MFJ | 815D | manual | MFJ 815D - WATTMETER, HF/6M CROSS NEEDLE SWR/WATTMETER, 2 KW Manual

MFJ 815D - WATTMETER, HF/6M CROSS NEEDLE SWR/WATTMETER, 2 KW Manual
Model MFJ-815D
D
1.8-60MHz
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
CAUTION: Read All Instructions Before Operating Equipment
MFJ ENTERPRISES, INC.
300 Industrial Park Road
Starkville, MS 39759 USA
Tel: 662-323-5869 Fax: 662-323-6551
VERSION 1A
COPYRIGHT
C
2013 MFJ ENTERPRISES, INC.
MFJ-815D Deluxe HF True Peak Reading SWR/Wattmeter
Instruction Manual
MFJ-815D Deluxe HF True Peak Reading
SWR/Wattmeter
1.8-60 MHz
Introduction
The MFJ-815D is a true peak reading SWR/Wattmeter designed to operate on 1.8-60
MHz. This meter uses our TrueActive™ peak reading circuit to read true peak/average
forward and reflected power and SWR simultaneously. It has 3000/300 Watts forward
and 600/60 Watts reflected power scales. The MFJ-815D utilizes a large illuminated
three-inch Cross-Needle meter to read the SWR from 1:1 to ∞.
IMPORTANT:
Please read entire manual before attempting to operate this equipment. This
unit does not provide a dc or low frequency earth ground. A separate wire
should be connected from the station ground bus to an electric ground. Do
not place any non-coaxial feed wires near metallic or RF sensitive devices.
Installation
1. Connect your transmitter to the connector on the back of the unit labeled
TRANSMITTER and your antenna to the connector labeled ANTENNA. It is
important that you use good quality coax and properly installed connectors.
2. The MFJ-815D has a TrueActive™ peak reading circuit that requires a DC power
supply such as the MFJ-1312D in order to function. A 9 VDC may also be
installed inside the meter with a battery clip that is included. The rear panel
accepts a 2.1 mm coaxial plug with the center conductor positive (+) and the
sleeve negative (-). The negative lead is grounded inside the meter. There is no
need to disconnect the battery when using external power.
3. An internal lamp backlights the meter scale. The lamp circuit requires 12 VDC
and will not illuminate with the 9 VDC battery alone.
4. To measure the power output capability of a transmitter/amplifier you should
connect a quality 50-ohm dummy load to the ANTENNA connector of the MFJ815D.
NOTE:
The wattmeter must have a power source in order to function. A nine-volt
battery may be installed in the compartment on the rear panel, or an external
12 VDC source, such as the optional MFJ-1312D power supply, may be used.
2
MFJ-815D Deluxe HF True Peak Reading SWR/Wattmeter
Instruction Manual
Operation
1. With the DC power supply or 9 VDC battery installed, push the ON/OFF button
in to turn the unit ON. If 12 VDC is used, the lamp will also be turned ON.
2. The meter’s full-scale forward and reflected power range is controlled by the
3000/300 Watt button. When the button is pushed in, the forward power scale is
on 3000 Watts and the reflected power scale is on 600 Watts. When the button is
pushed out, the forward power scale is on 300 Watts and the reflected power
scale is on 60 Watts. If your transmitter/amplifier runs more than 300 Watts of
output power, push the button in for 3000 Watts. If your transmitter runs less than
300 Watts of output power, push the button out for 300 Watts.
3. Average power is measured when the PEAK/AVG button is pushed out. Peak
envelope power (PEP) is measured when the PEAK/AVG button is pushed in.
Peak and average power values are equal with steady unmodulated carriers, FSK,
or FM. The meter reading on these modes will be the same whether the
PEAK/AVG button is pushed in or out. On SSB, the PEP meter reading should
be twice the average power with two-tone test modulation. On SSB, the ratio of
PEP to average power varies with different voice characteristics. With most
voices, the PEP reading is three to five times higher than the average voice power
reading. The most accurate PEP readings are obtained only with sustained carrier,
voice or two-tone test modulation. During normal voice modulation, the
wattmeter will typically indicate only 70% of the true Peak Envelope Power.
4. Forward power is displayed on the left-hand FORWARD meter scale. This scale
is calibrated from 0 to 300 Watts and is read directly in the 300W (out) position.
