Texas Instruments | DRV10970 Three-Phase Brushless DC Motor Driver (Rev. A) | Datasheet | Texas Instruments DRV10970 Three-Phase Brushless DC Motor Driver (Rev. A) Datasheet

Texas Instruments DRV10970 Three-Phase Brushless DC Motor Driver (Rev. A) Datasheet
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DRV10970
SLVSCU7A – FEBRUARY 2016 – REVISED MARCH 2016
DRV10970 Three-Phase Brushless DC Motor Driver
1 Features
3 Description
•
•
The DRV10970 is an integrated three-phase BLDC
motor driver for home appliance, cooling fans, and
other general-purpose motor control applications. The
embedded intelligence, small form factor, and simple
pinout structure reduce the design complexity, board
space, and system cost. The integrated protections
improve the system robustness and reliability.
1
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Wide Power Supply Voltage Range: 5 to 18 V
Integrated FETs: 1-A RMS, 1.5-A Peak Output
Phase/Winding Current
Total Driver H + L RDSON: 400 mΩ
Embedded 180° Sine-Wave and Trapezoidal
Commutations
Ultra-Low Power Consumption in Sleep Mode
(35 µA)
Adaptive Drive Angle Adjustment
Three or Single Hall Sensor Option to Minimize
System Cost
Motor Spin Direction Control
Configurable for 30° Hall Placement or 0° Hall
Placement
Adjustable Retry Timing after Motor Lock
Programmable Current-Limit Function
Tachometer – Motor Speed Information on OpenDrain FG Pin
Motor Lock Report on Open-Drain RD Pin
Protection Features
– Supply (VM) Undervoltage Lockout
– Cycle-by-Cycle Current Limit
– Overcurrent Protection (OCP)
– Thermal Shutdown
– Motor Lock Detect and Report
The output stage of DRV10970 consists of three halfbridges with RDSON of 400 mΩ (H + L). Each halfbridge is capable of driving up to 1-A RMS and 1.5-A
peak output current. When the device enters sleep
mode, it consumes typical 35 µA of current.
The advanced 180° sine-wave commutation algorithm
is embedded into the device and achieves high
efficiency, low torque ripple, and superior acoustic
performance. The adaptive driving angle adjustment
function achieves the most optimized efficiency
regardless of the motor parameters and load
conditions.
The DRV10970 is designed for either differential or
single-ended Hall sensor based applications. The
differential Hall signal inputs are detected by the
integrated comparators. The device supports three
Hall and single Hall based applications; the single
Hall sensor mode reduces the system cost by
eliminating two Hall sensors.
Device Information(1)
PART NUMBER
PACKAGE
DRV10970
2 Applications
•
•
•
Cooling Fans
Small Appliances
General-Purpose BLDC Motor Driver
BODY SIZE (NOM)
TSSOP (24)
7.80 mm × 6.40 mm
(1) For all available packages, see the orderable addendum at
the end of the data sheet.
Application Circuit
VCC VCC
RFG
R RD
C SW
CPP CPN
VCP
FG
RD
U
C VCP
VM
V
C VM
M
VINT
C VINT
GND
GND/VINT
W
R HALL
BRKMOD
GND/VINT/FLOATING
DAA
GND/VINT/FLOATING
CMTMOD
GND/VINT
FR
RETRY
CRETRY
VINT/VCC
U_HP
U_HN
V_HP
U_HALL
V_HALL
V_HN
PWM
CS
W_HN
W_HALL
W_HP
R CS
1
An IMPORTANT NOTICE at the end of this data sheet addresses availability, warranty, changes, use in safety-critical applications,
intellectual property matters and other important disclaimers. PRODUCTION DATA.
DRV10970
SLVSCU7A – FEBRUARY 2016 – REVISED MARCH 2016
www.ti.com
Table of Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Features ..................................................................
Applications ...........................................................
Description .............................................................
Revision History.....................................................
Description (continued).........................................
Pin Configuration and Functions .........................
Specifications.........................................................
1
1
1
2
3
3
5
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
5
5
5
6
6
9
Absolute Maximum Ratings ......................................
ESD Ratings..............................................................
Recommended Operating Conditions.......................
Thermal Information ..................................................
Electrical Characteristics...........................................
Typical Characteristics ..............................................
Detailed Description ............................................ 11
8.1 Overview ................................................................. 11
8.2 Functional Block Diagram ....................................... 12
8.3 Feature Description................................................. 13
8.4 Device Functional Modes........................................ 16
9
Application and Implementation ........................ 21
9.1 Application Information............................................ 21
9.2 Typical Application ................................................. 28
10 Power Supply Recommendations ..................... 30
11 Layout................................................................... 30
11.1 Layout Guidelines ................................................. 30
11.2 Layout Example .................................................... 30
12 Device and Documentation Support ................. 31
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
Community Resources..........................................
Trademarks ...........................................................
Electrostatic Discharge Caution ............................
Glossary ................................................................
31
31
31
31
13 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable
Information ........................................................... 32
4 Revision History
NOTE: Page numbers for previous revisions may differ from page numbers in the current version.
Changes from Original (February 2016) to Revision A
•
2
Page
Changed device status to Production Data and released full datasheet................................................................................ 1
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5 Description (continued)
The device implements a standard control interface which includes PWM input (speed command), FG output
(speed feedback), FR input (forward and reverse direction control), and RD output (motor lock indicator).
The DRV10970 device supports both 30° and 0° Hall placements (with respect to the corresponding phase
BEMF). The device implements trapezoidal drive mode to address higher power requirement.
The DRV10970 device determines the rotor lock condition based on the absence of Hall input switching. The
device will try again to spin the motor after an adjustable auto-retry time which can be configured by a capacitor
connected to the RETRY pin.
The device incorporates multiple protection features: overcurrent, undervoltage, overtemperature, and locked
rotor conditions to improve the system robustness.
The DRV10970 is packaged in a thermally-enhanced 24-pin TSSOP package (eco-friendly: RoHS and no Sb/Br).
6 Pin Configuration and Functions
PWP Package
24-Pin TSSOP with PowerPAD™
Top View
1
DAA
FG
24
2
U_HP
FR
23
3
U_HN
RETRY
22
4
V_HP
BRKMOD
21
5
V_HN
CMTMOD
20
6
W_HP
PWM
19
RD
18
PowerPAD
7
W_HN
8
VCP
CS
17
9
CPP
VINT
16
10
CPN
VM
15
11
W
U
14
12
GND
V
13
Pin Functions
PIN
NAME
NO.
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
POWER AND GROUND
CPN
10
—
CPP
9
—
GND
12
PWR
VCP
8
—
VINT
16
VM
15
Charge pump switching node
Connect a 0.1-µF X7R capacitor rated for VM between CPN
and CPP
Device ground
Must be connected to board ground
Charge pump output
Connect a 16-V, 1-µF ceramic capacitor to VM
PWR
Integrated regulator output
Integrated regulator (typical voltage 5 V) mainly for internal
circuits; Provide external power for less than 20 mA. Bypass
to GND with a 10-V, 2.2-µF ceramic capacitor
PWR
Power supply
Connect to motor supply voltage; bypass to GND with a 10-µF
ceramic capacitor rated for VM
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Pin Functions (continued)
PIN
NAME
NO.
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
CONTROL
CS
17
—
Current limit setting pin
Connect a resistor to adjust the current limit.
