Output (12-Inch FR-4 Trace)
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8 Detailed Description
8.1 Overview
The TLK10002 is a versatile high-speed transceiver device that is designed to perform various physical layer
functions. It is equipped with a number of functions and testability features that make it easy to integrate the
device in high-speed communications systems, especially in wireless infrastructure. The details of those features
are discussed in Feature Description.
A simplified block diagram of the TLK10002 device is shown in the Functional Block Diagram section for Channel
A which is identical to Channel B. This low-power transceiver consists of two serializer/deserializer (SERDES)
blocks, one on the low speed side and the other on the high speed side. The core logic block that lies between
the two SERDES blocks carries out all the logic functions including channel synchronization, lane alignment,
8B/10B encoding/decoding, as well as test pattern generation and verification.
The TLK10002 provides a management data input/output (MDIO) interface as well as a JTAG interface for
device configuration, control, and monitoring. Detailed description of the TLK10002 pin functions is provided in
Pin Configuration and Functions.
10
INA2P/N
INA3P/N
OUTA0P/N
10
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
OUTA1P/N
10
10
10
OUTA2P/N
OUTA3P/N
10
LS PRBS
Generator
10
LS_OK_OUT_A
TX FIFO
Pattern
Generator
32
Ch annel A
16
16
16
16
RX FIFO
8B/10B Encoder
INA1P/N
LS PRBS
Verifier
32
8B/10B Decoder
Channel Sync
INA0P/N
8B/10B Encoder
Lane Align Master
10
Channel Sync
8B/10B Decoder
Lane Align Slave
8.2 Functional Block Diagram
20
HS PRBS
Generator
HSTXAP/N
High
Speed
Side
SERDES
HS PRBS
Verifier
HSRXAP/N
CLKOUTAP/N
Pattern
Verifier
LS_OK_IN_A
20
LOSA
PDTRXA_N
VDDRA_HS
VDDRA_LS
VDDA
VDDT
REFCLK0P/N
VDDD
REFCLK1P/N
DVDD
REFCLKA_SEL
VDDO
RESET_N
PRTAD [4:0]
MDC
VSS
MDIO
Interface
TDO
TMS
MDIO
JTAG
TESTEN
TRST_N
TCK
PRBSEN
PRBS_PASS
TDI
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8.3 Feature Description
8.3.1 High-Speed Side Receiver Jitter Tolerance
The peak-to-peak total jitter tolerance for the RP3 receiver is 0.65 UI. This total jitter is composed of three
components; deterministic jitter, random jitter, and an additional sinusoidal jitter.
The deterministic jitter tolerance is 0.37 UI minimum. The sum of deterministic and random jitter is 0.55 UI
minimum. The additional sinusoidal jitter which the receiver must tolerate will have frequencies and amplitudes
conforming to the mask presented in the Figure 9 and Table 1.
UI 2pp
Sinusoidal
Jitter
Amplitude
(UI )
UI 1pp
f1
Frequency
f2
20 MHz
Figure 9. OBSAI Sinusoidal Jitter Mask
Table 1. Sinusoidal Jitter Mask Values
Frequency
(MBaud)
f1
(kHz)
f2
(kHz)
UI 1pp
UI 2pp
768
5.4
460.8
0.1
8.5
1536
10.9
921.6
0.1
8.5
3072
21.8
1843.2
0.1
8.5
6144
36.9
3686
0.05
5
9830.4
59
5897.6
0.05
5
8.3.2 Lane Alignment Scheme
Lower rate multi-lane serial signals per channel must be byte aligned and lane aligned such that high-speed
multiplexing (proper reconstruction of higher rate signal) is possible. For that reason, the TLK10002 implements
a special lane alignment scheme on the low-speed (LS) side.
During lane alignment, a proprietary pattern (or a custom comma compliant data stream) is sent by the LS
transmitter to the LS receiver on each active lane. This pattern allows the LS receiver to both delineate byte
boundaries within a lower speed lane and align bytes across the lanes (2 or 4) such that the original higher rate
data ordering is restored.
Lane alignment completes successfully when the LS receiver asserts a Link Status OK signal monitored by the
LS transmitter on the link partner device such as an FPGA. The TLK10002 sends out the Link Status OK signals
through the LS_OK_OUT_A/B output pins, and monitors the Link Status OK signals from the link partner device
through the LS_OK_IN_A/B input pins. If the link partner device does not need the TLK10002 Lane Align Master
(LAM) to send proprietary lane alignment pattern, LS_OK_IN_A/B can be tied high on the application board.
The lane alignment scheme is activated under any of the following conditions:
• Device/System power up (after configuration/provisioning)
• Loss of channel synchronization assertion on any enabled LS lane
• Loss of signal assertion on any enabled LS lane
• LS SERDES PLL Lock indication deassertion
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•
•
•
•
•
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After device configuration change
After software determined LS 8B/10B decoder error rate threshold exceeded
After device reset is deasserted
Anytime the LS receiver deasserts Link Status OK.
Presence of reoccurring higher level / protocol framing errors
The block diagram of the lane alignment scheme is shown in Figure 10.
Protocol FPGA (Channel A Only )
TLK10002 (Channel A Only )
LS _OK_ OUT _A
LAM
Lane
Alignment
Master
8 B ? 10B
8 B ? 10B
8 B ? 10B
8B ? 10B
Lane
Align
8B ? 10B
8B ? 10B
8B ? 10B
INA[3:0]P/N
8 B ? 10B
CH
SYNC
CH
SYNC
CH
SYNC
CH
SYNC
LAS
Lane Alignment Slave
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
Channel A
(4 RX / 4 TX)
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
Channel A
(4 RX / 4 TX)
OUTA[3:0]P/N
LAS
Lane Alignment Slave
CH
10B?8B
SYNC
CH
10B?8B
Lane
SYNC
Align
CH
10B?8B
SYNC
CH
10B?8B
SYNC
10B ? 8B
10B ? 8B
10B ? 8B
10B ? 8B
LAM
Lane
Alignment
Master
LS _OK _IN_A
Figure 10. Block Diagram of the Lane Alignment Scheme
8.3.3 Lane Alignment Components
• Lane Alignment Master (LAM)
– Responsible for generating proprietary LS lane alignment initialization pattern
– Resides in the TLK10002 LS receiver (one instance in Channel A, one instance in Channel B)
– Responsible for bringing up LS receive link for the data sent from the TLK10002 to a link partner
device
– Monitors the LS_OK_IN_A/B pins for Link Status OK signals sent from the Lane Alignment Slave
(LAS) of the link partner device
– Resides in the link partner device (one instance in Channel A, one instance in Channel B)
– Responsible for bringing up LS transmit link for the data sent from the link partner device to the
TLK10002
– Monitors the Link Status OK signals sent from the LS_OK_OUT_A/B pins of the Lane Alignment Slave
(LAS) of the TLK10002
• Lane Alignment Slave (LAS)
– Responsible for monitoring the LS lane alignment initialization pattern
– Performs channel synchronization per lane (2 or 4 lanes) through byte rotation
– Performs lane alignment and realignment of bytes across lanes
– Resides in the TLK10002 LS receiver (one instance in Channel A, one instance in Channel B)
– Generates the Link Status OK signal for the LAM on the link partner device
– Resides in the link partner device (one instance in Channel A, one instance in Channel B)
– Generates the Link Status OK signal for the LAM on the TLK10002 device.
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8.3.4 Lane Alignment Operation
During lane alignment, the LS transmitter (LAM) sends a repeating pattern of 49 characters (control + data)
simultaneously across all enabled LS lanes. These simultaneous streams are then encoded by 8B/10B encoders
in parallel. The proprietary lane alignment pattern consists of the following characters:
/K28.5/ (CTL=1, Data=0xBC)
Repeat the following sequence of 12 characters four times:
/D30.5/ (CTL=0, Data=0xBE)
/D23.6/ (CTL=0, Data=0xD7)
/D3.1/ (CTL=0, Data=0x23)
/D7.2/ (CTL=0, Data=0x47)
/D11.3/ (CTL=0, Data=0x6B)
/D15.4/ (CTL=0, Data=0x8F)
/D19.5/ (CTL=0, Data=0xB3)
/D20.0/ (CTL=0, Data=0x14)
/D30.2/ (CTL=0, Data=0x5E)
/D27.7/ (CTL=0, Data=0xFB)
/D21.1/ (CTL=0, Data=0x35)
/D25.2/ (CTL=0, Data=0x59)
The above 49-character sequence is repeated until LS_OK_IN_A/B is asserted. Once LS_OK_IN_A/B is
asserted, the LAM resumes transmitting traffic received from the high speed side SERDES immediately.
The TLK10002 performs lane alignment across the lanes similar in fashion to the IEEE 802.3ae-2002 (XAUI)
specification. XAUI only operates across 4 lanes while LAS operates with 2 or 4 lanes. The lane alignment state
machine is shown in Figure 11. The comma (K28.5) character is used for lane to lane alignment instead of
XAUI’s /A/ character.
Lane alignment checking is not performed by the LAS after lane alignment is achieved. After LAM detects that
the LS_OK_IN_A/B signal is asserted, normal system traffic is carried instead of the proprietary lane alignment
pattern.
Channel Synchronization is performed during lane alignment and normal system operation.
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Hard or Soft Reset
Loss of Lane
Alignment
(enable deskew)
Deassert LS_OK_OUT
/C/ &
CH_SYNC?
no
Align Detect 3
yes
any
deskew_err
!deskew_err
& /C/
no
Align Detect 1
(disable deskew)
yes
any
deskew_err
!deskew_err
& /C/
Lane Aligned
(Assert LS_OK_OUT)
no
yes
Any Lane
Realign
Conditions?
yes
Align Detect 2
any
deskew_err
!deskew_err
& /C/
no
no
/C/ = Character matched In All Enabled Lanes
deskew_err = Character matched in any lane,
but not in all lanes at same time
yes
CH_SYNC = Channel Sync Asserted All Lanes
Figure 11. Lane Alignment State Machine
8.3.5 Channel Synchronization
The TLK10002 performs channel synchronization per lane as per IEEE802.3-2002 Figure 36–9 Synchronization
state diagram and as shown in the flowchart of Figure 12.
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Reset | LOS(Loss of Signal)
Loss Of Sync
(Enable Alignment)
Sync Status Not Ok
No Comma
Comma
Comma Detect 1
(Disable Alignment)
!Comma & !Invalid Decode
Invalid Decode
Comma
Comma Detect 2
!Comma & !Invalid Decode
Invalid Decode
Comma
Comma Detect 3
!Comma & !Invalid Decode
Invalid Decode
Note:
If HS_CH_SYNC_HYSTERESIS[1:0] (1.11:10)/
LAS_CH_SYNC_HYST_SEL[1:0] (C.11:10) is equal to
2'b00), machine operates as drawn.
If HS_CH_SYNC_HYSTERESIS[1:0] (1.11:10)/
LAS_CH_SYNC_HYST_SEL[1:0] (C.11:10) is equal to 2'b01/
2'b10/2'b11, then a transition from all Sync Acquired states
occurs immediately upon detection of 1, 2, or 3 adjacent
invalid code words or disparity errors respectively.
Comma
A
Sync Acquired 1
(Sync Status Ok)
B
Invalid
Decode
Sync Acquired 2
(good cgs = 0)
C
Invalid
Decode
Invalid Decode
Sync Acquired 3
(good cgs = 0)
Invalid
Decode
!Invalid
Decode
Invalid Decode
Sync Acquired 4
(good cgs = 0)
Invalid
Decode
!Invalid
Decode
!Invalid
Decode
Invalid Decode
Sync Acquired 2A
good cgs++
A
!invalid Decode &
good_cgs=3
Sync Acquired 3A
good cgs++
B
!invalid Decode &
good_cgs=3
Sync Acquired 4A
good cgs++
C
!invalid Decode &
good_cgs=3
!Invalid Decode &
good_cgs !=3
!Invalid Decode &
good_cgs !=3
!Invalid Decode &
good_cgs !=3
Figure 12. Channel Synchronization Flowchart
8.3.6 Line Rate, SERDES PLL Settings, and Reference Clock Selection
The TLK10002 includes internal low-jitter high quality oscillators that are used as frequency multipliers for the
low-speed and high-speed SERDES and other internal circuits of the device. Specific MDIO registers are
available for SERDES rate and PLL multiplier selection to match line rates and reference clock (REFCLK0/1)
frequencies for various applications.
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The external differential reference clock has a large operating frequency range allowing support for many
different applications. The reference clock frequency must be within 200 PPM of the incoming serial data rate
(±100 PPM of nominal data rate), and have less than 40 ps of jitter. Table 2 shows a summary of line rates and
reference clock frequencies used for CPRI/OBSAI for the 1:1, 2:1, and 4:1 operation modes.
Table 2. Specific Line Rate Selection for the 1:1 Operation Mode
LOW-SPEED SIDE
LINE RATE
(Mbps)
SERDES PLL
MULTIPLIER
4915.2
3840
3072
10
2457.6
1920
HIGH-SPEED SIDE
RATE
REFCLKP/N
(MHz)
LINE RATE
(Mbps)
SERDES PLL
MULTIPLIER
RATE
REFCLKP/N
(MHz)
20
Full
122.88
12.5
Full
153.6
4915.2
20
Half
122.88
3840
12.5
Half
Full
153.6
153.6
3072
10
Half
153.6
8/10
12.5
Full
153.6/122.88
2457.6
16/20
Quarter
153.6/122.88
Half
153.6
1920
12.5
Quarter
1536
10
153.6
Half
153.6
1536
10
Quarter
153.6
1228.8
8/10
Half
153.6/122.88
1228.8
16/20
Eighth
153.6/122.88
Table 3. Specific Line Rate Selection for the 2:1 Operation Mode
LOW-SPEED SIDE
LINE RATE
(Mbps)
SERDES PLL
MULTIPLIER
4915.2
3840
3072
10
2457.6
1920
HIGH-SPEED SIDE
RATE
REFCLKP/N
(MHz)
LINE RATE
(Mbps)
SERDES PLL
MULTIPLIER
RATE
REFCLKP/N
(MHz)
20
Full
122.88
12.5
Full
153.6
9830.4
20
Full
122.88
7680
12.5
Full
Full
153.6
153.6
6144
10
Full
153.6
8/10
12.5
Full
153.6/122.88
4915.2
16/20
Half
153.6/122.88
Half
153.6
3840
12.5
Half
1536
10
153.6
Half
153.6
3072
10
Half
1228.8
153.6
8/10
Half
153.6/122.88
2457.6
16/20
Quarter
153.6/122.88
768
10
Quarter
153.6
1536
10
Quarter
153.6
614.4
8/10
Quarter
153.6/122.88
1228.8
16/20
Eighth
153.6/122.88
Table 4. Specific Line Rate Selection for the 4:1 Operation Mode
LOW-SPEED SIDE
LINE RATE
(Mbps)
SERDES PLL
MULTIPLIER
2457.6
1536
1228.8
768
614.4
HIGH SPEED-SIDE
RATE
REFCLKP/N
(MHz)
LINE RATE
(Mbps)
SERDES PLL
MULTIPLIER
RATE
REFCLKP/N
(MHz)
8/10
Full
153.6/122.88
9830.4
16/20
Full
153.6/122.88
10
Half
153.6
6144
10
Full
153.6
8/10
Half
153.6/122.88
4915.2
16/20
Half
153.6/122.88
10
Quarter
153.6
3072
10
Half
153.6
8/10
Quarter
153.6/122.88
2457.6
16/20
Quarter
153.6/122.88
Table 2, Table 3, and Table 4 indicate two possible reference clock frequencies for CPRI/OBSAI applications:
153.6 MHz and 122.88 MHz, which can be used based on the application preference. The SERDES PLL
Multiplier (MPY) has been given for each reference clock frequency respectively. For each channel, the lowspeed side and the high-speed side SERDES use the same reference clock frequency. Note that Channel A and
B are independent and their application rates and references clocks are separate.
For other line rates not shown in Table 3 and Table 4, valid reference clock frequencies can be selected with the
help of the information provided in Table 5 and Table 6 for the low-speed side and high-speed side SERDES.
The reference clock frequency has to be the same for the two SERDES and must be within the specified
valid ranges for different PLL multipliers.
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Table 5. Line Rate and Reference Clock Frequency Ranges for the Low-Speed Side SERDES
SERDES PLL
MULTIPLIER (MPY)
REFERENCE CLOCK
(MHz)
FULL RATE
(Gbps)
HALF RATE
(Gbps)
QUARTER RATE
(Gbps)
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
MIN
4
250
425
2
3.4
1
1.7
0.5
MAX
0.85
5
200
425
2
4.25
1
2.125
0.5
1.0625
6
166.667
416.667
2
5
1
2.5
0.5
1.25
8
125
312.5
2
5
1
2.5
0.5
1.25
10
122.88
250
2.4576
5
1.2288
2.5
0.6144
1.25
12
122.88
208.333
2.94912
5
1.47456
2.5
0.73728
1.25
12.5
122.88
200
3.072
5
1.536
2.5
0.768
1.25
15
122.88
166.667
3.6864
5
1.8432
2.5
0.9216
1.25
20
122.88
125
4.9152
5
2.4576
2.5
1.2288
1.25
RateScale: Full Rate = 0.5, Half Rate = 1, Quarter Rate = 2
Table 6. Line Rate and Reference Clock Frequency Ranges for the High-Speed Side SERDES
SERDES PLL
MULTIPLIER (MPY)
REFERENCE CLOCK
(MHz)
FULL RATE
(Gbps)
HALF RATE
(Gbps)
QUARTER RATE
(Gbps)
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
4
375
425
6
6.8
3
3.4
1.5
1.7
5
300
425
6
8.5
3
4.25
1.5
6
250
416.667
6
10
3
5
8
187.5
312.5
6
10
3
5
10
150
250
6
10
3
5
EIGHTH RATE
(Gbps)
MIN
MAX
2.125
1
1.0625
1.5
2.5
1
1.25
1.5
2.5
1
1.25
1.5
2.5
1
1.25
12
125
208.333
6
10
3
5
1.5
2.5
1
1.25
12.5
153.6
200
7.68
10
3.84
5
1.92
2.5
1
1.25
15
122.88
166.667
7.3728
10
3.6864
5
1.8432
2.5
1
1.25
16
122.88
156.25
7.864
10
3.932
5
1.966
2.5
1
1.25
20
122.88
125
9.8304
10
4.9152
5
2.4576
2.5
1.2288
1.25
RateScale: Full Rate = 0.25, Half Rate = 0.5, Quarter Rate = 1, Eighth Rate = 2
For example, in the 2:1 operation mode, if the low-speed side line rate is 1.987 Gbps, the high-speed side line
rate is 3.974 Gbps. The following steps can be taken to make a reference clock frequency selection:
1. Determine the appropriate SERDES rate modes that support the required line rates. Table 5 shows that the
1.987 Gbps line rate on the low-speed side is only supported in the half rate mode (RateScale = 1). Table 6
shows that the 3.974 Gbps line rate on the high-speed side is only supported in the half rate mode
(RateScale = 0.5).
