Texas Instruments | TMS320DM643x DMP EMAC/MDIO (Rev. C) | User Guides | Texas Instruments TMS320DM643x DMP EMAC/MDIO (Rev. C) User guides

Texas Instruments TMS320DM643x DMP EMAC/MDIO (Rev. C) User guides
TMS320DM643x DMP
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/
Management Data Input/Output (MDIO) Module
User's Guide
Literature Number: SPRU941C
December 2010
2
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Preface ...................................................................................................................................... 10
1
Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 11
2
3
4
............................................................................................. 11
................................................................................................................. 11
1.3
Functional Block Diagram ............................................................................................. 12
1.4
Industry Standard(s) Compliance Statement ....................................................................... 13
Peripheral Architecture ...................................................................................................... 13
2.1
Clock Control ........................................................................................................... 13
2.2
Memory Map ............................................................................................................ 13
2.3
Signal Descriptions .................................................................................................... 13
2.4
Ethernet Protocol Overview .......................................................................................... 15
2.5
Programming Interface ................................................................................................ 16
2.6
EMAC Control Module ................................................................................................ 27
2.7
MDIO Module ........................................................................................................... 28
2.8
EMAC Module .......................................................................................................... 33
2.9
Media Independent Interface (MII) ................................................................................... 35
2.10 Packet Receive Operation ............................................................................................ 39
2.11 Packet Transmit Operation ........................................................................................... 44
2.12 Receive and Transmit Latency ....................................................................................... 45
2.13 Transfer Node Priority ................................................................................................. 45
2.14 Reset Considerations .................................................................................................. 46
2.15 Initialization ............................................................................................................. 47
2.16 Interrupt Support ....................................................................................................... 50
2.17 Power Management ................................................................................................... 53
2.18 Emulation Considerations ............................................................................................. 53
EMAC Control Module Registers ......................................................................................... 54
3.1
EMAC Control Module Interrupt Control Register (EWCTL) ..................................................... 54
3.2
EMAC Control Module Interrupt Timer Count Register (EWINTTCNT) ........................................ 55
MDIO Registers ................................................................................................................. 56
4.1
MDIO Version Register (VERSION) ................................................................................. 56
4.2
MDIO Control Register (CONTROL) ................................................................................ 57
4.3
PHY Acknowledge Status Register (ALIVE) ....................................................................... 58
4.4
PHY Link Status Register (LINK) .................................................................................... 58
4.5
MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Unmasked) Register (LINKINTRAW) ................................... 59
4.6
MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Masked) Register (LINKINTMASKED) .................................. 60
4.7
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Unmasked) Register (USERINTRAW) .......................... 61
4.8
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Masked) Register (USERINTMASKED) ......................... 62
4.9
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Set Register (USERINTMASKSET) ....................... 63
4.10 MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Clear Register (USERINTMASKCLEAR) ................. 64
4.11 MDIO User Access Register 0 (USERACCESS0) ................................................................ 65
4.12 MDIO User PHY Select Register 0 (USERPHYSEL0) ............................................................ 66
4.13 MDIO User Access Register 1 (USERACCESS1) ................................................................ 67
1.1
Purpose of the Peripheral
1.2
Features
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Table of Contents
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
3
www.ti.com
............................................................ 68
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers ............................................................. 69
5.1
Transmit Identification and Version Register (TXIDVER) ........................................................ 72
5.2
Transmit Control Register (TXCONTROL) ......................................................................... 72
5.3
Transmit Teardown Register (TXTEARDOWN) ................................................................... 73
5.4
Receive Identification and Version Register (RXIDVER) ......................................................... 74
5.5
Receive Control Register (RXCONTROL) .......................................................................... 74
5.6
Receive Teardown Register (RXTEARDOWN) .................................................................... 75
5.7
Transmit Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (TXINTSTATRAW) ............................................ 76
5.8
Transmit Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (TXINTSTATMASKED) .......................................... 77
5.9
Transmit Interrupt Mask Set Register (TXINTMASKSET) ........................................................ 78
5.10 Transmit Interrupt Mask Clear Register (TXINTMASKCLEAR) .................................................. 79
5.11 MAC Input Vector Register (MACINVECTOR) ..................................................................... 80
5.12 Receive Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (RXINTSTATRAW) ............................................ 81
5.13 Receive Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (RXINTSTATMASKED) .......................................... 82
5.14 Receive Interrupt Mask Set Register (RXINTMASKSET) ........................................................ 83
5.15 Receive Interrupt Mask Clear Register (RXINTMASKCLEAR) .................................................. 84
5.16 MAC Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (MACINTSTATRAW) .............................................. 85
5.17 MAC Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (MACINTSTATMASKED) ............................................ 85
5.18 MAC Interrupt Mask Set Register (MACINTMASKSET) .......................................................... 86
5.19 MAC Interrupt Mask Clear Register (MACINTMASKCLEAR) .................................................... 86
5.20 Receive Multicast/Broadcast/Promiscuous Channel Enable Register (RXMBPENABLE) ................... 87
5.21 Receive Unicast Enable Set Register (RXUNICASTSET) ....................................................... 90
5.22 Receive Unicast Clear Register (RXUNICASTCLEAR) ........................................................... 91
5.23 Receive Maximum Length Register (RXMAXLEN) ................................................................ 92
5.24 Receive Buffer Offset Register (RXBUFFEROFFSET) ........................................................... 92
5.25 Receive Filter Low Priority Frame Threshold Register (RXFILTERLOWTHRESH) ........................... 93
5.26 Receive Channel 0-7 Flow Control Threshold Register (RXnFLOWTHRESH) ................................ 93
5.27 Receive Channel 0-7 Free Buffer Count Register (RXnFREEBUFFER) ....................................... 94
5.28 MAC Control Register (MACCONTROL) ........................................................................... 95
5.29 MAC Status Register (MACSTATUS) ............................................................................... 97
5.30 Emulation Control Register (EMCONTROL) ....................................................................... 99
5.31 FIFO Control Register (FIFOCONTROL) ........................................................................... 99
5.32 MAC Configuration Register (MACCONFIG) ..................................................................... 100
5.33 Soft Reset Register (SOFTRESET) ................................................................................ 100
5.34 MAC Source Address Low Bytes Register (MACSRCADDRLO) .............................................. 101
5.35 MAC Source Address High Bytes Register (MACSRCADDRHI) .............................................. 101
5.36 MAC Hash Address Register 1 (MACHASH1) ................................................................... 102
5.37 MAC Hash Address Register 2 (MACHASH2) ................................................................... 102
5.38 Back Off Test Register (BOFFTEST) .............................................................................. 103
5.39 Transmit Pacing Algorithm Test Register (TPACETEST) ....................................................... 103
5.40 Receive Pause Timer Register (RXPAUSE) ...................................................................... 104
5.41 Transmit Pause Timer Register (TXPAUSE) ..................................................................... 104
5.42 MAC Address Low Bytes Register (MACADDRLO) ............................................................. 105
5.43 MAC Address High Bytes Register (MACADDRHI) ............................................................. 105
5.44 MAC Index Register (MACINDEX) ................................................................................. 106
5.45 Transmit Channel 0-7 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register (TXnHDP) ................................... 107
5.46 Receive Channel 0-7 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register (RXnHDP) .................................... 107
5.47 Transmit Channel 0-7 Completion Pointer Register (TXnCP) .................................................. 108
4.14
5
4
MDIO User PHY Select Register 1 (USERPHYSEL1)
Contents
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
www.ti.com
.................................................. 108
5.49 Network Statistics Registers ........................................................................................ 109
Appendix A Glossary ............................................................................................................... 117
Appendix B Revision History ..................................................................................................... 119
5.48
Receive Channel 0-7 Completion Pointer Register (RXnCP)
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Contents
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
5
www.ti.com
List of Figures
1
EMAC and MDIO Block Diagram ........................................................................................ 12
2
Typical Ethernet Configuration........................................................................................... 14
3
Ethernet Frame Format ................................................................................................... 15
4
Basic Descriptor Format .................................................................................................. 16
5
Typical Descriptor Linked List............................................................................................ 17
6
Transmit Buffer Descriptor Format ...................................................................................... 20
7
Receive Buffer Descriptor Format ....................................................................................... 23
8
EMAC Control Module Block Diagram .................................................................................. 27
9
MDIO Module Block Diagram ............................................................................................ 29
10
EMAC Module Block Diagram ........................................................................................... 33
11
EMAC Control Module Interrupt Control Register (EWCTL) ......................................................... 54
12
EMAC Control Module Interrupt Timer Count Register (EWINTTCNT) ............................................ 55
13
MDIO Version Register (VERSION)
14
MDIO Control Register (CONTROL) .................................................................................... 57
15
PHY Acknowledge Status Register (ALIVE) ........................................................................... 58
16
PHY Link Status Register (LINK) ........................................................................................ 58
17
MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Unmasked) Register (LINKINTRAW) ....................................... 59
18
MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Masked) Register (LINKINTMASKED)
19
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Unmasked) Register (USERINTRAW) .............................. 61
20
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Masked) Register (USERINTMASKED) ............................ 62
21
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Set Register (USERINTMASKSET) ........................... 63
22
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Clear Register (USERINTMASKCLEAR)
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
6
....................................................................................
.....................................
....................
MDIO User Access Register 0 (USERACCESS0) ....................................................................
MDIO User PHY Select Register 0 (USERPHYSEL0) ...............................................................
MDIO User Access Register 1 (USERACCESS1) ....................................................................
MDIO User PHY Select Register 1 (USERPHYSEL1) ...............................................................
Transmit Identification and Version Register (TXIDVER) ............................................................
Transmit Control Register (TXCONTROL) .............................................................................
Transmit Teardown Register (TXTEARDOWN) .......................................................................
Receive Identification and Version Register (RXIDVER).............................................................
Receive Control Register (RXCONTROL) .............................................................................
Receive Teardown Register (RXTEARDOWN) .......................................................................
Transmit Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (TXINTSTATRAW) ...............................................
Transmit Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (TXINTSTATMASKED)..............................................
Transmit Interrupt Mask Set Register (TXINTMASKSET) ...........................................................
Transmit Interrupt Mask Clear Register (TXINTMASKCLEAR) .....................................................
MAC Input Vector Register (MACINVECTOR) ........................................................................
Receive Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (RXINTSTATRAW) ................................................
Receive Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (RXINTSTATMASKED) ..............................................
Receive Interrupt Mask Set Register (RXINTMASKSET) ............................................................
Receive Interrupt Mask Clear Register (RXINTMASKCLEAR) ......................................................
MAC Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (MACINTSTATRAW) .................................................
MAC Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (MACINTSTATMASKED)................................................
MAC Interrupt Mask Set Register (MACINTMASKSET) .............................................................
MAC Interrupt Mask Clear Register (MACINTMASKCLEAR) .......................................................
Receive Multicast/Broadcast/Promiscuous Channel Enable Register (RXMBPENABLE) .......................
Receive Unicast Enable Set Register (RXUNICASTSET) ...........................................................
List of Figures
56
60
64
65
66
67
68
72
72
73
74
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
85
86
86
87
90
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
www.ti.com
48
Receive Unicast Clear Register (RXUNICASTCLEAR) .............................................................. 91
49
Receive Maximum Length Register (RXMAXLEN)
50
Receive Buffer Offset Register (RXBUFFEROFFSET)............................................................... 92
51
Receive Filter Low Priority Frame Threshold Register (RXFILTERLOWTHRESH) .............................. 93
52
Receive Channel n Flow Control Threshold Register (RXnFLOWTHRESH) ...................................... 93
53
Receive Channel n Free Buffer Count Register (RXnFREEBUFFER) ............................................. 94
54
MAC Control Register (MACCONTROL) ............................................................................... 95
55
MAC Status Register (MACSTATUS)
56
Emulation Control Register (EMCONTROL) ........................................................................... 99
57
FIFO Control Register (FIFOCONTROL)............................................................................... 99
58
MAC Configuration Register (MACCONFIG) ......................................................................... 100
59
Soft Reset Register (SOFTRESET) ................................................................................... 100
60
MAC Source Address Low Bytes Register (MACSRCADDRLO) .................................................. 101
61
MAC Source Address High Bytes Register (MACSRCADDRHI) .................................................. 101
62
MAC Hash Address Register 1 (MACHASH1) ....................................................................... 102
63
MAC Hash Address Register 2 (MACHASH2) ....................................................................... 102
64
Back Off Random Number Generator Test Register (BOFFTEST) ............................................... 103
65
Transmit Pacing Algorithm Test Register (TPACETEST) .......................................................... 103
66
Receive Pause Timer Register (RXPAUSE) ......................................................................... 104
67
Transmit Pause Timer Register (TXPAUSE) ......................................................................... 104
68
MAC Address Low Bytes Register (MACADDRLO) ................................................................. 105
69
MAC Address High Bytes Register (MACADDRHI) ................................................................. 105
70
MAC Index Register (MACINDEX)
71
Transmit Channel n DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register (TXnHDP) ......................................... 107
72
Receive Channel n DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register (RXnHDP) .......................................... 107
73
Transmit Channel n Completion Pointer Register (TXnCP) ........................................................ 108
74
Receive Channel n Completion Pointer Register (RXnCP) ........................................................ 108
75
Statistics Register ........................................................................................................ 109
...................................................................
..................................................................................
....................................................................................
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
List of Figures
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
92
97
106
7
www.ti.com
List of Tables
EMAC and MDIO Signals
2
Ethernet Frame Description .............................................................................................. 15
3
Basic Descriptor Description ............................................................................................. 17
4
Receive Frame Treatment Summary ................................................................................... 42
5
Middle of Frame Overrun Treatment .................................................................................... 43
6
Emulation Control
7
EMAC Control Module Registers ........................................................................................ 54
8
EMAC Control Module Interrupt Control Register (EWCTL) Field Descriptions
9
EMAC Control Module Interrupt Timer Count Register (EWINTTCNT) Field Descriptions ...................... 55
10
Management Data Input/Output (MDIO) Registers ................................................................... 56
11
MDIO Version Register (VERSION) Field Descriptions .............................................................. 56
12
MDIO Control Register (CONTROL) Field Descriptions
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
.........................................................................................................
..................................
.............................................................
PHY Acknowledge Status Register (ALIVE) Field Descriptions .....................................................
PHY Link Status Register (LINK) Field Descriptions .................................................................
MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Unmasked) Register (LINKINTRAW) Field Descriptions .................
MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Masked) Register (LINKINTMASKED) Field Descriptions ...............
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Unmasked) Register (USERINTRAW) Field Descriptions........
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Masked) Register (USERINTMASKED) Field Descriptions ......
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Set Register (USERINTMASKSET) Field Descriptions ....
14
53
54
57
58
58
59
60
61
62
63
20
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Clear Register (USERINTMASKCLEAR) Field
Descriptions ................................................................................................................ 64
21
MDIO User Access Register 0 (USERACCESS0) Field Descriptions .............................................. 65
22
MDIO User PHY Select Register 0 (USERPHYSEL0) Field Descriptions ......................................... 66
23
MDIO User Access Register 1 (USERACCESS1) Field Descriptions .............................................. 67
24
MDIO User PHY Select Register 1 (USERPHYSEL1) Field Descriptions ......................................... 68
25
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers ................................................................ 69
26
Transmit Identification and Version Register (TXIDVER) Field Descriptions ...................................... 72
27
Transmit Control Register (TXCONTROL) Field Descriptions....................................................... 72
28
Transmit Teardown Register (TXTEARDOWN) Field Descriptions ................................................. 73
29
Receive Identification and Version Register (RXIDVER) Field Descriptions ...................................... 74
30
Receive Control Register (RXCONTROL) Field Descriptions ....................................................... 74
31
Receive Teardown Register (RXTEARDOWN) Field Descriptions ................................................. 75
32
Transmit Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (TXINTSTATRAW) Field Descriptions ......................... 76
33
Transmit Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (TXINTSTATMASKED) Field Descriptions ....................... 77
34
Transmit Interrupt Mask Set Register (TXINTMASKSET) Field Descriptions ..................................... 78
35
Transmit Interrupt Mask Clear Register (TXINTMASKCLEAR) Field Descriptions ............................... 79
36
MAC Input Vector Register (MACINVECTOR) Field Descriptions .................................................. 80
37
Receive Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (RXINTSTATRAW) Field Descriptions
38
Receive Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (RXINTSTATMASKED) Field Descriptions ........................ 82
39
Receive Interrupt Mask Set Register (RXINTMASKSET) Field Descriptions
40
41
42
43
44
8
................................................................................................
1
.........................
.....................................
Receive Interrupt Mask Clear Register (RXINTMASKCLEAR) Field Descriptions ...............................
MAC Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (MACINTSTATRAW) Field Descriptions ...........................
MAC Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (MACINTSTATMASKED) Field Descriptions .........................
MAC Interrupt Mask Set Register (MACINTMASKSET) Field Descriptions .......................................
MAC Interrupt Mask Clear Register (MACINTMASKCLEAR) Field Descriptions .................................
81
83
84
85
85
86
86
45
Receive Multicast/Broadcast/Promiscuous Channel Enable Register (RXMBPENABLE) Field
Descriptions ................................................................................................................ 87
46
Receive Unicast Enable Set Register (RXUNICASTSET) Field Descriptions ..................................... 90
List of Tables
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
www.ti.com
47
Receive Unicast Clear Register (RXUNICASTCLEAR) Field Descriptions ........................................ 91
48
Receive Maximum Length Register (RXMAXLEN) Field Descriptions ............................................. 92
49
Receive Buffer Offset Register (RXBUFFEROFFSET) Field Descriptions ........................................ 92
50
Receive Filter Low Priority Frame Threshold Register (RXFILTERLOWTHRESH) Field Descriptions ........ 93
51
Receive Channel n Flow Control Threshold Register (RXnFLOWTHRESH) Field Descriptions
52
Receive Channel n Free Buffer Count Register (RXnFREEBUFFER) Field Descriptions ....................... 94
53
MAC Control Register (MACCONTROL) Field Descriptions......................................................... 95
54
MAC Status Register (MACSTATUS) Field Descriptions ............................................................ 97
55
Emulation Control Register (EMCONTROL) Field Descriptions
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
...............
93
.................................................... 99
FIFO Control Register (FIFOCONTROL) Field Descriptions ........................................................ 99
MAC Configuration Register (MACCONFIG) Field Descriptions .................................................. 100
Soft Reset Register (SOFTRESET) Field Descriptions ............................................................. 100
MAC Source Address Low Bytes Register (MACSRCADDRLO) Field Descriptions ........................... 101
MAC Source Address High Bytes Register (MACSRCADDRHI) Field Descriptions ............................ 101
MAC Hash Address Register 1 (MACHASH1) Field Descriptions................................................. 102
MAC Hash Address Register 2 (MACHASH2) Field Descriptions................................................. 102
Back Off Test Register (BOFFTEST) Field Descriptions ........................................................... 103
Transmit Pacing Algorithm Test Register (TPACETEST) Field Descriptions .................................... 103
Receive Pause Timer Register (RXPAUSE) Field Descriptions ................................................... 104
Transmit Pause Timer Register (TXPAUSE) Field Descriptions .................................................. 104
MAC Address Low Bytes Register (MACADDRLO) Field Descriptions .......................................... 105
MAC Address High Bytes Register (MACADDRHI) Field Descriptions ........................................... 105
MAC Index Register (MACINDEX) Field Descriptions .............................................................. 106
Transmit Channel n DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register (TXnHDP) Field Descriptions ................... 107
Receive Channel n DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register (RXnHDP) Field Descriptions ................... 107
Transmit Channel n Completion Pointer Register (TXnCP) Field Descriptions.................................. 108
Receive Channel n Completion Pointer Register (RXnCP) Field Descriptions .................................. 108
Physical Layer Definitions .............................................................................................. 118
Document Revision History ............................................................................................. 119
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
List of Tables
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
9
Preface
SPRU941C – December 2010
Read This First
About This Manual
This document provides a functional description of the Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) and
physical layer (PHY) device Management Data Input/Output (MDIO) module integrated in the
TMS320DM643x Digital Media Processor (DMP). Included are the features of the EMAC and MDIO
modules, a discussion of their architecture and operation, how these modules connect to the outside
world, and the registers description for each module.
Notational Conventions
This document uses the following conventions.
• Hexadecimal numbers are shown with the suffix h. For example, the following number is 40
hexadecimal (decimal 64): 40h.
• Registers in this document are shown in figures and described in tables.
– Each register figure shows a rectangle divided into fields that represent the fields of the register.
Each field is labeled with its bit name, its beginning and ending bit numbers above, and its
read/write properties below. A legend explains the notation used for the properties.
– Reserved bits in a register figure designate a bit that is used for future device expansion.
Related Documentation From Texas Instruments
The following documents describe the TMS320DM643x Digital Media Processor (DMP). Copies of these
documents are available on the Internet at www.ti.com. Tip: Enter the literature number in the search box
provided at www.ti.com.
The current documentation that describes the DM643x DMP, related peripherals, and other technical
collateral, is available in the C6000 DSP product folder at: www.ti.com/c6000.
SPRU978 — TMS320DM643x DMP DSP Subsystem Reference Guide. Describes the digital signal
processor (DSP) subsystem in the TMS320DM643x Digital Media Processor (DMP).
SPRU983 — TMS320DM643x DMP Peripherals Overview Reference Guide. Provides an overview and
briefly describes the peripherals available on the TMS320DM643x Digital Media Processor (DMP).
SPRAA84 — TMS320C64x to TMS320C64x+ CPU Migration Guide. Describes migrating from the
Texas Instruments TMS320C64x digital signal processor (DSP) to the TMS320C64x+ DSP. The
objective of this document is to indicate differences between the two cores. Functionality in the
devices that is identical is not included.
SPRU732 — TMS320C64x/C64x+ DSP CPU and Instruction Set Reference Guide. Describes the CPU
architecture, pipeline, instruction set, and interrupts for the TMS320C64x and TMS320C64x+ digital
signal processors (DSPs) of the TMS320C6000 DSP family. The C64x/C64x+ DSP generation
comprises fixed-point devices in the C6000 DSP platform. The C64x+ DSP is an enhancement of
the C64x DSP with added functionality and an expanded instruction set.
SPRU871 — TMS320C64x+ DSP Megamodule Reference Guide. Describes the TMS320C64x+ digital
signal processor (DSP) megamodule. Included is a discussion on the internal direct memory access
(IDMA) controller, the interrupt controller, the power-down controller, memory protection, bandwidth
management, and the memory and cache.
10
Preface
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
User's Guide
SPRU941C – December 2010
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/
Management Data Input/Output (MDIO)
1
Introduction
This document provides a functional description of the Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) and
physical layer (PHY) device Management Data Input/Output (MDIO) module integrated in the
TMS320DM643x Digital Media Processor (DMP). Included are the features of the EMAC and MDIO
modules, a discussion of their architecture and operation, how these modules connect to the outside
world, and a description of the registers for each module.
The EMAC controls the flow of packet data from the system to the PHY. The MDIO module controls PHY
configuration and status monitoring.
Both the EMAC and the MDIO modules interface to the system core through a custom interface that
allows efficient data transmission and reception. This custom interface is referred to as the EMAC control
module and is considered integral to the EMAC/MDIO peripheral.
1.1
Purpose of the Peripheral
The EMAC module is used to move data between the DM643x device and another host connected to the
same network, in compliance with the Ethernet protocol.
1.2
Features
The EMAC/MDIO has the following features:
• Synchronous 10/100 Mbps operation.
• Standard Media Independent Interface (MII) to physical layer device (PHY).
• EMAC acts as DMA master to either internal or external device memory space.
• Eight receive channels with VLAN tag discrimination for receive quality-of-service (QOS) support.
• Eight transmit channels with round-robin or fixed priority for transmit quality-of-service (QOS) support.
• Ether-Stats and 802.3-Stats statistics gathering.
• Transmit CRC generation selectable on a per channel basis.
• Broadcast frames selection for reception on a single channel.
• Multicast frames selection for reception on a single channel.
• Promiscuous receive mode frames selection for reception on a single channel (all frames, all good
frames, short frames, error frames).
• Hardware flow control.
• 8K-byte local EMAC descriptor memory that allows the peripheral to operate on descriptors without
affecting the CPU. The descriptor memory holds enough information to transfer up to 512 Ethernet
packets without CPU intervention.
• Programmable interrupt logic permits the software driver to restrict the generation of back-to-back
interrupts, which allows more work to be performed in a single call to the interrupt service routine.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
11
Introduction
1.3
www.ti.com
Functional Block Diagram
Figure 1 shows the three main functional modules of the EMAC/MDIO peripheral:
• EMAC control module
• EMAC module
• MDIO module
The EMAC control module is the main interface between the device core processor and the EMAC
module and MDIO module. The EMAC control module contains the necessary components to allow the
EMAC to make efficient use of device memory, plus it controls device interrupts. The EMAC control
module incorporates 8K-byte internal RAM to hold EMAC buffer descriptors.
The MDIO module implements the 802.3 serial management interface to interrogate and control up to 32
Ethernet PHYs connected to the device, using a shared two-wire bus. Host software uses the MDIO
module to configure the autonegotiation parameters of each PHY attached to the EMAC, retrieve the
negotiation results, and configure required parameters in the EMAC module for correct operation. The
module is designed to allow almost transparent operation of the MDIO interface, with very little
maintenance from the core processor.
The EMAC module provides an efficient interface between the processor and the networked community.
The EMAC on this device supports both 10 Mbits/second and 100 Mbits/second, in either half-duplex or
full-duplex mode, with hardware flow control and quality-of-service (QOS) support.
Figure 1 also shows the main interface between the EMAC control module and the CPU. The following
connections are made to the device core:
• The peripheral bus connection from the EMAC control module allows the EMAC module to read and
write both internal and external memory through the DMA memory transfer controller.
• The EMAC control module, EMAC, and MDIO all have control registers. These registers are
memory-mapped into device memory space via the device configuration bus. Along with these
registers, the control module’s internal RAM is mapped into this same range.
• The EMAC and MDIO interrupts are combined into a single interrupt within the control module. The
interrupt from the control module then goes to the DSP interrupt controller.
The EMAC and MDIO interrupts are combined within the control module, so only the control module
interrupt needs to be monitored by the application software or device driver. The combined EMAC/MDIO
interrupt is connected to the DSP interrupt INT43, through the DSP interrupt controller.
Figure 1. EMAC and MDIO Block Diagram
DSP interrupt
controller
Configuration bus
DMA memory
transfer controller
Peripheral bus
EMAC control module
EMAC/MDIO
interrupt
EMAC module
MII bus
12
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
MDIO module
MDIO bus
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
1.4
Industry Standard(s) Compliance Statement
The EMAC peripheral conforms to the IEEE 802.3 standard, describing the Carrier Sense Multiple Access
with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) Access Method and Physical Layer specifications. The IEEE 802.3
standard has also been adopted by ISO/IEC and re-designated as ISO/IEC 8802-3:2000(E).
In difference from this standard, the EMAC peripheral does not use the Transmit Coding Error signal
MTXER. Instead of driving the error pin when an underflow condition occurs on a transmitted frame, the
EMAC intentionally generates an incorrect checksum by inverting the frame CRC, so that the transmitted
frame is detected as an error by the network.
2
Peripheral Architecture
This section discusses the architecture and basic function of the EMAC peripheral.
2.1
Clock Control
The frequencies for the transmit and receive clocks are fixed by the IEEE 802.3 specification as:
• 2.5 MHz at 10 Mbps
• 25 MHz at 100 Mbps
All EMAC logic is clocked synchronously with the PLL1/6 peripheral clock, except for the Ethernet MII
synchronization logic.
The transmit and receive clock sources are provided from the external PHY via the MTXCLK and
MRXCLK pins. These clocks are inputs to the EMAC module and operate at 2.5 MHz in 10-Mbps mode,
and at 25 MHz in 100-Mbps mode. For timing purposes, data is transmitted and received with respect to
MTXCLK and MRXCLK, respectively.
The MDIO clock is based on a divide-down of the peripheral clock (PLL1/6) specified to run up to 2.5
MHz, although typical operation would be 1.0 MHz. Since the peripheral clock frequency is variable
(PLL1/6), the application software or driver controls the divide-down amount.
2.2
Memory Map
The EMAC peripheral includes internal memory that is used to hold information about the Ethernet
packets received and transmitted. This internal RAM is 2K × 32 bits in size. Data can be written to and
read from the EMAC internal memory by either the EMAC or the CPU. It is used to store buffer descriptors
that are 4-words (16-bytes) deep. This 8K local memory holds enough information to transfer up to 512
Ethernet packets without CPU intervention.
The packet buffer descriptors can also be placed in the internal processor memory (L2), or in EMIF
memory (DDR). There are some tradeoffs in terms of cache performance and throughput when
descriptors are placed in the system memory, versus when they are placed in the EMAC’s internal
memory. Cache performance is improved when the buffer descriptors are placed in internal memory.
However, the EMAC throughput is better when the descriptors are placed in the local EMAC RAM.
2.3
Signal Descriptions
Figure 2 shows a device with integrated EMAC and MDIO interfaced via a MII connection in a typical
system. The EMAC module does not include a transmit error (MTXER) pin. In the case of transmit error,
CRC inversion is used to negate the validity of the transmitted frame.
The individual EMAC and MDIO signals for the MII interface are summarized in Table 1. For more
information, refer to either the IEEE 802.3 standard or ISO/IEC 8802-3:2000(E).
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
13
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
Figure 2. Typical Ethernet Configuration
MTXCLK
MTXD[3−0]
2.5 MHz
or
25 MHz
MTXEN
EMAC
MCOL
System
core
MCRS
MRXCLK
MRXD[3−0]
Physical
layer
device
(PHY)
Transformer
MRXDV
MDIO
MRXER
RJ−45
MDCLK
MDIO
Table 1. EMAC and MDIO Signals
14
Signal
Type
Description
MTXCLK
I
Transmit clock (MTXCLK). The transmit clock is a continuous clock that provides the timing
reference for transmit operations. The MTXD and MTXEN signals are tied to this clock. The clock is
generated by the PHY and is 2.5 MHz at 10 Mbps operation and 25 MHz at 100 Mbps operation.
MTXD[3-0]
O
Transmit data (MTXD). The transmit data pins are a collection of 4 data signals comprising 4 bits of
data. MTDX0 is the least-significant bit (LSB). The signals are synchronized by MTXCLK and valid
only when MTXEN is asserted.
MTXEN
O
Transmit enable (MTXEN). The transmit enable signal indicates that the MTXD pins are generating
nibble data for use by the PHY. It is driven synchronously to MTXCLK.
MCOL
I
Collision detected (MCOL). The MCOL pin is asserted by the PHY when it detects a collision on the
network. It remains asserted while the collision condition persists. This signal is not necessarily
synchronous to MTXCLK nor MRXCLK.
MCRS
I
Carrier sense (MCRS). The MCRS pin is asserted by the PHY when the network is not idle in either
transmit or receive. The pin is deasserted when both transmit and receive are idle. This signal is not
necessarily synchronous to MTXCLK nor MRXCLK.
