Generac 150kW QT15068GVSYA Standby Generator Manual

Generac 150kW QT15068GVSYA Standby Generator Manual
Installation Manual
Stationary Emergency Generator
INTENDED FOR USE IN CRITICAL LIFE
NOT
SUPPORT APPLICATIONS.
ONLY QUALIFIED ELECTRICIANS OR CONTRACTORS

SHOULD ATTEMPT INSTALLATION!
DEADLY EXHAUST FUMES! OUTDOOR

INSTALLATION ONLY!
This manual should remain with the unit.
Table of Contents
Introduction............................................................. 1
Read This Manual Thoroughly ................................................1
Safety Rules............................................................ 1
INSTALLATION ...................................................................... 12
2.1
Transfer Switch ........................................................... 12
2.2
Unpacking ................................................................... 12
2.3
Mounting..................................................................... 12
Contents ...............................................................................1
Operation and Maintenance....................................................1
How to Obtain Service ...........................................................1
Standards Index.....................................................................3
General Information ................................................ 4
OPERATION ........................................................................... 12
3.1
Basic Standby Electric System .................................... 12
3.2
Standby Circuit Isolation Method ................................. 13
3.3
Total Circuit Isolation Method....................................... 13
1.1
Generator Installation..................................................... 4
3.4
Connection Diagrams .................................................. 13
1.2
Before Installation.......................................................... 4
3.5
Wire Recommendations/Sizing .................................... 15
1.3
Generator Location ........................................................ 5
1.4
Generator Mounting and Support ................................... 5
1.5
Unpacking ..................................................................... 5
1.6
Lifting the Generator ...................................................... 5
1.7
External Muffler or Catalyst Installation .......................... 6
1.8
Fuel Systems ................................................................ 6
1.9
Calculating Volumetric Flow Rate and Pipe Size ............. 8
1.10 Electrical Connections ................................................. 11
1.11 Battery Installation....................................................... 11
Safety Rules
INTRODUCTION
Thank you for purchasing this compact, high performance, air-cooled,
engine-driven generator. It is designed to automatically supply electrical
power to operate critical loads during a utility power failure.
This unit is factory installed in an all-weather, aluminum enclosure and is
intended exclusively for outdoor installation. This generator will operate
using either vapor withdrawn liquid propane (LP) or natural gas (NG).
NOTE:
The operator is responsible for proper and safe use of the equipment. The
manufacturer strongly recommends that the operator read this Owner's
Manual and thoroughly understand all instructions before using this
equipment. The manufacturer also strongly recommends instructing other
users to properly start and operate the unit. This prepares them if they
need to operate the equipment in an emergency.
CONTENTS
This generator is suitable for supplying typical residential loads such
as Induction Motors (sump pumps, refrigerators, air conditioners,
furnaces, etc.), Electronic Components (computer, monitor, TV, etc.),
Lighting Loads and Microwaves.
This manual contains pertinent owner’s information for these models:
• 9 kW NG, 10 kW LP, V-twin GT-530 Engine
• 12 kW NG, 12 kW LP, V-twin GT-990 Engine
• 15 kW NG, 15 kW LP, V-twin GT-990 Engine
• 18 kW NG, 20 kW LP, V-twin GT-999 Engine
READ THIS MANUAL THOROUGHLY
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
If any portion of this manual is not understood, contact the nearest Dealer
for starting, operating and servicing procedures.
It is the operator's responsibility to perform all safety checks, to make sure
that all maintenance for safe operation is performed promptly, and to have
the equipment checked periodically by a Dealer. Normal maintenance service and replacement of parts are the responsibility of the owner/operator
and, as such, are not considered defects in materials or workmanship
within the terms of the warranty. Individual operating habits and usage
contribute to the need for maintenance service.
SAFETY RULES
Throughout this publication, and on tags and decals affixed to the generator, DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION and NOTE blocks are used to alert
personnel to special instructions about a particular operation that may be
hazardous if performed incorrectly or carelessly. Observe them carefully.
Their definitions are as follows:
INDICATES A HAZARDOUS SITUATION OR ACTION WHICH, IF
NOT AVOIDED, WILL RESULT IN DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates a hazardous situation or action which, if not
avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
Indicates a hazardous situation or action which, if not
avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.
Proper maintenance and care of the generator ensures a minimum number
of problems and keep operating expenses at a minimum. See a Dealer for
service aids and accessories.
HOW TO OBTAIN SERVICE
When the generator requires servicing or repairs, contact a Dealer for
assistance. Service technicians are factory-trained and are capable of
handling all service needs.
When contacting a Dealer about parts and service, always supply the
complete model number and serial number of the unit as given on its data
decal, which is located on the generator. See section "The Generator" for
decal location.
Model No. _________________ Serial No. ______________
NOTE:
Notes contain additional information important to a procedure
and will be found within the regular text body of this manual.
These safety warnings cannot eliminate the hazards that they
indicate. Common sense and strict compliance with the special
instructions while performing the action or service are essential to
preventing accidents.
Four commonly used safety symbols accompany the DANGER,
WARNING and CAUTION blocks. The type of information each
indicates is as follows:
This symbol points out important safety information that,
if not followed, could endanger personal safety and/or

property of others.


This symbol points out potential fire hazard.

This symbol points out potential electrical shock hazard.

