MFJ | 1793 | manual | MFJ 1793 - SUPER 80/40/20 METER VERTICAL ANTENNA Manual

MFJ 1793 - SUPER 80/40/20 METER VERTICAL ANTENNA Manual
MFJ-1792/1793 Vertical Antenna
Instructions
MFJ-1792/1793 Vertical Antenna
Table of Contents:
Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 1
Description ...................................................................................................................... 1
Bandwidth, SWR, and Power Handling.......................................................................... 2
Choosing a Location for the Antenna.............................................................................. 3
Grounding........................................................................................................................ 3
Maintenance .................................................................................................................... 4
Tools and Time Required for Assembly ......................................................................... 4
MFJ-1792 Parts List ........................................................................................................ 5
Assembly and Installation Procedure .............................................................................. 6
Raising the Antenna ........................................................................................................ 11
Tuning the Antenna......................................................................................................... 12
Technical Assistance ....................................................................................................... 13
MFJ-1792/1793 Vertical Antenna
Instructions
MFJ-1792/1793
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
INTRODUCTION
On frequencies below 7 MHz, where vertical polarization and low wave angles are
desired, the antenna must be very high above ground or vertically polarized. On low
frequencies , the height of a vertical half wave dipole antenna is usually impraticle to
construct. A half wave vertical (Hertz) on 80 meters, for example, is approximately 133
feet high. This is a very difficult height to achieve. If a vertical antenna is grounded, the
height only needs to be a quarter wave length. The ground system acts as an "electrical
mirror". The missing half of the antenna is supplied by the "mirror image". The
directional characteristics of a grounded quarter wave antenna over perfect ground are the
same as a half wave antenna in free space. A grounded quarter wave vertical has a
circular or omni-directional pattern in the horizontal plane, and radiates maximum signal
at low angles above the horizon.
A grounded vertical antenna can be shorter than a quarter wavelength and be made
resonant by loading it with inductance, capacitance (at or near the top), or both. Loading
the antenna can be done several different ways, but not every way has the same
efficiency. In general, the best efficiency is obtained by top loading the antenna.
The efficiency of a quarter wave or a shorter vertical antenna can easily exceed 50% if
special care is taken in constructing of the ground system and the loading method. To
attain an efficiency comparable with a 1/2 wave antenna in grounded antennas having
heighths of 1/4 wavelength or less, great care must be taken to reduce ground resistance
and the resistance of any required loading inductors. MFJ 1792 / 1793 uses the best
technique available to provides maximum efficiency on the 80, 40 and 20 meter bands.
On 40 meters the antenna is a 33 foot (full quarter wave) large diameter antenna. On the
20 meter band, MFJ uses decoupling stub technology for maximum efficiency. The
decoupling stub is a full quarter wave. Top loading technology, the most efficient form of
loading, is used on 80 meters.
DESCRIPTION
The MFJ-1792 / 1793 operates as a full quarter wave on 40 and 20 meters, and a top
loaded 1/8 wavelength antenna on 80 meters. When used with a good ground system, the
MFJ-1792 / 1793 has excellent efficiency and bandwidth on 40 and 20 meters. No
loading coils are used on these bands. On 80 meters, the antenna is a very efficient top
loaded antenna. Top loading is the most efficient loading method known. It is top loaded
with a loading coil, wound on fiberglass with TeflonTM coated wire. It also uses a large
diameter capacitor hat (4.5 foot). Top loading provides a uniform distribution of current
on the antenna element. Top loading guaranties maximum efficiency and performance.
The 80 meter radiation comes from the entire length of the 33 foot tall, large diameter
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MFJ-1792/1793 Vertical Antenna
Instructions
aluminum tubing. The antenna has a swivel base to allow easy mounting and access to
the top for tuning the 80 meter band. The swivel base is constructed with heavy duty
aluminum plate, and a large diameter, super strong, solid fiberglass insulator. The
antenna can be mounted on a short mast with 2" maximum diameter. MFJ supplies UBolts for use with 1.5" maximum diameter masts. You can buy your own 2" diameter UBolts and install them in the holes provided on the base swivel mount. Since the antenna
is 35 feet tall it requires guying. Guying anchors and guy lines are not supplied with the
antenna. For best results, non-conductive marine type nylon cords can be used.
