Lincoln Electric Red-D-Arc FX650 - 12341 Operator Manual

Lincoln Electric Red-D-Arc FX650 - 12341 Operator Manual
THANK YOU FOR SELECTING
A QUALITY PRODUCT BY
LINCOLN ELECTRIC.
PLEASE EXAMINE CARTON AND EQUIPMENT FOR
DAMAGE IMMEDIATELY
When this equipment is shipped, title passes to the purchaser
upon receipt by the carrier. Consequently, claims for material
damaged in shipment must be made by the purchaser against the
transportation company at the time the shipment is received.
SAFETY DEPENDS ON YOU
Lincoln arc welding and cutting equipment is designed and built
with safety in mind. However, your overall safety can be increased
by proper installation ... and thoughtful operation on your part.
DO NOT INSTALL, OPERATE OR REPAIR THIS EQUIPMENT
WITHOUT READING THIS MANUAL AND THE SAFETY
PRECAUTIONS CONTAINED THROUGHOUT. And, most importantly,
think before you act and be careful.
WARNING
This statement appears where the information must be followed
exactly to avoid serious personal injury or loss of life.
CAUTION
This statement appears where the information must be followed
to avoid minor personal injury or damage to this equipment.
KEEP YOUR HEAD OUT OF THE FUMES.
DON’T get too close to the arc.
Use corrective lenses if necessary
to stay a reasonable distance
away from the arc.
READ and obey the Safety Data
Sheet (SDS) and the warning label
that appears on all containers of
welding materials.
USE ENOUGH VENTILATION or
exhaust at the arc, or both, to
keep the fumes and gases from
your breathing zone and the general area.
IN A LARGE ROOM OR OUTDOORS, natural ventilation may be
adequate if you keep your head out of the fumes (See below).
USE NATURAL DRAFTS or fans to keep the fumes away
from your face.
If you develop unusual symptoms, see your supervisor.
Perhaps the welding atmosphere and ventilation system
should be checked.
WEAR CORRECT EYE, EAR &
BODY PROTECTION
PROTECT your eyes and face with welding helmet
properly fitted and with proper grade of filter plate
(See ANSI Z49.1).
PROTECT your body from welding spatter and arc
flash with protective clothing including woolen
clothing, flame-proof apron and gloves, leather
leggings, and high boots.
PROTECT others from splatter, flash, and glare
with protective screens or barriers.
IN SOME AREAS, protection from noise may be appropriate.
BE SURE protective equipment is in good condition.
Also, wear safety glasses in work area
AT ALL TIMES.
SPECIAL SITUATIONS
DO NOT WELD OR CUT containers or materials which previously
had been in contact with hazardous substances unless they are
properly cleaned. This is extremely dangerous.
DO NOT WELD OR CUT painted or plated parts unless special
precautions with ventilation have been taken. They can release
highly toxic fumes or gases.
Additional precautionary measures
PROTECT compressed gas cylinders from excessive heat,
mechanical shocks, and arcs; fasten cylinders so they cannot fall.
BE SURE cylinders are never grounded or part of an
electrical circuit.
REMOVE all potential fire hazards from welding area.
ALWAYS HAVE FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT READY FOR
IMMEDIATE USE AND KNOW HOW TO USE IT.
Safety 01 of 04 - 5/16/2018
SAFETY
SECTION A:
WARNINGS
CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65 WARNINGS
WARNING: Breathing diesel engine exhaust
exposes you to chemicals known to the State
of California to cause cancer and birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
• Always start and operate the engine in a
well-ventilated area.
• If in an exposed area, vent the exhaust to the outside.
• Do not modify or tamper with the exhaust system.
• Do not idle the engine except as necessary.
For more information go to
www.P65 warnings.ca.gov/diesel
WARNING: This product, when used for welding or
cutting, produces fumes or gases which contain
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
birth defects and, in some cases, cancer. (California
Health & Safety Code § 25249.5 et seq.)
WARNING: Cancer and Reproductive Harm
www.P65warnings.ca.gov
ARC WELDING CAN BE HAZARDOUS. PROTECT
YOURSELF AND OTHERS FROM POSSIBLE SERIOUS
INJURY OR DEATH. KEEP CHILDREN AWAY.
PACEMAKER WEARERS SHOULD CONSULT WITH
THEIR DOCTOR BEFORE OPERATING.
Read and understand the following safety highlights. For
additional safety information, it is strongly recommended
that you purchase a copy of “Safety in Welding & Cutting ANSI Standard Z49.1” from the American Welding Society,
P.O. Box 351040, Miami, Florida 33135 or CSA Standard
W117.2-1974. A Free copy of “Arc Welding Safety” booklet
E205 is available from the Lincoln Electric Company,
22801 St. Clair Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44117-1199.
BE SURE THAT ALL INSTALLATION, OPERATION,
MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR PROCEDURES ARE
PERFORMED ONLY BY QUALIFIED INDIVIDUALS.
FOR ENGINE POWERED
EQUIPMENT.
1.a. Turn the engine off before troubleshooting
and maintenance work unless the
maintenance work requires it to be running.
with hot engine parts and igniting. Do not spill fuel when filling
tank. If fuel is spilled, wipe it up and do not start engine until
fumes have been eliminated.
1.d. Keep all equipment safety guards, covers
and devices in position and in good repair.
Keep hands, hair, clothing and tools away
from V-belts, gears, fans and all other
moving parts when starting, operating or
repairing equipment.
1.e. In some cases it may be necessary to remove safety guards to
perform required maintenance. Remove guards only when
necessary and replace them when the maintenance requiring
their removal is complete. Always use the greatest care when
working near moving parts.
1.f. Do not put your hands near the engine fan. Do not attempt to
override the governor or idler by pushing on the throttle control
rods while the engine is running.
1.g. To prevent accidentally starting gasoline engines while turning
the engine or welding generator during maintenance work,
disconnect the spark plug wires, distributor cap or magneto wire
as appropriate.
1.h. To avoid scalding, do not remove the radiator
pressure cap when the engine is hot.
ELECTRIC AND
MAGNETIC FIELDS MAY
BE DANGEROUS
2.a. Electric current flowing through any conductor
causes localized Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF).
Welding current creates EMF fields around welding cables
and welding machines
2.b. EMF fields may interfere with some pacemakers, and
welders having a pacemaker should consult their physician
before welding.
2.c. Exposure to EMF fields in welding may have other health effects
which are now not known.
2.d. All welders should use the following procedures in order to
minimize exposure to EMF fields from the welding circuit:
2.d.1. Route the electrode and work cables together - Secure
them with tape when possible.
2.d.2. Never coil the electrode lead around your body.
2.d.3. Do not place your body between the electrode and work
cables. If the electrode cable is on your right side, the
work cable should also be on your right side.
2.d.4. Connect the work cable to the workpiece as close as possible to the area being welded.
2.d.5. Do not work next to welding power source.
1.b. Operate engines in open, well-ventilated areas or vent the engine
exhaust fumes outdoors.
1.c. Do not add the fuel near an open flame welding
arc or when the engine is running. Stop the
engine and allow it to cool before refueling to
prevent spilled fuel from vaporizing on contact
Safety 02 of 04 - 5/16/2018
SAFETY
ELECTRIC SHOCK
CAN KILL.
ARC RAYS CAN BURN.
3.a. The electrode and work (or ground) circuits are
electrically “hot” when the welder is on. Do
not touch these “hot” parts with your bare skin or wet clothing.
Wear dry, hole-free gloves to insulate hands.
4.a.
Use a shield with the proper filter and cover plates to protect your
eyes from sparks and the rays of the arc when welding or
observing open arc welding. Headshield and filter lens should
conform to ANSI Z87. I standards.
3.b. Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulation.
Make certain the insulation is large enough to cover your full area
of physical contact with work and ground.
4.b.
Use suitable clothing made from durable flame-resistant material
to protect your skin and that of your helpers from the arc rays.
4.c.
Protect other nearby personnel with suitable, non-flammable
screening and/or warn them not to watch the arc nor expose
themselves to the arc rays or to hot spatter or metal.
In addition to the normal safety precautions, if
welding must be performed under electrically
hazardous conditions (in damp locations or while
wearing wet clothing; on metal structures such as
floors, gratings or scaffolds; when in cramped
positions such as sitting, kneeling or lying, if there
is a high risk of unavoidable or accidental contact
with the workpiece or ground) use the following
equipment:
• Semiautomatic DC Constant Voltage (Wire) Welder.
• DC Manual (Stick) Welder.
• AC Welder with Reduced Voltage Control.
3.c. In semiautomatic or automatic wire welding, the electrode,
electrode reel, welding head, nozzle or semiautomatic welding
gun are also electrically “hot”.
