Becker | BXP6401 | manual | Becker BXP6401 Mode S Transponder Manual

Becker BXP6401 Mode S Transponder Manual
NSCM: D2356
Control Unit
CU 6401-1-(XX)
(for Mode S transponder BXP 6402-XR)
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
Manual DV 69803.03 PN 0584.096-071
Becker Flugfunkwerk GmbH • Baden-Airpark B 108 • 77836 Rheinmünster • Germany
Telephone +49 (0) 7229 / 305-0 • Fax +49 (0) 7229 / 305-217
http://www.becker-avionics.de · e-mail: info@becker-avionics.de or support@becker-avionics.de
Initial Issue:
December 2005
34-50-10
February 2007
© Copyright by Becker Flugfunkwerk GmbH 77836 Rheinmünster / Germany
All rights reserved. Subject to technical changes.
INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
RE CORD OF RE VI SIONS
REV.
NO.
1
IS SUE
DATE
February 2007
IN SER TED
DATE
BY
02/07
Becker
REV.
NO.
IS SUE
DATE
IN SER TED
DATE
34-50-10
BY
ROR Page 1
February 2007
INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
BLANK
34-50-10
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December 2005
IN STAL LA TI ON AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
LIST OF EF FEC TI VE PA GES
SUB JECT
PAGE
DATE
Tit le P a g e
TP-1
TP-2
Feb. 2007
2005
Record of Revisions
ROR-1 Feb. 2007
ROR-2 blank
List of Effective Pages LEP-1
LEP-2
Feb. 2007
blank
Introduction
Intro-1
Intro-2
Intro-3
Intro-4
Dec. 2005
Dec. 2005
Dec. 2005
blank
Table of Contents
I-I
I-II
1-1
1-2
1-3
1-4
Feb. 2007
blank
Feb. 2007
Feb. 2007
Feb. 2007
Feb. 2007
II-I
II-II
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
Dec. 2005
blank
Feb. 2007
Dec. 2005
Feb. 2007
Dec. 2005
Dec. 2005
Dec. 2005
III-I
III-II
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
Dec.
Dec.
Dec.
Dec.
Dec.
Dec.
Dec.
Dec.
Dec.
Dec.
Dec.
Dec.
General Description
Table of Contents
Installation
Table of Contents
Operation
SUB JECT
PAGE
DATE
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
34-50-10
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February 2007
IN STAL LA TI ON AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
BLANK
34-50-10
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December 2005
INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
IN TRO DUC TI ON
1.
Gen eral
The Con trol Unit CU 6401-1-(XX) for the re mo te con trol led Mode S trans pon der
BXP 6402-XR-(XX) is des cri bed in this ma nu al “Installation and Operation”.
2.
Manufacturer
The Con trol Unit was de ve lo ped and is ma nu fac tur ed by :
Be cker Flug funk werk GmbH
Ba den-Airpark B 108
77836 Rhein müns ter / Germany
Te le pho ne: +49 (0) 7229 / 305-0
Te le fax:
+49 (0) 7229 / 305-217
http://www.be cker-avionics.de
e-mail: info@be cker-avionics.de or sup port@be cker-avionics.de
CER TI FIED QUA LI TY SYS TEM
The Be cker qua li ty ma na ge ment sys tem is cer ti fied ac cor ding t o :
DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 CERT Reg. - Nr. 12 100 20985
LI CEN SES AND AP PRO VALS
3.
DE.21G.0075
Ap pro val as ma nu fac tu rer to EASA PART 21
DE.145.0166
Ap pro val as main ten an ce or gani za ti on t o
EASA PART 145
Sa fe ty information
n
The installation of the transponder control unit into an aircraft may be carried out only by an authorized installation company. The country regulations
always have to be observed.
n
Do not con nect the unit to AC sour ces.
n
Make sure that the unit is con nec ted to a DC sour ce ≤ 33 V DC.
n
The unit should be pro tec ted from the air craft po wer supp ly by a de di ca ted
1 A cir cuit brea ker.
n
Do not con nect the unit with re ver sed po la ri ty to the DC sour ce.
n
Do not switch on the unit be fo re the air craft en gi nes are started. Switch off
the unit be fo re the en gi nes are shut down.
34-50-10
IN TRO Page 1
December 2005
INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
4.
n
Do not operate the unit under ambient temperatures below -20° C and
above + 70° C.
n
The programming of the transponder address module AM 6400-1 with the
ICAO 24-bit address of the aircraft must be carried out only at an installation company or in the manfacturer factory.
Lay out of manual
The ma nu al is divi ded into three chapters:
- GE NE RAL DES CRIP TI ON
- IN STAL LA TI ON
- OPE RA TI ON
5.
Re vi sions of the manual
All chan ges to the ma nu al are re cor ded con se cu ti ve ly on the pre-page “Record of
Revi sions”.
6.