This symbol points out potential explosion hazard.
1
Safety Rules
THESE INSTRUCTIONS – The manufacturer suggests that these rules for safe operation be copied and posted near the unit’s
installation site. Safety should be stressed to all operators and potential operators of this equipment.
SAVE
Study these SAFETY RULES carefully before installing, operating
or servicing this equipment. Become familiar with this Owner’s
Manual and with the unit. The generator can operate safely, efficiently and reliably only if it is properly installed, operated and
maintained. Many accidents are caused by failing to follow simple
and fundamental rules or precautions.
The manufacturer cannot anticipate every possible circumstance
that might involve a hazard. The warnings in this manual, and on
tags and decals affixed to the unit are, therefore, not all-inclusive. If
using a procedure, work method or operating technique the manufacturer does not specifically recommend, ensure that it is safe for
others. Also make sure the procedure, work method or operating
technique utilized does not render the generator unsafe.
the safe design of this generator,
operating this equipment imprudently, neglectDespite
ing its maintenance or being careless can
cause possible injury or death. Permit only
responsible and capable persons to install,
operate and maintain this equipment.
these generators. Ensure all steps are taken
Potentially lethal voltages are generated by
to render the generator safe before attempting to work on the generator.
of the generator are rotating and/or
hot during operation. Exercise care near
Parts
running generators.
must always comply with
applicable codes, standards, laws and
Installation
regulations.
running generator gives off carbon
an odorless, colorless poison
Amonoxide,
gas. Breathing in carbon monoxide can
cause headaches, fatigue, diziness, nausea,
vomitting, confusion, fainting, siezures or
death.
• Install a battery operated carbon monoxide alarm indoors,
according to manufacturer's instructions/recommendations.
• Adequate, unobstructed flow of cooling and ventilating air is
critical to correct generator operation. Do not alter the installation or permit even partial blockage of ventilation provisions,
as this can seriously affect safe operation of the generator. The
generator MUST be installed and operated outdoors only.
• Keep hands, feet, clothing, etc., away from drive belts, fans,
and other moving or hot parts. Never remove any drive belt or
fan guard while the unit is operating.
• When working on this equipment, remain alert at all times.
Never work on the equipment when physically or mentally
fatigued.
• Inspect the generator regularly, and contact the nearest Dealer
for parts needing repair or replacement.
• Before performing any maintenance on the generator, disconnect its battery cables to prevent accidental start up. Disconnect
the cable from the battery post indicated by a NEGATIVE, NEG
or (–) first, then remove the POSITIVE, POS or (+) cable. When
reconnecting the cables, connect the POSITIVE cable first, the
NEGATIVE cable last.
• Never use the generator or any of its parts as a step. Stepping
on the unit can stress and break parts, and may result in dangerous operating conditions from leaking exhaust gases, fuel
leakage, oil leakage, etc.
EXHAUST HAZARDS
• Generator engine exhaust contains DEADLY carbon monoxide, an odorless, colorless poisonous gas. Breathing carbon
monoxide can cause: dizziness, throbbing temples, nausea,
muscular twitching, headache, vomiting, weakness and sleepiness, inability to think clearly, fainting, unconsciousness or
even death. If you experience any carbon monoxide poisoning
symptoms, move into fresh air and immediately seek medical
attention.
• NEVER use inside a home or a garage EVEN IF doors and windows are open. Only use OUTSIDE and far away from windows,
doors and vents.
GENERAL HAZARDS
ELECTRICAL HAZARDS
• For safety reasons, the manufacturer recommends that this equipment be installed, serviced and repaired by a Service Dealer or other
competent, qualified electrician or installation technician who is
familiar with applicable codes, standards and regulations. The operator also must comply with all such codes, standards and regulations.
• The engine exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide, which
can be DEADLY. This dangerous gas, if breathed in sufficient
concentrations, can cause unconsciousness or even death.
Do NOT alter or add to the exhaust system or do anything that
might render the system unsafe or in noncompliance with applicable codes and standards.
• All generators covered by this manual produce dangerous electrical voltages and can cause fatal electrical shock. Utility power
delivers extremely high and dangerous voltages to the transfer
switch as does the standby generator when it is in operation.
Avoid contact with bare wires, terminals, connections, etc.,
while the unit is running. Ensure all appropriate covers, guards
and barriers are in place, secured and/or locked before operating the generator. If work must be done around an operating
unit, stand on an insulated, dry surface to reduce shock hazard.
• Do not handle any kind of electrical device while standing in water, while barefoot, or while hands or feet are wet.
DANGEROUS ELECTRICAL SHOCK MAY RESULT.
2
Safety Rules
• The National Electrical Code (NEC) requires the frame and external
electrically conductive parts of the generator to be connected to
an approved earth ground. Local electrical codes also may require
proper grounding of the generator electrical system.
• After installing this home standby electrical system, the generator may crank and start at any time without warning. When this
occurs, load circuits are transferred to the STANDBY (generator) power source. To prevent possible injury if such a start and
transfer occur, always set the generator’s AUTO/OFF/MANUAL
switch to its OFF position before working on equipment and
remove the 7.5A fuse from the generator control panel.
• In case of accident caused by electric shock, immediately shut
down the source of electrical power. If this is not possible,
attempt to free the victim from the live conductor. AVOID DIRECT
CONTACT WITH THE VICTIM. Use a nonconducting implement,
such as a dry rope or board, to free the victim from the live
conductor. If the victim is unconscious, apply first aid and get
immediate medical help.
• Never wear jewelry when working on this equipment. Jewelry
can conduct electricity resulting in electric shock, or may get
caught in moving components causing injury.
FIRE HAZARDS
• For fire safety, the generator must be installed and maintained
properly. Installation must always comply with applicable
codes, standards, laws and regulations. Adhere strictly
to local, state and national electrical and building codes.
Comply with regulations the Occupational Safety and Health
Administration (OSHA) has established. Also, ensure that the
generator is installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s
instructions and recommendations. Following proper installation, do nothing that might alter a safe installation and render
the unit in noncompliance with the aforementioned codes,
standards, laws and regulations.
• Keep a fire extinguisher near the generator at all times.
Extinguishers rated “ABC” by the National Fire Protection
Association are appropriate for use on the standby electric
system. Keep the extinguisher properly charged and be familiar
with its use. Consult the local fire department with any questions pertaining to fire extinguishers.
EXPLOSION HAZARDS
• Do not smoke around the generator. Wipe up any fuel or oil
spills immediately. Ensure that no combustible materials are left
in the generator compartment, or on or near the generator, as
FIRE or EXPLOSION may result. Keep the area surrounding the
generator clean and free from debris.
• Gaseous fluids such as natural gas and liquid propane (LP)
gas are extremely EXPLOSIVE. Install the fuel supply system
according to applicable fuel-gas codes. Before placing the
home standby electric system into service, fuel system lines
must be properly purged and leak tested according to applicable code. After installation, inspect the fuel system periodically
for leaks. No leakage is permitted.
STANDARDS INDEX
In the absence of pertinent standards, codes, regulations and
laws, the published information listed below may be used for
installation guidance for this equipment.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
NFPA No. 37, STATIONARY COMBUSTION ENGINES AND
GAS TURBINES, available from the National Fire Protection
Association, 470 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, MA 02210.
NFPA No. 76A, ESSENTIAL ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS FOR
HEALTH CARE FACILITIES, available same as Item 1.
NFPA No. 54, NATIONAL FUEL GAS CODE, available same as
Item 1.
NFPA No. 58, AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD FOR
STORAGE AND HANDLING OF LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS,
available same as Item 1.
NFPA No. 70, NFPA HANDBOOK OF NATIONAL ELECTRIC
CODE, available same as Item 1.
Article X, NATIONAL BUILDING CODE, available from the
American Insurance Association, 85 John Street, New York,
N.Y. 10038.
AGRICULTURAL WIRING HANDBOOK, available from the Food
and Energy Council, 909 University Avenue, Columbia, MO
65201.
ASAE EP-3634, INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE OF
FARM STANDBY ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS, available from the
American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 2950 Niles Road,
St. Joseph, MI 49085.
NFPA No. 30, FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS
CODE, available same as Item 1.
CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65 WARNING
Engine exhaust and some of its constituents are known
to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects
and other reproductive harm.
CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65 WARNING
This product contains or emits chemicals known to the
State of California to cause cancer, birth defects and
other reproductive harm.
3
General Information
1.1
GENERATOR INSTALLATION
This equipment is a liquid-cooled, engine-driven generator set. The
generator is designed to supply electrical power that operates critical electrical loads during utility power failure. The unit has been
factory-installed in a weather resistant, all metal enclosure and is
intended for outdoor installation only.
After the system has been installed, do noth
ing that might render the installation in noncompliance with such codes, standards and
regulations.
1.2.1
If this generator is used to power electrical
load circuits normally powered by a utility power source, it is required by code to
install a transfer switch. The transfer switch
must effectively isolate the electric system
from the utility distribution system when the
generator is operating (NEC 701). Failure to
isolate an electrical system by such means
results in damage to the generator and may
also result in injury or even death to utility
power workers due to backfeed of electrical
energy.