3.d. Always be sure the work cable makes a good electrical
connection with the metal being welded. The connection should
be as close as possible to the area being welded.
3.e. Ground the work or metal to be welded to a good electrical (earth)
ground.
3.f. Maintain the electrode holder, work clamp, welding cable and
welding machine in good, safe operating condition. Replace
damaged insulation.
3.g. Never dip the electrode in water for cooling.
3.h. Never simultaneously touch electrically “hot” parts of electrode
holders connected to two welders because voltage between the
two can be the total of the open circuit voltage of both
welders.
3.i. When working above floor level, use a safety belt to protect
yourself from a fall should you get a shock.
3.j. Also see Items 6.c. and 8.
FUMES AND GASES
CAN BE DANGEROUS.
5.a. Welding may produce fumes and gases
hazardous to health. Avoid breathing these
fumes and gases. When welding, keep your head out of the fume.
Use enough ventilation and/or exhaust at the arc to keep fumes
and gases away from the breathing zone. When welding
hardfacing (see instructions on container or SDS)
or on lead or cadmium plated steel and other
metals or coatings which produce highly toxic
fumes, keep exposure as low as possible and
within applicable OSHA PEL and ACGIH TLV limits
using local exhaust or mechanical ventilation
unless exposure assessments indicate otherwise.
In confined spaces or in some circumstances,
outdoors, a respirator may also be required.
Additional precautions are also required when
welding
on galvanized steel.
5. b. The operation of welding fume control equipment is affected by
various factors including proper use and positioning of the
equipment, maintenance of the equipment and the specific
welding procedure and application involved. Worker exposure
level should be checked upon installation and periodically
thereafter to be certain it is within applicable OSHA PEL and
ACGIH TLV limits.
5.c. Do not weld in locations near chlorinated hydrocarbon vapors
coming from degreasing, cleaning or spraying operations. The
heat and rays of the arc can react with solvent vapors to form
phosgene, a highly toxic gas, and other irritating products.
5.d. Shielding gases used for arc welding can displace air and cause
injury or death. Always use enough ventilation, especially in
confined areas, to insure breathing air is safe.
5.e. Read and understand the manufacturer’s instructions for this
equipment and the consumables to be used, including the
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) and follow your employer’s safety
practices. SDS forms are available from your welding
distributor or from the manufacturer.
5.f. Also see item 1.b.
Safety 03 of 04 - 5/16/2018
SAFETY
WELDING AND CUTTING
SPARKS CAN CAUSE
FIRE OR EXPLOSION.
6.a. Remove fire hazards from the welding area. If
this is not possible, cover them to prevent the welding sparks
from starting a fire. Remember that welding sparks and hot
materials from welding can easily go through small cracks and
openings to adjacent areas. Avoid welding near hydraulic lines.
Have a fire extinguisher readily available.
6.b. Where compressed gases are to be used at the job site, special
precautions should be used to prevent hazardous situations.
Refer to “Safety in Welding and Cutting” (ANSI Standard Z49.1)
and the operating information for the equipment being used.
6.c. When not welding, make certain no part of the electrode circuit is
touching the work or ground. Accidental contact can cause
overheating and create a fire hazard.
6.d. Do not heat, cut or weld tanks, drums or containers until the
proper steps have been taken to insure that such procedures
will not cause flammable or toxic vapors from substances inside.
They can cause an explosion even though they have been
“cleaned”. For information, purchase “Recommended Safe
Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of
Containers and Piping That Have Held Hazardous Substances”,
AWS F4.1 from the American Welding Society
(see address above).
6.e. Vent hollow castings or containers before heating, cutting or
welding. They may explode.
6.f. Sparks and spatter are thrown from the welding arc. Wear oil free
protective garments such as leather gloves, heavy shirt, cuffless
trousers, high shoes and a cap over your hair. Wear ear plugs
when welding out of position or in confined places. Always wear
safety glasses with side shields when in a welding area.
6.g. Connect the work cable to the work as close to the welding area
as practical. Work cables connected to the building framework or
other locations away from the welding area increase the
possibility of the welding current passing through lifting chains,
crane cables or other alternate circuits. This can create fire
hazards or overheat lifting chains or cables until they fail.
6.h. Also see item 1.c.
6.I. Read and follow NFPA 51B “Standard for Fire Prevention During
Welding, Cutting and Other Hot Work”, available from NFPA, 1
Batterymarch Park, PO box 9101, Quincy, MA 022690-9101.
6.j. Do not use a welding power source for pipe thawing.
CYLINDER MAY EXPLODE IF
DAMAGED.
7.a. Use only compressed gas cylinders containing
the correct shielding gas for the process used
and properly operating regulators designed for
the gas and pressure used. All hoses, fittings,
etc. should be suitable for the application and
maintained in good condition.
7.b. Always keep cylinders in an upright position securely chained to
an undercarriage or fixed support.
7.c. Cylinders should be located:
•
Away from areas where they may be struck or subjected
to physical damage.
•
A safe distance from arc welding or cutting operations
and any other source of heat, sparks, or flame.
7.d. Never allow the electrode, electrode holder or any other
electrically “hot” parts to touch a cylinder.
7.e. Keep your head and face away from the cylinder valve outlet
when opening the cylinder valve.
7.f. Valve protection caps should always be in place and hand tight
except when the cylinder is in use or connected for use.
7.g. Read and follow the instructions on compressed gas cylinders,
associated equipment, and CGA publication P-l, “Precautions for
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders,” available from
the Compressed Gas Association, 14501 George Carter Way
Chantilly, VA 20151.
FOR ELECTRICALLY
POWERED EQUIPMENT.
8.a. Turn off input power using the disconnect
switch at the fuse box before working on
the equipment.
8.b. Install equipment in accordance with the U.S. National Electrical
Code, all local codes and the manufacturer’s recommendations.
8.c. Ground the equipment in accordance with the U.S. National
Electrical Code and the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Refer to
http://www.lincolnelectric.com/safety
for additional safety information.
Safety 04 of 04 - 5/16/2018
vi
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Installation .......................................................................................................Section A
Technical Specifications ........................................................................................A-1
Welding Process, Physical Dimensions.................................................................A-2
Safety Precautions.................................................................................................A-3
VRD™ (Voltage Reduction Device) ..............................................................................A-3
Select Suitable Location..................................................................................A-3
Lifting...............................................................................................................A-3
Stacking ..........................................................................................................A-3
Environmental Limitations ...............................................................................A-3
Input and Grounding Connections ..................................................................A-3
High Frequency Protection..............................................................................A-3
High Temperature Operation .................................................................................A-3
Input Connection ..................................................................................................A-4
Input Fuse and Supply Wire Considerations .........................................................A-4
Input Voltage Selection..........................................................................................A-4
Cable Connections ................................................................................................A-5
Recommended Electrode and Work Cable for Arc Welding..................................A-6
Output Cable Guidelines .......................................................................................A-6
Control Cable Connections, Paralleling .................................................................A-7
LN-10, DH-10 Control Switch Setup ......................................................................A-8
________________________________________________________________________
Operation .........................................................................................................Section B
Safety Precautions ................................................................................................B-1
Graphic Symbols............................................................................................B-1, B-2
Product Description ..............................................................................................B-2
Duty Cycle .............................................................................................................B-2
Design Features ....................................................................................................B-2
Recommended Processes and Equipment ...........................................................B-3
Case Front Controls...............................................................................................B-4
Case Back Controls ...............................................................................................B-5
Internal Controls ....................................................................................................B-6
Power-Up Sequence..............................................................................................B-7
Common Welding Procedures, Weld Controls and Displays.................B-7 thru B-10
_______________________________________________________________________
Accessories .....................................................................................................Section C
Options / Accessories............................................................................................C-1
________________________________________________________________________
Maintenance ....................................................................................................Section D
Safety Precautions ................................................................................................D-1
Visual Inspection ...................................................................................................D-1
Routine Maintenance ............................................................................................D-1
Periodic Maintenance ............................................................................................D-1
________________________________________________________________________
Section E ..............................................................................................Troubleshooting
How to Use Troubleshooting Guide.......................................................................E-1
Troubleshooting Guide ..........................................................................................E-2
Error Codes....................................................................................................E-3, E-4
________________________________________________________________________
Wiring Diagram and Dimension Print ..............................................................Section F
________________________________________________________________________
Parts List .....................................................................................................P-760 Series
________________________________________________________________________
A-1
A-1
INSTALLATION
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS - FX650
POWER SOURCE-INPUT VOLTAGE AND CURRENT
Model
Duty Cycle
Input Voltage ± 10%
Input Amperes
60% rating
K4051-1
45/40/32
100% rating 380 / 460 / 575 / 3 / 50 / 60
50/44/36
Power Factor @
Rated Output
Idle Power
(W)
230 MAX.( Fan On)
88%
100 MAX. (Fan Off)
RATED OUTPUT
Process
Duty Cycle
Amperes
60%
750
100%
650
60%
750
100%
650
60%
750
100%
650
60%
750
100%
650
60%
750
100%
650
60%
750
100%
650
Volts at Rated Amperes
44V
GMAW (CV)
34V
GTAW (CC)
SMAW (CC)
FCAW-GS (CV)
44V
FCAW-SS (CV)
SAW (CV)
RECOMMENDED INPUT WIRE AND FUSE SIZES (1)
VOLTAGE Maximum
Input
50/60Hz
Amperes
380/3/50
460/3/60
575/3/60
70 A
58 A
46 A
Cord Size(3)
AWG SIZES
(mm)
4(25)
4(25)
6(16)
Type 75°C Copper COPPER GROUNDING
CONDUCTOR
Wire in Conduit
AWG (mm2)
AWG (mm2)
4(25)
6(16)
8 (10)
8 (10)
8 (10)
10 (6)
Fuse (Super Lag) or
Breaker Size (2)
90
80
60
(1) Cord and Fuse Sizes based upon the U.S. National Electric Code and maximum output for 40°C (104°) ambient.
