MFJ | 862 | manual | MFJ 862 - CROSS-NDL MTR. 144-220/440 MHZ Manual

MFJ 862 - CROSS-NDL MTR. 144-220/440 MHZ Manual
MFJ-862 SWR/Wattmeter
Instruction Manual
MFJ-862 VHF/UHF 144/220/440 SWR/Wattmeter
General Information
The MFJMFJ-862 VHF/UHF 144/220/440 SWR/Wattmeter measures forward and
reflected power and indicates SWR for the 144,
144 220,
220 and 440 MHz ham bands.
The MFJ-862 has 2 power scales for each band selected with the front panel
rotary switch. The low power scale reads from 0-30 watts forward and 0-6 watts
reflected The high power reads from 0-300 watts forward and 0-60 watts
reflected SWR is indicated from 1:1 to 5:1.
MFJMFJ-862 Theory of Operation
The MFJ-862 senses RF energy traveling along a 50 ohm stripline. A forward and
reflected stripline couple to the 50 ohm stripline to make a directional coupler. A
voltage is produced in the forward and reflected striplines that is proportional to
the current and voltage traveling along the 50 ohm stripline. This signal is
rectified by a diode and smoothed by a capacitor. Because the directional
coupler's sensitivity increases with frequency, trimpots are used to adjust for
different frequency and power settings (high or low power).
Connect your transmitter to the connector labeled TRANSMITTER and your
antenna to the connector labeled ANTENNA.
ANTENNA It is important that you use good
quality coax and connectors that are designed for VHF/UHF.
If you want to measure the power capability of a transmitter/amplifier or to recalibrate the MFJ-862 you should connect a quality dummy load (50 ohms) that
is designed for VHF/UHF to the antenna jack.
MFJ-862 SWR/Wattmeter
Instruction Manual
The MFJ-862 has a lighted meter. To provide power for the meter light, a 12 Vdc
supply such as the MFJ-1312B should be used. Use a standard 2.1 mm coaxial
plug with the center conductor positive and the sleeve ground.
Using the MFJMFJ-862
To measure forward and reflected power turn the selector switch to the correct
frequency and power setting. Transmit and read the power from the meter. Each
unmarked hatch on the scale is an even division between the two marked
numbers. SWR is read directly from the scale where the meter needles cross.
If a more exact reading for SWR is needed you may use the equation for SWR.
Measure the forward and reflected power and put the values into the following
 1 +
= Reflected
 1 
Note that the readings for forward and reflected power (and thus SWR) are less
accurate if the power levels you are reading are not near the calibration power
level or within the correct power range. For an accurate reading of 10 watts
forward use the low power scale. If your transmitter only transmits 10 watts, recalibrate the low power scale at 10 watts for maximum accuracy.
The MFJ-862 has been calibrated at the factory for 10 and 100 watts. If recalibration is necessary you will need a 50 ohm dummy load, good quality 50
ohm coax, and a transmitter of known power or another accurate wattmeter to
use as a standard.
Connect the transmitter to the TRANSMITTER connector and a good length of
coax between the ANTENNA connector and the dummy load. Transmit at a
known power level and adjust the forward or reflected sensitivity pot, for the
power scale and frequency you are using, until the correct reading is shown on
the meter.
MFJ-862 SWR/Wattmeter
Instruction Manual
Meter Calibration
If the zero adjustment of your wattmeter should ever need to be re-adjusted, it is
a simple procedure. The meter should be re-zeroed whenever a pointer is more
than 2 pointer widths from the "0" mark.
To re-zero the pointer, first you must
remove the meter from the chassis.
Remove the screws from the meter tabs
from either the front or the inside of the
unit. Next carefully remove the clear
plastic front by grasping it on both sides.
Use a pair of needle nose pliers to turn
the zero adjustment lever.
clockwise to lower the needle or
counterclockwise to raise the pointer.
Adjustment is very sensitive and should
require little force. Replace the meter cover and reinstall the meter into the
Technical Assistance
If you have any problem with this unit first check the appropriate section of this
manual. If the manual does not reference your problem or your problem is not
solved by reading the manual you may call MFJ Technical Service at 662662-3233230549 or the MFJ Factory at 662662-323323-5869.
5869 You will be best helped if you have
your unit, manual and all information on your station handy so you can answer
any questions the technicians may ask.
You can also send questions by mail to MFJ Enterprises, Inc., 300 Industrial Park
Road, Starkville, MS 39759; by Facsimile to 662-323-6551; or by email to Send a complete description of your problem, an
explanation of exactly how you are using your unit, and a complete description of
your station.
MFJ-862 SWR/Wattmeter
Instruction Manual
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