Fisher | F75 Ltd. Black | Users Manual | Fisher F75 Ltd. Black Users Manual

Fisher F75 Ltd. Black Users Manual
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F75 SE
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
ACCESSORIES
Fisher Padded Carry Bag
Rugged double stitched construction. Includes handy
exterior pocket for extra batteries or small accessories.
103693000C
Fisher Stereo Headphones
Use with Fisher metal detectors. Lightweight and adjustable with
true stereo sound, adjustable volume, 1/8 jack with 1/4 adaptor,
4’ cable. 9720950000
Fisher Pin Pointer
Pinpoints the exact location of buried metal objects. Audio signal
indicator and vibrator. Runs on 1 – 9-Volt Battery. FPOINT
Metal Sand Scoop
Large galvanized metal scoop with filtering holes.
Strong Rubberized grip. SAND SCOOP
SPPEEC
S
CIIAALL EED
DIITTIIO
ON
N
Lesche Knife
Made from high quality heat-treated tempered steel.
The ultimate digging tool. Comes with a durable sheath.
12" in length with a 7" serrated blade. LESCHE KNIFE
Metal Detector
Fisher Baseball Cap
One size fits all. FCAP
Users Manual
Fisher T-Shirt*
100% white cotton with Fisher® Logo. Sizes – LG, XL & XXL
Replacement/Accessory Search Coils
11” Biaxial Accessory Coil - 11COIL-F75
10” Concentric Standard Coil (replacement)– 10COIL-F70
6.5” Concentric Accessory Coil - 6COIL-E
5” Biaxial Accessory Coil - 5COIL-F75
Coil Covers
Specially made to protect your coil from abrasion and damage.
11” Biaxial Accessory Coil Cover – COVER-11DD
10” Concentric Standard Coil Cover – F70COVER
6.5” Concentric Accessory Coil Cover- 6COVER-E
5” Biaxial Accessory Coil Cover - 5COVER-CZ3
Fisher® Face Rain Cover
Specially made to protect your F70 from weather
Gold
Prospecting Kits
FOR COMPLETE DETAILS VISIT WWW.FISHERLAB.COM • 1-800-685-5050
*Image not shown.
M75MBLK
Rev. 3
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Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
T
he F75 is a multipurpose metal detector. Its most popular uses are coinshooting
and relic hunting, and it is also well-suited to gold prospecting.
PRODUCT FEATURES
• Light weight and well-balanced: best ergonomically engineered detector in the
industry.
• Intuitive menu-driven user interface
• Large LCD screen
• Visual indicators of important values such as:
Target Identification
Target Confidence
Target Depth (both running-depth and pinpoint-depth)
Ground Mineralization
• Multiple Search Modes:
Discrimination
Static All-Metal
Motion All-Metal
• Trigger-actuated FASTGRAB™ ground balancing with manual override
• Waterproof 11-inch open-frame BiAxial™ searchcoil
Housing constructed of a carbon fiber-polycarbonate blend
• Trigger-actuated target pinpointing with variable audio pitch
• Fully Adjustable Armrest
• Display backlight for night and low-light conditions
• Notch and discrimination controls
• Covers provided for both the control housing and battery box.
• Made in the USA
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
5-Year Limited Warranty
The F75 metal detector is warranted against defects in materials and
workmanship under normal use for five years from the date of purchase to the
original owner.
Damage due to neglect, accidental damage or misuse of this product is not
covered under this warranty. Decisions regarding abuse or misuse of the
detector are made solely at the discretion of the manufacturer.
Proof of Purchase is required to make a claim under this warranty.
Liability under this Warranty is limited to replacing or repairing, at our option,
the metal detector returned, shipping cost prepaid, to Fisher Labs. Shipping
cost to Fisher Labs is the responsibility of the consumer.
To return your detector for service, please first contact Fisher Labs for a Return
Authorization (RA) Number. Reference the RA number on your package and
return the detector within 15 days of calling to:
Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
1465-H Henry Brennan Dr.
El Paso, TX 79936
Phone: 915-225-0333 ext.118
Fax: 915-225-0336
Warranty coverage does not include the cost of transporting the detector back
to an owner who is located outside of the United States of America.
NOTE TO CUSTOMERS OUTSIDE THE U.S.A.
This warranty may vary in other countries, check with your distributor for details.
Warranty does not cover shipping costs.
According to FCC part 15.21 Changes or Modifications made to this device not expressly approved
by the party responsible for compliance could void the users authority to operate this equipment.
This device complies with FCC Part 15 Subpart B Section 15.109 Class B.
If you have any questions, or need assistance with your metal detector,
Call 1-915-225-0333, and ask for Fisher Hobby Technical Service
Copyright© 2011 by Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce this book, or parts thereof, in any form.
Published by Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
Fisher® is a registered trademark of Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
www.fisherlab.com
1465-H Henry Brennan Dr., El Paso, TX 79936 • (915) 225-0333
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F75 SE
Back Page
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Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Treasure Hunter’s Code of Ethics:
• Always check Federal, State, County and local laws before searching
• Respect private property and do not enter private property without the owner’s permission.
• Take care to refill all holes and leave no damage.
• Remove and dispose of any and all trash and litter found.
• Appreciate and protect our inheritance of natural resources, wildlife and private property.
• Act as an ambassador for the hobby, use thoughtfulness, consideration and courtesy at all
times.
• Never destroy historical or archaeological treasures.
• All treasure hunters may be judged by the example you set; always conduct yourself with
courtesy and consideration of others
F75 SE
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Table Of Contents
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Quick-Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Mechanicals
Assembly Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-7
Mechanicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Armrest adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Using Headphones (not included) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Introduction to the F75
General information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11-12
Menu System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Ground Balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14-16
Motion All Metal Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Static All Metal Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Discrimination Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19-23
PinPoint Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
LCD Visual Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25-27
Numeric Target Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Probable Target Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Depth Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Confidence Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Fe3O4 Graph . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Battery Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
G.B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..27
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Frequency Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Capabilities & Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29-31
Tips & Techniques
Search Techniques
How to sweep the searchcoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Boost and Cache Locating Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32-33
Pinpointing targets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33-34
Estimating target size and depth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34-35
False signals and chatter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Adjusting Sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Tips on ground balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Detecting Activities
Coinshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Relic Hunting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40-41
Gold Prospecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41-42
Cache Hunting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Shallow Water Hunting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43-44
Saltwater Hunting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
How metal detectors work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Treasure Hunter’s Code of Ethics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Back Page
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Specifications
How Metal Detectors Work
Mechanical:
S-rod with electronics housing mounted on handgrip, 3-piece
breakdown, batteries under elbow, 2-way armrest adjustment —
forward/backward & around forearm.
Searchcoil:
11” (28 cm) open-frame elliptical double-D, waterproof.
Batteries:
4 AA, alkaline (not included).
Weight:
3.5 pounds (1.6 kg) with alkaline batteries installed.
Static Balance:
force in vertical plane normal to elbow 0.47 pounds (0.22 kg).Varies
with adjustment and user’s stance and arm/hand physiology.
Dynamic Balance:
axial moment, 0.29 foot-pounds (0.39 newton-meters). Varies with
adjustment and user’s stance and arm/hand physiology.
Sweep Effort:
lateral moment 5.2 foot-pounds (7.1 newton-meters).
Operating Principle:
VLF induction balance
Operating Frequency:
nominal 13 kHz, quartz crystal timing reference
13158Hz, 13100Hz, 1043Hz, 12987Hz, 12931Hz, 12876Hz, 12821Hz
Basic Sensitivity:
6 x 10 root Hertz (detectivity)
Lag Coefficient:
78 milliseconds
Reactive Overload:
approximately 10,000 micro-cgs units (volume susceptibility)
40,000 micro-cgs units with sensitivity < 30.
Resistive Overload:
approximately 1,200 micro-cgs units (volume susceptibility)
4,800 micro-cgs units with sensitivity < 30.
9
Ground Balancing Range: From ferrite to salt, inclusive
Discrimination
Ground Suppression:
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Most hobby metal detectors use VLF Induction Balance technology. Here's how they work.
The searchcoil (also called search head or loop) contains two electrical induction coils which
are like antennas. One coil transmits a rapidly alternating magnetic field, illuminating the
region surrounding the searchcoil. If metal is present, its electrical conductivity distorts the
magnetic field. If iron metal is present, its magnetism also distorts the magnetic field, but in a
different way, allowing the metal detector to distinguish between ferrous and nonferrous
metals.
The other coil is a receiving antenna which detects changes in the magnetic field caused by
the presence of metal. Electronic circuits amplify this weak signal, analyze it to determine the
changes which occur as the searchcoil sweeps over the target, and then convey the
information to the user in the form of a visual display or audio tones. Most modern metal
detectors perform many of these tasks in software running on an internal microcomputer.
The iron minerals which are present in most soils also distort the magnetic field, obscuring the
weak signals of small or deep objects. This can cause the object to go undetected, or to be
misidentified when it is detected. Much of the technology that goes into modern metal
detectors is devoted to the task of eliminating the unwanted signals from iron minerals in the
soil, while not losing the signals from metal objects.
This device has been designed to operate with the antennas listed below, and having a
maximum gain of 3 dB. Antennas not included in this list or having a gain greater than 3 dB
are strictly prohibited for use with this device. The required antenna impedance is 53 ohms.
10COIL-F70, 11COIL-F75, 5COIL-F75, 6COIL-E
combination of second and third order methods
The following statement is not relevant to metal detectors but is printed here to satisfy
legal notification requirement:
ID Ground Suppression: third order
Battery Life:
Typically 40 hours with high quality alkaline batteries
Estimated 80 hours with nickel oxyhydroxide batteries
Estimated 65 hours with lithium iron disulfide batteries
Operating Temp Range: 4 to +122 degrees F (-20 to +50 degrees C)
“To reduce potential radio interference to other users, the antenna type and its gain should be
so chosen that the equivalent isotropically radiated power (e.i.r.p.) is not more than that
permitted for successful communication.”
The following countries allow free movement of this product within the European community:
FIN,LVA,SVN,SUI,BIH.
Operating Humidity Range: 0-90% non-condensing
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Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Detecting Activities (continued)
Shallow Water Hunting (continued)
When searching on a beach, it is best to either search in Motion All Metal mode, or to search
with the discrimination level set just high enough to eliminate iron, because the value of beach
finds is largely in the jewelry rather than in the coins. You will dig a lot of aluminum trash, but
the digging is easy, and you can tell people that you are helping to clean up the beach and
make it safer for people's feet. We recommend the use of a special sand scoop for recovering
valuables from the sand quickly -- most metal detector dealers sell these.
The electrical conductivity of the water itself can pose some challenges. You may get false
signals when going into and coming out of the water, making it necessary to pay careful
attention to keep the coil either in or out of the water, but not to touch the surface. This effect
may be observed in either fresh or saltwater.
Quick Start
Use your F75 right out of the box
1.
Assemble the detector (see instructions beginning page 4).
2
Install four AA alkaline batteries. All positive (button-end) terminals point up.
3.
Turn the knob, located under the armrest, fully clockwise.
This turns the machine on and sets audio volume to maximum.
4.
When first turned on, the F75 starts out in the Discrimination mode, with:
Sensitivity preset to 60
Discrimination Level preset to 15
Number of Tones preset to 3
Process# preset to dE
Sweep the searchcoil from side to side, parallel to the ground. Keep the searchcoil
moving over the ground. If you stop moving the searchcoil, the sound will also stop.
Probable target type will be indicated at the top of the LCD screen.
5.
If the searchcoil is not in motion and not close to metal, the detector should be
silent.
6.
If you experience false signals from electrical interference, from the soil itself, or
from lots of trash metal, press the MENU button.
Sensitivity will be highlighted.
Rotate the Settings knob to the left (counterclockwise),
Reduce the sensitivity setting until the false signals go away.
After 7 seconds, the machine will exit the menu and return to
normal operation.
7.
Find a patch of ground free of metal, toss a coin on the ground and sweep back and forth
over it a few times to get a feel for how the machine responds.
8.
You are now ready to search.
9.
Pull and hold the trigger switch with your index finger to pinpoint the exact location of
targets, making them easier to unearth.
Saltwater Hunting
Saltwater is highly conductive, and produces a strong signal which is like that of metal.
The F75 is not specifically designed for high performance in saltwater, but can be used in this
environment.
If you desire to search in or over saltwater, the following measures will usually be sufficient to
silence the saltwater response while retaining acceptable sensitivity:
1. Set the sensitivity in both modes to less than 30.
2. Ground balance the machine manually in Motion All Metal mode.
3. Search in the Discrimination mode with a discrimination setting
higher than 25.
When the trigger is pulled, PinPoint is engaged ….
The searchcoil need not be in motion to detect an object.
The 2-digit numeric display indicates approximate target depth, in inches.
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Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Assembly
Battery Compartment
Detecting Activities (continued)
Headphone Jack
Release Clip
1. Remove all components from box.
2. Attach searchcoil to lower rod by
lining up the holes.
Push coil knob through hole
2-way
and tighten knob gently.
adjustable
You will tighten up the coil knob later.
armrest
3. Insert smallest rod into S-rod
(S-rod holds detector body).
Turn top locking collar
Hand-grip
counter-clockwise to open up.
Menu
Push in pin on small rod.
Botton
Settings
Slide small rod into upper rod.
Switch
Click pin into hole and tighten
locking collar firmly clockwise.
4. Push lower rod into small rod
as follows:
Turn locking collar
counterclockwise to open up.
If plastic insert tab interferes,
push it down, or turn tube upside down.
Push in pin to allow rod to slide in.
Slide lower rod in.
Click pin into any hole.
5. Remove velcro strip from lower rod.
6. Wrap cable around stem as follows:
Leave some slack in cable at
base of lower rod.
Secure cable at base of rod with velcro strip.
Wrap cable loosely around entire
Search
Coil Cable
stem up to bent part of upper rod.
You will re-wrap the cable later
after sizing the rods to your height.
Biaxial Searchoil
Cache Hunting
On/Off &
Volume
Switch
S-Rod
Dual-function
Trigger switch
Upper
Stem
A cache (pronounced "cash") is an accumulation of
money, jewelry, gold, or other valuables, which someone
has hidden. When people bury a cache, they usually put
it in a strongbox or in a jar. To search for a cache, you first
need a reason to believe the cache may exist. This
means doing research. Some caches have been the
subject of many stories you can read about in print, but
you need to be able to sort fact from fiction. If you can get
copies of old newspaper stories about the circumstances
surrounding the hiding of the cache, you may find
discrepancies which help you to judge the reliability of the
information available. Often the best information on an old
cache is to be learned from old timers who live in the area
where the cache is thought to be. In the case of newer
caches, often the only information is what can be obtained
from family and acquaintances of the person who is
believed to have hidden the cache.
The ownership of a cache is not always clear. Sometimes it
belongs to the person or heirs of the person who hid it,
sometimes it belongs to the owner of the property on which
it is located, and sometimes it belongs to the person who
finds it -- or some combination of the above. If the contents
of the cache were stolen, this fact can also complicate the
question of ownership. Find out what laws apply to the
cache in question, and always make sure that the issue of
ownership is resolved prior to recovering a cache.
Compared to a coin, a cache is usually large and deep. Searching in Motion All Metal mode is
recommended. However, for a really deep cache, it may be advantageous to search in STAT
mode, frequently pulling the trigger momentarily to maximize sensitivity.
Shallow Water Hunting
All Fisher Research Labs searchcoils are waterproof, allowing you to search in shallow water
about two feet deep. If searching around water, be careful not to get the electronics housing
wet. Avoid salt spray, as it will work its way into the control housing and damage the
electronics -- such damage is not covered by the warranty.
Both fresh and saltwater beaches are popular places for metal detecting. Vacationers lose
money and jewelry playing in the sand and in the water. It is usually easy to dig in a beach
environment, and metal detecting is permitted on most beaches. Occasionally you may be
able to help someone recover a piece of jewelry they have lost minutes before; this is a
gratifying experience.
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Detecting Activities (continued)
Gold Prospecting (continued)
minerals, serious gold prospecting requires a detector with high sensitivity
and true ground balanced motion all metal operation. Run the
machine with the sensitivity high enough to hear some noise
from ground minerals, and learn the language of the
sounds you hear. Headphones are recommended
unless consideration for safety (for instance
rattlesnakes) rules them out. Move the searchcoil
slowly and deliberately, carefully controlling its
height above the ground to minimize noise from
iron minerals in the soil. If you hear ground
noise, your Ground Setting could be a bit
off, so perform the ground balancing
procedure again. As you walk even a
very short distance, ground conditions
can change. The ground geology
typically associated with gold will
tend to change over very short
distances.
The Fe3O4 bar graph indicates the amount
of iron mineralization in the soil. In most gold fields,
especially alluvial (placer) deposits, gold tends to be
associated with iron minerals, especially magnetite
black sand. If you know this to be the case in the area
you're working, you can maximize your gold recovery by
concentrating your effort on areas where the bar graph
indicates higher amounts of iron mineralization.
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Assembly (continued)
7. Push cable into connector on back of housing.
Do not twist the cable or plug.
8. Tighten knurled cap nut by hand to secure cable connection to housing.
Use minimal finger pressure to start thread. Do not force threads.
Nut may not completely cover all threads when fully engaged.
9. Adjust to your height:
Hold detector, standing up, with your arm in the armrest.
Place searchcoil flat on the ground with back edge of coil 6” in front of your toes.
Click pin on lower rod into nearest hole.
Firmly tighten bottom locking collar to secure lower stem.
10. Attach cable to top of rod with upper Velcro strip
11. Tighten up coil knob to keep searchcoil from flopping.
12. Insert batteries.
4 batteries are all installed the same way -- positive terminals pointed upward.
After establishing a comfortable length, firmly tighten the locking collars on the rods
to prevent the tubes from rattling. Rotate the collars a full 270° to engage and lock in
place. If you are unable to rotate a full 270°, use gloves for a better grip.
If the searchcoil appears crooked with respect to the pole, loosen both locking collars
and re-adjust. Hold each of the lower poles in the counterclockwise position as you
tighten the locking collars.
Gold prospectors are mostly a friendly bunch, and willing to
spend some time showing a beginner how to increase his
odds of finding the yellow stuff. Many will invite you to search
on their claims (if they have any) once they get to know you.
In some gold areas, a lot of the terrain is under claim, so you need
to learn how to recognize posted claims and stay off of them unless you have the claim
owner's permission. Prospecting clubs such as the GPAA often own claims which are open to
their members, and sponsor group outings to good
gold areas.
It’s a thrilling experience to dig into the ground and pull out a precious piece of yellow metal
that you are the first person on earth to see. If you love being outdoors, have patience, and
can stay motivated by the prospect of finding that next nugget, then beeping for gold may be
the hobby for you. While only a few get rich prospecting, if you are not among them, think of it
as outdoor recreation where your finds defray the expense of having fun!
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Mechanicals
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Detecting Activities (continued)
Relic Hunting (continued)
BATTERIES (not included)
or documentation, their context will be lost.
The F75 requires four AA batteries.
These non-rechargeable chemistries may be used: Alkaline, Nickel Oxy-Hydroxide
(Panasonic Oxyride or Duracel PowerPix), and lithium iron disulfide (Energizer L91).
Nickel metal hydride and nickel-cadmium rechargeable chemistries may also be used.
Zinc-carbon and so-called “heavy duty” batteries may not work, especially in cold weather.
Do not use these batteries.
DO NOT MIX OLD AND NEW BATTERIES
Expect 40 hours of service in the field with one set of alkaline batteries.
Rechargeable batteries will usually deliver over 25 hours of service without recharging, but
when they start running low, they die suddenly with little warning.
Always install batteries which are of the same type and the same state of charge. Otherwise
battery life will be determined by the weakest battery, because the good batteries cannot
deliver their power with a dead battery blocking the current.
All 4 batteries are installed with the positive terminals facing upward.
IMPORTANT: To avoid stressing the battery spring connection, install the batteries using this technique:
1. Position the bottom (negative) side of the battery on top of the spring.
2. Do not install the top of the battery into the compartment yet.
3. Push down on the battery to compress the spring.
4. With the spring compressed a bit, then tip the battery upright and push back into the compartment.
1
2
RIGHT WAY
8
WRONG WAY
The ground balancing and Fe3O4 bar graph features of the F75 can be used to map the soils
of a site. In this way you might determine which areas have been dug, backfilled, or subjected
to fire. This information in turn helps to reveal the history of the site.
To find promising sites to hunt, conduct research at your local library, look for clues in old
newspapers, and seek information on the internet. Where did buildings used to be? Which
have since been torn down? Where did people gather for public events like dances and
county fairs? Where did train and stage lines run? Where were the swimming holes? In
almost every town there is a historical society and museum of local history. Most museums
are grateful for anything they can put on display, and when you dig something you cannot
identify, the curator can often identify it for you. If you work closely with the local historical
society or museum, landowners will be more willing to grant you permission to search their
property.
Some of the most promising sites for relic hunting are places being cleared for development.
After the site is built on, whatever is in the ground will become inaccessible. The property
owner can often be persuaded that the site should be searched immediately while it is still
searchable.
Gold Prospecting
In the United States, gold is found in many places in the western states, Alaska, and in a few
localities in the Appalachians. The old saying "Gold is where you find it", means that to find
gold, you should look in areas where the yellow metal is known to be present.
Hillsides are the best areas for gold prospecting using a metal detector, because hillsides
cannot be cleaned out by panning and dredging the way streams can. Also, gold on hillsides,
not far from its source vein, tends to be larger, and hence more readily detected, than alluvial
(placer) gold which tends to get pounded to pieces and worn away as it rolls along the
streambed with gravel during floods. Gold is valuable because it is a scarce commodity. Even
in a good gold producing area, you will often spend an entire day without finding any gold.
Meanwhile you will dig bits and pieces of other metal-- birdshot, shells and bullets from
hunting and target practice, bits of rusted barbed wire, chips off shovels and other mining
tools, rusted tin cans, etc. Hot rocks -- rocks containing concentrations of iron oxides that
sound like metal when you pass over them -- are also a nuisance in many gold areas.
