ICP I-5534-M User manual

ICP I-5534-M User manual
I-2534 & I-5534-M
Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch
User Manual
Warranty
All products manufactured by ICP DAS are under
warranty regarding defective materials for a period of one
year from the date of delivery to the original purchaser.
Warning
ICP DAS assumes no liability for damages resulting
from the use of this product. ICP DAS reserves the right to
change this manual at any time without notice. The
information furnished by ICP DAS is believed to be
accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is
assumed by ICP DAS for its use, or for any infringements
of patents or other rights of third parties resulting from its
use.
Copyright
Copyright 2012 by ICP DAS. All rights are reserved.
Trademark
The names used for identification only may be
registered trademarks of their respective companies.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 1
Revision
Version
Firmware
Version
Date
Author
1.2
Description
1.1
2015
08/13
Ives
1.1
1.0
2012
09/14
Johney
Update errata.
1.0
1.0
2012
05/25
Johney
New release.
CAN-ID Mapping.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 2
Tables of Content
Revision .......................................................................................................... 2
1 Introduction ............................................................................................. 5
1.1 Specifications................................................................................. 8
1.2 I-2534 & I-5534-M Features ............................................................ 9
1.3 Product Check List ...................................................................... 10
2 Technical data ....................................................................................... 11
2.1 Block Diagram .............................................................................. 11
2.2 CAN bus Pin Assignment of the I-2534 ...................................... 12
2.3 CAN bus Pin Assignment of the I-5534-M .................................. 13
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
3
4
5
6
Power & RS-232 Pin Assignment of the I-2534.......................... 14
Power & RS-232 Pin Assignment of the I-5534-M ..................... 15
LED Indicator of the I-2534.......................................................... 16
LED Indicator of the I-5534-M ..................................................... 17
Terminal Resistors to the I-2534 ................................................. 18
Terminal Resistor to the I-5534-M ............................................... 19
Rotary Switch & CAN Baud Rate of the I-2534 .......................... 21
Rotary Switch & CAN Baud Rate of the I-5534-M ...................... 22
Normal / Initial Mode Switch of the I-2534 ................................. 23
Normal / Initial Mode Switch of the I-5534-M ............................. 24
CAN bus Wire Connection of the I-2534 .................................... 25
2.15 CAN bus Wire Connection of the I-5534-M ................................ 26
Network Deployment ............................................................................ 27
3.1 Driving Capability ........................................................................ 27
3.2 Star / Tree Topology ..................................................................... 28
3.3 I2534_I5534M Utility Tool & RS-232 Cable ................................. 29
3.4 Route Path Configuration ........................................................... 31
3.5 CAN User-defined Baud Rate Configuration ............................. 36
3.6 CAN Filter Configuration ............................................................. 37
3.6.1
Apply a New CAN Filter to I-2534 or I-5534-M ............... 38
3.6.2
Set the I-2534 or I-5534-M by Configuration File........... 43
3.6.3
Read I-2534 or I-5534-M CAN Filter Configuration........ 44
3.7 CAN-ID Mapping Configuration .................................................. 45
3.7.1
Configuration Steps ........................................................ 47
Propagation Delay of the I-2534 and I-5534-M .................................... 50
Dimension of the I-2534........................................................................ 52
Dimension of the I-5534-M ................................................................... 53
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 3
7
Appendix A : Frequency Ask Questions ............................................. 57
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
How to share the loading of the CAN bus? ............................... 57
How to listen the single direction CAN messages?.................. 59
How to reduce the devices loading? .......................................... 60
How to build robust and flow controlled CAN network? .......... 62
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 4
1 Introduction
The I-2534 and I-5534-M are both CAN switch used to establish a
connection among four CAN bus sub-networks. In order to solve the problem
of the star topology within the CAN network, the I-2534 and I-5534-M are
specially designed for integrating four CAN networks or solving the star
topology. They are not only the same as CAN repeater, but also have more
important features.
(1) Extends the CAN bus working distance.
(2) Connects four CAN sub-networks with the different baud rate.
(3) Enhances the capacity of CAN network.
(4) I-5534-M provides higher stability and reliability especially in harsh
environment.
The limitation of the CAN bus transmission distance on each CAN port is
independent, which means the total CAN network distance can be extended by
the routing mechanism as the figure 1-1.
