Grizzly W1860 Parallelogram Jointer Owner Manual

Grizzly W1860 Parallelogram Jointer Owner Manual
MODEL W1859/W1860
8" X 76" PARALLELOGRAM
JOINTER W/MOBILE BASE
175370
OWNER'S MANUAL
(FOR MODELS MANUFACTURED SINCE 07/19)
Phone: (360) 734-3482 • Online Technical Support: techsupport@woodstockint.com
COPYRIGHT © NOVEMBER, 2018 BY WOODSTOCK INTERNATIONAL, INC. REVISED AUGUST, 2019 (AI)
WARNING: NO PORTION OF THIS MANUAL MAY BE REPRODUCED IN ANY SHAPE OR FORM WITHOUT
THE WRITTEN APPROVAL OF WOODSTOCK INTERNATIONAL, INC.
#19884ES Printed in Taiwan
This manual provides critical safety instructions on the proper setup,
operation, maintenance, and service of this machine/tool. Save this
document, refer to it often, and use it to instruct other operators.
Failure to read, understand and follow the instructions in this manual
may result in fire or serious personal injury—including amputation,
electrocution, or death.
The owner of this machine/tool is solely responsible for its safe use.
This responsibility includes but is not limited to proper installation in
a safe environment, personnel training and usage authorization,
proper inspection and maintenance, manual availability and comprehension, application of safety devices, cutting/sanding/grinding tool
integrity, and the usage of personal protective equipment.
The manufacturer will not be held liable for injury or property
damage from negligence, improper training, machine modifications or
misuse.
Some dust created by power sanding, sawing, grinding, drilling, and
other construction activities contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Some examples of these chemicals are:
• Lead from lead-based paints.
• Crystalline silica from bricks, cement and other masonry products.
• Arsenic and chromium from chemically-treated lumber.
Your risk from these exposures varies, depending on how often you
do this type of work. To reduce your exposure to these chemicals:
Work in a well ventilated area, and work with approved safety equipment, such as those dust masks that are specially designed to filter
out microscopic particles.
ELECTRICAL........................................ 13
Circuit Requirements........................... 13
Grounding Requirements....................... 14
Extension Cords................................. 14
PARTS............................................... 62
Tables, Fence & Cutterhead................... 62
Base, Stand & Motor............................ 63
Labels & Cosmetics............................. 66
WARRANTY......................................... 69
OPERATIONS
MAINTENANCE
OPERATIONS....................................... 25
General........................................... 25
Stock Inspection................................. 26
Squaring Stock................................... 27
Surface Planing.................................. 28
Edge Jointing.................................... 29
Bevel Cutting.................................... 30
Rabbet Cutting.................................. 31
Setting Depth of Cut............................ 33
SERVICE............................................. 39
General........................................... 39
Setting/Replacing Knives (W1859)............ 39
Rotating/Replacing Helical Cutterhead
Inserts (W1860).................................. 43
Checking/Adjusting Table Parallelism....... 45
Setting Outfeed Table Height................. 49
Calibrating 1⁄8" Infeed Table Stop............ 50
Setting Fence Stops............................. 51
Calibrating Depth-of-Cut Scale............... 54
Tensioning/Replacing Belt..................... 55
Checking/Aligning Pulleys..................... 56
Checking/Adjusting Cutterhead Guard...... 57
Troubleshooting.................................. 58
Electrical Safety Instructions.................. 60
Wiring Diagram.................................. 61
SETUP
SETUP............................................... 15
Unpacking........................................ 15
Items Needed for Setup........................ 15
Inventory......................................... 16
Cleaning Machine................................ 17
Machine Placement............................. 18
Assembly.......................................... 19
Knife-Setting Jig (W1859)...................... 21
Dust Collection.................................. 22
Test Run........................................... 23
Tensioning Belt.................................. 23
Disabling & Locking Switch.................... 24
MAINTENANCE..................................... 37
General........................................... 37
Cleaning & Protecting.......................... 37
Lubrication....................................... 38
ELECTRICAL
SAFETY.............................................. 10
Standard Machinery Safety Instructions..... 10
Additional Safety for Jointers................. 12
ACCESSORIES....................................... 35
Jointer Accessories.............................. 35
SAFETY
INTRODUCTION......................................2
Machine Differences.............................. 2
Woodstock Technical Support................... 2
Machine Specifications (W1859)................ 3
Machine Specifications (W1860)................ 5
Identification...................................... 7
Controls & Components.......................... 8
INTRODUCTION
Contents
SERVICE
PARTS
USE THE QUICK GUIDE PAGE LABELS TO SEARCH OUT INFORMATION FAST!
INTRODUCTION
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
INTRODUCTION
Machine Differences
Models W1859 and W1860 are 3 HP, 8" x 76" jointers with the following differences:
•
•
Model W1859 has a 4-knife cutterhead with high-speed steel knives.
Model W1860 has a helical cutterhead with 4 helicals and 36 indexable carbide inserts.
Woodstock Technical Support
This machine has been specially designed to provide many years of trouble-free service. Close attention
to detail, ruggedly built parts and a rigid quality control program assure safe and reliable operation.
Woodstock International, Inc. is committed to customer satisfaction. Our intent with this manual is to
include the basic information for safety, setup, operation, maintenance, and service of this product.
We stand behind our machines! In the event that questions arise about your machine, please contact
Woodstock International Technical Support at (360) 734-3482 or send e-mail to: tech-support@shopfox.
biz. Our knowledgeable staff will help you troubleshoot problems and process warranty claims.
If you need the latest edition of this manual, you can download it from http://www.shopfox.biz.
If you have comments about this manual, please contact us at:
Woodstock International, Inc.
Attn: Technical Documentation Manager
P.O. Box 2309
Bellingham, WA 98227
Email: manuals@woodstockint.com
-2-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
MODEL W1859
8" X 76" PARALLELOGRAM JOINTER WITH MOBILE BASE
Product Dimensions
Weight.......................................................................................................... 365 lbs.
Width (side‐to‐side) x Depth (front‐to‐back) x Height................................... 76 x 25 x 41‐1/2 in.
Footprint (Length x Width).............................................................................. 40 x 16 in.
Shipping Dimensions
Type....................................................................................................... Wood Crate
Content........................................................................................................ Machine
Weight.......................................................................................................... 470 lbs.
Length x Width x Height........................................................................... 85 x 26 x 43 in.
Must Ship Upright.................................................................................................. Yes
Electrical
Power Requirement.................................................................... 230V, Single‐Phase, 60 Hz
Motor Size......................................................................................................... 3 HP
Full‐Load Current Rating......................................................................................... 12A
Minimum Circuit Size............................................................................................. 20A
Connection Type......................................................................................... Cord & Plug
Power Cord Included.............................................................................................. Yes
Power Cord Length............................................................................................... 6 ft.
Power Cord Gauge............................................................................................ 14 AWG
Plug Included....................................................................................................... Yes
Included Plug Type............................................................................................... 6‐20
Switch Type................................................... Push Button Magnetic w/Large Shut‐Off Paddle
Motors
Main
Horsepower................................................................................................. 3 HP
Phase.............................................................................................. Single‐Phase
Amps.......................................................................................................... 12A
Speed.................................................................................................. 3450 RPM
Type......................................................................... TEFC Capacitor‐Start Induction
Power Transfer ..................................................................................... Belt Drive
Bearings................................................................. Sealed & Permanently Lubricated
Centrifugal Switch/Contacts Type................................................................. External
Model W1859 Machine Specifications, Page 1 of 3
-3-
INTRODUCTION
Machine Specifications (W1859)
INTRODUCTION
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Main Specifications
Main Specifications
Jointer Size................................................................................................. 8 in.
Bevel Jointing................................................................................. 0 – 45 deg. L/R
Maximum Width of Cut................................................................................... 8 in.
Maximum Depth of Cut................................................................................ 1/8 in.
Minimum Workpiece Length............................................................................ 10 in.
Minimum Workpiece Thickness....................................................................... 1/2 in.
Maximum Rabbeting Depth............................................................................ 1/2 in.
Number of Cuts Per Minute............................................................................ 22,000
Fence Information
Fence
Fence
Fence
Fence
Length............................................................................................. 38 in.
Width........................................................................................... 1‐1/4 in.
Height.......................................................................................... 4‐1/2 in.
Stops.................................................................................. 45, 90, 135 deg.
Cutterhead Information
Cutterhead Type........................................................................................ 4 Knife
Cutterhead Diameter............................................................................... 3‐1/16 in.
Cutterhead Speed................................................................................... 5500 RPM
Knife Information
Number of Knives.............................................................................................. 4
Knife Type................................................................................... HSS, Single‐Sided
Knife Length................................................................................................ 8 in.
Knife Width.............................................................................................. 3/4 in.
Knife Thickness......................................................................................... 1/8 in.
Knife Adjustment.................................................................... Jack Screws or Springs
Table Information
Table Length.............................................................................................. 76 in.
Table Width................................................................................................ 8 in.
Table Thickness....................................................................................... 1‐3/4 in.
Floor to Table Height.............................................................................. 31‐1/4 in.
Table Adjustment Type......................................................................... Lever Action
Table Movement Type......................................................................... Parallelogram
Construction
Body Assembly........................................................................................ Cast Iron
Cabinet............................................................................................. Sheet Metal
Fence Assembly................................................................. Precision‐Ground Cast Iron
Guard...................................................................................... Die‐Cast Aluminum
Table............................................................................. Precision‐Ground Cast Iron
Paint Type/Finish............................................................................. Powder Coated
Other Information
Number of Dust Ports......................................................................................... 1
Dust Port Size.............................................................................................. 4 in.
Mobile Base............................................................................................. Built‐In
Model W1859 Machine Specifications, Page 2 of 3
-4-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
MODEL W1860
8" X 76" PARALLELOGRAM JOINTER WITH HELICAL CUTTERHEAD &
Product Dimensions
MOBILE BASE
Weight.......................................................................................................... 365 lbs.
Width (side‐to‐side) x Depth (front‐to‐back) x Height................................... 76 x 25 x 41‐1/2 in.
Footprint (Length x Width).............................................................................. 40 x 16 in.
Shipping Dimensions
Type....................................................................................................... Wood Crate
Content........................................................................................................ Machine
Weight.......................................................................................................... 470 lbs.
Length x Width x Height........................................................................... 85 x 26 x 43 in.
Must Ship Upright.................................................................................................. Yes
Electrical
Power Requirement.................................................................... 230V, Single‐Phase, 60 Hz
Motor Size......................................................................................................... 3 HP
Full‐Load Current Rating......................................................................................... 12A
Minimum Circuit Size............................................................................................. 20A
Connection Type......................................................................................... Cord & Plug
Power Cord Included.............................................................................................. Yes
Power Cord Length............................................................................................... 6 ft.
Power Cord Gauge............................................................................................ 14 AWG
Plug Included....................................................................................................... Yes
Included Plug Type............................................................................................... 6‐20
Switch Type................................................... Push Button Magnetic w/Large Shut‐Off Paddle
Motors
Main
Horsepower................................................................................................. 3 HP
Phase.............................................................................................. Single‐Phase
Amps.......................................................................................................... 12A
Speed.................................................................................................. 3450 RPM
Type......................................................................... TEFC Capacitor‐Start Induction
Power Transfer ..................................................................................... Belt Drive
Bearings................................................................. Sealed & Permanently Lubricated
Centrifugal Switch/Contacts Type................................................................. External
Model W1860 Machine Specifications, Page 1 of 3
-5-
INTRODUCTION
Machine Specifications (W1860)
INTRODUCTION
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Main Specifications
Main Specifications
Jointer Size................................................................................................. 8 in.
Bevel Jointing................................................................................. 0 – 45 deg. L/R
Maximum Width of Cut................................................................................... 8 in.
Maximum Depth of Cut................................................................................ 1/8 in.
Minimum Workpiece Length............................................................................ 10 in.
Minimum Workpiece Thickness....................................................................... 1/2 in.
Maximum Rabbeting Depth............................................................................ 1/2 in.
Number of Cuts Per Minute............................................................................ 22,000
Fence Information
Fence
Fence
Fence
Fence
Length............................................................................................. 38 in.
Width........................................................................................... 1‐1/4 in.
Height.......................................................................................... 4‐1/2 in.
Stops.................................................................................. 45, 90, 135 deg.
Cutterhead Information
Cutterhead Type........................................................................................ Helical
Cutterhead Diameter............................................................................... 3‐1/16 in.
Number of Cutter Spirals..................................................................................... 4
Number of Indexable Cutters............................................................................... 36
Cutterhead Speed................................................................................... 5500 RPM
Cutter Insert Information
Cutter
Cutter
Cutter
Cutter
Insert
Insert
Insert
Insert
Type........................................................................ Indexable Carbide
Length.................................................................................... 15 mm
Width..................................................................................... 15 mm
Thickness............................................................................... 2.5 mm
Table Information
Table Length.............................................................................................. 76 in.
Table Width................................................................................................ 8 in.
Table Thickness....................................................................................... 1‐3/4 in.
Floor to Table Height.............................................................................. 31‐1/4 in.
Table Adjustment Type......................................................................... Lever Action
Table Movement Type......................................................................... Parallelogram
Construction
Body Assembly........................................................................................ Cast Iron
Cabinet............................................................................................. Sheet Metal
Fence Assembly................................................................. Precision‐Ground Cast Iron
Guard...................................................................................... Die‐Cast Aluminum
Table............................................................................. Precision‐Ground Cast Iron
Paint Type/Finish............................................................................. Powder Coated
Other Information
Number of Dust Ports......................................................................................... 1
Dust Port Size.............................................................................................. 4 in.
Mobile Base............................................................................................. Built‐In
Model W1860 Machine Specifications, Page 2 of 3
-6-
Identification
Become familiar with the names and locations of the controls and features shown below to better
understand the instructions in this manual.
Fence
Outfeed
Table
Infeed Table Stop
Release Knob
ON/STOP Switch
Depth-of-Cut Scale
Infeed Table Lock
Infeed
Table
Outfeed
Table Lock
Infeed Table
Adjustment Lever
Outfeed Table
Adjustment Lever
Push Block
Holders (2 of 4)
Cutterhead
Guard
Mobile Base Lock Knobs
Fence Tilt
Handle
Fence
Adjustment
Knob
Fence Lock
Lever
4" Dust
Port
Rear Access
Panel
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Fence Tilt Lock
For Your Own Safety Read Instruction Manual Before Operating Jointer
Wear eye protection.
Always keep cutterhead and drive guards in place and in proper operating condition. If
removed, ALWAYS replace cutterhead guard immediately after rabbeting operations.
Never make cuts deeper than 1⁄8" per pass.
Always use hold-down or push blocks when jointing material narrower than 3" or planing
material thinner than 3".
Never perform jointing, planing, or rabbeting cuts on pieces shorter than 10" in length.
-7-
INTRODUCTION
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
INTRODUCTION
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Controls & Components
Refer to the Figures 1–4 and the following descriptions to
become familiar with the basic controls and components
of this machine. Understanding these items and how they
work will help you understand the rest of the manual and
stay safe when operating this machine.
A. ON Button: Push to start motor. Insert padlock
through button to disable (padlock not included).
B.
STOP Paddle: Push to stop motor.
To. reduce. your. risk. of. serious. injury.
or. damage. to. the. machine,. read. this.
entire.manual.BEFORE.using.machine.
C. Outfeed Table: Supports workpiece after it passes
over cutterhead. For optimum results, outfeed table
must be properly adjusted even with highest point of
cutterhead knives/inserts.