Discrimination is usually ineffective because the loss of sensitivity resulting from discrimination
is enough to cause those little nuggets to vanish. If you have gone many hours without finding
gold and are wondering if there is something wrong with your metal detector or how you are
using it, the most important clue is this: if you are digging tiny pieces of trash metal, then if
gold were present you would have found small gold pieces too!
Because most gold nuggets are tiny, and are usually found in soil which is high in iron oxide
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Detecting Activities (continued)
Relic Hunting
Relic hunting is searching for historical artifacts. The most common
desired objects are battlefield debris, coins, jewelry, harness hardware,
metal buttons, trade tokens, metal toys, household items, and tools
used by workmen and trades people. The most common unwanted
metal is iron (nails, fence wire, rusted cans, etc.), but some iron and
steel objects such as weapons may be valuable. If you are at a
site where you may encounter unexploded ordinance, use
caution.
Most relic hunting locations are in fields, forested areas and
vacant lots where digging holes will not damage turf grass, so
having a detector with good depth sensitivity is important.
Some places are so littered with iron that it is necessary to
discriminate out iron in order to be able to search, even though
you may miss some potentially valuable artifacts.
Before you go relic hunting, obtain permission from the property
owner. If you intend to hunt on public land, check first with the
administrator to make sure it's not illegal. Certain kinds of sites, on
both public and private land, are protected by law from relic hunting. If
there is a metal detecting club in your area, some of the members will
probably know what the laws are in that area and which sites are, and
are not, off limits.
Relic hunting is most rewarding if you have an avid interest in history. In
many cases, the value of a relic is not the object itself, but the story
it's a part of -- what historians call context and archeologists call
provenance. A few pieces of rusty metal can tell the story of life
in a specific place, or that of a specific family or person from
hundreds of years ago. They can capture our imagination and
help to give context to our lives today.
The value and context of a find can be readily lost without proper
documentation and storage. Add finds to your collection with care.
Take the trouble to understand the site you are searching and keep
track of where you find things. Describe exactly how and where
items where found. Consider including a sketch of the site with your
finds. Organization techniques might include storing together all
finds from the same site. Alternatively, if you have an interest in
specific items, like buttons, make a button collection, and within
that collection, document the circumstances surrounding each
button found. If your finds are mixed together, without categorization
40
Mechanicals (continued)
The LCD screen shows battery condition on
the right.
ARMREST
The armrest WIDTH and POSITION are both
adjustable.
Armrest Width: The sides of the armrest can
be bent inward and outward.
To best stabilize the detector to your arm
and body movement, squeeze the sides
of the armrest around your forearm. For a
very secure fit, some users prefer to bend
the armrest in tightly against the forearm
such that you pry the sides loose each
time you place your arm into the armrest.
Adjust the armrest in or out accordingly
Armrest Position on Pole: Remove the two
bolts to position the armrest farther forward
or back, to adapt to your arm’s length.
-- To reinsert the bolts, spin and twist
them into place. Be careful not to
damage the power cable that runs
through the aluminum tube.
Adjust the armrest forward or back, to adapt
-- Insert both bolts completely through
to your arm’s length.
both sides of the bracket
before attaching the nut to the opposite
side.
-- After reinserting the bolts, tighten them very securely. You may need to use gloves for a
firm grip. As you swing the detector from side-to-side, you want the bolts tight enough
so that you do not feel any movement between the pole and armrest mounting bracket.
If you notice unwanted movement while swinging detector, check the tightness of the
locking collars. The locking collars must be rotated a full 270° to reach the locking position.
HEADPHONES (not included)
The F75 is equipped with a standard 1/4-inch stereo headphone jack at the rear of the unit,
located under the elbow as you hold the detector for use. Any headphone with a stereo plug
should work; headphones with a mono plug will not work.
Using headphones (not supplied) improves battery life, and prevents the sounds from
annoying bystanders. It also allows you to hear subtle changes in the sound more clearly,
particularly if searching in a noisy location. For safety reasons, do not use headphones near
traffic or where other dangers, like rattlesnakes, are present.
This device is to be used with interconnecting cables/headphone cables shorter than three meters.
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Introduction to the Fisher F 75
Detecting Activities
HIGH PERFORMANCE The F75 is a multi-purpose high-performance computerized metal
detector. It has the high sensitivity and ground balancing control needed for professional
gold prospecting, the discrimination responsiveness needed for serious relic hunting
under difficult conditions, and visual target ID considered essential in searching for coins.
The F75 operates at 13 kHz for good sensitivity to gold nuggets and jewelry as well as to
coins. The F75 comes with an 11-inch elliptical Bi-Axial searchcoil for maximum
detection depth in mineralized soils.
Coinshooting
USER COMFORT The F75 is among the lightest and best balanced of all high-performance
metal detectors, so you can hold and swing it almost effortlessly. The armrest position is
adjustable to fit your arm. The grip is durable high-friction foam elastomer, comfortable in
any kind of weather. The controls are conveniently located and easy to learn how to use.
Locking collars on the tubes eliminate rattling.
EASY-TO-USE & INFORMATIVE INTERFACE The entire menu is always visible on the
LCD display. The LCD display indicates the electrical signature (target I.D.) of the
detected metal object. The display provides continuous information on battery condition
and on ground mineralization, which affects detection depth. Help messages are
automatically displayed on the bottom of the display when necessary.
LOW OPERATING COST The F75 is powered by four AA alkaline batteries, which will
typically last for more than 40 hours of use before needing replacement.
DESIGNED BY MANY OF THE INDUSTRY’S MOST TALENTED ENGINEERS
The lead engineers on the F75 design team were John Gardiner and David Johnson.
David Johnson’s previous Fisher design credits include the CZ-platform, the Gold Bugseries, most of the 1200-series, Impulse Underwater Detector, CZ-20 Underwater
Detector, FX3 magnetometer, the Gemini 2-box locator, the XLT-16 Acoustical Leak
Detector, and the XLG-80 Ultrasonic Leak Detector. John and David were supported by
fellow electrical engineers Jorge Corral, and Mark Krieger. The mechanical design was a
collaboration among David Johnson, Brad Fulghum, John Griffin, and Tom Walsh.
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
While the F75 is robustly engineered for outdoor use, it is not indestructible and it is not
waterproof.
RESET function
The F75’s microprocessor saves all settings which you input, even after the power is
turned off.
If you wish to reset the settings to the factory preset, follow this process:
1. Turn detector off.
2. Press-and-hold the red MENU button and
push-forward-and-hold the TOGGLE SWITCH.
3. Turn the detector on, while you are still holding the controls.
4. Release the MENU button and TOGGLE SWITCH.
5. See the F symbol. When the F disappears, the detector is reset.
10
Coinshooting is searching for coins, usually in places like parks, schoolyards, church
lawns, and people's yards. In most places where coins are likely to be found, there
is also a lot of aluminum trash like pull-tabs and bottle caps, as well as steel
bottle caps and often nails. Sometimes there is jewelry present. You will
usually search using discrimination to get rid of the iron and the
aluminum trash, even though this mode will cause you to miss some of
the jewelry.
Much coinshooting is done in lawn areas, where digging holes
would cause damage to the grass. We recommend use of an
accessory hand-held pinpointer in such cases. Recovering targets is
usually done by first accurately pinpointing the target, then carefully cutting
a slit in the turf with a knife, and tamping it firmly when you are finished. In
these situations, you cannot recover deep targets for fear of damaging the
turf, so you can cut down on nuisance signals by reducing the sensitivity.
When searching on private property, first get the permission of
the property owner. Most of the public places where one is
likely to do coinshooting are city, county, or school district
property. There is usually no ordinance prohibiting use of
a metal detector as long as you are not causing damage.
Sometimes such ordinances do exist. Administrators and
security personnel often have the legal authority to
prohibit any activity they do not like even if there is no
ordinance against it. If there is a metal detecting club in your
area, someone will usually know what areas can and cannot
be searched. If you are ever in doubt about hunting an
area, then ask before hunting.
Be prepared to always put your best foot forward
when using a metal detector in a public place. Pick
up any trash you recover; put it in a pouch or pocketed
apron. This way you can explain that you are performing
a public service by helping keep the place free of trash,
especially pieces of metal or glass that could endanger a child at
play. Be proficient at recovering targets without causing
damage to the lawn. Explain that whenever you find jewelry
which has personal identification marks, such as a class
ring, you make an attempt to determine the owner and to
return it. When someone who questions what you are
doing understands that you are causing no damage and are
actually performing a public service, you will usually be
welcome.
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Search Techniques (continued)
Controls
Tips on ground balancing
DUAL FUNCTION
MENU BUTTON
When the F75 first turns on, the ground balance setting is preset to 90. This will give a
positive response on nearly all soils. If you search in the Discrimination mode, you will
probably not have to balance to the ground. If you switch to All Metal mode, ground balancing
will probably be necessary.
You must find a spot of ground which is free of metal to accurately balance to the ground.
Before you attempt to Ground Balance, sweep back and forth to see if any metal target is
present. Locate what seems to be a clear area and then Ground Balance. Ground Balancing
may be done automatically by pushing the trigger, or manually if you are in All Metal mode.
After you have ground balanced, sweep back and forth to see if there is little or no audible
response to the soil. This is best done either in All Metal mode, or in Discrimination mode with
discrimination set to zero. Alternatively, use the PinPoint trigger to check the spot. If there is
little or no response, ground balancing was successful. If there is still substantial response,
there may have been metal present where you attempted to ground balance, so find another
promising spot and try again. If you cannot find a spot to successfully ground balance, it is
time to give up. Reset the ground setting to 90 and then use the machine without ground
balancing.
Menu
Access
Toggle From
bP or CL Process
Settings
Knob
Dual-function
Trigger switch
In most areas, once you have ground balanced, the ground balance setting will remain
satisfactory for a long time. However, if the soil has been disturbed by digging or the addition
of fill dirt, or if you are in a geologically complex setting such as is commonly encountered in
gold prospecting areas, you may have to frequently perform the ground balancing procedure
to accommodate changing soil conditions.
When you ground balance, the numerical Ground Setting will momentarily appear on the LCD
screen. In general, sandy or gravelly soils will tend to read in the 75-95 range, light colored
loams and clays will tend to read in the 50-80 range, and red clays will tend to read in the 3555 range. To express it in other terms, the more highly weathered, oxidized, or finely grained
the soil is, the lower the numeric reading will be.
On/Off &
Volume
Switch
The Fe3O4 bar graph indicates how much iron mineralization is present. For it to work, the
searchcoil must remain in motion. The most accurate readings will be achieved by pumping
the coil as you do when ground balancing. The higher the mineralization, the greater the
necessity to ground balance the detector for the best depth performance.
If you are searching for relics, you can make a map of the soil of the site. Make a grid of the
site. Then collect data. Ground Balance to document mineral type; view mineral amount on
the Fe3O4 bar graph. Then plot the data on the site map and draw isolines. In this way you
may be able to locate areas which have been dug, backfilled, or subjected to fire. This
information in turn helps to reveal the history of the site.
38
ON-OFF & VOLUME Knob (Under the elbow)
This knob turns the machine on or off, and controls speaker volume and headphone volume.
Knob position has no effect on detector’s sensitivity or susceptibility to noise from electrical
interference
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Controls (continued)
The F75 has two controls on the front panel, MENU and SETTINGS.
MENU Pushbutton (Red button on right of the front panel)
Push the MENU button to:
1. Step through the menu selections on the display.
With each push of the button, the next menu selection will be highlighted.
The SETTINGS knob then allows you to change values for the highlighted selection.
2. Recall the last setting which you adjusted.
After you have adjusted a setting, an indicator will remain highlighted next to this menu
selection. One push of the button will recall that selection and display the stored value.
This recall function is useful for a value you want to adjust frequently, such as the
ground balance setting. In order to adjust a stored value with the SETTINGS knob, you
must first press the MENU button to reactive the user interface.
3. Press-and-Hold the MENU button to temporarily switch to the dE (default) process,
only when operating in the bP or CL process.
The dE process will only be engaged while the button is depressed.
Releasing the button will return you to the process you were operating in.
When using any processes other than bP or CL, pressing-and-holding the
button will have no effect.
SETTINGS Knob (On the left of the front panel)
Rotate the SETTINGS knob to:
1. Change the setting (or value) of the highlighted menu selection you have chosen.
2. Select the operating MODE when the top line of the menu is highlighted.
When used to switch back and forth between the DISCRIMINATION mode and ALL METAL
modes, the detector changes modes as soon as the corresponding selection is highlighted.
The All Metal modes are used to detect all metal objects, including small or deep objects.
Use the Discrimination mode to ignore trash metal such as nails, foil, or pull-tabs.
NOTE: When the menu selection highlight disappears, the SETTINGS knob is deactivated.
If settings values do not change when the SETTINGS knob is rotated, press the MENU button
to reactivate the user interface.
TRIGGER SWITCH (Under the display in front of your hand)
While the trigger is pulled back, metal objects are temporarily detected without the need for
searchcoil motion. This aids in pinpointing the exact location of objects which were found
while searching in the Discrimination or motion All Metal modes.
When in static all metals mode, pulling the trigger zeroes the audio threshold to the signal
level currently preset. If the searchoil is up in the air away from metal, this maneuver corrects
for threshold drift due to temperature changes.
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Search Techniques (continued)
HOT ROCKS
A hot rock is a rock which causes the metal detector to sound off because the rock contains
iron minerals. They come in two basic types.
Negative hot rocks (also called cold rocks) are usually magnetite or contain magnetite,
and give a negative response because their ground balance value is a higher number
than the soil they are found in. They tend to be dark in color, usually black, and usually
heavy. In some cases they will have rust stains. They are usually attracted to a magnet,
and for this reason gold prospectors always carry a magnet—the ultimate
ferrous/nonferrous discriminator. In Motion All Metal mode, negative hot rocks produce a
boing sound rather than the zip sound of a metallic target; recognize the difference and
you will learn to ignore them.
Positive hot rocks are iron-bearing rocks which have been oxidized by natural weathering
processes so that their Ground Balance number is a number lower than the soil they are
found in. They are often small, right on the surface, sound just like a gold nugget, and
are common in many gold prospecting areas. They are usually, but not always, drawn to
a magnet. They are most often reddish in color but are often black, brown, or yellow. On
relic hunting sites, red clay bricks and rocks which have lined a fireplace or a campfire
will often be hot rocks. The discriminator will usually eliminate them without difficulty if
widely scattered, but if there is a large concentration of them, the discriminator may not
quiet them all. In that case, you can revert to the rule of thumb -- “don’t dig nonrepeatable signals”.
Using the sensitivity control
When the F75 is first turned on, the Sensitivity is at a medium setting appropriate for most
coinshooting. For relic hunting or gold prospecting, higher Sensitivity settings are usually
preferred.
In the event of detection of electrical interference from electrical power lines, electrical or
electronic appliances, or another metal detector, it is usually necessary to reduce the
Sensitivity setting to achieve quiet operation. Alternatively, use the Frequency Shift feature
described earlier in this manual.
If, while searching, you are constantly getting signals from which you cannot recover metal
targets, you may be detecting small or deep targets which are not recoverable using the
methods at hand. So, you may do better if you reduce the Sensitivity setting.
When the trigger is pushed forward, FASTGRAB automatic ground balancing is activated. The
internal computer measures the magnetic properties of the soil in order to cancel interference
from naturally-occurring minerals in the ground. After the detector measures the soil in this
manner, the detector then uses this information to control operation in both the All Metal and
Discrimination search modes. FASTGRAB can be used at any time during operation.
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Search Techniques (continued)
The Menu System
NUISANCE BURIED OBJECTS
In some areas there is a lot of metallic trash which produces weak signals. These could
include deeply buried objects, little bits and pieces of rusty iron and corroded foil. These items
can be detected, but are difficult to pinpoint due to their depth and small size. When you dig
and find nothing, it may seem like the machine is beeping at nothing even though there is
actually something there. The best solution is usually to reduce sensitivity.
The entire menu is printed on the LCD display. The display highlights the mode and settings
which are in use.
If searching a very trashy area and unwanted signals are a problem, search with the
searchcoil 2 inches away from the ground. Trash objects very close to the searchcoil will
sometimes not be completely eliminated, even when the discrimination setting should have
eliminated the target.
Metal detectors are designed to see one metal object at a time. Where there are two iron
objects near each other, the detector can be fooled into thinking that the gap between them is
nonferrous metal. This is a common condition where a wooden building has burned or been
torn down, and the site is littered with nails. A signal from a nonferrous metal object such as a
coin will usually be repeatable, whereas a false positive signal resulting from multiple or oddly
shaped iron objects will seem to wander around and even to vanish. Experienced detectorists
call these non-repeating signals and usually do not bother digging them since nonrepeating
signals are almost always trash.
GROUND MINERALS
Conductive mineral salts usually produce broad signals which will not be mistaken for a
metallic object. Common causes are concentrations of mineral fertilizer, spots where
evaporation has concentrated naturally occurring mineral salts, residue from de-icing salts,
and urine from livestock. Unless dry, “cow pies” can sound off like they are metal. Ocean
beaches have saltwater—that subject is discussed toward the end of the manual.
In spots where there has been intense fire, such as a campfire site or where a stump was
burned during land clearing, the soil minerals may be altered by oxidation so that their ground
balance setting is lower than that of the surrounding soil. In such cases, search slowly and
change the G.B. setting as frequently as necessary.
In some areas, electrically conductive industrial minerals such as fuel coke, slag, clinkers (left
over from burning mineral fuels), or charcoal have been dumped or used as landfill. Individual
lumps of these materials can usually be quieted by reducing sensitivity and searching with a
discrimination level of at least 25. However, where the ground consists primarily of such
materials, you may not be able to search quietly. In that case, do not dig unless a signal is
crisp and repeatable.
Electrically conductive natural minerals such as graphite, graphitic slate, or sulfide ore
minerals are rarely encountered except when gold prospecting. When gold prospecting, you
need to be able to hear everything, and you can expect to dig conductive minerals that turn
out not to be gold. In a given locality you may learn to recognize what type of rocks these
minerals are found in, and to ignore them if people in the area say that gold is not found in
rocks of that type.
36
There are three search modes: Static All Metals, Motion All Metals, and Discrimination. To
change between an All Metals mode and Discrimination mode, the top line of the menu system
must be highlighted. Press the MENU button until the top line of the menu is highlighted.
When either All Metal or Discrimination is highlighted, rotate the SETTINGS knob to move
between the two categories.
Each search mode has several adjustable function settings:
ALL METAL: Threshold (not adjustable in stat mode), Audio Pitch, Sensitivity, and
Manual Ground Balance
DISCRIMINATION: Sensitivity, Discrimination Level, Notch, Number of Tones, and
Process Number.
To select a function, push the MENU button and continue pushing in order to move to the
function you want. The word SETTING will pop up in the middle of the display, and the
present setting of that function will be displayed as a number.
To change a setting, rotate the knob.
To increase a value, rotate to the right (clockwise)
To decrease a value, rotate to the left (counterclockwise)
If you select a function and
do not make a change to
that function after 7
seconds, the detector will
exit the menu system
automatically, deactivate
the SETTINGS knob, and
resume normal operation.
If you press the MENU
button while the machine is
in normal operation, the
user interface will return to
the last menu feature
setting. This feature allows
you to have quick access to
a function that you want to
adjust frequently.
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Ground Balancing
Search Techniques (continued)
What is Ground Balancing?
All soils contain minerals. Signals from ground minerals are often tens or hundreds of times
as strong as the signal from a buried metal object. The magnetism of iron minerals, found in
nearly all soils, causes one type of interfering signal. Dissolved mineral salts, found in some
soils, are electrically conductive, causing another type of interfering signal.
Estimating Target I.D.
Ground Balancing is the process by which the metal detector cancels the unwanted ground
signals while leaving signals from buried metal objects intact. This is accomplished by
establishing the detector’s internal Ground Balance setting; this setting is calibrated to the soil
and eliminates the signal produced by ground minerals.
Most metal detectors have difficulty properly identifying steel bottle caps, and the F75 is no
exception. Steel bottle caps will often read in the coin range, at the high end of the scale.
The ID number you receive from a buried coin will usually be consistent regardless of sweep
speed or angle. The readings from a steel bottle cap will tend to bounce around a lot more,
especially with variations in sweep speed or angle. By paying attention and taking this into
account, you can minimize the number of bottle caps you dig.
Calibration to the actual soil condition will result in deeper target detection and quieter
operation. This calibration, or Ground Balancing, can be accomplished
automatically with the detector’s internal computer, by pushing the
Trigger Switch forward, or manually in the All Metal menu.
The ground balance setting carries through into all operating modes.
In Discrimination mode, the ground signal is generally inaudible unless
the discrimination setting is 0.
AUTOMATIC GROUND BALANCING PROCEDURE
(FASTGRAB™)
1. Find a spot of ground where there is no metal present.
2. Hold the detector with the searchcoil about one foot
above the ground.
3. Push the TRIGGER SWITCH forward with your index finger.
4. Physically pump the searchcoil and detector up and
down over the ground.
Lift it about 6 inches above the ground and
lower it to within 1 inch of the ground, about
once or twice a second.
5. A 2-digit value will appear on the display. This is
the Ground Balance setting.
If the detector’s internal computer is unable to ground
balance, an error message will appear:
• If the message OVERLOAD RAISE COIL – CAN’T
GB appears, you will also hear a siren sound.
You are probably over metal.
• If the message CAN’T GB appears,
you may not be pumping the coil, or
you may be over a small
piece of metal.
14
With a single sweep over a target, you will usually see a 2-digit target ID displayed on the LCD.
Repeated sweeps back and forth over the target may cause the 2-digit target ID values to change
with each sweep of the coil; this may seem inconsistent with your discrimination setting. These
variations and inconsistencies provide important clues regarding the identity of the buried object.
The information provided by the Visual Target ID may be different than the detector’s Audio
Feedback because the visual and audio systems are independent of one another. The internal
signals and algorithms controlling the Visual and Audio output are different. Therefore what
you hear, or do not hear, provides additional information regarding target ID. For instance, if
discrimination is set at 12, and most sweeps result in no visual target ID, the target is most likely
iron even though the majority of the ID numbers will be greater than 12.