Figure 1-1: Application to extern the transmission distance
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 5
The I-2534 and I-5534-M could transfer the CAN messages among four
independent CAN networks. When the CAN bus system on one port of the
I-2534 or I-5534-M has some errors (e.g. short circuit), it will not affect the
system on the other three ports. Besides, the I-2534 and I-5534-M both
provide the message filters; this feature is useful while there are different bus
loadings and baud rates on these CAN ports. The baud rate of four CAN ports
can be different for highly flexibility as shown in the figure 1-2.
Figure1-2: Application to integrate the devices with the different baud rates.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 6
The I-2534 and I-5534-M could combine the different CAN sub-networks,
so it enhances the maximum capacity in the single CAN network. The
application likes figure 1-3.
Figure1-3: Application to enhance the capacity of the CAN network.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 7
1.1 Specifications
Module Name
CAN Interface
Transceiver
Channel number
Specification
Baud Rate (bps)
Baud Rate
Selection
Isolation
Terminator
Resistor
I-2534
I-5534-M
NXP TJA1042
4
ISO-11898-2, CAN 2.0A and CAN 2.0B
5k, 10 k, 20 k, 33.3 k, 50 k, 62.5 k, 83.3 k, 125 k, 250 k, 500 k,
800 k, 1 M bps and user-defined
Selectable by rotary switch
3000 VDC for DC-to-DC, 2500 Vrms for photo-couple
Selectable 120Ω terminator Selectable 120Ω terminator
resistor by DIP switch
resistor by internal jump
3-pin screwed terminal with 9-pin male D-Sub with
CAN Connector CAN_L, CAN_H, CAN_GND CAN_GND, CAN_SHLD,
CAN_H, CAN_L
CAN Filter
Configurable by user
RS-232 Configuration Interface
RS-232
3-pin screwed terminal block 9-pin female D-Sub with
Connector
(TxD, RxD, GND )
(TxD, RxD, GND )
Power
Input range
Unregulated +10 ~ +30 VDC
Consumption
3W
1.5W
Mechanism
Installation
DIN-Rail
Wall-Mounting
Casing
Flame-Resistant plastic case
aluminum metallic case
Dimensions
32.3 x 99 x 77.5 mm
116.5 x 127 x 61.3 mm
(W x L x H)
Environment
Operating Temp. -25 ~ 75 ℃
-30 ~ 80 ℃
Storage Temp.
Humidity
10 ~ 90% RH, non-condensing
ESD protection
4 kV Contact for each channel
EFT protection
500V for signal, 1000V for power
EMI certification 30M ~ 1G pass
Hi-pot protection 1kV pass
Surge protection
1kV pass
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 8
1.2 I-2534 & I-5534-M Features


















4 CAN communication ports with screw terminal connector for I-2534
or with 9-Pin D-Sub connector for I-5534-M.
Flame-Resistant plastic case (I-2534) or aluminum metallic case
(I-5534-M).
TJA1042 CAN transceiver.
Compatible with CAN specification 2.0A and 2.0B.
Fully compatible with the ISO 11898-2 standard.
Baud rate : 5 k, 10 k, 20 k, 33.3 k, 50 k, 62.5 k, 83.3 k, 125 k, 250 k,
500 k, 800 k, 1 M bps and user-defined.
Configurable CAN message filter.
Configurable CAN message route path.
Max. CAN-ID mapping data up to 32 for each CAN channel. (v1.10
firmware)
100-frame buffer for each CAN channel.
Max data flow up to 2500 fps for total CAN channels.
Selectable baud rate by the rotary switch.
120Ω terminator resistors selected by the DIP switch (I-2534) or by
the jumper (I-5534-M).
LED indication for the CAN status.
Utility tool for the CAN filter, route path, user-defined rate and
mapping CAN-ID(v1.10 firmware) configuration.
2500 Vrms isolation on the CAN side
3 kV galvanic isolation between the power supply and CAN channel
4 kV ESD protection for each CAN channel
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 9
1.3 Product Check List
The package of the I-2534 includes the following items:
I-2534 module;

Software CD ROM;

Quick Start manual;

Release Note
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The package of the I-5534-M includes the following items:

I-5534-M module;

Software CD ROM;
Quick Start manual;
Release Note


It is recommended that users should read the quick start manual
first. All of the important information needed will be provided in the
quick start as follows:




Where you can find the software driver, utility and demo programs.
How to install software & utility.
Where is the diagnostic program?
FAQs and answers.
Attention !