A
D. Fence: Supports workpiece laterally as it moves
across cutterhead; determines angle of cut when
edge or bevel jointing.
E.
Infeed Table: Supports workpiece before it reaches
cutterhead. Position of infeed table relative to
cutterhead knives/inserts determines depth of cut.
F.
Infeed Table Adjustment Lever: Move up or down
to adjust position of infeed table (when infeed table
lock is loosened).
B
Figure 1. ON/STOP controls.
C
D
E
G. Mobile Base Lock Knobs: Tighten to secure jointer
in position; loosen to move jointer.
H. Outfeed Table Adjustment Lever: Move up or down
to adjust position of outfeed table (when outfeed
table lock is loosened). Only used when setting
outfeed table even with cutterhead knives/inserts.
H
F
G
Figure 2. Table controls and components,
fence, and mobile base lock knobs.
-8-
I.
J.
Cutterhead Guard: Covers cutterhead until
workpiece pushes guard out of the way during
operation. When workpiece leaves cutterhead, guard
springs back to its starting position.
I
K
Depth-of-Cut Scale: Shows depth of cut (per pass).
K. Infeed Table Lock: Tighten to secure infeed table
position; loosen for table adjustment.
L.
J
Table Release Knob: Pull out to lower infeed
table more than 1⁄8". Infeed table is factory-set to
automatically stop at 1⁄8".
M. Outfeed Table Lock: Tighten to secure outfeed
table position; loosen for table adjustment.
M
L
Figure 3. Table locks, cutterhead guard,
and depth-of-cut scale.
N
P
O
Q
R
N. Fence Tilt Handle: Use to tilt fence throughout its
range of motion from 45° inward to 45° outward
(135°). (Fence tilt lock must be loosened first.)
O. 90° Stop Block: Swivels to engage with 90° stop
bolt. When engaged, stops fence at 90°. When
disengaged, allows bevel cuts greater than 90°.
P.
U
S
45° Inward Fence Stop: Stops fence at 45° inward.
Figure 4. Fence controls and components.
Q. 90° Fence Stop: Stops fence at 90°.
R. 45° Outward Fence Stop: Stops fence at 45°
outward (135°).
S.
T
Fence Tilt Lock: Secures fence at any position in
available tilt range.
IMPORTANT: Always tighten tilt lock before starting
machine—even when fence is resting against stops.
T. Fence Lock Lever: Secures fence position.
U. Fence Adjustment Knob: Moves fence position
forward/backward. (Fence lock lever must be
loosened first.)
-9-
INTRODUCTION
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
SAFETY
SAFETY
For.Your.Own.Safety,
Read.Manual.Before.Operating.Machine
The. purpose. of. safety. symbols. is. to. attract. your. attention. to. possible. hazardous. conditions.. This.
manual.uses.a.series.of.symbols.and.signal.words.intended.to.convey.the.level.of.importance.of.the.
safety.messages..The.progression.of.symbols.is.described.below..Remember.that.safety.messages.by.
themselves. do. not. eliminate. danger. and. are. not. a. substitute. for. proper. accident. prevention. measures—this.responsibility.is.ultimately.up.to.the.operator!
Indicates.an.imminently.hazardous.situation.which,.if.not.avoided,.
WILL.result.in.death.or.serious.injury.
Indicates.a.potentially.hazardous.situation.which,.if.not.avoided,.
COULD.result.in.death.or.serious.injury.
Indicates.a.potentially.hazardous.situation.which,.if.not.avoided,.
MAY.result.in.minor.or.moderate.injury.
NOTICE
This.symbol.is.used.to.alert.the.user.to.useful.information.about.
proper.operation.of.the.equipment.or.a.situation.that.may.cause.
damage.to.the.machinery.
Standard
Machinery Safety Instructions
Standard.Machinery.Safety.Instructions
OWNER’S.MANUAL..Read and understand this
owner’s manual BEFORE using machine.
ELECTRICAL.EQUIPMENT.INJURY.RISKS..You can
be shocked, burned, or killed by touching live
electrical components or improperly grounded
machinery. To reduce this risk, only allow an
electrician or qualified service personnel to
do electrical installation or repair work, and
always disconnect power before accessing or
exposing electrical equipment.
TRAINED.OPERATORS.ONLY..Untrained operators
have a higher risk of being hurt or killed. Only
allow trained/supervised people to use this
machine. When machine is not being used,
disconnect power, remove switch keys, or
lock-out machine to prevent unauthorized
use—especially around children. Make
workshop kid proof!
DISCONNECT.POWER.FIRST..Always disconnect
machine from power supply BEFORE making
adjustments, changing tooling, or servicing
machine. This eliminates the risk of injury
from unintended startup or contact with live
electrical components.
DANGEROUS.ENVIRONMENTS..Do not use
machinery in areas that are wet, cluttered,
or have poor lighting. Operating machinery
in these areas greatly increases the risk of
accidents and injury.
EYE.PROTECTION..Always wear ANSI-approved
safety glasses or a face shield when operating
or observing machinery to reduce the risk of
eye injury or blindness from flying particles.
Everyday eyeglasses are not approved safety
glasses.
MENTAL.ALERTNESS.REQUIRED..Full mental
alertness is required for safe operation of
machinery. Never operate under the influence
of drugs or alcohol, when tired, or when
distracted.
-10-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
FORCING.MACHINERY..Do not force machine. It
will do the job safer and better at the rate for
which it was designed.
NEVER.STAND.ON.MACHINE..Serious injury may
occur if machine is tipped or if the cutting
tool is unintentionally contacted.
HAZARDOUS.DUST..Dust created while using
machinery may cause cancer, birth defects,
or long-term respiratory damage. Be aware of
dust hazards associated with each workpiece
material, and always wear a NIOSH-approved
respirator to reduce your risk.
STABLE.MACHINE..Unexpected movement during
operation greatly increases risk of injury or
loss of control. Before starting, verify machine
is stable and mobile base (if used) is locked.
USE.RECOMMENDED.ACCESSORIES..Consult
this owner’s manual or the manufacturer for
recommended accessories. Using improper
accessories will increase risk of serious injury.
HEARING.PROTECTION..Always wear hearing
protection when operating or observing
loud machinery. Extended exposure to this
noise without hearing protection can cause
permanent hearing loss.
UNATTENDED.OPERATION..To reduce the risk
of accidental injury, turn machine OFF and
ensure all moving parts completely stop
before walking away. Never leave machine
running while unattended.
REMOVE.ADJUSTING.TOOLS..Tools left on
machinery can become dangerous projectiles
upon startup. Never leave chuck keys,
wrenches, or any other tools on machine.
Always verify removal before starting!
MAINTAIN.WITH.CARE..Follow all maintenance
instructions and lubrication schedules to
keep machine in good working condition. A
machine that is improperly maintained could
malfunction, leading to serious personal injury
or death.
INTENDED.USAGE..Only use machine for its
intended purpose—never make modifications
without prior approval from Woodstock
International. Modifying machine or using
it differently than intended will void the
warranty and may result in malfunction or
mechanical failure that leads to serious
personal injury or death!
CHECK.DAMAGED.PARTS..Regularly inspect
machine for any condition that may affect
safe operation. Immediately repair or replace
damaged or mis-adjusted parts before
operating machine.
AWKWARD.POSITIONS..Keep proper footing and
balance at all times when operating machine.
Do not overreach! Avoid awkward hand
positions that make workpiece control difficult
or increase the risk of accidental injury.
CHILDREN.&.BYSTANDERS..Keep children and
bystanders at a safe distance from the work
area. Stop using machine if they become a
distraction.
MAINTAIN.POWER.CORDS..When disconnecting
cord-connected machines from power, grab
and pull the plug—NOT the cord. Pulling the
cord may damage the wires inside, resulting
in a short. Do not handle cord/plug with wet
hands. Avoid cord damage by keeping it away
from heated surfaces, high traffic areas, harsh
chemicals, and wet/damp locations.
GUARDS.&.COVERS..Guards and covers reduce
accidental contact with moving parts or flying
debris—make sure they are properly installed,
undamaged, and working correctly.
EXPERIENCING.DIFFICULTIES..If at any time
you experience difficulties performing the
intended operation, stop using the machine!
Contact Technical Support at (360) 734-3482.
-11-
SAFETY
WEARING.PROPER.APPAREL..Do not wear
clothing, apparel, or jewelry that can become
entangled in moving parts. Always tie back
or cover long hair. Wear non-slip footwear to
avoid accidental slips, which could cause loss
of workpiece control.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
SAFETY
Additional Safety for Jointers
Serious.cuts,.amputation,.entanglement,.or.death.can.occur.from.contact.with.rotating.cutterhead.
or.other.moving.components!.Flying.chips.from.cutting.operations.can.cause.eye.injuries.or.
blindness..Workpieces.or.inserts/knives.thrown.by.cutterhead.(kickback).can.strike.nearby.operator.
or.bystanders.with.deadly.force..To.reduce.the.risk.of.serious.personal.injury.from.these.hazards,.
operator.and.bystanders.MUST.completely.heed.the.hazards.and.warnings.below.
KICKBACK. Occurs when workpiece is ejected
from machine at high rate of speed.
Kickback injuries occur from getting struck
by workpiece or hands being pulled into
cutterhead. To reduce risk of kickback,
only use proper workpieces, safe feeding
techniques, and proper machine setup.
GRAIN.DIRECTION. Jointing against the grain or
end grain can increase the risk of kickback.
It also requires more cutting force, which
produces chatter or excessive chip out.
Always joint or surface plane with the grain.
GUARD.REMOVAL. Operating jointer without
guards exposes operator to knives/inserts
and other hazardous moving parts. Except
when rabbeting, never operate jointer or
allow it to be connected to power if any
guards are removed. Turn jointer OFF
and disconnect power before clearing
any shavings or sawdust from around
cutterhead. After rabbeting or maintenance
is complete, immediately replace all
guards and ensure they are properly
installed/adjusted before resuming regular
operations.
DULL/DAMAGED.KNIVES/INSERTS. Dull or
damaged knives/inserts increase risk of
kickback and cause poor workpiece finish.
Only use sharp, undamaged knives/inserts.
OUTFEED.TABLE.ALIGNMENT. Setting outfeed
table too high can cause workpiece to hit
table or get stuck while feeding. Setting
outfeed table too low may cause workpiece
to rock or shift while feeding. Both results
will increase risk of kickback. Always keep
outfeed table even with knives/inserts at
highest point during rotation.
INSPECTING.STOCK. Impact injuries or kickback
may result from using improper workpieces.
Thoroughly inspect and prepare workpiece
before cutting. Verify workpiece is free of
nails, staples, loose knots or other foreign
material.
MAXIMUM.CUTTING.DEPTH. To reduce risk of
kickback, never cut deeper than 1⁄8".
CUTTING.LIMITATIONS. Cutting workpieces
that do not meet minimum dimension
requirements can result in kickback or
accidental contact with cutterhead. Never
perform jointing, planing, or rabbeting cuts
on pieces smaller than specified in data sheet.
PUSH.BLOCKS. Push blocks reduce risk of
accidental cutterhead contact with hands.
Always use push blocks when planing
materials less than 3" high or wide. Never
pass your hands directly over cutterhead
without a push block.
WORKPIECE.SUPPORT. Poor workpiece support
or loss of workpiece control while feeding
will increase risk of kickback or accidental
contact with cutterhead. Support workpiece
with fence continuously during operation.
Support long stock with auxiliary table if
necessary.
FEED.WORKPIECE.PROPERLY..Kickback or
accidental cutterhead contact may result if
workpiece is fed into cutterhead the wrong
way. Allow cutterhead to reach full speed
before feeding. Never start jointer with
workpiece touching cutterhead. Always feed
workpiece from infeed side to outfeed side
without stopping until cut is complete. Never
move workpiece backwards while feeding.
SECURE.KNIVES/INSERTS. Loose knives or
improperly set inserts can be thrown from
cutterhead with dangerous force. Always
verify knives/inserts are secure and properly
adjusted before operation. Straight knives
should never project more than 1⁄8" (0.125")
from cutterhead body.
-12-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Electrical
ELECTRICAL
Circuit Requirements
This machine must be connected to the correct size and
type of power supply circuit, or fire or electrical damage
may occur. Read through this section to determine if an
adequate power supply circuit is available. If a correct
circuit is not available, a qualified electrician MUST install
one before you can connect the machine to power.
Full-Load Current Rating
The full-load current rating is the amperage a machine
draws at 100% of the rated output power. On machines
with multiple motors, this is the amperage drawn by the
largest motor or sum of all motors and electrical devices
that might operate at one time during normal operations.
Full-Load Current Rating at 230V................. 12 Amps
Circuit Requirements
This machine is prewired to operate on a power supply
circuit that has a verified ground and meets the following
requirements:
Circuit Type............. 220V/240V, 60 Hz, Single-Phase
Circuit Size............................................. 20 Amps
Plug/Receptacle.................................... NEMA 6-20
-13-
Incorrectly. wiring. or. grounding. this.
machine.can.cause.electrocution,.fire,.
or.machine.damage..To.reduce.this.risk,.
only.an.electrician.or.qualified.service.
personnel. should. do. any. required.
electrical.work.on.this.machine.
NOTICE
The. circuit. requirements. listed. in. this.
manual. apply. to. a. dedicated. circuit—
where.only.one.machine.will.be.running.
at. a. time.. If. this. machine. will. be.
connected. to. a. shared. circuit. where.
multiple.machines.will.be.running.at.the.
same.time,.consult.with.an.electrician.
to. ensure. that. the. circuit. is. properly.
sized.for.safe.operation.
ELECTRICAL
A power supply circuit includes all electrical equipment
between the breaker box or fuse panel in the building
and the machine. The power supply circuit used for
this machine must be sized to safely handle the fullload current drawn from the machine for an extended
period of time. (If this machine is connected to a circuit
protected by fuses, use a time delay fuse marked D.)
The machine must be properly set up
before it is safe to operate. DO NOT
connect this machine to the power
source until instrtucted to do so later
in this manual.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Grounding Requirements
ELECTRICAL
This machine MUST be grounded. In the event of certain
types of malfunctions or breakdowns, grounding provides
a path of least resistance for electric current to travel—in
order to reduce the risk of electric shock.
Improper connection of the equipment-grounding wire will
increase the risk of electric shock. The wire with green
insulation (with/without yellow stripes) is the equipmentgrounding wire. If repair or replacement of the power
cord or plug is necessary, do not connect the equipmentgrounding wire to a live (current carrying) terminal.
Check with a qualified electrician or service personnel
if you do not understand these grounding requirements,
or if you are in doubt about whether the tool is
properly grounded. If you ever notice that a cord or
plug is damaged or worn, disconnect it from power, and
immediately replace it with a new one.
The machine must be properly set up
before it is safe to operate. DO NOT
connect this machine to the power
source until instrtucted to do so later
in this manual.
GROUNDED
6-20 RECEPTACLE
Current Carrying Prongs
6-20 PLUG
Grounding Pin
For 220V Connection
This machine is equipped with a power cord that has
an equipment-grounding wire and NEMA 6-15 grounding
plug (see figure). The plug must only be inserted into
a matching receptacle that is properly installed and
grounded in accordance with local codes and ordinances.
Figure 5. NEMA 6-20 plug & receptacle.
Extension Cords
We do not recommend using an extension cord with
this machine. Extension cords cause voltage drop, which
may damage electrical components and shorten motor
life. Voltage drop increases with longer extension cords
and smaller gauge sizes (higher gauge numbers indicate
smaller sizes).