List of ab bre via tions
AA
ADLP
AI
ALT
ATC
BIT
CBIT
CCS
CU
CS
DV
EASA
ELS
EHS
es
FAA
FL
FN
GND
ICAO
IBIT
ID
IDT
NSCM
ON
PBIT
PN
R
Air craft Ad dress (24-bit ICAO)
Avio nics Data Link Processor
Air craft Iden ti fier (tail num ber)
Al ti tu de or trans pon der ALT mode
Air Traf fic Con trol
Built-In Test
Con ti nu ous Built-In Test
Com pa ny Call Sign
Con trol Unit
Call Sign
Manual identification number
Eu ro pe an Avia ti on Sa fe ty Agen cy
Ele men ta ry Sur veil lan ce
En han ced Sur veil lan ce
e = Extended squit ter and s = SI capability
Fe de ral Avia ti on Ad mi nis tra ti on
Flight Le v e l
Flight Num ber
Ground
In ter na tio nal Ci vil Avia ti on O r gani za ti on
In itia ted Built-In Test
Iden ti fier
Ident (Iden ti fi ca ti on)
Nato Supp ly Code of Manufacturers
Trans pon der ON mode (wit hout al ti tu de trans mis si on)
Po wer-on Built-In Test
Part Number
Reply
34-50-10
IN TRO Page 2
December 2005
INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
RX
SBY
SEL
SI
STO
SUPP
TX
VFR
XPDR
Recei ver
Stand by mode
Se lec ti on
Sur veil lan ce Iden ti fier
Sto re
Supply voltage DC
Transmitter
Vi su al Flight Ru les
Transponder
34-50-10
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December 2005
INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
BLANK
34-50-10
IN TRO Page 4
December 2005
INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
TAB LE OF CON TENTS
GE NE RAL DES CRIP TI ON
Page
1.
Ap pli ca ti on
1-1
2.
Ge ne ral des crip ti on
1-1
3.
Tech ni cal data
1-2
A. General data
1-2
B. Environmental qualification
1-3
4.
Soft wa re
1-4
5.
Sys tem ap pro vals
1-4
6.
Equipment
1-4
7.
Ac ces so ries
1-4
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Page I -I
February 2007
INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
BLANK
34-50-10
Page I-II
December 2005
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
GE NE RAL DES CRIP TI ON
1.
Ap pli ca ti on
To get her with the Mode S re mo te trans pon der BXP 6402-XR-(XX) the Con trol Unit
CU 6401-1-(XX) forms the air craft part of the air traf fic con trol sys tem.
2.
Ge ne ral des crip ti on
A.
The CU 6401-1-(XX) con trol unit is de sig ned for in stal la ti on in the in stru ment
pa nel of air craft. The di men sions corre spond to the stan dard in stru ment size
with a 58 mm (2¼ inch) dia me ter.
B.
All con trols are lo ca ted on the front pa nel of the unit. The 15-pole unit con nec tor is lo ca ted at the rear side of the con trol unit.
C.
A se ri al in ter fa ce RS-422 for con nec ti on of the re mo te con trolled trans pon der
BXP 6402-XR-(XX) is avai la ble at the unit con nec tor.
D.
The CU 6401-1-(XX) con trol unit in con juncti on with the BXP 6402-XR-(XX) re mo te trans pon der provides the fol lo wing features:
E.
(1)
In the se lec ti ve mode (Mode S), the con trol ler on the ground can in terro ga te the trans pon der in di vi du al ly using an ICAO-24-bit ad dress, which
is uni que to the par ti cu lar a ir craft.
(2)
Sup port of the SI code (Sur veil lan ce Iden ti fier)
(3)
Re gis ter ca pa bi li ty for ele men ta ry sur veil lan ce (ELS) and en han ced surveil lan ce (EHS)
(4)
Ex ten ded squit ters trans mis si on
(5)
Data link ca pa bi li ty
In he rent fea tu res:
(1)
Mode A - in this mode, the 4096 cha rac ter code set on the con trol head
is sent as a re ply to in ter ro ga ti on from a ground sta ti on.
(2)
Mode C - in this mode, the en co ded al ti tu de is sent in ad di ti on to the
mode A re ply. The al ti tu de in for ma ti on must be de li ver ed from an ex ternal de vi ce.
(3)
A spe ci al iden ti fier pul se (SPI) can be ac ti vat ed by pres sing the IDT
but ton in Mode A/C and Mode S.
(4)
Selftests (BITs). The Initiated Built-In Test (IBIT), the Continuous Built-In
Test (CBIT) and the Power-on Built-In Test (PBIT) are integrated in the
transponder.
34-50-10
Page 1-1
February 2007
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
3.
Tech ni cal data
A.
General data
Supply voltage
10.0 to 33.0 V DC
Typical con sump ti on
0.045
0.034
0.138
0.080
Panel il lu mi na ti on
con trol input
Illumination con trol current
max. 1 mA at 28 V
Illumination co lor (dis play and bu ttons)
white
Control in ter fa ce
RS-422
Power-up time
2 s (in clu ding in ter nal self-test)
Internal fuse pro tec ti on
F 1 A
External fuse pro tec ti on
1 A
Operating al ti tu de
50000 ft. max.