(2) Also called “inverse time” or “thermal/magnetic” circuit breakers; circuit breakers that have a delay in tripping action that decreases as the
magnitude of current increases.
(3) Type SJ cord or similar in 30°C ambient.
FX650
A-2
A-2
INSTALLATION
WELDING PROCESS
PROCESS
OUTPUT RANGE (AMPERES)
OCV (Uo)
OCV (Ur)
GMAW (CV)
GTAW (CC)
SMAW (CC)
FCAW-GS (CV)
FCAW-SS (CV)
SAW (CV)
40-800
10-800
15-800
40-800
40-800
40-800
60
24
60
60
60
60
--15
15
-------
PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS
HEIGHT
WIDTH
DEPTH
WEIGHT
21.8 in (554 mm)
16.14 in (410 mm)
29.33 in (745 mm)
165lbs (74.8kg)*
TEMPERATURE RANGES
STORAGE TEMPERATURE RANGE
OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE
Environmentally Hardened: 14°F to 131°F (-10°C to 55°C**) Environmentally Hardened: -40°F to 185°F (-40°C to 85°C)
IP23 180º(H) Insulation Class
* Weight does not include input cord.
** Power Source is de-rated at temperatures above 40C.
AUXILIARY RECONNECT INPUT RANGES
"A" LEAD
POSITION
VAC INPUT
LIMITS (VOLTS)
VRD
Disabled
VRD
Enabled
380 Volt
Reconnect
Low Limit
High Limit
340 Vac
420 Vac
340 Vac
455 Vac
460 Volt
Reconnect
Low Limit
High Limit
390 Vac
505 Vac
390 Vac
520 Vac
575 Volt
Reconnect
Low Limit
High Limit
485 Vac
620 Vac
485 Vac
655 Vac
FX650
A-3
A-3
INSTALLATION
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
LIFTING
The FX650 has 2 lifting eyelets that can be used to lift
the machine. Both eyelets should be used when lifting
the FX650.
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
ONLY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL
SHOULD PERFORM THIS INSTALLATION.
• TURN OFF INPUT POWER TO THE POWER
SOURCE AT THE DISCONNECT SWITCH OR
FUSE BOX BEFORE WORKING ON THIS
EQUIPMENT. TURN OFF THE INPUT POWER
TO ANY OTHER EQUIPMENT CONNECTED TO
THE WELDING SYSTEM AT THE DISCONNECT
SWITCH OR FUSE BOX BEFORE WORKING ON
THE EQUIPMENT.
Do not attempt to lift the FX650 with accessories
attached to it.
• DO NOT TOUCH ELECTRICALLY HOT PARTS.
• ALWAYS CONNECT THE FX650 GROUNDING
LUG (LOCATED INSIDE THE RECONNECT
INPUT ACCESS DOOR) TO A PROPER SAFETY
(EARTH) GROUND.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
ronment. The FX650 should not be subjected to falling
water during use nor should any parts of it be submerged in water. Doing so may cause improper operation as well as pose a safety hazard. The best practice is to keep the machine in a dry, sheltered area.
STACKING
Multiple FX650’s cannot be stacked.
ENVIRONMENTAL LIMITATIONS
The FX650 is IP23 rated for use in an outdoor envi-
CAUTION
VRD™ (VOLTAGE REDUCTION DEVICE)
The VRD™ feature provides additional safety in the CCStick mode. The VRD™ reduces the OCV (Open Circuit
Voltage) at the welding output terminals while not welding to
less than 35VDC peak.
The VRD™ requires that the welding cable connections be
kept in good electrical condition because poor connections
will contribute to poor starting. Having good electrical connections also limits the possibility of other safety issues
such as heat-generated damage, burns and fires.
The machine is shipped with VRD™ “Disabled”. The VRD™
function can be disabled or enabled via dip switches on the
control P.C. board. Dip switch setting will differ depending
on input voltage.
The control board and dip switches can be accessed by
removing the case top and side as shown in the Operation
Section figure B.3.
SELECT SUITABLE LOCATION
LOCATION AND VENTILATION FOR COOLING
Place the welder where clean cooling air can freely
circulate in through the rear louvers and out through
the case sides. Dirt, dust, or any foreign material that
can be drawn into the welder should be kept at a minimum. Failure to observe these precautions can result
in excessive operating temperatures and nuisance
shutdowns.
Do not mount the FX650 over combustible surfaces. Where there is a combustible surface
directly under stationary or fixed electrical equipment, that surface shall be covered with a steel
plate at least .060” (1.6mm) thick, which shall
extend not less than 5.90” (150mm) beyond the
equipment on all sides.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
INPUT AND GROUNDING CONNECTIONS
MACHINE GROUNDING
The frame of the welder must be grounded.
A ground terminal marked with the symbol
shown is located inside the reconnect/input connection area for this purpose. See your local and national
electrical codes for proper grounding methods.
HIGH FREQUENCY PROTECTION
Locate the FX650 away from radio controlled machinery. The normal operation of the FX650 may adversely affect the operation of RF controlled equipment,
which may result in bodily injury or damage to the
equipment.
TILTING
Place the machine directly on a secure, level surface
or on a recommended undercarriage. The machine
may topple over if this procedure is not followed.
FX650
A-4
A-4
INSTALLATION
INPUT FUSE AND
CONSIDERATIONS
HIGH TEMPERATURE OPERATION
WELDER OUTPUT RATINGS AT 55°C
ELEVATED TEMPERATURES
AMPS DUTY CYCLE
600
100%
650
50%
750
30%
VOLTS TEMPERATURES
44V
55°C
WARNING
SUPPLY
WIRE
Refer to Specification in this Installation Section for
recommended fuse, wire sizes and type of the copper
wires. Fuse the input circuit with the recommended
super lag fuse or delay type breakers (also called
"inverse time" or "thermal/magnetic" circuit breakers).
Choose input and grounding wire size according to
local or national electrical codes. Using input wire
sizes, fuses or circuit breakers smaller than recommended may result in "nuisance" shut-offs from
welder inrush currents, even if the machine is not
being used at high currents.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
INPUT VOLTAGE SELECTION
Only a qualified electrician should
connect the input leads to the fx650.
Connections should be made in
accordance with all local and national electrical
codes and the connection diagram located on
the inside of the reconnect/input access door
of the machine. Failure to do so may result in
bodily injury or death.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
INPUT CONNECTION
(See Figure A.1)
Use a three-phase supply line. A 1.75 inch (45 mm)
diameter access hole for the input supply is located on
the case back. Remove the reconnect access panel
located on the case back and connect W, V, U and
ground according to the Input Supply Connection
Diagram decal.
Welders are shipped connected for 460 Volt input
voltage. To move this connection to a different input
voltage, see Figure A.1 which is illustrated below.
Refer to Auxiliary Reconnect Input Ranges table in
the Technical Specification Section. If the Auxiliary
lead (indicated as ‘A’) is placed in the wrong position
and power is applied to the machine, the machine will
protect itself and display an error message:
• "Err" "713 or 714" will be shown on the display.
• The control board and switch boards will blink out
error 713 or 714 on their status leds.
• The weld output will be turned off and the control
board will force itself into an idle state.
• The machine will need to have the misconnect
condition removed before it will recover. Power
must be removed prior to changing reconnect position.
FIGURE A.1
FX650
A-5
INSTALLATION
CABLE CONNECTIONS
See FIGURE A.2 for locating 3-pin and 14-pin connectors on the front of the FX650.
6-PIN REMOTE CONTROL CONNECTOR
Function
3-pin remote
control connector for
remote.