1.2
BEFORE INSTALLATION
Before installing this equipment, check the ratings of both the generator and the transfer switch. Read “Emergency Isolation Method”
and “Total Circuit Isolation Method”.
The generator’s rated wattage/amperage capacity must be adequate to handle all electrical loads that the unit will power. The
critical (essential) loads may need to be grouped together and
wired into a separate “emergency” distribution panel.

Connecting this generator to an electrical
system normally supplied by an electric utility shall be by means of a transfer switch,
so as to isolate the electric system from the
utility distribution system when the generator is operating. Failure to isolate the electric
system by these means will result in damage
to the generator and may also result in injury
or death to utility workers due to backfeed of
electrical energy.
ator is to be installed over non-combustible
If an open bottom is used, the engine-gener-
materials and should be located such that
combustible materials are not capable of
accumulating under the generator set.
Only authorized dealers or qualified, competent installation contractors or electricians thoroughly familiar with applicable codes,
standards and regulations should install this standby electric
power system. The installation must comply strictly with all codes,
standards and regulations pertaining to the installation.
4
NFPA STANDARDS
The following published standards booklets pertaining to standby
electric systems are available form the National Fire Protection
Association (NFPA), Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269:
• NFPA No. 37, STATIONARY COMBUSTION ENGINES AND GAS
TURBINES
• NFPA No. 54, NATIONAL FUEL GAS CODE
• NFPA No. 58, LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS CODE
• NFPA 70, NATIONAL ELECTRIC CODE (NEC)
• NFPA 99, STANDARD FOR HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
• NFPA 101, LIFE SAFETY CODE
• NFPA 110, STANDARD FOR EMERGENCY AND STANDBY
POWER SYSTEMS
• NFPA 220, STANDARD TYPES OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTIN
NOTE:
It is essential to use the latest version of any standard to ensure
that the generator and its accessories comply with all the applicable standards and local codes.
1.2.2
OTHER PUBLISHED STANDARDS
In addition to NFPA standards, the following information pertaining
to the installation and use of standby electric systems is available:
• Article X, NATIONAL BUILDING CODE, available from the
American Insurance Association, 85 John Street, New York,
N.Y. 10038.
• AGRICULTURAL WIRING HANDBOOK, obtainable from the Food
and Energy Council, 909 University Avenue, Columbia, MO,
65201.
• ASAE EP-364.2, INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE OF FARM
STANDBY ELECTRIC POWER, available from the American
Society of Agricultural Engineers, 2950 Niles Road, St. Joseph,
MI 49085.
• A52.1, AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD FOR CHIMNEYS,
FIREPLACES AND VENTING SYSTEMS, available from the
American National Standard Institute, 1430 Broadway, New
York, N.Y. 10018.
NOTE:
It is essential to use the latest version of any standard to ensure
that the generator and its accessories comply with all the applicable standards and local codes.
The installer must comply with all applicable state and local codes.
General Information
1.3
GENERATOR LOCATION
Figure 1.1 — Combustible Floor and Roof Protection
Install the generator set, in its protective enclosure outdoors,
where adequate cooling and ventilating air always is available.
Consider these factors:
• Install the unit where air inlet and outlet openings will not
become obstructed by leaves, grass, snow, etc. If prevailing
winds will cause blowing or drifting, consider using a windbreak to protect the unit.
• Install the generator on high ground where water levels will not
rise and endanger it.
• This genset must be installed on a level surface. The base frame
must be level within 1/2 inch all around.
• Allow sufficient room on all sides of the generator for maintenance and servicing. This unit must be installed in accordance
with current applicable NFPA 37 and NFPA 70 standards, as
well as any other federal, state and local codes for minimum
distances from other structures.
• Where strong prevailing winds blow from one direction, face the
generator air inlet openings into the prevailing winds.
• Install the generator as close as possible to the transfer switch.
This reduces the length of wiring and conduit.
• Install the generator as close as possible to the fuel supply,
to reduce the length of piping. HOWEVER, REMEMBER THAT
LAWS OR CODES MAY REGULATE THE DISTANCE.
1.4
GENERATOR MOUNTING AND
SUPPORT
A CONCRETE BASE:
When designing a concrete base slab, all federal, state and local
codes should be followed. Special attention should be given to the
concrete base slab which should exceed the length and width of
the generator by a minimum of six (6) inches (0.153 meters) on
all sides.
Retain the generator compartment to the concrete slab with
masonry bolts.
1.4.1
COMBUSTIBLE FLOOR AND ROOF PROTECTION
If the generator must be installed on any combustible floor or roof,
comply with the following rules:
• Place a layer of non-combustible insulation, followed by a layer
of sheet metal beneath the unit’s mounting base rails (Figure
1.1).
• Both the layer of insulation and the sheet metal must extend
beyond the generator base to a distance of at least 6 inches
(15.3 cm) on all sides.
For rooftop or building structure mounting, it is recommended
that spring isolators be installed between the engine frame and
the mounting system. A minimum of six (6) isolators are required
and must be located at the front and rear cross members and the
center of the frame.
SHEET METAL
INSULATION
6 INCHES
MINIMUM
GENERATOR
MOUNTING BASE
6 INCHES
MINIMUM
Since the entire bottom of the genset is now exposed, it should be
covered with a metal plate to keep out small animals and protect
the integrity of the internal parts of the genset. Genset movement is
more intense with spring isolation, so flexible connections for the
fuel and the electrcal conduits are also required.
NOTE:
Consult the local building codes which may vary.
1.5
UNPACKING
1.5.1
UNPACKING PRECAUTIONS
Handle shipping cartons and crates with care. Use care to avoid
damage from dropping, bumping, collision, etc. Store and unpack
cartons with the proper side up, as noted on the shipping carton.
1.5.2
INSPECTION
After unpacking, carefully inspect the generator for any damage
that may have occurred during shipment. If loss or damage is
noted at the time of delivery, have the person(s) making delivery
note all damage on the freight bill or affix their signature under the
consignor’s memo of loss or damage.
1.6
LIFTING THE GENERATOR
When lifting or hoisting equipment is used,