MRXCLK
I
Receive clock (MRXCLK). The receive clock is a continuous clock that provides the timing reference
for receive operations. The MRXD, MRXDV, and MRXER signals are tied to this clock. The clock is
generated by the PHY and is 2.5 MHz at 10 Mbps operation and 25 MHz at 100 Mbps operation.
MRXD[3-0]
I
Receive data (MRXD). The receive data pins are a collection of 4 data signals comprising 4 bits of
data. MRDX0 is the least-significant bit (LSB). The signals are synchronized by MRXCLK and valid
only when MRXDV is asserted.
MRXDV
I
Receive data valid (MRXDV). The receive data valid signal indicates that the MRXD pins are
generating nibble data for use by the EMAC. It is driven synchronously to MRXCLK.
MRXER
I
Receive error (MRXER). The receive error signal is asserted for one or more MRXCLK periods to
indicate that an error was detected in the received frame. This is meaningful only during data
reception when MRXDV is active.
MDCLK
O
Management data clock (MDCLK). The MDIO data clock is sourced by the MDIO module on the
system. It is used to synchronize MDIO data access operations done on the MDIO pin. The
frequency of this clock is controlled by the CLKDIV bits in the MDIO control register (CONTROL).
MDIO
I/O
Management data input output (MDIO). The MDIO pin drives PHY management data into and out of
the PHY by way of an access frame consisting of start of frame, read/write indication, PHY address,
register address, and data bit cycles. The MDIO pin acts as an output for all but the data bit cycles
at which time it is an input for read operations.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.4
Ethernet Protocol Overview
A brief overview of the Ethernet protocol is given in the following subsections. For in-depth information on
the Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) Access Method, which is the
Ethernet’s multiple access protocol, see the IEEE 802.3 standard document.
2.4.1
Ethernet Frame Format
All the Ethernet technologies use the same frame structure. The format of an Ethernet frame is shown in
Figure 3 and described in Table 2. The Ethernet packet, which is the collection of bytes representing the
data portion of a single Ethernet frame on the wire, is shown outlined in bold. The Ethernet frames are of
variable lengths, with no frame smaller than 64 bytes or larger than RXMAXLEN bytes (header, data, and
CRC).
Figure 3. Ethernet Frame Format
Number of bytes
7
1
6
6
2
46−1500
4
Preamble
SFD
Destination
Source
Len
Data
FCS
Legend: SFD=Start Frame Delimeter; FCS=Frame Check Sequence (CRC)
Table 2. Ethernet Frame Description
Field
Bytes
Description
Preamble
7
Preamble. These 7 bytes have a fixed value of 55h and serve to wake up the receiving
EMAC ports and to synchronize their clocks to that of the sender’s clock.
SFD
1
Start of Frame Delimiter. This field with a value of 5Dh immediately follows the preamble
pattern and indicates the start of important data.
Destination
6
Destination address. This field contains the Ethernet MAC address of the EMAC port for
which the frame is intended. It may be an individual or multicast (including broadcast)
address. When the destination EMAC port receives an Ethernet frame with a destination
address that does not match any of its MAC physical addresses, and no promiscuous,
multicast or broadcast channel is enabled, it discards the frame.
Source
6
Source address. This field contains the MAC address of the Ethernet port that transmits the
frame to the Local Area Network.
Len
2
Length/Type field. The length field indicates the number of EMAC client data bytes
contained in the subsequent data field of the frame. This field can also be used to identify
the type of data the frame is carrying.
Data
46 to
(RXMAXLEN - 18)
Data field. This field carries the datagram containing the upper layer protocol frame, that is,
IP layer datagram. The maximum transfer unit (MTU) of Ethernet is (RXMAXLEN - 18)
bytes. This means that if the upper layer protocol datagram exceeds (RXMAXLEN - 18)
bytes, then the host has to fragment the datagram and send it in multiple Ethernet packets.
The minimum size of the data field is 46 bytes. This means that if the upper layer datagram
is less then 46 bytes, the data field has to be extended to 46 bytes by appending extra bits
after the data field, but prior to calculating and appending the FCS.
FCS
4
Frame Check Sequence. A cyclic redundancy check (CRC) is used by the transmit and
receive algorithms to generate a CRC value for the FCS field. The frame check sequence
covers the 60 to 1514 bytes of the packet data. Note that this 4-byte field may or may not
be included as part of the packet data, depending on how the EMAC is configured.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
15
Peripheral Architecture
2.4.2
www.ti.com
Ethernet’s Multiple Access Protocol
Nodes in an Ethernet Local Area Network are interconnected by a broadcast channel, as a result, when
an EMAC port transmits a frame, all the adapters on the local network receive the frame. Carrier Sense
Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) algorithms are used when the EMAC operates in
half-duplex mode. When operating in full-duplex mode, there is no contention for use of a shared medium,
since there are exactly two ports on the local network.
Each port runs the CSMA/CD protocol without explicit coordination with the other ports on the Ethernet
network. Within a specific port, the CSMA/CD protocol works as follows:
1. The port obtains data from upper layers protocols at its node, prepares an Ethernet frame, and puts
the frame in a buffer.
2. If the port senses that the medium is idle it starts to transmit the frame. If the port senses that the
transmission medium is busy, it waits until it senses no signal energy (plus an Inter-Packet Gap time)
and then starts to transmit the frame.
3. While transmitting, the port monitors for the presence of signal energy coming from other ports. If the
port transmits the entire frame without detecting signal energy from other Ethernet devices, the port is
done with the frame.
4. If the port detects signal energy from other ports while transmitting, it stops transmitting its frame and
instead transmits a 48-bit jam signal.
5. After transmitting the jam signal the port enters an exponential backoff phase. Specifically, when
transmitting a given frame, after experiencing a number of collisions in a row for the frame, the port
chooses a random value that is dependent on the number of collisions. The port then waits an amount
of time that is multiple of this random value, and returns to step 2.
2.5
Programming Interface
2.5.1
Packet Buffer Descriptors
The buffer descriptor is a central part of the EMAC module and is how the application software describes
Ethernet packets to be sent and empty buffers to be filled with incoming packet data. The basic descriptor
format is shown in Figure 4 and described in Table 3.
For example, consider three packets to be transmitted, Packet A is a single fragment (60 bytes), Packet B
is fragmented over three buffers (1514 bytes total), and Packet C is a single fragment (1514 bytes). The
linked list of descriptors to describe these three packets is shown in Figure 5.
Figure 4. Basic Descriptor Format
Bit Fields
Word
Offset
31
16 15
0
1
16
0
Next Descriptor Pointer
Buffer Pointer
2
Buffer Offset
Buffer Length
3
Flags
Packet Length
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
Table 3. Basic Descriptor Description
Word Offset
Field
Field Description
0
Next Descriptor
Pointer
The next descriptor pointer is used to create a single linked list of descriptors. Each descriptor
describes a packet or a packet fragment. When a descriptor points to a single buffer packet
or the first fragment of a packet, the start of packet (SOP) flag is set in the flags field. When a
descriptor points to a single buffer packet or the last fragment of a packet, the end of packet
(EOP) flag is set. When a packet is fragmented, each fragment must have its own descriptor
and appear sequentially in the descriptor linked list.
1
Buffer Pointer
The buffer pointer refers to the actual memory buffer that contains packet data during
transmit operations, or is an empty buffer ready to receive packet data during receive
operations.
2
Buffer Offset
The buffer offset is the offset from the start of the packet buffer to the first byte of valid data.
This field only has meaning when the buffer descriptor points to a buffer that actually contains
data.
Buffer Length
The buffer length is the actual number of valid packet data bytes stored in the buffer. If the
buffer is empty and waiting to receive data, this field represents the size of the empty buffer.
Flags
The flags field contains more information about the buffer, such as, is it the first fragment in a
packet (SOP), the last fragment in a packet (EOP), or contains an entire contiguous Ethernet
packet (both SOP and EOP). The flags are described in Section 2.5.4 and Section 2.5.5.
Packet Length
The packet length only has meaning for buffers that both contain data and are the start of a
new packet (SOP). In the case of SOP descriptors, the packet length field contains the length
of the entire Ethernet packet, regardless if it is contained in a single buffer or fragmented over
several buffers.
3
Figure 5. Typical Descriptor Linked List
pNext
pBuffer
0
SOP | EOP
60
60
pNext
pBuffer
0
SOP
512
1514
pNext
pBuffer
0
−−−
502
−−−
pNext
pBuffer
0
EOP
500
−−−
pNext (NULL)
pBuffer
0
1514
SOP | EOP
1514
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Packet A
60 bytes
Packet B
Fragment 1
512 bytes
Packet B
Fragment 2
502 bytes
Packet B
Fragment 3
500 bytes
Packet C
1514 bytes
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
17
Peripheral Architecture
2.5.2
www.ti.com
Transmit and Receive Descriptor Queues
The EMAC module processes descriptors in linked list chains as discussed in Section 2.5.1. The lists
controlled by the EMAC are maintained by the application software through the use of the head descriptor
pointer registers (HDP). Since the EMAC supports eight channels for both transmit and receive, there are
eight head descriptor pointer registers for both. They are:
• TXnHDP - Transmit Channel n DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
• RXnHDP - Receive Channel n DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
After an EMAC reset and before enabling the EMAC for send or receive, all 16 head descriptor pointer
registers must be initialized to 0.
The EMAC uses a simple system to determine if a descriptor is currently owned by the EMAC or by the
application software. There is a flag in the buffer descriptor flags called OWNER. When this flag is set, the
packet that is referenced by the descriptor is considered to be owned by the EMAC. Note that ownership
is done on a packet based granularity, not on descriptor granularity, so only SOP descriptors make use of
the OWNER flag. As packets are processed, the EMAC patches the SOP descriptor of the corresponding
packet and clears the OWNER flag. This is an indication that the EMAC has finished processing all
descriptors up to and including the first with the EOP flag set, indicating the end of the packet (note this
may only be one descriptor with both the SOP and EOP flags set).
To add a descriptor or a linked list of descriptors to an EMAC descriptor queue for the first time, the
software application simply writes the pointer to the descriptor or first descriptor of a list to the
corresponding HDP register. Note that the last descriptor in the list must have its “next” pointer cleared to
0. This is the only way the EMAC has of detecting the end of the list. So in the case where only a single
descriptor is added, its “next descriptor” pointer must be initialized to 0.
The HDP must never be written to a second time while a previous list is active. To add additional
descriptors to a descriptor list already owned by the EMAC, the NULL “next” pointer of the last descriptor
of the previous list is patched with a pointer to the first descriptor in the new list. The list of new
descriptors to be appended to the existing list must itself be NULL terminated before the pointer patch is
performed.
There is a potential race condition where the EMAC may read the “next” pointer of a descriptor as NULL in
the instant before an application appends additional descriptors to the list by patching the pointer. This
case is handled by the software application always examining the buffer descriptor flags of all EOP
packets, looking for a special flag called end of queue (EOQ). The EOQ flag is set by the EMAC on the
last descriptor of a packet when the descriptor’s “next” pointer is NULL. This is the way the EMAC
indicates to the software application that it believes it has reached the end of the list. When the software
application sees the EOQ flag set, and there are more descriptors to process, the application may at that
time submit the new list, or the portion of the appended list that was missed, by writing the new list pointer
to the same HDP that started the process.
This process applies when adding packets to a transmit list, and empty buffers to a receive list.
18
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.5.3
Transmit and Receive EMAC Interrupts
The EMAC processes descriptors in linked list chains as discussed in Section 2.5.1, using the linked list
queue mechanism discussed in Section 2.5.2.
The EMAC synchronizes descriptor list processing through the use of interrupts to the software
application. The interrupts are controlled by the application using the interrupt masks, global interrupt
enable, and the completion pointer register (CP). The CP is also called the interrupt acknowledge register.
As the EMAC supports eight channels for both transmit and receive, there are eight completion pointer
registers for both. They are:
• TXnCP - Transmit Channel n Completion Pointer (Interrupt Acknowledge) Register
• RXnCP - Receive Channel n Completion Pointer (Interrupt Acknowledge) Register
These registers serve two purposes. When read, they return the pointer to the last descriptor that the
EMAC has processed. When written by the software application, the value represents the last descriptor
processed by the software application. When these two values do not match, the interrupt is active.
The system configuration determines whether or not an active interrupt actually interrupts the CPU. In
general, the global interrupt for EMAC and MDIO must be enabled in the EMAC control module, and it
also must be mapped in the DSP interrupt controller and enabled as a CPU interrupt. If the system is
configured properly, the interrupt for a specific receive or transmit channel executes under the previously
described conditions when the corresponding interrupt is enabled in the EMAC using the receive interrupt
mask set register (RXINTMASKSET) or the transmit interrupt mask set register (TXINTMASKSET).
Whether or not the interrupt is enabled, the current state of the receive or transmit channel interrupt can
be examined directly by the software application reading the receive interrupt status (unmasked) register
(RXINTSTATRAW) and transmit interrupt status (unmasked) register (TXINTSTATRAW).
Interrupts are acknowledged when the application software updates the value of TXnCP or RXnCP with a
value that matches the internal value kept by the EMAC. This mechanism ensures that the application
software never misses an EMAC interrupt, since the interrupt and its acknowledgment are tied directly to
the actual buffer descriptors processing.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
19
Peripheral Architecture
2.5.4
www.ti.com
Transmit Buffer Descriptor Format
A transmit (TX) buffer descriptor (Figure 6) is a contiguous block of four 32-bit data words aligned on a
32-bit boundary that describes a packet or a packet fragment. Example 1 shows the transmit buffer
descriptor described by a C structure.
Figure 6. Transmit Buffer Descriptor Format
Word 0
31
0
Next Descriptor Pointer
Word 1
31
0
Buffer Pointer
Word 2
31
16 15
Buffer Offset
0
Buffer Length
Word 3
31
30
29
28
27
26
SOP
EOP
OWNER
EOQ
TDOWNCMPLT
PASSCRC
25
16
Reserved
15
0
Packet Length
Example 1. Transmit Buffer Descriptor in C Structure Format
/*
// EMAC Descriptor
//
// The following is the format of a single buffer descriptor
// on the EMAC.
*/
typedef struct _EMAC_Desc {
struct _EMAC_Desc *pNext;
/* Pointer to next descriptor in chain
*/
Uint8
*pBuffer;
/* Pointer to data buffer
*/
Uint32
BufOffLen;
/* Buffer Offset(MSW) and Length(LSW)
*/
Uint32
PktFlgLen;
/* Packet Flags(MSW) and Length(LSW)
*/
} EMAC_Desc;
/* Packet Flags
*/
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_SOP
0x80000000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_EOP
0x40000000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_OWNER
0x20000000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_EOQ
0x10000000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_TDOWNCMPLT
0x08000000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_PASSCRC
0x04000000u
20
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.5.4.1
Next Descriptor Pointer
The next descriptor pointer points to the 32-bit word aligned memory address of the next buffer descriptor
in the transmit queue. This pointer is used to create a linked list of buffer descriptors. If the value of this
pointer is zero, then the current buffer is the last buffer in the queue. The software application must set
this value prior to adding the descriptor to the active transmit list. This pointer is not altered by the EMAC.
The value of pNext should never be altered once the descriptor is in an active transmit queue, unless its
current value is NULL. If the pNext pointer is initially NULL, and more packets need to be queued for
transmit, the software application may alter this pointer to point to a newly appended descriptor. The
EMAC will use the new pointer value and proceed to the next descriptor unless the pNext value has
already been read. In this latter case, the transmitter will halt on the transmit channel in question, and the
software application may restart it at that time. The software can detect this case by checking for an end
of queue (EOQ) condition flag on the updated packet descriptor when it is returned by the EMAC.
2.5.4.2
Buffer Pointer
The buffer pointer is the byte-aligned memory address of the memory buffer associated with the buffer
descriptor. The software application must set this value prior to adding the descriptor to the active transmit
list. This pointer is not altered by the EMAC.
2.5.4.3
Buffer Offset
This 16-bit field indicates how many unused bytes are at the start of the buffer. For example, a value of
0000h indicates that no unused bytes are at the start of the buffer and that valid data begins on the first
byte of the buffer, while a value of 000Fh indicates that the first 15 bytes of the buffer are to be ignored by
the EMAC and that valid buffer data starts on byte 16 of the buffer. The software application must set this
value prior to adding the descriptor to the active transmit list. This field is not altered by the EMAC.
Note that this value is only checked on the first descriptor of a given packet (where the start of packet
(SOP) flag is set). It can not be used to specify the offset of subsequent packet fragments. Also, since the
buffer pointer may point to any byte–aligned address, this field may be entirely superfluous, depending on
the device driver architecture.
The range of legal values for this field is 0 to (Buffer Length – 1).
2.5.4.4
Buffer Length
This 16-bit field indicates how many valid data bytes are in the buffer. On single fragment packets, this
value is also the total length of the packet data to be transmitted. If the buffer offset field is used, the offset
bytes are not counted as part of this length. This length counts only valid data bytes. The software
application must set this value prior to adding the descriptor to the active transmit list. This field is not
altered by the EMAC.
2.5.4.5
Packet Length
This 16-bit field specifies the number of data bytes in the entire packet. Any leading buffer offset bytes are
not included. The sum of the buffer length fields of each of the packet’s fragments (if more than one) must
be equal to the packet length. The software application must set this value prior to adding the descriptor to
the active transmit list. This field is not altered by the EMAC. This value is only checked on the first
descriptor of a given packet (where the start of packet (SOP) flag is set).
2.5.4.6
Start of Packet (SOP) Flag
When set, this flag indicates that the descriptor points to a packet buffer that is the start of a new packet.
In the case of a single fragment packet, both the SOP and end of packet (EOP) flags are set. Otherwise,
the descriptor pointing to the last packet buffer for the packet sets the EOP flag. This bit is set by the
software application and is not altered by the EMAC.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
21
Peripheral Architecture
2.5.4.7
www.ti.com
End of Packet (EOP) Flag
When set, this flag indicates that the descriptor points to a packet buffer that is last for a given packet. In
the case of a single fragment packet, both the start of packet (SOP) and EOP flags are set. Otherwise, the
descriptor pointing to the last packet buffer for the packet sets the EOP flag. This bit is set by the software
application and is not altered by the EMAC.
2.5.4.8
Ownership (OWNER) Flag
When set, this flag indicates that all the descriptors for the given packet (from SOP to EOP) are currently
owned by the EMAC. This flag is set by the software application on the SOP packet descriptor before
adding the descriptor to the transmit descriptor queue. For a single fragment packet, the SOP, EOP, and
OWNER flags are all set. The OWNER flag is cleared by the EMAC once it is finished with all the
descriptors for the given packet. Note that this flag is valid on SOP descriptors only.
2.5.4.9
End of Queue (EOQ) Flag
When set, this flag indicates that the descriptor in question was the last descriptor in the transmit queue
for a given transmit channel, and that the transmitter has halted. This flag is initially cleared by the
software application prior to adding the descriptor to the transmit queue. This bit is set by the EMAC when
the EMAC identifies that a descriptor is the last for a given packet (the EOP flag is set), and there are no
more descriptors in the transmit list (next descriptor pointer is NULL).
The software application can use this bit to detect when the EMAC transmitter for the corresponding
channel has halted. This is useful when the application appends additional packet descriptors to a transmit
queue list that is already owned by the EMAC. Note that this flag is valid on EOP descriptors only.
2.5.4.10
Teardown Complete (TDOWNCMPLT) Flag
This flag is used when a transmit queue is being torn down, or aborted, instead of allowing it to be
transmitted. This would happen under device driver reset or shutdown conditions. The EMAC sets this bit
in the SOP descriptor of each packet as it is aborted from transmission.
Note that this flag is valid on SOP descriptors only. Also note that only the first packet in an unsent list has
the TDOWNCMPLT flag set. Subsequent descriptors are not even processed by the EMAC.
2.5.4.11
Pass CRC (PASSCRC) Flag
This flag is set by the software application in the SOP packet descriptor before it adds the descriptor to the
transmit queue. Setting this bit indicates to the EMAC that the 4 byte Ethernet CRC is already present in
the packet data, and that the EMAC should not generate its own version of the CRC.
When the CRC flag is cleared, the EMAC generates and appends the 4-byte CRC. The buffer length and
packet length fields do not include the CRC bytes. When the CRC flag is set, the 4-byte CRC is supplied
by the software application and is already appended to the end of the packet data. The buffer length and
packet length fields include the CRC bytes, as they are part of the valid packet data. Note that this flag is
valid on SOP descriptors only.
22
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.5.5
Receive Buffer Descriptor Format
A receive (RX) buffer descriptor (Figure 7) is a contiguous block of four 32-bit data words aligned on a
32-bit boundary that describes a packet or a packet fragment. Example 2 shows the receive buffer
descriptor described by a C structure.
2.5.5.1
Next Descriptor Pointer
This pointer points to the 32–bit word aligned memory address of the next buffer descriptor in the receive
queue. This pointer is used to create a linked list of buffer descriptors. If the value of this pointer is zero,
then the current buffer is the last buffer in the queue. The software application must set this value prior to
adding the descriptor to the active receive list. This pointer is not altered by the EMAC.
The value of pNext should never be altered once the descriptor is in an active receive queue, unless its
current value is NULL. If the pNext pointer is initially NULL, and more empty buffers can be added to the
pool, the software application may alter this pointer to point to a newly appended descriptor. The EMAC
will use the new pointer value and proceed to the next descriptor unless the pNext value has already been
read. In this latter case, the receiver will halt the receive channel in question, and the software application
may restart it at that time. The software can detect this case by checking for an end of queue (EOQ)
condition flag on the updated packet descriptor when it is returned by the EMAC.
2.5.5.2
Buffer Pointer
The buffer pointer is the byte-aligned memory address of the memory buffer associated with the buffer
descriptor. The software application must set this value prior to adding the descriptor to the active receive
list. This pointer is not altered by the EMAC.
Figure 7. Receive Buffer Descriptor Format
Word 0
31
0
Next Descriptor Pointer
Word 1
31
0
Buffer Pointer
Word 2
31
16 15
0
Buffer Offset
Buffer Length
Word 3
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
SOP
EOP
OWNER
EOQ
TDOWNCMPLT
PASSCRC
JABBER
OVERSIZE
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
FRAGMENT
UNDERSIZED
CONTROL
OVERRUN
CODEERROR
ALIGNERROR
CRCERROR
NOMATCH
15
0
Packet Length
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
23
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
Example 2. Receive Buffer Descriptor in C Structure Format
/*
// EMAC Descriptor
//
// The following is the format of a single buffer descriptor
// on the EMAC.
*/
typedef struct _EMAC_Desc {
struct _EMAC_Desc *pNext;
/* Pointer to next descriptor in chain
*/
Uint8
*pBuffer;
/* Pointer to data buffer
*/
Uint32
BufOffLen;
/* Buffer Offset(MSW) and Length(LSW)
*/
Uint32
PktFlgLen;
/* Packet Flags(MSW) and Length(LSW)
*/
} EMAC_Desc;
/* Packet Flags
*/
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_SOP
0x80000000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_EOP
0x40000000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_OWNER
0x20000000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_EOQ
0x10000000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_TDOWNCMPLT
0x08000000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_PASSCRC
0x04000000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_JABBER
0x02000000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_OVERSIZE
0x01000000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_FRAGMENT
0x00800000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_UNDERSIZED
0x00400000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_CONTROL
0x00200000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_OVERRUN
0x00100000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_CODEERROR
0x00080000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_ALIGNERROR
0x00040000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_CRCERROR
0x00020000u
#define EMAC_DSC_FLAG_NOMATCH
0x00010000u
2.5.5.3
Buffer Offset
This 16-bit field must be initialized to zero by the software application before adding the descriptor to a
receive queue.
Whether or not this field is updated depends on the setting of the RXBUFFEROFFSET register. When the
offset register is set to a non-zero value, the received packet is written to the packet buffer at an offset
given by the value of the register, and this value is also written to the buffer offset field of the descriptor.
When a packet is fragmented over multiple buffers because it does not fit in the first buffer supplied, the
buffer offset only applies to the first buffer in the list, which is where the start of packet (SOP) flag is set in
the corresponding buffer descriptor. In other words, the buffer offset field is only updated by the EMAC on
SOP descriptors.
The range of legal values for the BUFFEROFFSET register is 0 to (Buffer Length – 1) for the smallest
value of buffer length for all descriptors in the list.
24
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.5.5.4
Buffer Length
This 16-bit field is used for two purposes:
• Before the descriptor is first placed on the receive queue by the application software, the buffer length
field is first initialized by the software to have the physical size of the empty data buffer pointed to by
the buffer pointer field.
• After the empty buffer has been processed by the EMAC and filled with received data bytes, the buffer
length field is updated by the EMAC to reflect the actual number of valid data bytes written to the
buffer.
2.5.5.5
Packet Length
This 16-bit field specifies the number of data bytes in the entire packet. This value is initialized to zero by
the software application for empty packet buffers. The value is filled in by the EMAC on the first buffer
used for a given packet. This is signified by the EMAC setting a start of packet (SOP) flag. The packet
length is set by the EMAC on all SOP buffer descriptors.
2.5.5.6
Start of Packet (SOP) Flag
When set, this flag indicates that the descriptor points to a packet buffer that is the start of a new packet.
In the case of a single fragment packet, both the SOP and end of packet (EOP) flags are set. Otherwise,
the descriptor pointing to the last packet buffer for the packet has the EOP flag set. This flag is initially
cleared by the software application before adding the descriptor to the receive queue. This bit is set by the
EMAC on SOP descriptors.
2.5.5.7
End of Packet (EOP) Flag
When set, this flag indicates that the descriptor points to a packet buffer that is last for a given packet. In
the case of a single fragment packet, both the start of packet (SOP) and EOP flags are set. Otherwise, the
descriptor pointing to the last packet buffer for the packet has the EOP flag set. This flag is initially cleared
by the software application before adding the descriptor to the receive queue. This bit is set by the EMAC
on EOP descriptors.
2.5.5.8
Ownership (OWNER) Flag
When set, this flag indicates that the descriptor is currently owned by the EMAC. This flag is set by the
software application before adding the descriptor to the receive descriptor queue. This flag is cleared by
the EMAC once it is finished with a given set of descriptors, associated with a received packet. The flag is
updated by the EMAC on SOP descriptor only. So when the application identifies that the OWNER flag is
cleared on an SOP descriptor, it may assume that all descriptors up to and including the first with the EOP
flag set have been released by the EMAC. (Note that in the case of single buffer packets, the same
descriptor will have both the SOP and EOP flags set.)
2.5.5.9
End of Queue (EOQ) Flag
When set, this flag indicates that the descriptor in question was the last descriptor in the receive queue for
a given receive channel, and that the corresponding receiver channel has halted. This flag is initially
cleared by the software application prior to adding the descriptor to the receive queue. This bit is set by
the EMAC when the EMAC identifies that a descriptor is the last for a given packet received (also sets the
EOP flag), and there are no more descriptors in the receive list (next descriptor pointer is NULL).
The software application can use this bit to detect when the EMAC receiver for the corresponding channel
has halted. This is useful when the application appends additional free buffer descriptors to an active
receive queue. Note that this flag is valid on EOP descriptors only.
2.5.5.10
Teardown Complete (TDOWNCMPLT) Flag
This flag is used when a receive queue is being torn down, or aborted, instead of being filled with received
data. This would happen under device driver reset or shutdown conditions. The EMAC sets this bit in the
descriptor of the first free buffer when the tear down occurs. No additional queue processing is performed.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
25
Peripheral Architecture
2.5.5.11
www.ti.com
Pass CRC (PASSCRC) Flag
This flag is set by the EMAC in the SOP buffer descriptor if the received packet includes the 4-byte CRC.
This flag should be cleared by the software application before submitting the descriptor to the receive
queue.
2.5.5.12
Jabber Flag
This flag is set by the EMAC in the SOP buffer descriptor, if the received packet is a jabber frame and was
not discarded because the RXCEFEN bit was set in the RXMBPENABLE. Jabber frames are frames that
exceed the RXMAXLEN in length, and have CRC, code, or alignment errors.
2.5.5.13
Oversize Flag
This flag is set by the EMAC in the SOP buffer descriptor, if the received packet is an oversized frame and
was not discarded because the RXCEFEN bit was set in the RXMBPENABLE.
2.5.5.14
Fragment Flag
This flag is set by the EMAC in the SOP buffer descriptor, if the received packet is only a packet fragment
and was not discarded because the RXCEFEN bit was set in the RXMBPENABLE.
2.5.5.15
Undersized Flag
This flag is set by the EMAC in the SOP buffer descriptor, if the received packet is undersized and was
not discarded because the RXCSFEN bit was set in the RXMBPENABLE.
2.5.5.16
Control Flag
This flag is set by the EMAC in the SOP buffer descriptor, if the received packet is an EMAC control frame
and was not discarded because the RXCMFEN bit was set in the RXMBPENABLE.
2.5.5.17
Overrun Flag
This flag is set by the EMAC in the SOP buffer descriptor, if the received packet was aborted due to a
receive overrun.
2.5.5.18
Code Error (CODEERROR) Flag
This flag is set by the EMAC in the SOP buffer descriptor, if the received packet contained a code error
and was not discarded because the RXCEFEN bit was set in the RXMBPENABLE.
2.5.5.19
Alignment Error (ALIGNERROR) Flag
This flag is set by the EMAC in the SOP buffer descriptor, if the received packet contained an alignment
error and was not discarded because the RXCEFEN bit was set in the RXMBPENABLE.
2.5.5.20
CRC Error (CRCERROR) Flag
This flag is set by the EMAC in the SOP buffer descriptor, if the received packet contained a CRC error
and was not discarded because the RXCEFEN bit was set in the RXMBPENABLE.
2.5.5.21
No Match (NOMATCH) Flag
This flag is set by the EMAC in the SOP buffer descriptor, if the received packet did not pass any of the
EMAC’s address match criteria and was not discarded because the RXCAFEN bit was set in the
RXMBPENABLE. Although the packet is a valid Ethernet data packet, it was only received because the
EMAC is in promiscuous mode.
26
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.6
EMAC Control Module
The basic functions of the EMAC control module (Figure 8) are to interface the EMAC and MDIO modules
to the rest of the system, and to provide for a local memory space to hold EMAC packet buffer descriptors.
Local memory is used to help avoid contention to device memory spaces. Other functions include the bus
arbiter, and interrupt logic control.
Figure 8. EMAC Control Module Block Diagram
Transmit and Receive
DMA Controllers
Configuration bus
Arbiter and
bus switches
CPU
8K byte
descriptor
memory
Configuration
registers
EMAC interrupts
MDIO interrupts
2.6.1
Interrupt
logic
Single interrupt
to CPU
Internal Memory
The EMAC control module includes 8K bytes of internal memory. The internal memory block is essential
for allowing the EMAC to operate more independently of the CPU. It also prevents memory underflow
conditions when the EMAC issues read or write requests to descriptor memory. (Memory accesses to
read or write the actual Ethernet packet data are protected by the EMAC's internal FIFOs).
