Fisher | Gold Bug DP | Users Manual | Fisher Gold Bug DP Users Manual

Fisher Gold Bug DP Users Manual
ACCESSORIES
Fisher Padded Carry Bag
®
Rugged double stitched construction. Includes handy exterior
pocket for extra batteries or small accessories. – 103693000C
Fisher Camo Backpack
®
Large camouflage and black with Fisher® logo. – FCBACKPACK
Fisher Camo Pouch
®
Camo pouch with two inside pockets, belt included. – PCH-F
Fisher Stereo Deluxe Headphones
®
Adjustable single-volume control, 1/4 jack” jack, aluminum cones and coiled cord. 9720971000
Stereo Headphones
Use with Fisher® metal detectors. Lightweight and adjustable with true stereo sound, adjustable
volume, 1/4 jack with 1/8 adaptor, 4’ cable. – 9720950000
Metal Sand Scoop
Large galvanized metal scoop with filtering holes. Strong Rubberized grip. – SAND SCOOP
DEEP PENETRATING GOLD NUGGET HUNTER
Gold Pick
Tempered steel head is 10” long, edge is 3-1/4” wide, overall length 19”. Durable fiberglass
handle, rubberized grip and super magnet attached to the head. – GOLDPICK
Lesche Knife
OWNER’S MANUAL
Made from high quality heat-treated tempered steel. The ultimate digging tool.
Comes with a durable sheath. 12" in length with a 7" serrated blade. – LESCHE KNIFE
Fisher Baseball Cap
®
One-size-fits-all. – FCAP
If you do not have prior experience
with a metal detector, we strongly
recommend that you:
Fisher Camo Baseball Cap
®
One-size-fits-all. Velcro closure, camouflage with Fisher® logo. – FCCAP
Fisher Coffee Mug
®
16oz, stainless steel and plastic – FMUG
Fisher T-Shirt
®
1) Adjust the Gain to a low
setting in the event of
false signals. Always begin
use at a reduced Gain level;
increase Gain only after you have become
familiar with the detector.
100% cotton with Fisher® Logo. Sizes: S, M, LG, XL & XXL – FTSHIRT
Replacement/Accessory Searchcoils
11” DD Elliptical, Open Accessory Coil – 11COIL-GB
10” DD Elliptical, Closed Accessory Coil – 10COILDD-GB
5” DD Round Replacement Coil – 5COIL-GBUG
Coil Covers*
Specially made to protect your coil from abrasion and damage.
11” DD Coil Cover – COVER-11DD
10” Biaxial Accessory Coil Cover – 202319000
5” DD Coil Cover – 5COVER-CZ3
2) Do not use indoors. This detector is for
outdoor use only. Many household appliances
emit electromagnetic energy, which can
interfere with the detector. If conducting an
indoor demonstration, turn the Gain down and
keep the searchcoil away from appliances such
as computers, televisions and microwave ovens.
If your detector beeps erratically, turn off
appliances and lights.
Rain Cover
Specially designed to protect your detector from dirt and water – RAINCOV-GB
Gold
Prospecting Kits
Also keep the searchcoil away from
objects containing metal, such as floors
and walls.
FOR COMPLETE DETAILS VISIT WWW.FISHERLAB.COM • 1-800-685-5050
*Image not shown.
MGBug-DP
Rev.7
082113
3) Use a 9-volt ALKALINE battery only.
Do not use Heavy Duty Batteries.
2
39
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Copyright© 2011 by Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce this book, or parts thereof, in any form.
Published by Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
Fisher® is a registered trademark of Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
www.fisherlab.com
1465-H Henry Brennan Dr., El Paso, TX 79936 • (915) 225-0333
GOLD PROSPECTING ORGANIZATIONS
www.goldprospectors.org
www.fmdac.org
www.igu-net.org
www.agu.org
38
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-7
Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Quick-Start Demo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-10
Headphones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Basics Of Metal Detecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11-12
Ground Minerals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Trash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Identifying Buried Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Size and Depth of Buried Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Operation and Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Control Knobs
Off / On / Gain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Disc / All Metal / Threshold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Touchpad Controls
Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing / Pinpoint . .15
+ and - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Operating in All Metal Mode
Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing . . . . . . . .16
Setting the Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Unwanted Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Sweeping the Searchcoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Reading the Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Target Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Operating in Discrimination Mode
Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing . . . . . . . .18
Setting the Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Gain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Disc Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Unwanted Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Sweeping the Searchcoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Using Pinpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Reading the Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19-21
Ground Balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22-24
Ground Balancing Technical Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Target Display & Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Gold Prospecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27-28
Hot Rocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30-31
Search Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Target Pinpointing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Optional 5”DD Searchcoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Treasure Hunter’s Code of Ethics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Device Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Back Cover
3
Congratulations!
Congratulations on your purchase of the new Gold Bug™ DP metal detector. The newly
designed Gold Bug™ DP has been custom designed to find small gold nuggets, but
unlike other specialized gold prospecting detectors, it can also be used for relic hunting
and coin shooting.
Whether you use your Detector in your backyard, at the shoreline, in the mountains or
fields afar, your investment will let you experience the excitement of searching for yet
uncovered treasures and give you hours and years of outdoor enjoyment. Out on your
own or with a group, places to use your Gold Bug™ DP are unlimited as buried
treasures can be as near as your doorstep or as far as you wish to travel.
This manual has been written to help you get optimal use of your detector, so we hope
you will read it thoroughly before your first outing and will also refer back to this manual
from time to time to reinforce features and methods as you become more proficient in
the field.
Happy Hunting from Fisher Research Labs!
According to FCC part 15.21 Changes or Modifications made to this device not expressly approved by
the party responsible for compliance could void the users authority to operate this equipment.
This device complies with FCC Part 15 Subpart B Section 15.109 Class B.
This device complies with Industry Canada license-exempt RSS standard(s). Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
This radio transmitter 8188A-GB has been approved by Industry Canada to operate with the
antenna types listed below with the maximum permissible gain and required antenna
impedance for each antenna type indicated. Antenna types not included in this list, having a
gain greater than the maximum gain indicated for that type, are strictly prohibited for use with
this device.
Antennas:
Introduction to the Gold Bug™DP
1.
2.
5” DD Coil, Part Number 5COIL-GBUG
11” DD Coil, Part Number 11COIL-GB
DEEP PENETRATING GOLD NUGGET HUNTER
The New Gold Bug™ DP is unique among gold prospecting metal detectors for
its combination of high sensitivity to small gold nuggets and its versatile
function as an all-purpose treasure detector.
The controls and features are tailored to gold prospecting, including a
sophisticated ground balancing system, separate control over signal gain and
threshold, and a unique discrimination control system. These features also
make for a great relic-hunting detector. While the Gold Bug™ DP makes for a
highly competent coin-shooting detector, its user interface and features are not
specifically designed for this purpose. As a coin-shooter, you will notice that
the Gold Bug™ DP exhibits slightly lower sensitivity to high-conductivity coins,
like a U.S. quarter; this is a result of its specialized design to emphasize
sensitivity to small, low conductivity metals like gold nuggets.
Under Industry Canada regulations, this radio transmitter may only operate using an antenna
of a type and maximum (or lesser) gain approved for the transmitter by Industry Canada. To
reduce potential radio interference to other users, the antenna type and its gain should be so
chosen that the equivalent isotropically radiated power (e.i.r.p.) is not more than that
necessary for successful communication.
Le présent appareil est conforme aux CNR d’Industrie Canada applicables aux appareils
radio exempts de licence. L’exploitation est autorisée aux deux conditions suivantes : (1)
l’appareil ne doit pas produire de brouillage, et (2) l’utilisateur de l’appareil doit accepter tout
brouillage radioélectrique subi, même si le brouillage est susceptible d’en compromettre le
fonctionnement.
Le présent émetteur radio 8188A-GB a été approuvé par Industrie Canada pour fonctionner
avec les types d’antenne énumérés ci-dessous et ayant un gain admissible maximal et
l’impédance requise pour chaque type d’antenne. Les types d’antenne non inclus dans cette
liste, ou dont le gain est supérieur au gain maximal indiqué, sont strictement interdits pour
l’exploitation de l’émetteur.
Conformément à la réglementation d’Industrie Canada, le présent émetteur radio peut
fonctionner avec une antenne d’un type et d’un gain maximal (ou inférieur) approuvé pour
l’émetteur par Industrie Canada. Dans le but de réduire les risques de brouillage
radioélectrique à l’intention des autres utilisateurs, il faut choisir le type d’antenne et son gain
de sorte que la puissance isotrope rayonnée équivalente (p.i.r.e.) ne dépasse pas l’intensité
nécessaire à l’établissement d’une communication satisfaisante.
4
37
TERMINOLOGY
5-YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
Register your warranty on-line for a chance to win a
FREE DETECTOR.
For details, visit www.fisherlab.com
The Gold Bug™ DP metal detector is warranted against defects in
materials and workmanship under normal use for 5 years from the
date of purchase to the original owner.
Damage due to neglect, accidental damage, or misuse of this
product is not covered under this Warranty. Decisions regarding
abuse or misuse of the detector are made solely at the discretion
of the manufacturer.
Proof of Purchase is required to make a claim under this
warranty.
Liability under this Warranty is limited to replacing or repairing, at
our option, the metal detector returned, shipping cost prepaid to
Fisher Labs. Shipping cost to Fisher Labs is the responsibility of the
consumer.
To return your detector for service, please first contact Fisher Labs
for a Return Authorization (RA) Number. Reference the RA
number on your package and return the detector within 15 days of
calling to:
Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
1465-H Henry Brennan Dr.
El Paso, TX 79936
Phone: 915-225-0333 ext.118
NOTICE TO CUSTOMERS OUTSIDE THE U.S.A.
This Warranty may vary in other countries; check with your distributor
for details.
Warranty does not cover shipping costs.
Warranty coverage does not include the cost of transporting
the detector back to an owner who is located outside of the
United States of America.
The following terms are used throughout the manual, and are standard
terminology among treasure hunters.
ELIMINATION
Reference to a metal being "eliminated" means that the detector will not
emit a tone, nor light up an indicator, when a specified object passes
through the searchcoil’s detection field.
DISCRIMINATION
When the detector emits different tones for different types of metals, and
when the detector "eliminates" certain metals, we refer to this as the
detector "discriminating" among different types of metals.
Discrimination is an essential feature of professional metal detectors.
Discrimination allows the user to ignore trash and other undesirable objects.
RELIC
A relic is an object of interest by reason of its age or its association with
the past. Many relics are made of iron, but can also be made of bronze
or precious metals.
IRON
Iron is a common, low-grade metal that is an undesirable target in certain
metal detecting applications. Examples of undesirable iron objects are
old cans, pipes, bolts and nails.
Sometimes, the desired target is made of iron. Property markers, for
instance, contain iron. Valuable relics can also be composed of iron;
cannon balls, old armaments, and parts of old structures and vehicles
can also be composed of iron.
FERROUS
Metals which are made of, or contain, iron.
PINPOINTING
Pinpointing is the process of finding the exact location of a buried object.
Long-buried metals can appear to the eye exactly like the surrounding
soil, and can therefore be very hard to isolate from the soil.
V.C.O.
Meaning “voltage controlled oscillator”, the V.C.O. audio method causes
both the audio pitch and the volume to rise as signal strength increases.
V.C.O. improves the user’s ability to interpret a target’s size and depth.
Very weak signals (for small or very deeply buried objects) have the
faintest volume and the lowest pitch. Larger objects, and those closer to
the searchcoil, will induce a higher volume and higher pitch sound.
GROUND BALANCE
MADE IN THE USA
36
Ground Balancing is the ability of the detector to ignore, or "see through" the
earth’s naturally occurring minerals, and only sound a tone when a metal
object is detected. The Gold Bug™ DP incorporates proprietary circuitry and
programming to eliminate false signals from severe ground conditions.
5
DEVICE SPECIFICATIONS
ASSEMBLY
Nut
Adjusting the Armrest
The armrest may be moved
forward or backward by removing
the single screw and nut, and then
repositioning the 2-piece armrest.
Users with shorter arms may find
the armrest more comfortable in
the forward position. In order to
move the armrest backward, the
plastic plug must be removed from
the aluminum tube.
Armrest
Screw
Hand-grip
Armrest Strap
(Optional accessory)
The armrest Strap accessory can
be purchased separately. Some
users prefer to use the strap when
swinging the detector vigorously, in
order to hold the detector securely
against the arm.
The detector can always be used
without the strap, with no
compromise to detector balance
and stability under most conditions.
S-Rod
Mechanical: S-rod with electronics housing on rod, 3-piece breakdown
construction, nonmetallic telescoping lower rod, adjustable position
arm rest
Weight: 2 lbs. 8 oz. with battery installed
Standard searchcoil: 11 inch DD searchcoil
Batteries: Single 9 volt rectangular alkaline
Operating principle: VLF induction balance
Operating frequency: 19 kHz, crystal controlled
Reactive overload: 10,000 micro-cgs (with standard searchcoil)
Resistive overload: 1,200 micro-cgs (with standard searchcoil)
Ground balance range: From ferrite to salt water inclusive
Discrimination ground suppression: Combination of 2nd and 3rd
order methods
Target-ID ground suppression: 3rd order
Battery life: 15+ hours on good quality alkaline
Operating temp range: 14 to 122 degrees F (-10 to +50 C)
Operating humidity range: 0 - 90% noncondensing
Headphone Jacks
Velcro
Strap
Cable
Plug
Locking
Collar
Middle
Stem
Search
Coil
Cable
TREASURE HUNTER’S CODE OF ETHICS
• Always check Federal, State, County and local laws before searching.
• Respect private property and do not enter private property without the
owner’s permission.
Locking
Collar
Velcro
Strap
Optional Arm Strap
• Take care to refill all holes and leave no damage.
• Remove and dispose of any and all trash and litter found.
• Appreciate and protect our inheritance of natural resources, wildlife and
private property.
• Act as an ambassador for the hobby; use thoughtfulness, consideration and
courtesy at all times.
• Never destroy historical or archaeological treasures.
• All treasure hunters may be judged by the example you set; always conduct
yourself with courtesy and consideration of others.
6
Searchcoil
35
Gold Nugget Hunting
with the Optional 5” DD Searchcoil
ASSEMBLY
Caution: Forcing in MIDDLE STEM with CAM
With the purchase of the 5” searchcoil, you can bring more precision to your
search for the smallest gold pieces.
The standard 11” DD Gold Bug™ searchcoil is engineered for depth.
If you want to find the smallest pieces that the 11” DD might miss, consider the
5” coil.
Advantages of the 11” DD searchcoil over the optional 5” searchcoil are:
1. Deeper detection
2. Broader sweep (cover more area in less time)
●1
●2
3
●
5
●
●6
Locking
Collar
Velcro
Strap
●9
SILVER BUTTON
MIDDLE
4
STEM
●
Position S-Rod upright.
Rotate the LOCKING
COLLAR fully in
the
counterclockwise
direction.
S-ROD
S-ROD
S-ROD
MIDDLE
STEM
MIDDLE
STEM
5
●
Insert your finger
inside the tube and
make sure the INTERNAL CAM LOCK is flush with the
inside of the tube.
Rotate the MIDDLE STEM until the SILVER BUTTON
locates in the hole.