be careful not to touch overhead power
lines. The generator's weight of more than
900 pounds requires proper tools, equipment, and qualified personnel to be used in
all phases of handling and unpacking.
5
General Information
1.7
EXTERNAL MUFFLER OR
CATALYST INSTALLATION
If the generator requires an external catalyst (shipped loose in
a kit), follow the instructions provided with the Catalyst Kit or
Owner's Manual. If the generator requires an external muffler
(shipped loose in a kit), follow these installation instructions.
1.7.1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
MUFFLER ASSEMBLY DIRECTIONS
Slip item 3 over the exhaust pipe which extends though the
exhaust duct and secure with clamp (item 2) (see Figure 1.2).
Assemble item 5A to item 5B using six (6) screws (item 4).
Secure the item 5 assembly to the generator using four (4)
screws (item 4).
Secure item 6 to the item 5 assembly using four (4) screws
(item 4).
Slip item 1 over item 3 and tighten.
Figure 1.2 — Muffler Extension Installation
Local fuel gas codes may vary widely. For that reason, it is recommended that a local gas distributor or installer be consulted when
installing a gaseous fuel supply system.
In the absence of local fuel gas codes and regulations, booklets
published by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) may
be used as sources of information.
1.8.2
PROPERTIES OF GASEOUS FUELS
Natural Gas
Natural gas is lighter than air. It is found in the gaseous state at
normal ambient temperatures and pressures. It is highly explosive
and can be ignited at the slightest spark. For that reason, fuel
lines must be free of leaks and adequate ventilation is absolutely
essential.
Local fuel/gas codes usually dictate the maximum pressure at
which natural gas can enter a structure. In order to reduce the
gas pressure to that required by law, a PRIMARY REGULATOR is
required.
LP Gas
Liquefied petroleum (LP) gas is heavier than air. The gas vapors
are explosive and, like natural gas, can be ignited by the slightest
spark.
LP tank pressure is dependent on the ambient temperature and can
be as high as 200 psi. A primary regulator is required at the tank to
reduce the pressure to the required five to 14 inches of water column for units less than 70kW, or 11 to 14 inches of water column
for units 70kW and larger.
1.8.3
THE NATURAL GAS SYSTEM
A typical natural gas system is shown in Figure 1.3. The maximum pressure at which the gas can enter a building is established
by code and may vary from area to area. A primary regulator is
required to reduce gas supply pressures to the required safe level
before the gas enters a structure.
1.8
FUEL SYSTEMS
1.8.1
INTRODUCTION TO GASEOUS FUEL SYSTEMS
are highly volatile and their vapors are exploGaseous fuels, such as LP and natural gas,
sive. LP gas is heavier than air and will settle
in low areas. Natural gas is lighter than air
and will settle in high areas. Even the slightest spark can ignite these fuels and cause
an explosion. For safety, all codes, standards
and regulations pertaining to the installation
and use of gaseous fuels must be strictly
complied with.
6
The primary regulator may or may not be provided by the gas
supplier. The gas distribution company will usually provide piping
from the main distribution line to the generator site. It is the responsibility of the gas supplier to ensure that sufficient gas pressure is
available to operate the primary regulator.
From the primary regulator, gas flows to the generator connection.
A flexible length of gas line is required between rigid piping and
the gas connection at the generator. The generator fuel system
consists of an electrical fuel shutoff valve/regulator assembly and
a gas actuator.
The secondary regulator reduces gas pressure to about five inches
of water column before the gas Is delivered to the actuator.
NOTE:
Gas pressure from the primary regulator (supplied by the
installing contractor) to the generator's fuel shutoff valve should
not exceed 14 inches of water column.
General Information
Figure 1.3 — Typical Natural Gas System
Generator Base
Primary Regulator
(Supplied by
Installing
Contractor)
Gas Actuator
Fuel Shutoff/Regulator
Assembly
Flex Fuel Line
(Supplied
with Unit)
11 - 14” Water Column
Recommended (> = 70kW)
5 - 14" Water Column
Recommended (< 70kW)
Manual Shutoff
Valve
Follow the local codes on selecting the required AGA approved,
and UL listed, for NG application flexible portion of the fuel line
(supplied by the installing contractor).
1.8.4
LP GAS VAPOR WITHDRAWAL SYSTEM
This type of system utilizes the vapors formed above the liquid
fuel in the supply tank (see Figure 1.4). Approximately 10 to 20
percent of the tank capacity is needed for fuel expansion from
the liquid to the vapor state. Gas pressure requirements for an LP
vapor system at the frame of the generator are the same as those
listed for natural gas in "The Natural Gas System". See Table 1 for
information regarding the vapor capacity of LP tanks. The installer
should be aware of the following:
• When ambient temperatures are low and engine fuel consumption is high, the vapor withdrawal system may not function
efficiently.
• Ambient temperatures around the supply tank must be high
enough to sustain adequate vaporization or the system will not
deliver the needed fuel volume.
• In addition to the cooling effects of ambient air, the vaporization
process itself provides an additional cooling effect.
Figure 1.4 — Typical LP Gas Vapor Withdrawal System
Manual Shutoff Valves
Generator Base
Gas Actuator
Fuel Shutoff/Regulator
Assembly
Flex Fuel Line
(Supplied
with Unit)
Fuel
Tank
Primary Regulator
(Supplied by
Installing
Contractor)
11 - 14” Water Column
Recommended (> = 70kW)
5 - 14" Water Column
Recommended (< 70kW)
7
General Information
1.8.5
GASEOUS FUEL SYSTEM PIPING
1.9.1
NOTE:
The information below is to assist in planning gaseous fuel
installation. In NO WAY should this information be interpreted
to conflict with applicable fuel gas codes. Contact the local
jurisdiction if questions arise.
The following general rules apply to piping used in gaseous fuel
systems:
• The piping should be of black iron, rigidly mounted and protected against vibration.
• Install the supplied length of flexible hose between the generator
connection point and rigid piping.
The supplied flexible hose is not to be

