MFJ | 1270X | manual | MFJ 1270X - TNC-X, KISS MODE PACKET CONTROLLER Manual

MFJ 1270X - TNC-X, KISS MODE PACKET CONTROLLER Manual
TNC-X Packet Controller
Model MFJ-1270X
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
CAUTION: Read All Instructions Before Operating Equipment !
MFJ ENTERPRISES, INC.
300 Industrial Park Road
Starkville, MS 39759 USA
Tel: 662-323-5869 Fax: 662-323-6551
V E RS ION 2A
COP Y RI GHT
2013 M F J E NT E RP RI S E S , I NC.
MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
DISCLAIMER
Information in this manual is designed for user purposes only and is
not intended to supersede information contained in customer
regulations, technical manuals/documents, positional handbooks, or
other official publications. The copy of this manual provided to the
customer will not be updated to reflect current data.
Customers using this manual should report errors or omissions,
recommendations for improvements, or other comments to MFJ
Enterprises, 300 Industrial Park Road, Starkville, MS 39759. Phone:
(662) 323-5869; FAX: (662) 323-6551. Business hours: M-F 8-4:30 CST.
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
Introduction................................................................................................4
Power Requirements .........................................................................5
Terminal Speed..................................................................................5
Setup If You Are Using USB..................................................................5
Setup If You Are Using the TNC’s Serial Port .......................................6
Back Connections..................................................................................6
Radio Setup...............................................................................................7
Radio Port Connections........................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Cables ................................................................................................8
Radio Connection ..................................................................................8
Setup and Troubleshooting .......................................................................9
Receive Testing .....................................................................................9
Transmit Testing ................................................................................9
Can receive another node but can not get the node to respond. ......9
Can transmit but not receive the node. Can not hear a working node.
.........................................................................................................10
1270X seems to receive but the computer is not displaying the
received data or is not making the TNC to transmit. .......................10
Additional Troubleshooting ..............................................................11
Voltage Supply .................................................................................12
Testing for Defective IC Chips .........................................................12
TNC Programs.....................................................................................13
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
MFJ-1270X TNC-X Packet Contoller
For VHF Packet and APRS
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing the MFJ-1270X TNC-X Packet Controller. The
MFJ-1270X is a new Terminal Node Controller design based on the
Chepponis/Karn KISS protocol. It is implemented using a Microchip PIC
16F628A microcontroller, a CML MX614 Bell 202 modem chip, an 8K
Ramtron FRAM, a MAX232A level converter chip, and an op-amp which
provides active audio filtering for the modem. From the beginning, this
TNC was designed to be small, inexpensive, have low power
consumption, and expandable.
The MFJ-1270X features an on- board USB port. The USB port was
added because the design took into consideration that computers these
days lack the old style RS-232 serial ports. There is also an 8-pin
expansion header that allows the addition of "daughter boards". Power
is provided to the daughter board through the expansion header. In
addition, signals that would otherwise go to or from a host PC can be
intercepted by the daughter board at the TTL level and processed. The
I/O on the expansion header speaks "KISS" so that any daughter board
only has to send and receive data packaged in KISS format to access
the core module. This makes the development of daughter boards fairly
simple and inexpensive. For example, daughter boards are now
available that can turn the MFJ-1270X into either of two types of
digipeaters via the MFJ-1270DG, or into a stand alone APRS Tracker
with the Coastal Chip Works X-Track board (http://tnc-x.com/).
In addition, the expansion header provides access to a second on-board
serial port. The X -Track daughter board, for example, uses this port to
receive data from a GPS receiver. The data is then processed and
formed into packets and an APRS beacon is sent. Even without daughter
boards the MFJ-1270X works as a fully functional stand alone KISS
mode TNC.
The idea behind the expansion options was to provide a platform that
would allow additional functionality to be added to the unit with the
investment of very little design time and very few parts.