Ope ra ting tem pe ra tu re ran ge
- 20° C to + 55° C
(short-time + 70° C)
Storage tem pe ra tu re ran ge
- 55° C to + 85° C
Environmental con di tions
in ac cor dan ce with
EU RO CAE/RTCA
ED-14D/DO-160D
A
A
A
A
at
at
at
at
14
28
14
28
V
V
V
V
(il lum.
(il lum.
(il lum.
(il lum.
off)
off)
max.)
max.)
Mechanical di men sions:
- Front pa nel
61.3 x 61.3 (H x W)
(2.413 x 2.413 inch)
- In stru ment size dia me ter
58 mm (2¼ inch)
- Case depth
65 mm (2.559 inch)
Weight
0.22 kg (0.485 lb)
34-50-10
Page 1-2
February 2007
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
B.
Environmental qualification
EUROCAE/RTCA ED-14D/DO-160D
Condition
Sec ti on
Cat.
Des crip ti on
Tem pe ra tu re and Al ti tu de
Low Ground Sur vi val Tem pe ra tu re
Low Ope ra ting Tem pe ra tu re
High Ground Sur vi val Temp
High Short-Time Ope ra ting Temp.
High Ope ra ting Temp.
In-flight Loss of Coo ling
4.0
4.5.1
4.5.1
4.5.2
4.5.2
4.5.2
4.5.4
D1
D1
D1
D1
D1
D1
Z
Al ti tu de
De com pres si on
Over pres su re
Tem pe ra tu re Va ria ti on
Hu mi di ty
Shock and Crash Sa fe ty
Vi brat ion
4.6.1
4.6.2
4.6.3
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
D1
Ex plo si on Pro of ness
9.0
B
A
B
S
U
X
Wa ter pro of ness
10.0
X
Fluids Sus cep ti bi li ty
11.0
X
Sand and Dust
12.0
X
Fun gus Re sis tan ce
13.0
X
Salt Spray
14.0
X
Mag ne tic Ef fect
Po wer In put
Vol ta ge Spi ke
Au dio Freq. Con duc ted Sus cep ti bi li ty
In du ced Sig nal Sus cep ti bi li ty
Ra dio Fre quen cy Sus cep ti bi li ty
Spu ri ous RF Emis si on
Light ning In du ced Tran sients Sus cep ti bi li ty
Light ning Di rect Ef fects
15.0
16.0
17.0
18.0
Z
B
A
B
Equip ment tes ted to Ca te go ry D1
-55 deg C
-20 deg C,
+85 deg C
+70 deg C
+55 deg C
No for ced coo ling re qui red – No test
re qui red
50000 ft
Not applicable
Not appli ca ble
Equip ment tes ted to Ca te go ry B
Equip ment tes ted to Ca te go ry A
Equip ment tes ted to Ca te go ry B
Cat. S, vi brat ion test cur ve M
Cat. U, vi brat ion t est cur ve G
No test re qui red, Equip ment iden ti fied
as Cate go ry X
No test re qui red, Equip ment iden ti fied
as Ca te go ry X
No test re qui red, Equip ment iden ti fied
as Ca te go ry X
No test re qui red, Equip ment iden ti fied
as Ca te go ry X
No test re qui red, Equip ment iden ti fied
as Ca te go ry X
No test re qui red, Equip ment iden ti fied
as Ca te go ry X
Equip ment is Class Z
Equip ment tes ted to Ca te go ry B
Equip ment tes ted to Ca te go ry A
Equip ment tes ted to Ca te go ry B
19.0
20.0
21.0
22.0
A
WW
B
A3E3X
Equip ment
Equip ment
Equip ment
Equip ment
23.0
X
Icing
24.0
X
Elec tro sta tic Disch ar ge
25.0
A
No test re qui red, Equip ment iden ti fied
as Ca te go ry X
No test re qui red, Equip ment iden ti fied
as Ca te go ry X
Equip ment tes ted to Ca te go ry A
tes ted
tes ted
tes ted
tes ted
34-50-10
to
to
to
to
Ca te go ry
Ca te go ry
Ca te go ry
Ca te go ry
A
WW
B
A3E3X
Page 1-3
February 2007
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
4.
Soft wa re
The con trol unit CU 6401-1-(XX) is con trol led by a mi cro con trol ler in the con trol
head. The soft wa re cri ti ca li ty is de ter min ed to be Le vel C in ac cor dan ce with
EUROCAE/RTCA do cu ment ED12B/DO-178B.
5.
Sys tem ap pro vals
EASA.210.322
FAA
6.
Equipment
CU 6401-1-(01)
7.