2. For each SERDES side, and for all available PLL multipliers (MPY), compute the corresponding reference
clock frequencies using the formula:
Reference Clock Frequency = (LineRate x RateScale)/MPY
The computed reference clock frequencies are shown in Table 7 along with the valid minimum and maximum
frequency values.
3. Mark all the common frequencies that appear on both SERDES sides. Note and discard all those that fall
outside the allowed range. In this example, the common frequencies are highlighted in Table 7.
4. Select any of the remaining marked common reference clock frequencies. Higher reference clock
frequencies are generally preferred. In this example, any of the reference clock frequencies in Table 7 can
be selected: 397.4 MHz, 331.167 MHz, 248.375 MHz, 198.7 MHz, 165.583 MHz, 158.96 MHz, and 132.467
MHz.
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Table 7. Reference Clock Frequency Selection Example
LOW-SPEED SIDE SERDES
HIGH-SPEED SIDE SERDES
REFERENCE CLOCK FREQUENCY
(MHz)
REFERENCE CLOCK FREQUENCY
(MHz)
SERDES
PLL
MULTIPLIER
COMPUTED
MIN
MAX
COMPUTED
MIN
MAX
4
496.750
250
425
4
496.750
250
425
5
397.400
200
425
5
397.400
200
425
6
331.167
166.667
416.667
6
331.167
166.667
416.667
8
248.375
125
312.5
8
248.375
125
312.5
10
198.700
122.88
250
10
198.700
122.88
250
12
165.583
122.88
208.333
12
165.583
122.88
208.333
12.5
158.960
122.88
200
12.5
158.960
122.88
200
15
132.467
122.88
166.667
15
132.467
122.88
166.667
20
99.350
122.88
125
20
99.350
122.88
125
SERDES PLL
MULTIPLIER
8.3.7 Clocking Architecture
A simplified clocking architecture for the TLK10002 is captured in Figure 13. Each channel (Channel A or
Channel B) has an option of operating with a differential reference clock provided either on pins REFCLK0P/N or
REFCLK1P/N. The choice is made either through MDIO or through REFCLKA_SEL and REFCLKB_SEL pins.
The reference clock frequencies for those two clock inputs can be different as long as they fall under the valid
ranges shown in Table 6. For each channel, the low-speed side SERDES, high-speed side SERDES and the
associated part of the digital core operate from the same reference clock.
The clock and data recovery (CDR) function of the high-speed side receiver recovers the clock from the incoming
serial data. The high-speed side SERDES makes available two versions of clocks for further processing:
1. HS_RXBCLK_A/B: recovered byte clock synchronous with incoming serial data and with a frequency
matching the incoming line rate divided by 20.
2. VCO_CLOCK_A/B_DIV2: VCO frequency divided by 2. (VCO frequency = REFCLK x PLL Multiplier).
The above-mentioned clocks can be output through the differential pins, CLKOUTAP/N and CLKOUTBP/N, with
optional frequency division ratios of 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 16, 20, or 25. The clock output options are software
controlled through the MDIO interface register bits 1.3:2, and 1.7:4. The maximum CLKOUT frequency is 500
MHz.
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INA [3:0]P/N
OUTA [3:0]P/N
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
Channel A
HS_RXBCLK _A
VCO_CLOCK_A_DIV2
2
REFCLKA _SEL
High
Speed
Side
SERDES
Channel A
HSTXAP /N
HSRXAP /N
A S /W
Reg : 1.3:2
Reg : 1.7:4
4
REFCLK0P/N
+
_
REFCLK1P/N
+
_
Divide by N
(N= 1,2,4 ,5,8,
10,16,20,25)
+
_
CLKOUTAP/N
Divide by N
(N= 1,2,4,5,8,
10,16,20,25)
+
_
CLKOUTBP/N
4
2
REFCLKB _SEL
INB [3:0]P/N
OUTB [3:0]P/N
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
Channel B
B S /W
Reg : 1.3:2
Reg : 1.7:4
VCO_CLOCK _B_DIV2
HS_RXBCLK _B
High
Speed
Side
SERDES
Channel B
HSTXBP/N
HSRXBP/N
Figure 13. Clocking Architecture
8.3.8 Loopback Modes
The TLK10002 provides two high-speed side (remote) and two low-speed side (local) loopback modes for selftest and system diagnostic purposes. The details of those loopback modes are discussed below.
8.3.9 Deep Remote Loopback
The deep remote loopback is as shown Figure 14 for Channel A. The configuration is the same for Channel B.
The loopback mode is activated and configured through the MDIO interface. In this loopback mode, the data is
accepted on the high-speed side receive SERDES pins (HSRXAP/N or HSRXBP/N), traverses the entire receive
data path excluding the CML driver and receive sense amps on the low-speed side SERDES, returned through
the entire transmit data path and sent out through the high-speed side transmit SERDES pins (HSTXAP/N or
HSTXBP/N).
The low-speed side outputs on OUTA*P/N or OUTB*P/N pins are still available for monitoring. See MDIO register
bit 6.7 in Table 21 for more information. The OUTA*P/N and OUTB*P/N pins must be correctly terminated.
The link partner connected through INA*P/N or INB*P/N pins must be electrically idle at differential zero
with P and N signals at the same voltage. The TLK10002 device needs some time for lane alignment before
passing traffic. The LS_OK_IN_A/B signal is ignored as the device is internally listening to the local
LS_OK_OUT_A/B.
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10
10
INA2P/N
OUTA0P/N
10
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
OUTA1P/N
OUTA3P/N
LS PRBS
Generator
16
TX FIFO
Pattern
Generator
16
16
20
10
10
10
OUTA2P/N
32
10
32
16
RX FIFO
8B/10B Decoder
Channel Sync
INA3P/N
Commn Detect
8B/10B Encoder
Lane Align Master
INA1P/N
LS PRBS
Verifier
8B/10B Encoder
10
INA0P/N
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8B/10B Decoder
Lane Align Slave
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20
HS PRBS
Generator
HSTXAP/N
High
Speed
Side
SERDES
HS PRBS
Verifier
HSRXAP /N
Pattern
Verifier
Figure 14. Deep Remote Loopback
8.3.10 Shallow Remote Loopback and Serial Retime
The shallow remote loopback is as shown in Figure 15 for Channel A. The configuration is the same for Channel
B. The loopback mode is activated and configured through the MDIO interface. In this loopback mode, the data is
accepted on the high-speed side receive SERDES pins (HSRXAP/N or HSRXBP/N), traverses the receive data
path and looped back before the low-speed SERDES, returned through the transmit data path and sent out
through the high-speed side transmit SERDES pins (HSTXAP/N or HSTXBP/N).
The low-speed side transmit path SERDES can be optionally enabled or disabled but the PLL needs to be
enabled to provide the required clock.
The low-speed side outputs on OUTA*P/N or OUTB*P/N pins are still available for monitoring. The OUTA*P/N
and OUTB*P/N pins must be correctly terminated. The TLK10002 device needs some time for lane alignment
before passing traffic. The LS_OK_IN_A/B signal is ignored as the device is internally listening to the local
LS_OK_OUT_A/B.
OUTA0P/N
10
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
OUTA1P/N
10
10
OUTA2P/N
OUTA3P/N
10
LS PRBS
Generator
10
32
TX FIFO
16
16
Pattern
Generator
32
16
16
RX FIFO
8B /10B E nco d er
10
INA2P/N
INA3P/N
10
8B /10 B Deco d er
Cha nn el S yn c
INA1P/N
LS PRBS
Verifier
8 B/10B En cod er
L an e A l ig n Mast er
10
INA0P/N
Ch an n el Sy n c
8B /10 B Deco de r
L an e A l ig n S lav e
This loopback mode can be used for high-speed serial retime operation.
20
20
HS PRBS
Generator
HSTXAP /N
High
Speed
Side
SERDES
HS PRBS
Verifier
HSRXAP /N
Pattern
Verifier
Figure 15. Shallow Remote Loopback
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8.3.11 Deep Local Loopback
OUTA0P/N
10
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
OUTA1P/N
10
10
OUTA2P/N
OUTA3P/N
10
LS PRBS
Generator
10
32
16
TX FIFO
Pattern
Generator
32
8B /10B E nco d er
10
INA2P/N
INA3P/N
10
16
16
16
RX FIFO
8B /10 B Deco d er
Cha nn el S yn c
INA1P/N
LS PRBS
Verifier
8 B/10B En cod er
L an e A l ig n Mast er
10
INA0P/N
Ch an n el Sy n c
8B /10 B Deco de r
L an e A l ig n S lav e
The deep local loopback mode is as shown in Figure 16 for Channel A. The configuration is the same for
Channel B. The loopback mode is activated and configured through the MDIO interface. In this loopback mode,
the data is accepted on the low-speed side SERDES pins (INA*P/N or INB*P/N), traverses the entire transmit
data path excluding the CML driver, returned through the entire receive data path and sent out through the lowspeed side SERDES pins (OUTA*P/N or OUTB*P/N). The TLK10002 device needs some time for lane alignment
before passing traffic. The high-speed side outputs on HSTXAP/N or HSTXBP/N pins are available for
monitoring.
20
20
HS PRBS
Generator
HSTXAP /N
High
Speed
Side
SERDES
HS PRBS
Verifier
HSRXAP /N
Pattern
Verifier
Figure 16. Deep Local Loopback
8.3.12 Shallow Local Loopback
OUTA0P/N
10
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
OUTA1P/N
10
10
OUTA2P/N
OUTA3P/N
10
LS PRBS
Generator
10
32
TX FIFO
Pattern
Generator
32
16
8B /10B E nco d er
10
INA2P/N
INA3P/N
10
16
16
16
RX FIFO
8B /10 B Deco d er
Cha nn el S yn c
INA1P/N
LS PRBS
Verifier
8 B/10B En cod er
L an e A l ig n Mast er
10
INA0P/N
Ch an n el Sy n c
8B /10 B Deco de r
L an e A l ig n S lav e
The shallow local loopback mode is as shown in Figure 17 for Channel A. The configuration is the same for
Channel B. The loopback mode is activated and configured through the MDIO interface. In this loopback mode,
the data is accepted on the low-speed side SERDES pins (INA x P/N or INB x P/N), traverses the entire transmit
data path excluding the high-speed side SERDES, returned through the entire receive data path and sent out
through the low-speed side SERDES pins (OUTA x P/N or OUTB x P/N). The TLK10002 device needs some
time for lane alignment before passing traffic. The high-speed side outputs on HSTXAP/N or HSTXBP/N pins are
available for monitoring.
20
20
HS PRBS
Generator
HSTXAP /N
High
Speed
Side
SERDES
HS PRBS
Verifier
HSRXAP /N
Pattern
Verifier
Figure 17. Shallow Local Loopback
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8.3.13 Test Pattern Generation and Verification
The TLK10002 has an extensive suite of built-in test functions to support system diagnostic requirements. Each
channel has sets of internal test pattern generators and verifiers.
Several patterns can be selected through the MDIO interface that offer extensive test coverage. The low-speed
side supports generation and verification of pseudo-random bit sequence (PRBS) 27-1, 223-1, and 231-1 patterns.
In addition to those PRBS patterns, the high-speed side supports High-frequency (HF), Low-frequency (LF),
Mixed-frequency (MF), and continuous random test pattern (CRPAT) long/short pattern generation and
verification as defined in Annex 48A of the IEEE Standard 802.3ae-2002. Use of CRPAT verifier requires
checking TPsync (MDIO register bit F.15).
The TLK10002 provides two pins: PRBSEN and PRBS_PASS, for additional and easy control and monitoring of
PRBS pattern generation and verification. When the PRBSEN is asserted high, the internal PRBS generator and
verifier circuits are enabled on both transmit and receive data paths on high-speed and low-speed sides of both
channels. This signal is logically OR’d with an MDIO register bits B.7:6 and B.13:12.
PRBS 231-1 is selected by default, and can be changed through MDIO.
When PRBS test is enabled (PRBSEN=1):
• PRBS_PASS=1 indicates that PRBS pattern reception is error free.
• PRBS_PASS=0 indicates that a PRBS error is detected. The channel, the side (high speed or low speed),
and the lane (for low-speed side) that this signal refers to is chosen through MDIO register bit 0.3:0.
8.3.14 Latency Measurement Function
The TLK10002 includes a latency measurement function to support CPRI and OBSAI base station applications.
There are two start and two stop locations for the latency counter as shown in Figure 18 for Channel A. The start
and stop locations are selectable through MDIO register bits 0x16.7 and 0x16.6 respectively. The elapsed time
from a comma detected at an assigned counter start location of a particular channel to a comma detected at an
assigned counter stop location of the same channel is measured and reported through the MDIO interface. The
function operates on one channel at a time. The following three control characters (containing commas) are
monitored:
1. K28.1 (control = 1, data = 0x3C)
2. K28.5 (control = 1, data = 0xBC)
3. K28.7 (control = 1, data = 0xFC).
The first comma found at the assigned counter start location starts up the latency counter. The first comma
detected at the assigned counter stop location stops the latency counter. The 20-bit latency counter result of this
measurement is readable through the MDIO interface through register bits 0x17.3:0 and 0x18.15:0. The accuracy
of the measurement is a function of the serial bit rate at which the channel being measured is operating. The
register will return a value of 0xFFFF if the duration between transmit and receive comma detection exceeds the
depth of the counter. Only one measurement value is stored internally until the 20-bit results counter is read. The
counter will return zero in cases where a transmit comma was never detected (indicating the results counter
never began counting).
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Start
Counter
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
10
OUTA1P/N
OUTA2P/N
OUTA3P/N
LS PRBS
Generator
10
10
16
Pattern 16
Generator
Stop
Counter
20
Receive Data Path Covered
Start
Counter
10
10
10
10
32
16
RX FIFO
HS PRBS
Generator
HSTXAP /N
High
Speed
Side
SERDES
Transmit Data Path Covered
Laten cy
Count er
Stop
Counter
10
OUTA0P/N
10
TX FIFO
16
8 B/10B E n cod er
10
INA3P/N
10
8B /1 0 B En co de r
L an e Al i gn Ma st er
INA2P/N
10
Chan nel A
32
8B /10B Dec od er
C h ann el Syn c
10
8B /10B Dec od er
La ne A li g n Sl ave
10
10
Co m ma Detec tio n
fo r L aten cy
Me asu r emen t
INA1P/N
LS PRBS
Verifier
Ch an ne l Syn c
10
INA0P/N
20
HS PRBS
Verifier
HSRXAP /N
Pattern
Verifier
Figure 18. Location of TX and RX Comma Character Detection (Only Channel A Shown)
In high-speed side SERDES full rate mode, the latency measurement function runs off of an internal clock whose
rate is equal to the transmit serial bit rate divided by 8. In half rate mode, the latency measurement function runs
off of an internal clock whose rate is equal to the serial bit rate divided by 4. In quarter rate mode, the latency
measurement function runs off of an internal clock whose rate is equal to the serial bit rate divided by 2. In eighth
rate mode, the latency measurement function runs off of a clock whose rate is equal to the serial bit rate.
The latency measurement does not include the low-speed side transmit SERDES blocks contribution as well as
part of the channel synchronization block. The latency introduced by these blocks can be estimated to be up to
(18 + 10) x N high-speed side unit intervals (UIs), where the multiplex factor N is equal to 2 (in 2:1 mode) or 4 (in
4:1 mode). The latency measurement also doesn’t account for the low-speed side receive SERDES contribution
which is estimated to be up to 20 x N high-speed side UIs. The latency contributions of various sections of the
TLK10002 device are shown in Figure 17. Overall, the transmit data path full rate latency contribution is
estimated to be between 462UI and 602UI for the 2:1 mode, and between 798UI and 1058UI for the 4:1 mode.
The respective numbers for the receive data path are between 300UI and 403UI for the 2:1 mode and between
440UI and 623UI for the 4:1 mode.
The latency measurement accuracy in all cases is equal to plus or minus one latency measurement clock period.
The measurement clock can be divided down if a longer duration measurement is required, in which case the
accuracy of the measurement is accordingly reduced. The high-speed latency measurement clock is divided by
either 1, 2, 4, or 8 via register 0x16 bits 5:4. The measurement clock used is always selected by the channel
under test. The high-speed latency measurement clock may only be used when operating at one of the serial
rates specified in the CPRI/OBSAI specifications. It is also possible to run the latency measurement function off
of the recovered byte clock for the channel under test (and gives a latency measurement clock frequency equal
to the serial bit rate divided by 20) through register 0x16 bit 2 (where the register 0x16 bits 5:4 divider value
setting is ignored).
The accuracy for the standard based CPRI/OBSAI application rates is shown in Table 8, and assumes the
latency measurement clock is not divided down per user selection (division is required to measure a duration
greater than 682 µs). For each division of two in the measurement clock, the accuracy is also reduced by a factor
of two.
To use the latency measurement feature, follow this procedure:
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1. Provision stopwatch clock frequency (divide by N), channel select, and start or stop location through the
LATENCY_MEASURE_CONTROL register (0x16) and enable the stopwatch clock. In choosing a divider,
note that the frequency of the divided clock must not be slower than the internal high speed byte clock.