If any of these items are missing or damaged, please contact your local
field agent. Keep aside the shipping materials and carton in case you want to
ship or store the product in the future.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 10
2 Technical data
2.1 Block Diagram
The figure 2-1 is the block diagram illustrating the functions of the I-2534
and I-5534-M module.
Figure 2-1
Block Diagram of the I-2534 & I-5534-M
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 11
2.2 CAN bus Pin Assignment of the I-2534
The figure 2-2 illustrates the CAN bus pins.
Figure 2-2
Name
Port Description
CH1
CL1
CAN bus pins of the I-2534
CAN_High, signal line of CAN port.
1
CAN_Low, signal line of CAN port.
CG1
CAN_Ground, ground voltage level of CAN port.
CH2
CAN_High, signal line of CAN port.
CL2
2
CAN_Low, signal line of CAN port.
CG2
CAN_Ground, ground voltage level of CAN port.
CH3
CAN_High, signal line of CAN port.
CL3
3
CAN_Low, signal line of CAN port.
CG3
CAN_Ground, ground voltage level of CAN port.
CH4
CAN_High, signal line of CAN port.
CL4
CG4
4
CAN_Low, signal line of CAN port.
CAN_Ground, ground voltage level of CAN port.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 12
2.3 CAN bus Pin Assignment of the I-5534-M
The figure 2-3 illustrates the CAN bus pins.
Figure 2-3
Port
CAN1
CAN2
CAN3
CAN4
Pin
CAN bus pins of the I-5534-M
Description
2
CAN_Low, signal line of CAN port.
3
CAN_Ground, ground voltage level of CAN port.
5
CAN_Shield which connected to the F.G.
7
CAN_High, signal line of CAN port.
2
CAN_Low, signal line of CAN port.
3
CAN_Ground, ground voltage level of CAN port.
5
CAN_Shield which connected to the F.G.
7
CAN_High, signal line of CAN port.
2
CAN_Low, signal line of CAN port.
3
CAN_Ground, ground voltage level of CAN port.
5
CAN_Shield which connected to the F.G.
7
CAN_High, signal line of CAN port.
2
CAN_Low, signal line of CAN port.
3
CAN_Ground, ground voltage level of CAN port.
5
CAN_Shield which connected to the F.G.
7
CAN_High, signal line of CAN port.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 13
2.4 Power & RS-232 Pin Assignment of the I-2534
The figure 2-4 shows the pin assignment of the power and the RS-232 port.
Take a note that the GND pin of the RS-232 port and CAN 4 share one GND
pin.
Figure 2-4
RS-232 and Power pin assignment of the I-2534
Name
Description
TxD
TXD pin of RS-232 port.
RxD
RXD pin of RS-232 port.
CG4(GND)
SG (or GND) pin of RS-232 port.
CAN4 GND and RS-232 GND use the same pin
“CG4”.
Name
Description
PWR
Voltage Source Input. +10VDC ~ +30VDC.
GND
Power Ground.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 14
2.5 Power & RS-232 Pin Assignment of the I-5534-M
The figure 2-5 shows the pin assignment of the power and the RS-232 port.
Figure 2-5
RS-232 and Power pin assignment of the I-5534-M
Name Description
TxD
RS-232 TXD pin of the I-5534-M. Connect to PC’s RxD pin.
RxD
RS-232 RXD pin of the I-5534-M. Connect to PC’s TxD pin.
GND
RS-232 GND pin of the I-5534-M. Connect to PC’s GND pin.
Name
Description
PWR
Voltage Source Input. +10VDC ~ +30VDC.
GND
Power Ground.
F.G
Frame Ground.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 15
2.6 LED Indicator of the I-2534
The figure 2-6 shows the names and statuses of the LEDs.
Figure 2-6
CAN LED and Power LED of the I-2534
LED
Name
LED
Color
PWR
LED
OFF
The I-2534 has no power.
RED
The I-2534 has power.
LED
Name
LED
Color
CAN Status Description
CAN1
CAN2
CAN3
CAN4
OFF
The CAN port doesn’t transmit or receive message now.
Description
GREEN The CAN port is transmitting or receiving message now.
RED
The CAN port have some errors when transmitting
message.
Note: In the initial mode, the CAN1 ~ CAN4 LEDs will be all twinkled once per
second.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 16
2.7 LED Indicator of the I-5534-M
The figure 2-7 shows the LED name and its status.