Please call 800-685-5050.
12
●
Handgrip
Cable
Plug
S-Rod
Velcro
Strap
Locking
Collar
Repeat this process on the LOWER STEM.
Middle
Stem
Using the BOLT and KNURLED KNOB, attach the
SEARCHCOIL to the LOWER STEM.
Searchcoil
Cable
Adjust the LOWER STEM to a length that lets you maintain a
comfortable upright posture, with your arm relaxed at your side,
and the SEARCHCOIL parallel to the ground in front of you.
Do not twist the Cable or Plug. Turn Locking Ring only. Use
minimal finger pressure to start the threads. Do not crossthread. When the Locking Ring is fully engaged over the
threaded connector, give it a firm turn to make sure that it is
very tight. When the Locking Ring is fully engaged over the
threaded connector, it may not cover all of the threads.
(Part# 5COIL-GB, MRSP=159.95),
4
●
Twist the LOCKING COLLAR fully in the clockwise direction
until it locks.
10 Wind the CABLE securely around the STEMS.
●
11 Connect CABLE PLUG to housing.
●
Single
Rubber
Washer
Searchcoil
●
Assembly is easy and
requires no tools.
7
●
8
●
For information about the 5” searchcoil
INTERNAL
CAM LOCK 3
4 Insert the MIDDLE STEM into the S-ROD,
●
with the SILVER BUTTON pointed upward
Disadvantages of the 11” DD searchcoil are:
1. Less separation between adjacent buried targets.
Not as good at extremely trashy sites.
2. Loss of sensitivity to the tiniest gold pieces.
3. Does not fit into tight spaces as well.
Notice:
If you use the 5” searchcoil,
YOU MUST install a single
rubber washer at the
searchcoil connection point.
●
LOCKING 2
COLLAR
LOCK raised may form a burr on
camlock. If this happens, remove
burr with knife to allow insertion.
Locking
Collar
Lower
Stem
Velcro
Strap
Knurled
Knob
Bolt
Tighten both LOCKING COLLARS.
* Note: Very tall users can purchase the optional Extended
Lower Stem (TUBE5X), for extended reach.
Searchcoil
34
7
TARGET PINPOINTING
BATTERIES
A 3-segment battery indicator at the bottom of the display indicates the
battery condition.
The detector requires a single 9-volt ALKALINE battery.
Do not use ordinary zinc carbon batteries.
Do not use “Heavy Duty” batteries.
Rechargeable batteries can also be used.
If you wish to use rechargeable batteries, we recommend using a
Nickel Metal Hydride rechargeable battery.
The battery compartment is located on the back side of the housing.
Slide the battery door to the side and remove it to expose the battery
compartment.
BATTERY LIFE
Expect about 15 to 20 hours of life from a 9-volt alkaline battery.
Rechargeable batteries can provide up to 8 hours of usage per charge.
SPEAKER VOLUME AND BATTERY CHARGE
You may notice the speaker volume drop when only one battery segment is
illuminated.
With one segment flashing, low speaker volume will be very apparent.
After you have identified a target using Discrimination Mode,
press-and-hold the PINPOINT button to identify the target’s exact
location. This technique can yield more information about the target’s
shape and size and also find its exact location to facilitate extraction.
Pinpoint as follows:
1. Position the searchcoil just barely off the ground, and to the side of
the target.
2. Now move the searchcoil slowly across the target; you can locate
it by the sound. The target is located directly under where the
sound is loudest.
Narrow It Down:
1. To narrow the response further, position the center of the searchcoil
near the center of the response pattern, but not directly over the
center.
2. Release the PINPOINT button.
3. Press-and-hold PINPOINT button again.
4. Repeat this narrowing procedure to narrow the field of detection
further.
Note: Depth indication is less accurate
after narrowing.
SEARCHCOIL DRIFT
BATTERY INDICATOR
The 3-segment battery indicator has 3 stages of indication.
These indications are accurate for a 9-volt alkaline battery.
Segments Illuminated
3 -segments
2 -segments
1 -segment flashing
Battery Voltage
more than 8.5 volts
more than 7.5 volts
more than 6.8 volts
After the 1st segment begins flashing, expect the detector to shut off within 10
minutes.
A rechargeable battery will usually illuminate two to three segments
throughout most of its useful charge. But as soon as it drains to the 1-segment
level, it will then lose its charge very rapidly.
8
If you plan to use the PINPOINT Mode for
continuous searching, realize that drift will
occur
over
time,
causing
the detector
to gain or lose
sensitivity. Periodic
retuning of the detector
is required to minimize
drift; release and press
PINPOINT again to retune.
33
SEARCH TECHNIQUES
QUICK-START DEMONSTRATION
Target Verification
I.
Supplies Needed
• a Nail
• a Zinc Penny (dated after 1982)
• a Nickel
• a Quarter
II.
Position the Detector
a. Place the detector on a table,
with the searchcoil hanging over
the edge.
Or better, have a friend hold the
detector, with the searchcoil off
the ground.
b. Keep the searchcoil away from
walls, floors and metal objects.
c. Remove watches, rings and
jewelry.
d. Turn off lights or appliances,
whose electromagnetic emissions may cause interference.
e. Pivot the searchcoil back.
After detecting a target, do the
following:
WRONG
1. Walk around the target in a
circle.
2. While circling the target,
continue
sweeping
the
searchcoil across the target.
3. Sweep once every 30° or 40° of
CORRECT
the circle.
If the tone does not change
and the Target-ID value is
consistent as you circle the
target, you can be highly
confident of the target’s
identification.
SEARCHCOIL MOVEMENT
When swinging the searchcoil,
If the tone or Target-ID
be careful to keep it level with
changes as you circle the
the ground about 1/2 inch from
target, you may have multiple
the surface. Never swing the
targets or an irregularly shaped
searchcoil like a pendulum.
object.
If the tone completely
disappears at different angles, the target may be trash or a lowvalue metal.
If you are new to the hobby, dig all targets. With practice in the
field, you will soon be able to correlate audible and visual target
feedback with certain types of metal objects.
Pinpointing in Discrimination Mode:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Sweep over target in narrowing side-to-side pattern.
Take visual note of spot on ground where “beep” occurs.
Step 90° to the side of the target.
Sweep searchcoil over same area, at 90° to 1st sweep pattern.
This pinpoints the target location with an “X.”
III. Click on detector with the left knob. Set the Gain at the
12:00 position for this demonstration.
IV. Click the right knob to the left to the DISC setting.
V.
a. Wave the nail over the searchcoil.
b. Press + repeatedly, while continuing to wave the nail.
• Notice the change in sound.
• Sound changes from a HIGH tone to V.C.O. tones (see
page 25).
VI. Wave each object over the searchcoil
Sweep coin flat and parallel to the searchcoil. This is how
you will usually find them buried.
a. Notice the tones and 2-digit Target-IDs for each object.
b. Motion is required.
Objects must be in motion over the searchcoil to be
detected in this mode.
VII. Press the + button several more times until the Disc value on the
display = 60.
VIII. Wave the nail over the searchcoil
a. The nail will not be detected
b. The nail has been “discriminated out.”
Quick-Start Demo continued on next page
32
9
QUICK-START DEMONSTRATION
IX. Press-and-hold
and hold the nickel over the searchcoil
a. Notice that motion is not required.
A motionless object induces a hum.
b. Notice the variable pitch & volume hum.
c. Move the nickel closer to and farther away from the searchcoil.
Notice the changing “depth” values.
ELECTRICAL INTERFERENCE (EMI)
EMI is usually easier to control in the All Metal Mode than in the Discrimination Mode.
On the Gold Bug™ DP, setting the discrimination level between 60 and 70 will usually
reduce interference. In the Discrimination Mode, the detector may chatter if the
searchcoil is not in motion, but once you start sweeping it over the ground, the signal
from the ground will usually suppress the EMI chatter, except for an occasional pop or
click which will not sound like a real target.
If you are conducting an indoor demonstration, you may find that changing the
orientation of the searchcoil will reduce the pickup of EMI.
X.
Click the MODE knob to the right
The detector is now in the ALL METAL Mode
a. Keep GAIN set at the 12:00 position
b. Rotate the THRESHOLD knob slowly from the far counterclockwise
position to the full clockwise position.
Notice these attributes of the THRESHOLD control, with no metal
over the searchcoil.
i. at low settings you will hear no sound
ii. at mid-scale, there will be a transition point from no sound to
a barely audible, choppy sound.
iii. at full scale you will hear a loud, constant tone. It may also have
an irregular or choppy sound, as a result of electromagnetic
interference emitted from other electrical devices.
Use with headphones (not included)
The Gold Bug™ DP is equipped with both a 1/4” and 1/8” headphone jack. Any
headphones with a stereo plug will work; headphones with a mono plug will not
work. Using headphones extends battery life, and also prevents the sounds from
bothering bystanders. It also allows you to hear subtle changes in the sound more
clearly, particularly if searching in a noisy location. Gold nuggets are often very
small, so closely monitoring changes in sound using headphones will improve your
gold prospecting results. For safety reasons, do not use headphones near traffic
or where other dangers, like rattlesnakes, are present. This device is to be used
with interconnecting cables/headphone cables shorter than three meters.
10
If you carry a cell phone or other high-tech electronic equipment while metal detecting
and you encounter EMI, try turning the device off and see if that solves the problem.
Turn such devices completely off, not just into standby mode.
When working near overhead power lines, you may get the best results right under the
power line and the worst results when standing at a 30° to 45° angle to the power line.
Many sources of EMI are intermittent. You may find that an area which is difficult to
search at one time of day may be easier after 5 PM, or on weekends. Power lines are
usually quietest late at night, and on weekend mornings.
Small searchcoils usually pick up less EMI than larger searchcoils. On a site with severe
electrical interference, a small searchcoil is often a better choice than a large one.
Distinguishing Electromagnetic Interference from other problems
EMI will often vary as you walk around from place to place, and it will also vary with
changes in the orientation of the searchcoil. This is almost never the case if there is a
functional problem with the metal detector itself.
The most common cause of a noisy metal detector, where the problem is not EMI, is a
defective searchcoil. If striking the searchcoil with your hand causes the noise to start
or stop, the problem could be a defective searchcoil. Also, a defective searchcoil often
causes noise of a more intermittent nature than electrical interference.
The second most common cause is a loose searchcoil connector. The noise from a
loose connector will usually be very erratic or intermittent in nature. Try unplugging the
searchcoil and then reconnecting it to ensure the connector is firmly installed.
If you use a searchcoil cover, dirt or water can accumulate inside it, and movement of
those materials can cause false signals while sweeping the searchcoil. Searchcoil
covers must be periodically removed and cleaned.
31
ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE (EMI)
THE BASICS OF METAL DETECTING
You are likely to encounter electromagnetic interference (EMI) when using your Gold
Bug™ DP metal detector. It is important that you recognize EMI and take appropriate
measures to deal with it. This will prevent you from giving up on a worthwhile search
site, or from returning a properly functioning detector for repair.
A hobby metal detector is intended for locating buried metal objects. When
searching for metals, underground or on the surface, you have the following
challenges and objectives:
Symptoms of Electromagnetic Interference
EMI can cause a metal detector to chatter spontaneously, to lose sensitivity for no apparent
reason, or to cause a periodic wobbly audio sound. What you hear will depend on what
operating mode you are using, the detector’s settings, and the source of the electrical
interference. The most common manifestation is spontaneous chatter.
All metal detectors are susceptible to EMI, but they vary in what kinds of interference
affect them. In a given environment some metal detectors may be affected by EMI
whereas others may not.
Common sources of Electromagnetic Interference
Common sources of EMI include: overhead electric power lines, underground power lines,
other metal detectors, telephone lines carrying electronic data, computer systems, electric
fences, old CRT-based televisions, cell phones, CB and emergency communication
radios, thunderstorms, fluorescent lights, metal vapor lamps, military aircraft with electronic
warfare countermeasures turned on, electric motors, VLF military communications systems
and automobile ignition systems. At home, in a store, or in an urban environment, there
may be several different sources of interference present simultaneously.
All metal detectors generate a certain amount of internal electronic noise. The Gold Bug™
DP is specifically designed to enable you to work into the noise. Experienced users,
striving for maximum depth, often adjust the machine to search with a constant audible
background sound, and then listen through that noise for the sound of real targets.
Stricter regulations in recent years have cut down on interference from electric light
dimmers and auto ignition systems. However there has also been a proliferation of
VLF-UHF wireless communication systems (cell phones, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, etc.), which
often affect metal detectors. Overall, the potential for electromagnetic interference is
greater than it was just a few years ago.
1. Ignoring signals caused by ground minerals.
2. Ignoring signals caused by metal objects that you do not want to find,
like pull-tabs.
3. Identifying a buried metal object before you dig it up.
4. Estimating the size and depth of objects to facilitate digging them up.
5. Eliminating the effects of electromagnetic interference from other
electronic devices.
Your Gold Bug™ DP metal detector is designed with these things in mind.
1. Ground Minerals
All soils contain minerals. Signals from ground minerals can interfere with
the signals from metal objects you want to find. All soils differ, and can
differ greatly, in the type and amount of ground minerals present. You
therefore want to calibrate the detector to the specific ground conditions
where you are hunting. The detector incorporates both automated and
manual ground balancing features which will eliminate false signals from
most types of soils. To maximize the detector’s target identification
accuracy and depth of detection, use the Ground Grab™ Computerized
Ground Balancing function to calibrate the detector to the ground where
you are searching. See the section on GROUND BALANCING for details.
The Basics continued on next page
Modern high-end metal detectors are a lot more sensitive than older units; this also
increases your detector’s vulnerability to EMI beyond what you may be accustomed to
with an older detector. Metal detectors are by their nature designed to detect magnetic
fields, and electric current always produces magnetic fields.
Coping with Electromagnetic Interference
The primary reason metal detectors provide a sensitivity (gain and/or threshold) control,
is so that users can reduce sensitivity in order to eliminate response to electrical
interference. Some users are reluctant to reduce sensitivity out of fear of losing depth.
At reduced sensitivity settings, you may lose some depth, but at least you can still
search. The Gain and Threshold knobs control the sensitivity and are your first
line of defense against EMI. The Threshold control only applies to the All Metal Mode.
30
11
THE BASICS OF METAL DETECTING
HOT ROCKS
2. Trash
A hot rock is a rock which causes the metal detector to sound off because the
rock contains iron minerals. They come in two basic types.
If searching for coins, you want to ignore items like aluminum foil, nails and
pull-tabs. These undesirable items are generally identified toward the lower
end of the 0-100 scale. You can listen to the sounds of all objects detected,
and decide on what you want to dig up. Or you can eliminate unwanted
metals from detection by using the DISCRIMINATION feature.
3. Identifying Buried Objects
Different types of metals are classified along the arc at the top of the screen
on a 0-100 scale from left to right. A 2-digit numerical reading is also
provided in the middle of the display for more precise target identification in
Discrimination Mode.
4. Size and Depth of Buried Objects
When using the detector in the motion DISC Mode, the relative depth of an
object is displayed to the left of the display over the SIGNAL strength
indicator. A more accurate depth reading is available using PINPOINT.