Any extension cord used with this machine must contain a
ground wire, match the required plug and receptacle, and
meet the following requirements:
Minimum Gauge Size at 220V....................... 12 AWG
Maximum Length (Shorter is Better).................50 ft.
-14-
No. adapter. should. be. used. with. the.
required. plug.. If. the. plug. does. not. fit.
the.available.receptacle.or.the.machine.
must. be. reconnected. to. a. different.
type.of.circuit,.the.reconnection.must.
be.made.by.an.electrician.or.qualified.
service. personnel. and. it. must. comply.
with.all.local.codes.and.ordinances.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
SETUP
Unpacking
This machine has been carefully packaged for safe
transportation. If you notice the machine has been
damaged during shipping, please contact your authorized
Shop Fox dealer immediately.
Items Needed for Setup
This machine presents
serious injury hazards
to untrained users. Read
through this entire manual
to become familiar with
the controls and operations before starting the
machine!
The following items are needed, but not included, to set
up your machine.
Wear safety glasses during
entire setup process!
HEAVY LIFT!
Straining or crushing
injury may occur from
improperly lifting the
machine or some of its
parts. To reduce this
risk, get help from other
people and use a forklift
(or other lifting equipment) rated for weight of
machine.
SUFFOCATION HAZARD!
Immediately discard all
plastic bags and packing
materials to eliminate
choking/suffocation
hazards for children and
animals.
-15-
SETUP
Description
Qty
• Additional People........................................ 1-3
• Safety Glasses..........................................1 ea.
• Leather Gloves................................... 1 Pair ea.
• Cleaner/Degreaser............................. As Needed
• Disposable Rags................................. As Needed
• Lifting Equipment (Min. 1000-lb Rating):
—Forklift or Hoist..........................................1
—Lifting Slings..............................................2
• Precision Straightedge 3'..................................1
• Phillips Screwdriver #2....................................1
• Dust-Collection System....................................1
• 4" Dust Hose (length as needed).........................1
• 4" Hose Clamp...............................................1
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Inventory
The following is a list of items shipped with your machine.
Before beginning setup, lay these items out and inventory
them.
A
SETUP
Note: If you cannot find an item on this list, carefully
check around/inside the machine and packaging materials.
Often, these items get lost in packaging materials while
unpacking or they are pre-installed at the factory.
Inventory (Figures 6–7):
Qty
A. Jointer Assembly............................................1
B. Lifting Hooks................................................2
C. Lock Washers 8mm (Lifting Hooks)......................4
D. Cap Screws M8-1.25 x 20 (Lifting Hooks)...............4
E. Fence Tilt Handle...........................................1
F. Push Blocks..................................................2
G. Open-End Wrench 11/13mm..............................1
H. Open-End Wrench 8/10mm...............................1
I. Hex Wrench 6mm...........................................1
J. Knife-Setting Jig (W1859)
—E-Clips.....................................................4
—Knife Jig Feet............................................2
—Knife Jig Rod.............................................1
K. Helical Cutterhead Accessories (W1860)
—T-Handle Torx Driver T-25..............................2
—Torx Screws T-25 #10-32 x 1⁄2........................ 10
—Indexable Inserts 15 x 15 x 2.5mm...................5
Figure 6. Inventory—jointer assembly.
B
C
E
D
F
G
H
I
J
K
Figure 7. Inventory—loose items.
-16-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Cleaning Machine
To prevent corrosion during shipment and storage of your
machine, the factory has coated the bare metal surfaces
of your machine with a heavy-duty rust prevention
compound.
If you are unprepared or impatient, this compound can
be difficult to remove. To ensure that the removal of this
coating is as easy as possible, please gather the correct
cleaner, lubricant, and tools listed below:
•
•
•
•
Cleaner/degreaser designed to remove storage wax
and grease
Safety glasses & disposable gloves
Solvent brush or paint brush
Disposable Rags
To.remove.rust.preventative.coating,.do.these.steps:
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Put on safety glasses and disposable gloves.
3.
Coat the rust preventative with a liberal amount of
cleaner/degreaser, then let it soak for 5–10 minutes.
4.
Wipe off surfaces. If your cleaner/degreaser is
effective, the coating will wipe off easily.
Tip: An easier way to clean off thick coats of rust
preventative from flat surfaces is to use a PLASTIC
paint scraper to scrape off the majority of the
coating before wiping it off with your rag. (Do
not use a metal scraper or you may scratch your
machine.)
5.
Repeat cleaning steps as necessary until all of the
compound is removed.
6.
To prevent rust on freshly cleaned surfaces,
immediately coat with a quality metal protectant.
-17-
In. a. pinch,. automotive. degreasers,.
mineral. spirits. or. WD•40. can. be. used.
to. remove. rust. preventative. coating..
Before. using. these. products,. though,.
test.them.on.an.inconspicuous.area.of.
your. paint. to. make. sure. they. will. not.
damage.it.
SETUP
1.
Gasoline.and.petroleum.
products.have.low.flash.
points.and.can.explode.
or.cause.fire.if.used.to.
clean.machinery..Avoid.
using. these. products.
to. clean. machinery..
Many. cleaning. solvents.
are. toxic. if. inhaled..
Minimize. your. risk.
by. only. using. these.
products. in. a. well.
ventilated.area.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Machine Placement
Weight.Load
Physical.Environment
Refer to the Machine.Specifications for the
weight of your machine. Make sure that the
surface upon which the machine is placed will
bear the weight of the machine, additional
equipment that may be installed on the
machine, and the heaviest workpiece that will
be used. Additionally, consider the weight of
the operator and any dynamic loading that may
occur when operating the machine.
The physical environment where your machine is
operated is important for safe operation and the
longevity of its components. For best results,
operate this machine in a dry environment
that is free from excessive moisture, hazardous
chemicals, airborne abrasives, or extreme
conditions. Extreme conditions for this type
of machinery are generally those where the
ambient temperature range exceeds 41°–104°F;
the relative humidity range exceeds 20–95%
(non-condensing); or the environment is subject
to vibration, shocks, or bumps.
SETUP
Space.Allocation
Consider the largest size of workpiece that
will be processed through this machine and
provide enough space around the machine
for adequate operator material handling or
the installation of auxiliary equipment. With
permanent installations, leave enough space
around the machine to open or remove doors/
covers as required by the maintenance and
service described in this manual. See.below.for.
required.space.allocation.
Electrical.Installation
Place this machine near an existing power
source. Make sure all power cords are protected
from traffic, material handling, moisture,
chemicals, or other hazards. Make sure to leave
access to a means of disconnecting the power
source or engaging a lockout/tagout device.
Lighting
Lighting around the machine must be adequate
enough that operations can be performed
safely. Shadows, glare, or strobe effects that
may distract or impede the operator must be
eliminated.
Children. or. untrained. people.
may. be. seriously. injured. by. this.
machine..Only.install.in.an.access.
restricted.location.
Wall
Min. 30"
for Maintenance
76"
25"
Figure 8. Working clearances.
-18-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Assembly
Before beginning the assembly process, refer to Items.
Needed.for.Setup and gather everything you need.
Ensure all parts have been properly cleaned of any
heavy-duty rust-preventative applied at the factory (if
applicable). Be sure to complete all steps in the assembly
procedure prior to performing the Test.Run.or connecting
the machine to power.
This jointer is equipped with a mobile base to allow
moving and placing of machine without power lifting
equipment. DO NOT attempt to lift or move jointer
without necessary assistance from other people. If using
power lifting equipment (such as a forklift or crane), each
piece of lifting equipment must be rated for at least 1000
lbs. to support dynamic loads that may be applied while
lifting.
Review the Electrical section (see Page 13), then prepare
a permanent location for the jointer.
HEAVY LIFT!
Straining or crushing
injury may occur from
improperly lifting the
machine or some of its
parts. To reduce this
risk, get help from other
people and use a forklift
(or other lifting equipment) rated for weight of
machine.
NOTICE
To assemble machine, do these steps:
1.
Front
Remove top and sides of shipping crate, then place
small items aside in safe location.
Lifting
Hook
IMPORTANT: Do not destroy crate or packaging until
after Test Run.
2.
3.
If moving and placing jointer without power lifting
equipment, carefully "walk" machine off the shipping
pallet with the help of other people and roll it to its
prepared location. Proceed to Step 4.
If moving and placing machine with power lifting
equipment, attach (2) lifting hooks to front and rear
of jointer stand with (4) M8-1.25 x 20 cap screws and
(4) 8mm lock washers (see Figure 9).
IMPORTANT: If using power lifting equipment, attach
lifting slings to lifting hooks. DO NOT attach slings to
jointer tables! After lifting, remove lifting hooks and
roll jointer to its prepared location.
-19-
x2
Lifting
Hook
Rear
Figure 9. Lifting hooks attached.
SETUP
DO NOT lift this jointer by the tables.
Doing so may affect factory-set table
parallelism.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
4.
Tighten mobile base lock knobs (see Figure 10) so
jointer will not easily move.
Mobile Base
Lock Knobs
Figure 10. Location of mobile base lock
knobs.
5.
Adjust feet (see Figure 11) as necessary until jointer
is stable without any rocking or wobbling.
IMPORTANT: Ensure jointer is stable and unable to
accidently move prior to operations.
SETUP
Adjustable
Feet
Figure 11. Leveling jointer.
6.
Reposition and secure switch pedestal (see
Figure 12) in upright position with (2) pre-installed
M8-1.25 x 20 cap screws and (2) 8mm lock washers.
Note: Switch pedestal is mounted upside-down for
shipping purposes.
7.
Connect switch cord to motor cord and install fence
tilt handle (see Figure 12).
Fence
Tilt
Handle
Switch
Pedestal
Switch
Cord
Motor
Cord
Figure 12. Switch pedestal attached to
stand, cords connected, and fence tilt
handle installed.
-20-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
8.
9.
Verify outfeed table height is set correctly with
knives/inserts at top dead center (TDC) (refer to
Setting Outfeed Table Height on Page 49) and all
knives/inserts are securely tightened in cutterhead.
Verify proper operation of cutterhead guard by
setting fence to 90°, moving fence to rear of table,
then pulling cutterhead guard back and letting it go.
It should spring back over cutterhead and contact
fence without dragging across outfeed table.
The cutterhead guard is a critical safety
feature of this jointer. You MUST verify
its operation before using the jointer!
Failure to properly install this guard
will greatly increase risk of serious
personal injury.
— If cutterhead guard does not spring back over
cutterhead and contact fence, or if it drags across
outfeed table, then it must be adjusted (refer to
Checking/Adjusting Cutterhead Guard on Page 57
for instructions).
Knife-Setting Jig (W1859)
SETUP
Assemble the knife-setting jig (see Figure 13) using the
knife-setting jig rod, feet, and e-clips.
Figure 13. Knife-setting jig assembly.
-21-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Dust Collection
Recommended CFM at Dust Port:................. 400 CFM
SETUP
Do not confuse this CFM recommendation with the rating
of the dust collector. To determine the CFM at the dust
port, you must consider these variables: (1) CFM rating of
the dust collector, (2) hose type and length between the
dust collector and the machine, (3) number of branches
or wyes, and (4) amount of other open lines throughout
the system. Explaining how to calculate these variables
is beyond the scope of this manual. Consult an expert or
purchase a good dust collection “how-to” book.
This. machine. creates. substantial. amounts. of. dust.
during.operation..Breathing.airborne.dust.on.a.regular.basis.can.result.in.permanent.respiratory.illness..
Reduce.your.risk.by.wearing.a.respirator.and.capturing.the.dust.with.a.dust.collection.system.
Item(s) Needed
Qty
Dust-Collection System.........................................1
Dust Hose 4"......................................................1
Hose Clamps 4"...................................................2
To connect a dust-collection hose, do these steps:
1.
Fit a 4" dust hose over the dust port, as shown in
Figure 14, and secure it in place with a hose clamp.
2.
Tug the hose to make sure it does not come off.
Hose
Clamp
Dust
Hose
Figure 14. Example of dust hose
connected to dust port.
Note: A tight fit is necessary for proper
performance.
-22-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Test Run
Once assembly is complete, test run the machine to
ensure it is properly connected to power and safety
components are functioning properly.
If you find an unusual problem during the test run,
immediately stop the machine, disconnect it from power,
and fix the problem BEFORE operating the machine again.
The Troubleshooting table in the SERVICE section of this
manual can help.
Serious. injury. or. death. can. result.
from. using. this. machine. BEFORE.
understanding. its. controls. and. related.
safety.information..DO.NOT.operate,.or.
allow.others.to.operate,.machine.until.
the.information.is.understood..
To test run the machine, do these steps:
Clear all setup tools away from machine.
2.
Connect machine to power supply.
3.
Push ON button to start machine. A correctly
operating machine runs smoothly with little or no
vibration or rubbing noises.
4.
Push STOP paddle to stop machine. Congratulations!
The Test Run is complete.
Tensioning Belt
The final step in the setup process must be done after
approximately 16 hours of operation. During this first
16 hours, the belt will stretch and seat into the pulley
groove. After this time, you must re-tension the belt to
avoid slippage and burn out. Refer to Page 55 when you
are ready to perform this important adjustment.
Note: Pulleys and belt can get hot. This is a normal
condition. Allow them to cool before making adjustments.
A small amount of black belt dust at the bottom of the
belt housing is normal during the life of the machine and
does not indicate a problem with the machine or belt.
-23-
DO. NOT. start. machine. until. all.
preceding.setup.instructions.have.been.
performed..Operating.an.improperly.set.
up. machine. may. result. in. malfunction.
or. unexpected. results. that. can. lead.
to. serious. injury,. death,. or. machine/
property.damage.
SETUP
1.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Disabling & Locking
Switch
Children or untrained people can be killed or
seriously injured by this machine. This risk increases
with unsupervised operation. To help prevent
unsupervised operation, disable and lock the switch
before leaving machine unattended! Place key in a
well-hidden or secure location.
SETUP
The switch can be disabled and locked by inserting a
padlock through the ON/START button, as shown. Locking
the switch in this manner can prevent unauthorized
operation of the machine, which is especially important
if the machine is not stored inside an access-restricted
building.
IMPORTANT: Locking the switch with a padlock
only restricts its function. It is not a substitute for
disconnecting power from the machine when adjusting or
servicing.
-24-
Shaft
Padlock
ON / START
Button
OFF / STOP
Paddle
Figure 15. Switch disabled by padlock.
The padlock shaft diameter is important
to the disabling function of the switch.
Use padlocks with a maximum shaft
diameter of 4mm. With any padlock
used to lock the switch, test the switch
after installation to ensure that it is
properly disabled.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
OPERATIONS
General
This machine will perform many types of operations
that are beyond the scope of this manual. Many of these
operations can be dangerous or deadly if performed
incorrectly.
The instructions in this section are written with the
understanding that the operator has the necessary
knowledge and skills to operate this machine. If at any
time you are experiencing difficulties performing any
operation, stop using the machine!
To. reduce. your. risk. of. serious. injury.
or. damage. to. the. machine,. read. this.
entire.manual.BEFORE.using.machine.
The overview below provides the novice machine operator
with a basic understanding of how the machine is used
during operation, so the machine controls/components
discussed later in this manual are easier to understand.
Due to its generic nature, this overview is NOT intended
to be an instructional guide.
To complete a typical operation with the jointer, the
operator does the following:
Examines workpiece to verify it is safe and suitable
for cutting.
2.
Adjusts fence for width of workpiece and locks it in
place.
3.
Adjusts fence tilt, if necessary.
4.
Adjusts infeed table height to set depth of cut per
pass.
5.
Puts on safety glasses, respirator, and any other
required protective equipment.