ETSO-2C112a
TSO-C112
Control Unit
Article-No. 0572.896-915
CK5000-C
Con nec tor kit (crimp)
1 D-Sub jack, 15-pin
Article-No. 0511.781-954
CK5000-S
Con nec tor kit (soldering)
1 D-Sub jack, 15-pin
Article-No. 0511.791-954
Ac ces so ries
Ma nu als:
In stall ati on and Operation CU 6401-1-(XX)
Article-No. 0584.096-071
Main te na nce and Repair CU 6401-1-(XX)
Article-No. 0584.101-071
Control Interface Protocol BXP 6402-XR-(XX)
Article-No. 0590.241-071
34-50-10
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February 2007
INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
TAB LE OF CON TENTS
IN STAL LA TI ON
Page
1.
Ge ne ral
2-1
2.
In spec ti on be fo re in stal la ti on
2-1
3.
Me cha ni cal in stal la ti on
2-1
4.
Air craft wi ring
2-1
5.
Set tings af ter in stal la ti on
2-2
6.
Chec king af ter in stal la ti on
2-4
Fig. 2-1
In stal la ti on di men sions CU 6401-1-(XX)
2-5
Fig. 2-2
Pro po sal for air craft wi ring CU 6401-1-(XX)
2-6
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December 2005
INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
BLANK
34-50-10
Page II-II
December 2005
IN STAL LA TI ON AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
IN STAL LA TI ON
1.
Ge ne ral
In stal la ti on of the con trol unit CU 6401-1-(XX) is de pen ding on the air c raft type
and its clas si fi ca ti on as well as re qui re ments. The re fo re, only ge ne ral in for ma ti on
can be pro vi ded in this sec ti on.
2.
In spec ti on be fo re in stal la ti on
Be fo re the con trol unit is in stal led on an air craft, a vi su al i n spec ti on for pos si ble
trans port da ma ges shall be done.
Please look out for the following defects:
3.
(1)
Dirt, dents, scratches, corrosion, broken fastening elements on housing and
housing parts.
(2)
Dirt and scratches on nameplate, front plate and inscriptions.
(3)
Dirt, bent or broken pins and cracked insert of unit connector.
(4)
Dirt, stiffness and mechanical damage to the pushbuttons, rotary switches
and LC displays.
(5)
Missing screws.
Me cha ni cal in stal la ti on
The con trol unit is de sig ned for in stal la ti on in the in stru ment pa nel of an aircraft. It
is con struc ted for moun ting be hind the pa nel. The cir cu lar cut out and the moun ting
ho les are to be dril led in ac cor dan ce with the small in stru ment size. The moun ting
pla ce shall be at least 30 cm from the mag ne tic air craft com pass, to avoid any in ter fe ren ce to the mag ne tic com pass by the trans pon der.
The ne ces sa ry di men sions are gi ven in Fig. 2-1. At tach ment is by me ans of four
screws M3x12, which are in clu ded in the de li very.
4.
Air craft wi ring
A.
The air craft wi ring of the con trol unit is shown in Fig. 2-2.
CAU TI ON :
For in stal la tions in a more se ve re elec tro mag ne ti cal e n vi ronment use shiel ded
ca ble con nec tors and a com mon shiel ding for the con trol unit in ter wi ring.
34-50-10
Page 2- 1
February 2007
INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
B.
Pin con nec tions of the unit con nec tor P1
The unit con nec tor type is D-SUB 15-pole male.
Pin
Pin Name
Pin Des crip ti on
Sour ce
Des ti na ti on
1
2
TX+
TX-
RS-422 data interface CU 6401-1-(XX)
3
GND
4
5
RX+
RX-
DC supp l y Ground,
DC supp ly vol t a g e
addi tio nal con nec ted
G round
to Pin 9 and 10
RS-422 data in ter face BXP 6402-XR-(XX)
6
ILL A
7
Not connected
8
Re com men ded cable
type
BXP 6402-XR-(XX) 2xAWG26,
shiel ded
and twisted
CU 6401-1-(XX)
AWG20
Il lu mi na ti on control
Il lum. vol ta ge
Il lum. in put
2xAWG26,
shiel ded
and twisted
AWG26
ILL B
Il lu mi na ti on GND
Il lum. ground
Il lum. in put
AWG 20
9
10
11
12
GND
DC supp ly vol t a g e
G round
DC supp ly vol t a g e
sour ce 1 0 t o 3 3 V
CU 6401-1-(XX)
2xAWG20
CU 6401-1-(XX)
2xAWG20
13
ON
Ground, ad di tio nally
con nec ted to Pin 3
Supp ly vol ta ge i n put,
ex ter nal 1 A fuse for
cur rent pro tec ti on
ON/OFF sig nal
CU 6401-1-(XX)
BXP 6402-XR-(XX) AWG26
14
Not con nected
15
Ext. ID
Ex ter nal Ident
Ident but ton ext.
CU 6401-1-(XX)
SUPP
C.
CU 6401-1-(XX)
AWG 26
Il lu mi na ti on
Con nect the il lu mi na ti on vol ta ge to pin 6 of P 1 and at tach pin 8 to the il lumi na ti on ground. Set il lu mi na ti on inten si ty ma nu al ly in the con fi gu ra ti on menu.
5.
