Texas Instruments | DRV2625 Ultra Low Power Closed-Loop LRA/ERM Haptic Driver with Built-In Library (Rev. B) | Datasheet | Texas Instruments DRV2625 Ultra Low Power Closed-Loop LRA/ERM Haptic Driver with Built-In Library (Rev. B) Datasheet

Texas Instruments DRV2625 Ultra Low Power Closed-Loop LRA/ERM Haptic Driver with Built-In Library (Rev. B) Datasheet
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DRV2625
SLOS879B – APRIL 2014 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2016
DRV2625 Ultra Low Power Closed-Loop LRA/ERM Haptic Driver with Built-In Library
1 Features
2 Applications
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(1)
Ultra Low-Power Shutdown Mode
Low-Power Standby State
Resistance-Based Actuator Diagnostics
SimpleDrive One-Wire Vibration Scheme
Automatic Resonance Tracking and Reporting
Automatic Overdrive and Braking
Automatic Level Calibration
Drive Compensation Over Battery Discharge
Configurable Battery Monitor with Power
Preservation
Off-Resonance Driving with Auto-Braking
LRA Waveform Shape Selection
Licensed Immersion TouchSense® 2200
Built-In Library with Loopable Waveform
Sequencer
Real-Time Playback (RTP) Mode
I2C-Controlled Digital Playback Engine
Hardware and Software Trigger Option
Automatic Transition to Standby with Auto-Brake
Optional Interrupt Pin
1.8-V Compatible, VDD Tolerant Digital Interface
Mobile Phones and Tablets
Fitness Bands and Wearable Devices
Remote Controls, Mice, and Peripheral Devices
Touch-Enabled Devices
Human-Machine Interfaces
3 Description
The DRV2625 device is a haptic driver that relies on
a proprietary closed-loop architecture to deliver
sharp, strong, and consistent haptic effects while
optimizing power consumption.
The internal library and loopable waveform
sequencer, together with the automatic overdrive and
braking simplifies the process of generating crisp and
optimum haptic effects, reducing the burden imposed
into the processing unit.
The DRV2625 device features an automatic go-tostandby state and a battery preservation function to
help reduce power consumption without user
intervention. The NRST pin allows for a full shutdown
state for additional power savings.
The waveform shape selection allows for sine-wave
and square-wave drive to customize the haptic feel
as well as the audible performance. Off-resonance
driving with automatic braking simplifies the
implementation of non-resonant haptic solutions.
Patent pending control algorithm
Device Information (1)
DEVICE NAME
DRV2625
(1)
PACKAGE
DSBGA (9)
BODY SIZE (MAX)
1.498 mm × 1.361 mm
For all available packages, see the orderable addendum at
the end of the datasheet.
Simplified Schematic
Supply
Correction
Battery
Monitor
SDA
1.8 V
Control and Playback Engine
Loopable
Waveform
Sequencer
I2C
I/F
REG
REG
Waveform Shape
Select (LRA)
Impedance
Based Actuator
Diagnostics
Automatic
Over-Drive
and Braking
NRST
TRIG/INTZ
SCL
Reg
Map
ROM
2.7 V ± 5.5 VVDD
OffResonance
Driving (LRA)
Dynamic and
Programmable
Output Clamp
Automatic Resonance Tracking
and Reporting
VDD
OUT+
Gate
Drive
Back-EMF
Detection
Short Circuit
Protection
Gate
Drive
M
LRA
or
ERM
VDD
OUT±
Thermal
Protection
GND
1
An IMPORTANT NOTICE at the end of this data sheet addresses availability, warranty, changes, use in safety-critical applications,
intellectual property matters and other important disclaimers. PRODUCTION DATA.
DRV2625
SLOS879B – APRIL 2014 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2016
www.ti.com
Table of Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
Features ..................................................................
Applications ...........................................................
Description .............................................................
Revision History.....................................................
Pin Configuration and Functions .........................
Specifications.........................................................
1
1
1
2
3
4
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
7
Absolute Maximum Ratings ......................................
ESD Ratings..............................................................
Recommended Operating Conditions.......................
Thermal Information ..................................................
Electrical Characteristics...........................................
Timing Requirements ................................................
Switching Characteristics ..........................................
Typical Characteristics ..............................................
7
Parameter Measurement Information .................. 9
8
Detailed Description ............................................ 10
7.1 Test Setup for Graphs............................................... 9
8.1 Overview ................................................................. 10
8.2 Functional Block Diagram ....................................... 10
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
9
Feature Description.................................................
Device Functional Modes........................................
Operation During Exceptional Conditions ...............
Programming...........................................................
Register Map...........................................................
10
20
22
23
34
Application and Implementation ........................ 59
9.1 Application Information............................................ 59
9.2 Typical Application ................................................. 60
9.3 Initialization Set Up ................................................. 63
10 Power Supply Recommendations ..................... 65
11 Layout................................................................... 66
11.1 Layout Guidelines ................................................. 66
11.2 Layout Examples................................................... 66
12 Device and Documentation Support ................. 67
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
Device Support......................................................
Trademarks ...........................................................
Electrostatic Discharge Caution ............................
Glossary ................................................................
67
68
68
68
13 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable
Information ........................................................... 69
4 Revision History
NOTE: Page numbers for previous revisions may differ from page numbers in the current version.
Changes from Revision A (December 2015) to Revision B
Page
•
Updated REV[3:0] from 2 to 3 ............................................................................................................................................. 36
•
Changed Default of 0x00 Register ...................................................................................................................................... 36
•
Changed Default of 0x07 Register ...................................................................................................................................... 39
•
Changed Bits 7 and 6 of 0x0D Register .............................................................................................................................. 42
•
Changed the calculation value for the open loop LRA drive of register 0x2E from 'OL_LRA_PERIOD[9:0] × 24.39 µs'
to 'OL_LRA_PERIOD[9:0] × 24.615 µs'................................................................................................................................ 57
Changes from Original (December 2015) to Revision A
•
2
Page
Changed data sheet from Product Preview to Production Data............................................................................................. 1
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5 Pin Configuration and Functions
YFF Package
9-Pin DSBGA
Top View
A
TRIG/
INTZ
REG
OUT+
B
SDA
NRST
GND
C
SCL
VDD
OUT-
1
2
3
Pin Functions
PIN
NAME
NO.
VDD
C2
GND
REG
I/O
DESCRIPTION
P
Supply input (2.7 V to 5.5 V). A 0.1-µF capacitor is required.
B3
P
Supply ground
A2
O
1.8 V regulator output. A 0.1-µF capacitor is required
OUT-
C3
O
Negative haptic driver differential output
OUT+
A3
O
Positive haptic driver differential output
SDA
B1
I/O
I2C data
SCL
C1
I
I2C clock
TRIG/INTZ
A1
I/O
Multi-mode pin. Selectable as input trigger (pulse), input enable, or output interrupt. This pin
has an internal pull-down.
If pin is not used, it should be connected to ground.
NRST
B2
I
Device reset pin (shutdown mode). If pin is not used, it should be connected to VDD (no
internal pull-up or pull-down).
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6 Specifications
6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
Supply Voltage
Input voltage
(1)
MIN
MAX
UNIT
VDD
–0.3
6
V
NRST
–0.3
6
V
SDA
–0.3
6
V
SCL
–0.3
6
V
TRIG/INTZ
–0.3
6
V
Operating free-air temperature range, TA
–40
85
°C
Operating junction temperature range, TJ
–40
150
°C
Storage temperature, Tstg
–65
150
°C
(1)
Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings
only, which do not imply functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under Recommended
Operating Conditions. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
6.2 ESD Ratings
V(ESD)
(1)
(2)
Electrostatic discharge
MIN
MAX
Human body model (HBM), per ANSI/ESDA/JEDEC JS-001, all
pins (1)
–1500
1500
Charged device model (CDM), per JEDEC specification
JESD22-C101, all pins (2)
–500
500
UNIT
V
JEDEC document JEP155 states that 500-V HBM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process.
JEDEC document JEP157 states that 250-V CDM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process.
6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
MIN
VDD
Supply voltage
RL
Load impedance
CL
Load capacitance
ƒ(LRA)
LRA frequency
NOM
MAX
2.7
5.5
8
UNIT
V
Ω
45
100
pF
300
Hz
6.4 Thermal Information
DRV2625
THERMAL METRIC (1)
DSBGA
UNIT
9 PINS
RθJA
Junction-to-ambient thermal resistance
107
°C/W
RθJC(top)
RθJB
Junction-to-case (top) thermal resistance
0.9
°C/W
Junction-to-board thermal resistance
18.1
°C/W
ψJT
Junction-to-top characterization parameter
3.8
°C/W
ψJB
Junction-to-board characterization parameter
18.1
°C/W
RθJC(bot)
Junction-to-case (bottom) thermal resistance
—
°C/W
(1)
4
For more information about traditional and new thermal metrics, see the Semiconductor and IC Package Thermal Metrics application
report, SPRA953.
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6.5 Electrical Characteristics
TA = 25 °C, VDD = 3.6 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
V(REG)
IIL
IIH
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
Voltage at the REG pin
TYP
MAX
UNIT
1.84
Digital low-level input current
Digital high-level input current
V
NRST, TRIG/INTZ, SDA, SCL
VDD = 5.5 V, VI = 0 V
100
SDA, SCL
VDD = 5.5 V, VI = VDD
0.1
NRST
VDD = 5.5 V, VI = VDD
1
TRIG/INTZ
VDD = 5.5 V, VI = VDD
2.7
nA
µA
3.5
VIL
Digital low-level input voltage
NRST, TRIG/INTZ, SDA, SCL
VIH
Digital high-level input voltage
NRST, TRIG/INTZ, SDA, SCL
0.4
V
VOL
Digital low-level output voltage
TRIG/INTZ, SDA
3-mA sink current
RDS(on)
Drain-source on-state resistance (LS +
HS)
I(SD)
Shutdown current
V(NRST) = 0 V
105
180
nA
I(STBY)
Standby current
V(NRST) = VDD
In stand-by mode
1.55
2
µA
I(Q)
Quiescent current
V(NRST) = VDD
In idle mode - no signal
2.5
mA
ZO(SD)
Output impedance in shutdown
OUT+ to GND, OUT– to GND
15
kΩ
ZO(STBY)
Output impedance in standby
OUT+ to GND, OUT– to GND
15
kΩ
ZLOAD(th)
Load impedance threshold for overcurrent detection
OUT+ to GND, OUT– to GND
4
Ω
1.41
V
0.4
V
0.75
Ω
6.6 Timing Requirements
TA = 25 °C, VDD = 3.6 V (unless otherwise noted)
MIN
NOM
MAX
UNIT
400
kHz
ƒ(SCL)
Frequency at the SCL pin with no wait states
tw(H)
Pulse duration, SCL high
0.6
µs
tw(L)
Pulse duration, SCL low
1.3
µs
tsu(1)
Setup time, SDA to SCL
100
ns
th(1)
Hold time, SCL to SDA
10
ns
t(BUF)
Bus free time between stop and start condition
1.3
µs
tsu(2)
Setup time, SCL to start condition
0.6
µs
th(2)
Hold time, start condition to SCL
0.6
µs
tsu(3)
Setup time, SCL to stop condition
0.6
µs
6.7 Switching Characteristics
TA = 25 °C, VDD = 3.6 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
t(on)
Device startup time
from shutdown standby
1
ms
t(start)
Waveform startup time
from trigger to output signal
1
ms
fO(PWM)
PWM output frequency (in OUT+
and OUT-)
20.5
kHz
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tw(H)
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tw(L)
SCL
tsu(1)
th(1)
SDA
Figure 1. SCL and SDA Timing
SCL
tsu(2)
tsu(3)
th(2)
t(BUF)
SDA
Start Condition
Stop Condition
Figure 2. Timing for Start and Stop Conditions
6
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6.8 Typical Characteristics
2.000
SDA
ERM Mode
LRA Mode
1.750
Voltage (2V/div)
Standby Current (µA)
1.875
1.625
1.500
1.375
1.250
2.7
3.1
3.5
3.9
4.3
4.7
VDD − Supply Voltage (V)
5.1
5.5
0
1m
2m
3m
4m
5m
6m
Time (s)
7m
8m
9m
10m
VDD = 3.6 V
Figure 3. Standby Current vs Supply Voltage
Figure 4. Startup Latency for ERM and LRA
Voltage (2V/div)
TRIG/INTZ
Acceleration
[OUT+] − [OUT−] (Filtered)
Voltage (2V/div)
TRIG/INTZ
Acceleration
[OUT+] − [OUT−] (Filtered)
0
40m
80m
120m
Time (s)
160m
200m
0
VDD = 3.6 V
40m
80m
120m
Time (s)
160m
200m
VDD = 3.6 V
Figure 5. ERM Click (Open-Loop) with External PulseTrigger
Figure 6. LRA Strong Click (Closed-Loop) with External
Level-Trigger
Voltage (2V/div)
SDA
Acceleration
[OUT+] − [OUT−] (Filtered)
Voltage (2V/div)
SDA
Acceleration
[OUT+] − [OUT−] (Filtered)
0
200m
400m
600m
Time (s)
800m
1
VDD = 3.6 V
0
200m
400m
600m
Time (s)
800m
1
VDD = 3.6 V
Figure 7. ERM Click-Bounce (Open-Loop) with Internal
Trigger
Figure 8. LRA Transition Click (Closed-Loop) with Internal
Trigger
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Typical Characteristics (continued)
TRIG/INTZ
Acceleration
[OUT+] − [OUT−] (Filtered)
Voltage (2V/div)
Voltage (2V/div)
SDA
Acceleration
[OUT+] − [OUT−] (Filtered)
0
40m
80m
120m
Time (s)
160m
200m
0
VDD = 3.6 V
40m
80m
160m
200m
VDD = 3.6 V
Figure 9. ERM RTP Buzz (Closed-Loop) with Pulse-Trigger
Figure 10. LRA Sinewave Click (Open-Loop) with Automatic
Braking
TRIG/INTZ
Acceleration
[OUT+] − [OUT−] (Filtered)
Voltage (2V/div)
Voltage (2V/div)
TRIG/INTZ
Acceleration
[OUT+] − [OUT−] (Filtered)
0
40m
80m
120m
Time (s)
160m
200m
0
VDD = 3.6 V
40m
80m
120m
Time (s)
160m
200m
VDD = 3.6 V
Figure 11. LRA Squarewave Click (Open-Loop) with
Automatic Braking
Figure 12. ERM Click (Open-Loop) with Automatic Braking
TRIG/INTZ
Acceleration
[OUT+] − [OUT−] (Filtered)
Voltage (2V/div)
Voltage (2V/div)
TRIG/INTZ
Acceleration
[OUT+] − [OUT−] (Filtered)
0
100m
200m
Time (s)
300m
400m
VDD = 3.6 V
0
40m
80m
120m
Time (s)
160m
200m
VDD = 3.6 V
Figure 13. LRA SimpleDrive with Closed-Loop
8
120m
Time (s)
Figure 14. LRA SimpleDrive with Sinewave
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7 Parameter Measurement Information
7.1 Test Setup for Graphs
To capture the graphs displayed in the Typical Characteristics section, the following first-order RC-filter setup
was used with the exception of the waveform in Figure 15 which was captured without any output filter. The filter
should be used when viewing output signals on an oscilloscope because output PWM modulation is present in all
modes. Ensure that effective impedance of the filter is not too low because the closed-loop and auto resonancetracking features can be affected. Therefore, TI recommends that this exact filter be used for output
measurement. Most oscilloscopes have an input impedance of 1 MΩ on each channel and therefore have an
approximately 1% loss in measured amplitude because of the voltage-divider effect with the filter.
100 k
OUT+
M
OUT±
LRA
or
ERM
470 pF
100 k
Ch1
Ch2
470 pF
Ch1 ± Ch2
(Differential)
Oscilloscope
Figure 15. Test Setup
7.1.1 Default Test Conditions
• VDD = 3.6 V, unless otherwise noted.
• Real actuators (as opposed to modeled actuators) were used as loads for both ERM and LRA modes unless
otherwise noted.
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8 Detailed Description
8.1 Overview
The DRV2625 device is a haptic driver that relies on a proprietary closed-loop architecture to deliver sharp,
strong, and consistent haptic effects while optimizing power consumption. The internal library and loopable
waveform sequencer, the automatic overdrive, and the braking simplifies the process of generating crisp and
optimum haptic effects, reducing the burden imposed into the processing unit. The DRV2625 device has an
automatic go-to-standby state and a battery preservation function to help reduce power consumption without
user intervention. The NRST pin allows for a full shutdown state for additional power savings. The waveform
shape selection allows for sine-wave and square-wave drive to customize the haptic feel as well as the
audible performance. Off-resonance driving with automatic braking simplifies the implementation of nonresonant haptic solutions.
8.2 Functional Block Diagram
RAM
1 kB
2.7 V ± 5.5 VVDD
Supply
Correction
Battery
Monitor
TRIG/INTZ
SDA
SCL
1.8 V
Control and Playback Engine
Loopable
Waveform
Sequencer
I2C
I/F
REG
REG
Waveform Shape
Select (LRA)
Impedance
Based Actuator
Diagnostics
Automatic
Over-Drive
and Braking
NRST
Reg
Map
OffResonance
Driving (LRA)
Dynamic and
Programmable
Output Clamp
Automatic Resonance Tracking
and Reporting
VDD
OUT+
Gate
Drive
Back-EMF
Detection
Short Circuit
Protection
Gate
Drive
M
LRA
or
ERM
VDD
OUT±
Thermal
Protection
GND
8.3 Feature Description
8.3.1 Support for ERM and LRA Actuators
The DRV2625 device supports both ERM and LRA actuators. The LRA_ERM bit must be configured to select the
type of actuator that the device uses.
8.3.2 Smart-Loop Architecture
The smart-loop architecture is an advanced closed-loop system that optimizes the performance of the actuator
and allows for failure detection. The architecture consists of automatic resonance tracking and reporting (for an
LRA), automatic level calibration, accelerated startup and braking, resistance based diagnostics routines, and
other proprietary algorithms.
10
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Feature Description (continued)
8.3.2.1 Auto-Resonance Engine for LRA
The DRV2625 auto-resonance engine tracks the resonant frequency of an LRA in real time, effectively locking
onto the resonance frequency after half of a cycle. If the resonant frequency shifts in the middle of a waveform
for any reason, the engine tracks the frequency from cycle to cycle. The auto-resonance engine accomplishes
tracking by constantly monitoring the back-EMF of the actuator. Note that the auto-resonance engine is not
affected by the auto calibration process, which is only used for level calibration. No calibration is required for the
auto resonance engine.
8.3.2.2 Real-Time Resonance-Frequency Reporting for LRA
The smart-loop architecture makes the resonant frequency of the LRA available through I2C. Because frequency
reporting occurs in real time, it must be polled while the DRV2625 device synchronizes with the LRA. The polled
data should not be polled when the actuator is idle or braking.
8.3.2.3 Automatic Switch to Open-Loop for LRA
In the event that an LRA produces a non-valid back-EMF signal, the DRV2625 device automatically switches to
open-loop operation and continues to deliver energy to the actuator in overdrive mode at a default and
configurable frequency. If the LRA begins to produce a valid back-EMF signal, the auto-resonance engine
automatically takes control and continues to track the resonant frequency in real time. When synchronized, this
mode uses all of the benefits of the smart-loop architecture.
1
¦(LRA_NO-BEMF) |
u W(DRIVE_TIME[4:0]) ± W(ZC _ DET _ TIME[1:0])
(1)
The DRV2625 device offers an automatic transition to open-loop mode without the re-synchronization option.