6.
Starts jointer.
7.
Using push blocks as needed, holds workpiece firmly
against infeed table and fence, and feeds workpiece
into cutterhead at a steady and controlled rate until
entire length of workpiece has been cut and it clears
the cutterhead on the outfeed table side.
8.
Repeats cutting process described above until
desired results are achieved.
9.
Stops jointer.
-25-
If you are an inexperienced operator,
we strongly recommend that you read
books or trade articles, or seek training
from an experienced operator of this
type of machinery before performing
unfamiliar operations. Above.all,.safety.
must.come.first!
OPERATIONS
1.
To. reduce. the. risk. of. eye. injury. and.
long-term. respiratory. damage,. always.
wear. safety. glasses. and. a. respirator.
while.operating.this.machine.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Stock Inspection
Stock Inspection
Follow these rules when choosing and jointing
stock:
•
Scrape all glue off the workpiece before
jointing. Glue deposits on the workpiece,
hard or soft, will gum up the cutterhead
and produce poor results.
•
Remove foreign objects from the
workpiece. Make sure that any stock you
process with the jointer is clean and free
of dirt, nails, staples, tiny rocks or any
other foreign objects that could damage
the cutterhead. These particles could also
cause a spark as they strike the cutterhead
and create a fire hazard.
•
DO NOT joint or surface plane stock that
contains large or loose knots. Injury to the
operator or damage to the workpiece can
occur if a knot becomes dislodged during
the cutting operation.
•
DO NOT joint or surface plane against the
grain direction. Cutting against the grain
increases the likelihood of kickback, as well
as tear-out on the workpiece.
•
Jointing and surface planing with the
grain produces a better finish and is safer
for the operator. Cutting with the grain
is described as feeding the stock on the
jointer so the grain points down and toward
you as viewed on the edge of the stock (see
Figure below).
IMPORTANT: Wood stacked on a concrete
or dirt surface can have small pieces of
concrete or stone pressed into the surface.
•
OPERATIONS
Note: If the grain changes direction along
the edge of the board, decrease the
cutting depth and make additional passes.
CORRECT
ROTATION
OUTFEED TABLE
Make sure your workpiece exceeds the
minimum dimension requirement shown
below before processing it through the
jointer, or the workpiece may break or kick
back during the operation.
FEED DIRECTION
INFEED TABLE
With Grain
INCORRECT
ROTATION
OUTFEED TABLE
Make sure all stock is sufficiently dried
before jointing. Wood with a moisture
content over 20% will cause unnecessary
wear on the cutters and poor cutting
results. Excess moisture can also hasten
rust and corrosion.
FEED DIRECTION
Edge Jointing
Against Grain
3
/4" Min.
Figure 16. Proper grain alignment with
cutterhead.
•
10" Min.
INFEED TABLE
1
/4" Min.
Surface Planing
Only cut natural wood. This jointer is only
designed for cutting natural wood stock.
Never use it to cut MDF, particle board,
plywood, laminates, drywall, backer board,
metals, glass, stone, tile, products with
lead-based paint, or products that contain
asbestos. Cutting these may lead to injury
or machine damage.
1
10" Min.
/2" Min.
3
/4" Min.
Figure 17. Minimum stock dimensions for
jointer.
-26-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Squaring Stock
Squaring stock means making it flat and parallel along
both length and width, and making the length and width
perpendicular to one another.
The purpose of squaring stock is to prepare it for accurate
cuts and construction later on.
A properly "squared up" workpiece is essential for tasks
such as accurate table saw cuts, glue-ups/laminations,
cutting accurate bevels on a bandsaw, and many other
applications where one surface of a workpiece is used to
reference another.
Qty
Item(s) Needed
Jointer.............................................................1
Planer..............................................................1
Table Saw.........................................................1
Squaring stock involves four steps performed in the
order below:
Surface Plane on Jointer—Concave face of
workpiece is surface planed flat with jointer.
2.
Surface Plane on a Thickness Planer—Opposite face
of workpiece is surface planed flat with a thickness
planer.
OPERATIONS
1.
Previously Surface
Planed Face
3.
Edge Joint on Jointer—Concave edge of workpiece
is jointed flat with jointer.
4.
Rip Cut on a Table Saw—Jointed edge of workpiece
is placed against a table saw fence and opposite
edge cut off.
Previously
Jointed
Edge
45
15
-27-
30
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Surface Planing
The purpose of surface planing (see Figure 18) on the
jointer is to make one flat face on a piece of stock to
prepare it for thickness planing on a planer.
surface planing
To surface plane on jointer, do these steps:
1.
Inspect stock to ensure it is safe and suitable for the
operation (refer to Stock Inspection on Page 26).
2.
Set infeed table height to desired cutting depth for
each pass.
Failure to use push blocks when surface
planing could result in your hands
contacting rotating cutterhead, which
will cause serious personal injury.
ALWAYS use push blocks when surface
planing on jointer!
OPERATIONS
CAUTION: To minimize risk of kickback, do not
exceed a cutting depth of 1⁄16" per pass when surface
planing.
3.
Set fence to 90°.
4.
Start jointer.
5.
Place workpiece firmly against fence and infeed
table with concave side facing down, as shown in
Figure 18.
CAUTION: To ensure workpiece remains stable
during cut, concave sides of workpiece must face
toward table and fence.
6.
Feed workpiece completely across cutterhead while
keeping it firmly against fence and tables during the
entire cut.
CAUTION: Keep hands at least 4" away from
cutterhead during the entire cut. Instead of allowing
a hand to pass directly over cutterhead, lift it up
and over cutterhead, and safely reposition it on the
outfeed side to continue supporting workpiece. Use
push blocks whenever practical to further reduce
risk of accidental hand contact with cutterhead.
7.
Repeat Step 6 until entire surface is flat.
Tip: When squaring up stock, cut opposite side of
workpiece with a planer instead of the jointer to
ensure both sides are parallel.
-28-
Removed
Surface
Figure 18. Example of a typical surface
planing operation.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Edge Jointing
Edge jointing (see Figure 19) produces a flat and true
surface along the side of a workpiece by removing uneven
areas. It is an essential step for squaring up warped or
rough stock and when preparing a workpiece for joinery
or finishing.
edge jointing
To edge joint on jointer, do these steps:
1.
Inspect stock to ensure it is safe and suitable for the
operation (refer to Stock Inspection on Page 26).
2.
Surface plane workpiece (refer to Surface Planing
on Page 28).
3.
Set infeed table height to desired cutting depth for
each pass.
CAUTION: To minimize risk of kickback, do not
exceed a cutting depth of 1⁄8" per pass.
Set fence to 90°.
5.
Start jointer.
6.
Place workpiece firmly against fence and infeed
table with concave side facing down, as shown in
Figure 19.
OPERATIONS
4.
CAUTION: To ensure workpiece remains stable
during cut, concave sides of workpiece must face
toward table and fence.
7.
Feed workpiece completely across cutterhead while
keeping it firmly against fence and tables during the
entire cut.
CAUTION: Keep hands at least 4" away from
cutterhead during the entire cut. Instead of allowing
a hand to pass directly over cutterhead, lift it up
and over cutterhead, and safely reposition it on the
outfeed side to continue supporting workpiece. Use
push blocks whenever practical to further reduce
risk of accidental hand contact with cutterhead.
8.
Repeat Step 6 until the entire edge is flat.
Tip: When squaring up stock, cut opposite edge of
workpiece with a table saw instead of the jointer—
otherwise, both edges of workpiece will not be
parallel with each other.
-29-
Removed
Surface
Figure 19. Example of a typical edge
jointing operation.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Bevel Cutting
Bevel cuts (see Figure 20) can be made by setting the
fence at the desired angle and feeding the workpiece
firmly along the fence face, with the bottom inside corner
firmly against the table. The cutting process typically
requires multiple passes or cuts to bevel the entire edge
of a workpiece.
To bevel cut on jointer, do these steps:
1.
Inspect stock to ensure it is safe and suitable for the
operation (refer to Stock Inspection on Page 26).
2.
Surface plane workpiece (refer to Surface Planing
on Page 28).
3.
Edge joint workpiece (refer to Edge Jointing on
Page 29).
4.
Set infeed table height to cutting depth desired for
each pass.
OPERATIONS
CAUTION: Cutting depth for bevel cuts is
typically between 1⁄16" and 1⁄8", depending on
hardness and width of stock.
5.
Set fence tilt to desired angle of cut.
6.
Place workpiece against fence and infeed table.
7.
Start jointer.
8.
With a push block in your leading hand, press
workpiece against table and fence with firm
pressure, and feed workpiece over cutterhead with a
push block in your trailing hand.
CAUTION: When your leading hand gets within
4" of the cutterhead, lift it up and over cutterhead,
and place push block on portion of the workpiece
once it is 4" past cutterhead. Now, focus your
pressure on outfeed end of the workpiece while
feeding, and repeat same action with your trailing
hand when it gets within 4" of cutterhead. To help
keep your hands safe, DO NOT let them get closer
than 4" from moving cutterhead at any time during
operation!
9.
Repeat cutting process, as necessary, until you are
satisfied with the results.
-30-
Removed
Surface
Figure 20. Example of a 45° bevel cutting
operation.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Rabbet Cutting
A rabbet cut removes a portion of a workpiece edge, so
it fits together with an opposing, equally sized rabbet
cut on another workpiece (see Figures 21–22). This is a
classic method of joining two workpieces that is simple,
yet strong.
This jointer can be used to make high-quality rabbet cuts,
but there are some situations—whether it is due to an
excessively large/small workpiece size or rabbet cutting
width/depth—when it will not be safe or appropriate for
making the rabbet cut on this jointer. In these cases, you
need to use another tool or method for rabbet cutting
that will be a safer alternative.
A rabbet cut can alternatively be made using a table saw,
router, or even a hand saw. As with any type of cutting
operation, always consider your safety first and use good
judgement!
-31-
Rabbet Joints
Figure 21. Rabbet joints.
OPERATIONS
Typically, rabbet cutting with a jointer requires
the cutterhead guard to be removed first, so the
workpiece can slide along the rabbeting ledge during
the cut. However, it is possible to make rabbet cuts
with workpieces up to 1" thick without removing the
cutterhead guard. This is done by performing the rabbet
cut with the workpiece on end (similar to when you are
edge jointing).
Removed
Surface
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
To rabbet cut on jointer, do these steps:
1.
Inspect stock to ensure it is safe and suitable for the
operation (refer to Stock Inspection on Page 26).
2.
Surface plane workpiece (refer to Surface Planing
on Page 28).
3.
Edge joint workpiece (refer to Edge Jointing on
Page 29).
4.
Set infeed table height to desired cutting depth for
each pass.
OPERATIONS
CAUTION: For safety reasons, cutting depth
should never exceed 1⁄8" per pass.
5.
Remove cutterhead guard if necessary to perform
operation (see Figure 21).
6.
Set fence to 90° and near front of jointer, so amount
of exposed cutterhead in front of fence matches size
of desired rabbet.
7.
Start jointer.
8.
Place workpiece firmly against fence and infeed
table.
9.
Feed workpiece completely across cutterhead while
keeping it firmly against fence and tables during
entire cut.
CAUTION: Keep hands at least 4" away from
cutterhead during the entire cut. Instead of allowing
a hand to pass directly over cutterhead, lift it up
and over cutterhead, and safely reposition it on the
outfeed side to continue supporting workpiece. Use
push blocks whenever practical to further reduce
risk of accidental hand contact with cutterhead.
10. Repeat Step 7 until rabbet is cut to depth.
11. Re-install cutterhead guard if removed in Step 3.
-32-
Figure 22. Examples of typical rabbet
cutting operations.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Setting Depth of Cut
Setting Depth of Cut
The depth of cut on a jointer affects the amount of
material removed from the bottom of the workpiece as it
passes over the cutterhead.
The depth of cut is set by adjusting the height of the
infeed table relative to the outfeed table and cutterhead
knives/inserts at top dead center (TDC).
DO NOT exceed 1⁄8" depth of cut per
pass on this machine or kickback and
serious injury may occur!
This jointer is equipped with a 1⁄8" infeed table stop.
This prevents the table from accidently being lowered
below 1⁄8", which is the maximum depth of cut for surface
planing and edge jointing.
Adjusting Infeed Table Height
Adjusting Infeed Table Height
To adjust the infeed table height, loosen the infeed table
lock (see Figure 23), move the infeed table adjustment
lever (see Figure 23) up or down to raise or lower the
table, and then tighten the lock to secure the setting.
Table Release
Knob
Infeed
Table Lock
To lower the infeed table below 1⁄8" stop, pull the table
release knob (see Figure 23), adjust the table height, and
then tighten the lock to secure the setting.
Depth-of-Cut Scale
Depth of Cut Scale
Note: The depth-of-cut scale can be calibrated or "zeroed"
if it is not accurate. (Refer to Calibrating Depth-of-Cut
Scale on Page 54.)
Figure 23. Infeed table controls.
Scale
Pointer
Scale
Figure 24. Depth-of-cut scale components.
-33-
OPERATIONS
The depth of cut can be referenced directly from the
scale located on the front of the jointer (see Figure 24).
Infeed Table
Adjustment
Lever
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Infeed Positive Stops
Positive Stop Bolts
The infeed table has three positive stop bolts (see
Figure 25) that allow you to quickly adjust the infeed
table between finish/final cuts and shaping/heavy cuts,
and the maximum depth of cut of 1⁄2" (or less) when
rabbeting.
Bottom Height
Stop Bolt
Top Height
Stop Bolt
The positive stop bolts control the top and bottom range
of table movement. Jam nuts lock the positive stop bolts
in position so they will not move during operation.
Jam Nut
We recommend setting the bottom height stop bolt at
1
⁄2". The top height stop can be set anywhere between 0"
and 1⁄16". The 1⁄8" depth stop is factory set and should not
be adjusted unless calibration is necessary.
Item(s) Needed
Qty
Open-End Wrench 13mm.......................................1
1
Jam Nut
⁄8" Stop Bolt
OPERATIONS
To adjust infeed positive stop bolts, do these steps:
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Loosen jam nuts on both stop bolts (see Figure 25).
3.
Raise table to minimum desired depth of cut, then
tighten top height stop bolt (see Figure 25) until it
contacts table. Tighten jam nut to secure stop bolt
in position.
4.
Lower table to maximum desired depth of cut, then
tighten bottom height stop bolt until it contacts
table. Tighten jam nut to secure stop bolt in
position.
Jam Nut
Note: If you need to lower the infeed table more
than 1⁄8", then pull and hold the table release knob
(see Figure 23 on Page 33) while lowering infeed
table.
-34-
Figure 25. Positive stop bolts for infeed
table.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
ACCESSORIES
Jointer Accessories
The following jointer accessories may be available through your local Woodstock International Inc.
Dealer. If you do not have a dealer in your area, these products are also available through online
dealers. Please call or e-mail Woodstock International Inc. Customer Service to get a current listing of
dealers at: 1-800-840-8420 or at sales@woodstockint.com.
D1123—Jointer/Planer Knife Hone
This handy tool sharpens flat and beveled surfaces quickly and easily.
Great for touch-ups.
W1211A—Jointer Pal® Magnetic Knife Gauge
(For HSS & Cobalt Knives)
This magnetic knife-setting system lets you set jointer knives in perfect
alignment every time!
D4297—Indexable Carbide Inserts, 10-Pk.
15 x 15 x 2.5mm replacement indexable carbide inserts for Model
W1860.
-35-
OPERATIONS
D3634—HSS Jointer Knives, 4 Pk.