installed underground or in contact with
ground. The flexible hose is for in-line instal-
lation only. Bends, kinks or off-center in-line
installation of flexible hose is NOT allowed.
• Piping must be of the correct size to maintain the required supply pressures and volume flow under varying conditions (see
Calculating volumetric Flow Rate and Pipe Size).
• Installed piping must be properly purged and leak-tested, in
accordance with applicable codes and standards.
• Use an approved pipe sealant or joint compound on all threaded
fittings, to reduce the possibility of leakage.
NOTE:
CALCULATING VOLUMETRIC FLOW RATE
Since the fuel consumption requirements (from the owners
manual) are given as a mass flow (units of lb/hr), the volumetric
flow rate (ft3/hr) must be identified before the appropriate pipe
size can be selected. The relationship between the mass flow rate
(lb/hr), density (lb/ft3), and volumetric flow rate (ft3/hr) can be
described by Equation 1. According to Equation 1, the volumetric
flow rate can be calculated by dividing the mass flow rate by the
density. You may need to contact your fuel vendor to identify the
density or specific gravity for your fuel. If your vendor provides
the specific gravity (relative to air) Table 1 can be used to identify
the appropriate density. Since the density of natural gas and LP is
temperature dependant, the maximum temperature of the fuel (at
the fuel shutoff/regulator assembly) should be measured so the
fuel consumption requirements can be more accurately identified
for the generator. A sample calculation (Example 1) is included in
this section.
Equation 1:
=ṁ
—
•
p
Where:
 = Volumetric Flow Rate (ft3/hr)
•
ṁ = Mass Flow Rate (lb/hr)
p = Density from Table 1 -
(T-60)
—
C
In the absence of local purging and leak test standards, NFPA
No. 54 may be used as a guide.
C = 11111 (for Natural Gas) or 3333 (for LP)
1.9
Example 1: Determine the volumetric flow rate for a generator that
requires 91.34 lb/hr of natural gas at 100% load.
CALCULATING VOLUMETRIC
FLOW RATE AND PIPE SIZE
T = Temperature of the fuel into the fuel shut-off/regulator
If the Owner's Manual identifies the fuel consumption requirements
by a volumetric flow rate (units of ft3/hr), skip the next section and
go on to the section, Calculating Pipe Size. If the Fuel Consumption
requirements are given in units of lb/hr, follow the next section,
Calculating Volumetric Flow Rate.
TABLE 1
Specific
Gravity(1)
Multiplier
Density lb/ft3
Specific
Gravity(1)
Multiplier
Density lb/ft3
Pressure Drop
Multiplier
0.5
1.1
0.0383
1
0.775
0.0765
0.1
0.577
0.55
1.04
0.0421
1.2
0.707
0.0918
0.2
0.815
0.6
1
0.0459
1.4
0.655
0.1072
0.3
1
0.65
0.962
0.0497
1.5
0.633
0.1148
0.5
1.29
0.7
0.926
0.0536
1.7
0.594
0.1301
1
1.83
0.8
0.867
0.0612
1.9
0.565
0.1454
2
2.58
0.9
0.817
0.0689
2.1
0.535
0.1607
5
4.08
Note 1: Relative to air at 30 inches Hg, 60°F
8
General Information
Solution:
the fuel supplier. The table is also based on a pressure drop of 0.3
inches of water column, which allows for a nominal amount of
restrictions from bends, fittings, etc. Example 2 illustrates how to
calculate the pipe size for the generator.
Specific gravity according to the local vendor: 0.5
Density of Natural Gas from Table 1: 0.0383 lb/ft3
Maximum Temperature of the fuel going into the generator: 90°F
Example 2: Determine the iron pipe size for a generator that
requires 2566 ft3/hr of Natural Gas. The unit is located 75 feet
from the fuel source.
C=11111 (for Natural Gas) from Equation 1
ṁ = 91.34 lb/hr
=ṁ
—
•
p
p = 0.0383 -
and
p = 0.0356
Solution:
Specific gravity of natural gas according to the local vendor: 0.5
(90-60)
—
11111
Multiplier for the given specific gravity from Table 1: 1.1
lb/ft3
According to Table 2, a 2-1/2 inch pipe will deliver 1750 ft^3/hr
of air if it is located 75 feet from the fuel source. To determine the
volumetric flow rate of natural gas, multiply the given flow rate by
the multiplier (from Table 1).
Thus:
=
•
91.34
—
0.0356
Natural gas flow rate
= 1750 ft3/hr * 1.10
Natural gas flow rate
And:
= 1925 ft3/hr
Since the flow rate through a 2-1/2 inch iron pipe is less than the
flow rate required by the generator (2430 ft3/hr), we must evaluate
the next larger pipe (3 inches) by the same method.
 = 2566 ft3/hr
•
1.9.2
= air flow rate (ft3/hr) * Multiplier
Natural gas flow rate
CALCULATING PIPE SIZE
= air flow rate (ft3/hr) * Multiplier
= 3000 ft3/hr * 1.10
Now that the volumetric flow rate has been identified, the minimum pipe size can be determined by using Table 2. This table is
based on a specific gravity of 1.00 (specific gravity of air). For that
reason, a correction is required when the fuel used has a different
specific gravity. The fuel’s specific gravity can be obtained from
Natural gas flow rate
= 3300 ft3/hr
TABLE 2
Iron Pipe Size (IPS Inches)
Length of Pipe
(In Feet)
1/2”
3/4”
1”
1-1/4”
1-1/2”
2”
2-1/2”
3”
4”
6”
8”
15
76
172
345
750
1220
2480
3850
6500
13880
38700
79000
30
52
120
241
535
850
1780
2750
4700
9700
27370
55850
45
43
99
199
435
700
1475
2300
3900
7900
23350
45600
60
38
86
173
380
610
1290
2000
3450
6800
19330
39500
75
77
155
345
545
1120
1750
3000
6000
17310
35300
90
70
141
310
490
1000
1560
2700
5500
15800
32250
105
65
131
285
450
920
1430
2450
5100
14620
29850
120
120
270
420
860
1340
2300
4800
13680
27920
150
109
242
380
780
1220
2090
4350
12240
25000
180
100
225
350
720
1120
1950
4000
11160
22800
210
92
205
320
660
1030
1780
3700
10330
21100
240
190
300
620
970
1680
3490
9600
19740
270
178
285
580
910
1580
3250
9000
18610
300
170
270
545
860
1490
3000
8500
17660
450
140
226
450
710
1230
2500
7000
14420
600
119
192
390
600
1030
2130
6000
12480
9
General Information
TABLE 3 — VAPOR CAPACITY OF PROPANE STORAGE TANKS
To Use: Go to the First column and pick the required kW load and then pick the minimum ambient temperature (40º, 20º or 0º F) that the
generator would be operating in. The third column (tank capacity) will give the required tank size to continually produce the given fuel flow.
Max kW
Vapor
30
20
10
35
25
12
60
40
20
80
50
25
100
60
30
150
100
50
170
120
60
Minimum
Temp
40
20
0
40
20
0
40
20
0
40
20
0
40
20
0
40
20
0
40
20
0
Operating
Hours @
Max kW
24
35
67
26
36
72
26
38
74
26
40
77
31
51
100
35
53
105
36
51
103
Tank Capacity
(Gallons)
Length
Inches
Dia
Inches
Overall
Ht. Inches
120
57
24
33
150
68
24
33
250
94
30
39
325
119
30
39
500
119
37
46
850
165
41
50
1000
192
41
50
Propane storage tanks can provide either a liquid or a vapor supply to the generator. The above chart is for vapor withdrawal only and provides
the kW output or amount of vapor that can be withdrawn at a given temperature while keeping the temperature of the liquid above the boiling
point. If the withdrawal rate is too high, the LP temperature goes below the boiling point, the pressure drops to zero and no vapor can be withdrawn. A primary regulator is also required at the tank to reduce the line pressure to the generator to 5-14 inches of water column.
Propane Conversions: 36.38 ft3 = 90,500 btu = 1 gal • 1lb = 21,500 btu = 8.56 ft3
Figure 1.5 — Propane Storage Tank
10
General Information
A 3 inch pipe is required at the given distance of 75 feet. Pressure
drop does not have to be considered unless an unusual number
of fittings, bends or other restrictions are used. In such unusual
cases, the fuel supplier will usually specify which multiplier is
applicable.
(Refer to the Connection Diagrams section in this manual, or the
wiring diagram in the Owner's Manual that is supplied with the
unit.)
Figure 1.7 — Battery Charger Connection
NOTE:
The installed piping system shall be capable of providing the
Fuel Consumption requirements as identified in the specifications section of the Owners Manual.
1.10 ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
1.10.1 GROUNDING THE GENERATOR
A GROUNDING LUG is provided on the generator mounting base
for the purpose of grounding the frame and the external electrically
conductive parts of this equipment to an approved earth ground
and/or grounding rods where required by the National Electrical
Code (Figure 1.6). Consult a qualified electrician for grounding
requirements in the area. Grounding procedures must meet local
regulations.
Customer
to provide
120 VAC
15 Amp
}
{
Factory
provided
connection
to battery
charger in
control
panel.
1.11 BATTERY INSTALLATION
that carries a flammable or explosive sub-
Do not connect the ground wire to any pipe
stance – FIRE or an EXPLOSION may result.
Proper grounding helps protect personnel against electrical shock
in the event of a ground fault condition in the generator or in connected electrical devices. In addition, grounding helps dissipate
static electricity that often builds up in ungrounded devices.
Figure 1.6 – Generator Grounding Lug (typical)
Standby generators installed with automatic