BANDWIDTH, SWR, AND POWER HANDLING
- The 40 meter band has a very wide bandwidth (approximately 800 KHz). The entire
band is covered at less than 1.5:1 SWR.
- The 80 meter band is top loaded with a high-Q loading coil. The SWR on this band is
very low (less than 1.4:1). The bandwidth is approximately 80 KHz at 2:1 SWR points.
An L-network at the feed point on the base of the antenna ensures the lowest SWR.
- The 20 meter band has a very low SWR (less than 1.4:1). The bandwidth is
approximately 300 KHz. The 20 meter operating frequency is easily adjusted by
increasing or decreasing the length of the decoupling stub at the bottom of the antenna.
MFJ- 1792/1793 is capable to of handling full legal PEP power as follows:
BAND
SSB CW
80 meter
1500 1500
40 meter
1500 1500
20 meter
1500 1500
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS:
1.) THIS ANTENNA IS AN ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR
2.) ANY CONTACT BETWEEN THE ANTENNA, FEEDLINE OR
SUPPORTING STRUCTURE AND POWER LINES WILL
RESULT IN DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.
FOR SAFETY PLEASE:
1.) DO NOT INSTALL THIS ANTENNA WHERE THERE IS ANY
POSSIBILITY OF CONTACT WITH UTILITY LINES.
2.) DO NOT LOCATE THE ANTENNA SUPPORT WHERE IT
CAN CONTACT POWER LINES IN THE EVENT OF
MECHANICAL FAILURE OR ACCIDENT.
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MFJ-1792/1793 Vertical Antenna
Instructions
3.) FOLLOW THE GUIDELINES FOR ANTENNA
INSTALLATION AS RECOMMENDED BY THE US
CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION.
CHOOSING A LOCATION FOR THE ANTENNA
The ideal antenna mounting location is an open area more than 70 feet away from other
large conducting objects or antennas. If such a location is not available, the least
obstructed location should be selected.
This antenna should be mounted on a rigid support. The mounting U-Bolts are supplied
with this antenna. The antenna accepts masts between one and 1.5 inches outside
diameter. Additional holes in the base mount of this antenna will accept mast clamps up
to 2" OD. Soft or thin wall masts should not be used to mount this antenna to any
supporting structure.
The MFJ-1792 / 1793 will perform quite well in ground mounted installations with a
good ground system of either welded mesh wire fence or 8 or more 33 foot long (or
longer) radials. The antenna can be mounted a few feet above level with ground plane
drooping down until it reaches the ground. If the antenna is ground mounted, it MUST
be surrounded with a protective non-metallic fencing. This will increase the safety and
lessen the likelihood of damage to the antenna.
GROUNDING
Unlike some other verticals, this antenna requires an RF ground system. However, it is a
good idea to have some sort of earth connection to avoid lightning damage to station
equipment and to improve operator safety. The feedline's shield should be grounded at
the entrance point of the building before it reaches the operating position. Failure to do so
can result in lightning damage to the equipment.
Grounds should consist of a solid copper rod driven into the soil (at least 6 feet deep).
Never use woven flexible braiding for ground connections unless absolutely necessary.
Braiding has a very high resistance to both RF and lightning. Copper flashing , wide
copper foil, or large gauge solid copper wires are the proper materials for use in RF and
lightning grounding applications.
The use of an in-line coaxial lightning arrestor will only offer a minimal improvement in
lightning protection. The best method of protecting the station equipment is to disconnect
the feedline outside the building or, at the minimum, use a switch to disconnect and
ground the feedline.
MAINTENANCE
Your antenna is constructed of heavy duty non-corrosive materials and should withstand
normal climates for many years. The use of some type of coaxial connector moisture
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MFJ-1792/1793 Vertical Antenna
Instructions
protection is recommended at the bottom coax connection and also around the matching
network feed point, especially in coastal areas where salty mist is commonplace.