8" x 3⁄4" x 1⁄8" replacement HSS jointer knives for Model W1859.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
D4501—8" Indexable Spiral Cutterhead
Spiral cutterhead upgrade for Model W1859. Spiral cutterheads with
indexable carbide inserts provide a number of advantages over
traditional straight-knife cutterheads. Carbide inserts stay sharp up to
10 times longer than regular HSS knives and each insert features four
separate sharpened edges, so there's far less overall down time from
changing/adjusting knives. When the inserts do finally get dull, simply
rotate each one 90° to expose another set of factory-sharp cutting
edges. And since the inserts are indexable, they are automatically set
to the perfect height when installed—meaning no more time spent
fussing with a knife-setting jig. Best of all, spiral cutterheads leave a
smoother surface, especially when surfacing wood with figured grain.
D4206—Clear Flexible Hose 4" x 10'
D4256—45° Elbow 4"
W1007—Plastic Blast Gate 4"
W1017—90° Elbow 4"
D4216—Black Flexible Hose 4" x 10'
W1053—Anti-Static Grounding Kit
W1317—Wire Hose Clamp 4"
We've handpicked a selection of commonly used dust-collection
components for machines with 4" dust ports.
D4026
W1017
OPERATIONS
W1053
W1727—1 HP Dust Collector
Specifications: • 1 HP, 120V/240V, single-phase motor • 800 CFM air
suction capacity • 5.67" static pressure • One 4" intake hole • 9"
balanced steel, radial fin impeller • 2.1 cubic feet of bag capacity •
15 3⁄4" x 39 3⁄4" base on casters for portability • 2.5-micron bag filtration
• Power-coated finish for durability • 54 1⁄2" height with bag inflated.
-36-
D4256
W1007
D4216
W1317
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
MAINTENANCE
General
For optimum performance from this machine, this
maintenance schedule must be strictly followed.
Ongoing
To maintain a low risk of injury and proper machine
operation, if you ever observe any of the items below,
shut down the machine immediately and fix the problem
before continuing operations:
•
•
•
•
•
•
MAKE. SURE. that. your. machine. is.
unplugged. during. all. maintenance.
procedures!. If. this. warning. is. ignored,.
serious.personal.injury.may.occur.
Loose mounting bolts.
Dust or debris on and around machine.
Dull or damaged cutterhead knives/inserts.
Unprotected cast-iron surfaces.
Worn or damaged wires.
Any other unsafe condition.
Monthly Check
• Clean and lubricate fence pivot points (Page 38).
• V-belt tension, damage, or wear.
• Clean/vacuum dust buildup from inside stand and off
of motor.
Cleaning & Protecting
Protect the unpainted cast iron table by wiping it clean
after every use—this ensures moisture from wood dust
does not remain on bare metal surfaces. Keep your table
rust-free with regular applications of quality lubricants.
-37-
MAINTENANCE
Cleaning the Model W1859/W1860 is relatively easy.
Vacuum excess wood chips and sawdust, and wipe off the
remaining dust with a dry cloth. If any resin has built up,
use a resin dissolving cleaner to remove it.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Lubrication
Since all bearings are sealed and permanently lubricated,
simply leave them alone until they need to be replaced.
DO NOT lubricate them.
It is essential to clean components before lubricating
them because dust and chips build up on lubricated
components and make them hard to move. Simply adding
more grease to them will not yield smooth-moving
components.
Item(s) Needed
Qty
Pump-Type Oil Can..............................................1
Mineral Spirits........................................ As Needed
Clean Shop Rags...................................... As Needed
Fence & Carriage
Fence Carriage
Oil Type........................................ISO 68 Equivalent
Oil Amount............................................. 1–2 Drops
Lubrication Frequency................Monthly, or As Needed
MAINTENANCE
Clean fence pivot points and carriage ways (see
Figure 26) with mineral spirits and shop rags, allow to
dry, then lubricate with light machine oil. Wipe off excess
oil.
-38-
Figure 26. Fence and carriage lubrication
locations.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
SERVICE
General
This section covers the most common service adjustments
or procedures that may need to be made during the life
of your machine.
If you require additional machine service not included
in this section, please contact Woodstock International
Technical Support at (360) 734-3482 or send e-mail to:
techsupport@woodstockint.com.
Setting/Replacing Knives
(W1859)
Inspecting Knives
Setting the knives correctly is crucial to the proper
operation of the jointer and it plays an important role
in keeping the knives sharp. If one knife is higher than
the others, it will do the majority of the work, and thus,
become dull much faster.
The cutterhead on this jointer comes with both jack
screws and springs for setting knife height. Which one
you choose is a matter of personal preference. However,
only one of these options is needed to set the knives.
The advantage of using springs is that springs maintain a
constant upward pressure on the knives while using the
knife-setting jig. The advantage of using jack screws is
that once you set the proper height of the screws, they
should require little to no adjustment when replacing
knives.
-39-
The HSS knives are very sharp and
can quickly cut your hands. ALWAYS
use caution when handling these parts
to reduce risk of personal injury.
SERVICE
There are two options for setting the knives—the
straightedge method and the knife-setting jig method.
Each option has advantages and disadvantages; the
correct one for you will be a matter of personal
preference. For best results, the tables must be parallel
with each other (refer to Checking/Adjusting Table
Parallelism) and the outfeed table height must be
properly set (refer to Setting Outfeed Table Height).
MAKE. SURE. that. your. machine. is.
unplugged. during. all. service. procedures!. If. this. warning. is. ignored,. serious.personal.injury.may.occur.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Straightedge Method
A high quality straightedge (or Jointer Pal) is held flat
against the outfeed table and the knife heights are
set to the bottom of the straightedge, as shown in
Figures 27–28. Because the knife projection height from
the cutterhead is dependent on the outfeed table height,
the outfeed table must be set as described in Setting
Outfeed Table Height on Page 49 for this method to
work correctly.
Black Lines Represent
Black
Lines Represent
Straightedge
Positions
Straightedge
Positions
From Overhead
View
From Overhead View
When using the straightedge method to set the knives,
you will not need to move the outfeed table once it is set
and you will always be assured that the knives are even
with the outfeed table in their highest point of rotation—
top dead center (TDC)—even if the cutterhead is not
perfectly parallel with the outfeed table.
Qty
Item(s) Needed
Precision Straightedge or Knife-Setting Jig..................1
Hex Wrench 3mm................................................1
Open-End Wrench 10mm.......................................1
To check knife height with a straightedge, do these
steps:
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Remove cutterhead guard or block it open.
3.
Using a straightedge on outfeed table, check height
of each knife at positions as shown in Figure 27.
Knife at TDC
Knife at TDC
Straightedge
Straightedge
Outfeed
Outfeed
Infeed
Infeed
Figure 27. Setting knife height with a
straightedge.
— Knives are set correctly when they just touch
bottom of straightedge at TDC in each of
straightedge positions.
— If knives do not touch straightedge or they lift
up at any position, then those knives need to be
adjusted (refer to Setting/Replacing Knives on
Page 42).
SERVICE
Figure 28. Setting knife height with a
Jointer Pal®.
-40-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Knife-Setting Jig Method
The infeed table is lowered to fit the jig on the
cutterhead, as shown in Figure 29, and the knife heights
are set to just touch the middle pad of the jig. The
knife-setting jig included with the jointer is designed to
set all the knives evenly and at the correct height in the
cutterhead.
To check knife height with a knife-setting jig, do these
steps:
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Remove cutterhead guard or block it open.
3.
Pull table release knob and lower infeed table to 1⁄2"
scale mark.
4.
Rotate cutterhead so knife is at top dead center
(TDC).
5.
Place knife jig on cutterhead, directly over a knife.
6.
Closely examine how jig touches cutterhead and
knife. Knife is set correctly when, on each side of
cutterhead, both legs of jig sit firmly on cutterhead
body and middle pad of jig just touches top edge of
knife.
— If jig does not sit as described, then that knife
must be reset. Repeat this inspection with other
knives before resetting. (Refer to Setting/Replacing
Knives on Page 42.)
Middle
Pad
Figure 29. Example of knife-setting jig
positioned over cutterhead knife.
Figure 30. Using knife-setting jig to check
knife height.
SERVICE
-41-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Setting/Replacing Knives
Setting Replacing Knives
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Remove cutterhead guard from table and lower
infeed table to 1⁄2" on depth-of-cut scale. This will
provide unrestricted access to cutterhead.
3.
Loosen
Tighten
Knife
Jack
Screw
Remove cabinet rear access panel to expose
cutterhead pulley.
Gib
4.
Rotate cutterhead pulley to provide good access to
cutterhead knives.
5.
Loosen cutterhead gib bolts (see Figure 31), starting
in the middle, and alternating back and forth until
all gib bolts are loose, but not falling out.
The first time you set or replace a knife, remove
the gib and knife from cutterhead. Clean gib and
clean inside cutterhead slot to remove all pitch or
sawdust. Coat knife and gib with a metal protectant.
6.
Position knife-setting jig over knife. Loosen gib bolts
until knife is completely loose.
7.
Jack Screws—Access jack screws through holes in
cutterhead (see Figure 32). Using a hex wrench,
rotate jack screws to raise or lower knife. When
knife is set correctly, it will barely touch the bottom
of the straightedge or the middle pad of the knife
jig. Snug gib bolts just tight enough to hold knife in
place. Repeat with remaining knives.
Gib Bolt
Figure 31. Cutterhead profile diagram.
Jack
Screw
Figure 32. Location of jack screw access
hole.
SERVICE
Springs—Push knife down with straightedge or
middle pad of knife-setting jig (see Figure 33). Keep
straightedge flat against outfeed table. If using jig,
keep feet pressed evenly against cutterhead. Tighten
gib bolts just enough to hold knife in place. Repeat
with remaining knives.
8.
Rotate cutterhead to reveal the first knife you
started with. Lightly snug all gib bolts, alternating
from one side to the other, and working from the
ends to the middle. Repeat with remaining knives.
9.
Tighten each gib bolt in the same alternating manner
as you did in the previous step.
10. Make sure outfeed table is set even with the new
knives at top dead center.
11. Replace cutterhead guard and cabinet rear access
panel.
-42-
Spring
Figure 33. Location of spring.
3
1
2
4
Figure 34. Gib bolt tightening sequence.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Rotating/Replacing
Helical Cutterhead Inserts
(W1860)
Rotating Replacing Cutterhead Inserts
The helical cutterhead is equipped with 4-sided indexable
carbide inserts. Each insert can be removed, rotated,
and re-installed to use any one of its four cutting edges.
Therefore, if one cutting edge becomes dull or damaged,
simply rotate it 90° (see Figure 35) to use a sharp cutting
edge.
The inserts have a reference dot on one corner. The
position of the reference dot on installed inserts can
be used to track which edges are sharp/unused and
which edges are dull or damaged. Replace inserts once
the reference dot has been rotated back to its original
position.
Item(s) Needed
Qty
Carbide Inserts 15 x 15 x 2.5mm.................. As Needed
Torx Head Screws T-25 #10-32 x 1⁄2".............. As Needed
T-25 Torx Driver or Torque Wrench............................1
T-25 Torx Bit......................................................1
To rotate or replace helical cutterhead insert, do these
steps:
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Remove cutterhead guard from table, and then pull
table release knob and lower infeed table as far
down as it will go.
3.
Remove cover to get access to cutterhead pulley.
4.
Taking care not to pinch your hand between belt
and pulley, rotate pulley as needed to make inserts
accessible for removal.
Reference Dot
Figure 35. Insert rotating sequence.
The carbide inserts are very sharp and
can easily cut your hands. ALWAYS use
caution when handling these parts to
reduce risk of personal injury.
SERVICE
-43-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
5.
Carefully clean away all sawdust or debris from top
of insert, Torx screw, and surrounding area (see
Figure 36).
6.
Remove Torx screw and insert, then carefully clean
away all dust and debris from insert and insert
pocket in cutterhead.
IMPORTANT: This step is critical for achieving a
smooth finish with cutting operations. Dirt or dust
trapped under insert during installation will slightly
raise insert in cutterhead, which will leave marks on
workpiece after jointing.
Tip: Use low-pressure compressed air or a vacuum
nozzle to clean cutterhead pocket.
7.
Re-install insert with a sharp cutting edge facing
outward. Make sure insert is properly seated in
cutterhead pocket before securing.
— If all four insert cutting edges have been used,
replace insert with a new one. Always position
reference dot in same position when installing a
new insert to aid in rotational sequencing.
8.
Lubricate Torx screw threads with a small amount of
light machine oil, wipe excess off, and torque screw
to 48–50 inch/pounds.
SERVICE
IMPORTANT: If too much oil is applied to the
threads, excess will attempt to squeeze out of
threaded hole as you install insert and force it to
raise slightly, making it out of alignment.
-44-
Torx
Screw
Cutterhead
Insert
Figure 36. Example of cutterhead inserts
and Torx screws.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Checking/Adjusting Table
Parallelism
Checking Adjusting Table Parallelism
If the tables are not parallel with the cutterhead and
each other, then poor cutting results and kickback can
occur.
Item(s) Needed
Qty
Precision Straightedge 3'.......................................1
Open-End Wrench 16mm.......................................1
Hex Wrenches 3, 5mm.....................................1 Ea.
Checking Outfeed Table
Checking Outfeed Table
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Remove cutterhead guard, fence assembly, and rear
access panel on stand.
3.
Loosen outfeed table lock located at front of
machine, and loosen jam nuts and stop bolts located
under outfeed table (see Figure 37).
4.
Stop Bolts
Rotate motor pulley so that you can access
cutterhead body with straightedge between the
knives/inserts, as shown in Figure 38.
5.
Place straightedge on outfeed table so it hangs
over cutterhead, then lower outfeed table until
straightedge just touches cutterhead body.
6.
Place straightedge in positions shown in Figure 39.
In each position, straightedge should touch
cutterhead and sit flat on outfeed table.
— If straightedge touches cutterhead body and sits
flat across outfeed table in all positions, then
outfeed table is already parallel with cutterhead.
Follow the Checking Infeed Table instructions on
Page 46.
-45-
Figure 37. Location of outfeed table stop
bolts and jam nuts.
Straightedge
Outfeed Table
Figure 38. Adjusting outfeed table
even with cutterhead body (knife-style
cutterhead shown).
Black Lines Represent
Straightedge Positions
From Overhead View
Figure 39. Straightedge positions for
verifying if the outfeed table is parallel
with cutterhead.
SERVICE
— If straightedge does not touch cutterhead body
and sit flat across outfeed table in any of the
positions, then outfeed table is not parallel with
cutterhead. Perform Adjusting Table Parallelism
procedure on Page 47, then perform Checking
Infeed Table procedure on Page 46.
Jam Nuts
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Checking Infeed Table
1.
Checking Infeed Table
Follow all steps for checking outfeed table
parallelism to first make sure that outfeed table is
parallel with cutterhead.
2.
Set outfeed table height (refer to Setting Outfeed
Table Height on Page 49).
3.
Rotate cutterhead so knives/inserts will not
interfere, then place straightedge on infeed and
outfeed tables and adjust infeed table even with
outfeed table, as shown in Figure 40.
4.
Place straightedge in the positions shown in
Figure 41. In each position, straightedge should sit
flat against both outfeed table and infeed table.
Straightedge
Outfeed Table
Infeed Table
Figure 40. Infeed and outfeed tables set
evenly (knife-style cutterhead shown).
Black Lines Represent
Straightedge Positions
from Overhead View
— If straightedge sits flat against both infeed
and outfeed tables in all positions, then tables
are parallel. Replace cutterhead guard, fence
assembly, and rear access panel on stand.