Pinpoint displays target depth in inches. The Pinpoint Mode does not
require the searchcoil to be in motion to detect metals. The ability to hold
the searchcoil motionless over the target also aids in tracing an outline of
the buried object, or in pinpointing the exact location of the object using
techniques described in the pinpointing section of this manual.
5. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)
Electrical interference (EMI), can cause a metal detector to chatter
spontaneously, to lose sensitivity for no apparent reason, or to cause a
periodic wobbly audio sound. Common sources of electrical interference
include power lines, electronic communication equipment such as
cellphones, fluorescent lamps, military electronics such as radar, other
metal detectors and computer equipment.
Your first line of defense against EMI is to reduce the Gain and/or
Threshold. In areas with heavy EMI, operating at reduced sensitivity levels
will result in the loss of some depth, but at least the metal detector will be
usable
See the 2-page section on ELECTRICAL INTERFERENCE for a more
thorough explanation of EMI and how to manage it.
12
Negative hot rocks (also called cold rocks) are usually magnetite or
contain magnetite, and give a negative response because their ground
balance value is a higher number than the soil they are found in. They
tend to be dark in color, usually black, and usually heavy. In some cases
they will have rust stains. They are usually attracted to a magnet, and for
this reason gold prospectors always carry a magnet -- the ultimate
ferrous/nonferrous discriminator. In All Metal Mode, negative hot rocks
produce a boing sound rather than the zip sound of a metallic target;
recognize the difference and you will learn to ignore them. As the
searchcoil passes over a hot rock, this boing sound, or negative response,
is quite distinctive. To hear this response, you must be properly Ground
Balanced and in All Metal Mode with an audible threshold hum. First, as
the center of the searchcoil passes over the negative hot rock, the
detector will go quite; the threshold hum momentarily silences. Then,
passing beyond the negative hot rock, you hear the boing sound. As you
pass the searchcoil back and forth over a negative hot rock, it will be
impossible to pinpoint and will seem as if it moves around.
Positive hot rocks are iron-bearing rocks which have been oxidized by
natural weathering processes so that their GRND BAL value is a number
lower than the soil they are found in. They are often small, right on the
surface, sound just like a gold nugget, and are common in many gold
prospecting areas. They are usually, but not always, drawn to a magnet.
They are most often reddish in color but are often black, brown, or yellow.
On relic hunting sites, red clay bricks and rocks which have lined a fireplace
or a campfire will often be hot rocks. The discriminator will usually eliminate
them without difficulty if widely scattered, but if there is a large concentration
of them, the discriminator may not quiet them all. In that case, you can
revert to the rule of thumb -- “don’t dig non-repeatable signals.”
Remember to always carry a magnet to help discriminate gold from hot rocks
and iron.
• Gold will not be attracted to a magnet.
• Pieces of iron will always be attracted to a magnet.
• Negative hot rocks will almost always be attracted to a magnet.
• Positive hot rocks will usually be attracted to a magnet.
29
GOLD PROSPECTING
OPERATION & CONTROLS
Because most gold nuggets are tiny, and are usually found in soil which is
high in iron oxide minerals, serious gold prospecting requires a detector with
high sensitivity and true ground balanced All Metal operation. Run the
machine with the sensitivity high enough to hear some noise from ground
minerals, and learn the language of the sounds you hear. Headphones are
recommended unless consideration for safety (for instance rattlesnakes) rules
them out. Move the searchcoil slowly and deliberately, carefully controlling its
height above the ground to minimize noise from iron minerals in the soil. If you
hear ground noise, your GND BAL setting could be a bit off, so perform the
ground balancing procedure again. As you walk even a very short distance,
ground conditions can change. The ground geology typically associated with
gold will tend to change over very short distances.
POWERING UP
Click the left knob to turn the detector ON.
After clicking the knob on, continued clockwise rotation will increase the
“sensitivity” in DISC Mode or the “GAIN” in ALL METAL Mode.
We suggest keeping the GAIN below 70 until you become familiar with
the detector’s operation.
HOW TO WORK
THE CONTROLS
The Fe3O4 bar graph indicates the amount of iron mineralization in the soil. In
most gold fields, especially alluvial (placer) deposits, gold tends to be
associated with iron minerals, especially magnetite black sand. If you know
this to be the case in the area you're working, you can maximize your gold
recovery by concentrating your effort on areas where the bar graph indicates
higher amounts of iron mineralization.
Gold prospectors are mostly a friendly bunch, and willing to spend some time
showing a beginner how to increase his odds of finding the yellow stuff. Many
will invite you to search on their claims (if they have any) once they get to know
you. In some gold areas, a lot of the terrain is under claim, so you need to
learn how to recognize posted claims and stay off of them unless you have the
claim owner's permission. Prospecting clubs such as the Gold Prospector
Association of America (GPAA) often own claims which are open to its
members and sponsor group outings to productive gold prospecting areas.
It’s a thrilling experience to dig into the ground and pull out a precious piece of
yellow metal that you are the first person on earth to see. If you love being
outdoors, have patience, and can stay motivated by the prospect of finding
that next nugget, then beeping for gold may be the hobby for you. While only
a few get rich prospecting, if you are not among them, think of it as outdoor
recreation where your finds defray the expense of having fun!
28
ON/OFF/GAIN:
• Click ON/OFF
• In DISC Mode rotate
to change GAIN
(sensitivity) from
1 to 100
• In ALL METAL Mode
rotate to change
GAIN from 5 to 100
in steps of 5
• In DISC Mode
press-and-hold to
enter no-motion
PINPOINT Mode
• In ALL METAL Mode
press-and-hold
while bobbing coil,
to set ground
balance
MODE SELECTION
and THRESHOLD CONTROL
• Click left to operate
in Discrimination
Mode
• Click to right to
operate in ALL METAL
Mode.
• Rotate knob in
ALL METAL Mode to
change THRESHOLD from
-40 to 40
In DISC Mode:
Change discrimination level from 0 to 80
In ALL METAL Mode:
Change Ground Balance
setting from 0 to 99.9
13
CONTROL PANEL
GOLD PROSPECTING
In the United States, gold is found in many places in the
western states, Alaska, and in a few localities in the
Appalachians. The old saying "Gold is where
you find it," means that to find gold, you
should look in areas where the yellow
metal is known to be present.
CONTROL KNOBS:
1. OFF/ON/GAIN
a. Click right to turn on. Click left to turn off.
b. Turning the knob clockwise increases the detector’s sensitivity; the
higher the sensitivity, the deeper targets will be detected, and the more
likely the detector will be to detect very small targets.
c. As you turn the knob, notice that the GAIN value at the bottom-right of
the screen displays your current sensitivity setting.
Sensitivity in DISC Mode
The left knob is labeled “GAIN” and in Discrimination Mode it alone
controls the sensitivity of the detector.
GAIN in ALL METAL Mode
In All Metal Mode, GAIN increases as you rotate the knob clockwise.
THRESHOLD is controlled independently using the right knob.
2. DISC / ALL METAL / THRESHOLD
a. Click knob to the far-left “DISC” position and the detector enters
Discrimination Mode.
b. Click on clockwise to operate in ALL METAL Mode.
c. In ALL METAL Mode, rotate knob to increase the threshold.
Threshold values range from -40 to +40.
In ALL METAL Mode, the Threshold control can be used in two ways.
Control knobs continued on next page
14
Hillsides are the best areas for
gold prospecting using a
metal detector, because
hillsides cannot be
cleaned out by panning
and dredging the way
streams can. Also,
gold on hillsides, not far
from its source vein,
tends to be larger, and hence more
readily detected, than alluvial (placer)
gold which tends to get pounded to
pieces and worn away as it rolls along
the streambed with gravel during floods.
Gold is valuable because it is a scarce
commodity. Even in a good gold producing
area, you will often spend an entire day
without finding any gold. Meanwhile you
will dig bits and pieces of other metal-birdshot, shells and bullets from hunting and target
practice, bits of rusted barbed wire, chips off shovels and other mining tools,
rusted tin cans, etc. Hot rocks -- rocks containing concentrations of iron
oxides that sound like metal when you pass over them -- are also a nuisance
in many gold areas. Discrimination is usually ineffective because the loss of
sensitivity resulting from discrimination is enough to cause those little nuggets
to vanish. If you have gone many hours without finding gold and are
wondering if there is something wrong with your metal detector or how you are
using it, the most important clue is this: if you are digging tiny pieces of trash
metal, then if gold were present you would have found small gold pieces too!
Gold Prospecting continued on next page
27
TARGET DISPLAY and AUDIO
SIGNAL Indicator
The lower-left bargraph designates
SIGNAL strength only when operating in
Discrimination Mode.
The signal strength indicator at the bottomleft of the screen indicates how large or
close the buried metal target is.
If all bars are illuminated, the target is
large or close to the searchcoil.
If one or two bars are illuminated, the
target is far away or small, or both.
DEPTH Indicator
When operating in Discrimination Mode, a
target’s location and size can be verified
using the PINPOINT control.
Press PinPoint to temporarily detect metal
without searchcoil motion, and a
monotone hum.
While holding the PinPoint button, the
DEPTH indicator will appear. The
number beneath DEPTH represents the
distance of the object, in inches, from the
searchcoil. The Depth scale is calibrated
to coin-sized objects. For objects other
than a coin, the numeric value is a relative
measure of the target’s depth.
AUDIO FEEDBACK
When a target is detected, the Gold Bug™
will respond with two types of sound:
1. V.C.O. (Voltage Controlled
Oscillator) is an audio response
with variable pitch and volume.
2. A LOW tone beep.
In Discrimination Mode, targets which fall
into the zone along the arc whose
segments are shaded will be identified
with a LOW tone beep and solid segments
with V.C.O. tones.
As the user sets the discrimination level
with the + and - buttons, he is determining
which targets will induce the low tone, and
which will be eliminated.
All targets’ audio responses in All Metal
Mode will be V.C.O.
V.C.O. (Voltage Controlled Oscillator) is
an audio response which provides a good
feel for the target.
26
CONTROL PANEL
The stronger the target signal, the higher
the volume and the higher the audio pitch.
Very weak signals will have the faintest
volume and lowest pitch.
For this reason, the use of headphones
is always recommended for detecting the
smaller and deeper targets.
2-DIGIT TARGET INDICATOR
In Discrimination Mode the 2-digit target
indicator, in the middle of the screen,
provides a specific target value to help
identify buried targets more accurately.
With practice in the field, you will learn to
associate target values with the probable
identification of buried objects. The target
value can vary each time the searchcoil
passes over the target, depending upon
the orientation of the object and its
distance from the searchcoil.
As a starting point, refer to the table below.
TTA
ARRG
G EETT RReeaaddoouutt
The table below lists some common
approximate target values. With
experience in the field, you will
recognize many types of metal
objects by their numeric value.
OB
O
B JJEE C
CTT
TTA
AR
RG
GE
E TT--IID
D
foil from gum wrapper
40 - 55
U.S. nickel (5¢ coin)
typically 58
aluminum pull-tab
60 - 75
aluminum screw cap
70 - 80
zinc penny (dated after 1982)
typically 78
aluminum soda pop can
75 - 85
copper penny, clad dime
typically 83
U.S. quarter (25¢ coin), clad
typically 89
50¢ coin, modern clad
typically 92
old silver dollar coin
typically 94
US silver Eagle $1 coin
typically 95
Caution: The target indications are
visual references. Many other types of
metal can also be represented by a given
Target-ID
GAIN versus THRESHOLD
“Gain” increases, or multiplies, the strength of signals from buried metal objects.
For maximum detection of the smallest or most deeply buried objects, increase
the Gain. To minimize the weakest signals, reduce the Gain.
“Threshold” controls the detector’s audio level. Positive threshold values
amplify the audio response of weak target signals. Negative threshold
values suppress sensitivity.
For searching at maximum sensitivity, first set the gain at a low level. Then
set threshold into the positive region, with a comfortable background-hum
volume level. Then increase Gain to a comfortable level, free of chatter.
For silent searching, set threshold to a negative number, and also reduce
Gain if necessary. Silent searching will result in the loss of some sensitivity.
TOUCHPAD CONTROLS
1. GROUND GRAB™ COMPUTERIZED GROUND BALANCING / PINPOINT
This button has a dual function, depending on the detection mode.
a. In DISC Mode, press-and-hold the button to activate PINPOINT.
Pinpoint temporarily engages a no-motion detection mode. Searchcoil
motion is not necessary to detect metal. Any metal within the searchcoil’s
detection field will induce a sound. Pinpoint is generally used to verify a
target previously detected in Discrimination Mode.
b. In ALL METAL Mode, press-and-hold the button to activate GROUND GRAB™
COMPUTERIZED GROUND BALANCING.
Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing allows you to set the
detector’s internal ground setting equal to the phase of the ground you are
searching over. See the section on Ground Balancing for a more thorough
explanation of this feature and the reason for using it.
2. + and a. In Discrimination Mode, + and - change the level of discrimination (target
rejection)
b. In All Metal Mode, + and - provide a manual override to the Ground Balance
Setting.
15
OPERATING IN ALL METAL MODE
GROUND BALANCING -Technical Info
The All Metal Mode is more sensitive than the Discrimination Mode, and is used to
find all types of metal objects in the ground. The searchcoil must be in motion for
objects to be detected.
Fe3O4 BAR GRAPH
Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing
Naturally occurring minerals in soil look like metal to a metal detector, so you want to
cancel out this mineral signal coming from the ground, and only detect the signal from
metal objects in the ground.
So before using your detector, set it in All Metal Mode and perform the automatic
ground balancing procedure. Press-and-hold the Ground Grab™ Computerized
Ground Balancing button while pumping the searchcoil up and down over the
ground. Release the button when the sound evens out. The GND BAL number on the
bottom right of the screen is the detector’s internal setting which cancels out the
minerals in the ground. Different soils in different areas will require different GND BAL
settings, so balance to ground before you search. See the section on Ground
Balancing for a detailed description of this procedure.
Setting the Controls
As you adjust any of the controls, notice that the values on the bottom-right of the
display indicate the settings of the value you are changing.
If you are new to metal detecting, start with the GAIN and THRESHOLD controls at a
low enough setting that you do not hear too many unwanted sounds, like warble or a
loud hum. Set the GAIN at the 12:00 position, or less. Then set the THRESHOLD to a
position where you hear a very slight background hum, or if you prefer, dial the control
just left of that position to a setting where the detector is silent.
Unwanted Noise
Read the section on Electrical Interference.
The Gold Bug™ DP is a highly sensitive device.
It is intended for use outdoors. Indoor operation will subject it to electrical interference
from a wide variety of devices in the home or office.
The Fe3O4 7-segment bar graph indicates the amount of ground mineralization,
independent of type, expressed as an equivalent volume concentration of
magnetite (Fe3O4). It updates every second. It is sensitive to motion and will give
the most accurate readings if you pump the searchcoil up and down several times
over the ground. The presence of metal or “hot rocks” will cause the readings to be
inaccurate. If you stop moving the searchcoil, the bar graph will go blank.
INDICATION
7 Bars
2 to 6 Bars
1 Bar
None
RELATIVE
MINERALIZATION
High
Medium
Very Low
--
% Fe3O4
SUSCEPTIBILITY
over 1
.026 - 1.0
0.006 - .025
less than .006
over 2500
61 - 2,500
15 - 60
less than 15
Magnetic susceptibility is expressed in micro-cgs units. In a saltwater environment
in the absence of iron minerals, the bar graph indicates relative electrical conductivity.