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
Power Requirements
IMPORTANT: DO NOT PLUG IN THE 8-15 VDC POWER SUPPLY
AND THE 9-VOLT BATTERY AT THE SAME TIME
The power requirements of the MFJ-1270X are very minimal due to
the low power consumption of the design. Using an 8-15 volt DC
power supply capable of 200-300 mA is well within the consumption
specifications. There is also a 9-volt battery snap provided for a 9-volt
battery. This makes the TNC more portable for campers and
backpackers.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT PLUG IN THE 8-15 VDC POWER SUPPLY
AND THE 9-VOLT BATTERY AT THE SAME TIME
Terminal Speed
The MFJ-1270X supports only 4 terminal speeds. Jumpers JP1 and JP2
determine the speed strictly for the link between the TNC and the
computer. The following settings are allowed:
JP1
JP2
Port Speed (Baud rate)
ON
ON
1200 (Default Speed)
ON
OFF
4800
OFF
ON
9600
OFF
OFF
19200
Note that the terminal speed setting does not affect the speed to transmit
data. The out-going or transmit speed is always 1200 baud. Note also
that if you set this baud rate faster than 1200 baud, it is possible for data
to be fed into the modem faster than it can transmit it over the air. This
may eventually result in the transmit buffer filling up.
Setup If You Are Using USB
If you have elected to use the USB port to provide data communications
to your PC, you should begin by acquiring and installing the drivers for
the PC and operating system that you are using. The USB IC used is an
FTDI chip. The driver you need is a Virtual Com Port (VCP) driver can
be found at :http://www.ftdichip.com/Drivers/VCP.htm if the operating
system you use does not automatically locate the drivers. It will make
the TNC appear as an additional com port on your computer so that you
can use any packet radio software that supports a KISS TNC connected
to a standard serial port.
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
If you use the USB port, do not supply any power to the TNC through the
power jack.. The USB buss can supply the rather limited power
requirements for the TNC. If you are using the USB option, set the board
jumpers as follows:
JP3 On the left two pins (toward C24).
JP4 Connect the center pin to the pin that is closest to the
center of the board.
JP5 Jumper pins 1 and 2 (the end closest to Q1) and pins 3 and
4, unless you are using a daughter board.
Setup If You Are Using the TNC’s Serial Port
If you plan to connect the TNC to a standard computer serial port,
set up the jumpers as follows:
JP3 On the right two pins (toward U5)
JP4 Connect the center pin to the pin closest to C22.
JP5 Jumper pins 1 and 2 (the end closest to Q1) and pins 3 and
4 unless you are using a daughter board.
If you are using the on-board serial port, you must supply power to the
TNC. This can be done in one of two ways. There is a coaxial power jack
on the board that can be used to receive anything from 8 to 15 volts DC.
Alternatively you can connect a 9-volt battery to the location marked
BAT.
Back Connections
Aux 232 An auxiliary serial port using a MAX232 level converter. Main
purpose is for GPS input for the X-Track daughter board.
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
Serial Port A standard DB 9-pin RS-232C serial port.
USB Port A standard USB port for computers that lack the old style
RS-232 serial ports.
Power 12VDC A coaxial power jack for main power input. Center pin is
positive and sleeve is negative.
RADIO A 5-pin DIN connector used to interface the radio to the TNC.
POWER: Indicates the MFJ-1270X has power supply voltage supplied.
RECEIVE DCD: Indicates the MFJ-1270X is receiving a data packet
signal from the radio.
TRANSMIT PTT: Indicates that the MFJ-1270X is transmitting data
signal from the radio.
Radio Setup
The radio connections are made via a 5-pin DIN chassis mounted
connector. The connector is shown below:
Din Connector Pins
These are the radio port pins and their respective functions. Match the
proper pin and its function to the same pin and function on your radio.
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
Pin 1 Microphone Audio: Supplies audio from the TNC to your radio.
Pin 2 Ground: Common connection for audio and PTT common.
Pin 3 Push-to-Talk: Allows the TNC to key your transmitter to transmit.
Pin 4 Receive Audio: Supplies audio from the radio to the TNC.