Wiring
Pin
A 75 Remote potentiometer, common
B 76 Remote potentiometer, wiper
C 77 Remote potentiometer, 10K
14-PIN CONNECTOR FOR WIRE FEEDER
Function
14 pin connector for
wire feeder
connectivity.
Pin
Wiring
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
115 VAC
Ground
Trigger, Common
Trigger input
77 Remote potentiometer, 10K
76 Remote potentiometer, wiper
75 Remote potentiometer, common
Voltage Sense (21)
Motor (42 VAC)
115 VAC
Motor (42 VAC)
FIGURE A.2
FX650
A-5
A-6
A-6
INSTALLATION
RECOMMENDED ELECTRODE AND
WORK CABLE SIZES FOR ARC WELDING
The following recommendations apply to all output
polarities and weld modes:
General Guidelines
Connect the electrode and work cables between the
appropriate output studs of the FX650 per the following guidelines:
• Select the appropriate size cables per the
“Output Cable Guidelines” (See Table A.1).
Excessive voltage drops caused by undersized
welding cables and poor connections often result in
unsatisfactory welding performance. Always use the
largest welding cables (electrode and work) that are
practical, and be sure all connections are clean and
tight.
• Most welding applications run with the electrode
being positive (+). For those applications, connect
the electrode cable between the wire drive feed
plate and the positive (+) output stud on the power
source. Connect a work lead from the negative (-)
power source output stud to the work piece.
• When negative electrode polarity is required, such
as in some Innershield applications, reverse the output connections at the power source (electrode
cable to the negative (-) stud, and work cable to the
positive (+) stud).
Note: Excessive heat in the weld circuit indicates
undersized cables and/or bad connections.
• Route all cables directly to the work and wire
feeder, avoid excessive lengths and do not coil
excess cable. Route the electrode and work cables
in close proximity to one another to minimize the
loop area and therefore the inductance of the weld
circuit.
• Always weld in a direction away from the work
(ground) connection.
TABLE A.1
OUTPUT CABLE GUIDELINES
AMPERES PERCENT
DUTY
CYCLE
200
200
250
250
250
250
300
300
350
400
400
500
600
600
600
650
650
700
800
800
60
100
30
40
60
100
60
100
40
60
100
60
60
80
100
60
80
100
80
100
CABLE SIZES FOR COMBINED LENGTHS OF ELECTRODE AND WORK CABLES
(RUBBER COVERED COPPER - RATED 167°F or 75°C)**
0 to 50Ft.
(0 to15m)
50 to 100Ft.
(15 to 30m)
100 to 150 Ft.
(30 to 46m)
150 to 200 Ft.
(46 to 61m)
200 to 250 Ft.
(61 to 76m)
2
2
3
2
1
1
1
2/0
1/0
2/0
3/0
2/0
3/0
2-1/0
2-1/0
3/0
2-1/0
2-2/0
3-1/0
2-3/0
2
2
3
2
1
1
1
2/0
1/0
2/0
3/0
2/0
3/0
2-1/0
2-1/0
3/0
2-1/0
2-2/0
3-1/0
2-3/0
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
2/0
2/0
2/0
3/0
3/0
3/0
2-1/0
2-1/0
4/0
2-1/0
2-3/0
3-1/0
2-3/0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1/0
2/0
2/0
3/0
3/0
3/0
4/0
2-2/0
2-2/0
2-2/0
2-2/0
2-3/0
2-3/0
2-3/0
1/0
1/0
1/0
1/0
1/0
1/0
2/0
3/0
3/0
4/0
4/0
4/0
2-3/0
2-3/0
2-3/0
2-3/0
2-3/0
2-4/0
2-4/0
2-4/0
** Tabled values are for operation at ambient temperatures of 104°F(40°C) and below. Applications above 104°F(40°C) may require cables
larger than recommended, or cables rated higher than 167°F(75°C).
FX650
A-7
INSTALLATION
CONTROL CABLE CONNECTIONS
General Guidelines
Genuine Lincoln control cables should be used at all
times (except where noted otherwise). Lincoln cables
are specifically designed for the communication and
power needs of the FX650. Most are designed to be
connected end to end for ease of extension.
Generally, it is recommended that the total length not
exceed 100 feet (30.5 m). The use of non-standard
cables, especially in lengths greater than 25 feet, can
lead to communication problems (system shutdowns),
poor motor acceleration (poor arc starting), and low
wire driving force (wire feeding problems). Always use
the shortest length of control cable possible, and DO
NOT coil excess cable.
A-7
Regarding cable placement, best results will be
obtained when control cables are routed separate
from the weld cables. This minimizes the possibility of
interference between the high currents flowing
through the weld cables, and the low level signals in
the control cables.
PARALLELING
FX650 power sources may be paralleled for increased
output requirements. No kit is required for paralleling
of FX650 power sources. The FX650 can only be paralleled for constant current processes (mode switch
must be in the SMAW position). Connect the power
sources as shown, and set the output control of each
power source to one half of the desired arc current.
(See Figure A.3)
FIGURE A.3
FX650
A-8
A-8
INSTALLATION
LN-10,DH-10 CONTROL SWITCH
SETUP
Initial set up of the LN-10, DH-10 control for the system components being used and for general operator
preferences is done using a pair of 8-pole DIP switches located inside the LN-10, DH-10 control box.
Setting the DIP Switches
The DIP switches are each labeled with an “ON”
arrow showing the on direction for each of the 8 individual switches in each DIP switch (S1 and S2). The
functions of these switches are also labeled and set
as described below:
Setup DIP Switch Access
1) Shut off the input power to the LN-10, DH-10 control by turning off the power at the welding power
source it is connected to.
ON
S1
2) Remove the two screws on the top of the LN-10,
DH-10 control box door and swing the door down
to open.
3) Locate the two 8-pole DIP switches, near the top
left corner of the LN-10, DH-10 Control P.C. board,
labeled S1 and S2.
4) Switch settings are only programmed during input
power-up restoration.
FX650
1
2
3
4
Pwr Sources
Head
Pwr Sources
5
6
7
8
S1
ON
S1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
S1
B-1
B-1
OPERATION
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
GRAPHIC SYMBOLS THAT
Read this entire section of operating instructions
APPEAR ON THIS MACHINE
before operating the machine.
OR IN THIS MANUAL
WARNING
INPUT POWER
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
• Unless using cold feed feature, when
feeding with gun trigger, the
electrode and drive mechanism are
always electrically energized and
could remain energized several
seconds after the welding ceases.
• Do not touch electrically live parts or electrodes
with your skin or wet clothing.
ON
OFF
HIGH TEMPERATURE
• Insulate yourself from the work and ground.
• Always wear dry insulating gloves.
CIRCUIT BREAKER
FUMES AND GASES can be
dangerous.
WIRE FEEDER
• Keep your head out of fumes.
• Use ventilation or exhaust to remove
fumes from breathing zone.
WELDING SPARKS can cause
fire or explosion.
POSITIVE OUTPUT
NEGATIVE OUTPUT
• Keep flammable material away.
• Do not weld on containers that have
held combustibles.
3 PHASE INVERTER
ARC RAYS can burn.
INPUT POWER
• Wear eye, ear, and body protection.
THREE PHASE
Observe additional guidelines detailed in the
beginning of this manual.
DIRECT CURRENT
FX650
B-2
B-2
OPERATION
GRAPHIC SYMBOLS THAT The FX650 is designed for the North America and
export markets and operates on 3 phase 380V, 460V,
APPEAR ON THIS MACHINE or 575V 50hz or 60hz power.
OR IN THIS MANUAL
DUTY CYCLE
Ur
REDUCED OPEN
CIRCUIT VOLTAGE
U0
OPEN CIRCUIT
VOLTAGE
U1
INPUT VOLTAGE
U2
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
I1
INPUT CURRENT
I2
OUTPUT CURRENT
The FX650 is capable of welding at a 100% duty cycle
(continuous welding) at 650 amps rated output. The
60% duty cycle rating is 750 amps (based off of a ten
minute cycle – 6 minutes on time and 4 minutes off
time). The maximum output of the machine is 815
amps.
The FX650 is also rated for Desert Duty, elevated
temperature operation, in a 55°C ambient. The
machine is de-rated for this application. (See Table in
the Installation Section.
DESIGN FEATURES
PROTECTIVE
GROUND
WARNING or CAUTION
Explosion
Dangerous Voltage
Shock Hazard
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The FX650 is a multi-process CC/CV DC inverter and
is rated for 650 amps, 44 volts at a 100% duty cycle.
The FX650 is intended for both factory and field operation. It comes in a compact, rugged case that is
designed for portability and outdoor use with an IP23
environmental rating. The user interface of the FX650
is simple and intuitive. Weld modes are selected via a
5 position selector switch. Volts and Amps are displayed on an easy to view LED display, and the amps
and volts are set via a large output control knob. A hot
start and an arc control knob allow for finer tuning of
the welding arc for the application.