transfer switches will crank and start automatically when NORMAL (UTILITY) source
voltage is removed or is below an acceptable
preset level. To prevent such automatic startup and possible injury to personnel, do not
connect battery cables until certain that normal source voltage at the transfer switch is
correct and the system is ready to be placed
into operation.
gas. This gas can form an explosive mixture
Storage batteries give off explosive hydrogen
GROUNDING
LUG
1.10.2 BATTERY CHARGER CONNECTION
The generator has been equipped with a battery charger installed in
the control panel. Power leads for the charger have been run to the
connection box (Figure 1.7). On units equipped with 2.5L engines,
this connection is found in the control panel. The terminals will
need to be supplied from a 120VAC, 15 Amp circuit.
around the battery for several hours after
charging. The slightest spark can ignite the
gas and cause an explosion. Such an explosion can shatter the battery and cause blindness or other injury. Any area that houses a
storage battery must be properly ventilated.
Do not allow smoking, open flame, sparks or
any spark producing tools or equipment near
the battery.
Battery electrolyte fluid is an extremely

caustic sulfuric acid solution that can cause
severe burns. Do not permit fluid to contact
eyes, skin, clothing, painted surfaces, etc.
Wear protective goggles, protective clothing
and gloves when handling a battery. If fluid
is spilled, flush the affected area immediately with clear water.
11
Installation
NOTE:

Do not dispose of the battery in a fire. The
battery is capable of exploding.
Do not open or mutilate the battery. Released
electrolyte can be toxic and harmful to the
skin and eyes.
The battery represents a risk of high short
circuit current. When working on the battery,
always remove watches, rings or other metal
objects, and only use tools that have insulated handles.


1.11.1 VENTED BATTERIES
The electrolyte is a dilute sulfuric acid that is

harmful to the skin and eyes. It is electrically
conductive and corrosive. The following procedures are to be observed:
• Wear full eye protection and protective clothing,
• Where electrolyte contacts the skin, wash it off immediately
with water,
• Where electrolyte contacts the eyes, flush thoroughly and
immediately with water and seek medical attention, and
• Spilled electrolyte is to be washed down with an acidneutralizing agent. A common practice is to use a solution
of one pound (500 grams) bicarbonate of soda to one gallon
(4 liters) of water. The bicarbonate of soda solution is to be
added until the evidence of reaction (foaming) has ceased.
The resulting liquid is to be flushed with water and the area
dried.
Lead acid batteries present a risk of fire
because they generate hydrogen gas. The
following procedure are to be followed:
• DO NOT SMOKE when near batteries,
• DO NOT cause flame or spark in battery area, and
• Discharge static electricity from body before touching batteries by first touching a grounded metal surface.
Servicing of batteries is to be performed or supervised by personnel knowledgeable of batteries and the required precautions. Keep
unauthorized personnel away from batteries.

