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Texas Instruments DRV11873 EVM (Rev. A) User guides
User's Guide
SLWU083A – February 2013 – Revised April 2013
DRV11873 Evaluation Module
This document is provided with the DRV11873 customer evaluation module (EVM) as a supplement to the
DRV11873 datasheet (SLWS237). It details the hardware implementation of the EVM.
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3
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Contents
PCB (Top 3D View) .........................................................................................................
Introduction ..................................................................................................................
2.1
Power Connectors .................................................................................................
2.2
Test Points ..........................................................................................................
2.3
Jumpers .............................................................................................................
2.4
Speed Adjust Potentiometer (R6) ................................................................................
2.5
Motor Outputs ......................................................................................................
2.6
Operation of the EVM .............................................................................................
Schematic ....................................................................................................................
Bill of Materials ..............................................................................................................
2
2
2
3
4
6
7
7
8
9
List of Figures
1
Top View (H1 Power Supply Header) ....................................................................................
3
2
Jumper Settings .............................................................................................................
4
3
FG Test Point ................................................................................................................
5
4
DRV11873 Speed-Adjust Potentiometer .................................................................................
6
5
DRV11873 Motor Outputs .................................................................................................
7
6
DRV11873 Schematic ......................................................................................................
8
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DRV11873 Evaluation Module
1
PCB (Top 3D View)
1
PCB (Top 3D View)
2
Introduction
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The DRV11873EVM is a complete solution for evaluating the DRV11873 12-V, three-phase, sensorless
BLDC motor driver. It includes a TLC555 timer configured to supply a PWM to the DRV11873, a
potentiometer to adjust the speed of the motor by varying the duty cycle of the PWM, a jumper on the FG
pin to allow the use of an external pull-up resistor, and a jumper on the RD pin to indicate that the motor
has entered a lock protection state. The DRV11873EVM also has a jumper on the FR pin to select forward
or reverse and a jumper on the FS pin to vary for high- or low-speed motor applications. Power can be
provided externally, up to 16 V, through the power header. The PWM, RD, FG, and GND signals are all
brought out to surface mounted test points.
The DRV11873EVM is configured so that connections to only the motor and power supply are required.
2.1
Power Connectors
The DRV11873EVM uses a combination of headers for the application and monitoring of power. For the
EVM, only a single power-supply rail is necessary. Minimum recommended Vin for the EVM is 5 V and
maximum is 16 V. Please see the datasheet for the DRV11873 for complete voltage range information of
the driver itself. When power is supplied to the board a green LED (D3) in the upper-left corner should
enable.
The overcurrent threshold setup pin sets the current limit for the device and is connected to a 3.3-kΩ
resistor (R3) on the DRV11873EVM. This sets the current limit at 2 A for the DRV11873. This resistor can
be replaced and a new current limit set using Equation 1. Please see the datasheet for the DRV11873 for
more information on the overcurrent threshold setup pin.
ILIMIT (mA) = 6600 / RCS (Ω) for 500 mA < ILIMIT < 2000 mA
2
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Introduction
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VCC for the DRV11873 is directly taken off the H1 power supply header. The H1 header is located on the
top side of the EVM near the top of the board as shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1. Top View (H1 Power Supply Header)
2.2
Test Points
Test points are provided and labeled according to the inputs and outputs of the DRV11873 motor driver.
The signals brought out to test points are labeled FG, RD, PWM, and GND.
The signal PWM is generated by circuitry on the EVM. In order to provide your own PWM signal to the
motor driver, remove the 0.0-Ω resistor (R5) and connect your own PWM signal to the PWM test point.
The PWM signal generated by the circuitry on the EVM is approximately 25 kHz and can be adjusted from
5% to 95% duty cycle by the potentiometer (R6) located on the EVM.
The FG signal’s frequency represents the motor speed and phase information.
RPM = (FG × 60) / pole pairs
(2)
Please refer to the datasheet of the DRV11873 for more information regarding the FG pin.
