Texas Instruments | DN040 -- Reduced Battery Current Using CC112x, CC1175_and CC1200 with TPS62730 | Application notes | Texas Instruments DN040 -- Reduced Battery Current Using CC112x, CC1175_and CC1200 with TPS62730 Application notes

Texas Instruments DN040 -- Reduced Battery Current Using CC112x, CC1175_and CC1200 with TPS62730 Application notes
Design Note DN040
Reduced Battery Current Using CC112x/CC1175/CC1200 with
TPS62730
By Charlotte Stephansen
Keywords
Low-Power Battery Applications
Low Duty-Cycle Applications
System Efficiency
Battery Life Time
DC-DC converter
TPS62730
1
CC1120
CC1121
CC1125
CC1175
CC1200
Introduction
The TPS62730 is a high frequency
synchronous step down DC/DC converter
optimized for ultra low power wireless
applications. The TPS62730 reduces the
current drawn from the battery by a high
efficient step down voltage conversion. It
provides up to 100 mA output current at
2.1 V output voltage. The TPS62730
features a low power bypass mode with
typical 30 nA current consumption to
support sleep and low power modes of TI's
transceiver and SoC solutions. For more
information, see the TPS62730 datasheet
[1].
This design note shows the advantages of
using TPS62730+CC1120 for battery
powered applications. All measurements
are
performed
on
the
CC1120_DCDC_EM_868MHz reference
SWRA411
design [2]. The TPS62730+CC1120
performance is compared to similar
measurements performed without voltage
conversion.
Measurements show that battery current is
reduced by more than 30% in TX at +10
dBm output power and by more than 35%
in RX when using the TPS62730+CC1120
compared to using CC1120 without a DCDC converter.
Section 4.2 discusses modifications to the
CC1120_DCDC_EM_868MHz reference
design to achieve less than 20 mA battery
current in TX at +10 dBm output power.
The results from this design note are also
applicable for the CC1121, CC1125,
CC1175 (TX part only), and CC1200.
Page 1 of 9
Design Note DN040
Table of Contents
KEYWORDS.............................................................................................................................. 1
1
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................. 1
2
ABBREVIATIONS ........................................................................................................... 2
3
FEATURES AND BENEFITS .......................................................................................... 3
4
MEASUREMENTS RESULTS ........................................................................................ 4
4.1
TX PERFORMANCE .................................................................................................... 4
4.1.1
Case 1 and Case 2: +10 dBm Output Power.................................................................... 5
4.1.2
Case 3 and Case 4: Maximum Output Power ................................................................... 6
4.2
SUB-20 MA CURRENT CONSUMPTION AT +10 DBM OUTPUT POWER ............................ 7
4.3
RX PERFORMANCE .................................................................................................... 7
5
REFERENCES ................................................................................................................ 8
6
GENERAL INFORMATION ............................................................................................. 8
6.1
DOCUMENT HISTORY ................................................................................................. 8
7
APPENDIX –TPS62730 + CC1120 SCHEMATIC........................................................... 9
2
Abbreviations
EM
LDO
LP
LPM
LPRF
MCU
RF
TX
RX
Evaluation Module
Low Drop-out Regulator
Low-Pass
Low Power Mode
Low Power RF
Microcontroller
Radio Frequency
Transmit
Receive
SWRA411
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Design Note DN040
3
Features and Benefits
The CC1120 is designed for operation over a wide supply voltage range; from 2.0 V to 3.6 V.
Internally, the CC1120 contains several on-chip linear voltage regulators that generate the
supply voltages for the different sub-modules. These LDOs are invisible to the user, and can
be viewed as integral parts of the various sub-modules. The input current to and output
current from the LDOs is always the same. The efficiency is determined by the ratio between
the LDO output and input voltages and energy is lost in the LDO when doing the voltage
conversion. To remedy this, an external DC/DC converter can be used to regulate down to
~2.1 V, which can increase the overall efficiency of the system and lower system current
consumption.