A descriptor is a 16-byte memory structure that holds information about a single Ethernet packet buffer,
which may contain a full or partial Ethernet packet. Thus with the 8K memory block provided for descriptor
storage, the EMAC module can send and received up to a combined 512 packets before it needs to be
serviced by application or driver software.
2.6.2
Bus Arbiter
The EMAC control module bus arbiter operates transparently to the rest of the system. It is used:
• To arbitrate between the CPU and EMAC buses for access to internal descriptor memory.
• To arbitrate between internal EMAC buses for access to system memory.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
27
Peripheral Architecture
2.6.3
www.ti.com
Interrupt Control
The EMAC control module combines multiple interrupt conditions generated by the EMAC and MDIO
modules into a single interrupt signal that is mapped to a CPU interrupt via the CPU interrupt controller.
The control module uses two registers to control the interrupt signal to the CPU:
• The INTEN bit in the EMAC control module interrupt control register (EWCTL) globally enables and
disables the interrupt signal to the CPU. The INTEN bit is used to drive the interrupt line low during
interrupt processing so that upon reenabling the bit, the interrupt signal will rise if another interrupt
condition exists; thus, creating a rising edge detectable by the CPU.
• The EMAC control module interrupt timer count register (EWINTTCNT) is programmed with a value
(EWINTTCNT) that counts down once EMAC/MDIO interrupts are enabled using EWCTL. The CPU
interrupt signal is prevented from rising again until this count reaches 0.
EWINTTCNT has no effect on interrupts once the count reaches 0, so there is no induced interrupt latency
on random sporadic interrupts. However, the count delays the issuance of a second interrupt immediately
after a first. This protects the system from getting into an interrupt thrashing mode where the software
interrupt service routine (ISR) completes processing just in time to get another interrupt. By postponing
subsequent interrupts in a back-to-back condition, the software application or driver can get more work
done in its ISR.
EWINTTCNT reset value can be adjusted from within the ISR according to current system load, or simply
set to a fixed value that assures a maximum number of interrupts per second.
The counter counts at the peripheral clock frequency of PLL1/6; its default reset count is 0 (inactive), its
maximum value is 1 FFFFh (131 071).
2.7
MDIO Module
The MDIO module is used to manage up to 32 physical layer (PHY) devices connected to the Ethernet
Media Access Controller (EMAC). The DM643x device supports a single PHY being connected to the
EMAC at any given time. The MDIO module is designed to allow almost transparent operation of the
MDIO interface with little maintenance from the CPU.
The MDIO module continuously polls 32 MDIO addresses in order to enumerate all PHY devices in the
system. Once a PHY device has been detected, the MDIO module reads the MDIO PHY link status
register (LINK) to monitor the PHY link state. Link change events are stored in the MDIO module, which
can interrupt the CPU. This storing of the events allows the CPU to poll the link status of the PHY device
without continuously performing MDIO module accesses. However, when the CPU must access the MDIO
module for configuration and negotiation, the MDIO module performs the MDIO read or write operation
independent of the CPU. This independent operation allows the processor to poll for completion or
interrupt the CPU once the operation has completed.
2.7.1
MDIO Module Components
The MDIO module (Figure 9) interfaces to the PHY components through two MDIO pins (MDCLK and
MDIO), and to the CPU through the EMAC control module and the configuration bus. The MDIO module
consists of the following logical components:
• MDIO clock generator
• Global PHY detection and link state monitoring
• Active PHY monitoring
• PHY register user access
28
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
Figure 9. MDIO Module Block Diagram
Peripheral
clock
EMAC
control
module
MDIO
clock
generator
USERINT
PHY
monitoring
LINKINT
Configuration bus
2.7.1.1
MDIO
interface
MDCLK
MDIO
PHY
polling
Control
registers
and logic
MDIO Clock Generator
The MDIO clock generator controls the MDIO clock based on a divide-down of the peripheral clock
(PLL1/6) in the EMAC control module. The MDIO clock is specified to run up to 2.5 MHz, although typical
operation would be 1.0 MHz. Since the peripheral clock frequency is variable (PLL1/6), the application
software or driver controls the divide-down amount.
2.7.1.2
Global PHY Detection and Link State Monitoring
The MDIO module continuously polls all 32 MDIO addresses in order to enumerate the PHY devices in the
system. The module tracks whether or not a PHY on a particular address has responded, and whether or
not the PHY currently has a link. Using this information allows the software application to quickly
determine which MDIO address the PHY is using.
2.7.1.3
Active PHY Monitoring
Once a PHY candidate has been selected for use, the MDIO module transparently monitors its link state
by reading the MDIO PHY link status register (LINK). Link change events are stored on the MDIO device
and can optionally interrupt the CPU. This allows the system to poll the link status of the PHY device
without continuously performing costly MDIO accesses.
2.7.1.4
PHY Register User Access
When the CPU must access MDIO for configuration and negotiation, the PHY access module performs
the actual MDIO read or write operation independent of the CPU. This allows the CPU to poll for
completion or receive an interrupt when the read or write operation has been performed. The user access
registers USERACCESSn allows the software to submit the access requests for the PHY connected to the
device.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
29
Peripheral Architecture
2.7.2
www.ti.com
MDIO Module Operational Overview
The MDIO module implements the 802.3 serial management interface to interrogate and control an
Ethernet PHY, using a shared two-wired bus. It separately performs autodetection and records the current
link status of up to 32 PHYs, polling all 32 MDIO addresses.
Application software uses the MDIO module to configure the autonegotiation parameters of the PHY
attached to the EMAC, retrieve the negotiation results, and configure required parameters in the EMAC.
In this device, the Ethernet PHY attached to the system can be directly controlled and queried. The Media
Independent Interface (MII) address of this PHY device is specified in one of the PHYADRMON bits in the
MDIO user PHY select register (USERPHYSELn). The MDIO module can be programmed to trigger a
CPU interrupt on a PHY link change event, by setting the LINKINTENB bit in USERPHYSELn. Reads and
writes to registers in this PHY device are performed using the MDIO user access register
(USERACCESSn).
The MDIO module powers-up in an idle state until specifically enabled by setting the ENABLE bit in the
MDIO control register (CONTROL). At this time, the MDIO clock divider and preamble mode selection are
also configured. The MDIO preamble is enabled by default, but can be disabled when the connected PHY
does not require it. Once the MDIO module is enabled, the MDIO interface state machine continuously
polls the PHY link status (by reading the generic status register) of all possible 32 PHY addresses and
records the results in the MDIO PHY alive status register (ALIVE) and MDIO PHY link status register
(LINK). The corresponding bit for the connected PHY (0-31) is set in ALIVE, if the PHY responded to the
read request. The corresponding bit is set in LINK, if the PHY responded and also is currently linked. In
addition, any PHY register read transactions initiated by the application software using USERACCESSn
causes ALIVE to be updated.
The USERPHYSELn is used to track the link status of the connected PHY address. A change in the link
status of the PHY being monitored sets the appropriate bit in the MDIO link status change interrupt
registers (LINKINTRAW and LINKINTMASKED), if enabled by the LINKINTENB bit in USERPHYSELn.
While the MDIO module is enabled, the host issues a read or write transaction over the MII management
interface using the DATA, PHYADR, REGADR, and WRITE bits in USERACCESSn. When the application
sets the GO bit in USERACCESSn, the MDIO module begins the transaction without any further
intervention from the CPU. Upon completion, the MDIO module clears the GO bit and sets the
corresponding USERINTRAW bit (0 or 1) in the MDIO user command complete interrupt register
(USERINTRAW) corresponding to USERACCESSn used. The corresponding USERINTMASKED bit (0 or
1) in the MDIO user command complete interrupt register (USERINTMASKED) may also be set,
depending on the mask setting configured in the MDIO user command complete interrupt mask set
register (USERINTMASKSET) and the MDIO user interrupt mask clear register (USERINTMASKCLEAR).
A round-robin arbitration scheme is used to schedule transactions that may be queued using both
USERACCESS0 and USERACCESS1. The application software must check the status of the GO bit in
USERACCESSn before initiating a new transaction, to ensure that the previous transaction has
completed. The application software can use the ACK bit in USERACCESSn to determine the status of a
read transaction.
30
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.7.2.1
Initializing the MDIO Module
The following steps are performed by the application software or device driver to initialize the MDIO
device:
1. Configure the PREAMBLE and CLKDIV bits in the MDIO control register (CONTROL).
2. Enable the MDIO module by setting the ENABLE bit in CONTROL.
3. The MDIO PHY alive status register (ALIVE) can be read in polling fashion until a PHY connected to
the system responded, and the MDIO PHY link status register (LINK) can determine whether this PHY
already has a link.
4. Setup the appropriate PHY addresses in the MDIO user PHY select register (USERPHYSELn), and set
the LINKINTENB bit to enable a link change event interrupt if desirable.
5. If an interrupt on general MDIO register access is desired, set the corresponding bit in the MDIO user
command complete interrupt mask set register (USERINTMASKSET) to use the MDIO user access
register (USERACCESSn). Since only one PHY is used in this device, the application software can use
one USERACCESSn to trigger a completion interrupt; the other USERACCESSn is not setup.
2.7.2.2
Writing Data To a PHY Register
The MDIO module includes a user access register (USERACCESSn) to directly access a specified PHY
device. To write a PHY register, perform the following:
1. Check to ensure that the GO bit in the MDIO user access register (USERACCESSn) is cleared.
2. Write to the GO, WRITE, REGADR, PHYADR, and DATA bits in USERACCESSn corresponding to the
PHY and PHY register you want to write.
3. The write operation to the PHY is scheduled and completed by the MDIO module. Completion of the
write operation can be determined by polling the GO bit in USERACCESSn for a 0.
4. Completion of the operation sets the corresponding USERINTRAW bit (0 or 1) in the MDIO user
command complete interrupt register (USERINTRAW) corresponding to USERACCESSn used. If
interrupts have been enabled on this bit using the MDIO user command complete interrupt mask set
register (USERINTMASKSET), then the bit is also set in the MDIO user command complete interrupt
register (USERINTMASKED) and an interrupt is triggered on the CPU.
2.7.2.3
Reading Data From a PHY Register
The MDIO module includes a user access register (USERACCESSn) to directly access a specified PHY
device. To read a PHY register, perform the following:
1. Check to ensure that the GO bit in the MDIO user access register (USERACCESSn) is cleared.
2. Write to the GO, REGADR, and PHYADR bits in USERACCESSn corresponding to the PHY and PHY
register you want to read.
3. The read data value is available in the DATA bits in USERACCESSn after the module completes the
read operation on the serial bus. Completion of the read operation can be determined by polling the
GO and ACK bits in USERACCESSn. Once the GO bit has cleared, the ACK bit is set on a successful
read.
4. Completion of the operation sets the corresponding USERINTRAW bit (0 or 1) in the MDIO user
command complete interrupt register (USERINTRAW) corresponding to USERACCESSn used. If
interrupts have been enabled on this bit using the MDIO user command complete interrupt mask set
register (USERINTMASKSET), then the bit is also set in the MDIO user command complete interrupt
register (USERINTMASKED) and an interrupt is triggered on the CPU.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
31
Peripheral Architecture
2.7.2.4
www.ti.com
Example of MDIO Register Access Code
The MDIO module uses the MDIO user access register (USERACCESSn) to access the PHY control
registers. Software functions that implement the access process may simply be the following four macros:
• PHYREG_read( regadr, phyadr )
Start the process of reading a PHY register
• PHYREG_write( regadr, phyadr, data )
Start the process of writing a PHY register
• PHYREG_wait( )
Synchronize operation (make sure read/write is idle)
• PHYREG_waitResults( results )
Wait for read to complete and return data read
Note that it is not necessary to wait after a write operation, as long as the status is checked before every
operation to make sure the MDIO hardware is idle. An alternative approach is to call PHYREG_wait() after
every write, and PHYREG_waitResults( ) after every read, then the hardware can be assumed to be idle
when starting a new operation.
The implementation of these macros using the chip support library (CSL) is shown in Example 3
(USERACCESS0 is assumed).
Note that this implementation does not check the ACK bit in USERACCESSn on PHY register reads (does
not follow the procedure outlined in Section 2.7.2.3). Since the MDIO PHY alive status register (ALIVE) is
used to initially select a PHY, it is assumed that the PHY is acknowledging read operations. It is possible
that a PHY could become inactive at a future point in time. An example of this would be a PHY that can
have its MDIO addresses changed while the system is running. It is not very likely, but this condition can
be tested by periodically checking the PHY state in ALIVE.
Example 3. MDIO Register Access Macros
#define PHYREG_read(regadr, phyadr)
MDIO_REGS->USERACCESS0 =
CSL_FMK(MDIO_USERACCESS0_GO,1u)
CSL_FMK(MDIO_USERACCESS0_REGADR,regadr)
CSL_FMK(MDIO_USERACCESS0_PHYADR,phyadr)
|
|
/
/
|
|
|
|
/
/
/
/
#define PHYREG_write(regadr, phyadr, data)
MDIO_REGS->USERACCESS0 =
CSL_FMK(MDIO_USERACCESS0_GO,1u)
CSL_FMK(MDIO_USERACCESS0_WRITE,1)
CSL_FMK(MDIO_USERACCESS0_REGADR,regadr)
CSL_FMK(MDIO_USERACCESS0_PHYADR,phyadr)
CSL_FMK(MDIO_USERACCESS0_DATA, data)
#define PHYREG_wait()
while( CSL_FEXT(MDIO_REGS->USERACCESS0,MDIO_USERACCESS0_GO) )
#define PHYREG_waitResults( results ) {
while( CSL_FEXT(MDIO_REGS->USERACCESS0,MDIO_USERACCESS0_GO) );
results = CSL_FEXT(MDIO_REGS->USERACCESS0, MDIO_USERACCESS0_DATA); }
32
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.8
EMAC Module
This section discusses the architecture and basic function of the EMAC module.
2.8.1
EMAC Module Components
The EMAC module (Figure 10) interfaces to the outside world through the Media Independent Interface
(MII) and interfaces to the system core through the EMAC control module. The EMAC consists of the
following logical components:
• The receive path includes: receive DMA engine, receive FIFO, and MAC receiver
• The transmit path includes: transmit DMA engine, transmit FIFO, and MAC transmitter
• Statistics logic
• State RAM
• Interrupt controller
• Control registers and logic
• Clock and reset logic
Figure 10. EMAC Module Block Diagram
Configuration bus
Receive
DMA engine
Receive
FIFO
MAC
receiver
Interrupt
controller
State
RAM
Statistics
Transmit
DMA engine
Transmit
FIFO
MAC
transmitter
EMAC
control
module
Configuration bus
2.8.1.1
Receive
address
Clock and
reset logic
SYNC
MII
Control
registers
Receive DMA Engine
The receive DMA engine is the interface between the receive FIFO and the system core. It interfaces to
the CPU through the bus arbiter in the EMAC control module. This DMA engine is totally independent of
the device DMA.
2.8.1.2
Receive FIFO
The receive FIFO consists of three cells of 64-bytes each and associated control logic. The FIFO buffers
receive data in preparation for writing into packet buffers in device memory.
2.8.1.3
MAC Receiver
The MAC receiver detects and processes incoming network frames, de-frames them, and puts them into
the receive FIFO. The MAC receiver also detects errors and passes statistics to the statistics RAM.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
33
Peripheral Architecture
2.8.1.4
www.ti.com
Transmit DMA Engine
The transmit DMA engine is the interface between the transmit FIFO and the CPU. It interfaces to the
CPU through the bus arbiter in the EMAC control module.
2.8.1.5
Transmit FIFO
The transmit FIFO consists of three cells of 64–bytes each and associated control logic. The FIFO buffers
data in preparation for transmission.
2.8.1.6
MAC Transmitter
The MAC transmitter formats frame data from the transmit FIFO and transmits the data using the
CSMA/CD access protocol. The frame CRC can be automatically appended, if required. The MAC
transmitter also detects transmission errors and passes statistics to the statistics registers.
2.8.1.7
Statistics Logic
The Ethernet statistics are counted and stored in the statistics logic RAM. This statistics RAM keeps track
of 36 different Ethernet packet statistics.
2.8.1.8
State RAM
State RAM contains the head descriptor pointers and completion pointers registers for both transmit and
receive channels.
2.8.1.9
EMAC Interrupt Controller
The interrupt controller contains the interrupt related registers and logic. The 18 raw EMAC interrupts are
input to this submodule and masked module interrupts are output.
2.8.1.10
Control Registers and Logic
The EMAC is controlled by a set of memory-mapped registers. The control logic also signals transmit,
receive, and status related interrupts to the CPU through the EMAC control module.
2.8.1.11
Clock and Reset Logic
The clock and reset submodule generates all the EMAC clocks and resets. For more details on reset
capabilities, see Section 2.14.1.
2.8.2
EMAC Module Operational Overview
After reset, initialization, and configuration, the host may initiate transmit operations. Transmit operations
are initiated by host writes to the appropriate transmit channel head descriptor pointer contained in the
state RAM block. The transmit DMA controller then fetches the first packet in the packet chain from
memory. The DMA controller writes the packet into the transmit FIFO in bursts of 64-byte cells. When the
threshold number of cells, configurable using the TXCELLTHRESH bit in the FIFO control register
(FIFOCONTROL), have been written to the transmit FIFO, or a complete packet, whichever is smaller, the
MAC transmitter then initiates the packet transmission. The SYNC block transmits the packet over the MII
interfaces in accordance with the 802.3 protocol. Transmit statistics are counted by the statistics block.
Receive operations are initiated by host writes to the appropriate receive channel head descriptor pointer
after host initialization and configuration. The SYNC submodule receives packets and strips off the
Ethernet related protocol. The packet data is input to the MAC receiver, which checks for address match
and processes errors. Accepted packets are then written to the receive FIFO in bursts of 64-byte cells.
The receive DMA controller then writes the packet data to memory. Receive statistics are counted by the
statistics block.
The EMAC module operates independently of the CPU. It is configured and controlled by its register set
mapped into device memory. Information about data packets is communicated by use of 16-byte
descriptors that are placed in an 8K-byte block of RAM in the EMAC control module.
34
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
For transmit operations, each 16-byte descriptor describes a packet or packet fragment in the system's
internal or external memory. For receive operations, each 16-byte descriptor represents a free packet
buffer or buffer fragment. On both transmit and receive, an Ethernet packet is allowed to span one or
more memory fragments, represented by one 16-byte descriptor per fragment. In typical operation, there is
only one descriptor per receive buffer, but transmit packets may be fragmented, depending on the
software architecture.
An interrupt is issued to the CPU whenever a transmit or receive operation has completed. However, it is
not necessary for the CPU to service the interrupt while there are additional resources available. In other
words, the EMAC continues to receive Ethernet packets until its receive descriptor list has been
exhausted. On transmit operations, the transmit descriptors need only be serviced to recover their
associated memory buffer. Thus, it is possible to delay servicing of the EMAC interrupt if there are
real-time tasks to perform.
Eight channels are supplied for both transmit and receive operations. On transmit, the eight channels
represent eight independent transmit queues. The EMAC can be configured to treat these channels as an
equal priority "round-robin" queue or as a set of eight fixed-priority queues. On receive, the eight channels
represent eight independent receive queues with packet classification. Packets are classified based on the
destination MAC address. Each of the eight channels is assigned its own MAC address, enabling the
EMAC module to act like eight virtual MAC adapters. Also, specific types of frames can be sent to specific
channels. For example, multicast, broadcast, or other (promiscuous, error, etc.), can each be received on
a specific receive channel queue.
The EMAC keeps track of 36 different statistics, plus keeps the status of each individual packet in its
corresponding packet descriptor.
2.9
Media Independent Interface (MII)
The following sections discuss the operation of the Media Independent Interface (MII) in 10 Mbps and
100 Mbps mode. An IEEE 802.3 compliant Ethernet MAC controls the interface.
2.9.1
Data Reception
2.9.1.1
Receive Control
Data received from the PHY is interpreted and output to the EMAC receive FIFO. Interpretation involves
detection and removal of the preamble and start-of-frame delimiter, extraction of the address and frame
length, data handling, error checking and reporting, cyclic redundancy checking (CRC), and statistics
control signal generation. Address detection and frame filtering is performed outside the MII interface.
2.9.1.2
Receive Inter-Frame Interval
The 802.3 standard requires an interpacket gap (IPG), which is 24 MII clocks (96 bit times). However, the
EMAC can tolerate a reduced IPG (2 MII clocks or 8 bit times) with a correct preamble and start frame
delimiter. This interval between frames must comprise (in the following order):
1. An Interpacket Gap (IPG).
2. A 7-byte preamble (all bytes 55h).
3. A 1-byte start of frame delimiter (5DH).
2.9.1.3
Receive Flow Control
When enabled and triggered, receive flow control is initiated to limit the EMAC from further frame
reception. Two forms of receive buffer flow control are available:
• Collision-based flow control for half-duplex mode
• IEEE 802.3x pause frames flow control for full-duplex mode
In either case, receive flow control prevents frame reception by issuing the flow control appropriate for the
current mode of operation. Receive flow control prevents reception of frames on the EMAC until all of the
triggering conditions clear, at which time frames may again be received by the EMAC.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
35
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
Receive flow control is enabled by the RXBUFFERFLOWEN bit in the MAC control register
(MACCONTROL). The EMAC is configured for collision or IEEE 802.3X flow control using the
FULLDUPLEX bit in MACCONTROL. Receive flow control is triggered when the number of free buffers in
any enabled receive channel free buffer count register (RXnFREEBUFFER) is less than or equal to the
receive channel flow control threshold register (RXnFLOWTHRESH) value. Receive flow control is
independent of receive QOS, except that both use the free buffer values.
2.9.1.3.1
Collision-Based Receive Buffer Flow Control
Collision-based receive buffer flow control provides a means of preventing frame reception when the
EMAC is operating in half-duplex mode (the FULLDUPLEX bit is cleared in MACCONTROL). When
receive flow control is enabled and triggered, the EMAC generates collisions for received frames. The jam
sequence transmitted is the 12-byte sequence C3.C3.C3.C3.C3.C3.C3.C3.C3.C3.C3.C3h. The jam
sequence begins no later than approximately as the source address starts to be received. Note that these
forced collisions are not limited to a maximum of 16 consecutive collisions, and are independent of the
normal back-off algorithm.
Receive flow control does not depend on the value of the incoming frame destination address. A collision
is generated for any incoming packet, regardless of the destination address, if any EMAC enabled
channel’s free buffer register value is less than or equal to the channel’s flow threshold value.
2.9.1.3.2
IEEE 802.3x-Based Receive Buffer Flow Control
IEEE 802.3x-based receive buffer flow control provides a means of preventing frame reception when the
EMAC is operating in full-duplex mode (the FULLDUPLEX bit is set in MACCONTROL). When receive
flow control is enabled and triggered, the EMAC transmits a pause frame to request that the sending
station stop transmitting for the period indicated within the transmitted pause frame.
The EMAC transmits a pause frame to the reserved multicast address at the first available opportunity
(immediately if currently idle or following the completion of the frame currently being transmitted). The
pause frame contains the maximum possible value for the pause time (FFFFh). The EMAC counts the
receive pause frame time (decrements FF00h to 0) and retransmits an outgoing pause frame, if the count
reaches 0. When the flow control request is removed, the EMAC transmits a pause frame with a zero
pause time to cancel the pause request.
Note that transmitted pause frames are only a request to the other end station to stop transmitting.
Frames that are received during the pause interval are received normally (provided the receive FIFO is not
full).
Pause frames are transmitted if enabled and triggered, regardless of whether or not the EMAC is
observing the pause time period from an incoming pause frame.
The EMAC transmits pause frames as described below:
• The 48-bit reserved multicast destination address 01.80.C2.00.00.01h.
• The 48-bit source address (set using the MACSRCADDRLO and MACSRCADDRHI registers).
• The 16-bit length/type field containing the value 88.08h.
• The 16-bit pause opcode equal to 00.01h.
• The 16-bit pause time value of FF.FFh. A pause-quantum is 512 bit-times. Pause frames sent to
cancel a pause request have a pause time value of 00.00h.
• Zero padding to 64-byte data length (EMAC transmits only 64-byte pause frames).
• The 32-bit frame-check sequence (CRC word).
All quantities are hexadecimal and are transmitted most-significant byte first. The least-significant bit (LSB)
is transferred first in each byte.
If the RXBUFFERFLOWEN bit in MACCONTROL is cleared to 0 while the pause time is nonzero, then the
pause time is cleared to 0 and a zero count pause frame is sent.
36
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.9.2
Data Transmission
The EMAC passes data to the PHY from the transmit FIFO (when enabled). Data is synchronized to the
transmit clock rate. Transmission begins when there are TXCELLTHRESH cells of 64 bytes each, or a
complete packet, in the FIFO.
2.9.2.1
Transmit Control
A jam sequence is output if a collision is detected on a transmit packet. If the collision was late (after the
first 64 bytes have been transmitted), the collision is ignored. If the collision is not late, the controller will
back off before retrying the frame transmission. When operating in full-duplex mode, the carrier sense
(MCRS) and collision-sensing (MCOL) modes are disabled.
2.9.2.2
CRC Insertion
If the SOP buffer descriptor PASSCRC flag is cleared, the EMAC generates and appends a 32-bit
Ethernet CRC onto the transmitted data. For the EMAC-generated CRC case, a CRC (or placeholder) at
the end of the data is allowed but not required. The buffer byte count value should not include the CRC
bytes, if they are present.
If the SOP buffer descriptor PASSCRC flag is set, then the last four bytes of the transmit data are
transmitted as the frame CRC. The four CRC data bytes should be the last four bytes of the frame and
should be included in the buffer byte count value. The MAC performs no error checking on the outgoing
CRC.
2.9.2.3
Adaptive Performance Optimization (APO)
The EMAC incorporates adaptive performance optimization (APO) logic that may be enabled by setting
the TXPACE bit in the MAC control register (MACCONTROL). Transmission pacing to enhance
performance is enabled when the TXPACE bit is set. Adaptive performance pacing introduces delays into
the normal transmission of frames, delaying transmission attempts between stations, reducing the
probability of collisions occurring during heavy traffic (as indicated by frame deferrals and collisions),
thereby, increasing the chance of successful transmission.
When a frame is deferred, suffers a single collision, multiple collisions, or excessive collisions, the pacing
counter is loaded with an initial value of 31. When a frame is transmitted successfully (without
experiencing a deferral, single collision, multiple collision, or excessive collision), the pacing counter is
decremented by 1, down to 0.
With pacing enabled, a new frame is permitted to immediately (after one interpacket gap) attempt
transmission only if the pacing counter is 0. If the pacing counter is nonzero, the frame is delayed by the
pacing delay of approximately four interpacket gap (IPG)delays. APO only affects the IPG preceding the
first attempt at transmitting a frame; APO does not affect the back-off algorithm for retransmitted frames.
2.9.2.4
Interpacket-Gap (IPG) Enforcement
The measurement reference for the IPG of 96 bit times is changed depending on frame traffic conditions.
If a frame is successfully transmitted without collision and MCRS is deasserted within approximately 48 bit
times of MTXEN being deasserted, then 96 bit times is measured from MTXEN. If the frame suffered a
collision or MCRS is not deasserted until more than approximately 48 bit times after MTXEN is
deasserted, then 96 bit times (approximately, but not less) is measured from MCRS.
2.9.2.5
Back Off
The EMAC implements the 802.3 binary exponential back-off algorithm.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
37
Peripheral Architecture
2.9.2.6
www.ti.com
Transmit Flow Control
Incoming pause frames are acted upon, when enabled, to prevent the EMAC from transmitting any further
frames. Incoming pause frames are only acted upon when the FULLDUPLEX and TXFLOWEN bits in the
MAC control register (MACCONTROL) are set. Pause frames are not acted upon in half-duplex mode.
Pause frame action is taken if enabled, but normally the frame is filtered and not transferred to memory.
MAC control frames are transferred to memory, if the RXCMFEN bit in the receive
multicast/broadcast/promiscuous channel enable register (RXMBPENABLE) is set. The TXFLOWEN and
FULLDUPLEX bits affect whether or not MAC control frames are acted upon, but they have no affect upon
whether or not MAC control frames are transferred to memory or filtered.
Pause frames are a subset of MAC control frames with an opcode field of 0001h. Incoming pause frames
are only acted upon by the EMAC if:
• TXFLOWEN bit is set in M ACCONTROL
• The frame’s length is 64 to RXMAXLEN bytes inclusive
• The frame contains no CRC error or align/code errors
The pause time value from valid frames is extracted from the two bytes following the opcode. The pause
time is loaded into the EMAC transmit pause timer and the transmit pause time period begins. If a valid
pause frame is received during the transmit pause time period of a previous transmit pause frame then:
• If the destination address is not equal to the reserved multicast address or any enabled or disabled
unicast address, then the transmit pause timer immediately expires, or
• If the new pause time value is 0, then the transmit pause timer immediately expires, else
• The EMAC transmit pause timer immediately is set to the new pause frame pause time value. (Any
remaining pause time from the previous pause frame is discarded).
If the TXFLOWEN bit in MACCONTROL is cleared, then the pause timer immediately expires.
The EMAC does not start the transmission of a new data frame any sooner than 512 bit-times after a
pause frame with a nonzero pause time has finished being received (MRXDV going inactive). No
transmission begins until the pause timer has expired (the EMAC may transmit pause frames in order to
initiate outgoing flow control). Any frame already in transmission when a pause frame is received is
completed and unaffected.
Incoming pause frames consist of:
• A 48-bit destination address equal to one of the following:
– The reserved multicast destination address 01.80.C2.00.00.01h
– Any EMAC 48-bit unicast address. Pause frames are accepted, regardless of whether the channel
is enabled or not.
• The 16-bit length/type field containing the value 88.08h.
• The 48-bit source address of the transmitting device.
• The 16-bit pause opcode equal to 00.01h.
• The 16-bit pause time. A pause-quantum is 512 bit-times.
• Padding to 64-byte data length.
• The 32-bit frame-check sequence (CRC word).
All quantities are hexadecimal and are transmitted most-significant byte first. The least-significant bit (LSB)
is transferred first in each byte.
The padding is required to make up the frame to a minimum of 64 bytes. The standard allows pause
frames longer than 64 bytes to be discarded or interpreted as valid pause frames. The EMAC recognizes
any pause frame between 64 bytes and RXMAXLEN bytes in length.
2.9.2.7
Speed, Duplex, and Pause Frame Support
The MAC operates at 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps, in half-duplex or full-duplex mode, and with or without pause
frame support as configured by the host.
38
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.10 Packet Receive Operation
2.10.1
Receive DMA Host Configuration
To
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2.10.2
configure the receive DMA for operation the host must:
Initialize the receive addresses.