The RD pin is an open drain output which is tied to 5 V through a pull-up resistor. In this case, the pull-up
resistor value (R8) is 100 kΩ. During the lock protection condition, RD output remains high until the lock
protection is dismissed and restart completed. A current limit function has been built in for the RD pin
which prevents the open drain MOSFET from damage in case VCC or 5 V directly connects to the RD pin.
Please refer to the datasheet of the DRV11873 for more information regarding the RD pin.
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Introduction
2.3
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Jumpers
There are four jumpers (J1 – J4) on the EVM that are normally installed.
Jumper J1 connects the FR pin of the DRV11873. When installed, the pin is set low for forward rotation.
When removed, the pin is pulled high and the motor will spin in reverse.
Jumper J2 connects the FS pin of the DRV11873 to adjust for different speed selections for various
applications. When installed, the FS pin is set to pull low. When J2 is open, the FS pin pulls high.
Jumper J3 connects the FG pin of the DRV11873 to an onboard pull-up resistor to 5 V. Remove jumper J3
if the use of an external pull-up resistor is desired.
Jumper J4 is used to connect the RD pin of the DRV11873 through a pull-up resistor to 5 V. When
removed, the pin will float.
For normal operation right out of the box, all jumpers should be installed.
Figure 2. Jumper Settings
2.3.1
FR Forward and Reverse (J1) Jumper
J1 can be found in Figure 2. Installing the jumper connects the FR pin on the DRV11873 to GND. When
the FR pin is tied to GND, the motor is set to spin in forward rotation. When removed, the pin is pulled
high and the motor will spin in reverse. FR is latched upon power to the EVM so power must be
cycled in order for the motor direction to change.
2.3.2
FS Frequency Select (J2) Jumper
J2 can be found in Figure 2. Installing the jumper connects the FS pin on the DRV11873 to GND. When
the FS pin is tied to GND, the DRV11873 is set for optimized startup for low fan speed motors with high
motor winding resistance and high inductance. With the jumper out, the FS pin pulls up to VCC through a
pull-up resistor. When the FS pin is tied to VCC, the DRV11873 is optimized for startup for high speed fan
motors with low motor winding resistance and high inductance. FS is latched upon power to the EVM so
power must be cycled in order for the FS output to change.
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Introduction
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2.3.3
FS Frequency Generator (J3) Jumper
J3 can be found in Figure 2. Installing the jumper will connect the FG pin of the DRV11873 to an on board
pull-up resistor. If you wish to make an external connection to FG, the jumper can be removed and the FG
test point provides a direct connection to the FG pin of the DRV11873. The FG test point is highlighted in
Figure 3. Please note that if the jumper is removed, an external pull-up resistor is needed for connection
of FG to an external system. For more information regarding the FG pin please refer to the DRV11873
datasheet (SLWS237).
Figure 3. FG Test Point
2.3.4
RD Rotation Detection (J4) Jumper
The RD pin is an open-drain output which is tied to 5 V through a pull-up resistor when J4 is in place. In
this case, the pull-up resistor value (R8) is 100 kΩ. During the lock protection condition, RD output
remains high until the lock protection is dismissed and restart completed. With J4 removed, the pin will
float when the lock protection condition occurs. The jumper allows for external pull-up resistors to be used
to change the value of RD when lock detection takes place. Please refer to the datasheet of the
DRV11873 for more information regarding the RD pin.
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Introduction
2.4
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Speed Adjust Potentiometer (R6)
The speed-adjust potentiometer Spd_Adj can be found in Figure 4. The potentiometer adjusts the duty
cycle of the PWM signal which, will in turn, adjust the speed of the motor. In order to lower the duty cycle,
and in turn, lower the speed, turn the potentiometer clockwise. In order to increase the duty cycle, and in
turn, increase the speed, turn the potentiometer counter-clockwise.
Figure 4. DRV11873 Speed-Adjust Potentiometer
The onboard PWM signal for the DRV11873 is generated by a circuit based upon TI's TLC555 Low Power
Timer. It is capable of an approximately 25-kHz output that can be adjusted from 5% to 95% duty cycle.
This square output signal will switch from 0 V to 5 V.