Figure 2-7
CAN LED and Power LED of the I-5534-M
LED
Name
LED
Color
PWR
LED
OFF
The I-5534-M has no power source.
RED
The I-5534-M has power.
LED
Name
LED
Color
CAN Status Description
CAN1
CAN2
CAN3
CAN4
OFF
The CAN port doesn’t transmit or receive message now.
Description
GREEN The CAN port is transmitting or receiving message now.
RED
The CAN port have some errors when transmitting
message.
Note: In the initial mode, the CAN1 ~ CAN4 LEDs will be all twinkled once per
second.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 17
2.8 Terminal Resistors to the I-2534
Each CAN port of the I-2534 includes one built-in 120Ω terminal resistor,
users can decide whether it is enable or not. The DIP switch for terminal
resistor is shown in the figure 2-8.
Figure 2-8
DIP No.
120Ω terminal resistors of the I-2534
Switch status CAN bus resistor status
ON
CAN 1 with 120Ω terminal resistor.
OFF
CAN 1 without terminal resister.
ON
CAN 2 with 120Ω terminal resister.
OFF
CAN 2 without terminal resister.
ON
CAN 3 with 120Ω terminal resister.
OFF
CAN 3 without terminal resister.
ON
CAN 4 with 120Ω terminal resister.
OFF
CAN 4 without terminal resister.
5
N/A
Not Available
6
N/A
Not Available
1
2
3
4
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 18
2.9 Terminal Resistor to the I-5534-M
Each CAN port of the I-5534-M includes one built-in 120Ω terminal resistor,
users can decide whether it is enable or not. After removing the upper cover,
the jumpers of the terminal resistors are shown in the figure 2-9 and figure
2-10.
Figure 2-9
120Ω terminal resistors of the I-5534-M
Jump No.
CAN bus120Ω resistor
JP3
CAN 1 terminal resistor.
JP4
CAN 2 terminal resistor.
JP5
CAN 3 terminal resistor.
JP6
CAN 4 terminal resistor.
Figure 2-10
Enable / Disable 120Ω terminal resistors of the I-5534-M
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 19
In order to reduce the reflection effects on the CAN bus line, the CAN bus
line has to be terminated at both ends by two terminator resistors. According to
the ISO 11898-2 spec, each terminator resistor is 120Ω (or between
108Ω~132Ω). The bus topology and the positions of these terminator resistors
are shown as the figure 2-11.
Device 2
...
CAN_H
Device N
120Ω
120Ω
Device 1
CAN_L
Figure 2-11
120Ω terminal resistor position
Generally, if your application is as the figure 2-12, we recommend you to
enable the terminator resistor.
Figure 2-12
Enable the 120Ω terminal resistors of the I-2534 / I-5534-M
If your application is like the structure as the figure 2-13, the terminator
resistor is not needed.
Figure 2-13
Disable the 120Ω terminal resistors of the I-2534 / I-5534-M
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 20
2.10 Rotary Switch & CAN Baud Rate of the I-2534
The figure 2-14 illustrates where to set the CAN bus baud rate of four CAN
ports in the I-2534 module.
Figure 2-14
CAN baud rate configuration
Switch Value
CAN bus Baud Rate
0
5 kbps
1
10 kbps
2
20 kbps
3
33.3 kbps
4
50 kbps
5
62.5 kbps
6
83.3 kbps
7
100 kbps
8
125 kbps
9
250 kbps
A
500 kbps
B
800 kbps
C
1 Mbps
D
User-defined baud rate.
E~F
Not available
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 21
2.11 Rotary Switch & CAN Baud Rate of the I-5534-M
The figure 2-15 illustrates where to set the CAN bus baud rate of four CAN
ports in the I-5534-M module.
Figure 2-15
CAN baud rate configuration
Switch Value
CAN bus Baud Rate
0
5 kbps
1
10 kbps
2
20 kbps
3
33.3 kbps
4
50 kbps
5
62.5 kbps
6
83.3 kbps
7
100 kbps
8
125 kbps
9
250 kbps
A
500 kbps
B
800 kbps
C
1 Mbps
D
User-defined baud rate.
E~F
Not available
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 22
2.12 Normal / Initial Mode Switch of the I-2534
The figure 2-16 illustrates the mode of the I-2534 module. In general usage,
users should take care about the position of this switch.
Figure 2-16
Mode Name
Normal
Initial
Operation Mode of the I-2534 module
The I-2534 Status Description
The I-2534 is in the normal mode.