This feature is enabled by setting the LRA_AUTO_OPEN_LOOP bit. The transition to open-loop mode only
occurs when the driver fails to synchronize with the LRA. The AUTO_OL_CNT[1:0] parameter can be adjusted to
set the amount of non-synchronized cycles allowed before the transition to the open-loop mode. Note that the
open-loop mode does not receive benefits from the smart-loop architecture, such as automatic overdrive and
braking.
1
¦(LRA_OL)
OL_LRA_PERIOD[6:0] × 97.56 × 10 ±
(2)
8.3.2.4 Automatic Overdrive and Braking
A key feature of the DRV2625 is the smart-loop architecture which employs actuator feedback control for both
ERMs and LRAs. The feedback control desensitizes the input waveform from the motor-response behavior by
providing automatic overdrive and automatic braking.
An open-loop haptic system typically drives an overdrive voltage at startup that is higher than the steady-state
rated voltage of the actuator to decrease the startup latency of the actuator. Likewise, a braking algorithm must
be employed for effective braking. When using an open-loop driver, these behaviors must be contained in the
input waveform data. Consider the example of an ERM actuator of Motor A and another of Motor B. The ideal
input waveform in open loop is different (see Figure 16). In contrast, by using the smart-loop technology with
automatic overdrive and braking, the same input waveform will work optimally for both actuators (see Figure 17).
The smart-loop architecture works equally well for LRAs with a combination of feedback control and an autoresonance engine.
Ideal Open-Loop Waveform for Motor B
Ideal Open-Loop Waveform for Motor A
Input and output
Accleration
Output with feedback
Figure 16. Typical Open Loop Waveform
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Feature Description (continued)
Same simple input for
both motors
Input and output
Accleration
Feedback provides
optimum output drive
Output with feedback
Figure 17. Waveform Simplification With Smart Loop
8.3.2.4.1 Startup Boost
To reduce the actuator start-time performance, the DRV2625 device has an overdrive boost feature that applies
higher loop gain to transient response of the actuator.
8.3.2.4.2 Brake Factor
To optimize the actuator brake-time performance, the DRV2625 device provides a means to increase the gain
ratio between braking and driving gain. Higher feedback-gain ratios reduce the brake time, however, these ratios
also reduce the stability of the closed-loop system. The FB_BRAKE_FACTOR parameter can be adjusted to set
the brake factor.
8.3.2.5 Automatic Level Calibration
The smart-loop architecture uses actuator feedback by monitoring the back-EMF behavior of the actuator. The
level of back-EMF voltage can vary across actuator manufacturers because of the specific actuator construction.
Auto calibration compensates for this variation and also performs scaling for the desired actuator according to
the specified rated voltage and overdrive clamp-register settings. When auto calibration is performed, a 100%
signal level at any of the DRV2625 input interfaces supplies the rated voltage to the actuator at steady-state. The
feedback allows the output level to increase above the rated voltage level for automatic overdrive and braking,
but the output level does not exceed the programmable overdrive clamp voltage.
8.3.2.5.1 Automatic Compensation for Resistive Losses
The DRV2625 device automatically compensates for resistive losses in the driver. During the automatic levelcalibration routine, the resistance of the actuator is checked and the compensation factor is determined and
stored in the A_CAL_COMP parameter.
8.3.2.5.2 Automatic Back-EMF Normalization
The DRV2625 device automatically compensates for differences in back-EMF magnitude between actuators. The
compensation factor is determined during the automatic level-calibration routine and the factor is stored in the
A_CAL_BEMF parameter.
8.3.2.5.3 Calibration Time Adjustment
The duration of the automatic level-calibration routine has an impact on accuracy. The impact is highly
dependent on the start-time characteristic of the actuator. The auto-calibration routine expects the actuator to
have reached a steady acceleration before the calibration factors are calculated. Because the start-time
characteristic can be different for each actuator, the AUTO_CAL_TIME parameter can change the duration of the
automatic level-calibration routine to optimize calibration performance. Alternatively, the duration of the
calibration routine can be adjusted by the trigger by selecting the option in the AUTO_CAL_TIME parameter.
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Feature Description (continued)
8.3.2.5.4 Loop-Gain Control
The DRV2625 device allows the user to control how fast the driver attempts to match the back-EMF (and thus
motor velocity) and the input signal level. Higher loop-gain (or faster settling) options result in less-stable
operation than lower loop gain (or slower settling). The LOOP_GAIN parameter controls the loop gain.
8.3.2.5.5 Back-EMF Gain Control
The BEMF_GAIN parameter sets the analog gain for the back-EMF amplifier. The auto-calibration routine
automatically populates the BEMF_GAIN bit with the most appropriate value for the actuator.
Modifying the SAMPLE_TIME parameter also adjusts the back-EMF gain. The higher the sample time the higher
the gain.
8.3.2.6 Actuator Diagnostics
The DRV2625 device is capable of determining whether the actuator is not present (open) or shorted. If a fault is
detected during the diagnostic process, the DIAG_RESULT bit is asserted.
The DRV2625 device also features actuator resistance measurement, which is available in the DIAG_Z_RESULT
parameter.
DIAG _ Z _ RESULT[7 : 0]
R(act) = 478.43 ˜
719 4 ˜ CURRENT _ K[7 : 0]
(3)
8.3.2.7 Automatic Re-Synchronization
For LRA actuators, the DRV2625 device features automatic re-synchronization, which automatically pushes the
actuator in the correct direction when a waveform begins playing while the actuator is moving. If the actuator is at
rest when the waveform begins, the DRV2625 device drives in the default direction.
8.3.3 Open-Loop Operation
In the event that open-loop operation is desired the DRV2625 device includes an open-loop drive mode that
overrides any close-loop parameter and is available through the digital interface.
When activated, the digital open-loop mode is available for pre-stored waveforms as well as for RTP mode.
The dynamic range for open-loop operation is set by the OD_CLAMP[7:0], which sets the maximum peak value.
Amplitude codes (either through RTP or internal memory) scales the output accordingly.
For LRA actuators, the OL_LRA_PERIOD parameter programs the operating frequency, which is derived from
the PWM output frequency, fO(PWM).
8.3.3.1 Waveform Shape Selection for LRA
The DRV2625 offers a selection of either sine-wave or square-wave waveform shape in open-loop mode. The
WAVE_SHAPE_LRA parameter selects which shape to use. The WAVE_SHAPE_LRA parameter is ignored in
ERM mode and in closed-loop mode.
8.3.3.2 Automatic Braking in Open Loop
The DRV2625 offers automatic braking in open-loop for both ERM and LRA. To accomplish automatic braking,
the DRV2625 switches to close-loop during the braking period, therefore resorting to the close-loop waveform
shape. The AUTO_BRK_OL parameter can be use to enable or disable the automatic braking feature. To use
the automatic braking feature, the device must be configured appropriately for closed-loop operation.
8.3.4 Flexible Front-End Interface
The DRV2625 device offers multiple ways to launch and control haptic effects. The MODE parameter selects
from either using the waveform sequencer (and hence trigger the waveforms with either an internal or external
trigger), or by using RTP mode. Additional flexibility is provided by the multi-purpose TRIG/INTZ pin, which can
be configured with the TRIG_PIN_FUNC parameter.
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Feature Description (continued)
8.3.4.1 Internal Memory Interface
The DRV2625 device has two internal-ROM libraries designed by Immersion called TS2200. The first library
works in closed-loop mode, and is designed for LRA actuators. The second library is specifically tuned for ERMs
operated in open-loop mode. If additional adjustments are required to the library effect to optimize performance
of a particular actuator model, the library parametrization parameters (ODT, SPT, SNT and BRT) can be used for
fine tuning. The library selection is done by the LIB_SEL bit.
Table 1. Library Table
RATED VOLTAGE
OVERDRIVE
VOLTAGE
LRA Closed-Loop
TBD
TBD
AUTO
AUTO
ERM Open-Loop
1.3 V
3V
40 ms to 60 ms
20 ms to 40 ms
LIBRARY
ACTUATOR
A
B
RISE TIME
BRAKE TIME
Using the internal library has several advantages including:
• Offloading processing requirements, such as digital streaming (RTP).
• Improving latency by only requiring a trigger signal.
• Reducing I2C traffic by eliminating the requirement to transfer waveform data
8.3.4.1.1 Library Parameterization
The waveforms stored in the internal library are augmented by the time offset parameters. This augmentation
occurs only for the waveforms stored in the internal library and not for RTP mode. The purpose of this
functionality is to add time stretching (or time shrinking) to the waveform. This functionality is useful for
customizing the entire library of waveforms for a specific actuator rise time and fall time.
The time parameters that can be stretched or shrunk include:
ODT
Overdrive time
SPT
Sustain positive time
SNT
Sustain Negative Time
BRT
Brake Time
The time values are additive offsets and are 8-bit signed values. The default offset of these values is 0. Positive
values add and negative values subtract from the time value of the effect that is currently played. The most
positive value in the waveform is automatically interpreted as the overdrive time, and the most negative value in
the waveform is automatically interpreted as the brake time. These time-offset parameters are applied to both
voltage-time pairs and linear ramps. For linear ramps, linear interpolation is stretched (or shrunk) over the two
operative points for the period.
t(final) = t(orig) t(ofs)
(4)
8.3.4.1.2 Playback Interval
The internal memory ticks are by default interpreted as 5-ms intervals. if additional granularity is desired, then a
1-ms interval can be selected by using the PLAYBACK_INTERVAL bit.
8.3.4.1.3 Waveform Sequencer
The waveform sequencer queues waveform identifiers for playback. Eight sequence registers queue up to eight
waveforms for sequential playback. A waveform identifier is an integer value referring to the index position of a
waveform in the internal library. Once the user has selected the Waveform Playback as the process to run in the
MODE[1:0] parameter, playback begins at WAV_FRM_SEQ1 when the user triggers the process (either with the
GO bit or externally, if configured to do so). When playback of that waveform ends, the waveform sequencer
plays the waveform identifier held in WAV_FRM_SEQ2 if the next waveform is non-zero. The waveform
sequencer continues in this way until it reaches an identifier value of zero or until all eight identifiers are played,
whichever scenario is reached first.
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The waveform identifier range is 1 to 127. The MSB of each sequence register can implement a delay between
sequence waveforms. When the MSB is high, bits [6:0] indicate the length of the wait time. The wait time for that
step then becomes WAV_FRM_SEQ[6:0] × 10 ms.
The DRV2625 allows for looping each waveform a number of times before moving onto the next waveform
identifier. The waveform-looping functionality can be configured by the WAV_SEQ_LOOP parameters.
The DRV2625 also allows for looping the entire waveform sequencer by configuring the WAV_SEQ_MAIN
parameter. In this case, the waveform sequencer will loop all valid WAV_FRM_SEQn identifiers according to the
number specified in the WAV_SEQ_MAIN. For example, if the first and second identifiers are valid (for example
1 and 2), the third identifier is 0 (signaling to stop), and the WAV_SEQ_MAIN is configured to loop once (play the
waveform sequence twice), then the DRV2625 device will play waveform 1, then waveform 2, then waveform 1
then waveform 2, and then go to standby.
8.3.4.2 Real-Time Playback (RTP) Interface
The real-time playback mode is a simple, single 8-bit register interface that holds an amplitude value. When realtime playback is enabled, the RTP_INPUT parameter, which represents an amplitude value, is sent directly to the
playback engine. Once triggered, the value is played until the user sends a stop trigger or removes the device
from RTP mode. The RTP mode is a digital streaming mode where the user enters a register value over the I2C.
Because of the similarity between RTP mode and legacy PWM modes, any API (application-programming
interface) designed for use with a PWM generator in the host processor can write the data values over the I2C
rather than writing the data values to the host timer. This ability frees a timer in the host while retaining
compatibility with the original software.
For the LRA, the DRV2625 device automatically tracks the resonance frequency unless the CONTROL_LOOP
bit is set to open loop operation. If the CONTROL_LOOP bit is set to open loop, the LRA is driven according to
the open-loop frequency set in the OL_LRA_PERIOD parameter.
8.3.4.3 Process Trigger
All processes (RTP, Waveform Sequencer, Calibration and Diagnostics) in the DRV2625 device are triggered
processes, which means that the user has to trigger the process before the process begins. A trigger can be
achieved by software using the GO bit, or by hardware using the TRIG/INTZ pin. The process stops once it
finishes, or if a stop trigger is sent. For information on external trigger functionality refer to Multi-Purpose Pin
Functionality.
A typical process (either RTP, Waveform Sequencer, Calibration or Diagnostics) will start and end follwing the
diagram in Figure 18.
Get into Mode
Wait for Trigger in Standby Mode
/ Trigger Received
/ Process Done
/ Trigger Cancellation Received
Play Process
Figure 18. Typical Process Execution
8.3.5 Noise Gate Control
The DRV2625 device features a noise gate that filters out any voltage smaller than a particular threshold to
prevent unintended vibrations. The NG_THRESH bit controls the threshold.
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8.3.6 Edge Rate Control
The DRV2625 output driver implements edge rate control (ERC). This control ensures that the rise and fall
characteristics of the output drivers do not emit levels of radiation that could interfere with other circuitry common
in mobile and portable platforms. Because of ERC most system do not require external output filters, capacitors,
or ferrite beads.
8.3.7 Constant Vibration Strength
The DRV2625 device features power-supply feedback. If the supply voltage drifts over time (because of battery
discharge, for example), the vibration strength remains the same as long as enough supply voltage is available to
sustain the required output voltage.
8.3.8 Battery Voltage Reporting
During playback, the DRV2625 device provides cycle-by-cycle voltage measurement of the VDD pin. The
VBAT[7:0] parameter provides this information.
8.3.9 Ultra Low-Power Shutdown
Setting the device into shutdown state by using the NRST pin reduces the power consumption to sub-micro
levels, allowing the system to preserve power when haptics are not required. In this state, register content is not
preserved.
8.3.10 Automatic Go-To-Stand-by (Low Power)
The DRV2625 automatically goes into a low power standby state when not in use. In this state, register content
is preserved and I2C communication is available. The DRV2625 features a fast turn-on time from standby when
requested to play a waveform
8.3.11 I2C Watchdog Timer
If an I2C stops unexpectedly, the possibility exists for the I2C protocol to remain in a hanged state. To allow for
the recovery of the communication without having to power cycle the device, the DRV2625 device includes an
automatic watchdog timer that resets the I2C protocol without user intervention after 4.33 ms.
8.3.12 Device Protection
The DRV2625 device has integrated protection circuits for thermal and over-current protection, as well as for
UVLO. When such conditions are present, the DRV2625 device will immediately stop playback and go into the
standby state. The respective status bit will be set in register 0x01, which will be cleared upon reagister read. An
interrupt can be fired if the DRV2625 device is configured to do so.
If the critical condition disappears (the over-current condition goes away), the DRV2625 device will proceed with
normal operation, but because the status bits are sticky, they will continue to be asserted until the status register
is read.
8.3.12.1 Thermal Sensor
The DRV2625 has a thermal circuit that immediately puts the device in standby state and sets the OVER_TEMP
bit in the event of an over-temperature condition.
If the interrupt functionality is selected in the TRIG_PIN_FUNC parameter and the interrupt is not masked, and
interrupt will be fired to alert the host processor of a critical condition.
8.3.12.2 Over-Current Protection
During waveform playback, if the impedance at the output pin of the DRV2625 device is too low, the DRV2625
device immediately goes into standby state and latches the over-current flag (OC_DETECT bit).
If the interrupt functionality is selected in the TRIG_PIN_FUNC parameter and the interrupt is not masked, an
interrupt will be fired to alert the host processor of a critical condition.
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8.3.12.3 VDD UVLO Protection
The DRV2625 device has a battery monitor that monitors the VDD level to ensure that is above a configurable
threshold (using UVLO_THRES[2:0] parameter).
In the event of a VDD droop, the DRV2625 device immediately goes into standby state to reduce current
consumption and latches the UVLO flag (UVLO bit).
If the interrupt functionality is selected in the TRIG_PIN_FUNC parameter and the interrupt is not masked, and
interrupt will be fired to alert the host processor of a critical condition.
8.3.12.4 Brownout Protection
The DRV2625 device has on-chip brownout protection. When activated, a reset signal is issued that returns the
DRV2625 device to the initial default state. If the regulator voltage V(REG) goes below the brownout protection
threshold (V(BOT)) the DRV2625 device automatically shuts down. When V(REG) returns to the typical output
voltage (1.8 V) the DRV2625 device returns to the initial device state. The brownout protection threshold (V(BOT))
is typically at 1.6 V.
8.3.13 POR
The POR circuit was designed to enable the device only when both VDD and REG voltages are at a healthy
level. If REG voltage level were to dip below the reset threshold, the device will automatically abort any process
and shutdown until appropriate power levels are available, once a valid voltage is present in both VDD and REG
nodes, the device will proceed with the power-up sequence and return to the default state. If VDD drops below
UVLO with VREG still at a healthy level, the device will immediately go into standby state.
8.3.14 Silicon Revision Control
The DRV2625 has a revision control implemented in CHIPID[3:0] and REV[3:0] parameter (located in register
0x00). This feature allows an external controller to determine which device is connected to it and select the
appropriate firmware to control the device, which makes firmware development easier to port from one platform
to another.
8.3.15 Support for LRA and ERM Actuators
The DRV2625 device supports both LRA and ERM actuators. The default state is LRA mode, but can be
changed by using the LRA_ERM bit.
8.3.16 Multi-Purpose Pin Functionality
To enhance the flexibility of the DRV2625, the TRIG/INTZ pin is a configurable, multi-purpose pin that takes
different functionality depending on the mode of operation. The pin can serve as an input trigger-pulse pin, as an
input trigger-level (enable) pin and as an output interrupt pin. Note that the TRIG/INTZ pin can only execute one
function at a time (either trigger-edge, trigger-level (enable) or interrupt function), therefore if a particular function
is selected (for example, TRIG/INTZ configured as input trigger-edge), then the other functionality will not be
available (for example, interrupt).
8.3.16.1 Trigger-Pulse Functionality
The trigger-pulse functionality allows for an external processor to initiate the process (either waveform
sequencer, RTP, diagnostics or calibration) by pulsing the TRIG/INTZ pin. The process will initiate and play until
it is done, at which point it will go back into standby mode to preserve power. If a stop trigger (another triggerpulse) is received before the routine has finished, the routine will stop and the device will go back into standby
state. In the case of diagnostics mode, a stop trigger causes the diagnostic routine to abort and no result will be
reported. In the case of automatic level calibration routine, a stop trigger will cause the calibration to abort unless
the AUTO_CAL_TIME[2:0] is set to trigger control, in which case the stop trigger is required for the calibration to
complete, and the calibration will graciously finish and provide the expected output. Also note that a stop trigger
can also be achieved by writing 0 to the GO bit.
The minimum pulse width duration is 1 µs.
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TRIG/INTZ Trigger
Haptic Waveform
TRIG/INTZ Trigger
Stop Waveform
Haptic Waveform
Figure 19. TRIG/INTZ Functionality in Trigger-Pulse Mode
8.3.16.2 Trigger-Level (Enable) Functionality
The trigger-level (enable) functionality allows for an external micro-controller to wake up the DRV2625 by
asserting the TRIG/INTZ pin (high), which immediately starts playing the process (either waveform sequencer,
RTP value, diagnostics or auto-calibration). Once the TRIG/INTZ pin de-asserts (low) the device goes back to
standby state to preserve power. If braking is desired before going into standby state, the
AUTO_BRK_INTO_STBY bit can be set to allow automatic braking. Note that automatic braking is ignored during
calibration.