• Severe Duty Design for outdoor use (IP23 rating)
• Passive Power Factor Correction – reliably gives
88% power factor for lower installation costs.
• 91% Efficiency rating – reduces electrical utility
costs.
• Simple user interface - user interface is designed
with the operator in mind. Getting setup for the weld
is several clicks away and even the most novice
welder can be confident he is setup properly.
• F.A.N. (fan as needed). Cooling fan runs when the
output is energized and for a 5 minute cool down
period after output is disabled
• Thermal protection by thermostats with Thermal
Indicator LED.
• Reversible handles for ease of lifting and transporting
• Multiple options for lifting / transporting: Reversible
handles; eyelet lifting bolts; and single forklift fork
access
• Error Codes display on LED screen for ease of trouble shooting
• Electronic over current protection.
• Input voltage mis-connection protection.
• Utilizes digital signal processing and microprocessor
control.
• VRD™ (Voltage Reduction Device)- Enable this
function for reduced OCV in CC modes for added
safety.
FX650
B-3
OPERATION
RECOMMENDED PROCESSES AND
EQUIPMENT
RECOMMENDED PROCESSES
The FX650 is designed for CC-SMAW, CC-GTAW
(lift tig), CV-GMAW, CV-FCAW-SS, CV-FCAW-GS
and CV-SAW welding processes. CAG (arc gouging)
is also supported.
PROCESS LIMITATIONS
The FX650 is suitable only for the processes listed.
EQUIPMENT LIMITATIONS
Operating Temperature Range is -10° C to + 55° C.
Output De-rated at Temperatures above 40°C.
FX650
B-3
B-4
OPERATION
CASE FRONT CONTROL DESCRIPTIONS
B-4
8. Local/Remote Selector Toggle Switch: Sets the
control of the output to local or remote.
(See Figure B.1)
1. Power Switch: Controls input power to the
FX650.
9. Arc Force Control Dial
10. Weld Terminals On/Remote selector switch.
2. Voltage Display Meter
11. 14 pin wire feeder circular connector.
3. Amperage Display Meter
12. 115V or 42V wire feeder selector switch.
4. Thermal LED: A yellow light that comes on
when an over temperature situation occurs.
Output is disabled until the machine cools
down. When cool, the light goes out and output
is enabled.
13. Circuit breaker reset buttons for the 14 pin
wire feeder connector.
14. 3 pin remote circular connector.
5. Weld Process Selector Switch: A rotary switch
that toggles through the five available weld
modes for the FX650 – CC-SMAW; CC-GTAW;
CV; CV-Innershield; CV-SAW.
15. Positive and negative welding output studs.
6. Hot Start Control Dial
17. VRD™ (Voltage Reduction Device) Indicator
Lights
16. Wire Feeder Voltmeter Polarity Selection
Switch.
7. Output Control Dial: Sets the output current or
voltage for the selected weld process.
FIGURE B.1
FX650
B-5
OPERATION
CASE BACK CONTROLS
(See Figure B.2)
1. Input Power Cord Access Hole.
2. Access Panel – Allows access for connecting
input power and configuring the machine.
3. Input Power Reconnect – Configures the
machine for the input supply voltage.
4. OPTION – GFCI protection for the 115V auxiliary
output.
5. 115 volt, 15 amp auxiliary output duplex with
protective environmental cover.
6. 15 Amp Circuit Breaker for the 115V auxiliary
power.
FIGURE B.2
FX650
B-5
B-6
OPERATION
INTERNAL CONTROLS - ENABLING VRD™
B-6
To Enter VRD™ Mode (VRD™ Enabled)
a. For 380V input: Switch #5 in the “ON”
Position.
Internal Controls Description
The Control PC Board has one bank of Dip Switches.
As shipped from the factory VRD™ mode is disabled
and the Dip Switches are all in the “off” position. For
proper operation ensure that the ”A” lead is connected
properly according to the Auxiliary Reconnect Input
Ranges table see Technical Specification Section.
b. For 460V input: Switch #6 in the “ON”
Position.
c. For 575V input: Switch #5 and #6 in the
“ON” Position
FIGURE B.3
FX650
B-7
OPERATION
B-7
POWER-UP SEQUENCE
WELD CONTROLS AND DISPLAYS
When power is applied to the FX650, the displays will
illuminate and display the voltage and/or amperage
settings.
Weld Process Selector Switch
5 Position switch used to select the welding process.
COMMON WELDING PROCEDURES
WARNING
MAKING A WELD
The serviceability of a product or structure utilizing the welding programs is and must be the sole
responsibility of the builder/user. Many variables
beyond the control of the Manufacturer affect the
results obtained in applying these programs.
These variables include, but are not limited to,
welding procedure, plate chemistry and temperature, weldment design, fabrication methods and
service requirements. The available range of a
welding program may not be suitable for all applications, and the build/user is and must be solely
responsible for welding program selection.
The FX650 is a multi-process inverter welder. The
Weld Process Selector Switch is used to set the
desired weld mode. The FX650 has 5 selectable
welding modes:
1. SMAW – This is a CC (constant current) weld
mode used for the SMAW stick welding process.
2. GTAW – This is a CC (constant current) weld
mode used for the GTAW TIG welding process.
3. CV – This is CV (constant voltage) weld mode used
for welding the GMAW MIG welding process and
the FCAW-GS flux cored gas shielded welding
process.
4. CV-Innershield – This is a CV (constant voltage)
weld mode used for welding the FCAW-SS, flux
cored self shielded welding process.
5. CV-SAW – This is a CV (constant voltage) weld
mode used for welding the SAW submerged arc
welding process
The FX650 is also capable of gouging. Gouging can
be done in either the SMAW mode or the CV and CVInnershield modes.
In addition to the weld process selector switch, a hot
start control dial, output control dial and arc control dial
are provided to setup and fine tune the welding procedure.
Hot Start Control Dial
• The Hot Start control regulates the starting current at
arc initiation. Hot Start can be set to “0” and no additional current is added at arc start. Increasing from 0
to 10 will increase the additional current (relative to
the preset current) that is added at arc initiation.
Arc Control Dial
• Full range selection of arc control from -10 to +10.
In CV mode, this control is an inductance control. In
stick mode, the control adjusts the arc force.
Output Control Dial
• Output control is conducted via a single turn potentiometer.
• Adjustment is indicated by the meters.
• When in REMOTE modes, this control sets the maximum welding current. Full depression of a foot or
hand amptrol results in the preset level of current.
Voltage Display Meter
• Prior to CV operation (current flow), the meter displays desired preset voltage value (+/- .5V).
• Prior to STICK or TIG operation, the meter displays
the Open Circuit Voltage of the Power Source or
three dashes if the output has not been turned on.
• During welding, this meter displays actual average
volts.
• After welding, the meter holds the actual voltage
value for 5 seconds. The displays blink indicating that
the machine is in the "Hold" period.
• Output adjustment while in the "Hold" period results
in the "prior to operation" characteristics.
Amperage Display Meter
• Prior to STICK or TIG operation (current flow), the
meter displays preset current value (either 2 amps or
+/- 3% (e.g. 3 amps on 100), whichever is greater).
• Prior to CV operation, the meter displays three dashes indicating non-presettable AMPS.
• During welding, this meter displays actual average
amps.
• After welding, the meter holds the actual current
value for 5 seconds. The displays blink indicating that
the machine is in the "Hold" period.
• Output adjustment while in the "Hold" period results
in the "prior to operation" characteristics.
FX650
B-8
B-8
OPERATION
Weld Terminals On/Remote Toggle Switch
• This switch determines the trigger location.
• When set to the “ON” position, the weld terminals
are at OCV (open circuit voltage) and ready to weld.
• When set to the “REMOTE” position, output is
enabled through a remote trigger.
Control - Local/Remote Toggle Switch
• Set the switch to “LOCAL” to control output at the
FX650 via the Output Control dial.
• Set the switch to “REMOTE” to control output via a
remote device connected to the 3-pin remote connector or a wire feeder connected to the 14-pin connector.
Wire Feeder Selector Switch
• This switch configures wire feeder supply voltage in
the 14 pin connector to either 42 volt or 115 volt.
• If the switch is in the incorrect position for the
attached wire feeder, there will be no power supplied to the wire feeder.
Wire Feeder Voltmeter Polarity Switch
• The switch provides a work connection for wire
feeder voltmeters. Place the switch in the position of
the electrode polarity indicated by the decal. The
switch does not change the welding polarity.
