Texas Instruments | Simple Power Solution Using LDOs (Rev. B) | Application notes | Texas Instruments Simple Power Solution Using LDOs (Rev. B) Application notes

Texas Instruments Simple Power Solution Using LDOs (Rev. B) Application notes
Application Report
SLVA342B – June 2009 – Revised August 2011
Simple Power Solution Using LDOs
Ambreesh Tripathi .......................................................................... PMP - DC/DC Low-Power Converters
ABSTRACT
This reference design helps those desiring to design-in the TMS320C6742, TMS320C6746,
TMS320C6748, and OMAP-L132/L138. This design, employing sequenced power supplies, describes a
system with an input voltage of 3.3 V, and uses LDOs for a small, simple system.
Sequenced power supply architectures are becoming commonplace in high-performance microprocessor
and digital signal processor (DSP) systems. To save power and increase processing speeds, processor
cores have smaller geometry cells and require lower supply voltages than the system bus voltages. Power
management in these systems requires special attention. This application report addresses these topics
and suggests solutions for output voltage sequencing.
1
2
3
4
Contents
Introduction ..................................................................................................................
Power Requirements .......................................................................................................
Features ......................................................................................................................
List of Material ...............................................................................................................
2
2
3
6
List of Figures
1
PMP4980 Reference Design Schematic ................................................................................. 4
2
Optional Circuit for DVDD_A, DVDD_B, and DVDD_C ................................................................ 5
3
Sequencing in Start-Up Waveform
.......................................................................................
7
List of Tables
1
Power Requirements ....................................................................................................... 2
2
PMP4980 List of Material .................................................................................................. 6
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SLVA342B – June 2009 – Revised August 2011
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Simple Power Solution Using LDOs
1
Introduction
1
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Introduction
In dual voltage architectures, coordinated management of power supplies is necessary to avoid potential
problems and ensure reliable performance. Power supply designers must consider the timing and voltage
differences between core and I/O voltage supplies during power-up and power-down operations.
Sequencing refers to the order, timing and differential in which the two voltage rails are powered up and
down. A system designed without proper sequencing may be at risk for two types of failures. The first of
these represents a threat to the long term reliability of the dual voltage device, while the second is more
immediate, with the possibility of damaging interface circuits in the processor or system devices such as
memory, logic or data converter ICs
Another potential problem with improper supply sequencing is bus contention. Bus contention is a
condition when the processor and another device both attempt to control a bidirectional bus during power
up. Bus contention also may affect I/O reliability. Power supply designers must check the requirements
regarding bus contention for individual devices.
The power-on sequencing for the OMAP-L132/L138, TMS320C6742, TMS320C6746, and TMS320C6748
are shown in Table 1. No specific voltage ramp rate is required for any of the supplies as long as the
3.3-V rail never exceeds the 1.8-V rail by more than 2 V.
2
Power Requirements
The power requirements are as specified in Table 1.
Table 1. Power Requirements
VOLTAGE
(V)
PIN NAME
Imax
(mA)
TOLERANCE
SEQUENCING
ORDER
1.2
1
–25%, +10%
1 (3)
1.0 / 1.1 / 1.2
600
–9.75%, +10%
2
I/O
RTC_CVDD
Core
CVDD (4)
I/O
RVDD, PLL0_VDDA,
PLL1_VDDA, SATA_VDD,
USB_CVDD, USB0_VDDA12
1.2
200
–5%, +10%
3
I/O
USB0_VDDA18, USB1_VDDA18,
DDR_DVDD18, SATA_VDDR,
DVDD18
1.8
180
±5%
4
I/O
USB0_VDDA33, USB1_VDDA33
3.3
24
±5%
5
±5%
4/5
I/O
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
2
(1) (2)
DVDD3318_A, DVDD3318_B,
DVDD3318_C
1.8 / 3.3
50 / 90
(5)
TIMING
DELAY
If 1.8-V LVCMOS is used, power rails up with the 1.8-V rails. If 3.3-V LVCMOS is used, power it up with the ANALOG33 rails
(VDDA33_USB0/1)
No specific voltage ramp rate is required for any of the supplies as long asa LVCMOS33 (USB0_VDDA33, USB1_VDDA33)
never exceeds STATIC18 (USB0_VDDA18, USB1_VDDA18, DDR_DVDD18, SATA_VDDR, DVDD18) by more than 2 volts.