The I-2534 is in the configurable status. Users
could use the “I2534_Utility” to configure the
route path, CAN filter or user-defined CAN
baud rate. In the initial mode, the CAN1 LED ~
CAN4 LED will be all twinkled once per second.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 23
2.13 Normal / Initial Mode Switch of the I-5534-M
The figure 2-17 illustrates the mode of the I-5534-M module. In general
usage, users should take care about the position of this switch.
Figure 2-17
Mode Name
Normal
Initial
Operation Mode of the I-5534-M module
The I-5534-M Status Description
The I-5534-M is in the normal mode.
The I-2534 is in the configurable status. Users
could use the “I2534_Utility” to configure the
route path, CAN filter or user-defined CAN
baud rate. In the initial mode, the CAN1 LED ~
CAN4 LED will be all twinkled once per second.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 24
2.14 CAN bus Wire Connection of the I-2534
The CAN bus wire connection of the I-2534 is displayed in the figure 2-18.
Figure 2-18
CAN bus wire connection with the I-2534 module
The I-2534 has a metallic board attached to the back of the plastic frame.
When users mount the I-2534 onto a metal DIN-Rail, users can connect the
DIN-Rail to Earth Ground. The figure 2-19 shows the detail.
Figure 2-19
Metallic Board at Back of the I-2534
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 25
2.15 CAN bus Wire Connection of the I-5534-M
The CAN bus wire connection of the I-5534-M is displayed in the figure
2-20.
Figure 2-20
CAN bus wire connection with the I-5534-M module
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 26
3 Network Deployment
3.1 Driving Capability
Before introducing the driving capability of the I-2534 or I-5534-M, some
characteristics of copper cable must be assumed. The AC parameters are
120Ω impedance and 5 ns/m line delay, and the DC parameter follows the
table shown below.
Table 3-1
Recommended DC parameters for CAN Bus Line
Wire Cross-Section [mm2]
Resistance [Ω/km]
~0.25 (AWG23)
< 90
~0.5 (AWG20)
< 50
~0.8 (AWG18)
< 33
~1.3 (AWG16)
< 20
Under the conditions described above, users can refer to the following
table to know the maximum node numbers in each segment and the maximum
segment length when using different type of wire.
Table 3-2
Wire CrossSection [mm2]
Driving Capability
The maximum segment length [m] under the
case of specific node number in this segment
16 Nodes
32 Nodes
64 Nodes
100 Nodes
~0.25 (AWG23)
< 220
< 200
< 170
< 150
~0.5 (AWG20)
< 390
< 360
< 310
< 270
~0.8 (AWG18)
< 590
< 550
< 470
< 410
~1.3 (AWG16)
< 980
< 900
< 780
< 670
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 27
3.2 Star / Tree Topology
In general, users use the daisy-chain method to connect all CAN devices in
their applications. In some cases, the “Star” or “Tree” topology may be needed.
The I-2534 or I-5534-M which has four independent CAN ports could solve the
topology problem of the CAN network. The figure 3-1 shows the CAN network
with “Star” topology and the figure 3-2 illustrates “Tree” topology.
Figure 3-1
Figure 3-2
Star topology with the I-2534 & I-5534-M
Tree topology with the I-2534 and I-5534-M
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 28
3.3 I2534_I5534M Utility Tool & RS-232 Cable
The I2534_I5534M utility tool can be free downloaded from the following
web site or get it in the product CD :
CD ->path:CAN\Converter\i-2534_and_i-5534-m\
Web->
http://www.icpdas.com/root/product/solutions/industrial_communication/fieldbu
s/can_bus/repeater/i-2534_i-5534-m.html
After getting the utility tool, please follow the following steps to set up the
communication between the utility and the I-2534 or I-5534-M.
Step0: Power off the I-2534 or I-5534-M.
Step1: Set the Normal / Initial mode switch to the “INIT” position. The figure 3-3
and 3-4 show the detail.
Figure 3-3
Figure 3-4
Set the I-2534 into the initial mode
Set the I-5534-M into the initial mode
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 29
Step2: Connect the PC available COM port with the COM port of the I-2534 or
I-5534-M. When connecting to the COM port of the I-2534, the TxD pin
of the cable is connected to the TxD pin of the I-2534, RxD pin of the
cable is connected to the RxD pin of the I-2534, and GND pin of the
cable is connected to the CG4 pin of the I-2534. The figure 3-5 and 3-6
illustrates the detail.