SERVICE
— If straightedge does not sit flat against both infeed
and outfeed tables in any of the positions, then
perform Adjusting Table Parallelism on Page 47.
-46-
Figure 41. Straightedge positions for
checking infeed/outfeed table parallelism.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Adjusting Table Parallelism
Adjusting Table Parallelism
For safe and proper cutting results, the tables must be
parallel to the cutterhead. Adjusting them to be parallel
is a task of precision and patience, and may take up
to one hour to complete. Luckily, this is considered
a permanent adjustment and should not need to be
repeated for the life of the machine.
Due to the complex nature of this task, we recommend
that you double check the current table positions to make
sure that they really need to be adjusted before starting.
Straightedge
Outfeed Table
Figure 42. Adjusting outfeed table
even with cutterhead body (knife-style
cutterhead shown).
Each table has four eccentric bushings on the base
underneath that allow the table to be adjusted parallel.
Each bushing is locked in place by a set screw.
The correct order for adjusting the table parallelism
is to first adjust the outfeed table parallel with the
cutterhead, then adjust the infeed table parallel with the
outfeed table.
When setting the outfeed table, all measurements MUST
be made from the cutterhead body—not the knives/inserts
or the results may be skewed.
IMPORTANT: The following steps are intended to be
performed directly after the steps involved in Checking
Outfeed Table. Do not continue until you have performed
those steps.
To adjust table parallelism, do these steps:
1.
2.
Place straightedge on outfeed table so it hangs
over cutterhead, and lower outfeed table until
straightedge just touches cutterhead body, as shown
in Figure 42.
Plug (1 of 4)
Access Hole
(1 of 4)
Set Screw
Table Cover
(1 of 2)
Eccentric
Nut
Eccentric
Nut
Set Screw
Figure 43. Accessing outfeed eccentric
bushings (2 of 4).
Remove outfeed table covers by removing plugs (see
Figure 43) and accessing cap screws that secure
covers to table, and then loosen set screws from
eccentric bolts under outfeed table (see Figure 43).
SERVICE
-47-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
3.
Place straightedge in one of the positions shown
in Figure 44, and adjust eccentric bushings so
straightedge touches cutterhead body while lying
flat across outfeed table (a small hammer and punch
may be necessary to turn eccentric bushings).
4.
Repeat Step 3 with each remaining straightedge
position as many times as necessary until outfeed
table is parallel with cutterhead.
5.
Tighten set screws in eccentric bushings on outfeed
table.
6.
Remove 1⁄8" stop release knob and infeed table
covers and loosen set screws from each eccentric
bushings under infeed table.
7.
Place straightedge halfway across infeed and outfeed
tables, and adjust infeed table even with outfeed
table, as shown in Figure 45.
8.
Place straightedge in one of the positions shown
in Figure 46, and adjust eccentric bushings under
infeed table so straightedge lies flat against both
tables.
9.
Repeat Step 8 with each remaining straightedge
position as many times as necessary until infeed
table is parallel with outfeed table.
Black Lines Represent
Straightedge Positions
From Overhead View
Figure 44. Straightedge positions for
verifying if the outfeed table is parallel
with cutterhead.
Straightedge
Outfeed Table
Infeed Table
Figure 45. Infeed and outfeed tables set
evenly (knife-style cutterhead shown).
Black Lines Represent
Straightedge Positions
from Overhead View
10. Tighten set screws in eccentric bushings on infeed
table.
11. Set outfeed table height (refer to Setting Outfeed
Table Height on Page 49).
SERVICE
12. Check/adjust infeed table stop (refer to Calibrating
Infeed Table Stop on Page 50).
-48-
Figure 46. Straightedge positions for
checking infeed/outfeed table parallelism.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Setting Outfeed Table
Height
To help ensure safe operation and best cutting results,
set the outfeed table height level with the knives/inserts
when they are at top-dead-center (TDC). If the outfeed
table is set too low, the workpiece will be tapered from
front to back or there will be snipe (a gouge in end of
board that is uneven with rest of cut). If the outfeed
table is set too high, the workpiece will hit the edge of
the outfeed table during operation, increasing the chance
of kickback.
Setting Outfeed Table Height
Item(s) Needed
Qty
Precision Straightedge 4'.......................................1
Open-End Wrench 16mm.......................................1
Stop Bolts
Jam Nuts
Figure 47. Location of outfeed table stop
bolts and jam nuts.
To set outfeed table height, do these steps:
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Remove cutterhead guard, fence, and rear access
panel on stand.
3.
W1859 Only: Make sure knife heights are set
correctly (refer to Setting/Replacing Knives on
Page 42).
4.
5.
6.
7.
W1859
Top Dead
Center
1.
Loosen outfeed table lock located at front of
machine, and loosen jam nuts and positive stop bolts
located at side of machine just below outfeed table
(see Figure 47).
Top Dead
Center
W1860
Figure 48. Knife or insert at TDC.
Place straightedge on outfeed table so it extends
over cutterhead.
Use motor pulley to rotate cutterhead until one
knife or insert is at TDC (its highest point during
rotation), as shown in Figure 48.
W1859
Straightedge
Outfeed
8.
Tighten outfeed table lock located so outfeed table
will not move during operation.
9.
Re-install cutterhead guard, fence, and rear access
panel on stand.
10. Verify proper operation of cutterhead guard (refer to
Checking/Adjusting Cutterhead Guard on Page 57).
-49-
Bottom Dead
Center
W1860
Straightedge
Outfeed
Infeed
Figure 49. Using straightedge to check
outfeed table height.
SERVICE
Use outfeed table lever to set outfeed table so knife
or insert barely touches straightedge, as shown in
Figure 49.
Infeed
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Calibrating 1⁄8" Infeed
Table Stop
The infeed table on the Model W1859/W1860 has a builtin table stop that automatically sets maximum depth of
cut at 1⁄8". It is necessary to adjust this stop if you adjust
table parallelism.
Checking Adjusting 1/8 Infeed Table Stop
Item(s) Needed
Qty
Precision Straightedge 3'.......................................1
Tape Measure.....................................................1
Hex Wrench 5mm................................................1
To calibrate the 1⁄8" infeed table stop, do these steps:
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Remove table release knob by unthreading it (see
Figure 50), and then remove infeed table covers
(see Figure 50) by removing plugs and cap screws
that secure covers to table.
3.
Loosen jam nut on the 1⁄8" infeed table stop bolt
(see Figure 51), and then rotate stop bolt clockwise
a couple turns to move it down, so it will clear the
stop plate during adjustment process in later steps.
4.
Place straightedge along outfeed table and position
it so the end is just over infeed table, then lower
infeed table until gap between infeed table and
straightedge measures 1⁄8".
Access Holes
for Cap Screws
Table Cover
Knob Removed
from Stop
Figure 50. Accessing infeed table stop.
Stop Plate
SERVICE
Tip: It may be easier to have another person help by
holding the straightedge in position while you adjust
table and measure gap.
5.
Rotate stop bolt (see Figure 51) counterclockwise to
move it upward until it makes firm contact with stop
plate (see Figure 51).
6.
Hold stop bolt in place, and tighten jam nut (see
Figure 51) down firmly against the casting to secure
stop bolt in place.
7.
Replace table covers and re-install release knob.
8.
Calibrate depth-of-cut scale (refer to Calibrating
Depth-of-Cut Scale on Page 54).
-50-
Stop Bolt
Jam Nut
Figure 51. Location of 1⁄8" infeed table
stop bolt and jam nut.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Setting Fence Stops
The fence stops simplify the task of adjusting the fence to
45° inward, 90°, and 45° outward (135°). Setting Fence Stops
Item(s) Needed
Qty
Open-End Wrench 14mm.......................................1
Sliding Bevel......................................................1
45° Inward
Stop Bolt
Stop
Block
Jam Nut
Setting 45° Inward Stop
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Loosen fence tilt lock, rotate stop block up, then tilt
fence approximately 45° inward onto stop bolt (see
Figure 52).
3.
4.
Tilt Lock
Place sliding bevel set to 45° against fence and
table, as shown in Figure 53.
Loosen jam nut on 45° stop bolt and adjust stop
bolt until fence is exactly 45° inward while resting
on stop bolt (see Figure 52). Verify angle, then
retighten jam nut.
Figure 52. Fence set to 45° inward.
Sliding Bevel Set
to 45° Inward
Figure 53. Example of adjusting fence to
45° inward.
SERVICE
-51-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Setting 90° Stop
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Loosen fence tilt lock, rotate stop block down, and
position fence approximately 90° onto stop cap
screw (see Figure 54).
90° Stop
Cap Screw
Jam Nut
Stop Block
Tilt Lock
Figure 54. Fence set to 90°.
3.
Place sliding bevel set to 90° against fence and
table, as shown in Figure 55.
4.
Loosen jam nut on 90° stop cap screw and adjust cap
screw until fence is exactly 90° while cap screw is
resting on stop block (see Figure 54). Verify angle,
then retighten jam nut.
Sliding Bevel
Set to 90°
SERVICE
Figure 55. Example of adjusting fence to
90°.
-52-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Setting 45° Outward (135°) Stop
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Loosen fence tilt lock, rotate stop block up, then tilt
fence approximately 45° inward onto stop bolt (see
Figure 56).
45° Outward
Stop Bolt
Stop
Block
Jam Nut
Tilt
Lock
Figure 56. Fence set to 45° outward.
3.
Place sliding bevel set to 135° against fence and
table, as shown in Figure 57.
4.
Loosen jam nut on 45° stop bolt and adjust stop
bolt until fence is exactly 45° outward while resting
on stop bolt (see Figure 56). Verify angle, then
retighten jam nut.
Sliding Bevel Set
to 45° Outward
Figure 57. Example of adjusting fence to
45° outward.
SERVICE
-53-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Calibrating Depth-of-Cut
Scale
For best cutting results, calibrate or "zero" the depth-ofcut scale so cutting depth shown on the scale matches the
actual cutting depth (per pass).
Calibrating Depth Scale
Item(s) Needed
Qty
Precision Straightedge 4'.......................................1
Hex Wrench 3mm................................................1
W1859
Straightedge
Outfeed
Infeed
To calibrate the depth-of-cut scale, do these steps:
W1860
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Make sure outfeed table height is set correctly (refer
to Setting Outfeed Table Height on Page 49).
3.
Place a straightedge across infeed and outfeed
tables.
4.
Adjust the infeed table until it is even with the
outfeed table (see Figure 58).
5.
Loosen button head screws that secure scale pointer,
adjust scale pointer to "0," then re-tighten screws
(see Figure 59).
Straightedge
Outfeed
Infeed
Figure 58. Infeed table even with outfeed
table.
Scale
Pointer
"0"
SERVICE
Figure 59. Depth-of-cut scale set to "0".
-54-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Tensioning/Replacing Belt
To ensure optimum power transmission from the motor to
the cutterhead, the belt must be in good condition (free
from cracks, fraying and wear) and properly tensioned.
Tensioning Replacing Belt
Item(s) Needed
Qty
Replacement Belt (X1859136).................................1
Phillips Screwdriver #2..........................................1
Open-End or Socket Wrench 13mm...........................1
Tensioning Belt
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Remove rear access panel on stand.
3.
Loosen motor mount fasteners shown in Figure 60.
DO NOT completely remove motor mount fasteners.
4.
Press down on motor to keep tension on belt, and
then tighten motor mount bracket fasteners (see
Figure 60),
5.
Press belt with moderate pressure in center to check
belt tension. Belt is correctly tensioned when there
is approximately 1⁄4" deflection when pushed, as
shown in Figure 61.
Belts and pulleys will be hot after
operation. Allow them to cool before
handling.
After approximately 16 hours of
operation, belts will stretch and
seat into pulley grooves. The belts
need to be re-tensioned after this
initial break-in period to ensure
optimum
power
transfer
and.
maximum overall life of the belts.
— If there is more than 1⁄4" deflection when
you check belt tension, repeat the tensioning
procedure until it is correct.
6.
Figure 60. Location of motor mount
fasteners (3 of 4 shown).
Replace rear access panel.
Replacing Belt
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Remove fence, belt cover and rear access panel on
stand.
3.
Loosen motor mount bracket fasteners shown in
Figure 60.
4.
Use a 2x4 as leverage to lift motor as you remove
belt and replace it with a new one. Make sure belt is
seated in pulley groove.
6.
Follow Steps 4–5 in Tensioning Belt procedure to set
correct belt tension.
Replace rear access panel.
-55-
Approximately
⁄4" Deflection
1
Motor Pulley
Figure 61. Checking belt deflection.
SERVICE
5.
Cutterhead Pulley
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Checking/Aligning Pulleys
Pulley alignment is an important factor in power
transmission and belt life. The pulleys should be parallel
to each other and in the same plane (coplaner) for
optimum performance.
Checking Aligning Pulleys
Each pulley can be adjusted by loosening the set screw
that secures the pulley to the shaft, sliding the pulley in/
out, and retightening the set screw to lock the pulley in
place.
Item(s) Needed
Qty
Precision Straightedge (Optional).............................1
Hex Wrench 3mm................................................1
Phillips Head Screwdriver #2...................................1
To check/align pulleys, do these steps:
Cutterhead
Pulley
Belt
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Remove fence, belt cover, and rear access panel on
stand.
3.
Look down length of belt and pulley faces to check
pulley alignment (see Figures 62–63). If available
use a narrow straightedge against pulley faces to
check alignment.
Motor
Pulley
Figure 62. Checking pulley alignment
(viewed from above).
— If pulleys are aligned, proceed to Step 7.
SERVICE
— If pulleys are not aligned, perform Steps 4­–6.
4.
Remove belt (refer to Tensioning/Replacing Belt of
Page 55).
5.
Loosen motor pulley set screw and cutterhead
pulley set screw, and then align both pulleys. (Use
straightedge if needed.)
6.
Tighten set screws, replace belt, and repeat Step 3
to verify proper pulley alignment. Pulleys should
be aligned, as shown in Figure 63, when belt is
properly tensioned.
7.
Re-install fence, belt cover, and rear access panel on
stand.
-56-
Cutterhead
Pulley
Alignment
Motor
Pulley
Figure 63. Proper pulley alignment.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Checking/Adjusting
Cutterhead Guard
The cutterhead guard is designed to reduce the risk of
accidental contact with hands or fingers with the spinning
cutterhead. When properly installed and functioning
correctly, the guard automatically rotates clear of the
cutterhead during the cutting operation and then springs
back over the cutterhead as soon as the operation is
complete.
Adjusting Cutterhead Guard
In order to function as intended, the guard must be
installed as low as possible over the infeed table without
actually touching it (approximately 1⁄16" above infeed
table), and it must have enough spring tension at the
mounting shaft to quickly reposition itself against the
fence after it is rotated away from the cutterhead and
released. Before performing rabbeting operation, adjust
guard height to just clear outfeed table.
The cutterhead guard is a critical safety
feature of this jointer. You MUST install
and verify its operation before using
the jointer! Failure to properly install
this guard will greatly increase the risk
of serious personal injury.
To check/adjust cutterhead guard for proper operation,
do these steps:
1.
DISCONNECT MACHINE FROM POWER!
2.
Set fence to 90° and move it all the way back, then
pull cutterhead guard (see Figure 64) back and let it
go.
Cutterhead
Guard
— If cutterhead guard springs back over cutterhead,
contacts fence, and does not drag across infeed
table, then it is properly adjusted.
— If cutterhead guard does not spring back over
cutterhead, does not contact fence, or drags
across infeed table, then proceed to Step 3.