2. Read status register 18.15:0 to clear and reset delay stopwatch.
3. Send comma pattern (after lane alignment has been achieved and the link status is OK).
4. Poll bit 17.4 until it is asserted.
5. Read the start and stop comma location and the lane align pointer values indicating relative skew among the
lanes of the selected channel. These may need to be processed together with the stopwatch counter values
for more accurate latency analysis.
6. Read counter status values. The four MSB in bits 17.3:0 should be read first, followed by the LSBs in
18.15:0. If the value is 0, then the comma was never detected. If the value is at its maximum, the delay was
too long for the counter’s range. If this happens, decrease the measurement clock frequency and repeat the
measurement.
7. Once the lower 16 bits at 18.15:0 are read, the delay stopwatch is reset and 17.4 is cleared. The comma
location latch registers are cleared too. To do a new measurement, start again from step (3) for the same
channel and from step (1) if a different channel is desired.
8. Take the counter value and multiply it with the latency clock period divided by 2. This will provide the
absolute latency period.
NOTE: Latency numbers represent no external skew between lanes. External lane skew will increase overall latency. TX
Datapath latency includes 20xN UI of variance due to deserialization and channel sync.
Figure 19. Latency Variance and Contributions (Only Channel A Shown)
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Table 8. CPRI/OBSAI Latency Measurement Function Accuracy
(Undivided Measurement Clock)
LINE RATE
(Gbps)
RATE
LATENCY CLOCK FREQUENCY
(GHz)
ACCURACY
(± ns)
1.2288
Eighth
1.2288
0.8138
1.536
Quarter
0.768
1.302
2.4576
Quarter
1.2288
0.8138
3.072
Half
0.768
1.302
3.84
Half
0.96
1.0417
4.9152
Half
1.2288
0.8138
6.144
Full
0.768
1.302
7.68
Full
0.96
1.0417
9.8304
Full
1.2288
0.8138
8.3.15 Power-Down Mode
The TLK10002 can be put in power down either through device inputs pins or through MDIO control register
(1.15).
PDTRXA_N: Active low, powers down channel A.
PDTRXB_N: Active low, powers down channel B.
The MDIO management serial interface remains operational when in register-based, power-down mode (1.15
asserted for both channels), but status bits may not be valid since the clocks are disabled. The low-speed side
and high-speed side SERDES outputs are high impedance when in power-down mode. See the detailed per pin
description for the behavior of each device I/O signal during pin-based and register-based power down.
8.3.16 High Speed CML Output
The high-speed data output driver is implemented using Current Mode Logic (CML) with integrated pullup
resistors, requiring no external components. The transmit outputs must be AC-coupled.
HSTXAP
HSRXAP
50 W transmission line
50 W
0.8*VDDT
GND
50 W
50 W transmission line
HSTXAN
TRANSMITTER
HSRXAN
MEDIA
RECEIVER
Figure 20. Example of High-Speed I/O AC-Coupled Mode (Channel A HS Side is Shown)
Current Mode Logic (CML) drivers often require external components. The disadvantage of the external
component is a limited edge rate due to package and line parasitic. The CML driver on TLK10002 has on-chip
50-Ω termination resistors terminated to VDDT, providing optimum performance for increased speed
requirements. The transmitter output driver is highly configurable allowing output amplitude and de-emphasis to
be tuned to a channel's individual requirements. Software programmability allows for very flexible output
amplitude control. Only AC-coupled output mode is supported.
When transmitting data across long lengths of PCB trace or cable, the high-frequency content of the signal is
attenuated due to the skin effect of the media. This causes a smearing of the data eye when viewed on an
oscilloscope. The net result is reduced timing margins for the receiver and clock recovery circuits. In order to
provide equalization for the high frequency loss, 3-tap finite impulse response (FIR) transmit de-emphasis is
implemented. A highly configurable output driver maximizes flexibility in the end system by allowing de-emphasis
and output amplitude to be tuned to a channel’s individual requirements. Output swing is controlled via MDIO.
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Figure 2 illustrates the output waveform flexibility. The level of de-emphasis is programmable through the MDIO
interface through control registers (5.7:4 and 5.12:8) through pre-cursor and post-cursor settings. Users can
control the strength of the de-emphasis to optimize for a specific system requirement.
8.3.17 High Speed Receiver
The high-speed receiver is differential CML with internal termination resistors. The receiver requires AC coupling.
The termination impedances of the receivers are configured as 100 Ω with the center tap weakly tied to 0.8 ×
VDDT with a capacitor to create an AC ground.
TLK10002 serial receivers incorporate adaptive equalizers. This circuit compensates for channel insertion loss by
amplifying the high frequency components of the signal, reducing inter-symbol interference. Equalization can be
enabled or disabled through register settings. Both the gain and bandwidth of the equalizer are controlled by the
receiver equalization logic.
8.3.18 Loss of Signal Indication (LOS)
Loss of input signal detection is based on the voltage level of each serial input signal INA x P/N, INB x P/N,
HSRXAP/N, and HSRXBP/N. When LOS indication is enabled and a channel's differential serial receive input
level is < 75 mVpp, that channel's respective LOS indicator (LOSA or LOSB) is asserted (high true). If the input
signal is >150 mVpp, the LOS indicator is deasserted (low false). Outside of these ranges, the LOS indication is
undefined. The LOS indicators are also directly readable through the MDIO interface.
The following additional critical status conditions can be combined with the loss of signal condition enabling
additional real-time status signal visibility on the LOSA and LOSB outputs per channel:
1. Loss of Channel Synchronization Status – Logically OR’d with LOS condition(s) when enabled. Loss of
channel synchronization can be optionally logically OR’d (disabled by default) with the internally generated
LOS condition (per channel).
2. Loss of PLL Lock Status on LS and HS sides – Logically OR’d with LOS condition(s) when enabled. The
internal PLL loss of lock status bit is optionally OR’d (disabled by default) with the other internally generated
loss of signal conditions (per channel).
3. Receive 8B/10B Decode Error (Invalid Code Word or Running Disparity Error) – Logically OR’d with LOS
condition(s) when enabled. The occurrence of an 8B/10B decode error (invalid code word or disparity error)
is optionally OR’d (disabled by default) with the other internally generated loss of signal conditions (per
channel).
4. AGCLOCK (Active Gain Control Currently Locked) – Inverted and Logically OR’d with LOS condition(s) when
enabled. HS RX SERDES adaptive gain control unlocked indication is optionally OR’d (disabled by default)
with the other internally generated loss of signal conditions (per channel).
5. AZDONE (Auto Zero Calibration Done) – Inverted and Logically OR’d with LOS conditions(s) when enabled.
HS RX SERDES auto-zero not done indication is optionally OR’d (disabled by default) with the other
internally generated loss of signal conditions (per channel).
Figure 21 shows the detailed implementation of the LOSA signal along with the associated MDIO control
registers.
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Loss of Signal (HS Ch A)
ENABLE (9.0)
LOS INA0
ENABLE (A.0)
LOS INA1
ENABLE (A.1)
Loss of Signal (LS Ch A)
LOS INA2
ENABLE (A.2)
LOS INA3
ENABLE (A.3)
PLL Locked (HS Ch A)
ENABLE (9.1)
PLL Locked (LS Ch A)
ENABLE (A.12)
8B/10B Invalid Code (HS Ch A)
ENABLE (9.4)
8B/10B Invalid Code INA0
LOSA
ENABLE (A.4)
8B/10B Invalid Code INA1
ENABLE (A.5)
8B/10B Invalid Code (LS Ch A)
8B/10B Invalid Code INA2
ENABLE (A.6)
8B/10B Invalid Code INA3
ENABLE (A.7)
Loss of Ch. Sync (HS Ch A)
ENABLE (9.5)
Loss of Sync INA0
ENABLE (A.8)
Loss of Sync INA1
ENABLE (A.9)
Loss of Ch. Sync (LS Ch A)
Loss of Sync INA2
ENABLE (A.10)
Loss of Sync INA3
ENABLE (A.11)
AGCLOCK (HS Ch A)
ENABLE (9.3)
AZDONE (HS Ch A)
ENABLE (9.2)
NOTE: LOSA is asserted (driven high) during a failing condition, and deasserted (driven low) otherwise. Any combinations of
status signals may be enabled onto LOSA/B on MDIO register bits indicated above. LOSB circuit is similar.
Figure 21. LOSA – Logic Circuit Implementation
8.3.19 MDIO Management Interface
The TLK10002 supports the Management Data Input/Output (MDIO) Interface as defined in Clause 22 of the
IEEE 802.3 Ethernet specification. The MDIO allows register-based management and control of the serial links.
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The MDIO Interface consists of a bidirectional data path (MDIO) and a clock reference (MDC). The port address
is determined by control pins PRTAD[4:0] as described in Pin Configuration and Functions.
In Clause 22, the top 4 control pins PRTAD[4:1] determine the device port address. In this mode the 2 individual
channels in TLK10002 are classified as 2 different ports. So for any PRTAD[4:1] value there are 2 ports per
TLK10002.
TLK10002 responds if the 4 MSB’s of PHY address field on MDIO protocol (PA[4:1]) matches PRTAD[4:1]. The
LSB of PHY address field (PA[0]) determines which channel/port within TLK10002 to respond to.
If PA[0] = 1'b0, TLK10002 Channel A will respond.
If PA[0] = 1'b1, TLK10002 Channel B responds.
Write transactions which address an invalid register or device, or a read-only register, are ignored. Read
transactions which address an invalid register return a 0.
8.3.20 MDIO Protocol Timing
The Clause 22 timing required to read from the internal registers is shown in Figure 22. The Clause 22 timing
required to write to the internal registers is shown in Figure 23.
MDC
0
MDIO
1
1
0
PA4
PA0
RA4
RA0
Start
Preamble
(1)
PHY
Addr
D15
0
Turn
Around
32 "1's"
Read
Code
Pu(1)
REG
Addr
D0
1
Data
Idle
Note that the 1 in the Turn Around section is externally pulled up, and driven to Z by TLK10002.
Figure 22. CL22 - Management Interface Read Timing
MDC
MDIO
0
1
0
1
PA [4 :0]
RA 4
RA 0
1
0
D15
D0
1
32 "1's "
Preamble
Start
Write
Code
PHY
Addr
REG
Addr
Turn
Around
Data
Idle
Figure 23. CL22 - Management Interface Write Timing
8.3.21 Clause 22 Indirect Addressing
The TLK10002 Register space is divided into two register groups. One register group can be addressed directly
through Clause 22, and one register group can be addressed indirectly through Clause 22. The register group
which can be addressed through Clause 22 indirectly is implemented in the vendor specific register space
(16’h8000 onwards). Due to Clause 22 register space limitations, an indirect addressing method is implemented
so that this extended register space can be accessed through Clause 22. To access this register space
(16’h8000 onwards), an address control register (Reg 30, 5’h1E) must be written with the register address
followed by a read or write transaction to address data register (Reg 31, 5’h1F) to access the contents of the
address specified in address control register.
Figure 24 and Figure 25 illustrate an example write transaction to Register 16’h8000 using indirect addressing in
Clause 22.
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MDC
MDIO
0
1
0
1
32 "1's "
Write
Code
Start
Preamble
PA [4:0]
5'h1E
PHY
Addr
REG
Addr
1
0
16'h8000
Turn
Around
1
Data
Idle
Figure 24. CL22 – Indirect Address Method – Address Write
MDC
MDIO
0
1
0
1
PA [4 :0]
5'h 1F
PHY
Addr
REG
Addr
1
0
1
DATA
32 "1's "
Write
Code
Start
Preamble
Turn
Around
Data
Idle
Figure 25. CL22 - Indirect Address Method – Data Write
Figure 26 and Figure 27 illustrate an example read transaction to read contents of Register 16’h8000 using
indirect addressing in Clause 22.
MDC
MDIO
0
1
0
1
PA [4:0]
5' h1E
PHY
Addr
REG
Addr
1
0
1
16'h8000
32 "1 's "
Write
Code
Start
Preamble
Turn
Around
Idle
Data
Figure 26. CL22 - Indirect Address Method – Address Write
MDC
0
MDIO
1
1
0
PA4
PA0
5'h1F
32 "1's"
Preamble
(1)
Start
Read
Code
PHY
Addr
REG
Addr
Pu(1)
0
D15
Turn
Around
D0
Data
1
Idle
Note that the 1 in the Turn Around section is externally pulled up, and driven to Zero by TLK10002.
Figure 27. CL22 - Indirect Address Method – Data Read
The IEEE 802.3 Clause 22 specification defines many of the registers, and additional registers have been
implemented for expanded functionality.
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8.4 Device Functional Modes
8.4.1 Transmit (Low Speed to High Speed) Data Path
IN*1P/N
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
10
10
16
8B/10B Encoder
IN*0P/N
Channel Sync
8B/10B Decoder
Lane Align Slave
The TLK10002 transmit data path with the device configured to operate in the normal transceiver (mission) mode
is as shown in Figure 28 and Figure 29. In this mode, 8B/10B encoded serial data (IN*P/N) in 2 or 4 lanes is
received by the low-speed side SERDES and deserialized into 10-bit parallel data for each lane. The data in
each individual lane is then byte aligned (channel synchronized) and then 8B/10B decoded into 8-bit parallel data
for each lane. The lane data is then lane aligned by the Lane Alignment Slave. 32-bits of lane aligned parallel
data is subsequently fed into a transmit FIFO which delivers it to an 8B/10B encoder, 16 data bits at a time. The
resulting 20-bit 8B/10B encoded parallel data is handed to the high-speed side SERDES for serialization and
output through the HSTX*P/N pins. This process is exactly the same for both Channel A and Channel B.
16
TX FIFO
20
High
Speed
Side
SERDES
HSTX *P/N
IN*1P/N
IN*2P/N
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
10
10
10
IN*3P/N
32
8B/10B Encoder
10
IN*0P/N
Channel Sync
8B/10B Decoder
Lane Align Slave
Figure 28. Transmit Data Path for the 2:1 Mode
16
TX FIFO
20
High
Speed
Side
SERDES
HSTX *P/N
Figure 29. Transmit Data Path for the 4:1 Mode
8.4.2 Receive (High Speed to Low Speed) Data Path
OUT*1P/N
10
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
10
16
16
RX FIFO
8B/10B Decoder
Channel Sync
OUT*0P/N
8B/10B Encoder
Lane Align Master
With the device configured to operate in the normal transceiver (mission) mode, the receive data path is as
shown in Figure 31. 8B/10B encoded serial data (HSRX*P/N) is received by the high-speed side SERDES and
deserialized into 20-bit parallel data. The data is then byte aligned, 8B/10B decoded into 16-bit parallel data, and
then delivered to a receive FIFO. The receive FIFO in turn delivers 32-bit parallel data to the Lane Alignment
Master which splits the data into the same number of lanes as configured on the transmit data path. The lane
data is then 8B/10B encoded and the resulting 10-bit parallel data for each lane is fed into the low-speed side
SERDES for serialization and output through the OUT*P/N pins. This process is exactly the same for both
Channel A and Channel B.
20
High
Speed
Side
SERDES
HSRX *P/N
Figure 30. Receive Data Path for the 2:1 Modes
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OUT*1P/N
OUT*2P/N
OUT*3P/N
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
8B/10B Encoder
Lane Align Master
10
OUT*0P/N
10
10
10
32
16
RX FIFO
8B/10B Decoder
Channel Sync
Device Functional Modes (continued)
20
High
Speed
Side
SERDES
HSRX *P/N
Figure 31. Receive Data Path for the 4:1 Modes
8.4.3 1:1 Retime Mode
In the 1:1 Retime mode shown in Figure 32, the lane alignment and 8B/10B encoding/decoding blocks are not
included in the data path. In the transmit data path, low-speed side data received on the IN*0P/N pins is
deserialized, phase corrected by the transmit FIFO, and serialized again before it is output through the
HSTX*P/N pins. In the receive data path, high-speed side data received on the HSRX*P/N pins is deserialized,
phase corrected by the receive FIFO, and serialized again before it is output through the OUT*0P/N pins. All
SERDES controls such as preemphasis, swing, equalizer in registers HS/LS_SERDES_CONTROL_*, and
loopback modes are supported as in the 2:1 and 4:1 modes.
INA0P/N
OUTA0P/N
LS PRBS
Verifier
Low
Speed
Side
SERDES
10
20
TX FIFO
10
HS PRBS
Generator
High
Speed
Side
SERDES
20
RX FIFO
HSTXAP/N
HSRXAP/N
HS PRBS
Verifier
LS PRBS
Generator
Figure 32. 1:1 Mode Transmit and Receive Data Paths
The 1:1 mode only uses lane 0 on the low-speed side and is enabled by setting TX_MODE_SEL and
RX_MODE_SEL to 1 (1.13:12 = 2'b11) per channel. The maximum data rate supported in the 1:1 mode is
5Gbps. The minimum data rate supported is 1Gbps. LS_OK_OUT_* status pin must be ignored. If needed for
monitoring the link status, only PLL lock and LOS are relevant.
The latency measurement function is not supported in the 1:1 mode. In the 1:1 mode, the High-Speed Channel
Sync (register F.10) and Low-Speed Lane 0 Channel Sync (register 15.8) are not part of their respective data
paths.
In the 1:1 mode, the data path supports non-8B/10B encoded data, for example, PRBS.
In this mode, any registers related to lane 1, 2, or 3 are not used or do not apply. In addition, the following
registers do not apply:
• 1.11:8
• 9.8:4
• C, D, 15(except 15.10), 16, 17, 18, 1D
• F.14, F.10, F.8, F.3:2
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8.5 Programming
Registers for the TLK10002 can be addressed directly through MDIO Clause 22. Channel identification is based
on PHY (Port) address field. Channel A can be accessed by setting LSB of PHY address to 0. Channel B can be
accessed by setting LSB of PHY address to 1. Control registers 0x01 through 0x0E are specific to the channel
addressed. Status registers 0x0F through 0x15, and 0x1D report the status of the channel addressed. The rest
are global control or status registers and are channel independent.