GE makes a pure silicone grease called "SILICONE DIELECTRIC COMPOUND" that
can be applied SPARINGLY to the threaded area of the female connector. This
compound, or even a clear silicone heat sink compound, will prevent moisture from
entering the connector through the threads and protect the connector from corrosion.
THIS IS THE SAME TYPE OF SEALER THAT COMMERCIAL ANTENNA
INSTALLERS AND CATV COMPANIES USE WITH GREAT SUCCESS.
A less desirable but adequate sealer is the automobile seam sealer commonly sold as
"coax seal". It is a pliable black sealing compound.
When installing any coax sealer, NEVER completely cover the barrel of the coax
connector. The sealer should ONLY be placed near the junction of the threaded part of
the chassis connector and the knurled area of the male connector. This will leave the
bottom of the male connector's outer sleeve open and permit the connector to "breathe" so
it does NOT collect moisture!
WARNING:
- Keep this antenna out of reach of adults, children, and animals.
- Any contact with this antenna while transmitting will cause severe RF
burns and voltages that kill.
- Never place this antenna close to electric power lines or utility wires.
Tools and Time Required for Assembly
The estimated assembly time for this antenna is two to three hours. An additional one
hour is required to adjust the antenna on all the bands.
The required tools are:
1/4" standard screwdriver
3/8" open end wrench ( if you purchased the 1793 )
5/16" nut driver
7/16" nut driver
7/16" open end wrench
Large wire cutters
#1 or #2 Philips screwdriver
Eye protection
Flat ground or at least 3 saw horses.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS!!
1.) THIS ANTENNA IS AN ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR.
2.) ANY CONTACT BETWEEN THE ANTENNA, FEEDLINE
SUPPORTING STRUCTURE AND POWER LINES WILL RESULT
4
OR
MFJ-1792/1793 Vertical Antenna
Instructions
NOTE: This antenna can be mounted on ground or roof
level mounts only!
1- Prepare a ground-level mounting mast that will permit
easy initial testing and adjustment. Set up stable supports
(table, saw horses etc.). Also a flat ground can be used.
2- Sort out parts you have unpacked into groups of similar
parts. Be sure all parts are available.
3- After examining the antenna parts, gather the tools
needed for basic assembly. At the minimum these consist
of:
- #1 Philips screwdriver for capacitance spokes screws.
- #2 Philips screwdriver for other 6-32 and 10-32 screws.
- 1/4" standard screwdriver or 5/16" nut driver for hose
clamps.
- 3/8" wrench for the stub nuts.
- Two 7/16" open end wrenches or wrench and one nut
driver for U-bolts and coupling bolts.
- Large wire cutter for trimming capacitance spokes.
- Safety glasses.
FIGURE 1
4- Insert End B of Tube 2 into End B of Tube 1. Line up the holes. Bolt tubes together
with a 1/4 - 20 x 1 3/4" bolt, 1/4 - 20 nut and split washer. Place and secure a hose clamp
over the slit. See Figure 1.
5- Insert End B of Tube 3 into End A of
Tube 2. Line up holes. Bolt tubes
together with a 1/4 - 20 x 1 3/4" bolt, 1/4
- 20 nut and split washer. Place and
secure a hose clamp over the slit. See
Figure 1.
6- Slide a guy wire clamp and guy wire
mount over the end of Tube 3, and set
them on End B of Tube 3.
7- Slip End B of Coupler 2 over End A
of Tube 3. Line up holes. Bolt tube
andcoupler together with a 1/4 - 20 x 1
3/4" bolt, 1/4 - 20 nut and split washer.
Place and secure a hose clamp over the
slit. See Figure 2.
FIGURE 2
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MFJ-1792/1793 Vertical Antenna
Instructions
8- Insert End B of Tube 4 into End A of Coupler 2. Line up holes.
Bolt tube and coupler together with a 1/4 - 20 x 1 3/4" bolt, 1/4 - 20
nut and split washer. Place and secure a hose clamp over the slit. See
Figure 2.
9- Insert End B of Tube 5 into End A of Tube 4. Line up holes. Bolt
tubes together with a 1/4 - 20 x 1 3/4" bolt, 1/4 - 20 nut and split
washer.
