Texas Instruments | Design of UVLO for LM27313 (Rev. B) | Application notes | Texas Instruments Design of UVLO for LM27313 (Rev. B) Application notes

Texas Instruments Design of UVLO for LM27313 (Rev. B) Application notes
Application Report
SLVA638B – April 2014 – Revised April 2014
Design of UVLO for LM27313
Dheemanth Prabhu Hejamady; Dilip Mohol
ABSTRACT
This application note describes a novel and economic design of an undervoltage lockout (UVLO) for
LM27313. The UVLO is designed to prevent switching current from increasing beyond the maximum rated
limit, hence, preventing the device from overheating.
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Contents
Introduction ...................................................................................................................
Need for Undervoltage Shutdown .........................................................................................
Characteristics of the Shutdown Pin ......................................................................................
UVLO Circuit .................................................................................................................
Conclusion ....................................................................................................................
References ...................................................................................................................
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3
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4
List of Figures
.............................................................................................
.................................................................................................................
Final Circuit with UVLO .....................................................................................................
1
Initial Boost Converter Design
2
2
UVLO Circuit
3
3
4
List of Tables
1
Design Efficiency............................................................................................................. 2
2
Operating State at the Shutdown Pin ..................................................................................... 3
SLVA638B – April 2014 – Revised April 2014
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1
Introduction
1
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Introduction
The LM 27313 is a boost converter with a fixed switching frequency of 1.6 MHz. The design illustrated in
Figure 1 is for a mobile charging application. The charging is being performed with an output current of
500 mA.
J1
33 uH
1
2
MBR0540T
J3
D1
8
TBLK_15A_2X5.1MM
1
1
C2
2
3
+
4
C3
10 uF
470 pF
2
R2
3
42 kW
+
C1
2.2 uF
U1
LM27313
SW
VIN
5
1
GND
FB
R1
51 kW
2
SHDN 4
R3
7
13 kW
spacerspacerspacerspacerspacerspacVIN = 3 V to 5 V, VOUT = 5V, IOUT = 500 mA
Figure 1. Initial Boost Converter Design
2
Need for Undervoltage Shutdown
Now observations on efficiency for variations in input voltages were made on this design and are listed in
Table 1.
Table 1. Design Efficiency
VIN
IIN
VOUT
IOUT
PIN
POUT
Efficiency
2.989
0.99
4.799
0.398
2.95911
1.910002
64.546502
3.464
0.71
4.915
0.41
2.45944
2.01515
81.935319
3.766
0.62
4.922
0.411
2.33492
2.022942
86.6386
4.025
0.57
4.927
0.411
2.29425
2.024997
88.264008
4.234
0.54
4.931
0.411
2.28636
2.026641
88.640503
From the observations in Table 1, it is evident that the input current increases above 700 mA for an input
voltage below 3.5 V. Also, the efficiency of the same reduces rapidly to as low as 64.5% at VIN = 3 V.
This increase in input current exceeds the current limit of the device (1.25 A – peak current) and causes
the device to heat up, therefore, the IC must be shut down when the input voltage falls below 3.5 V. This
can be achieved by utilizing the characteristics of the shutdown pin of LM27313.
2
Design of UVLO for LM27313
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Characteristics of the Shutdown Pin
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3
Characteristics of the Shutdown Pin
The device’s state of operation (ON/OFF) can be decided by the voltage at the shutdown pin (VSHDN).
Table 2 shows its characteristics:
Table 2. Operating State at the Shutdown Pin
VSHDN
Operating State
Units
≤ 0.5
OFF
Volts
≥ 1.5
ON
Volts
Hence, a circuit is to be designed such that the VSHDN ≤ 0.5 V for VIN ≤ 3.5 V and VSHDN > 1.5 V for VIN >
3.5 V.
4
UVLO Circuit
Figure 2 shows a UVLO circuit.
Figure 2. UVLO Circuit
4.1
Circuit Behavior
When the voltage across VIN ≥ 3.6 V, the transistor T1 turns on, hence bypassing resistor R5. This causes
the voltage at the SHDN pin to go above 1.5 V, turning the IC on. But when VIN ≤ 3.5 V, the device turns
OFF.
SLVA638B – April 2014 – Revised April 2014
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3
UVLO Circuit
4.2
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Design Procedure
The design procedures are listed in following steps:
1. For the transistor to turn on, Vbe ≥ 0.6 V. So, according to the requirement, the voltage at the base of
the transistor should be less than 3 V.
2. This only happens if the potential difference across R3 and R4 is greater than 3 V.
3. The voltage divider values are decided with the following equation:
5 ´ R2
0.5 =
(1)
R1 + R2
4. Based on the potential difference between R3 and R4, the values of R3 and R4 are calculated to be:
3.1 ´ R3
= 2.9
R3 + R4
(2)
R6
18 kW
R7
120 kW
C5
2.2 uF
R5
Q1
BC857B
R8
24 kW
R1
82 kW
9 kW
J1
33 uH
1
MBR0540T
R4
2
1 kW
TBLK_15A_2X5.1MM
D2
C4
2.2 uF
J3
U1
LM27313
8
1
1
C2
2
3
C3 +
10 uF
470 pF
MBR0540T
R2
C1 +
2.2 uF
D1
2
3
42 kW
SW
VIN
5
R9
GND
20 kW
4
FB
SHDN
4
R3
7
13 kW
Figure 3. Final Circuit with UVLO
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Conclusion
The design of the UVLO allows us to limit the switching current and gives access to a wider range of
applications in which the LM27313 can be used. Furthermore, this method can be used with other similar
devices, some of which are listed here:
• LM2735
• TPS61170
• LMR62014
• LMR64010
• LMR62421
• TPS61260
• TPS61261
• LM3310
• LM4510
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References
1. LM27313 datasheet (SNVS487)
4
Design of UVLO for LM27313
SLVA638B – April 2014 – Revised April 2014
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Revision History
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Revision History
Changes from Original (April 2014) to A Revision .......................................................................................................... Page
•
•
•
•
Changed quality of image, improved position of values and units. .................................................................
Changed quality of image, improved position of values and units. .................................................................
Deleted TPS61241 and TPS61240 from the conclusion section ...................................................................
Added LMR62421 and LM4510 to the conclusion section...........................................................................
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4
4
4
NOTE: Page numbers for previous revisions may differ from page numbers in the current version.
Revision History
Changes from A Revision (April 2014) to B Revision .................................................................................................... Page
•
•
•
Changed UVLO Circuit image, was missing Vin and Vshdn......................................................................... 3
Changed equation in third step of the Design Procedure section. .................................................................. 4
Changed equation in fourth step of the Design Procedure section. ................................................................ 4
NOTE: Page numbers for previous revisions may differ from page numbers in the current version.
SLVA638B – April 2014 – Revised April 2014
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Revision History
Copyright © 2014, Texas Instruments Incorporated
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