The F75 has a tendency to up-average nonferrous targets in the proximity of iron, indicating ID
numbers higher than would be obtained in an air test. This tendency is connected with the
F75’s enhanced see-through ability – that is, the ability to find valuable targets in an area
where there is a lot of iron trash.
False Signals and Chatter
At times the detector may beep when there is nothing there, or it may seem like there is
nothing there. There are five major causes for this: electrical interference, nuisance buried
objects, ground minerals, hot rocks, and sensitivity set so high that internal circuit noise is
audible. The problem can usually be corrected by reducing the sensitivity setting, but
sometimes other measures can also be taken.
Note: FASTGRAB will
not automatically
balance over highly
conductive soils, such as
a wet saltwater beach.
ELECTRICAL INTERFERENCE
Electrical Interference can be caused by power lines, appliances, computer equipment, cell phones,
fluorescent and vapor type lamps, household light dimmers, other nearby metal detectors, electric
fences, radio transmitters, and electrical storms. If you get abnormal noise while holding the
searchcoil motionless in the air, the cause is either electrical interference or internal circuit noise. If
it is electrical interference, by walking around with the metal detector, you can often follow the
signal and track it back to the offending device; simply turn the device off, or come back at another
time when it may be off. If the interference is from power lines, you might try another time of day.
Interference on power lines is usually caused by something connected to them which may be idle
in the evenings or on weekends. If the interference is from a communications or broadcast
transmitting antenna, reducing the sensitivity is usually your only recourse.
The F75 allows you to shift operating frequencies to avoid electrical interference. See the
Frequency Shifting section for information about this technique.
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Search Techniques (continued)
Position the searchcoil an inch or two (2.5-5cm) above the ground, and to the side of the
target. Then pull the trigger. Now move the searchcoil slowly across the target, and the sound
will indicate the target’s location. As you sweep from side to side, and hear no sound at the
ends of the sweep, the target is located in the middle of that zone, where the sound is loudest
and the audio pitch is highest. If the sound is loud over a wide area, the buried object is large.
Use the PinPoint feature to trace an outline of such large objects.
Estimating Target SIZE, DEPTH, and SHAPE
When the trigger is pulled to activate Pinpoint, the LCD displays estimated depth. The
estimate is based on the presumption that it is a coin-sized target.
But what if it is not a coin-sized target? The most common example is that of an aluminum can.
Flattened aluminum cans are usually identified as quarters. Their large size will produce a
strong signal, tricking the microcomputer into thinking that it is a shallow coin.
The following explains techniques for differentiating buried aluminum cans from coins. Sweep
back and forth to get a feel for the target, keeping the searchcoil close to the ground. Now,
continue to sweep back and forth as you slowly raise the searchcoil higher and higher. If the
response diminishes quickly and never gets very broad, the target is probably a coin. If the
response diminishes slowly as you lift the searchcoil, and you get a broad response, the target
is probably an aluminum can. If you practice this by laying a coin and a flattened aluminum
can on the ground, you will quickly understand how to differentiate the two and you will
probably never have to dig another aluminum can. And, you will know whether it was deep or
shallow. This technique works well in the All Metal modes, and to a lesser extent in
Discrimination mode.
Objects which are ring-shaped, or flat and round like coins, tend to give a narrower, crisper
response than objects of similar size with irregular shapes. The easiest way to demonstrate
this is with an aluminum screwcap from a soda bottle. In its normal shape, it occupies a
volume, and gives a somewhat broader response than that of a coin. But if you flatten it, the
response will be crisper and more like that of a coin. Again, these differences are most readily
noticed in the All Metal modes.
Long skinny iron or steel objects such as nails usually produce a double response when
scanned lengthwise, and a weaker single response when scanned crossways. This is most
noticeable in the Motion All Metal mode. However, a coin lying on its edge can produce a
similar response, so rely on both the target ID as well as target feel to distinguish between
different kinds of objects. Objects within 2 to 3 inches of the searchcoil will often produce
multiple responses as you sweep across them, because the response field close to the
searchcoil is irregular.
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Ground Balancing (continued)
MANUAL GROUND BALANCING
In most situations, it is preferable to push the trigger switch to activate FASTGRAB automatic
ground balancing. Generally, it is best to first let the computer automatically cancel
interference from ground minerals. However, for gold prospecting, searching on a wet
saltwater beach, or searching in an area with so much metal trash that there is no clean
ground for the computer to sample, we recommended that you manually ground balance.
Manual ground balancing requires a bit of skill, acquired with some practice.
The range of ground balance settings indicated on the display range from 0 to 99; however,
each displayed number spans 5 detent steps on the settings knob. The actual internal ground
balance settings change with each step; there are a total of 500 different settings. Under some
ground conditions you may be able to hear the individual steps in the setting.
The Fe3O4 bar graph on the LCD display indicates the amount of magnetic mineralization. The
searchcoil must be in motion to measure Fe3O4. The most accurate measurement is obtained
by pumping the searchcoil, as in the Ground Balancing procedure.
The two-digit G.B. Setting number displayed on the LCD indicates the type of ground
mineralization.
Some typical ground mineralization types are:
0 – 10
Wet salt and alkali
5 – 25
Metallic iron. Very few soils in this range. You are probably over metal.
26–39
Very few soils in this range -- occasionally some saltwater beaches
40–75
Red, yellow, and brown iron-bearing clay minerals
75–95
Magnetite and other black iron minerals
When manually ground balancing, try to “feel out” a spot on GC
the PHASE
ground 90
to make sure there is
no metal present. In order to avoid locking onto metal, the computer will not balance to
ground where the GB setting is less than 40. Where the ground reads less than 40, manual
ground balancing is required.
G.H. PHASE
To perform the Manual Ground Balancing
operation, do the following:
1. Select the MANUAL G.B. function
The legend G.B. SETTING appears.
The present ground balance setting
is displayed (0-99).
The message PUMP COIL TO G.B.
will appear.
2. Physically pump the searchcoil and
detector up and down over the ground.
Lift it about 6 inches above the
ground and lower it to within 1 inch
of the ground, about once or twice a
second.
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Ground Balancing (continued)
3. Turn the SETTINGS KNOB to adjust the setting.
The goal is to eliminate the sound as the coil is being pumped over the ground. In
some soils, the sound is not completely eliminated.
If the ground balance adjustment is incorrect, there will be a difference in the sound as the
searchcoil is either moving toward or away from the ground. It sounds like you are either
pulling the sound out of the ground, or pushing the sound into the ground.
• If the sound is louder as you raise the searchcoil, increase the ground balance setting.
• If the sound is louder as you lower the searchcoil, reduce the ground balance setting.
NOTE: Experienced users often prefer to adjust the ground balance to get a weak but audible
response when lowering the searchcoil. This is called adjusting for positive response.
Positive and Negative Response
The purpose of ground balancing is to adjust the metal detector to ignore ground minerals. If
the setting is incorrect, ground minerals will give either a positive or a negative response,
depending on which direction the adjustment is off.
POSITIVE RESPONSE
If the G.B. setting is too high a number, the response of minerals will be positive. This means
that when the searchcoil is lowered to the ground in PinPoint, Stat, or Motion All Metals mode,
the sound will get louder as the searchcoil approaches the ground. The sound will grow
quieter as the searchcoil is raised. What, if anything, you will hear in discrimination mode
depends on the discrimination setting.
When searching in an All Metals mode, if ground balance is properly set to cancel the ground,
and you sweep over a positive hot rock, the rock will give a “zip” sound similar to that of a
metal object.
NEGATIVE RESPONSE
If the G.B. setting is too low a number, the response of minerals will be negative. When the
searchcoil is lowered to the ground in PinPoint, Stat, or Motion All Metals mode, the machine
will be silent. The machine will sound off as the searchcoil is lifted away from the ground.
What, if anything, you hear in discrimination mode depends on the discrimination setting.
When searching in Motion All Metals mode, a negative hot rock will produce a “boing” sound
after passing over it, making it difficult to know where it is located. It will not have the sound
and “feel” of a metal object.
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Search Techniques (continued)
The F75’s other processes have a reputation for lightning-fast response over targets, with the
result that the duration of the sound over a good target can be very short, especially in a
trashy area. The Boost process lengthens the duration of the target’s sound. Many users will
find this audio feedback less fatiguing; the Boost process makes it easier to listen through the
trash clutter to hear good targets. Whereas in Default process slowing your sweep speed
leads to a loss of sensitivity, the Boost and Cache Locating processes allow you to sweep
slower, without a loss of sensitivity
The Cache Locating process is primarily for locating large, deep objects while searching with
the searchcoil several inches off the surface of the ground. It is free of the gradual threshold
drift which can occur in the Static All Metals Mode. In general, its response is too slow for
ordinary relic hunting or coinshooting. But if you prefer a very slow sweep speed (for instance,
if you are accustomed to using the older technology of heavy and sluggish competitive
detectors) you can still achieve good results.
In areas which have been pounded to death and were seemingly hunted out, even by the
predecessor version of the Fisher F75, the Boost process can make such sites productive
again. By detecting targets which were just out of reach of other machines, or by lengthening
the duration of good sounds that were too hard to hear amid trash sounds, old sites are again
productive. If a site has been especially productive in the past, you may want to revisit it
using the Cache Locating process and utilize a very slow sweep.
Most of the foregoing techniques apply both to the Discrimination Mode where the process is
selected, and to the corresponding Motion All Metals Mode, whose response characteristics
are also modified when the Boost and Cache Locating processes are selected.
While searching in bP or CL process, you may also want to periodically toggle back to dE
process. Press-and-Hold the MENU button to temporarily engage the dE process. For users
familiar with the F75 default process, this can serve as a target check. Under some
conditions, the default process may identify targets more accurately. Targets yielding a
marginal response in one process may sound different in another process. If you are new to
the F75, toggling back to default process from bP or CL can serve as a learning tool to
understand the different response characteristics of the different processes.
Pinpointing With the Trigger Switch
When you turn the F75 on, the ground balance setting is preset to give a positive response on
nearly all soils. This means that if you are pulling the pinpoint trigger, the audio tone will get
louder as you lower the searchcoil to the ground. But you do not want to hear the ground; you
just want to hear the target. So always Ground Balance first.
After you have discovered a buried metal target using the ALL METAL or DISCRIMINATION
Modes, use the trigger switch to pinpoint its exact location.
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Search Techniques
Sweeping Searchcoil (this does not
apply to Pinpointing with the trigger
switch) Keep the searchcoil in motion to
detect targets. Sweep the searchcoil
parallel to the ground; do not lift the
searchcoil at the end of the sweep.
Motion All Metal Mode
RIGHT
When you have located a target and
continue sweeping back and forth for
verification, use broad, deliberate sweeps
across the target for the most accurate
target ID. Do not use short sweeps as
you might with other metal detectors.
WRONG
Shallow Targets
Shallow targets tend to give multiple
responses, with the last response being
the one that remains illuminated on the
visual display. This last response is
usually sampled at the edge of the searchcoil and will tend to be inaccurate. If you suspect a
shallow target (within 2 to 3 inches of the searchcoil), lift the searchcoil slightly, and slow down
your sweep speed until you notice a single response consistently in the same place.
Large shallow targets can cause signal overload, indicated by the siren sound. In these
instances, raise the searchcoil until the overload warning disappears, and sweep at this
increased height.
Large Targets
If an overload warning is not confined to a small spot, you are probably overloading on a large
object, for example, a large iron pipe, reinforcing steel in concrete, or buried sheet metal. It is
usually not possible to locate objects, such as coins, in close proximity to large masses of metal.
Using the special BOOST and CACHE LOCATING processes:
In situations where vegetation or other obstacles make it impossible to sweep the searchcoil
close to the surface of the ground, use the enhanced sensitivity of either the Boost (bP) or
Cache (CL) Locating process to punch through the extra distance to the target. Under most
such conditions, the Boost process will provide the best balance of depth and response. The
Cache Locating process will punch through even more distance to the target, but response is
noticeably slower.
In the Boost and Cache Locating processes, if you sweep fast with the searchcoil close to the
ground, you will lose some target separation. This loss is most noticeable using the Cache
Locating process. Target separation in these processes is comparable to that of the default
process, provided that you slow down your sweep.
Some users, when fatigued after hours of searching, get sloppy with their sweep technique.
The Boost process is more tolerant of sloppy sweep technique than are the other processes
and may be preferred at these times.
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Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
The Motion All Metal mode is more sensitive and offers better feel than the Discrimination
mode, and is used to find all metal objects present in the ground. The searchcoil must be in
motion for objects to be detected. This is a single filter search mode similar to the “fast
autotune”, “SAT”, or “P4” modes found in other detectors you might already be familiar with.
THRESHOLD: Adjustable from -9 to +9. For maximum ability to hear the weakest signals,
adjust this background noise level high enough so that it is barely audible while the detector is
in use in the field. To eliminate the weakest signals, adjust into the negative region, which will
allow the machine to run silently if the Sensitivity is not set too high.
The threshold level changes slightly with each detent step on the SETTINGS knob. Each
number on the numeric readout corresponds to five steps.
AUDIO PITCH This control allows you to change the range of frequencies that you hear.
Values range from -9 to 9; 0 is default. Negative numbers lower the frequency of the tone you
hear; positive numbers raise the frequency. This feature is intended to make the tone more
pleasant to your ear; choose your personal preference. Users who have suffered some
hearing loss, (including the natural loss of ability to detect high and low frequencies with age)
may find this control helpful.
SENSITIVITY This controls the signal gain, and is adjustable from 1 to 99. In the presence
of electrical interference, high ground mineralization, or variable ground mineralization,
operation will usually be too noisy (wobbly and erratic sound) if the sensitivity is set too high.
At settings above 90, the internal circuit noise of the machine will probably be audible.
The sensitivity level setting is largely a matter of personal preference. However, if you cannot
hear at least some noise, the smallest or deepest objects will not be detected.
The sensitivity system has two stages, 1-29 (low gain), and 30-99 (high gain). As you
decrease sensitivity and cross the transition from 30 to 29, you may notice that the
background noise increases. Despite this increase as you decrease sensitivity to the lower
setting, 29, the sensitivity is in fact lower under 30, and the machine is less susceptible to
overload from large targets, ground minerals, and saltwater. You may need to adjust to a
setting of 29 or less to silence electrical interference, or to prevent overload on highly
mineralized ground or in saltwater. You may also notice a shift in the ground balance setting
over difficult ground conditions as you cross this transition.
MANUAL GROUND BALANCE
Manual Ground Balance can only be performed while in an All Metal mode, but the resultant
setting will carry over if you change into Discrimination mode. See the previous section on
Ground Balancing for instructions on how to use this feature.
We suggest that you manually ground balance using only the MOTION All Metal Mode. The
result will be more accurate than when using STAT All Metal Mode.
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Static All Metal Mode
This mode is useful for finding large, deep objects, i.e. larger than a coin and deeper than 12
inches (30cm). STATIC functions similar to PinPoint but occupies a different position on the
user interface. The audio signal gets stronger as the searchcoil approaches the ground. Unlike
the other modes, the detection sound will not disappear if you stop moving the searchcoil.
The four adjustments are performed the same as with MOTION All Metal Mode, as described
on the preceding page.
THRESHOLD
The audio threshold in the STATIC mode is internally fixed and cannot be adjusted by the user.
Retuning: The audio threshold will slowly drift when searching in this mode. If you move
quickly between temperature environments, such as from shade to sun, audio threshold
may drift more rapidly until the searchcoil temperature stabilizes. When the audio
threshold drifts in this fashion, pull the trigger back momentarily to retune the detector.
You will need to retune periodically when searching in this mode.
AUDIO PITCH
Works the same as in MOTION mode; see previous page.
SENSITIVITY
Set the sensitivity high enough too hear some random background noise and/or a slight
amount of ground response. If you do not hear these noises, you will sacrifice detection depth.
If the background chatter is too annoying, or the ground noise is so high that it impedes
operation, reduce sensitivity. Such a downward adjustment in sensitivity improves depth
detection as you can now hear weak signals better.
The sensitivity system has two stages, 1-29 (low gain), and 30-99 (high gain). As you lower
sensitivity and cross the transition from 30 to 29 in STATIC mode, it may be necessary to
retune by pulling the trigger switch momentarily. You may need to adjust to a setting of 29 or
less to silence electrical interference, or to prevent overload on highly mineralized ground or in
saltwater. You may also notice a shift in the ground balance setting over difficult ground
conditions as you cross this transition.
GROUND BALANCE
Always perform the ground balance procedure before searching in STAT mode, using the
trigger or with the manual adjustment.
If you do not ground balance before searching in STAT mode, most ground will produce an
audible tone as you lower the searchcoil; the ground will “sound off.” Some soils will not
sound off, but will remain quiet with a loss of sensitivity.
DEPTH DISPLAY
To see a target’s depth, in inches, pull the toggle switch.
TARGET ID
Move coil back-and-forth over target to see visual target ID.
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Capabilities And Limitations (continued)
STEEL BOTTLE CAPS & FLAT IRON TRASH
Modern motion-type target ID metal detectors usually have difficulty consistently identifying
steel bottle caps and other flat iron trash objects. Double-D searchcoils also have a reputation
for having difficulty distinguishing steel bottle caps from coins, and for being unable to
eliminate steel bottle caps from detection. If you are searching in an area where there are
many steel bottle caps or other flat iron trash targets, minimize the amount of unnecessary
digging with the following methods:
1. SEARCH WITH THE bc (BOTTLE CAP) PROCESS using the PROCESS # feature.
This method calculates visual ID differently in order to cause steel bottle caps to read
lower on the scale, and to register less consistently. A desirable object such as a coin
will usually produce numeric values that are fairly consistent in both directions of
sweep. See PROCESS # under the DISCRIMINATION Mode section of this manual.
2. SEARCH WITH THE dP PROCESS. This method calculates visual ID differently in
order to cause steel bottle caps to ID lower on the scale and to register less
consistently. It also produces more audio clues to the character of the target.
3. LIFT THE SEARCHCOIL. Within 2 inches of a Bi-Axial searchcoil, the crossed magnetic
fields of the Double-D construction can produce anomalous responses. If the object feels
shallow (strong signal, narrow response, or multiple responses in a single sweep) and is
giving consistent high readings like a coin, raise the searchcoil 2 to 3 inches and try again.
A coin will almost always continue to give consistent readings unless it is right next to an
iron object. A steel bottle cap that is at least 3 inches away from the searchcoil will
usually produce readings that bounce around from medium to low numbers.
4. SWEEP THE REAR OF THE SEARCHCOIL OVER THE CENTER OF THE TARGET,
OR SWEEP RAPIDLY.
a. If the ID# is repeatable in the range of 68 to 72, when passing the
center of the searchcoil over the target at a normal speed, then the
target is probably a dime or copper penny.
b. If the ID# is not in the range of 68 to 72 then:
i. Sweep the back end of the searchcoil over the target. If tones
change from high to low, the target is probably a bottle cap.
ii. Sweep the center of the searchcoil rapidly across the target.
1. If tone and ID# drop, it is probably a bottle cap.
2. If a bottle cap, then the faster you sweep, the
lower the tone.
Sweep back end
5. USE THE CONFIDENCE INDICATOR
Coins will usually produce a high
confidence level, whereas steel bottle caps
and other trash will usually indicate a low or
erratic confidence, even if the ID numbers
are consistently in the range of a coin.
Confidence level is useful even if not
using the dP or 3b processes.
of searchcoil over
suspected bottle cap.
(Low Tone = Bottle Cap)
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Capabilities And Limitations (continued)
GROUND BALANCING
To achieve maximum depth in any detection mode, as well as when using the PinPoint
feature, the F75 offers the ability to cancel out ground minerals either by manual adjustment,
or automatically using the FASTGRAB feature.
If you do not perform the ground balancing operation, the Discrimination mode will usually still
work fairly well, but the ALL METAL modes will not. The Pinpoint feature can be used for
pinpointing objects at moderate depth in most soils without prior ground-balancing.
The internal computer will not cancel saltwater, so when detecting on wet ocean beaches,
ground balancing must be done manually.
DISCRIMINATION
Discrimination refers to a metal detector's ability to ignore metal objects in selected categories,
especially iron and aluminum. This makes searching much more pleasant in an area with a lot
of metal trash. The F75 offers a wide variety of discrimination features which you can select
according to the search conditions and your personal preference.
DEPTH READING
The estimated Depth Reading displayed when pulling the PinPoint toggle is based on the
strength of the signal. It is calibrated to coin-sized objects. Smaller objects will read deeper
than they actually are, and large objects will read shallower than they actually are.
AIR TESTING
There may be times when you want to test or demonstrate the metal detector without sweeping it over
the ground, for instance, if not fully assembled, or if you are indoors. To air test, place the searchcoil in
a spot where the detector is stable and more than two feet away from any large masses of metal,
including the reinforcing steel usually present in concrete. If you are wearing a wristwatch or jewelry
on your hand or arm, remove it. Then, test or demonstrate by waving metal objects over the
searchcoil; wave objects briskly, several inches over the top of, and parallel to, the searchcoil.
Ground balancing cannot be tested or demonstrated in air unless you happen to have
appropriate specimens of iron minerals available.
SWEEP SPEED
The F75 is noted for its quick response. This gives it unsurpassed ability to locate and identify
good targets surrounded by trash. It also permits the user to sweep the searchcoil quickly in
order to cover more ground with very little risk of losing targets. In general, if you are
searching an area where the desirable targets are more than 8 to 10 inches deep, a faster
sweep speed will detect to a greater depth and yield more accurate target IDs.
CHECKING A TARGET
In order to most accurately verify a detected target with most other metal detectors, users will
narrow their sweep and loiter over the top of the target. The F75 is different. The F75's quick
response and advanced signal sampling system produces the most accurate target IDs with
deliberate (shoulder width) sweeps all the way across the target, even if there are other
targets nearby. If you check targets using sweep techniques learned on some other detectors,
you run the risk of getting less accurate target IDs. You can use the confidence level indicator
to improve your technique.
