Omega | TX93A | Owner Manual | Omega TX93A Owner Manual

Omega TX93A Owner Manual
TM
User’s Guide
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TX93A
(J, K, T, E) 4-20 mA
Ultra-Miniature
Temperature Transmitters
omega.com info@omega.com
U.S.A.
Headquarters:
Servicing North America:
Omega Engineering, Inc.
Toll-Free: 1-800-826-6342 (USA & Canada only)
Customer Service: 1-800-622-2378 (USA & Canada only)
Engineering Service: 1-800-872-9436 (USA & Canada only)
Tel: (203) 359-1660
Fax: (203) 359-7700
e-mail: info@omega.com
For Other Locations Visit omega.com/worldwide
The information contained in this document is believed to be correct, but OMEGA accepts no liability for any errors it contains, and reserves
the right to alter specifications without notice.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section 1
Getting Started
1.1 Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
1.2 Safety and EMC Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
1.3 General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
1.4 Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Section 2
1.5 Models Available . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Installation
2.1 Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
2.2 Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Section 3
Calibration Instructions
3.1 Equipment Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
3.2 Set-up of Equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
3.3 Calibration Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Section 4
Troubleshooting Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Section 5
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
i
FIGURES & TABLES
Figure 1-1
Thermocouple Transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Figure 1-2
Straight Line Approximation of a Curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Figure 2-1
Assembly inside an NB2 Protection Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Figure 2-2
Wiring Diagram for Thermocouple Transmitter . . . . . . . . . . .6
Figure 3-1
Transmitter Calibration Set-Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Figure 3-2
Transmitter Calibration Set- Up (Alternate) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Figure 5-1
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Table 1-1
Range Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Table 1-2
Model Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Table 3-1
Calibration Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
ii
1.1 Unpacking
Remove the packing list and verify that you have received all equipment. If
you have any questions, contact the nearest Customer Service
Department, as listed on the cover of this manual.
Upon receipt of shipment, inspect the container and equipment for any
signs of damage. Note any evidence of rough handling in transit.
Immediately report any damage to the shipping agent.
Note: The carrier will not honor any claims unless all shipping
material is saved for their examination. After examining and
removing contents, save packing materials and carton in the event
reshipment is necessary.
1.2 Safety and EMC Considerations
This instrument is a Class III device (8 to 35 Vdc).
Always use a power supply, which complies with EN 60950 safety
standard.
• Do not expose the transmitter to rain or condensing moisture.
• Do not operate the transmitter in flammable or explosive atmosphere.
• As with any electronic instrument, you may encounter high voltage
exposure when installing, calibrating or removing parts of the
transmitter.
EMC Considerations
• Whenever EMC is an issue, always use shielded cables.
• Never run signal and power wires in the same conduit.
• Use signal wire connections with twisted-pair cables.
• Install Ferrite Bead(s) on signal wires close to the instrument if EMC
problems persist.
Failure to follow all instructions and warnings may result in injury!
1.3 General Description
The Thermocouple Two-Wire Temperature Transmitter accepts
thermocouple sensor types J, K, T, or E and will produce a standard 420mA output signal proportional to that produced by its attached input
temperature sensor. Transmission of the proportional current output may
be accomplished by using inexpensive copper wire.
1
1.3 General Description (continued)
The transmitter is normally powered by an unregulated power supply as
shown in Figure 1-1. The proportionally-transmitted signal begins at 4mA,
at the low end of its temperature range, and increases to 20mA, at the
high end of its temperature range. (There are various temperature ranges/
thermocouple types available for the transmitter. To order, refer to Section
1.5 for correct Model Numbers and Range Codes.)
Figure 1-1 Thermocouple Transmitter
The two-wire transmitter receives and measures signals from
themocouples and sends an output current of 4-20mA which is directly
proportional to the thermocouple millivolt input. It is designed to connect
with only two copper wire leads that will supply the voltage to operate the
transmitter from a power supply, and also carry the output current. The
output current is used for recording, computing, or controlling.
If the transmitter is mounted inside a protection head, (see Figure 2-1), the
thermocouple extension wires are replaced by two copper wires that carry
the 4-20mA signal and dc voltage to operate the transmitter.
The transmitter has reverse supply polarity protection and will operate with
a wide range of supply voltages (8 to 35 Vdc). It has an input sensor break
protection circuit that forces the output current to go upscale when the
thermocouple wire opens.