Set tings af ter i n stal la ti on
Ins ta lla ti on mode is avai la ble from SBY mode only. To get into in stal la ti on m o d e
press but ton SEL (G, see Fig. 3-1), turn with ro ta ry en co der (B) un til “INS” ap pe ars
in the bot tom line of the dis play. Se lect by pres sing push-button (C). The in stal la ti on
se tup is pro tec ted by pass word “6435”. En ter pass word and press sto re but ton (F).
See tab le on the next page.
34-50-10
Page 2-2
December 2005
IN STAL LA TI ON AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
Se lect with but ton (C)
Se lect with rota ry en co der (B)
Sto re but ton (F)
ALTM SELECT
GAR MIN / TRIMBLE
NORTHSTAR
UPS AT (BECKER BE6400)
LORAN
MA GEL LAN
SHA DIN
AR NAV
GILHAM / PARALLEL
default
sto re
sto re
sto re
sto re
sto re
store
store
store
de fault
sto re
DIM MING IN PU T
None
(set il lu mi na ti on in ten si ty ma nu al ly in the con fi gu ra ti on
menu)
+5V DC
+14V DC
+28V DC
store
sto re
sto re
SQUIT TER
Short ACQ SQU
REPLY RATE LIMIT
RPL RATE LMT
500-1200 re plies/sec.
in Mode A/C
(set ting in steps of 50)
store
SPECIALS
DATA LINK **
DE FAULT CON FIG
ALT HIGH RESOL
store
store
sto re
Er ror Latch
d efault on
*
***
off/on
view only
view only
view only
view only
view only
view only
view only
view only
view only
view only
view only
store
LOW VOLT
HIGH TEMP
AN TEN NA
RF PO WER
DME ERR
SQRT ERR
CORE EE
RE CEI VER
FIX DATA
AL TI ME TER
DATA LINK
Cle ar latch
* Trans pon ders equip ped for ex ten ded squit ter ope ra ti on should have a me ans to
dis ab le ac qui si ti on squitters to facilitate the suppression of acquisition squitters
when all TCAS units have been converted to receive extended squitter.
** Shall be dis ab led if no ADLP or si mi lar de vi ce is con nec ted.
***
De fault con fig.: Dim ming i n put → none
Bright ness → 50%
Al ti tu de dis play ed in ALT mode
AI in SBY
AI in ON
II lu min. cha rac te ris tics → max. ran ge
Code → 0000
VFR → 0000
Flight num ber → eight blanks
Flight num ber → not ac ti ve
NOTE: If no type is avai la ble, this field in di ca tes not hing.
34-50-10
Page 2- 3
February 2007
INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
6.
Chec king af ter in stal la ti on
A.
Ge ne ral
Af ter the in stal la ti on, check the con trol unit in con juncti on with the re mo te
con trol led trans pon der to en su re sa tis fac to ry ope ra ti on of the unit.
B.
Pre-flight check using self t e s t
Switch-on test:
Switch the trans pon der ope ra ting mode switch from OFF to SBY. A po wer-on
built-in test (PBIT) then fol lows au to ma ti cal ly for 1 se cond. D u ring the test
“WAIT is in di ca ted. If the test was suc cess ful, the unit swit ches then to the
mode set on the mode switch.
Test trig ge red (IBIT):
Press the SEL but ton
A test of all avai la ble
“IBIT” is in di ca ted on
swit ches im me di ate ly
and STO but ton at the same time in mode ON or ALT.
test rou ti nes then fol lows for 1 se cond. Du ring the test,
the dis play. If the IBIT was suc cess ful, the trans pon der
into the nor mal ope ra ting mode.
In case of a fault ap pe ars the re port “FAI LU RE” in the dis play. Switch OFF
the trans pon der at the fault in di ca ti on.
34-50-10
Page 2-4
December 2005
IN STAL LA TI ON AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
Fig. 2-1
In stal la ti on d i men sions CU 6401-1-(XX)
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
!"#$%'&)(+* ,- ./0./21334
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INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
TAB LE OF CON TENTS
OPE RA TI ON
Page
1.
Con trols and in di ca tors
3-1
2.
Functi on of con trols and in di ca tors
3-1
3.
Ope ra ting in struc tions
3-2
A. Swit ching on the unit (pre-flight check)
3-2
B. Start-up
3-3
C. CODE dis play
3-3
D. Air craft iden ti fi ca ti on / Flight num ber
3-3
E. Flight le vel
3-4
F. Selftests of the unit (BITs)
3-4
G. Selection mode
3-5
G.1 Air craft Iden ti fi ca ti on (AI or FN)
3-6
G.2 VFR code set ting
3-7
H. Flight ope ra ti on in Mode A/C/S (re ply and al ti tu de code)
3-8
I. VFR code ac ti vat ion
3-9
J. Internal and ex ter nal Ident
3-9
K. Special con dings for air emer gen cies
3-9
L. Configuration mode
3-10
Fig. 3-1
Front view of the CU 6401-1-(XX)
3-1
Fig. 3-2
Start-up in di ca ti on
3-3
Fig. 3-3
AID in di ca ti on
3-3
Fig. 3-4
FN in di ca ti on
3-3
Fig. 3-5
Flight le vel in di ca ti on
3-4
Fig. 3-6
Error in di ca ti on and War ning in di ca ti on
3-5
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INSTALLATION AND OPE RA TI ON
CU 6401-1-(XX)
BLANK
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
OPE RA TI ON
1.