TRIG/INTZ Enable
Haptic Waveform with RTP
Initial RTP value
RTP update through I2C
RTP update through I2C
TRIG/INTZ Enable
Haptic Waveform with RTP
Initial RTP value
Figure 20. TRIG/INTZ Functionality in Trigger-Level (Enable) Mode
8.3.16.3 Interrupt Functionality
The interrupt functionality allows for the DRV2625 to communicate to an external processor that a particular
condition has occurred. When configured as an interrupt, the TRIG/INTZ pin becomes an output in open-drain
configuration. An external pull-up is required for this mode. When asserted, the TRIG/INTZ pin will pull down the
node until the interrupt is cleared (which is done by a reading the status register). All interrupts are maskable. A
description of the supported interrupts is as follows:
OC_DETECT is flagged if an over-current event happens in the output stage during a process execution (such
as waveform playback or auto-calibration).
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OVER_TEMP is flagged if the junction temperature goes above the thermal threshold during a process execution
(such as waveform playback, diagnostics or auto-calibration).
UVLO is flagged if VDD drops below the VDD_THRES voltage during a process execution (such as waveform
playback, diagnostics or auto-calibration).
PROCESS_DONE is flagged when the process (waveform sequencer, diagnostics or calibration) finishes. The
PROCESS_DONE bit does not assert if the process is interrupted (such as with a stop trigger or by a critical
condition). Note that RTP will never cause the PROCESS_DONE to assert because RTP never finishes on its
own.
PRG_ERROR is flagged if the data read in the RAM is corrupted.
PRG_ERROR
INTERRUPT_MASK[4]
TRIG/INTZ
PROCESS_DONE
INTERRUPT_MASK[3]
UVLO
INTERRUPT_MASK[2]
OVER_TEMP
INTERRUPT_MASK[1]
INTZ_REG_READ
S
Q
R
Q
OC_DETECT
INTERRUPT_MASK[0]
Figure 21. TRIG/INTZ Functionality in Interrupt Mode
Critical conditions, such as UVLO, over-temperature or over-current will not be monitored while the device is in
standby state. However, UVLO and over-temperature conditions will be monitored during I2C communication is
ongoing, even if the device is in standby state.
8.3.17 Automatic Transition to Standby State
The DRV2625 allows for automatic transition to standby state to preserve power. If the device goes into standby
and a new waveform is triggered, the DRV2625 will wake-up and immediately play the requested waveform.
8.3.18 Automatic Brake into Standby
The DRV2625 allows for automatic braking before going into standby. If the AUTO_BRK_INTO_STBY is
asserted, the device will brake the actuator (if necessary) before going into standby. This functionality will be
bypassed in the event of a critical condition, such as over-temperature, over-current, UVLO, and NRST
assertion.
8.3.19 Battery Monitoring and Power Preservation
The DRV2625 device continuously monitors the VDD voltage. In the event of a VDD voltage glitch that goes
below the UVLO_THRES[2:0] voltage, the DRV2625 immediately stops any playback and goes into standby
state. The UVLO status bit will assert and, if configured, the TRIG/INTZ pin will be asserted. Note that going into
standby due to a VDD glitch will bypass any braking, even if AUTO_BRK_INTO_STBY is enabled. I2C
communication will not be interrupted if a UVLO condition happens. However, because a UVLO condition could
potentially corrupt such communication, TI recommends checking the UVLO flag after I2C transactions as a way
to verify that the content was not corrupted in the process.
The DRV2625 also features a battery preservation mode that monitors the battery, and if VDD voltage drops
below a specified threshold (see BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL1[7:0] and BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL2[7:0] parameters) will
automatically clamp the maximum output voltage, as specified by the user (see OD_CLAMP_LVL1[7:0] and
OD_CLAMP_LVL2[7:0] parameters).
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8.4 Device Functional Modes
8.4.1 Power States
The DRV2625 device has multiple power states to optimize power consumption. In the event of a critical
condition, the DRV2625 device goes immediately into the standby state. Figure 22 shows the transitions into and
out of each state.
/ NRST = 0
/ NRST = 0
/ NRST = 1
Shutdown
Powering Up
/ Finish Powering Up
/ NRST = 0
/ POR = 0
/ POR = 0
/ POR = 0
/ NRST = 0
/ NRST = 0
Active
/ Waveform Triggered
Pseudo Standby
/ I2C Transaction
Standby
/ I2C Transaction Done
/ Waveform Triggered
/ Waveform Finished
/ Critical Condition
Figure 22. Power State Diagram
8.4.2 Operation With VDD < 2.5 V (Minimum VDD)
Operating the device with a VDD value below 2.5 V is not recommended.
8.4.3 Operation With VDD > 6 V (Absolute Maximum VDD)
The DRV2625 device is designed to operate at up to 5.5 V with an absolute maximum voltage of 6 V . If exposed
to voltages above 6 V, the device can suffer permanent damage.
8.4.4 Operation in Shutdown State
The NRST pin of the DRV2625 device gates the power-up of the device. When NRST is asserted (logic low), all
internal blocks of the device (including I2C controller) are off to achieve ultra low power.
When the NRST pin is deaserted (logic high), the DRV2625 device powers-up, loads all the default conditions
and goes into standby state to preserve power.
Asserting the NRST pin has an immediate effect. Any process being executed will be aborted immediately and
the device will go into shutdown state.
The DRV2625 device allows for the NRST to be permanently tied directly to VDD, in which case the shutdown
state will be bypassed.
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Device Functional Modes (continued)
8.4.5 Operation in STANDBY State
The DRV2625 is optimized for power preservation, therefore it will automatically go into standby when not in use.
In standby state, I2C communication is available and register content is preserved.
Stand-by state turns-off all non-essential blocks to preserve power, but features a fast turn on time that will
allows for low latency haptic playback from this mode.
If the host controller wants to force the DRV2625 device into standby, the host controller can do so by sending a
stop trigger, which can be done by writing a 0 to the GO bit, or, if using an external trigger, by following the
appropriate mechanism as described in Process Trigger.
The DRV2625 features an automatic braking option that will make the drive brake the actuator before going into
standby state. The automatic braking feature will be executed every time the device goes into standby state, with
the exception of a critical condition (such as over-current, thermal shutdown or UVLO). The automatic braking
feature can be enabled or disabled by using the AUTO_BRK_INTO_STBY bit.
8.4.6 Operation in ACTIVE State
The DRV2625 goes into active mode only when it must run a process (either waveform playback, calibration or
diagnostics).
When the device gets into active mode, the first thing done is to check for critical conditions (such as overcurrent, thermal shutdown or UVLO). If a critical condition is present, the DRV2625 device sets the appropriate
flag (and fires an interrupt if configured to do so), and immediately goes into standby. If no critical condition is
present, the DRV2625 device runs the routine and when finished returns to the standby state.
If a critical condition happens during a routine execution, the routine is aborted immediately and the device sets
the appropriate flag (and fires an interrupt if configured to do so), and immediately goes into standby.
If a stop trigger is received while a routine is being executed, the routine will be stopped and the device will go
into standby state. If the automatic braking option is enabled (AUTO_BRK_INTO_STBY bit), then the DRV2625
device will brake the actuator before going into standby state.
8.4.7 Changing Modes of Operation
The DRV2625 device has 8 parameters that control different aspects of modes of operation, namely: LRA_ERM,
MODE[1:0], CONTROL_LOOP, TRIG_PIN_FUNC, AUTO_BRK_INTO_STBY, AUTO_BRK_OL, and
LRA_WAVE_SHAPE. If any of these parameters are changed in the middle of a process execution (waveform
playback, diagnostics or calibration), the DRV2625 will interpret the change as an abort and will go into standby.
LRA_ERM parameter selects the actuator type.
MODE[1:0] selects between the 4 available process that can be run, namely RTP and Waveform Sequencer for
waveform playback, diagnostics and calibration. The DRV2625 device will be in standby state until a trigger is
received. At that point the device will execute the process selected in the MODE[1:0] parameter. Once finished,
the DRV2625 device will return into standby state.
CONTROL_LOOP selects between open loop and closed loop.
TRIG_PIN_FUNC parameter selects the functionality of the TRIG/INTZ pin among the 3 possibilities: pulse
trigger, level trigger and interrupt.
AUTO_BRK_INTO_STBY parameter enables automatic braking when going into standby. The DRV2625 device
will monitor the back-EMF of the actuator before going into standby, and if the back-EMF is moving, the actuator
will brake and then go into standby. Note that for this function to be executed in open loop, the AUTO_BRK_OL
pin must be enabled.
AUTO_BRK_OL parameter enables automatic braking for open loop mode. If enabled, every time a waveform is
configured with a negative amplitude, the DRV2625 device will brake the actuator. This feature assumes that the
actuator has been calibrated and works under closed-loop conditions.
LRA_WAVE_SHAPE parameter (available for LRA only) allows for selecting the waveform shape to be used
when driving the LRA in open loop. In closed-loop this parameter will be ignored.
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8.5 Operation During Exceptional Conditions
This section lists different exceptional conditions and the ways that the DRV2625 device operates during these
conditions. This section also describes how the device goes into and out of these states.
8.5.1 Operation With No Actuator Attached
In open loop mode, the DRV2625 device will drive the waveform as intended by the user.
In LRA closed-loop mode, if a waveform is played without an actuator connected to the OUT+ and OUT– pins,
the output pins toggle. However, the toggling frequency is not predictable.
In ERM closed-loop mode, the output pins will attempt to drive, however the amplitude is not predictable.
8.5.2 Operation With a Non-Moving Actuator Attached
In the ERM case, the DRV2625 device will attempt to overdrive the actuator until movement is detected.
The model of a non-moving actuator can be simplified as a resistor. If a resistor (with similar loading as an LRA,
such as 25 Ω) is connected across the OUT+ and OUT– pins, and the DRV2625 device is in LRA closed-loop
mode, the output pins toggle at a default f. In LRA open-loop mode the output pins toggle at the specified openloop frequency.
8.5.3 Operation With a Short at REG Pin
If the REG pin is shorted to GND, the device turns off. When the short is removed, the device starts in the default
condition.
8.5.4 Operation With a Short at OUT+, OUT–, or Both
During playback, if any of the output pins (OUT+ or OUT–) is shorted to VDD, GND, or to each other, a currentprotection circuit automatically enables to shut-down the output stage, the OC_DETECT bit is asserted (and an
interrupt is fired if enabled) and the DRV2625 device will go into standby state.
The DRV2625 device only checks for shorts when running a process (either RTP, waveform sequencer,
diagnostics or calibration). If the short occurs when the device is idle, the short is not detected until the device
attempts to run a process.
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8.6 Programming
8.6.1 Auto-Resonance Engine Programming for the LRA
8.6.1.1 Drive-Time Programming
The resonance frequency of each LRA actuator varies based on many factors and is generally dominated by
mechanical properties. The auto-resonance engine-tracking system is optimized by providing information about
the resonance frequency of the actuator. The DRIVE_TIME[4:0] bit is used as an initial guess for the half-period
of the LRA. The drive time is automatically and quickly adjusted for optimum drive. For example, if the LRA has a
resonance frequency of 200 Hz, then the drive time should be set to 2.5 ms.
For ERM actuators, the DRIVE_TIME[4:0] bit controls the rate for back-EMF sampling. Lower drive times imply
higher back-EMF sampling frequencies which cause higher peak-to-average ratios in the output signal, and
requires more supply headroom. Higher drive times imply lower back-EMF sampling frequencies which cause the
feedback to react at a slower rate.
8.6.1.2 Current-Dissipation Time Programming
To sense the back-EMF of the actuator, the DRV2625 device goes into high impedance mode. However, before
the device enters this mode, the device must dissipate the current in the actuator. The DRV2625 device controls
the time allocated for dissipation-current through the IDISS_TIME[3:0] parameter.
8.6.1.3 Blanking Time Programming
After the current in the actuator dissipates, the DRV2625 device waits for a blanking time of the signal to settle
before the back-EMF analog-to-digital (AD) conversion converts. The BLANKING_TIME[3:0] parameter controls
this time.
8.6.1.4 Zero-Crossing Detect-Time Programming
When the blanking time expires, the back-EMF AD monitors for zero crossings. The ZC_DET_TIME[1:0]
parameter controls the minimum time allowed for detecting zero crossings.
8.6.2 Automatic-Level Calibration Programming
8.6.2.1 Rated Voltage Programming
The rated voltage is the driving voltage that the driver will output during steady state. However, in closed-loop
drive mode, temporarily having an output voltage that is higher than the rated voltage is possible.
The RATED_VOLTAGE[7:0] parameter sets the rated voltage for the closed-loop drive modes.
V(ERM-CL_AV) = 21.88 × 10 ± RATED_VOLTAGE[7:0]
V(LRA-CL_RMS) =
20.58 × 10
±
±
(5)
× RATED_VOLTAGE[7:0]
î W(SAMPLE_TIME)
u
±6
î ¦(LRA)
(6)
In open-loop mode, the RATED_VOLTAGE[7:0] parameter is ignored. Instead, the OD_CLAMP[7:0] parameter is
used to set the full-scale voltage for the open-loop drive modes.
V(ERM-OL_AV) = 21.59 × 10 ± OD_CLAMP[7:0]
9(LRA-OL_RMS)
î
±
î 2'B&/$03>
(7)
@î
± ¦(LRA) î
î
±
(8)
The auto-calibration routine uses the RATED_VOLTAGE[7:0] and OD_CLAMP[7:0] bits as inputs and therefore
these registers must be written before calibration is performed. Any modification of this register value should be
followed by calibration to appropriately set A_CAL_BEMF[7:0].
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Programming (continued)
8.6.2.2 Overdrive Voltage-Clamp Programming
During closed-loop operation, the actuator feedback allows the output voltage to go above the rated voltage
during the automatic overdrive and automatic braking periods. The OD_CLAMP[7:0] parameter sets a clamp so
that the automatic overdrive is bounded. The OD_CLAMP[7:0] parameter also serves as the full-scale reference
voltage for open-loop operation. The OD_CLAMP[7:0] parameter always represents the maximum peak voltage
that is allowed, regardless of the mode.
NOTE
If the supply voltage (VDD) is less than the overdrive clamp voltage, the output driver is
unable to reach the clamp voltage value because the output voltage cannot exceed the
supply voltage. If the rated voltage exceeds the overdrive clamp voltage, the overdrive
clamp voltage has priority over the rated voltage.
V(ERM _ clamp) =
±
î
V(LRA_clamp) = 21.22 × 10
î 2'B&/$03>
t(DRIVE_TIME)
±
@ î W (DRIVE_TIME) ±
t(IDISS_TIME)
î
±
t(BLANKING_TIME)
× OD _ CLAMP[7:0]
(9)
(10)
8.6.3 I2C Interface
8.6.3.1 TI Haptic Broadcast Mode
The DRV2625 device has a TI haptic broadcast mode where, if enabled using the I2C_BCAST_EN bit, will make
the device respond to the slave address 0x58 (7-bit) or 1011000 in binary. This mode is useful in the event that
multiple haptic drivers implementing the TI haptic broadcast mode as installed in the system. In such a scenario,
writing the GO bit to the 0x58 slave address will cause all haptic drivers to trigger the process at the same time.
8.6.3.2 I2C Communication Availability
The I2C protocol is available for read/write operations during Standby, and Active states.
8.6.3.3 General I2C Operation
The I2C bus employs two signals, SDA (data) and SCL (clock), to communicate between integrated circuits in a
system. The bus transfers data serially, one bit at a time. The 8-bit address and data bytes are transferred with
the most-significant bit (MSB) first. In addition, each byte transferred on the bus is acknowledged by the receiving
device with an acknowledge bit. Each transfer operation begins with the master device driving a start condition
on the bus and ends with the master device driving a stop condition on the bus. The bus uses transitions on the
data pin (SDA) while the clock is at logic high to indicate start and stop conditions. A high-to-low transition on the
SDA signal indicates a start, and a low-to-high transition indicates a stop. Normal data-bit transitions must occur
within the low time of the clock period. Figure 23 shows a typical sequence. The master device generates the 7bit slave address and the read-write (R/W) bit to start communication with a slave device. The master device
then waits for an acknowledge condition. The slave device holds the SDA signal low during the acknowledge
clock period to indicate acknowledgment. When the acknowledgment occurs, the master transmits the next byte
of the sequence. Each device is addressed by a unique 7-bit slave address plus a R/W bit (1 byte). All
compatible devices share the same signals through a bidirectional bus using a wired-AND connection.
The number of bytes that can be transmitted between start and stop conditions is not limited. When the last word
transfers, the master generates a stop condition to release the bus. Figure 23 shows a generic data-transfer
sequence.
Use external pull-up resistors for the SDA and SCL signals to set the logic-high level for the bus. Pull-up resistors
between 660 O and 4.7 kO are recommended. Do not allow the SDA and SCL voltages to exceed the DRV2625
supply voltage, VDD.
NOTE
The DRV2625 slave address is 0x5A (7-bit), or 1011010 in binary.
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Programming (continued)
R/W A
7-bit slave address
b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
8-bit register data for address
(N)
A
8-bit register address (N)
b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
8-bit register data for address
(N)
A
A
b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
Start
Stop
Figure 23. Typical I2C Sequence
The DRV2625 device operates as an I2C-slave 1.8-V logic thresholds, but can operate up to the VDD voltage.
The device address is 0x5A (7-bit), or 1011010 in binary which is equivalent to 0xB4 (8-bit) for writing and 0xB5
(8-bit) for reading.
8.6.3.4 Single-Byte and Multiple-Byte Transfers
The serial control interface supports both single-byte and multiple-byte R/W operations for all registers.
During multiple-byte read operations, the DRV2625 device responds with data one byte at a time and beginning
at the signed register. The device responds as long as the master device continues to respond with
acknowledges.
The DRV2625 supports sequential I2C addressing. For write transactions, a sequential I2C write transaction has
taken place if a register is issued followed by data for that register as well as the remaining registers that follow.
For I2C sequential-write transactions, the register issued then serves as the starting point and the amount of data
transmitted subsequently before a stop or start is transmitted determines how many registers are written.
8.6.3.5 Single-Byte Write
As shown in Figure 24, a single-byte data-write transfer begins with the master device transmitting a start
condition followed by the I2C device address and the read-write bit. The read-write bit determines the direction of
the data transfer. For a write-data transfer, the read-write bit must be set to 0. After receiving the correct I2C
device address and the read-write bit, the DRV2625 responds with an acknowledge bit. Next, the master
transmits the register byte corresponding to the DRV2625 internal-memory address that is accessed. After
receiving the register byte, the device responds again with an acknowledge bit. Finally, the master device
transmits a stop condition to complete the single-byte data-write transfer.
Acknowledge
A6
Start
condition
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
W
ACK
2
A7
Acknowledge
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A0
A1
ACK
D7
Subaddress
I C device address
and R/W bit
Acknowledge
D6
D5
D4
D3
Data byte
D2
D1
D0
ACK
Stop
condition
Figure 24. Single-Byte Write Transfer
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Programming (continued)
8.6.3.6 Multiple-Byte Write and Incremental Multiple-Byte Write
A multiple-byte data write transfer is identical to a single-byte data write transfer except that multiple data bytes
are transmitted by the master device to the DRV2625 device as shown in Figure 25. After receiving each data
byte, the DRV2625 device responds with an acknowledge bit.
Acknowledge
A1
A0
A1
A0
W
ACK
Acknowledge
A7
A6
2
Start
condition
A1
A0
ACK
D7
D1
Acknowledge
D0
D0
ACK
First data byte
Subaddress
I C device address
and R/W bit
D6
Acknowledge
D7
ACK
Other data bytes
Acknowledge
D7
D0
ACK
Stop
condition
Last data byte
Figure 25. Multiple-Byte Write Transfer
8.6.3.7 Single-Byte Read
Figure 26 shows that a single-byte data-read transfer begins with the master device transmitting a start condition
followed by the I2C device address and the read-write bit. For the data-read transfer, both a write followed by a
read actually occur. Initially, a write occurs to transfer the address byte of the internal memory address to be
read. As a result, the read-write bit is set to 0.