The transmitter does NOT provide isolation between its input and the
4-20 mA output; therefore, an ungrounded thermocouple junction is
suggested to prevent possible ground loops.
2
1.3 General Description (continued)
Most thermocouple transmitters with 4-20 mA outputs, including this
transmitter , are proportional with respect to the thermocouple input
voltage. However, the relationship between temperature and millivolt
for all the thermocouple types is somewhat non-linear.
This leads to maximum error at approximately the midpoint of the
range as shown in Figure 1-2.
INCREASING MILLIVOLTS
RANGE
T/C CURVE
LINEARITY
ERROR
STRAIGHT LINE
INCREASING TEMPERATURE
Figure 1-2 Straight Line Approximation of a Curve
1.4 Features
• 4-20 mA output
• +/-0.1% full-scale accuracy (with respect to the mV input signal)
• Upscale break protection
• Low Cost
3
1.5 Models Available
Table 1-1 Range Code
INPUT TYPES
RANGE
J
K
T
E
-40 to 120 F (-40 to 49 C)
J1
-
-
E1
0 to 200 F (-18 to 93 C)
J2
K2
T2
E2
0 to 300 F (-18 to 149 C)
J3
K3
T3
E3
0 to 500 F (-18 to 260 C)
J4
K4
T4
E4
0 to 750 F (-18 to 399 C)
J5
K5
T5
E5
0 to 1000 F (-18 to 538 C)
J6
K6
-
E6
Table 1-2 Model Numbers
Model Number
Description
TX93A-(*)
Thermocouple Transmitter (J, K, T, or E)
NB2TX93A-(*)
NB2 thermocouple probe, 12"L, 1/4” O.D.,
ungrounded junction, 304SS sheath
*Insert range code from Table 1-1
4
2.1 Mounting
The transmitter may be:
1. surface mounted
2. mounted inside a protection head (shown in Figure 2-1)
POWER LINES
T/C WIRES
SECTION A-A
Figure 2-1 Assembly of the Transmitter
inside an NB2 Protection Head
5
2.2 Wiring
Refer to Figure 2-2
1.
Connect a dc power supply in series with the load to the (+PS) and
(-PS) power terminals. Note that the load (usually a monitoring
instrument) may be connected to either the (+) or (-) power lead.
2.
Connect the thermocouple to the (+IN) and (-IN) input terminals.
Figure 2-2 Wiring Diagram for Thermocouple Transmitter
6
3.1 Equipment Required
•
Precision mV source, with 0.001 mV resolution and ±0.002 mV
accuracy
or
•
Precision DVM with ±0.002 mV accuracy and an adjustable mV
source with 0.001 mV resolution
•
OMEGA TRC III Ice Point Reference (or stable ice bath)
•
Temperature Reference Probe Part Number: TRP-(*)
*Thermocouple Type J, K, T, E
3.2 Set-Up of Equipment
To prepare the ice bath: Refer to Figure 3-1
a)
Fill a glass beaker with crushed ice made from distilled water.
b)
Fill the beaker with enough distilled water so that the ice just
becomes slush, but not enough to float the ice.
c)
Insert the reference thermocouple.
Figure 3-2 shows an alternate set-up. Here, a high precision thermocouple
calibrator, such as the Model CL511, replaces the DVM, ice bath, voltage
source, etc.
7
3.3 Calibration Procedures
Connect the calibration equipment according to Figure 3-1 or 3-2. The
thermocouple wire must be of the same calibration as the transmitter being
calibrated. Make sure that the wiring polarities are correct. (Note that the
RED thermocouple wire is NEGATIVE).
To check or adjust the calibration:
1.
Locate the Z (zero) and S (span) potentiometers.
2.
Select, from Table 3-1, the correct mV input values for the Z (zero)
and S (span) adjustments that correspond to the model number.
For example, for Model TX93A-J2, the Z input is -0.886 mV, and the S
input is 4.907 mV.
If a Thermocouple Calibrator/Simulator is used, such as the Model
CL511 Precision Calibrator, select the Temperature Input Z (zero) and
S (span) values.
3.
Set the dc mV source to the selected Z (zero) mV value. Adjust the
Z potentiometer to read 4.000 mA on the monitoring instrument.
4.