VIN
L1
L 2.2µH
TPS62730
2.0V – 3.6V
VOUT
VIN
CIN
2.2µF
SW
COUT
2.2 µF
BYP
VOUT
ON/BYP
STAT
VIN
C1
ON
GND
2.2V
Total area
is less than
12mm²
C2
GND
VOUT
Figure 3.1 TPS62730 Typical Application Circuit and Layout
The TPS62730 requires only two additional components to the design and its recommended
2
PCB layout is very space-efficient as the total area is less than 12 mm . For full schematics
and layout recommendations, see the CC1120_DCDC_EM_868MHz reference design [2].
In battery-operated applications, the CC1120 may be powered directly from batteries. During
active modes (TX and RX), the battery load usually becomes high due to the high current
consumption. High current draw can reduce the battery life time. It may also lead to a small
drop in the battery voltage that can cause unexpected and non-desirable RF behavior. The
TPS62730 reduces the current consumption drawn from the battery during these high current
modes and may thus eliminate undesirable voltage drops. In this way, the TPS62730 may
increase the systems life efficiency and battery life time.
The quiescent current of DC-DC solutions normally dictates that they have to be powered
down during the lowest power modes (SLEEP) of the transceivers/SoCs. The TPS62730
provides a bypass mode where, when enabled (pulling the ON/BYP pin level to GND, see
Figure 3.1), the output capacitor of the TPS62730 converter is connected via an integrated 2.1
Ω (typical) bypass switch to the battery. All other circuits in the TPS62730 are turned off and
the internal resistor feedback divider is disconnected. Typical power consumption for the
TPS62730 in bypass mode is thus only 30 nA.
When the voltage conversion is enabled (pulling the ON/BYP pin level high, see Figure 3.1),
the TPS62730 provides a regulated output voltage consuming typical 25 uA quiescent current.
With a switch frequency up to 3 MHz, the TPS62730 features low output ripple voltage and
low noise even with a small 2.2 uF output capacitor. This ensures that the RF performance is
not degraded due to the noise from the converter.
With pin ON/BYP pulled high, the TPS62730 further features an automatic transition between
DC-DC conversion mode and bypass mode to reduce the output ripple voltage to zero. Once
the input voltage comes close to the output voltage of the TPS62730 converter, the bypass
mode is automatically enabled to prevent the DC-DC converter to operate close to 100% duty
cycle operation. This ensures that the system always manages the supply to the CC1120 with
maximum efficiency. The automatic transition into bypass mode during DC-DC operation also
prevents an increase of output ripple voltage and noise once the DC-DC converter operates
close to 100% duty cycle mode.
SWRA411
Page 3 of 9
Design Note DN040
4
Measurements Results
The measurements results in this design note are for 868 MHz operation and a temperature of
o
25 C. TPS62730+CC1120 performance has also been tested at 915 MHz and also across the
o
o
-40 C to +60 C temperature range without any degradation in performance compared to a
CC1120 stand-alone solution.
All measurements are performed with “Low Power” mode settings.
Figure 4.1. SmartRF Studio Showing Low Power Mode Selection
4.1
TX Performance
This section considers four TX test cases
Case 1: +10 dBm Output Power TPS62730 + CC1120
The output power is controlled by the 6 bit value in the CC1120 PA_CFG2[5:0] register.
For +10 dBm output power PA_CFG2[5:0] = 0x3A.
Case 2: +10 dBm Output Power CC1120
The TPS62730 is in Bypass Mode and CC1120 is connected directly to the battery.
PA_CFG2[5:0] is adjusted for the different battery voltage levels to give a constant +10
dBm output power.
Case 3: Maximum Output Power TPS62730 + CC1120
For maximum output power PA_CFG2[5:0] = 0x3F.
Case 4: Maximum Output Power CC1120
The TPS62730 is in Bypass Mode and CC1120 connected directly to the battery. The
output power is set to maximum by configuring PA_CFG2[5:0] = 0x3F.
SWRA411
Page 4 of 9
Design Note DN040
4.1.1
Case 1 and Case 2: +10 dBm Output Power
Figure 4.2 shows TX current consumption versus battery voltage. At +10 dBm output power
and a 3.6 V battery voltage, the current drawn from the battery is 10 mA less when using
TPS62730+CC1120 compared to using CC1120 without DC-DC converter. This corresponds
to more than 30% reduction in battery current.