After receiving the DRV2625 address and the read-write bit, the DRV2625 device responds with an acknowledge
bit. The master then sends the internal memory address byte, after which the device issues an acknowledge bit.
The master device transmits another start condition followed by the DRV2625 address and the read-write bit
again. On this occasion, the read-write bit is set to 1, indicating a read transfer. Next, the DRV2625 device
transmits the data byte from the memory address that is read. After receiving the data byte, the master device
transmits a not-acknowledge followed by a stop condition to complete the single-byte data read transfer. See the
note in the General I2C Operation section.
Acknowledge
A6
A5
A1
A0
W
ACK
2
Start
Condition
A7
Acknowledge
A6
A1
A0
ACK
Subaddress
I C device address and
R/W bit
Acknowledge
A6
Repeat start
condition
A5
A0
R
ACK
2
Acknowledge
D7
D0
ACK
Data Byte
I C device address and
R/W bit
Stop
Condition
Figure 26. Single-Byte Read Transfer
8.6.3.8 Multiple-Byte Read
A multiple-byte data-read transfer is identical to a single-byte data-read transfer except that multiple data bytes
are transmitted by the DRV2625 device to the master device as shown in Figure 27. With the exception of the
last data byte, the master device responds with an acknowledge bit after receiving each data byte.
Acknowledge
A6
A0
W
Start I2C device address
condition
and R/W bit
ACK
A7
Acknowledge
A6
A1
Subaddress
A0 ACK
A6
A5
A0
Acknowledge
Acknowledge
Acknowledge
Acknowledge
R
D0
D0
D0 ACK
Repeat start I2C device address
condition
and R/W bit
ACK
D7
First data byte
ACK
D7
Other data byte
ACK
D7
Last data byte
Stop
condition
Figure 27. Multiple-Byte Read Transfer
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Programming (continued)
8.6.4 Programming for Open-Loop Operation
The DRV2625 device can be used in open-loop mode and closed-loop mode. If open-loop operation is desired,
the first step is to determine which actuator type is to use, either ERM or LRA.
8.6.4.1 Programming for ERM Open-Loop Operation
To configure the DRV2625 device in ERM open-loop operation, the ERM must be selected by writing the
LRA_ERM bit to 1, and the CONTROL_LOOP bit to 1.
8.6.4.2 Programming for LRA Open-Loop Operation
To configure the DRV2625 device in LRA open-loop operation, the LRA must be selected by writing the
LRA_ERM bit to 0, and the CONTROL_LOOP bit to 1. Additionally, the OL_LRA_PERIOD parameter must be
configured with the appropriate LRA frequency.
8.6.5 Programming for Closed-Loop Operation
For closed-loop operation, the device must be calibrated according to the actuator selection. When calibrated
accordingly, the user is only required to provide the desired waveform. The DRV2625 device automatically
adjusts the level and, for the LRA, automatically adjusts the driving frequency.
8.6.6 Diagnostics Routine
The DRV2625 has a diagnostic routine that can be selected by the MODE[1:0] parameter. The purpose of the
routine is to determine if the actuator can be safely and correctly driven. If a problem is detected by the
diagnostic routine, the DIAG_RESULT bit will assert (high). After running the diagnostic routine, the
DIAG_RESULT should be checked to assess the result of the diagnostic routine. If the diagnostic routine does
not finish due to a critical condition, such as a UVLO, over temperature or over-current condition, the diagnostic
routine will be aborted and the DIAG_RESULT will be set to 1.
The diagnostic routine is composed of 2 sub-routines: a resistance measurement routine and a functional
routine.
The resistance measurement sub-routine reports the resistance of the actuator as seen from the differential
output pins (OUT+ and OUT-) and placed on the DIAG_Z_RESULT parameter. The resistance measurement
sub-routine should always be executed during the diagnostics routine and the output is reported in the
DIAG_Z_RESULT. The only exception is during an over-temperature or UVLO condition, in which case the
diagnostic routine will abort immediately and the device will go into standby state.
NOTE
An over-current condition will never happen in this sub-routine, even in the presence of a
short, because the resistance measurement injects a small current that will not be
detected by the over-current detection circuit. The resistance measurement sub-routine is
the first to be executed. Also, this sub-routine will not cause the DIAG_RESULT bit to
assert.
After the resistance measurement, the diagnostic routine plays a diagnostic waveform to determine whether the
actuator can be successfully driven. A short or open condition, as well as failure to detect a valid BEMF will
cause the DIAG_RESULT bit to assert. Note that if a critical problem is experienced during the diagnostic
routine, such as an over-current condition, the routine can be aborted, and the DIAG_RESULT will assert.
8.6.7 Calibration Routine
The DRV2625 has a calibration routine that automatically populates all critical parameters required for
successfully driving a specific actuator (the one connected and being calibrated) in closed-loop. Variation occurs
between different actuators even if the actuators are of the same model. To ensure optimal results, TI
recommends that the calibration routine be run at least once for each actuator.
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Programming (continued)
The calibration engine requires a number of parameters as inputs before the calibration can be executed. When
the inputs are configured, the calibration routine can be executed. After calibration execution occurs, the output
parameters are written over the specified register locations. Figure 28 shows all of the required inputs and
generated outputs. To ensure proper auto-resonance operation, the LRA actuator type requires more input
parameters than the ERM. The LRA parameters are ignored when the device is in ERM mode.
Inputs
Outputs
ERM_LRA
BEMF_GAIN[1:0]
FB_BRAKE_FACTOR[2:0]
LOOP_GAIN[1:0]
RATED_VOLTAGE[7:0]
A_CAL_COMP[7:0]
OD_CLAMP[7:0]
AUTO_CAL_TIME[1:0]
Auto-calibration engine
DRIVE_TIME[4:0]
A_CAL_BEMF[7:0]
SAMPLE_TIME[1:0]
BLANKING_TIME[3:0]
LRA
only
DIAG_RESULT
IDISS_TIME[3:0]
ZC_DET_TIME[1:0]
Figure 28. Calibration-Engine Functional Diagram
For proper calibration results, the calibration waveform must be executed long enough to achieve a steady
acceleration. Therefore, the DRV2625 device has a configurable amount of time for the calibration waveform,
which can be selected by the AUTO_CAL_TIME[1:0] parameter. Additionally, the option to control the calibration
time by using a trigger is provided to accommodate for the cases that require longer times than those allowed by
the AUTO_CAL_TIME parameter. Under the triggered control option, the calibration will start executing after the
initial trigger, and then will stop execution once a stop trigger is received. At that point the output values of the
calibration will be populated. Note that a minimum duration is required for the calibration to work properly.
Table 2. Calibration Routine Behavior Under Different AUTO_CAL_TIME Selections
AUTO_CAL_TIME[1:0]
ACTION
COMMENTS
0
250 ms calibration waveform
1
500 ms calibration waveform
2
1 s calibration waveform
3
Trigger controlled
Can be triggered either using the GO bit or externally.
To use the external trigger, the TRIG_PIN_FUNC
parameter must be configured appropriately.
In this case the minimum duration should be 1 s,
otherwise the result of the calibration can be
corrupted.
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The following instructions list the step-by-step register configuration for auto-calibration.
1. Apply a valid supply voltage to the DRV2625 device, and then pull the NRST pin high. The supply voltage
should allow for adequate drive voltage of the selected actuator.
2. Write a value of 0x03 to the MODE parameter to set the auto-calibration routine.
3. Populate the input parameters required by the auto-calibration engine:
(a) LRA_ERM — selection will depend on desired actuator.
(b) FB_BRAKE_FACTOR[2:0] — A value of 3 is valid for most actuators.
(c) LOOP_GAIN[1:0] — A value of 2 is valid for most actuators.
(d) RATED_VOLTAGE[7:0] — See the Rated Voltage Programming section for calculating the correct
register value.
(e) OD_CLAMP[7:0] — See the Overdrive Voltage-Clamp Programming section for calculating the correct
register value.
(f) AUTO_CAL_TIME[1:0] — A value of 3 is valid for most actuators.
(g) DRIVE_TIME[3:0] — See the Drive-Time Programming for calculating the correct register value.
(h) SAMPLE_TIME[1:0] — A value of 3 is valid for most actuators.
(i) BLANKING_TIME[3:0] — A value of 1 is valid for most actuators.
(j) IDISS_TIME[3:0] — A value of 1 is valid for most actuators.
(k) ZC_DET_TIME[1:0] — A value of 0 is valid for most actuators.
4. Write a 1 to the GO bit to start the auto-calibration process. When auto calibration is complete, the GO bit
automatically clears. The auto-calibration results are written in the respective registers as shown in
Figure 28.
5. Check the status of the DIAG_RESULT bit to ensure that the auto-calibration routine is complete without
faults.
6. Evaluate system performance with the auto-calibrated settings. Note that the evaluation should occur during
the final assembly of the device because the auto-calibration process can affect actuator performance and
behavior. If any adjustment is required, the inputs can be modified and this sequence can be repeated. If the
performance is satisfactory, the user can do any of the following:
(a) Repeat the calibration process upon subsequent power ups.
(b) Store the auto-calibration results in host processor memory and rewrite them to the DRV2625 device
upon subsequent power ups. The device retains these settings when in STANDBY mode or when the EN
pin is low.
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8.6.8 Waveform Playback Programming
8.6.8.1 Data Formats for Waveform Playback
The DRV2625 uses a signed data format (2's complement) to specify the magnitude and direction of the drive.
The actuator can be driven in either closed-loop or open-loop. In closed-loop, positive numbers indicate the
magnitude of the drive desired. Negative numbers are interpreted as a brake signal, which is automatic in closedloop. In open-loop, positive and negative numbers are required to specify amplitude magnitude for both driving
and braking. In the case that automatic braking is selected for open loop, then any negative number will be
interpreted as a brake signal.
8.6.8.2 Open-Loop Mode
In open-loop mode, the reference level for full-scale drive is set by the OD_CLAMP[7:0] parameter. A mid-scale
input value gives no drive signal, and a less-than mid-scale gives a negative drive value. For an ERM, a negative
drive value results in counter-rotation, or braking. For an LRA, a negative drive value results in a 180-degree
phase shift in commutation.
8.6.8.3 Closed-Loop Mode
In closed-loop mode, the DRV2625 device provides automatic overdrive and braking for both ERM and LRA
devices. Positive values indicate that acceleration is desired. Negative values and 0 indicate that braking is
desired.
The reference level for steady-state full-scale drive is set by the RATED_VOLTAGE[7:0] bit (when autocalibration is performed). The output voltage can momentarily exceed the rated voltage for automatic overdrive
and braking, but does not exceed the OD_CLAMP[7:0] voltage. Braking occurs automatically based on the input
signal when the back-EMF feedback determines that braking is necessary.
In the event that the user is concerned that the overdrive time may be too high for a particular actuator, the
OD_CLAMP_TIME[1:0] can be used to limit the amount of time spent in over-drive mode (a voltage above the
rated voltage). If the overdrive time is exceeded and the DRV2625 device is still attempting to overdrive the
actuator, a new clamp is enforced, which is specified in the RATED_VOLTAGE_CLAMP[7:0] parameter, which is
enforced until a brake signal is received. During braking, the device will be allowed to overdrive for the time
specified in the OD_CLAMP_TIME[1:0], and, if exceeded, the RATED_VOLTAGE_CLAMP[7:0] is enforced. This
feature ensures that the actuator will not be overdriven continuously for longer than desired.
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8.6.9 Waveform Setup and Playback
Playback of a haptic effect can occur in RTP mode or by using the waveform sequencer. And the process (either
RTP or waveform sequencer) can be triggered by writing a 1 to the GO bit, or by using the external trigger in
either trigger-pulse or trigger-level configuration. A waveform can be terminated prematurely by writing a 0 to the
GO bit or by sending a stop trigger via the external TRIG/INTZ pin.
8.6.9.1 Waveform Playback Using RTP Mode
The user can enter the RTP mode by writing to the MODE[1:0] parameter. In RTP mode, when the DRV2625
device received a trigger, the device drives the actuator continuously with the amplitude specified in the
RTP_INPUT[7:0] parameter. Because the amplitude tracks the value specified in the RTP_INPUT[7:0]
parameter, the I2C bus can stream waveforms. To stop driving the user can either change modes or send a stop
trigger (either write 0 to the GO bit or using the external trigger).
8.6.9.2 Waveform Sequencer
To play haptic effects from the internal memory, the effects must first be loaded into the waveform sequencer,
and then the effects can be launched by using any of the trigger options.
The waveform sequencer queues waveform-library identifiers for playback. Eight sequence registers queue up to
eight library waveforms for sequential playback. A waveform identifier is an integer value referring to the index
position of a waveform in the internal memory. Playback begins at WAV_FRM_SEQ1 when the user triggers the
waveform sequencer. When playback of that waveform ends, the waveform sequencer plays the next waveform
identifier held in WAV_FRM_SEQ2 (if non-zero). The waveform sequencer continues in this way until the
sequencer reaches an identifier value of zero or until all eight identifiers are played whichever comes first.
The waveform identifier is a 7-bit number. The MSB of each sequence register can be used to implement a delay
between sequence waveforms. When the MSB is high, bits 6-0 indicate the length of the wait time. The wait time
for that step then becomes WAV_FRM_SEQ[6:0] × 10 ms.
The DRV2625 device allows for looping of individual waveforms by using the WAVn_SEQ_LOOP parameters.
When used, the state machine will loop the particular waveform the number of times specified in the associated
WAVn_SEQ_LOOP parameter before moving to the next waveform. Additionally, the entire sequencer of
waveforms can be looped a number of times specified by the WAV_SEQ_MAIN_LOOP parameter. The
waveform-looping feature is useful for long, custom haptic playbacks, such as a haptic ringtone.
GO
Waveform Sequencer
RAM
WAV_FRM_SEQ0[7:0]
Effect 1
WAV_FRM_SEQ1[7:0]
Effect 2
WAV_FRM_SEQ2[7:0]
Effect 3
WAV_FRM_SEQ3[7:0]
Effect 4
WAV_FRM_SEQ4[7:0]
Effect 5
WAV_FRM_SEQ5[7:0]
WAV_FRM_SEQ6[7:0]
WAV_FRM_SEQ7[7:0]
Effect N
Figure 29. Waveform Sequencer Programming
8.6.9.3 Waveform Playback Triggers
The DRV2625 device has 2 modes of waveform playback: Waveform Sequencer and RTP. Both modes can be
triggered externally by using the TRIG/INTZ pin or internally by using the GO bit. If using external trigger, the
TRIG_PIN_FUNC most be selected appropriately.
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8.6.9.3.1 Playback Trigger Without Automatic Brake into Standby
When automatic braking into standby is disabled (AUTO_BRK_INTO_STBY bit set to 0), playback can be
triggered in both RTP and waveform sequencer modes with internal trigger by writing a 1 to the GO bit, and
stopped by writing a 0 to the GO bit. Playback can also be triggered by the external trigger by following the
trigger-pulse or trigger-level specifications (see Figure 19 and Figure 20 for details). Note that internal trigger is
not available if the external trigger pin is set to trigger-level (TRIG_PIN_FUNC = 1)
RTP playback (MODE[1:0] = 0), once triggered, will run indefinitely until the waveform is stopped. The waveform
sequencer (MODE[1:0] = 1) will run until it reaches the end point and will automatically go into standby without a
cancel trigger being received, unless an infinite loop is requested.
8.6.9.3.1.1 Playback Trigger With Automatic Brake into Standby (SimpleDrive)
If automatic braking into standby is enabled (AUTO_BRK_INTO_STBY bit is set to 1), then the device part will go
into brake mode before going into standby. This feature introduces new timing requirements that are described in
below diagrams.
Start
Waveform
Ends
Auto-Braking
Start
TRIG/INTZ
TRIG/INTZ
Haptic Waveform
Haptic Waveform
Internal Standby Signal
Internal Standby Signal
Waveform
Ends
50 ms
Figure 30. Waveform Sequencer with Trigger-Pulse
Start
Waveform
Ends
Auto-Braking
50 ms
Figure 31. Waveform Sequencer with Trigger-Level
Start
Auto-Braking
Stop
Ignore Auto-Brake
TRIG/INTZ
TRIG/INTZ
Haptic Waveform
Haptic Waveform
Internal Standby Signal
Internal Standby Signal
0.5 ms
Waveform does not start
50 ms
Figure 32. Waveform Sequencer with Trigger-Level
Behavior when TRIG/INTZ Pin Left High
Start
Figure 33. Fast Start Stop with Trigger-Pulse (RTP
or Waveform Sequencer)
Auto-Braking
Stop
Start
TRIG/INTZ
TRIG/INTZ
Haptic Waveform
Haptic Waveform
Internal Standby Signal
Internal Standby Signal
50 ms
Figure 34. Playback Start and stop Trigger (Pulse)
(RTP or Waveform Sequencer)
32
Auto-Braking
Stop
50 ms
Figure 35. Playback Start and stop Trigger
(Level)(RTP or Waveform Sequencer)
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Start
Auto-Braking
Start
Stop
GO Bit
0
Stop
1
0
Auto-Braking
Start
TRIG/INTZ
Haptic Waveform
Haptic Waveform
Internal Standby Signal
Internal Standby Signal
Delayed Start
50 ms
50 ms
Figure 36. Playback Start and stop Trigger (Internal Figure 37. Trigger-Level with Delayed Start (RTP or
GO bit) (RTP or Waveform Sequencer)
Waveform Sequencer)
Start
Start
Auto-Braking
Stop
Start
Stop
Auto-Braking
Start
TRIG/INTZ
TRIG/INTZ
Ignore
Haptic Waveform
Haptic Waveform
Delayed Start
Delayed Start
Internal Standby Signal
Internal Standby Signal
50 ms
50 ms
Figure 38. Trigger-Pulse and Delayed Start (RTP or
Waveform Sequencer)
Start
Auto-Braking
Stop
GO Bit I2C Writes
0
Figure 39. Trigger-Pulse and Delayed Start with
Ignored Pulse (RTP or Waveform Sequencer)
1
Start
Start
0
1
Auto-Braking
Stop
TRIG/INTZ
Haptic Waveform
Haptic Waveform
Delayed Start
Internal Standby Signal
Internal Standby Signal
50 ms
50 ms
Figure 40. GO bit Trigger with Delayed Start (RTP
or Waveform Sequencer)
Figure 41. Trigger-Pulse Behavior when TRIG/INTZ
Pin Left High (RTP or Waveform Sequencer)
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8.7 Register Map
Table 3. Register Map Overview
REG
NO.