NOTE
The N.x:y register numbering format is used in this document, where N is a hexadecimal
register number, and x:y is a register bit number range in decimal format. For example,
B.10:8 denotes bits 10, 9, and 8 of register address 0x0B.
8.5.1 Power Sequencing Guidelines
The TLK10002 allows either the core or I/O power supply to be powered up for an indefinite period of time while
the other supply is not powered up, if all of the following conditions are met:
1. All maximum ratings and recommended operating conditions are followed.
2. Bus contention while 1.5-V or 1.8-V power is applied (> 0 V) must be limited to 100 hours over the projected
lifetime of the device.
3. Junction temperature is less than 105°C during device operation. Note: Voltage stress up to the absolute
maximum voltage values for up to 100 hours of lifetime operation at a junction temperature of 105°C or lower
will minimally impact reliability.
The TLK10002 inputs are not failsafe (that is, cannot be driven with the I/O power disabled). TLK10002 inputs
must not be driven high until their associated power supplies are active.
8.6 Register Maps
RW: Read-Write User can write 0 or 1 to this register bit. Reading this register bit returns the same value that
has been written.
RW/SC: Read-Write Self-Clearing User can write 0 or 1 to this register bit. Writing a 1 to this register creates a
high pulse. Reading this register bit always returns 0.
RO: Read-Only This register can only be read. Writing to this register bit has no effect. Reading from this
register bit returns its current value.
RO/LH: Read-Only Latched High This register can only be read. Writing to this register bit has no effect.
Reading a 1 from this register bit indicates that either the condition is occurring or it has occurred
since the last time it was read. Reading a 0 from this register bit indicates that the condition is not
occurring presently, and it has not occurred since the last time the register was read. A latched high
register, when read high, must be read again to distinguish if a condition occurred previously or is
still occurring. If it occurred previously, the second read will read low. If it is still occurring, the
second read reads high. Reading this register bit automatically resets its value to 0.
RO/LL: Read-Only Latched Low This register can only be read. Writing to this register bit has no effect.
Reading a 0 from this register bit indicates that either the condition is occurring or it has occurred
since the last time it was read. Reading a 1 from this register bit indicates that the condition is not
occurring presently, and it has not occurred because the last time the register was read. A latched
low register, when read low, should be read again to distinguish if a condition occurred previously
or is still occurring. If it occurred previously, the second read reads high. If it is still occurring, the
second read reads low. Reading this register bit automatically sets its value to 1.
COR: Clear-On-Read This register can only be read. Writing to this register bit has no effect. Reading from this
register bit returns its current value, then resets its value to 0.
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Register Maps (continued)
Table 9. GLOBAL_CONTROL_1 — Address: 0x00 Default: 0x0600
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
Global reset (Channel A & B).
0.15
GLOBAL_RESET
0 = Normal operation (Default 1’b0)
1 = Resets TX and RX datapath including MDIO registers. Equivalent to
asserting RESET_N.
RW
SC (1)
Global write enable.
0.11
GLOBAL_WRITE
0 = Control settings written to Registers 0x01-0x0E are specific to channel
addressed (Default 1’b0)
RW
1 = Control settings written to Registers 0x01-0x0E are applied to both
Channel A and Channel B regardless of channel addressed
0.10:8
RESERVED
For TI use only (Default 3’b110)
RW
0.7
RESERVED
For TI use only (Default 1’b0)
RW
PRBS_PASS pin status selection. Applicable only when PRBS test pattern
verification is enabled on HS side or LS side. PRBS_PASS pin reflects PRBS
verification status on selected Channel HS/LS side
0.3:0
(1)
PRBS_PASS_OVERLAY [3:0]
0000 =
0001 =
001x =
0100 =
0101 =
0110 =
0111 =
1000 =
1001 =
101x =
1100 =
1101 =
1110 =
1111 =
Status from Channel A
Reserved
Reserved
Status from Channel A
Status from Channel A
Status from Channel A
Status from Channel A
Status from Channel B
Reserved
Reserved
Status from Channel B
Status from Channel B
Status from Channel B
Status from Channel B
HS SERDES side(Default 4’b0000)
LS SERDES side Lane 0
LS SERDES side Lane 1
LS SERDES side Lane 2
LS SERDES side Lane 3
HS SERDES side
LS
LS
LS
LS
R/W
SERDES side Lane 0
SERDES side Lane 1
SERDES side Lane 2
SERDES side Lane 3
After reset bit is set to one, it automatically sets itself back to zero on the next MDC clock cycle.
Table 10. CHANNEL_CONTROL_1 — Address: 0x01 Default: 0x0300
BIT(s)
NAME
1.15
POWERDOWN
1.13
RX_MODE_SEL
1. 12
TX_MODE_SEL
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
Setting this bit high powers down entire data path with the exception that MDIO
interface stays active.
0 = Normal operation (Default 1’b0)
1 = Power Down mode is enabled.
RX mode selection
RW
RW
0 = RX mode dependent upon RX_DEMUX_SEL (1.9) (Default 1’b0)
1 = Enables 1 to 1 mode on receive channel
TX mode selection
RW
0 = TX mode dependent upon TX_DEMUX_SEL (1.8) (Default 1’b0)
1 = Enables 1 to 1 mode on transmit channel
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Table 10. CHANNEL_CONTROL_1 — Address: 0x01 Default: 0x0300 (continued)
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
Channel synchronization hysteresis control on the HS receive channel.
RW
00 = The channel synchronization, when in the synchronization state,
performs the Ethernet standard specified hysteresis to return to the
unsynchronized state (Default 2’b00)
1.11:10
HS_CH_SYNC_
HYSTERESIS[1:0]
01 = A single 8b/10b invalid decode error or disparity error causes the
channel synchronization state machine to immediately transition from
sync to unsync
10 = Two adjacent 8b/10b invalid decode errors or disparity errors cause the
channel synchronization state machine to immediately transition from
sync to unsync
11 = Three adjacent 8b/10b invalid decode errors or disparity errors cause the
channel synchronization state machine to immediately transition from
sync to unsync
1.9
1. 8
RX_DEMUX_SEL
TX_MUX_SEL
RX De-Mux selection control for lane de-serialization on receive channel. Valid only
when RX_MODE_SEL (1.13) is LOW
0 = 1 to 2
1 = 1 to 4 (Default 1’b1)
TX Mux selection control for lane serialization on transmit channel. Valid only when
TX_MODE_SEL (1.12) is LOW
CLKOUT_DIV[3:0]
RW
0 = 2 to 1
1 = 4 to 1 (Default 1’b1)
Output clock divide setting. This value is used to divide selected clock (Selected
using CLKOUT_SEL (1.3:2)) before giving it out onto CLKOUTxP/N.
1.7:4
RW
0000 =
0001 =
0010 =
0011 =
0100 =
0101 =
0110 =
0111 =
1000 =
1001 =
1010 =
1011 =
1100 =
1101 =
1110 =
1111 =
RW
Divide by 1 (Default 4’b0000)
RESERVED
RESERVED
RESERVED
Divide by 2
RESERVED
RESERVED
RESERVED
Divide by 4
Divide by 8
Divide by 16
RESERVED
Divide by 5
Divide by 10
Divide by 20
Divide by 25
See Figure 13. Clocking Architecture
Output clock select. Selected Recovered clock sent out on CLKOUTxP/N pins
RW
00 = Selects Channel A HSRX recovered byte clock as output clock (Default
2’b00)
1.3:2
CLKOUT_SEL[1:0]
01 = Selects Channel B HSRX recovered byte clock as output clock
10 = Selects Channel A HSRX VCO divide by 2 clock as output clock
11 = Selects Channel B HSRX VCO divide by 2 clock as output clock
See Figure 13. Clocking Architecture
Channel Reference clock selection. Applicable only when REFCLKx_SEL pin is
LOW.
1.1
REFCLK_ SEL
1.0
RESERVED
RW
0 = Selects REFCLK_0_P/N as clock reference to Channel x (Default 1’b0)
1 = Selects REFCLK_1_P/N as clock reference to Channel x
See Figure 13. Clocking Architecture
44
For TI use only (Default 1’b0)
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Table 11. HS_SERDES_CONTROL_1 — Address: 0x02 Default: 0x811D
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
2.15:10
RESERVED
For TI use only (Default 6'b100000)
RW
2.9:8
HS_LOOP_BANDWIDTH[1:0]
HS SERDES PLL Loop Bandwidth settings
RW
00
01
10
11
=
=
=
=
ACCESS
Reserved
Applicable when external JC_PLL is NOT used (Default 2’b01)
Applicable when external JC_PLL is used
Reserved
2.7
RESERVED
For TI use only (Default 1’b0)
RW
2.6
HS_VRANGE
HS SERDES PLL VCO range selection. This bit needs to be set HIGH if VCO
frequency (REFCLK * HS_PLL_MULT) is below 2.5GHz
RW
0 = VCO runs at higher end of frequency range (Default 1’b0)
1 = VCO runs at lower end of frequency range
2.5
RESERVED
For TI use only (Default 1’b0)
RW
2.4
HS_ENPLL
HS SERDES PLL enable control. HS SERDES PLL is automatically disabled when
PD_TRXx_N is asserted LOW or when register bit 1.15 is set HIGH.
RW
0 = Disables PLL in HS SERDES
1 = Enables PLL in HS SERDES (Default 1’b1)
2.3:0
HS_PLL_MULT[3:0]
HS SERDES PLL multiplier setting (Default 4’b1101). Refer to Table 12
RW
See Line Rate, SERDES PLL Settings, and Reference Clock Selection for more
information on PLL multiplier settings
Table 12. High-Speed Side SERDES PLL Multiplier Control
2.3:0
2.3:0
VALUE
PLL MULTIPLIER FACTOR
VALUE
PLL MULTIPLIER FACTOR
0000
Reserved
1000
12x
0001
Reserved
1001
12.5x
0010
4x
1010
15x
0011
5x
1011
16x
0100
6x
1100
16.5x
0101
8x
1101
20x
0110
8.25x
1110
25x
0111
10x
1111
Reserved
Table 13. HS_ SERDES_CONTROL_2 — Address: 0x03 Default: 0xA444
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
3.15:12
HS_SWING[3:0]
Transmitter Output swing control for HS SERDES. (Default 4’b1010) Refer to Table 14
ACCESS
RW
3.11
RESERVED
For TI use only (Default 1’b0)
RW
3.10
HS_ENTX
HS SERDES transmitter enable control. HS SERDES transmitter is automatically disabled
when PD_TRXx_N is asserted LOW or when register bit 1.15 is set HIGH.
RW
0 = Disables HS SERDES transmitter
1 = Enables HS SERDES transmitter (Default 1’b1)
3.9:8
HS_RATE_TX [1:0]
HS SERDES TX rate settings
00
01
10
11
=
=
=
=
RW
Full rate (Default 2’b00)
Half rate
Quarter rate
Eighth rate
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Table 13. HS_ SERDES_CONTROL_2 — Address: 0x03 Default: 0xA444 (continued)
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
3.7:6
HS_AGCCTRL[1:0]
Adaptive gain control loop
ACCESS
RW
00 = Attenuator will not change after lock has been achieved, even if AGC becomes
unlocked
01 = Attenuator will not change when in lock state, but could change when AGC
becomes unlocked (Default 2’b01)
10 = Force the attenuator off.
11 = Force the attenuator on
3.5:4
HS_AZCAL[1:0]
Auto zero calibration.
00
01
10
11
3.3
HS_ENUNSD
=
=
=
=
RW
Auto zero calibration initiated when receiver is enabled (Default 2’b00)
Auto zero calibration disabled
Forced with automatic update.
Forced without automatic update
0 = Disable use of unscrambled data in HS Serdes Rx (Recommended setting for Full
Rate) (Default 1’b0)
RW
1 = Enable use of unscrambled data in HS Serdes Rx (Recommended setting for Half,
Quarter and Eighth Rates)
3.2
HS_ENRX
HS SERDES receiver enable control. HS SERDES receiver is automatically disabled when
PD_TRXx_N is asserted LOW or when register bit 1.15 is set HIGH.
RW
0 = Disables HS SERDES receiver
1 = Enables HS SERDES receiver (Default 1’b1)
3.1:0
HS_RATE_RX [1:0]
HS SERDES RX rate settings
00
01
10
11
46
=
=
=
=
RW
Full rate (Default 2’b00)
Half rate
Quarter rate
Eighth rate
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Table 14. High-Speed Side SERDES AC Mode Output Swing Control
AC MODE
VALUE
[15:12]
TYPICAL AMPLITUDE (mVdfpp)
0000
130
0001
220
0010
300
0011
390
0100
480
0101
570
0110
660
0111
750
1000
830
1001
930
1010
1020
1011
1110
1100
1180
1101
1270
1110
1340
1111
1400
Table 15. HS_ SERDES_CONTROL_3 — Address: 0x04 Default: 0xB820
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
4.15
HS_ENTRACK
HSRX ADC Track mode
RW
0 = Normal operation
1 = Forces ADC into track mode (Default 1’b1)
4.14:12
HS_EQPRE[2:0]
SERDES Rx precursor equalizer selection
000 =
001 =
010 =
011 =
100 =
101 =
110 =
111 =
4.11:10
HS_CDRFMULT[1:0]
Clock data recovery algorithm frequency multiplication selection
00
01
10
11
4.9:8
HS_CDRTHR[1:0]
HS_EQLIM
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
RW
First order. Frequency offset tracking disabled
Second order. 1x mode
Second order. 2x mode (Default 2’b10)
Reserved
Clock data recovery algorithm threshold selection
00
01
10
11
4.7
RW
1/9 cursor amplitude
3/9 cursor amplitude
5/9 cursor amplitude
7/9 cursor amplitude (Default 3’b011)
9/9 cursor amplitude
11/9 cursor amplitude
13/9 cursor amplitude
Disable
RW
Four vote threshold (Default 2’b00)
Eight vote threshold
Sixteen vote threshold
Thirty two vote threshold
HSRX Equalizer limit control
RW
0 = Normal operation (Default 1’b0)
1 = Limits equalizer DFE tap weights
4.6
HS_EQHLD
HSRX Equalizer hold control
RW
0 = Normal operation (Default 1’b0)
1 = Holds equalizer and long tail correction in their current state
4.5
HS_H1CDRMODE
0 = CDR locks to h(-1)
RW
1 = CDR locks to h(+1)
4.4:0
HS_TWCRF[4:0]
Cursor Reduction Factor (Default 5’b00000) Refer to Table 16
RW
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Table 16. High-Speed Side SERDES Cursor Reduction Factor Weights
4.4:0
VALUE
4.4:0
CURSOR REDUCTION (%)
VALUE
CURSOR REDUCTION (%)
00000
0
10000
17
00001
2.5
10001
20
00010
5.0
10010
22
00011
7.5
10011
25
00100
10.0
10100
27
00101
12
10101
30
00110
15
10110
32
00111
10111
35
01000
11000
37
01001
11001
40
11010
42
11011
45
01100
11100
47
01101
11101
50
01110
11110
52
01111
11111
55
01010
01011
Reserved
Table 17. HS_ SERDES_CONTROL_4— Address: 0x05 Default: 0x2000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
5.15
HS_RX_INVPAIR
Receiver polarity.
ACCESS
RW
0 = Normal polarity. HSRXxP considered positive data. HSRXxN considered negative
data (Default 1’b0)
1 = Inverted polarity. HSRXxP considered negative data. HSRXxN considered positive
data
5.14
HS_TX_INVPAIR
Transmitter polarity.
RW
0 = Normal polarity. HSTXxP considered positive data and HSTXxN considered
negative data (Default 1’b0)
1 = Inverted polarity. HSTXxP considered negative data and HSTXxN considered
positive data
5.13
HS_FIRUPT
HS SERDES Tx pre/post cursor filter update control
RW
0 = Holds last state; any changes to TWCRF, TWPRE, TWPOST1/2 will not take effect
until FIRUPT goes high.
1 = Pre/Post cursor fields can be updated by changing respective fields (Default 1’b1)
5.12:8
HS_TWPOST1[4:0]
Adjacent post cursor1 Tap weight. Selects TAP settings for TX waveform. (Default 5’b00000)
Refer to Table 18
RW
5.7:4
HS_TWPRE[3:0]
Precursor Tap weight. Selects TAP settings for TX waveform. (Default 4’b0000)
Refer to Table 20
RW
5.3:0
HS_TWPOST2[3:0]
Adjacent post cursor2 Tap weight. Selects TAP settings for TX waveform. (Default 4’b0000)
Refer to Table 19
RW
48
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Table 18. High-Speed Side SERDES Post-Cursor1 Transmit Tap Weights
5.12:8
VALUE
5.12:8
TAP WEIGHT (%)
VALUE
TAP WEIGHT (%)
00000
0
10000
0
00001
+2.5
10001
–2.5
00010
+5.0
10010
–5.0
00011
+7.5
10011
–7.5
00100
+10.0
10100
–10.0
00101
+12.5
10101
–12.5
00110
+15.0
10110
–15.0
00111
+17.5
10111
–17.5
01000
+20.0
11000
–20.0
01001
+22.5
11001
–22.5
01010
+25.0
11010
–25.0
01011
+27.5
11011
–27.5
01100
+30.0
11100
–30.0
01101
+32.5
11101
–32.5
01110
+35.0
11110
–35.0
01111
+37.5
11111
–37.5
Table 19. High-Speed Side SERDES Post-Cursor2 Transmit Tap Weights
5.3:0
5.3:0
VALUE
TAP WEIGHT (%)
VALUE
0000
0
1000
TAP WEIGHT (%)
0
0001
+2.5
1001
–2.5
0010
+5.0
1010
–5.0
0011
+7.5
1011
–7.5
0100
+10.0
1100
–10.0
0101
+12.5
1101
–12.5
0110
+15.0
1110
–15.0
0111
+17.5
1111
–17.5
Table 20. High-Speed Side SERDES Pre-Cursor Transmit Tap Weights
5.7:4
5.7:4
VALUE
TAP WEIGHT (%)
VALUE
0000
0
1000
TAP WEIGHT (%)
0
0001
+2.5
1001
–2.5
0010
+5.0
1010
–5.0
0011
+7.5
1011
–7.5
0100
+10.0
1100
–10.0
0101
+12.5
1101
–12.5
0110
+15.0
1110
–15.0
0111
+17.5
1111
–17.5
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Table 21. LS_ SERDES_CONTROL_1 — Address: 0x06 Default: 0xF115
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
6.15:12
LS_LN_CFG_EN[3:0]
Configuration control for LS SERDES Lane settings (Default 4’b1111)
ACCESS
RW
[3] corresponds to LN3, [2] corresponds to LN2
[1] corresponds to LN1, [0] corresponds to LN0
0 = Writes to LS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 (register 0x07) and
LS_SERDES_CONTROL_3 (register 0x08) control registers do not affect
respective LS SERDES lane
1 = Writes to LS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 and LS_SERDES_CONTROL_3
control registers affect respective LS SERDES lane
For example, if subsequent writes to LS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 and
LS_SERDES_CONTROL_3 registers need to affect the settings in Lanes 0 and 1,
LS_LN_CFG_EN[3:0] should be set to 4’b0011
Read values in LS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 & LS_SERDES_CONTROL_3 reflect
the settings value for Lane selected through LS_LN_CFG_EN[3:0].