In soils with greater than 10,000 micro-cgs units magnetic susceptibility, the
signal from the soil may saturate, or overload, the circuitry. This will not harm
the detector but the machine will not be usable in that condition. The solution
is to hold the searchcoil several inches above the soil surface so it is not “seeing
as much dirt.” By listening and watching you will know how high you need to
hold the searchcoil in order to avoid overload.
The highest magnetic susceptibilities are usually found in soils developed over
igneous rocks, in alluvial black sand streaks on beaches, and in red clay soils
of humid climates.
The lowest magnetic susceptibilities are usually found in white beach sands of
tropical and subtropical regions, and soils developed over limestone.
Sweeping the Searchcoil
As you sweep the searchcoil over the ground, try to keep the searchcoil parallel to the
ground.
Avoid lifting the searchcoil at the end of your sweeps.
Operating in All Metal Mode continued on next page
16
25
GROUND BALANCING
The goal of Ground Balancing is to eliminate the sound as the searchcoil is being
pumped over the ground. In some soils, the sound is not completely eliminated.
After balancing to ground with Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing
some users may want to further adjust the ground balance point manually.
To manually adjust ground balance:
1. Operate in ALL METAL Mode.
2. Pump searchcoil up and down over the ground as in the Ground Grab™
Computerized Ground Balancing procedure.
3. Press + or - while pumping
If the ground balance adjustment is incorrect, there will be a difference in the
sound as the searchcoil is either moving toward or away from the ground. It
sounds like you are either pulling the sound out of the ground, or pushing the
sound into the ground.
•If the sound is louder as you raise the searchcoil, increase the ground
balance setting.
•If the sound is louder as you lower the searchcoil, reduce the ground balance
setting.
NOTE: Experienced users often prefer to adjust the ground balance to get a weak
but audible response when lowering the searchcoil. This is called adjusting for
positive response.
Positive and Negative Response
The purpose of ground balancing is to adjust the metal detector to ignore ground
minerals. If the setting is incorrect, ground minerals will give either a positive or a
negative response, depending on which direction the adjustment is off.
POSITIVE RESPONSE
If the G.B. setting is too high a number, the response of minerals will be positive.
This means that when the searchcoil is lowered to the ground in PinPoint or All
Metal Mode, the sound will get louder as the searchcoil approaches the ground.
The sound will grow quieter as the searchcoil is raised. What, if anything, you will
hear in Discrimination Mode depends on the discrimination setting.
When searching in an All Metal Mode, if ground balance is properly set to cancel
the ground, and you sweep over a positive hot rock, the rock will give a “zip”
sound similar to that of a metal object.
NEGATIVE RESPONSE
If the G.B. setting is too low a number, the response of minerals will be negative.
When the searchcoil is lowered to the ground in PinPoint or All Metal Mode, the
machine will be silent. The machine will sound off as the searchcoil is lifted away
from the ground. What, if anything, you hear in Discrimination Mode depends on
the Discrimination setting.
When searching in All Metal Mode a negative hot rock will produce a “boing”
sound after passing over it, making it difficult to know where it is located. It will
not have the sound and “feel” of a metal object.
24
OPERATING IN ALL METAL MODE
Reading the Display
Most gold prospecting and relic hunting is done by ear. Listen for the louder sounds,
riding on top of the constant background hum.
As you sweep the searchcoil, notice the Fe3O4 (iron oxide) scale to the left of the
display.
This indicates the amount of ground mineralization.
Most black sand is made of magnetite.
Gold nuggets are often found in concentrated black sand deposits.
For the best depth detection in highly mineralized soils, use the All Metal Mode.
For the most accurate Fe3O4 reading, pump the searchcoil over the ground.
While sweeping the searchcoil, also notice the GND PHASE value in the middle of the
screen.
GND PHASE is the ground phase; this indicates the type of minerals in the soil.
Within an area, the ground phase may change.
After ground balancing, periodically compare GND PHASE to GND BAL. If these two
numbers differ by a great deal, you may want to ground balance the detector again.
When not adjusting the knobs, the GND BAL setting will always appear on the
bottom-right of the display.
GND BAL is the detector’s internal ground balance setting. The detector’s default
ground balance setting is 82.9, which is the best starting point for achieving the
correct setting.
After you perform the Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing procedure,
the GND BAL number will change to match your soil.
You can change the current GND BAL setting by pressing the + or – buttons.
See section on Ground Balancing for a more detailed explanation.
Experienced users often prefer to adjust the ground balance to get a weak
audible response when lowering the searchcoil to the ground. This is called
adjusting for positive response and is achieved by increasing the GND BAL
number with the + key.
Target Scale
The arc across the top classifies metal objects.
Each time a target is detected, three segments will illuminate above the arc.
The segments will remain illuminated for three seconds.
This indication shows the approximate classification of the buried metal object.
See the section on Target Display for a more detailed explanation.
Iron is on the left. U.S. dimes and quarters are to the far right.
In an air test, gold indicates right of center -- the larger the gold piece, the
farther to the right.
In the ground, the ID of gold may jump around with each pass of the searchcoil.
If searching in All Metal Mode, you may want to switch back into Discrimination Mode, after
finding a target, to see a more accurate Target Identification, viewing the 2-digit Target-ID
17
OPERATING IN DISCRIMINATION MODE
Discrimination is used to eliminate trash metal objects (e.g. nails, foil, pull-tabs) from
detection. The searchcoil must be in motion to detect metal. The Discrimination Mode
is less sensitive to small and deep objects than the All Metal Mode.
Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing
This feature is not available in Discrimination Mode.
Your best results will be achieved by first performing the GROUND GRAB™
COMPUTERIZED GROUND BALANCING procedure in All Metal Mode.
The ground balance setting achieved using Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground
Balancing will carry over into this mode.
Setting the Controls
As you adjust any of the controls, notice that the values on the bottom-right of the
display indicate the settings of the value you are changing.
GAIN
If you are new to metal detecting, start with the GAIN at a low enough setting that you do not
hear any sounds when the searchcoil is sweeping across the ground, with no metal present.
Start with GAIN at the 12:00 position, or less.
In this mode, Gain refers to the detector’s sensitivity. The higher the setting, the deeper
objects can be found, and the more sensitive the detector is to very small metal objects.
MODE
The right knob is not used in the Discrimination Mode.
Click the right knob 100% counterclockwise.
If you turn the knob to the right, you will leave Discrimination Mode, entering All Metal Mode.
DISC LEVEL
Press + to eliminate unwanted metals from detection.
Each time you press + the Disc Value at the bottom-right of the display will increment by one.
Press-and-hold + to increase the Discrimination level rapidly.
See the Target Identification section of the manual for a detailed description of this function.
Sections of the arc with no indication represent metals completely eliminated from detection.
Sections of the arc with a lightly shaded indication represent metals detected with
a low tone.
Press – to detect metals which were previously eliminated from detection
Unwanted Noise
Read the section on Electrical Interference.
This is a highly sensitive device.
It is intended for use outdoors. Indoor operation will subject it to electrical interference
from a wide variety of devices in the home or office.
In Discrimination Mode, when you sweep the coil over the ground it will usually be quieter than
when holding the detector still.
GROUND BALANCING
Understanding ground conditions assists the user in setting up the machine,
knowing when to readjust ground balance, and in understanding the responses
of the machine while searching.
This detector displays two kinds of ground data:
1. The type of mineralization (which affects where the ground phase should
be set). This is GND PHASE
2. The amount of mineralization (the greater the amount of mineralization,
the greater the loss of detection depth & ID accuracy; this loss is more
pronounced in Discrimination Mode). This is Fe3O4.
The goal of ground balancing is to equate the GND BAL number to the
PHASE number.
PHASE is the measurement of the ground.
GND BAL is the detector’s internal setting which calibrates the detector
to the ground’s phase.
Notice that the GND BAL number is three digits, with a decimal point.
PHASE has only two digits.
GND BAL is a higher resolution number, so may differ a bit from PHASE
in a perfectly balanced scenario.
After pumping and releasing Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground
Balancing, the exact measurement of the ground will be transferred to
the GND BAL setting.
The two-digit PHASE number displayed on the screen indicates the type of
ground mineralization.
Some typical ground mineralization types are:
0 – 10 Wet salt and alkali
5 – 25 Metallic iron. Very few soils in this range. You are probably over metal.
26–39 Very few soils in this range -- occasionally some saltwater beaches
40–75 Red, yellow and brown iron-bearing clay minerals
75–95 Magnetite and other black iron minerals
Sweeping the Searchcoil
As you sweep the searchcoil over the ground, try to keep the coil parallel to the ground.
Avoid lifting the searchcoil at the end of your sweeps.
Operating in Discrimination Mode continued on next page
18
Ground Balancing continued on next page
23
GROUND BALANCING
OPERATING IN DISCRIMINATION MODE
Using PINPOINT
What is Ground Balancing?
Why do I need to Ground Balance?
All soils contain minerals. Signals from ground minerals are
often tens or hundreds of times stronger than a buried metal object.
The magnetism of iron minerals, found in nearly all soils, causes
one type of interfering signal. Dissolved mineral salts, found in
some soils, are electrically conductive, causing another type of
interfering signal.
Ground Balancing is the process by which the metal
detector cancels the unwanted signals coming from
the ground minerals while still detecting the signals
from buried metal objects. This is accomplished by
matching the detector’s ground balance setting to
the phase of the ground signal.
When the detector is calibrated to the
soil, the result will be deeper target
detection, quieter operation, and more accurate
target identification.
Pumping coil
to ground
balance with
Ground
Grab™
Computerized
Ground
Balancing
button.
How to Ground Balance your detector:
Ground Balancing procedure with the Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground
Balancing touchpad.
1. Turn the detector on and set GAIN at the 12:00 position.
2. Click on the right knob to the ALL METAL Mode.
3. Rotate the THRESHOLD control knob to the point where you hear a slight
background hum.
4. Sweep searchcoil across the ground to find a clear patch of ground with
no metal present.
5. Press and hold the GROUND GRAB™ Computerized Ground Balancing
touch pad, and pump coil over the clean ground.
See illustration.
Pump coil from within 1” of ground to 6”- 8” above ground.
6. When the GND PHASE settles down to only 1 or 2 numbers in variation,
release the GND GRAB button while still pumping the coil. Note that the
audio response to the ground changed and “Evened Out” when you
released the button. Also note that the GND BAL value changed. After
balancing, you can hunt in ALL METAL... or return to Disc Mode.
The most accurate GND PHASE value is the value displayed when “pumping”
the searchcoil over the ground in an area free of metal.
Ground Balancing continued on next page
22
Press-and-Hold the Pinpoint button to narrow down the location of a buried metal object.
Pinpoint is a mode of detection which does not require the searchcoil to be in motion.
A motionless searchcoil held over a metal object will induce a hum; volume and
pitch of the hum increase with target strength.
The approximate target depth, in inches, will be indicated in the center of the screen.
The depth scale is calibrated to coin-sized objects.
Relative depth is indicated for larger or smaller objects.
Upon releasing the button, you will return to the motion Discrimination Detection Mode.
If you keep the Pinpoint button depressed for a long time, the audio tone may begin to drift.
If you plan to search like this, release and re-press the button periodically to avoid
drift. Drift may result in a loudening sound or a reduced sensitivity with no sound.
See the manual section on Target Pinpointing for how to narrow down a target’s location.
This technique is indispensable as long-buried metals can look exactly like the
surrounding soil to the naked eye. If you are not adept at pinpointing, digging up a
small metal object can drive you crazy. So learn how to narrow-it-down.
READING THE DISPLAY
TARGET-ID
Each time you pass the searchcoil over a metal object, a 2-digit value will appear in
the center of the display. See the manual section on Target Identification for a better
understand of these values.
Three segments will simultaneously appear above the arc at the top of the screen.
This represents the same target identification.
TARGET SCALE
This display works as in the All Metal Mode.
The arc across the top classifies metal objects.
Each time a target is detected three segments will illuminate above the arc.
The segments will remain illuminated for three seconds.
This indication shows the approximate classification of the buried metal object.
See the section on Target Display for a more detailed explanation.
Iron is on the left. U.S. dimes and quarters are to the far right.
In an air test, gold indicates right of center -- the larger the gold piece, the
farther to the right.
In the ground, the ID of gold may jump around with each pass of the coil.
SIGNAL
Each time a target is detected, bars will illuminate showing the strength of the target’s signal.
If all 7 bars illuminate, the target signal is strong.
This may be a large metal object.
Or it may be a coin-sized metal object close to the surface.
If only a few bars illuminate, the target signal is weak.
This may be a deeply buried object, even a big one.
Or it may be a very, very small metal object, close to the surface.
The depth of a coin-sized object can be confirmed using Pinpoint.
19
OPERATING IN DISCRIMINATION MODE
OPERATING IN DISCRIMINATION MODE
In Discrimination Mode, pressing + or – will change two detection parameters:
1. Tone Identification
2. Target Elimination
Notice the segment status along the arc, and the discrimination parameters they
represent, vary as you adjust the discrimination level with + or -.
As the level of discrimination changes, the target segments along the arc on the
screen will be displayed in one of three states:
1. Blank (no segments displayed)
2. Grey (segments displayed in a shaded color)
3. Black (segments are solid black)
For DISC values (at bottom right-hand corner of screen) up to 40:
- Operation is tone discrimination only
• No targets are eliminated from detection
- Target-IDs less than the DISC value induce a LOW tone
• Represented by shaded segments
- Target-IDs greater than the DISC value induce V.C.O. audio
• Represented by solid segments
for DISC values between 41 and 79:
- Targets in the blank segment region are not detected.
- Target-IDs less than the DISC value induce a LOW tone
• Represented by shaded segments
- Target-IDs greater than or equal to the DISC value induce V.C.O. audio
• Represented by solid segments
at DISC value = 80:
- All detected targets induce HIGH tones.
• Represented by solid segments
- There are no LOW tones
No targets under 80 are detected.
The segments along the arc will remain illuminated in this state as you are
pressing + or –.
This displays your chosen target discrimination parameters.
At any time during operation, you can view the discrimination settings in one of
two ways:
1. On the bottom-right of the screen the DISC value is always illuminated.
a. This value is the division between the LOW tones and V.C.O. tones.
b. This value is the lowest target value which will be detected with a
V.C.O. tone
2. Whenever you press + or –, the arc will illuminate and show your
current detection parameters.
The first press of + or – will change the discriminate level by one value.
When a target is detected, the target icons representing the target category are
illuminated.
Discrimination Control continued on next page
20
Suggestion: Try changing the
settings, watch the screen, and
pass objects over the searchcoil at
each setting. It will quickly become
obvious how these controls work.
Here is an example of one possible setting:
Values from 20 to 49
will induce a LOW tone
Values from 50 to 100
will induce V.C.O. tones (see p.25)
Values less
than 20 will
NOT BE
DETECTED
This value
and higher
will induce
V.C.O. tones
This discrimination interface for the Gold Bug™ DP was designed especially for relic-hunting.
Relic hunters want control over what sizes of iron are detected, and also control over
which targets are detected with a low-tone. Target values of 40 or less are ferrous.