Thermal Light
• This status light indicates when the power source
has been driven into thermal overload. If the output
terminals were "ON", the output will be turned back
on once the unit cools down to an acceptable temperature level. If the unit was operating in the
"REMOTE" mode, the trigger will need to be opened
before or after the thermal has cleared and closed
after the machine has cooled down to an acceptable
temperature to establish output.
VRD™ (VOLTAGE REDUCTION DEVICE)
INDICATOR LIGHT
There are 2 indicator lights on the case front of the
FX650 above the Voltage LED Display to indicate the
status of VRD™ operation. As shipped, the VRD™
function is disabled. VRD™ is enabled by setting dip
switches on the Control P.C. board (See Internal
Controls Figure B.3 in this Operation Section). When
VRD™ is active:
• A green light indicates the OCV (open circuit voltage) is less than 35V peak.
• A red light indicates the OCV is at or above 35V
peak.
• Both lights will illuminate for 5 seconds at power up.
For each weld mode, the VRD™ lights function as
shown in Table B.1:
BASIC MODES OF OPERATION
SMAW
This weld mode is a constant current (CC) mode featuring continuous control from 15 – 815 amps. It is intended for the
SMAW stick welding processes and arc gouging.
Output Control Local/Remote – When the control is set to
“LOCAL” (no remote potentiometer/control plugged into the 3
pin or 14 pin connectors), the output is controlled through the
Output Control Dial on the front of the FX650. Set this switch to
“REMOTE” when an external potentiometer/control is connected.
• When a remote potentiometer is connected, the output control on the FX650 and the remote act as a master/slave configuration. Use the control dial on the FX650 to set the maximum welding current. The remote will control output from
minimum to the pre-set maximum.
TABLE B.1
Mode
CC-SMAW
CC-GTAW
CV-GAS
CV-Innershield
CV-SAW
OCV
While welding
OCV
While welding
VRD™ Indicator Lights
VRD™ “ON”
Green (OCV reduced)
Green or Red (depends on weld voltage)*
Red (OCV Not Reduced)
Weld Terminals ‘ON’
Red (OCV Not Reduced)
Weld Terminals Remotely Controlled
Gun Trigger Closed
Green (NO OCV)
Weld Terminals Remotely Controlled
Gun Trigger Open
Green or Red (depends on weld voltage)*
* It is normal for the lights to alternate between colors while welding.
FX650
VRD™ “OFF”
No lights are
active
B-9
OPERATION
Hot Start - The Hot Start control regulates the starting current
at arc initiation. Hot Start can be set to “0” and no additional
current is added at arc start. Increasing from 0 to 10 will
increase the additional current (relative to the preset current)
that is added at arc initiation.
Arc Control - The Arc Control regulates the Arc Force to adjust
the short circuit current. The minimum setting (-10) will produce
a "soft" arc and will produce minimal spatter. The maximum setting (+10) will produce a "crisp" arc and will minimize electrode
sticking.
Weld Terminals On/Remote – Set to “ON” and the machine is
in the ready to weld state.
Voltage Display Meter – This display will display three dashed
lines when the machine is in the idle state. This indicates that
voltage is not settable in this weld mode. While output is
enabled, the actual welding voltage will be displayed. After
welding, the meter holds the actual voltage value for 5 seconds. Output adjustment while in the "hold" period results in the
"prior to operation" characteristics stated above. The displays
blink indicating that the machine is in the "hold" period.
GTAW
This weld mode is a constant current (CC) mode featuring continuous control from 10 – 815 amps. It is intended for the
GTAW tig welding processes.
Hot Start - Hot start regulates the arc initiation current. A setting of +10 results in the most positive arc initiation.
Arc Control – This control is not used in the GTAW mode.
Weld Terminals On/Remote
• When set to the “ON” position, the weld terminals are at
OCV (open circuit voltage) and ready to weld.
• When set to the “remote” position, output is enabled through
a remote trigger.
Voltage Display Meter – This display will display three dashed
lines when the machine is in the idle state. This indicates that
voltage is not settable in this weld mode. While output is
enabled, the actual welding voltage will be displayed. After
welding, the meter holds the actual voltage value for 5 seconds. Output adjustment while in the "hold" period results in the
"prior to operation" characteristics stated above. The displays
blink indicating that the machine is in the "hold" period.
Amperage Display Meter – This display will display the preset welding current when the machine is in the idle state. After
welding, the meter holds the actual amperage value for 5 seconds. Output adjustment while in the "hold" period results in the
"prior to operation" characteristics stated above. The displays
blink indicating that the machine is in the "hold" period.
B-9
Output Control Local/Remote – When the control is set to
“LOCAL” (no remote potentiometer/control plugged into the 3
pin or 14 pin connectors), the output is controlled through the
Output Control Dial on the front of the FX650. Set this switch to
“REMOTE” when an external potentiometer/control is connected.
• When a remote potentiometer is connected, the output control on the FX650 and the remote act as a master/slave configuration. Use the control dial on the FX650 to set the maximum welding current. The remote will control output from
minimum to the pre-set maximum.
Output Control Dial
• When the Local/Remote is set to “LOCAL”, this dial sets the
welding amperage.
• When the Local/Remote is set to “REMOTE”, this dial sets
the maximum welding amperage. The remote potentiometer
controls the amperage from minimum to this pre-set maximum.
CV-Gas
This weld mode is a constant voltage (CV) mode featuring continuous control from 10 to 45 volts. It is intended for the
GMAW, FCAW-GS, MCAW welding processes and arc gouging.
Hot Start – Rotate from the “0” position to the “10” position to
provide more energy during the start of a weld.
Arc Control – The Arc Control regulates pinch effect. At the
minimum setting (-10), minimizes pinch and results in a soft
arc. Low pinch settings are preferable for welding with gas
mixes containing mostly inert gases. At the maximum setting
(+10), maximizes pinch effect and results in a crisp arc. High
pinch settings are preferable for welding FCAW and GMAW
with CO2.
Weld Terminals On/Remote
• When set to the “ON” position, the weld terminals are at
OCV (open circuit voltage) and ready to weld. This selection
is used for across the arc wire feeders.
• When set to the “REMOTE” position, output is enabled
through a remote trigger.
Amperage Display Meter – This display will display
three dashed lines when the machine is in the idle
state. This indicates that amperage is not settable in this weld
mode. While output is enabled, the actual welding amperage
will be displayed. After welding, the meter holds the actual
amperage value for 5 seconds. Output adjustment while in the
"hold" period results in the "prior to operation" characteristics
stated above. The displays blink indicating that the machine is
in the "hold" period.
Voltage Display Meter – This display will display the pre-set
FX650
B-10
OPERATION
welding voltage when the machine is in the idle state. After
welding, the meter holds the actual voltage value for 5 seconds.
Output adjustment while in the "hold" period results in the "prior
to operation" characteristics stated above. The displays blink
indicating that the machine is in the "hold" period.
Output Control Local/Remote – When the control is set to
“LOCAL” (no remote potentiometer/control plugged into the 3
pin or 14 pin connectors), the output is controlled through the
Output Control Dial on the front of the FX650. Set this switch
to “REMOTE” when an external potentiometer/control is connected.
Output Control Dial
• When the Local/Remote is set to “LOCAL”, this dial sets the
welding voltage.
• When the Local/Remote is set to “REMOTE”, this dial is disabled.
B-10
“LOCAL” (no remote potentiometer/control plugged into the 3 pin
or 14 pin connectors), the output is controlled through the Output
Control Dial on the front of the FX650. Set this switch to
“REMOTE” when an external potentiometer/control is connected.
Output Control Dial
• When the Local/Remote is set to “LOCAL”, this dial sets the
welding voltage.
• When the Local/Remote is set to “REMOTE”, this dial is disabled.
CV-SAW
This weld mode is a constant voltage (CV) mode featuring continuous control from 10 to 45 volts. It is intended for the CVSAW submerged arc welding process.
Hot Start – Not used for this welding process.
Arc Control – Not used for this welding process .
CV-Innershield
This weld mode is a constant voltage (CV) mode featuring continuous control from 10 to 45 volts. It is intended for the FCAWSS welding process and arc gouging.
Hot Start – Toggle from the “0” position to the “10” position to
provide more energy during the start of a weld.
Arc Control – The Arc Control regulates pinch effect. At the
minimum setting (-10), minimizes pinch and results in a soft
arc. At the maximum setting (+10), maximizes pinch effect and
results in a crisp arc.
Weld Terminals On/Remote
• When set to the “ON” position, the weld terminals are at
OCV (open circuit voltage) and ready to weld. This selection
is used for across the arc wire feeders.
• When set to the “REMOTE” position, output is enabled
through a remote trigger.
Amperage Display Meter – This display will display three
dashed lines when the machine is in the idle state. This indicates that amperage is not settable in this weld mode. While
output is enabled, the actual welding amperage will be displayed. After welding, the meter holds the actual amperage
value for 5 seconds. Output adjustment while in the "hold" period results in the "prior to operation" characteristics stated
above. The displays blink indicating that the machine is in the
"hold" period.