To read settings for Lane 0, LS_LN_CFG_EN[3:0] should be set to 4’b0001
To read settings for Lane 1, LS_LN_CFG_EN[3:0] should be set to 4’b0010
To read settings for Lane 2, LS_LN_CFG_EN[3:0] should be set to 4’b0100
To read settings for Lane 3, LS_LN_CFG_EN[3:0] should be set to 4’b1000
Read values of LS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 and LS_SERDES_CONTROL_3
registers are not valid for any other LS_LN_CFG_EN[3:0] combination
6.11:10
RESERVED
For TI use only(Default 2’b00)
RW
6.9:8
LS_LOOP_BANDWIDTH[1:0]
LS SERDES PLL Loop Bandwidth settings
RW
00
01
10
11
6.7
DEEP_REMOTE_LPBK_CTRL
=
=
=
=
Reserved
Applicable when external JC_PLL is NOT used (Default 2’b01)
Applicable when external JC_PLL is used
Reserved
Deep remote loopback control. Works in conjunction with
DEEP_REMOTE_LPBK(B:3). Requires setting of LS_TX_ENTEST(8.3) and
LS_RX_ENTEST(8.2) for desired lane on the LS side (default 1'b0).
RW
00= Deep Remote Loopback Disabled
01= Deep Remote Loopback through pad. The loopback path includes the
transmit CML driver and receive sense amps. The link partner connected
through INA*P/N or INB*P/N pins must be electrically idle at differential
zero with P and N signals at the same voltage.
10= Deep Remote Loopback with CML Driver Disabled. The loopback path is
fully digital and excludes the transmit CML driver and receive sense amps.
If monitoring OUT* pins is not required, this mode can save power.
11= Deep Remote Loopback with CML Driver Enabled. As above, but the CML
driver operates normally.
6.6:5
RESERVED
For TI use only (Default 2’b00)
RW
6.4
LS_ENPLL
LS SERDES PLL enable control. LS SERDES PLL is automatically disabled when
PD_TRXx_N is asserted LOW or when register bit 1.15 is set HIGH.
RW
0 = Disables PLL in LS SERDES
1 = Enables PLL in LS SERDES (Default 1’b1)
6.3:0
LS_MPY[3:0]
LS SERDES PLL multiplier setting (Default 4’b0101). Refer to Table 22
See Line Rate, SERDES PLL Settings, and Reference Clock Selection for more
information on PLL multiplier settings
RW
Table 22. Low-Speed Side SERDES PLL Multiplier Control
6.3:0
50
6.3:0
VALUE
PLL MULTIPLIER FACTOR
VALUE
PLL MULTIPLIER FACTOR
0000
4x
1000
15x
0001
5x
1001
20x
0010
6x
1010
25x
0011
Reserved
1011
Reserved
0100
8x
1100
Reserved
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Table 22. Low-Speed Side SERDES PLL Multiplier Control (continued)
6.3:0
6.3:0
VALUE
PLL MULTIPLIER FACTOR
VALUE
PLL MULTIPLIER FACTOR
0101
10x
1101
50x
0110
12x
1110
65x
0111
12.5x
1111
Reserved
Table 23. LS_ SERDES_CONTROL_2 — Address: 0x07 Default: 0xDC04
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
7.15
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 1’b1)
ACCESS
RW
7.14:12
LS_SWING[2:0]
Output swing control on LS SERDES side. (Default 3’b101)
Refer to Table 24.
RW
7.11
LS_LOS
LS SERDES LOS detector control
RW
0 = Disable Loss of signal detection on LS SERDES lane inputs
1 = Enable Loss of signal detection on LS SERDES lane inputs (Default 1’b1)
7.10
LS_IN_EN
LS SERDES input enable control. LS SERDES per input lane is automatically disabled when
PD_TRXx_N is asserted LOW or when register bit 1.15 is set HIGH. Input lanes 3 and 2 are
automatically disabled when in 2 to 1 mode
RW
0 = Disables LS SERDES lane
1 = Enables LS SERDES lane (Default 1’b1)
7.9:8
LS_IN_RATE [1:0]
LS SERDES input lane rate settings
00
01
10
11
=
=
=
=
RW
Full rate (Default 2’b00)
Half rate
Quarter rate
Reserved
7.7:4
LS_DE[3:0]
LS SERDES output de-emphasis settings. (Default 4’b0000) Refer to Table 25
RW
7.3
RESERVED
For TI use only . (Default 1’b0)
RW
7.2
LS_OUT_EN
LS SERDES output lane enable control. LS SERDES per output lane is automatically
disabled when PD_TRXx_N is asserted LOW or when register bit 1.15 is set HIGH. Output
lanes 3 and 2 are automatically disabled when in 1 to 2 mode.
RW
0 = Disables LS SERDES lane
1 = Enables LS SERDES lane (Default 1’b1)
7.1:0
LS_OUT_RATE [1:0]
LS SERDES output lane rate settings
00
01
10
11
=
=
=
=
RW
Full rate (Default 2’b00)
Half rate
Quarter rate
Reserved
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Table 24. Low-Speed Side SERDES AC Mode Output
Swing Control
AC MODE
VALUE
7.14:12
TYPICAL AMPLITUDE (mVdfpp)
000
190
001
380
010
560
011
710
100
850
101
950
110
1010
111
1050
Table 25. Low-Speed Side SERDES Output De-Emphasis
7.7:4
VALUE
7.7:4
AMPLITUDE REDUCTION
VALUE
AMPLITUDE REDUCTION
(%)
dB
(%)
dB
0000
0
0
1000
38.08
4.16
0001
4.76
0.42
1001
42.85
4.86
0010
9.52
0.87
1010
47.61
5.61
0011
14.28
1.34
1011
52.38
6.44
0100
19.04
1.83
1100
57.14
7.35
0101
23.8
2.36
1101
61.9
8.38
0110
28.56
2.92
1110
66.66
9.54
0111
33.32
3.52
1111
71.42
10.87
Table 26. LS_ SERDES_CONTROL — Address: 0x08 Default: 0x0001
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
8.15
LS_OUT_INVPAIR
LS SERDES output lane polarity. (x = Channel A or B, y = Lane 0 or 1 or 2 or 3)
ACCESS
RW
0 = Normal polarity. OUTxyP considered positive data. OUTxyN considered negative
data (Default 1’b0)
1 = Inverted polarity. OUTxyP considered negative data. OUTxyN considered positive
data
8.14
LS_IN_INVPAIR
LS SERDES input lane polarity. (x = Channel A or B, y = Lane 0 or 1 or 2 or 3)
RW
0 = Normal polarity. INxyP considered positive data and INxyN considered negative
data (Default 1’b0)
1 = Inverted polarity. INxyP considered negative data and INxyP considered positive
data
8.13:12
RESERVED
For TI use only (Default 2’b00)
RW
8.11:8
LS_EQ[3:0]
LS SERDES Equalization control (Default 4’b0000). Refer to Table 27.
RW
8.7
RESERVED
For TI use only (Default 1’b0)
RW
8.6:4
LS_CDR[2:0]
LS SERDES CDR control (Default 3’b000)
RW
000 –
001 –
010 –
011 –
100 –
101 –
11x –
8.3
LS_TX_ENTEST
1st Order. Threshold of 1
1st Order. Threshold of 17
2nd Order. High precision. Threshold of 1
2nd Order. High precision. Threshold of 17
1st Order. Low precision. Threshold of 1
2nd Order. Low precision. Threshold of 17
Reserved
LS SERDES test mode control on the channel input
RW
0 = Normal operation (Default 1’b0)
1 = Enable test mode
52
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Table 26. LS_ SERDES_CONTROL — Address: 0x08 Default: 0x0001 (continued)
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
8.2
LS_RX_ENTEST
LS SERDES test mode control on the channel output
ACCESS
RW
0 = Normal operation (Default 1’b0)
1 = Enable test mode
8.1:0
RESERVED
For TI use only (Default 2’b01)
RW
Table 27. Low-Speed Side SERDES Equalization
8.11:8
VALUE
8.11:8
LOW FREQ GAIN
ZERO FREQ
VALUE
LOW FREQ GAIN
ZERO FREQ
0000
Maximum
1000
365 MHz
0001
Adaptive
1001
275 MHz
0010
1010
195 MHz
0011
1011
0100
1100
Reserved
0101
Adaptive
140 MHz
105 MHz
1101
75 MHz
0110
1110
55 MHz
0111
1111
50 MHz
Table 28. HS_OVERLAY_CONTROL — Address: 0x09 Default: 0x0900
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
9.15:10
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 6’b000010)
ACCESS
RW
9.9
HS_PEAK_DISABLE
HS Serdes PEAK_DISABLE control
RW
0 = Track-and-hold has peaking for bandwidth extension
1 = Track-and-hold is without peaking; has flat AC response
9.8
HS_LOS_MASK
0 = HS SERDES LOS status is used to generate HS channel synchronization
status. If HS SERDES indicates LOS, channel synchronization indicates
synchronization is not achieved
RW
1 = HS SERDES LOS status is not used to generate HS channel
synchronization status (Default 1’b1)
9.5
HS_CH_SYNC_OVERLAY
0 = LOSx pin does not reflect receive channel loss of channel synchronization
status (Default 1’b0)
RW
1 = Allows channel loss of synchronization to be reflected on LOSx pin
9.4
HS_INVALID_CODE_OVERLAY
0 = LOSx pin does not reflect receive channel invalid code word error (Default
1’b0)
RW
1 = Allows invalid code word error to be reflected on LOSx pin
9.3
HS_AGCLOCK_OVERLAY
0 = LOSx pin does not reflect HS SERDES AGC unlock status (Default 1’b0)
RW
1 = Allows HS SERDES AGC unlock status to be reflected on LOSx pin
9.2
HS_AZDONE_OVERLAY
9.1
HS_PLL_LOCK_OVERLAY
9.0
HS_LOS_OVERLAY
0 = LOSx pin does not reflect HS SERDES auto zero calibration not done
status (Default 1’b0)
RW
1 = Allows auto zero calibration not done status to be reflected on LOSx pin
0 = LOSx pin does not reflect loss of HS SERDES PLL lock status (Default
1’b0)
RW
1 = Allows HS SERDES loss of PLL lock status to be reflected on LOSx pin
0 = LOSx pin does not reflect HS SERDES Loss of signal condition (Default
1’b0)
RW
1 = Allows HS SERDES Loss of signal condition to be reflected on LOSx pin
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Table 29. LS_OVERLAY_CONTROL — Address: 0x0A Default: 0x4000
BIT(s)
NAME
A.15:14 RESERVED
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
For TI use only
RW
A.13
BER_TIMER_CLK_EN
0 = Disable BER timer clock (Default 1’b0)
1 = Enable BER timer clock
RW
A.12
LS_PLL_LOCK_OVERLAY
0 = LOSx pin does not reflect loss of LS SERDES PLL lock status
(Default 1’b0)
RW
1 = Allows LS SERDES loss of PLL lock status to be reflected on
LOSx pin
A.11:8
LS_CH_SYNC_OVERLAY_LN[3:0]
[3] Corresponds to Lane 3, [2] Corresponds to Lane 2
RW
[1] Corresponds to Lane 1, [0] Corresponds to Lane 0
0 = LOSx pin does not reflect LS SERDES lane loss of
synchronization condition (Default 1’b0)
1 = Allows LS SERDES lane loss of synchronization condition to be
reflected on LOSx pin
A.7:4
LS_INVALID_CODE_OVERLAY_LN[3:0]
[3] Corresponds to Lane 3, [2] Corresponds to Lane 2
RW
[1] Corresponds to Lane 1, [0] Corresponds to Lane 0
0 = LOSx pin does not reflect LS SERDES lane invalid code
condition (Default 1’b0)
1 = Allows LS SERDES lane invalid code condition to be reflected on
LOSx pin
A.3:0
LS_LOS_OVERLAY_LN[3:0
[3] Corresponds to Lane 3, [2] Corresponds to Lane 2
RW
[1] Corresponds to Lane 1, [0] Corresponds to Lane 0
0 = LOSx pin does not reflect LS SERDES lane Loss of signal
condition (Default 1’b0)
1 = Allows LS SERDES lane Loss of signal condition to be reflected
on LOSx pin
Table 30. LOOPBACK_TP_CONTROL — Address: 0x0B Default: 0x0700
BIT(s)
NAME
B.15:14 RESERVED
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
For TI use only
RW
B.13
HS_TP_GEN_EN
0 = Normal operation (Default 1’b0)
1 = Activates test pattern generation selected by bits B.10:8
RW
B.12
HS_TP_VERIFY_EN
0 = Normal operation (Default 1’b0)
1 = Activates test pattern verification selected by bits B.10:8
RW
B.10:8
HS_TEST_PATT_SEL[2:0]
Test Pattern Selection. Note that for CRPAT, TPsync must be high to be valid. See
MDIO bit F.15 in Table 34.
RW
000 = High Frequency Test Pattern
001 = Low Frequency Test Pattern
010 = Mixed Frequency Test Pattern
011 = CRPAT Short
100 = CRPAT Long
101 = 27 - 1 PRBS pattern
110 = 223 - 1 PRBS pattern
111 = 231 - 1 PRBS pattern (Default 3’b111)
Errors can be checked by reading HS_ERROR_COUNTER register (0x10)
B.7
LS_TP_GEN_EN
B.6
LS_TP_VERIFY_EN
0 = Normal operation (Default 1’b0)
1 = Activates test pattern generation selected by bits B.5:4 on the LS side
RW
Requires setting of LS_RX_ENTEST (8.2) for desired lane on the LS side
54
0 = Normal operation (Default 1’b0)
1 = Activates test pattern verification selected by bits B.5:4 on the LS side
Requires setting of LS_TX_ENTEST (8.3) for desired lane on the LS side
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Table 30. LOOPBACK_TP_CONTROL — Address: 0x0B Default: 0x0700 (continued)
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
B.5:4
LS_TEST_PATT_SEL[1:0]
Test Pattern Selection
00
01
10
11
B.3
DEEP_REMOTE_LPBK
ACCESS
RW
31
=
=
=
=
2 - 1 PRBS pattern (Default 2’b00)
Alternating 0/1 pattern with a period of 2 UI (LS side bit UI)
27 - 1 PRBS pattern
223 - 1 PRBS pattern
0 = Normal functional mode (Default 1’b0)
1 = Enable deep remote loopback mode
RW
Requires setting of LS_TX_ENTEST(8.3) and LS_RX_ENTEST (8.2) for desired lane
on the LS side. See Figure 14 and MDIO bit 6.7 for additional controls.
B.2
SHALLOW_REMOTE_LPBK
B.1
DEEP_LOCAL_LPBK
B.0
SHALLOW_LOCAL_LPBK
0 = Normal functional mode (Default 1’b0)
1 = Enable shallow remote loopback mode/serial retime mode
RW
See Figure 15
0 = Normal functional mode (Default 1’b0)
1 = Enable deep remote loopback mode
RW
See Figure 16
0 = Normal functional mode (Default 1’b0)
1 = Enable shallow local loopback mode
RW
See Figure 17
Table 31. LAS_CONFIG_CONTROL — Address: 0x0C Default: 0x03F0
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
C.15:14 RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 2’b0)
RW
C.13:12 LAS_STATUS_CFG[1:0]
Selects selected lane status to be reflected in LAS_STATUS_1 register (0x15)
RW
00
01
10
11
C.11:10 LAS_CH_SYNC_HYS_SEL[1:0]
=
=
=
=
Lane 0 (Default 2’b00)
Lane 1
Lane 2
Lane 3
Lane alignment slave Channel synchronization hysteresis selection
RW
00 = The channel synchronization, when in the synchronization state, performs
the Ethernet standard specified hysteresis to return to the LOS state
(Default 2’b00)
01 = A single 8b/10b invalid decode error or disparity error causes the channel
synchronization state machine to immediately transition from sync to LOS
10 = Two adjacent 8b/10b invalid decode errors or disparity errors cause the
channel synchronization state machine to immediately transition from sync
to LOS
11 = Three adjacent 8b/10b invalid decode errors or disparity errors cause the
channel synchronization state machine to immediately transition from sync
to LOS
C.9:8
LAS_LA_COL_CFG[1:0]
Minimum distance between align character in Lane alignment slave
RW
00 = 8
01 = 16
1x = 24 (Default 2’b11)
C.7
LS_DECODE_ERR_MASK
0 = LS side decode errors of enabled lanes are used to generate link status if
error rate exceeds threshold. Valid only when hardware BER function is
enabled by setting A.13 to 1'b1.
RW
1 = LS side decode errors of any lane are not used to generate link status
(Default 1’b1)
C.6
RESERVED
C.5
LS_LOS_MASK
For TI use only.