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Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Discrimination Mode
The Discrimination Mode is used to eliminate trash metal objects from detection, e.g. nails,
aluminum foil, or pull-tabs. The searchcoil must be in motion for metal objects to be detected.
Discrimination incurs some loss of sensitivity to small or deep objects.
The F75 discrimination system is much improved over conventional discrimination systems,
and may function quite differently than other discriminators you may be accustomed to. In
older systems, the apparent sensitivity decreases as discrimination level increases. The F75’s
sensitivity may increase as discrimination increases, depending on the process number and
notches being used. Therefore, do not use the discriminator to control sensitivity. First set the
discrimination level and notches to establish objects to detect or eliminate; then adjust
sensitivity downward to eliminate interference, or upward to “work into the noise,” if preferred.
SENSITIVITY
This controls the signal gain, and is adjustable from 1 to 99. Unlike the All Metal modes, the
Discrimination mode is designed to operate silently. If you hear noise when there is no metal
present or when the searchcoil is not in motion, reduce the Sensitivity setting until the machine
goes quiet. NOTE: there is no interaction between the sensitivity settings of the All Metal
and Discrimination Modes.
The sensitivity system has two stages, 1-29 (low gain), and 30-99 (high gain). As you lower
sensitivity and cross the transition from 30 to 29, you may notice the background noise
increase. You may need to adjust to a setting of 29 or less to silence electrical interference, or
to prevent overload on highly mineralized ground or in saltwater. You may also notice a shift
in the ground balance setting over difficult ground conditions as you cross this transition.
DISCRIMINATION LEVEL
This is adjustable from 0 to 65, and controls the range of objects to be eliminated from
detection (discriminated out or rejected). Objects with numeric values below the selected
discrimination level will not be detected. NOTE: the numerical range that pertains to each
class of object is printed at the top of the visual display. To eliminate iron, a setting of 15 is
usually about right. A setting of 65 will eliminate aluminum trash and zinc pennies, but nickels
will also be lost, unless you notch-in nickels with the NOTCH feature.
To use DISC LEVEL
1. Highlight DISC LEVEL using the MENU button.
2. Rotate the SETTINGS knob.
As you rotate the knob, a number between 0 and 65 appears.
3. Press MENU when you reach the desired target discrimination value.
• If you do not press MENU, and let the display time-out, the last displayed value
will be stored as the discrimination value.
• All targets, up to and including the value selected, will be eliminated from
detection, unless notched-in.
5. A slash will appear over the target words being eliminated. Notice that two slashes
can appear over each word. The left slash represents the bottom half of the range; the
right slash represents the top half of the range. When you select a value within any
range, the slash will appear, even though all values within that range might not be
eliminated from detection. To recall the discrimination setting, press the MENU button
until you enter the DISC LEVEL feature.
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Discrimination Mode (continued)
NOTCH
Unlike Discrimination Level, which eliminates all targets from the left of the scale to the right,
NOTCH can eliminate and re-include targets within the scale displayed at the top of the
display. Inclusion or exclusion of target ranges is indicated with a half-crossed or crossed icon.
To demonstrate how to set a notch, follow this instruction at first use.
1. Reset all detector values to default:
a. turn detector off
b. press-and-hold red MENU button and push-forward-and-hold Toggle Switch
c. turn detector on while continuing to hold MENU and Toggle
d. release Menu and Toggle.
2. Press MENU button 4 times to move down to the NOTCH feature
-then rotate the SETTINGS knob to the right until the number 40 appears.
-then press MENU again to accept this notch value.
3. Notice that a thin line appears across the word “TAB” printed on the top of the display.
4. Press MENU again to exit the NOTCH feature.
5. Targets in the first 1/2 of the TAB range (TAB range is from 36 to 55) will be eliminated
from detection.
6. A half-slash will be permanently displayed across the top-left of the word “TAB.”
NOTCH allows you to select target ranges equal to 1/2 of each category for inclusion or
exclusion from detection. As you rotate the knob, the target indicator will appear above the
range currently selected. If you set the notch value anywhere within the range, the notch value
will not necessarily stop at this number, notch ranges are fixed as follows:
1. 1-7 iron
6. 31-35 nickel
2. 8-15 iron
7. 36-45 tab
3. 16-20 foil
8. 46-55 tab
4. 21-25 foil
9. 56-60 zinc
5. 26-30 nickel 10. 61-65 zinc
The following are characteristics of NOTCH programming:
• As you rotate the knob to enter a notch range, the target indicator block at the top
edge of the screen illuminates to show you the range you are in.
• After you have selected a notch, a slash is illuminated over that range, indicating that
all targets within that range (see chart above)
are eliminated from detection.
• When you enter the program to make a
change to the notch settings, you are
changing the status of the notch. If no
slash is illuminated and you press MENU to
set a notch range, you will be notching-out this
range. If a slash was previously illuminated
and you press MENU to set this notch range,
you will be notching-in this range.
• Programming a notch range always
reverses the status of the notch.
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Capabilities And Limitations
DEPTH
The F75 can detect U.S. coins to a depth of up to 15-16 inches (37-40cm) under good
conditions. Large objects (55 gallon drums, manhole covers, etc.) can be detected to a depth
of up to several feet (1-2 meters).
Electrical interference from power lines and from electrical appliances and electronic
equipment can reduce detection depth, or cause audible interference, making it necessary for
the user to reduce the sensitivity setting. Soils with large amounts of iron or salt minerals
may also reduce detection depth or necessitate a reduction in the sensitivity setting.
TARGET IDENTIFICATION
The F75 identifies the probable type of metal object by measuring its effective electrical
conductivity, which is displayed as a number from 0 to 99 on the LCD screen. The effective
electrical conductivity of an object depends on its metallic composition, size, shape, and
orientation relative to the searchcoil. Since coins are minted to tightly controlled specifications,
they can be accurately identified. Identification of pull-tabs and foil is less consistent because
these kinds of targets come in wide variety. In general, smaller objects, and objects made
from lower conductivity alloys such as iron, bronze, brass, lead, pewter, and zinc will read
lower on the effective conductivity scale. Larger objects and objects made from higher
conductivity alloys such as silver, copper, and aluminum, will tend to read higher. The notable
exceptions are gold, which usually reads low because it is rarely found in large pieces, and
zinc pennies, which read moderately high because of their size and shape. Although nails and
other iron and steel objects will usually give low readings, ring-shaped pieces of iron (for
instance steel washers and harness rings) will usually produce medium to high readings. Flat
pieces of iron or steel, such as can lids, will occasionally do the same.
Most targets can be identified accurately in air to a distance of about 10 inches. The minerals
in many soils will cause identification to be less accurate. In most soils, effective target
identification can be had to a depth of at least 8 inches.
REQUIREMENT FOR MOTION: PINPOINT FEATURE
As with other modern metal detectors, the F75’s searchcoil must be kept in motion in order to
both detect and identify targets. The All Metal modes are more forgiving of sweep speed
variation than is the Discrimination mode.
The trigger-activated PinPoint feature continues to detect metal if searchcoil motion stops over
the target. The PinPoint feature is used primarily to pinpoint the exact location of a target so
that it can be retrieved with a minimum of digging, and does not provide target identification.
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Frequency Shifting
One disadvantage of a highly sensitive metal detector is its susceptibility to electrical
interference from other electronic devices. If the detector chatters while the searchcoil is not
in motion, the cause is either electrical interference or internal circuit noise due to a high
sensitivity setting. If the detector chatters or emits intermittent false signals in the field, you
are also probably experiencing electrical interference. If you suspect electrical interference,
you may change the F75’s operating frequency. This is a trial and error method to try to find a
frequency different from the suspected source.
To shift frequencies:
1. Hold the MENU button down. Do not release the button.
2. Push the trigger forward
OR pull the trigger back to change the frequency.
Each frequency change requires a push of the MENU button.
Each actuation will shift the frequency by one value.
The LCD will display the frequency, from F1 to F7. F1 is the lowest frequency. And the default
frequency. The F75 does not retain changes in the frequency setting, when powered off.
See the Search Techniques section of this manual for more information on electrical
interference.
Discrimination Mode (continued)
Using DISC LEVEL in conjunction with NOTCH gives you a great deal of flexibility in deciding
which values to include or exclude from detection. Beware that this combination can be
confusing.
Here are some examples of NOTCH used in conjunction with DISC LEVEL
If Discrimination Level is set at 60, and you set the top-of-foil (21-25) notch between 21
and 25, then: top-of-foil range (21-25) is NOTCHED-IN (i.e. detected)
If Discrimination Level is set at 23, and you set the top-of-foil (21-25) notch between 21
and 25, then: 21, 22, & 23 are NOTCHED-IN. 24 & 25 are NOTCHED-OUT
If Discrimination Level is set at 15, and you set the top-of-foil (21-25) notch between 21
and 25, then: 21-25 are NOTCHED-OUT
NUMBER OF TONES (# OF TONES)
This menu selection allows you to select the number of audio tones emitted by the detector.
Different search conditions, search objectives, or personal preference will determine how
many tones you want to hear. With the below settings, you can decide to hear the same tone,
regardless of the target category, or have different categories of targets induce different tones.
The “# OF TONES” selections are:
1:
SINGLE MEDIUM PITCH TONE.
All types of metal induce the same tone.
1F: MEDIUM-TO-HIGH PITCH TONE varying in proportion to target signal strength.
Large shallow objects will produce a squeal. The variable audio pitch provides you more
information about the detected object, but some people find the sound on strong signals
too annoying.
2F: TWO TONES.
Similar to 1F, except that iron produces a low-pitched tone regardless signal strength.
Useful if you want to hear all targets and want to identify iron. Most relic hunters prefer
this selection.
3H: same as 3, except that nickels produce a high tone.
3:
THREE DIFFERENT AUDIO TONES. Iron produces a low pitch tone. Aluminum trash,
zinc pennies, and nickels produce a medium tone. High conductivity coins produce a
high tone. The 3-tone selection is often preferred for coinshooting. Most users will set the
discrimination level below nickels, at about 25, and dig only objects that produce a
consistent and repeatable high tone. NOTE: with this setting, steel bottle caps may
produce consistent high tones, similar to coins. See Capabilities & Limitations section for
advice on identifying steel bottle caps.
4H: same as 4, except that nickels produce a high tone.
Useful when coinshooting in a trashy area.
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Discrimination Mode (continued)
LCD Visual Display (continued)
4:
BATTERY CONDITION INDICATOR
Fresh alkaline batteries will illuminate all three bars. When no bars are displayed and the
batteries are about to go dead, the BATT legend will start flashing. The detector should operate
for an additional 30 minutes from the time the BATT legend starts flashing. If using NiMH
rechargeable batteries, the display will remain stuck on the second or third bar for most of the
battery life; when it drops to the first bar, the batteries will go dead within several minutes.
FOUR DIFFERENT AUDIO TONES This selection is similar to 3, but with a fourth mediumhigh tone for targets in the numeric range of 53 to 65. This four-tone system is useful for
searching in areas where there may be very old coins which register in this range.
dP: DELTA PITCH This setting produces a tone whose pitch varies in relation to the visual ID
number -- the higher the ID, the higher the pitch. Good for relic hunting. This setting is
also useful in areas with a high concentration of steel bottle caps. Coins will produce a
fairly constant pitch as you sweep back and forth. Bottle caps produce inconsistent
tones, often with a squawk at the beginning of the sound.
Process Number (Process #)
This menu selection offers the user a choice among several different methods of audio
discrimination to accommodate a variety of search conditions and personal preferences.
These methods differ in the way the signals are processed for analysis.
The Process Number selections are:
dE: DEFAULT PROCESS
This is the best process to use for most conditions, and is thus the default.
JE: JEWELRY PROCESS
Detector will be more sensitive to small and low-conductivity metals like jewelry, but will
run noisier in trashy areas.
bc: BOTTLE CAP MODE
Response is modified so that steel bottle caps will usually produce inconsistent, or nonrepeatable, tones and broken sounds. There may be a slight reduction in the ability to
separate adjacent targets. Use this process in areas with a high concentration of steel
bottle caps. Also refer to the Capabilities & Limitations section for sweep techniques to
aid in the identification of steel bottle caps
PF: for use in plowed fields.
Some users may prefer this process for hunting in irregular ground, especially plowed
fields.
bP: BOOST PROCESS
This process is an enhanced sensitivity version of the dE (default) process. It is
particularly useful when searching for deep targets in a non-trashy area, or on a site
where vegetation makes it necessary to raise the searchcoil several inches above the
surface of the ground. It will also produce excellent results on trashy sites provided that
you slow down your sweep speed; sweep the coil slower than you would when using the
Default process. When the Boost process is selected, the response characteristics of
the Motion All Metal Mode are also modified; these characteristics include less noise and
a slower response speed.
22
G.B.
This is the ground balance setting, 0-99. It is displayed when in the Manual G.B. menu
setting, or when the trigger is pushed for FASTGRAB computer-assisted ground balancing.
SETTING
This is illuminated when you are in the menu. When the word “SETTING” is indicated, the
number being displayed is a setting, and not, for instance, a Target ID indication.
MESSAGES
The small rectangular box at the bottom-center of the LCD displays advisory messages.
If a metal object or highly magnetic soil is so close to the searchcoil that the signal is
overloading the circuit, the message OVERLOAD - RAISE COIL will appear.
Such overloads will not harm the detector, but the detector will not detect metals properly
under these conditions. Raise the coil until the message disappears; the siren sound will also
stop. Resume normal detection.
The message RAISE COIL only appears when using the bc process, accessed through the
PROCESS # menu selection. This message indicates the presence of a target which may be
too close to the searchcoil to be accurately identified. For better target identification, sweep
the searchcoil farther away from the surface of the ground.
The message PUMP COIL TO GB will appear when you push the trigger forward to ground
balance. See the Ground Balance section of this manual for instructions.
The message CAN’T GB can only appear when the trigger is pushed forward, invoking
FASTGRAB automatic ground balancing. This message appears when the detector is unable
to measure the soil in a manner suitable for ground balancing. This message is usually the
result of the presence of metal. Try another spot to find an area free of metal.
BACK LIGHT
The LCD is back-lighted for use in low light and dark conditions.
The backlight is always illuminated, but the illumination is usually not evident in daylight.
You cannot turn the backlight off. The single high-efficiency light emitting diode providing the
illumination is a low current device, and has a negligible impact on battery life.
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LCD Visual Display (continued)
Discrimination Mode (continued)
Since different metal objects can produce similar signals, and since minerals in the soil can
distort the signals, the probable target ID's are just that -- probable. There is no way of
knowing for sure what's buried other than to dig it up. Experienced metal detector users have
a rule of thumb -- "when in doubt, dig".
CL: CACHE LOCATING PROCESS
This process is an enhanced sensitivity, slow-speed, version of the dE (default) process.
Its primary use is in locating large deep objects while sweeping the searchcoil several
inches above the surface of the ground; under these conditions it goes deeper than the
other processes. When the cache locating process is selected, the response
characteristics of the Motion All Metal Mode are also modified; these characteristics
include less noise and a slower response speed. In many situations, you may prefer to do
cache locating in the Motion All Metal Mode after first selecting the Cache Locating
process in the Discrimination Mode.
DEPTH
When the trigger is pulled to facilitate pinpointing an object, the 2-digit numerical display
indicates the approximate depth of the object, in inches, based on the assumption that the
object is a typical U.S. coin. Small objects will read deeper than they actually are, and large
objects will usually read shallower than they actually are.
The DEPTH bar graph on the left of the display divides target depth into shallow, medium, and
deep. This depth range appears while searching, and is less accurate than the value derived
using the pinpoint toggle switch.
Bar graph ranges for a coin-sized object are Shallow (0-4inches), Medium (4-8inches), and
Deep (8inches +).
CONF (Target Confidence Indicator)
This 6-segment graphic indicates how confident the detector is of the 2-digit target
identification it has assigned. If all 6 segments are displayed, you can be confident that the
target ID is accurate. If 3 or fewer segments are displayed, the confidence is very low.
Junk targets tend to produce lower confidence indications than coin targets of similar electrical
conductivity. Sloppy sweep technique also reduces the confidence indication. You can use
this indicator to train yourself to sweep more skillfully.
WHAT YOU SEE VS. WHAT YOU HEAR
The visual target ID displayed on the LCD is based entirely on sampled processing; the
number displayed represents a snapshot of the target’s identification as the searchcoil passes
over the object. When using these different processes, or methods, the detector’s audible
response may differ from the visual. When using the different processes, there is not a 100%
correspondence between what you see and what you hear, especially on buried targets where
ground minerals influence target ID and audible response. By making the audio and visual
systems independent, the F75 allows each system to do what it does best. The audio is
optimized for quick response and target feel, whereas the visual system provides the best
numeric resolution of target ID.
Fe3O4 BAR GRAPH (magnetite)
This bar graph displays the magnetic mineralization factor, or magnetic susceptibility, of the soil.
Magnetic susceptibility is expressed in terms of the percent volume of the iron mineral magnetite,
which most black sand is made of. The depth to which objects can be accurately identified is
strongly influenced by the magnetic susceptibility of the soil. High Fe3O4 values have a greater
effect on detection depth in the Discrimination mode than in the All Metal mode. For the most
accurate Fe3O4 reading, pump the searchcoil as though you were ground balancing.
Fe3O4
Range
3
1
0.3
0.1
0.03
0.01
blank
26
approx.
micro-cgs
7,500
2,500
750
250
75
25
<14
Description
uncommon but not rare, heavy mineralization
heavy mineralization, not uncommon in goldfields
heavy mineralization, but not uncommon in some regions
medium mineralization, typical
light mineralization, but common
light mineralization, your G. B setting may also be low
quartz & coral white beach sands
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PinPoint Feature
After a buried target has been located using the All Metal or Discrimination modes, you want
to pinpoint the exact location of the target in order to facilitate its recovery. Accurate target
pinpointing will minimize digging.
Activate the PinPoint feature by pulling the trigger switch located under the housing. Unlike
the motion All Metal and Discrimination modes, PinPoint does not require motion to detect
metal. PinPoint will detect objects while the coil is in motion and will continue to detect metal
if searchcoil motion stops over the target.
Ground Pick-Up
If you have not performed the ground balancing procedure, the PinPoint feature usually
causes the ground to sound off. This means that while pulling the pinpoint trigger, the audio
tone will get louder as you lower the searchcoil to the ground; this is called ground pick-up.
Since you want to hear the target, rather than the ground, we recommend first ground
balancing in order to eliminate ground pick-up. Alternatively, if you experience ground pick-up,
you may place the coil very close to the ground, off to the side of the target; then pull the
trigger, and raise the searchcoil slightly while passing it over the target.
How to Pinpoint
Position the searchcoil an inch or two (2.5-5cm) above the ground, and to the side of the
target. Then pull the trigger. Now move the searchcoil slowly across the target, and the sound
will indicate the target’s location. As you sweep from side to side, and hear no sound at the
ends of the sweep, the target is located in the middle of that zone, where the sound is loudest
and the audio pitch is highest. If the sound is loud over a wide area, the buried object is large.
Use the PinPoint feature to trace an outline of such large objects.
Narrow It Down
To further narrow the field of detection, position the searchcoil near the center of the
response pattern (but not at the exact center), release the trigger, and then pull it again.
Now you will only hear a response when the searchcoil is right over the top of the target.
Repeat this procedure to narrow the zone even further. Each time you repeat the
procedure, the field of detection will narrow further.
Buy a Pinpointer
When you kneel down to unearth the desired object, you may find it frustrating as the object
may appear exactly like the surrounding soil. You may hold the object in your hand, and find it
necessary to pass a handful of dirt over the searchcoil to see if it contains metal. An easier
way is to use a handheld pinpointer. It is a probe-like device which is poked into the ground,
making close up pinpointing a snap, reducing digging time, and minimizing the size of the
holes you will dig. Fisher Research Labs offers the FPoint™ pinpointer, a robust and
inexpensive device designed for this purpose.
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
LCD Visual Display
In normal operation, when the searchcoil passes over a metal object, the electrical signature
(2-digit I.D.) of the metal object is displayed on the numeric display for 4 seconds, unless
superceded by another detected object. On a given buried object, the number will bounce
around if the signal is weak or if the amount of ground mineralization is high.
At the top of the display, a block illuminates to indicate the classification of the object.
Target ID is provided in all three modes, and requires motion in all modes, including STAT.
NUMERIC TARGET I.D. (2-digits)
The following table shows the numbers typically associated with certain commonly
encountered nonferrous metal objects. Older silver U.S. coins usually read about the same as
their modern clad equivalents. Modern quarter-sized dollar coins like the Susan B. Anthony
and the Sacagawea read about the same as a quarter. Many Canadian coins are minted from
a magnetic nickel alloy which gives very inconsistent readings and may register as iron. Most
one-ounce silver bullion coins will fall into the same range as the modern U.S. $1 Eagle.
OBJECT
Most iron objects
foil from gum wrapper
U.S. nickel (5¢ coin)
aluminum pull-tab
aluminum screwcap
zinc penny (dated after 1982)
aluminum soda pop can
copper penny, clad dime
U.S. quarter (25¢ coin), clad
50¢ coin, modern clad
old silver dollar coin
US silver Eagle $1 coin
TARGET I.D.
4-12
16-25
typically 30
33-55
60 - 70
typically 60
most often 63-69,
but can vary widely
typically 70
typically 80
typically 86
typically 90
typically 91
PROBABLE TARGET I.D.
The probable target ID zones at the top of the LCD display represent the signal ranges
produced by various coins and types of metal objects. When a metal target is detected, the
microcomputer analyzes the signal and categorizes it based on what kinds of metal objects
usually produce that kind of signal. The microprocessor then displays a rectangle-like icon
along the top of the LCD screen above the corresponding category.
For instance, if the detected signal fits within the parameters usually exhibited by zinc pennies,
the microcomputer will categorize the signal as "zinc penny". The LCD screen will then
illuminate the block above “ZINC”
Copper pennies (pre-1982) will usually register in the DIME zone.
Most gold jewelry is small, and will tend to read in the 16-55 range. Silver jewelry usually has
more metal in it and therefore tends to produce higher readings.