Initialize the receive channel n DMA head descriptor pointer registers (RXnHDP) to 0.
Write the MAC address hash n registers (MACHASH1 and MACHASH2), if multicast addressing is
desired.
If flow control is to be enabled, initialize:
– the receive channel n free buffer count registers (RXnFREEBUFFER)
– the receive channel n flow control threshold register (RXnFLOWTHRESH)
– the receive filter low priority frame threshold register (RXFILTERLOWTHRESH)
Enable the desired receive interrupts using the receive interrupt mask set register (RXINTMASKSET)
and the receive interrupt mask clear register (RXINTMASKCLEAR).
Set the appropriate configuration bits in the MAC control register (MACCONTROL).
Write the receive buffer offset register (RXBUFFEROFFSET) value (typically zero).
Setup the receive channel(s) buffer descriptors and initialize RXnHDP.
Enable the receive DMA controller by setting the RXEN bit in the receive control register
(RXCONTROL).
Configure and enable the receive operation, as desired, in the receive
multicast/broadcast/promiscuous channel enable register (RXMBPENABLE) and by using the receive
unicast set register (RXUNICASTSET) and the receive unicast clear register (RXUNICASTCLEAR).
Receive Channel Enabling
Each of the eight receive channels has an enable bit (RXCHnEN) in the receive unicast set register
(RXUNICASTSET) that is controlled using RXUNICASTSET and the receive unicast clear register
(RXUNICASTCLEAR). The RXCHnEN bits determine whether the given channel is enabled (when set to
1) to receive frames with a matching unicast or multicast destination address.
The RXBROADEN bit in the receive multicast/broadcast/promiscuous channel enable register
(RXMBPENABLE) determines if broadcast frames are enabled or filtered. If broadcast frames are enabled
(when set to 1), then they are copied to only a single channel selected by the RXBROADCH bit in
RXMBPENABLE.
The RXMULTEN bit in RXMBPENABLE determines if hash matching multicast frames are enabled or
filtered. Incoming multicast addresses (group addresses) are hashed into an index in the hash table. If the
indexed bit is set then the frame hash matches and will be transferred to the channel selected by the
RXMULTCH bit in RXMBPENABLE when multicast frames are enabled. The multicast hash bits are set in
the MAC address hash n registers (MACHASH1 and MACHASH2).
The RXPROMCH bit in RXMBPENABLE selects the promiscuous channel to receive frames selected by
the RXCMFEN, RXCSFEN, RXCEFEN, and RXCAFEN bits. These four bits allow reception of MAC
control frames, short frames, error frames, and all frames (promiscuous), respectively.
2.10.3
Receive Address Matching
All eight MAC addresses corresponding to the eight receive channels share the upper 40 bits. Only the
lower byte is unique for each address. All eight receive addresses should be initialized, because pause
frames are acted upon regardless of whether a channel is enabled or not.
A MAC address is written by first writing the address number (channel) to be written into the MAC index
register (MACINDEX). The upper 32 bits of address are then written to the MAC address high bytes
register (MACADDRHI), which is followed by writing the lower 16 bits of address to the MAC address low
bytes register (MACADDRLO). Since all eight MAC addresses share the upper 40 bits of address,
MACADDRHI needs to be written only the first time (for the first channel configured).
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
39
Peripheral Architecture
2.10.4
www.ti.com
Hardware Receive QOS Support
Hardware receive quality of service (QOS) is supported, when enabled, by the Tag Protocol Identifier
format and the associated Tag Control Information (TCI) format priority field. When the incoming frame
length/type value is equal to 81.00h, the EMAC recognizes the frame as an Ethernet Encoded Tag
Protocol Type. The two octets immediately following the protocol type contain the 16-bit TCI field. Bits
15-13 of the TCI field contain the received frames priority (0 to 7). The received frame is a low-priority
frame, if the priority value is 0 to 3; the received frame is a high-priority frame, if the priority value is 4 to 7.
All frames that have a length/type field value not equal to 81.00h are low-priority frames. Received frames
that contain priority information are determined by the EMAC as:
• A 48-bit (6 bytes) destination address equal to:
– The destination station's individual unicast address.
– The destination station's multicast address (MACHASH1 and MACHASH2).
– The broadcast address of all ones.
• A 48-byte (6 bytes) source address.
• The 16-bit (2 bytes) length/type field containing the value 81.00h.
• The 16-bit (2 bytes) TCI field with the priority field in the upper 3 bits.
• Data bytes
• The 4 bytes CRC.
The receive filter low priority frame threshold register (RXFILTERLOWTHRESH) and the receive channel
n free buffer count registers (RXnFREEBUFFER) are used in conjunction with the priority information to
implement receive hardware QOS. Low-priority frames are filtered if the number of free buffers
(RXnFREEBUFFER) for the frame channel is less than or equal to the filter low threshold
(RXFILTERLOWTHRESH) value. Hardware QOS is enabled by the RXQOSEN bit in the receive
multicast/broadcast/promiscuous channel enable register (RXMBPENABLE).
2.10.5
Host Free Buffer Tracking
The host must track free buffers for each enabled channel (including unicast, multicast, broadcast, and
promiscuous), if receive QOS or receive flow control is used. Disabled channel free buffer values are do
not cares. During initialization, the host should write the number of free buffers for each enabled channel
to the appropriate receive channel n free buffer count registers (RXnFREEBUFFER). The EMAC
decrements the appropriate channel’s free buffer value for each buffer used. When the host reclaims the
frame buffers, the host should write the channel free buffer register with the number of reclaimed buffers
(write to increment). There are a maximum of 65,535 free buffers available. RXnFREEBUFFER only
needs to be updated by the host if receive QOS or flow control is used.
2.10.6
Receive Channel Teardown
The host commands a receive channel teardown by writing the channel number to the receive teardown
register (RXTEARDOWN). When a teardown command is issued to an enabled receive channel, the
following occurs:
• Any current frame in reception completes normally.
• The TDOWNCMPLT flag is set in the next buffer descriptor in the chain, if there is one.
• The channel head descriptor pointer is cleared to 0.
• A receive interrupt for the channel is issued to the host.
• The corresponding receive channel n completion pointer register (RXnCP) contains the value
FFFF FFFCh.
Channel teardown may be commanded on any channel at any time. The host is informed of the teardown
completion by the set teardown complete (TDOWNCMPLT) buffer descriptor bit. The EMAC does not
clear any channel enables due to a teardown command. A teardown command to an inactive channel
issues an interrupt that software should acknowledge with an FFFF FFFCh acknowledge value to RXnCP
(note that there is no buffer descriptor in this case). Software may read RXnCP to determine if the
interrupt was due to a commanded teardown. The read value is FFFF FFFCh, if the interrupt was due to a
teardown command.
40
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.10.7
Receive Frame Classification
Received frames are proper (good) frames, if they are between 64 bytes and the value in the receive
maximum length register (RXMAXLEN) bytes in length (inclusive) and contain no code, align, or CRC
errors.
Received frames are long frames, if their frame count exceeds the value in RXMAXLEN. The RXMAXLEN
reset (default) value is 5EEh (1518 in decimal). Long received frames are either oversized or jabber
frames. Long frames with no errors are oversized frames; long frames with CRC, code, or alignment
errors are jabber frames.
Received frames are short frames, if their frame count is less than 64 bytes. Short frames that address
match and contain no errors are undersized frames; short frames with CRC, code, or alignment errors are
fragment frames. If the frame length is less than or equal to 20, then the frame CRC is passed, regardless
of whether the RXPASSCRC bit is set or cleared in the receive multicast/broadcast/promiscuous channel
enable register (RXMBPENABLE).
A received long packet always contains RXMAXLEN number of bytes transferred to memory (if the
RXCEFEN bit is set in RXMBPENABLE), regardless of the value of the RXPASSCRC bit. Following is an
example with RXMAXLEN set to 1518:
• If the frame length is 1518, then the packet is not a long packet and there are 1514 or 1518 bytes
transferred to memory depending on the value of the RXPASSCRC bit.
• If the frame length is 1519, there are 1518 bytes transferred to memory regardless of the
RXPASSCRC bit value. The last three bytes are the first three CRC bytes.
• If the frame length is 1520, there are 1518 bytes transferred to memory regardless of the
RXPASSCRC bit value. The last two bytes are the first two CRC bytes.
• If the frame length is 1521, there are 1518 bytes transferred to memory regardless of the
RXPASSCRC bit value. The last byte is the first CRC byte.
• If the frame length is 1522, there are 1518 bytes transferred to memory. The last byte is the last data
byte.
2.10.8
Promiscuous Receive Mode
When the promiscuous receive mode is enabled by setting the RXCAFEN bit in the receive
multicast/broadcast/promiscuous channel enable register (RXMBPENABLE), nonaddress matching frames
that would normally be filtered are transferred to the promiscuous channel. Address matching frames that
would normally be filtered due to errors are transferred to the address match channel when the RXCAFEN
and RXCEFEN bits in RXMBPENABLE are set. A frame is considered to be an address matching frame
only if it is enabled to be received on a unicast, multicast, or broadcast channel. Frames received to
disabled unicast, multicast, or broadcast channels are considered nonaddress matching.
MAC control frames address match only if the RXCMFEN bit in RXMBPENABLE is set. The RXCEFEN
and RXCSFEN bits in RXMBPENABLE determine whether error frames are transferred to memory or not,
but they do not determine whether error frames are address matching or not. Short frames are a special
type of error frames.
A single channel is selected as the promiscuous channel by the RXPROMCH bit in RXMBPENABLE. The
promiscuous receive mode is enabled by the RXCMFEN, RXCEFEN, RXCSFEN, and RXCAFEN bits in
RXMBPENABLE. Table 4 shows the effects of the promiscuous enable bits. Proper frames are frames
that are between 64 bytes and the value in the receive maximum length register (RXMAXLEN) bytes in
length inclusive and contain no code, align, or CRC errors.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
41
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
Table 4. Receive Frame Treatment Summary
42
Address Match
RXCAFEN
RXCEFEN
RXCMFEN
RXCSFEN
0
0
X
X
X
No frames transferred.
0
1
0
0
0
Proper frames transferred to promiscuous channel.
0
1
0
0
1
Proper/undersized data frames transferred to
promiscuous channel.
0
1
0
1
0
Proper data and control frames transferred to
promiscuous channel.
0
1
0
1
1
Proper/undersized data and control frames
transferred to promiscuous channel.
0
1
1
0
0
Proper/oversize/jabber/code/align/CRC data frames
transferred to promiscuous channel. No control or
undersized/fragment frames are transferred.
0
1
1
0
1
Proper/undersized/fragment/oversize/jabber/code/
align/CRC data frames transferred to promiscuous
channel. No control frames are transferred.
0
1
1
1
0
Proper/oversize/jabber/code/align/CRC data and
control frames transferred to promiscuous channel.
No undersized frames are transferred.
0
1
1
1
1
All nonaddress matching frames with and without
errors transferred to promiscuous channel.
1
X
0
0
0
Proper data frames transferred to address match
channel.
1
X
0
0
1
Proper/undersized data frames transferred
to address match channel.
1
X
0
1
0
Proper data and control frames transferred to
address match channel.
1
X
0
1
1
Proper/undersized data and control frames
transferred to address match channel.
1
X
1
0
0
Proper/oversize/jabber/code/align/CRC data frames
transferred to address match channel. No control
or undersized frames are transferred.
1
X
1
0
1
Proper/oversize/jabber/fragment/undersized/code/
align/CRC data frames transferred to address
match channel. No control frames are transferred.
1
X
1
1
0
Proper/oversize/jabber/code/align/CRC data and
control frames transferred to address match
channel. No undersized/fragment frames are
transferred.
1
X
1
1
1
All address matching frames with and without
errors transferred to the address match channel
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Receive Frame Treatment
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.10.9
Receive Overrun
The types of receive overrun are:
• FIFO start of frame overrun (FIFO_SOF)
• FIFO middle of frame overrun (FIFO_MOF)
• DMA start of frame overrun (DMA_SOF)
• DMA middle of frame overrun (DMA_MOF)
The statistics counters used to track these types of receive overrun are:
• Receive start of frame overruns register (RXSOFOVERRUNS)
• Receive middle of frame overruns register (RXMOFOVERRUNS)
• Receive DMA overruns register (RXDMAOVERRUNS)
Start of frame overruns happen when there are no resources available when frame reception begins. Start
of frame overruns increment the appropriate overrun statistic(s) and the frame is filtered.
Middle of frame overruns happen when there are some resources to start the frame reception, but the
resources run out during frame reception. In normal operation, a frame that overruns after starting the
frame reception is filtered and the appropriate statistic(s) are incremented; however, the RXCEFEN bit in
the receive multicast/broadcast/promiscuous channel enable register (RXMBPENABLE) affects overrun
frame treatment. Table 5 shows how the overrun condition is handled for the middle of frame overrun.
Table 5. Middle of Frame Overrun Treatment
Address Match
RXCAFEN
RXCEFEN
0
0
X
Overrun frame filtered.
0
1
0
Overrun frame filtered.
0
1
1
As much frame data as possible is transferred to the promiscuous channel
until overrun. The appropriate overrun statistic(s) is incremented and the
OVERRUN and NOMATCH flags are set in the SOP buffer descriptor. Note
that the RXMAXLEN number of bytes cannot be reached for an overrun to
occur (it would be truncated and be a jabber or oversize).
1
X
0
Overrun frame filtered with the appropriate overrun statistic(s) incremented.
1
X
1
As much frame data as possible is transferred to the address match
channel until overrun. The appropriate overrun statistic(s) is incremented
and the OVERRUN flag is set in the SOP buffer descriptor. Note that the
RXMAXLEN number of bytes cannot be reached for an overrun to occur (it
would be truncated).
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Middle of Frame Overrun Treatment
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
43
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.11 Packet Transmit Operation
The transmit DMA is an eight channel interface. Priority between the eight queues may be either fixed or
round-robin as selected by the TXPTYPE bit in the MAC control register (MACCONTROL). If the priority
type is fixed, then channel 7 has the highest priority and channel 0 has the lowest priority. Round-robin
priority proceeds from channel 0 to channel 7.
2.11.1
Transmit DMA Host Configuration
To configure the transmit DMA for operation the host must perform:
• Write the MAC source address low bytes register (MACSRCADDRLO) and the MAC source address
high bytes register (MACSRCADDRHI) (used for pause frames on transmit).
• Initialize the transmit channel n DMA head descriptor pointer registers (TXnHDP) to 0.
• Enable the desired transmit interrupts using the transmit interrupt mask set register (TXINTMASKSET)
and the transmit interrupt mask clear register (TXINTMASKCLEAR).
• Set the appropriate configuration bits in the MAC control register (MACCONTROL).
• Setup the transmit channel(s) buffer descriptors in host memory.
• Enable the transmit DMA controller by setting the TXEN bit in the transmit control register
(TXCONTROL).
• Write the appropriate TXnHDP with the pointer to the first descriptor to start transmit operations.
2.11.2
Transmit Channel Teardown
The host commands a transmit channel teardown by writing the channel number to the transmit teardown
register (TXTEARDOWN). When a teardown command is issued to an enabled transmit channel, the
following occurs:
• Any frame currently in transmission completes normally.
• The TDOWNCMPLT flag is set in the next SOP buffer descriptor in the chain, if there is one.
• The channel head descriptor pointer is cleared to 0.
• A transmit interrupt is issued to inform the host of the channel teardown.
• The corresponding transmit channel n completion pointer register (TXnCP) contains the value
FFFF FFFCh.
• The host should acknowledge a teardown interrupt with an FFFF FFFCh acknowledge value.
Channel teardown may be commanded on any channel at any time. The host is informed of the teardown
completion by the set teardown complete (TDOWNCMPLT) buffer descriptor bit. The EMAC does not
clear any channel enables due to a teardown command. A teardown command to an inactive channel
issues an interrupt that software should acknowledge with an FFFF FFFCh acknowledge value to TXnCP
(note that there is no buffer descriptor in this case). Software may read the interrupt acknowledge location
(TXnCP) to determine if the interrupt was due to a commanded teardown. The read value is FFFF FFFCh,
if the interrupt was due to a teardown command.
44
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.12 Receive and Transmit Latency
The transmit and receive FIFOs each contain three 64-byte cells. The EMAC begins transmission of a
packet on the wire after TXCELLTHRESH (configurable through the FIFO control register) cells, or a
complete packet, are available in the FIFO.
Transmit underrun cannot occur for packet sizes of TXCELLTHRESH times 64 bytes (or less). For larger
packet sizes, transmit underrun occurs if the memory latency is greater than the time required to transmit
a 64-byte cell on the wire; this is 5.12 ms in 100 Mbps mode and 51.2 ms in 10 Mbps mode. The memory
latency time includes all buffer descriptor reads for the entire cell data.
Receive overrun is prevented if the receive memory cell latency is less than the time required to transmit a
64-byte cell on the wire: 5.12 ms in 100 Mbps mode, or 51.2 ms in 10 Mbps mode. The latency time
includes any required buffer descriptor reads for the cell data.
Latency to system’s internal and external RAM can be controlled through the use of the transfer node
priority allocation register available at the device level. Latency to descriptor RAM is low because RAM is
local to the EMAC, as it is part of the EMAC control module.
2.13 Transfer Node Priority
The DM643x device contains a chip-level register, master priority register (MSTPRI), that is used to set
the priority of the transfer node used in issuing memory transfer requests to system memory.
Although the EMAC has internal FIFOs to help alleviate memory transfer arbitration problems, the average
transfer rate of data read and written by the EMAC to internal or external processor memory must be at
least that of the Ethernet wire rate. In addition, the internal FIFO system can not withstand a single
memory latency event greater than the time it takes to fill or empty a TXCELLTHRESH number of internal
64 byte FIFO cells.
For 100 Mbps operation, these restrictions translate into the following rules:
• The short-term average, each 64-byte memory read/write request from the EMAC must be serviced in
no more than 5.12 ms.
• Any single latency event in request servicing can be no longer than (5.12 × TXCELLTHRESH) ms.
Bits [0-2] of the second chip-level master priority register (MSTPRI1) are used to set the transfer node
priority within the Switched Central Resource (SCR5) for the EMAC master peripheral.
A value of 000b has the highest priority, while 111b has the lowest priority. The default priority assigned to
the EMAC is 100b. It is important to have a balance between all peripherals. In most cases, the default
priorities will not need adjustment. For more information on the master peripherals priorities, see the
device-specific data manual.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
45
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.14 Reset Considerations
2.14.1
Software Reset Considerations
Peripheral clock and reset control is done through the Power and Sleep Controller (PSC) module included
with the device. For more on how the EMAC, MDIO, and EMAC control module are disabled or placed in
reset at runtime from the registers located in the PSC module, see Section 2.17.
With the EMAC still in reset (PSC in the default state):
1. Program the PINMUX1 register to HOSTBK = 3h or 4h (MII).
2. Program the VDD3P3V_PWDN register to power up the IO pins for MII pins (see the device-specific
data manual).
3. Program the PSC to enale the EMAC. For information on how to enable the EMAC peripheral from the
PSC, see the TMS320DM643x DMP DSP Subsystem Reference Guide (SPRU978).
Within the peripheral itself, the EMAC component of the Ethernet MAC peripheral can be placed in a reset
state by writing to the soft reset register (SOFTRESET). Writing a 1 to the SOFTRESET bit, causes the
EMAC logic to be reset and the register values to be set to their default values. Software reset occurs
when the receive and transmit DMA controllers are in an idle state to avoid locking up the configuration
bus; it is the responsibility of the software to verify that there are no pending frames to be transferred.
After writing a 1 to the SOFTRESET bit, it may be polled to determine if the reset has occurred. If a 1 is
read, the reset has not yet occurred; if a 0 is read, then a reset has occurred.
After a software reset operation, all the EMAC registers need to be reinitialized for proper data
transmission, including the FULLDUPLEX bit setting in the MAC control register (MACCONTROL).
Unlike the EMAC module, the MDIO and EMAC control modules cannot be placed in reset from a register
inside their memory map.
2.14.2
Hardware Reset Considerations
When a hardware reset occurs, the EMAC peripheral has its register values reset and all the components
return to their default state. After the hardware reset, the EMAC needs to be initialized before being able
to resume its data transmission, as described in Section 2.15.
A hardware reset is the only means of recovering from the error interrupts (HOSTPEND), which are
triggered by errors in packet buffer descriptors. Before doing a hardware reset, you should inspect the
error codes in the MAC status register (MACSTATUS) that gives information about the type of software
error that needs to be corrected. For detailed information on error interrupts, see Section 2.16.1.4.
46
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.15 Initialization
2.15.1
Enabling the EMAC/MDIO Peripheral
When the device is powered on, the EMAC peripheral is in a disabled state. Before any EMAC specific
initialization can take place, the EMAC needs to be enabled; otherwise, its registers cannot be written and
the reads will all return a value of zero.
The EMAC/MDIO is enabled through the Power and Sleep Controller (PSC) registers. For information on
how to enable the EMAC peripheral from the Power and Sleep Controller, see the TMS320DM643x DMP
DSP Subsystem Reference Guide (SPRU978).
When first enabled, the EMAC peripheral registers are set to their default values. After enabling the
peripheral, you may proceed with the module specific initialization.
2.15.2
EMAC Control Module Initialization
The EMAC control module is used for global interrupt enable, and to pace back-to-back interrupts using
an interrupt retrigger count based on the peripheral clock (PLL1/6). There is also an 8K block of RAM local
to the EMAC that is used to hold packet buffer descriptors.
Note that although the EMAC control module and the EMAC module have slightly different functions, in
practice, the type of maintenance performed on the EMAC control module is more commonly conducted
from the EMAC module software (as opposed to the MDIO module).
The initialization of the EMAC control module consists of two parts:
1. Configuration of the interrupt to the CPU.
2. Initialization of the EMAC control module:
• Setting the interrupt pace count using the EMAC control module interrupt timer count register
(EWINTTCNT).
• Initializing the EMAC and MDIO modules.
• Enabling interrupts in the EMAC control module using the EMAC control module interrupt control
register (EWCTL).
When using the register-level CSL, the code to perform the actions associated with the second part may
appear as in Example 4.
The process of mapping the EMAC interrupts to one of the CPU’s interrupts is done using the DSP
interrupt controller. Once the interrupt is mapped to a CPU interrupt, general masking and unmasking of
the interrupt (to control reentrancy) should be done at the chip level by manipulating the interrupt enable
mask. The EMAC control module interrupt control register (EWCTL) should only be used to enable and
disable interrupts from within the EMAC interrupt service routine (ISR). This is because disabling and
reenabling the interrupt in EWCTL also resets the interrupt pace counter.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
47
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
Example 4. EMAC Control Module Initialization Code
Uint32 tmpval ;
/*
// Globally disable EMAC/MDIO interrupts in the control module
*/
CSL_FINST( ECTL_REGS->EWCTL, ECTL_EWCTL_INTEN, DISABLE ) ;
/* Wait about 100 cycles */
for( I=0; i<5; I++ )
tmpval = ECTL_REGS->EWCTL ;
/* Set Interrupt Timer Count (PLL1clk/6) */
ECTL_REGS->EWINTTCNT = 1500 ;
/*
// Initialize MDIO and EMAC Module
*/[Discussed later in this document]
/* Enable global interrupt in the control module */
CSL_FINST( ECTL_REGS->EWCTL, ECTL_EWCTL_INTEN, ENABLE ) ;
2.15.3
MDIO Module Initialization
The MDIO module is used to initially configure and monitor one or more external PHY devices. Other
than initializing the software state machine (details on this state machine can be found in the IEEE
802.3 standard), all that needs to be done for the MDIO module is to enable the MDIO engine and to
configure the clock divider. To set the clock divider, supply an MDIO clock of 1 MHz. For example,
since the base clock used is the peripheral clock (PLL1/6), for a processor operating at a PLL
frequency of 594 MHz the divider can be set to 99, with slower MDIO clocks for slower peripheral clock
frequencies being perfectly acceptable.
Both the state machine enable and the MDIO clock divider are controlled through the MDIO control
register (CONTROL). If none of the potentially connected PHYs require the access preamble, the
PREAMBLE bit in CONTROL can also be set to speed up PHY register access. The code for this may
appear as in Example 5.
Example 5. MDIO Module Initialization Code
#define PCLK 99
...
/* Enable MDIO and setup divider */
MDIO_REGS->CONTROL =
CSL_FMKT( MDIO_CONTROL_ENABLE, YES) |
CSL_FMK( MDIO_CONTROL_CLKDIV, PCLK ) ;
If the MDIO module is to operate on an interrupt basis, the interrupts can be enabled at this time using
the MDIO user command complete interrupt mask set register (USERINTMASKSET) for register access
and the MDIO user PHY select register (USERPHYSELn) if a target PHY is already known.
Once the MDIO state machine has been initialized and enabled, it starts polling all 32 PHY addresses
on the MDIO bus, looking for an active PHY. Since it can take up to 50 ms to read one register, it can
be some time before the MDIO module provides an accurate representation of whether a PHY is
available. Also, a PHY can take up to 3 seconds to negotiate a link. Thus, it is advisable to run the
MDIO software off a time-based event rather than polling.
For more information on PHY control registers, see your PHY device documentation.
48
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.15.4
EMAC Module Initialization
The EMAC module is used to send and receive data packets over the network. This is done by
maintaining up to eight transmit and receive descriptor queues. The EMAC module configuration must
also be kept up-to-date based on PHY negotiation results returned from the MDIO module. Most of the
work in developing an application or device driver for Ethernet is programming this module.
The following is the initialization procedure a device driver would follow to get the EMAC to the state
where it is ready to receive and send Ethernet packets. Some of these steps are not necessary when
performed immediately after device reset.
1. If enabled, clear the device interrupt enable in the EMAC control module interrupt control register
(EWCTL).
2. Clear the MAC control register (MACCONTROL), receive control register (RXCONTROL), and
transmit control register (TXCONTROL) (not necessary immediately after reset).
3. Initialize all 16 header descriptor pointer registers (RXnHDP and TXnHDP) to 0.
4. Clear all 36 statistics registers by writing 0 (not necessary immediately after reset).
5. Setup the local Ethernet MAC address by programming the MAC index register (MACINDEX), MAC
address high bytes register (MACADDRHI), and MAC address low bytes register (MACADDRLO).
Be sure to program all eight MAC addresses - whether the receive channel is to be enabled or not.
Duplicate the same MAC address across all unused channels. When using more than one receive
channel, start with channel 0 and progress upwards.
6. Initialize the receive channel n free buffer count registers (RXnFREEBUFFER), receive channel n
flow control threshold register (RXnFLOWTHRESH), and receive filter low priority frame threshold
register (RXFILTERLOWTHRESH), if buffer flow control is to be enabled.
7. Most device drivers open with no multicast addresses, so clear the MAC address hash registers
(MACHASH1 and MACHASH2) to 0.
8. Write the receive buffer offset register (RXBUFFEROFFSET) value (typically zero).
9. Initially clear all unicast channels by writing FFh to the receive unicast clear register
(RXUNICASTCLEAR). If unicast is desired, it can be enabled now by writing the receive unicast set
register (RXUNICASTSET). Some drivers will default to unicast on device open while others will not.
10. Setup the receive multicast/broadcast/promiscuous channel enable register (RXMBPENABLE) with
an initial configuration. The configuration is based on the current receive filter settings of the device
driver. Some drivers may enable things like broadcast and multicast packets immediately, while
others may not.
11. Set the appropriate configuration bits in MACCONTROL (do not set the GMIIEN bit yet).
12. Clear all unused channel interrupt bits by writing the receive interrupt mask clear register
(RXINTMASKCLEAR) and the transmit interrupt mask clear register (TXINTMASKCLEAR).
13. Enable the receive and transmit channel interrupt bits in the receive interrupt mask set register
(RXINTMASKSET) and the transmit interrupt mask set register (TXINTMASKSET) for the channels
to be used, and enable the HOSTMASK and STATMASK bits using the MAC interrupt mask set
register (MACINTMASKSET).
14. Initialize the receive and transmit descriptor list queues.
15. Prepare receive by writing a pointer to the head of the receive buffer descriptor list to RXnHDP.
16. Enable the receive and transmit DMA controllers by setting the RXEN bit in RXCONTROL and the
TXEN bit in TXCONTROL. Then set the GMIIEN bit in MACCONTROL.
17. Enable the device interrupt in EWCTL.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
49
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.16 Interrupt Support
2.16.1
EMAC Module Interrupt Events and Requests
The EMAC module generates 18 interrupt events:
• TXPENDn: Transmit packet completion interrupt for transmit channels 0 through 7
• RXPENDn: Receive packet completion interrupt for receive channels 0 through 7
• STATPEND: Statistics interrupt
• HOSTPEND: Host error interrupt
2.16.1.1
Transmit Packet Completion Interrupts
The transmit DMA engine has eight channels, with each channel having a corresponding interrupt
(TXPENDn). The transmit interrupts are level interrupts that remain asserted until cleared by the CPU.
Each of the eight transmit channel interrupts may be individually enabled by setting the appropriate bit
in the transmit interrupt mask set register (TXINTMASKSET) to 1. Each of the eight transmit channel
interrupts may be individually disabled by clearing the appropriate bit in the transmit interrupt mask
clear register (TXINTMASKCLEAR) to 0. The raw and masked transmit interrupt status may be read by
reading the transmit interrupt status (unmasked) register (TXINTSTATRAW) and the transmit interrupt
status (masked) register (TXINTSTATMASKED), respectively.
When the EMAC completes the transmission of a packet, the EMAC issues an interrupt to the CPU by
writing the packet’s last buffer descriptor address to the appropriate channel queue’s transmit
completion pointer located in the state RAM block. The interrupt is generated by the write when
enabled by the interrupt mask, regardless of the value written.
Upon interrupt reception, the CPU processes one or more packets from the buffer chain and then
acknowledges an interrupt by writing the address of the last buffer descriptor processed to the queue’s
associated transmit completion pointer in the transmit DMA state RAM.
The data written by the host (buffer descriptor address of the last processed buffer) is compared to the
data in the register written by the EMAC port (address of last buffer descriptor used by the EMAC). If
the two values are not equal (which means that the EMAC has transmitted more packets than the CPU
has processed interrupts for), the transmit packet completion interrupt signal remains asserted. If the
two values are equal (which means that the host has processed all packets that the EMAC has
transferred), the pending interrupt is cleared. The value that the EMAC is expecting is found by reading
the transmit channel n completion pointer register (TXnCP).
The EMAC write to the completion pointer actually stores the value in the state RAM. The CPU written
value does not actually change the register value. The host written value is compared to the register
content (which was written by the EMAC) and if the two values are equal then the interrupt is removed;
otherwise, the interrupt remains asserted. The host may process multiple packets prior to
acknowledging an interrupt, or the host may acknowledge interrupts for every packet.