Each picket (scale mark) represents 5 Watts below 10 Watts, 10 Watts between 10
and 100 Watts, and 25 Watts between 100 and 300 Watts. In the 3000W (in)
position, the forward power scale must be multiplied by 10. Each picket
represents 50 Watts below 100 Watts, 100 Watts from 100 to 1000 Watts, and 250
Watts from 1000 to 3000 Watts.
5. The reflected power is read on the right-hand REFLECTED meter scale.
Reflected power is 60 Watts full scale when the 300W (out) power scale is
selected, and 600 Watts full scale when the 3000W (in) power scale is selected.
6. The most accurate power readings occur in the upper half of the meter scales.
When trying to measure power with a less than perfect match, the reflected power
should be subtracted from the forward power reading in order to find the true
power.
7. The SWR is read directly from nine red SWR curves that range from 1:1 to ∞.
SWR is measured by observing the point where the forward and reflected power
needles cross. The SWR is indicated by the red curve closest to the needle
crossing point.
3
MFJ-815D Deluxe HF True Peak Reading SWR/Wattmeter
Instruction Manual
Calibration
The MFJ-815D has been calibrated at the factory. If it should ever need to be
recalibrated, then follow this procedure:
Equipment Needed
1. Transmitter capable of supplying enough power to obtain ½ to full-scale reading
at 14 or 21 MHz.
2. 50-ohm dummy load that is capable of handling full transmitter output power and
has better than a 1.15:1 SWR.
3. Power meter of know accuracy. The calibration will only be as good as the
standard reference meter.
4. 50-ohm cables capable of handling the power. RG-58/u is recommended. DO
NOT USE RG-59 or RG-11.
Meter Calibration
1. Refer to Figure 1 for the Test Setup and refer to the PCB layout in Figure 2 for
trim pot location.
2. Remove the top of the MFJ-815D.
3. Connect the Test Setup equipment as shown in Figure 1. Use a 50-ohm dummy
load for the antenna. Set the Transmitter to the 14 MHz in the 20-meter band.
4. With the 3000/300 Watts button pushed out for the 300 Watt scale, Transmit 100
Watts as indicated on the reference meter. Adjust the LO FWD trim pot to set the
forward power scale to 100 Watts.
5. With the 3000/300 Watts button pushed in for the 3000 Watt scale, Transmit
1000 Watts as indicated on the reference meter. Adjust the HI FWD trim pot to
set the forward power scale to 1000 Watts.
6. To set the reflected power, interchange the TRANSMITTER and ANTENNA
coax cables so that the transmitter is connected to the ANTENNA connector and
the dummy load is connected to the TRANSMITTER connector.
7. With the 3000/300 Watts button pushed out for the 60 Watt reflected scale,
Transmit 10 Watts as indicated on the reference meter. Adjust the LO REF trim
pot to set the reflected power scale to 10 Watts.
4
MFJ-815D Deluxe HF True Peak Reading SWR/Wattmeter
Instruction Manual
Meter Calibration (cont.)
8. With the 3000/300 Watts button pushed in for the 600 Watt reflected scale,
Transmit 100 Watts as indicated on the reference meter. Adjust the HI REF trim
pot to set the reflected power scale to 100 Watts.
9. SWR requires no calibration.
Transmitter/
Transceiver
Standard
Reference
Wattmeter
MFJ-815D
SWR/
Wattmeter
Figure 1: Test Setup
LO REF
LO FWD
HI REF
HI FWD
Figure 2: PCB Layout and Trim Pot Location
5
50-Ohm
Dummy Load
MFJ-815D Deluxe HF True Peak Reading SWR/Wattmeter
Instruction Manual
Technical Assistance
If you have any problem with this unit first check the appropriate section of this manual.
If the manual does not reference your problem or reading the manual does not solve your
problem, you may call MFJ Technical Service at 662-323-0549 or the MFJ Factory at
662-323-5869. You will be best helped if you have your unit, manual and all information
on your station handy so you can answer any questions the technicians may ask.
You can also send questions by mail to MFJ Enterprises, Inc., 300 Industrial Park Road,
Starkville, MS 39759; by Facsimile (FAX) to 662-323-6551; or by email to
techinfo@mfjenterprises.com. Send a complete description of your problem, an
explanation of exactly how you are using your unit, and a complete description of your
station.