RW
0 = LS SERDES LOS status of enabled lanes is used to generate link status
RW
1 = LS SERDES LOS status of enabled lanes is not used to generate link
status (Default 1’b1)
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Table 31. LAS_CONFIG_CONTROL — Address: 0x0C Default: 0x03F0 (continued)
BIT(s)
NAME
C.4
LS_PLL_LOCK_MASK
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
0 = LS SERDES PLL Lock status is used to generate link status
RW
1 = LS SERDES PLL Lock status is not used to generate link status (Default
1’b1)
C.2
FORCE_LM_REALIGN
C.1:0
LAS_BER_THRESH[1:0]
0 = Normal operation (Default 1’b0)
1 = Force lane realignment in Link status monitor
Threshold setting for 8b/10b error rate checking. Valid only when hardware BER
function is enabled by setting A.13 to 1'b1.
RW
SC (1)
RW
00 = Link Ok if <1 error when timer expires (Default 2’b00)
01 = Link Ok if <15 error when timer expires
10 = Link Ok if <127 error when timer expires
11 = Link Ok if <1023 error when timer expires
(1)
After reset bit is set to one, it automatically sets itself back to zero on the next MDC clock cycle.
Table 32. LAS_BER_TMER_CONTROL — Address: 0x0D Default: 0xFFFF
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
D.15:0
LAS_BER_TIMER[15:0]
16 bit value to configure 8b/10b error rate checking on the link monitor (Default
16’hFFFF). Valid only when hardware BER function is enabled by setting A.13 to
1'b1.
ACCESS
RW
Table 33. RESET_CONTROL — Address: 0x0E Default: 0x0000
BIT(s) NAME
DESCRIPTION
E.3
Channel datapath reset control. Required once the desired functional mode is configured.
DATAPATH_RESET
ACCESS
0 = Normal operation. (Default 1’b0)
1 = Resets channel logic excluding MDIO registers. (Resets both Tx and Rx datapath)
E.2
TXFIFO_RESET
Transmit FIFO reset control
RW
SC (1)
RW
SC (1)
0 = Normal operation. (Default 1’b0)
1 = Resets transmit datapath FIFO.
E.1
RXFIFO_RESET
Receive FIFO reset control
RW
SC (1)
0 = Normal operation. (Default 1’b0)
1 = Resets receive datapath FIFO.
(1)
After reset bit is set to one, it automatically sets itself back to zero on the next MDC clock cycle.
Table 34. CHANNEL_STATUS_1 — Address: 0x0F Default: 0x0000
BIT(s) NAME
DESCRIPTION
F.15
Test Pattern status for High/Low/Medium/CRPAT test patterns
HS_TP_ STATUS
ACCESS
RO
0 = Alignment has not achieved
1 = Alignment has been determined and correct pattern has been received. Any bit errors
are reflected in HS_ERROR_COUNTER register (0x10)
F.14
LA_SLAVE_STATUS
Lane alignment slave status
0 = Lane alignment is not achieved on the slave side
1 = Lane alignment is achieved on the slave side
RO/LL
F.13
HS_LOS
Loss of Signal Indicator.
When high, indicates that a loss of signal condition is detected on HS serial receive
inputs
RO/LH
F.12
HS_AZ_DONE
Auto zero complete indicator.
When high, indicates auto zero calibration is complete
RO/LL
F.11
HS_AGC_LOCKED
Adaptive gain control loop lock indicator.
When high, indicates AGC loop is in locked state
RO/LL
F.10
HS_CHANNEL_SYNC
Channel synchronization status indicator.
When high, indicates channel synchronization has achieved
RO/LL
56
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Table 34. CHANNEL_STATUS_1 — Address: 0x0F Default: 0x0000 (continued)
BIT(s) NAME
DESCRIPTION
F.9
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 1’b0).
ACCESS
RO/LH
F.8
HS_DECODE_INVALID
Valid when decoder is enabled and during CRPAT test pattern verification.
When high, indicates decoder received an invalid code word, or a 8b/10b disparity error.
In functional mode, number of DECODE_INVALID errors are reflected in
HS_ERROR_COUNTER register (0x10)
RO/LH
F.7
TX_FIFO_UNDERFLOW
When high, indicates underflow has occurred in the transmit datapath FIFO.
RO/LH
F.6
TX_FIFO_OVERFLOW
When high, indicates overflow has occurred in the transmit datapath FIFO.
RO/LH
F.5
RX_FIFO_UNDERFLOW
When high, indicates underflow has occurred in the receive datapath FIFO.
RO/LH
F.4
RX_FIFO_OVERFLOW
When high, indicates overflow has occurred in the receive datapath FIFO.
RO/LH
F.3
RX_LS_OK
Receive link status indicator from LS side.
When high, indicates receive link status is achieved on the LS side
RO/LL
F.2
TX_LS_OK
Link status indicator from Link training slave inside TLK10002
When high, indicates Link training slave has achieved sync and alignment
RO/LL
F.1
LS_PLL_LOCK
LS SERDES PLL lock indicator
When high, indicates LS SERDES PLL is locked to the selected incoming
REFCLK0/1_P/N
RO/LL
F.0
HS_PLL_LOCK
HS SERDES PLL lock indicator
When high, indicates HS SERDES PLL is locked to the selected incoming
REFCLK0/1_P/N
RO/LL
Table 35. HS_ERROR_COUNTER — Address: 0x10 Default: 0xFFFD
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
10.15:0
HS_ERR_COUNT [15:0]
In functional mode, this counter reflects number of invalid code words (including
disparity errors) received by decoder.
In HS test pattern verification mode, this counter reflects error count for the test
pattern selected through B.10:8
When PRBSEN pin is set, this counter reflects error count for selected PRBS
pattern. Counter value cleared to 16’h0000 when read.
ACCESS
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
11.15:0
LS_LN0_ERR_COUNT [15:0]
Lane 0 Error counter
In functional mode, this counter reflects number of invalid code words (including
disparity errors) received by decoder in lane alignment slave.
In LS test pattern verification mode, this counter reflects error count for the test
pattern selected through B.5:4
Counter value cleared to 16’h0000 when read.
COR
Table 36. LS_LN0_ERROR_COUNTER — Address: 0x11 Default: 0xFFFD
ACCESS
COR
Table 37. LS_LN1_ERROR_COUNTER — Address: 0x12 Default: 0xFFFD
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
12.15:0
LS_LN1_ERR_COUNT [15:0]
Lane 1 Error counter
In functional mode, this counter reflects number of invalid code words (including
disparity errors) received by decoder in lane alignment slave.
In LS test pattern verification mode, this counter reflects error count for the test
pattern selected through B.5:4
Counter value cleared to 16’h0000 when read.
ACCESS
COR
Table 38. LS_LN2_ERROR_COUNTER — Address: 0x13 Default: 0xFFFD
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
13.15:0
LS_LN2_ERR_COUNT [15:0]
Lane 2 Error counter
In functional mode, this counter reflects number of invalid code words (including
disparity errors) received by decoder in lane alignment slave.
In LS test pattern verification mode, this counter reflects error count for the test
pattern selected through B.5:4
Counter value cleared to 16’h0000 when read.
ACCESS
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Table 39. LS_LN3_ERROR_COUNTER — Address: 0x14 Default: 0xFFFD
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
14.15:0
LS_LN3_ERR_COUNT [15:0]
Lane 3 Error counter
In functional mode, this counter reflects number of invalid code words (including
disparity errors) received by decoder in lane alignment slave.
In LS test pattern verification mode, this counter reflects error count for the test
pattern selected through B.5:4
Counter value cleared to 16’h0000 when read.
ACCESS
COR
Table 40. LAS_STATUS_1 — Address: 0x15 Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
15.15
LAS_LN_ALIGN_FIFO_ERR
LAS Lane alignment FIFO error status
ACCESS
RO/LH
0 = FIFO error not detected
1 = FIFO error detected
15.14:12
RESERVED
For TI use only
RO
15.11
LAM_ ALIGN_SEQ_ST
LAM Lane align sequence state
0 = Sending normal traffic
1 = Sending lane align sequence
RO
15.10
LS_LOS
Loss of Signal Indicator.
When high, indicates that a loss of signal condition is detected on LS serial
receive inputs for selected lane. Lane can be selected through
LAS_STATUS_CFG[1:0] (register C.13:12)
RO/LH
15.9
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 1’b0).
RO/LL
15.8
LAS_CH_SYNC_STATUS
LAS Channel sync status for selected lane. Lane can be selected through
LAS_STATUS_CFG[1:0] (register C.13:12)
RO/LL
15.6:4
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 2’b000).
15.3
LAS_INVALID_DECODE
LAS Invalid decode error for selected lane. Lane can be selected through
LAS_STATUS_CFG[1:0] (register C.13:12). Error count for each lane can also be
monitored through respective LS_LNx_ERROR_COUNTER registers (0x11,
0x12, 0x13, and 0x14)
15.2:0
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 2’b000).
RO
RO/LH
RO
Table 41. LATENCY_MEASURE_CONTROL — Address: 0x16 Default: 0x7F00
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
16.15:8
RESERVED
For TI use only (Default 8'b11111111)
RW
16.7
LATENCY_MEAS_START_SEL
Latency measurement start point selection
RW
0 = Selects LS TX as start point (Default 1’b0)
1 = Selects HS RX as start point
16.6
LATENCY_MEAS_STOP_SEL
Latency measurement stop point selection
RW
0 = Selects LS RX as stop point (Default 1’b0)
1 = Selects HS TX as stop point
16.5:4
LATENCY_MEAS_CLK_DIV[1:0]
Latency measurement clock divide control. Valid only when bit 16.2 is 0. Divides
clock to needed resolution. Higher the divide value, lesser the latency
measurement resolution. In choosing a divider, note that the frequency of the
divided clock should not be slower than the internal high speed byte clock.
RW
00 = Divide by 1 (Default 2’b00) (Most Accurate Measurement)
01 = Divide by 2
10 = Divide by 4
11 = Divide by 8 (Longest Measurement Capability)
See Table 8
16.2
LATENCY_MEAS_CLK_SEL
Latency measurement clock selection.
RW
0 = Selects clock listed in Table 8. Bits 16.5:4 can be used to divide this
clock to achieve needed resolution. (Default 1’b0)
1 = Selects respective channel recovered byte clock (Frequency = Serial bit
rate/ 20).
58
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Table 41. LATENCY_MEASURE_CONTROL — Address: 0x16 Default: 0x7F00 (continued)
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
16.1
LATENCY_MEAS_EN
Latency measurement enable
ACCESS
RW
0 = Disable Latency measurement (Default 1’b0)
1 = Enable Latency measurement
16.0
LATENCY_MEAS_CH_SEL
Latency measurement channel selection
RW
0 = Selects Latency measurement for channel A (Default 1’b0)
1 = Selects Latency measurement for channel B
Table 42. LATENCY_COUNTER_2 — Address: 0x17 Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
17.15:12
LATENCY_MEAS_START_COMMA[3:0]
Latency measurement start comma location status. 1 indicates
comma found at the start location. If LS TX is selected as start point
(16.7 = 0), [3:0] indicates status for lane3, lane2, lane1, lane0. If HS
RX is selected as start point (16.7 = 1), [0] indicates status for
data[9:0], [1] indicates status for data[19:10]. [3:2] is unused.
RO/LH (1)
17.11:8
LATENCY_MEAS_STOP_COMMA[3:0]
Latency measurement stop comma location status. 1 indicates comma
found at the stop location. If LS RX is selected as stop point (16.6 =
0), [3:0] indicates status for lane3, lane2, lane1, lane0. If HS TX is
selected as stop point (16.6 = 1), [0] indicates status for data[9:0], [1]
indicates status for data[19:10]. [3:2] is unused.
RO/LH (1)
17.4
LATENCY_ MEAS_READY
Latency measurement ready indicator
RO/LH (1)
0 = Indicates latency measurement not complete.
1 = Indicates latency measurement is complete and value in latency
measurement counter (LATENCY_MEAS_COUNT[19:0]) (in registers
17.3:0 and 18.15:0) is ready to be read.
17.3:0
LATENCY_MEAS_COUNT[19:16]
Bits[19:16] of 20 bit wide latency measurement counter.
COR (1)
Latency measurement counter value represents the latency in number
of clock cycles. This counter will return 20’h00000 if it is read before a
comma is received at the stop point. If latency is more than
20’hFFFFF clock cycles then this counter returns 20’hFFFFF.
(1)
User has to make sure Register 0x17 has to be read first before reading Register 0x18. Latency measurement counter value resets to
20’h00000 when Register 0x18 is read. Start and Stop Comma (17.15:12 and 17.11:8) and count valid (17.4) bits are also cleared when
Register 0x18 is read.
Table 43. LATENCY_COUNTER_1 — Address: 0x18 Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
18.15:0
LATENCY_MEAS_COUNT[15:0]
Bits[15:0] of 20-bit wide latency measurement counter.
(1)
ACCESS
COR (1)
User has to make sure Register 0x17 has to be read first before reading Register 0x18. Latency measurement counter value resets to
20’h00000 when Register 0x18 is read. Start and Stop Comma (17.15:12 and 17.11:8) and count valid (17.4) bits are also cleared when
Register 0x18 is read.
Table 44. TI_RESERVED_CONTROL_1 — Address: 0x19 Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
19.10
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 1’b0)
RW
19.9
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 1’b0)
RW
19.8
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 1’b0)
RW
19.6
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 1’b0)
RW
19.5:4
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 2’b00)
RW
19.3:0
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 4’b0000)
RW
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Table 45. TI_RESERVED_CONTROL_2 — Address: 0x1A Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
1A.15:0
RESERVED
For TI use only.
RW
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
1B.15:0
RESERVED
For TI use only.
RO
Table 46. TI_RESERVED_STATUS_1 — Address: 0x1B Default: 0x0000
Table 47. MISC_CONTROL_3 — Address: 0x1C Default: 0x3000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
1C.15
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 1’b0)
ACCESS
RW
1C.14
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 1’b0)
RW
1C.13
CLKOUT_B_EN
Output clock enable
RW
0 = Holds CLKOUTBP/N output to a fixed value
1 = Allows CLKOUTBP/N output to toggle normally (Default 1'b1)
1C.12
CLKOUT_A_EN
Output clock enable
RW
0 = Holds CLKOUTAP/N output to a fixed value
1 = Allows CLKOUTAP/N output to toggle normally (Default 1'b1)
1C.9:0
RESERVED
For TI use only. (Default 10’b0000000000)
RW
Table 48. LAS_STATUS_2 — Address: 0x1D Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
1D.15:12
LAS_LN3_ALIGN_PTR[3:0]
LAS Lane align FIFO character location for lane 3.
ACCESS
RO
1D.11:8
LAS_LN2_ALIGN_PTR[3:0]
LAS Lane align FIFO character location for lane 2.
RO
1D.7:4
LAS_LN1_ALIGN_PTR[3:0]
LAS Lane align FIFO character location for lane 1.
RO
1D.3:0
LAS_LN0_ALIGN_PTR[3:0]
LAS Lane align FIFO character location for lane 0.
RO
Table 49. EXT_ADDRESS_CONTROL — Address: 0x1E Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
1E.15:0
EXT_ADDR_CONTROL[15:0]
This register must be written with the extended register address to be written/read.
Contents of address written in this register can be accessed from Register 0x1F.
(Default 4’h0000)
ACCESS
RW
Table 50. EXT_ADDRESS_DATA — Address: 0x1F Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
1F.15:0
EXT_ADDR_DATA[15:0]
This register contains the data associated with the register address written in
Register 0x1E
ACCESS
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
8000.15:0
RESERVED
For TI use only.
RO
RO
Table 51. TI_ RESERVED_STATUS_2 — Address: 0x8000 Default: 0x0000
Table 52. TI_RESERVED_STATUS_3 — Address: 0x8001 Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
8001.15:0
RESERVED
For TI use only.
RO
Table 53. TI_RESERVED_STATUS_4 — Address: 0x8002 Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
8002.15:0
RESERVED
For TI use only.
RO
60
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Table 54. TI_RESERVED_STATUS_5 — Address: 0x8003 Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
8003.15:0
RESERVED
For TI use only.
RO
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
8004.15:0
RESERVED
For TI use only.
RO
Table 55. TI_RESERVED_STATUS_6 — Address: 0x8004 Default: 0x0000
Table 56. TI_RESERVED_STATUS_7 — Address: 0x8005 Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
8005.15:0
RESERVED
For TI use only.
RO
Table 57. TI_RESERVED_STATUS_8 — Address: 0x8006 Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
8006.15:0
RESERVED
For TI use only.
RO
Table 58. TI_RESERVED_STATUS_9 — Address: 0x8007 Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
8007.15:0
RESERVED
For TI use only.
RO
Table 59. TI_RESERVED_STATUS_10 — Address: 0x8008 Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
8008.15:0
RESERVED
For TI use only.
RO
Table 60. TI_RESERVED_STATUS_11 — Address: 0x8009 Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
8009.15:0
RESERVED
For TI use only.
RO
Table 61. TI_RESERVED_STATUS_12 — Address: 0x800A Default: 0x0000
BIT(s)
NAME
DESCRIPTION
ACCESS
800A.15:0
RESERVED
For TI use only.
RO
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9 Application and Implementation
NOTE
Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component
specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are
responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should
validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.
9.1 Application Information
The TLK10002 device can be used to support 10-Gbps data transmission over a backplane, for example,
between a network processor or MAC and switch ASIC located on separate cards within a router chassis. A
block diagram of this application is shown in Figure 33.
9.2 Typical Application
Line Card
NPU
Switch
Backplane
10G
10
GbE
MAC
10
GbE
PHY
TLK10002
LS side
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Figure 33. Typical Application Circuit
9.2.1 Design Requirements
Table 62 lists the design parameters of this example.
Table 62. Design Parameters
PARAMETER
VALUE
Signaling
9.8304 Gbps
Encoding
8b/10b
REFCLK
122.88 MHz
AC-coupling caps
0.1 µF
Swing
1260 mVpp
Total jitter (max)
0.298 UI
9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
The TLK10031 must be powered through a 1-V (nominal) supply on the VDDD, VDDA, DVDD, VDDT, and VPP
rails, and by a 1.5-V or 1.8-V (nominal) supply on the VDDR and VDDO rails. The power supply accuracy must
be 5% or better, and the user must be careful that resistive losses across the application PCB’s power
distribution network do not cause the voltage present at the TLK10002 BGA balls to be below specification. If a
switched-mode power supply is used, take care to ensure low supply ripple.