21
OPERATING IN DISCRIMINATION MODE
OPERATING IN DISCRIMINATION MODE
In Discrimination Mode, pressing + or – will change two detection parameters:
1. Tone Identification
2. Target Elimination
Notice the segment status along the arc, and the discrimination parameters they
represent, vary as you adjust the discrimination level with + or -.
As the level of discrimination changes, the target segments along the arc on the
screen will be displayed in one of three states:
1. Blank (no segments displayed)
2. Grey (segments displayed in a shaded color)
3. Black (segments are solid black)
For DISC values (at bottom right-hand corner of screen) up to 40:
- Operation is tone discrimination only
• No targets are eliminated from detection
- Target-IDs less than the DISC value induce a LOW tone
• Represented by shaded segments
- Target-IDs greater than the DISC value induce V.C.O. audio
• Represented by solid segments
for DISC values between 41 and 79:
- Targets in the blank segment region are not detected.
- Target-IDs less than the DISC value induce a LOW tone
• Represented by shaded segments
- Target-IDs greater than or equal to the DISC value induce V.C.O. audio
• Represented by solid segments
at DISC value = 80:
- All detected targets induce HIGH tones.
• Represented by solid segments
- There are no LOW tones
No targets under 80 are detected.
The segments along the arc will remain illuminated in this state as you are
pressing + or –.
This displays your chosen target discrimination parameters.
At any time during operation, you can view the discrimination settings in one of
two ways:
1. On the bottom-right of the screen the DISC value is always illuminated.
a. This value is the division between the LOW tones and V.C.O. tones.
b. This value is the lowest target value which will be detected with a
V.C.O. tone
2. Whenever you press + or –, the arc will illuminate and show your
current detection parameters.
The first press of + or – will change the discriminate level by one value.
When a target is detected, the target icons representing the target category are
illuminated.
Discrimination Control continued on next page
20
Suggestion: Try changing the
settings, watch the screen, and
pass objects over the searchcoil at
each setting. It will quickly become
obvious how these controls work.
Here is an example of one possible setting:
Values from 20 to 49
will induce a LOW tone
Values from 50 to 100
will induce V.C.O. tones (see p.25)
Values less
than 20 will
NOT BE
DETECTED
This value
and higher
will induce
V.C.O. tones
This discrimination interface for the Gold Bug™ DP was designed especially for relic-hunting.
Relic hunters want control over what sizes of iron are detected, and also control over
which targets are detected with a low-tone. Target values of 40 or less are ferrous.
21
GROUND BALANCING
OPERATING IN DISCRIMINATION MODE
Using PINPOINT
What is Ground Balancing?
Why do I need to Ground Balance?
All soils contain minerals. Signals from ground minerals are
often tens or hundreds of times stronger than a buried metal object.
The magnetism of iron minerals, found in nearly all soils, causes
one type of interfering signal. Dissolved mineral salts, found in
some soils, are electrically conductive, causing another type of
interfering signal.
Ground Balancing is the process by which the metal
detector cancels the unwanted signals coming from
the ground minerals while still detecting the signals
from buried metal objects. This is accomplished by
matching the detector’s ground balance setting to
the phase of the ground signal.
When the detector is calibrated to the
soil, the result will be deeper target
detection, quieter operation, and more accurate
target identification.
Pumping coil
to ground
balance with
Ground
Grab™
Computerized
Ground
Balancing
button.
How to Ground Balance your detector:
Ground Balancing procedure with the Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground
Balancing touchpad.
1. Turn the detector on and set GAIN at the 12:00 position.
2. Click on the right knob to the ALL METAL Mode.
3. Rotate the THRESHOLD control knob to the point where you hear a slight
background hum.
4. Sweep searchcoil across the ground to find a clear patch of ground with
no metal present.
5. Press and hold the GROUND GRAB™ Computerized Ground Balancing
touch pad, and pump coil over the clean ground.
See illustration.
Pump coil from within 1” of ground to 6”- 8” above ground.
6. When the GND PHASE settles down to only 1 or 2 numbers in variation,
release the GND GRAB button while still pumping the coil. Note that the
audio response to the ground changed and “Evened Out” when you
released the button. Also note that the GND BAL value changed. After
balancing, you can hunt in ALL METAL... or return to Disc Mode.
The most accurate GND PHASE value is the value displayed when “pumping”
the searchcoil over the ground in an area free of metal.
Ground Balancing continued on next page
22
Press-and-Hold the Pinpoint button to narrow down the location of a buried metal object.
Pinpoint is a mode of detection which does not require the searchcoil to be in motion.
A motionless searchcoil held over a metal object will induce a hum; volume and
pitch of the hum increase with target strength.
The approximate target depth, in inches, will be indicated in the center of the screen.
The depth scale is calibrated to coin-sized objects.
Relative depth is indicated for larger or smaller objects.
Upon releasing the button, you will return to the motion Discrimination Detection Mode.
If you keep the Pinpoint button depressed for a long time, the audio tone may begin to drift.
If you plan to search like this, release and re-press the button periodically to avoid
drift. Drift may result in a loudening sound or a reduced sensitivity with no sound.
See the manual section on Target Pinpointing for how to narrow down a target’s location.
This technique is indispensable as long-buried metals can look exactly like the
surrounding soil to the naked eye. If you are not adept at pinpointing, digging up a
small metal object can drive you crazy. So learn how to narrow-it-down.
READING THE DISPLAY
TARGET-ID
Each time you pass the searchcoil over a metal object, a 2-digit value will appear in
the center of the display. See the manual section on Target Identification for a better
understand of these values.
Three segments will simultaneously appear above the arc at the top of the screen.
This represents the same target identification.
TARGET SCALE
This display works as in the All Metal Mode.
The arc across the top classifies metal objects.
Each time a target is detected three segments will illuminate above the arc.
The segments will remain illuminated for three seconds.
This indication shows the approximate classification of the buried metal object.
See the section on Target Display for a more detailed explanation.
Iron is on the left. U.S. dimes and quarters are to the far right.
In an air test, gold indicates right of center -- the larger the gold piece, the
farther to the right.
In the ground, the ID of gold may jump around with each pass of the coil.
SIGNAL
Each time a target is detected, bars will illuminate showing the strength of the target’s signal.
If all 7 bars illuminate, the target signal is strong.
This may be a large metal object.
Or it may be a coin-sized metal object close to the surface.
If only a few bars illuminate, the target signal is weak.
This may be a deeply buried object, even a big one.
Or it may be a very, very small metal object, close to the surface.
The depth of a coin-sized object can be confirmed using Pinpoint.
19
OPERATING IN DISCRIMINATION MODE
Discrimination is used to eliminate trash metal objects (e.g. nails, foil, pull-tabs) from
detection. The searchcoil must be in motion to detect metal. The Discrimination Mode
is less sensitive to small and deep objects than the All Metal Mode.
Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing
This feature is not available in Discrimination Mode.
Your best results will be achieved by first performing the GROUND GRAB™
COMPUTERIZED GROUND BALANCING procedure in All Metal Mode.
The ground balance setting achieved using Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground
Balancing will carry over into this mode.
Setting the Controls
As you adjust any of the controls, notice that the values on the bottom-right of the
display indicate the settings of the value you are changing.
GAIN
If you are new to metal detecting, start with the GAIN at a low enough setting that you do not
hear any sounds when the searchcoil is sweeping across the ground, with no metal present.
Start with GAIN at the 12:00 position, or less.
In this mode, Gain refers to the detector’s sensitivity. The higher the setting, the deeper
objects can be found, and the more sensitive the detector is to very small metal objects.
MODE
The right knob is not used in the Discrimination Mode.
Click the right knob 100% counterclockwise.
If you turn the knob to the right, you will leave Discrimination Mode, entering All Metal Mode.
DISC LEVEL
Press + to eliminate unwanted metals from detection.
Each time you press + the Disc Value at the bottom-right of the display will increment by one.
Press-and-hold + to increase the Discrimination level rapidly.
See the Target Identification section of the manual for a detailed description of this function.
Sections of the arc with no indication represent metals completely eliminated from detection.
Sections of the arc with a lightly shaded indication represent metals detected with
a low tone.
Press – to detect metals which were previously eliminated from detection
Unwanted Noise
Read the section on Electrical Interference.
This is a highly sensitive device.
It is intended for use outdoors. Indoor operation will subject it to electrical interference
from a wide variety of devices in the home or office.
In Discrimination Mode, when you sweep the coil over the ground it will usually be quieter than
when holding the detector still.
GROUND BALANCING
Understanding ground conditions assists the user in setting up the machine,
knowing when to readjust ground balance, and in understanding the responses
of the machine while searching.
This detector displays two kinds of ground data:
1. The type of mineralization (which affects where the ground phase should
be set). This is GND PHASE
2. The amount of mineralization (the greater the amount of mineralization,
the greater the loss of detection depth & ID accuracy; this loss is more
pronounced in Discrimination Mode). This is Fe3O4.
The goal of ground balancing is to equate the GND BAL number to the
PHASE number.
PHASE is the measurement of the ground.
GND BAL is the detector’s internal setting which calibrates the detector
to the ground’s phase.
Notice that the GND BAL number is three digits, with a decimal point.
PHASE has only two digits.
GND BAL is a higher resolution number, so may differ a bit from PHASE
in a perfectly balanced scenario.
After pumping and releasing Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground
Balancing, the exact measurement of the ground will be transferred to
the GND BAL setting.
The two-digit PHASE number displayed on the screen indicates the type of
ground mineralization.
Some typical ground mineralization types are:
0 – 10 Wet salt and alkali
5 – 25 Metallic iron. Very few soils in this range. You are probably over metal.
26–39 Very few soils in this range -- occasionally some saltwater beaches
40–75 Red, yellow and brown iron-bearing clay minerals
75–95 Magnetite and other black iron minerals
Sweeping the Searchcoil
As you sweep the searchcoil over the ground, try to keep the coil parallel to the ground.
Avoid lifting the searchcoil at the end of your sweeps.
Operating in Discrimination Mode continued on next page
18
Ground Balancing continued on next page
23
GROUND BALANCING
The goal of Ground Balancing is to eliminate the sound as the searchcoil is being
pumped over the ground. In some soils, the sound is not completely eliminated.
After balancing to ground with Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing
some users may want to further adjust the ground balance point manually.
To manually adjust ground balance:
1. Operate in ALL METAL Mode.
2. Pump searchcoil up and down over the ground as in the Ground Grab™
Computerized Ground Balancing procedure.
3. Press + or - while pumping
If the ground balance adjustment is incorrect, there will be a difference in the
sound as the searchcoil is either moving toward or away from the ground. It
sounds like you are either pulling the sound out of the ground, or pushing the
sound into the ground.
•If the sound is louder as you raise the searchcoil, increase the ground
balance setting.
•If the sound is louder as you lower the searchcoil, reduce the ground balance
setting.
NOTE: Experienced users often prefer to adjust the ground balance to get a weak
but audible response when lowering the searchcoil. This is called adjusting for
positive response.
Positive and Negative Response
The purpose of ground balancing is to adjust the metal detector to ignore ground
minerals. If the setting is incorrect, ground minerals will give either a positive or a
negative response, depending on which direction the adjustment is off.
POSITIVE RESPONSE
If the G.B. setting is too high a number, the response of minerals will be positive.
This means that when the searchcoil is lowered to the ground in PinPoint or All
Metal Mode, the sound will get louder as the searchcoil approaches the ground.
The sound will grow quieter as the searchcoil is raised. What, if anything, you will
hear in Discrimination Mode depends on the discrimination setting.
When searching in an All Metal Mode, if ground balance is properly set to cancel
the ground, and you sweep over a positive hot rock, the rock will give a “zip”
sound similar to that of a metal object.
NEGATIVE RESPONSE
If the G.B. setting is too low a number, the response of minerals will be negative.
When the searchcoil is lowered to the ground in PinPoint or All Metal Mode, the
machine will be silent. The machine will sound off as the searchcoil is lifted away
from the ground. What, if anything, you hear in Discrimination Mode depends on
the Discrimination setting.
When searching in All Metal Mode a negative hot rock will produce a “boing”
sound after passing over it, making it difficult to know where it is located. It will
not have the sound and “feel” of a metal object.
24
OPERATING IN ALL METAL MODE
Reading the Display
Most gold prospecting and relic hunting is done by ear. Listen for the louder sounds,
riding on top of the constant background hum.
As you sweep the searchcoil, notice the Fe3O4 (iron oxide) scale to the left of the
display.
This indicates the amount of ground mineralization.
Most black sand is made of magnetite.
Gold nuggets are often found in concentrated black sand deposits.
For the best depth detection in highly mineralized soils, use the All Metal Mode.
For the most accurate Fe3O4 reading, pump the searchcoil over the ground.
While sweeping the searchcoil, also notice the GND PHASE value in the middle of the
screen.
GND PHASE is the ground phase; this indicates the type of minerals in the soil.
Within an area, the ground phase may change.
After ground balancing, periodically compare GND PHASE to GND BAL. If these two
numbers differ by a great deal, you may want to ground balance the detector again.
When not adjusting the knobs, the GND BAL setting will always appear on the
bottom-right of the display.
GND BAL is the detector’s internal ground balance setting. The detector’s default
ground balance setting is 82.9, which is the best starting point for achieving the
correct setting.
After you perform the Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing procedure,
the GND BAL number will change to match your soil.
You can change the current GND BAL setting by pressing the + or – buttons.
See section on Ground Balancing for a more detailed explanation.
Experienced users often prefer to adjust the ground balance to get a weak
audible response when lowering the searchcoil to the ground. This is called
adjusting for positive response and is achieved by increasing the GND BAL
number with the + key.
Target Scale
The arc across the top classifies metal objects.
Each time a target is detected, three segments will illuminate above the arc.
The segments will remain illuminated for three seconds.
This indication shows the approximate classification of the buried metal object.
See the section on Target Display for a more detailed explanation.
Iron is on the left. U.S. dimes and quarters are to the far right.
In an air test, gold indicates right of center -- the larger the gold piece, the
farther to the right.
In the ground, the ID of gold may jump around with each pass of the searchcoil.
If searching in All Metal Mode, you may want to switch back into Discrimination Mode, after
finding a target, to see a more accurate Target Identification, viewing the 2-digit Target-ID
17
OPERATING IN ALL METAL MODE
GROUND BALANCING -Technical Info
The All Metal Mode is more sensitive than the Discrimination Mode, and is used to
find all types of metal objects in the ground. The searchcoil must be in motion for
objects to be detected.
Fe3O4 BAR GRAPH
Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing
Naturally occurring minerals in soil look like metal to a metal detector, so you want to
cancel out this mineral signal coming from the ground, and only detect the signal from
metal objects in the ground.
So before using your detector, set it in All Metal Mode and perform the automatic
ground balancing procedure. Press-and-hold the Ground Grab™ Computerized
Ground Balancing button while pumping the searchcoil up and down over the
ground. Release the button when the sound evens out. The GND BAL number on the
bottom right of the screen is the detector’s internal setting which cancels out the
minerals in the ground. Different soils in different areas will require different GND BAL
settings, so balance to ground before you search. See the section on Ground
Balancing for a detailed description of this procedure.
