Elenco | XP800 | Owner Manual | Elenco XP800 Two AC Variable Voltages; 0-120V and 0-40V @ 7A, Plus 0-28VDC @ up to 10A Owner Manual

Elenco XP800 Two AC Variable Voltages; 0-120V and 0-40V @ 7A, Plus 0-28VDC @ up to 10A Owner Manual
POWER SUPPLY
MODEL XP-800
TWO AC VARIABLE VOLTAGES; 0-120V and 0-40V @ 7A,
PLUS 0-28VDC @ UP TO 10A
Instruction Manual
Elenco Electronics, Inc.
Copyright © 1991 Elenco Electronics, Inc.
Revised 2002
REV-I
753206
INTRODUCTION
The XP-800 contains three output voltages: 0 to 28VDC, 0 to 40VAC and 0 to 120VAC. The maximum current
from the 28VAC supply is 10 amps. At 10 amp load current, the maximum attainable voltage is 20VDC. The
maximum current from the 40VAC supply is 7 amps. At 5 amp load current, the maximum voltage attainable
is 38VAC. The maximum current from the 120VAC supply is 2 amps. A 10 amp circuit breaker on the back
panel protects the 28VDC supply. A 3 amp circuit breaker on the back panel protects the 120VAC supply. This
circuit breaker also protects the 40VAC supply by limiting the current to the power transformer. In addition, the
XP-800 contains a 5 amp fuse on the AC input. This fuse is located on the back panel.
All three supplies are controlled by the Voltage Adjust knob on the front panel. The unit contains two digital
meters to simultaneously display the voltage and current of any supply. Which supply is displayed is controlled
by a knob on the front panel. This knob selects only which output is displayed. All three supply voltages are
present at all times.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
CAUTION: When removing cover, always disconnect the power cord from the AC socket. Service repair should
be done by qualified personnel who are knowledgeable of electrical hazards.
Certain safety precautions must be observed when this power supply is used with external circuits that are
connected to AC power lines. There is always some danger when working with electrical equipment or circuits
that operate at hazardous voltages. You should thoroughly familiarize yourself with the equipment before
working on it. High voltages may appear at unexpected points in defective equipment.
The XP-800 is equipped with a three wire line cord which grounds the chassis to the power line ground. DO
NOT CUT OFF OR DISABLE THE GROUND PLUG.
The 28VDC and 40VAC circuits are isolated from the AC input via the power transformer. When working with
other equipment, this may not be the case. Always be familiar with the equipment rating. Keep in mind that
defective equipment can have dangerous voltages at unexpected places.
SPECIFICATIONS
Input
Input Voltage
Current Protection
28VDC Supply
Output Current
Output Voltage
Ripple
Current Protection
Meter
40VAC Supply
Output Current
Output Voltage
Current Protection
Meter
120VAC
5 Amp fuse
10 Amps max.
28VDC max. for light loads
20VDC max. for 10 Amp load
Less than .2 Volts RMS at 10 Amp load
10 Amp Circuit Breaker
0 to 28VDC, .1 Volt resolution
0 to 10 Amps, .1 Amp resolution
7 Amps max.
40VAC max. for light loads
38VAC max. for 5 Amp load
3 Amp Circuit Breaker
(on transformer primary)
0 to 40VAC, .1 Volt resolution
0 to 7 Amps, .1 Amp resolution
120VAC Supply
Output Current
Output Voltage
Current Protection
Meter
-1-
2 Amps max.
120VAC max.
3 Amp Circuit Breaker
0 to 120VAC, 1 Volt resolution
0 to 2 Amps, .1 Amp resolution
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING
The 28VDC output is filtered with a very large capacitor. If the DC supply is unloaded or lightly loaded, the
capacitor will maintain the voltage on the output terminals even after the voltage adjust knob is turned to zero.
Before connecting any equipment, this voltage should be checked. If any voltage is present, the capacitor
should be discharged by connecting a resistor across the output terminals. Use a 10 ohm (or greater) 5 watt
(or greater) resistor.
Connect the power supply as follows:
1. Check the voltage rating of the equipment to be powered. Care must be taken not to exceed this rating.
2. Plug the line cord into a 120V 60Hz outlet.
3. With the power supply turned off, connect the load to the desired voltage output.
a. 28VDC Supply - Connect the positive lead of your equipment to the red terminal on the front panel
and the negative lead to the black terminal.
b. 40VAC Supply - Connect your equipment leads to the yellow terminals on the front panel.
c. 120VAC Supply - Plug your equipment into the 3 wire power outlet located on the back panel.