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Table 63. Device Configuration
PARAMETER
VALUE
Mode
4:1
PRE
–5
POST1
–10
POST2
–7.5
9.2.3 Application Curve
Figure 34. Clean TX Output from TLK10002
9.3 Initialization Setup
The following sequence must be performed to initialize and ensure proper operation of the TLK10002 device.
This procedure is optimized for electrical connection on HS serial side.
9.3.1 4:1 Mode (9.8304 Gbps on HS Side, 2.4576 Gbps Per Lane on LS Side)
Note: Assume both channel A and channel B have the same setup.
REFCLK frequency = 122.88 MHz, Mode = Transceiver, 4 to 1 serialization on LS side inputs and 1 to 4
deserialization on HS side inputs.
• Device Pin Setting(s) – Pin settings allow for maximum software configurability.
– Ensure PD_TRXA_N input pin is High.
– Ensure PD_TRXB_N input pin is High.
– Ensure PRBSEN input pin is Low.
– Ensure REFCLKA_SEL input pin is Low to enable software control.
– Ensure REFCLKB_SEL input pin is Low to enable software control.
• Reset Device
– Issue a hard or soft reset (RESET_N asserted for at least 10 µs -or- Write 1’b1 to 0.15 GLOBAL_RESET)
after power supply stabilization.
• Enable MDIO global write so that each MDIO write affects both channels to shorten provisioning time
– Write 1’b1 to 0.11 GLOBAL_WRITE
• Clock Configuration and Mode control
– Write 1’b1 to 1.9 RX_DEMUX_SEL to select 1 to 4 on the receive side
– Write 1’b1 to 1.8 TX_MUX_SEL to select 4 to 1 on the transmit side
– Select respective Channel SERDES REFCLK input (Default = REFCLK0P/N)
– If REFCLK0P/N used – Write 1’b0 to 1.1 REFCLK_ SEL
– If REFCLK1P/N used – Write 1’b1 to 1.1 REFCLK_ SEL
• HS/LS Data Rate Setting (Refer to Table 3 for more CPRI/OBSAI Rates)
– Write 4’b1101 to 2.3:0 HS_PLL_MULT[3:0], write 2’b00 to 3.9:8 HS_RATE_RX[1:0], write 2’b00 to 3.1:0
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Initialization Setup (continued)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
64
HS_RATE_TX[1:0], to select FULL rate and 20x MPY on HS side (HS_SERDES_CONTROL_1 = 0x811D,
HS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 = 0xA444).
– Write 4’b0101 to 6.3:0 LS_MPY[3:0], write 2’b00 to 7.9:8 LS_IN_RATE[1:0], write 2’b00 to 7.1:0
LS_OUT_RATE [1:0], to select FULL rate and 10x MPY on LS side (LS_SERDES_CONTROL_1 =
0xF115, LS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 = 0xDC04).
HS Serial Configuration Changed
– Configure the following bits per the desired application:
– 2.9:8 (HS_LOOP_BANDWIDTH[1:0]), 2.6 (HS_VRANGE)
– 3.15:12 (HS_SWING[3:0]), 3.7:6 (HS_AGCCTRL[1:0])
– 3.5:4 (HS_AZCAL[1:0]), 4.14:12 (HS_EQPRE[2:0])
– 4.11:10 (HS_CDRFMULT[1:0]), 4.9:8 (HS_CDRTHR[1:0]), 4.5 (H1CDRMODE)
– 4.4:0 (HS_TWCRF[4:0]), 5.12:8 (HS_TWPOST1[4:0])
– 5.7:4 (HS_TWPRE[3:0]), 5.3:0 (HS_TWPOST2[3:0])
LS Serial Configuration
– Configure the following bits per the desired application:
– 7.14:12 (LS_SWING[2:0]), 7.7:4 (LS_DE[3:0])
– 8.11:8 (LS_EQ [3:0]), 8.6:4 (LS_CDR [2:0])
Toggle HS_ENRX
– Write 1'b0 to 3.2 (HS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 = 0xA440)
– Write 1'b1 to 3.2 (HS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 = 0xA444)
Wait 10ms
Check SERDES PLL Status for Locked State
– Poll F.1 LS_PLL_LOCK (per channel) until it is asserted (high)
– Poll F.0 HS_PLL_LOCK (per channel) until it is asserted (high)
Issue Data path Reset
– Write 1’b1 to E.3 DATAPATH_RESET
Clear Latched Registers
– Read 0x0F CHANNEL_STATUS_1 to clear (per channel)
Device provisioning has completed at this point
Periodically Check Device Operational Mode Status (Non-Errored Read Values Shown Below):
– Read 0x0F CHANNEL_STATUS_1 and verify the following bits:
– F.14 LA_SLAVE_STATUS (1’b1) (per channel)
– F.13 HS_LOS (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.12 HS_AZ_DONE (1’b1) (per channel)
– F.11 HS_AGC_LOCKED (1’b1) (per channel)
– F.10 HS_CHANNEL_SYNC (1’b1) (per channel)
– F.8 HS_DECODE_INVALID (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.7 TX_FIFO_UNDERFLOW (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.6 TX_FIFO_OVERFLOW (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.5 RX_FIFO_UNDERFLOW (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.4 RX_FIFO_OVERFLOW (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.3 RX_LS_OK (1’b1) (per channel).
– F.2 TX_LS_OK (1’b1) (per channel).
– F.1 LS_PLL_LOCK (1’b1) (per channel)
– F.0 HS_PLL_LOCK (1’b1) (per channel)
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Initialization Setup (continued)
9.3.2 2:1 Mode (9.8304 Gbps on HS Side, 4.9152 Gbps Per Lane on LS Side, Only Lanes 0 and 1 on LS
Side Active)
Note: Assume both channel A and channel B have the same setup.
REFCLK frequency = 122.88MHz, Mode = Transceiver, 2 to 1 serialization on LS side inputs and 1 to 2
deserialization on HS side inputs.
• Device Pin Setting(s) – Pin settings allow for maximum software configurability.
– Ensure PD_TRXA_N input pin is High.
– Ensure PD_TRXB_N input pin is High.
– Ensure PRBSEN input pin is Low.
– Ensure REFCLKA_SEL input pin is Low to enable software control.
– Ensure REFCLKB_SEL input pin is Low to enable software control.
• Reset Device
– Issue a hard or soft reset (RESET_N asserted for at least 10 µs -or- Write 1’b1 to 0.15 GLOBAL_RESET)
after power supply stabilization.
• Enable MDIO global write so that each MDIO write affects both channels to shorten provisioning time
– Write 1’b1 to 0.11 GLOBAL_WRITE
• Clock Configuration and Mode control
– Write 1’b0 to 1.9 RX_DEMUX_SEL to select 1 to 2 on the receive side
– Write 1’b0 to 1.8 TX_MUX_SEL to select 2 to 1 on the transmit side
– Select respective Channel SERDES REFCLK input (Default = REFCLK0P/N)
– If REFCLK0P/N used – Write 1’b0 to 1.1 REFCLK_ SEL
– If REFCLK1P/N used – Write 1’b1 to 1.1 REFCLK_ SEL
• HS/LS Data Rate Setting (Refer to Table 3 for more CPRI/OBSAI Rates)
– Write 4’b1101 to 2.3:0 HS_PLL_MULT[3:0], write 2’b00 to 3.9:8 HS_RATE_RX[1:0], write 2’b00 to 3.1:0
HS_RATE_TX[1:0], to select FULL rate and 20x MPY on HS side (HS_SERDES_CONTROL_1 = 0x811D,
HS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 = 0xA444).
– Write 1'b1 to 9.9 HS_PEAK_DISABLE (HS_OVERLAY_CONTROL = 0x0B00)
– Write 4’b1001 to 6.3:0 LS_MPY[3:0], write 2’b00 to 7.9:8 LS_IN_RATE[1:0], write 2’b00 to 7.1:0
LS_OUT_RATE [1:0], to select FULL rate and 20x MPY on LS side (LS_SERDES_CONTROL_1 =
0XF119, LS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 = 0xDC04).
• HS Serial Configuration
– Configure the following bits per the desired application:
– 2.9:8 (HS_LOOP_BANDWIDTH[1:0]), 2.6 (HS_VRANGE)
– 3.15:12 (HS_SWING[3:0]), 3.7:6 (HS_AGCCTRL[1:0])
– 3.5:4 (HS_AZCAL[1:0]), 4.14:12 (HS_EQPRE[2:0])
– 4.11:10 (HS_CDRFMULT[1:0]), 4.9:8 (HS_CDRTHR[1:0])
– 4.4:0 (HS_TWCRF[4:0]), 5.12:8 (HS_TWPOST1[4:0])
– 5.7:4 (HS_TWPRE[3:0]), 5.3:0 (HS_TWPOST2[3:0])
• LS Serial Configuration
– Configure the following bits per the desired application:
– 7.14:12 (LS_SWING[2:0]), 7.7:4 (LS_DE[3:0])
– 8.11:8 (LS_EQ [3:0]), 8.6:4 (LS_CDR [2:0])
• Toggle HS_ENRX
– Write 1'b0 to 3.2 (HS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 = 0xA440)
– Write 1'b1 to 3.2 (HS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 = 0xA444)
• Wait 10ms
• Check SERDES PLL Status for Locked State
– Poll F.1 LS_PLL_LOCK (per channel) until it is asserted (high)
– Poll F.0 HS_PLL_LOCK (per channel) until it is asserted (high)
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Initialization Setup (continued)
•
•
•
•
Issue Data path Reset
– Write 1’b1 to E.3 DATAPATH_RESET
Clear Latched Registers
– Read 0x0F CHANNEL_STATUS_1 to clear (per channel)
Device provisioning has completed at this point
Periodically Check Device Operational Mode Status (Non-Errored Read Values Shown Below):
– Read 0x0F CHANNEL_STATUS_1 and verify the following bits:
– F.14 LA_SLAVE_STATUS (1’b1) (per channel)
– F.13 HS_LOS (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.12 HS_AZ_DONE (1’b1) (per channel)
– F.11 HS_AGC_LOCKED (1’b1) (per channel)
– F.10 HS_CHANNEL_SYNC (1’b1) (per channel)
– F.8 HS_DECODE_INVALID (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.7 TX_FIFO_UNDERFLOW (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.6 TX_FIFO_OVERFLOW (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.5 RX_FIFO_UNDERFLOW (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.4 RX_FIFO_OVERFLOW (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.3 RX_LS_OK (1’b1) (per channel).
– F.2 TX_LS_OK (1’b1) (per channel).
– F.1 LS_PLL_LOCK (1’b1) (per channel)
– F.0 HS_PLL_LOCK (1’b1) (per channel)
9.3.3 1:1 Mode (4.9152 Gbps on HS Side, 4.9152Gbps on LS side, Only Lane 0 on LS Side Active)
Note: Assume both channel A and channel B have the same setup.
REFCLK frequency = 122.88 MHz, Mode = Transceiver, 1 to 1 serialization on LS side inputs and 1 to 1
deserialization on HS side inputs.
• Device Pin Setting(s) – Pin settings allow for maximum software configurability.
– Ensure PD_TRXA_N input pin is High.
– Ensure PD_TRXB_N input pin is High.
– Ensure PRBSEN input pin is Low.
– Ensure REFCLKA_SEL input pin is Low to enable software control.
– Ensure REFCLKB_SEL input pin is Low to enable software control.
• Reset Device
– Issue a hard or soft reset (RESET_N asserted for at least 10 µs -or- Write 1’b1 to 0.15 GLOBAL_RESET)
after power supply stabilization.
• Enable MDIO global write so that each MDIO write affects both channels to shorten provisioning time
– Write 1’b1 to 0.11 GLOBAL_WRITE
• Clock Configuration and Mode control
– Write 1’b1 to 1.13 RX_MODE_SEL to select 1 to 1 on the receive side
– Write 1’b1 to 1.12 TX_MODE_SEL to select 2 to 1 on the transmit side
– Select respective Channel SERDES REFCLK input (Default = REFCLK0P/N)
– If REFCLK0P/N used – Write 1’b0 to 1.1 REFCLK_ SEL
– If REFCLK1P/N used – Write 1’b1 to 1.1 REFCLK_ SEL
• HS/LS Data Rate Setting (Refer to Table 2 for more CPRI/OBSAI Rates)
– Write 4’b1101 to 2.3:0 HS_PLL_MULT[3:0], write 2’b01 to 3.9:8 HS_RATE_RX[1:0], write 2’b01 to 3.1:0
HS_RATE_TX[1:0], to select HALF rate and 20x MPY on HS side (HS_SERDES_CONTROL_1 = 0x811D,
HS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 = 0xA545).
– Write 4’b1001 to 6.3:0 LS_MPY[3:0], write 2’b00 to 7.9:8 LS_IN_RATE[1:0], write 2’b00 to 7.1:0
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Initialization Setup (continued)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
LS_OUT_RATE [1:0], to select FULL rate and 20x MPY on LS side (LS_SERDES_CONTROL_1 =
0xF119, LS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 = 0xDC04).
HS Serial Configuration
– Configure the following bits per the desired application:
– 2.9:8 (HS_LOOP_BANDWIDTH[1:0]), 2.6 (HS_VRANGE)
– 3.15:12 (HS_SWING[3:0]), 3.7:6 (HS_AGCCTRL[1:0])
– 3.5:4 (HS_AZCAL[1:0]), 4.14:12 (HS_EQPRE[2:0])
– 4.11:10 (HS_CDRFMULT[1:0]), 4.9:8 (HS_CDRTHR[1:0])
– 4.4:0 (HS_TWCRF[4:0]), 5.12:8 (HS_TWPOST1[4:0])
– 5.7:4 (HS_TWPRE[3:0]), 5.3:0 (HS_TWPOST2[3:0])
LS Serial Configuration
– Configure the following bits per the desired application:
– 7.14:12 (LS_SWING[2:0]), 7.7:4 (LS_DE[3:0])
– 8.11:8 (LS_EQ [3:0]), 8.6:4 (LS_CDR [2:0])
Toggle HS_ENRX
– Write 1'b0 to 3.2 (HS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 = 0xA449)
– Write 1'b1 to 3.2 (HS_SERDES_CONTROL_2 = 0xA44D)
Wait 10ms
Check SERDES PLL Status for Locked State
– Poll F.1 LS_PLL_LOCK (per channel) until it is asserted (high)
– Poll F.0 HS_PLL_LOCK (per channel) until it is asserted (high)
Issue Data path Reset
– Write 1’b1 to E.3 DATAPATH_RESET
Clear Latched Registers
– Read 0x0F CHANNEL_STATUS_1 to clear (per channel)
Device provisioning has completed at this point
Periodically Check Device Operational Mode Status (Non-Errored Read Values Shown Below):
– Read 0x0F CHANNEL_STATUS_1 and verify the following bits:
– F.13 HS_LOS (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.12 HS_AZ_DONE (1’b1) (per channel)
– F.11 HS_AGC_LOCKED (1’b1) (per channel)
– F.7 TX_FIFO_UNDERFLOW (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.6 TX_FIFO_OVERFLOW (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.5 RX_FIFO_UNDERFLOW (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.4 RX_FIFO_OVERFLOW (1’b0) (per channel)
– F.1 LS_PLL_LOCK (1’b1) (per channel)
– F.0 HS_PLL_LOCK (1’b1) (per channel)
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10 Power Supply Recommendations
The TLK10002 allows either the core or I/O power supply to be powered up for an indefinite period of time while
the other supply is not powered up, if all of the following conditions are met:
1. All maximum ratings and recommending operating conditions are followed.
2. Bus contention while 1.5-V or 1.8-V power is applied ( > 0 V) must be limited to 100 hours over the projected
lifetime of the device.
3. Junction temperature is less than 105°C during device operation. Note: Voltage stress up to the absolute
maximum voltage values for up to 100 hours of lifetime operation at a TJ of 105°C or lower will minimally
impact reliability.
The TLK10002 LVCMOS I/O are not failsafe (that is, cannot be driven with the I/O power disabled). TLK10002
inputs must not be driven high until their associated power supply is active.
11 Layout
11.1 Layout Guidelines
Both low-speed side and high-speed side serial signals are referred to as high-speed signals for the purpose of
this document as they support very high data rates. For that reason, take care to realize them on a printed-circuit
board with signal integrity in mind. The high-speed data path CML input pins INA[3:0]P/INA[3:0]N,
INB[3:0]P/INB[3:0]N,
HSRXAP/HSRXAN,
and
HSRXBP/HSRXBN,
and
the
CML
output
pins
OUTA[3:0]P/OUTA[3:0]N, OUTB[3:0]P/OUTB[3:0]N, HSTXAP/HSTXAN, and HSTXBP/HSTXBN, have to be
connected with loosely-coupled 100-Ω differential transmission lines. Differential intra-pair skew needs to be
minimized to within ±1 mil. Inter-pair (lane-to-lane) skew for the low-speed signals can be as high as 30 UI. An
example of FR-4 printed-circuit board (PCB) realization of such differential transmission lines in microstrip format
is shown in Figure 35.
Figure 35. Differential Microstrip PCB Trace Geometry Example
To avoid impedance discontinuities the high-speed serial signals must be routed on a PCB on either the top or
bottom PCB layers in microstrip format with no vias. If vias are unavoidable, an absolute minimum number of
vias need to be used. The vias must be made to stretch through the entire PCB thickness (as shown in
Figure 35) to connect microstrip traces on the top and bottom layers of the PCB so as to leave no via stubs that
can severely impact the performance. If stripline traces are absolutely necessary, and if via back-drilling is not
possible, then the routing layers should be chosen so as to have via stubs that are shorter than 10 mils.
All unused internal layer via pads on high-speed signal vias must be removed to further improve impedance
matching. On the high-speed side, the HSRXAP/HSRXAN and HSRXBP/HSRXBN signals are more sensitive to
impedance discontinuities introduced by vias than HSTXAP/HSTXAN and HSTXBP/HSTXBN signals. For that
reason, if only some of those signals need to be routed with vias, then the latter must be routed with vias and the
former with no vias.
