MFJ | 836 | manual | MFJ 836 - RF IN-LINE CURRENT/SWR/WATTMETER, 1-30MHZ, 3A Manual

MFJ 836 - RF IN-LINE CURRENT/SWR/WATTMETER, 1-30MHZ, 3A Manual
MFJ-836 SWR/Wattmeter and RF Ammeter
Instruction Manual
MFJ-836 SWR/Wattmeter and RF Ammeter
Introduction
The MFJ-836 is an all-in-one true peak reading SWR/Wattmeter with a built in RF
Ammeter designed to operate on 1.8-30 MHz. The SWR/Wattmeter uses our
TrueActive peak reading circuit to read true peak/average forward and reflected power
and SWR simultaneously. It has 3000/300 Watts forward and 600/60 Watts reflected
power scales. The SWR/Wattmeter utilizes a large illuminated three-inch Cross-Needle
meter to read the SWR from 1:1 to ∞. The RF Ammeter measures RF feedline current in
three calibrated ranges: 0.3 Amperes, 1 Ampere, and 3 Amperes.
IMPORTANT:
Please read entire manual before attempting to operate this equipment. This
unit does not provide a dc or low frequency earth ground. A separate wire
should be connected from the station ground bus to an electric ground. Do
not place any non-coaxial feed wires near metallic or RF sensitive devices.
Installation
1. Connect your transmitter to the connector on the back of the unit labeled
TRANSMITTER and your antenna to the connector labeled ANTENNA. It is
important that you use good quality coax and properly installed connectors.
2. The MFJ-836 has a TrueActive peak reading circuit included the
SWR/Wattmeter that requires a DC power supply such as the MFJ-1312B in order
to function. A 9 VDC may also be installed inside the meter with a battery clip
that is included. The rear panel accepts a 2.1 mm coaxial plug with the center
conductor positive (+) and the sleeve negative (-). The negative lead is grounded
inside the meter. There is no need to disconnect the battery when using external
power. The RF Ammeter does not require power to operate.
3. An internal lamp backlights the SWR/Wattmeter scale. The lamp circuit requires
12 VDC and will not illuminate with the 9 VDC battery alone.
4. To measure the power output capability of a transmitter/amplifier you should
connect a quality 50-ohm dummy load to the ANTENNA connector of the MFJ836.
NOTE:
The SWR/Wattmeter must have a power source in order to function. A ninevolt battery may be installed in the compartment on the rear panel, or an
external 12 VDC source, such as the optional MFJ-1312D power supply, may
be used.
1
MFJ-836 SWR/Wattmeter and RF Ammeter
Instruction Manual
Operation
1. With the DC power supply or 9 VDC battery installed, push the ON/OFF button
in to turn the unit ON. If 12 VDC is used, the SWR/Wattmeter backlight will also
be turned ON.
2. The SWR/Wattmeter’s full-scale forward and reflected power range is controlled
by the 3000/300-Watt button. When the button is pushed in, the forward power
scale is on 3000 Watts and the reflected power scale is on 600 Watts. When the
button is pushed out, the forward power scale is on 300 Watts and the reflected
power scale is on 60 Watts. If your transmitter/amplifier runs more than 300
Watts of output power, push the button in for 3000 Watts. If your transmitter runs
less than 300 Watts of output power, push the button out for 300 Watts.
3. Average power is measured when the PEAK/AVG button is pushed out. Peak
envelope power (PEP) is measured when the PEAK/AVG button is pushed in.
Peak and average power values are equal with steady unmodulated carriers, FSK,
or FM. The meter reading on these modes will be the same whether the
PEAK/AVG button is pushed in or out. On SSB, the PEP meter reading should
be twice the average power with two-tone test modulation. On SSB, the ratio of
PEP to average power varies with different voice characteristics. With most
voices, the PEP reading is three to five times higher than the average voice power
reading. The most accurate PEP readings are obtained only with sustained carrier,
voice or two-tone test modulation. During normal voice modulation, the
wattmeter will typically indicate only 70% of the true Peak Envelope Power.
4. Forward power is displayed on the left-hand FORWARD meter scale. This scale
is calibrated from 0 to 300 Watts and is read directly in the 300W (out) position.
Each picket (scale mark) represents 5 Watts below 10 Watts, 10 Watts between 10
and 100 Watts, and 25 Watts between 100 and 300 Watts. In the 3000W (in)
position, the forward power scale must be multiplied by 10. Each picket
represents 50 Watts below 100 Watts, 100 Watts from 100 to 1000 Watts, and 250
Watts from 1000 to 3000 Watts.