If RTC is not used/maintained on a separate supply, it can be included in the STATIC12 (fixed 1.2 V) group.
If using CVDD at fixed 1.2 V, all 1.2-V rails may be combined.
If DVDD3318_A, B, and C are powered independently, maximum power for each rail is 1/3 the above maximum power.
Simple Power Solution Using LDOs
SLVA342B – June 2009 – Revised August 2011
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Features
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3
Features
The design uses the LDOs.
INPUT VOLTAGE
~3.3 V
Simple (no DVFS)
COMBINE RTC AND STATIC 1.2
Core 1.2 V at 600 mA
TPS74801
Static 1.2 V + VRTC at 251 mA
TPS74701
Static 1.8 V at 230 mA
TPS71718
Static 3.3 V at 115 mA
TPS74801
Here VRTC is included in the STATIC12 (fixed 1.2V) group.
TPS74801 and TPS74701
• VOUT Range: 0.8 V to 3.6 V
• 2% Accuracy Over Line/Load/Temperature
• Programmable Soft-Start Provides Linear Voltage Startup
• Stable with Any Output Capacitor ≥ 2.2 μF
• Available in a Small 3-mm × 3-mm × 1-mm SON-10 and 5 × 5 QFN-20 Packages
TPS71718
• 150-mA Low-Dropout Regulator with Enable
• Low Noise: 30 μV typical (100 Hz to 100 kHz)
• Excellent Load/Line Transient Response
• Small SC70-5, 2-mm × 2-mm SON-6, and 1,5-mm × 1,5-mm SON-6 Packages
More information on the devices can be found from the data sheets.
• TPS74801; literature number SBVS074
• TPS74701; literature number SBVS099
• TPS71718; literature number SBVS068
SLVA342B – June 2009 – Revised August 2011
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Simple Power Solution Using LDOs
3
Features
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Figure 1. PMP4980 Reference Design Schematic
Proper sequencing is ensured in the design with the use of enable pins. As required, Core 1.2 V at 600
mA comes first, followed by Static 1.2 V + VRTC at 251 mA, Static 1.8 V at 230 mA which in turn enable
the LDO and hence at last Static 3.3 V at 115 mA comes up.
4
Simple Power Solution Using LDOs
SLVA342B – June 2009 – Revised August 2011
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Features
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(1)
Use three such LDOs to power up DVDDA, DVDDB, DVDDC (It can either be 1.8 V or 3.3 V)
(2)
Rx = 0.499 MΩ, Ry = 1 MΩ for Vout = 1.8 V
(3)
Rx = 1.8 MΩ, Ry = 1 MΩ for Vout = 3.3 V
(4)
For proper sequencing of output, enable of the LDOs are fed either from 1.2-V output from TPS74701 if
DVDDX is 1.8 V or from 1.8-V output from TPS71718 if DVDDX is 3.3 V.