For recommended batteries, see the “Specifications” section in
the Owner’s Manual. All batteries must be at 100 percent state-ofcharge before they are installed on the generator.
When using maintenance-free batteries, it is not necessary to
check the specific gravity or electrolyte level. Have these procedures performed at the intervals specified in the “Maintenance”
section in the Owner’s Manual. A negative ground system is used.
Battery connections are shown on the wiring diagrams. Make
sure all batteries are correctly connected and terminals are tight.
Observe battery polarity when connecting batteries to the generator set.
12
Damage will result if the battery connections are made in
reverse.
2.1
TRANSFER SWITCH
2.2
UNPACKING
The generator system includes a matched automatic transfer
switch which is intended to be used in conjunction with the
generator. It is supplied in a NEMA 3R enclosure. The NEMA 3R
enclosure is weather proof and can be used indoors or outdoors.
Carefully unpack the transfer switch. Inspect closely for any damage that might have occurred during shipment. The purchaser
must file with the carrier any claims for loss or damage incurred
while in transit.
Check that all packing material is completely removed from the
switch prior to installation.
Attach any lifting device to the transfer switch mounting holes or
brackets only. DO NOT LIFT THE SWITCH AT ANY OTHER POINT.
2.3
MOUNTING
Mounting dimensions for the transfer switch enclosure can be
found in the transfer switch owner’s manual. Enclosures are typically wall-mounted.
Handle transfer switches carefully when

installing. Do not drop the switch. Protect
the switch against impact at all times, and
against construction grit and metal chips.
Never install a transfer switch that has been
damaged.
Install the transfer switch as close as possible to the electrical
loads that are to be connected to it. Mount the switch vertically
to a rigid supporting structure. To prevent switch distortion, level
all mounting points. If necessary, use washers behind mounting
holes to level the unit. Never install the switch where water or any
corrosive substance might drip into the enclosure.
3.1
BASIC STANDBY ELECTRIC
SYSTEM
Figure 3.1 shows a schematic diagram of a basic standby electric
system. Both the UTILITY power supply and the STANDBY (GENERATOR) output are connected to an approved transfer switch.
The transfer switch is required by electrical code and serves the
following functions:
• Allows the LOAD circuits to be connected to only one power
supply at a time.
• Prevents electrical backfeed between the generator and the
UTILITY power circuits.
Operation
Figure 3.1 – Basic Standby Electric System
3.4
CONNECTION DIAGRAMS
All wiring in the standby electric power system must be in strict
compliance with applicable codes, standards and regulations.
Such wiring must be properly supported, routed, and connected.
In addition, wiring must be properly sized to carry the maximum
load current to which is will be subjected.
The connections between the generator and transfer switch will
vary depending on the equipment ordered. In each case there are
two types of interconnections, load wiring and control wiring.
NOTE:
Control wiring must always be run in a separate conduit from
the load wiring.
(UTILITY) and STANDBY (EMERGENCY)
Make sure to turn OFF both the NORMAL
Notice that both the STANDBY and the UTILITY power supplies to
the transfer switch are protected against overload by a main line
circuit breaker.
3.2
STANDBY CIRCUIT ISOLATION
METHOD
This prevents overloading the generator by keeping electrical
loads below the wattage/amperage capacity of the generator. If the
generator is powering only designated loads, within the wattage/
amperage capacity, during utility power outages, consider using
the emergency circuit isolation method.
Designated electrical loads are grouped together and wired into a
separate “Standby Distribution Panel.” Load circuits powered by
that panel are within the wattage/amperage capacity of the generator set. When this method is used, it is difficult to overload the generator. The transfer switch must meet the following requirements:
• It must have an ampere rating equal to the total amperage rating
of the standby distribution panel circuit.
• Have it installed between the building’s main distribution panel
and the standby distribution panel.
3.3
TOTAL CIRCUIT ISOLATION
METHOD
When a generator capable of powering all electrical loads in the
circuit is to be installed, use the “Total Circuit Isolation Method.” It
is possible for the generator to be overloaded when this isolation
method is employed. The following apply to the transfer switch in
this type of system.
• Ampere rating of the transfer switch must equal the ampere
rating of the normal incoming utility service.
• The transfer switch is installed between the utility service
entrance and the building distribution panel.
power supplies before trying to connect
power source and load lines to the transfer
switch. Supply voltages are extremely high
and dangerous. Contact with such high voltage power supply lines causes extremely
hazardous, possibly lethal, electrical shock.
Be sure to maintain proper electrical clear
ances between live electrical parts and
grounded metal. Allow at least one-half inch
of clearance circuits up to 400 amps.
voltages are present at the transfer switch
Extremely high and potentially lethal supply
when verifying phase rotation. This operation
should only be performed by a trained electrician.
3.4.1
R-SERIES TO RTS
The R-series generator consists of an AUTO/OFF/ MANUAL switch,
a SET EXERCISE switch, and several fault indicator LEDs. See
Figure 3.2 for an interconnection diagram. On units equipped with
2.5L engines, the control connections and main circuit breaker are
found in the control panel. In this configuration the control wires
consist of Utility 1 and Utility 2 (N1 and N2), and 23 and 194. See
"Control Wiring" for control wire sizing recommendations.
(UTILITY) power supply before trying to conMake sure to turn OFF the NORMAL
nect the Utility 1 and Utility 2 control wires.
Supply voltages are extremely high and
dangerous. Contact with such high voltage
power supply lines causes extremely hazardous, possibly lethal, electrical shock.
13
TO 120VAC,
15 AMP CIRCUIT
TB1
CUSTOMER
CONNECTION
8
7
RM STRT
WIRE 178
6
RM STRT
WIRE 183
5
TRNS SW
WIRE 194
4
TRNS SW
WIRE 23
3
UTILITY
N2
2
UTILITY
N1
1
E2
(E3)
NOTE: E3, N3 AND T3 WIRES ARE ONLY
USED ON 3 PHASE SYSTEMS
E1
3 PHASE
E2
NEUTRAL BLOCK
E1
POWER LEADS AND
TRANSFER SWITCH
LEADS MUST BE
RUN IN TWO
DIFFERENT CONDUITS.
NOTE:
WIRE N1
(240 VAC)
CUSTOMER CONNECTIONS
M
A1
A2
B1
B2
0D7295
T1
ON
A
E1
E2
(E3)
STANDBY
OFF
B
UTILITY
T2
T2
T1
E2
N2
T1
E1
N1
(T3)
T3
E3
N3
0F4034-S
A7822-S
600MCM
CUSTOMER LOAD
(DISTRIBUTION PANEL)
XXXXXX
RATED VOLTAGE
480 VAC UL
600 VAC CSA
RATED CURRENT
400 AMP
T2
SET MANUAL HANDLE ON "M" AND
OPERATE IN THE DIRECTION
TRANSFER SWITCH
CLOSE STANDBY
DO NOT OPERATE WHILE THE SWITCH IS UNDER LOAD.
SET MANUAL HANDLE ON "M" AND
OPERATE IN THE DIRECTION
CLOSE UTILITY
MANUAL OPERATION
(N3)
N2
N1
057329-T
APPLICATION
NOT USED IN THIS
CONNECTIONS ARE
178 AND 183
NOTE:
N1
N2
23
194
ON
SINGLE PHASE
WIRE N2
(240 VAC)
N1
N2
LINE
NEU
GND
23
WIRE
BATTERY CHARGER
CONNECTIONS
194
WIRE
RTS TRANSFER SWITCH
WARNING
QT SERIES ENGINE GENERATOR
CONNECTION PANEL
NOTE WIRE ORIENTATION
14
23
194
UTILITY SUPPLY FROM
SERVICE DISCONNECT
GROUND
NEUTRAL BLOCK
Operation
Figure 3.2 — R-series to RTS
Operation
Terminals 178 and 183 in the generator AC