10- Slide a guy wire clamp and guy wire mount over Tube 5 and place
them above the 1/4 - 20 x 1 3/4" bolt at end B of Tube 5. Place and
secure a hose clamp over the slit. Refer to Figure 1.
11- Slip End B of Coupler 3 over End A of Tube 5. Line up holes.
Bolt tubes together with a 1/4 - 20 x 1 3/4" bolt, 1/4 - 20 nut and split
washer. Place and secure a hose clamp over the slit. See Figure 2.
12- Insert End B of Tube 6 into End A of Coupler 3. Line up holes.
Bolt tube and coupler together with a 1/4 - 20 x 1 3/4" bolt, 1/4 - 20
nut and split washer. Slide and secure a hose clamp over the slit. See
Figure 2.
NOTE: Steps 13 - 16, 22 and 23 are for 1793 assembly only !!
13- Assemble insulators to L brackets using 6-32 x 1/2" screws and
5/16" hex nuts. See Figure 4.
14- Assemble Aluminum couplers using 6-32 x 1/4" screws. See
Figure 4.
15- Next Assemble the 20 meter element parallel to the main antenna as
follows:
FIGURE 3
Couple the two 6' rods together using one of the Aluminum couplers.
Slide one insulator assembly over the top section and 2 others over
the bottom one. Couple the bottom section (the one with two insulators)
to the 55" threaded rod. See Figure 3.
FIGURE 4
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MFJ-1792/1793 Vertical Antenna
Instructions
using hose clamps over the L-brackets.
Secure hose clamps. See figure inside
front cover and figure 3.
24- Place guy wires on guy wire
mounts. Make sure the guys are nonconductive and long enough to reach
their attaching ground position when
antenna is up. Use the formula:
C = SQRT (A2+B2) to estimate the
length of the wire. Add a few extra feet
to your calculation to be on the safe
side. See Figure 8.
FIGURE 8
NOTE: It is possible to use a single
set of guy lines to secure this antenna. This set of guy lines can be placed on top of
either the hose clamp or the 1/4 - 20 x 1 3/4" bolt of Tube 4 end B.
25- Thread six 6-32 x 1/4" screws in the capacitor hat ring on the loading coil assembly.
Do not tighten them yet. See Figure 9.
IMPORTANT: Do not use a high torque electric screwdriver to mount the
capacitance spokes. The screw heads will be shredded off if too
much torque is applied.
FIGURE 9
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MFJ-1792/1793 Vertical Antenna
Instructions
26- Assemble the Loading coil assembly by placing six of the 27" long spokes into the
ring assembly. Tighten the 6-32 x 1/4" screws until the spokes are snug. See Figure 9.
27- With the help of another person, move the antenna to the location of the ground pole.
Place the swivel base mount over the ground pole, while the antenna is still laying on the
ground, and tighten the U-bolts.
WARNING: Do not allow the ground pole to pass beyond the edge of the base mount.
RAISING THE ANTENNA
WARNING: Be especially careful when moving or mounting this antenna. The
weight and length of this antenna can cause a loss of balance if
handled by an inexperienced person, or if a capacitance spoke
accidentally becomes snagged on a gutter, a tree limb,
or any other object.
28- Attach two of the guy wire sets to their ground position. Use the third set as a pulling
wire to help raise the antenna into position.
29- Insert the 10-32 x 1 3/4" screw into the hole provided on end A of Tube 6. Thread a
10-32 nut over the screw and tighten. This will help to secure the loading coil.
30- Slide a hose clamp over the top of the antenna. Insert the base of the 80 meter loading
coil into end A of Tube 6 (1 1/8" tube). Place the solder lug under the hose clamp and
secure it well. Make sure that the Loading Coil is secured in place!
WARNING: DO NOT TRY TO LIFT THE ANTENNA BY YOURSELF !!
GET HELP FROM AT LEAST ONE OTHER PERSON. SERIOUS INJURIES
OR DEATH CAN RESULT IF THIS ANTENNA FALLS ON YOU !!