Pin 5 No Connection
Cables
Radio
8
Alinco Strd HT
1
Icom /Yaesu Radioshack Hts
2
Kenwood Hts
Yaesu R-Series HT
Yaesu 8-pin
3
Icom 8-pin
Kenwood/Alinco 8-pin
Yaesu 8-pin modular
4
Icom 8-pin modular
Kenwood 8-pin modular
Radio Shack 8-pin modular
ICOM HF 8 Pin DIN
ICOM VHF 8 Pin DIN
ICOM 706 13-Pin DIN
KENW / YAESU, AZDEN VHF 6-Pin mini DIN
KENW HF 13-Pin DIN
5 pin DIN, MFJ TNC
TNC Cable
MFJ-5022
MFJ-5024
MFJ-5026
MFJ-5020
MFJ-5080
MFJ-5084
MFJ-5086
MFJ-5080M
MFJ-5084M
MFJ-5086M
MFJ-5088M
MFJ-5063
MFJ-5064
MFJ-5065
MFJ-5060
MFJ-5066
MFJ-5205
1
- Does not include IC-W2A
- Does not include 2500
3
- Does not include 25A, 255A
4
- Does not include IC-100H, IC-2700H
5
- YV for KAM VHF port, YH for KAM HF port. Other Kantronics use YV
6
- YV for KP9612 1200 band port
7
- YH models for KPC9612 9600 baud port
8
- Excludes DJ-100, 120T, 200, 500
2
Radio Connection
When using the pre-made cable for your radio, plug the cable into the 5
pin DIN connector on the MFJ-1270X and into the proper connector on
the radio. Depending on the cable it might be the microphone and
speaker connectors or the audio accessory connector. For a radio that
does not have a pre-made cable the MFJ-5202 cable is available for
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
making your own adapter cable to connect to the audio in, audio out, and
PTT lines of the radio you have. Refer to the operators manual or service
manual of the radio for the correct connections.
Setup and Troubleshooting
Receive Testing
Open the squelch on the radio. When a data packet is received, you
should see the yellow LED light briefly and go out. Even when no data is
being received it is normal for the yellow LED to flicker. However, it
should come solidly on when a packet is received. Assuming that this
checks out, run a serial terminal program such as TeraTerm. Select the
COM Port that the computer issued to the TNC and set the baud rate to
whatever baud rate you specified with JP1 and JP2. Confirm that you are
receiving data (note, this will be raw KISS frames so much of it may look
like garbage, but you should see some recognizable data). Note that if
you are using the USB option, you must the USB drivers loaded on your
computer.
Transmit Testing
Next check out the transmit chain. The TXDelay is set by R13. Start by
setting it at about halfway (which will correspond to a TXDelay of about
240 ms (or a setting of 25 on most TNC’s). At this point you need to be
running a program on your PC that supports KISS mode. The TNC-X
webpage at http://tnc-x.com/documentation.htm has a program called
TXTest, which is a very simple program that can be used to test your
transmit chain.
When you transmit a packet, you should see the red LED come on
briefly. Hook the transmit audio and PTT up to a radio and try
transmitting. R12 is used to adjust the transmit level. 3 KHz deviation is
recommended. If you don’t have a means of measuring the deviation
precisely, monitor your signal on a receiver and slowly increase R12
until you hear no further increase in volume on the receiver. Then back
it off a bit. Even if the TNC is not connected to a radio, you should see
the red light come on when you transmit data via the TNC.
Troubleshooting
Can receive another node but can not get the node to
respond.
1. Check the interface cable. Make sure the PTT line has continuity
and is correct point on the transmitter to key the transmitter.
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
2. Check the interface cable to make sure the transmit audio line
has continuity and is connected to the correct point on the
transmitter to transmit the audio.
3. Check the transmit modulation level. The deviation of an FM
transmitter should be around 3-4KHz. If it is too high or too low
then the remote node may not respond to the 1270X. Listening
to the audio and comparing it to the remote node level will get it
close to the correct level but proper test equipment is strongly
recommended.
4. Some radios require much lower audio levels than others. R11
may need to be changed from 10K to 47K if you can not turn
down the audio level smoothly to around 1-2KHz deviation. This
will show up as a sudden drop out of transmit audio at the
minimum TX level range.
5. Make sure the transmitter is on the correct frequency. The
transmitter should be plus or minus 500Hz from the desired
transmit frequency. If it is off by more than 1000Hz the signal
may be distorted enough to not decode by the remote receiver.
6. Check the transmit modulation quality. The audio should not be
clipped by any internal to the transmitter limiters. A clipped or
distorted signal will be much harder to decode (See #3 and #4
above). Check for hum and noise in the signal. The modem IC
will generate a tone when not transmitting which may be heard if
you manually key the transmitter but there should not be any AC
hum or noise from RF getting into the microphone line. If so
make sure the ground line is connected to the correct ground on
the microphone jack. Some radios have a microphone ground
and a chassis ground. Use the correct one for your radio.
Can transmit but not receive the node. Can not hear a
working node.
1. Check the interface cable to make sure the receive audio line
has continuity and is connected to the correct point on the
receiver.
2. Make sure the receiver is receiving a known good working
remote node and the receiver is on the proper frequency.
3. See if the yellow LED lights up when the remote node transmits.
Try to adjust the receive level from min audio level to where the
LED reliably lights up every time. Do not set it too high which
may cause distortion in the filters and difficult data decode.