DEFAULT
0x00
0x13
0x01
0x00
0x02
0x18
0x03
0x00
0x04
0x00
0x05
0x00
0x06
0x00
0x07
0x44
I2C_BCAST_EN
LRA_PERIOD_AVG_DIS
0x08
0x88
LRA_ERM
CONTROL_LOOP
0x09
0x00
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
CHIPID[3:0]
DIAG_RESULT
Reserved
PROCESS_DONE
UVLO
Reserved
BIT 0
OVER_TEMP
OC_DETECT
INTZ_MASK[3:0]
DIAG_Z_RESULT[7:0]
VBAT[7:0]
Reserved
LRA_PERIOD[9:8]
LRA_PERIOD[7:0]
LINEREG_COMP_SEL[1:0]
HYBRID_LOOP
BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL_EN[1:0]
TRIG_PIN_FUNC[1:0]
AUTO_BRK_OL
AUTO_BRK_INTO_STBY
MODE[1:0]
INPUT_SLOPE_CHECK
Reserved
Reserved
UVLO_THRES[2:0]
0x0A
0x92
0x0B
0x8D
0x0C
0x00
0x0D
0x00
0x0E
0x7F
0x0F
0x01
WAIT1
WAV_FRM_SEQ1[6:0]
0x10
0x00
WAIT2
WAV_FRM_SEQ2[6:0]
0x11
0x00
WAIT3
WAV_FRM_SEQ3[6:0]
0x12
0x00
WAIT4
WAV_FRM_SEQ4[6:0]
0x13
0x00
WAIT5
WAV_FRM_SEQ5[6:0]
0x14
0x00
WAIT6
WAV_FRM_SEQ6[6:0]
0x15
0x00
WAIT7
WAV_FRM_SEQ7[6:0]
0x16
0x00
WAIT8
0x17
0x00
WAV4_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
WAV3_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
WAV2_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
0x18
0x00
WAV8_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
WAV7_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
WAV6_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
0x19
0x00
0x1A
0x00
0x1B
0x00
SPT[7:0]
0x1C
0x00
SNT[7:0]
BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL1[7:0]
BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL2[7:0]
Reserved
LIB_ENABLE
LIB_SEL
GO
PLAYBACK_INTERVAL
Reserved
DIG_MEM_GAIN[1:0]
RTP_INPUT[7:0]
WAV_FRM_SEQ8[6:0]
Reserved
WAV1_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
WAV5_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
WAV_SEQ_MAIN_LOOP[2:0]
ODT[7:0]
0x1D
0x00
BRT[7:0]
0x1F
0x3F
RATED_VOLTAGE[7:0]
0x20
0x89
OD_CLAMP[7:0]
0x21
0x0D
A_CAL_COMP[7:0]
0x22
0x6D
0x23
0x36
0x24
0x64
RATED_VOLTAGE_CLAMP[7:0]
0x25
0x80
OD_CLAMP_LVL1[7:0]
34
BIT 1
REV[3:0]
A_CAL_BEMF[7:0]
NG_THRESH
FB_BRAKE_FACTOR[2:0]
LOOP_GAIN[1:0]
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BEMF_GAIN[1:0]
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Register Map (continued)
Table 3. Register Map Overview (continued)
REG
NO.
DEFAULT
0x26
0x00
0x27
0x10
0x28
0x11
0x29
0x0C
0x2A
0x02
0x2C
0x00
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
OD_CLAMP_LVL2[7:0]
LRA_MIN_FREQ_SEL
LRA_RESYNC_FORMAT
Reserved
DRIVE_TIME[4:0]
BLANKING_TIME[3:0]
Reserved
IDISS_TIME[3:0]
OD_CLAMP_TIME[1:0]
SAMPLE_TIME[1:0]
Reserved
LRA_AUTO_OPEN_LOO
P
ZC_DET_TIME[1:0]
AUTO_CAL_TIME[1:0]
AUTO_OL_CNT[1:0]
Reserved
0x2E
0x00
0x2F
0xC6
Reserved
OL_LRA_PERIOD[9:0]
0x30
0x00
CURRENT_K[7:0]
LRA_WAVE_SHAPE
OL_LRA_PERIOD[9:0]
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8.7.1 Address: 0x00
Figure 42. 0x00
7
6
5
4
3
2
CHIPID[3:0]
R-0
R-0
1
0
R-1
R-1
REV[3:0]
R-0
R-1
R-0
R-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 4. Address: 0x00
BIT
FIELD
7-4
CHIPID[3:0]
3-0
(1)
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R
REV[3:0]
1
R
3
Provide device identification information
0
DRV2624
1
DRV2625
Provides information on the device revision (1)
Rev 2 and 3 are both commercially released.
8.7.2 Address: 0x01
Figure 43. 0x01
7
DIAG_RESULT
[0]
R-0
6
5
Reserved
4
3
PROCESS_DO
NE[0]
R-0
R/W-0
2
UVLO[0]
R-0
1
0
OVER_TEMP[0 OC_DETECT[0
]
]
R-0
R-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 5. Address: 0x01
BIT
7
6-4
3
2
1
0
36
FIELD
DIAG_RESULT
Reserved
PROCESS_DONE
UVLO
OVER_TEMP
OC_DETECT
TYPE
R
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
The meaning of this bit changes depending on the mode of operation. In diagnostics mode, this
bit will assert if the actuator is either open or short to itself, to ground, or to vdd. For the
impedance measurement mode, refer to DIAG_Z_RESULT[7:0]. For the calibration mode, this
bit asserts if the calibration fails. This bit is sticky and will clear on read.
0
No issue found.
1
Either diagnostics, or calibration failed.
R/W
0
Reserved
R
0
Shows if the process executed is done. This bit is sticky and will clear on read.
R
R
R
0
0
0
0
Process is not done.
1
Process is done (either waveform sequencer, diagnostics or auto-calibration). This bit
is cleared when read.
If VDD dropts below the UVLO_THRES[2:0], this bit will assert. This bit is sticky and will clear
on read.
0
No VDD droop has been observed.
1
A VDD droop was observed. Clears on read.
Shows current status of the thermal protection. This bit is sticky and will clear on read.
0
Temperature is below over-temperature threshold
1
Temperature is above over-temperature threshold. Clears on read.
Shows current status of the output overcurrent protection. This bit is sticky and will clear on
read.
0
No over-current detected in OUT+ or OUT-
1
Over-current detected in OUT+ or OUT-. Clears on read.
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8.7.3 Address: 0x02
Figure 44. 0x02
7
6
5
4
3
R/W-1
R/W-1
Reserved
R/W-0
2
1
INTZ_MASK[3:0]
R/W-0
R/W-0
0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 6. Address: 0x02
BIT
FIELD
7-5
Reserved
TYPE
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
Reserved
4-0
INTZ_MASK[4:0]
R/W
24
Masks status bits to configure behavior of TRIG/INTZ pin when configured in interrupt mode.
Ignored otherwise.
0
When INTZ_MASK[0] = 1 the OC_DETECT status will not produce an interrupt
1
When INTZ_MASK[1] = 1 the OVER_TEMP status will not produce an interrupt
2
When INTZ_MASK[2] = 1 the UVLO status will not produce an interrupt
3
When INTZ_MASK[3] = 1 the PROCESS_DONE status will not produce an interrupt
8.7.4 Address: 0x03
Figure 45. 0x03
7
6
5
4
3
DIAG_Z_RESULT[7:0]
R-0
2
1
0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 7. Address: 0x03
BIT
FIELD
7-0
DIAG_Z_RESULT[7:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R
0
This parameter shows the impedance measurement of the actuator after running the
diagnostics routine.
8.7.5 Address: 0x04
Figure 46. 0x04
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
VBAT[7:0]
R-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 8. Address: 0x04
BIT
FIELD
7-0
VBAT[7:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R
0
This parameter provides a real-time reading of the supply voltage at the VDD pin. The device
must be actively playing a waveform to take a reading.
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8.7.6 Address: 0x05
Figure 47. 0x05
7
6
5
4
3
2
Reserved
R/W-0
1
0
LRA_PERIOD[9:8]
RO-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 9. Address: 0x05
BIT
FIELD
7-2
Reserved
TYPE
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
Reserved
1-0
LRA_PERIOD[9:0]
RO
0
This parameter reports the resonance frequency of the LRA in real time. Because this register
is continuously being updated, the MSB section most be read first, the LSB (and the MSB)
register will be retained until the LSB is read to preserve consistency. If the waveform finishes
and the LSB has not been read, the device will automatically unlock both registers (MSB and
LSB) and they will start to update again upon the next playback. For this reason, TI
recommends reading both registers during the same playback to get accurate readings. LRA
period = LRA_PERIOD[9:0] × 24.39 µs. The accuracy of the reported frequency is not
guaranteed during braking.
8.7.7 Address: 0x06
Figure 48. 0x06
7
6
5
4
3
LRA_PERIOD[7:0]
R-0
2
1
0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 10. Address: 0x06
38
BIT
FIELD
7-0
LRA_PERIOD[9:0]
TYPE
R
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
This parameter reports the resonance frequency of the LRA in real time. Because this register
is continuously being updated, the MSB section most be read first, the LSB (and the MSB)
register will be retained until the LSB is read to preserve consistency. If the waveform finishes
and the LSB has not been read, the device will automatically unlock both registers (MSB and
LSB) and they will start to update again upon the next playback. For this reason, it is important
to read both registers during the same playback to get accurate readings. LRA period =
LRA_PERIOD[9:0] × 24.39 µs. The accuracy of the reported frequency is not guaranteed
during braking.
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8.7.8 Address: 0x07
Figure 49. 0x07
7
I2C_BCAST_E
N[0]
R/W-0
6
LRA_PERIOD_
AVG_DIS[0]
R/W-1
5
4
LINEREG_COMP_SEL[1:0]
R/W-0
R/W-0
3
2
TRIG_PIN_FUNC[1:0]
R/W-0
1
0
MODE[1:0]
R/W-1
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 11. Address: 0x07
BIT
7
6
5-4
3-2
1-0
FIELD
I2C_BCAST_EN
LRA_PERIOD_AVG_DIS
LINEREG_COMP_SEL[1:0]
TRIG_PIN_FUNC[1:0]
MODE[1:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
1
0
1
0
When enabled, the device will respond to slave address 0x58 (or 1011000). This is useful for
triggering multiple drivers at the same time.
0
Haptic Broadcast disable.
1
Haptic Broadcast enabled.
Enables/disables averaging for the resonance reporting located in LRA_PERIOD[9:0]
parameter.
0
LRA_PERIOD[9:0] reports the average period of the last 4 periods. Uses a shift
register preloaded with 0.
1
LRA_PERIOD[9:0] reports the last period.
Applies a compensation factor to compensate for variations of LDO shifting.
0
0%
1
2%
2
4%
3
5%
This parameter selects the function of the TRIG/INTZ pin. If this parameter is changed during
process execution, the device will go into standby.
0
Pin functions as external pulse trigger (input). In this mode, the GO bit can also be
used to trigger or cancel processes.
1
Pin functions as external level trigger - enable (input). In this mode the GO bit cannot
be used.
2
Pin functions as an interrupt (open drain output). In this mode, the GO bit is the only
mechanism to trigger and cancel processes.
3
Reserved
This parameter is used to select the mode of operation. If the mode is changed during process
execution, the device will immediately go into standby.
0
RTP Mode
1
Waveform Sequencer Mode
2
Diagnostics Routine
3
Automatic Level Calibration Routine
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8.7.9 Address: 0x08
Figure 50. 0x08
7
LRA_ERM[0]
R/W-1
6
5
4
CONTROL_LO HYBRID_LOOP AUTO_BRK_O
OP[0]
[0]
L[0]
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
3
2
AUTO_BRK_IN INPUT_SLOPE
TO_STBY[0]
_CHECK[0]
R/W-1
R/W-0
1
0
Reserved
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 12. Address: 0x08
BIT
7
6
5
4
3
2
1-0
40
FIELD
LRA_ERM
CONTROL_LOOP
HYBRID_LOOP
AUTO_BRK_OL
AUTO_BRK_INTO_STBY
INPUT_SLOPE_CHECK
Reserved
TYPE
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
Selects the actuator type. This bit should be set prior to running the calibration routine.
0
ERM.
1
LRA.
Selects either closed loop or open loop mode. This applies to both ERM and LRA actuators.
0
Closed Loop.
1
Open Loop.
Selects between full closed loop mode and hybrid closed-loop mode.
0
Full closed loop mode.
1
Hybrid loop mode.
Provides automatic braking for ERM and LRA when in open loop. To achieve this, when the
data to be played is 0 or less, the DRV2625 device automatically goes into closed loop mode
and then brakes the actuator. Note that when the data to be played is positive the device will
play in open loop mode. This feature assumes that the actuator has been calibrated and that it
functions correctly under closed-loop conditions. This feature is disabled by default.
0
No automatic braking while in open loop mode.
1
Automatic braking for open loop mode is enabled. Goes to closed-loop mode to break
when data is 0 or less.
This bit is used to enable automatic braking when the device goes into standby. If this bit is set
and a waveform was playing, when a go-to-standby signal is received (either from the timer, or
the EN functionality of the TRIG/INTZ pin), the device will first brake the actuator and then will
transition to the standby mode.
0
Go immediately to standby mode (without automatic braking).
1
Before going to standby mode, check if the actuator is moving. If it is moving brake
the actuator and then go to standby mode. If it is not moving then go into standby
mode.
If bit is set, driver will operate in open loop and will only change to close loop if the transition
requested is big enough. This bit is ignored if hybrid loop is disabled.
0
No input slope check.
1
Input slope check enabled
Reserved
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8.7.10 Address: 0x09
Figure 51. 0x09
7
6
BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL_EN[1:0]
R/W-0
5
4
Reserved
R/W-0
3
2
1
UVLO_THRES[2:0]
R/W-0
0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 13. Address: 0x09
BIT
FIELD
7-6
BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL_EN[1:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
0
Enables the BAT_LIFE_EXT functionality.
0
BAT_LIFE_EXT functionality disabled.
1
BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL1 functionality enabled.
2
BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL1 and BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL2 functionality enabled.
5-3
Reserved
R/W
0
Reserved
2-0
UVLO_THRES[2:0]
R/W
0
Configures the UVLO threshold. If VDD voltage goes below this threshold, the output stage is
immediately turned off and the device is placed into stand-by mode.
0
UVLO threshold = 2.5 V.
1
UVLO threshold = 2.6 V.
2
UVLO threshold = 2.7 V.
3
UVLO threshold = 2.8 V.
4
UVLO threshold = 2.9 V.
5
UVLO threshold = 3 V.
6
UVLO threshold = 3.1 V.
7
UVLO threshold = 3.2 V.
8.7.11 Address: 0x0A
Figure 52. 0x0A
7
6
5
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
4
3
BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL1[7:0]
R/W-1
R/W-0
2
1
0
R/W-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 14. Address: 0x0A
BIT
FIELD
7-0
BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL1[7:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
146
If VDD goes below the threshold specified by this parameter, the OD_CLAMP_LVL1 sets the
overdrive clamp for the device. Note that OD_CLAMP_LVL1 should always be greater or equal
to OD_CLAMP_LVL2. BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL1 should be set higher than BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL2.
The VDD voltage is sampled at the beginning of the effect only.
8.7.12 Address: 0x0B
Figure 53. 0x0B
7
6
5
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
4
3
BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL2[7:0]
R/W-0
R/W-1
2
1
0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-1
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 15. Address: 0x0B
BIT
FIELD
7-0
BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL2[7:0]
TYPE
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
141
If VDD goes below the threshold specified by this parameter, the OD_CLAMP_LVL2 sets the
overdrive clamp for the device. Note that OD_CLAMP_LVL1 should always be greater or equal
to OD_CLAMP_LVL2. BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL1 should be set higher than BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL2.
The VDD voltage is sampled at the beginning of the effect only.
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8.7.13 Address: 0x0C
Figure 54. 0x0C
7
6
5
4
Reserved
R/W-0
3
2
1
0
GO[0]
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 16. Address: 0x0C
BIT
FIELD
7-1
Reserved
R/W
0
Reserved
GO
R/W
0
This bit is used to fire processes. The process fired by the GO bit is selected by the MODE
parameter. The primary function of this bit is to fire playback of the waveform identifiers in he
waveform sequencer (registers 0x0F to 0x16), in which case, this bit an be thought of a
software trigger for haptic waveforms. The GO bit remains high until the process has
completed. Clearing the GO bit during waveform playback cancels the process immediately.
Using the external trigger will also assert the GO bit in a similar way as if it was written. The
GO bit can be used to play effects using the waveform sequencer, run auto-calibration, and run
diagnostics.
0
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
8.7.14 Address: 0x0D
Figure 55. 0x0D
7
LIB_ENABLE[0]
6
LIB_SEL[0]
R-0
R/W-0
5
PLAYBACK_IN
TERVAL[0]
R/W-0
4
3
Reserved
2
1
0
DIG_MEM_GAIN[1:0]
R/W-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 17. Address: 0x0D
BIT
LIB_ENABLE
6
LIB_SEL
5
42
FIELD
7
PLAYBACK_INTERVAL
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R
0
Updates to '1' when library is selected
R/W
0
Library selection bit.
R/W
0
0
LRA Library - Closed Loop (Lib A).
1
ERM Library - Open Loop (Lib B).
Sets the internal memory playback interval to either 5 ms or 1 ms.
0
5 ms.
1
1 ms.
4-2
Reserved
R/W
0
Reserved
1-0
DIG_MEM_GAIN[1:0]
R/W
0
This parameter allows for proportionally scaling down (attenuating) the effects stored in the
internal library to simplify the customization of haptics. This parameter is ignored in RTP mode.
0
Play effect with 100% strength.
1
Play effect with 75% strength.
2
Play effect with 50% strength.
3
Play effect with 25% strength.
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8.7.15 Address: 0x0E
Figure 56. 0x0E
7
6
5
R/W-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
4
3
RTP_INPUT[7:0]
R/W-1
R/W-1
2
1
0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 18. Address: 0x0E
BIT
FIELD
7-0
RTP_INPUT[7:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
127
This parameter is the entry point for real-time playback (RTP) data. The digital playback engine
drives the RTP_INPUT[7:0] value to the load when MODE[1:0] parameter is set to RTP mode,
and the RTP process is triggered. The RTP_INPUT[7:0] value can be updated in real-time by
the host controller to create haptic waveforms. The TP_INPUT[7:0] value is interpreted as an 8bit signed number.
8.7.16 Address: 0x0F
Figure 57. 0x0F
7
WAIT1[0]
R/W-0
6
5
4
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
3
WAV_FRM_SEQ1[6:0]
R/W-0
2
1
0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-1
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 19. Address: 0x0F
BIT
FIELD
TYPE
7
WAIT1
R/W
6-0
WAV_FRM_SEQ1[6:0]
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
0
1
When this bit is set, the WAV_FRM_SEQ1[6:0] is interpreted as a wait time in which the
playback engine idles. This bit is used to insert timed delays between sequentially played
waveforms. Delay time = 10 ms × WAV_FRM_SEQ1[6:0]. If this bit is 0, then
WAV_FRM_SEQ1[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform dentifier for sequence playback.
0
WAV_FRM_SEQ1[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
1
WAV_FRM_SEQ1[6:0] is interpreted as a delay.
This parameter holds the waveform identifier of the waveform to be played. A waveform
identifier is an integer value referring to the index position of a waveform in the library.
Playback begins at register address 0x0F when the user asserts the GO bit (register 0x0C).
hen playback of that waveform ends, the waveform sequencer plays the ext waveform identifier
held in register 0x10, if the next waveform identifier is non-zero. The waveform sequencer
continues in this way until he sequencer reaches an identifier value of zero, or all eight
identifiers are played (register addresses 0x0F through 0x16), whichever comes first. If WAIT1
is set to 1, then this parameter is used to insert a delay given by: Delay time = 10 ms ×
WAV_FRM_SEQ1[6:0].
0
Signals the waveform sequencer to stop when it attempts to play this identifier.
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8.7.17 Address: 0x10
Figure 58. 0x10
7
WAIT2[0]
R/W-0
6
5
4
3
WAV_FRM_SEQ2[6:0]
R/W-0
2
1
0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 20. Address: 0x10
BIT
FIELD
TYPE
7
WAIT2
R/W
6-0
WAV_FRM_SEQ2[6:0]
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
R/W
0
When this bit is set, the WAV_FRM_SEQ2[6:0] is interpreted as a wait time in which the
playback engine idles. This bit is used to insert timed delays between sequentially played
waveforms. Delay time = 10 ms × WAV_FRM_SEQ2[6:0]. If this bit is 0, then
WAV_FRM_SEQ2[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform dentifier for sequence playback.
