Omega | TX91A | Owner Manual | Omega TX91A Owner Manual

Omega TX91A Owner Manual
TM
User’s Guide
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TX91A
(J, K, T, E) 4-20 mA
Mini Temperature Transmitter
omega.com info@omega.com
U.S.A.
Headquarters:
Servicing North America:
Omega Engineering, Inc.
Toll-Free: 1-800-826-6342 (USA & Canada only)
Customer Service: 1-800-622-2378 (USA & Canada only)
Engineering Service: 1-800-872-9436 (USA & Canada only)
Tel: (203) 359-1660
Fax: (203) 359-7700
e-mail: info@omega.com
For Other Locations Visit omega.com/worldwide
The information contained in this document is believed to be correct, but OMEGA accepts no liability for any errors it contains, and reserves
the right to alter specifications without notice.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
GETTING STARTED . . . . . . . . .
Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety and EMC Considerations
General Description. . . . . . . . . .
Available Ranges . . . . . . . . . . .
Ordering Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shock Resistance . . . . . . . . . . .
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1
1
1
1
2
3
4
2.0
CONNECTING POWER AND SIGNAL INPUTS. . . . . . . . . 4
3.0
CALIBRATING THE TRANSMITTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.0
SPECIFICATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Table
Table
Table
Table
2-1
2-2
3-1
3-2
4-1
4-2
1-1
2-1
3-1
3-2
Power Input Setup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pin Assignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Calibration Setup using a Millivolt Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Calibration using a Thermocouple Simulator . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Case Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Transmitter Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Range/Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Screw-Terminal Pin Assignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Fahrenheit Temperature to Millivolt Conversion Chart . . . . 8
Celsius Temperature to Millivolt Conversion Chart . . . . . . . 9
i
ii
SECTION 1 GETTING STARTED
1.1
Unpacking
Remove the packing list and verify that you have received all equipment. If you have
any questions, contact the nearest Customer Service Department, as listed on the
cover of this manual.
Upon receipt of shipment, inspect the container and equipment for any signs of
damage. Note any evidence of rough handling in transit. Immediately report any
damage to the shipping agent.
Note: The carrier will not honor any claims unless all shipping material is saved for
their examination. After examining and removing contents, save packing materials
and carton in the event reshipment is necessary.
1.2 Safety and EMC Considerations
This instrument is a Class III device (8 to 50 Vdc).
Always use a power supply, which complies with EN 60950 safety standard.
• Do not expose the transmitter to rain or condensing moisture.
• Do not operate the transmitter in flammable or explosive atmosphere.
• As with any electronic instrument, you may encounter high voltage exposure
when installing, calibrating or removing parts of the transmitter.
EMC Considerations
• Whenever EMC is an issue, always use shielded cables.
• Never run signal and power wires in the same conduit.
• Use signal wire connections with twisted-pair cables.
• Install Ferrite Bead(s) on signal wires close to the instrument if EMC problems
persist.
Failure to follow all instructions and warnings may result in injury!
1.3
General Description
The TX91A Series transmitter accepts thermocouple sensor types J, K, T, and E and
will produce a standard 4-20 mA output signal proportional to that produced by its
attached thermocouple millivolt input. The transmitter does NOT provide isolation
between its input and the 4-20 mA output; therefore, an ungrounded thermocouple
junction is suggested to prevent possible ground loops.
The transmitter provides cold reference junction compensation for the thermocouple
types as well as amplification, common-mode rejection and controlling the current
drawn from an 8-to-50 Vdc source to produce the 4-to-20 mA output signal. As
much as 800 ohms dropping resistance may be used in the power leads of the
TX91A when the unit is energized from a 24 Vdc source because of the small
compliance voltage needed by the unit.
1
1.4
Available Ranges
As specified in Table 1-1, the transmitter has 10 ranges. Depending upon the range,
the transmitter can measure temperature span as narrow as 160°F or as wide as
1000°F. A multi-turn, top-accessible potentiometer provides fine span tuning. A
second top-accessible, multi-turn potentiometer provides a zero adjustment which
allows placement of the 4-mA output temperature within +/- 25% for Fahrenheit and
+/- 10% for Celsius of nominal span (refer to Section 3.0, Calibrating the Transmitter,
for more details).
Table 1-1. Range/Models
Range
Model
0 to 200°F
J2
K2
T2
E2
0 to 300°F
J3
K3
T3
E3
0 to 500°F
J4
K4
T4
E4
0 to 750°F
J5
K5
T5
E5
0 to 1000°F
J6
K6
N/A
E6
-0 to 100°C
J7
K7
T7
E7
-0 to 150°C
J8
K8
T8
E8
-0 to 250°C
J9
K9
T9
E9
-0 to 400°C
J10
K10
T10
E10
-0 to 500°C
J11
K11
N/A
E11
2
1.5 Ordering Guide
The model number describes the functionality of the transmitter.
Model
Temperature Range
TX91AJ
K
T*
E
2
-0 to 200°F
3
-0 to 300°F
4
-0 to 500°F
5
-0 to 750°F
6
-0 to 1000°F
7
-0 to 100°C
8
-0 to 150°C
9
-0 to 250°C
10
-0 to 400°C
11
-0 to 500°C
OPTION:
FS**
Factory Scaling
* 0 to 1000°F ( 0 to 500°C) is not available for type T thermocouple.
**Factory Scaling available for additional charge. Consult factory.
To order additional transmitters, write TX91A followed by the model letter and number.
For example:
TX91A-J3 = Transmitter with thermocouple type J and a temperature range of -0 to 300°F.
TX91A-E9 = Transmitter with thermocouple type E and a temperature range of -0 to 250°C.
3
1.6 Shock Resistance
Lightweight TX91A transmitter circuit boards are fabricated from rigid, shock resistant
materials with the components soldered to the circuit board.
The TX91A transmitter's small size permits mounting into thermowells or wall mounting in confined areas.
SECTION 2 CONNECTING POWER AND SIGNAL INPUTS
•
Verify that the transmitter is connected for the correct power voltage rating.
•
The transmitter has no power on switch, so it will be in operation as soon as you
apply power.
1
2
+IN
+PS
THERMOCOUPLE
TRANSMITTER
-IN
4
DC SUPPLY
8--50 VDC
4--20mA
PS
5
R LOAD
Figure 2-1 Power Input Setup
+PS and -PS screws accept 2mm (13 gauge) or lighter wire. Input range is 8-50 Vdc.
4
SECTION 2 CONNECTING POWER AND SIGNAL INPUTS (continued)
Table 2-1. Screw-Terminal Pin Assignment
1
2
3*
4
5
+ Thermocouple
- Thermocouple
Earth Ground
+Power/Signal Output
-Power/Signal Output
PS
PS
IN
M
IN
* For improved EMC performance, connect Pin 3 to Earth Ground.
1 2 3 4 5
Z
S
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10
RANGE:
TYPE:
J K T E P
Figure 2-2 Pin Assignment
5
3.0
CALIBRATING THE TRANSMITTER
Calibration Setup:
To prepare the ice bath:
1.
2.
3.
Fill a glass beaker with crushed ice made from distilled water.
Fill the beaker with enough distilled water so that the ice bath just becomes
slush, but not enough to float the ice.
Insert the reference thermocouple.
DMM
(4-20 mA)
MONITOR
DC SUPPLY
24 VDC
DMM
(—)
(+)
SPAN
(—)
(+)
250 OHMS
(—)
MULTIVOLT
SOURCE
5
4
3
2
1
(+)
ZERO
INPUT
THERMOCOUPLE
WIRE
(—)
(+)
COPPER
WIRE
ICE BATH
REFERENCE
PROBE
Figure 3-1. Calibration Setup using a Millivolt Source
6
3.0
CALIBRATING THE TRANSMITTER (Continued)
To calibrate the transmitter, follow these steps (refer to Figure 3-1):
1.
Locate the model number in Table 3-1 or 3-2 and set the millivolt source to the
LO-IN value.
2.
Adjust the Zero potentiometer until the milliammeter reads 4.00 mA.
3.
Set the millivolt source to the HI-IN value (in your appropriate table) and read
the output current on the milliammeter. This current level is designated Initial
Top Current (ITC), normally not equal to 20.00mA.
4.
Calculate the Corrected Top Current (CTC) using the following equation (generally this will not equal 20.00mA):
5.
Adjust the Span potentiometer to obtain the CTC on the milliammeter.
6.
Now re-adjust the Zero potentiometer so that the milliammeter reads 20.00 mA.
7.
Set the millivolt source to LO-IN millivolts. If the output current is not
4.00 mA, repeat steps 2 through 7.
6.
When calibration is complete, remove the transmitter from the setup.
CTC = 16 x ITC / (ITC - 4 mA)
An thermocouple calibrator may be used in place of the millivolt source - refer to
Figure 3-2.
DMM
(4–20 mA)
MONITOR
SPAN
250 Ohms
5
4
3
2
1
Z
(+)
S
(–)
DC SUPPLY
24 VDC
(–)
THERMOCOUPLE
CALIBRATOR
(+)
INPUT
THERMOCOUPLE
WIRE
ZERO
Figure 3-2. Calibration using a Thermocouple Simulator
7
3.0
CALIBRATING THE TRANSMITTER (Continued)
Table 3-1. Fahrenheit Temperature to Millivolt Conversion Chart
Value
TX91ALO IN
HI IN
TX91ALO IN
HI IN
TX91ALO IN
HI IN
TX91ALO IN
HI IN
Model Number/Range
J2
J3
J4
J5
J6
(0 to 200°F)
(0 to 300°F)
(0 to 500°F)
(0 to 750°F)
(0 to 1000°F)
-0.885
4.906
-0.885
7.947
-0.885
14.108
-0.885
21.785
-0.885
29.515
K2
K3
K4
K5
K6
(0 to 200°F)
(0 to 300°F)
(0 to 500°F)
(0 to 750°F)
(0 to 1000°F)
-0.692
3.819
- 0.692
6.092
- 0.692
10.560
- 0.692
16.349
- 0.692
22.251
-
T2
T3
T4
T5
(0 to 200°F)
(0 to 300°F)
(0 to 500°F)
(0 to 750°F)
-
-0.674
3.967
- 0.674
6.647
- 0.674
12.572
- 0.674
20.801
-
E2
E3
E4
E5
E6
(0 to 200°F)
(0 to 300°F)
(0 to 500°F)
(0 to 750°F)
(0 to 1000°F)
-1.026
5.869
- 1.026
9.708
- 1.026
17.942
- 1.026
28.854
- 1.026
40.056
8
3.0
CALIBRATING THE TRANSMITTER (Continued)
Table 3-2. Celsius Temperature to Millivolt Conversion Chart
Value
TX91ALO IN
HI IN
TX91ALO IN
HI IN
TX91ALO IN
HI IN
TX91ALO IN
HI IN
Model Number/Range
J7
J8
J9
J10
J11
(0 to 100°C)
(0 to 150°C)
(0 to 250°C)
(0 to 400°C)
(0 to 500°C)
0.000
5.268
0.000
8.008
0.000
13.553
0.000
21.846
0.000
27.388
K7
K8
K9
K10
K11
(0 to 100°C)
(0 to 150°C)
(0 to 250°C)
(0 to 400°C)
(0 to 500°C)
0.000
4.095
0.000
6.137
0.000
10.151
0.000
16.395
0.000
20.640
T7
T8
T9
T10
-
(0 to 100°C)
(0 to 150°C)
(0 to 250°C)
(0 to 400°C)
-
0.000
4.277
0.000
6.702
0.000
12.011
0.000
20.869
-
E7
E8
E9
E10
E11
(0 to 100°C)
(0 to 150°C)
(0 to 250°C)
(0 to 400°C)
(0 to 500°C)
0.000
6.317
0.000
9.787
0.000
17.178
0.000
28.943
0.000
36.999
9
4.0 SPECIFICATIONS
INPUT
Configuration:
Thermocouple types:
Thermocouple current:
Burnout indication:
Thermocouple lead resistance:
Non-isolated thermocouple input
J, K, T, or E
1 uA max
Upscale over-range indication, 40 mA max.
to 500 ohms for specified performance
OUTPUT
Linear range:
Current Output limits:
Compliance (supply-voltage):
Reverse polarity protection:
Maximum loop resistance:
4 to 20 mAdc
<2 to >40 mA (open TC)
8 to 50 Vdc
350 V peak
(Supply Voltage - 8V)/20 mA
ACCURACY
Hysteresis and repeatability:
Linearity with respect to input:
Power supply effect:
Temperature effect:
Within ±0.1% of FS
± 0.1% of FS
Within ±0.01%/V
Zero and Span: Within ±0.1% FS/°F
ENVIRONMENTAL
Operating temperature:
Storage temperature:
Humidity:
-40 to 185°F (-40 to 85°C)
-50 to 250°F (-45 to 121°C)
To 90% (non-condensing)
MECHANICAL
Weight:
Diameter:
Height (including barriers):
less than 1.2 oz (34g)
1.75 in (44.34 mm)
1.25 in (31.75 mm)
10
PS
PS
IN
M
IN
4.0 SPECIFICATIONS (Continued)
1 2 3 4 5
Z
S
.650
[1.650]
1.750
[44.45]
DIA.