In order to provide an external PWM signal to the DRV11873, first remove the 0.0-Ω resistor, R5.
Next, connect the external PWM signal to the PWM surface mounted test point. For more information
on the PWM input required by the DRV11873 please refer to the datasheet.
6
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2.5
Motor Outputs
Connect a three-phase 12-V BLDC motor to pins A, B, C, and COM of the header H2. Polarity is not
critical for A, B, and C. The motor outputs are located on H2 as shown in Figure 5.
Figure 5. DRV11873 Motor Outputs
2.6
Operation of the EVM
1. Connect a 12-V, three-phase BLDC motor to pins A, B, C, and COM of H2.
2. Adjust the Spd_Adj potentiometer (R6) to minimum voltage by turning it all the way clockwise. This will
minimize the motor speed.
3. Apply power to the H1 header.
4. Adjust the Spd_Adj potentiometer counter-clockwise towards the motor outputs to increase speed and
the motor will start to turn. Continue adjusting as desired.
5. To change direction, disconnect power and remove J4.
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Schematic
3
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Schematic
Figure 6 is the DRV11873 schematic.
Figure 6. DRV11873 Schematic
8
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Bill of Materials
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4
Bill of Materials
Table 1 is the bill of materials for the EVM.
Table 1. DRV11873 Bill of Materials
Description
Designator
DigiKey Part #
Manufacturer
MFG Part Number
Qty
CAP CER 10UF 25V 10% X5R
0805
C1, C3
490-5523-1-ND
Murata Electronics North
America
GRM21BR61E106K
A73L
2
CAP CER 2.2UF 25V 10% X5R C2
0603
587-2909-1-ND
Taiyo Yuden
TMK107ABJ225KAT
1
CAP CER 0.1UF 25V Y5V
0402
C4, C5, C7
445-3445-1-ND
TDK Corporation
C1005Y5V1E104Z
3
CAP CER 10000PF 25V 10%
X7R 0402
C6, C8
445-1260-1-ND
TDK Corporation
C1005X7R1E103K
2
DIODE SCHOTTKY 1A 40V
MICROSMP
D1, D2
MSS1P4-M3/89AGICT-ND
Vishay General
Semiconductor
MSS1P4-M3/89A
2
LED 1.6X0.8MM 570NM GRN
CLR SMD
D3
754-1116-1-ND
Stanley Electric & Co
HBR1105W-TR
1
PC TEST POINT MINIATURE
SMT
FG, GND, PWM, RD
534-5019 (Mouser)
Keystone Electronics
5019
4
Header, 2-Pin
H1, J1, J2, J3, J4
3M9447-ND
3M
961102-6404-AR
5
Header, 4-Pin
H2
3M9449-ND
3M
961104-6404-AR
1
RES 330 OHM 1/10W 5% 0402 R1
SMD
P330JCT-ND
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-2GEJ331X
1
RES 10K OHM 1/10W 5%
0402 SMD
R2, R4, R9
P10KJCT-ND
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-2GEJ103X
3
RES 3.3K OHM 1/10W 5%
0402 SMD
R3
P3.3KJCT-ND
Panasonic Electronic
Components
ERJ-2GEJ332X
1
RES 0.0 OHM 1/16W 0402
SMD
R5
311-0.0JRCT-ND
Yageo
RC0402JR-070RL
1
POT 5.0K OHM
THUMBWHEEL CERM ST
R6
3352T-502LF-ND
Bourns Inc.
3352T-1-502LF
1
RES 100K OHM 1/10W 5%
0402 SMD
R7, R8
P100KJCT-ND
Panasonic - ECG
ERJ-2GEJ104X
2
RES 1DNP 5% 0603 SMD
R10, R11, R12
DNP
DNP
DNP
3
IC OSC MONO TIMING
2.1MHZ 8-SOIC
U1
296-10341-1-ND
Texas Instruments
TLC555QDR
1
12-V, 3-PHASE,
SENSORLESS BLDC MOTOR
DRIVER
U2
Supplied
Texas Instruments
DRV11873
1
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DRV11873 Evaluation Module
9
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