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Texas Instruments Selecting the Best bq2425x Single Cell I2C, Standalone Switch-Mode Battery Charg Application notes
Application Report
SLUA685 – June 2013
Selecting the Best bq2425x Single Cell I2C, Standalone
Switch-Mode Battery Charger for your Application
Tahar Allag / James Smith
ABSTRACT
The bq2425x series of devices are highly integrated Li-Ion, Li-Pol, and LiFePO4 linear chargers devices
targeted at space limited portable applications. The devices operate from either a USB port or AC adapter.
This application note provides a selection table that highlights different specification and feature of these
bq2425x chargers. In application where both Standalone and I2C devices are needed, the bq24250,
bq24251, and bq24257 can be used. If a power path is required, consider using the bq24250, bq24251
and bq24253.
Table 1. Selection Table
Specification or Feature (19)
Default Battery Regulation Voltage (V)
(1)
Minimum Vin (V)
Maximum Vin (V)
EN1/EN2
(2)
(2)
bq24250
bq24251
bq24253
bq24253H
bq24257
4.2
4.2
4.2
4.34
4.2
bq24258
4.2
4.35
4.35
4.35
4.35
4.35
4.35
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.5
6.5
10.5
YES
NO
YES
YES
NO
YES
D+/D- Detection (3)
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES
NO
Battery Chemistry
Li-Ion/Li-Po
Li-Ion/Li-Po
Li-Ion/Li-Po
Li-Ion/Li-Po
Li-Ion/Li-Po
LiFePO4
USB/AC
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
INT(4)/STAT(5)
PG(6)/STAT(5)
PG(6)/CHG(7)
PG(6)/CHG(7)
PG(6)/STAT(5)
PG(6)/STAT(5)
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
2A
2A
2A
2A
2A
2A
I2C / Standalone
I2C / Standalone
Standalone
Standalone
I2C / Standalone
Standalone
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
NO
NO
YES
NO
20μF
20μF
20μF
20μF
1μF
1μF
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
NO
NO
YES
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES
NO
NO
Input OVP (14)
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
MINSYS (15)
3.5V
3.5V
3.5V
3.5V
N/A
N/A
Thermal Regulation/Shutdown (16)
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
VIN DPM (17)
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
Status Indicator
Voltage based TS
(8)
Max Input Charge Current (A)
Operation Mode
JEITA Compatible (9)
Production Test Mode
(10)
SYS/CIN Bypass Cap (min)
Safety Timer
(11)
Watchdog Timer
(12)
Power-Path MGMT
Package
(13)
(18)
WCSP-30 /QFN - 24
(1) Recommended Min/Max input voltage in which IC is operational. The IC also have input over voltage protect that can be set
from 6V to 10.5V using I2C commands.
(2) Input Current Limit Configuration Inputs: Controls input current and USB compliance. Selectable Input Current Limit include;
100mA, 150mA, 500mA, 900mA, 1.5A, and 2A. For the bq24258, the EN3 is also available to support USB 3.0 compliance.
(3) BC1.2 detection: D+ and D- can detect types of USB adaptors and adjust the maximum input current accordingly
(4) INT Charge Status Indication and Fault Interrupts: Low (FET on) indicates charging and Open Drain (FET off) indicates no
Charging or Charge complete. When a fault occurs, a 256μs pulse is sent as an indication to the external host. Also indicates
recharge cycles.
(5) Similar function as INT pin (4). The only difference is it can be disabled via I2C on EN_STAT bit on register 2.
(6) PG or Power Good: Low (FET on) indicates the input voltage is above UVLO and the OUT (battery) voltage.
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Selecting the Best bq2425x Single Cell I2C, Standalone Switch-Mode Battery
Charger for your Application
Copyright © 2013, Texas Instruments Incorporated
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(7) CHG is a Charge Status Indication: Low (FET on) indicates charging and Open Drain (FET off) indicates no Charging or
absence of a supply. This status pin does not indicate recharge cycles.
(8) Voltage based NTC: The TS function provides 4 thresholds for JEITA compatibility (PSE also available upon request). The
voltage based NTC monitor allows for the use of any NTC resistor with adding external resistors.
(9) The IC includes the integration of an NTC monitor pin that complies with the JEITA specification (PSE also available upon
request).
(10) PTM or Product Test Mode: In this mode the input current limit to the charger is disabled and the output current limit is limited
only by the inductor cycle-by-cycle current. This feature is useful for device product manufacturing testing. This feature is
disabled by default for SA spins.
(11) Safety Timer: The main purpose of this function is to prevent continuous charging of a defective battery. The safety timer time
is selectable using the I2C interface to 45min, 6hrs, or 9hrs. It set by default to 6 hours non-adjustable for SA devices.
(12) Watchdog Timer: it is an optional dynamic safety timer that monitors host through the I2C interface. If the watchdog timer
expires, the IC enters DEFAULT mode where the default charge parameters are loaded and charging continues.
(13) Power Path management: Allows IC to power the system from a high efficiency DC/DC converter while simultaneously and
independently charging the battery. Also permits the battery to supplement the system current requirements when the adapter
cannot deliver the peak system and battery load requirements.
(14) Input OVP: Input over-voltage protection is built to protect the IC against damage from over voltage on the input supply. When
VIN > VOVP, the bq2425x turns off the PWM converter, turns on the battery FET. The OVP threshold is programmable from 6
V to 10.5 V using VOVP bits in register #7 on the I2C devices. For the SA devices, the default OVP is applied.
(15) MINSYS: Minimum system voltage regulation.
(16) Thermal Regulation: The bq2425x will taper down the charge current in order to protect itself when the junction temperature of
the die exceeds 125°C. Thermal Shutdown Protection: The bq2425x will completely cut off the charge current and disables the
buck converter in order to protect the IC when the junction temperature of the die exceeds 150°C.
(17) VINDPM or input voltage based dynamic power management: If the input power supply reaches its current limit, the voltage
decreases. This feature monitors the input voltage, and once it drops below VIN_DPM threshold, the input current limit is
reduced to prevent further drop in the VIN. The VIN_DPM can be set externally or using I2C.
(18) Package Type
(19) If other features and specs are needed from this family, contact local TI sales office for more information. Note that the
bq24258 and 24253H are in product preview devices.
2
Selecting the Best bq2425x Single Cell I2C, Standalone Switch-Mode Battery
Charger for your Application
Copyright © 2013, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SLUA685 – June 2013
Submit Documentation Feedback
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