Con trols and in di ca tors
Fig. 3-1 Front view of the CU 6401-1-(XX)
2.
Functi on of con trols and in di ca tors
Ref. to
Con trols and
Fig. 3-1 In di ca tors
Des crip ti on
Functi on
A
Ro ta ry switch with 4
positions
OFF po si ti on: Trans pon der is swit ched off
Mode se lec tor
SBY po si ti on: Stand by mode is swit ched on
ON position: Mode A/S is switched on.
Transmission of altitude information is
suppressed.
ALT po si ti on: Mode A/C/S is swit ched on and
t h e a l ti tu de i n for ma ti on is trans mit ted.
B
Ro ta ry switch
Ro ta ry op ti cal en co der Ro ta ry switch to chan ge set tings
(ro ta ry mode of C)
(16 steps per turn)
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
Ref. to
Con trols and
Fig. 3-1 in di ca tors
Des crip ti on
Functi on
C
Push-button
(mode of B)
Push to jump from di git t o d i git for set tings
But ton
or from one menu to the next;
ge ne ral ly used as an en ter key
D
IDT
Push-button
Ac ti va tes the Spe ci al Iden ti fier (SPI) in addition to the re ply code for ap prox. 18 se conds; du ring this time “ID” ap p e a r s in the
LC dis play
E
Dis play, part 1
2-line LCD dis play
Dis plays the fol lo wing in for ma tions:
-
code in di ca ti on in the top row
flight le vel i n t h e b o t tom r o w
vari ous in for ma tions in the bot tom row
addi tio nal i n di ca tors on the left side (see
Ref. H)
F
STO
Push-button
Sto res the selected values to the set tings
G
SEL
Push-button
Opens and se lects the menu
H
Dis play , part 2
LCD in di ca tors
Dis plays ad di tio nal i n di ca tors, (R for re ply,
ID for Ident, ALT for XPDR ALT mode or ON
for XPDR ON mode, FL for flight le vel)
J
VFR
Push-button
Ac ti va tes VFR code in the up per row of the
dis play
3.
Ope ra ting in struc tions
A.
Swit ching on the unit (pre-flight check)
(1)
Check that the cir cuit brea ker is set and switch on the air craft po wer
supp ly.
CAU TI ON:
(2)
Do not switch on the trans pon der before the air craft en gines are started. Switch off the trans pon der before the engines are shut down.
Using mode switch (A), switch the trans pon der from OFF to SBY. A Power-on Built-In Test (PBIT) then fol lows au to ma ti cal ly for 1 se cond.
Start-up see also sec ti on B .
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
B.
Start-up
On power-up, the device starts. The soft wa re in itia tes cir cuits and performs
PBIT. During that time the display looks as fol lows.
Fig. 3-2 Start-up in di ca ti on
Af ter the PBIT has elap sed and no er ror-message is shown in the display, the
trans pon der swit ches to the mode set by the mode switch (A).
C.
CODE display
Trans pon der’s code is dis pla yed in the top line using high rea da bi li ty font, at
all ti mes in mo des SBY, ON, ALT.
D.
Air craft iden ti fi ca ti on / Flight num ber
Depending on the configuration settings, the Air craft Identifica ti on (AI) or
Flight Number (FN) is dis play ed in the bottom line as fol lows:
Fig. 3-3 AI in di ca ti on
Fig. 3-4 FN in di ca ti on
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
E.
Flight le v e l
Flight le vel is dis play ed in ALT mode in the bot tom line of the dis play (al ti tu de
= FL x 100 in ft):
R
ID
ALT
FL
4121
050
Fig. 3-5 Flight le vel in di ca ti on
F.
Self tests of the unit (BITs)
The fol lo wing dif fe rent tests are in te gra ted in the trans pon der or can be trig ge red at
the trans pon der:
(1)
The IBIT (Ini tia ted Built-in Test) can be ac ti vat ed in any mode (ex clu ding the
con figu ra ti on mode) with the push of (F) and (G) at the same time. The ac ti on
starts with the lea ding edge of the se cond pus hed but ton.
The IBIT works as fol lows in all modes:
The test starts with all avai la ble test rou ti nes inclu ding the trans mit ter test routine. Du ring the test, “IBIT” is in di ca ted on the dis play.The test takes not longer than 1 se cond. If the IBIT was suc cess ful, the XPDR swit ches immediately
into the nor mal ope ra ting mode. Du ring the IBIT any ac ti on from ot her switches
is not re cognized.
Negative results of the IBIT are indicated on the display with “FAILURE”. The
transponder may be not switched into ON or ALT mode if any failure was
found.