Figure 3-5
Figure 3-6
RS-232 wire connection of the I-2534
RS-232 wire connection of the I-5534-M
Step3: Power on the I-2534 or I-5534-M. Then, the CAN 1~ CAN 4 LEDs are
all twinkled once per second.
Step4: Execute the I2534_I5534M_Utility.exe.
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 30
3.4 Route Path Configuration
The I-2534 or I-5534-M is an intelligent CAN bus switch module. Users could
configure the route path of each CAN port. The route path could be imaged as
pipe line. Users could configure where the pipe line connects to in different
applications. The figure 3-7 illustrates the abstract idea.
Figure 3-7
Abstract idea of the route path within the I-2534 or I-5534-M
The figure 3-7 illustrates that the CAN message from CAN port 1 transfers to
CAN port 2 and CAN port 4. Users could configure each CAN port by the
“I2534_I5534M_Utility”. Take a look at an example. We assume that users
want the follow setting.
CAN 1
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CAN 2
CAN 3
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CAN 4
Figure 3-8
Example of the route path
After finishing the wire connection as the section 3.3, users could set the
configuration in the “I2534_I5534M_Utility”. The figure3-9 below shows the
corresponding setting.
CAN1
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CAN2
CAN3
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CAN4
Figure 3-9
Example of the route path configuration
After setting the route table, users should click the “Write to Module” button
to save all the route path and CAN-ID mapping(Section 3.7) to the I-2534 or
I-5534-M. Users can reset the module to enable the configuration by clicking
the “Reset Module” button or turning it off and then turning it on. If users want
to review the configuration, click “Read from Module” button to read back the
information.
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3.5 CAN User-defined Baud Rate Configuration
The I-2534 or I-5534-M allows users to set the special CAN baud rate by
using the “User-defined CAN Baud Rate” field of the Utility. Before configuring
the user-defined baud, turn off the I-2534 or I-5534-M, adjust the rotary switch
of baud to ‘D’ position, and then turn on it. After building the connection
between the Utility and the I-2534 or I-5534-M, fill your expected baud in the
field of User Define CAN Baud Rate. For example, fill the value “33.2” in the
“CAN 1” field for setting the baud of “CAN 1” to 33.2 kbps, and click the
“Download User Baud Rate” button to save into the I-2534 or I-5534-M. Then,
Users can reset the module to enable the configuration by clicking the “Reset
Module” button or turning it off and then turning it on. If users want to review
the configuration, click “Read from Module” button to read back the
information.
Figure 3-10
CAN user-defined baud rate configuration
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3.6 CAN Filter Configuration
There are two parts of CAN filter configuration. One is “Download CAN
Filter” which functions as setting the CAN filter and downloading the
configuration to the I-2534 or I-5534-M. Another is “Read CAN Filter” which
provides read back the CAN filter configuration form the I-2534 or I-5534-M
module.
Figure 3-11
Set and read the CAN filter configuration
Figure 3-12
CAN filter configuration dialog
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3.6.1 Apply a New CAN Filter to I-2534 or I-5534-M
When users set the CAN filter first time, they need use “Download CAN
Filter” field.
Step 1: Click the “Create CAN Filter File” button to start setting CAN filter.
Figure 3-13
Create CAN filter file
Users would see the following window.
Figure 3-14
An new CAN filter configuration dialog
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Step 2: Select the CAN port which users want to configure the CAN filter on.
Figure 3-15
Select desired CAN port
Step 3: Add the CAN filter with single CAN ID or group of CAN ID. The CAN
message with the ID in the list will be received, otherwise it will be
dropped.
Figure 3-16
Add single or group of CAN filter
For example, if users want to pass the CAN port 1 with CAN ID 0x07F in
the CAN 2.0B specification. Firstly, select “29-bit ID” item in the “CAN x Single
CAN ID” field. Secondly, fill the value “7F” in the edit box. Finally, click “Add”
button in the “CAN x Single CAN ID” field.
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Moreover, if users want to pass the CAN 2.0A messages with CAN ID
0x04 ~ 0x15 while these messages are received by the CAN port 1 Firstly,
select “11-bit ID” item in the “CAN x Group CAN ID” field. Secondly, fill the
value “4” in the “Start” field and the value “15” in the “End” field. Finally, click
“Add” button in the “CAN x Group CAN ID” field.
After completing those two examples, users could see the follow picture.
Figure 3-17
Two CAN filter data
The “No.” field shows the sequential number for each record of the CAN filter
configuration.