31- With the help of at least one other person. Start walking the antenna in a straight line
toward the base, while the other person pulls in the same direction with the third guy wire
set. When the antenna is completely up, the two sets of guy wires will be almost snug.
Hold the antenna base while the other person fastens the third guy wire in place.
NOTE: DO NOT SECURE GUY LINES
COMPLETELY AT THIS TIME !!
11
MFJ-1792/1793 Vertical Antenna
Instructions
32- Secure Antenna to the base mount, by placing a U-bolt Saddle Clamp between the
fiberglass solid rod and the Aluminum wall. (see inside front cover) Line up the Saddle
Clamp with the 1/4" holes. Insert the U-Bolt through. Thread two 1/4" - 20 nuts and split
washers onto the U-bolt. Secure the U-bolt and the bottom 1/4"- 20 bolt.
33- Straighten up the antenna, and secure guy wires (not permanently). Make the
grounding connection necessary.
34- Place the solder lug of the feedline under the Coupler 1 hose clamp at the base of the
antenna and tighten the hose clamp. See Figure 6.
35- Antenna assembly is completed now, it can be tested using a transceiver on low
power or with an analyzer such as the MFJ-249, or the MFJ-259, then fine tuned before
mounting it permanently.
TUNING THE ANTENNA
Measure and record the frequency on which the lowest SWR occurs for the 80, 40 and 20
meter bands. The MFJ-1792 is tuned for lowest SWR either at the lower frequency of
each band or slightly below.
NOTE: Make sure to disconnect the connection to the matching network before lowering
the antenna to tune the 80 or 40 meter bands. Failure to do so will damage the
matching network feed wire !!!
40 Meter Band:
The MFJ-1792 generally does not require tuning on the 40 meter band. This antenna
covers the entire 40 meter band with very low SWR. However, the location and the
ground system may cause the antenna to slightly detune. Retuning the antenna can be
accomplished by sliding Tube 5 into Tube 4 to decrease or increase the length of the
radiator, which in turn increases and decreases the frequency respectively. Use the
information below for your adjustment.
40 m: 1' of length equals approximatly 200 KHz
80 Meter Band:
80 meter bands has narrower bandwidths. It should be tuned to the most desired section
of the band by shortening one or more spokes in the capacitance hat (from the inner side)
according to the information given below.
80 m: 1" trimmed off a spoke equals approximately 10 KHz
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MFJ-1792/1793 Vertical Antenna
Instructions
WARNING: shortening the spokes from the looped end will affect the
performance of the antenna and degrade its power handling capabilities
If the resonant frequency on 80 meter is lower than your equipment can detect, take
one spoke off the capacitance hat to raise the resonant frequency. Measure the
resonant frequency again. Estimate the approximate resonant frequency as if the
spoke was in place using the information above.
Example: The antenna measured 3.47 MHz, the desired frequency is 3.95 MHz (less .05
MHz) for a difference of .43 MHz or 430 KHz. This would require the trimming of 43"
from one spoke. Instead, cut 4.3 inches from all six spokes and measure the new resonant
frequency. Assume the new resonant frequency is 3.82 MHz. A single spoke can now be
trimmed 8" to adjust the antenna to resonance.
20 Meter Band
The 20 meter band is tuned by lengthening or shortening the threaded portion of the
stubs. This adjustment is very coarse. If frequency is too low with the stub element
extension at minimum, the unthreaded end of the stub can be trimmed.
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
If you have any questions that the manual does not answer, please contact MFJ
Enterprises. You may call MFJ toll-free at 1-800-647-TECH (8324), FAX 1-662-3236551, or TELEX 53 4590 MFJ STKV. Outside the continental USA please call 662-3235869. Please have the model number, date of purchase, this manual and all additional
information you can supply close by the telephone. This will help with any questions the
technicians may have.
You can also send written correspondence to MFJ Enterprises INC., PO Box 494,
Mississippi State, MS 39762. Send a complete description of your problem, an
explanation of exactly how you are using your unit and a complete description of your
station.
If you have any helpful suggestions, or find any errors in this manual, please drop us a
note. Direct your comments to Attn.: Product Engineering at the above address. We
appreciate your assistance and thank you for purchasing our products.
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