DAA
1
I
Drive angle adjustment
configuration pin
Low: 10° drive angle adjustment
High: 5° drive angle adjustment
Floating: adaptive drive angle adjustment
FG
24
O
Frequency indication pin
Open drain Electrical Frequency Output pin. One toggle per
electrical cycle. Requires an external pull-up of 3.3-kΩ.
FR
23
I
Motor direction control
Direction Control Input.
When low, phase driving sequence is U → V → W ( U phase
is leading V phase by 120°).
When high, the phase driving sequence is U → W → V.
BRKMOD
21
I
Brake mode setting
Low: Coasting mode (phases are tri-stated)
High: Brake mode (phases are driven low)
PWM
19
I
Variable duty cycle PWM input for
speed control
Connect to PWM signal.
RD
18
O
Lock indication pin
Pulled logic low with lock condition; open-drain output requires
an external pull-up of 3.3-kΩ
RETRY
22
I
Auto retry timing configure
Timing adjustable by capacitor
CMTMOD
20
I
Commutation mode setting
Low: Sinusoidal operation mode with 0° Hall placement
High: Sinusoidal operation mode with 30° Hall placement
Floating: Trapezoidal operation mode with 30° Hall placement
U-phase negative Hall input
Differential Hall Sensor negative input for U-phase. Connect to
hall sensor negative output. When logic level hall IC is used,
tie this pin to VINT/2 level. In single Hall mode, the device
uses U-phase hall inputs to drive the motor.
U-phase positive Hall input
Differential Hall Sensor positive input for U-phase. Connect to
hall sensor positive output. When logic level hall IC is used,
connect this to hall IC output. In single Hall mode, the device
uses U-phase hall inputs to drive the motor.
V-phase negative Hall input
Differential Hall Sensor negative input for V-phase. Connect to
hall sensor negative output. When logic level hall sensor is
used, tie this pin to VINT/2 level. In single hall mode, ground
this pin.
U_HN
3
U_HP
I
2
V_HN
I
5
I
V_HP
4
I
V-phase positive Hall input
Differential Hall Sensor positive input for V-phase. Connect to
hall sensor positive output. When logic level hall IC is used,
connect this to hall IC output. Leave this pin floating to enable
single Hall operation.
W_HN
7
I
W-phase negative Hall input
Differential Hall Sensor negative input for W-phase. Connect
to hall sensor negative output. When logic level hall sensor is
used, tie this pin to VINT/2 level. In single hall mode, ground
this pin.
W_HP
6
I
W-phase positive Hall input
Differential Hall Sensor positive input for W-phase. Connect to
hall sensor positive output. When logic level hall IC is used,
connect this to hall IC output. In single hall mode, ground this
pin.
U
14
O
U phase output
Connect to motor terminal U
V
13
O
V phase output
Connect to motor terminal V
W
11
O
W phase output
Connect to motor terminal W
OUTPUT STAGE
External Components
COMPONENT
PIN 1
PIN 2
RECOMMENDED
CVM
VM
GND
10-µF ceramic capacitor rated for VM (if VM = 12 V, 25-V capacitor is suggested, if
VM = 18 V, 35-V capacitor is suggested)
CVCP
VCP
VM
16-V, 1-µF ceramic capacitor
CSW
CPP
CPN
0.1-µF X7R capacitor rated for VM
4
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External Components (continued)
COMPONENT
PIN 1
PIN 2
RECOMMENDED
CVINT
VINT
GND
10-V, 2.2-µF ceramic capacitor Rotor Lock Detection and Retry
CRETRY
RETRY
GND
See Equation 2 for capacitor value
RCS
CS
GND
See Current Limit and OCP for resistor value
RRD
VCC (1)
RD
>1 kΩ, RD is open-drain output. This component must be pulled up externally.
RFG
(1)
FG
>1 kΩ, FG is open-drain output. This component must be pulled up externally.
(1)
VCC
VCC is not a pin on the DRV10970. It can be VINT or any other system voltage (for example the 3.3-V or 5-V supply voltage powering
the microcontroller). A VCC supply voltage pull-up is required for open-drain outputs RD and FG
7 Specifications
7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
(1) (2)
Power supply voltage (VM)
MIN
MAX
–0.3
20
V
2
V/µs
Power supply voltage ramp rate (VM)
UNIT
Charge pump voltage (VCP, CPP)
–0.3
25
V
Charge pump negative switching pin (CPN)
–0.3
20
V
Internal logic regulator voltage (VINT)
–0.3
5.5
V
Control pin voltage (PWM, FR, RETRY, CMTMOD, BRKMOD, DAA)
–0.3
VINT + 0.3
V
Open drain output current (RD, FG)
0
10
mA
Open drain output voltage (RD, FG)
–0.3
20
V
Output voltage (U,V,W)
–1
20
V
Output current (U,V,W)
0
2
A
Hall input voltage (U_HP, U_HN, V_HP, V_HN, W_HP, W_HN)
0
6
V
Current limit adjust pin voltage (CS)
–0.3
3.6
V
Operating junction temperature, TJMAX
–40
150
°C
Storage temperature, Tstg
–65
150
°C
(1)
(2)
Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings
only, which do not imply functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under Recommended
Operating Conditions. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Referenced with respect to GND.
7.2 ESD Ratings
VALUE
V(ESD)
(1)
(2)
Electrostatic discharge
Human-body model (HBM), per ANSI/ESDA/JEDEC JS-001 (1)
±2000
Charged-device model (CDM), per JEDEC specification JESD22-C101 (2)
±500
UNIT
V
JEDEC document JEP155 states that 500-V HBM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process.
JEDEC document JEP157 states that 250-V CDM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process.
7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
IOUT
MIN
MAX
Power supply voltage
VM
5
18
V
Logic level input voltage
PWM, FR, CMTMOD, BRKMOD,
DAA, RETRY
0
VINT
V
Open drain output pullup voltage
FG, RD
0
18
V
Hall input
U_HP, U_HN, V_HP, V_HN, W_HP,
W_HN
0
5
V
0
1.5
A
Output current
UNIT
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Recommended Operating Conditions (continued)
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
MIN
ƒPWM
Applied PWM signal
IVINT
VINT external load current
TJOPR
Operating junction temperature
(1)
MAX
UNIT
15
100
kHz
20 (1)
mA
125
°C
–40
VINT is mainly for internal use. For external, it is only suggested to provide bias current for hall circuit.
7.4 Thermal Information
DRV10970
THERMAL METRIC
(1)
PWP (TSSOP)
UNIT
24 PINS
RθJA
Junction-to-ambient thermal resistance
36.1
°C/W
RθJC(top)
Junction-to-case (top) thermal resistance
17.4
°C/W
RθJB
Junction-to-board thermal resistance
14.8
°C/W
ψJT
Junction-to-top characterization parameter
0.4
°C/W
ψJB
Junction-to-board characterization parameter
14.5
°C/W
RθJC(bot)
Junction-to-case (bottom) thermal resistance
1.1
°C/W
(1)
For more information about traditional and new thermal metrics, see the Semiconductor and IC Package Thermal Metrics application
report, SPRA953.
7.5 Electrical Characteristics
TA = 25°C, over recommended operating conditions unless otherwise noted.