The “CAN Port” field indicates the record is belong to which CAN port.
The “Accepted IDs” field displays that which CAN ID would be received.
An icon in the head of the line may represent the following information.
: This record is the CAN filter of 11-bit and single CAN ID.
: This record is the CAN filter of 11-bit and group CAN ID.
: This record is the CAN filter of 29-bit and single CAN ID.
: This record is the CAN filter of 29-bit and group CAN ID.
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Step 4: When completing the CAN filter configuration, click the “Save to File”
button to save it by using a record file with “*.FLT” extension file name.
Figure 3-18
Five buttons in CAN filter configuration dialog
There are more five buttons to help users configuring the CAN filter.
1. “Clear Table” would delete all CAN filter records in the list.
2. “Delete Select” would delete the selected CAN filter record.
3. “Load from File” allow users to load the configuration from the existent CAN
filter file (*.FLT).
4. “Save to File” provides the function to save the current CAN filter
configuration into a file (*.FLT).
5. “OK” would exit the configuration dialog.
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Step 5: Check the “Enable CAN Filter” item to make the CAN filter enable.
Figure 3-19
CAN filter status
Step 6: Click “Download CAN Filter File” to download the selected CAN filter
file into the I-2534 or I-5534-M module.
Figure 3-20
Download CAN filter data
After finishing all the steps above, users need to reset the module to enable
the configuration by clicking the “Reset Module” button or turning it off and then
turning it on. If users want to review the configuration, click “Read from
Module” button to read back the information.
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3.6.2 Set the I-2534 or I-5534-M by Configuration File
The steps are the same as step 5 and 6 of the section 3.6.1.
Step 1: Check the “Enable CAN Filter” item to make the CAN filter enable.
Figure 3-21
CAN filter status
Step 2: Click “Download CAN Filter File” to download the selected CAN filter
file into the I-2534 or I-5534-M.
Figure 3-22
Download CAN filter data
Afterwards, users need to reset the module to enable the configuration
by clicking the “Reset Module” button or turning it off and then turning it on. If
users want to review the configuration, click “Read from Module” button to read
back the information.
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3.6.3 Read I-2534 or I-5534-M CAN Filter Configuration
Click the “Read from Module” to read the CAN filter setting from the I-2534
or I-5534-M.
Figure 3-23
Read CAN filter form the I-2534 or I-5534-M
If reading the CAN filter data successfully, users would see whether the
CAN filter setting is enable or not from the following figure 3-24.
Figure 3-24
CAN filter status in the I-2534 or I-5534-M module
If the CAN filter status is enabled, users would see the configuration
dialog such as “Create CAN Filter File”. Users can modify the CAN filter setting
if necessary, or save it into a file.
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3.7 CAN-ID Mapping Configuration
I-2534 and I-5534-M provide the function of CAN-ID mapping (firmware
v1.10). It realizes the integration of multiple CAN devices which own the same
CAN-ID in the same CAN network mainly.
There is a mapping table in the I-2534 and I-5534-M like below. The
mapping mechanism is that the CAN-ID in the [Source CAN-ID] will be
changed to the new CAN-ID in the [Forward CAN-ID]. For example with the
table which the 0x123 in [Source CAN-ID] and the 0xABC in [Forward CAN-ID],
every CAN message which CAN-ID is 0x123 comes to the I-2534 or I-5534-M.
The I-2534 and I-5534-M will change the CAN-ID from 0x123 to the 0xABC
before forwarding. The mapping table not only changes the CAN-ID but also
changes the CAN-Mode (11-bit or 29-bit). Other CAN messages which CAN-ID
does not exist in the [Source CAN-ID] will change nothing. Figure 3-25 is the
mapping concept in CAN1. Figure 3-26 shows other CAN messages without
changes.
Table. Example of CAN-ID mapping
Figure 3-25
CAN-ID mapping for CAN1
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Figure 3-26
General bypass for CAN1
The utility could enable or disable CAN-ID mapping table on each CAN
port (Each CAN port provides 32 mapping messages at most). After
configuring the mapping table, the utility supports to export as mapping file and
import from existing mapping file.
Users can use I2534_I5534M_Utility to configure the CAN-ID mapping.
Figure 3-27
Example of the CAN-ID mapping for CAN port 1
configuration
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3.7.1 Configuration Steps
(1) “Enable CAN Port_ Mapping CAN-ID Table”:
Enable/Disable CAN Port 1/2/3/4 Mapping CAN-ID Table.