.650
[1.650]
1 2 3 4 5
1.150
[29.21]
.750
[19.05]
Figure 4-1. Case Dimensions
REGULATOR
+V > 4
1<
2
<
AMP
CURRENT –V> 5
CONTROL
Figure 4-2. Transmitter Block Diagram
11
- NOTES -
12
WARRANTY/DISCLAIMER
OMEGA ENGINEERING, INC. warrants this unit to be free of defects in materials and workmanship for a
period of 61 months from date of purchase. OMEGA’s WARRANTY adds an additional one (1) month grace
period to the normal five (5) year product warranty to cover handling and shipping time. This ensures
that OMEGA’s customers receive maximum coverage on each product.
If the unit malfunctions, it must be returned to the factory for evaluation. OMEGA’s Customer Service
Department will issue an Authorized Return (AR) number immediately upon phone or written request.
Upon examination by OMEGA, if the unit is found to be defective, it will be repaired or replaced at no
charge. OMEGA’s WARRANTY does not apply to defects resulting from any action of the purchaser,
including but not limited to mishandling, improper interfacing, operation outside of design limits,
improper repair, or unauthorized modification. This WARRANTY is VOID if the unit shows evidence of
having been tampered with or shows evidence of having been damaged as a result of excessive corrosion;
or current, heat, moisture or vibration; improper specification; misapplication; misuse or other operating
conditions outside of OMEGA’s control. Components in which wear is not warranted, include but are not
limited to contact points, fuses, and triacs.
OMEGA is pleased to offer suggestions on the use of its various products. However,
OMEGA neither assumes responsibility for any omissions or errors nor assumes liability for
any damages that result from the use of its products in accordance with information provided
by OMEGA, either verbal or written. OMEGA warrants only that the parts manufactured by the
company will be as specified and free of defects. OMEGA MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTIES OR
REPRESENTATIONS OF ANY KIND WHATSOEVER, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, EXCEPT THAT OF
TITLE, AND ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY
AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED. LIMITATION OF
LIABILITY: The remedies of purchaser set forth herein are exclusive, and the total liability of
OMEGA with respect to this order, whether based on contract, warranty, negligence,
indemnification, strict liability or otherwise, shall not exceed the purchase price of the
component upon which liability is based. In no event shall OMEGA be liable for
consequential, incidental or special damages.
CONDITIONS: Equipment sold by OMEGA is not intended to be used, nor shall it be used: (1) as a “Basic
Component” under 10 CFR 21 (NRC), used in or with any nuclear installation or activity; or (2) in medical
applications or used on humans. Should any Product(s) be used in or with any nuclear installation or
activity, medical application, used on humans, or misused in any way, OMEGA assumes no responsibility
as set forth in our basic WARRANTY/DISCLAIMER language, and, additionally, purchaser will indemnify
OMEGA and hold OMEGA harmless from any liability or damage whatsoever arising out of the use of the
Product(s) in such a manner.
RETURN REQUESTS/INQUIRIES
Direct all warranty and repair requests/inquiries to the OMEGA Customer Service Department. BEFORE
RETURNING ANY PRODUCT(S) TO OMEGA, PURCHASER MUST OBTAIN AN AUTHORIZED RETURN (AR)
NUMBER FROM OMEGA’S CUSTOMER SERVICE DEPARTMENT (IN ORDER TO AVOID PROCESSING
DELAYS). The assigned AR number should then be marked on the outside of the return package and on any
correspondence.
The purchaser is responsible for shipping charges, freight, insurance and proper packaging to prevent
breakage in transit.
FOR NON-WARRANTY REPAIRS, consult
FOR WARRANTY RETURNS, please have the
OMEGA for current repair charges. Have
following information available BEFORE contacting
the following information available BEFORE
OMEGA:
contacting OMEGA:
1.Purchase Order number under which the product
1. Purchase Order number to cover the COST
was PURCHASED,
of the repair,
2.Model and serial number of the product under
2. Model and serial number of the product, and
warranty, and
3. Repair instructions and/or specific problems
3. Repair instructions and/or specific problems
relative to the product.
relative to the product.
OMEGA’s policy is to make running changes, not model changes, whenever an improvement is possible. This affords our
customers the latest in technology and engineering.
OMEGA is a trademark of OMEGA ENGINEERING, INC.
© Copyright 2017 OMEGA ENGINEERING, INC. All rights reserved. This document may not be copied, photocopied,
reproduced, translated, or reduced to any electronic medium or machine-readable form, in whole or in part, without the prior
written consent of OMEGA ENGINEERING, INC.
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