(2)
The CBIT (Continuous Built-in Test) works as follows:
The continuous BIT acts as a kind of watchdog during operation. Negative
results of the CBIT are indicated on the display with “FAILURE”. In this case
the transponder may be not switched into ON or ALT mode (display indication
of operating mode set to SBY) if any failure was found.
(3)
The PBIT (Power-on Built-in Test) works as follows:
The XPDR has a power-on BIT after switching on. During the PBIT any actions
from other switches are not accepted.
During the PBIT the XPDR is in the SBY mode but this is not indicated on the
display. The operating mode indication on the display starts immediately after
finalisation of the PBIT.
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
Ne ga ti ve re sults are in di ca ted on the dis play with “FAI LU RE”. The trans pon der
may be not switched into ON or ALT mode if any fai lu re was found.
The PBIT takes not lon ger than 1 se cond. If the test was suc cess ful, the XPDR
switches im me di ate ly into the nor mal ope ra ting mode.
Fig. 3-6 Er ror i n di ca ti on and War ning i n di ca ti on
G.
Selection mode
Press SEL but ton (G) and rotate en co der (B) for se lec ti on. In se lec ti on mode
ad di tio nal in for ma ti on is dis play ed in the bot tom line of the dis play. Some of
the data are edi tab le, some are read only:
VFR
4096 code presetting
editable; see section G.2
AI
Air craft Iden ti fier
(Tail Num b e r )
fi xed; read only from ad dress module (can be re pla ced by FN)
If no valid AI is stored, “--------”
is displayed.
FN
Flight Num ber or
Com pa ny Call Sign
edi tab le; see section G.1,
can be re pla ced by AI (fi xed) by
selec ting “AI DEF”
AA
Air craft Ad dress
(24-bit ICAO)
fixed; read only from address
module (uni que number for each
aircraft)
MA
Maxi mum Air speed
fixed; read only from address
module
AT
Aircraft Type
fixed; read only from address
module
CFG
Con fi gu ra ti on
avai la ble in SBY mode only,
see sec ti on L
INS
Installation se tup
avai la ble in SBY mode only;
pro tec ted by pass word,
see chapter 2, section 8
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
G.1
Air craft Iden ti fic ati on (AI or FN)
With flight plan:
The de fi ni ti on out of the flight plan:
e.g. Flight Num ber or Com pa ny Call Sign
Wit hout flight plan (VFR):
Tail Num ber (Call Sign)
The in di ca ti on of AI in the bot tom line of the dis play is in mode SBY and ON
only if se lec ted in con fi gu ra ti on menu. The Air craft Iden ti fier (fi xed) is avai lable in any mode af ter pres sing SEL but ton (G) and tur ning the ro ta ry en co der
(B). The de fault va lue for AI is the Tail Num ber of the air craft and is sto red in
the Address Mo du le.
If a flight plan exists, it has to be che cked, which AI has to be used. If a Flight
Num ber is as sig ned it has to be en te red. If a Com pa ny Call Sign is men tio ned,
this has to be en te red. To en ter it see be low. It will be sto red in the EE PROM
of the con trol head. In this case the in di ca ti on on the dis play chan ges to FN
(Flight Num ber). If the Call Sign (Tail Num ber) is men tio ned, no chan ge, as it
is the de fault set ting from the Ad dress Mo du le.
Setting the flight number:
(1)
Press SEL button (G) to enter the select mode.
(2)
Rotate (B) until AI is displayed.
(3)
Push (C) to switch to FN. The cursor is set on the first character.
(4)
Rotate (B) to change this character.
(5)
Push (C) to set the cursor to the next character.
(6)
Repeat steps 4 and 5 until the flight number is entered.
(7)
If the flight number consists of less than 7 characters, put a space at
the end to fill the remaining characters with spaces.
(8)
Store the changes with STO button (F). For leaving the setting procedure without storing, push the SEL button (G).
NOTE:
Aircraft Identifier / Flight Number consists of max. 7 characters (on the lefthand side oriented). No dashes or spaces shall be included. If the FN consists of less than 7 characters, the remaining characters on the right side
shall be filled with spaces.
Switching back to default AI:
(1)
Press SEL but ton (G) to enter the select mode.
(2)
Rotate (B) to the in di ca ti on FN=XXXXXXXX.
(3)
First push on (C) indicates”FN=AI DEF” (inverted).
(4)
Can be set to AI=DEF with STO button (F).
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
Changing the flight number:
G.2
(1)
Press SEL button (G).
(2)
Rotate (B) until FN is displayed.
(3)
Push (C) twice to enter the FN editing mode.
(4)
Change the FN as described above.
VFR code presetting
Press the SEL button (G) to get into configuration mode (selection is indicated in the left bottom corner of the display under the operating mode indication).
(1)
Rotate (B) to the indication VFR=XXXX.
(2)
First push to button (C) ⇒ left digit of the code is inverted.
(3)
Now the digit can be changed with (B).
(4)
Second push to button (C) ⇒ next left digit of the code is inverted.
(5)
The next digit can be changed with (B)
(6)
and the same for next digits.