(2) “Add”:
1. Configure the source CAN-ID and CAN-Mode that you prepare to
forward.
2. Click “Add”.
3 The result will be shown.
Note: The same CAN-ID could only be configured once.
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(3) “Delete Row”:
1. Choose the item that you want to delete.
2. Click “Delete raw” to delete the chosen item.
(4) “Clear Table”:
Clear all the configured CAN-ID mapping.
(5) “Load CAN-ID File” and “Save CAN-ID File”:
For the convenience, the utility provides the saving and loading function to
export and import the CAN-ID table.
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(6) “Write to Module” and “Read from Module”:
Users click “Write to Module” to save the route path and the CAN-ID
mapping to the I-2534 or I-5534-M. If users want to check the configuration
again, click “Read from Module” to read from the module. After configuring,
the users need to click “Reset Module” to reboot the module and apply the
new configuration.
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4 Propagation Delay of the I-2534 and I-5534-M
We used the longest CAN data which the CAN ID is 29-bit and carries 8 bytes
data. Here shows the different propagation delay in different CAN baud rate.
CAN Baud Rate is 125k bps. The table below shows the delay time is between
1120μs and 1360μs.
CAN Baud Rate is 250k bps. The table below shows the delay time is between
640μs and 880μs.
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CAN Baud Rate is 500k bps. The table below shows the delay time is between
360μs and 560μs.
CAN Baud Rate is 1M bps. The table below shows the delay time is between
240μs and 440μs.
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5
Dimension of the I-2534
Figure 5-1
Dimension of the I-2534
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6 Dimension of the I-5534-M
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7 Appendix A : Frequency Ask Questions
7.1 How to share the loading of the CAN bus?
The problem would be shown as the figure below.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Solution:
1. The users can divide those CAN messages which are in the heavy CAN
bus into two groups (ex. Group #1 and Group #2).
2. Connecting the CAN bus to both CAN1 port and CAN2 port of the I-2534 or
I-5534-M.
3. Configure the CAN filter of CAN1 port and CAN2 port as the figure below.
CAN 1 port only accept the messages of the Group #2 and CAN 2 port only
accept the messages of the Group #1.
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4. The route path needs to be configured as CAN1 <-> CAN 3, CAN2 <->
CAN 4.
Here shows the configurations of the route path.
Furthermore, how to share the CAN bus into four or more CAN networks?
The users can use three I-2534 or I-5534-M modules to achieve this
requirement. Here shows the figure.
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7.2 How to listen the single direction CAN messages?
The problem would be shown as the figure below.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Solution:
1. The users can put the I-2534 or I-5534-M between the controller and
device.
2. Configure the route path as below to distinguish the request messages
from response messages.
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3. The route path needs to be configured as bellow
CAN1 <--> CAN 2 and CAN 4
CAN2 <--> CAN 1 and CAN 3.
Here shows the configurations of the route path.
7.3 How to reduce the devices loading?
The problem would be shown as the figure below.
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------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Solution:
1. Each CAN device should connect a single CAN bus to avoid processing the
CAN messages from other slave devices. Using the I-2534 or I-5534-M is
the efficient solution. The bus topology is shown below.
2. Configure the route path to make the response message only send to the
PC side. All of the I-2534s or I-5534-Ms can be configured as follows.
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7.4 How to build robust and flow controlled CAN
network?
Here shows the typical solution.
Each CAN device could connect with the master controller by the I-2534 or
I-2534 & I-5534-M Industrial 4-port CAN bus switch User Manual (v1.1, 2015/09) ---- 62
I-5534-M CAN switch. Every CAN device will receive the CAN command
messages, like “SYNC” or “Bit-Strobe” message at the same time. It is easy to
perform the real-time synchronize processes without any jitter. All replied CAN
messages of the CAN devices would go to another CAN network and do not
go back to the CAN command network. Those replied messages would not
influence the CAN network which is transmitting the real-time synchronize
commands. This robust architecture will make the synchronize commands
more stable and realizable. Beside, the user could utilize another CAN port to
log or control the individual CAN devices. When the network is on-line, the
users could monitor or save the CAN messages of the CAN devices
individually. When one CAN device has problems, it is easy for the engineer to
debug and send control commands to the CAN device individually. Here shows
the robust and flow controlled topology.
We could simply define the CAN port name and its functionality. Here shows
the definition.
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The configuration of the I-2534 or I-5534-M would be as follows.
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