2.16.1.2
Receive Packet Completion Interrupts
The receive DMA engine has eight channels, which each channel having a corresponding interrupt
(RXPENDn). The receive interrupts are level interrupts that remain asserted until cleared by the CPU.
Each of the eight receive channel interrupts may be individually enabled by setting the appropriate bit in
the receive interrupt mask set register (RXINTMASKSET) to 1. Each of the eight receive channel
interrupts may be individually disabled by clearing the appropriate bit in the receive interrupt mask clear
register (RXINTMASKCLEAR) to 0. The raw and masked receive interrupt status may be read by
reading the receive interrupt status (unmasked) register (RXINTSTATRAW) and the receive interrupt
status (masked) register (RXINTSTATMASKED), respectively.
When the EMAC completes a packet reception, the EMAC issues an interrupt to the CPU by writing the
packet's last buffer descriptor address to the appropriate channel queue's receive completion pointer
located in the state RAM block. The interrupt is generated by the write when enabled by the interrupt
mask, regardless of the value written.
50
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
Upon interrupt reception, the CPU processes one or more packets from the buffer chain and then
acknowledges one or more interrupt(s) by writing the address of the last buffer descriptor processed to
the queue's associated receive completion pointer in the receive DMA state RAM.
The data written by the host (buffer descriptor address of the last processed buffer) is compared to the
data in the register written by the EMAC (address of last buffer descriptor used by the EMAC). If the
two values are not equal (which means that the EMAC has received more packets than the CPU has
processed interrupts for), the receive packet completion interrupt signal remains asserted. If the two
values are equal (which means that the host has processed all packets that the EMAC has received),
the pending interrupt is de-asserted. The value that the EMAC is expecting is found by reading the
receive channel n completion pointer register (RXnCP).
The EMAC write to the completion pointer actually stores the value in the state RAM. The CPU written
value does not actually change the register value. The host written value is compared to the register
content (which was written by the EMAC) and if the two values are equal then the interrupt is removed;
otherwise, the interrupt remains asserted. The host may process multiple packets prior to
acknowledging an interrupt, or the host may acknowledge interrupts for every packet.
2.16.1.3
Statistics Interrupt
The statistics level interrupt (STATPEND) is issued when any statistics value is greater than or equal to
8000 0000h, if enabled by setting the STATMASK bit in the MAC interrupt mask set register
(MACINTMASKSET) to 1. The statistics interrupt is removed by writing to decrement any statistics
value greater than 8000 0000h. As long as the most-significant bit of any statistics value is set, the
interrupt remains asserted.
2.16.1.4
Host Error Interrupt
The host error interrupt (HOSTPEND) is issued, if enabled, under error conditions dealing with the
handling of buffer descriptors, detected during transmit or receive DMA transactions. The failure of the
software application to supply properly formatted buffer descriptors results in this error. The error bit
can only be cleared by resetting the EMAC module in hardware.
The host error interrupt is enabled by setting the HOSTMASK bit in the MAC interrupt mask set register
(MACINTMASKSET) to 1. The host error interrupt is disabled by clearing the appropriate bit in the MAC
interrupt mask clear register (MACINTMASKCLEAR) to 0. The raw and masked host error interrupt
status may be read by reading the MAC interrupt status (unmasked) register (MACINTSTATRAW) and
the MAC interrupt status (masked) register (MACINTSTATMASKED), respectively.
The transmit host error conditions are:
• SOP error
• Ownership bit not set in SOP buffer
• Zero next buffer descriptor pointer with EOP
• Zero buffer pointer
• Zero buffer length
• Packet length error
The receive host error conditions are:
• Ownership bit not set in input buffer
• Zero buffer pointer
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
51
Peripheral Architecture
2.16.2
www.ti.com
MDIO Module Interrupt Events and Requests
The MDIO module generates two interrupt events:
• LINKINT: Serial interface link change interrupt. Indicates a change in the state of the PHY link
• USERINT: Serial interface user command event complete interrupt
2.16.2.1
Link Change Interrupt
The MDIO module asserts a link change interrupt (LINKINT) if there is a change in the link state of the
PHY corresponding to the address in the PHYADRMON bit in the MDIO user PHY select register n
(USERPHYSELn), and if the LINKINTENB bit is also set in USERPHYSELn. This interrupt event is also
captured in the LINKINTRAW bit in the MDIO link status change interrupt register (LINKINTRAW).
LINKINTRAW bits 0 and 1 correspond to USERPHYSEL0 and USERPHYSEL1, respectively.
When the interrupt is enabled and generated, the corresponding LINKINTMASKED bit is also set in the
MDIO link status change interrupt register (LINKINTMASKED). The interrupt is cleared by writing back
the same bit to LINKINTMASKED (write to clear).
2.16.2.2
User Access Completion Interrupt
When the GO bit in one of the MDIO user access registers (USERACCESSn) transitions from 1 to 0
(indicating completion of a user access) and the corresponding USERINTMASKSET bit in the MDIO
user command complete interrupt mask set register (USERINTMASKSET) corresponding to
USERACCESS0 or USERACCESS1 is set, a user access completion interrupt (USERINT) is asserted.
This interrupt event is also captured in the USERINTRAW bit in the MDIO user command complete
interrupt register (USERINTRAW). USERINTRAW bits 0 and bit 1 correspond to USERACCESS0 and
USERACCESS1, respectively.
When the interrupt is enabled and generated, the corresponding USERINTMASKED bit is also set in
the MDIO user command complete interrupt register (USERINTMASKED). The interrupt is cleared by
writing back the same bit to USERINTMASKED (write to clear).
2.16.3
Proper Interrupt Processing
All the interrupts signaled from the EMAC and MDIO modules are level driven, so if they remain active,
their level remains constant; the CPU core requires edge-triggered interrupts. In order to properly
convert the level-driven interrupt signal to an edge-triggered signal, the application software must make
use of the interrupt control logic contained in the EMAC control module.
Section 2.6.3 discusses the interrupt control contained in the EMAC control module. For safe interrupt
processing, upon entry to the ISR, the software application should disable interrupts using the EMAC
control module interrupt control register (EWCTL), and then reenable them upon leaving the ISR. If any
interrupt signals are active at that time, this creates another rising edge on the interrupt signal going to
the CPU interrupt controller, thus triggering another interrupt. The EMAC control module also uses the
EMAC control module interrupt timer count register (EWINTTCNT) to implement interrupt pacing.
2.16.4
Interrupt Multiplexing
The EMAC control module combines different interrupt signals from both the EMAC and MDIO modules
and generates a single interrupt signal that is wired to the CPU interrupt controller. Once this interrupt is
generated, the reason for the interrupt can be read from the MAC input vector register
(MACINVECTOR) located in the EMAC memory map. MACINVECTOR combines the status of the
following 20 interrupt signals: TXPENDn, RXPENDn, STATPEND, HOSTPEND, LINKINT, and
USERINT.
The EMAC and MDIO interrupts are combined within the EMAC control module and mapped to the
DSP interrupt INT43 through the DSP interrupt controller. For more details on the DSP interrupt
controller, see the TMS320C64x+ DSP Megamodule Reference Guide (SPRU871).
52
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Peripheral Architecture
www.ti.com
2.17 Power Management
Each of the three main components of the EMAC peripheral can independently be placed in
reduced-power modes to conserve power during periods of low activity. The power management of the
EMAC peripheral is controlled by the processor Power and Sleep Controller (PSC). The PSC acts as a
master controller for power management on behalf of all of the peripherals on the device.
The power conservation modes available for each of the three components of the EMAC/MDIO
peripheral are:
• Idle/Disabled state. This mode stops the clocks going to the peripheral, and prevents all the register
accesses. After reenabling the peripheral from this idle state, all the registers values prior to setting
into the disabled state are restored, and data transmission can proceed. No reinitialization is
required.
• Synchronized reset. This state is similar to the Power-on Reset (POR) state, when the processor is
turned-on; reset to the peripheral is asserted, and clocks to the peripheral are gated after that. The
registers are reset to their default value. When powering-up after a synchronized reset, all the
EMAC submodules need to be reinitialized before any data transmission can happen.
For more information on the use of the processor Power and Sleep Controller (PSC), see the
TMS320DM643x DMP DSP Subsystem Reference Guide (SPRU978).
2.18 Emulation Considerations
EMAC emulation control is implemented for compatibility with other peripherals. The SOFT and FREE
bits in the emulation control register (EMCONTROL) allow EMAC operation to be suspended.
When the emulation suspend state is entered, the EMAC stops processing receive and transmit frames
at the next frame boundary. Any frame currently in reception or transmission is completed normally
without suspension. For transmission, any complete or partial frame in the transmit cell FIFO is
transmitted. For receive, frames that are detected by the EMAC after the suspend state is entered are
ignored. No statistics are kept for ignored frames.
Table 6 shows how the SOFT and FREE bits affect the operation of the emulation suspend.
NOTE: Emulation suspend has not been tested.
Table 6. Emulation Control
SOFT
FREE
0
0
Normal operation
1
0
Emulation suspend
X
1
Normal operation
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Description
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
53
EMAC Control Module Registers
3
www.ti.com
EMAC Control Module Registers
Table 7 lists the memory-mapped registers for the EMAC control module. See the device-specific data
manual for the memory address of these registers.
Table 7. EMAC Control Module Registers
Offset
3.1
Acronym
Register Description
4h
EWCTL
EMAC Control Module Interrupt Control Register
Section 3.1
Section
8h
EWINTTCNT
EMAC Control Module Interrupt Timer Count Register
Section 3.2
EMAC Control Module Interrupt Control Register (EWCTL)
The EMAC control module interrupt control register (EWCTL) is used to enable and disable the central
interrupt from the EMAC and MDIO modules.
It is expected that any time the EMAC and MDIO interrupt is being serviced, the software disables the
INTEN bit in EWCTL. This ensures that the interrupt line goes back to zero. The software re-enables
the INTEN bit after clearing all the pending interrupts and before leaving the interrupt service routine. At
this point, if the EMAC control module monitors any interrupts still pending, it reasserts the interrupt
line, and generates a new edge that the CPU can recognize.
Any time the INTEN bit is cleared to 0, the EMAC_MDIO_INT signal to the CPU is kept deasserted. If
the INTEN bit is set to 1, then the interrupt control logic checks all the interrupt lines from EMAC and
MDIO. If any of these interrupt lines are active, the EMAC_MDIO_INT signal is asserted. Assertion of
this signal generates an edge, which can then be recognized as a valid interrupt by the CPU.
The INTEN bit takes care of two problems associated with level interrupts from the EMAC and the
MDIO modules. First, it makes sure that none of the interrupts are missed; second, it makes sure that
only the required number of interrupts are sent to the CPU.
The EWCTL is shown in Figure 11 and described in Table 8.
Figure 11. EMAC Control Module Interrupt Control Register (EWCTL)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
1
0
Reserved
INTEN
R-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 8. EMAC Control Module Interrupt Control Register (EWCTL) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-1
0
54
Field
Reserved
Value
0
INTEN
Description
Reserved
Controls the EMAC_MDIO_INT interrupt generation to the CPU.
0
EMAC and MDIO interrupts are disabled.
1
EMAC and MDIO interrupts are enabled.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
EMAC Control Module Registers
www.ti.com
3.2
EMAC Control Module Interrupt Timer Count Register (EWINTTCNT)
The EMAC control module interrupt timer count register (EWINTTCNT) is used to control the generation
of back-to-back interrupts from the EMAC and MDIO modules. The value of this timer count is loaded
into an internal counter every time interrupts are enabled using the INTEN bit in the EMAC control
module interrupt control register (EWCTL). A second interrupt cannot be generated until this count
reaches 0. The counter is decremented at a frequency of PLL1clock/6; the default reset count is 0
(inactive) and the maximum value is 1 FFFFh (131 071).
The EWINTTCNT is shown in Figure 12 and described in Table 9.
Figure 12. EMAC Control Module Interrupt Timer Count Register (EWINTTCNT)
31
17
16
Reserved
EWINTTCNT
R-0
R/W-0
15
0
EWINTTCNT
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 9. EMAC Control Module Interrupt Timer Count Register (EWINTTCNT) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-18
Reserved
17-0
EWINTTCNT
Value
0
0-1 FFFFh
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Description
Reserved
Interrupt timer count. EWINTTCNT is a 17-bit interrupt timer count that is used to control the
generation of back-to-back interrupts from the EMAC and MDIO modules. The value of
EWINTTCNT is loaded in an internal time counter every time interrupts are enabled by
writing a 1 to the INTEN bit in EWCTL (note the INTEN bit must transition from 0 to 1 to
initialize the internal time counter). Once initialized, the time counter will count down with
each peripheral clock until it reaches 0. A second interrupt cannot be generated until this
counter reaches 0. Any time the time counter has a non-zero value, the interrupt logic will
block the EMAC_MDIO_INT interrupt to the CPU. Thus, if any of the interrupts coming to the
EMAC control module is asserted, the interrupt logic will assert the EMAC_MDIO_INT signal
to the CPU, provided the INTEN bit in EWCTL is set, and the time counter value is 0.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
55
MDIO Registers
4
www.ti.com
MDIO Registers
Table 10 lists the memory-mapped registers for the MDIO module. See the device-specific data manual
for the memory address of these registers.
Table 10. Management Data Input/Output (MDIO) Registers
4.1
Offset
Acronym
Register Description
Section
0h
VERSION
MDIO Version Register
Section 4.1
4h
CONTROL
MDIO Control Register
Section 4.2
8h
ALIVE
PHY Alive Status register
Section 4.3
Ch
LINK
PHY Link Status Register
Section 4.4
10h
LINKINTRAW
MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Unmasked) Register
Section 4.5
14h
LINKINTMASKED
MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Masked) Register
Section 4.6
20h
USERINTRAW
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Unmasked) Register
Section 4.7
24h
USERINTMASKED
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Masked) Register
Section 4.8
28h
USERINTMASKSET
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Set Register
Section 4.9
2Ch
USERINTMASKCLEAR
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Clear Register
Section 4.10
80h
USERACCESS0
MDIO User Access Register 0
Section 4.11
84h
USERPHYSEL0
MDIO User PHY Select Register 0
Section 4.12
88h
USERACCESS1
MDIO User Access Register 1
Section 4.13
8Ch
USERPHYSEL1
MDIO User PHY Select Register 1
Section 4.14
MDIO Version Register (VERSION)
The MDIO version register (VERSION) is shown in Figure 13 and described in Table 11.
Figure 13. MDIO Version Register (VERSION)
31
16
MODID
R-7h
15
8
7
0
REVMAJ
REVMIN
R-1h
R-3h
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 11. MDIO Version Register (VERSION) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-16
Field
Value
MODID
Identifies type of peripheral.
7h
15-8
REVMAJ
7-0
REVMIN
MDIO
Identifies major revision of peripheral. Revisions are indicated by a revision code taking the format
REVMAJ.REVMIN.
1h
Current major revision of peripheral.
Identifies minor revision of peripheral. Revisions are indicated by a revision code taking the format
REVMAJ.REVMIN.
3h
56
Description
Current minor revision of peripheral.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
MDIO Registers
www.ti.com
4.2
MDIO Control Register (CONTROL)
The MDIO control register (CONTROL) is shown in Figure 14 and described in Table 12.
Figure 14. MDIO Control Register (CONTROL)
31
30
29
28
20
19
18
IDLE
ENABLE
Rsvd
HIGHEST_USER_CHANNEL
24
23
Reserved
21
PREAMBLE
FAULT
FAULTENB
17
Reserved
16
R-1
R/W-0
R-0
R-1
R-0
R/W-0
R/WC-0
R/W-0
R-0
15
0
CLKDIV
R/W-FFh
LEGEND: R/W = R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WC = Write 1 to clear; -n = value after reset
Table 12. MDIO Control Register (CONTROL) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31
IDLE
30
29
Reserved
23-21 Reserved
19
18
State machine IDLE status bit.
0
State machine is not in idle state.
1
State machine is in idle state.
State machine enable control bit. If the MDIO state machine is active at the time it is
disabled, it will complete the current operation before halting and setting the idle bit.
0
Disables the MDIO state machine.
1
Enable the MDIO state machine.
0
Reserved
0-1Fh
Highest user channel that is available in the module. It is currently set to 1. This
implies that MDIOUserAccess1 is the highest available user access channel.
0
Reserved
PREAMBLE
Preamble disable
0
Standard MDIO preamble is used.
1
Disables this device from sending MDIO frame preambles.
FAULT
Fault indicator. This bit is set to 1 if the MDIO pins fail to read back what the device
is driving onto them. This indicates a physical layer fault and the module state
machine is reset. Writing a 1 to it clears this bit.
0
No failure
1
Physical layer fault; the MDIO state machine is reset.
FAULTENB
17-16 Reserved
15-0
Description
ENABLE
28-24 HIGHEST_USER_CHANNEL
20
Value
CLKDIV
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Fault detect enable. This bit has to be set to 1 to enable the physical layer fault
detection.
0
Disables the physical layer fault detection.
1
Enables the physical layer fault detection.
0
Reserved
0-FFFFh
Clock Divider bits. This field specifies the division ratio between the peripheral clock
and the frequency of MDCLK. MDCLK is disabled when CLKDIV is cleared to 0.
MDCLK frequency = peripheral clock frequency/(CLKDIV + 1).
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
57
MDIO Registers
4.3
www.ti.com
PHY Acknowledge Status Register (ALIVE)
The PHY acknowledge status register (ALIVE) is shown in Figure 15 and described in Table 13.
Figure 15. PHY Acknowledge Status Register (ALIVE)
31
16
ALIVE
R/WC-0
15
0
ALIVE
R/WC-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; WC = Write 1 to clear; -n = value after reset
Table 13. PHY Acknowledge Status Register (ALIVE) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-0
ALIVE
4.4
Value
Description
MDIO Alive bits. Each of the 32 bits of this register is set if the most recent access to the PHY with
address corresponding to the register bit number was acknowledged by the PHY; the bit is reset if the
PHY fails to acknowledge the access. Both the user and polling accesses to a PHY will cause the
corresponding alive bit to be updated. The alive bits are only meant to be used to give an indication of the
presence or not of a PHY with the corresponding address. Writing a 1 to any bit will clear it, writing a 0
has no effect.
0
The PHY fails to acknowledge the access.
1
The most recent access to the PHY with an address corresponding to the register bit number was
acknowledged by the PHY.
PHY Link Status Register (LINK)
The PHY link status register (LINK) is shown in Figure 16 and described in Table 14.
Figure 16. PHY Link Status Register (LINK)
31
16
LINK
R-0
15
0
LINK
R-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 14. PHY Link Status Register (LINK) Field Descriptions
58
Bit
Field
31-0
LINK
Value
Description
MDIO Link state bits. This register is updated after a read of the generic status register of a PHY. The bit
is set if the PHY with the corresponding address has link and the PHY acknowledges the read
transaction. The bit is reset if the PHY indicates it does not have link or fails to acknowledge the read
transaction. Writes to the register have no effect.
0
The PHY indicates it does not have a link or fails to acknowledge the read transaction
1
The PHY with the corresponding address has a link and the PHY acknowledges the read transaction.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
MDIO Registers
www.ti.com
4.5
MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Unmasked) Register (LINKINTRAW)
The MDIO link status change interrupt (unmasked) register (LINKINTRAW) is shown in Figure 17 and
described in Table 15.
Figure 17. MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Unmasked) Register (LINKINTRAW)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
2
1
0
Reserved
LINKINTRAW
R-0
R/WC-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WC = Write 1 to clear; -n = value after reset
Table 15. MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Unmasked) Register (LINKINTRAW)
Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-2
Reserved
1-0
LINKINTRAW
Value
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
0
Description
Reserved
MDIO Link change event, raw value. When asserted, a bit indicates that there was an MDIO link
change event (that is, change in the LINK register) corresponding to the PHY address in
USERPHYSEL. LINKINTRAW[0] and LINKINTRAW[1] correspond to USERPHYSEL0 and
USERPHYSEL1, respectively. Writing a 1 will clear the event and writing a 0 has no effect.
0
No MDIO link change event.
1
An MDIO link change event (change in the LINK register) corresponding to the PHY address in
MDIO user PHY select register n (USERPHYSELn).
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
59
MDIO Registers
4.6
www.ti.com
MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Masked) Register (LINKINTMASKED)
The MDIO link status change interrupt (masked) register (LINKINTMASKED) is shown in Figure 18 and
described in Table 16.
Figure 18. MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Masked) Register (LINKINTMASKED)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
2
1
0
Reserved
LINKINTMASKED
R-0
R/WC-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WC = Write 1 to clear; -n = value after reset
Table 16. MDIO Link Status Change Interrupt (Masked) Register (LINKINTMASKED)
Field Descriptions
Bit
60
Field
31-2
Reserved
1-0
LINKINTMASKED
Value
0
Description
Reserved
MDIO Link change interrupt, masked value. When asserted, a bit indicates that there was an MDIO
link change event (that is, change in the LINK register) corresponding to the PHY address in
USERPHYSEL and the corresponding LINKINTENB bit was set. LINKINTMASKED[0] and
LINKINTMASKED[1] correspond to USERPHYSEL0 and USERPHYSEL1, respectively. Writing a 1
will clear the event and writing a 0 has no effect.
0
No MDIO link change event.
1
An MDIO link change event (change in the LINK register) corresponding to the PHY address in
MDIO user PHY select register n (USERPHYSELn) and the LINKINTENB bit in USERPHYSELn is
set to 1.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
MDIO Registers
www.ti.com
4.7
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Unmasked) Register (USERINTRAW)
The MDIO user command complete interrupt (unmasked) register (USERINTRAW) is shown in
Figure 19 and described in Table 17.
Figure 19. MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Unmasked) Register (USERINTRAW)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
2
1
0
Reserved
USERINTRAW
R-0
R/WC-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WC = Write 1 to clear; -n = value after reset
Table 17. MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Unmasked) Register (USERINTRAW)
Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-2
Reserved
1-0
USERINTRAW
Value
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
0
Description
Reserved
MDIO User command complete event bits. When asserted, a bit indicates that the previously
scheduled PHY read or write command using that particular USERACCESS register has
completed. USERINTRAW[0] and USERINTRAW[1] correspond to USERACCESS0 and
USERACCESS1, respectively. Writing a 1 will clear the event and writing a 0 has no effect.
0
No MDIO user command complete event.
1
The previously scheduled PHY read or write command using MDIO user access register n
(USERACCESSn) has completed.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
61
MDIO Registers
4.8
www.ti.com
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Masked) Register (USERINTMASKED)
The MDIO user command complete interrupt (masked) register (USERINTMASKED) is shown in
Figure 20 and described in Table 18.
Figure 20. MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Masked) Register (USERINTMASKED)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
2
1
0
Reserved
USERINTMASKED
R-0
R/WC-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WC = Write 1 to clear; -n = value after reset
Table 18. MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt (Masked) Register (USERINTMASKED)
Field Descriptions
Bit
62
Field
31-2
Reserved
1-0
USERINTMASKED
Value
0
Description
Reserved
Masked value of MDIO User command complete interrupt. When asserted, a bit indicates that
the previously scheduled PHY read or write command using that particular USERACCESS
register has completed and the corresponding USERINTMASKSET bit is set to 1.
USERINTMASKED[0] and USERINTMASKED[1] correspond to USERACCESS0 and
USERACCESS1, respectively. Writing a 1 will clear the interrupt and writing a 0 has no effect.
0
No MDIO user command complete event.
1
The previously scheduled PHY read or write command using MDIO user access register n
(USERACCESSn) has completed and the corresponding bit in USERINTMASKSET is set to 1.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
MDIO Registers
www.ti.com
4.9
MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Set Register (USERINTMASKSET)
The MDIO user command complete interrupt mask set register (USERINTMASKSET) is shown in
Figure 21 and described in Table 19.
Figure 21. MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Set Register (USERINTMASKSET)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
2
1
0
Reserved
USERINTMASKSET
R-0
R/WS-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WS = Write 1 to set; -n = value after reset
Table 19. MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Set Register (USERINTMASKSET)
Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-2
Reserved
1-0
USERINTMASKSET
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Value
0
Description
Reserved
MDIO user interrupt mask set for USERINTMASKED[1:0], respectively. Setting a bit to 1 will
enable MDIO user command complete interrupts for that particular USERACCESS register.
MDIO user interrupt for a particular USERACCESS register is disabled if the corresponding bit
is 0. USERINTMASKSET[0] and USERINTMASKSET[1] correspond to USERACCESS0 and
USERACCESS1, respectively. Writing a 0 to this register has no effect.
0
MDIO user command complete interrupts for the MDIO user access register n
(USERACCESSn) are disabled.
1
MDIO user command complete interrupts for the MDIO user access register n
(USERACCESSn) are enabled.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
63
MDIO Registers
www.ti.com
4.10 MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Clear Register
(USERINTMASKCLEAR)
The MDIO user command complete interrupt mask clear register (USERINTMASKCLEAR) is shown in
Figure 22 and described in Table 20.
Figure 22. MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Clear Register
(USERINTMASKCLEAR)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
2
1
0
Reserved
USERINTMASKCLEAR
R-0
R/WC-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WC = Write 1 to clear; -n = value after reset
Table 20. MDIO User Command Complete Interrupt Mask Clear Register (USERINTMASKCLEAR)
Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-2
Reserved
1-0
USERINTMASKCLEAR
64
Value Description
0
Reserved
MDIO user command complete interrupt mask clear for USERINTMASKED[1:0],
respectively. Setting a bit to 1 will disable further user command complete interrupts for
that particular USERACCESS register. USERINTMASKCLEAR[0] and
USERINTMASKCLEAR[1] correspond to USERACCESS0 and USERACCESS1,
respectively. Writing a 0 to this register has no effect.
0
MDIO user command complete interrupts for the MDIO user access register n
(USERACCESSn) are enabled.
1
MDIO user command complete interrupts for the MDIO user access register n
(USERACCESSn) are disabled.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
MDIO Registers
www.ti.com
4.11 MDIO User Access Register 0 (USERACCESS0)
The MDIO user access register 0 (USERACCESS0) is shown in Figure 23 and described in Table 21.
Figure 23. MDIO User Access Register 0 (USERACCESS0)
31
30
29
28
GO
WRITE
ACK
Reserved
26
25
REGADR
21
20
PHYADR
16
R/WS-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
15
0
DATA
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WS = Write 1 to set; -n = value after reset
Table 21. MDIO User Access Register 0 (USERACCESS0) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31
GO
30
WRITE
29
ACK
Value
0-1
Description
Go bit. Writing a 1 to this bit causes the MDIO state machine to perform an MDIO access when it
is convenient for it to do so; this is not an instantaneous process. Writing a 0 to this bit has no
effect. This bit is writeable only if the MDIO state machine is enabled. This bit will self clear when
the requested access has been completed. Any writes to USERACCESS0 are blocked when the
GO bit is 1.
Write enable bit. Setting this bit to 1 causes the MDIO transaction to be a register write; otherwise,
it is a register read.
0
The user command is a read operation.
1
The user command is a write operation.
0-1
Acknowledge bit. This bit is set if the PHY acknowledged the read transaction.
28-26
Reserved
0
25-21
REGADR
0-1Fh
Register address bits. This field specifies the PHY register to be accessed for this transaction
20-16
PHYADR
0-1Fh
PHY address bits. This field specifies the PHY to be accessed for this transaction.
15-0
DATA
0-FFFFh
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Reserved
User data bits. These bits specify the data value read from or to be written to the specified PHY
register.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
65
MDIO Registers
www.ti.com
4.12 MDIO User PHY Select Register 0 (USERPHYSEL0)
The MDIO user PHY select register 0 (USERPHYSEL0) is shown in Figure 24 and described in
Table 22.
Figure 24. MDIO User PHY Select Register 0 (USERPHYSEL0)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
7
6
5
Reserved
8
LINKSEL
LINKINTENB
Rsvd
4
PHYADRMON
0
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 22. MDIO User PHY Select Register 0 (USERPHYSEL0) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-8
Reserved
7
LINKSEL
6
5
4-0
66
Field
Value
0
PHYADRMON
Reserved
Link status determination select bit. Default value is 0, which implies that the link status is
determined by the MDIO state machine. This is the only option supported on this device.
0
The link status is determined by the MDIO state machine.
1
Not supported.
LINKINTENB
Reserved
Description
Link change interrupt enable. Set to 1 to enable link change status interrupts for PHY address
specified in PHYADRMON. Link change interrupts are disabled if this bit is cleared to 0.
0
Link change interrupts are disabled.
1
Link change status interrupts for PHY address specified in PHYADDRMON bits are enabled.
0
Reserved
0-1Fh
PHY address whose link status is to be monitored.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
MDIO Registers
www.ti.com
4.13 MDIO User Access Register 1 (USERACCESS1)
The MDIO user access register 1 (USERACCESS1) is shown in Figure 25 and described in Table 23.
Figure 25. MDIO User Access Register 1 (USERACCESS1)
31
30
29
28
GO
WRITE
ACK
Reserved
26
25
REGADR
21
20
PHYADR
16
R/WS-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
15
0
DATA
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WS = Write 1 to set; -n = value after reset
Table 23. MDIO User Access Register 1 (USERACCESS1) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31
GO
30
WRITE
29
ACK
Value
0-1
Description
Go bit. Writing 1 to this bit causes the MDIO state machine to perform an MDIO access when it is
convenient for it to do so; this is not an instantaneous process. Writing 0 to this bit has no effect.
This bit is writeable only if the MDIO state machine is enabled. This bit will self clear when the
requested access has been completed. Any writes to USERACCESS0 are blocked when the GO
bit is 1.
Write enable bit. Setting this bit to 1 causes the MDIO transaction to be a register write; otherwise,
it is a register read.
0
The user command is a read operation.
1
The user command is a write operation.
0-1
Acknowledge bit. This bit is set if the PHY acknowledged the read transaction.
28-26
Reserved
0
25-21
REGADR
0-1Fh
Register address bits. This field specifies the PHY register to be accessed for this transaction
20-16
PHYADR
0-1Fh
PHY address bits. This field specifies the PHY to be accessed for this transaction.
15-0
DATA
0-FFFFh
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Reserved
User data bits. These bits specify the data value read from or to be written to the specified PHY
register.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
67
MDIO Registers
www.ti.com
4.14 MDIO User PHY Select Register 1 (USERPHYSEL1)
The MDIO user PHY select register 1 (USERPHYSEL1) is shown in Figure 26 and described in
Table 24.
Figure 26. MDIO User PHY Select Register 1 (USERPHYSEL1)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
7
6
5
Reserved
8
LINKSEL
LINKINTENB
Rsvd
4
PHYADRMON
0
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 24. MDIO User PHY Select Register 1 (USERPHYSEL1) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-8
Reserved
7
LINKSEL
6
5
4-0
68
Field
Value
0
PHYADRMON
Reserved
Link status determination select bit. Default value is 0, which implies that the link status is
determined by the MDIO state machine. This is the only option supported on this device.