Voltage Display Meter – This display will display the pre-set
welding voltage when the machine is in the idle state. After
welding, the meter holds the actual voltage value for 5 seconds. Output adjustment while in the "hold" period results in the
"prior to operation" characteristics stated above. The displays
blink indicating that the machine is in the "hold" period.
Weld Terminals On/Remote
• When set to the “ON” position, the weld terminals are at
OCV (open circuit voltage) and ready to weld. This selection
is used for across the arc wire feeders.
• When set to the “REMOTE” position, output is enabled
through a remote trigger.
Amperage Display Meter – This display will display three
dashed lines when the machine is in the idle state. This indicates that amperage is not settable in this weld mode. While
output is enabled, the actual welding amperage will be displayed. After welding, the meter holds the actual amperage
value for 5 seconds. Output adjustment while in the "hold" period results in the "prior to operation" characteristics stated
above. The displays blink indicating that the machine is in the
"hold" period.
Voltage Display Meter – This display will display the pre-set
welding voltage when the machine is in the idle state. After
welding, the meter holds the actual voltage value for 5 seconds. Output adjustment while in the "hold" period results in the
"prior to operation" characteristics stated above. The displays
blink indicating that the machine is in the "hold" period.
Output Control Local/Remote – When the control is set to
“LOCAL” (no remote potentiometer/control plugged into the 3
pin or 14 pin connectors), the output is controlled through the
Output Control Dial on the front of the FX650. Set this switch
to “REMOTE” when an external potentiometer/control is connected.
Output Control Dial
• When the Local/Remote is set to “LOCAL”, this dial
sets the welding voltage.
• When the Local/Remote is set to “REMOTE”, this dial
is disabled.
Output Control Local/Remote – When the control is set to
FX650
C-1
ACCESSORIES
OPTIONS / ACCESSORIES
General Options
K2149-1 Work Lead Package.
K1842-10 10ft. Weld Power Cable (Lug to Lug).
GFCI KIT - Order K3157-1
Dual Cylinder Inverter and Wire
Feeder Cart - Rear-wheeled cart
with front casters and dual gas bottle platform. Convenient handles
allow for easy cable storage. Small
footprint fits through 30in. (762 mm)
door. Can be used with dual head
wire feeders.
Order K3059-3
Inverter and Wire Feeder Cart
Rear-wheeled cart with front casters
and gas bottle platform. Convenient
handles allow for easy cable storage. Small footprint fits through 30
in. (762 mm) door. Not intended for
use with double head wire feeders.
Order K3059-1
Fume Extracting Systems
Accessory Kit For stick welding. Includes 35 ft. (10.7 m) 2/0
electrode cable with lug, 30 ft.
(9.1 m) 2/0 work cable with lugs,
headshield, filter plate, cover
plate, work clamp and electrode
holder. 400 amp capacity. Order
K704
TIG Options
Pro-Torch™ TIG Torches – PTA9, PTA-17, PTA-26 – 2 piece
power cord.
FX650
C-1
D-1
MAINTENANCE
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
D-1
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
• Only Qualified personnel should
perform this maintenance.
• Turn the input power OFF at the
disconnect switch or fuse box before
working on this equipment.
• Do not touch electrically hot parts.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
See additional warning information
throughout this Operator’s Manual
-----------------------------------------------------------
Thermal Protection
Thermostats protect the machine from excessive
operating temperatures. Excessive temperatures may
be caused by a lack of cooling air or operating the
machine beyond the duty cycle and output rating. If
excessive operating temperature should occur, the
thermostat will prevent output voltage or current. The
meter will remain energized during this time.
Thermostats are self-resetting once the machine cools
sufficiently. If the thermostat shutdown was caused by
excessive output or duty cycle and the fan is operating
normally, the Power Switch may be left on and the
reset should occur within a 15 minute period.
VISUAL INSPECTION
Clean interior of machine with a low pressure air
stream. Make a thorough inspection of all components. Look for signs of overheating, broken leads or
other obvious problems. Many problems can be
uncovered with a good visual inspection.
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
VRD™ Functionality should be checked once per day
or once per shift. VRD™ functionality can be verified
by the indicator lights on the front of the power source.
One of the lights will be illuminated at all times when
VRD™ is enabled. No lights will be illuminated when
VRD™ is disabled. VRD™ can be verified by cycling
power as well. When VRD™ is enabled, the VRD™
indicator lights will illuminate for 5 seconds at power
up and one light will remain illuminated.
1. Every 6 months or so the machine should be
cleaned with a low pressure airstream. Keeping the
machine clean will result in cooler operation and
higher reliability. Be sure to clean these areas:
• All printed circuit boards
• Power switch
• Main transformer
• Heatsink fins
• Input rectifier
• Auxiliary transformer
• Reconnect switch area
• Fan (blow air through the rear louvers)
2. Examine the sheet metal case for dents or breakage. Repair the case as required. Keep the case
in good condition to insure that high voltage parts
are protected and correct spacings are maintained. All external sheet metal screws must be in
place to insure case strength and electrical ground
continuity.
FX650
E-1
TROUBLESHOOTING
E-1
HOW TO USE TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
WARNING
Service and Repair should only be performed by Factory Trained Personnel. Unauthorized repairs
performed on this equipment may result in danger to the technician and machine operator and will
invalidate your factory warranty. For your safety and to avoid Electrical Shock, please observe all
safety notes and precautions detailed throughout this manual.
__________________________________________________________________________
This Troubleshooting Guide is provided to help you
locate and repair possible machine malfunctions.
Simply follow the three-step procedure listed below.
Step 1. LOCATE PROBLEM (SYMPTOM).
Look under the column labeled “PROBLEM (SYMPTOMS)”. This column describes possible symptoms
that the machine may exhibit. Find the listing that
best describes the symptom that the machine is
exhibiting.
Step 3. RECOMMENDED COURSE OF ACTION
This column provides a course of action for the
Possible Cause, generally it states to contact your
local Authorized Field Service Facility.
If you do not understand or are unable to perform the
Recommended Course of Action safely, contact your
local Authorized Field Service Facility.
Step 2. POSSIBLE CAUSE.
The second column labeled “POSSIBLE CAUSE” lists
the obvious external possibilities that may contribute
to the machine symptom.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the tests/repairs safely, contact your
Local Authorized Field Service Facility for technical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed.
FX650
E-2
E-2
TROUBLESHOOTING
Observe all Safety Guidelines detailed throughout this manual
PROBLEMS
(SYMPTOMS)
POSSIBLE
CAUSE
RECOMMENDED
COURSE OF ACTION
Major physical or electrical damage
is evident when the sheet metal
covers are removed.
1. Contact your local authorized
Field Service facility for technical
assistance.
Machine won’t weld, can’t get any
output.
1. If the displays show an Err ###
see the fault section for corrective
action.
2 If the thermal LED is lit refer to the
thermal section.
3 If the output terminals are in
remote control switch to "ON" and
check for output voltage. If output
voltage is now present check for
correct remote control connection
and operation.
Thermal LED is lit.
1. Check for proper fan operation.
• Check for material blocking
intake or exhaust louvers.
• Blow air in the rear louvers to
1.If all recommended possible areas
clear dirt from the fan.
Note: The Fan As Needed circuitry of misadjustment have been
automatically shuts off the fan checked and the problem persists,
5 minutes after welding has Contact your local Field Service
Facility.
stopped.
2. Welding output ratings may have
been exceeded. Allow the
machine to cool down and reset.
Wire feeder won’t work. Apparently
no power to wire feeder
1. Check the 115/42V wire feeder
switch (located on the case front)
to make sure it is properly set for
the input voltage requirement of
the wire feeder.
2. Check circuit breakers by the wire
feeder receptacles on the front of
the machine. Reset if required.
3. Check the control cable between
the power source and the wire
feeder for continuity.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the tests/repairs safely, contact your
Local Authorized Field Service Facility for technical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed.
FX650
E-3
E-3
TROUBLESHOOTING
Observe all Safety Guidelines detailed throughout this manual
USING THE STATUS LED TO TROUBLESHOOT SYSTEM PROBLEMS
Errors are displayed on the amperage and voltage display meters. In addition, there are status lights on the control pc board and the switch pc board that contain error sequences.
Included in this section is information about the fault codes indicated on the status lights and some basic troubleshooting charts for both machine and weld performance.
The status lights on the main control board and the switch pc board are dual-color LED’s. Normal operation for
each is steady green.
FX650 Fault Codes
Error
Description
Code#
21 Device that controls sequence
of the welding operation halted due to an error.
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
Weld Terminals Remote:
Re-trigger to recover from
error.
