Omega | FPT-3000 Series | Owner Manual | Omega FPT-3000 Series Owner Manual

Omega FPT-3000 Series Owner Manual
User’s Guide
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FPT-3000
Flow Sensors
omega.com info@omega.com
U.S.A.
Headquarters:
Servicing North America:
Omega Engineering, Inc.
Toll-Free: 1-800-826-6342 (USA & Canada only)
Customer Service: 1-800-622-2378 (USA & Canada only)
Engineering Service: 1-800-872-9436 (USA & Canada only)
Tel: (203) 359-1660
Fax: (203) 359-7700
e-mail: info@omega.com
For Other Locations Visit omega.com/worldwide
The information contained in this document is believed to be correct, but OMEGA accepts no liability for any errors it contains, and reserves
the right to alter specifications without notice.
Series FPT-3000 Flow Sensors
Specifications - Installation and Operating Instructions
1-15/16 [49.21]
1-5/8 [41.27] TYP
LP
1-3/4 [44.45]
HP
1-11/16 [42.86]
1/4 MALE NPT
5/16 [7.94]
SERIES FPT-3000 Flow Sensors are averaging pitot tubes that provide
accurate, convenient flow rate sensing. When purchased with an Omega,
differential pressure gage of appropriate range, the result is a flow-indicating
system delivered off the shelf at an economical price. Series FPT-3000 Flow
Sensors are designed to be inserted in the pipeline through a compression
fitting and are furnished with instrument shut-off valves on both pressure
connections. Valves are fitted with 1/8˝ female NPT connections. Series FPT3000 Flow Sensors are available for pipe sizes from 1˝ to 10˝.
INSPECTION
Inspect sensor upon receipt of shipment to be certain it is as ordered and not
damaged. If damaged, contact carrier.
INSTALLATION
General - The sensing ports of the flow sensor must be correctly positioned for
measurement accuracy. The instrument connections on the sensor indicate
correct positioning. The side connection is for total or high pressure and
should be pointed upstream. The top connection is for static or low pressure.
Location - The sensor should be installed in the flowing line with as much
straight run of pipe upstream as possible. A rule of thumb is to allow 10
- 15 pipe diameters upstream and 5 downstream. The table below lists
recommended up and down piping.
PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE
­­­Maximum: 200 psig (13.78 bar) at 200°F (93.3°C).
Upstream and Downstream Dimensions
in Terms of Internal Diameter of Pipe*
Minimum Diameter of Straight Pipe
Upstream
Upstream Condition
In-Plane Out of Plane
Downstream
One elbow or tee
7
9
5
Two 90° bends in same plane
8
12
5
Two 90° bends in different plane 18
24
5
Reducers or expanders
8
8
5
All valves**
24
24
5
*Values shown are recommended spacing, in terms of internal diameter for
normal industrial metering requirements. For laboratory or high accuracy
work, add 25% to values.
**Includes gate, globe, plug and other throttling valves that are only
partially opened. If valve is to be fully open, use values for pipe size
change. CONTROL VALVES SHOULD BE LOCATED AFTER THE FLOW
SENSOR.
POSITION
Be certain there is sufficient clearance between the mounting position and
other pipes, walls, structures, etc, so that the sensor can be inserted through
the mounting unit once the mounting unit has been installed onto the pipe.
Flow sensors should be positioned to keep air out of the instrument connecting
lines on liquid flows and condensate out of the lines on gas flows. The easiest
way to assure this is to install the sensor into the pipe so that air will bleed into,
or condensate will drain back to, the pipe.
INSTALLATION
1. When using a threaded branch connection, weld it to the pipe wall.
2. Drill through center of the threaded branch connection into the pipe with a
drill that is slightly larger than the flow sensor diameter.
3. Install the packing gland using proper pipe sealant. If the packing gland
is disassembled, note that the tapered end of the ferrule goes into the fitting
body.
4. Insert sensor until it bottoms against opposite wall of the pipe, then withdraw
1/16˝ to allow for thermal expansion.
For Air or Gas Flow
UPPER PIPE
QUADRANT
Install in upper
quadrant of pipe
Condensate drains
back to pipe
5. Tighten packing gland nut finger tight. Then tighten
nut with a wrench an additional 1-1/4 turns. Be sure to hold the sensor body
with a second wrench to prevent the sensor from turning.
INSTRUMENT CONNECTION
Connect the slide pressure tap to the high pressure port of the transmitting
instrument and the top connection to the low pressure port.
See the connection schematics below.
Bleed air from instrument piping on liquid flows. Drain any condensate from
the instrument piping on air and gas flows.
For Liquid or Steam Flow
Install in lower
quadrant of pipe
Air bleeds
back to pipe
Open valves to instrument to place flow meter into service. For permanent
installations, a 3-valve manifold is recommended to allow the gage to be zero
checked without interrupting the flow.