The 120 Volt Supply is connected to the AC input and grounded to the chassis. The 40VAC and 28VDC are
isolated from the AC input by the power transformer. Since the 28VDC and 40VAC supplies use the same power
transformer, they must not be connected to each other. WARNING - ANY SHORT BETWEEN EITHER
TERMINAL OF THE 28VDC SUPPLY AND EITHER TERMINAL OF THE 40VAC SUPPLY MAY RESULT IN
DAMAGE TO THE POWER SUPPLY. If properly isolated, the different outputs may be used at the same time.
However, care must be taken that the total current does not exceed the circuit breaker ratings.
4. Set the meter switch to the supply to be monitored.
5. Turn the voltage adjust knob to zero (fully counterclockwise) and turn the power on.
6. Turn the voltage adjust knob clockwise to set the desired voltage. The numbers on the voltage adjust dial
represent percent of maximum voltage, not actual voltage.
If the power supply is overloaded, either the 3 amp or 10 amp circuit breaker may trip. When this happens, the
button in the center of the breaker will pop out. To reset the breaker, push the button back in. Both are thermal
circuit breakers so you may have to wait a while for the breaker to cool before it will reset. If the output voltage
does not return after the power supply has cooled, check the 5 amp fuse located on the back panel.
-2-
CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
As shown in Figure 1, the basic circuits of the XP-800
Power Supply are 1) the power source, 2) the power
transformer, 3) the bridge rectifier and 4) the meter
circuits. Each of these circuits will be discussed below.
120VAC
POWER
SOURCE
40VAC
POWER
TRANSFORMER
POWER SOURCE
The power source consists of the variable transformer
T1. This transformer is fed by the input AC line. The
output of the transformer may be varied from zero to
the full 120VAC input. The output of the transformer is
fed through circuit breaker CB1 to the power outlet plug
J2. To sense the current, the shunt resistor R19 is
placed in series with the power outlet.
BRIDGE
RECTIFIER
28VAC
METER CIRCUITS
Figure 1
POWER TRANSFORMER
The power transformer T2 is a center tapped 3 to 1 step down transformer which steps the 0-120VAC from the
variable transformer down to 0-40VAC. This output is fed to the bridge rectifier BR1 and, through shunt resistors
R23 through R26, to the 0-40VAC output terminals. The power transformer also serves to isolate the 40VAC
and 28VDC from the AC input.
BRIDGE RECTIFIER
The bridge rectifier BR1 serves as a full wave rectifier to convert the center tapped 0-40VAC to 0-28VDC.
Capacitor C6 filters the bridge output and reduces the ripple, at 10 amps, to approximately .2V RMS. This
output is fed through circuit breaker CB2 to the 0-28VDC output terminals. Shunt resistors R20-R22 sense the
current in the ground circuit of the DC supply.
METER CIRCUITS
As shown in Figure 2, the meter circuits consist of 1)
the scalers, 2) the meter switch, 3) the AC - DC
converter, 4) the meter assembly and 5) the meter
power supply.
SCALERS
METER
SWITCH
AC - DC
CONVERTERS
SCALERS - There are two sets of scalers, one for
METER
voltage and one for current. The voltage scalers divide
Figure 2
METERS
POWER
the various output voltages down to voltages suitable
SUPPLY
for input to the voltmeter. Resistors R8 and R7 divide
the 28VDC output down to approximately 540MV. Similarly R4 and R5 divide the 40VAC output and R1 and R2
divide the 120VAC output. Resistors R2 and R5 are variable resistors to allow calibration of the meter. The
current scalers divide the voltage across the shunt resistors down to voltages suitable for input to the ammeter.
For the 28VDC supply, resistors R9 and R18 divide the voltage across shunt resistors R20 - R22. Similarly, R6
divides the voltage across shunt resistors R23 - R26 for the 40VAC supply and R3 divides the voltage across
shunt resistor R19 for the 120VAC supply.
METER SWITCH - The meter switch selects which supply is monitored by the voltmeter and ammeter. Switch
sections A, B and C select the proper current scaler, ground, and voltage scaler to feed to the AC - DC
converter. Switch section D selects the proper decimal point for the voltmeter.
-3-
AC - DC CONVERTER - There are two AC - DC converters, one for the voltmeter and one for the ammeter. The
voltmeter converter consists of 1/2 of a 358 op-amp U1A configured as a unity gain amplifier. Since the amplifier
is biased at ground, only the positive portion of the AC signal from the 40VAC and 120VAC voltage scalers is
passed through the amplifier. The output is then attenuated 20:1 by resistors R12 and R28, filtered by the low
pass filter R13 and C4 and fed to the voltmeter. The DC signal from the 28VDC voltage scaler passes through
the amplifier unchanged. The ammeter converter, U1B, performs the same function as the voltmeter converter.