0
WAV_FRM_SEQ2[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
1
WAV_FRM_SEQ2[6:0] is interpreted as a delay.
This parameter holds the waveform identifier of the waveform to be played. A waveform
identifier is an integer value referring to the index position of a waveform in the library.
Playback begins at register address 0x0F when the user asserts the GO bit (register 0x0C).
hen playback of that waveform ends, the waveform sequencer plays the ext waveform identifier
held in register 0x10, if the next waveform identifier is non-zero. The waveform sequencer
continues in this way until he sequencer reaches an identifier value of zero, or all eight
identifiers are played (register addresses 0x0F through 0x16), whichever comes first. If WAIT2
is set to 1, then this parameter is used to insert a delay given by: Delay time = 10 ms ×
WAV_FRM_SEQ2[6:0].
0
Signals the waveform sequencer to stop when it attempts to play this identifier.
8.7.18 Address: 0x11
Figure 59. 0x11
7
WAIT3[0]
R/W-0
6
5
4
3
WAV_FRM_SEQ3[6:0]
R/W-0
2
1
0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 21. Address: 0x11
BIT
FIELD
TYPE
7
WAIT3
R/W
6-0
WAV_FRM_SEQ3[6:0]
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
0
When this bit is set, the WAV_FRM_SEQ3[6:0] is interpreted as a wait time in which the
playback engine idles. This bit is used to insert timed delays between sequentially played
waveforms. Delay time = 10 ms × WAV_FRM_SEQ3[6:0]. If this bit is 0, then
WAV_FRM_SEQ31[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
0
WAV_FRM_SEQ3[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
1
WAV_FRM_SEQ3[6:0] is interpreted as a delay.
This parameter holds the waveform identifier of the waveform to be played. A waveform
identifier is an integer value referring to the index position of a waveform in the library.
Playback begins at register address 0x0F when the user asserts the GO bit (register 0x0C).
hen playback of that waveform ends, the waveform sequencer plays the ext waveform identifier
held in register 0x10, if the next waveform identifier is non-zero. The waveform sequencer
continues in this way until he sequencer reaches an identifier value of zero, or all eight
identifiers are played (register addresses 0x0F through 0x16), whichever comes first. If WAIT3
is set to 1, then this parameter is used to insert a delay given by: Delay time = 10 ms ×
WAV_FRM_SEQ3[6:0].
0
44
Signals the waveform sequencer to stop when it attempts to play this identifier.
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8.7.19 Address: 0x12
Figure 60. 0x12
7
WAIT4[0]
R/W-0
6
5
4
3
WAV_FRM_SEQ4[6:0]
R/W-0
2
1
0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 22. Address: 0x12
BIT
FIELD
TYPE
7
WAIT4
R/W
6-0
WAV_FRM_SEQ4[6:0]
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
R/W
0
When this bit is set, the WAV_FRM_SEQ4[6:0] is interpreted as a wait time in which the
playback engine idles. This bit is used to insert timed delays between sequentially played
waveforms. Delay time = 10 ms × WAV_FRM_SEQ4[6:0]. If this bit is 0, then
WAV_FRM_SEQ4[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
0
WAV_FRM_SEQ4[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
1
WAV_FRM_SEQ4[6:0] is interpreted as a delay.
This parameter holds the waveform identifier of the waveform to be played. A waveform
identifier is an integer value referring to the index position of a waveform in the library.
Playback begins at register address 0x0F when the user asserts the GO bit (register 0x0C).
hen playback of that waveform ends, the waveform sequencer plays the ext waveform identifier
held in register 0x10, if the next waveform identifier is non-zero. The waveform sequencer
continues in this way until he sequencer reaches an identifier value of zero, or all eight
identifiers are played (register addresses 0x0F through 0x16), whichever comes first. If WAIT4
is set to 1, then this parameter is used to insert a delay given by: Delay time = 10 ms ×
WAV_FRM_SEQ4[6:0].
0
Signals the waveform sequencer to stop when it attempts to play this identifier.
8.7.20 Address: 0x13
Figure 61. 0x13
7
WAIT5[0]
R/W-0
6
5
4
3
WAV_FRM_SEQ5[6:0]
R/W-0
2
1
0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 23. Address: 0x13
BIT
FIELD
TYPE
7
WAIT5
R/W
6-0
WAV_FRM_SEQ5[6:0]
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
0
0
When this bit is set, the WAV_FRM_SEQ5[6:0] is interpreted as a wait time in which the
playback engine idles. This bit is used to insert timed delays between sequentially played
waveforms. Delay time = 10 ms × WAV_FRM_SEQ5[6:0]. If this bit is 0, then
WAV_FRM_SEQ5[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
0
WAV_FRM_SEQ5[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
1
WAV_FRM_SEQ5[6:0] is interpreted as a delay.
This parameter holds the waveform identifier of the waveform to be played. A waveform
identifier is an integer value referring to the index position of a waveform in the library.
Playback begins at register address 0x0F when the user asserts the GO bit (register 0x0C).
hen playback of that waveform ends, the waveform sequencer plays the ext waveform identifier
held in register 0x10, if the next waveform identifier is non-zero. The waveform sequencer
continues in this way until he sequencer reaches an identifier value of zero, or all eight
identifiers are played (register addresses 0x0F through 0x16), whichever comes first. If WAIT5
is set to 1, then this parameter is used to insert a delay given by: Delay time = 10 ms ×
WAV_FRM_SEQ5[6:0].
0
Signals the waveform sequencer to stop when it attempts to play this identifier.
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8.7.21 Address: 0x14
Figure 62. 0x14
7
WAIT6[0]
R/W-0
6
5
4
3
WAV_FRM_SEQ6[6:0]
R/W-0
2
1
0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 24. Address: 0x14
BIT
FIELD
TYPE
7
WAIT6
R/W
6-0
WAV_FRM_SEQ6[6:0]
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
R/W
0
When this bit is set, the WAV_FRM_SEQ6[6:0] is interpreted as a wait time in which the
playback engine idles. This bit is used to insert timed delays between sequentially played
waveforms. Delay time = 10 ms × WAV_FRM_SEQ6[6:0]. If this bit is 0, then
WAV_FRM_SEQ6[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
0
WAV_FRM_SEQ6[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
1
WAV_FRM_SEQ6[6:0] is interpreted as a delay.
This parameter holds the waveform identifier of the waveform to be played. A waveform
identifier is an integer value referring to the index position of a waveform in the library.
Playback begins at register address 0x0F when the user asserts the GO bit (register 0x0C).
hen playback of that waveform ends, the waveform sequencer plays the ext waveform identifier
held in register 0x10, if the next waveform identifier is non-zero. The waveform sequencer
continues in this way until he sequencer reaches an identifier value of zero, or all eight
identifiers are played (register addresses 0x0F through 0x16), whichever comes first. If WAIT6
is set to 1, then this parameter is used to insert a delay given by: Delay time = 10 ms ×
WAV_FRM_SEQ6[6:0].
0
Signals the waveform sequencer to stop when it attempts to play this identifier.
8.7.22 Address: 0x15
Figure 63. 0x15
7
WAIT7[0]
R/W-0
6
5
4
3
WAV_FRM_SEQ7[6:0]
R/W-0
2
1
0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 25. Address: 0x15
BIT
FIELD
TYPE
7
WAIT7
R/W
6-0
WAV_FRM_SEQ7[6:0]
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
0
When this bit is set, the WAV_FRM_SEQ7[6:0] is interpreted as a wait time in which the
playback engine idles. This bit is used to insert timed delays between sequentially played
waveforms. Delay time = 10 ms × WAV_FRM_SEQ7[6:0]. If this bit is 0, then
WAV_FRM_SEQ7[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
0
WAV_FRM_SEQ7[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
1
WAV_FRM_SEQ7[6:0] is interpreted as a delay.
This parameter holds the waveform identifier of the waveform to be played. A waveform
identifier is an integer value referring to the index position of a waveform in the library.
Playback begins at register address 0x0F when the user asserts the GO bit (register 0x0C).
hen playback of that waveform ends, the waveform sequencer plays the ext waveform identifier
held in register 0x10, if the next waveform identifier is non-zero. The waveform sequencer
continues in this way until he sequencer reaches an identifier value of zero, or all eight
identifiers are played (register addresses 0x0F through 0x16), whichever comes first. If WAIT7
is set to 1, then this parameter is used to insert a delay given by: Delay time = 10 ms ×
WAV_FRM_SEQ7[6:0].
0
46
Signals the waveform sequencer to stop when it attempts to play this identifier.
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8.7.23 Address: 0x16
Figure 64. 0x16
7
WAIT8[0]
R/W-0
6
5
4
3
WAV_FRM_SEQ8[6:0]
R/W-0
2
1
0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 26. Address: 0x16
BIT
FIELD
TYPE
7
WAIT8
R/W
6-0
WAV_FRM_SEQ8[6:0]
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
R/W
0
When this bit is set, the WAV_FRM_SEQ8[6:0] is interpreted as a wait time in which the
playback engine idles. This bit is used to insert timed delays between sequentially played
waveforms. Delay time = 10 ms × WAV_FRM_SEQ8[6:0]. If this bit is 0, then
WAV_FRM_SEQ8[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
0
WAV_FRM_SEQ8[6:0] is interpreted as a waveform identifier for sequence playback.
1
WAV_FRM_SEQ8[6:0] is interpreted as a delay.
This parameter holds the waveform identifier of the waveform to be played. A waveform
identifier is an integer value referring to the index position of a waveform in the library.
Playback begins at register address 0x0F when the user asserts the GO bit (register 0x0C).
hen playback of that waveform ends, the waveform sequencer plays the ext waveform identifier
held in register 0x10, if the next waveform identifier is non-zero. The waveform sequencer
continues in this way until he sequencer reaches an identifier value of zero, or all eight
identifiers are played (register addresses 0x0F through 0x16), whichever comes first. If WAIT8
is set to 1, then this parameter is used to insert a delay given by: Delay time = 10 ms ×
WAV_FRM_SEQ8[6:0].
0
Signals the waveform sequencer to stop when it attempts to play this identifier.
8.7.24 Address: 0x17
Figure 65. 0x17
7
6
WAV4_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
R/W-0
5
4
WAV3_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
R/W-0
3
2
WAV2_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
R/W-0
1
0
WAV1_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 27. Address: 0x17
BIT
FIELD
7-6
WAV4_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
5-4
3-2
WAV3_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
WAV2_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
Contains the number of times that the effect stored in WAIT4 + WAV_FRM_SEQ4[6:0] will be
played before moving onto the next effect.
0
No loop, play only once.
1
Loop once (play twice).
2
Loop twice (play 3 times).
3
Loop 3 times (play 4 times).
Contains the number of times that the effect stored in WAIT2 + WAV_FRM_SEQ2[6:0] will be
played before moving onto the next effect.
0
No loop, play only once.
1
Loop once (play twice).
2
Loop twice (play 3 times).
3
Loop 3 times (play 4 times).
Contains the number of times that the effect stored in WAIT2 + WAV_FRM_SEQ2[6:0] will be
played before moving onto the next effect.
0
No loop, play once.
1
Loop once (play twice).
2
Loop twice (play 3 times).
3
Loop 3 times (play 4 times).
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Table 27. Address: 0x17 (continued)
BIT
FIELD
1-0
WAV1_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
TYPE
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
Contains the number of times that the effect stored in WAIT1 + WAV_FRM_SEQ1[6:0] will be
played before moving onto the next effect.
0
No loop, play only once.
1
Loop once (play twice).
2
Loop twice (play 3 times).
3
Loop 3 times (play 4 times).
8.7.25 Address: 0x18
Figure 66. 0x18
7
6
WAV8_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
R/W-0
5
4
WAV7_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
R/W-0
3
2
WAV6_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
R/W-0
1
0
WAV5_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 28. Address: 0x18
BIT
FIELD
7-6
WAV8_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
5-4
3-2
1-0
48
WAV7_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
WAV6_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
WAV5_SEQ_LOOP[1:0]
TYPE
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
0
0
0
Contains the number of times that the effect stored in WAIT8 + WAV_FRM_SEQ8[6:0] will be
played before moving onto the next effect.
0
No loop, play only once.
1
Loop once (play twice).
2
Loop twice (play 3 times).
3
Loop 3 times (play 4 times).
Contains the number of times that the effect stored in WAIT7 + WAV_FRM_SEQ7[6:0] will be
played before moving onto the next effect.
0
No loop, play only once.
1
Loop once (play twice).
2
Loop twice (play 3 times).
3
Loop 3 times (play 4 times).
Contains the number of times that the effect stored in WAIT6 + WAV_FRM_SEQ6[6:0] will be
played before moving onto the next effect.
0
No loop, play only once.
1
Loop once (play twice).
2
Loop twice (play 3 times).
3
Loop 3 times (play 4 times).
Contains the number of times that the effect stored in WAIT5 + WAV_FRM_SEQ5[6:0] will be
played before moving onto the next effect.
0
No loop, play only once.
1
Loop once (play twice).
2
Loop twice (play 3 times).
3
Loop 3 times (play 4 times).
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8.7.26 Address: 0x19
Figure 67. 0x19
7
6
5
Reserved
R/W-0
4
3
2
1
0
WAV_SEQ_MAIN_LOOP[2:0]
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 29. Address: 0x19
BIT
FIELD
7-3
Reserved
TYPE
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
Reserved
2-0
WAV_SEQ_MAIN_LOOP[2:0]
R/W
0
Loop waveform sequencer for the amount of times specified in this register. The effects will be
played until an identifier of 0 is reached, or until all 8 identifiers have been played. This
sequence of identifiers are the ones that will be looped.
0
No loop, play the identifier sequence only once.
1
Loop once.
2
Loop twice.
3
Loop 3 times.
4
Loop 4 times.
5
Loop 5 times.
6
Loop 6 times.
7
Inifinite loops. (stop with trigger or GO bit).
8.7.27 Address: 0x1A
Figure 68. 0x1A
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
ODT[7:0]
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 30. Address: 0x1A
BIT
FIELD
7-0
ODT[7:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
0
Adds a time offset to the overdrive portion of the library waveforms. Some motors require more
overdrive time than others, therefore this register allows the user to add or take away overdrive
time from the library waveforms. The maximum voltage value in the library waveform is
automatically determined to be the overdrive portion. This register will only be useful in open
loop mode. Overdrive is automatic for closed loop mode. The offset is interpreted as two’s
complement, so the time offset may be positive or negative. OverDrive Time Offset (ms) =
ODT[7:0] × PLAYBACK_INTERVAL.
8.7.28 Address: 0x1B
Figure 69. 0x1B
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
SPT[7:0]
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 31. Address: 0x1B
BIT
FIELD
7-0
SPT[7:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
0
Adds a time offset to the positive sustain portion of the library waveforms. Some motors have
faster/slower response time than others, therefore this register allows the user to add or take
away positive sustain time from the library waveforms. Any positive voltage value other than the
overdrive portion will be considered a sustain positive value. The offset is interpreted as two’s
complement, so the time offset may be positive or negative. Sustain Time Positive Offset (ms)
= SPT[7:0] × PLAYBACK_INTERVAL.
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8.7.29 Address: 0x1C
Figure 70. 0x1C
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
SNT[7:0]
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 32. Address: 0x1C
BIT
FIELD
7-0
SNT[7:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
0
Adds a time offset to the negative sustain portion of the library waveforms. Some motors have
faster/slower response time than others, therefore this register allows the user to add or take
away negative sustain time from the library waveforms. Any negative voltage value other than
the overdrive portion will be considered a sustain negative value. The offset is interpreted as
two’s complement, so the time offset may be positive or negative. Sustain Time Negative Offset
(ms) = SNT[7:0] × PLAYBACK_INTERVAL.
8.7.30 Address: 0x1D
Figure 71. 0x1D
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
BRT[7:0]
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 33. Address: 0x1D
BIT
FIELD
7-0
BRT[7:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
0
Adds a time offset to the braking portion of the library waveforms. Some motors require more
braking time than others, therefore this register allows the user to add or take away brake time
from the library waveforms. The most negative voltage value in the library waveform is
automatically determined to be the braking portion. This register will only be useful in open loop
mode. Braking is automatic for closed loop mode. The offset is interpreted as two’s
complement, so the time offset may be positive or negative. Time Brake Offset (ms) = BRT[7:0]
× PLAYBACK_INTERVAL.
8.7.31 Address: 0x1F
Figure 72. 0x1F
7
6
5
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-1
4
3
RATED_VOLTAGE[7:0]
R/W-1
R/W-1
2
1
0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-1
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 34. Address: 0x1F
50
BIT
FIELD
7-0
RATED_VOLTAGE[7:0]
TYPE
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
63
This bit sets the reference voltage for full-scale output during closed-loop operation. The autocalibration routine uses this register as an input, therefore this register must be written with the
rated voltage value of the motor before calibration is performed. Modification of this register
value should be followed by calibration to set A_CAL_BEMF appropriately.
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8.7.32 Address: 0x20
Figure 73. 0x20
7
6
5
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
4
3
OD_CLAMP[7:0]
R/W-0
R/W-1
2
1
0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-1
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 35. Address: 0x20
BIT
FIELD
7-0
OD_CLAMP[7:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
137
During closed-loop operation the actuator feedback allows the output voltage to go above the
rated voltage during the automatic overdrive and automatic braking periods. The device limits
this voltage to a maximum voltage defined in this parameter.
8.7.33 Address: 0x21
Figure 74. 0x21
7
6
5
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
4
3
A_CAL_COMP[7:0]
R/W-0
R/W-1
2
1
0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-1
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 36. Address: 0x21
BIT
FIELD
7-0
A_CAL_COMP[7:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
13
This register contains the voltage-compensation result after execution of the calibration routine.
The value stored in the A_CAL_COMP bit compensates for any resistive losses in the driver.
The calibration routine checks the impedance of he actuator to automatically determine an
appropriate value.
8.7.34 Address: 0x22
Figure 75. 0x22
7
6
5
R/W-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
4
3
A_CAL_BEMF[7:0]
R/W-0
R/W-1
2
1
0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-1
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 37. Address: 0x22
BIT
FIELD
7-0
A_CAL_BEMF[7:0]
TYPE
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
109
The digital playback engine uses this value to automatically determine the appropriate feedback
gain for closed-loop operation.
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8.7.35 Address: 0x23
Figure 76. 0x23
7
NG_THRESH[0]
R/W-0
6
5
4
FB_BRAKE_FACTOR[2:0]
R/W-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
3
2
LOOP_GAIN[1:0]
R/W-0
R/W-1
1
0
BEMF_GAIN[1:0]
R/W-1
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 38. Address: 0x23
BIT
7
FIELD
TYPE
NG_THRESH
6-4
FB_BRAKE_FACTOR[2:0]
3-2
LOOP_GAIN[1:0]
1-0
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
0
R/W
3
R/W
BEMF_GAIN[1:0]
1
R/W
2
Output noise gate control. If the driver intends to drive a magnitude below the threshold
selected in this bit, the output driver will send 0 (no output).
0
4% of VDD.
1
8% of VDD.
Selects the feedback gain ratio between braking gain and driving gain. In general, it is desirable
to add additional feedback gain while braking so that the actuator will brake as quickly as
possible. Large ratios give less stable operation than lower ones. The advanced user may
choose to optimize this register. Otherwise, the default value should give good performance for
most actuators. This value should be set prior to running auto calibration.
0
1.
1
2.
2
3.
3
4.
4
6.
5
8.
6
16.