LOWER PIPE
QUADRANT
Water Flow
Air or Gas Flow
1/16 [1.59]
CLEARANCE
LP
HP
FLOW
LP BLEED
SENSOR
HP BLEED
PIPE
1-7/16
[36.53]
1-7/16
[36.53]
PIPE
INCHES OF WATER
.40
.20
.60
1.0
MAX. OPERATING PRESS. 500 PSIG
HP
FLOW
INCHES OF WATER
.20
LP
ZERO SET
HP
LP
.80
0
.40
.60
.80
1.0
0
MAX. OPERATING PRESS. 500 PSIG
LP
HP
1/16 [1.59]
CLEARANCE
ZERO SET
LP DRAIN
HP DRAIN
SENSOR
1-15/16 [49.21]
1-5/8 [41.27] TYP
LP
1-3/4 [44.45]
HP
1-11/16 [42.86]
1/4 MALE NPT
5/16 [7.94]
Pipe Size (Schedule 40)
1
1-1/4
1-1/2
2
2-1/2
3
4
6
8
10
Flow Coefficient “K”
0.52
0.58
0.58
0.64
0.62
0.67
0.67
0.71
0.67
0.70
Flow Calculations and Charts
The following information contains tables and equations for determining the
differential pressure developed by the FPT-3000 Flow Sensor for various flow
rates of water, steam, air or other gases in different pipe sizes.
This information can be used to prepare conversion charts to translate the
differential pressure readings being sensed into the equivalent flow rate.
When direct readout of flow is required, use this information to calculate the
full flow differential pressure in order to specify the exact range of differential
transmitter required. Special ranges and calculations are available for these
gages at minimal extra cost.
Using the appropriate differential pressure equation from Page 4 of this
bulletin, calculate the differential pressure generated by the sensor under
normal operating conditions of the system. Check the chart below to
determine if this value is within the recommended operating range for the
sensor. Note that the data in this chart is limited to standard conditions of air
at 60°F (15.6°C) and 14.7 psia static line pressure or water at 70°F (21.1°C).
To determine recommended operating ranges of other gases, liquids an/or
operating conditions, consult factory.
Note: the column on the right side of the chart which defines velocity ranges to
avoid. Continuous operation within these ranges can result in damage to the
flow sensor caused by excess vibration.
Operating Ranges
Air @ 60°F & 14.7 psia (D/P in w.c.)
1.10 to 186
1.15 to 157
0.38 to 115
0.75 to 75
1.72 to 53
0.39 to 35
0.28 to 34
0.64 to 11
0.10 to 10
0.17 to 22
Operating Ranges
Water @ 70°F (D/P in w.c.)
4.00 to 675
4.18 to 568
1.36 to 417
2.72 to 271
6.22 to 193
1.43 to 127
1.02 to 123
2.31 to 40
0.37 to 37
0.60 to 79
Velocity Ranges
Not Recommended (Feet per Second)
146 to 220
113 to 170
96 to 144
71 to 108
56 to 85
42 to 64
28 to 43
15 to 23
9.5 to 15
6.4 to 10
FLOW EQUATIONS
DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE EQUATIONS
1. Any Liquid
Q (GPM) = 5.668 x K x D2 x
∆P/Sf
2. Steam or Any Gas
Q (lb/Hr) = 359.1 x K x D2 x
p x ∆P
3. Any Gas
Q (SCFM) = 128.8 x K x D2 x
1. Any Liquid
∆P (in w.c.) =
Q2 x Sf
K2 x D4 x 32.14
2. Steam or Any Gas
∆P (in w.c.) =
Q2
K2 x D4 x p x 128,900
3. Any Gas
∆P (in w.c.) = Q2 x SS x (T + 460)
K2 x D4 x P x 16,590
P x ∆P
(T + 460) X SS
Technical Notations
The following notations apply:
∆P = Differential pressure expressed in inches of water column
Q = Flow expressed in GPM, SCFM, or PPH as shown in equation
K = Flow coefficient— See values tabulated on Pg. 3.
D = Inside diameter of line size expressed in inches.
For square or rectangular ducts, use: D = 4 x Height x Width
π
P = Static Line pressure (psia)
T = Temperature in degrees Fahrenheit (plus 460 = °Rankine)
p = Density of medium in pounds per square foot
Sf = Sp Gr at flowing conditions
SS = Sp Gr at 60°F (15.6°C)
SCFM TO ACFM EQUATION
SCFM = ACFM X ( 14.7 + psig )
14.7
ACFM = SCFM X
(
14.7
)
14.7+ psig
(
520*
)
460 + °F
( 460 + °F )
520
POUNDS PER STD. = POUNDS PER ACT. X ( 14.7 )
CUBIC FOOT
CUBIC FOOT
14.7 + psig
( 460 + °F)
520*
POUNDS PER ACT. = POUNDS PER STD. X ( 14.7 + psig ) (
520*
)
CUBIC FOOT
CUBIC FOOT
14.7
460 + °F
1 Cubic foot of air = 0.076 pounds per cubic foot at 60° F (15.6°C) and 14.7
psia.