Since the output of the 28VDC current scaler is negative, U1B is configured for a gain of –1. The output is
attenuated 52:1 by resistors R16 and R27.
METERS - Meter operation centers around the 7107 integrated circuit (IC). This chip contains a dual slope A/D
(analog to digital) converter, display latches, seven segment decoder, and display drivers.
The input of the 7107 IC is fed to an A/D converter. Here the DC voltage is changed to a digital format. The
resulting signals are processed in the decoders to light the appropriate LED segments.
Timing for the overall operation of the A/D converter is derived from a 40kHz external oscillator. The IC divides
this frequency by four and the resulting clock pulses are used to drive its decade counters. It is then further
divided to form three convert-cycle phases. The final readout is clocked at about 2.5 readings per second.
The digitized data is presented to the display as four decoded digits (seven segments) plus polarity. The decimal
point position on the display is determined by the selector switch setting.
A/D Converter - Any given measurement cycle performed by the A/D converter can be divided into three
consecutive time periods, autozero (AZ), the integrate (INTEG) and read. A counter determines the length of
the time periods. The integrate period is fixed at 1,000 clock pulses. The read period is a variable time that is
proportional to the unknown input voltage. It can vary from zero counts for zero input voltage to 2,000 counts
for a full scale input voltage. The autozero period varies from 1,000 to 3,000 counts. For an input voltage less
than full scale, autozero gets the unused portion of the read period.
During the autozero cycle, the accumulated off set voltage errors in the converter are measured and stored as
a voltage on the external autozero capacitor. This voltage is used to correct for the offset voltage errors during
the read cycle.
During the INTEG cycle, the INTEG capacitor is charged up for 1,000 clock pulses (100ms.), see Figure 3. The
charging rate is determined by the unknown input voltage. At the end of the integrate cycle, the voltage on the
capacitor is proportional to the unknown input voltage.
During the read cycle, the INTEG capacitor is discharged at a constant rate. The time required for the discharge
AZ
INTEG
READ
AZ
+.20
Dual Slope A/D Converter
.15
Figure 3
.10
.05
0
COUNTER OUTPUT
0
1000
100MS
0
500
1000
1500
2000
is therefore proportional to the unknown input voltage. This time is converted to a digital format by counting the
number of clock pulses that occur during the discharge.
METER POWER SUPPLY - The digital meters require +5VDC. This is supplied by the meter power supply
consisting of a 7805 regulator IC U2, a step down transformer T3, a diode bridge D4-D7, and filter capacitors
C1-C3.
-4-
MAINTENANCE AND CALIBRATION
The XP-800 has been designed and manufactured to require no routine maintenance. The following information
is provided in the event the digital meters require calibration.
CALIBRATION PROCEDURE
Remove the chassis cover. Note the two pots on the meters almost immediately behind the words VOLTS and
AMPS on the front panel. These are the voltage GAIN pot and the ammeter GAIN pots referred to below. Before
calibrating, set the voltage adjust knob on the front panel to zero and discharge the 28VDC filter capacitor by
placing a 10 ohm (or greater) 5 watt (or greater) resistor across the output terminals.
28VDC - VOLTAGE
1. Connect an accurate digital voltmeter to the output terminals and set the voltage adjust knob on the front
panel for 20.0 volts on this meter.
2. Adjust the voltage GAIN pot for 20.0 volts on the XP-800 voltmeter.
28VDC - CURRENT
1. Connect an accurate digital ammeter and a suitable load to the output terminals. Set the load to draw 8.0
amps on this meter.
2. Adjust the ammeter GAIN pot to read 8.0 amps on the XP-800 ammeter.
40VAC - VOLTAGE
1. Connect an accurate digital voltmeter to
the output terminals and set the voltage
adjust knob on the front panel for 30.0
volts on this meter.
2. Adjust R5 (see Figure 4) on the XP-800
PC board for 30.0 volts on the XP-800
voltmeter.
Figure 4
40VAC - CURRENT
1. Connect an accurate digital ammeter and a suitable load to the output terminals. Set the load to draw 5.0
amps on this meter.
2. Adjust R6 on the XP-800 PC board to read 5.0 amps on the XP-800 ammeter.
120VAC - VOLTAGE
1. Connect an accurate digital voltmeter to the output terminals and set the voltage adjust knob on the front
panel for 100 volts on this meter.
2. Adjust R2 on the XP-800 PC board for 100 volts on the XP-800 voltmeter.
120VAC - CURRENT
1. Connect an accurate digital ammeter and a suitable to the output terminals. Set the load to draw 1.5 amps
on this meter.