Weld Terminals Local:
Toggle Remote/Local Switch
to recover from error.
31
Primary Over Current.
Check the input power (voltage and fre- Machine needs to be turned
quency). Verify the primary reconnect is off and back on to reset.
properly configured for the input voltage.
36
Thermal Fault
Machine shut off output due to elevated 1. Check for material blocking intake or exhaust louinternal temperatures.
vers.
• Blow air in the rear louvers to clear dirt from the
fan.
Note: The Fan As Needed
circuitry automatically
shuts off the fan 5 minutes
after welding has stopped.
2. Welding output ratings
may have been exceeded.
Allow the machine to cool
down and reset.
45
712
VRD™ Voltage limit exceeded.
During OCV, the voltage exceeded allow- Machine needs to be turned off
and back on to reset.
able VRD™ levels.
• Verify dip switch settings are correct for
the input voltage.
Communication Fault
CAN communication between the control Inspect harness for damage /
pcb and switch pcb has been interrupted. loose connections.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the tests/repairs safely, contact your
Local Authorized Field Service Facility for technical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed.
FX650
E-4
E-4
TROUBLESHOOTING
Observe all Safety Guidelines detailed throughout this manual
FX650 Fault Codes
Error
Corrective Action
Description
Possible Cause
Code#
713 Input Power Misconnect. Occurs upon power up when the supply Verify the primary reconnect
Supply Voltage is too high.
voltage to the switch pcb exceeded accept- is properly configured for the
input voltage.
able levels.
Machine needs to be turned
off and back on to reset.
714
Input Power Misconnect. Occurs upon power up when the supply Verify the primary reconnect
Supply Voltage is too low.
voltage to the switch pcb is below accept- is properly configured for the
input voltage.
able levels.
Machine needs to be turned
off and back on to reset.
715
Under Voltage Lockout.
719
Switch PCB Error.
The supply voltage to the switch pcb is Machine needs to be turned
off and back on to reset.
below acceptable levels
Machine needs to be turned
off and back on to reset.
If any of these conditions persist contact an authorized Field Service Shop.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the tests/repairs safely, contact your
Local Authorized Field Service Facility for technical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed.
FX650
NOTE: This diagram is for reference only. It may not be accurate for all machines covered by this manual. The specific diagram for a particular code is pasted inside the
machine on one of the enclosure panels. If the diagram is illegible, write to the Service Department for a replacement. Give the equipment code number.
F-1
DIAGRAMS
FX650
F-1
NOTE: This diagram is for reference only. It may not be accurate for all machines covered by this manual. The specific diagram for a particular code is pasted inside the
machine on one of the enclosure panels. If the diagram is illegible, write to the Service Department for a replacement. Give the equipment code number.
F-2
NOTES
FX650
F-2
F-3
DIMENSION PRINT
FX650
F-3
NOTES
FX650
WARNING
Spanish
AVISO DE
PRECAUCION
French
ATTENTION
German
WARNUNG
Portuguese
ATENÇÃO
● Do not touch electrically live parts or
● Keep flammable materials away.
● Wear eye, ear and body protection.
● Mantenga el material combustible
● Protéjase los ojos, los oídos y el
electrode with skin or wet clothing.
● Insulate yourself from work and
ground.
● No toque las partes o los electrodos
bajo carga con la piel o ropa mojada.
● Aislese del trabajo y de la tierra.
● Ne laissez ni la peau ni des vête-
ments mouillés entrer en contact
avec des pièces sous tension.
● Isolez-vous du travail et de la terre.
● Berühren Sie keine stromführenden
fuera del área de trabajo.
● Gardez à l’écart de tout matériel
inflammable.
● Entfernen Sie brennbarres Material!
Teile oder Elektroden mit Ihrem
Körper oder feuchter Kleidung!
● Isolieren Sie sich von den
Elektroden und dem Erdboden!
● Não toque partes elétricas e elec-
trodos com a pele ou roupa molhada.
● Isole-se da peça e terra.
cuerpo.
● Protégez vos yeux, vos oreilles et
votre corps.
● Tragen Sie Augen-, Ohren- und Kör-
perschutz!
● Mantenha inflamáveis bem guarda-
dos.
● Use proteção para a vista, ouvido e
corpo.
Japanese
Chinese
Korean
Arabic
READ AND UNDERSTAND THE MANUFACTURER’S INSTRUCTION FOR THIS EQUIPMENT AND THE CONSUMABLES TO BE
USED AND FOLLOW YOUR EMPLOYER’S SAFETY PRACTICES.
SE RECOMIENDA LEER Y ENTENDER LAS INSTRUCCIONES DEL FABRICANTE PARA EL USO DE ESTE EQUIPO Y LOS
CONSUMIBLES QUE VA A UTILIZAR, SIGA LAS MEDIDAS DE SEGURIDAD DE SU SUPERVISOR.
LISEZ ET COMPRENEZ LES INSTRUCTIONS DU FABRICANT EN CE QUI REGARDE CET EQUIPMENT ET LES PRODUITS A
ETRE EMPLOYES ET SUIVEZ LES PROCEDURES DE SECURITE DE VOTRE EMPLOYEUR.
LESEN SIE UND BEFOLGEN SIE DIE BETRIEBSANLEITUNG DER ANLAGE UND DEN ELEKTRODENEINSATZ DES HERSTELLERS. DIE UNFALLVERHÜTUNGSVORSCHRIFTEN DES ARBEITGEBERS SIND EBENFALLS ZU BEACHTEN.
● Keep your head out of fumes.
● Use ventilation or exhaust to
● Turn power off before servicing.
● Do not operate with panel open or
guards off.
remove fumes from breathing zone.
● Los humos fuera de la zona de res-
piración.
● Mantenga la cabeza fuera de los
humos. Utilice ventilación o
aspiración para gases.
● Gardez la tête à l’écart des fumées.
● Utilisez un ventilateur ou un aspira-
● Desconectar el cable de ali-
mentación de poder de la máquina
antes de iniciar cualquier servicio.
● Débranchez le courant avant l’entre-
tien.
teur pour ôter les fumées des zones
de travail.
● Vermeiden Sie das Einatmen von
Schweibrauch!
● Sorgen Sie für gute Be- und
Entlüftung des Arbeitsplatzes!
● Mantenha seu rosto da fumaça.
● Use ventilação e exhaustão para
remover fumo da zona respiratória.
● Strom vor Wartungsarbeiten
● No operar con panel abierto o
guardas quitadas.
● N’opérez pas avec les panneaux
ouverts ou avec les dispositifs de
protection enlevés.
● Anlage nie ohne Schutzgehäuse
abschalten! (Netzstrom völlig öffnen; Maschine anhalten!)
oder Innenschutzverkleidung in
Betrieb setzen!
● Não opere com as tampas removidas.
● Desligue a corrente antes de fazer
● Mantenha-se afastado das partes
serviço.
● Não toque as partes elétricas nuas.
● Não opere com os paineis abertos
moventes.
ou guardas removidas.
WARNING
Spanish
AVISO DE
PRECAUCION
French
ATTENTION
German
WARNUNG
Portuguese
ATENÇÃO
Japanese
Chinese
Korean
Arabic
LEIA E COMPREENDA AS INSTRUÇÕES DO FABRICANTE PARA ESTE EQUIPAMENTO E AS PARTES DE USO, E SIGA AS
PRÁTICAS DE SEGURANÇA DO EMPREGADOR.
CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE POLICY
The business of The Lincoln Electric Company is manufacturing and
selling high quality welding equipment, consumables, and cutting
equipment. Our challenge is to meet the needs of our customers and
to exceed their expectations. On occasion, purchasers may ask
Lincoln Electric for advice or information about their use of our
products. We respond to our customers based on the best information
in our possession at that time. Lincoln Electric is not in a position to
warrant or guarantee such advice, and assumes no liability, with
respect to such information or advice. We expressly disclaim any
warranty of any kind, including any warranty of fitness for any
customer’s particular purpose, with respect to such information or
advice. As a matter of practical consideration, we also cannot assume
any responsibility for updating or correcting any such information or
advice once it has been given, nor does the provision of information
or advice create, expand or alter any warranty with respect to the sale
of our products.
Lincoln Electric is a responsive manufacturer, but the selection and
use of specific products sold by Lincoln Electric is solely within the
control of, and remains the sole responsibility of the customer. Many
variables beyond the control of Lincoln Electric affect the results
obtained in applying these types of fabrication methods and service
requirements.
Subject to Change – This information is accurate to the best of our
knowledge at the time of printing. Please refer to
www.lincolnelectric.com for any updated information.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INSTALLATION
OPERATION
ACCESSORIES
MAINTENANCE
TROUBLESHOOTING
DIAGRAMS
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