Loosen shaft lock (see Figure 64). Move guard so it
is resting against fence, and 1⁄16" above infeed table.
4.
Holding guard height in place, tighten shaft lock to
secure setting.
5.
Repeat Step 2 and, if necessary, repeat Steps 3–4
until cutterhead guard is properly adjusted.
-57-
Shaft Lock
Figure 64. Cutterhead guard components.
SERVICE
3.
Fence
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Troubleshooting
The following troubleshooting tables cover common problems that may occur with this machine. If you
need replacement parts or additional troubleshooting help, contact our Technical Support.
Note: Before contacting Tech Support, find the machine serial number and manufacture date, and if
available, your original purchase receipt. This information is required to properly assist you.
Motor & Electrical
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Machine does not
start or a breaker
trips immediately
after startup.
1. Incorrect power supply voltage/circuit
size.
2. Power supply circuit breaker tripped/fuse
blown.
3. Motor wires connected incorrectly.
4. Wiring open/has high resistance.
5. ON/STOP switch at fault.
6. Start capacitor at fault.
7. Centrifugal switch at fault.
8. Motor at fault.
Machine stalls or is
underpowered.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Workpiece material not suitable.
Excessive feed rate.
Excessive depth of cut.
Dull knives/inserts.
6. Dust collection blockage.
7. Motor overheated.
8. Pulley slipping on shaft.
9. Run capacitor at fault.
10. Centrifugal switch at fault.
11. Motor bearings at fault.
12. Motor at fault.
SERVICE
2. Ensure circuit is sized correctly and free of shorts.
Reset circuit breaker or replace fuse.
3. Correct motor wiring connections (Page 61).
4. Check/fix broken, disconnected, or corroded wires.
5. Test/replace switch.
6. Test/replace capacitor.
7. Adjust/replace centrifugal switch if available.
8. Test/repair/replace.
Ensure workpiece is suitable for jointing (Page 26).
Reduce feed rate.
Reduce depth of cut (Page 33).
Sharpen/replace knives (Page 42); rotate/replace
inserts (Page 43).
5. Tension/replace belt (Page 55); ensure pulleys are
aligned (Page 56).
6. Clear blockages, seal leaks, use smooth-wall duct,
eliminate bends, close other branches.
7. Clean motor, let cool, and reduce workload.
8. Tighten/replace loose pulley/shaft, replace shaft
key; tighten pulley set screw.
9. Test/repair/replace.
10. Adjust/replace centrifugal switch if available.
11. Test/repair/replace.
12. Test/repair/replace.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5. Belt slipping or pulleys misaligned.
Machine has vibration or noisy
operation.
1. Ensure correct power supply voltage/circuit size.
1. Mobile base lock knobs loose or stand feet 1. Tighten mobile base lock knobs or adjust stand feet
to stabilize machine.
not adjusted properly.
2. Replace missing bolts/nuts, or tighten if loose.
2. Motor or other component loose.
3. Inspect/tension or replace belt (Page 55).
3. Belt worn or loose.
4. Fix/replace fan cover; replace loose/damaged fan.
4. Motor fan rubbing on fan cover.
5. Secure pulley on shaft or realign (Page 56).
5. Pulley loose or misaligned.
6. Sharpen/replace knives (Page 42); rotate/replace
6. Dull knives/inserts.
inserts (Page 43).
7. Replace bearing(s).
7. Cutterhead bearings at fault.
8. Adjust/replace centrifugal switch if available.
8. Centrifugal switch at fault.
9. Test/repair/replace.
9. Motor bearings at fault.
-58-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Machine Operation
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Table is hard to
adjust.
1. Table lock engaged/partially engaged.
2. Table stop blocking movement.
Excessive snipe
(gouge in end
of board that is
uneven with rest of
cut).
1. Align outfeed table with cutterhead knife/insert at
top dead center (Page 49).
2. Adjust height of knives evenly with outfeed table
2. Knives set too high (W1859).
(Page 42).
3. Operator pushing down on trailing end of 3. Reduce/eliminate downward pressure on trailing
end of workpiece as it leaves cutterhead.
workpiece as it leaves cutterhead.
Workpiece stops in
middle of cut.
1. Outfeed table set too high.
1. Completely loosen table lock (Page 9).
2. Loosen/reset table stop (Page 34).
1. Outfeed table set too low.
1. Align outfeed table with cutterhead knife/insert at
top dead center (Page 49).
Workpiece chipping, 1. Workpiece not suitable for jointing.
1. Ensure workpiece is suitable for jointing (Page 26).
2. Operator not feeding workpiece to cut 2. Turn workpiece 180° before feeding again.
tear-out, indenta"with" the grain.
tions, or overall
3. Feed rate too fast.
rough cuts.
3. Reduce feed rate.
4. Excessive depth of cut.
4. Reduce depth of cut (Page 33).
5. Dull knives/inserts.
5. Sharpen/replace knives (Page 42); rotate/replace
inserts (Page 43).
6. Dust collection problems.
6. Clear blockages, seal leaks, move machine closer to
dust collector, upgrade dust collector.
Fuzzy grain left in
workpiece.
1. Wood has high moisture content.
1. Ensure wood moisture content is less than 20%.
Allow to dry if necessary.
2. Sharpen/replace knives (Page 42); rotate/replace
inserts (Page 43).
2. Dull knives/inserts.
Long lines or
ridges that run
along length of
workpiece.
1. Nicked or chipped knives/inserts.
Uneven cutter
marks, wavy surface, or chatter
marks across face
of workpiece.
1. Feeding workpiece too fast.
2. Knives not properly adjusted (W1859).
3. Dirt or debris under inserts (W1860).
1. Reduce feed rate.
2. Properly adjust knives (Page 42).
3. Remove inserts, properly clean mounting pocket,
and re-install (Page 43).
Glossy surface;
scorching or
burn marks on
workpiece.
1. Feed rate too slow.
2. Dull knives/inserts.
1. Increase feed rate.
2. Sharpen/replace knives (Page 42); rotate/replace
inserts (Page 43).
Workpiece is concave or convex
along its length
after jointing.
1. Workpiece not held with even pressure 1. Apply even downward pressure against workpiece
throughout entire travel along outfeed side during
against outfeed table during cut.
cut.
2. Workpiece excessively bowed or warped, 2. Ensure workpiece is suitable for jointing (Page 26).
not suitable for jointing.
3. Tables are not parallel with cutterhead and 3. Check/adjust table parallelism (Page 45).
each other.
Workpiece edges
not square; tapered
cut produced.
1. Fence not square to table(s); fence tilt
unlocked.
2. Knives not properly adjusted (W1859).
3. Inserts not consistently tightened/torqued
(W1860).
4. Warped infeed or outfeed table.
1. Replace knives (Page 42); rotate/replace inserts
(Page 43).
2. Inserts not consistently tightened/torqued 2. Tighten/torque all inserts consistently when rotat(W1860).
ing/replacing (Page 43).
3. Dirt or debris under inserts (W1860).
3. Remove inserts, properly clean mounting pocket
and re-install (Page 43).
2. Properly adjust knives (Page 42).
3. Tighten/torque all inserts consistently when rotating/replacing (Page 43).
4. Regrind/replace table.
SERVICE
-59-
1. Square fence to table(s) (Page 51); lock fence.
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Electrical Safety Instructions
These pages are current at the time of printing. However, in the spirit of improvement, we may make
changes to the electrical systems of future machines. Compare the manufacture date of your machine to
the one stated in this manual, and study this section carefully.
electrical warning page
If there are differences between your machine and what is shown in this section, call Technical Support
at (360) 734-3482 for assistance BEFORE making any changes to the wiring on your machine. An updated
wiring diagram may be available. Note: Please gather the serial number and manufacture date of your
machine before calling. This information can be found on the main machine label.
SHOCK.HAZARD. Working on wiring that is
connected to a power source is extremely
dangerous. Touching electrified parts will
result in personal injury including but not
limited to severe burns, electrocution,
or death. Disconnect the power from
the machine before servicing electrical
components!
MODIFICATIONS. Using aftermarket parts or
modifying the wiring beyond what is shown
in the diagram may lead to unpredictable
results, including serious injury or fire.
MOTOR.WIRING. The motor wiring shown
in these diagrams is current at the time
of printing, but it may not match your
machine. Always use the wiring diagram
inside the motor junction box.
QUALIFIED.ELECTRICIAN. Due to the inherent
hazards of electricity, only a qualified
electrician should perform wiring tasks on
this machine. If you are not a qualified
electrician, get help from one before
attempting any kind of wiring job.
CAPACITORS/INVERTERS. Some capacitors
and power inverters store an electrical
charge for up to 10 minutes after being
disconnected from the power source.
To reduce the risk of being shocked,
wait at least this long before working on
capacitors.
WIRE.CONNECTIONS. All connections must
be tight to prevent wires from loosening
during machine operation. Double-check all
wires disconnected or connected during any
wiring task to ensure tight connections.
SERVICE
WIRE/COMPONENT.DAMAGE..Damaged wires
or components increase the risk of serious
personal injury, fire, or machine damage. If
you notice that any wires or components are
damaged while performing a wiring task,
replace those wires or components before
completing the task.
CIRCUIT.REQUIREMENTS. You MUST follow
the requirements at the beginning of this
manual when connecting your machine to a
power source.
EXPERIENCING.DIFFICULTIES. If you are
experiencing difficulties understanding
the information included in this section,
contact our Technical Support at
(360) 734-3482.
WIRING DIAGRAM COLOR KEY
The photos and diagrams
included in this section are
best viewed in color. You
can view these pages in
color at www.shopfox.biz.
BLACK
BLUE
WHITE
BROWN
GREEN
GRAY
YELLOW
YELLOW
GREEN
PURPLE
RED
ORANGE
PINK
-60-
LIGHT
BLUE
BLUE
WHITE
TURQUOISE
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Wiring Diagram
wiring
Paddle Switch
(viewed from behind)
ON/STOP Switch
KJD17B-16
220-240V
Read
Page 60
STOP
Before
Wiring
SHOCK HAZARD!
Disconnect power
before working on
wiring
The motor wiring shown here is
current at the time of printing, but
it may not match your machine.
Always use the wiring diagram inside
the motor junction box.
14
13
24
23
Ground
G
Hot
230
VAC
Hot
Motor
Run Capacitor
70uF 250VAC
Start Capacitor
400MFD 125VAC
Ground
Ground
6-20 Plug
Motor Junction Box
SERVICE
Figure 65. On/Off switch connections.
Figure 66. Motor junction box connections.
-61-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
PARTS
Tables, Fence & Cutterhead
6
16
26
25
27
28
23
22
12
1
8
11
14
7
2
9
5
10
17
35
37
38
49
3
18
4
19
39
3
20
21
36
6
31
15
23 22
24
29
13
94
7
30
93
95
96
40
41
43
42
44
45
46
47
48
66
58V2
65
98
W1860
only
55
65
55-2
55-3
55-5
PARTS
53
96
50
51
95
139V3
143V3
95
141V2
93
97
89
52 154
55-3
86 87
67
42
54
68V2
69V2
99
55-2
96
63
66
53
W1859
only
66
142V3
64
65
55-6
55-4
55
54
140
93
167
56
96
93
100
-62-
65
66
90
32
91
32
168
95
88
92
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Tables, Fence & Cutterhead Parts List
REFPART #
DESCRIPTION
REF
PART #
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
KNOB 12ID, M6-1 SET SCREW THREADS
SET SCREW M6-1 X 6
EXT RETAINING RING 12MM
GEAR SHAFT 10T, 11 X 78.5MM
FLAT WASHER 12MM
BALL KNOB 3/8-16, D1-5/16
STUD-DE 3/8-16 X 3-1/8, 3/8
CAP SCREW 1/4-20 X 1/2
FENDER WASHER 1/2
LOCK NUT 1/2-12
ROLL PIN 4 X 25
ECCENTRIC SHAFT 3/8-16, 5-1/4L
CAMLOCK STUD 1/2-12 X1-3/16, 3-1/2L
STOP BLOCK
FLAT WASHER 1/2
ADJ HANDLE 3L, 1/2-12 X 1-3/8
DOWEL PIN 5 X 50
FENCE CARRIAGE
SAFETY PLATE
FLAT WASHER 1/4
FLAT HD SCR 1/4-20 X 1/2
HEX NUT 1/4-20
CAP SCREW 1/4-20 X 1-1/4
SHOULDER BOLT 5/16-18 X 11/16, 3/8 X 1
FENCE SWIVEL BASE
HEX BOLT 5/16-18 X 1-1/4
HEX NUT 5/16-18
HEX NUT 1/2-20 THIN
STUD-SE 1/2-20 X 1-3/8, 11/16
FLAT HD CAP SCR 5/16-18 X 1-1/2
FENCE
FLAT WASHER 5MM
SET SCREW 3/8-16 X 1-1/2 CONE-PT
HEX NUT 3/8-16 THIN
FENCE BLOCK
FENCE LINK
T-NUT 1/2-12
FLAT WASHER 8MM
LOCK WASHER 8MM
CAP SCREW M8-1.25 X 25
ROLL PIN 4 X 20
KEY 9.5 X 9.5 X 268
FLAT HD CAP SCR M5-.8 X 12
FENCE GUIDE
FLAT WASHER 1/4
FENCE BASE
WAVY WASHER 19MM
50
51
52
53
54
55
55-2
55-3
55-4
55-5
55-6
55
55-2
55-3
56
58V2
63
64
65
66
67
68V2
69V2
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
139V3
140
141V2
142V3
143V3
154
167
168
X1859050
X1859051
X1859052
X1859053
X1859054
X1859055
X1859055-2
X1859055-3
X1859055-4
X1859055-5
X1859055-6
X1860055
X1860055-2
X1860055-3
X1859056
X1859058V2
X1859063
X1859064
X1859065
X1859066
X1859067
X1859068V2
X1859069V2
X1859086
X1859087
X1859088
X1859089
X1859090
X1859091
X1859092
X1859093
X1859094
X1859095
X1859096
X1859097
X1859098
X1859099