2. Adjust R3 on the XP-800 PC board to read 1.5 amps on the XP-800 ammeter.
-5-
PARTS LIST
Qty.
Description
Qty.
Part #
8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
2
1
2
2
2
Resistors
.14Ω 5% 5W
39Ω 5% 1/4W
43Ω 5% 1/4W
51Ω 5% 1/4W
200Ω 5% 1/4W
470Ω 5% 1/4W
470Ω 5% 2W
820Ω 5% 1/4W
2kΩ 5% 1/4W
10kΩ 5% 1/4W
18kΩ 5% 1/4W
47kΩ 5% 1/4W
180kΩ 5% 1/4W
220kΩ 5% 1/4W
Pot 200Ω
Pot 1kΩ
101405
123900
124300
125100
132000
134700
134703
138200
142000
151000
151800
154700
161800
162200
191320
191410
2
2
1
1
Capacitors
.1µF
.47µF
Lytic 1000µF
Lytic 77000/123000µF
251010
254717
291045
298000
1
1
4
2
1
1
1
1
Semiconductors
Bridge Rect.
Diode 1N60
Diode 1N4001
Diode 1N4148
IC LM-358
IC LM-7805 5V 1.5A
LED Display Volt
LED Display Amp
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Miscellaneous
Transformer YD-1485
Transformer 120-41.5
Transformer Variable
Circuit Breaker 3A
Circuit Breaker 10A
PC Board XP-800
Fuse 5A
Switch Rocker Illuminated
Switch Rotary 4P3POS
Cover
Chassis XP-800
1
1
2
1
3
1
4
4
1
2
1
4
1
9
2
12
1
4
1
1
1
9
4
1
4
1
4
4
1
9
2
1
4
1
2
1
1
2
6
1
1
1
1
1
1
310135
311065
314001
314148
330358
337805
355614M1
355614M2
440111
440800
447777
502777
502779
512009
530500
541204
542404
611075
612800
-6-
Description
Part #
Miscellaneous
Bracket
613522
Heat Sink Clip On
615005
Knob Rheostat
622080
Bushing Strain 3 wire
624003
PC Standoff
625002
Binding Post Black
625031
Lockwasher
625031LW
Hex Nut
625031HN
Binding Post Red
625032
Binding Post Yellow
625034
Power Outlet 3 Wire
627003
Screw 10-32 x 3/8”
641158
Screw 4-40 x 3/4” Phil
641482
Screw 6-32 x 5/16”
641640
Screw 10-32 x 3/8”
641855
Screw #6 x 3/8” Phil
642652
Nut 9mm
644102
Nut M3 x .5mm
644104
Pal Nut (circuit breaker)
644105
Knurl Nut (circuit breaker)
644107
Nut 4-40 Hex
644400
Nut 6-32 Hex
644600
Nut 10-32 Hex
644810
Flatwasher #4
645000
Flatwasher #10
645010
Flatwasher 9mm x 15mm
645103
Fiber Washer #4
645404
Flatwasher 7/16” OD x 11/64” ID 645615
Lockwasher #4 Int
646401
Lockwasher #6 Int
646600
Lockwasher #8 Ext
646828
Lockwasher 3/8” Int
646900
Lockwasher #10 Ext
646910
Terminal Strip 3 Lug
651003
Terminal Strip 4 Lug
651004
Solder Lug #8
661002
Butt Connector
661100
Crimp Lug #10
661114
Rubber Feet
662001
Fuse Holder Lower Body
663005LB
Fuse Holder Nut
663005N
Fuse Holder Upper Body
663005UB
Fuse Holder Washer
663005W
Socket IC 8-Pin
664008
Line Cord 3 Wire
862105
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
WARRANTY POLICY
Your XP-800 Power Supply has been tested and conforms to our rigid requirements on performance and durability. It is guaranteed to
be free of defects in workmanship, materials and construction for a period of 2 years. If this product should fail during normal use within
the first 3 months from the date of purchase, Elenco will repair or replace the unit at no cost. For the remainder of the warranty period,
a nominal service charge is required to cover shipping and handling.
When returning merchandise for repair, please include proof of purchase, a brief letter of explanation of problem and sufficient packing
material. Before returning any merchandise, please call our service department at (847) 541-3800 to obtain a return authorization
number (RMA).
Elenco Electronics, Inc.
150 W. Carpenter Avenue
Service Department
Wheeling, IL 60090
Elenco Electronics, Inc.
150 W. Carpenter Avenue
Wheeling, IL 60090
(847) 541-3800
http://www.elenco.com
e-mail: elenco@elenco.com
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