Figure 4.2. Current Consumption vs. Battery Voltage at +10 dBm Output Power
Figure 4.3 shows output power versus battery voltage for the current measurements in Figure
4.2.
Figure 4.3. +10 dBm Output Power vs. Battery Voltage
SWRA411
Page 5 of 9
Design Note DN040
4.1.2
Case 3 and Case 4: Maximum Output Power
Figure 4.4 shows TX current consumption versus battery voltage when operating at maximum
output power.
Figure 4.4. Current Consumption vs. Battery Voltage at Maximum Output Power
Figure 4.5 shows output power versus battery voltage. Comparing Case 3 to Case 4 in Figure
4.5, it is seen that the former gives a constant CC1120 output power level over the 3.6 V to
2.1 V battery range. The maximum CC1120 output power with a 3.6 V supply is approximately
3 dB higher for Case 4 compared to Case 3.
Figure 4.5. Maximum Output Power vs. Battery Voltage
SWRA411
Page 6 of 9
Design Note DN040
4.2
Sub-20 mA Current Consumption at +10 dBm Output Power
Modifications can be made to the CC1120_DCDC_EM_868MHz reference design to achieve
less than 20 mA in TX at +10 dBm output power. With reference to
CC1120_DCDC_EM_868MHz reference design [2] and Figure 7.1, the following components
in the external low-pass (LP) filter and PA biasing need to be changed/removed:
R171: 0 ohm
C173: Not Connected
L173: 12 nH
L174: 0 ohm
PA_CFG2[5:0] = 0x39 to achieve +10 dBm output power level. The TX current consumption is
then below 20 mA with a 3.6 V battery voltage level. Note that when using this solution, the
rd
harmonics will increase slightly due changes to the passive LP filter. The 3 harmonic has
been measured to -38 dBm with this solution; the remaining harmonics are below -44 dBm.
4.3
RX Performance
CC1120 sensitivity has been measured with the TPS62730 in converter mode and also with
the TPS62730 in bypass mode. Measurements show that the TPS62730 does not affect the
CC1120 sensitivity limit or blocking performance,
Figure 4.6 shows the RX current consumption versus battery voltage level when using the
recommended 38.4 kbps LPM setting from SmartRF Studio. At 3.6 V battery voltage the
current drawn from the battery is 6 mA less when using TPS62730+CC1120 compared to
using CC1120 without DC-DC converter. This corresponds to 35% reduction in battery
current.
Figure 4.6. RX Current Consumption vs. Battery Voltage, 38.4 kbps GFSK LPM setting,
Reception at Sensitivity Limit
Figure 4.6 shows RX peak current. Note that a novel RX Sniff Mode feature has been
designed for the CC112X/CC1200 family to autonomously sniff for RF activity using an ultra
low power algorithm. The CC112X/CC1200 supports very quick start up times and requires
very few preamble bits. RX Sniff Mode puts the device into sleep periodically and by setting an
appropriate sleep time, the CC112X/CC1200 is able to wake up and receive the packet when
it arrives with no performance loss. RX Sniff Mode reduces the average current consumption
while the receiver is waiting for data.
Using TPS62730+CC1120 together with RX Sniff Mode reduces both the battery peak current
and the average current. Refer to CC112x User Guide for more details on RX Sniff Mode [3].
SWRA411
Page 7 of 9
Design Note DN040
5
References
[1]
TPS62730 Datasheet (SLVSAC3)
[2]
CC1120_DCDC_EM_868_MHz Reference design (SWRR103)
[3]
CC112X/CC1175 Low-Power High Performance Sub-1 GHz RF Transceivers/Transmitter
User Guide (SWRU295C)
6
6.1
General Information
Document History
Revision
SWRA411
Date
2012.09.26
Description/Changes
Initial release.
SWRA411
Page 8 of 9
Design Note DN040
7
Appendix –TPS62730 + CC1120 Schematic
Figure 7.1. TPS62730 + CC1120 868/915 MHz Schematic
SWRA411
Page 9 of 9
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