5. The reflected power is read on the right-hand REFLECTED meter scale.
Reflected power is 60-Watts full scale when the 300W (out) power scale is
selected, and 600-Watts full scale when the 3000W (in) power scale is selected.
6. The most accurate power readings occur in the upper half of the meter scales.
When trying to measure power with a less than perfect match, the reflected power
should be subtracted from the forward power reading in order to find the true
power.
7. The SWR is read directly from nine red SWR curves that range from 1:1 to ∞.
SWR is measured by observing the point where the forward and reflected power
2
MFJ-836 SWR/Wattmeter and RF Ammeter
Instruction Manual
needles cross. The SWR is indicated by the red curve closest to the needle
crossing point.
8. The RF Ammeter measures RF current in three calibrated ranges: 0.3 Amperes, 1
Ampere, and 3 Amperes. Simply turn the Current Range knob to the desired
range.
9. The meter is scaled from 0 to 100. On the 1-A range, move the decimal point 2
places to the left (100 = 1.00 A). To convert meter readings made on the .3A and
3A ranges, multiply accordingly. For example, a reading of 85 on the 300-mA
range equals 300 x .85, or 255 mA. See Table 1 below to estimate readings
quickly.
10. To prevent meter pegging, begin checks on a high range and work down. To
estimate unknown current levels, use the formula below (I = Unknown Current in
Amps, P = Applied Power in Watts, and R = Load Resistance in Ohms).
P
R
I=
300 mA
30
Range
1A
0.1
3A
0.3
20
60
0.2
0.6
30
90
0.3
0.9
40
50
120
150
0.4
0.5
1.2
1.5
60
180
0.6
1.8
70
210
0.7
2.1
80
240
0.8
2.4
90
100
270
300
0.9
1.0
2.7
3.0
Meter
10
Table 1: Actual Current Value
RF Hazard--Important Warnings:
1.
RF-current measurements must be conducted with extreme caution. Physical
contact with conductors carrying even moderate RF-energy levels can result in
severe RF burns, or injury.
2. Avoid measuring RF currents on conductors where high RF voltages may be present (>500 Volts).
Damage to your meter may result.
3
MFJ-836 SWR/Wattmeter and RF Ammeter
Instruction Manual
Calibration
Both the MFJ-836 SWR/Wattmeter section and RF Ammeter sections have been
calibrated at the factory. If the SWR/Wattmeter or RF Ammeter should ever need to be
recalibrated, then follow this procedure:
Equipment Needed
1. Transmitter capable of supplying enough power to obtain ½ to full-scale reading
at 14 or 21 MHz.
2. 50-ohm dummy load that is capable of handling full transmitter output power and
has better than a 1.15:1 SWR.
3. Power meter of know accuracy. The calibration will only be as good as the
standard reference meter.
4. 50-ohm cables capable of handling the power. RG-58/u is recommended. DO
NOT USE RG-59 or RG-11.
SWR/Wattmeter Calibration
1. Refer to Figure 1 for the Test Setup and refer to the PCB layout in Figure 2 for
trim pot location.
2. Remove the top of the MFJ-836.
3. Connect the Test Setup equipment as shown in Figure 1. Use a 50-ohm dummy
load for the antenna. Set the Transmitter to the 14 MHz in the 20-meter band.
4. With the 3000/300-Watts button pushed out for the 300-Watt scale, Transmit 100
Watts as indicated on the reference meter. Adjust the LO FWD trim pot to set the
forward power scale to 100 Watts.
5. With the 3000/300-Watts button pushed in for the 3000-Watt scale, Transmit
1000 Watts as indicated on the reference meter. Adjust the HI FWD trim pot to
set the forward power scale to 1000 Watts.
6. To set the reflected power, interchange the TRANSMITTER and ANTENNA
coax cables so that the transmitter is connected to the ANTENNA connector and
the dummy load is connected to the TRANSMITTER connector.
7. With the 3000/300-Watts button pushed out for the 60 Watt reflected scale,
Transmit 10 Watts as indicated on the reference meter. Adjust the LO REF trim
pot to set the reflected power scale to 10 Watts.
4
MFJ-836 SWR/Wattmeter and RF Ammeter
Instruction Manual
SWR/Wattmeter Calibration (cont.)