connection box are not used in this application. Connection of any wires to these termi-
Figure 3.4 — AC Outlet for Block Heater and Battery
Charger (to be wired by installer)
nals may result in unwarrantable damage to
the control board.
The load wires consist of wires run between the generator main
circuit breaker and the transfer mechanism, and a neutral wire. See
"Wire Recommendations/Sizing" for load wire sizing information.
3.4.2
H-100 TO HTS
An H-100 controlled generator is identified from the front of the
control panel, which consists of a control panel with integrated
dual LCD display and tactile keypad. See Figure 3.3 on page 16
for an interconnection diagram. In this configuration the control
wires consist of RS485 + and RS485 - communication wires run
in a shielded cable. See "Wire Recommendations/Sizing" for communication wire sizing and type recommendations.
NOTE:
RS485 communication wiring MUST consist of a 2 wire, twisted
pair cable with overall screen.
NOTE:
The shield wire of the RS485 communication cable MUST be
connected on one end only.
0 and 183 in the generator AC conTerminals
nection box are not used in this application.
Connection of any wires to these terminals
may result in unwarrantable damage to the
control board.
The load wires consist of wires run between the generator main
circuit breaker and the transfer mechanism, and a neutral wire. See
"Wire Recommendations/Sizing" for load wire sizing information.
3.4.3
G SERIES PANEL CONNECTIONS
A G Series (or PowerManager Digital Controller Platform™) controlled generator is identified from the front of the control panel,
which consists of a touch screen. Contact an Authorized Dealer
for interconnection diagrams.
3.4.4
BLOCK HEATER CONNECTIONS
Industrial generator models are equipped with a block heater and
an AC outlet (Figure 3.4). The block heater will not function unless
it is plugged into the AC outlet and the outlet is properly wired to
an AC power supply (by the installer).
3.5
WIRE RECOMMENDATIONS/
SIZING (SEE TABLE 4)
3.5.1
CONTROL WIRING
Control system interconnections on an R-series controlled generator consist of N1 and N2, and leads 23 and 194. Control system
interconnection leads must be run in a conduit that is separate
from the AC power leads. Recommended wire gauge size depends
on the length of the wire:
Max. Cable Length
Recommended Wire Size
460 feet (140m)
No. 18 AWG.
461 to 730 feet (223m)
No. 16 AWG.
731 to 1,160 feet (354m)
No. 14 AWG.
1,161 to 1850 feet (565m)
No. 12 AWG.
3.5.2
LOAD WIRING
Power source and load line conductors must be properly supported, of approved insulative qualities, and of the correct wire
gauge size.
When connecting power, source, and load lines remove surface
oxides from stripped ends of conductors with a wire brush. Apply
joint compound to stripped ends of conductors. Tighten terminals
to the specified torque value, as given in the owner's manual for
the transfer switch.
Recommended wire gauge size depends on the current rating of
the generator main circuit breaker.
Block heater kits can be purchased at the authorized dealer if the
generator is not already equipped.
15
Operation
Figure 3.3 — H-100 to HTS
16
Operation
TABLE 4 — ALLOWABLE AMPACITIES OF INSULATED CONDUCTORS RATED 0-2000 VOLTS, 60° TO 90° C (140° TO 194° F).
NOT MORE THAN THREE CONDUCTORS IN RACEWAY OR CABLE OR EARTH (DIRECTLY BURIED), BASED ON
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE OF 30° C (86° F) (REFERENCE NEC TABLE 310-16)
SIZE
60° C
(140° F)
TYPES
TW¥, UF¥
AWG
kcmil
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
3
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
250
300
350
400
500
600
700
750
800
900
1000
1250
1500
1750
2000
—
—
20¥
25¥
30
40
55
70
85
95
110
125
145
165
195
215
24
260
280
320
355
385
400
410
435
455
495
520
545
560
TEMPERATURE RATING OF CONDUCTOR
SIZE
75° C
90° C
60° C
75° C
90° C
(167° F)
(194° F)
(140° F)
(167° F)
(194° F)
TYPES
TYPES
TYPES
TYPES
TYPES
FEPW¥
TA, TBS, SA
TW¥
RH¥, RHW¥
TA, TBS
RH¥, RHW¥
SIS, FEP¥
UF¥
THHW¥
SA, SIS,
THHW¥
FEPB¥
THW¥
THHN¥
THW¥
RHH¥, RHW2
THWN¥
THHW¥
THWN¥
THHN¥, THHW¥
XHHW¥
THW2, THWN2
XHHW¥
THW2, THWN2
USE¥
RHH¥, RHW2
USE¥, ZW¥
USE2, XHH
USE2
XHHW¥
XHH, XHHW
XHHW2, ZW2
XHHW2, ZW2
COPPER
ALUMINUM OR COPPER CLAD ALUMINUM
—
14
—
—
—
—
18
—
—
—
20¥
25¥
—
—
—
25¥
30¥
20¥
20¥
25¥
35¥
40¥
25
30¥
35¥
50
55
30
40
45
65
75
40
50
60
85
95
55
65
75
100
110
65
75
85
115
130
75
90
100
160
150
85
100
115
150
170
100
120
135
175
195
115
135
150
200
225
130
155
175
230
260
150
180
205
255
290
170
205
230
285
320
190
230
255
310
350
210
250
280
335
380
225
270
305
380
430
260
310
350
42
475
285
340
385
460
520
310
375
420
475
535
320
385
435
490
555
330
395
450
520
585
355
425
480
545
615
375
445
500
590
665
405
485
545
625
705
435
520
585
650
735
455
545
615
665
750
470
560
630
AWG
—
—
—
12
10
8
6
4
3
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
250
300
350
400
500
600
700
750
800
900
1000
1250
1500
1750
2000
¥ Unless otherwise specifically permitted in the NEC, the overcurrent protection for conductor types marked with an ¥ shall not exceed 15 amperes for No.
14, 20 amperes for No. 12, and 30 amperes for No. 10 copper; or 15 amperes for No. 12 and 25 amperes for No. 10 aluminum and copper-clad aluminum
after any correction factors for ambient temperature and number of conductors have been applied.
17
Part No. 0F8751
Revision J (07/26/11)
Catalog No. IM-ASPCA-03
Printed in U.S.A.
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