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PinPoint Feature
After a buried target has been located using the All Metal or Discrimination modes, you want
to pinpoint the exact location of the target in order to facilitate its recovery. Accurate target
pinpointing will minimize digging.
Activate the PinPoint feature by pulling the trigger switch located under the housing. Unlike
the motion All Metal and Discrimination modes, PinPoint does not require motion to detect
metal. PinPoint will detect objects while the coil is in motion and will continue to detect metal
if searchcoil motion stops over the target.
Ground Pick-Up
If you have not performed the ground balancing procedure, the PinPoint feature usually
causes the ground to sound off. This means that while pulling the pinpoint trigger, the audio
tone will get louder as you lower the searchcoil to the ground; this is called ground pick-up.
Since you want to hear the target, rather than the ground, we recommend first ground
balancing in order to eliminate ground pick-up. Alternatively, if you experience ground pick-up,
you may place the coil very close to the ground, off to the side of the target; then pull the
trigger, and raise the searchcoil slightly while passing it over the target.
How to Pinpoint
Position the searchcoil an inch or two (2.5-5cm) above the ground, and to the side of the
target. Then pull the trigger. Now move the searchcoil slowly across the target, and the sound
will indicate the target’s location. As you sweep from side to side, and hear no sound at the
ends of the sweep, the target is located in the middle of that zone, where the sound is loudest
and the audio pitch is highest. If the sound is loud over a wide area, the buried object is large.
Use the PinPoint feature to trace an outline of such large objects.
Narrow It Down
To further narrow the field of detection, position the searchcoil near the center of the
response pattern (but not at the exact center), release the trigger, and then pull it again.
Now you will only hear a response when the searchcoil is right over the top of the target.
Repeat this procedure to narrow the zone even further. Each time you repeat the
procedure, the field of detection will narrow further.
Buy a Pinpointer
When you kneel down to unearth the desired object, you may find it frustrating as the object
may appear exactly like the surrounding soil. You may hold the object in your hand, and find it
necessary to pass a handful of dirt over the searchcoil to see if it contains metal. An easier
way is to use a handheld pinpointer. It is a probe-like device which is poked into the ground,
making close up pinpointing a snap, reducing digging time, and minimizing the size of the
holes you will dig. Fisher Research Labs offers the FPoint™ pinpointer, a robust and
inexpensive device designed for this purpose.
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
LCD Visual Display
In normal operation, when the searchcoil passes over a metal object, the electrical signature
(2-digit I.D.) of the metal object is displayed on the numeric display for 4 seconds, unless
superceded by another detected object. On a given buried object, the number will bounce
around if the signal is weak or if the amount of ground mineralization is high.
At the top of the display, a block illuminates to indicate the classification of the object.
Target ID is provided in all three modes, and requires motion in all modes, including STAT.
NUMERIC TARGET I.D. (2-digits)
The following table shows the numbers typically associated with certain commonly
encountered nonferrous metal objects. Older silver U.S. coins usually read about the same as
their modern clad equivalents. Modern quarter-sized dollar coins like the Susan B. Anthony
and the Sacagawea read about the same as a quarter. Many Canadian coins are minted from
a magnetic nickel alloy which gives very inconsistent readings and may register as iron. Most
one-ounce silver bullion coins will fall into the same range as the modern U.S. $1 Eagle.
OBJECT
Most iron objects
foil from gum wrapper
U.S. nickel (5¢ coin)
aluminum pull-tab
aluminum screwcap
zinc penny (dated after 1982)
aluminum soda pop can
copper penny, clad dime
U.S. quarter (25¢ coin), clad
50¢ coin, modern clad
old silver dollar coin
US silver Eagle $1 coin
TARGET I.D.
4-12
16-25
typically 30
33-55
60 - 70
typically 60
most often 63-69,
but can vary widely
typically 70
typically 80
typically 86
typically 90
typically 91
PROBABLE TARGET I.D.
The probable target ID zones at the top of the LCD display represent the signal ranges
produced by various coins and types of metal objects. When a metal target is detected, the
microcomputer analyzes the signal and categorizes it based on what kinds of metal objects
usually produce that kind of signal. The microprocessor then displays a rectangle-like icon
along the top of the LCD screen above the corresponding category.
For instance, if the detected signal fits within the parameters usually exhibited by zinc pennies,
the microcomputer will categorize the signal as "zinc penny". The LCD screen will then
illuminate the block above “ZINC”
Copper pennies (pre-1982) will usually register in the DIME zone.
Most gold jewelry is small, and will tend to read in the 16-55 range. Silver jewelry usually has
more metal in it and therefore tends to produce higher readings.
24
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Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
LCD Visual Display (continued)
Discrimination Mode (continued)
Since different metal objects can produce similar signals, and since minerals in the soil can
distort the signals, the probable target ID's are just that -- probable. There is no way of
knowing for sure what's buried other than to dig it up. Experienced metal detector users have
a rule of thumb -- "when in doubt, dig".
CL: CACHE LOCATING PROCESS
This process is an enhanced sensitivity, slow-speed, version of the dE (default) process.
Its primary use is in locating large deep objects while sweeping the searchcoil several
inches above the surface of the ground; under these conditions it goes deeper than the
other processes. When the cache locating process is selected, the response
characteristics of the Motion All Metal Mode are also modified; these characteristics
include less noise and a slower response speed. In many situations, you may prefer to do
cache locating in the Motion All Metal Mode after first selecting the Cache Locating
process in the Discrimination Mode.
DEPTH
When the trigger is pulled to facilitate pinpointing an object, the 2-digit numerical display
indicates the approximate depth of the object, in inches, based on the assumption that the
object is a typical U.S. coin. Small objects will read deeper than they actually are, and large
objects will usually read shallower than they actually are.
The DEPTH bar graph on the left of the display divides target depth into shallow, medium, and
deep. This depth range appears while searching, and is less accurate than the value derived
using the pinpoint toggle switch.
Bar graph ranges for a coin-sized object are Shallow (0-4inches), Medium (4-8inches), and
Deep (8inches +).
CONF (Target Confidence Indicator)
This 6-segment graphic indicates how confident the detector is of the 2-digit target
identification it has assigned. If all 6 segments are displayed, you can be confident that the
target ID is accurate. If 3 or fewer segments are displayed, the confidence is very low.
Junk targets tend to produce lower confidence indications than coin targets of similar electrical
conductivity. Sloppy sweep technique also reduces the confidence indication. You can use
this indicator to train yourself to sweep more skillfully.
WHAT YOU SEE VS. WHAT YOU HEAR
The visual target ID displayed on the LCD is based entirely on sampled processing; the
number displayed represents a snapshot of the target’s identification as the searchcoil passes
over the object. When using these different processes, or methods, the detector’s audible
response may differ from the visual. When using the different processes, there is not a 100%
correspondence between what you see and what you hear, especially on buried targets where
ground minerals influence target ID and audible response. By making the audio and visual
systems independent, the F75 allows each system to do what it does best. The audio is
optimized for quick response and target feel, whereas the visual system provides the best
numeric resolution of target ID.
Fe3O4 BAR GRAPH (magnetite)
This bar graph displays the magnetic mineralization factor, or magnetic susceptibility, of the soil.
Magnetic susceptibility is expressed in terms of the percent volume of the iron mineral magnetite,
which most black sand is made of. The depth to which objects can be accurately identified is
strongly influenced by the magnetic susceptibility of the soil. High Fe3O4 values have a greater
effect on detection depth in the Discrimination mode than in the All Metal mode. For the most
accurate Fe3O4 reading, pump the searchcoil as though you were ground balancing.
Fe3O4
Range
3
1
0.3
0.1
0.03
0.01
blank
26
approx.
micro-cgs
7,500
2,500
750
250
75
25
<14
Description
uncommon but not rare, heavy mineralization
heavy mineralization, not uncommon in goldfields
heavy mineralization, but not uncommon in some regions
medium mineralization, typical
light mineralization, but common
light mineralization, your G. B setting may also be low
quartz & coral white beach sands
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Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Discrimination Mode (continued)
LCD Visual Display (continued)
4:
BATTERY CONDITION INDICATOR
Fresh alkaline batteries will illuminate all three bars. When no bars are displayed and the
batteries are about to go dead, the BATT legend will start flashing. The detector should operate
for an additional 30 minutes from the time the BATT legend starts flashing. If using NiMH
rechargeable batteries, the display will remain stuck on the second or third bar for most of the
battery life; when it drops to the first bar, the batteries will go dead within several minutes.
FOUR DIFFERENT AUDIO TONES This selection is similar to 3, but with a fourth mediumhigh tone for targets in the numeric range of 53 to 65. This four-tone system is useful for
searching in areas where there may be very old coins which register in this range.
dP: DELTA PITCH This setting produces a tone whose pitch varies in relation to the visual ID
number -- the higher the ID, the higher the pitch. Good for relic hunting. This setting is
also useful in areas with a high concentration of steel bottle caps. Coins will produce a
fairly constant pitch as you sweep back and forth. Bottle caps produce inconsistent
tones, often with a squawk at the beginning of the sound.
Process Number (Process #)
This menu selection offers the user a choice among several different methods of audio
discrimination to accommodate a variety of search conditions and personal preferences.
These methods differ in the way the signals are processed for analysis.
The Process Number selections are:
dE: DEFAULT PROCESS
This is the best process to use for most conditions, and is thus the default.
JE: JEWELRY PROCESS
Detector will be more sensitive to small and low-conductivity metals like jewelry, but will
run noisier in trashy areas.
bc: BOTTLE CAP MODE
Response is modified so that steel bottle caps will usually produce inconsistent, or nonrepeatable, tones and broken sounds. There may be a slight reduction in the ability to
separate adjacent targets. Use this process in areas with a high concentration of steel
bottle caps. Also refer to the Capabilities & Limitations section for sweep techniques to
aid in the identification of steel bottle caps
PF: for use in plowed fields.
Some users may prefer this process for hunting in irregular ground, especially plowed
fields.
bP: BOOST PROCESS
This process is an enhanced sensitivity version of the dE (default) process. It is
particularly useful when searching for deep targets in a non-trashy area, or on a site
where vegetation makes it necessary to raise the searchcoil several inches above the
surface of the ground. It will also produce excellent results on trashy sites provided that
you slow down your sweep speed; sweep the coil slower than you would when using the
Default process. When the Boost process is selected, the response characteristics of
the Motion All Metal Mode are also modified; these characteristics include less noise and
a slower response speed.
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G.B.
This is the ground balance setting, 0-99. It is displayed when in the Manual G.B. menu
setting, or when the trigger is pushed for FASTGRAB computer-assisted ground balancing.
SETTING
This is illuminated when you are in the menu. When the word “SETTING” is indicated, the
number being displayed is a setting, and not, for instance, a Target ID indication.
MESSAGES
The small rectangular box at the bottom-center of the LCD displays advisory messages.
If a metal object or highly magnetic soil is so close to the searchcoil that the signal is
overloading the circuit, the message OVERLOAD - RAISE COIL will appear.
Such overloads will not harm the detector, but the detector will not detect metals properly
under these conditions. Raise the coil until the message disappears; the siren sound will also
stop. Resume normal detection.
The message RAISE COIL only appears when using the bc process, accessed through the
PROCESS # menu selection. This message indicates the presence of a target which may be
too close to the searchcoil to be accurately identified. For better target identification, sweep
the searchcoil farther away from the surface of the ground.
The message PUMP COIL TO GB will appear when you push the trigger forward to ground
balance. See the Ground Balance section of this manual for instructions.
The message CAN’T GB can only appear when the trigger is pushed forward, invoking
FASTGRAB automatic ground balancing. This message appears when the detector is unable
to measure the soil in a manner suitable for ground balancing. This message is usually the
result of the presence of metal. Try another spot to find an area free of metal.
BACK LIGHT
The LCD is back-lighted for use in low light and dark conditions.
The backlight is always illuminated, but the illumination is usually not evident in daylight.
You cannot turn the backlight off. The single high-efficiency light emitting diode providing the
illumination is a low current device, and has a negligible impact on battery life.
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Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Frequency Shifting
One disadvantage of a highly sensitive metal detector is its susceptibility to electrical
interference from other electronic devices. If the detector chatters while the searchcoil is not
in motion, the cause is either electrical interference or internal circuit noise due to a high
sensitivity setting. If the detector chatters or emits intermittent false signals in the field, you
are also probably experiencing electrical interference. If you suspect electrical interference,
you may change the F75’s operating frequency. This is a trial and error method to try to find a
frequency different from the suspected source.
To shift frequencies:
1. Hold the MENU button down. Do not release the button.
2. Push the trigger forward
OR pull the trigger back to change the frequency.
Each frequency change requires a push of the MENU button.
Each actuation will shift the frequency by one value.
The LCD will display the frequency, from F1 to F7. F1 is the lowest frequency. And the default
frequency. The F75 does not retain changes in the frequency setting, when powered off.
See the Search Techniques section of this manual for more information on electrical
interference.
Discrimination Mode (continued)
Using DISC LEVEL in conjunction with NOTCH gives you a great deal of flexibility in deciding
which values to include or exclude from detection. Beware that this combination can be
confusing.
Here are some examples of NOTCH used in conjunction with DISC LEVEL
If Discrimination Level is set at 60, and you set the top-of-foil (21-25) notch between 21
and 25, then: top-of-foil range (21-25) is NOTCHED-IN (i.e. detected)
If Discrimination Level is set at 23, and you set the top-of-foil (21-25) notch between 21
and 25, then: 21, 22, & 23 are NOTCHED-IN. 24 & 25 are NOTCHED-OUT
If Discrimination Level is set at 15, and you set the top-of-foil (21-25) notch between 21
and 25, then: 21-25 are NOTCHED-OUT
NUMBER OF TONES (# OF TONES)
This menu selection allows you to select the number of audio tones emitted by the detector.
Different search conditions, search objectives, or personal preference will determine how
many tones you want to hear. With the below settings, you can decide to hear the same tone,
regardless of the target category, or have different categories of targets induce different tones.
The “# OF TONES” selections are:
1:
SINGLE MEDIUM PITCH TONE.
All types of metal induce the same tone.
1F: MEDIUM-TO-HIGH PITCH TONE varying in proportion to target signal strength.
Large shallow objects will produce a squeal. The variable audio pitch provides you more
information about the detected object, but some people find the sound on strong signals
too annoying.
2F: TWO TONES.
Similar to 1F, except that iron produces a low-pitched tone regardless signal strength.
Useful if you want to hear all targets and want to identify iron. Most relic hunters prefer
this selection.
3H: same as 3, except that nickels produce a high tone.
3:
THREE DIFFERENT AUDIO TONES. Iron produces a low pitch tone. Aluminum trash,
zinc pennies, and nickels produce a medium tone. High conductivity coins produce a
high tone. The 3-tone selection is often preferred for coinshooting. Most users will set the
discrimination level below nickels, at about 25, and dig only objects that produce a
consistent and repeatable high tone. NOTE: with this setting, steel bottle caps may
produce consistent high tones, similar to coins. See Capabilities & Limitations section for
advice on identifying steel bottle caps.
4H: same as 4, except that nickels produce a high tone.
Useful when coinshooting in a trashy area.
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Discrimination Mode (continued)
NOTCH
Unlike Discrimination Level, which eliminates all targets from the left of the scale to the right,
NOTCH can eliminate and re-include targets within the scale displayed at the top of the
display. Inclusion or exclusion of target ranges is indicated with a half-crossed or crossed icon.
To demonstrate how to set a notch, follow this instruction at first use.
1. Reset all detector values to default:
a. turn detector off
b. press-and-hold red MENU button and push-forward-and-hold Toggle Switch
c. turn detector on while continuing to hold MENU and Toggle
d. release Menu and Toggle.
2. Press MENU button 4 times to move down to the NOTCH feature
-then rotate the SETTINGS knob to the right until the number 40 appears.
-then press MENU again to accept this notch value.
3. Notice that a thin line appears across the word “TAB” printed on the top of the display.
4. Press MENU again to exit the NOTCH feature.
5. Targets in the first 1/2 of the TAB range (TAB range is from 36 to 55) will be eliminated
from detection.
6. A half-slash will be permanently displayed across the top-left of the word “TAB.”
NOTCH allows you to select target ranges equal to 1/2 of each category for inclusion or
exclusion from detection. As you rotate the knob, the target indicator will appear above the
range currently selected. If you set the notch value anywhere within the range, the notch value
will not necessarily stop at this number, notch ranges are fixed as follows:
1. 1-7 iron
6. 31-35 nickel
2. 8-15 iron
7. 36-45 tab
3. 16-20 foil
8. 46-55 tab
4. 21-25 foil
9. 56-60 zinc
5. 26-30 nickel 10. 61-65 zinc
The following are characteristics of NOTCH programming:
• As you rotate the knob to enter a notch range, the target indicator block at the top
edge of the screen illuminates to show you the range you are in.
• After you have selected a notch, a slash is illuminated over that range, indicating that
all targets within that range (see chart above)
are eliminated from detection.
• When you enter the program to make a
change to the notch settings, you are
changing the status of the notch. If no
slash is illuminated and you press MENU to
set a notch range, you will be notching-out this
range. If a slash was previously illuminated
and you press MENU to set this notch range,
you will be notching-in this range.
• Programming a notch range always
reverses the status of the notch.
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Capabilities And Limitations
DEPTH
The F75 can detect U.S. coins to a depth of up to 15-16 inches (37-40cm) under good
conditions. Large objects (55 gallon drums, manhole covers, etc.) can be detected to a depth
of up to several feet (1-2 meters).
Electrical interference from power lines and from electrical appliances and electronic
equipment can reduce detection depth, or cause audible interference, making it necessary for
the user to reduce the sensitivity setting. Soils with large amounts of iron or salt minerals
may also reduce detection depth or necessitate a reduction in the sensitivity setting.
TARGET IDENTIFICATION
The F75 identifies the probable type of metal object by measuring its effective electrical
conductivity, which is displayed as a number from 0 to 99 on the LCD screen. The effective
electrical conductivity of an object depends on its metallic composition, size, shape, and
orientation relative to the searchcoil. Since coins are minted to tightly controlled specifications,
they can be accurately identified. Identification of pull-tabs and foil is less consistent because
these kinds of targets come in wide variety. In general, smaller objects, and objects made
from lower conductivity alloys such as iron, bronze, brass, lead, pewter, and zinc will read
lower on the effective conductivity scale. Larger objects and objects made from higher
conductivity alloys such as silver, copper, and aluminum, will tend to read higher. The notable
exceptions are gold, which usually reads low because it is rarely found in large pieces, and
zinc pennies, which read moderately high because of their size and shape. Although nails and
other iron and steel objects will usually give low readings, ring-shaped pieces of iron (for
instance steel washers and harness rings) will usually produce medium to high readings. Flat
pieces of iron or steel, such as can lids, will occasionally do the same.
Most targets can be identified accurately in air to a distance of about 10 inches. The minerals
in many soils will cause identification to be less accurate. In most soils, effective target
identification can be had to a depth of at least 8 inches.
REQUIREMENT FOR MOTION: PINPOINT FEATURE
As with other modern metal detectors, the F75’s searchcoil must be kept in motion in order to
both detect and identify targets. The All Metal modes are more forgiving of sweep speed
variation than is the Discrimination mode.
The trigger-activated PinPoint feature continues to detect metal if searchcoil motion stops over
the target. The PinPoint feature is used primarily to pinpoint the exact location of a target so
that it can be retrieved with a minimum of digging, and does not provide target identification.
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Capabilities And Limitations (continued)
GROUND BALANCING
To achieve maximum depth in any detection mode, as well as when using the PinPoint
feature, the F75 offers the ability to cancel out ground minerals either by manual adjustment,
or automatically using the FASTGRAB feature.
If you do not perform the ground balancing operation, the Discrimination mode will usually still
work fairly well, but the ALL METAL modes will not. The Pinpoint feature can be used for
pinpointing objects at moderate depth in most soils without prior ground-balancing.
The internal computer will not cancel saltwater, so when detecting on wet ocean beaches,
ground balancing must be done manually.
DISCRIMINATION
Discrimination refers to a metal detector's ability to ignore metal objects in selected categories,
especially iron and aluminum. This makes searching much more pleasant in an area with a lot
of metal trash. The F75 offers a wide variety of discrimination features which you can select
according to the search conditions and your personal preference.
DEPTH READING
The estimated Depth Reading displayed when pulling the PinPoint toggle is based on the
strength of the signal. It is calibrated to coin-sized objects. Smaller objects will read deeper
than they actually are, and large objects will read shallower than they actually are.
AIR TESTING
There may be times when you want to test or demonstrate the metal detector without sweeping it over
the ground, for instance, if not fully assembled, or if you are indoors. To air test, place the searchcoil in
a spot where the detector is stable and more than two feet away from any large masses of metal,
including the reinforcing steel usually present in concrete. If you are wearing a wristwatch or jewelry
on your hand or arm, remove it. Then, test or demonstrate by waving metal objects over the
searchcoil; wave objects briskly, several inches over the top of, and parallel to, the searchcoil.
Ground balancing cannot be tested or demonstrated in air unless you happen to have
appropriate specimens of iron minerals available.
SWEEP SPEED
The F75 is noted for its quick response. This gives it unsurpassed ability to locate and identify
good targets surrounded by trash. It also permits the user to sweep the searchcoil quickly in
order to cover more ground with very little risk of losing targets. In general, if you are
searching an area where the desirable targets are more than 8 to 10 inches deep, a faster
sweep speed will detect to a greater depth and yield more accurate target IDs.
CHECKING A TARGET
In order to most accurately verify a detected target with most other metal detectors, users will
narrow their sweep and loiter over the top of the target. The F75 is different. The F75's quick
response and advanced signal sampling system produces the most accurate target IDs with
deliberate (shoulder width) sweeps all the way across the target, even if there are other
targets nearby. If you check targets using sweep techniques learned on some other detectors,
you run the risk of getting less accurate target IDs. You can use the confidence level indicator
to improve your technique.
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Discrimination Mode
The Discrimination Mode is used to eliminate trash metal objects from detection, e.g. nails,
aluminum foil, or pull-tabs. The searchcoil must be in motion for metal objects to be detected.
Discrimination incurs some loss of sensitivity to small or deep objects.
The F75 discrimination system is much improved over conventional discrimination systems,
and may function quite differently than other discriminators you may be accustomed to. In
older systems, the apparent sensitivity decreases as discrimination level increases. The F75’s
sensitivity may increase as discrimination increases, depending on the process number and
notches being used. Therefore, do not use the discriminator to control sensitivity. First set the
discrimination level and notches to establish objects to detect or eliminate; then adjust
sensitivity downward to eliminate interference, or upward to “work into the noise,” if preferred.
SENSITIVITY
This controls the signal gain, and is adjustable from 1 to 99. Unlike the All Metal modes, the
Discrimination mode is designed to operate silently. If you hear noise when there is no metal
present or when the searchcoil is not in motion, reduce the Sensitivity setting until the machine
goes quiet. NOTE: there is no interaction between the sensitivity settings of the All Metal
and Discrimination Modes.
The sensitivity system has two stages, 1-29 (low gain), and 30-99 (high gain). As you lower
sensitivity and cross the transition from 30 to 29, you may notice the background noise
increase. You may need to adjust to a setting of 29 or less to silence electrical interference, or
to prevent overload on highly mineralized ground or in saltwater. You may also notice a shift
in the ground balance setting over difficult ground conditions as you cross this transition.
DISCRIMINATION LEVEL
This is adjustable from 0 to 65, and controls the range of objects to be eliminated from
detection (discriminated out or rejected). Objects with numeric values below the selected
discrimination level will not be detected. NOTE: the numerical range that pertains to each
class of object is printed at the top of the visual display. To eliminate iron, a setting of 15 is
usually about right. A setting of 65 will eliminate aluminum trash and zinc pennies, but nickels
will also be lost, unless you notch-in nickels with the NOTCH feature.
To use DISC LEVEL
1. Highlight DISC LEVEL using the MENU button.
2. Rotate the SETTINGS knob.
As you rotate the knob, a number between 0 and 65 appears.
3. Press MENU when you reach the desired target discrimination value.
• If you do not press MENU, and let the display time-out, the last displayed value
will be stored as the discrimination value.
• All targets, up to and including the value selected, will be eliminated from
detection, unless notched-in.
5. A slash will appear over the target words being eliminated. Notice that two slashes
can appear over each word. The left slash represents the bottom half of the range; the
right slash represents the top half of the range. When you select a value within any
range, the slash will appear, even though all values within that range might not be
eliminated from detection. To recall the discrimination setting, press the MENU button
until you enter the DISC LEVEL feature.
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Static All Metal Mode
This mode is useful for finding large, deep objects, i.e. larger than a coin and deeper than 12
inches (30cm). STATIC functions similar to PinPoint but occupies a different position on the
user interface. The audio signal gets stronger as the searchcoil approaches the ground. Unlike
the other modes, the detection sound will not disappear if you stop moving the searchcoil.
The four adjustments are performed the same as with MOTION All Metal Mode, as described
on the preceding page.
THRESHOLD
The audio threshold in the STATIC mode is internally fixed and cannot be adjusted by the user.
Retuning: The audio threshold will slowly drift when searching in this mode. If you move
quickly between temperature environments, such as from shade to sun, audio threshold
may drift more rapidly until the searchcoil temperature stabilizes. When the audio
threshold drifts in this fashion, pull the trigger back momentarily to retune the detector.
You will need to retune periodically when searching in this mode.
AUDIO PITCH
Works the same as in MOTION mode; see previous page.
SENSITIVITY
Set the sensitivity high enough too hear some random background noise and/or a slight
amount of ground response. If you do not hear these noises, you will sacrifice detection depth.
If the background chatter is too annoying, or the ground noise is so high that it impedes
operation, reduce sensitivity. Such a downward adjustment in sensitivity improves depth
detection as you can now hear weak signals better.
The sensitivity system has two stages, 1-29 (low gain), and 30-99 (high gain). As you lower
sensitivity and cross the transition from 30 to 29 in STATIC mode, it may be necessary to
retune by pulling the trigger switch momentarily. You may need to adjust to a setting of 29 or
less to silence electrical interference, or to prevent overload on highly mineralized ground or in
saltwater. You may also notice a shift in the ground balance setting over difficult ground
conditions as you cross this transition.
GROUND BALANCE
Always perform the ground balance procedure before searching in STAT mode, using the
trigger or with the manual adjustment.
If you do not ground balance before searching in STAT mode, most ground will produce an
audible tone as you lower the searchcoil; the ground will “sound off.” Some soils will not
sound off, but will remain quiet with a loss of sensitivity.
DEPTH DISPLAY
To see a target’s depth, in inches, pull the toggle switch.
TARGET ID
Move coil back-and-forth over target to see visual target ID.
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Capabilities And Limitations (continued)
STEEL BOTTLE CAPS & FLAT IRON TRASH
Modern motion-type target ID metal detectors usually have difficulty consistently identifying
steel bottle caps and other flat iron trash objects. Double-D searchcoils also have a reputation
for having difficulty distinguishing steel bottle caps from coins, and for being unable to
eliminate steel bottle caps from detection. If you are searching in an area where there are
many steel bottle caps or other flat iron trash targets, minimize the amount of unnecessary
digging with the following methods:
1. SEARCH WITH THE bc (BOTTLE CAP) PROCESS using the PROCESS # feature.
This method calculates visual ID differently in order to cause steel bottle caps to read
lower on the scale, and to register less consistently. A desirable object such as a coin
will usually produce numeric values that are fairly consistent in both directions of
sweep. See PROCESS # under the DISCRIMINATION Mode section of this manual.
2. SEARCH WITH THE dP PROCESS. This method calculates visual ID differently in
order to cause steel bottle caps to ID lower on the scale and to register less
consistently. It also produces more audio clues to the character of the target.
3. LIFT THE SEARCHCOIL. Within 2 inches of a Bi-Axial searchcoil, the crossed magnetic
fields of the Double-D construction can produce anomalous responses. If the object feels
shallow (strong signal, narrow response, or multiple responses in a single sweep) and is
giving consistent high readings like a coin, raise the searchcoil 2 to 3 inches and try again.
A coin will almost always continue to give consistent readings unless it is right next to an
iron object. A steel bottle cap that is at least 3 inches away from the searchcoil will
usually produce readings that bounce around from medium to low numbers.
4. SWEEP THE REAR OF THE SEARCHCOIL OVER THE CENTER OF THE TARGET,
OR SWEEP RAPIDLY.
a. If the ID# is repeatable in the range of 68 to 72, when passing the
center of the searchcoil over the target at a normal speed, then the
target is probably a dime or copper penny.
b. If the ID# is not in the range of 68 to 72 then:
i. Sweep the back end of the searchcoil over the target. If tones
change from high to low, the target is probably a bottle cap.
ii. Sweep the center of the searchcoil rapidly across the target.
1. If tone and ID# drop, it is probably a bottle cap.
2. If a bottle cap, then the faster you sweep, the
lower the tone.
Sweep back end
5. USE THE CONFIDENCE INDICATOR
Coins will usually produce a high
confidence level, whereas steel bottle caps
and other trash will usually indicate a low or
erratic confidence, even if the ID numbers
are consistently in the range of a coin.
Confidence level is useful even if not
using the dP or 3b processes.
of searchcoil over
suspected bottle cap.
(Low Tone = Bottle Cap)
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Search Techniques
Sweeping Searchcoil (this does not
apply to Pinpointing with the trigger
switch) Keep the searchcoil in motion to
detect targets. Sweep the searchcoil
parallel to the ground; do not lift the
searchcoil at the end of the sweep.
Motion All Metal Mode
RIGHT
When you have located a target and
continue sweeping back and forth for
verification, use broad, deliberate sweeps
across the target for the most accurate
target ID. Do not use short sweeps as
you might with other metal detectors.
WRONG
Shallow Targets
Shallow targets tend to give multiple
responses, with the last response being
the one that remains illuminated on the
visual display. This last response is
usually sampled at the edge of the searchcoil and will tend to be inaccurate. If you suspect a
shallow target (within 2 to 3 inches of the searchcoil), lift the searchcoil slightly, and slow down
your sweep speed until you notice a single response consistently in the same place.
Large shallow targets can cause signal overload, indicated by the siren sound. In these
instances, raise the searchcoil until the overload warning disappears, and sweep at this
increased height.
Large Targets
If an overload warning is not confined to a small spot, you are probably overloading on a large
object, for example, a large iron pipe, reinforcing steel in concrete, or buried sheet metal. It is
usually not possible to locate objects, such as coins, in close proximity to large masses of metal.
Using the special BOOST and CACHE LOCATING processes:
In situations where vegetation or other obstacles make it impossible to sweep the searchcoil
close to the surface of the ground, use the enhanced sensitivity of either the Boost (bP) or
Cache (CL) Locating process to punch through the extra distance to the target. Under most
such conditions, the Boost process will provide the best balance of depth and response. The
Cache Locating process will punch through even more distance to the target, but response is
noticeably slower.
In the Boost and Cache Locating processes, if you sweep fast with the searchcoil close to the
ground, you will lose some target separation. This loss is most noticeable using the Cache
Locating process. Target separation in these processes is comparable to that of the default
process, provided that you slow down your sweep.
Some users, when fatigued after hours of searching, get sloppy with their sweep technique.
The Boost process is more tolerant of sloppy sweep technique than are the other processes
and may be preferred at these times.
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The Motion All Metal mode is more sensitive and offers better feel than the Discrimination
mode, and is used to find all metal objects present in the ground. The searchcoil must be in
motion for objects to be detected. This is a single filter search mode similar to the “fast
autotune”, “SAT”, or “P4” modes found in other detectors you might already be familiar with.
THRESHOLD: Adjustable from -9 to +9. For maximum ability to hear the weakest signals,
adjust this background noise level high enough so that it is barely audible while the detector is
in use in the field. To eliminate the weakest signals, adjust into the negative region, which will
allow the machine to run silently if the Sensitivity is not set too high.
The threshold level changes slightly with each detent step on the SETTINGS knob. Each
number on the numeric readout corresponds to five steps.
AUDIO PITCH This control allows you to change the range of frequencies that you hear.
Values range from -9 to 9; 0 is default. Negative numbers lower the frequency of the tone you
hear; positive numbers raise the frequency. This feature is intended to make the tone more
pleasant to your ear; choose your personal preference. Users who have suffered some
hearing loss, (including the natural loss of ability to detect high and low frequencies with age)
may find this control helpful.
SENSITIVITY This controls the signal gain, and is adjustable from 1 to 99. In the presence
of electrical interference, high ground mineralization, or variable ground mineralization,
operation will usually be too noisy (wobbly and erratic sound) if the sensitivity is set too high.
At settings above 90, the internal circuit noise of the machine will probably be audible.
The sensitivity level setting is largely a matter of personal preference. However, if you cannot
hear at least some noise, the smallest or deepest objects will not be detected.
The sensitivity system has two stages, 1-29 (low gain), and 30-99 (high gain). As you
decrease sensitivity and cross the transition from 30 to 29, you may notice that the
background noise increases. Despite this increase as you decrease sensitivity to the lower
setting, 29, the sensitivity is in fact lower under 30, and the machine is less susceptible to
overload from large targets, ground minerals, and saltwater. You may need to adjust to a
setting of 29 or less to silence electrical interference, or to prevent overload on highly
mineralized ground or in saltwater. You may also notice a shift in the ground balance setting
over difficult ground conditions as you cross this transition.
MANUAL GROUND BALANCE
Manual Ground Balance can only be performed while in an All Metal mode, but the resultant
setting will carry over if you change into Discrimination mode. See the previous section on
Ground Balancing for instructions on how to use this feature.
We suggest that you manually ground balance using only the MOTION All Metal Mode. The
result will be more accurate than when using STAT All Metal Mode.
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Ground Balancing (continued)
second.
3. Turn the SETTINGS KNOB to adjust the setting.
The goal is to eliminate the sound as the coil is being pumped over the ground. In
some soils, the sound is not completely eliminated.
If the ground balance adjustment is incorrect, there will be a difference in the sound as the
searchcoil is either moving toward or away from the ground. It sounds like you are either
pulling the sound out of the ground, or pushing the sound into the ground.
• If the sound is louder as you raise the searchcoil, increase the ground balance setting.
• If the sound is louder as you lower the searchcoil, reduce the ground balance setting.
NOTE: Experienced users often prefer to adjust the ground balance to get a weak but audible
response when lowering the searchcoil. This is called adjusting for positive response.
Positive and Negative Response
The purpose of ground balancing is to adjust the metal detector to ignore ground minerals. If
the setting is incorrect, ground minerals will give either a positive or a negative response,
depending on which direction the adjustment is off.
POSITIVE RESPONSE
If the G.B. setting is too high a number, the response of minerals will be positive. This means
that when the searchcoil is lowered to the ground in PinPoint, Stat, or Motion All Metals mode,
the sound will get louder as the searchcoil approaches the ground. The sound will grow
quieter as the searchcoil is raised. What, if anything, you will hear in discrimination mode
depends on the discrimination setting.
When searching in an All Metals mode, if ground balance is properly set to cancel the ground,
and you sweep over a positive hot rock, the rock will give a “zip” sound similar to that of a
metal object.
NEGATIVE RESPONSE
If the G.B. setting is too low a number, the response of minerals will be negative. When the
searchcoil is lowered to the ground in PinPoint, Stat, or Motion All Metals mode, the machine
will be silent. The machine will sound off as the searchcoil is lifted away from the ground.
What, if anything, you hear in discrimination mode depends on the discrimination setting.
When searching in Motion All Metals mode, a negative hot rock will produce a “boing” sound
after passing over it, making it difficult to know where it is located. It will not have the sound
and “feel” of a metal object.
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Search Techniques (continued)
The F75’s other processes have a reputation for lightning-fast response over targets, with the
result that the duration of the sound over a good target can be very short, especially in a
trashy area. The Boost process lengthens the duration of the target’s sound. Many users will
find this audio feedback less fatiguing; the Boost process makes it easier to listen through the
trash clutter to hear good targets. Whereas in Default process slowing your sweep speed
leads to a loss of sensitivity, the Boost and Cache Locating processes allow you to sweep
slower, without a loss of sensitivity
The Cache Locating process is primarily for locating large, deep objects while searching with
the searchcoil several inches off the surface of the ground. It is free of the gradual threshold
drift which can occur in the Static All Metals Mode. In general, its response is too slow for
ordinary relic hunting or coinshooting. But if you prefer a very slow sweep speed (for instance,
if you are accustomed to using the older technology of heavy and sluggish competitive
detectors) you can still achieve good results.
In areas which have been pounded to death and were seemingly hunted out, even by the
predecessor version of the Fisher F75, the Boost process can make such sites productive
again. By detecting targets which were just out of reach of other machines, or by lengthening
the duration of good sounds that were too hard to hear amid trash sounds, old sites are again
productive. If a site has been especially productive in the past, you may want to revisit it
using the Cache Locating process and utilize a very slow sweep.
Most of the foregoing techniques apply both to the Discrimination Mode where the process is
selected, and to the corresponding Motion All Metals Mode, whose response characteristics
are also modified when the Boost and Cache Locating processes are selected.
While searching in bP or CL process, you may also want to periodically toggle back to dE
process. Press-and-Hold the MENU button to temporarily engage the dE process. For users
familiar with the F75 default process, this can serve as a target check. Under some
conditions, the default process may identify targets more accurately. Targets yielding a
marginal response in one process may sound different in another process. If you are new to
the F75, toggling back to default process from bP or CL can serve as a learning tool to
understand the different response characteristics of the different processes.
Pinpointing With the Trigger Switch
When you turn the F75 on, the ground balance setting is preset to give a positive response on
nearly all soils. This means that if you are pulling the pinpoint trigger, the audio tone will get
louder as you lower the searchcoil to the ground. But you do not want to hear the ground; you
just want to hear the target. So always Ground Balance first.
After you have discovered a buried metal target using the ALL METAL or DISCRIMINATION
Modes, use the trigger switch to pinpoint its exact location.
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Search Techniques (continued)
Position the searchcoil an inch or two (2.5-5cm) above the ground, and to the side of the
target. Then pull the trigger. Now move the searchcoil slowly across the target, and the sound
will indicate the target’s location. As you sweep from side to side, and hear no sound at the
ends of the sweep, the target is located in the middle of that zone, where the sound is loudest
and the audio pitch is highest. If the sound is loud over a wide area, the buried object is large.
Use the PinPoint feature to trace an outline of such large objects.
Estimating Target SIZE, DEPTH, and SHAPE
When the trigger is pulled to activate Pinpoint, the LCD displays estimated depth. The
estimate is based on the presumption that it is a coin-sized target.
But what if it is not a coin-sized target? The most common example is that of an aluminum can.
Flattened aluminum cans are usually identified as quarters. Their large size will produce a
strong signal, tricking the microcomputer into thinking that it is a shallow coin.
The following explains techniques for differentiating buried aluminum cans from coins. Sweep
back and forth to get a feel for the target, keeping the searchcoil close to the ground. Now,
continue to sweep back and forth as you slowly raise the searchcoil higher and higher. If the
response diminishes quickly and never gets very broad, the target is probably a coin. If the
response diminishes slowly as you lift the searchcoil, and you get a broad response, the target
is probably an aluminum can. If you practice this by laying a coin and a flattened aluminum
can on the ground, you will quickly understand how to differentiate the two and you will
probably never have to dig another aluminum can. And, you will know whether it was deep or
shallow. This technique works well in the All Metal modes, and to a lesser extent in
Discrimination mode.
Objects which are ring-shaped, or flat and round like coins, tend to give a narrower, crisper
response than objects of similar size with irregular shapes. The easiest way to demonstrate
this is with an aluminum screwcap from a soda bottle. In its normal shape, it occupies a
volume, and gives a somewhat broader response than that of a coin. But if you flatten it, the
response will be crisper and more like that of a coin. Again, these differences are most readily
noticed in the All Metal modes.
Long skinny iron or steel objects such as nails usually produce a double response when
scanned lengthwise, and a weaker single response when scanned crossways. This is most
noticeable in the Motion All Metal mode. However, a coin lying on its edge can produce a
similar response, so rely on both the target ID as well as target feel to distinguish between
different kinds of objects. Objects within 2 to 3 inches of the searchcoil will often produce
multiple responses as you sweep across them, because the response field close to the
searchcoil is irregular.
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Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Ground Balancing (continued)
MANUAL GROUND BALANCING
In most situations, it is preferable to push the trigger switch to activate FASTGRAB automatic
ground balancing. Generally, it is best to first let the computer automatically cancel
interference from ground minerals. However, for gold prospecting, searching on a wet
saltwater beach, or searching in an area with so much metal trash that there is no clean
ground for the computer to sample, we recommended that you manually ground balance.
Manual ground balancing requires a bit of skill, acquired with some practice.
The range of ground balance settings indicated on the display range from 0 to 99; however,
each displayed number spans 5 detent steps on the settings knob. The actual internal ground
balance settings change with each step; there are a total of 500 different settings. Under some
ground conditions you may be able to hear the individual steps in the setting.
The Fe3O4 bar graph on the LCD display indicates the amount of magnetic mineralization. The
searchcoil must be in motion to measure Fe3O4. The most accurate measurement is obtained
by pumping the searchcoil, as in the Ground Balancing procedure.
The two-digit G.B. Setting number displayed on the LCD indicates the type of ground
mineralization.
Some typical ground mineralization types are:
0 – 10
Wet salt and alkali
5 – 25
Metallic iron. Very few soils in this range. You are probably over metal.
26–39
Very few soils in this range -- occasionally some saltwater beaches
40–75
Red, yellow, and brown iron-bearing clay minerals
75–95
Magnetite and other black iron minerals
When manually ground balancing, try to “feel out” a spot on GC
the PHASE
ground 90
to make sure there is
no metal present. In order to avoid locking onto metal, the computer will not balance to
ground where the GB setting is less than 40. Where the ground reads less than 40, manual
ground balancing is required.
G.H. PHASE
To perform the Manual Ground Balancing
operation, do the following:
1. Select the MANUAL G.B. function
The legend G.B. SETTING appears.
The present ground balance setting
is displayed (0-99).
The message PUMP COIL TO G.B.
will appear.
2. Physically pump the searchcoil and
detector up and down over the
ground.
Lift it about 6 inches above the
ground and lower it to within 1 inch
of the ground, about once or twice a
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Ground Balancing
Search Techniques (continued)
What is Ground Balancing?
All soils contain minerals. Signals from ground minerals are often tens or hundreds of times
as strong as the signal from a buried metal object. The magnetism of iron minerals, found in
nearly all soils, causes one type of interfering signal. Dissolved mineral salts, found in some
soils, are electrically conductive, causing another type of interfering signal.
Estimating Target I.D.
Ground Balancing is the process by which the metal detector cancels the unwanted ground
signals while leaving signals from buried metal objects intact. This is accomplished by
establishing the detector’s internal Ground Balance setting; this setting is calibrated to the soil
and eliminates the signal produced by ground minerals.
Most metal detectors have difficulty properly identifying steel bottle caps, and the F75 is no
exception. Steel bottle caps will often read in the coin range, at the high end of the scale.
The ID number you receive from a buried coin will usually be consistent regardless of sweep
speed or angle. The readings from a steel bottle cap will tend to bounce around a lot more,
especially with variations in sweep speed or angle. By paying attention and taking this into
account, you can minimize the number of bottle caps you dig.
Calibration to the actual soil condition will result in deeper target detection and quieter
operation. This calibration, or Ground Balancing, can be accomplished
automatically with the detector’s internal computer, by pushing the
Trigger Switch forward, or manually in the All Metal menu.
The ground balance setting carries through into all operating modes.
In Discrimination mode, the ground signal is generally inaudible unless
the discrimination setting is 0.
AUTOMATIC GROUND BALANCING PROCEDURE
(FASTGRAB™)
1. Find a spot of ground where there is no metal present.
2. Hold the detector with the searchcoil about one foot
above the ground.
3. Push the TRIGGER SWITCH forward with your index finger.
4. Physically pump the searchcoil and detector up and
down over the ground.
Lift it about 6 inches above the ground and
lower it to within 1 inch of the ground, about
once or twice a second.
5. A 2-digit value will appear on the display. This is
the Ground Balance setting.
If the detector’s internal computer is unable to ground
balance, an error message will appear:
• If the message OVERLOAD RAISE COIL – CAN’T
GB appears, you will also hear a siren sound.
You are probably over metal.
• If the message CAN’T GB appears,
you may not be pumping the coil, or
you may be over a small
piece of metal.
14
With a single sweep over a target, you will usually see a 2-digit target ID displayed on the LCD.
Repeated sweeps back and forth over the target may cause the 2-digit target ID values to change
with each sweep of the coil; this may seem inconsistent with your discrimination setting. These
variations and inconsistencies provide important clues regarding the identity of the buried object.
The information provided by the Visual Target ID may be different than the detector’s Audio
Feedback because the visual and audio systems are independent of one another. The internal
signals and algorithms controlling the Visual and Audio output are different. Therefore what
you hear, or do not hear, provides additional information regarding target ID. For instance, if
discrimination is set at 12, and most sweeps result in no visual target ID, the target is most likely
iron even though the majority of the ID numbers will be greater than 12.
The F75 has a tendency to up-average nonferrous targets in the proximity of iron, indicating ID
numbers higher than would be obtained in an air test. This tendency is connected with the
F75’s enhanced see-through ability – that is, the ability to find valuable targets in an area
where there is a lot of iron trash.
False Signals and Chatter
At times the detector may beep when there is nothing there, or it may seem like there is
nothing there. There are five major causes for this: electrical interference, nuisance buried
objects, ground minerals, hot rocks, and sensitivity set so high that internal circuit noise is
audible. The problem can usually be corrected by reducing the sensitivity setting, but
sometimes other measures can also be taken.
Note: FASTGRAB will
not automatically
balance over highly
conductive soils, such as
a wet saltwater beach.
ELECTRICAL INTERFERENCE
Electrical Interference can be caused by power lines, appliances, computer equipment, cell phones,
fluorescent and vapor type lamps, household light dimmers, other nearby metal detectors, electric
fences, radio transmitters, and electrical storms. If you get abnormal noise while holding the
searchcoil motionless in the air, the cause is either electrical interference or internal circuit noise. If
it is electrical interference, by walking around with the metal detector, you can often follow the
signal and track it back to the offending device; simply turn the device off, or come back at another
time when it may be off. If the interference is from power lines, you might try another time of day.
Interference on power lines is usually caused by something connected to them which may be idle
in the evenings or on weekends. If the interference is from a communications or broadcast
transmitting antenna, reducing the sensitivity is usually your only recourse.
The F75 allows you to shift operating frequencies to avoid electrical interference. See the
Frequency Shifting section for information about this technique.
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Search Techniques (continued)
The Menu System
NUISANCE BURIED OBJECTS
In some areas there is a lot of metallic trash which produces weak signals. These could
include deeply buried objects, little bits and pieces of rusty iron and corroded foil. These items
can be detected, but are difficult to pinpoint due to their depth and small size. When you dig
and find nothing, it may seem like the machine is beeping at nothing even though there is
actually something there. The best solution is usually to reduce sensitivity.
The entire menu is printed on the LCD display. The display highlights the mode and settings
which are in use.
If searching a very trashy area and unwanted signals are a problem, search with the
searchcoil 2 inches away from the ground. Trash objects very close to the searchcoil will
sometimes not be completely eliminated, even when the discrimination setting should have
eliminated the target.
Metal detectors are designed to see one metal object at a time. Where there are two iron
objects near each other, the detector can be fooled into thinking that the gap between them is
nonferrous metal. This is a common condition where a wooden building has burned or been
torn down, and the site is littered with nails. A signal from a nonferrous metal object such as a
coin will usually be repeatable, whereas a false positive signal resulting from multiple or oddly
shaped iron objects will seem to wander around and even to vanish. Experienced detectorists
call these non-repeating signals and usually do not bother digging them since nonrepeating
signals are almost always trash.
GROUND MINERALS
Conductive mineral salts usually produce broad signals which will not be mistaken for a
metallic object. Common causes are concentrations of mineral fertilizer, spots where
evaporation has concentrated naturally occurring mineral salts, residue from de-icing salts,
and urine from livestock. Unless dry, “cow pies” can sound off like they are metal. Ocean
beaches have saltwater—that subject is discussed toward the end of the manual.
In spots where there has been intense fire, such as a campfire site or where a stump was
burned during land clearing, the soil minerals may be altered by oxidation so that their ground
balance setting is lower than that of the surrounding soil. In such cases, search slowly and
change the G.B. setting as frequently as necessary.
In some areas, electrically conductive industrial minerals such as fuel coke, slag, clinkers (left
over from burning mineral fuels), or charcoal have been dumped or used as landfill. Individual
lumps of these materials can usually be quieted by reducing sensitivity and searching with a
discrimination level of at least 25. However, where the ground consists primarily of such
materials, you may not be able to search quietly. In that case, do not dig unless a signal is
crisp and repeatable.
Electrically conductive natural minerals such as graphite, graphitic slate, or sulfide ore
minerals are rarely encountered except when gold prospecting. When gold prospecting, you
need to be able to hear everything, and you can expect to dig conductive minerals that turn
out not to be gold. In a given locality you may learn to recognize what type of rocks these
minerals are found in, and to ignore them if people in the area say that gold is not found in
rocks of that type.
36
There are three search modes: Static All Metals, Motion All Metals, and Discrimination. To
change between an All Metals mode and Discrimination mode, the top line of the menu system
must be highlighted. Press the MENU button until the top line of the menu is highlighted.
When either All Metal or Discrimination is highlighted, rotate the SETTINGS knob to move
between the two categories.
Each search mode has several adjustable function settings:
ALL METAL: Threshold (not adjustable in stat mode), Audio Pitch, Sensitivity, and
Manual Ground Balance
DISCRIMINATION: Sensitivity, Discrimination Level, Notch, Number of Tones, and
Process Number.
To select a function, push the MENU button and continue pushing in order to move to the
function you want. The word SETTING will pop up in the middle of the display, and the
present setting of that function will be displayed as a number.
To change a setting, rotate the knob.
To increase a value, rotate to the right (clockwise)
To decrease a value, rotate to the left (counterclockwise)
If you select a function and
do not make a change to
that function after 7
seconds, the detector will
exit the menu system
automatically, deactivate
the SETTINGS knob, and
resume normal operation.
If you press the MENU
button while the machine is
in normal operation, the
user interface will return to
the last menu feature
setting. This feature allows
you to have quick access to
a function that you want to
adjust frequently.
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Controls (continued)
The F75 has two controls on the front panel, MENU and SETTINGS.
MENU Pushbutton (Red button on right of the front panel)
Push the MENU button to:
1. Step through the menu selections on the display.
With each push of the button, the next menu selection will be highlighted.
The SETTINGS knob then allows you to change values for the highlighted selection.
2. Recall the last setting which you adjusted.
After you have adjusted a setting, an indicator will remain highlighted next to this menu
selection. One push of the button will recall that selection and display the stored value.
This recall function is useful for a value you want to adjust frequently, such as the
ground balance setting. In order to adjust a stored value with the SETTINGS knob, you
must first press the MENU button to reactive the user interface.
3. Press-and-Hold the MENU button to temporarily switch to the dE (default) process,
only when operating in the bP or CL process.
The dE process will only be engaged while the button is depressed.
Releasing the button will return you to the process you were operating in.
When using any processes other than bP or CL, pressing-and-holding the
button will have no effect.
SETTINGS Knob (On the left of the front panel)
Rotate the SETTINGS knob to:
1. Change the setting (or value) of the highlighted menu selection you have chosen.
2. Select the operating MODE when the top line of the menu is highlighted.
When used to switch back and forth between the DISCRIMINATION mode and ALL METAL
modes, the detector changes modes as soon as the corresponding selection is highlighted.
The All Metal modes are used to detect all metal objects, including small or deep objects.
Use the Discrimination mode to ignore trash metal such as nails, foil, or pull-tabs.
NOTE: When the menu selection highlight disappears, the SETTINGS knob is deactivated.
If settings values do not change when the SETTINGS knob is rotated, press the MENU button
to reactivate the user interface.
TRIGGER SWITCH (Under the display in front of your hand)
While the trigger is pulled back, metal objects are temporarily detected without the need for
searchcoil motion. This aids in pinpointing the exact location of objects which were found
while searching in the Discrimination or motion All Metal modes.
When in static all metals mode, pulling the trigger zeroes the audio threshold to the signal
level currently preset. If the searchoil is up in the air away from metal, this maneuver corrects
for threshold drift due to temperature changes.
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Search Techniques (continued)
HOT ROCKS
A hot rock is a rock which causes the metal detector to sound off because the rock contains
iron minerals. They come in two basic types.
Negative hot rocks (also called cold rocks) are usually magnetite or contain magnetite,
and give a negative response because their ground balance value is a higher number
than the soil they are found in. They tend to be dark in color, usually black, and usually
heavy. In some cases they will have rust stains. They are usually attracted to a magnet,
and for this reason gold prospectors always carry a magnet—the ultimate
ferrous/nonferrous discriminator. In Motion All Metal mode, negative hot rocks produce a
boing sound rather than the zip sound of a metallic target; recognize the difference and
you will learn to ignore them.
Positive hot rocks are iron-bearing rocks which have been oxidized by natural weathering
processes so that their Ground Balance number is a number lower than the soil they are
found in. They are often small, right on the surface, sound just like a gold nugget, and
are common in many gold prospecting areas. They are usually, but not always, drawn to
a magnet. They are most often reddish in color but are often black, brown, or yellow. On
relic hunting sites, red clay bricks and rocks which have lined a fireplace or a campfire
will often be hot rocks. The discriminator will usually eliminate them without difficulty if
widely scattered, but if there is a large concentration of them, the discriminator may not
quiet them all. In that case, you can revert to the rule of thumb -- “don’t dig nonrepeatable signals”.
Using the sensitivity control
When the F75 is first turned on, the Sensitivity is at a medium setting appropriate for most
coinshooting. For relic hunting or gold prospecting, higher Sensitivity settings are usually
preferred.
In the event of detection of electrical interference from electrical power lines, electrical or
electronic appliances, or another metal detector, it is usually necessary to reduce the
Sensitivity setting to achieve quiet operation. Alternatively, use the Frequency Shift feature
described earlier in this manual.
If, while searching, you are constantly getting signals from which you cannot recover metal
targets, you may be detecting small or deep targets which are not recoverable using the
methods at hand. So, you may do better if you reduce the Sensitivity setting.
When the trigger is pushed forward, FASTGRAB automatic ground balancing is activated. The
internal computer measures the magnetic properties of the soil in order to cancel interference
from naturally-occurring minerals in the ground. After the detector measures the soil in this
manner, the detector then uses this information to control operation in both the All Metal and
Discrimination search modes. FASTGRAB can be used at any time during operation.
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Search Techniques (continued)
Controls
Tips on ground balancing
DUAL FUNCTION
MENU BUTTON
When the F75 first turns on, the ground balance setting is preset to 90. This will give a
positive response on nearly all soils. If you search in the Discrimination mode, you will
probably not have to balance to the ground. If you switch to All Metal mode, ground balancing
will probably be necessary.
You must find a spot of ground which is free of metal to accurately balance to the ground.
Before you attempt to Ground Balance, sweep back and forth to see if any metal target is
present. Locate what seems to be a clear area and then Ground Balance. Ground Balancing
may be done automatically by pushing the trigger, or manually if you are in All Metal mode.
After you have ground balanced, sweep back and forth to see if there is little or no audible
response to the soil. This is best done either in All Metal mode, or in Discrimination mode with
discrimination set to zero. Alternatively, use the PinPoint trigger to check the spot. If there is
little or no response, ground balancing was successful. If there is still substantial response,
there may have been metal present where you attempted to ground balance, so find another
promising spot and try again. If you cannot find a spot to successfully ground balance, it is
time to give up. Reset the ground setting to 90 and then use the machine without ground
balancing.
Menu
Access
Toggle From
bP or CL Process
Settings
Knob
Dual-function
Trigger switch
In most areas, once you have ground balanced, the ground balance setting will remain
satisfactory for a long time. However, if the soil has been disturbed by digging or the addition
of fill dirt, or if you are in a geologically complex setting such as is commonly encountered in
gold prospecting areas, you may have to frequently perform the ground balancing procedure
to accommodate changing soil conditions.
When you ground balance, the numerical Ground Setting will momentarily appear on the LCD
screen. In general, sandy or gravelly soils will tend to read in the 75-95 range, light colored
loams and clays will tend to read in the 50-80 range, and red clays will tend to read in the 3555 range. To express it in other terms, the more highly weathered, oxidized, or finely grained
the soil is, the lower the numeric reading will be.
On/Off &
Volume
Switch
The Fe3O4 bar graph indicates how much iron mineralization is present. For it to work, the
searchcoil must remain in motion. The most accurate readings will be achieved by pumping
the coil as you do when ground balancing. The higher the mineralization, the greater the
necessity to ground balance the detector for the best depth performance.
If you are searching for relics, you can make a map of the soil of the site. Make a grid of the
site. Then collect data. Ground Balance to document mineral type; view mineral amount on
the Fe3O4 bar graph. Then plot the data on the site map and draw isolines. In this way you
may be able to locate areas which have been dug, backfilled, or subjected to fire. This
information in turn helps to reveal the history of the site.
38
ON-OFF & VOLUME Knob (Under the elbow)
This knob turns the machine on or off, and controls speaker volume and headphone volume.
Knob position has no effect on detector’s sensitivity or susceptibility to noise from electrical
interference
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Introduction to the Fisher F 75
Detecting Activities
HIGH PERFORMANCE The F75 is a multi-purpose high-performance computerized metal
detector. It has the high sensitivity and ground balancing control needed for professional
gold prospecting, the discrimination responsiveness needed for serious relic hunting
under difficult conditions, and visual target ID considered essential in searching for coins.
The F75 operates at 13 kHz for good sensitivity to gold nuggets and jewelry as well as to
coins. The F75 comes with an 11-inch elliptical Bi-Axial searchcoil for maximum
detection depth in mineralized soils.
Coinshooting
USER COMFORT The F75 is among the lightest and best balanced of all high-performance
metal detectors, so you can hold and swing it almost effortlessly. The armrest position is
adjustable to fit your arm. The grip is durable high-friction foam elastomer, comfortable in
any kind of weather. The controls are conveniently located and easy to learn how to use.
Locking collars on the tubes eliminate rattling.
EASY-TO-USE & INFORMATIVE INTERFACE The entire menu is always visible on the
LCD display. The LCD display indicates the electrical signature (target I.D.) of the
detected metal object. The display provides continuous information on battery condition
and on ground mineralization, which affects detection depth. Help messages are
automatically displayed on the bottom of the display when necessary.
LOW OPERATING COST The F75 is powered by four AA alkaline batteries, which will
typically last for more than 40 hours of use before needing replacement.
DESIGNED BY MANY OF THE INDUSTRY’S MOST TALENTED ENGINEERS
The lead engineers on the F75 design team were John Gardiner and David Johnson.
David Johnson’s previous Fisher design credits include the CZ-platform, the Gold Bugseries, most of the 1200-series, Impulse Underwater Detector, CZ-20 Underwater
Detector, FX3 magnetometer, the Gemini 2-box locator, the XLT-16 Acoustical Leak
Detector, and the XLG-80 Ultrasonic Leak Detector. John and David were supported by
fellow electrical engineers Jorge Corral, and Mark Krieger. The mechanical design was a
collaboration among David Johnson, Brad Fulghum, John Griffin, and Tom Walsh.
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
While the F75 is robustly engineered for outdoor use, it is not indestructible and it is not
waterproof.
RESET function
The F75’s microprocessor saves all settings which you input, even after the power is
turned off.
If you wish to reset the settings to the factory preset, follow this process:
1. Turn detector off.
2. Press-and-hold the red MENU button and
push-forward-and-hold the TOGGLE SWITCH.
3. Turn the detector on, while you are still holding the controls.
4. Release the MENU button and TOGGLE SWITCH.
5. See the F symbol. When the F disappears, the detector is reset.
10
Coinshooting is searching for coins, usually in places like parks, schoolyards, church
lawns, and people's yards. In most places where coins are likely to be found, there
is also a lot of aluminum trash like pull-tabs and bottle caps, as well as steel
bottle caps and often nails. Sometimes there is jewelry present. You will
usually search using discrimination to get rid of the iron and the
aluminum trash, even though this mode will cause you to miss some of
the jewelry.
Much coinshooting is done in lawn areas, where digging holes
would cause damage to the grass. We recommend use of an
accessory hand-held pinpointer in such cases. Recovering targets is
usually done by first accurately pinpointing the target, then carefully cutting
a slit in the turf with a knife, and tamping it firmly when you are finished. In
these situations, you cannot recover deep targets for fear of damaging the
turf, so you can cut down on nuisance signals by reducing the sensitivity.
When searching on private property, first get the permission of
the property owner. Most of the public places where one is
likely to do coinshooting are city, county, or school district
property. There is usually no ordinance prohibiting use of
a metal detector as long as you are not causing damage.
Sometimes such ordinances do exist. Administrators and
security personnel often have the legal authority to
prohibit any activity they do not like even if there is no
ordinance against it. If there is a metal detecting club in your
area, someone will usually know what areas can and cannot
be searched. If you are ever in doubt about hunting an
area, then ask before hunting.
Be prepared to always put your best foot forward
when using a metal detector in a public place. Pick
up any trash you recover; put it in a pouch or pocketed
apron. This way you can explain that you are performing
a public service by helping keep the place free of trash,
especially pieces of metal or glass that could endanger a child at
play. Be proficient at recovering targets without causing
damage to the lawn. Explain that whenever you find jewelry
which has personal identification marks, such as a class
ring, you make an attempt to determine the owner and to
return it. When someone who questions what you are
doing understands that you are causing no damage and are
actually performing a public service, you will usually be
welcome.
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Detecting Activities (continued)
Relic Hunting
Relic hunting is searching for historical artifacts. The most common
desired objects are battlefield debris, coins, jewelry, harness hardware,
metal buttons, trade tokens, metal toys, household items, and tools
used by workmen and trades people. The most common unwanted
metal is iron (nails, fence wire, rusted cans, etc.), but some iron and
steel objects such as weapons may be valuable. If you are at a
site where you may encounter unexploded ordinance, use
caution.
Most relic hunting locations are in fields, forested areas and
vacant lots where digging holes will not damage turf grass, so
having a detector with good depth sensitivity is important.
Some places are so littered with iron that it is necessary to
discriminate out iron in order to be able to search, even though
you may miss some potentially valuable artifacts.
Before you go relic hunting, obtain permission from the property
owner. If you intend to hunt on public land, check first with the
administrator to make sure it's not illegal. Certain kinds of sites, on
both public and private land, are protected by law from relic hunting. If
there is a metal detecting club in your area, some of the members will
probably know what the laws are in that area and which sites are, and
are not, off limits.
Relic hunting is most rewarding if you have an avid interest in history. In
many cases, the value of a relic is not the object itself, but the story
it's a part of -- what historians call context and archeologists call
provenance. A few pieces of rusty metal can tell the story of life
in a specific place, or that of a specific family or person from
hundreds of years ago. They can capture our imagination and
help to give context to our lives today.
The value and context of a find can be readily lost without proper
documentation and storage. Add finds to your collection with care.
Take the trouble to understand the site you are searching and keep
track of where you find things. Describe exactly how and where
items where found. Consider including a sketch of the site with your
finds. Organization techniques might include storing together all
finds from the same site. Alternatively, if you have an interest in
specific items, like buttons, make a button collection, and within
that collection, document the circumstances surrounding each
button found. If your finds are mixed together, without categorization
40
Mechanicals (continued)
The LCD screen shows battery condition on
the right.
ARMREST
The armrest WIDTH and POSITION are both
adjustable.
Armrest Width: The sides of the armrest can
be bent inward and outward.
To best stabilize the detector to your arm
and body movement, squeeze the sides
of the armrest around your forearm. For a
very secure fit, some users prefer to bend
the armrest in tightly against the forearm
such that you pry the sides loose each
time you place your arm into the armrest.
Adjust the armrest in or out accordingly
Armrest Position on Pole: Remove the two
bolts to position the armrest farther forward
or back, to adapt to your arm’s length.
-- To reinsert the bolts, spin and twist
them into place. Be careful not to
damage the power cable that runs
through the aluminum tube.
Adjust the armrest forward or back, to adapt
-- Insert both bolts completely through
to your arm’s length.
both sides of the bracket
before attaching the nut to the opposite
side.
-- After reinserting the bolts, tighten them very securely. You may need to use gloves for a
firm grip. As you swing the detector from side-to-side, you want the bolts tight enough
so that you do not feel any movement between the pole and armrest mounting bracket.
If you notice unwanted movement while swinging detector, check the tightness of the
locking collars. The locking collars must be rotated a full 270° to reach the locking position.
HEADPHONES (not included)
The F75 is equipped with a standard 1/4-inch stereo headphone jack at the rear of the unit,
located under the elbow as you hold the detector for use. Any headphone with a stereo plug
should work; headphones with a mono plug will not work.
Using headphones (not supplied) improves battery life, and prevents the sounds from
annoying bystanders. It also allows you to hear subtle changes in the sound more clearly,
particularly if searching in a noisy location. For safety reasons, do not use headphones near
traffic or where other dangers, like rattlesnakes, are present.
This device is to be used with interconnecting cables/headphone cables shorter than three meters.
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Mechanicals
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Detecting Activities (continued)
Relic Hunting (continued)
BATTERIES (not included)
or documentation, their context will be lost.
The F75 requires four AA batteries.
These non-rechargeable chemistries may be used: Alkaline, Nickel Oxy-Hydroxide
(Panasonic Oxyride or Duracel PowerPix), and lithium iron disulfide (Energizer L91).
Nickel metal hydride and nickel-cadmium rechargeable chemistries may also be used.
Zinc-carbon and so-called “heavy duty” batteries may not work, especially in cold weather.
Do not use these batteries.
DO NOT MIX OLD AND NEW BATTERIES
Expect 40 hours of service in the field with one set of alkaline batteries.
Rechargeable batteries will usually deliver over 25 hours of service without recharging, but
when they start running low, they die suddenly with little warning.
Always install batteries which are of the same type and the same state of charge. Otherwise
battery life will be determined by the weakest battery, because the good batteries cannot
deliver their power with a dead battery blocking the current.
All 4 batteries are installed with the positive terminals facing upward.
IMPORTANT: To avoid stressing the battery spring connection, install the batteries using this technique:
1. Position the bottom (negative) side of the battery on top of the spring.
2. Do not install the top of the battery into the compartment yet.
3. Push down on the battery to compress the spring.
4. With the spring compressed a bit, then tip the battery upright and push back into the compartment.
1
2
RIGHT WAY
8
WRONG WAY
The ground balancing and Fe3O4 bar graph features of the F75 can be used to map the soils
of a site. In this way you might determine which areas have been dug, backfilled, or subjected
to fire. This information in turn helps to reveal the history of the site.
To find promising sites to hunt, conduct research at your local library, look for clues in old
newspapers, and seek information on the internet. Where did buildings used to be? Which
have since been torn down? Where did people gather for public events like dances and
county fairs? Where did train and stage lines run? Where were the swimming holes? In
almost every town there is a historical society and museum of local history. Most museums
are grateful for anything they can put on display, and when you dig something you cannot
identify, the curator can often identify it for you. If you work closely with the local historical
society or museum, landowners will be more willing to grant you permission to search their
property.
Some of the most promising sites for relic hunting are places being cleared for development.
After the site is built on, whatever is in the ground will become inaccessible. The property
owner can often be persuaded that the site should be searched immediately while it is still
searchable.
Gold Prospecting
In the United States, gold is found in many places in the western states, Alaska, and in a few
localities in the Appalachians. The old saying "Gold is where you find it", means that to find
gold, you should look in areas where the yellow metal is known to be present.
Hillsides are the best areas for gold prospecting using a metal detector, because hillsides
cannot be cleaned out by panning and dredging the way streams can. Also, gold on hillsides,
not far from its source vein, tends to be larger, and hence more readily detected, than alluvial
(placer) gold which tends to get pounded to pieces and worn away as it rolls along the
streambed with gravel during floods. Gold is valuable because it is a scarce commodity. Even
in a good gold producing area, you will often spend an entire day without finding any gold.
Meanwhile you will dig bits and pieces of other metal-- birdshot, shells and bullets from
hunting and target practice, bits of rusted barbed wire, chips off shovels and other mining
tools, rusted tin cans, etc. Hot rocks -- rocks containing concentrations of iron oxides that
sound like metal when you pass over them -- are also a nuisance in many gold areas.
Discrimination is usually ineffective because the loss of sensitivity resulting from discrimination
is enough to cause those little nuggets to vanish. If you have gone many hours without finding
gold and are wondering if there is something wrong with your metal detector or how you are
using it, the most important clue is this: if you are digging tiny pieces of trash metal, then if
gold were present you would have found small gold pieces too!
Because most gold nuggets are tiny, and are usually found in soil which is high in iron oxide
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Detecting Activities (continued)
Gold Prospecting (continued)
minerals, serious gold prospecting requires a detector with high sensitivity
and true ground balanced motion all metal operation. Run the
machine with the sensitivity high enough to hear some noise
from ground minerals, and learn the language of the
sounds you hear. Headphones are recommended
unless consideration for safety (for instance
rattlesnakes) rules them out. Move the searchcoil
slowly and deliberately, carefully controlling its
height above the ground to minimize noise from
iron minerals in the soil. If you hear ground
noise, your Ground Setting could be a bit
off, so perform the ground balancing
procedure again. As you walk even a
very short distance, ground conditions
can change. The ground geology
typically associated with gold will
tend to change over very short
distances.
The Fe3O4 bar graph indicates the amount
of iron mineralization in the soil. In most gold fields,
especially alluvial (placer) deposits, gold tends to be
associated with iron minerals, especially magnetite
black sand. If you know this to be the case in the area
you're working, you can maximize your gold recovery by
concentrating your effort on areas where the bar graph
indicates higher amounts of iron mineralization.
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Assembly (continued)
7. Push cable into connector on back of housing.
Do not twist the cable or plug.
8. Tighten knurled cap nut by hand to secure cable connection to housing.
Use minimal finger pressure to start thread. Do not force threads.
Nut may not completely cover all threads when fully engaged.
9. Adjust to your height:
Hold detector, standing up, with your arm in the armrest.
Place searchcoil flat on the ground with back edge of coil 6” in front of your toes.
Click pin on lower rod into nearest hole.
Firmly tighten bottom locking collar to secure lower stem.
10. Attach cable to top of rod with upper Velcro strip
11. Tighten up coil knob to keep searchcoil from flopping.
12. Insert batteries.
4 batteries are all installed the same way -- positive terminals pointed upward.
After establishing a comfortable length, firmly tighten the locking collars on the rods
to prevent the tubes from rattling. Rotate the collars a full 270° to engage and lock in
place. If you are unable to rotate a full 270°, use gloves for a better grip.
If the searchcoil appears crooked with respect to the pole, loosen both locking collars
and re-adjust. Hold each of the lower poles in the counterclockwise position as you
tighten the locking collars.
Gold prospectors are mostly a friendly bunch, and willing to
spend some time showing a beginner how to increase his
odds of finding the yellow stuff. Many will invite you to search
on their claims (if they have any) once they get to know you.
In some gold areas, a lot of the terrain is under claim, so you need
to learn how to recognize posted claims and stay off of them unless you have the claim
owner's permission. Prospecting clubs such as the GPAA often own claims which are open to
their members, and sponsor group outings to good gold areas.
It’s a thrilling experience to dig into the ground and pull out a precious piece of yellow metal
that you are the first person on earth to see. If you love being outdoors, have patience, and
can stay motivated by the prospect of finding that next nugget, then beeping for gold may be
the hobby for you. While only a few get rich prospecting, if you are not among them, think of it
as outdoor recreation where your finds defray the expense of having fun!
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Assembly
Battery Compartment
Detecting Activities (continued)
Headphone Jack
Release Clip
1. Remove all components from box.
2. Attach searchcoil to lower rod by
lining up the holes.
Push coil knob through hole
2-way
and tighten knob gently.
adjustable
You will tighten up the coil knob later.
armrest
3. Insert smallest rod into S-rod
(S-rod holds detector body).
Turn top locking collar
Hand-grip
counter-clockwise to open up.
Menu
Push in pin on small rod.
Botton
Settings
Slide small rod into upper rod.
Switch
Click pin into hole and tighten
locking collar firmly clockwise.
4. Push lower rod into small rod
as follows:
Turn locking collar
counterclockwise to open up.
If plastic insert tab interferes,
push it down, or turn tube upside down.
Push in pin to allow rod to slide in.
Slide lower rod in.
Click pin into any hole.
5. Remove velcro strip from lower rod.
6. Wrap cable around stem as follows:
Leave some slack in cable at
base of lower rod.
Secure cable at base of rod with velcro strip.
Wrap cable loosely around entire
Search
Coil Cable
stem up to bent part of upper rod.
You will re-wrap the cable later
after sizing the rods to your height.
Biaxial Searchoil
Cache Hunting
On/Off &
Volume
Switch
S-Rod
Dual-function
Trigger switch
Upper
Stem
A cache (pronounced "cash") is an accumulation of
money, jewelry, gold, or other valuables, which someone
has hidden. When people bury a cache, they usually put
it in a strongbox or in a jar. To search for a cache, you first
need a reason to believe the cache may exist. This
means doing research. Some caches have been the
subject of many stories you can read about in print, but
you need to be able to sort fact from fiction. If you can get
copies of old newspaper stories about the circumstances
surrounding the hiding of the cache, you may find
discrepancies which help you to judge the reliability of the
information available. Often the best information on an old
cache is to be learned from old timers who live in the area
where the cache is thought to be. In the case of newer
caches, often the only information is what can be obtained
from family and acquaintances of the person who is
believed to have hidden the cache.
The ownership of a cache is not always clear. Sometimes it
belongs to the person or heirs of the person who hid it,
sometimes it belongs to the owner of the property on which
it is located, and sometimes it belongs to the person who
finds it -- or some combination of the above. If the contents
of the cache were stolen, this fact can also complicate the
question of ownership. Find out what laws apply to the
cache in question, and always make sure that the issue of
ownership is resolved prior to recovering a cache.
Compared to a coin, a cache is usually large and deep. Searching in Motion All Metal mode is
recommended. However, for a really deep cache, it may be advantageous to search in STAT
mode, frequently pulling the trigger momentarily to maximize sensitivity.
Shallow Water Hunting
All Fisher Research Labs searchcoils are waterproof, allowing you to search in shallow water
about two feet deep. If searching around water, be careful not to get the electronics housing
wet. Avoid salt spray, as it will work its way into the control housing and damage the
electronics -- such damage is not covered by the warranty.
Both fresh and saltwater beaches are popular places for metal detecting. Vacationers lose
money and jewelry playing in the sand and in the water. It is usually easy to dig in a beach
environment, and metal detecting is permitted on most beaches. Occasionally you may be
able to help someone recover a piece of jewelry they have lost minutes before; this is a
gratifying experience.
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Detecting Activities (continued)
Shallow Water Hunting (continued)
When searching on a beach, it is best to either search in Motion All Metal mode, or to search
with the discrimination level set just high enough to eliminate iron, because the value of beach
finds is largely in the jewelry rather than in the coins. You will dig a lot of aluminum trash, but
the digging is easy, and you can tell people that you are helping to clean up the beach and
make it safer for people's feet. We recommend the use of a special sand scoop for recovering
valuables from the sand quickly -- most metal detector dealers sell these.
The electrical conductivity of the water itself can pose some challenges. You may get false
signals when going into and coming out of the water, making it necessary to pay careful
attention to keep the coil either in or out of the water, but not to touch the surface. This effect
may be observed in either fresh or saltwater.
Quick Start
Use your F75 right out of the box
1.
Assemble the detector (see instructions beginning page 4).
2
Install four AA alkaline batteries. All positive (button-end) terminals point up.
3.
Turn the knob, located under the armrest, fully clockwise.
This turns the machine on and sets audio volume to maximum.
4.
When first turned on, the F75 starts out in the Discrimination mode, with:
Sensitivity preset to 60
Discrimination Level preset to 15
Number of Tones preset to 3
Process# preset to dE
Sweep the searchcoil from side to side, parallel to the ground. Keep the searchcoil
moving over the ground. If you stop moving the searchcoil, the sound will also stop.
Probable target type will be indicated at the top of the LCD screen.
5.
If the searchcoil is not in motion and not close to metal, the detector should be
silent.
6.
If you experience false signals from electrical interference, from the soil itself, or
from lots of trash metal, press the MENU button.
Sensitivity will be highlighted.
Rotate the Settings knob to the left (counterclockwise),
Reduce the sensitivity setting until the false signals go away.
After 7 seconds, the machine will exit the menu and return to
normal operation.
7.
Find a patch of ground free of metal, toss a coin on the ground and sweep back and forth
over it a few times to get a feel for how the machine responds.
8.
You are now ready to search.
9.
Pull and hold the trigger switch with your index finger to pinpoint the exact location of
targets, making them easier to unearth.
Saltwater Hunting
Saltwater is highly conductive, and produces a strong signal which is like that of metal.
The F75 is not specifically designed for high performance in saltwater, but can be used in this
environment.
If you desire to search in or over saltwater, the following measures will usually be sufficient to
silence the saltwater response while retaining acceptable sensitivity:
1. Set the sensitivity in both modes to less than 30.
2. Ground balance the machine manually in Motion All Metal mode.
3. Search in the Discrimination mode with a discrimination setting
higher than 25.
When the trigger is pulled, PinPoint is engaged ….
The searchcoil need not be in motion to detect an object.
The 2-digit numeric display indicates approximate target depth, in inches.
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Specifications
How Metal Detectors Work
Mechanical:
S-rod with electronics housing mounted on handgrip, 3-piece
breakdown, batteries under elbow, 2-way armrest adjustment —
forward/backward & around forearm.
Searchcoil:
11” (28 cm) open-frame elliptical double-D, waterproof.
Batteries:
4 AA, alkaline (not included).
Weight:
3.5 pounds (1.6 kg) with alkaline batteries installed.
Static Balance:
force in vertical plane normal to elbow 0.47 pounds (0.22 kg).Varies
with adjustment and user’s stance and arm/hand physiology.
Dynamic Balance:
axial moment, 0.29 foot-pounds (0.39 newton-meters). Varies with
adjustment and user’s stance and arm/hand physiology.
Sweep Effort:
lateral moment 5.2 foot-pounds (7.1 newton-meters).
Operating Principle:
VLF induction balance
Operating Frequency:
nominal 13 kHz, quartz crystal timing reference
13158Hz, 13100Hz, 1043Hz, 12987Hz, 12931Hz, 12876Hz, 12821Hz
Basic Sensitivity:
6 x 10 root Hertz (detectivity)
Lag Coefficient:
78 milliseconds
Reactive Overload:
approximately 10,000 micro-cgs units (volume susceptibility)
40,000 micro-cgs units with sensitivity < 30.
Resistive Overload:
approximately 1,200 micro-cgs units (volume susceptibility)
4,800 micro-cgs units with sensitivity < 30.
9
Ground Balancing Range: From ferrite to salt, inclusive
Discrimination
Ground Suppression:
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Most hobby metal detectors use VLF Induction Balance technology. Here's how they work.
The searchcoil (also called search head or loop) contains two electrical induction coils which
are like antennas. One coil transmits a rapidly alternating magnetic field, illuminating the
region surrounding the searchcoil. If metal is present, its electrical conductivity distorts the
magnetic field. If iron metal is present, its magnetism also distorts the magnetic field, but in a
different way, allowing the metal detector to distinguish between ferrous and nonferrous
metals.
The other coil is a receiving antenna which detects changes in the magnetic field caused by
the presence of metal. Electronic circuits amplify this weak signal, analyze it to determine the
changes which occur as the searchcoil sweeps over the target, and then convey the
information to the user in the form of a visual display or audio tones. Most modern metal
detectors perform many of these tasks in software running on an internal microcomputer.
The iron minerals which are present in most soils also distort the magnetic field, obscuring the
weak signals of small or deep objects. This can cause the object to go undetected, or to be
misidentified when it is detected. Much of the technology that goes into modern metal
detectors is devoted to the task of eliminating the unwanted signals from iron minerals in the
soil, while not losing the signals from metal objects.
This device has been designed to operate with the antennas listed below, and having a
maximum gain of 3 dB. Antennas not included in this list or having a gain greater than 3 dB
are strictly prohibited for use with this device. The required antenna impedance is 53 ohms.
10COIL-F70, 11COIL-F75, 5COIL-F75, 6COIL-E
combination of second and third order methods
The following statement is not relevant to metal detectors but is printed here to satisfy
legal notification requirement:
ID Ground Suppression: third order
Battery Life:
Typically 40 hours with high quality alkaline batteries
Estimated 80 hours with nickel oxyhydroxide batteries
Estimated 65 hours with lithium iron disulfide batteries
Operating Temp Range: 4 to +122 degrees F (-20 to +50 degrees C)
“To reduce potential radio interference to other users, the antenna type and its gain should be
so chosen that the equivalent isotopically radiated power (e.i.r.p.) is not more than that
permitted for successful communication.”
The following countries allow free movement of this product within the European community:
FIN,LVA,SVN,SUI,BIH.
Operating Humidity Range: 0-90% non-condensing
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Treasure Hunter’s Code of Ethics:
• Always check Federal, State, County and local laws before searching
• Respect private property and do not enter private property without the owner’s permission.
• Take care to refill all holes and leave no damage.
• Remove and dispose of any and all trash and litter found.
• Appreciate and protect our inheritance of natural resources, wildlife and private property.
• Act as an ambassador for the hobby, use thoughtfulness, consideration and courtesy at all
times.
• Never destroy historical or archaeological treasures.
• All treasure hunters may be judged by the example you set; always conduct yourself with
courtesy and consideration of others
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
Table Of Contents
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Quick-Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Mechanicals
Assembly Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-7
Mechanicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Armrest adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Using Headphones (not included) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Introduction to the F75
General information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11-12
Menu System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Ground Balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14-16
Motion All Metal Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Static All Metal Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Discrimination Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19-23
PinPoint Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
LCD Visual Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25-27
Numeric Target Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Probable Target Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Depth Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Confidence Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Fe3O4 Graph . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Battery Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
G.B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..27
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Frequency Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Capabilities & Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29-31
Tips & Techniques
Search Techniques
How to sweep the searchcoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Boost and Cache Locating Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32-33
Pinpointing targets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33-34
Estimating target size and depth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34-35
False signals and chatter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Adjusting Sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Tips on ground balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Detecting Activities
Coinshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Relic Hunting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40-41
Gold Prospecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41-42
Cache Hunting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Shallow Water Hunting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43-44
Saltwater Hunting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
How metal detectors work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Treasure Hunter’s Code of Ethics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
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F75 SE
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
T
he F75 is a multipurpose metal detector. Its most popular uses are coinshooting
and relic hunting, and it is also well-suited to gold prospecting.
PRODUCT FEATURES
• Light weight and well-balanced: best ergonomically engineered detector in the
industry.
• Intuitive menu-driven user interface
• Large LCD screen
• Visual indicators of important values such as:
Target Identification
Target Confidence
Target Depth (both running-depth and pinpoint-depth)
Ground Mineralization
• Multiple Search Modes:
Discrimination
Static All-Metal
Motion All-Metal
• Trigger-actuated FASTGRAB™ ground balancing with manual override
• Waterproof 11-inch open-frame BiAxial™ searchcoil
Housing constructed of a carbon fiber-polycarbonate blend
• Trigger-actuated target pinpointing with variable audio pitch
• Fully Adjustable Armrest
• Display backlight for night and low-light conditions
• Notch and discrimination controls
• Covers provided for both the control housing and battery box.
• Made in the USA
Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
5-Year Limited Warranty
The F75 metal detector is warranted against defects in materials and
workmanship under normal use for five years from the date of purchase to the
original owner.
Damage due to neglect, accidental damage or misuse of this product is not
covered under this warranty. Decisions regarding abuse or misuse of the
detector are made solely at the discretion of the manufacturer.
Proof of Purchase is required to make a claim under this warranty.
Liability under this Warranty is limited to replacing or repairing, at our option,
the metal detector returned, shipping cost prepaid, to Fisher Labs. Shipping
cost to Fisher Labs is the responsibility of the consumer.
To return your detector for service, please first contact Fisher Labs for a Return
Authorization (RA) Number. Reference the RA number on your package and
return the detector within 15 days of calling to:
Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
1465-H Henry Brennan Dr.
El Paso, TX 79936
Phone: 915-225-0333 ext.118
Fax: 915-225-0336
Warranty coverage does not include the cost of transporting the detector back
to an owner who is located outside of the United States of America.
NOTE TO CUSTOMERS OUTSIDE THE U.S.A.
This warranty may vary in other countries, check with your distributor for details.
Warranty does not cover shipping costs.
According to FCC part 15.21 Changes or Modifications made to this device not expressly approved
by the party responsible for compliance could void the users authority to operate this equipment.
This device complies with FCC Part 15 Subpart B Section 15.109 Class B.
If you have any questions, or need assistance with your metal detector,
Call 1-915-225-0333, and ask for Fisher Hobby Technical Service
Copyright© 2011 by Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce this book, or parts thereof, in any form.
Published by Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
Fisher® is a registered trademark of Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
www.fisherlab.com
1465-H Henry Brennan Dr., El Paso, TX 79936 • (915) 225-0333
MADE IN U.S.A.
2
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Comprehensive Operating Manual & Guide to Metal Detecting
ACCESSORIES
Fisher® Padded Carry Bag
Rugged double stitched construction. Includes handy
exterior pocket for extra batteries or small accessories.
103693000C
Fisher® Camo Pouch
Camo pouch with two inside pockets, belt included. – PCH-F
Fisher® Stereo Headphones
Use with Fisher metal detectors. Lightweight and adjustable with
true stereo sound, adjustable volume, 1/8 jack with 1/4 adaptor,
4’ cable. 9720950000
Fisher® Pin Pointer
Pinpoints the exact location of buried metal objects. Audio signal
indicator and vibrator. Runs on 1 – 9-Volt Battery. FPOINT
Metal Sand Scoop
Large galvanized metal scoop with filtering holes.
Strong Rubberized grip. SAND SCOOP
Lesche Knife
Made from high quality heat-treated tempered steel.
The ultimate digging tool. Comes with a durable sheath.
12" in length with a 7" serrated blade. LESCHE KNIFE
Fisher® Baseball Cap
One size fits all. FCAP
Fisher® T-Shirt
100% white cotton with Fisher® Logo. Sizes – LG, XL & XXL
Replacement/Accessory Search Coils
11” Biaxial Accessory Coil - 11COIL-F75
10” Concentric Standard Coil (replacement)– 10COIL-F70
6.5” Concentric Accessory Coil - 6COIL-E
5” Biaxial Accessory Coil - 5COIL-F75
Coil Covers
Specially made to protect your coil from abrasion and damage.
11” Biaxial Accessory Coil Cover – COVER-11DD
10” Concentric Standard Coil Cover – F70COVER
6.5” Concentric Accessory Coil Cover- 6COVER-E
5” Biaxial Accessory Coil Cover - 5COVER-CZ3
Fisher® Face Rain Cover
Specially designed to protect your detector from dirt and water - FACE-COVER
Gold
Prospecting Kits
FOR COMPLETE DETAILS VISIT WWW.FISHERLAB.COM • 1-800-685-5050
M75MBLK
Rev. 3
032513
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