8. With the 3000/300-Watts button pushed in for the 600 Watt reflected scale,
Transmit 100 Watts as indicated on the reference meter. Adjust the HI REF trim
pot to set the reflected power scale to 100 Watts.
9. SWR requires no calibration.
MFJ-836
Transmitter/
Transceiver
SWR/
Wattmeter
and
RF
Ammeter
Standard
Reference
Wattmeter
Figure 1: SWR/Wattmeter and RF Ammeter Test Setup
LO REF
LO FWD
HI REF
HI FWD
Figure 2: SWR/Wattmeter PCB Layout and Trim Pot Location
5
50-Ohm
Dummy Load
MFJ-836 SWR/Wattmeter and RF Ammeter
Instruction Manual
RF Ammeter Calibration
1. Refer to Figure 1 for the Test Setup and refer to the PCB layout in Figure 3
for trim pot location.
2. Remove the top of the MFJ-836.
3. Connect the Test Setup equipment as shown in Figure 1. Use a 50-ohm
dummy load for the antenna. Set the Transmitter to the 14 MHz in the 20meter band.
4. Set the Current Range selector to 1A. For meaningful results, your wattmeter
must be accurate and the 50-ohm load free of significant reactance. To test,
apply a 50-watt CW signal to the 50-ohm dummy load. You should observe a
full-scale reading of 1A (100 on the scale). If results vary significantly from
this reading, adjust trim pot R3 for the correct indication. Trim pot R3 is
located on the pc board below the sense coil.
R3
Figure 3: RF Ammeter PCB Layout and Trim Pot Location
IMPORTANT WARNING: Avoid direct physical contact with this device
when making measurements with power sources of over
5 Watts. RF burns or permanent injury may result from
contact with high RF voltages.
If your meter is out of calibration and you lack the equipment or skills to perform the
calibration procedure, you may return it to the MFJ factory for service.
6
MFJ-836 SWR/Wattmeter and RF Ammeter
Instruction Manual
Schematic
SWR / Wattmeter
INPUT
OUTPUT
+12V
T202
C203
N/L
L201
1000uH
D201
IN34A
D202
IN34A
R201
N/L
C202
150pF
Q104
2N3906
+
-
C207
15pF
1
R202
68
SW 103A
9V BATTERY
C204
15pF
D103
IN4007
J101
1
R116
1M
C201
150pF
R118
33k
+ C109
100
C108
.01
Q103
MPS-A13
R117
470
+
2
3
C111
.47
METER LAMP
2
C206
.001
R115
100k
+
C110
220
LP+
LPSW 103B
C205
.001
R205
N/L
R203
47
R204
47
R109
150k
SW 101B
1
FWD
R108
50k
2
R112
470
U101
3
REFL
1
FRWD
2
R111
68k
+12V
D102
IN34A
+
C104
.001
R110
N/L
Q102
2N3904
6
OUT
2
U102
3
-
R114
22k
+
LM324
R113
IM
+
C106
10
R102
150k
SW 101A
1
REF
R101
50k
2
R105
470
U103
3
1
2
R104
82k
R103
N/L
-
Q101
2N3904
6
OUT
2
-
1
C107
.01
LM324
R120
FORWARD METER
25k
2 FM
FG
+12V
D101
IN34A
+
C101
.001
2
SW 102B
6
OUT
U104
3
LM324
+
C102
10
OUT
2
SW 102A
R107
10k
+
R106
IM
-
LM324
6
1
C103
.01
R119
REFLECTED METER
10k
2 RM
RG
RF Ammeter
Sense Coil
R3
1k
T1
Line Under
Test
R1 15k
.3A
Calibrate
R2
68
.3A
R4 56k
1A
1A
Det
D2
3A
3A
R5 180k
7
Range
MFJ-836 SWR/Wattmeter and RF Ammeter
Instruction Manual
Technical Assistance
If you have any problem with this unit first check the appropriate section of this manual.
If the manual does not reference your problem or reading the manual does not solve your
problem, you may call MFJ Technical Service at 662-323-0549 or the MFJ Factory at
662-323-5869. You will be best helped if you have your unit, manual and all information
on your station handy so you can answer any questions the technicians may ask.
You can also send questions by mail to MFJ Enterprises, Inc., 300 Industrial Park Road,
Starkville, MS 39759; by Facsimile (FAX) to 662-323-6551; or by email to
techinfo@mfjenterprises.com. Send a complete description of your problem, an
explanation of exactly how you are using your unit, and a complete description of your
station.
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