*(520°= 460 + 60°) Std. Temp. Rankine
WARRANTY/DISCLAIMER
OMEGA ENGINEERING, INC. warrants this unit to be free of defects in materials and workmanship for a
period of 13 months from date of purchase. OMEGA’s WARRANTY adds an additional one (1) month
grace period to the normal one (1) year product warranty to cover handling and shipping time. This
ensures that OMEGA’s customers receive maximum coverage on each product.
If the unit malfunctions, it must be returned to the factory for evaluation. OMEGA’s Customer Service
Department will issue an Authorized Return (AR) number immediately upon phone or written request.
Upon examination by OMEGA, if the unit is found to be defective, it will be repaired or replaced at no
charge. OMEGA’s WARRANTY does not apply to defects resulting from any action of the purchaser,
including but not limited to mishandling, improper interfacing, operation outside of design limits,
improper repair, or unauthorized modification. This WARRANTY is VOID if the unit shows evidence of
having been tampered with or shows evidence of having been damaged as a result of excessive corrosion;
or current, heat, moisture or vibration; improper specification; misapplication; misuse or other operating
conditions outside of OMEGA’s control. Components in which wear is not warranted, include but are not
limited to contact points, fuses, and triacs.
OMEGA is pleased to offer suggestions on the use of its various products. However,
OMEGA neither assumes responsibility for any omissions or errors nor assumes liability for
any damages that result from the use of its products in accordance with information provided
by OMEGA, either verbal or written. OMEGA warrants only that the parts manufactured by the
company will be as specified and free of defects. OMEGA MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTIES OR
REPRESENTATIONS OF ANY KIND WHATSOEVER, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, EXCEPT THAT OF
TITLE, AND ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY
AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED. LIMITATION OF
LIABILITY: The remedies of purchaser set forth herein are exclusive, and the total liability of
OMEGA with respect to this order, whether based on contract, warranty, negligence,
indemnification, strict liability or otherwise, shall not exceed the purchase price of the
component upon which liability is based. In no event shall OMEGA be liable for
consequential, incidental or special damages.
CONDITIONS: Equipment sold by OMEGA is not intended to be used, nor shall it be used: (1) as a “Basic
Component” under 10 CFR 21 (NRC), used in or with any nuclear installation or activity; or (2) in medical
applications or used on humans. Should any Product(s) be used in or with any nuclear installation or
activity, medical application, used on humans, or misused in any way, OMEGA assumes no responsibility
as set forth in our basic WARRANTY/DISCLAIMER language, and, additionally, purchaser will indemnify
OMEGA and hold OMEGA harmless from any liability or damage whatsoever arising out of the use of the
Product(s) in such a manner.
RETURN REQUESTS/INQUIRIES
Direct all warranty and repair requests/inquiries to the OMEGA Customer Service Department.
BEFORE RETURNING ANY PRODUCT(S) TO OMEGA, PURCHASER MUST OBTAIN AN AUTHORIZED
RETURN (AR) NUMBER FROM OMEGA’S CUSTOMER SERVICE DEPARTMENT (IN ORDER TO AVOID
PROCESSING DELAYS). The assigned AR number should then be marked on the outside of the return
package and on any correspondence.
The purchaser is responsible for shipping charges, freight, insurance and proper packaging to prevent
breakage in transit.
FOR NON-WARRANTY REPAIRS, consult
FOR WARRANTY RETURNS, please have the
OMEGA for current repair charges. Have
following information available BEFORE contacting
the following information available BEFORE
OMEGA:
contacting OMEGA:
1.Purchase Order number under which the product
1. Purchase Order number to cover the COST
was PURCHASED,
of the repair,
2.Model and serial number of the product under
2. Model and serial number of the product, and
warranty, and
3. Repair instructions and/or specific problems
3. Repair instructions and/or specific problems
relative to the product.
relative to the product.
OMEGA’s policy is to make running changes, not model changes, whenever an improvement is possible. This affords
our customers the latest in technology and engineering.
OMEGA is a registered trademark of OMEGA ENGINEERING, INC.
© Copyright 2016 OMEGA ENGINEERING, INC. All rights reserved. This document may not be copied, photocopied,
reproduced, translated, or reduced to any electronic medium or machine-readable form, in whole or in part, without the
prior written consent of OMEGA ENGINEERING, INC.
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