(7)
Fifth push to button (C) ⇒ again first digit is inverted.
(8)
Changes can be stored with STO button (F) at any time, inversion stops
in this case.
(9)
A VFR code that was preset in this way can be activated as described
in chapter I.
( 1 0 ) A timeout for inversion (10 sec) is introduced if no action happens.
Nothing stored, as long as (F) is not pressed.
NOTE:
It is possible to leave the setting procedure with SEL button (G) at any time
and normal mode is available then. Indication SEL on the display changes
back to mode indication. If STO button (F) was not used, no change has been
stored.
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
H.
Flight operation in Mode A/C/S (reply code and altitude code)
(1)
When ATC re quests the trans mis si on “squawk”, switch the transponder
to ALT using mode switch (A).
NO TES:
This only ma kes sen s e if the trans pon der is connec ted to a
co ding al ti me ter. If not, tell ATC that you do not have mode C
(“mode char lie not avai la ble”).
In ex cep tions the al ti tu de has to be tur ned off, i.e. switch the
trans pon der to ON using mode switch (A).
(2)
The trans pon der re plies using the se lec ted Code and in re spon se to
mode C in ter ro ga ti on it trans mits the altitude of the air craft to ATC. A
“R” on the left next to the Code on the dis play sig nals the trans pon der
re plies.
NOTE :
Switch the trans pon der to Stand-by (SBY), if the Code has to
be chan ged. Ot her wi se if could hap pen that a Code with a
spe ci al meaning (see chapter K, e.g. highjack) will be transmitted and unwan ted ac tions could take pla ce.
(3)
Af ter a “squawk ident” re quest from ATC, press Ident but ton IDT (D)
brief ly. This trans mits an ad di tio nal spe ci al pul se (SPI) for ap prox. 18
se conds, which en ab les the air craft to be cle ar ly iden ti fied on the ra dar
screen of the con trol ler. “ID” ap pe ars on the left side in the LC display du ring this time.
(4)
In a nor mal in stal la ti on the blind en co der is only po we red if the transpon der is not swit ched OFF (at least SBY).
A blind en co der needs a warm-up time (sometimes several mi nu tes).
Therefore, although the so lid sta te trans pon der needs no warm-up time,
turn the trans pon der to SBY im me di ate ly af ter star ting the en gi ne.
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
I.
VFR code ac ti vat ion
(1)
Press the VFR push-button (J). The prese lec ted code is then dis play ed.
After 3 se conds, the dis play ed code gets ac ti ve and over wri tes the previous ly-set re ply code.
(2)
Pres sing push-button (J) again wit hin 3 se conds re ac ti va tes the pre vious ly-set re ply code.
NOTE :
When the unit is de li ver ed, the VFR but ton is not as sig ned a code. This
me ans that if this but ton is pres sed for 0.5 se conds, “----” is shown in the
code dis play and the trans pon der then swit ches back to the pre vi ous ly-active
code.
J.
In ter nal and ex ter nal Ident
The spe ci al iden ti fier pul se (SPI) can be trig ge red by pres sing “IDT” but ton on
the con trol pa nel or from ex ter nal in put lo ca ted on the trans pon der.
If spe ci al iden ti fier pul se has been trig ge red, then “IDT is dis play ed on the
display as long as SPI is ac ti ve.
K.
Spe ci al co dings for air emer gen cies
(1)
(2)
Spe ci al co dings, which de pend on the type of in ci dent, are sti pu la ted for
cer tain air emer gen cies:
n
7500
Hi jac king
n
7600
Loss of com mu ni ca tions
n
7700
Emer gen cy on board which cons ti tu tes an im me di ate
dan ger to the air craft
The code eva lua ti on de vi ces of the ra dar sys tems au to ma ti cal ly alarm
the con trol lers at the ra dar screens im me di ately if one of the se spe ci al
codes is re cei ved.
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INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
CU 6401-1-(XX)
L.
Con fi gu ra ti on mode
The con fi gu ra ti on mode is avai la ble from SBY mode only. To get into con fi gu ra ti on mode press but ton SEL (G), turn ro ta ry en co der (B) u n til “CFG” ap pe ars in the bot t o m row of the dis play. Avai la ble op tions are de fi ned in the fol lowing tab le.
Select with pushbutton (C)
Select with rotary
switch (B)
Sto re but ton (F)
BRIGHT NESS
0 %
sto re
(only if dimming input
is set to “none” in
installation menu)
…
sto re
IL LUM CUR VE
50%
de fault
sto re
…
sto re
100 %
sto re
Cha rac te ris tics
sto re to chan ge
(only if external
illumination control is
set in the installation menu)
VIEW CON FIG
AI IN SBY
de fault
ON
OFF
AI IN ON
de fault
ON
OFF
FL IN ALT
de fault
ON
OFF
DE VI CE INFO
CU VER
view only
CORE VER
view only
FPGA VER
view only
DEV TYPE
view only
SE RI AL N B
not supported
NOTE: If no type is available, this field indicates nothing.
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