0
The link status is determined by the MDIO state machine.
1
Not supported.
LINKINTENB
Reserved
Description
Link change interrupt enable. Set to 1 to enable link change status interrupts for the PHY address
specified in PHYADRMON. Link change interrupts are disabled if this bit is cleared to 0.
0
Link change interrupts are disabled.
1
Link change status interrupts for PHY address specified in PHYADDRMON bits are enabled.
0
PHY address whose link status is to be monitored.
0-1Fh
PHY address whose link status is to be monitored.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
Table 25 lists the memory-mapped registers for the EMAC. See the device-specific data manual for the
memory address of these registers.
Table 25. Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
Offset
Acronym
Register Description
0h
TXIDVER
Transmit Identification and Version Register
Section 5.1
Section
4h
TXCONTROL
Transmit Control Register
Section 5.2
8h
TXTEARDOWN
Transmit Teardown Register
Section 5.3
10h
RXIDVER
Receive Identification and Version Register
Section 5.4
14h
RXCONTROL
Receive Control Register
Section 5.5
18h
RXTEARDOWN
Receive Teardown Register
Section 5.6
80h
TXINTSTATRAW
Transmit Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register
Section 5.7
84h
TXINTSTATMASKED
Transmit Interrupt Status (Masked) Register
Section 5.8
88h
TXINTMASKSET
Transmit Interrupt Mask Set Register
Section 5.9
8Ch
TXINTMASKCLEAR
Transmit Interrupt Clear Register
Section 5.10
90h
MACINVECTOR
MAC Input Vector Register
Section 5.11
A0h
RXINTSTATRAW
Receive Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register
Section 5.12
A4h
RXINTSTATMASKED
Receive Interrupt Status (Masked) Register
Section 5.13
A8h
RXINTMASKSET
Receive Interrupt Mask Set Register
Section 5.14
ACh
RXINTMASKCLEAR
Receive Interrupt Mask Clear Register
Section 5.15
B0h
MACINTSTATRAW
MAC Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register
Section 5.16
B4h
MACINTSTATMASKED
MAC Interrupt Status (Masked) Register
Section 5.17
B8h
MACINTMASKSET
MAC Interrupt Mask Set Register
Section 5.18
BCh
MACINTMASKCLEAR
MAC Interrupt Mask Clear Register
Section 5.19
100h
RXMBPENABLE
Receive Multicast/Broadcast/Promiscuous Channel Enable Register
Section 5.20
104h
RXUNICASTSET
Receive Unicast Enable Set Register
Section 5.21
108h
RXUNICASTCLEAR
Receive Unicast Clear Register
Section 5.22
10Ch
RXMAXLEN
Receive Maximum Length Register
Section 5.23
110h
RXBUFFEROFFSET
Receive Buffer Offset Register
Section 5.24
114h
RXFILTERLOWTHRESH
Receive Filter Low Priority Frame Threshold Register
Section 5.25
120h
RX0FLOWTHRESH
Receive Channel 0 Flow Control Threshold Register
Section 5.26
124h
RX1FLOWTHRESH
Receive Channel 1 Flow Control Threshold Register
Section 5.26
128h
RX2FLOWTHRESH
Receive Channel 2 Flow Control Threshold Register
Section 5.26
12Ch
RX3FLOWTHRESH
Receive Channel 3 Flow Control Threshold Register
Section 5.26
130h
RX4FLOWTHRESH
Receive Channel 4 Flow Control Threshold Register
Section 5.26
134h
RX5FLOWTHRESH
Receive Channel 5 Flow Control Threshold Register
Section 5.26
138h
RX6FLOWTHRESH
Receive Channel 6 Flow Control Threshold Register
Section 5.26
13Ch
RX7FLOWTHRESH
Receive Channel 7 Flow Control Threshold Register
Section 5.26
140h
RX0FREEBUFFER
Receive Channel 0 Free Buffer Count Register
Section 5.27
144h
RX1FREEBUFFER
Receive Channel 1 Free Buffer Count Register
Section 5.27
148h
RX2FREEBUFFER
Receive Channel 2 Free Buffer Count Register
Section 5.27
14Ch
RX3FREEBUFFER
Receive Channel 3 Free Buffer Count Register
Section 5.27
150h
RX4FREEBUFFER
Receive Channel 4 Free Buffer Count Register
Section 5.27
154h
RX5FREEBUFFER
Receive Channel 5 Free Buffer Count Register
Section 5.27
158h
RX6FREEBUFFER
Receive Channel 6 Free Buffer Count Register
Section 5.27
15Ch
RX7FREEBUFFER
Receive Channel 7 Free Buffer Count Register
Section 5.27
160h
MACCONTROL
MAC Control Register
Section 5.28
164h
MACSTATUS
MAC Status Register
Section 5.29
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
69
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
Table 25. Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers (continued)
Offset
70
Acronym
Register Description
168h
EMCONTROL
Emulation Control Register
Section 5.30
Section
16Ch
FIFOCONTROL
FIFO Control Register
Section 5.31
170h
MACCONFIG
MAC Configuration Register
Section 5.32
174h
SOFTRESET
Soft Reset Register
Section 5.33
1D0h
MACSRCADDRLO
MAC Source Address Low Bytes Register
Section 5.34
1D4h
MACSRCADDRHI
MAC Source Address High Bytes Register
Section 5.35
1D8h
MACHASH1
MAC Hash Address Register 1
Section 5.36
1DCh
MACHASH2
MAC Hash Address Register 2
Section 5.37
1E0h
BOFFTEST
Back Off Test Register
Section 5.38
1E4h
TPACETEST
Transmit Pacing Algorithm Test Register
Section 5.39
1E8h
RXPAUSE
Receive Pause Timer Register
Section 5.40
1ECh
TXPAUSE
Transmit Pause Timer Register
Section 5.41
500h
MACADDRLO
MAC Address Low Bytes Register, Used in Receive Address Matching
Section 5.42
504h
MACADDRHI
MAC Address High Bytes Register, Used in Receive Address Matching
Section 5.43
508h
MACINDEX
MAC Index Register
Section 5.44
600h
TX0HDP
Transmit Channel 0 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.45
604h
TX1HDP
Transmit Channel 1 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.45
608h
TX2HDP
Transmit Channel 2 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.45
60Ch
TX3HDP
Transmit Channel 3 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.45
610h
TX4HDP
Transmit Channel 4 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.45
614h
TX5HDP
Transmit Channel 5 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.45
618h
TX6HDP
Transmit Channel 6 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.45
61Ch
TX7HDP
Transmit Channel 7 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.45
620h
RX0HDP
Receive Channel 0 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.46
624h
RX1HDP
Receive Channel 1 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.46
628h
RX2HDP
Receive Channel 2 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.46
62Ch
RX3HDP
Receive Channel 3 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.46
630h
RX4HDP
Receive Channel 4 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.46
634h
RX5HDP
Receive Channel 5 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.46
638h
RX6HDP
Receive Channel 6 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.46
63Ch
RX7HDP
Receive Channel 7 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register
Section 5.46
640h
TX0CP
Transmit Channel 0 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.47
644h
TX1CP
Transmit Channel 1 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.47
648h
TX2CP
Transmit Channel 2 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.47
64Ch
TX3CP
Transmit Channel 3 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.47
650h
TX4CP
Transmit Channel 4 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.47
654h
TX5CP
Transmit Channel 5 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.47
658h
TX6CP
Transmit Channel 6 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.47
65Ch
TX7CP
Transmit Channel 7 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.47
660h
RX0CP
Receive Channel 0 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.48
664h
RX1CP
Receive Channel 1 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.48
668h
RX2CP
Receive Channel 2 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.48
66Ch
RX3CP
Receive Channel 3 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.48
670h
RX4CP
Receive Channel 4 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.48
674h
RX5CP
Receive Channel 5 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.48
678h
RX6CP
Receive Channel 6 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.48
67Ch
RX7CP
Receive Channel 7 Completion Pointer Register
Section 5.48
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
Table 25. Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers (continued)
Offset
Acronym
Register Description
Section
Network Statistics Registers
200h
RXGOODFRAMES
Good Receive Frames Register
Section 5.49.1
204h
RXBCASTFRAMES
Broadcast Receive Frames Register
Section 5.49.2
208h
RXMCASTFRAMES
Multicast Receive Frames Register
Section 5.49.3
20Ch
RXPAUSEFRAMES
Pause Receive Frames Register
Section 5.49.4
210h
RXCRCERRORS
Receive CRC Errors Register
Section 5.49.5
214h
RXALIGNCODEERRORS
Receive Alignment/Code Errors Register
Section 5.49.6
218h
RXOVERSIZED
Receive Oversized Frames Register
Section 5.49.7
21Ch
RXJABBER
Receive Jabber Frames Register
Section 5.49.8
220h
RXUNDERSIZED
Receive Undersized Frames Register
Section 5.49.9
224h
RXFRAGMENTS
Receive Frame Fragments Register
Section 5.49.10
228h
RXFILTERED
Filtered Receive Frames Register
Section 5.49.11
22Ch
RXQOSFILTERED
Receive QOS Filtered Frames Register
Section 5.49.12
230h
RXOCTETS
Receive Octet Frames Register
Section 5.49.13
234h
TXGOODFRAMES
Good Transmit Frames Register
Section 5.49.14
238h
TXBCASTFRAMES
Broadcast Transmit Frames Register
Section 5.49.15
23Ch
TXMCASTFRAMES
Multicast Transmit Frames Register
Section 5.49.16
240h
TXPAUSEFRAMES
Pause Transmit Frames Register
Section 5.49.17
244h
TXDEFERRED
Deferred Transmit Frames Register
Section 5.49.18
248h
TXCOLLISION
Transmit Collision Frames Register
Section 5.49.19
24Ch
TXSINGLECOLL
Transmit Single Collision Frames Register
Section 5.49.20
250h
TXMULTICOLL
Transmit Multiple Collision Frames Register
Section 5.49.21
254h
TXEXCESSIVECOLL
Transmit Excessive Collision Frames Register
Section 5.49.22
258h
TXLATECOLL
Transmit Late Collision Frames Register
Section 5.49.23
25Ch
TXUNDERRUN
Transmit Underrun Error Register
Section 5.49.24
260h
TXCARRIERSENSE
Transmit Carrier Sense Errors Register
Section 5.49.25
264h
TXOCTETS
Transmit Octet Frames Register
Section 5.49.26
268h
FRAME64
Transmit and Receive 64 Octet Frames Register
Section 5.49.27
26Ch
FRAME65T127
Transmit and Receive 65 to 127 Octet Frames Register
Section 5.49.28
270h
FRAME128T255
Transmit and Receive 128 to 255 Octet Frames Register
Section 5.49.29
274h
FRAME256T511
Transmit and Receive 256 to 511 Octet Frames Register
Section 5.49.30
278h
FRAME512T1023
Transmit and Receive 512 to 1023 Octet Frames Register
Section 5.49.31
27Ch
FRAME1024TUP
Transmit and Receive 1024 to RXMAXLEN Octet Frames Register
Section 5.49.32
280h
NETOCTETS
Network Octet Frames Register
Section 5.49.33
284h
RXSOFOVERRUNS
Receive FIFO or DMA Start of Frame Overruns Register
Section 5.49.34
288h
RXMOFOVERRUNS
Receive FIFO or DMA Middle of Frame Overruns Register
Section 5.49.35
28Ch
RXDMAOVERRUNS
Receive DMA Overruns Register
Section 5.49.36
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
71
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
5.1
www.ti.com
Transmit Identification and Version Register (TXIDVER)
The transmit identification and version register (TXIDVER) is shown in Figure 27 and described in
Table 26.
Figure 27. Transmit Identification and Version Register (TXIDVER)
31
16
TXIDENT
R-0Ch
15
8
7
0
TXMAJORVER
TXMINORVER
R-0Ah
R-07h
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 26. Transmit Identification and Version Register (TXIDVER) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-16
Field
Value
TXIDENT
Transmit identification value.
Ch
15-8
TXMAJORVER
7-0
TXMINORVER
Current transmit identification value.
Transmit major version value. Revisions are indicated by a revision code taking the format
TXMAJORVER.TXMINORVER.
Ah
Current transmit major version value.
Transmit minor version value. Revisions are indicated by a revision code taking the format
TXMAJORVER.TXMINORVER.
7h
5.2
Description
Current transmit minor version value.
Transmit Control Register (TXCONTROL)
The transmit control register (TXCONTROL) is shown in Figure 28 and described in Table 27.
Figure 28. Transmit Control Register (TXCONTROL)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
1
0
Reserved
TXEN
R-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 27. Transmit Control Register (TXCONTROL) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-1
0
72
Field
Reserved
Value
0
TXEN
Description
Reserved
Transmit enable
0
Transmit is disabled.
1
Transmit is enabled.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.3
Transmit Teardown Register (TXTEARDOWN)
The transmit teardown register (TXTEARDOWN) is shown in Figure 29 and described in Table 28.
Figure 29. Transmit Teardown Register (TXTEARDOWN)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
3
2
0
Reserved
TXTDNCH
R-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 28. Transmit Teardown Register (TXTEARDOWN) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Value
31-3
Reserved
0
2-0
TXTDNCH
0-7h
Description
Reserved
Transmit teardown channel. The transmit channel teardown is commanded by writing the encoded
value of the transmit channel to be torn down. The teardown register is read as 0.
0
Teardown transmit channel 0
1h
Teardown transmit channel 1
2h
Teardown transmit channel 2
3h
Teardown transmit channel 3
4h
Teardown transmit channel 4
5h
Teardown transmit channel 5
6h
Teardown transmit channel 6
7h
Teardown transmit channel 7
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
73
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
5.4
www.ti.com
Receive Identification and Version Register (RXIDVER)
The receive identification and version register (RXIDVER) is shown in Figure 30 and described in
Table 29.
Figure 30. Receive Identification and Version Register (RXIDVER)
31
16
RXIDENT
R-0Ch
15
8
7
0
RXMAJORVER
RXMINORVER
R-0Ah
R-07h
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 29. Receive Identification and Version Register (RXIDVER) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-16
Field
Value
RXIDENT
Receive identification value.
Ch
15-8
RXMAJORVER
7-0
RXMINORVER
Current receive identification value.
Receive major version value. Revisions are indicated by a revision code taking the format
RXMAJORVER.RXMINORVER.
Ah
Current receive major version value.
Receive minor version value. Revisions are indicated by a revision code taking the format
RXMAJORVER.RXMINORVER.
7h
5.5
Description
Current receive minor version value.
Receive Control Register (RXCONTROL)
The receive control register (RXCONTROL) is shown in Figure 31 and described in Table 30.
Figure 31. Receive Control Register (RXCONTROL)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
1
0
Reserved
RXEN
R-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 30. Receive Control Register (RXCONTROL) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-1
0
74
Field
Reserved
Value
0
RXEN
Description
Reserved
Receive enable
0
Receive is disabled.
1
Receive is enabled.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.6
Receive Teardown Register (RXTEARDOWN)
The receive teardown register (RXTEARDOWN) is shown in Figure 32 and described in Table 31.
Figure 32. Receive Teardown Register (RXTEARDOWN)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
3
2
0
Reserved
RXTDNCH
R-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 31. Receive Teardown Register (RXTEARDOWN) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-3
Reserved
2-0
RXTDNCH
Value
0
0-7h
Description
Reserved
Receive teardown channel. The receive channel teardown is commanded by writing the encoded value
of the receive channel to be torn down. The teardown register is read as 0.
0
Teardown receive channel 0
1h
Teardown receive channel 1
2h
Teardown receive channel 2
3h
Teardown receive channel 3
4h
Teardown receive channel 4
5h
Teardown receive channel 5
6h
Teardown receive channel 6
7h
Teardown receive channel 7
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
75
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
5.7
www.ti.com
Transmit Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (TXINTSTATRAW)
The transmit interrupt status (unmasked) register (TXINTSTATRAW) is shown in Figure 33 and
described in Table 32.
Figure 33. Transmit Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (TXINTSTATRAW)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
Reserved
R-0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
TX7PEND
TX6PEND
TX5PEND
TX4PEND
TX3PEND
TX2PEND
TX1PEND
TX0PEND
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 32. Transmit Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (TXINTSTATRAW) Field Descriptions
Bit
76
Field
Value
Description
31-8
Reserved
0
7
TX7PEND
0-1
Reserved
TX7PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
6
TX6PEND
0-1
TX6PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
5
TX5PEND
0-1
TX5PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
4
TX4PEND
0-1
TX4PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
3
TX3PEND
0-1
TX3PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
2
TX2PEND
0-1
TX2PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
1
TX1PEND
0-1
TX1PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
0
TX0PEND
0-1
TX0PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.8
Transmit Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (TXINTSTATMASKED)
The transmit interrupt status (masked) register (TXINTSTATMASKED) is shown in Figure 34 and
described in Table 33.
Figure 34. Transmit Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (TXINTSTATMASKED)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
Reserved
R-0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
TX7PEND
TX6PEND
TX5PEND
TX4PEND
TX3PEND
TX2PEND
TX1PEND
TX0PEND
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 33. Transmit Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (TXINTSTATMASKED) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Value
Description
31-8
Reserved
0
7
TX7PEND
0-1
TX7PEND masked interrupt read
6
TX6PEND
0-1
TX6PEND masked interrupt read
5
TX5PEND
0-1
TX5PEND masked interrupt read
4
TX4PEND
0-1
TX4PEND masked interrupt read
3
TX3PEND
0-1
TX3PEND masked interrupt read
2
TX2PEND
0-1
TX2PEND masked interrupt read
1
TX1PEND
0-1
TX1PEND masked interrupt read
0
TX0PEND
0-1
TX0PEND masked interrupt read
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Reserved
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
77
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
5.9
www.ti.com
Transmit Interrupt Mask Set Register (TXINTMASKSET)
The transmit interrupt mask set register (TXINTMASKSET) is shown in Figure 35 and described in
Table 34.
Figure 35. Transmit Interrupt Mask Set Register (TXINTMASKSET)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
Reserved
R-0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
TX7MASK
TX6MASK
TX5MASK
TX4MASK
TX3MASK
TX2MASK
TX1MASK
TX0MASK
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WS = Write 1 to set, write of 0 has no effect; -n = value after reset
Table 34. Transmit Interrupt Mask Set Register (TXINTMASKSET) Field Descriptions
Bit
78
Field
Value
Description
31-8
Reserved
0
7
TX7MASK
0-1
Reserved
Transmit channel 7 interrupt mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
6
TX6MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 6 interrupt mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
5
TX5MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 5 interrupt mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
4
TX4MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 4 interrupt mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
3
TX3MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 3 interrupt mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
2
TX2MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 2 interrupt mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
1
TX1MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 1 interrupt mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
0
TX0MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 0 interrupt mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.10 Transmit Interrupt Mask Clear Register (TXINTMASKCLEAR)
The transmit interrupt mask clear register (TXINTMASKCLEAR) is shown in Figure 36 and described in
Table 35.
Figure 36. Transmit Interrupt Mask Clear Register (TXINTMASKCLEAR)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
Reserved
R-0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
TX7MASK
TX6MASK
TX5MASK
TX4MASK
TX3MASK
TX2MASK
TX1MASK
TX0MASK
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WC = Write 1 to clear, write of 0 has no effect; -n = value after reset
Table 35. Transmit Interrupt Mask Clear Register (TXINTMASKCLEAR) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Value
Description
31-8
Reserved
0
7
TX7MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 7 interrupt mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
6
TX6MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 6 interrupt mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
5
TX5MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 5 interrupt mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
4
TX4MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 4 interrupt mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
3
TX3MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 3 interrupt mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
2
TX2MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 2 interrupt mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
1
TX1MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 1 interrupt mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
0
TX0MASK
0-1
Transmit channel 0 interrupt mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Reserved
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
79
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.11 MAC Input Vector Register (MACINVECTOR)
The MAC input vector register (MACINVECTOR) is shown in Figure 37 and described in Table 36.
Figure 37. MAC Input Vector Register (MACINVECTOR)
31
30
29
17
16
USERINT
LINKINT
Reserved
18
HOSTPEND
STATPEND
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
15
8
7
0
RXPEND
TXPEND
R-0
R-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 36. MAC Input Vector Register (MACINVECTOR) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31
USERINT
0-1
MDIO module user interrupt (USERINT) pending status bit.
30
LINKINT
0-1
MDIO module link change interrupt (LINKINT) pending status bit.
29-18
Reserved
80
Value
0
Description
Reserved
17
HOSTPEND
0-1
EMAC module host error interrupt (HOSTPEND) pending status bit.
16
STATPEND
0-1
EMAC module statistics interrupt (STATPEND) pending status bit.
15-8
RXPEND
0-FFh
Receive channels 0-7 interrupt (RXnPEND) pending status bit. Bit 8 is receive channel 0.
7-0
TXPEND
0-FFh
Transmit channels 0-7 interrupt (TXnPEND) pending status bit. Bit 0 is transmit channel 0.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.12 Receive Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (RXINTSTATRAW)
The receive interrupt status (unmasked) register (RXINTSTATRAW) is shown in Figure 38 and
described in Table 37.
Figure 38. Receive Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (RXINTSTATRAW)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
Reserved
R-0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
RX7PEND
RX6PEND
RX5PEND
RX4PEND
RX3PEND
RX2PEND
RX1PEND
RX0PEND
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 37. Receive Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (RXINTSTATRAW) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Value
Description
31-8
Reserved
0
7
RX7PEND
0-1
RX7PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
6
RX6PEND
0-1
RX6PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
5
RX5PEND
0-1
RX5PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
4
RX4PEND
0-1
RX4PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
3
RX3PEND
0-1
RX3PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
2
RX2PEND
0-1
RX2PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
1
RX1PEND
0-1
RX1PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
0
RX0PEND
0-1
RX0PEND raw interrupt read (before mask)
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Reserved
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
81
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.13 Receive Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (RXINTSTATMASKED)
The receive interrupt status (masked) register (RXINTSTATMASKED) is shown in Figure 39 and
described in Table 38.
Figure 39. Receive Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (RXINTSTATMASKED)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
Reserved
R-0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
RX7PEND
RX6PEND
RX5PEND
RX4PEND
RX3PEND
RX2PEND
RX1PEND
RX0PEND
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 38. Receive Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (RXINTSTATMASKED) Field Descriptions
Bit
82
Field
Value
Description
31-8
Reserved
0
7
RX7PEND
0-1
Reserved
RX7PEND masked interrupt read
6
RX6PEND
0-1
RX6PEND masked interrupt read
5
RX5PEND
0-1
RX5PEND masked interrupt read
4
RX4PEND
0-1
RX4PEND masked interrupt read
3
RX3PEND
0-1
RX3PEND masked interrupt read
2
RX2PEND
0-1
RX2PEND masked interrupt read
1
RX1PEND
0-1
RX1PEND masked interrupt read
0
RX0PEND
0-1
RX0PEND masked interrupt read
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.14 Receive Interrupt Mask Set Register (RXINTMASKSET)
The receive interrupt mask set register (RXINTMASKSET) is shown in Figure 40 and described in
Table 39.
Figure 40. Receive Interrupt Mask Set Register (RXINTMASKSET)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
Reserved
R-0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
RX7MASK
RX6MASK
RX5MASK
RX4MASK
RX3MASK
RX2MASK
RX1MASK
RX0MASK
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WS = Write 1 to set, write of 0 has no effect; -n = value after reset
Table 39. Receive Interrupt Mask Set Register (RXINTMASKSET) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Value
Description
31-8
Reserved
0
7
RX7MASK
0-1
Receive channel 7 mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
6
RX6MASK
0-1
Receive channel 6 mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
5
RX5MASK
0-1
Receive channel 5 mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
4
RX4MASK
0-1
Receive channel 4 mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
3
RX3MASK
0-1
Receive channel 3 mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
2
RX2MASK
0-1
Receive channel 2 mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
1
RX1MASK
0-1
Receive channel 1 mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
0
RX0MASK
0-1
Receive channel 0 mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Reserved
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
83
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.15 Receive Interrupt Mask Clear Register (RXINTMASKCLEAR)
The receive interrupt mask clear register (RXINTMASKCLEAR) is shown in Figure 41 and described in
Table 40.
Figure 41. Receive Interrupt Mask Clear Register (RXINTMASKCLEAR)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
Reserved
R-0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
RX7MASK
RX6MASK
RX5MASK
RX4MASK
RX3MASK
RX2MASK
RX1MASK
RX0MASK
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WC = Write 1 to clear, write of 0 has no effect; -n = value after reset
Table 40. Receive Interrupt Mask Clear Register (RXINTMASKCLEAR) Field Descriptions
Bit
84
Field
Value
Description
31-8
Reserved
0
7
RX7MASK
0-1
Reserved
Receive channel 7 mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
6
RX6MASK
0-1
Receive channel 6 mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
5
RX5MASK
0-1
Receive channel 5 mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
4
RX4MASK
0-1
Receive channel 4 mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
3
RX3MASK
0-1
Receive channel 3 mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
2
RX2MASK
0-1
Receive channel 2 mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
1
RX1MASK
0-1
Receive channel 1 mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
0
RX0MASK
0-1
Receive channel 0 mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.16 MAC Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (MACINTSTATRAW)
The MAC interrupt status (unmasked) register (MACINTSTATRAW) is shown in Figure 42 and
described in Table 41.
Figure 42. MAC Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (MACINTSTATRAW)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
1
0
Reserved
2
HOSTPEND
STATPEND
R-0
R-0
R-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 41. MAC Interrupt Status (Unmasked) Register (MACINTSTATRAW) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-2
Value
Reserved
0
Description
Reserved
1
HOSTPEND
0-1
Host pending interrupt (HOSTPEND); raw interrupt read (before mask).
0
STATPEND
0-1
Statistics pending interrupt (STATPEND); raw interrupt read (before mask).
5.17 MAC Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (MACINTSTATMASKED)
The MAC interrupt status (masked) register (MACINTSTATMASKED) is shown in Figure 43 and
described in Table 42.
Figure 43. MAC Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (MACINTSTATMASKED)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
2
1
0
Reserved
HOSTPEND
STATPEND
R-0
R-0
R-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 42. MAC Interrupt Status (Masked) Register (MACINTSTATMASKED) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-2
Field
Value
Reserved
0
Description
Reserved
1
HOSTPEND
0-1
Host pending interrupt (HOSTPEND); masked interrupt read.
0
STATPEND
0-1
Statistics pending interrupt (STATPEND); masked interrupt read.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
85
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.18 MAC Interrupt Mask Set Register (MACINTMASKSET)
The MAC interrupt mask set register (MACINTMASKSET) is shown in Figure 44 and described in
Table 43.
Figure 44. MAC Interrupt Mask Set Register (MACINTMASKSET)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
1
0
Reserved
2
HOSTMASK
STATMASK
R-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WS = Write 1 to set, write of 0 has no effect; -n = value after reset
Table 43. MAC Interrupt Mask Set Register (MACINTMASKSET) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-2
Value
Reserved
0
Description
Reserved
1
HOSTMASK
0-1
Host error interrupt mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
0
STATMASK
0-1
Statistics interrupt mask set bit. Write 1 to enable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
5.19 MAC Interrupt Mask Clear Register (MACINTMASKCLEAR)
The MAC interrupt mask clear register (MACINTMASKCLEAR) is shown in Figure 45 and described in
Table 44.
Figure 45. MAC Interrupt Mask Clear Register (MACINTMASKCLEAR)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
2
1
0
Reserved
HOSTMASK
STATMASK
R-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WC = Write 1 to clear, write of 0 has no effect; -n = value after reset
Table 44. MAC Interrupt Mask Clear Register (MACINTMASKCLEAR) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-2
86
Field
Reserved
Value
0
Description
Reserved
1
HOSTMASK
0-1
Host error interrupt mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
0
STATMASK
0-1
Statistics interrupt mask clear bit. Write 1 to disable interrupt, a write of 0 has no effect.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.20 Receive Multicast/Broadcast/Promiscuous Channel Enable Register
(RXMBPENABLE)
The receive multicast/broadcast/promiscuous channel enable register (RXMBPENABLE) is shown in
Figure 46 and described in Table 45.
Figure 46. Receive Multicast/Broadcast/Promiscuous Channel Enable Register (RXMBPENABLE)
31
30
29
28
27
Reserved
RXPASSCRC
RXQOSEN
RXNOCHAIN
Reserved
RXCMFEN
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R-0
R/W-0
20
23
22
21
RXCSFEN
RXCEFEN
RXCAFEN
Reserved
RXPROMCH
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R-0
R/W-0
15
14
13
19
25
12
11
18
16
10
8
Reserved
RXBROADEN
Reserved
RXBROADCH
R-0
R/W-0
R-0
R/W-0
7
6
5
4
3
24
2
0
Reserved
RXMULTEN
Reserved
RXMULTCH
R-0
R/W-0
R-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 45. Receive Multicast/Broadcast/Promiscuous Channel Enable Register (RXMBPENABLE)
Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31
Reserved
30
RXPASSCRC
29
28
27-25
24
23
Value
0
Pass receive CRC enable bit
Received CRC is discarded for all channels and is not included in the buffer descriptor packet
length field.
1
Received CRC is transferred to memory for all channels and is included in the buffer descriptor
packet length.
Receive quality of service enable bit
0
Receive QOS is disabled.
1
Receive QOS is enabled.
RXNOCHAIN
Receive no buffer chaining bit
0
Received frames can span multiple buffers.
1
The Receive DMA controller transfers each frame into a single buffer, regardless of the frame or
buffer size. All remaining frame data after the first buffer is discarded. The buffer descriptor buffer
length field will contain the entire frame byte count (up to 65535 bytes).
0
Reserved
RXCMFEN
Receive copy MAC control frames enable bit. Enables MAC control frames to be transferred to
memory. MAC control frames are normally acted upon (if enabled), but not copied to memory. MAC
control frames that are pause frames will be acted upon if enabled in MACCONTROL, regardless of
the value of RXCMFEN. Frames transferred to memory due to RXCMFEN will have the CONTROL
bit set in their EOP buffer descriptor.
0
MAC control frames are filtered (but acted upon if enabled).
1
MAC control frames are transferred to memory.
RXCSFEN
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Reserved
0
RXQOSEN
Reserved
Description
Receive copy short frames enable bit. Enables frames or fragments shorter than 64 bytes to be
copied to memory. Frames transferred to memory due to RXCSFEN will have the FRAGMENT or
UNDERSIZE bit set in their EOP buffer descriptor. Fragments are short frames that contain CRC /
align / code errors and undersized are short frames without errors.
0
Short frames are filtered.
1
Short frames are transferred to memory.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
87
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
Table 45. Receive Multicast/Broadcast/Promiscuous Channel Enable Register (RXMBPENABLE)
Field Descriptions (continued)
Bit
Field
22
RXCEFEN
21
Reserved
18-16
RXPROMCH
13
Reserved
Reserved
10-8
RXBROADCH
7-6
5
4-3
88
0
Frames containing errors are filtered.
1
Frames containing errors are transferred to memory.