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Layout Guidelines (continued)
Figure 36. Examples of High-Speed PCB Traces With Vias that Have No Via Stubs and No Via Pads on
Internal Layers
To further improve on impedance matching, differential vias with neighboring ground vias can be used as shown
in Figure 37. The optimum dimensions of such a differential via structure depend on various parameters such as
the trace geometry, dielectric material, as well as the PCB layer stack-up. A 3D electromagnetic field solver can
be used to find the optimum via dimensions.
Figure 37. A Differential PCB Via Structure (Top View)
PCB traces connected to the HSRXAP/HSRXAN and HSRXBP/HSRXBN pins must have differential insertion
loss of less than 25 dB at 5 GHz.
Surface-mount connector pads such as those used with the SFP/SFP+ module connectors are wider and hence
have characteristic impedance that is lower than the regular high-speed PCB traces. If the pads are more than 2
times wider than the PCB traces, the pads’ impedance needs to be increased to minimize impedance
discontinuities. The easy way of increasing the pads’ impedance is to cut out the reference plane immediately
under those pads as shown in Figure 38 so as to have the pads refer to a reference plane on lower layers while
maintaining 100-Ω differential characteristic impedance.
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Layout Guidelines (continued)
Figure 38. Reference Plane Cut-Out Under SFP/SFP+ Module Connector Pads
11.1.1 AC Coupling
A 0.1-µF series AC-coupling capacitor must be connected to each of the high-speed data path pins
INA[3:0]P/INA[3:0]N, INB[3:0]P/INB[3:0]N, HSRXAP/HSRXAN, HSRXBP/HSRXBN, OUTA[3:0]P/OUTA[3:0]N,
OUTB[3:0]P/OUTB[3:0]N, HSTXAP/HSTXAN, and HSTXBP/HSTXBN. If the TLK10002 high-speed side data
path pins are connected to SFP/SFP+ optical modules with internal AC-coupling capacitors, then no external
capacitors should be used. Adding additional series capacitors may severely impact the performance.
To avoid impedance discontinuities, TI strongly recommends where possible to make the transmission line trace
width closely match the AC-coupling capacitor pad size. Smaller capacitor packages such as 0201 make it easy
to meet that condition.
11.1.2 TLK10002 Clocks: REFCLK, CLKOUT – General Information
The TLK10002 device requires a low-jitter reference clock to work. The reference clock can be provided on the
REFCLK0P/N or REFCLK1P/N pins. Both reference clock input pins have internal 100-Ω differential terminations,
so they do not need any external terminations. Both reference clock inputs must be AC-coupled with preferably
0.1-µF capacitors. The two channels (A and B) can have same or different reference clocks.
The TLK10002 serial receiver recovers clock and data from the incoming serial data. The recovered byte clock is
made available on the CLKOUTAP/N and/or CLKOUTBP/N pins. The CLKOUTxP/N CML output pins must be
AC-coupled with 0.1-µF AC-coupling capacitors.
11.1.3 External Clock Connections
An external clock jitter cleaner, such as Texas Instruments CDCE72010 or CDCM7005, may be used when
needed to provide a low jitter reference clock. An example external clock jitter cleaner connection for channel A
is shown in Figure 39.
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Layout Guidelines (continued)
Figure 39. An External Clock Jitter Cleaner Connection Example for Channel A
11.1.4 TLK10002 Control Pins and Interfaces
The TLK10002 device features a number of control pins and interfaces, some of which are described below.
11.1.4.1 MDIO Interface
The TLK10002 supports the Management Data Input/Output (MDIO) Interface as defined in Clause 22 of the
IEEE 802.3 Ethernet specification. The MDIO allows register-based management and control of the serial links.
The MDIO Management Interface consists of a bidirectional data path (MDIO) and a clock reference (MDC). The
port address is determined by the PRTAD[4:0] control pins.
The MDIO pin requires a pullup to VDDO[1:0]. No pullup is needed on the MDC pin if driven with a push-pull
MDIO master, but a pullup to VDDO[1:0] is needed if driven with an open-drain MDIO master.
11.1.4.2 JTAG Interface
The JTAG interface is mostly used for device test. The JTAG interface operates through the TDI, TDO, TMS,
TCK, and TRST_N pins. If not used, all the pins can be left unconnected except TDI and TCK which have to be
grounded.
11.1.4.3 Unused Pins
As a general guideline, any unused LVCMOS input pin needs to be grounded and any unused LVCMOS output
pin can be left unconnected. Unused CML differential output pins can be left unconnected. Unused CML
differential input pins should be tied to ground through a shared 100-Ω resistor.
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TLK10002
SLLSE75B – MAY 2011 – REVISED JULY 2016
www.ti.com
MGTT
XN
GND
MGT
REFC
LKN
GND
B
GND
MGTT
XP
GND
MGT
REFC
LKP
MGT
AVCC
PLL
VCC
O
GND
MGT
RXN
GND
MGT
RXN
MGT
AVCC
MGT
REFC
LKN
GND
VCCA
UX
MGT
RXP
MGT
AVTT
RX
MGT
RXP
GND
MGT
REFC
LKP
E
9
10
VCC
O
GND
G
13
VCC
O
MGT
AVCC
PLL
GND
LS_A0_RX / OUTA0
LS_A1_TX / INA1
LS_A0_TX / INA0
G
VCCA
UX
GND
VCCI
NT
GND
VCCI
NT
VCCI
NT
VCCI
NT
GND
VCCI
NT
VCCI
NT
GND
VCCA
UX
VSS
VSS
OUT
A1P
VSS
INA2
N
VDD
RA_
LS
OUT
A2P
OUT
A2N
VCCA
UX
U
VCCA
UX
VCCA
UX
VCC
O
GND
VCC
O
Y
VCC
O
GND
AB
VCC
O
AD
AA
VCC
O
VCCA
UX
GND
GND
MGT
REFC
LKP
GND
GND
MGT
REFC
LKP
GND
MGT
RXP
MGT
AVTT
RX
MGT
RXP
VCCA
UX
MGT
AVCC
MGT
REFC
LKN
MGT
AVCC
PLL
MGT
AVCC
PLL
MGT
REFC
LKN
MGT
AVCC
MGT
RXN
GND
MGT
RXN
GND
MGTT
XP
GND
MGTT
XP
GND
MGT
REFC
LKP
MGT
AVCC
PLL
MGT
AVCC
PLL
MGT
REFC
LKP
GND
MGTT
XP
GND
MGTT
XP
MGTT
XN
MGT
AVTT
TX
MGTT
XN
GND
MGT
REFC
LKN
GND
GND
MGT
REFC
LKN
GND
MGTT
XN
MGT
AVTT
TX
MGTT
XN
7
8
10
11
12
16
17
18
20
21
VCC
O
15
LS_B1_RX / OUTB1
14
W
VCC
O
VCC
O
MGT
RXN
13
V
GND
VCC
O
GND
LS_B0_TX_P / INB0P
LS_B0_TX_N / INB0N
GND
A2
A3
VCCA
UX
LS_B1_TX_P / INB1P
LS_B1_TX_N / INB1N
GND
T
LS_B0_RX_N / OUTB0N
LS_B0_RX_P / OUTB0P
VCCI
NT
SAMTEC SEAM/SEAF BOARD
TO BOARD CONNECTOR
R
VCC
O
GND
A6
A7
GND
LS_B1_RX_N / OUTB1N
LS_B1_RX_P / OUTB1P
VCCI
NT
A10
A11
VCCI
NT
GND
A14
A15
VCCI
NT
VCCI
NT
P
GND
LS_B2_TX_P / INB2P
LS_B2_TX_N / INB2N
VCCI
NT
GND
MGT
RXP
LS_B1_TX / INB1
INA2
P
C
LS_B2_RX_N / OUTB2N
LS_B2_RX_P / OUTB2P
VCCI
NT
VCCI
NT
GND
LS_B0_RX / OUTB0
INA1
N
M
A18
A19
VCCI
NT
GND
MGT
AVTT
RX
LS_B0_TX / INB0
B
VCC
O
A22
A23
VCCI
NT
GND
9
L
GND
VCC
O
GND
MGT
RXN
6
OUT
A0P
N
VCC
O
VCCI
NT
VCCI
NT
VSS
VCCA
UX
VCC
O
VCCI
NT
VCCA
UX
INA0
P
K2
K3
VCCI
NT
INA0
N
K6
K7
GND
VCCI
NT
6
VSS
LS_A3_TX_N / INA3N
LS_A3_TX_P / INA3P
VCCA
UX
5
INA1
P
LS_A3_RX_P / OUTA3P
LS_A3_RX_N / OUTA3N
GND
VCCI
NT
4
A
J
K10
K11
VCCI
NT
VCCI
NT
3
K
K14
K15
GND
VCCI
NT
2
GND
LS_A2_TX_N / INA2N
LS_A2_TX_P / INA2P
VCCI
NT
VCCI
NT
1
VCC
O
LS_A2_RX_P / OUTA2P
LS_A2_RX_N / OUTA2N
GND
VCCI
NT
VCC
O
VCC
O
GND
VCC
O
VCCI
NT
H
GND
K18
K19
5
VCCA
UX
GND
GND
F
VCC
O
K22
K23
4
E
GND
VCCA
UX
VCC
O
D
VCC
O
LS_A1_TX_N / INA1N
LS_A1_TX_P / INA1P
GND
GND
C
VCC
O
LS_B3_TX_P / INB3P
LS_B3_TX_N / INB3N
VCC
O
VCCA
UX
A
B
VCC
O
MGT
RXP
VCCA
UX
3
VCCA
UX
VCCA
UX
VCC
O
2
MGT
RXP
VCC
O
VCC
O
AC
1
GND
MGT
AVTT
RX
VCCI
NT
VCCA
UX
AE
GND
MGT
RXP
VCCA
UX
VCC
O
GND
GND
AD
GND
MGT
REFC
LKP
GND
VCC
O
GND
AA
GND
MGT
RXN
26
GND
LS_B3_RX_N / OUTB3N
LS_B3_RX_P / OUTB3P
GND
VCC
O
AB
MGT
RXN
25
A26
A27
VCCA
UX
GND
VCC
O
MGT
AVCC
24
A30
A31
U
Y
MGT
REFC
LKN
23
LS_A1_RX_P / OUTA1P
LS_A1_RX_N / OUTA1N
VCC
O
GND
W
MGT
AVCC
PLL
22
K26
K27
VCC
O
GND
R
V
GND
MGTT
XP
K30
K31
VCC
O
VCC
O
MGTT
XN
GND
LS_A0_TX_N / INA0N
LS_A0_TX_P / INA0P
VCCA
UX
T
21
MGT
AVTT
TX
MGTT
XP
LS_A0_RX_P / OUTA0P
LS_A0_RX_N / OUTA0N
VCC
O
GND
GND
20
MGTT
XN
GND
VCC
O
VCCI
NT
N
P
19
GND
MGT
REFC
LKP
VCC
O
VCCA
UX
GND
VCCA
UX
VCC
O
18
MGT
REFC
LKN
VCC
O
VCC
O
L
16
GND
VCC
O
M
17
GND
MGT
AVCC
PLL
VCC
O
GND
GND
15
GND
VCC
O
J
K
14
VCC
O
VCCA
UX
H
AF
12
MGT
AVTT
RCAL
MGT
RREF
F
11
19
7
8
OUT
A0N
PDT
RXA
_N
10
11
CLK
OUT
BP
OUT
A1N
VSS
VSS
VDD
O0
9
CLK
OUT
BN
VSS
HSR
XAN
TMS
PRB
SEN
LS_
OK_I
N_A
VSS
HSR
XAP
TDI
CLK
OUT
AP
CLK
OUT
AN
AMU
XA
VSS
VSS
VSS
HST
XAP
PRT
AD0
VDD
RA_
HS
HST
XAN
12
D
INA3
P
VDD
A_L
S
VSS
AMU
XB
VSS
TDO
VPP
TCK
E
INA3
N
VSS
OUT
A3N
VSS
TRS
T_N
VDD
D
DVD
D
VDD
D
LOS
A
F
VSS
VDD
A_L
S
OUT
3P
VDD
T_L
S
VSS
VDD
D
DVD
D
VSS
VDD
T_H
S
VSS
VDD
A_H
S
VSS
G
VSS
VDD
A_L
S
VSS
VDD
T_L
S
VSS
DVD
D
VSS
DVD
D
PRT
AD1
VDD
A_H
S
VSS
HSR
XBN
H
INB0
P
VSS
OUT
B0N
VSS
RES
ET_
N
VDD
D
DVD
D
VDD
D
LS_
OK_
OUT
_B
REF
CLK
B_S
EL
VSS
HSR
XBP
J
INB0
N
VDD
A_L
S
OUT
B0P
PDT
RSB
_N
VSS
PRT
AD3
MDI
O
MDC
PRB
S_P
ASS
GPI0
VDD
RB_
HS
VSS
VSS
INB1
P
VDD
RB_
LS
OUT
B1N
OUT
B1P
VSS
VDD
O1
LOS
B
REF
CKL
K1P
REF
CLK
1N
VSS
HST
XBP
L
INB2
P
INB1
N
VSS
VSS
OUT
B2N
OUT
B2P
VSS
LOS
B
PRT
AD2
TES
TEN
VSS
HST
XBN
M
INB2
N
VSS
INB3
P
INB3
N
VSS
OUT
B3N
OUT
B3P
PRT
AD4
REF
CLK
A_S
EL
REF
CLK
0P
REF
CLK
0N
VSS
K
PIN 11
RDN
RDP
PIN 10
TDP
TDN
LS_
OK_
OUT
_A
PIN 20
PIN 11
RDN
RDP
TDP
TDN
PIN 20
PIN 1
PIN 10
PIN 1
AC
GND
VCC
O
22
23
AE
GND
24
25
AF
26
LS_B3_TX / INB3
D
6
LS_A1_RX / OUTA1
MGT
AVTT
TX
MGTT
XP
VCC
O
5
LS_A2_RX / OUTA2
8
MGTT
XN
C
4
LS_B2_TX / INB2
3
LS_B3_RX / OUTB3
2
LS_A2_TX / INA2
7
A
LS_B2_RX / OUTB2
1
LS_A3_RX / OUTA3
LS_A3_TX / INA3
11.2 Layout Example
TLK10002 EVM
Mother Board
Spartan-6 XCSLX75T FPGA
Daughter Board
(FG(G)676 Package)
Copyright © 2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Figure 40. Board-to-Board Connector Pinout and Routing
72
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Product Folder Links: TLK10002
TLK10002
www.ti.com
SLLSE75B – MAY 2011 – REVISED JULY 2016
12 Device and Documentation Support
12.1 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
To receive notification of documentation updates, navigate to the device product folder on ti.com. In the upper
right corner, click on Alert me to register and receive a weekly digest of any product information that has
changed. For change details, review the revision history included in any revised document.
12.2 Community Resources
The following links connect to TI community resources. Linked contents are provided "AS IS" by the respective
contributors. They do not constitute TI specifications and do not necessarily reflect TI's views; see TI's Terms of
Use.
TI E2E™ Online Community TI's Engineer-to-Engineer (E2E) Community. Created to foster collaboration
among engineers. At e2e.ti.com, you can ask questions, share knowledge, explore ideas and help
solve problems with fellow engineers.
Design Support TI's Design Support Quickly find helpful E2E forums along with design support tools and
contact information for technical support.
12.3 Trademarks
E2E is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
12.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
These devices have limited built-in ESD protection. The leads should be shorted together or the device placed in conductive foam
during storage or handling to prevent electrostatic damage to the MOS gates.
12.5 Glossary
SLYZ022 — TI Glossary.
This glossary lists and explains terms, acronyms, and definitions.
13 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information
The following pages include mechanical, packaging, and orderable information. This information is the most
current data available for the designated devices. This data is subject to change without notice and revision of
this document. For browser-based versions of this data sheet, refer to the left-hand navigation.
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Product Folder Links: TLK10002
73
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
19-Feb-2016
PACKAGING INFORMATION
Orderable Device
Status
(1)
TLK10002CTR
ACTIVE
Package Type Package Pins Package
Drawing
Qty
FCBGA
CTR
144
119
Eco Plan
Lead/Ball Finish
MSL Peak Temp
(2)
(6)
(3)
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
SNAGCU
Level-4-260C-72 HR
Op Temp (°C)
Device Marking
(4/5)
-40 to 85
TLK10002
(1)
The marketing status values are defined as follows:
ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.
LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.
NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.
PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.
OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.
(2)
Eco Plan - The planned eco-friendly classification: Pb-Free (RoHS), Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt), or Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) - please check http://www.ti.com/productcontent for the latest availability
information and additional product content details.
TBD: The Pb-Free/Green conversion plan has not been defined.
Pb-Free (RoHS): TI's terms "Lead-Free" or "Pb-Free" mean semiconductor products that are compatible with the current RoHS requirements for all 6 substances, including the requirement that
lead not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, TI Pb-Free products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes.
Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt): This component has a RoHS exemption for either 1) lead-based flip-chip solder bumps used between the die and package, or 2) lead-based die adhesive used between
the die and leadframe. The component is otherwise considered Pb-Free (RoHS compatible) as defined above.
Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br): TI defines "Green" to mean Pb-Free (RoHS compatible), and free of Bromine (Br) and Antimony (Sb) based flame retardants (Br or Sb do not exceed 0.1% by weight
in homogeneous material)
(3)
MSL, Peak Temp. - The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.
(4)
There may be additional marking, which relates to the logo, the lot trace code information, or the environmental category on the device.
(5)
Multiple Device Markings will be inside parentheses. Only one Device Marking contained in parentheses and separated by a "~" will appear on a device. If a line is indented then it is a continuation
of the previous line and the two combined represent the entire Device Marking for that device.
(6)
Lead/Ball Finish - Orderable Devices may have multiple material finish options. Finish options are separated by a vertical ruled line. Lead/Ball Finish values may wrap to two lines if the finish
value exceeds the maximum column width.
Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information
provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and
continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals.
TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release.
In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis.
Addendum-Page 1
Samples
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
19-Feb-2016
Addendum-Page 2
IMPORTANT NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER
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