Set the dc mV source to the selected S (span) mV value. Adjust the
S potentiometer to read 20.000 mA on the monitoring instrument.
5.
Repeat steps 3 and 4, as required, until the readings are exactly
4.000 mA and 20.000 mA. This procedure is necessary since there is
interaction between the two potentiometers.
8
3.3 Calibration Procedures (continued)
Figure 3-1 Transmitter Calibration Set-Up
Figure 3-2 Transmitter Calibration Set- Up (Alternate)
9
Table 3-1. Calibration Values
Temperature
Input Range Model
Zero/Span TX93A
mV Input
Ref 32°F
Zero/Span
Model
TX93A
mV Input
Ref 32°F
Zero/Span
-40/120°F
-J1
-1.961/2.527
-
-
0/200°F
-J2
-0.886/4.907
-K2
-0.692/3.820
0/300°F
-J3
-0.886/7.949
-K3
-0.692/6.094
0/500°F
-J4
-0.886/14.110
-K4
-0.692/10.561
0/750°F
-J5
-0.886/21.787
-K5
-0.692/16.350
0/1000°F
-J6
-0.886/29.521
-K6
-0.692/22.255
-40/120°F
–
–
-E1
-2.255/2.977
0/200°F
-T2
-0.675/3.968
-E2
-1.026/5.871
0/300°F
-T3
-0.675/6.648
-E3
-1.026/9.710
0/500°F
-T4
-0.675/12.574
-E4
-1.026/17.945
0/750°F
-T5
-0.675/20.803
-E5
-1.026/28.857
0/1000°F
–
–
-E6
-1.026/40.064
4.1 Troubleshooting Guide
Malfunction or incorrect operation may be caused by:
1.
Reversed polarity:
Check the wiring using Figure 2-2 as a guide. If the temperature
of the thermocouple increases while the current magnitude
decreases, the problem could be caused by reversed polarity of
the:
a)
thermocouple wiring
b)
power supply leads
c)
monitor instrument
10
4.1 Troubleshooting Guide (continued)
2.
Loose or broken wires:
Check each terminal connection for tightness. Move each wire
back and forth and note any changes in operation.
3.
Too high a load resistance in the output current loop or too low a
current rating on the power supply:
a)
Measure the total resistance of each device (excluding the
transmitter and power supply) in the 20 mA loop, including
the resistance of the lead wires.
b)
Calculate maximum allowable loop resistance using the
formula: Loop Resistance (maximum) = Vsupply – 8 V
0.020A
For example, a 24V power supply would give a maximum loop
resistance of: 16 V/0.020A = 800 ohms.
c)
Make sure the power supply is rated for at least 28 mA
times the number of transmitters being powered. For
example, if the supply is powering five transmitters, the
supply should be rated for at least 140mA.
5.1 Specifications
General
Size:
1.40” dia. x 0.93” high
(includes terminal strip)
0.250 [6.35]
0.156 [3.96]
for #6-32 SCREW
2 PLCS
1.40 [35.6]
Weight:
0.53 oz (15g);
0.83 oz (25g) if potted
Ambient Temperature:
-13°F to 185°F
(-25°C to 85°C)
0.480 [12.19]
0.480 [12.19]
0.93 [23.6]
MAX
Storage Temperature
-85°F to 257°F
(-65°C to 125°C)
Figure 5-1 Dimensions
11
0.52 [13.2]
5.1 Specifications (continued)
Zero/Span Adj Range:
±25%
Power Supply Voltage
Operating Range:
+8 Vdc to +35 Vdc, 28 mA max
required per transmitter
Accuracy:
±0.1% of full scale (includes effects of
hysteresis, repeatability and linearity
proportional to the T/C)
Frequency Response:
3dB@ 3Hz
Thermal Zero Shift:
<0.01%/°F of span (span >10 mV)
<0.02%/°F of span (4-10 mV span)
Thermal Span Shift:
<0.01%/°F of span
Output
Current Output Span:
4-20 mA dc
Current Output Limits:
3 to 28 mA, typical
Max Loop Resistance:
(Vsupply – 8V)/0.020A = ohms
Load Resistance Effect:
0.01% of span per 300 ohms change
Power Supply Effect:
0.002% of output span per volt
Input
Sensor:
Thermocouple
Input Break Protection:
Upscale
Thermocouple
Lead Resistance:
100 ohms max.