Receive copy all frames enable bit. Enables frames that do not address match (includes multicast
frames that do not hash match) to be transferred to the promiscuous channel selected by
RXPROMCH bits. Such frames will be marked with the NOMATCH bit in their EOP buffer
descriptor.
0
Frames that do not address match are filtered.
1
Frames that do not address match are transferred to the promiscuous channel selected by
RXPROMCH bits.
0
Reserved
0-7h
Reserved
0
Select channel 0 to receive promiscuous frames
Select channel 1 to receive promiscuous frames
2h
Select channel 2 to receive promiscuous frames
3h
Select channel 3 to receive promiscuous frames
4h
Select channel 4 to receive promiscuous frames
5h
Select channel 5 to receive promiscuous frames
6h
Select channel 6 to receive promiscuous frames
7h
Select channel 7 to receive promiscuous frames
0
Reserved
Receive broadcast enable. Enable received broadcast frames to be copied to the channel selected
by RXBROADCH bits.
0
Broadcast frames are filtered.
1
Broadcast frames are copied to the channel selected by RXBROADCH bits.
0
Reserved
0-7h
Receive broadcast channel select
0
Select channel 0 to receive broadcast frames
1h
Select channel 1 to receive broadcast frames
2h
Select channel 2 to receive broadcast frames
3h
Select channel 3 to receive broadcast frames
4h
Select channel 4 to receive broadcast frames
5h
Select channel 5 to receive broadcast frames
6h
Select channel 6 to receive broadcast frames
7h
Select channel 7 to receive broadcast frames
0
Reserved
RXMULTEN
Reserved
Receive promiscuous channel select
1h
RXBROADEN
12-11
Description
Receive copy error frames enable bit. Enables frames containing errors to be transferred to
memory. The appropriate error bit will be set in the frame EOP buffer descriptor.
RXCAFEN
20-19
15-14
Value
RX multicast enable. Enable received hash matching multicast frames to be copied to the channel
selected by RXMULTCH bits.
0
Multicast frames are filtered.
1
Multicast frames are copied to the channel selected by RXMULTCH bits.
0
Reserved
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
Table 45. Receive Multicast/Broadcast/Promiscuous Channel Enable Register (RXMBPENABLE)
Field Descriptions (continued)
Bit
Field
2-0
RXMULTCH
Value
0-7h
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Description
Receive multicast channel select
0
Select channel 0 to receive multicast frames
1h
Select channel 1 to receive multicast frames
2h
Select channel 2 to receive multicast frames
3h
Select channel 3 to receive multicast frames
4h
Select channel 4 to receive multicast frames
5h
Select channel 5 to receive multicast frames
6h
Select channel 6 to receive multicast frames
7h
Select channel 7 to receive multicast frames
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
89
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.21 Receive Unicast Enable Set Register (RXUNICASTSET)
The receive unicast enable set register (RXUNICASTSET) is shown in Figure 47 and described in
Table 46.
Figure 47. Receive Unicast Enable Set Register (RXUNICASTSET)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
Reserved
R-0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
RXCH7EN
RXCH6EN
RXCH5EN
RXCH4EN
RXCH3EN
RXCH2EN
RXCH1EN
RXCH0EN
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
R/WS-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WS = Write 1 to set, write of 0 has no effect; -n = value after reset
Table 46. Receive Unicast Enable Set Register (RXUNICASTSET) Field Descriptions
Bit
90
Field
Value
Description
31-8
Reserved
0
7
RXCH7EN
0-1
Reserved
Receive channel 7 unicast enable set bit. Write 1 to set the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
May be read.
6
RXCH6EN
0-1
Receive channel 6 unicast enable set bit. Write 1 to set the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
May be read.
5
RXCH5EN
0-1
Receive channel 5 unicast enable set bit. Write 1 to set the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
May be read.
4
RXCH4EN
0-1
Receive channel 4 unicast enable set bit. Write 1 to set the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
May be read.
3
RXCH3EN
0-1
Receive channel 3 unicast enable set bit. Write 1 to set the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
May be read.
2
RXCH2EN
0-1
Receive channel 2 unicast enable set bit. Write 1 to set the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
May be read.
1
RXCH1EN
0-1
Receive channel 1 unicast enable set bit. Write 1 to set the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
May be read.
0
RXCH0EN
0-1
Receive channel 0 unicast enable set bit. Write 1 to set the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
May be read.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.22 Receive Unicast Clear Register (RXUNICASTCLEAR)
The receive unicast clear register (RXUNICASTCLEAR) is shown in Figure 48 and described in
Table 47.
Figure 48. Receive Unicast Clear Register (RXUNICASTCLEAR)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
Reserved
R-0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
RXCH7EN
RXCH6EN
RXCH5EN
RXCH4EN
RXCH3EN
RXCH2EN
RXCH1EN
RXCH0EN
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
R/WC-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; WC = Write 1 to clear, write of 0 has no effect; -n = value after reset
Table 47. Receive Unicast Clear Register (RXUNICASTCLEAR) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Value
Description
31-8
Reserved
0
7
RXCH7EN
0-1
Receive channel 7 unicast enable clear bit. Write 1 to clear the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
6
RXCH6EN
0-1
Receive channel 6 unicast enable clear bit. Write 1 to clear the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
5
RXCH5EN
0-1
Receive channel 5 unicast enable clear bit. Write 1 to clear the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
4
RXCH4EN
0-1
Receive channel 4 unicast enable clear bit. Write 1 to clear the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
3
RXCH3EN
0-1
Receive channel 3 unicast enable clear bit. Write 1 to clear the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
2
RXCH2EN
0-1
Receive channel 2 unicast enable clear bit. Write 1 to clear the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
1
RXCH1EN
0-1
Receive channel 1 unicast enable clear bit. Write 1 to clear the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
0
RXCH0EN
0-1
Receive channel 0 unicast enable clear bit. Write 1 to clear the enable, a write of 0 has no effect.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Reserved
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
91
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.23 Receive Maximum Length Register (RXMAXLEN)
The receive maximum length register (RXMAXLEN) is shown in Figure 49 and described in Table 48.
Figure 49. Receive Maximum Length Register (RXMAXLEN)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
0
RXMAXLEN
R/W-5EEh
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 48. Receive Maximum Length Register (RXMAXLEN) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Value
31-16
Reserved
15-0
RXMAXLEN
Description
0
Reserved
0-FFFFh
Receive maximum frame length. These bits determine the maximum length of a received frame.
The reset value is 5EEh (1518). Frames with byte counts greater than RXMAXLEN are long
frames. Long frames with no errors are oversized frames. Long frames with CRC, code, or
alignment error are jabber frames.
5.24 Receive Buffer Offset Register (RXBUFFEROFFSET)
The receive buffer offset register (RXBUFFEROFFSET) is shown in Figure 50 and described in
Table 49.
Figure 50. Receive Buffer Offset Register (RXBUFFEROFFSET)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
0
RXBUFFEROFFSET
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 49. Receive Buffer Offset Register (RXBUFFEROFFSET) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-16 Reserved
15-0
92
RXBUFFEROFFSET
Value
0
0-FFFFh
Description
Reserved
Receive buffer offset value. These bits are written by the EMAC into each frame SOP
buffer descriptor Buffer Offset field. The frame data begins after the RXBUFFEROFFSET
value of bytes. A value of 0 indicates that there are no unused bytes at the beginning of
the data, and that valid data begins on the first byte of the buffer. A value of Fh (15)
indicates that the first 15 bytes of the buffer are to be ignored by the EMAC and that valid
buffer data starts on byte 16 of the buffer. This value is used for all channels.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.25 Receive Filter Low Priority Frame Threshold Register (RXFILTERLOWTHRESH)
The receive filter low priority frame threshold register (RXFILTERLOWTHRESH) is shown in Figure 51
and described in Table 50.
Figure 51. Receive Filter Low Priority Frame Threshold Register (RXFILTERLOWTHRESH)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
7
0
Reserved
RXFILTERTHRESH
R-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 50. Receive Filter Low Priority Frame Threshold Register (RXFILTERLOWTHRESH)
Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Value
31-8
Reserved
7-0
RXFILTERTHRESH
Description
0
Reserved
0-FFh
Receive filter low threshold. These bits contain the free buffer count threshold value for filtering
low priority incoming frames. This field should remain 0, if no filtering is desired.
5.26 Receive Channel 0-7 Flow Control Threshold Register (RXnFLOWTHRESH)
The receive channel 0-7 flow control threshold register (RXnFLOWTHRESH) is shown in Figure 52 and
described in Table 51.
Figure 52. Receive Channel n Flow Control Threshold Register (RXnFLOWTHRESH)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
7
0
Reserved
RXnFLOWTHRESH
R-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 51. Receive Channel n Flow Control Threshold Register (RXnFLOWTHRESH)
Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-8
Reserved
7-0
RXnFLOWTHRESH
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Value
0
0-FFh
Description
Reserved
Receive flow threshold. These bits contain the threshold value for issuing flow control on
incoming frames for channel n (when enabled).
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
93
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.27 Receive Channel 0-7 Free Buffer Count Register (RXnFREEBUFFER)
The receive channel 0-7 free buffer count register (RXnFREEBUFFER) is shown in Figure 53 and
described in Table 52.
Figure 53. Receive Channel n Free Buffer Count Register (RXnFREEBUFFER)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
0
RXnFREEBUF
WI-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; WI = Write to increment; -n = value after reset
Table 52. Receive Channel n Free Buffer Count Register (RXnFREEBUFFER) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-16
Reserved
15-0
RXnFREEBUF
Value
0
0-FFh
Description
Reserved
Receive free buffer count. These bits contain the count of free buffers available. The
RXFILTERTHRESH value is compared with this field to determine if low priority frames should be
filtered. The RXnFLOWTHRESH value is compared with this field to determine if receive flow
control should be issued against incoming packets (if enabled). This is a write-to-increment field.
This field rolls over to 0 on overflow.
If hardware flow control or QOS is used, the host must initialize this field to the number of available
buffers (one register per channel). The EMAC decrements the associated channel register for each
received frame by the number of buffers in the received frame. The host must write this field with
the number of buffers that have been freed due to host processing.
94
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.28 MAC Control Register (MACCONTROL)
The MAC control register (MACCONTROL) is shown in Figure 54 and described in Table 53.
Figure 54. MAC Control Register (MACCONTROL)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
Reserved
RXOFFLENBLOCK
RXOWNERSHIP
Reserved
CMDIDLE
Reserved
TXPTYPE
Reserved
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R-0
R/W-0
R-0
R/W-0
R-0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reserved
TXPACE
GMIIEN
TXFLOWEN
RXBUFFERFLOWEN
Reserved
LOOPBACK
FULLDUPLEX
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 53. MAC Control Register (MACCONTROL) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-15
14
13
Field
Reserved
11
CMDIDLE
10
Reserved
9
TXPTYPE
8-7
Reserved
6
TXPACE
Reserved
Receive offset / length word write block
Do not block the DMA writes to the receive buffer descriptor offset / buffer length word.
1
Block all EMAC DMA controller writes to the receive buffer descriptor offset / buffer length
words during packet processing. When this bit is set, the EMAC will never write the third word
to any receive buffer descriptor.
Receive ownership write bit value
0
The EMAC writes the Receive ownership bit to 0 at the end of packet processing.
1
The EMAC writes the Receive ownership bit to 1 at the end of packet processing. If you do not
use the ownership mechanism, you can set this mode to preclude the necessity of software
having to set this bit each time the buffer descriptor is used.
0
Reserved
Command Idle bit
0
Idle not commanded
1
Idle commanded (read IDLE in the MACSTATUS register)
0
Reserved
Transmit queue priority type
0
The queue uses a round-robin scheme to select the next channel for transmission.
1
The queue uses a fixed-priority (channel 7 highest priority) scheme to select the next channel
for transmission.
0
Reserved
Transmit pacing enable bit
0
Transmit pacing is disabled.
1
Transmit pacing is enabled.
GMIIEN
GMII enable bit
0
GMII RX and TX are held in reset.
1
GMII RX and TX are enabled for receive and transmit.
TXFLOWEN
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Description
0
RXOWNERSHIP
Reserved
4
0
RXOFFLENBLOCK
12
5
Value
Transmit flow control enable bit. This bit determines if incoming pause frames are acted upon
in full-duplex mode. Incoming pause frames are not acted upon in half-duplex mode,
regardless of this bit setting. The RXMBPENABLE bits determine whether or not received
pause frames are transferred to memory.
0
Transmit flow control is disabled. Full-duplex mode: incoming pause frames are not acted
upon.
1
Transmit flow control is enabled. Full-duplex mode: incoming pause frames are acted upon.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
95
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
Table 53. MAC Control Register (MACCONTROL) Field Descriptions (continued)
Bit
3
Value
RXBUFFERFLOWEN
2
Reserved
1
LOOPBACK
0
96
Field
Description
Receive buffer flow control enable bit
0
Receive flow control is disabled. Half-duplex mode: no flow control generated collisions are
sent. Full-duplex mode: no outgoing pause frames are sent.
1
Receive flow control is enabled. Half-duplex mode: collisions are initiated when receive buffer
flow control is triggered. Full-duplex mode: outgoing pause frames are sent when receive flow
control is triggered.
0
Reserved
Loopback mode. The loopback mode forces internal full-duplex mode regardless of the
FULLDUPLEX bit. The loopback bit should be changed only when GMIIEN bit is deasserted.
0
Loopback mode is disabled.
1
Loopback mode is enabled.
FULLDUPLEX
Full duplex mode.
0
Half-duplex mode is enabled.
1
Full-duplex mode is enabled.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.29 MAC Status Register (MACSTATUS)
The MAC status register (MACSTATUS) is shown in Figure 55 and described in Table 54.
Figure 55. MAC Status Register (MACSTATUS)
31
30
24
23
20
19
18
16
IDLE
Reserved
TXERRCODE
Rsvd
TXERRCH
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
15
12
11
10
8
RXERRCODE
Reserved
RXERRCH
R-0
R-0
R-0
7
2
1
0
Reserved
3
RXQOSACT
RXFLOWACT
TXFLOWACT
R-0
R-0
R-0
R-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 54. MAC Status Register (MACSTATUS) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31
IDLE
30-24
Reserved
23-20
TXERRCODE
Value
EMAC idle bit. This bit is cleared to 0 at reset; one clock after reset, it goes to 1.
0
The EMAC is not idle.
1
The EMAC is in the idle state.
0
Reserved
0-Fh
0
No error
SOP error; the buffer is the first buffer in a packet, but the SOP bit is not set in software.
2h
Ownership bit not set in SOP buffer
3h
Zero next buffer descriptor pointer without EOP
4h
Zero buffer pointer
5h
Zero buffer length
6h
Packet length error (sum of buffers is less than packet length)
Reserved
19
Reserved
0
TXERRCH
0-7h
11
RXERRCODE
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Transmit host error channel. These bits indicate which transmit channel the host error occurred on.
This field is cleared to 0 on a host read.
0
The host error occurred on transmit channel 0
1h
The host error occurred on transmit channel 1
2h
The host error occurred on transmit channel 2
3h
The host error occurred on transmit channel 3
4h
The host error occurred on transmit channel 4
5h
The host error occurred on transmit channel 5
6h
The host error occurred on transmit channel 6
7h
The host error occurred on transmit channel 7
0-Fh
Reserved
Transmit host error code. These bits indicate that EMAC detected transmit DMA related host errors.
The host should read this field after a host error interrupt (HOSTPEND) to determine the error. Host
error interrupts require hardware reset in order to recover. A 0 packet length is an error, but it is not
detected.
1h
18-16
15-12
Description
Receive host error code. These bits indicate that EMAC detected receive DMA related host errors.
The host should read this field after a host error interrupt (HOSTPEND) to determine the error. Host
error interrupts require hardware reset in order to recover.
0
No error
2h
Ownership bit not set in SOP buffer
4h
Zero buffer pointer
0
Reserved
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
97
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
Table 54. MAC Status Register (MACSTATUS) Field Descriptions (continued)
Bit
10-8
7-3
2
1
0
98
Field
RXERRCH
Reserved
Value
0-3h
Description
Receive host error channel. These bits indicate which receive channel the host error occurred on.
This field is cleared to 0 on a host read.
0
The host error occurred on receive channel 0
1h
The host error occurred on receive channel 1
2h
The host error occurred on receive channel 2
3h
The host error occurred on receive channel 3
4h
The host error occurred on receive channel 4
5h
The host error occurred on receive channel 5
6h
The host error occurred on receive channel 6
7h
The host error occurred on receive channel 7
0
Reserved
RXQOSACT
Receive Quality of Service (QOS) active bit. When asserted, indicates that receive quality of service
is enabled and that at least one channel freebuffer count (RXnFREEBUFFER) is less than or equal
to the RXFILTERLOWTHRESH value.
0
Receive quality of service is disabled.
1
Receive quality of service is enabled.
RXFLOWACT
Receive flow control active bit. When asserted, at least one channel freebuffer count
(RXnFREEBUFFER) is less than or equal to the channel's corresponding RXnFILTERTHRESH
value.
0
Receive flow control is inactive.
1
Receive flow control is active.
TXFLOWACT
Transmit flow control active bit. When asserted, this bit indicates that the pause time period is being
observed for a received pause frame. No new transmissions will begin while this bit is asserted,
except for the transmission of pause frames. Any transmission in progress when this bit is asserted
will complete.
0
Transmit flow control is inactive.
1
Transmit flow control is active.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.30 Emulation Control Register (EMCONTROL)
The emulation control register (EMCONTROL) is shown in Figure 56 and described in Table 55.
Figure 56. Emulation Control Register (EMCONTROL)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
1
0
Reserved
2
SOFT
FREE
R-0
R/W-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 55. Emulation Control Register (EMCONTROL) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-2
1
0
Field
Value
Reserved
Description
0
Reserved
SOFT
Emulation soft bit. This bit is used in conjunction with FREE bit to determine the emulation suspend
mode. This bit has no effect if FREE = 1.
0
Soft mode is disabled. EMAC stops immediately during emulation halt.
1
Soft mode is enabled. During emulation halt, EMAC stops after completion of current operation.
FREE
Emulation free bit. This bit is used in conjunction with SOFT bit to determine the emulation suspend
mode.
0
Free-running mode is disabled. During emulation halt, SOFT bit determines operation of EMAC.
1
Free-running mode is enabled. During emulation halt, EMAC continues to operate.
5.31 FIFO Control Register (FIFOCONTROL)
The FIFO control register (FIFOCONTROL) is shown in Figure 57 and described in Table 56.
Figure 57. FIFO Control Register (FIFOCONTROL)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
2
1
0
Reserved
TXCELLTHRESH
R-0
R/W-2h
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 56. FIFO Control Register (FIFOCONTROL) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-2
Reserved
1-0
TXCELLTHRESH
Value
0
Description
Reserved
0-3h
Transmit FIFO cell threshold. Indicates the number of 64-byte packet cells required to be in the
transmit FIFO before the packet transfer is initiated. Packets with fewer cells will be initiated when
the complete packet is contained in the FIFO. The default value is 2, but 3 is also valid. 0 and 1 are
not valid values.
0-1h
Not a valid value.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
2h
Two 64-byte packet cells required to be in the transmit FIFO.
3h
Three 64-byte packet cells required to be in the transmit FIFO.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
99
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.32 MAC Configuration Register (MACCONFIG)
The MAC configuration register (MACCONFIG) is shown in Figure 58 and described in Table 57.
Figure 58. MAC Configuration Register (MACCONFIG)
31
24
23
16
TXCELLDEPTH
RXCELLDEPTH
R-3h
R-3h
15
8
7
0
ADDRESSTYPE
MACCFIG
R-1
R-1
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 57. MAC Configuration Register (MACCONFIG) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Value
Description
31-24
TXCELLDEPTH
3h
Transmit cell depth. These bits indicate the number of cells in the transmit FIFO.
23-16
RXCELLDEPTH
3h
Receive cell depth. These bits indicate the number of cells in the receive FIFO.
15-8
ADDRESSTYPE
1h
Address type
7-0
MACCFIG
1h
MAC configuration value
5.33 Soft Reset Register (SOFTRESET)
The soft reset register (SOFTRESET) is shown in Figure 59 and described in Table 58.
Figure 59. Soft Reset Register (SOFTRESET)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
1
0
Reserved
SOFTRESET
R-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 58. Soft Reset Register (SOFTRESET) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-1
0
100
Field
Reserved
Value
0
SOFTRESET
Description
Reserved
Software reset. Writing a 1 to this bit causes the EMAC logic to be reset. Software reset occurs
when the receive and transmit DMA controllers are in an idle state to avoid locking up the
Configuration bus. After writing a 1 to this bit, it may be polled to determine if the reset has
occurred. If a 1 is read, the reset has not yet occurred. If a 0 is read, then a reset has occurred.
0
A software reset has not occurred.
1
A software reset has occurred.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.34 MAC Source Address Low Bytes Register (MACSRCADDRLO)
The MAC source address low bytes register (MACSRCADDRLO) is shown in Figure 60 and described
in Table 59.
Figure 60. MAC Source Address Low Bytes Register (MACSRCADDRLO)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
7
0
MACSRCADDR0
MACSRCADDR1
R/W-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 59. MAC Source Address Low Bytes Register (MACSRCADDRLO) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Value
0
Description
31-16
Reserved
15-8
MACSRCADDR0
0-FFh
Reserved
MAC source address lower 8 bits (byte 0)
7-0
MACSRCADDR1
0-FFh
MAC source address bits 15-8 (byte 1)
5.35 MAC Source Address High Bytes Register (MACSRCADDRHI)
The MAC source address high bytes register (MACSRCADDRHI) is shown in Figure 61 and described
in Table 60.
Figure 61. MAC Source Address High Bytes Register (MACSRCADDRHI)
31
24
23
16
MACSRCADDR2
MACSRCADDR3
R/W-0
R/W-0
15
8
7
0
MACSRCADDR4
MACSRCADDR5
R/W-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 60. MAC Source Address High Bytes Register (MACSRCADDRHI) Field Descriptions
Field
Value
Description
31-24
Bit
MACSRCADDR2
0-FFh
MAC source address bits 23-16 (byte 2)
23-16
MACSRCADDR3
0-FFh
MAC source address bits 31-24 (byte 3)
15-8
MACSRCADDR4
0-FFh
MAC source address bits 39-32 (byte 4)
7-0
MACSRCADDR5
0-FFh
MAC source address bits 47-40 (byte 5)
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
101
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.36 MAC Hash Address Register 1 (MACHASH1)
The MAC hash registers allow group addressed frames to be accepted on the basis of a hash function
of the address. The hash function creates a 6-bit data value (Hash_fun) from the 48-bit destination
address (DA) as follows:
Hash_fun(0)=DA(0)
Hash_fun(1)=DA(1)
Hash_fun(2)=DA(2)
Hash_fun(3)=DA(3)
Hash_fun(4)=DA(4)
Hash_fun(5)=DA(5)
XOR
XOR
XOR
XOR
XOR
XOR
DA(6) XOR DA(12) XOR DA(18) XOR DA(24) XOR DA(30) XOR DA(36) XOR DA(42);
DA(7) XOR DA(13) XOR DA(19) XOR DA(25) XOR DA(31) XOR DA(37) XOR DA(43);
DA(8) XOR DA(14) XOR DA(20) XOR DA(26) XOR DA(32) XOR DA(38) XOR DA(44);
DA(9) XOR DA(15) XOR DA(21) XOR DA(27) XOR DA(33) XOR DA(39) XOR DA(45);
DA(10) XOR DA(16) XOR DA(22) XOR DA(28) XOR DA(34) XOR DA(40) XOR DA(46);
DA(11) XOR DA(17) XOR DA(23) XOR DA(29) XOR DA(35) XOR DA(41) XOR DA(47);
This function is used as an offset into a 64-bit hash table stored in MACHASH1 and MACHASH2 that
indicates whether a particular address should be accepted or not.
The MAC hash address register 1 (MACHASH1) is shown in Figure 62 and described in Table 61.
Figure 62. MAC Hash Address Register 1 (MACHASH1)
31
16
MACHASH1
R/W-0
15
0
MACHASH1
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 61. MAC Hash Address Register 1 (MACHASH1) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-0
Field
MACHASH1
Value
0-FFFF FFFFh
Description
Least-significant 32 bits of the hash table corresponding to hash values 0 to 31. If a hash
table bit is set, then a group address that hashes to that bit index is accepted.
5.37 MAC Hash Address Register 2 (MACHASH2)
The MAC hash address register 2 (MACHASH2) is shown in Figure 63 and described in Table 62.
Figure 63. MAC Hash Address Register 2 (MACHASH2)
31
16
MACHASH2
R/W-0
15
0
MACHASH2
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 62. MAC Hash Address Register 2 (MACHASH2) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-0
102
Field
MACHASH2
Value
0-FFFF FFFFh
Description
Most-significant 32 bits of the hash table corresponding to hash values 32 to 63. If a hash
table bit is set, then a group address that hashes to that bit index is accepted.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.38 Back Off Test Register (BOFFTEST)
The back off test register (BOFFTEST) is shown in Figure 64 and described in Table 63.
Figure 64. Back Off Random Number Generator Test Register (BOFFTEST)
31
26
25
16
Reserved
RNDNUM
R-0
R-0
15
12
11
10
9
0
COLLCOUNT
Reserved
TXBACKOFF
R-0
R-0
R-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 63. Back Off Test Register (BOFFTEST) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Value
31-26
Reserved
25-16
RNDNUM
15-12
COLLCOUNT
11-10
Reserved
9-0
0
Description
Reserved
0-3FFh Backoff random number generator. This field allows the Backoff Random Number Generator to be
read. Reading this field returns the generator's current value. The value is reset to 0 and begins
counting on the clock after the deassertion of reset.
0-Fh
0
TXBACKOFF
Collision count. These bits indicate the number of collisions the current frame has experienced.
Reserved
0-3FFh Backoff count. This field allows the current value of the backoff counter to be observed for test
purposes. This field is loaded automatically according to the backoff algorithm, and is decremented
by one for each slot time after the collision.
5.39 Transmit Pacing Algorithm Test Register (TPACETEST)
The transmit pacing algorithm test register (TPACETEST) is shown in Figure 65 and described in
Table 64.
Figure 65. Transmit Pacing Algorithm Test Register (TPACETEST)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
5
4
0
Reserved
PACEVAL
R-0
R-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 64. Transmit Pacing Algorithm Test Register (TPACETEST) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Value
31-5
Reserved
0
4-0
PACEVAL
0-1Fh
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Description
Reserved
Pacing register current value. A nonzero value in this field indicates that transmit pacing is active. A
transmit frame collision or deferral causes PACEVAL to be loaded with 1Fh (31); good frame
transmissions (with no collisions or deferrals) cause PACEVAL to be decremented down to 0. When
PACEVAL is nonzero, the transmitter delays four Inter Packet Gaps between new frame transmissions
after each successfully transmitted frame that had no deferrals or collisions. If a transmit frame is
deferred or suffers a collision, the IPG time is not stretched to four times the normal value. Transmit
pacing helps reduce capture effects, which improves overall network bandwidth.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
103
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.40 Receive Pause Timer Register (RXPAUSE)
The receive pause timer register (RXPAUSE) is shown in Figure 66 and described in Table 65.
Figure 66. Receive Pause Timer Register (RXPAUSE)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
0
PAUSETIMER
R-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 65. Receive Pause Timer Register (RXPAUSE) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-16
Reserved
15-0
PAUSETIMER
Value
0
0-FFh
Description
Reserved
Receive pause timer value. These bits allow the contents of the receive pause timer to be
observed. The receive pause timer is loaded with FF00h when the EMAC sends an outgoing pause
frame (with pause time of FFFFh). The receive pause timer is decremented at slot time intervals. If
the receive pause timer decrements to 0, then another outgoing pause frame is sent and the
load/decrement process is repeated.
5.41 Transmit Pause Timer Register (TXPAUSE)
The transmit pause timer register (TXPAUSE) is shown in Figure 67 and described in Table 66.
Figure 67. Transmit Pause Timer Register (TXPAUSE)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
0
PAUSETIMER
R-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; -n = value after reset
Table 66. Transmit Pause Timer Register (TXPAUSE) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-16
Reserved
15-0
PAUSETIMER
104
Value
0
0-FFh
Description
Reserved
Transmit pause timer value. These bits allow the contents of the transmit pause timer to be
observed. The transmit pause timer is loaded by a received (incoming) pause frame, and then
decremented at slot time intervals down to 0, at which time EMAC transmit frames are again
enabled.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.42 MAC Address Low Bytes Register (MACADDRLO)
The MAC address low bytes register used in address matching (MACADDRLO), is shown in Figure 68
and described in Table 67.
Figure 68. MAC Address Low Bytes Register (MACADDRLO)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
8
7
0
MACADDR0
MACADDR1
R/W-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 67. MAC Address Low Bytes Register (MACADDRLO) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
Value
0
Description
31-16
Reserved
15-8
MACADDR0
0-FFh
Reserved
MAC address lower 8 bits (byte 0)
7-0
MACADDR1
0-FFh
MAC address bits 15-8 (byte 1)
5.43 MAC Address High Bytes Register (MACADDRHI)
The MAC address high bytes register (MACADDRHI) is shown in Figure 69 and described in Table 68.
Figure 69. MAC Address High Bytes Register (MACADDRHI)
31
24
23
16
MACADDR2
MACADDR3
R/W-0
R/W-0
15
8
7
0
MACADDR4
MACADDR5
R/W-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 68. MAC Address High Bytes Register (MACADDRHI) Field Descriptions
Field
Value
Description
31-24
Bit
MACADDR2
0-FFh
MAC source address bits 23-16 (byte 2)
23-16
MACADDR3
0-FFh
MAC source address bits 31-24 (byte 3)
15-8
MACADDR4
0-FFh
MAC source address bits 39-32 (byte 4)
7-0
MACADDR5
0-FFh
MAC source address bits 47-40 (byte 5). Bit 40 is the group bit. It is forced to 0 and read as 0.
Therefore, only unicast addresses are represented in the address table.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
105
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.44 MAC Index Register (MACINDEX)
The MAC index register (MACINDEX) is shown in Figure 70 and described in Table 69.
Figure 70. MAC Index Register (MACINDEX)
31
16
Reserved
R-0
15
3
2
0
Reserved
MACINDEX
R-0
R/W-0
LEGEND: R = Read only; R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset
Table 69. MAC Index Register (MACINDEX) Field Descriptions
Bit
Field
31-3
Reserved
2-0
MACINDEX
106
Value
0
0-7h
Description
Reserved
MAC address index. All eight addresses share the upper 40 bits. Only the lower byte is unique for each
address. An address is written by first writing the address number (channel) into the MACINDEX
register. The upper 32 bits of the address are then written to the MACADDRHI register, which is
followed by writing the lower 16 bits of the address to the MACADDRLO register. Since all eight
addresses share the upper 40 bits of the address, the MACADDRHI register only needs to be written
the first time.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.45 Transmit Channel 0-7 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register (TXnHDP)
The transmit channel 0-7 DMA head descriptor pointer register (TXnHDP) is shown in Figure 71 and
described in Table 70.