Setting the Controls
As you adjust any of the controls, notice that the values on the bottom-right of the
display indicate the settings of the value you are changing.
If you are new to metal detecting, start with the GAIN and THRESHOLD controls at a
low enough setting that you do not hear too many unwanted sounds, like warble or a
loud hum. Set the GAIN at the 12:00 position, or less. Then set the THRESHOLD to a
position where you hear a very slight background hum, or if you prefer, dial the control
just left of that position to a setting where the detector is silent.
Unwanted Noise
Read the section on Electrical Interference.
The Gold Bug™ DP is a highly sensitive device.
It is intended for use outdoors. Indoor operation will subject it to electrical interference
from a wide variety of devices in the home or office.
The Fe3O4 7-segment bar graph indicates the amount of ground mineralization,
independent of type, expressed as an equivalent volume concentration of
magnetite (Fe3O4). It updates every second. It is sensitive to motion and will give
the most accurate readings if you pump the searchcoil up and down several times
over the ground. The presence of metal or “hot rocks” will cause the readings to be
inaccurate. If you stop moving the searchcoil, the bar graph will go blank.
INDICATION
7 Bars
2 to 6 Bars
1 Bar
None
RELATIVE
MINERALIZATION
High
Medium
Very Low
--
% Fe3O4
SUSCEPTIBILITY
over 1
.026 - 1.0
0.006 - .025
less than .006
over 2500
61 - 2,500
15 - 60
less than 15
Magnetic susceptibility is expressed in micro-cgs units. In a saltwater environment
in the absence of iron minerals, the bar graph indicates relative electrical conductivity.
In soils with greater than 10,000 micro-cgs units magnetic susceptibility, the
signal from the soil may saturate, or overload, the circuitry. This will not harm
the detector but the machine will not be usable in that condition. The solution
is to hold the searchcoil several inches above the soil surface so it is not “seeing
as much dirt.” By listening and watching you will know how high you need to
hold the searchcoil in order to avoid overload.
The highest magnetic susceptibilities are usually found in soils developed over
igneous rocks, in alluvial black sand streaks on beaches, and in red clay soils
of humid climates.
The lowest magnetic susceptibilities are usually found in white beach sands of
tropical and subtropical regions, and soils developed over limestone.
Sweeping the Searchcoil
As you sweep the searchcoil over the ground, try to keep the searchcoil parallel to the
ground.
Avoid lifting the searchcoil at the end of your sweeps.
Operating in All Metal Mode continued on next page
16
25
TARGET DISPLAY and AUDIO
SIGNAL Indicator
The lower-left bargraph designates
SIGNAL strength only when operating in
Discrimination Mode.
The signal strength indicator at the bottomleft of the screen indicates how large or
close the buried metal target is.
If all bars are illuminated, the target is
large or close to the searchcoil.
If one or two bars are illuminated, the
target is far away or small, or both.
DEPTH Indicator
When operating in Discrimination Mode, a
target’s location and size can be verified
using the PINPOINT control.
Press PinPoint to temporarily detect metal
without searchcoil motion, and a
monotone hum.
While holding the PinPoint button, the
DEPTH indicator will appear. The
number beneath DEPTH represents the
distance of the object, in inches, from the
searchcoil. The Depth scale is calibrated
to coin-sized objects. For objects other
than a coin, the numeric value is a relative
measure of the target’s depth.
AUDIO FEEDBACK
When a target is detected, the Gold Bug™
will respond with two types of sound:
1. V.C.O. (Voltage Controlled
Oscillator) is an audio response
with variable pitch and volume.
2. A LOW tone beep.
In Discrimination Mode, targets which fall
into the zone along the arc whose
segments are shaded will be identified
with a LOW tone beep and solid segments
with V.C.O. tones.
As the user sets the discrimination level
with the + and - buttons, he is determining
which targets will induce the low tone, and
which will be eliminated.
All targets’ audio responses in All Metal
Mode will be V.C.O.
V.C.O. (Voltage Controlled Oscillator) is
an audio response which provides a good
feel for the target.
26
CONTROL PANEL
The stronger the target signal, the higher
the volume and the higher the audio pitch.
Very weak signals will have the faintest
volume and lowest pitch.
For this reason, the use of headphones
is always recommended for detecting the
smaller and deeper targets.
2-DIGIT TARGET INDICATOR
In Discrimination Mode the 2-digit target
indicator, in the middle of the screen,
provides a specific target value to help
identify buried targets more accurately.
With practice in the field, you will learn to
associate target values with the probable
identification of buried objects. The target
value can vary each time the searchcoil
passes over the target, depending upon
the orientation of the object and its
distance from the searchcoil.
As a starting point, refer to the table below.
TTA
ARRG
G EETT RReeaaddoouutt
The table below lists some common
approximate target values. With
experience in the field, you will
recognize many types of metal
objects by their numeric value.
OB
O
B JJEE C
CTT
TTA
AR
RG
GE
E TT--IID
D
foil from gum wrapper
40 - 55
U.S. nickel (5¢ coin)
typically 58
aluminum pull-tab
60 - 75
aluminum screw cap
70 - 80
zinc penny (dated after 1982)
typically 78
aluminum soda pop can
75 - 85
copper penny, clad dime
typically 83
U.S. quarter (25¢ coin), clad
typically 89
50¢ coin, modern clad
typically 92
old silver dollar coin
typically 94
US silver Eagle $1 coin
typically 95
Caution: The target indications are
visual references. Many other types of
metal can also be represented by a given
Target-ID
GAIN versus THRESHOLD
“Gain” increases, or multiplies, the strength of signals from buried metal objects.
For maximum detection of the smallest or most deeply buried objects, increase
the Gain. To minimize the weakest signals, reduce the Gain.
“Threshold” controls the detector’s audio level. Positive threshold values
amplify the audio response of weak target signals. Negative threshold
values suppress sensitivity.
For searching at maximum sensitivity, first set the gain at a low level. Then
set threshold into the positive region, with a comfortable background-hum
volume level. Then increase Gain to a comfortable level, free of chatter.
For silent searching, set threshold to a negative number, and also reduce
Gain if necessary. Silent searching will result in the loss of some sensitivity.
TOUCHPAD CONTROLS
1. GROUND GRAB™ COMPUTERIZED GROUND BALANCING / PINPOINT
This button has a dual function, depending on the detection mode.
a. In DISC Mode, press-and-hold the button to activate PINPOINT.
Pinpoint temporarily engages a no-motion detection mode. Searchcoil
motion is not necessary to detect metal. Any metal within the searchcoil’s
detection field will induce a sound. Pinpoint is generally used to verify a
target previously detected in Discrimination Mode.
b. In ALL METAL Mode, press-and-hold the button to activate GROUND GRAB™
COMPUTERIZED GROUND BALANCING.
Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing allows you to set the
detector’s internal ground setting equal to the phase of the ground you are
searching over. See the section on Ground Balancing for a more thorough
explanation of this feature and the reason for using it.
2. + and a. In Discrimination Mode, + and - change the level of discrimination (target
rejection)
b. In All Metal Mode, + and - provide a manual override to the Ground Balance
Setting.
15
CONTROL PANEL
GOLD PROSPECTING
In the United States, gold is found in many places in the
western states, Alaska, and in a few localities in the
Appalachians. The old saying "Gold is where
you find it," means that to find gold, you
should look in areas where the yellow
metal is known to be present.
CONTROL KNOBS:
1. OFF/ON/GAIN
a. Click right to turn on. Click left to turn off.
b. Turning the knob clockwise increases the detector’s sensitivity; the
higher the sensitivity, the deeper targets will be detected, and the more
likely the detector will be to detect very small targets.
c. As you turn the knob, notice that the GAIN value at the bottom-right of
the screen displays your current sensitivity setting.
Sensitivity in DISC Mode
The left knob is labeled “GAIN” and in Discrimination Mode it alone
controls the sensitivity of the detector.
GAIN in ALL METAL Mode
In All Metal Mode, GAIN increases as you rotate the knob clockwise.
THRESHOLD is controlled independently using the right knob.
2. DISC / ALL METAL / THRESHOLD
a. Click knob to the far-left “DISC” position and the detector enters
Discrimination Mode.
b. Click on clockwise to operate in ALL METAL Mode.
c. In ALL METAL Mode, rotate knob to increase the threshold.
Threshold values range from -40 to +40.
In ALL METAL Mode, the Threshold control can be used in two ways.
Control knobs continued on next page
14
Hillsides are the best areas for
gold prospecting using a
metal detector, because
hillsides cannot be
cleaned out by panning
and dredging the way
streams can. Also,
gold on hillsides, not far
from its source vein,
tends to be larger, and hence more
readily detected, than alluvial (placer)
gold which tends to get pounded to
pieces and worn away as it rolls along
the streambed with gravel during floods.
Gold is valuable because it is a scarce
commodity. Even in a good gold producing
area, you will often spend an entire day
without finding any gold. Meanwhile you
will dig bits and pieces of other metal-birdshot, shells and bullets from hunting and target
practice, bits of rusted barbed wire, chips off shovels and other mining tools,
rusted tin cans, etc. Hot rocks -- rocks containing concentrations of iron
oxides that sound like metal when you pass over them -- are also a nuisance
in many gold areas. Discrimination is usually ineffective because the loss of
sensitivity resulting from discrimination is enough to cause those little nuggets
to vanish. If you have gone many hours without finding gold and are
wondering if there is something wrong with your metal detector or how you are
using it, the most important clue is this: if you are digging tiny pieces of trash
metal, then if gold were present you would have found small gold pieces too!
Gold Prospecting continued on next page
27
GOLD PROSPECTING
OPERATION & CONTROLS
Because most gold nuggets are tiny, and are usually found in soil which is
high in iron oxide minerals, serious gold prospecting requires a detector with
high sensitivity and true ground balanced All Metal operation. Run the
machine with the sensitivity high enough to hear some noise from ground
minerals, and learn the language of the sounds you hear. Headphones are
recommended unless consideration for safety (for instance rattlesnakes) rules
them out. Move the searchcoil slowly and deliberately, carefully controlling its
height above the ground to minimize noise from iron minerals in the soil. If you
hear ground noise, your GND BAL setting could be a bit off, so perform the
ground balancing procedure again. As you walk even a very short distance,
ground conditions can change. The ground geology typically associated with
gold will tend to change over very short distances.
POWERING UP
Click the left knob to turn the detector ON.
After clicking the knob on, continued clockwise rotation will increase the
“sensitivity” in DISC Mode or the “GAIN” in ALL METAL Mode.
We suggest keeping the GAIN below 70 until you become familiar with
the detector’s operation.
HOW TO WORK
THE CONTROLS
The Fe3O4 bar graph indicates the amount of iron mineralization in the soil. In
most gold fields, especially alluvial (placer) deposits, gold tends to be
associated with iron minerals, especially magnetite black sand. If you know
this to be the case in the area you're working, you can maximize your gold
recovery by concentrating your effort on areas where the bar graph indicates
higher amounts of iron mineralization.
Gold prospectors are mostly a friendly bunch, and willing to spend some time
showing a beginner how to increase his odds of finding the yellow stuff. Many
will invite you to search on their claims (if they have any) once they get to know
you. In some gold areas, a lot of the terrain is under claim, so you need to
learn how to recognize posted claims and stay off of them unless you have the
claim owner's permission. Prospecting clubs such as the Gold Prospector
Association of America (GPAA) often own claims which are open to its
members and sponsor group outings to productive gold prospecting areas.
It’s a thrilling experience to dig into the ground and pull out a precious piece of
yellow metal that you are the first person on earth to see. If you love being
outdoors, have patience, and can stay motivated by the prospect of finding
that next nugget, then beeping for gold may be the hobby for you. While only
a few get rich prospecting, if you are not among them, think of it as outdoor
recreation where your finds defray the expense of having fun!
28
ON/OFF/GAIN:
• Click ON/OFF
• In DISC Mode rotate
to change GAIN
(sensitivity) from
1 to 100
• In ALL METAL Mode
rotate to change
GAIN from 5 to 100
in steps of 5
• In DISC Mode
press-and-hold to
enter no-motion
PINPOINT Mode
• In ALL METAL Mode
press-and-hold
while bobbing coil,
to set ground
balance
MODE SELECTION
and THRESHOLD CONTROL
• Click left to operate
in Discrimination
Mode
• Click to right to
operate in ALL METAL
Mode.
• Rotate knob in
ALL METAL Mode to
change THRESHOLD from
-40 to 40
In DISC Mode:
Change discrimination level from 0 to 80
In ALL METAL Mode:
Change Ground Balance
setting from 0 to 99.9
13
THE BASICS OF METAL DETECTING
HOT ROCKS
2. Trash
A hot rock is a rock which causes the metal detector to sound off because the
rock contains iron minerals. They come in two basic types.
If searching for coins, you want to ignore items like aluminum foil, nails and
pull-tabs. These undesirable items are generally identified toward the lower
end of the 0-100 scale. You can listen to the sounds of all objects detected,
and decide on what you want to dig up. Or you can eliminate unwanted
metals from detection by using the DISCRIMINATION feature.
3. Identifying Buried Objects
Different types of metals are classified along the arc at the top of the screen
on a 0-100 scale from left to right. A 2-digit numerical reading is also
provided in the middle of the display for more precise target identification in
Discrimination Mode.
4. Size and Depth of Buried Objects
When using the detector in the motion DISC Mode, the relative depth of an
object is displayed to the left of the display over the SIGNAL strength
indicator. A more accurate depth reading is available using PINPOINT.
Pinpoint displays target depth in inches. The Pinpoint Mode does not
require the searchcoil to be in motion to detect metals. The ability to hold
the searchcoil motionless over the target also aids in tracing an outline of
the buried object, or in pinpointing the exact location of the object using
techniques described in the pinpointing section of this manual.
5. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)
Electrical interference (EMI), can cause a metal detector to chatter
spontaneously, to lose sensitivity for no apparent reason, or to cause a
periodic wobbly audio sound. Common sources of electrical interference
include power lines, electronic communication equipment such as
cellphones, fluorescent lamps, military electronics such as radar, other
metal detectors and computer equipment.
Your first line of defense against EMI is to reduce the Gain and/or
Threshold. In areas with heavy EMI, operating at reduced sensitivity levels
will result in the loss of some depth, but at least the metal detector will be
usable
See the 2-page section on ELECTRICAL INTERFERENCE for a more
thorough explanation of EMI and how to manage it.
12
Negative hot rocks (also called cold rocks) are usually magnetite or
contain magnetite, and give a negative response because their ground
balance value is a higher number than the soil they are found in. They
tend to be dark in color, usually black, and usually heavy. In some cases
they will have rust stains. They are usually attracted to a magnet, and for
this reason gold prospectors always carry a magnet -- the ultimate
ferrous/nonferrous discriminator. In All Metal Mode, negative hot rocks
produce a boing sound rather than the zip sound of a metallic target;
recognize the difference and you will learn to ignore them. As the
searchcoil passes over a hot rock, this boing sound, or negative response,
is quite distinctive. To hear this response, you must be properly Ground
Balanced and in All Metal Mode with an audible threshold hum. First, as
the center of the searchcoil passes over the negative hot rock, the
detector will go quite; the threshold hum momentarily silences. Then,
passing beyond the negative hot rock, you hear the boing sound. As you
pass the searchcoil back and forth over a negative hot rock, it will be
impossible to pinpoint and will seem as if it moves around.