Schematic
Sensor Board
TRANSMITTER
COAX
T201
C204
33pF
C203
N/L
C207
15pF
1
C201
150pF
C202
150pF
R201
3.3k
L201
1000uH
R202
2
D201
1N34A
68
D202
1N34A
R203
47
C205
.001
C206
.001
R204
47
R205
REFL
FRWD
N/L
6
MFJ-815D Deluxe HF True Peak Reading SWR/Wattmeter
Instruction Manual
Meter Board
+12V
SW 103A
9V BATTERY
Q104
2N3906
+
-
D103
IN4007
J101
1
R116
1M
R118
33k
+ C109
100
C108
.01
Q103
MPS-A13
R117
470
+
2
3
C111
.47
METER LAMP
R115
100k
SW 101B
R109
150k
1
R108
500k
2
R112
470
1
R111
68k
C104
.001
OUT
2
LP+
LP-
+12V
D102
IN34A
+
2
R110
N/L
C110
220
SW 103B
U101
3
FWD
+
Q102
2N3904
6
U102
3
-
R113
IM
SW 101A
R102
150k
1
REF
R101
500k
2
R105
470
U103
3
1
2
R104
82k
R103
N/L
OUT
2
-
SW 102B
-
1
6
LM324
C107
.01
R120
FORWARD METER
25k
2 FM
FG
+12V
D101
IN34A
+
C101
.001
OUT
2
+
C106
10
R114
22k
+
LM324
6
Q101
2N3904
U104
3
LM324
+
C102
10
SW 102A
7
R107
10k
+
R106
IM
OUT
2
-
6
LM324
1
C103
.01
R119
REFLECTED METER
25k
2 RM
RG
LIMITED 12 MONTH WARRANTY
MFJ Enterprises, Inc. warrants to the original owner of this product, if manufactured by MFJ
Enterprises, Inc. and purchased from an authorized dealer or directly from MFJ Enterprises, Inc.
to be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of 12 months from date of
purchase provided the following terms of this warranty are satisfied.
1.
The purchaser must retain the dated proof-of-purchase (bill of sale, canceled check, credit
card or money order receipt, etc.) describing the product to establish the validity of the
warranty claim and submit the original or machine reproduction of such proof of purchase
to MFJ Enterprises, Inc. at the time of warranty service. MFJ Enterprises, Inc. shall have
the discretion to deny warranty without dated proof-of-purchase. Any evidence of
alteration, erasure, or forgery shall be cause to void any and all warranty terms
immediately.
2.
MFJ Enterprises, Inc. agrees to repair or replace at MFJ's option without charge to the
original owner any defective product under warrantee provided the product is returned
postage prepaid to MFJ Enterprises, Inc. with a personal check, cashiers check, or money
order for $7.00 covering postage and handling.
3.
This warranty is NOT void for owners who attempt to repair defective units. Technical
consultation is available by calling the Service Department at 662-323-0549 or the MFJ
Factory at 662-323-5869.
4.
This warranty does not apply to kits sold by or manufactured by MFJ Enterprises, Inc.
5.
Wired and tested PC board products are covered by this warranty provided only the wired
and tested PC board product is returned. Wired and tested PC boards installed in the
owner's cabinet or connected to switches, jacks, or cables, etc. sent to MFJ Enterprises,
Inc. will be returned at the owner's expense unrepaired.
6.
Under no circumstances is MFJ Enterprises, Inc. liable for consequential damages to
person or property by the use of any MFJ products.
7.
Out-of-Warranty Service: MFJ Enterprises, Inc. will repair any out-of-warranty product
provided the unit is shipped prepaid. All repaired units will be shipped COD to the owner.
Repair charges will be added to the COD fee unless other arrangements are made.
8.
This warranty is given in lieu of any other warranty expressed or implied.
9.
MFJ Enterprises, Inc. reserves the right to make changes or improvements in design or
manufacture without incurring any obligation to install such changes upon any of the
products previously manufactured.
10.
All MFJ products to be serviced in-warranty or out-of-warranty should be addressed to:
MFJ Enterprises, Inc.,
300 Industrial Park Road
Starkville, Mississippi 39759 USA
and must be accompanied by a letter describing the problem in detail along with a copy of
your dated proof-of-purchase.
11.
This warranty gives you specific rights, and you may also have other rights which vary
from state to state.
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