Texas Instruments | Using TI's CDCVF2310 and CDCVF25081 with TLK1501 Serial Transceiver | Application notes | Texas Instruments Using TI's CDCVF2310 and CDCVF25081 with TLK1501 Serial Transceiver Application notes

Texas Instruments Using TI's CDCVF2310 and CDCVF25081 with TLK1501 Serial Transceiver Application notes
Application Report
SCAA064 – May 2003
Using TI’s CDCVF2310 and CDCVF25081 with TLK1501
Serial Transceiver
Kal Mustafa/Roger Chan
High Performance Analog
ABSTRACT
This test report discusses jitter transfer of TI’s CDCVF2310 and CDCVF25081 clock
drivers when driving TI’s TLK1501 serial gigabit transceiver at 600 Mbit/sec. This
application report summarizes the peak-to-peak and RMS jitter measurements taken
during the testing of the clock drivers with the TLK1501. The CDCVF2310 is a highperformance clock buffer that provides 10 low-skew copies of CLK at 2.5 V or 3.3 V. The
CDCVF25081 is a phase-lock loop clock driver that provides eight copies of zero-delay
CLK. The CDCVF25081 operates from a nominal supply voltage of 3.3 V.
Test Setup
The block diagram of the test setup is shown in Figure 1. The clock source was provided by a
HP8133A at 30 MHz. The clock was then driven into TLK1501 by either CDCVF2310 or
CDCVF25081. Jitter measurements were taken at point 1, point 2, and point 3. A PRBS 2^7-1
pattern was generated by TLK1501 with the clock provided by the CDCVF2310 clock driver and
the transmit jitter was then measured with a Tektronix CSA8000 digital sampling scope.
Textronix 694C
Real Time Scope
Has 50 Ω to GND
Rhode & Shwarz
SMY02
Point 3
Point 1
HP8133A
Generator
Figure 1.
Point 2
CDCVF2310
or
CDCVF2508
TLK1501
1.5-Gbps
Transceiver
Textronix CSA8000
Block Diagram of Test Setup With CDCVF2310 and CDCVF25081 Driving TLK1501
1
SCAA064
Transmission lines usually have 50-Ω characteristic impedance. The transmitted signals should
be controlled such that surplus energy is absorbed at either the source or the load end of the
line, preventing reflection. The termination method used in this report was a 50-Ω source
termination for both clock drivers (CDCVF2310 and CDCVF25081), which are included on-chip
and thus no external termination were required.
Test Results
The TLK1501 was tested with the CDCVF2301 clock driver. The jitter at the output of HP8133A,
CDCVF2310, and TLK1501 is summarized in Table 1. The total peak-peak jitter at the output of
the Tek8133A was ~16 ps at 30 MHz. With the 30-MHz clock from the HP8133A, the
CDCVF2310 provides a LVTTL clock with peak-to-peak total jitter of 20 ps, which was below the
TLK1501 requirement of ≤40-ps peak-to-peak.
Reference Clock
Period Jitter (ps)
PP
Rohde & Schwarz
SMY02 +HP8133A
With 6-dB attenuator
Rohde & Schwarz
SMY02 +HP8133A
+ CDCVF2310
Without 6-dB attenuator
Rohde & Schwarz
SMY02 +HP8133A
+ CDCVF2310
+ TLK1501
Rohde & Schwarz
SMY02 +HP8133A
+ TLK1501
Rohde & Schwarz
SMY02 +HP8133A
+ CDCVF25081
( Zero-Delay PLL)
+ TLK1501
Comments
RMS
V_Amplitude (V)
16
2.593
1.422
20 (rising edge)
20(falling edge)
2.767
2.976
1.422
1.422
112
122
166
Table 1.
17.6
18.59
26.6
HP8133A set at:
VIH = 2 V
VIL = 0.8 V
(See Figure 2)
HP8133A set at:
VIH = 2 V
VIL = 0.8 V
(See Figure 3, 4)
1.422
HP8133A set at:
VIH = 2 V
VIL = 0.8 V
(See Figure 5)
1.422
HP8133A set at:
VIH = 2 V
VIL = 0.8 V
(See Figure 6)
1.422
HP8133A set at:
VIH = 2 V
VIL = 0.8 V
(See Figure 7)
Jitter Result With CDCVF2310 Driving TLK1501 at
600 Mbit/sec (30-MHz Clock)
Figure 2 through Figure 7 show the zero crossings of the eyes captured for each case in Table 1
using the CSA8000. There was no degradation in performance when driving the clock with the
CDCVF2310. The following graph shows that the CDCVF2310 is able to drive the TLK1501 with
less than the 40-ps peak-to-peak input jitter. The TLK1501 output jitter in PRBS data pattern is
below 0.1 UI (166.67 ps), the output specification at 600 Mbit/sec.
2
SCAA064
Figure 2.
Zero Crossing of Data Eye at 600 Mbit/sec: R&S SMY02!
!HP8133A
SCAA064
Figure 3.
4
Zero Crossing of Data Eye at 600 Mbit/sec: R&S
SMY02!
!HP8133A!
!CDCVF2310 Rising Edge
SCAA064
Figure 4.
Zero Crossing of Data Eye at 600 Mbit/sec: R&S
SMY02!
!HP8133A!
!CDCVF2310 Falling Edge
SCAA064
Figure 5.
6
Zero Crossing of Data Eye at 600 Mbit/sec: R&S
SMY02!
!HP8133A!
!CDCVF2310!
!TLK1501
SCAA064
Figure 6.
Zero Crossing of Data Eye at 600 Mbit/sec: R&S SMY02!
!HP8133A!
!TLK1501
The TLK1501 was then tested with CDCVF25081, a phased-lock loop clock driver. The clock
provided by CDCVF25081 had more jitter (166 ps) at 30MHz. Figure 7 was the zero crossings of
the eyes captured by the CSA8000 with the CDCVF25081 clock driver. The TLK1501 output
jitter increased to 166 ps in this setup.
SCAA064
Figure 7. Zero Crossing of Data Eye at 600 Mbit/sec: RS
SMY02!
!HP8133A!
!CDCVF25081!
! TLK1501
For testing purpose, we ran a PRBS 2^7-1 data pattern from the TLK1501 driver through 72
inches, 5 mil wide trace and loopback to the TLK1501 with both CDCVF2310 and CDCVF25081.
No error was reported in both cases.
8
SCAA064
Phase Noise Plots
Figure 8.
Phase Noise of HP8133A and CDCVF2310 (12 kHz – 10 MHz)
Conclusion
The CDCVF2310 is able to drive the TLK1501 and meets the jitter requirements without any
problem. CDCVF2310 is recommended for applications that need high clock fan out (1:10) but
can tolerate a small amount of clock skew (<100 ps). A phase-locked loop-based clock driver
like the CDCVF25081 is not recommended as the clock driver for TLK1501.
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