7
Removes feedback during braking (braking disabled).
Selects a loop gain for the feedback control. This sets how fast the loop tries to make the backEMF (and thus motor velocity) match the input signal level. Higher loop gain (faster settling)
options will give less stable operation than lower loop gain (slower settling). The advanced user
may choose to optimize this register. Otherwise, the default value should give good
performance for most actuators. This value should be set prior to running auto calibration.
0
Very Slow.
1
Slow.
2
Fast.
3
Very Fast.
Sets the analog gain of the back-EMF amplifier. This value is interpreted differently between
ERM mode and LRA mode. Auto calibration will automatically populate BEMF_GAIN with the
most appropriate value for the actuator. Note that a user may overwrite this value.
0
5x for LRA Mode, 0.34x for ERM Mode.
1
10x for LRA Mode, 1.05x for ERM Mode.
2
20x for LRA Mode, 1.82x for ERM Mode.
3
30x for LRA Mode, 4x for ERM Mode.
8.7.36 Address: 0x24
Figure 77. 0x24
7
6
5
R/W-0
R/W-1
R/W-1
4
3
RATED_VOLTAGE_CLAMP[7:0]
R/W-0
R/W-0
2
1
0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 39. Address: 0x24
52
BIT
FIELD
7-0
RATED_VOLTAGE_CLAMP[
7:0]
TYPE
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
100
This parameter is to set a clamp for the steady state voltage provided by the driver. This clamp
is enforced after the overdrive section of the waveform. Note that if the OD_CLAMP is lower
than this parameter, the lower clamp will be applied. The same is true if the
BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVLx is triggered.
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8.7.37 Address: 0x25
Figure 78. 0x25
7
6
5
4
3
OD_CLAMP_LVL1[7:0]
R/W-1
2
1
0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 40. Address: 0x25
BIT
FIELD
7-0
OD_CLAMP_LVL1[7:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
128
This parameter overwrites OD_CLAMP once VBAT is below BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL1 value. This
parameter will be ignored during autocal and diagnostics.
8.7.38 Address: 0x26
Figure 79. 0x26
7
6
5
4
3
OD_CLAMP_LVL2[7:0]
R/W-0
2
1
0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 41. Address: 0x26
BIT
FIELD
7-0
OD_CLAMP_LVL2[7:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
0
This parameter overwrites OD_CLAMP and OD_CLAMP_LVL1 once VBAT is below
BAT_LIFE_EXT_LVL2 value. his parameter will be ignored during autocal and diagnostics.
8.7.39 Address: 0x27
Figure 80. 0x27
7
LRA_MIN_FRE
Q_SEL[0]
R/W-0
6
LRA_RESYNC
_FORMAT[0]
R/W-0
5
Reserved
4
3
2
DRIVE_TIME[4:0]
1
0
R/W-0
R/W-1
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 42. Address: 0x27
BIT
7
6
5
FIELD
LRA_MIN_FREQ_SEL
LRA_RESYNC_FORMAT
Reserved
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
R/W
R/W
0
0
0
Selects the minimum frequency supported by the device.
0
125 Hz.
1
45 Hz.
Selects the method for re-sync mode to operate.
0
Based on LRA_MIN_FREQ_SEL.
1
Based on DRIVE_TIME × 1.25.
Reserved
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Table 42. Address: 0x27 (continued)
BIT
FIELD
4-0
DRIVE_TIME[4:0]
TYPE
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
16
LRA Mode: Sets initial guess for LRA drive time in LRA mode. Drive time is automatically
adjusted for optimum drive on the fly; however, this register should be optimized for the
approximate LRA frequence. If it is set too low, it may affect the actuator startup time. If it is set
too high, it may cause instability. Optimum DriveTime (ms) ≈ 0.5 × LRA Period. If the LRA does
not exhibit a valid BEMF, then this parameter also sets the free-running frequency when LRA is
not attached or BEMF is not present. ERM Mode: Sets the sample rate for the back-EMF
detection. Lower drive times cause higher peak-to-average ratios in the output signal, requiring
more supply headroom. Higher drive times cause the feedback to react at a slower rate.
0
LRA: 0.5 ms; ERM: 1 ms.
1
LRA: 0.6 ms; ERM: 1.2 ms.
2
LRA: 0.7 ms; ERM: 1.4 ms.
3
LRA: 0.8 ms; ERM: 1.6 ms.
4
LRA: 0.9 ms; ERM: 1.8 ms.
5
LRA: 1 ms; ERM: 2 ms.
6
LRA: 1.1 ms; ERM: 2.2 ms.
7
LRA: 1.2 ms; ERM: 2.4 ms.
8
LRA: 1.3 ms; ERM: 2.6 ms.
9
LRA: 1.4 ms; ERM: 2.8 ms.
10
LRA: 1.5 ms; ERM: 3 ms.
11
LRA: 1.6 ms; ERM: 3.2 ms.
12
LRA: 1.7 ms; ERM: 3.4 ms.
13
LRA: 1.8 ms; ERM: 3.6 ms.
14
LRA: 1.9 ms; ERM: 3.8 ms.
15
LRA: 2 ms; ERM: 4 ms.
16
LRA: 2.1 ms; ERM: 4.2 ms.
17
LRA: 2.2 ms; ERM: 4.4 ms.
18
LRA: 2.3 ms; ERM: 4.6 ms.
19
LRA: 2.4 ms; ERM: 4.8 ms.
20
LRA: 2.5 ms; ERM: 5 ms.
21
LRA: 2.6 ms; ERM: 5.2 ms.
22
LRA: 2.7 ms; ERM: 5.4 ms.
23
LRA: 2.8 ms; ERM: 5.6 ms.
24
LRA: 2.9 ms; ERM: 5.8 ms.
25
LRA: 3 ms; ERM: 6 ms.
26
LRA: 3.1 ms; ERM: 6.2 ms.
27
LRA: 3.2 ms; ERM: 6.4 ms.
28
LRA: 3.3 ms; ERM: 6.6 ms.
29
LRA: 3.4 ms; ERM: 6.8 ms.
30
LRA: 3.5 ms; ERM: 7 ms.
31
LRA: 3.6 ms; ERM: 7.2 ms.
8.7.40 Address: 0x28
54
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Figure 81. 0x28
7
R/W-0
6
5
BLANKING_TIME[3:0]
R/W-0
R/W-0
4
3
R/W-1
R/W-0
2
1
IDISS_TIME[3:0]
R/W-0
R/W-0
0
R/W-1
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 43. Address: 0x28
BIT
FIELD
7-4
BLANKING_TIME[3:0]
3-0
IDISS_TIME[3:0]
TYPE
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
R/W
1
1
Time waiting for BEMF to settle. Before ADC sampling.
0
LRA: 15 µs, ERM: 45 µs.
1
LRA: 25 µs, ERM: 75 µs.
2
LRA: 50 µs, ERM: 150 µs.
3
LRA: 75 µs, ERM: 225 µs.
4
LRA: 90 µs, ERM: NA.
5
LRA: 105 µs, ERM: NA.
6
LRA: 120 µs, ERM: NA.
7
LRA: 135 µs, ERM: NA.
8
LRA: 150 µs, ERM: NA.
9
LRA: 165 µs, ERM: NA.
10
LRA:180 µs, ERM: NA.
11
LRA: 195 µs, ERM: NA.
12
LRA: 210 µs, ERM: NA.
13
LRA: 235 µs, ERM: NA.
14
LRA: 260 µs, ERM: NA.
15
LRA: 285 µs, ERM: NA.
Time waiting for inductor current to discharge
0
LRA: 15 µs, ERM: 45 µs.
1
LRA: 25 µs, ERM: 75 µs.
2
LRA: 50 µs, ERM: 150 µs.
3
LRA: 75 µs, ERM: 225 µs.
4
LRA: 90 µs, ERM: NA.
5
LRA: 105 µs, ERM: NA.
6
LRA: 120 µs, ERM: NA.
7
LRA: 135 µs, ERM: NA.
8
LRA: 150 µs, ERM: NA.
9
LRA: 165 µs, ERM: NA.
10
LRA: 180 µs, ERM: NA.
11
LRA: 195 µs, ERM: NA.
12
LRA: 210 µs, ERM: NA.
13
LRA:235 µs, ERM: NA.
14
LRA: 260 µs, ERM: NA.
15
LRA: 285 µs, ERM: NA.
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8.7.41 Address: 0x29
Figure 82. 0x29
7
6
Reserved
R/W-0
5
4
OD_CLAMP_TIME[1:0]
R/W-0
3
2
SAMPLE_TIME[1:0]
R/W-1
1
0
ZC_DET_TIME[1:0]
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 44. Address: 0x29
BIT
FIELD
7-6
Reserved
R/W
0
Reserved
5-4
OD_CLAMP_TIME[1:0]
R/W
0
This parameter allows the user to select the maximum time the overshoot will be allowed during
the overdrive and braking periods. If enabled, after this period the output voltage will clamp to
the rated voltage clamp. Note that since the output is being clamped at a specified amount of
time, it may not coincide with a zero-crossing, During autocal or diagnostics, this parameter is
ignored. Autocal always uses automatic overdrive.
3-2
1-0
TYPE
SAMPLE_TIME[1:0]
ZC_DET_TIME[1:0]
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
3
R/W
0
0
Automatic Overdrive (overdrive time clamp is disabled)
1
Clamp overdrive time to 25 ms
2
Clamp overdrive time to 50 ms
3
Clamp overdrive time to 100 ms
Time to wait before/after zero-crossing before adc samples BEMF amplitude.
0
150 µs.
1
200 µs.
2
250 µs.
3
300 µs.
Zero crossing detection time.
0
100 µs.
1
200 µs.
2
300 µs.
3
390 µs.
8.7.42 Address: 0x2A
Figure 83. 0x2A
7
6
5
4
3
Reserved
R/W-0
2
1
0
AUTO_CAL_TIME[1:0]
R/W-1
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 45. Address: 0x2A
56
BIT
FIELD
7-2
Reserved
TYPE
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
Reserved
1-0
AUTO_CAL_TIME[1:0]
R/W
2
Duration of autocal routine. Sets the length of the auto calibration time. This should be enough
time for the motor acceleration to settle when driven at the RATED_VOLTAGE value.
0
250 ms.
1
500 ms.
2
1000 ms.
3
Duration is trigger controlled (either external trigger, enable, or internal trigger).
Minimum duration should be 1 s, otherwise the result of the calibration may be
corrupted. Once the cancellation trigger is received, the calibration measurements will
be taken, which can take several milliseconds to complete.
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8.7.43 Address: 0x2C
Figure 84. 0x2C
7
LRA_AUTO_O
PEN_LOOP[0]
R/W-0
6
5
AUTO_OL_CNT[1:0]
4
3
2
1
Reserved
R/W-0
R/W-0
0
LRA_WAVE_S
HAPE[0]
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 46. Address: 0x2C
BIT
7
FIELD
TYPE
LRA_AUTO_OPEN_LOOP
6-5
AUTO_OL_CNT[1:0]
4-1
0
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
R/W
0
R/W
0
When enabled, the driver will automatically switch to open loop if ZC is not detected correctly
for the number of cycles specified in AutoOpenLoop_CNT. The shape of the waveform for the
open-loop will always be square, the LRA_WAVE_SHAPE bit will be ignored for this function.
0
Disable auto-open-loop.
1
Enable auto-open-loop.
Counter used when AutoOpenLoop = 1 to decide when to switch to open loop
0
3 attempts
1
4 attempts
2
5 attempts
3
6 attempts
Reserved
R/W
0
Reserved
LRA_WAVE_SHAPE
R/W
0
Selects which shape to use for driving the LRA when in open loop mode.
0
Square Wave.
1
Sine Wave.
8.7.44 Address: 0x2E
Figure 85. 0x2E
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
OL_LRA_PERIOD[9:0]
R/W-0
Reserved
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 47. Address: 0x2E
BIT
FIELD
7-2
Reserved
TYPE
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
1-0
OL_LRA_PERIOD[9:0]
R/W
198
Reserved
This parameter sets the frequency that will be used to drive the LRA in open loop. LRA open
loop period = OL_LRA_PERIOD[9:0] × 24.615 µs.
8.7.45 Address: 0x2F
Figure 86. 0x2F
7
6
5
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-0
4
3
OL_LRA_PERIOD[9:0]
R/W-0
R/W-0
2
1
0
R/W-1
R/W-1
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 48. Address: 0x2F
BIT
FIELD
7-0
OL_LRA_PERIOD[9:0]
TYPE
R/W
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
198
This parameter sets the frequency that will be used to drive the LRA in open loop. LRA open
loop period = OL_LRA_PERIOD[9:0] × 24.615 µs.
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8.7.46 Address: 0x30
Figure 87. 0x30
7
6
5
4
3
CURRENT_K[7:0]
R-0
2
1
0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 49. Address: 0x30
58
BIT
FIELD
7-0
CURRENT_K[7:0]
TYPE
R
DEFAULT DESCRIPTION
0
Stores a coefficient to be used in calculating the true impedance of the actuator from the
diagnostic run. This coeficient will be used in conjunction with DIAG_Z_RESULT parameter.
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9 Application and Implementation
NOTE
Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component
specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are
responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should
validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.
9.1 Application Information
The typical application for a haptic driver is in a touch-enabled system that already has an application processor
which makes the decision on when to execute haptic effects.
The DRV2625 device can be used fully with I2C communications (either using RTP or the memory interface). A
system designer can chose to use external triggers to play low-latency effects (such as from a physical button).
Figure 88 and Figure 89 show typical haptic system implementations. The system designer should not use the
internal regulator (REG) to power any external load.
DRV2625
Application
Processor
OUT+
C(REG)
R(PU) R(PU)
SCL
SCL
REG
SDA
SDA
OUT±
LRA or
ERM
M
2.7 V ± 5.5 V
GPIO
NRST
VDD
GPIO
TRIG/INTZ
GND
C(VDD)
Figure 88. I2C Control with Optional External Trigger
DRV2625
Application
Processor
OUT+
C(REG)
R(PU) R(PU) R(PU)
SCL
SCL
REG
SDA
SDA
OUT±
M
LRA or
ERM
2.7 V ± 5.5 V
GPIO
NRST
VDD
GPIO
TRIG/INTZ
GND
C(VDD)
Figure 89. I2C Control with Optional Interrupt Pin
Table 50. Recommended External Components
COMPONENT
SPECIFICATION
TYPICAL VALUE
C(VDD)
Input capacitor
DESCRIPTION
Capacitance
0.1 µF
C(REG)
Regulator capacitor
Capacitance
0.1 µF
R(PU)
Pull-up resistor
Resistance
2.2 kΩ
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9.2 Typical Application
A typical application of the DRV2625 device is in a system that has external buttons which fire different haptic
effects when pressed. Figure 90, Figure 91 and Figure 92 show typical schematics of such a system. The
buttons can be physical buttons, capacitive-touch buttons, or GPIO signals coming from the touch-screen
system.
Effects in this type of system are programmable.
TPS73633
OUT
NR/FB
IN
EN
GND
C(LDO)
1 µF
R(PU)
2.2 k
MSP430G2553
C(REG)
0.1 µF
R(SBW)
9.76 k
Programming
AVCC
DVCC
DRV2625
OUT+
P1.6/SCL
SCL
REG
P1.7/SDA
SDA
OUT±
SBWTDIO
SBWTCK
P2.0
P2.1
Captouch
Buttons
R(PU)
2.2 k
P3.1
AVSS
NRST
VDD
TRIG/INTZ
GND
C(REG)
0.1 µF
M
C(VDD)
0.1 µF
LRA or
ERM
Li-ion
DVSS
Figure 90. Typical Application Schematic Without External Trigger or Interrupt Pin
TPS73633
OUT
NR/FB
IN
EN
GND
C(LDO)
1 µF
R(PU)
2.2 k
MSP430G2553
C(REG)
0.1 µF
Programming
Captouch
Buttons
R(SBW)
9.76 k
AVCC
DVCC
SBWTDIO
SBWTCK
P2.0
P2.1
DRV2625
OUT+
P1.6/SCL
SCL
REG
P1.7/SDA
SDA
OUT±
P3.1
AVSS
R(PU)
2.2 k
P1.1
DVSS
NRST
VDD
TRIG/INTZ
GND
C(REG)
0.1 µF
C(VDD)
0.1 µF
M
LRA or
ERM
Li-ion
Figure 91. Typical Application Schematic With External Trigger
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Typical Application (continued)
TPS73633
OUT
NR/FB
IN
EN
GND
C(LDO)
1 µF
R(PU)
2.2 k
MSP430G2553
C(REG)
0.1 µF
Programming
Captouch
Buttons
R(SBW)
9.76 k
AVCC
DVCC
R(PU)
2.2 k
DRV2625
OUT+
P1.6/SCL
SCL
REG
P1.7/SDA
SDA
OUT±
SBWTDIO
SBWTCK
P2.0
P2.1
R(PU)
2.2 k
P3.1
AVSS
P1.1
DVSS
NRST
VDD
TRIG/INTZ
GND
C(REG)
0.1 µF
C(VDD)
0.1 µF
M
LRA or
ERM
Li-ion
Figure 92. Typical Application Schematic With Interrupt Pin
9.2.1 Design Requirements
For this design example, use the values listed in Table 51 as the input parameters.
Table 51. Design Parameters
DESIGN PARAMETER
EXAMPLE VALUE
Interface
I2C, external trigger
Actuator type
LRA, ERM
Input power source
Li-ion/Li-polymer, 5-V boost
9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
9.2.2.1 Actuator Selection
The actuator decision is based on many factors including cost, form factor, vibration strength, powerconsumption requirements, haptic sharpness requirements, reliability, and audible noise performance. The
actuator selection is one of the most important design considerations of a haptic system and therefore the
actuator should be the first component to consider when designing the system. The following sections list the
basics of ERM and LRA actuators.
9.2.2.1.1 Eccentric Rotating-Mass Motors (ERM)
Eccentric rotating-mass motors (ERMs) are typically DC-controlled motors of the bar or coin type. ERMs can be
driven in the clockwise direction or counter-clockwise direction depending on the polarity of voltage across the
two pins. Bidirectional drive is made possible in a single-supply system by differential outputs that are capable of
sourcing and sinking current. This feature helps eliminate long vibration tails which are undesirable in haptic
feedback systems.
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IL
IL
OUT+
OUT+
+
Motor-spin
direction
t
Motor-spin
direction
VO
VO
t
OUT±
+
OUT±
IL
IL
Figure 93. Motor Spin Direction in ERM Motors
Another common approach to driving DC motors is the concept of overdrive voltage. To overcome the inertia of
the mass of the motor, these motors are often overdriven for a short amount of time before returning to the rated
voltage of the motor to sustain the rotation of the motor. Overdrive is also used to stop (or brake) a motor quickly.
Refer the data sheet of the motor for safe and reliable overdrive voltage and duration.
9.2.2.1.2 Linear Resonance Actuators (LRA)
Acceleration (g)
Linear resonant actuators (LRAs) vibrate optimally at the resonant frequency. LRAs have a high-Q frequency
response because of a rapid drop in vibration performance at the offsets of 3 to 5 Hz from the resonant
frequency. Many factors also cause a shift or drift in the resonant frequency of the actuator such as temperature,
aging, the mass of the product to which the LRA is mounted, and in the case of a portable product, the manner in
which the product is held. Furthermore, as the actuator is driven to the maximum allowed voltage, many LRAs
will shift several hertz in frequency because of mechanical compression. All of these factors make a real-time
tracking auto-resonant algorithm critical when driving LRA to achieve consistent, optimized performance.