12
Notes:
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13
Notes:
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14
WARRANTY/DISCLAIMER
OMEGA ENGINEERING, INC. warrants this unit to be free of defects in materials and workmanship for a
period of 13 months from date of purchase. OMEGA’s WARRANTY adds an additional one (1) month grace
period to the normal one (1) year product warranty to cover handling and shipping time. This ensures
that OMEGA’s customers receive maximum coverage on each product.
If the unit malfunctions, it must be returned to the factory for evaluation. OMEGA’s Customer Service
Department will issue an Authorized Return (AR) number immediately upon phone or written request.
Upon examination by OMEGA, if the unit is found to be defective, it will be repaired or replaced at no
charge. OMEGA’s WARRANTY does not apply to defects resulting from any action of the purchaser,
including but not limited to mishandling, improper interfacing, operation outside of design limits,
improper repair, or unauthorized modification. This WARRANTY is VOID if the unit shows evidence of
having been tampered with or shows evidence of having been damaged as a result of excessive corrosion;
or current, heat, moisture or vibration; improper specification; misapplication; misuse or other operating
conditions outside of OMEGA’s control. Components in which wear is not warranted, include but are not
limited to contact points, fuses, and triacs.
OMEGA is pleased to offer suggestions on the use of its various products. However,
OMEGA neither assumes responsibility for any omissions or errors nor assumes liability for
any damages that result from the use of its products in accordance with information provided
by OMEGA, either verbal or written. OMEGA warrants only that the parts manufactured by the
company will be as specified and free of defects. OMEGA MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTIES OR
REPRESENTATIONS OF ANY KIND WHATSOEVER, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, EXCEPT THAT OF
TITLE, AND ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY
AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED. LIMITATION OF
LIABILITY: The remedies of purchaser set forth herein are exclusive, and the total liability of
OMEGA with respect to this order, whether based on contract, warranty, negligence,
indemnification, strict liability or otherwise, shall not exceed the purchase price of the
component upon which liability is based. In no event shall OMEGA be liable for
consequential, incidental or special damages.
CONDITIONS: Equipment sold by OMEGA is not intended to be used, nor shall it be used: (1) as a “Basic
Component” under 10 CFR 21 (NRC), used in or with any nuclear installation or activity; or (2) in medical
applications or used on humans. Should any Product(s) be used in or with any nuclear installation or
activity, medical application, used on humans, or misused in any way, OMEGA assumes no responsibility
as set forth in our basic WARRANTY/DISCLAIMER language, and, additionally, purchaser will indemnify
OMEGA and hold OMEGA harmless from any liability or damage whatsoever arising out of the use of the
Product(s) in such a manner.
RETURN REQUESTS/INQUIRIES
Direct all warranty and repair requests/inquiries to the OMEGA Customer Service Department. BEFORE
RETURNING ANY PRODUCT(S) TO OMEGA, PURCHASER MUST OBTAIN AN AUTHORIZED RETURN (AR)
NUMBER FROM OMEGA’S CUSTOMER SERVICE DEPARTMENT (IN ORDER TO AVOID PROCESSING
DELAYS). The assigned AR number should then be marked on the outside of the return package and on any
correspondence.
The purchaser is responsible for shipping charges, freight, insurance and proper packaging to prevent
breakage in transit.
FOR NON-WARRANTY REPAIRS, consult
FOR WARRANTY RETURNS, please have the
OMEGA for current repair charges. Have
following information available BEFORE contacting
the following information available BEFORE
OMEGA:
contacting OMEGA:
1.Purchase Order number under which the product
1. Purchase Order number to cover the COST
was PURCHASED,
of the repair,
2.Model and serial number of the product under
2. Model and serial number of the product, and
warranty, and
3. Repair instructions and/or specific problems
3. Repair instructions and/or specific problems
relative to the product.
relative to the product.
OMEGA’s policy is to make running changes, not model changes, whenever an improvement is possible. This affords our
customers the latest in technology and engineering.
OMEGA is a trademark of OMEGA ENGINEERING, INC.
© Copyright 2017 OMEGA ENGINEERING, INC. All rights reserved. This document may not be copied, photocopied,
reproduced, translated, or reduced to any electronic medium or machine-readable form, in whole or in part, without the prior
written consent of OMEGA ENGINEERING, INC.
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