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
POWER SUPPLIES (VM, VINT)
VM
VM operating voltage
IVM
VM operating supply current
VM = 12 V, no external load on
VINT
IVM_SLEEP
VM supply current during
sleep mode
VM = 5 and 12 V
VINT
Integrated regulator voltage
VGND-BGND
Ground potential difference
between GND pin to PCB
ground
5
18
V
3
5
mA
35
50
µA
VM = 12 V, 0-mA external load
4.5
5
5.5
V
VM = 12 V, 20-mA external load
4.5
5
5.5
V
VM = 5 V, 0-mA external load
4.5
4.8
5
V
VM = 5 V, 20-mA external load
4.5
4.8
5
V
300
mV
CHARGE PUMP (VCP, CPP, CPN)
VCP
VCP operating voltage
VM = 5 V, less than 1-mA load
9
10
11
V
VM = 12 V, less than 1-mA load
16
18
19.5
V
VM = 18 V, less than 1-mA load
22
24
25.5
V
0
0.8
V
5.3
CONTROL INPUTS (PWM)
VIL-PWM
PWM Input logic low voltage
VM = 5 V and VM = 12 V
VIH-PWM
PWM Input logic high voltage
VM = 5 V and VM = 12 V
2.4
VHYS-PWM
PWM Input logic hysteresis
VM = 5 V and VM = 12 V
400
RPU-PWM
Internal pullup resistance
VM = 5 V and VM = 12 V
70
100
120
kΩ
RPU-PWM-SL
Internal pullup resistance in
sleep mode
VM = 5 V and VM = 12 V, sleep
mode
1
2
2.5
MΩ
VM = 5 V and 12 V
9
10
11
µA
V
mV
CONTROL INPUTS (RETRY)
IRETRY-SINK
6
Retry timing set sinking
current
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Electrical Characteristics (continued)
TA = 25°C, over recommended operating conditions unless otherwise noted.
PARAMETER
IRETRY-
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
Retry timing set sourcing
current
VM = 5 V and 12 V
9
10
11
µA
VRETRY_H
Retry comparator high
threshold
VM = 5 V and 12 V
1.1
1.2
1.3
V
VRETRY_L
Retry comparator low
threshold
VM = 5 V and 12 V
0.55
0.6
0.65
V
SOURCE
CONTROL INPUTS (FR, DAA, CMTMOD, BRKMOD)
VIL
Digital input logic low voltage
VM = 5 V and 12 V
0
0.8
V
VIH
Digital input logic high voltage
VM = 5 V and 12 V
2.2
5.3
V
VIFLOATING
Digital input floating voltage
VM = 5 V and 12 V
24% × VINT
36% × VINT
V
RPD-FR
FR pin Internal pulldown
resistance
VM = 5 V and 12 V
160
200
240
kΩ
RPD-BRKMOD
BRKMOD pin Internal
pulldown resistance
VM = 5 V and 12 V
160
200
240
kΩ
3.5
CONTROL OUTPUTS (RD, FG)
IOSINK
OD output pin sink current
VO = 0.3 V
IOSHORT
OD output pin short current
limit
VO = 12 V
mA
10
25
mA
HALL INPUT COMPARATOR
VHR
Hall input rising
Zero to positive peak including
offset. TA = –40°C, 25°C, 125°C
0
5
10
mV
VHF
Hall input falling
Zero to negative peak including
offset TA = –40°C, 25°C, 125°C
–10
–5
0
mV
VHALL_HYS
Hall input hysteresis
VHP-VHN TA = –40°C, 25°C,
125°C
5
12
mV
Vcom
Common mode voltage
VM = 5.5 V – 18 V
0.3
4.3
V
VM = 5 V – 5.5 V
0.3
3.8
V
Finput
Input frequency range
0
1000
Hz
UVLO
VUVLO-VM-THR
UVLO threshold voltage on
VM, rising
3.8
4
4.5
V
VUVLO-VM-THF
UVLO threshold voltage on
VM, falling
3.6
3.8
4.25
V
VUVLO-VM-HYS
VM UVLO comparator
hysteresis
40
200
mV
VUVLO-VINT-
VINT UVLO rise threshold
4.1
4.2
4.5
V
VINT UVLO fall threshold
3.8
4
4.2
V
VINT UVLO comparator
hysteresis
100
300
mV
0.4
0.6
Ω
1.3
1.5
1.7
A
V
THR
VUVLO-VINTTHF
VUVLO-VINTHYS
INTEGRATED MOSFET
RDSON
Series resistance (H + L)
VM = 12 V, VCP = 19 V, IOUT =
1.5 A
CURRENT LIMIT AND OVER CURRENT PROTECTION (OCP)
ILIM
Current limit threshold
VM = 12 V, Rcs = 20 kΩ
VILIM_THR
Current limit circuit
comparator threshold
VM = 12 V
1.15
1.2
1.25
ACL
Current limit attenuation factor VM = 12 V
22000
25000
28000
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Electrical Characteristics (continued)
TA = 25°C, over recommended operating conditions unless otherwise noted.
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
Over current protection
threshold. Magnitude of phase
current at which driver stage
VM = 5 V and 12 V
is disabled to protect the
device.
IOCP
MIN
TYP
3
MAX
5
UNIT
A
SLEEP MODE TIMING
TSLEEP_EN
Minimum PWM low time to
recognize a sleep command.
VM = 12 V
1.2
ms
TSLEEP_EX
Minimum PWM high to exit
from sleep mode.
VM = 12 V
2
µs
THERMAL SHUTDOWN
TSDN_TR
Shut down temperature
threshold
Shut down triggering temperature
150
160
170
°C
TSDN_RS
Shut down resume
temperature
Shut down resume temperature
140
150
160
°C
TSDN_HYS
Shut down temperature
hysteresis
Shut down temperature hysteresis
5
10
15
°C
0.6
0.7
0.8
s
4
5
6
s
LOCK DETECT
tLOCK_EN
Lock detect time
tLOCK_EX
Lock release time
8
Retry capacitor = 0.33 uF
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7.6 Typical Characteristics
430
600
420
500
RDSON (m:)
RDSON (m:)
410
400
300
200
400
390
380
370
360
100
350
340
0
-40
RDSON
25
Temperature (qC)
4.5
85
5
12
Supply Voltage (VM)
D001
VM = 12 V
RDSON
Figure 1. RDSON Across Temperature at 12 V
18
D002
Temperature = 25°C
Figure 2. RDSON Across Voltage at 25°C
60
50
45
40
Sleep Current (µA)
Sleep Current (µA)
50
40
30
20
35
30
25
20
15
10
10
5
0
0
-40
Sleep Current
25
85
Temperature (qC)
125
4.5
VM = 12 V
Sleep Current
Figure 3. Sleep Current Across Temperature at 12 V
5
12
Supply Voltage (VM)
18
20
D004
Temperature = 25°C
Figure 4. Sleep Current Across Voltage at 25°C
4.9
4.76
4.74
4.89
4.72
4.88
4.7
4.68
4.87
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
4.8
D003
4.86
4.85
4.66
4.64
4.62
4.6
4.84
4.58
4.56
4.83
4.54
4.82
4.52
-40
5-V Regulator
25
85
Temperature (qC)
VM = 12 V
125
-40
D005
IL = 20 mA
Figure 5. VINT LDO Output Voltage Across Temperature,
VM = 12 V
5-V Regulator
25
85
Temperature (qC)
VM = 5 V
125
D006
IL = 20 mA
Figure 6. VINT LDO Output Voltage Across Temperature,
VM = 5 V
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10.2
10.1
10.1
10
Retry Source Current (µA)
Retry Sink Current (µA)
Typical Characteristics (continued)
10
9.9
9.8
9.7
9.6
9.9
9.8
9.7
9.6
9.5
9.4
9.5
9.3
-40
25
85
Temperature (qC)
125
-40
D007
RETRY Sink Current
VM = 12 V
Figure 7. Retry Sink Current at 12 V
10
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25
85
Temperature (qC)
RETRY Source Current
125
D008
VM = 12 V
Figure 8. Retry Source Current at 12 V
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8 Detailed Description
8.1 Overview
The DRV10970 device controls three-phase brushless DC motors using a speed command (PWM) and direction
(FR) interface and Hall signals from the motor. The device is capable of driving up to 1-A RMS and 1.5-A peak
current per phase.