Positive hot rocks are iron-bearing rocks which have been oxidized by
natural weathering processes so that their GRND BAL value is a number
lower than the soil they are found in. They are often small, right on the
surface, sound just like a gold nugget, and are common in many gold
prospecting areas. They are usually, but not always, drawn to a magnet.
They are most often reddish in color but are often black, brown, or yellow.
On relic hunting sites, red clay bricks and rocks which have lined a fireplace
or a campfire will often be hot rocks. The discriminator will usually eliminate
them without difficulty if widely scattered, but if there is a large concentration
of them, the discriminator may not quiet them all. In that case, you can
revert to the rule of thumb -- “don’t dig non-repeatable signals.”
Remember to always carry a magnet to help discriminate gold from hot rocks
and iron.
• Gold will not be attracted to a magnet.
• Pieces of iron will always be attracted to a magnet.
• Negative hot rocks will almost always be attracted to a magnet.
• Positive hot rocks will usually be attracted to a magnet.
29
ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE (EMI)
THE BASICS OF METAL DETECTING
You are likely to encounter electromagnetic interference (EMI) when using your Gold
Bug™ DP metal detector. It is important that you recognize EMI and take appropriate
measures to deal with it. This will prevent you from giving up on a worthwhile search
site, or from returning a properly functioning detector for repair.
A hobby metal detector is intended for locating buried metal objects. When
searching for metals, underground or on the surface, you have the following
challenges and objectives:
Symptoms of Electromagnetic Interference
EMI can cause a metal detector to chatter spontaneously, to lose sensitivity for no apparent
reason, or to cause a periodic wobbly audio sound. What you hear will depend on what
operating mode you are using, the detector’s settings, and the source of the electrical
interference. The most common manifestation is spontaneous chatter.
All metal detectors are susceptible to EMI, but they vary in what kinds of interference
affect them. In a given environment some metal detectors may be affected by EMI
whereas others may not.
Common sources of Electromagnetic Interference
Common sources of EMI include: overhead electric power lines, underground power lines,
other metal detectors, telephone lines carrying electronic data, computer systems, electric
fences, old CRT-based televisions, cell phones, CB and emergency communication
radios, thunderstorms, fluorescent lights, metal vapor lamps, military aircraft with electronic
warfare countermeasures turned on, electric motors, VLF military communications systems
and automobile ignition systems. At home, in a store, or in an urban environment, there
may be several different sources of interference present simultaneously.
All metal detectors generate a certain amount of internal electronic noise. The Gold Bug™
DP is specifically designed to enable you to work into the noise. Experienced users,
striving for maximum depth, often adjust the machine to search with a constant audible
background sound, and then listen through that noise for the sound of real targets.
Stricter regulations in recent years have cut down on interference from electric light
dimmers and auto ignition systems. However there has also been a proliferation of
VLF-UHF wireless communication systems (cell phones, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, etc.), which
often affect metal detectors. Overall, the potential for electromagnetic interference is
greater than it was just a few years ago.
1. Ignoring signals caused by ground minerals.
2. Ignoring signals caused by metal objects that you do not want to find,
like pull-tabs.
3. Identifying a buried metal object before you dig it up.
4. Estimating the size and depth of objects to facilitate digging them up.
5. Eliminating the effects of electromagnetic interference from other
electronic devices.
Your Gold Bug™ DP metal detector is designed with these things in mind.
1. Ground Minerals
All soils contain minerals. Signals from ground minerals can interfere with
the signals from metal objects you want to find. All soils differ, and can
differ greatly, in the type and amount of ground minerals present. You
therefore want to calibrate the detector to the specific ground conditions
where you are hunting. The detector incorporates both automated and
manual ground balancing features which will eliminate false signals from
most types of soils. To maximize the detector’s target identification
accuracy and depth of detection, use the Ground Grab™ Computerized
Ground Balancing function to calibrate the detector to the ground where
you are searching. See the section on GROUND BALANCING for details.
The Basics continued on next page
Modern high-end metal detectors are a lot more sensitive than older units; this also
increases your detector’s vulnerability to EMI beyond what you may be accustomed to
with an older detector. Metal detectors are by their nature designed to detect magnetic
fields, and electric current always produces magnetic fields.
Coping with Electromagnetic Interference
The primary reason metal detectors provide a sensitivity (gain and/or threshold) control,
is so that users can reduce sensitivity in order to eliminate response to electrical
interference. Some users are reluctant to reduce sensitivity out of fear of losing depth.
At reduced sensitivity settings, you may lose some depth, but at least you can still
search. The Gain and Threshold knobs control the sensitivity and are your first
line of defense against EMI. The Threshold control only applies to the All Metal Mode.
30
11
QUICK-START DEMONSTRATION
IX. Press-and-hold
and hold the nickel over the searchcoil
a. Notice that motion is not required.
A motionless object induces a hum.
b. Notice the variable pitch & volume hum.
c. Move the nickel closer to and farther away from the searchcoil.
Notice the changing “depth” values.
ELECTRICAL INTERFERENCE (EMI)
EMI is usually easier to control in the All Metal Mode than in the Discrimination Mode.
On the Gold Bug™ DP, setting the discrimination level between 60 and 70 will usually
reduce interference. In the Discrimination Mode, the detector may chatter if the
searchcoil is not in motion, but once you start sweeping it over the ground, the signal
from the ground will usually suppress the EMI chatter, except for an occasional pop or
click which will not sound like a real target.
If you are conducting an indoor demonstration, you may find that changing the
orientation of the searchcoil will reduce the pickup of EMI.
X.
Click the MODE knob to the right
The detector is now in the ALL METAL Mode
a. Keep GAIN set at the 12:00 position
b. Rotate the THRESHOLD knob slowly from the far counterclockwise
position to the full clockwise position.
Notice these attributes of the THRESHOLD control, with no metal
over the searchcoil.
i. at low settings you will hear no sound
ii. at mid-scale, there will be a transition point from no sound to
a barely audible, choppy sound.
iii. at full scale you will hear a loud, constant tone. It may also have
an irregular or choppy sound, as a result of electromagnetic
interference emitted from other electrical devices.
Use with headphones (not included)
The Gold Bug™ DP is equipped with both a 1/4” and 1/8” headphone jack. Any
headphones with a stereo plug will work; headphones with a mono plug will not
work. Using headphones extends battery life, and also prevents the sounds from
bothering bystanders. It also allows you to hear subtle changes in the sound more
clearly, particularly if searching in a noisy location. Gold nuggets are often very
small, so closely monitoring changes in sound using headphones will improve your
gold prospecting results. For safety reasons, do not use headphones near traffic
or where other dangers, like rattlesnakes, are present. This device is to be used
with interconnecting cables/headphone cables shorter than three meters.
10
If you carry a cell phone or other high-tech electronic equipment while metal detecting
and you encounter EMI, try turning the device off and see if that solves the problem.
Turn such devices completely off, not just into standby mode.
When working near overhead power lines, you may get the best results right under the
power line and the worst results when standing at a 30° to 45° angle to the power line.
Many sources of EMI are intermittent. You may find that an area which is difficult to
search at one time of day may be easier after 5 PM, or on weekends. Power lines are
usually quietest late at night, and on weekend mornings.
Small searchcoils usually pick up less EMI than larger searchcoils. On a site with severe
electrical interference, a small searchcoil is often a better choice than a large one.
Distinguishing Electromagnetic Interference from other problems
EMI will often vary as you walk around from place to place, and it will also vary with
changes in the orientation of the searchcoil. This is almost never the case if there is a
functional problem with the metal detector itself.
The most common cause of a noisy metal detector, where the problem is not EMI, is a
defective searchcoil. If striking the searchcoil with your hand causes the noise to start
or stop, the problem could be a defective searchcoil. Also, a defective searchcoil often
causes noise of a more intermittent nature than electrical interference.
The second most common cause is a loose searchcoil connector. The noise from a
loose connector will usually be very erratic or intermittent in nature. Try unplugging the
searchcoil and then reconnecting it to ensure the connector is firmly installed.
If you use a searchcoil cover, dirt or water can accumulate inside it, and movement of
those materials can cause false signals while sweeping the searchcoil. Searchcoil
covers must be periodically removed and cleaned.
31
SEARCH TECHNIQUES
QUICK-START DEMONSTRATION
Target Verification
I.
Supplies Needed
• a Nail
• a Zinc Penny (dated after 1982)
• a Nickel
• a Quarter
II.
Position the Detector
a. Place the detector on a table,
with the searchcoil hanging over
the edge.
Or better, have a friend hold the
detector, with the searchcoil off
the ground.
b. Keep the searchcoil away from
walls, floors and metal objects.
c. Remove watches, rings and
jewelry.
d. Turn off lights or appliances,
whose electromagnetic emissions may cause interference.
e. Pivot the searchcoil back.
After detecting a target, do the
following:
WRONG
1. Walk around the target in a
circle.
2. While circling the target,
continue
sweeping
the
searchcoil across the target.
3. Sweep once every 30° or 40° of
CORRECT
the circle.
If the tone does not change
and the Target-ID value is
consistent as you circle the
target, you can be highly
confident of the target’s
identification.
SEARCHCOIL MOVEMENT
When swinging the searchcoil,
If the tone or Target-ID
be careful to keep it level with
changes as you circle the
the ground about 1/2 inch from
target, you may have multiple
the surface. Never swing the
targets or an irregularly shaped
searchcoil like a pendulum.
object.
If the tone completely
disappears at different angles, the target may be trash or a lowvalue metal.
If you are new to the hobby, dig all targets. With practice in the
field, you will soon be able to correlate audible and visual target
feedback with certain types of metal objects.
Pinpointing in Discrimination Mode:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Sweep over target in narrowing side-to-side pattern.
Take visual note of spot on ground where “beep” occurs.
Step 90° to the side of the target.
Sweep searchcoil over same area, at 90° to 1st sweep pattern.
This pinpoints the target location with an “X.”
III. Click on detector with the left knob. Set the Gain at the
12:00 position for this demonstration.
IV. Click the right knob to the left to the DISC setting.
V.
a. Wave the nail over the searchcoil.
b. Press + repeatedly, while continuing to wave the nail.
• Notice the change in sound.
• Sound changes from a HIGH tone to V.C.O. tones (see
page 25).
VI. Wave each object over the searchcoil
Sweep coin flat and parallel to the searchcoil. This is how
you will usually find them buried.
a. Notice the tones and 2-digit Target-IDs for each object.
b. Motion is required.
Objects must be in motion over the searchcoil to be
detected in this mode.
VII. Press the + button several more times until the Disc value on the
display = 60.
VIII. Wave the nail over the searchcoil
a. The nail will not be detected
b. The nail has been “discriminated out.”
Quick-Start Demo continued on next page
32
9
TARGET PINPOINTING
BATTERIES
A 3-segment battery indicator at the bottom of the display indicates the
battery condition.
The detector requires a single 9-volt ALKALINE battery.
Do not use ordinary zinc carbon batteries.
Do not use “Heavy Duty” batteries.
Rechargeable batteries can also be used.
If you wish to use rechargeable batteries, we recommend using a
Nickel Metal Hydride rechargeable battery.
The battery compartment is located on the back side of the housing.
Slide the battery door to the side and remove it to expose the battery
compartment.
BATTERY LIFE
Expect about 15 to 20 hours of life from a 9-volt alkaline battery.
Rechargeable batteries can provide up to 8 hours of usage per charge.
SPEAKER VOLUME AND BATTERY CHARGE
You may notice the speaker volume drop when only one battery segment is
illuminated.
With one segment flashing, low speaker volume will be very apparent.
After you have identified a target using Discrimination Mode,
press-and-hold the PINPOINT button to identify the target’s exact
location. This technique can yield more information about the target’s
shape and size and also find its exact location to facilitate extraction.
Pinpoint as follows:
1. Position the searchcoil just barely off the ground, and to the side of
the target.
2. Now move the searchcoil slowly across the target; you can locate
it by the sound. The target is located directly under where the
sound is loudest.
Narrow It Down:
1. To narrow the response further, position the center of the searchcoil
near the center of the response pattern, but not directly over the
center.
2. Release the PINPOINT button.
3. Press-and-hold PINPOINT button again.
4. Repeat this narrowing procedure to narrow the field of detection
further.
Note: Depth indication is less accurate
after narrowing.
SEARCHCOIL DRIFT
BATTERY INDICATOR
The 3-segment battery indicator has 3 stages of indication.
These indications are accurate for a 9-volt alkaline battery.
Segments Illuminated
3 -segments
2 -segments
1 -segment flashing
Battery Voltage
more than 8.5 volts
more than 7.5 volts
more than 6.8 volts
After the 1st segment begins flashing, expect the detector to shut off within 10
minutes.
A rechargeable battery will usually illuminate two to three segments
throughout most of its useful charge. But as soon as it drains to the 1-segment
level, it will then lose its charge very rapidly.
8
If you plan to use the PINPOINT Mode for
continuous searching, realize that drift will
occur
over
time,
causing
the detector
to gain or lose
sensitivity. Periodic
retuning of the detector
is required to minimize
drift; release and press
PINPOINT again to retune.
33
Gold Nugget Hunting
with the Optional 5” DD Searchcoil
ASSEMBLY
Caution: Forcing in MIDDLE STEM with CAM
With the purchase of the 5” searchcoil, you can bring more precision to your
search for the smallest gold pieces.
The standard 11” DD Gold Bug™ searchcoil is engineered for depth.
If you want to find the smallest pieces that the 11” DD might miss, consider the
5” coil.
Advantages of the 11” DD searchcoil over the optional 5” searchcoil are:
1. Deeper detection
2. Broader sweep (cover more area in less time)
●1
●2
3
●
5
●
●6
Locking
Collar
Velcro
Strap
●9
SILVER BUTTON
MIDDLE
4
STEM
●
Position S-Rod upright.
Rotate the LOCKING
COLLAR fully in
the
counterclockwise
direction.
S-ROD
S-ROD
S-ROD
MIDDLE
STEM
MIDDLE
STEM
5
●
Insert your finger
inside the tube and
make sure the INTERNAL CAM LOCK is flush with the
inside of the tube.
Rotate the MIDDLE STEM until the SILVER BUTTON
locates in the hole.
Please call 800-685-5050.
12
●
Handgrip
Cable
Plug
S-Rod
Velcro
Strap
Locking
Collar
Repeat this process on the LOWER STEM.
Middle
Stem
Using the BOLT and KNURLED KNOB, attach the
SEARCHCOIL to the LOWER STEM.
Searchcoil
Cable
Adjust the LOWER STEM to a length that lets you maintain a
comfortable upright posture, with your arm relaxed at your side,
and the SEARCHCOIL parallel to the ground in front of you.
Do not twist the Cable or Plug. Turn Locking Ring only. Use
minimal finger pressure to start the threads. Do not crossthread. When the Locking Ring is fully engaged over the
threaded connector, give it a firm turn to make sure that it is
very tight. When the Locking Ring is fully engaged over the
threaded connector, it may not cover all of the threads.
(Part# 5COIL-GB, MRSP=159.95),
4
●
Twist the LOCKING COLLAR fully in the clockwise direction
until it locks.