Figure 71. Transmit Channel n DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register (TXnHDP)
31
16
TXnHDP
R/W-x
15
0
TXnHDP
R/W-x
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset; -x = value is indeterminate after reset
Table 70. Transmit Channel n DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register (TXnHDP)
Field Descriptions
Bit
31-0
Field
TXnHDP
Value
0-FFFF FFFFh
Description
Transmit channel n DMA Head Descriptor pointer. Writing a transmit DMA buffer descriptor
address to a head pointer location initiates transmit DMA operations in the queue for the
selected channel. Writing to these locations when they are nonzero is an error (except at reset).
Host software must initialize these locations to 0 on reset.
5.46 Receive Channel 0-7 DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register (RXnHDP)
The receive channel 0-7 DMA head descriptor pointer register (RXnHDP) is shown in Figure 72 and
described in Table 71.
Figure 72. Receive Channel n DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register (RXnHDP)
31
16
RXnHDP
R/W-x
15
0
RXnHDP
R/W-x
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset; -x = value is indeterminate after reset
Table 71. Receive Channel n DMA Head Descriptor Pointer Register (RXnHDP)
Field Descriptions
Bit
31-0
Field
RXnHDP
Value
0-FFFF FFFFh
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Description
Receive channel n DMA Head Descriptor pointer. Writing a receive DMA buffer descriptor
address to this location allows receive DMA operations in the selected channel when a channel
frame is received. Writing to these locations when they are nonzero is an error (except at reset).
Host software must initialize these locations to 0 on reset.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
107
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.47 Transmit Channel 0-7 Completion Pointer Register (TXnCP)
The transmit channel 0-7 completion pointer register (TXnCP) is shown in Figure 73 and described in
Table 72.
Figure 73. Transmit Channel n Completion Pointer Register (TXnCP)
31
16
TXnCP
R/W-x
15
0
TXnCP
R/W-x
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset; -x = value is indeterminate after reset
Table 72. Transmit Channel n Completion Pointer Register (TXnCP) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-0
Field
Value
TXnCP
0-FFFF FFFFh
Description
Transmit channel n completion pointer register is written by the host with the buffer descriptor
address for the last buffer processed by the host during interrupt processing. The EMAC uses the
value written to determine if the interrupt should be deasserted.
5.48 Receive Channel 0-7 Completion Pointer Register (RXnCP)
The receive channel 0-7 completion pointer register (RXnCP) is shown in Figure 74 and described in
Table 73.
Figure 74. Receive Channel n Completion Pointer Register (RXnCP)
31
16
RXnCP
R/W-x
15
0
RXnCP
R/W-x
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; -n = value after reset; -x = value is indeterminate after reset
Table 73. Receive Channel n Completion Pointer Register (RXnCP) Field Descriptions
Bit
31-0
108
Field
RXnCP
Value
0-FFFF FFFFh
Description
Receive channel n completion pointer register is written by the host with the buffer descriptor
address for the last buffer processed by the host during interrupt processing. The EMAC uses the
value written to determine if the interrupt should be deasserted.
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.49 Network Statistics Registers
The EMAC has a set of statistics that record events associated with frame traffic. The statistics values
are cleared to zero 38 clocks after the rising edge of reset. When the GMIIEN bit in the MACCONTROL
register is set, all statistics registers (see Figure 75) are write-to-decrement. The value written is
subtracted from the register value with the result stored in the register. If a value greater than the
statistics value is written, then zero is written to the register (writing FFFF FFFFh clears a statistics
location). When the GMIIEN bit is cleared, all statistics registers are read/write (normal write direct, so
writing 0000 0000h clears a statistics location). All write accesses must be 32-bit accesses.
The statistics interrupt (STATPEND) is issued, if enabled, when any statistics value is greater than or
equal to 8000 0000h. The statistics interrupt is removed by writing to decrement any statistics value
greater than 8000 0000h. The statistics are mapped into internal memory space and are 32-bits wide.
All statistics rollover from FFFF FFFFh to 0000 0000h.
Figure 75. Statistics Register
31
16
COUNT
R/WD-0
15
0
COUNT
R/WD-0
LEGEND: R/W = Read/Write; WD = Write to decrement; -n = value after reset
5.49.1
Good Receive Frames Register (RXGOODFRAMES)
The total number of good frames received on the EMAC. A good frame is defined as having all of the
following:
• Any data or MAC control frame that matched a unicast, broadcast, or multicast address, or matched
due to promiscuous mode
• Was of length 64 to RXMAXLEN bytes inclusive
• Had no CRC error, alignment error, or code error
See Section 2.5.5 for definitions of alignment, code, and CRC errors. Overruns have no effect on this
statistic.
5.49.2
Broadcast Receive Frames Register (RXBCASTFRAMES)
The total number of good broadcast frames received on the EMAC. A good broadcast frame is defined
as having all of the following:
• Any data or MAC control frame that was destined for address FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FFh only
• Was of length 64 to RXMAXLEN bytes inclusive
• Had no CRC error, alignment error, or code error
See Section 2.5.5 for definitions of alignment, code, and CRC errors. Overruns have no effect on this
statistic.
5.49.3
Multicast Receive Frames Register (RXMCASTFRAMES)
The total number of good multicast frames received on the EMAC. A good multicast frame is defined as
having all of the following:
• Any data or MAC control frame that was destined for any multicast address other than
FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FFh
• Was of length 64 to RXMAXLEN bytes inclusive
• Had no CRC error, alignment error, or code error
See Section 2.5.5 for definitions of alignment, code, and CRC errors. Overruns have no effect on this
statistic.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
109
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
5.49.4
www.ti.com
Pause Receive Frames Register (RXPAUSEFRAMES)
The total number of IEEE 802.3X pause frames received by the EMAC (whether acted upon or not). A
pause frame is defined as having all of the following:
• Contained any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Contained the length/type field value 88.08h and the opcode 0001h
• Was of length 64 to RXMAXLEN bytes inclusive
• Had no CRC error, alignment error, or code error
• Pause-frames had been enabled on the EMAC (TXFLOWEN bit is set in MACCONTROL).
The EMAC could have been in either half-duplex or full-duplex mode. See Section 2.5.5 for definitions
of alignment, code, and CRC errors. Overruns have no effect on this statistic.
5.49.5
Receive CRC Errors Register (RXCRCERRORS)
The total number of frames received on the EMAC that experienced a CRC error. A frame with CRC
errors is defined as having all of the following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame that matched a unicast, broadcast, or multicast address, or
matched due to promiscuous mode
• Was of length 64 to RXMAXLEN bytes inclusive
• Had no alignment or code error
• Had a CRC error. A CRC error is defined as having all of the following:
– A frame containing an even number of nibbles
– Fails the frame check sequence test
See Section 2.5.5 for definitions of alignment, code, and CRC errors. Overruns have no effect on this
statistic.
5.49.6
Receive Alignment/Code Errors Register (RXALIGNCODEERRORS)
The total number of frames received on the EMAC that experienced an alignment error or code error.
Such a frame is defined as having all of the following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame that matched a unicast, broadcast, or multicast address, or
matched due to promiscuous mode
• Was of length 64 to RXMAXLEN bytes inclusive
• Had either an alignment error or a code error
– An alignment error is defined as having all of the following:
• A frame containing an odd number of nibbles
• Fails the frame check sequence test, if the final nibble is ignored
– A code error is defined as a frame that has been discarded because the EMACs MRXER pin is
driven with a one for at least one bit-time's duration at any point during the frame's reception.
Overruns have no effect on this statistic.
CRC alignment or code errors can be calculated by summing receive alignment errors, receive code
errors, and receive CRC errors.
5.49.7
Receive Oversized Frames Register (RXOVERSIZED)
The total number of oversized frames received on the EMAC. An oversized frame is defined as having
all of the following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame that matched a unicast, broadcast, or multicast address, or
matched due to promiscuous mode
• Was greater than RXMAXLEN in bytes
• Had no CRC error, alignment error, or code error
See Section 2.5.5 for definitions of alignment, code, and CRC errors. Overruns have no effect on this
statistic.
110
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.49.8
Receive Jabber Frames Register (RXJABBER)
The total number of jabber frames received on the EMAC. A jabber frame is defined as having all of the
following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame that matched a unicast, broadcast, or multicast address, or
matched due to promiscuous mode
• Was greater than RXMAXLEN bytes long
• Had a CRC error, alignment error, or code error
See Section 2.5.5 for definitions of alignment, code, and CRC errors. Overruns have no effect on this
statistic.
5.49.9
Receive Undersized Frames Register (RXUNDERSIZED)
The total number of undersized frames received on the EMAC. An undersized frame is defined as
having all of the following:
• Was any data frame that matched a unicast, broadcast, or multicast address, or matched due to
promiscuous mode
• Was less than 64 bytes long
• Had no CRC error, alignment error, or code error
See Section 2.5.5 for definitions of alignment, code, and CRC errors. Overruns have no effect on this
statistic.
5.49.10 Receive Frame Fragments Register (RXFRAGMENTS)
The total number of frame fragments received on the EMAC. A frame fragment is defined as having all
of the following:
• Any data frame (address matching does not matter)
• Was less than 64 bytes long
• Had a CRC error, alignment error, or code error
• Was not the result of a collision caused by half duplex, collision based flow control
See Section 2.5.5 for definitions of alignment, code, and CRC errors. Overruns have no effect on this
statistic.
5.49.11 Filtered Receive Frames Register (RXFILTERED)
The total number of frames received on the EMAC that the EMAC address matching process indicated
should be discarded. Such a frame is defined as having all of the following:
• Was any data frame (not MAC control frame) destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast
address
• Did not experience any CRC error, alignment error, code error
• The address matching process decided that the frame should be discarded (filtered) because it did
not match the unicast, broadcast, or multicast address, and it did not match due to promiscuous
mode.
To determine the number of receive frames discarded by the EMAC for any reason, sum the following
statistics (promiscuous mode disabled):
• Receive fragments
• Receive undersized frames
• Receive CRC errors
• Receive alignment/code errors
• Receive jabbers
• Receive overruns
• Receive filtered frames
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
111
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
This may not be an exact count because the receive overruns statistic is independent of the other
statistics, so if an overrun occurs at the same time as one of the other discard reasons, then the above
sum double-counts that frame.
5.49.12 Receive QOS Filtered Frames Register (RXQOSFILTERED)
The total number of frames received on the EMAC that were filtered due to receive quality of service
(QOS) filtering. Such a frame is defined as having all of the following:
• Any data or MAC control frame that matched a unicast, broadcast, or multicast address, or matched
due to promiscuous mode
• The frame destination channel flow control threshold register (RXnFLOWTHRESH) value was
greater than or equal to the channel's corresponding free buffer register (RXnFREEBUFFER) value
• Was of length 64 to RXMAXLEN
• RXQOSEN bit is set in RXMBPENABLE
• Had no CRC error, alignment error, or code error
See Section 2.5.5 for definitions of alignment, code, and CRC errors. Overruns have no effect on this
statistic.
5.49.13 Receive Octet Frames Register (RXOCTETS)
The total number of bytes in all good frames received on the EMAC. A good frame is defined as having
all of the following:
• Any data or MAC control frame that matched a unicast, broadcast, or multicast address, or matched
due to promiscuous mode
• Was of length 64 to RXMAXLEN bytes inclusive
• Had no CRC error, alignment error, or code error
See Section 2.5.5 for definitions of alignment, code, and CRC errors. Overruns have no effect on this
statistic.
5.49.14 Good Transmit Frames Register (TXGOODFRAMES)
The total number of good frames transmitted on the EMAC. A good frame is defined as having all of the
following:
• Any data or MAC control frame that was destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Was any length
• Had no late or excessive collisions, no carrier loss, and no underrun
5.49.15 Broadcast Transmit Frames Register (TXBCASTFRAMES)
The total number of good broadcast frames transmitted on the EMAC. A good broadcast frame is
defined as having all of the following:
• Any data or MAC control frame destined for address FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FFh only
• Was of any length
• Had no late or excessive collisions, no carrier loss, and no underrun
5.49.16 Multicast Transmit Frames Register (TXMCASTFRAMES)
The total number of good multicast frames transmitted on the EMAC. A good multicast frame is defined
as having all of the following:
• Any data or MAC control frame destined for any multicast address other than FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FFh
• Was of any length
• Had no late or excessive collisions, no carrier loss, and no underrun
112
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.49.17 Pause Transmit Frames Register (TXPAUSEFRAMES)
The total number of IEEE 802.3X pause frames transmitted by the EMAC. Pause frames cannot
underrun or contain a CRC error because they are created in the transmitting MAC, so these error
conditions have no effect on this statistic. Pause frames sent by software are not included in this count.
Since pause frames are only transmitted in full-duplex mode, carrier loss and collisions have no effect
on this statistic.
Transmitted pause frames are always 64-byte multicast frames so appear in the multicast transmit
frames register and 64 octect frames register statistics.
5.49.18 Deferred Transmit Frames Register (TXDEFERRED)
The total number of frames transmitted on the EMAC that first experienced deferment. Such a frame is
defined as having all of the following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Was any size
• Had no carrier loss and no underrun
• Experienced no collisions before being successfully transmitted
• Found the medium busy when transmission was first attempted, so had to wait.
CRC errors have no effect on this statistic.
5.49.19 Transmit Collision Frames Register (TXCOLLISION)
The total number of times that the EMAC experienced a collision. Collisions occur under two
circumstances:
• When a transmit data or MAC control frame has all of the following:
– Was destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
– Was any size
– Had no carrier loss and no underrun
– Experienced a collision. A jam sequence is sent for every non-late collision, so this statistic
increments on each occasion if a frame experiences multiple collisions (and increments on late
collisions).
• When the EMAC is in half-duplex mode, flow control is active, and a frame reception begins.
CRC errors have no effect on this statistic.
5.49.20 Transmit Single Collision Frames Register (TXSINGLECOLL)
The total number of frames transmitted on the EMAC that experienced exactly one collision. Such a
frame is defined as having all of the following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Was any size
• Had no carrier loss and no underrun
• Experienced one collision before successful transmission. The collision was not late.
CRC errors have no effect on this statistic.
5.49.21 Transmit Multiple Collision Frames Register (TXMULTICOLL)
The total number of frames transmitted on the EMAC that experienced multiple collisions. Such a frame
is defined as having all of the following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Was any size
• Had no carrier loss and no underrun
• Experienced 2 to 15 collisions before being successfully transmitted. None of the collisions were
late.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
113
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
CRC errors have no effect on this statistic.
5.49.22 Transmit Excessive Collision Frames Register (TXEXCESSIVECOLL)
The total number of frames when transmission was abandoned due to excessive collisions. Such a
frame is defined as having all of the following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Was any size
• Had no carrier loss and no underrun
• Experienced 16 collisions before abandoning all attempts at transmitting the frame. None of the
collisions were late.
CRC errors have no effect on this statistic.
5.49.23 Transmit Late Collision Frames Register (TXLATECOLL)
The total number of frames when transmission was abandoned due to a late collision. Such a frame is
defined as having all of the following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Was any size
• Had no carrier loss and no underrun
• Experienced a collision later than 512 bit-times into the transmission. There may have been up to 15
previous (non-late) collisions that had previously required the transmission to be reattempted. The
late collisions statistic dominates over the single, multiple, and excessive collisions statistics. If a
late collision occurs, the frame is not counted in any of these other three statistics.
CRC errors, carrier loss, and underrun have no effect on this statistic.
5.49.24 Transmit Underrun Error Register (TXUNDERRUN)
The number of frames sent by the EMAC that experienced FIFO underrun. Late collisions, CRC errors,
carrier loss, and underrun have no effect on this statistic.
5.49.25 Transmit Carrier Sense Errors Register (TXCARRIERSENSE)
The total number of frames on the EMAC that experienced carrier loss. Such a frame is defined as
having all of the following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Was any size
• The carrier sense condition was lost or never asserted when transmitting the frame (the frame is not
retransmitted)
CRC errors and underrun have no effect on this statistic.
5.49.26 Transmit Octet Frames Register (TXOCTETS)
The total number of bytes in all good frames transmitted on the EMAC. A good frame is defined as
having all of the following:
• Any data or MAC control frame that was destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Was any length
• Had no late or excessive collisions, no carrier loss, and no underrun
5.49.27 Transmit and Receive 64 Octet Frames Register (FRAME64)
The total number of 64-byte frames received and transmitted on the EMAC. Such a frame is defined as
having all of the following:
• Any data or MAC control frame that was destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Did not experience late collisions, excessive collisions, underrun, or carrier sense error
114
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
•
Was exactly 64-bytes long. (If the frame was being transmitted and experienced carrier loss that
resulted in a frame of this size being transmitted, then the frame is recorded in this statistic).
CRC errors, alignment/code errors, and overruns do not affect the recording of frames in this statistic.
5.49.28 Transmit and Receive 65 to 127 Octet Frames Register (FRAME65T127)
The total number of 65-byte to 127-byte frames received and transmitted on the EMAC. Such a frame
is defined as having all of the following:
• Any data or MAC control frame that was destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Did not experience late collisions, excessive collisions, underrun, or carrier sense error
• Was 65-bytes to 127-bytes long
CRC errors, alignment/code errors, underruns, and overruns do not affect the recording of frames in
this statistic.
5.49.29 Transmit and Receive 128 to 255 Octet Frames Register (FRAME128T255)
The total number of 128-byte to 255-byte frames received and transmitted on the EMAC. Such a frame
is defined as having all of the following:
• Any data or MAC control frame that was destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Did not experience late collisions, excessive collisions, underrun, or carrier sense error
• Was 128-bytes to 255-bytes long
CRC errors, alignment/code errors, underruns, and overruns do not affect the recording of frames in
this statistic.
5.49.30 Transmit and Receive 256 to 511 Octet Frames Register (FRAME256T511)
The total number of 256-byte to 511-byte frames received and transmitted on the EMAC. Such a frame
is defined as having all of the following:
• Any data or MAC control frame that was destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Did not experience late collisions, excessive collisions, underrun, or carrier sense error
• Was 256-bytes to 511-bytes long
CRC errors, alignment/code errors, underruns, and overruns do not affect the recording of frames in
this statistic.
5.49.31 Transmit and Receive 512 to 1023 Octet Frames Register (FRAME512T1023)
The total number of 512-byte to 1023-byte frames received and transmitted on the EMAC. Such a
frame is defined as having all of the following:
• Any data or MAC control frame that was destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Did not experience late collisions, excessive collisions, underrun, or carrier sense error
• Was 512-bytes to 1023-bytes long
CRC errors, alignment/code errors, and overruns do not affect the recording of frames in this statistic.
5.49.32 Transmit and Receive 1024 to RXMAXLEN Octet Frames Register (FRAME1024TUP)
The total number of 1024-byte to RXMAXLEN-byte frames received and transmitted on the EMAC.
Such a frame is defined as having all of the following:
• Any data or MAC control frame that was destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
• Did not experience late collisions, excessive collisions, underrun, or carrier sense error
• Was 1024-bytes to RXMAXLEN-bytes long
CRC/alignment/code errors, underruns, and overruns do not affect frame recording in this statistic.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
115
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) Registers
www.ti.com
5.49.33 Network Octet Frames Register (NETOCTETS)
The total number of bytes of frame data received and transmitted on the EMAC. Each frame counted
has all of the following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame destined for any unicast, broadcast, or multicast address
(address match does not matter)
• Was of any size (including less than 64-byte and greater than RXMAXLEN-byte frames)
Also counted in this statistic is:
• Every byte transmitted before a carrier-loss was experienced
• Every byte transmitted before each collision was experienced (multiple retries are counted each
time)
• Every byte received if the EMAC is in half-duplex mode until a jam sequence was transmitted to
initiate flow control. (The jam sequence is not counted to prevent double-counting).
Error conditions such as alignment errors, CRC errors, code errors, overruns, and underruns do not
affect the recording of bytes in this statistic. The objective of this statistic is to give a reasonable
indication of Ethernet utilization.
5.49.34 Receive FIFO or DMA Start of Frame Overruns Register (RXSOFOVERRUNS)
The total number of frames received on the EMAC that had either a FIFO or DMA start of frame (SOF)
overrun. An SOF overrun frame is defined as having all of the following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame that matched a unicast, broadcast, or multicast address, or
matched due to promiscuous mode
• Was of any size (including less than 64-byte and greater than RXMAXLEN-byte frames)
• The EMAC was unable to receive it because it did not have the resources to receive it (cell FIFO full
or no DMA buffer available at the start of the frame).
CRC errors, alignment errors, and code errors have no effect on this statistic.
5.49.35 Receive FIFO or DMA Middle of Frame Overruns Register (RXMOFOVERRUNS)
The total number of frames received on the EMAC that had either a FIFO or DMA middle of frame
(MOF) overrun. An MOF overrun frame is defined as having all of the following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame that matched a unicast, broadcast, or multicast address, or
matched due to promiscuous mode
• Was of any size (including less than 64-byte and greater than RXMAXLEN-byte frames)
• The EMAC was unable to receive it because it did not have the resources to receive it (cell FIFO full
or no DMA buffer available after the frame was successfully started - no SOF overrun).
CRC errors, alignment errors, and code errors have no effect on this statistic.
5.49.36 Receive DMA Overruns Register (RXDMAOVERRUNS)
The total number of frames received on the EMAC that had either a DMA start of frame (SOF) overrun
or a DMA middle of frame (MOF) overrun. A receive DMA overrun frame is defined as having all of the
following:
• Was any data or MAC control frame that matched a unicast, broadcast, or multicast address, or
matched due to promiscuous mode
• Was of any size (including less than 64-byte and greater than RXMAXLEN-byte frames)
• The EMAC was unable to receive it because it did not have the DMA buffer resources to receive it
(zero head descriptor pointer at the start or during the middle of the frame reception).
CRC errors, alignment errors, and code errors have no effect on this statistic.
116
Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC)/—Management Data Input/Output
(MDIO)
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
www.ti.com
Appendix A Glossary
Broadcast MAC Address— A special Ethernet MAC address used to send data to all Ethernet
devices on the local network. The broadcast address is FFh-FFh-FFh-FFh-FFh-FFh. The LSB of
the first byte is odd, qualifying it as a group address; however, its value is reserved for
broadcast. It is classified separately by the EMAC.
Descriptor (Packet Buffer Descriptor)— A small memory structure that describes a larger block of
memory in terms of size, location, and state. Descriptors are used by the EMAC and application
to describe the memory buffers that hold Ethernet data.
Device — In this document, device refers to the TMS320DM643x processor.
Ethernet MAC Address (MAC Address)— A unique 6-byte address that identifies an Ethernet device
on the network. In an Ethernet packet, a MAC address is used twice, first to identify the packet’s
destination, and second to identify the packet’s sender or source. An Ethernet MAC address is
normally specified in hexadecimal, using dashes to separate bytes. For example,
08h-00h-28h-32h-17h-42h.
The first three bytes normally designate the manufacturer of the device. However, when the first
byte of the address is odd (LSB is 1), the address is a group address (broadcast or multicast).
The second bit specifies whether the address is globally or locally administrated (not considered
in this document).
Ethernet Packet (Packet)— An Ethernet packet is the collection of bytes that represents the data
portion of a single Ethernet frame on the wire.
Full Duplex— Full-duplex operation allows simultaneous communication between a pair of stations
using point-to-point media (dedicated channel). Full-duplex operation does not require that
transmitters defer, nor do they monitor or react to receive activity, as there is no contention for a
shared medium in this mode. Full-duplex mode can only be used when all of the following are
true:
• The physical medium is capable of supporting simultaneous transmission and reception
without interference.
• There are exactly two stations connected with a full duplex point-to-point link. As there is no
contention for use of a shared medium, the multiple access (that is, CSMA/CD) algorithms
are unnecessary.
• Both stations on the LAN are capable of, and have been configured to use, full-duplex
operation.
The most common configuration envisioned for full-duplex operation consists of a central bridge
(also known as a switch) with a dedicated LAN connecting each bridge port to a single device.
Full-duplex operation constitutes a proper subset of the MAC functionality required for
half-duplex operation.
Half Duplex— In half-duplex mode, the CSMA/CD media access method is the means by which two or
more stations share a common transmission medium. To transmit, a station waits (defers) for a
quiet period on the medium, that is, no other station is transmitting. It then sends the intended
message in bit-serial form. If, after initiating a transmission, the message collides with that of
another station, then each transmitting station intentionally transmits for an additional predefined
period to ensure propagation of the collision throughout the system. The station remains silent
for a random amount of time (backoff) before attempting to transmit again.
Host— The host is an intelligent system resource that configures and manages each communications
control module. The host is responsible for allocating memory, initializing all data structures, and
responding to port (EMAC) interrupts. In this document, host refers to the TMS320DM643x
device.
Jabber— A condition wherein a station transmits for a period of time longer than the maximum
permissible packet length, usually due to a fault condition.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Glossary
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
117
Appendix A
www.ti.com
Link— The transmission path between any two instances of generic cabling.
Multicast MAC Address— A class of MAC address that sends a packet to potentially more than one
recipient. A group address is specified by setting the LSB of the first MAC address byte to 1.
Thus, 01h-02h-03h-04h-05h-06h is a valid multicast address. Typically, an Ethernet MAC looks
for only certain multicast addresses on a network to reduce traffic load. The multicast address list
of acceptable packets is specified by the application.
Physical Layer and Media Notation— To identify different Ethernet technologies, a simple, three-field,
type notation is used. The Physical Layer type used by the Ethernet is specified by these fields:
<data rate in Mb/s><medium type><maximum segment length (×100m)>
The definitions for the technologies mentioned in this document are in Table 74.
Table 74. Physical Layer Definitions
Term
Definition
10Base-T
IEEE 802.3 Physical Layer specification for a 10 Mb/s CSMA/CD local area network over two pairs of
twisted-pair telephone wire.
100Base-T
IEEE 802.3 Physical Layer specification for a 100 Mb/s CSMA/CD local area network over two pairs of
Category 5 unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) or shielded twisted-pair (STP) wire.
Twisted pair
A cable element that consists of two insulated conductors twisted together in a regular fashion to form a
balanced transmission line.
Port— Ethernet device.
Promiscuous Mode— EMAC receives frames that do not match its address.
118
Glossary
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
www.ti.com
Appendix B Revision History
Table 75 lists the changes made since the previous version of this document.
Table 75. Document Revision History
Reference
Additions/Modifications/Deletions
Section 1.3
Changed fourth paragraph.
SPRU941C – December 2010
Submit Documentation Feedback
Revision History
© 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
119
IMPORTANT NOTICE
Texas Instruments Incorporated and its subsidiaries (TI) reserve the right to make corrections, modifications, enhancements, improvements,
and other changes to its products and services at any time and to discontinue any product or service without notice. Customers should
obtain the latest relevant information before placing orders and should verify that such information is current and complete. All products are
sold subject to TI’s terms and conditions of sale supplied at the time of order acknowledgment.
TI warrants performance of its hardware products to the specifications applicable at the time of sale in accordance with TI’s standard
warranty. Testing and other quality control techniques are used to the extent TI deems necessary to support this warranty. Except where
mandated by government requirements, testing of all parameters of each product is not necessarily performed.
TI assumes no liability for applications assistance or customer product design. Customers are responsible for their products and
applications using TI components. To minimize the risks associated with customer products and applications, customers should provide
adequate design and operating safeguards.
TI does not warrant or represent that any license, either express or implied, is granted under any TI patent right, copyright, mask work right,
or other TI intellectual property right relating to any combination, machine, or process in which TI products or services are used. Information
published by TI regarding third-party products or services does not constitute a license from TI to use such products or services or a
warranty or endorsement thereof. Use of such information may require a license from a third party under the patents or other intellectual
property of the third party, or a license from TI under the patents or other intellectual property of TI.
Reproduction of TI information in TI data books or data sheets is permissible only if reproduction is without alteration and is accompanied
by all associated warranties, conditions, limitations, and notices. Reproduction of this information with alteration is an unfair and deceptive
business practice. TI is not responsible or liable for such altered documentation. Information of third parties may be subject to additional
restrictions.
Resale of TI products or services with statements different from or beyond the parameters stated by TI for that product or service voids all
express and any implied warranties for the associated TI product or service and is an unfair and deceptive business practice. TI is not
responsible or liable for any such statements.
TI products are not authorized for use in safety-critical applications (such as life support) where a failure of the TI product would reasonably
be expected to cause severe personal injury or death, unless officers of the parties have executed an agreement specifically governing
such use. Buyers represent that they have all necessary expertise in the safety and regulatory ramifications of their applications, and
acknowledge and agree that they are solely responsible for all legal, regulatory and safety-related requirements concerning their products
and any use of TI products in such safety-critical applications, notwithstanding any applications-related information or support that may be
provided by TI. Further, Buyers must fully indemnify TI and its representatives against any damages arising out of the use of TI products in
such safety-critical applications.
TI products are neither designed nor intended for use in military/aerospace applications or environments unless the TI products are
specifically designated by TI as military-grade or "enhanced plastic." Only products designated by TI as military-grade meet military
specifications. Buyers acknowledge and agree that any such use of TI products which TI has not designated as military-grade is solely at
the Buyer's risk, and that they are solely responsible for compliance with all legal and regulatory requirements in connection with such use.
TI products are neither designed nor intended for use in automotive applications or environments unless the specific TI products are
designated by TI as compliant with ISO/TS 16949 requirements. Buyers acknowledge and agree that, if they use any non-designated
products in automotive applications, TI will not be responsible for any failure to meet such requirements.
Following are URLs where you can obtain information on other Texas Instruments products and application solutions:
Products
Applications
Amplifiers
amplifier.ti.com
Audio
www.ti.com/audio
Data Converters
dataconverter.ti.com
Automotive
www.ti.com/automotive
DLP® Products
www.dlp.com
Communications and
Telecom
www.ti.com/communications
DSP
dsp.ti.com
Computers and
Peripherals
www.ti.com/computers
Clocks and Timers
www.ti.com/clocks
Consumer Electronics
www.ti.com/consumer-apps
Interface
interface.ti.com
Energy
www.ti.com/energy
Logic
logic.ti.com
Industrial
www.ti.com/industrial
Power Mgmt
power.ti.com
Medical
www.ti.com/medical
Microcontrollers
microcontroller.ti.com
Security
www.ti.com/security
RFID
www.ti-rfid.com
Space, Avionics &
Defense
www.ti.com/space-avionics-defense
RF/IF and ZigBee® Solutions www.ti.com/lprf
Video and Imaging
www.ti.com/video
Wireless
www.ti.com/wireless-apps
Mailing Address: Texas Instruments, Post Office Box 655303, Dallas, Texas 75265
Copyright © 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising