Texas Instruments | AN-2260 MSP430 Interface to LMP91050 Code Library (Rev. A) | Application notes | Texas Instruments AN-2260 MSP430 Interface to LMP91050 Code Library (Rev. A) Application notes

Texas Instruments AN-2260 MSP430 Interface to LMP91050 Code Library (Rev. A) Application notes
Application Report
SNAA190A – May 2012 – Revised May 2013
AN-2260 MSP430 Interface to LMP91050 Code Library
.....................................................................................................................................................
ABSTRACT
The MSP430™ is an ideal microcontroller solution for low-cost, low-power precision sensor applications
because it consumes very little power. The LMP91050 is a programmable integrated analog front end
(AFE) for thermopile sensors, as typically used in nondispersive infrared (NDIR) applications. This library
provides functions to facilitate the interfacing of any MSP430 device to a LMP91050. Any device within the
MSP430 family can be used with this library, made possible by hardware abstraction. Similarly, any SPIcapable interface module within the MSP430 family is supported by the library. This allows the designer
maximum flexibility in choosing the best MSP430 device for the application. This document provides
descriptive information and instructions for using the library either for demonstration purposes or
implementation into a project. This is the recommended starting point for developing software for the
LMP91050 and MSP430 combination. The software examples have been developed for the
MSP430F5528 breakout board, but can easily be ported to another hardware platform.
Source code discussed in this application report can be downloaded from the LMP91050 product folder.
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3
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5
6
Contents
Introduction ..................................................................................................................
Purpose and Scope .........................................................................................................
File Organization ............................................................................................................
Functions .....................................................................................................................
Using the Software ..........................................................................................................
5.1
Prerequisites ........................................................................................................
5.2
Getting Started .....................................................................................................
5.3
Adapting the Demo Project to Other Hardware ................................................................
5.4
Using the Library with an Application ............................................................................
References ...................................................................................................................
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2
2
4
5
5
5
8
9
9
List of Figures
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LMP91050SDEVAL Jumper Settings ....................................................................................
MSP-TS430RGC64USB Jumper Settings ...............................................................................
1
Code Library Stack
4
2
LMP91050SDEVAL to MSP430 Connection Diagram
6
3
4
7
8
List of Tables
.................................................................................................
1
Hardware Definition Files
2
Library Code ................................................................................................................. 3
3
Demo Applications Included With the Library
4
5
..........................................................................
Register Access and Control Functions Provided by the Library .....................................................
LMP91050SDEVAL Jumper Settings ....................................................................................
2
3
4
7
MSP430, Code Composer Studio are trademarks of Texas Instruments.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
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1
Introduction
1
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Introduction
This application report describes different ways to interface and use the TI LMP91050 devices with an
MSP430. The accompanying software contains a function library allowing quick prototyping of NDIR
sensor AFE setup and control. The software provided in this library is a starting point for developers
wanting to get the most out of the MSP430 and the LMP91050 sensor AFE devices.
The LMP91050 is a configurable sensor AFE for thermopile sensors. It provides a complete signal path
solution between a sensor and microcontroller that generates an output voltage proportional to the
thermopile voltage. The LMP91050 is equipped with a slave serial peripheral interface (SPI) port, through
which it can communicate with an MSP430 and is an optimal match for the MSP430 ultra low power
microcontrollers. The MSP430 is a great fit for applications where power conservation is a priority. The
many power-saving mechanisms designed into the MSP430 make it ideal for such applications.
2
Purpose and Scope
To aid in interfacing these devices, TI has produced a code library that significantly reduces the need to
write low-level interface functions. It provides a boost in the development of an MSP430/LMP91050-based
product, saving time and allowing quick progression to the application-specific aspects of the project. This
library is designed to be used with any MSP430 device. Since a SPI master can be implemented using
one of many peripherals within the MSP430 family, and since the peripherals available may differ by
device and application, library calls are provided for each of these interfaces. The chosen interface is
selected by assigning a value to a system variable, which causes the compiler to conditionally include the
appropriate function calls. As such, application code utilizing the library remains portable between various
MSP430 devices, with minimal modification required.
Several complete example application projects are provided with the library. The purpose of these projects
is to demonstrate use of the library. It is not intended as a comprehensive guide to using the LMP91050,
and it does not make use of all the features of these devices. It does, however, use all the register access
functions provided by the library.
3
File Organization
The library has been implemented with modular hardware abstraction. There is a header file specific to
each of the hardware components (LMP91050 , MSP430, and the board). The hardware definition header
files are shown in Table 1. Table 2 shows the library code files and its header, and Table 3 shows the
demonstration applications that accompanies the library.
Table 1. Hardware Definition Files
Filename
2
Description
TI_LMP91050 .h
Definitions specific to the LMP91050 device, including register bit definitions and
commonly-used masks for use with these registers.
TI_MSP430.h
Definitions specific to the MSP430 device; primarily, the pins used in the SPI
interface. Definitions for USART0/1, USCI_A0/1/2/3, USCI_B0/1/2/3, USI and bit
banging are included. Also, labels are defined for use with the system variable
TI_LMP91050 _SER_INTF. This label selects the modules to be used for accessing
the LMP91050 SPI interface.
TI_MSP430_hardware_board.h
Definitions specific to the board being used; that is, the connections between the
MSP430 and LMP91050SDEVAL, such as the SPI connections to the onboard
ADC141S628, MOSI_EN, chip select, and LED pins. SPI connections to the
LMP91050 are not defined here because they are defined inherently within
TI_MSP430.h. The system variable TI_LMP91050_SER_INTF is defined in this file.
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File Organization
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Table 2. Library Code
Filename
Description
Function for accessing the LMP91050 registers via SPI_USCIA0 module from the
MSP430 5xx family
TI_MSP430_spi_USCIA0_5xx.c
TI_MSP430_other_spi_modules\
TI_MSP430_spi_USCIA1_5xx.c
TI_MSP430_spi_USCIA2_5xx.c
TI_MSP430_spi_USCIA3_5xx.c
TI_MSP430_spi_USCIB0_5xx.c
TI_MSP430_spi_USCIB1_5xx.c
TI_MSP430_spi_USCIB2_5xx.c
TI_MSP430_spi_USCIB3_5xx.c
TI_MSP430_spi_USCIA0.c
Functions for accessing the LMP91050 registers via other MSP430 SPI modules like
SPI_USART0, SPI_USART1, SPI_USCIA1, etc.
TI_MSP430_spi_USCIA1.c
TI_MSP430_spi_USCIB0.c
TI_MSP430_spi_USCIB1.c
TI_MSP430_spi_USART0.c
TI_MSP430_spi_USART1.c
TI_MSP430_spi_USI.c
TI_MSP430_spi_BITBANG.c
TI_MSP430_spi_eUSCIA0_FR57xx.c
TI_MSP430_spi_eUSCIA1_FR57xx.c
TI_MSP430_spi_eUSCIB0_FR57xx.c
TI_MSP430_spi.h
Function declarations for TI_MSP430_spi_*.c
Table 3. Demo Applications Included With the Library
Demo Application
Application1:
Read/Write LMP91050
Registers
Application2:
Common mode voltage
measurement using the
onboard ADC141S628
Application3:
Common mode voltage
measurement using the
ADC12 module in
MSP430F5528
Filename
Description
demo-app01\main.c
Application code with functions to demonstrate
read/write of the LMP91050 register
demo-app01\ TI_LMP91050
_register_settings.h
Application specific initialization values for the
LMP91050 registers
demo-app02\main.c
Application code with functions to measure the default
common mode voltage. Adjust the internal DAC code
and measure output level shift.
demo-app02\adc14s628.c
Application code with functions to initialize and read the
ADC141S628 data output
demo-app02\ TI_LMP91050
_register_settings.h
Application specific initialization values for the
LMP91050 registers
demo-app03\main.c
Application code with functions to measure the default
common mode voltage. Adjust the internal DAC code
and measure output level shift.
demo-app03\ TI_LMP91050
_register_settings.h
Application specific initialization values for the
LMP91050 registers
NOTE: The register settings values for TI_LMP91050 _register_settings.h can easily be obtained
from the “Register configuration file” saved from Sensor AFE Software [2]. The demo
application code reads the values stored in the register settings file to initialize the
LMP91050 device register.
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Functions
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Figure 1 shows a stack diagram of the library. Note that one of the files displayed in the stack is the
standard definition file for the specific MSP430 device being used. This file is included with the
development environment being used to create the MSP430 software.
main.c
Application
TI_LMP91050_register_settings.h
TI_MSP430_spi_xxxxxx.c
Board
Definition
SPI Library
TI_MSP430_hardware_board.h
Hardware
Definition
TI_MSP430.h
TI_LMP91050.h
Chip
Definition
msp430xxxxx.h
Standard MSP430
Device Definition
Figure 1. Code Library Stack
4
Functions
Table 4 shows the SPI register-access functions provided in the library, with a brief description.
Table 4. Register Access and Control Functions Provided by the Library
Function Name
Description
void TI_LMP91050 _SPISetup (void)
Configures the SPI port assigned by the TI_LMP91050
_SER_INTF system variable. Must be called before calling
any of the other functions.
void TI_LMP91050_SPIWriteReg (uint8_t addr, uint8_t value)
Writes "value" to the LMP91050 configuration register at
address “addr”.
uint8_t TI_LMP91050_SPIReadReg (uint8_t addr)
Reads a single register at address “addr” and returns the 8bit value read.
A version of these functions is provided for all MSP430 peripherals that are capable of communicating
using the SPI protocol.
These peripherals are:
• USART0 for 1xx, 2xx, and 4xx families
• USART1 for 1xx, 2xx, and 4xx families
• USCI_A0 for 5xx and 6xx families
• USCI_A1 for 5xx and 6xx families
• USCI_A2 for 5xx and 6xx families
• USCI_A3 for 5xx and 6xx families
• USCI_B0 for 5xx and 6xx families
• USCI_B1 for 5xx and 6xx families
• USCI_B2 for 5xx and 6xx families
• USCI_B3 for 5xx and 6xx families
• USCI_A0 for 2xx and 4xx families
• USCI_A1 for 2xx and 4xx families
4
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
USCI_B0 for 2xx and 4xx families
USCI_B1 for 2xx and 4xx families
USI for G2xx value series family
Bitbang using GPIO pins
eUSCI_A0 for FRAM 57xx family
eUSCI_A1 for FRAM 57xx family
eUSCI_B0 for FRAM 57xx family
5
Using the Software
5.1
Prerequisites
To successfully compile, download and run the software described in this document, the following
materials are needed:
• MSP430 Target Board MSP-TS430RGC64USB Board
• LMP91050 Evaluation Board LMP91050DEVAL
• MSP430 USB Debugging Interface MSP430-FET430UIF
• IAR Embedded Workbench or TI Code Composer Studio™ for MSP430
The software can be adapted to run on other MSP430 hardware boards as well. For instructions, see
Section 5.3.
A free, code size limited, but fully functional edition of IAR Embedded Workbench (IAR Kickstart) is
available from the IAR Systems website (www.iar.com) or from the TI MSP430 software tools page:
http://www.ti.com/lsds/ti/microcontroller/16-bit_msp430/msp430_software_landing.page.
As an alternative to IAR Embedded Workbench, it would be possible to use Code Composer Studio. A trial
edition of the Code Composer Studio is available from the TI MSP430 software tools page.
5.2
Getting Started
Follow these simple steps to get your application up and running:
1. Install IAR Workbench.
2. Download the source code for this application note and unzip the files to your working directory.
3. Open IAR Embedded Workbench and create a new project:
(a) Select Project → Create new project
(b) Select tool chain MSP430
(c) Base the project on the empty project template
(d) Save (you will also be asked to save the current workspace)
4. Add the following C files to the project from the software that you downloaded and unzipped in step 2:
(a) All C files from the code\library folder
(b) All C files from the code\library\TI_MSP430_other_spi_modules folder
(c) All C files from the code\demo-application-examples\demo-app01 folder
5. Open the "options" dialog for the new project by right clicking the project name in the workspace
window. A window should appear:
(a) Under "General options", select the MSP device. For the MSP-TS430RGC64USB target board, use
MSP430F5528.
(b) Under "C/C++ compiler", click on the preprocessor pane.
(i) The "Ignore standard include directories" tick box should not be ticked.
(ii) In the "Additional include directories", add include paths telling the compiler where to find the
header files included by the C files. You should add the $PROJ_DIR$\code\include folder.
(c) Select "FET Debugger" from the "Driver" drop down list under "Debugger".
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(d) Choose the connection type of the FET tool (Texas Instruments USB-IF). Leave the rest of the
settings as is, under "FET Debugger", in the "Connection" section.
6. Click “OK” to close the options window.
7. Select “Project → Rebuild All”. There should be no errors or warnings when IAR rebuilds the
executables (if not done already, you will also be asked to save the current workspace).
8. The configuration of the hardware definition files in the library as distributed by TI is for an
MSP430F5528 equipped board. The system variable TI_LMP91050 _SER_INTF defined within
TI_hardware_board.h identifies USCIA0_5xx as the connected SPI port to control the LMP91050 .
Peripheral pinouts can change slightly between individual MSP430 devices and families. For this
reason TI_MSP430.h identifies the pins that correspond to a peripheral for any given device.
9. Connect the LMP91050 Evaluation Board SPI interface lines to the MSP430 target board SPI port as
shown in Figure 2. Note that the USCIA0 pins of the MSP430 are used to control the LMP91050 SPI
pins.
10. Also, connect the ADC141S628 SPI interface lines of the LMP91050SDEVAL to the MSP430 target
board SPI port as shown in Figure 2. The USCIB1 pins of the MSP430 are used to control the
ADC141S628 SPI pins.
NOTE: An external +5V supply is required for generating the ADC141S628 voltage reference of
+4.096 V. If on-chip ADC12 module of the MSP430F5528 is used (instead of the
ADC141S628) as in demo-app03 example, the external +5 V supply is not required.
UCA0CLK (J3.33)
SCLK (J1.3)
UCA0SIMO (J3.37)
MOSI (J1.7)
UCA0SOMI (J3.38)
MISO (J1.5)
P2.5 (GPIO) (J2.31)
CSB (J1.1)
P2.6 (GPIO) (J2.32)
MOSI_EN (J1.16)
DVSS1 (J1.16)
MSP-TS430RGC64USB
GND (J1.4)
External
+5V supply
+
LMP91050SDEVAL
GND (J1.2)
+5V_DUT (J1.14)
VCC (J5.1)
+3.3V_DUT (J1.13)
GND (J5.2)
GND (J1.10)
UCB1CLK (J3.44)
SCK_B (J1.25)
UCB1SOMI (J3.43)
SMSO_B (J1.27)
P2.4 (GPIO) (J2.30)
SCSO_B (J1.23)
Figure 2. LMP91050SDEVAL to MSP430 Connection Diagram
11. The LMP91050 Evaluation Board jumper connections can be seen in Figure 3 and Table 5. Jumpers
not shown can be left unpopulated.
6
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Figure 3. LMP91050SDEVAL Jumper Settings
Table 5. LMP91050SDEVAL Jumper Settings
Jumpers
Configuration
Purpose
JP1
1-2 shorted
Supply voltage (3.3 V) of the LMP91050 provided from the SPIO4 connector
JP2
1-2 shorted
Connect the onboard voltage reference (4.096 V) to the VREF pin of the LMP91050
JP3
1-2 shorted
+5 V analog supply for the onboard voltage reference
JP4
1-2 shorted
Connect the VOUT pin of the LMP91050 to the onboard ADC141S628 input
J2
1-2 shorted
Connect the LMP91050 IN to CMOUT for easy evaluation
12. Attach the MSP430 FET to your PC. If you are running Windows and using the USB FET tool for the
first time, you will asked to install some drivers for the tool. For Windows, they are located in
$IAR_INSTALL_DIR$\430\drivers\TIUSBFET.
13. Attach the MSP430 FET to the MSP430 target board using the JTAG connector. The VCC power select
jumper JP3 should be set to 1-2 (int) where the board is powered from the FET alone.
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14. The MSP430 target board jumper connections can be seen in Figure 4.
Figure 4. MSP-TS430RGC64USB Jumper Settings
15. Select Project → Debug. IAR will now establish a connection with the target MCU, download the
application, and program the MSP430. The debugger will be started, halting the target at main ().
16. Demo_app01 is a simple example that demonstrates the SPI calls to write and successfully read back
the LMP91050 register. The onboard LED on the MSP430 target board is setup to blink continuously if
the value read back matches the value written.
17. Steps 3 to 15 can be followed to exercise other demo applications included with the library as well.
5.3
Adapting the Demo Project to Other Hardware
The procedure for adapting this code to other hardware is as follows:
1. Edit the pin assignments within TI_MSP430.h for the interface modules being used. It is not necessary
to modify the pins for the interfaces not selected for use with the SPI bus, as they will not be
referenced by the library. The labels being referenced in the #define assignments will be drawn from
the standard definition file (msp430.h) listed at the top of TI_MSP430.h.
2. Edit the pin assignments in TI_MSP430_hardware_board.h, taking into account all the necessary
connections on the board being used. The assigned labels are drawn from the standard definition file
(msp430.h) listed at the top of TI_MSP430.h.
NOTE: The onboard ADC141S628 SPI interface lines are defined here.
3. Assign the proper values to TI_LMP91050 _SER_INTF in TI_MSP430_hardware_board.h. The labels
available for assignment can be found at the bottom of TI_MSP430.h.
4. Appropriately set up the function to configure the system clock source and clock rate. This depends on
your hardware and the particular MSP430 MCU in use.
5. The default setup is to use the onboard ADC141S628 for converting the LMP91050 output. If the
ADC141S626 is not used, appropriately set up the functions to configure and convert the LMP91050
output. This depends on your hardware and the particular MSP430 MCU in use.
6. Make sure the physical hardware connections between the MSP430 target board and the
LMP91050SDEVAL are modified according to the pin assignments above.
After making these changes, rebuild the project and download the code image. The application should
function as described earlier.
8
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5.4
Using the Library with an Application
The same procedure as described in Section 5.3 should be applied in order to adapt the library to the new
hardware.
The function TI_LMP91050 _SPISetup () should always be called after a POR event within the MSP430.
After this the access of registers is straightforward.
6
References
1. LMP91050 Configurable AFE for Nondispersive Infrared (NDIR) Sensing Applications Data Sheet
(SNAS517)
2. LMP91050 Sensor AFE Software Download (SNAC004)
3. User's Guide for the LMP91050 Evaluation Board With Sensor AFE Software (SNAU119)
4. MSP430F551x/MSP430F552x Mixed Signal Microcontroller Data Sheet (SLAS590)
5. MSP430x5xx/MSP430x6xx Family User’s Guide (SLAU208)
6. MSP430F55xx 64-Pin Target Board MSP-TS430RGC64USB
7. MSP430 USB Debugging Interface MSP-FET430UIF
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