10 Wind the CABLE securely around the STEMS.
●
11 Connect CABLE PLUG to housing.
●
Single
Rubber
Washer
Searchcoil
●
Assembly is easy and
requires no tools.
7
●
8
●
For information about the 5” searchcoil
INTERNAL
CAM LOCK 3
4 Insert the MIDDLE STEM into the S-ROD,
●
with the SILVER BUTTON pointed upward
Disadvantages of the 11” DD searchcoil are:
1. Less separation between adjacent buried targets.
Not as good at extremely trashy sites.
2. Loss of sensitivity to the tiniest gold pieces.
3. Does not fit into tight spaces as well.
Notice:
If you use the 5” searchcoil,
YOU MUST install a single
rubber washer at the
searchcoil connection point.
●
LOCKING 2
COLLAR
LOCK raised may form a burr on
camlock. If this happens, remove
burr with knife to allow insertion.
Locking
Collar
Lower
Stem
Velcro
Strap
Knurled
Knob
Bolt
Tighten both LOCKING COLLARS.
* Note: Very tall users can purchase the optional Extended
Lower Stem (TUBE5X), for extended reach.
Searchcoil
34
7
DEVICE SPECIFICATIONS
ASSEMBLY
Nut
Adjusting the Armrest
The armrest may be moved
forward or backward by removing
the single screw and nut, and then
repositioning the 2-piece armrest.
Users with shorter arms may find
the armrest more comfortable in
the forward position. In order to
move the armrest backward, the
plastic plug must be removed from
the aluminum tube.
Armrest
Screw
Hand-grip
Armrest Strap
(Optional accessory)
The armrest Strap accessory can
be purchased separately. Some
users prefer to use the strap when
swinging the detector vigorously, in
order to hold the detector securely
against the arm.
The detector can always be used
without the strap, with no
compromise to detector balance
and stability under most conditions.
S-Rod
Mechanical: S-rod with electronics housing on rod, 3-piece breakdown
construction, nonmetallic telescoping lower rod, adjustable position
arm rest
Weight: 2 lbs. 8 oz. with battery installed
Standard searchcoil: 11 inch DD searchcoil
Batteries: Single 9 volt rectangular alkaline
Operating principle: VLF induction balance
Operating frequency: 19 kHz, crystal controlled
Reactive overload: 10,000 micro-cgs (with standard searchcoil)
Resistive overload: 1,200 micro-cgs (with standard searchcoil)
Ground balance range: From ferrite to salt water inclusive
Discrimination ground suppression: Combination of 2nd and 3rd
order methods
Target-ID ground suppression: 3rd order
Battery life: 15+ hours on good quality alkaline
Operating temp range: 14 to 122 degrees F (-10 to +50 C)
Operating humidity range: 0 - 90% noncondensing
Headphone Jacks
Velcro
Strap
Cable
Plug
Locking
Collar
Middle
Stem
Search
Coil
Cable
TREASURE HUNTER’S CODE OF ETHICS
• Always check Federal, State, County and local laws before searching.
• Respect private property and do not enter private property without the
owner’s permission.
Locking
Collar
Velcro
Strap
Optional Arm Strap
• Take care to refill all holes and leave no damage.
• Remove and dispose of any and all trash and litter found.
• Appreciate and protect our inheritance of natural resources, wildlife and
private property.
• Act as an ambassador for the hobby; use thoughtfulness, consideration and
courtesy at all times.
• Never destroy historical or archaeological treasures.
• All treasure hunters may be judged by the example you set; always conduct
yourself with courtesy and consideration of others.
6
Searchcoil
35
TERMINOLOGY
5-YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
Register your warranty on-line for a chance to win a
FREE DETECTOR.
For details, visit www.fisherlab.com
The Gold Bug™ DP metal detector is warranted against defects in
materials and workmanship under normal use for 5 years from the
date of purchase to the original owner.
Damage due to neglect, accidental damage, or misuse of this
product is not covered under this Warranty. Decisions regarding
abuse or misuse of the detector are made solely at the discretion
of the manufacturer.
Proof of Purchase is required to make a claim under this
warranty.
Liability under this Warranty is limited to replacing or repairing, at
our option, the metal detector returned, shipping cost prepaid to
Fisher Labs. Shipping cost to Fisher Labs is the responsibility of the
consumer.
To return your detector for service, please first contact Fisher Labs
for a Return Authorization (RA) Number. Reference the RA
number on your package and return the detector within 15 days of
calling to:
Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
1465-H Henry Brennan Dr.
El Paso, TX 79936
Phone: 915-225-0333 ext.118
NOTICE TO CUSTOMERS OUTSIDE THE U.S.A.
This Warranty may vary in other countries; check with your distributor
for details.
Warranty does not cover shipping costs.
Warranty coverage does not include the cost of transporting
the detector back to an owner who is located outside of the
United States of America.
The following terms are used throughout the manual, and are standard
terminology among treasure hunters.
ELIMINATION
Reference to a metal being "eliminated" means that the detector will not
emit a tone, nor light up an indicator, when a specified object passes
through the searchcoil’s detection field.
DISCRIMINATION
When the detector emits different tones for different types of metals, and
when the detector "eliminates" certain metals, we refer to this as the
detector "discriminating" among different types of metals.
Discrimination is an essential feature of professional metal detectors.
Discrimination allows the user to ignore trash and other undesirable objects.
RELIC
A relic is an object of interest by reason of its age or its association with
the past. Many relics are made of iron, but can also be made of bronze
or precious metals.
IRON
Iron is a common, low-grade metal that is an undesirable target in certain
metal detecting applications. Examples of undesirable iron objects are
old cans, pipes, bolts and nails.
Sometimes, the desired target is made of iron. Property markers, for
instance, contain iron. Valuable relics can also be composed of iron;
cannon balls, old armaments, and parts of old structures and vehicles
can also be composed of iron.
FERROUS
Metals which are made of, or contain, iron.
PINPOINTING
Pinpointing is the process of finding the exact location of a buried object.
Long-buried metals can appear to the eye exactly like the surrounding
soil, and can therefore be very hard to isolate from the soil.
V.C.O.
Meaning “voltage controlled oscillator”, the V.C.O. audio method causes
both the audio pitch and the volume to rise as signal strength increases.
V.C.O. improves the user’s ability to interpret a target’s size and depth.
Very weak signals (for small or very deeply buried objects) have the
faintest volume and the lowest pitch. Larger objects, and those closer to
the searchcoil, will induce a higher volume and higher pitch sound.
GROUND BALANCE
MADE IN THE USA
36
Ground Balancing is the ability of the detector to ignore, or "see through" the
earth’s naturally occurring minerals, and only sound a tone when a metal
object is detected. The Gold Bug™ DP incorporates proprietary circuitry and
programming to eliminate false signals from severe ground conditions.
5
Congratulations!
Congratulations on your purchase of the new Gold Bug™ DP metal detector. The newly
designed Gold Bug™ DP has been custom designed to find small gold nuggets, but
unlike other specialized gold prospecting detectors, it can also be used for relic hunting
and coin shooting.
Whether you use your Detector in your backyard, at the shoreline, in the mountains or
fields afar, your investment will let you experience the excitement of searching for yet
uncovered treasures and give you hours and years of outdoor enjoyment. Out on your
own or with a group, places to use your Gold Bug™ DP are unlimited as buried
treasures can be as near as your doorstep or as far as you wish to travel.
This manual has been written to help you get optimal use of your detector, so we hope
you will read it thoroughly before your first outing and will also refer back to this manual
from time to time to reinforce features and methods as you become more proficient in
the field.
Happy Hunting from Fisher Research Labs!
According to FCC part 15.21 Changes or Modifications made to this device not expressly approved by
the party responsible for compliance could void the users authority to operate this equipment.
This device complies with FCC Part 15 Subpart B Section 15.109 Class B.
This device complies with Industry Canada license-exempt RSS standard(s). Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
This radio transmitter 8188A-GB has been approved by Industry Canada to operate with the
antenna types listed below with the maximum permissible gain and required antenna
impedance for each antenna type indicated. Antenna types not included in this list, having a
gain greater than the maximum gain indicated for that type, are strictly prohibited for use with
this device.
Antennas:
Introduction to the Gold Bug™DP
1.
2.
5” DD Coil, Part Number 5COIL-GBUG
11” DD Coil, Part Number 11COIL-GB
DEEP PENETRATING GOLD NUGGET HUNTER
The New Gold Bug™ DP is unique among gold prospecting metal detectors for
its combination of high sensitivity to small gold nuggets and its versatile
function as an all-purpose treasure detector.
The controls and features are tailored to gold prospecting, including a
sophisticated ground balancing system, separate control over signal gain and
threshold, and a unique discrimination control system. These features also
make for a great relic-hunting detector. While the Gold Bug™ DP makes for a
highly competent coin-shooting detector, its user interface and features are not
specifically designed for this purpose. As a coin-shooter, you will notice that
the Gold Bug™ DP exhibits slightly lower sensitivity to high-conductivity coins,
like a U.S. quarter; this is a result of its specialized design to emphasize
sensitivity to small, low conductivity metals like gold nuggets.
Under Industry Canada regulations, this radio transmitter may only operate using an antenna
of a type and maximum (or lesser) gain approved for the transmitter by Industry Canada. To
reduce potential radio interference to other users, the antenna type and its gain should be so
chosen that the equivalent isotropically radiated power (e.i.r.p.) is not more than that
necessary for successful communication.
Le présent appareil est conforme aux CNR d’Industrie Canada applicables aux appareils
radio exempts de licence. L’exploitation est autorisée aux deux conditions suivantes : (1)
l’appareil ne doit pas produire de brouillage, et (2) l’utilisateur de l’appareil doit accepter tout
brouillage radioélectrique subi, même si le brouillage est susceptible d’en compromettre le
fonctionnement.
Le présent émetteur radio 8188A-GB a été approuvé par Industrie Canada pour fonctionner
avec les types d’antenne énumérés ci-dessous et ayant un gain admissible maximal et
l’impédance requise pour chaque type d’antenne. Les types d’antenne non inclus dans cette
liste, ou dont le gain est supérieur au gain maximal indiqué, sont strictement interdits pour
l’exploitation de l’émetteur.
Conformément à la réglementation d’Industrie Canada, le présent émetteur radio peut
fonctionner avec une antenne d’un type et d’un gain maximal (ou inférieur) approuvé pour
l’émetteur par Industrie Canada. Dans le but de réduire les risques de brouillage
radioélectrique à l’intention des autres utilisateurs, il faut choisir le type d’antenne et son gain
de sorte que la puissance isotrope rayonnée équivalente (p.i.r.e.) ne dépasse pas l’intensité
nécessaire à l’établissement d’une communication satisfaisante.
4
37
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Copyright© 2011 by Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce this book, or parts thereof, in any form.
Published by Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
Fisher® is a registered trademark of Fisher Research Labs, Inc.
www.fisherlab.com
1465-H Henry Brennan Dr., El Paso, TX 79936 • (915) 225-0333
GOLD PROSPECTING ORGANIZATIONS
www.goldprospectors.org
www.fmdac.org
www.igu-net.org
www.agu.org
38
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-7
Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Quick-Start Demo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-10
Headphones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Basics Of Metal Detecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11-12
Ground Minerals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Trash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Identifying Buried Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Size and Depth of Buried Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Operation and Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Control Knobs
Off / On / Gain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Disc / All Metal / Threshold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Touchpad Controls
Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing / Pinpoint . .15
+ and - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Operating in All Metal Mode
Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing . . . . . . . .16
Setting the Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Unwanted Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Sweeping the Searchcoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Reading the Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Target Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Operating in Discrimination Mode
Ground Grab™ Computerized Ground Balancing . . . . . . . .18
Setting the Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Gain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Disc Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Unwanted Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Sweeping the Searchcoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Using Pinpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Reading the Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19-21
Ground Balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22-24
Ground Balancing Technical Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Target Display & Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Gold Prospecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27-28
Hot Rocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30-31
Search Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Target Pinpointing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Optional 5”DD Searchcoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Treasure Hunter’s Code of Ethics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Device Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Back Cover
3
2
39
ACCESSORIES
Fisher Padded Carry Bag
®
Rugged double stitched construction. Includes handy exterior
pocket for extra batteries or small accessories. – 103693000C
Fisher Camo Backpack
®
Large camouflage and black with Fisher® logo. – FCBACKPACK
Fisher Camo Pouch
®
Camo pouch with two inside pockets, belt included. – PCH-F
Fisher Stereo Deluxe Headphones
®
Adjustable single-volume control, 1/4 jack” jack, aluminum cones and coiled cord. 9720971000
Stereo Headphones
Use with Fisher® metal detectors. Lightweight and adjustable with true stereo sound, adjustable
volume, 1/4 jack with 1/8 adaptor, 4’ cable. – 9720950000
Metal Sand Scoop
Large galvanized metal scoop with filtering holes. Strong Rubberized grip. – SAND SCOOP
DEEP PENETRATING GOLD NUGGET HUNTER
Gold Pick
Tempered steel head is 10” long, edge is 3-1/4” wide, overall length 19”. Durable fiberglass
handle, rubberized grip and super magnet attached to the head. – GOLDPICK
Lesche Knife
OWNER’S MANUAL
Made from high quality heat-treated tempered steel. The ultimate digging tool.
Comes with a durable sheath. 12" in length with a 7" serrated blade. – LESCHE KNIFE
Fisher Baseball Cap
®
One-size-fits-all. – FCAP
If you do not have prior experience
with a metal detector, we strongly
recommend that you:
Fisher Camo Baseball Cap
®
One-size-fits-all. Velcro closure, camouflage with Fisher® logo. – FCCAP
Fisher Coffee Mug
®
16oz, stainless steel and plastic – FMUG
Fisher T-Shirt
®
1) Adjust the Gain to a low
setting in the event of
false signals. Always begin
use at a reduced Gain level;
increase Gain only after you have become
familiar with the detector.
100% cotton with Fisher® Logo. Sizes: S, M, LG, XL & XXL – FTSHIRT
Replacement/Accessory Searchcoils
11” DD Elliptical, Open Accessory Coil – 11COIL-GB
10” DD Elliptical, Closed Accessory Coil – 10COILDD-GB
5” DD Round Replacement Coil – 5COIL-GBUG
Coil Covers*
Specially made to protect your coil from abrasion and damage.
11” DD Coil Cover – COVER-11DD
10” Biaxial Accessory Coil Cover – 202319000
5” DD Coil Cover – 5COVER-CZ3
2) Do not use indoors. This detector is for
outdoor use only. Many household appliances
emit electromagnetic energy, which can
interfere with the detector. If conducting an
indoor demonstration, turn the Gain down and
keep the searchcoil away from appliances such
as computers, televisions and microwave ovens.
If your detector beeps erratically, turn off
appliances and lights.
Rain Cover
Specially designed to protect your detector from dirt and water – RAINCOV-GB
Gold
Prospecting Kits
Also keep the searchcoil away from
objects containing metal, such as floors
and walls.
FOR COMPLETE DETAILS VISIT WWW.FISHERLAB.COM • 1-800-685-5050
*Image not shown.
MGBug-DP
Rev.7
082113
3) Use a 9-volt ALKALINE battery only.
Do not use Heavy Duty Batteries.
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