Figure 2. Optional Circuit for DVDD_A, DVDD_B, and DVDD_C
SLVA342B – June 2009 – Revised August 2011
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Simple Power Solution Using LDOs
5
List of Material
4
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List of Material
Table 2. PMP4980 List of Material
Count
RefDes
Value
Description
Size
Part Number
MFR
Area
1
C1
1.0uF
Capacitor, Ceramic, 25V, X5R, 10%
0603
C1608X5R1E105K
TDK
5650
2
C2
4.7uF
Capacitor, Ceramic, 6.3V, X5R, 10%
0603
C1608X5R0J106M
TDK
5650
2
C3
4.7uF
Capacitor, Ceramic, 6.3V, X5R, 10%
0603
C1608X5R0J475K
TDK
5650
3
C4
4.7uF
Capacitor, Ceramic,4.7uF, 6.3V, X5R
0603
C1608X5R0J475M
TDK
5650
1
C5
1uF
Capacitor, Ceramic,1uF, 16V, X5R
0603
C1608X5R1C105K
TDK
5650
C6
4.7uF
Capacitor, Ceramic,4.7uF, 6.3V, X5R
0603
C1608X5R0J475M
TDK
5650
C7
4.7uF
Capacitor, Ceramic,4.7uF, 6.3V, X5R
0603
C1608X5R0J475M
TDK
5650
1
C8
1nF
Capacitor, Ceramic, 1000pF, 50V, X7R, 10%
0603
C1608X7R1H102K
TDK
5650
2
C9
1uF
Capacitor, Ceramic, 6.3V, X5R, 20%
0603
C1608X5R1E105M
TDK
5650
C10
1uF
Capacitor, Ceramic, 6.3V, X5R, 20%
0603
C1608X5R1E105M
TDK
5650
1
C11
0.01uF
Capacitor, Ceramic, 50V, COG, 10%
0402
Std
Std
2800
1
C12
1.0uF
Capacitor, Ceramic, 25V, X5R, 10%
0603
C1608X5R1E105K
TDK
5650
C13
4.7uF
Capacitor, Ceramic, 6.3V, X5R, 10%
0603
C1608X5R0J106M
TDK
5650
C14
4.7uF
Capacitor, Ceramic, 6.3V, X5R, 10%
0603
C1608X5R0J475K
TDK
5650
1
J1
PEC36SAAN
Header, Male 5-pin, 100mil spacing, (36-pin strip)
0.100 inch × 5
PEC36SAAN
Sullins
60000
1
R1
2.49k
Resistor, Chip, 1/16W, 1%
0603
Std
Std
5650
1
R2
4.99k
Resistor, Chip, 1/16W, 1%
0603
Std
Std
5650
2
R3
10.0k
Resistor, Chip, 1/16W, 1%
0603
Std
Std
5650
1
R4
10k
Resistor, Chip, 10k-Ohms 1/16W, 5%
0603
Std
Std
5,650
1
R5
2.49k
Resistor, Chip, 2k49-Ohms, 1/16W, 5%
0603
Std
Std
5,650
1
R6
4.99k
Resistor, Chip, 4k99-Ohms, 1/16W, 5%
0603
Std
Std
5,650
1
R7
3.57k
Resistor, Chip, 1/16W, 1%
0603
Std
Std
5650
1
R8
1.15k
Resistor, Chip, 1/16W, 1%
0603
Std
Std
5650
R9
10.0k
Resistor, Chip, 1/16W, 1%
0603
Std
Std
5650
TP1
5000
Test Point, Red, Thru Hole Color Keyed
0.100 × 0.100
5000
Keyston
e
10
TP2
5000
Test Point, Red, Thru Hole Color Keyed
0.100 × 0.100
5000
Keyston
e
10
1
TP3
5001
Test Point, Black, Thru Hole Color Keyed
0.100 × 0.100 inch
5001
Keyston
e
10
2
U1
TPS74801DRC IC, 1.5A LDO Regulator with Soft-Start
SON-10
TPS74801DRC
TI
30400
1
U2
TPS74701DRC IC, 1.5A LDO Regulator with Soft-Start
SON-10
TPS74701DRC
TI
30400
1
U3
TPS71718
SC70
TPS71718
TI
18600
U4
TPS74801DRC IC, 1.5A LDO Regulator with Soft-Start
SON-10
TPS74801DRC
TI
30400
2
IC, 150mA, Low Iq, Wide Bandwidth, LDO Linear
Regulators
Notes: 1. These assemblies are ESD sensitive, ESD precautions shall be observed.
2. These assemblies must be clean and free from flux and all contaminants.
Use of unclean flux is unacceptable.
3. These assemblies must comply with workmanship standards IPC-A-610 Class 2.
4. Ref designators marked with an asterisk ('**') cannot be substituted.
All other components can be substituted with equivalent MFG's components.
6
Simple Power Solution Using LDOs
SLVA342B – June 2009 – Revised August 2011
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Copyright © 2009–2011, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Revision History
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4.1
Test Results
The start-up waveform is shown in Figure 3, which specifies the sequencing order that is required.
Figure 3. Sequencing in Start-Up Waveform
Revision History
Changes from A Revision (May, 2010) to B Revision ..................................................................................................... Page
•
Updated references to OMAP-L138 to include OMAP-L132 devices
.............................................................
1
NOTE: Page numbers for previous revisions may differ from page numbers in the current version.
SLVA342B – June 2009 – Revised August 2011
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Revision History
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