When the DRV10970 powers up, it starts to drive the motor in trapezoidal communication mode based on the
Hall sensor information. If all three Hall sensors are connected, commutation logic relies on all three Hall
sensors. If only the U phase Hall sensor is connected (V_HP is floating), DRV10970 starts to drive the motor in
single Hall sensor mode.
After 6 electrical cycles, the device switches to sinusoidal drive mode if the CMTMOD pin is not floating. If the
motor has Hall sensor 0° placement (set on the CMTMOD pin accordingly), the DRV10970 device automatically
adjusts the driving angle based on the feedback from the motor; it optimizes the efficiency regardless of the
motor parameters and the load conditions.
The adaptive driving angle adjustment function can be disabled by the DAA pin, in which case, fixed driving
angle is available for user to optimize the motor drive efficiency.
The steady-state motor speed is commanded by the PWM input duty cycle, which converts to an average output
voltage of VM multiplied by the duty cycle. Floating PWM pin is considered as 100% speed command. Motor
rotating direction can be controlled by FR input. Rotational direction can be changed while motor is spinning. The
device takes tLOCK_EX time before reversing the direction.
The FG output is aligned with U phase Hall sensor signal which indicates the motor speed. And if the motor is
locked by external force for tLOCK_EN, RD output will be asserted to indicate the rotor lock condition, and
DRV10970 retries after tLOCK_EX period which is determined by the capacitor on the RETRY pin.
When the motor is stopped, either in lock condition or PWM equals zero, the state of the phases is selected by
BRKMOD pin; coasting (phases are floating) or braking (phases are pulled down to GND).
DRV10970 enters sleep mode when PWM is driven low for tSLEEP time and motor comes to a standstill (no FG),
internal circuits including regulators are turned off and the power consumption is less than IVM_SLEEP.
Overcurrent, current limit, thermal shutdown and undervoltage protection circuits prevent the system components
from being damaged during extreme conditions.
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8.2 Functional Block Diagram
CPN
CPP
VCP
VM
VM
VCP
Charge Pump
VM
U
Phase U
pre-driver
Linear
Reg
VINT
VINT
VM
VCP
PWM
V
Phase V
pre-driver
FR
DAA
VM
BRKMOD
VCP
CMTMOD
Core
Logic
W
Phase W
pre-driver
RETRY
+
FG
VINT
VREF
I Limit
Current
Sense
±
RD
+
HALL_U
Hall
Com
CS
U_HP
U
Hall
U_HN
±
OSC
+
HALL_V
Reset
UVLO
Hall
Com
±
+
Thermal
Shutdown
HALL_W
Hall
Com
V_HP
V
Hall
V_HN
W_HP
W
Hall
W_HN
±
GND
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8.3 Feature Description
8.3.1 Current Limit and OCP
DRV10970 provides two stages of current control, cycle-by-cycle current limit and OCP.
The current limit function limits the motor phase current during the motor operation: during startup, acceleration,
sudden load change, and rotor lock condition while spinning. The application specific threshold is achieved by
choosing the value of the external resistor connected to the CS pin. Figure 9 shows the simplified circuitry of the
current limit circuit using the CS pin. The voltage generated on the CS pin is proportional to the value of the
external resistor, RCS. The external resistor value is chosen based on the current limit to be achieved (see
Equation 1).
VM
1
2
3
V
U
4
W
5
6
Current
Sense U
Current
Sense V
Current
Sense
W
GND
ACL
+
/
ILIMIT
ILIMIT = (VILIM_THR × ACL) / RCS
VILIM_THR
ICS = ILIMIT /
ACL
VCS = ILIMIT × RCS / ACL
Digital
VCS
CS
CL Comparator
RCS
DRV10970
GND
Figure 9. Current Limit Function Simplified Circuitry
Current limit threshold is set by Equation 1.
ILIMIT = (VILIM_THR × ACL) / RCS
(1)
In trapezoidal operation mode, motor phase current is restricted by means of cycle-by-cycle limit, as shown in
Figure 10. If the current limit is triggered, one of the conducting MOSFETs is disabled and the complementary
side MOSFET is activated until the beginning of the next PWM cycle. In the example shown in Figure 10,
MOSFET 1 and MOSFET 5 are conducting MOSFETs, MOSFET 1 is disabled, and the complementary MOSFET
4 is activated when the current limit is triggered.
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Feature Description (continued)
VM
1
2
U
3
M
V
4
5
W
6
GND
VM
Voltage on phase U
without current limit
GND
VM
Voltage on phase V
GND
Current limit
threshold
Current on phase U and
V without current limit
Current limit
threshold
Current on phase U and
V with current limit
VM
Voltage on phase U
with current limit
GND
Figure 10. Cycle-by-Cycle Current Limit in Trapezoidal Mode
If the current limit is triggered in sinusoidal operation mode, DRV10970 device switches to trapezoidal mode of
operation to exercise cycle-by-cycle current limiting. If the current limit condition does not show up for 2 electrical
cycles, the device will switch back to sinusoidal mode (shown in Figure 11). The current limit threshold in
sinusoidal mode is 1.5 times the current limit value in the trapezoidal mode. The current limit function can be
disabled by connecting CS pin to GND.
1.5 × threshold
Current limit
threshold
0
Current limit
threshold
Cycle-by-Cycle Limit
1.5 × threshold
Cycle 1 without Cycle 2 without
current limit
current limit
Figure 11. Current Limit in Sinusoidal Mode
OCP has a fixed threshold IOCP, it can protect the device in catastrophic short-circuit conditions such as phase
short to GND, phase short to VM and phase short to another phase. The IOCP limit is similar to the current limit,
except that when phase current crosses IOCP threshold (positively or negatively), the device shuts down all the
MOSFETs immediately. The device will wait for 2 ms before it starts driving the motor again. If the high current
still exists, the device will shut down the MOSFETs and again wait for 2 ms. This process of checking
overcurrent will continue until the OC event goes away. The device is capable of handling an OC event
continuously for its lifetime. The OC protection feature cannot be disabled.
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Feature Description (continued)
8.3.2 Thermal Shutdown
If the junction temperature exceeds safe limits, the DRV10970 device places its outputs (U, V, W) in highimpedance mode. After the junction temperature has fallen to a safe level, operation automatically resumes.
8.3.3
Rotor Lock Detection and Retry
A locked rotor condition is detected if the Hall signal stops toggling for tLOCK_EN. The device enters a motor
parking state: coasting (if BRKMOD = 0) or braking state (if BRKMOD = 1). In the coasting state, the device
places its outputs (U, V, W) in a high-impedance state. In the braking state, it keeps the low-side MOSFETs ON
and high-side MOSFETs OFF. The RD pin is asserted to indicate the rotor lock condition. Operation resumes
after tLOCK_EX time at the same time RD is deasserted. This process repeats until the locked rotor condition is
cleared. RD will be deasserted in sleep mode.
The tLOCK_EX time is determined by the capacitor value connected to the RETRY pin. The accuracy of the
capacitor and ground potential difference between the device ground and CRETRY capacitor ground affects the
accuracy of the time setting. After the DRV10970 device enters rotor locked state, IRETRY, sourcing current starts
to charge the capacitor, CRETRY, until the voltage of the capacitor reaches VRETRY_H, then IRETRY sinking current
starts to discharge the capacitor, CRETRY, until the voltage of the capacitor falls below VRETRY_L. This process
repeats 128 times which determines the tLOCK_EX, then DRV10970 retry starting the motor.
tLOCK_EX = 15.36 × 106 × CRETRY (in seconds)
(2)
DRV10970
VINT
To digital
Counter
IRETRY
RETRY
&
Motor
Lock
IRETRY
GND
Figure 12. Lock Release Timing Circuit
VRETRY_H
VRETRY_L
128 times
GND
RD
Motor Spinning
Motor Locked
Motor Spinning
Figure 13. Lock Release Timing Waveform
8.3.4 Supply Undervoltage Condition (UVLO)
When the supply voltage (VM) level falls below the undervoltage lockout threshold voltage (VUVLO-Th-f), the
DRV10970 will keep phases (U, V, W) in high-impedance mode. Operation resumes when VM rises above the
VUVLO-Th-r threshold.
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Feature Description (continued)
8.3.5 Sleep Mode
The DRV10970 provides a sleep mode function to save power when the motor is not spinning. The device can
be commanded to enter sleep mode by driving logic low on PWM pin for at least tSLEEP_EN seconds. Before
entering low-power state, the speed will be ramped down (by brake condition or by coasting) where rotor lock
condition is detected. This sequence to bring the motor to a halt condition may take several seconds based on
the motor. The device then enters sleep state where reset is asserted and supply is driven to low. Only a small
portion of the logic is kept alive to detect the PWM pin high. The device will wake up after PWM goes high (PWM
high signal needs to be longer than tSLEEP_EX) and starts to drive the motor again.
PWM
SS
tSLEEP_EN
tSLEEP_EX
>1.2 ms low
SLEEP_FLAG
SS
WAKE_UP
SS
MOTOR_STATE
SS
BRAKE/COAST
WAIT FOR MOTOR TO STOP
SPINNING
R am
ping
SLEEP
INITIAL
SS
Rotor Lock detected
d own
MOTOR SPEED
5V
>2 µs wide
SS
VINT
ON State
OFF, Low Power State
ON State
SS
Figure 14. Sleep Mode Sequence and Timing
The current consumption during sleep mode is less than IVM_SLEEP.
In sleep mode, internal regulator VINT is shut down; if the Hall sensors are powered by VINT, the Hall sensors
are also put into power off condition to further save power. The U, V, and W phase outputs are tri-stated, FG and
RD pins are de-asserted while in the sleep mode. The device will not be able to perform OCP while in sleep
mode.
8.4 Device Functional Modes
8.4.1 Operation in Trapezoidal Mode and Sinusoidal Mode
The DRV10970 device can operate in either trapezoidal mode or sinusoidal mode depending on the setting of
CMTMOD pin. Sinusoidal operation mode provides better acoustic performance, which is more suitable for
applications like refrigerator fans, HVAC fans, pumps, and other home appliances. Trapezoidal mode provides
higher driving torque, which is more suitable for systems with heavy and unpredictable load conditions, such as
power tools and actuators.
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Device Functional Modes (continued)
8.4.1.1 Trapezoidal Control Mode
Trapezoidal control is also called 120° control or 6-step control. In the trapezoidal control mode, the DRV10970
device drives standard six step commutation sequence based on the Hall input states and FR (direction) pin
value. Trapezoidal (30° Hall placement) commutation is in accordance with Table 1. The startup scheme of
sinusoidal control mode is also based on trapezoidal commutation. Trapezoidal mode does not support single
Hall sensor operation; it may cause unpredictable motor operation.
Table 1. Trapezoidal Commutation With 30° Hall Placement
(1)
(2)
(3)
PHASE OUTPUT (2)
HALL SIGNAL (1)
STATE
FR = 1
FR = 0
U
V
W
U
V
W
U
V
W
1
1
1
0
High
Hi-Z
Low
Low
Hi-Z
High
2
1
0
0
High
Low
Hi-Z
Low
High
Hi-Z
3
1
0
1
Hi-Z
Low
High
Hi-Z
High
Low
4
0
0
1
Low
Hi-Z
High
High
Hi-Z
Low
5
0
1
1
Low
High
Hi-Z
High
Low
Hi-Z
6
0
1
0
Hi-Z
High
Low
Hi-Z
Low
High
1x (3)
0
0
0
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
2x (3)
1
1
1
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
Hall signal XHALL = 1 if the positive input terminal voltage (x_HP) is higher than the negative input
terminal voltage (x_HN)
Phase output = Hi-Z which means both the high-side and low-side MOSFETs are turned off.
State 1x and 2x are invalid states, DRV10970 will output high impedance for all three phases in this
condition. Hall sensor placement or connection needs to be changed.
Table 2. Trapezoidal Commutation With 0° Hall Placement
8.4.1.2 Sinusoidal Pulse Wide Modulation (SPWM) Control Mode
If the sinusoidal operation mode is selected, the device will start the motor with trapezoidal operation (based on
the commutation table shown in Table 1) and switch to sinusoidal after 6 electrical cycles. If current limit is
triggered during trapezoidal startup, the transition will be delayed until current limit is cleared. If current limit is
triggered in sinusoidal operation, the device will switch back to trapezoidal mode and will remain until the current
limit event goes away (refer to Current Limit and OCP).
In sinusoidal control mode, the commutation will only rely on phase U Hall sensor input and ignore the phase V
and W Hall sensor input.
The DRV10970 provides sinusoidal voltage shaping in the SPWM mode. The device generates 25-kHz PWM
outputs on each phase, which have an average value of sinusoidal waveform on phase to phase. If the phase
voltage is measured with respect to ground, the waveform is sinusoidal coupled with third-order harmonics. At
any time among the three phases, one phase output equals to zero, as shown in Figure 16.
PWM output
Average value
Figure 15. PWM Output and the Average Value
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U-V
U
V-W
V
W-U
W
LEFT: Sinusoidal voltage from phase to phase.
RIGHT: Sinusoidal voltage with third-order harmonics from phase to GND
Figure 16. Sinusoidal Voltage With Third-Order Harmonics Output
The output amplitude is determined by the VM and the maximum PWM duty cycle among one electrical cycle. If
VM is used to control the motor speed, the output maximum PWM duty cycle is 100%. The output amplitude is
proportional to the VM amplitude.
VM = 12 V
VM = 6 V
Figure 17. Adjust VM to Control the Motor Speed
The PWM is used for controlling the motor speed. System calculates the duty cycle of the PWM input as DutyIN,
which is converted into sinusoidal PWM output.
The maximum amplitude is when PWM input is 100% and maximum PWM output duty cycle is 100%, the output
amplitude will be VM. A lower value such as VM / 2 could be achieved by driving the PWM duty to 50%. When
the input duty cycle is less than 10% and greater than 0% DRV10970 keeps the input command at a 10% duty
cycle (see Figure 18).
Output Duty
10%
0
10%
Input Duty
Minimum Duty Cycle = 10%
Figure 18. Duty Cycle Profile
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100% PWM input
100% peak output
VM
50% PWM input
50% peak output
VM / 2
Figure 19. Adjust PWM Input Duty Cycle to Control the Motor Speed
Note that the speed control PWM input frequency does not reflect to PWM output frequency on the phase
outputs. The device supports input PWM frequency in the range of 15 to 100 kHz, the PWM output frequency on
the phase is always 25 kHz.
8.4.2
Single Hall Sensor Operation
The DRV10970 device supports single Hall sensor operation to reduce system cost.
If only U phase Hall sensor is connected to the device and V and W phase Hall sensors are not installed in the
system, the device automatically drives the motor in single Hall sensor mode. Single Hall sensor operation does
not support trapezoidal operation, which may cause unpredictable motor behavior.
In single hall sensor mode, rotor is aligned to a known position for about 700 ms first and then motor is driven
with 2-step DC current into the coil, which means instead of 6-step control, the device only outputs 2 steps based
on the U phase Hall sensor signal. The direction of driving current is based on the FR input and the commutation
mode setting. Table 3 shows the startup logic. For example, if 0° Hall placement is selected (CMTMOD pin
equals to High), FR equals to high, and U phase Hall sensor signal is high, DRV10970 will drive U phase PWM
and both V and W phase low.
Table 3. Single Hall Startup Commutation Table
PHASE OUTPUT
HALL
PLACEMENT
HALL SIGNAL
0°
1
FR = 1
FR = 0
U
V
W
U
V
W
PWM
LOW
LOW
LOW
PWM
PWM
0°
0
LOW
PWM
PWM
PWM
LOW
LOW
30°
1
PWM
LOW
Hi-Z
LOW
PWM
Hi-Z
30°
0
LOW
PWM
Hi-Z
PWM
LOW
Hi-Z
Hi-Z
LOW
PWM
Hi-Z
LOW
PWM
Single Hall Align
Cycle-by-cycle current limit is effective during single Hall sensor startup. After 6 electrical cycles of startup, the
device will switch to sinusoidal mode of operation. If current limit is triggered, sinusoidal control will transit back
to 2-step drive mode, same as startup sequence. Refer to Current Limit and OCP.
Note that single Hall sensor operation mode may exhibit slight reverse spin of the rotor during startup. The
reverse movement will be less than 180 electrical degrees.
The rotor locked condition is detected when no U-phase hall switching for about 700ms. For certain low inertia
motors or no load condition, the rotor may continue to vibrate when the rotor is locked which may result in a hall
signal switching. This condition is not detected by the device as the hall period may look like a normal motor
spinning condition. In this scenario, the device may continue to drive the motor. Lowering the OC limit may help
resolve this condition.
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8.4.3 Adaptive Drive Angle Adjustment (ADAA) Mode
In sinusoidal mode, the phase voltage vector is driven such that phase current and BEMF voltages are aligned
(in-phase) in order to achieve the maximum motor efficiency possible. When Hall sensor is placed at 0°, the
BEMF voltage will be in-phase with respective Hall signals. The ADAA logic takes advantage of this fact and
aligns the U-phase current to the U-Hall sensor input.
If DAA pin is floating, the DRV10970 device will operate in the ADAA mode, in which case, the device
continuously monitors the phase difference between the U-phase current and U-phase Hall signal while adjusting
the phase voltage driving angle Δθ (with respect to the U-Hall sensor signal, same as U-BEMF zero crossing) to
align the current and Hall signal (shown in Figure 20). ADAA mode is the recommended mode of operation
where the motor efficiency is maximized irrespective of motor parameters, load conditions, and motor speeds.
ADAA mode is only available in sinusoidal mode and 0° Hall sensor placement. The motors with 30° Hall
placement may use the fixed drive angle feature to achieve maximum system efficiency for a given application.
U phase voltage
U phase current
U phase Hall signal
U phase BEMF
û§
Figure 20. Adaptive Drive Angle Adjustment
For sinusoidal mode and 0° Hall sensor placement, if DAA pin is connected to GND, voltage driving angle will be
fixed at 10°. If DAA pin is connected to VINT, voltage driving angle will be fixed at 5°.
For sinusoidal mode and 30° Hall sensor placement, if DAA is floating, voltage drive angle will be fixed at 0°.
DAA pin is connected to GND, voltage driving angle will be fixed at 10°. If the DAA pin is connected to VINT,
voltage driving angle will be fixed at 5°.
In trapezoidal operation mode, DAA input is ignored and always control the output based on Table 2.
Table 4 shows the DRV10970 operation modes with DAA and CMT_MOD configurations.
Table 4. DAA and CMT_MOD Configurations
MODE
CMT_MOD =
floating
MOTOR
TYPE
HALL
PLACEMENT
Trapezoidal
30°
Trapezoidal mode, DAA signal is ignored.
0°
ADAA
10° drive angle
5° drive angle
BEMF zero crossing and Hall crossing will be
in-sync.
30°
0° drive angle
10° drive angle
5° drive angle
The drive angle is specified with respect to
BEMF zero crossing. When measured with
respect to Hall-U signal, add 30°.
CMT_MOD =
GND
CMT_MOD =
VINT
20
DAA = FLOATING
DAA = GND
DAA = VINT
COMMENTS
The Trapezoidal motor with 0° Hall placement
may use 30 degree Hall delay (OTP setting) to
achieve optimum driving.
Sinusoidal
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9 Application and Implementation
NOTE
Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component
specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are
responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should
validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.
9.1 Application Information
9.1.1 Hall Sensor Configuration and Connections
Hall sensors must be connected to the DRV10970 to provide the feedback of the motor position. The DRV10970
Hall sensor input circuit is capable of interfacing with a variety of Hall sensors, and with two different ways of Hall
sensor placement, which are 0° placement and 30° placement.
Typically, a Hall element is used, which outputs a differential signal on the order of 100 mV or higher. The VINT
regulator can be used for powering the Hall sensors, which eliminates the need for an external regulator. The
Hall elements can be connected in serial or parallel as shown in Figure 21 and Figure 22.
VINT
VINT
U
Hall
U_HP
CH
U_HN
DRV10970
V
Hall
V_HP
CH
V_HN
W
Hall
W_HP
CH
W_HN
Figure 21. Serial Hall Element Connection
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Application Information (continued)
VINT
VINT
U
Hall
U_HP
VINT
CH
U_HN
VINT
DRV10970
V
Hall
V_HP
CH
V_HN
W
Hall
W_HP
CH
W_HN
Figure 22. Parallel Hall Element Connection
Noise on the Hall signal degrades the commutation performance of the device. Therefore, take utmost care to
minimize the noise while routing the Hall signals to the device inputs. The device internally has fixed time hall
filtering of about 320 µs. To further minimize the high-frequency noise, a noise filtering capacitor may be
connected across x_HP and x_HN pins as shown in Figure 21 andFigure 22. The value of the capacitor can be
selected such that the RC time constant is in the range of 0.1 to 2 µs. For example, Hall sensor with internal
impedance (between Hall output to ground) of 1 kΩ, CH value is 1 µF for 1-µs time constant.
Some motors integrate Hall sensors that provide logic outputs with open-drain type. These sensors can also be
used with the DRV10970, with circuits shown in Figure 23. The negative (x_HN) inputs are biased to 2.5 V by a
pair of resistors between VINT and ground. For open-drain type Hall sensors, an additional pullup resistor to
supply is needed on the positive (x_HP) input, where VINT is used again. The VINT output may be used to
supply power to the Hall sensors as well.
22
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Application Information (continued)
VINT
VINT
VINT
U
Hall IC
U_HP
VINT / 2
VINT
U_HN
DRV10970
VINT / 2
V
Hall IC
V_HP
VINT
V_HN
VINT / 2
W
Hall
W_HP
W_HN
VINT / 2
Figure 23. Hall IC Connection
The correspondence between the phase U, V, W and the Hall signal U, V, W needs to follow the DRV10970
definition, which is:
1. Phase U is leading phase W by 120°, phase W is leading phase V by 120°. The Hall signal positive output is
aligned with respective phase BEMF. Choose FR = 1 and 0° placement option (see Figure 24).
2. Phase U is leading phase V by 120°, phase V is leading phase W by 120°. The Hall signal positive output is
aligned with respective phase BEMF in the opposite direction. Choose FR = 0 and 0° placement option (see
Figure 25).
3. Phase U is leading phase W by 120°, phase W is leading phase V by 120°. The Hall signal positive output is
30° lagging of respective phase BEMF. Choose FR = 1 and 30° placement option (see Figure 26).
4. Phase U is leading phase V by 120°, phase V is leading phase W by 120°. The Hall signal positive output is
30° leading of respective phase BEMF. Choose FR = 0 and 30° placement option (see Table 2 and
Figure 29).
The correspondence and sequency is also applied to applications using open-drain output Hall ICs. Figure 28 is
an example of FR = 0, and 30° placement condition.
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Application Information (continued)
U
W
V
Phase BEMF
U_HP
Hall element output
(U)
U_HN
V_HP
Hall element output
(V)
Hall element output
(W)
V_HN
W_HN
W_HP
FR = 1
Hall placement = 0 degree
Differential output Hall element
Figure 24. Correspondence Between Motor BEMF and Hall Signal
(FR = 1, 0° Placement)
U
V
W
Phase BEMF
U_HN
Hall element output
(U)
Hall element output
(V)
U_HP
V_HP
V_HN
W_HN
Hall element output
(W)
W_HP
FR = 0
Hall placement = 0 degree
Differential output Hall element
Figure 25. Correspondence Between Motor BEMF and Hall Signal
(FR = 0, 0° Placement)
24
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Application Information (continued)
U
W
V
Phase BEMF
30ö
U_HP
Hall element output
(U)
Hall element output
(V)
Hall element output
(W)
30ö
30ö
U_HN
V_HP
V_HN
W_HN
W_HP
FR = 1
Hall placement = 30 degree
Differential output Hall element
Figure 26. Correspondence Between Motor BEMF and Hall Signal
(FR = 1, 30° Placement)
U
V
W
Phase BEMF
30|
U_HN
Hall element output
(U)
U_HP
30|
30|
Hall element output V_HP
(V)
V_HN
W_HN
Hall element output
(W)
W_HP
FR = 0
Hall placement = 30°
Differential output Hall element
Figure 27. Correspondence Between Motor BEMF and Hall Signal
(FR = 0, 30° Placement)
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Application Information (continued)
U
W
V
Phase BEMF
30|
30|
30|
Hall IC output (U)
Hall IC output (V)
Hall IC output (W)
FR = 1
Hall placement = 30 degree
OC output Hall IC
Figure 28. Correspondence Between Motor BEMF and Hall Signal
(FR = 1, 30° Placement, Hall IC)
U
V
W
Phase BEMF
30|
30|
30|
Hall IC output (U)
Hall IC output (V)
Hall IC output (W)
FR = 0
Hall placement = 30°
OC output Hall IC
Figure 29. Correspondence Between Motor BEMF and Hall Signal
(FR = 0, 30° Placement, Hall IC)
If the motor terminal definition is different from the previous description, rename the motor phase U, V, W, or the
Hall U, V, W, or swap the positive and negative of the Hall sensor output to make it match.
Use these tips to find the correct U, V, and W phases and the respective Hall sensors:
1. Assume motor phases and Hall outputs do not have labels. If named, remove them.
2. Label A, B, C to the motor terminals (phases). Label Da and Db, Ea and Eb, Fa and Fb to the Hall output
pairs. If Hall ICs are used, just label the digital outputs as D, E, F.
3. Use three 10-kΩ resistors, connect them to motor terminals - A, B, C with star connection. The center is
called COM.
4. Provide power to the Hall sensors.
26
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Application Information (continued)
5. Use 4 channel Scope to observe signals. Connect probe -1, 2, 3 to A, B, C terminals of the motor (phases),
probe-4 connects to Hall Da (or D). Name the probe 1 (terminal-A) as U-phase. (see Figure 30)
6. Turn the rotor manually in clock-wise direction. If the waveform on probe-1 (U-phase) is leading probe-2
(terminal-B) by 120°, name the terminal-B as phase W and terminal-C as phase V. Else if waveform on the
probe-2 is leading probe 1 (U) by 120°, terminal-B as V, terminal-C as W. At this stage all three phases of
the motor are identified.
7. Motor manufacturers have two popular Hall placement options. The first is 0° Hall placement (BEMF and Hall
signals are in-phase) and the second is 30° Hall placement (BEMF leads Hall signal by 30°). If the probe-4 is
in-phase (or lagging 30°) with phase-U, name Da as Hall U positive (U_HP), Db as Hall U negative (U_HN).
If probe-4 is in-phase with phase U (or lagging 30°), but inverted polarity, name Da as U_HN, Db as U_HP. If
the probe-4 is not in-phase (or lagging 30°) with respect to U but aligns with phase-V or W, name accordingly
as V_HP/V_HN or W_HP/W_HN. Repeat this step to map Ea/Eb and Fa/Fb in the same way. By end of this
step, all three sets of Hall signals are mapped to respective phase signals - phase U & Hall U_HP/HN, phase
V & Hall V_HP/V_HN and phase W and W_HP/W_HN. Care should be taken while judging 30° Hall
placement, sometimes 30° and 60° look alike. If U phase is leading Hall Da by 60°, there will be another
phase (V or W) with in-phase or lagging by 30° relationship. Hence it's important to check all three phases
before concluding.
8. When Hall ICs are used, if the Hall D is in-phase or lagging 30° with respect to phase U but inverted polarity,
name the Hall D output as U_HN, and 2.5-V reference voltage to U_HP. If Hall D is leading 30°, then turn the
rotor in counter clock-wise direction and map remaining E & F Hall outputs.
9. After phase UVW and Hall UVW positive negative are identified, manually rotate the motor again, check if
the result matches Figure 24 and Figure 25 (0° placement) or Figure 26 and Figure 25 (30° placement).
10. Connect U,V,W and Hall U,V,W to the DRV10970, with the FR = 1, it should rotate with direction you
manually spun it. Connect FR = 0, the motor will spin in the other direction.
Scope
Ea
Hall
Eb
B
A
Da
Hall
Fa
Db
Hall
Fb
C
Figure 30. Motor Measurement
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9.2 Typical Application
VCC VCC
RFG
R RD
C SW
CPP CPN
FG
RD
U
VCP
C VCP
VM
M
V
C VM
VINT
C VINT
GND
GND/VINT
VINT/VCC
W
R HALL
BRKMOD
GND/VINT/FLOATING
DAA
GND/VINT/FLOATING
CMTMOD
GND/VINT
U_HP
U_HALL
U_HN
FR
V_HP
RETRY
CRETRY
V_HALL
V_HN
PWM
W_HN
CS
W_HALL
W_HP
R CS
Figure 31. Typical Application Schematic
9.2.1 Design Requirements
Table 5 gives design input parameters for system design.
Table 5. Design Parameters
DESIGN PARAMETER
EXAMPLE VALUE
Supply voltage
5 to 18 V
Continuous operation current
0 to 1 A
Peak current
1.5 A
Hall sensor differential output peak
>40 mV
PWM input frequency
15 to 100 kHz
PWM duty cycle
0% to 100%
9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
•
•
•
•
•
28
Refer to Design Requirements and make sure the system meets the recommended application range.
Refer to Hall Sensor Configuration and Connections and make sure correct phases and corresponding hall
signals are identified.
Refer to Hall Sensor Configuration and Connections and make sure hall signals are connected accurately.
Build your hardware based on Layout Guidelines.
Connect the device into system and validate your system.
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9.2.3 Application Curves
U-Phase
U-Phase
FG
FG
V-Phase Current
6 cycles Trapezoidal Commutation
Align State
U-Phase
Current
2-steps
Commutation
Sinusoidal Commutation
U-Phase Current
Figure 32. Three Hall Start-up Sequence
Figure 33. Single Hall Start-up Sequence
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10 Power Supply Recommendations
The DRV10970 is designed to operate from an input voltage supply (VM) range between 5 and 18 V. Place a 10µF ceramic capacitor rated for VM as close as possible to the DRV10970.
11 Layout
11.1 Layout Guidelines
The VM terminal should be bypassed to GND using a low-ESR ceramic bypass capacitor with a recommended
value of 10-µF rated for VM. Place this capacitor as close as possible to the VM pin with a thick trace or ground
plane connection to the device GND pin.
The CRETRY capacitor should be placed as close to the RETRY pin as possible with a thick trace or ground plane
connection to the device GND pin.
A low-ESR ceramic capacitor must be placed in between the CPN and CPP pins. TI recommends a value of 0.1µF rated for VM. Place this component as close as possible to the pins.
A low-ESR ceramic capacitor must be placed in between the VM and VCP pins. TI recommends a value of 1-µF
rated for 16 V. Place this component as close as possible to the pins.
Bypass VINT to ground with 2.2-µF ceramic capacitors rated for 10 V. Place these bypassing capacitors as close
to the pins as possible.
Because the GND pin carries motor current, take utmost care while planning grounding scheme, keep the ground
potential difference between any two points less than 100 mV.
11.2 Layout Example
Logic High
3. 3 kŸ
DAA
FG
U_HP
FR
U_HN
RETRY
V_HP
BRKMOD
V_HN
CMTMOD
W_HP
PWM
W_HN
RD
VCP
CS
CPP
VINT
CPN
VM
W
U
Motor
Phase U
GND
V
Motor
Phase V
1
GND
3. 3 kŸ
GND
2. 2 µF
1 µF
0. 1 µF
Motor
Phase W
+
VM
HS
LS
Figure 34. Layout Schematic
30
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12 Device and Documentation Support
12.1 Community Resources
The following links connect to TI community resources. Linked contents are provided "AS IS" by the respective
contributors. They do not constitute TI specifications and do not necessarily reflect TI's views; see TI's Terms of
Use.
TI E2E™ Online Community TI's Engineer-to-Engineer (E2E) Community. Created to foster collaboration
among engineers. At e2e.ti.com, you can ask questions, share knowledge, explore ideas and help
solve problems with fellow engineers.
Design Support TI's Design Support Quickly find helpful E2E forums along with design support tools and
contact information for technical support.
12.2 Trademarks
PowerPAD, E2E are trademarks of Texas Instruments.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
12.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
These devices have limited built-in ESD protection. The leads should be shorted together or the device placed in conductive foam
during storage or handling to prevent electrostatic damage to the MOS gates.
12.4 Glossary
SLYZ022 — TI Glossary.
This glossary lists and explains terms, acronyms, and definitions.
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13 Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information
The following pages include mechanical, packaging, and orderable information. This information is the most
current data available for the designated devices. This data is subject to change without notice and revision of
this document. For browser-based versions of this data sheet, refer to the left-hand navigation.
32
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PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
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3-Aug-2017
PACKAGING INFORMATION
Orderable Device
Status
(1)
Package Type Package Pins Package
Drawing
Qty
Eco Plan
Lead/Ball Finish
MSL Peak Temp
(2)
(6)
(3)
Op Temp (°C)
Device Marking
(4/5)
DRV10970PWP
ACTIVE
HTSSOP
PWP
24
60
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-2-260C-1 YEAR
-40 to 125
DRV10970
DRV10970PWPR
ACTIVE
HTSSOP
PWP
24
2000
Green (RoHS
& no Sb/Br)
CU NIPDAU
Level-2-260C-1 YEAR
-40 to 125
DRV10970
(1)
The marketing status values are defined as follows:
ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.
LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.
NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.
PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.
OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.
(2)
RoHS: TI defines "RoHS" to mean semiconductor products that are compliant with the current EU RoHS requirements for all 10 RoHS substances, including the requirement that RoHS substance
do not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, "RoHS" products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes. TI may
reference these types of products as "Pb-Free".
RoHS Exempt: TI defines "RoHS Exempt" to mean products that contain lead but are compliant with EU RoHS pursuant to a specific EU RoHS exemption.
Green: TI defines "Green" to mean the content of Chlorine (Cl) and Bromine (Br) based flame retardants meet JS709B low halogen requirements of <=1000ppm threshold. Antimony trioxide based
flame retardants must also meet the <=1000ppm threshold requirement.
(3)
MSL, Peak Temp. - The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.
(4)
There may be additional marking, which relates to the logo, the lot trace code information, or the environmental category on the device.
(5)
Multiple Device Markings will be inside parentheses. Only one Device Marking contained in parentheses and separated by a "~" will appear on a device. If a line is indented then it is a continuation
of the previous line and the two combined represent the entire Device Marking for that device.
(6)
Lead/Ball Finish - Orderable Devices may have multiple material finish options. Finish options are separated by a vertical ruled line. Lead/Ball Finish values may wrap to two lines if the finish
value exceeds the maximum column width.
Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information
provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and
continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals.
TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release.
In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis.
Addendum-Page 1
Samples
PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM
www.ti.com
3-Aug-2017
Addendum-Page 2
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
26-Feb-2019
TAPE AND REEL INFORMATION
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
DRV10970PWPR
Package Package Pins
Type Drawing
SPQ
HTSSOP
2000
PWP
24
Reel
Reel
A0
Diameter Width (mm)
(mm) W1 (mm)
330.0
16.4
Pack Materials-Page 1
6.95
B0
(mm)
K0
(mm)
P1
(mm)
8.3
1.6
8.0
W
Pin1
(mm) Quadrant
16.0
Q1
PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION
www.ti.com
26-Feb-2019
*All dimensions are nominal
Device
Package Type
Package Drawing
Pins
SPQ
Length (mm)
Width (mm)
Height (mm)
DRV10970PWPR
HTSSOP
PWP
24
2000
350.0
350.0
43.0
Pack Materials-Page 2
GENERIC PACKAGE VIEW
TM
PWP 24
PowerPAD TSSOP - 1.2 mm max height
PLASTIC SMALL OUTLINE
4.4 x 7.6, 0.65 mm pitch
This image is a representation of the package family, actual package may vary.
Refer to the product data sheet for package details.
4224742/B
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AND WITH ALL FAULTS, AND DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS AND IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT OF THIRD
PARTY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.
These resources are intended for skilled developers designing with TI products. You are solely responsible for (1) selecting the appropriate
TI products for your application, (2) designing, validating and testing your application, and (3) ensuring your application meets applicable
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Mailing Address: Texas Instruments, Post Office Box 655303, Dallas, Texas 75265
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