Frequency (Hz)
¦(RESONANCE)
Figure 94. Typical LRA Response
9.2.2.1.2.1 Auto-Resonance Engine for LRA
The DRV2625 auto-resonance engine tracks the resonant frequency of an LRA in real time effectively locking
into the resonance frequency after half a cycle. If the resonant frequency shifts in the middle of a waveform for
any reason, the engine tracks the frequency from cycle to cycle. The auto resonance engine accomplishes the
tracking by constantly monitoring the back-EMF of the actuator. Note that the auto resonance engine is not
affected by the auto-calibration process which is only used for level calibration. No calibration is required for the
auto resonance engine.
9.2.2.2 Capacitor Selection
The DRV2625 device has a switching output stage which pulls transient currents through the VDD pin. Placing a
0.1-µF low equivalent-series-resistance (ESR) supply-bypass capacitor of the X5R or X7R type near the VDD
supply pin is recommended for proper operation of the output driver and the digital portion of the device. Place a
0.1-µF X5R or X7R-type capacitor from the REG pin to ground.
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9.2.2.3 Interface Selection
The DRV2625 device was designed with a default configuration that supports a wide variety of LRA actuators. If
an actuator compatible with the default of the device is selected, then the SimpleDrive can be used without the
use of I2C interface. For this case, the user has 3 options available: controlling the NRST and TRIG/INTZ pin
independently (4 pin interface: VDD, GND, NRST, TRIG/INTZ), shorting NRST with TRIG/INTZ pin and
controlling them with a single GPIO (3 pin interface: VDD, GND, TRIG), or shorting NRST, TRIG/INTZ and VDD
together (2 pin interface: VDD, GND). Note that for the 2-pin interface, the VDD signal must ramp faster than the
startup time (about 500 µs) otherwise a UVLO condition will be detected which will prevent the device from
playing the desired waveform
The I2C interface is required to configure the device. The device can be used fully with this interface with either
RTP or internal memory. The advantage of using this interface is that no additional GPIO (for the TRIG/INTZ pin)
is required for firing effects. Therefore the TRIG/INTZ pin can be connected to GND. Using the external trigger
pin has the advantage that no I2C transaction is required to fire the pre-loaded effect, which is a good choice for
interfacing with a button.
9.2.2.4 Power Supply Selection
The DRV2625 device supports a wide range of voltages in the input. Ensuring that the battery voltage is high
enough to support the desired vibration strength with the selected actuator is an important design consideration.
The typical application uses Li-ion or Li-polymer batteries which provide enough voltage headroom to drive most
common actuators.
If very strong vibrations are desired, a boost converter can be placed between the power supply and the VDD pin
to provide a constant voltage with a healthy headroom (5-V rails are common in some systems) which is
particularly true if 2 AA batteries in series are being used to power the system.
9.2.3 Application Curves
TRIG/INTZ
Acceleration
[OUT+] − [OUT−] (Filtered)
Voltage (2V/div)
Voltage (2V/div)
TRIG/INTZ
Acceleration
[OUT+] − [OUT−] (Filtered)
0
100m
200m
Time (s)
300m
Figure 95. LRA SimpleDrive
400m
0
40m
80m
120m
Time (s)
160m
200m
Figure 96. ERM Open-Loop Drive with Automatic Brake
9.3 Initialization Set Up
9.3.1 Initialization Procedure
After power-up, wait at least 1 ms before the DRV2625 device accepts I2C commands.
Assert the NRST pin (logic high). The NRST pin can be asserted any time during or after the wait period.
Write the MODE parameter (address 0x01) to value 0x00 to remove the device from standby mode.
Run auto-calibration to configure the DRV2625 device for the desired actuator. Alternatively, rewrite the
results from a previous calibration.
5. If using the embedded ROM library, write the library selection bit (LIB_SEL)to select a library.
1.
2.
3.
4.
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Initialization Set Up (continued)
NOTE
The DRV2625 device defaults to closed-loop mode with external trigger option selected in
the level (enable) configuration and in RTP mode. To use other modes and features, refer
to the regiter map.
9.3.2 Typical Usage Examples
9.3.2.1 Play a Waveform or Waveform Sequence from the ROM Waveform Memory
1.
2.
3.
4.
Initialize the device as listed in the Initialization Procedure section.
Select the desired TRIG/INTZ pin function by changing the TRIG_PIN_FUNC parameter.
Identify the waveform index to be played and populate the waveform sequencer.
Trigger the waveform using the desired trigger method (GO bit, or external trigger). Note that if using the
interrupt functionality, only the GO bit can be used to trigger the process.
5. Device will automatically go into standby upon completion of the playback
9.3.2.2 Play a Real-Time Playback (RTP) Waveform
1. Initialize the device as shown in the Initialization Procedure section.
2. Write the desired drive amplitude to the real-time playback input register RTP_INPUT[7:0].
3. Trigger the waveform using the desired trigger method (GO bit, or external trigger). Note that if using the
interrupt functionality, only the GO bit can be used to trigger the process.
4. Continue writing to the RTP_INPUT[7:0] if/when desired to achieve the desired haptic effect.
5. Send a stop trigger using the desired trigger method (GO bit, or external trigger). Note that if using the
interrupt functionality, only the GO bit can be used to trigger the process.
6. Device will automatically go into standby upon completion of the playback
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10 Power Supply Recommendations
The DRV2625 device is designed to operate from an input-voltage supply range between 2.7 V to 5.5 V. The
decoupling capacitor for the power supply should be placed closed to the device pin.
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11 Layout
11.1 Layout Guidelines
The decoupling capacitor for the power supply (VDD should be placed close to the device pin. The filtering
capacitor for the regulator (REG) should be placed close to the device REG pin. When creating the pad size for
the WCSP pins, TI recommends that the PCB layout use nonsolder mask-defined (NSMD) land. With this
method, the solder mask opening is made larger than the desired land area and the opening size is defined by
the copper pad width.
11.2 Layout Examples
C(REG)
TRIG/
INTZ
REG
OUT+
SDA
NRST
GND
SCL
VDD
OUT±
Via
Via should connect
to a ground plane
C(VDD)
Figure 97. Typical Layout
C(REG)
TRIG/
INTZ
REG
OUT+
SDA
NRST
GND
Via
Via should connect
to a ground plane
SCL
VDD
OUT±
C(VDD)
Figure 98. Layout without NRST Functionality
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12 Device and Documentation Support
12.1 Device Support
12.1.1 Waveform Library Effects List
EFFECT ID
NO.
WAVEFORM NAME
EFFECT
ID NO.;
WAVEFORM NAME
EFFECT ID
NO.
1
Strong Click - 100%
42
Long Double Sharp Click Medium 2 – 80%
83
Transition Ramp Up Long Smooth 2 – 0 to 100%
2
Strong Click - 60%
43
Long Double Sharp Click Medium 3 – 60%
84
Transition Ramp Up Medium Smooth 1 – 0 to 100%
3
Strong Click - 30%
44
Long Double Sharp Tick 1 – 100%
85
Transition Ramp Up Medium Smooth 2 – 0 to 100%
4
Sharp Click - 100%
45
Long Double Sharp Tick 2 – 80%
86
Transition Ramp Up Short Smooth 1 – 0 to 100%
5
Sharp Click - 60%
46
Long Double Sharp Tick 3 – 60%
87
Transition Ramp Up Short Smooth 2 – 0 to 100%
6
Sharp Click - 30%
47
Buzz 1 – 100%
88
Transition Ramp Up Long Sharp 1 – 0 to 100%
7
Soft Bump - 100%
48
Buzz 2 – 80%
89
Transition Ramp Up Long Sharp 2 – 0 to 100%
8
Soft Bump - 60%
49
Buzz 3 – 60%
90
Transition Ramp Up Medium Sharp 1 – 0 to 100%
WAVEFORM NAME
9
Soft Bump - 30%
50
Buzz 4 – 40%
91
Transition Ramp Up Medium Sharp 2 – 0 to 100%
10
Double Click - 100%
51
Buzz 5 – 20%
92
Transition Ramp Up Short Sharp 1 – 0 to 100%
11
Double Click - 60%
52
Pulsing Strong 1 – 100%
93
Transition Ramp Up Short Sharp 2 – 0 to 100%
12
Triple Click - 100%
53
Pulsing Strong 2 – 60%
94
Transition Ramp Down Long Smooth 1 – 50 to 0%
13
Soft Fuzz - 60%
54
Pulsing Medium 1 – 100%
95
Transition Ramp Down Long Smooth 2 – 50 to 0%
14
Strong Buzz - 100%
55
Pulsing Medium 2 – 60%
96
Transition Ramp Down Medium Smooth 1 – 50 to
0%
15
750 ms Alert 100%
56
Pulsing Sharp 1 – 100%
97
Transition Ramp Down Medium Smooth 2 – 50 to
0%
16
1000 ms Alert 100%
57
Pulsing Sharp 2 – 60%
98
Transition Ramp Down Short Smooth 1 – 50 to 0%
17
Strong Click 1 - 100%
58
Transition Click 1 – 100%
99
Transition Ramp Down Short Smooth 2 – 50 to 0%
18
Strong Click 2 - 80%
59
Transition Click 2 – 80%
100
Transition Ramp Down Long Sharp 1 – 50 to 0%
19
Strong Click 3 - 60%
60
Transition Click 3 – 60%
101
Transition Ramp Down Long Sharp 2 – 50 to 0%
20
Strong Click 4 - 30%
61
Transition Click 4 – 40%
102
Transition Ramp Down Medium Sharp 1 – 50 to 0%
21
Medium Click 1 - 100%
62
Transition Click 5 – 20%
103
Transition Ramp Down Medium Sharp 2 – 50 to 0%
22
Medium Click 2 - 80%
63
Transition Click 6 – 10%
104
Transition Ramp Down Short Sharp 1 – 50 to 0%
23
Medium Click 3 - 60%
64
Transition Hum 1 – 100%
105
Transition Ramp Down Short Sharp 2 – 50 to 0%
24
Sharp Tick 1 - 100%
65
Transition Hum 2 – 80%
106
Transition Ramp Up Long Smooth 1 – 0 to 50%
25
Sharp Tick 2 - 80%
66
Transition Hum 3 – 60%
107
Transition Ramp Up Long Smooth 2 – 0 to 50%
26
Sharp Tick 3 – 60%
67
Transition Hum 4 – 40%
108
Transition Ramp Up Medium Smooth 1 – 0 to 50%
27
Short Double Click Strong 1 – 100%
68
Transition Hum 5 – 20%
109
Transition Ramp Up Medium Smooth 2 – 0 to 50%
28
Short Double Click Strong 2 – 80%
69
Transition Hum 6 – 10%
110
Transition Ramp Up Short Smooth 1 – 0 to 50%
70
Transition Ramp Down Long Smooth 1 –
100 to 0%
111
Transition Ramp Up Short Smooth 2 – 0 to 50%
112
Transition Ramp Up Long Sharp 1 – 0 to 50%
29
Short Double Click Strong 3 – 60%
30
Short Double Click Strong 4 – 30%
71
Transition Ramp Down Long Smooth 2 –
100 to 0%
31
Short Double Click Medium 1 – 100%
72
Transition Ramp Down Medium Smooth 1 –
100 to 0%
113
Transition Ramp Up Long Sharp 2 – 0 to 50%
114
Transition Ramp Up Medium Sharp 1 – 0 to 50%
32
Short Double Click Medium 2 – 80%
73
Transition Ramp Down Medium Smooth 2 –
100 to 0%
33
Short Double Click Medium 3 – 60%
74
Transition Ramp Down Short Smooth 1 –
100 to 0%
115
Transition Ramp Up Medium Sharp 2 – 0 to 50%
34
Short Double Sharp Tick 1 – 100%
75
Transition Ramp Down Short Smooth 2 –
100 to 0%
116
Transition Ramp Up Short Sharp 1 – 0 to 50%
35
Short Double Sharp Tick 2 – 80%
76
Transition Ramp Down Long Sharp 1 – 100
to 0%
117
Transition Ramp Up Short Sharp 2 – 0 to 50%
36
Short Double Sharp Tick 3 – 60%
77
Transition Ramp Down Long Sharp 2 – 100
to 0%
118
Long buzz for programmatic stopping – 100%
37
Long Double Sharp Click Strong 1 –
100%
78
Transition Ramp Down Medium Sharp 1 –
100 to 0%
119
Smooth Hum 1 (No kick or brake pulse) – 50%
38
Long Double Sharp Click Strong 2 –
80%
79
Transition Ramp Down Medium Sharp 2 –
100 to 0%
120
Smooth Hum 2 (No kick or brake pulse) – 40%
39
Long Double Sharp Click Strong 3 –
60%
80
Transition Ramp Down Short Sharp 1 – 100
to 0%
121
Smooth Hum 3 (No kick or brake pulse) – 30%
40
Long Double Sharp Click Strong 4 –
30%
81
Transition Ramp Down Short Sharp 2 – 100
to 0%
122
Smooth Hum 4 (No kick or brake pulse) – 20%
41
Long Double Sharp Click Medium 1 –
100%
82
Transition Ramp Up Long Smooth 1 – 0 to
100%
123
Smooth Hum 5 (No kick or brake pulse) – 10%
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The following links connect to TI community resources. Linked contents are provided "AS IS" by the respective
contributors. They do not constitute TI specifications and do not necessarily reflect TI's views; see TI's Terms of
Use.
TI E2E™ Online Community TI's Engineer-to-Engineer (E2E) Community. Created to foster collaboration
among engineers. At e2e.ti.com, you can ask questions, share knowledge, explore ideas and help
solve problems with fellow engineers.
Design Support TI's Design Support Quickly find helpful E2E forums along with design support tools and
contact information for technical support.
12.2 Trademarks
E2E is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
TouchSense is a registered trademark of Immersion Corporation.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
12.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
These devices have limited built-in ESD protection. The leads should be shorted together or the device placed in conductive foam
during storage or handling to prevent electrostatic damage to the MOS gates.
12.4 Glossary
SLYZ022 — TI Glossary.
This glossary lists and explains terms, acronyms, and definitions.
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13 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information
The following pages include mechanical, packaging, and orderable information. This information is the most
current data available for the designated devices. This data is subject to change without notice and revision of
this document. For browser-based versions of this data sheet, refer to the left-hand navigation.
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PACKAGE OUTLINE
YFF0009-C01
DSBGA - 0.625 mm max height
SCALE 8.000
DIE SIZE BALL GRID ARRAY
1.498
1.438
B
A
BALL A1
CORNER
1.361
1.301
0.625 MAX
C
SEATING PLANE
BALL TYP
0.30
0.12
0.05 C
0.8 TYP
0.4 TYP
C
SYMM
B
0.8
TYP
A
0.3
9X
0.2
0.015
C A
1
2
3
0.4 TYP
SYMM
B
4221850/A 01/2015
NOTES:
1. All linear dimensions are in millimeters. Any dimensions in parenthesis are for reference only. Dimensioning and tolerancing
per ASME Y14.5M.
2. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
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EXAMPLE BOARD LAYOUT
YFF0009-C01
DSBGA - 0.625 mm max height
DIE SIZE BALL GRID ARRAY
9X (
(0.4) TYP
0.225)
1
2
3
A
(0.4) TYP
SYMM
B
C
SYMM
LAND PATTERN EXAMPLE
SCALE:30X
0.05 MAX
( 0.225)
METAL
METAL UNDER
SOLDER MASK
0.05 MIN
( 0.225)
SOLDER MASK
OPENING
SOLDER MASK
OPENING
NON-SOLDER MASK
DEFINED
(PREFERRED)
SOLDER MASK
DEFINED
SOLDER MASK DETAILS
NOT TO SCALE
4221850/A 01/2015
NOTES: (continued)
3. Final dimensions may vary due to manufacturing tolerance considerations and also routing constraints. For more information,
see Texas Instruments literature number SNVA009 (www.ti.com/lit/snva009).
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EXAMPLE STENCIL DESIGN
YFF0009-C01
DSBGA - 0.625 mm max height
DIE SIZE BALL GRID ARRAY
(0.4) TYP
(R0.05) TYP
9X ( 0.25)
1
2
3
A
(0.4) TYP
SYMM
B
METAL
TYP
C
SYMM
SOLDER PASTE EXAMPLE
BASED ON 0.1 mm THICK STENCIL
SCALE:30X
4221850/A 01/2015
NOTES: (continued)
4. Laser cutting apertures with trapezoidal walls and rounded corners may offer better paste release.
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PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
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16-Aug-2016
PACKAGING INFORMATION
Orderable Device
Status
(1)
Package Type Package Pins Package
Drawing
Qty
Eco Plan
Lead/Ball Finish
MSL Peak Temp
(2)
(6)
(3)
Op Temp (°C)
Device Marking
(4/5)
DRV2625YFFR
ACTIVE
DSBGA
YFF
9
3000
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
SNAGCU
Level-1-260C-UNLIM
-40 to 85
2625
DRV2625YFFT
ACTIVE
DSBGA
YFF
9
250
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
SNAGCU
Level-1-260C-UNLIM
-40 to 85
2625
(1)
The marketing status values are defined as follows:
ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.
LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.
NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.
PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.
OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.
(2)
Eco Plan - The planned eco-friendly classification: Pb-Free (RoHS), Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt), or Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) - please check http://www.ti.com/productcontent for the latest availability
information and additional product content details.
TBD: The Pb-Free/Green conversion plan has not been defined.
Pb-Free (RoHS): TI's terms "Lead-Free" or "Pb-Free" mean semiconductor products that are compatible with the current RoHS requirements for all 6 substances, including the requirement that
lead not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, TI Pb-Free products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes.
Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt): This component has a RoHS exemption for either 1) lead-based flip-chip solder bumps used between the die and package, or 2) lead-based die adhesive used between
the die and leadframe. The component is otherwise considered Pb-Free (RoHS compatible) as defined above.
Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br): TI defines "Green" to mean Pb-Free (RoHS compatible), and free of Bromine (Br) and Antimony (Sb) based flame retardants (Br or Sb do not exceed 0.1% by weight
in homogeneous material)
(3)
MSL, Peak Temp. - The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.
(4)
There may be additional marking, which relates to the logo, the lot trace code information, or the environmental category on the device.
(5)
Multiple Device Markings will be inside parentheses. Only one Device Marking contained in parentheses and separated by a "~" will appear on a device. If a line is indented then it is a continuation
of the previous line and the two combined represent the entire Device Marking for that device.
(6)
Lead/Ball Finish - Orderable Devices may have multiple material finish options. Finish options are separated by a vertical ruled line. Lead/Ball Finish values may wrap to two lines if the finish
value exceeds the maximum column width.
Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information
provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and
continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals.
TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release.
Addendum-Page 1
Samples
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
16-Aug-2016
In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis.
Addendum-Page 2
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
17-Oct-2019
TAPE AND REEL INFORMATION
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
Package Package Pins
Type Drawing
SPQ
Reel
Reel
A0
Diameter Width (mm)
(mm) W1 (mm)
DRV2625YFFR
DSBGA
YFF
9
3000
180.0
8.4
DRV2625YFFT
DSBGA
YFF
9
250
180.0
8.4
Pack Materials-Page 1
B0
(mm)
K0
(mm)
P1
(mm)
W
Pin1
(mm) Quadrant
1.52
1.56
0.71
4.0
8.0
Q1
1.52
1.56
0.71
4.0
8.0
Q1
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
17-Oct-2019
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
Package Type
Package Drawing
Pins
SPQ
Length (mm)
Width (mm)
Height (mm)
DRV2625YFFR
DSBGA
YFF
9
3000
182.0
182.0
20.0
DRV2625YFFT
DSBGA
YFF
9
250
210.0
185.0
35.0
Pack Materials-Page 2
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Copyright © 2019, Texas Instruments Incorporated
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