1270X seems to receive but the computer is not displaying
the received data or is not making the TNC to transmit.
1. Check the jumpers to make sure the 1270X is powered up and is
listening to the proper port, either the RS232 or the USB port.
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
2. Check the jumpers to make sure the baud rate is set correctly for
the program that is in use. The baud rate jumpers set the rate
between the computer and the 1270X not the baud rate to the
RF link. The RF link is always 1200 baud.
3. Check the com port cable to make sure it is good. Substitute a
known good cable if possible.
4. On USB make sure the computer recognizes the 1270X and
loads the com port drivers. In the computer Device Manager
check in the COM and LPT ports for the unit which will show up
as a USB Serial port that will go away when the 1270X is
unplugged. Make note of the COM port number. If the com port
is not set up or comes up with errors you may need to download
and install the current drivers for the FTDI chip in the 1270X
(http://www.ftdichip.com/Drivers/VCP.htm).
5. Check the program in use to communicate with the 1270X to
make sure the port number and baud rate match the 1270X.
Some programs do not work above COM8 or 9 which means you
will have to go into the Device Manager and change the com port
number in the Advanced section to something within the program
range. Do not choose a com port number for something you use
regularly or something that is usually attached. If they are both
connected at the same time conflicts will arise between the two
units.
6. Make sure the program is installed correctly and is for the
operating system on the computer. Some of the older programs
may not work well on the newest systems. They may not have
support from the developer anymore either.
7. A test TX Program is available at http://tncx.com/documentation.htm and download the TXTEST program.
Follow the instructions in the README in the zipped folder.
Additional Troubleshooting
If you do not see the yellow light come on, first confirm that audio is
getting to the TNC (a scope or a small headphone may be useful for
this). If it is, verify that audio is coming out of Pin 6 of U4. Assuming this
is working, if you have a scope or frequency counter, measure the
frequency on Pin 1 of U1. It should read about 3.579 MHz. While you
are at it, check Pin 16 of U3. It should read about 20.000 MHz. If at any
point you don’t get the measurement you expect, carefully check the
solder joints in that part of the board. If the yellow light comes on but
you see no data on your PC, start at Pin 8 of U3 and trace the data
signal to header Pin 1, to header Pin 2 and on to Pin 10 of U5. It should
come out at Pin 7 of U5.
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
The MFJ-1270X is designed to give years of service. However, as with
all things sometimes problems do come up and need to be taken care of.
Here are a few troubleshooting tips in the event that something does go
wrong.
Voltage Supply
If the supply voltage is suspect this must be corrected first. The first thing
to do is to check the main voltage supply to the TNC. Do this using a DC
voltmeter capable of measuring +5 volts DC. The main supply voltage to
the TNC must be at least 7 to 8 volts DC. The TNC uses a 78L05 voltage
regulator. The voltage regulator needs to see a voltage at least 2 volts
greater than the regulation voltage. If the main supply voltage is not 2
volts greater than +5 volts, then the regulator will not work, thus not
having a +5 volt DC output. To check this, do the following:
1. Set your voltmeter to read +5 volts DC.
2. Remove the main supply from the TNC. Check the voltage at the
connector that plugs into the TNC. The voltmeter should indicate +5
+/- .5 volts DC. If the reading is lower, then check the main power
source. If the reading is good, then move on to step #3.
3. With the main power still removed from the TNC, carefully remove all
IC chips from the TNC.
4. Reconnect the main power source into the TNC and re-check the +5
volts DC.
If you are using the computer’s USB port to supply voltage to the TNC,
measure the voltage between ground and the right pin on JP4 or the
right pin if you use power jack. It should be approximately +5 volts DC. If
not, then we strongly recommend returning the TNC for service. If the
voltage is good, then move on to the next section,
Testing for Defective IC Chips
If you are reading this section, it means that you have determined that
your TNC has a defective IC chip. The procedure for checking for a
defective IC is not complicated, but you should follow the procedure
carefully. If you do not follow the procedure carefully you can and
probably will damage an otherwise good IC and/or the TNCLso please
be very careful.
1. Remove power from the TNC, either by removing the main supply at
the power jack or the USB port cable.
2. Carefully remove all IC chips from the TNC. Make note as to the
orientation of each IC in their respective IC sockets and which
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
sockets the ICs came out of. Be careful not to bend any of the pins
of the ICs. IMPORTANT!!
3. Carefully re-insert one IC at a time into its respective socket and recheck the +5 volts DC. If any IC causes the +5 volts DC to drop,
then the IC that causes the voltage drop is your defective part. Be
sure to check all IC chips, because you could have more than one
defective part. Call the MFJ Service Dept. for a replacement part.
TNC Programs
There are a number of programs available for use with the MFJ-1270X.
This list is not a complete list and is not an endorsement for any
particular program on the list. Support for these programs is supplied by
the software author, not MFJ Enterprises, Inc.
RMS Express
Winlink Express
WinAPRS
UI-View
WinTNC
PR4WIN
AGWPE
Linux-AX.25
Kiss Packet Software http://nl3asd.tripod.com/kiss.html
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
Figure 1: MFJ-1270X Parts Layout
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
Figure 2: MFJ-1270X Schematic
Technical Assistance
If you have any problem with this unit first check the appropriate section
of this manual. If the manual does not reference your problem or your
problem is not solved by reading the manual you may call MFJ Technical
Service at 662-323-0549 or the MFJ Factory at 662-323-5869. You will
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MFJ-1270X Instruction Manual
TNC-X Packet Contoller
FULL 12-MONTH WARRANTY
MFJ Enterprises, Inc. warrants to the original owner of this product, if
manufactured by MFJ Enterprises, Inc. and purchased from an authorized dealer
or directly from MFJ Enterprises, Inc. to be free from defects in material and
workmanship for a period of 12 months from date of purchase provided the
following terms of this warranty are satisfied.
1. The purchaser must retain the dated proof-of-purchase (bill of sale, canceled check, credit
card or money order receipt, etc.) describing the product to establish the validity of the
warranty claim and submit the original or machine reproduction of such proof of purchase to
MFJ Enterprises, Inc. at the time of warranty service. MFJ Enterprises, Inc. shall have the
discretion to deny warranty without dated proof-of-purchase. Any evidence of alteration,
erasure, of forgery shall be cause to void any and all warranty terms immediately.
2. MFJ Enterprises, Inc. agrees to repair or replace at MFJ's option without charge to the
original owner any defective product provided the product is returned postage prepaid to MFJ
Enterprises, Inc. with a personal check, cashiers check, or money order. This is good on all
products except antennas and software to cover postage and handling for return from in
warranty service. We also take MasterCard, Visa, American Express, and Discover credit
cards. Postage and handling may vary according to the weight of the product in question.
You should specify what type of delivery service you wish. We can send by UPS, U.S. Postal
service or Fedex. MFJ doesn’t guarantee delivery by US Postal Service.
3. MFJ Enterprises, Inc. will supply replacement parts free of charge for any MFJ product
under warranty upon request, provided the following terms are satisfied. MFJ must receive the
original parts you wish to replace, your proof-of-purchase, and a personal check, cashiers
check or money order must be provided to cover postage and handling. Postage and handling
may vary according to the weight of the product in question. We also take MasterCard, Visa,
American Express and Discover credit cards.
4. This warranty is NOT void for owners who attempt to repair defective units. Technical
consultation is available by calling (662) 323-5869.
5. This warranty does not apply to kits sold by or manufactured by MFJ Enterprises, Inc.
6. Wired and tested PC board products are covered by this warranty provided only the
wired and tested PC board product is returned. Wired and tested PC boards installed in
the owner's cabinet or connected to switches, jacks, or cables, etc. sent to MFJ Enterprises,
Inc. will be returned at the owner's expense un-repaired.
7. Under no circumstances is MFJ Enterprises, Inc. liable for consequential damages to
person or property by the use of any MFJ products.
8. Out-of-Warranty Service: MFJ Enterprises, Inc. will repair any out-of-warranty product
provided the unit is shipped prepaid. All repaired units will be shipped COD to the owner.
Repair charges will be added to the COD fee unless other arrangements are made.
9. This warranty is given in lieu of any other warranty expressed or implied.
10. MFJ Enterprises, Inc. reserves the right to make changes or improvements in design or
manufacture without incurring any obligation to install such changes upon any of the products
previously manufactured.
11. All MFJ products to be serviced in-warranty or out-of-warranty should be addressed to
MFJ Enterprises, Inc., 300 Industrial Park Rd, Starkville, Mississippi 39759, USA and
must be accompanied by a letter describing the problem in detail along with a copy of your
dated proof-of-purchase and a telephone number.
12. This warranty gives you specific rights, and you may also have other rights, which vary
from state to state.
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