X1859100
X1859139V3
X1859140
X1859141V2
X1859142V3
X1859143V3
X1859154
X1859167
X1859168
KEY 5 X 5 X 22
CUTTERHEAD PULLEY
SET SCREW M6-1 X 8
BEARING BLOCK
BALL BEARING 6204-2NSE
CUTTERHEAD 8" 4-KNIFE (W1859)
COMPRESSION SPRING (W1859)
FLAT HD CAP SCR M5-.8 X 12 (W1859)
KNIFE 8 X 3/4 X 1/8 HSS (W1859)
KNIFE GIB (W1859)
KNIFE GIB BOLT 1/4-28 X 1/4 (W1859)
HELICAL CUTTERHEAD 8" (W1860)
FLAT HD TORX SCR T-25 10-24 X 1/2 (W1860)
CARBIDE INSERT 15 X 15 X 2.5MM (W1860)
DEPTH SCALE LABEL
CUTTERHEAD GUARD V2.08.19
INFEED TABLE
OUTFEED TABLE
CAP SCREW M8-1.25 X 25
TABLE SHAFT 9-5/8L
FLAT WASHER 8MM
RABBETING TABLE V2.08.19
GUARD LOCK HANDLE V2.07.19
STANDOFF-RND MM 1/4-20 X 2-3/8, 1/2
SHOULDER FLANGE SCR M5-.8, 6 X 3.3
POSITION PLATE
LOCK NUT 1/4-20
HEX NUT M5-.8
EXTENSION SPRING
CAP SCREW M5-.8 X 15
FOAM PAD
REAR COVER (LEFT)
CAP SCREW M6-1 X 10
PLUG (PLASTIC)
REAR COVER (RIGHT)
FRONT COVER (LEFT)
FRONT COVER (RIGHT)
BALL KNOB 1/4-20, D1
GUARD PIVOT SHAFT V3.07.19
EXT RETAINING RING 11MM
TORSION SPRING V2.07.19
ROLL PIN 6 X 25 V3.07.19
ROLL PIN 5 X 26 V3.07.19
FOAM PAD 30 X 30 X 22
FENDER WASHER 6.7 X 19 X 2MM
BUTTON HD CAP SCR M6-1 X 12
X1859001
X1859002
X1859003
X1859004
X1859005
X1859006
X1859007
X1859008
X1859009
X1859010
X1859011
X1859012
X1859013
X1859014
X1859015
X1859016
X1859017
X1859018
X1859019
X1859020
X1859021
X1859022
X1859023
X1859024
X1859025
X1859026
X1859027
X1859028
X1859029
X1859030
X1859031
X1859032
X1859035
X1859036
X1859037
X1859038
X1859039
X1859040
X1859041
X1859042
X1859043
X1859044
X1859045
X1859046
X1859047
X1859048
X1859049
PARTS
-63-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Base, Stand & Motor
85 84
82
83
72
81 80
73
52
73
75
65
71
78
77
84
71
76
160
75
71
76
162
52 76
65 75
71
65
52
73
79
75
73
40
102
103
104
116
105
107
106 120
119
137-10
137-15
137-11
137-16
137-12
137-16
137-13
137-17
137-14
137-18
109
111
118
41
40
40
112
112
84
113
114
77
75
65 74
75
73
71
72
76
71
73
65
52
80
52
79
82
81
144
59
133
145
152
83
84
149
148
146
147
104
135
41 156
27
136
33
104
131
125
124 123
133 41
163
125
123
124
-64-
132
131
132
126
126
85
150
151
34
155
PARTS
137-8
41
156
137-2
137-9
104
78
78
130
137-4
137-6
112
77
130
117 115
41
163
128 129
120
121 122 127
119
137-3
137
103
116
116
134
137-5
110
57
161
76
65 75
52
116
137-7
78
79
112
41
104
52 73
65
73
71
103
118
77
79
75
117
138
138
74
52 65
101
W1860 only
W1859 only
71
76
41
133
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Base, Stand & Motor Parts List
REF PART #
DESCRIPTION
REF
PART #
DESCRIPTION
33
34
40
41
57
59
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
SWITCH PEDESTAL
CAP SCREW M8-1.25 X 20 W/WASHERS
FLAT WASHER 8MM
LOCK WASHER 8MM
PUSH BLOCK
ON/OFF BUTTON KEDU KJD17B-230V-S
ECCENTRIC BUSHING
BUSHING PLATE (3-HOLE)
SET SCREW M5-.8 X 8
ELEVATION BRACKET
BUSHING
BUSHING PLATE (2-HOLE)
ELEVATION PLATE
CAP SCREW M5-.8 X 10
ELEVATION SHAFT 10-1/4L
HEX NUT M16-2
SHAFT INT THR M6-1, EXT THR M16-2
LEVER KNOB
FLAT WASHER 6MM
LOCK WASHER 6MM
CAP SCREW M6-1 X 16
CAP SCREW M6-1 X 15
OUTFEED TABLE LOCK PLATE
HEX BOLT M8-1.25 X 30
HEX NUT M8-1.25
TABLE BASE
FLAT HD CAP SCR M6-1 X 10
CUTTERHEAD FRONT COVER
DUST COVER
CAP SCREW 3/8-24 X 2
LOCK WASHER 3/8
HEX BOLT M8-1.25 X 25
INFEED TABLE LOCK PLATE
SCALE POINTER
BUTTON HD CAP SCREW M5-.8 X 6
FLAT WASHER 10MM
WAVY WASHER 10MM
ADJ HANDLE M10-1.5 X 1.25, 93L
PHLP HD SCR M6-1 X 12
FLAT WASHER 6MM
DUST PORT 4"
CABINET STAND
WHEEL
LOCK NUT M8-1.25
WHEEL AXLE M8-1.25 X 30, 60L
KNOB BOLT 3-LOBE, M10-1.5 X 22, D40
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
137-2
137-3
137-4
137-5
137-6
137-7
137-8
137-9
137-10
137-11
137-12
137-13
137-14
137-15
137-16
137-17
137-18
138
138
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
155
156
160
161
162
163
X1859127
X1859128
X1859129
X1859130
X1859131
X1859132
X1859133
X1859134
X1859135
X1859136
X1859137
X1859137-2
X1859137-3
X1859137-4
X1859137-5
X1859137-6
X1859137-7
X1859137-8
X1859137-9
X1859137-10
X1859137-11
X1859137-12
X1859137-13
X1859137-14
X1859137-15
X1859137-16
X1859137-17
X1859137-18
X1859138
X1859138
X1859144
X1859145
X1859146
X1859147
X1859148
X1859149
X1859150
X1859151
X1859152
X1859155
X1859156
X1859160
X1859161
X1859162
X1859163
PHLP HD SCR M6-1 X 10 W/WASHER
BELT COVER
REAR ACCESS PANEL
PHLP HD SCR M6-1 X 20
PUSH BLOCK BRACKET
PHLP HD SCR M4-.7 X 8
CAP SCREW M8-1.25 X 20
CARRIAGE BOLT 5/16-18 X 3/4
FLAT WASHER 8MM
POLY-V BELT 300J7
MOTOR 3HP 230V 1-PH
KEY 5 X 5 X 30
MOTOR PULLEY
SET SCREW M6-1 X 8
MOTOR LABEL
STRAIN RELIEF TYPE-3 PG13.5
MOTOR CORD 14G 3W 32"
STRAIN RELIEF TYPE-1 3/4"
BACKING BOARD
MOTOR FAN COVER
MOTOR FAN
CONTACT PLATE
CENTRIFUGAL SWITCH
S CAPACITOR 400M 125V 1-1/2 X 3-1/2
R CAPACITOR 70M 250V 1-1/2 X 3-1/2
CAPACITOR COVER
BALL BEARING 6205ZZ (FRONT)
BALL BEARING 6203ZZ (REAR)
KNIFE-SETTING JIG (W1859)
KNIFE-SETTING JIG (W1859)
SWITCH BOX
SWITCH PLATE
SWITCH CORD 14G 3W 20"
POWER CORD 14G 3W 10' 6-20P
STRAIN RELIEF TYPE-1 5/8"
PHLP HD SCR M4-.7 X 25
PHLP HD SCR M4-.7 X 6
EXT TOOTH WASHER 4MM
GROUND LABEL
TAP SCREW M6 X 8
ADJUSTABLE FOOT M8-1.25
HEX WRENCH 6MM
WRENCH 8 X 10MM OPEN-ENDS
WRENCH 11 X 13MM OPEN-ENDS
LIFTING HOOK
X1859033
X1859034
X1859040
X1859041
X1859057
X1859059
X1859071
X1859072
X1859073
X1859074
X1859075
X1859076
X1859077
X1859078
X1859079
X1859080
X1859081
X1859082
X1859083
X1859084
X1859085
X1859101
X1859102
X1859103
X1859104
X1859105
X1859106
X1859107
X1859109
X1859110
X1859111
X1859112
X1859113
X1859114
X1859115
X1859116
X1859117
X1859118
X1859119
X1859120
X1859121
X1859122
X1859123
X1859124
X1859125
X1859126
PARTS
-65-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Labels & Cosmetics
Failure to keep hands clear
of cutterhead will result in
serious personal injury.
203
Cutterhead
exposed
between
these lines.
Failure to keep hands clear
of cutterhead will result in
serious personal injury.
204
203
205
WARNING!
READ and UNDERSTAND
MANUAL to avoid serious
injury! If a manual is not
available, DO NOT use
machine! Instead, go to
www.woodstockint.com
or call (360) 734-3482.
202
206
WARNING
ACCIDENTAL INJURY
HAZARD!
Disconnect power
supply before
adjustments, setup
or maintenance!
MODEL W1859
8" X 76" PARALLELOGRAM JOINTER
w/MOBILE BASE
Specifications
WARNING!
Motor: 3 HP, 230V, Single-Phase, 60 Hz
Full-Load Current: 12A
Cutterhead: 4-Knife, 3-1/16" Dia.
Knife Size: 8" x 3/4" x 1/8"
Replacement Knives: D3634
Cutterhead Speed: 5500 RPM
Cuts Per Minute: 22,000
Fence Tilt: 45º, 90º, 135º
Table Size: 76" x 8"
Max. Depth of Cut Per Pass: 1/8"
Max. Rabbeting Depth: 1/2"
Weight: 365 lbs.
Date
S/N
175370
Mfd. for Woodstock in Taiwan
To reduce the risk of serious injury when using this machine:
1. Read and understand owner’s manual before operating.
2. Always wear approved eye protection and respirator.
3. Only plug power cord into a grounded outlet.
4. Except when rabbeting, keep all guards in place and in proper
operating condition. Always replace guard after rabbeting.
5. Never edge-joint stock smaller than 10" long, 3/4" wide, and 1/4" thick.
6. Never face-plane stock smaller than 10" long, 3/4" wide, and 1/2" thick.
7. Always use push blocks when face planing.
8. Keep hands at least 12" away from cutterhead.
9. Never cut deeper than 1/8" on a single pass.
10. Be aware of "kickback" hazards and how to prevent them.
11. Turn motor OFF and disconnect power before changing blades,
adjusting tables/fence, or servicing.
12. Tie back long hair, roll up sleeves, and DO NOT wear loose clothing,
gloves, or jewelry.
13. Before starting, ensure tables are adjusted properly, blades are
secure, and jointer is stable.
14. Do not joint boards with cracks, loose knots, or any defects.
15. DO NOT expose to rain or use in wet conditions.
16. Always support workpiece against fence and table when cutting.
Never attempt any operation free-handed.
17. Always feed workpiece against cutterhead rotation. Never move
workpiece backward while feeding.
18. Prevent unauthorized use by children or untrained users;
restrict access or disable machine when unattended.
207
WARNING!
Use this guard for all
possible operations, and
immediately reinstall it
following operations that
require its removal.
201
Specifications
Date
S/N
Mfd. for Woodstock in Taiwan
175370
1.
2.
3.
Ensure outfeed table is
even with knives/inserts.
Never exceed the
maximum depth of cut.
Do not stand directly
behind workpiece.
W1859
W1860
WARNING!
To reduce the risk of serious injury when using this machine:
1. Read and understand owner’s manual before operating.
2. Always wear approved eye protection and respirator.
3. Only plug power cord into a grounded outlet.
4. Except when rabbeting, keep all guards in place and in proper
operating condition. Always replace guard after rabbeting.
5. Never edge-joint stock smaller than 10" long, 3/4" wide, and 1/4" thick.
6. Never face-plane stock smaller than 10" long, 3/4" wide, and 1/2" thick.
7. Always use push blocks when face planing.
8. Keep hands at least 12" away from cutterhead.
9. Never cut deeper than 1/8" on a single pass.
10. Be aware of "kickback" hazards and how to prevent them.
11. Turn motor OFF and disconnect power before changing inserts,
adjusting tables/fence, or servicing.
12. Tie back long hair, roll up sleeves, and DO NOT wear loose clothing,
gloves, or jewelry.
13. Before starting, ensure tables are adjusted properly, blades are
secure, and jointer is stable.
14. Do not joint boards with cracks, loose knots, or any defects.
15. DO NOT expose to rain or use in wet conditions.
16. Always support workpiece against fence and table when cutting.
Never attempt any operation free-handed.
17. Always feed workpiece against cutterhead rotation. Never move
workpiece backward while feeding.
18. Prevent unauthorized use by children or untrained users;
restrict access or disable machine when unattended.
Push blocks minimize the
possibility of operators
hands contacting the
cutterhead while cutting.
208
WARNING!
INJURY HAZARD!
To reduce risk of short
and long-term injury,
wear safety glasses,
hearing protection, and
a respirator when using
this machine.
210
206
211
212
213
214
KEEP PANEL
CLOSED
WHILE
OPERATING!
PARTS
WARNING!
ALWAYS USE
PUSH BLOCKS!
KICKBACK HAZARD!
209
MODEL W1860
8" X 76" PARALLELOGRAM JOINTER
w/HELICAL CUTTERHEAD & MOBILE BASE
Motor: 3 HP, 230V, Single-Phase, 60 Hz
Full-Load Current: 12A
Cutterhead: Helical w/Indexable Inserts
Insert Size: 15 x 15 x 2.5mm
Number of Inserts: 36
Replacement Inserts: D4297
Cutterhead Speed: 5500 RPM
Cuts Per Minute: 22,000
Fence Tilt: 45º, 90º, 135º
Table Size: 76" x 8"
Max. Depth of Cut Per Pass: 1/8"
Max. Rabbeting Depth: 1/2"
Weight: 365 lbs.
DANGER!
ROTATING
CUTTERHEAD BELOW!
WARNING
ACCIDENTAL INJURY
HAZARD!
Disconnect power
supply before
adjustments, setup
or maintenance!
205
REF PART #
DESCRIPTION
REF PART #
DESCRIPTION
201
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
MACHINE ID LABEL (W1859)
MACHINE ID LABEL (W1860)
READ MANUAL LABEL
CUTTERHEAD WARNING LABEL
CUTTERHEAD EXPOSED LABEL
ELECTRICITY LABEL
DISCONNECT POWER LABEL
CUTTERHEAD GUARD LABEL
208
209
209
210
211
212
213
214
EYES EARS LUNGS WARNING LABEL
MODEL NUMBER LABEL (W1859)
MODEL NUMBER LABEL (W1860)
SHOPFOX NAMEPLATE-LARGE
PANEL CLOSED WARNING LABEL
TOUCH-UP PAINT, SHOP FOX WHITE
BLACK TRIM TAPE
TOUCH-UP PAINT, SHOP FOX BLACK
X1859201
X1860201
X1859202
X1859203
X1859204
X1859205
X1859206
X1859207
X1859208
X1859209
X1860209
X1859210
X1859211
X1859212
X1859213
X1859214
Safety.labels.warn.about.machine.hazards.and.how.to.prevent.serious.personal.injury..The.owner.
of.this.machine.MUST.maintain.the.original.location.and.readability.of.all.labels.on.this.machine..
If.any.label.is.removed.or.becomes.unreadable,.REPLACE.that.label.before.allowing.machine.to.
be.operated.again..Contact.us.at.(360).734-3482.or.www.woodstockint.com.to.order.new.labels..
-66-
Model W1859/W1860 (For Machines Mfd. Since 07/19)
Fold along dotted lIne
place
stamp
Here
Woodstock international inc.
p.o. box 2309
bellingham, Wa 98227-2309
Fold along dotted lIne
tape along edges--please do not staple
WARRANTY
WARRANTY
Woodstock International, Inc. warrants all Shop Fox machinery to be free of defects from workmanship
and materials for a period of two years from the date of original purchase by the original owner. This
warranty does not apply to defects due directly or indirectly to misuse, abuse, negligence or accidents,
lack of maintenance, or reimbursement of third party expenses incurred.
Woodstock International, Inc. will repair, replace, or arrange for a dealer refund, at its expense and
option, the Shop Fox machine or machine part proven to be defective for its designed and intended
use, provided that the original owner returns the product prepaid to an authorized warranty or repair
facility as designated by our Bellingham, Washington office with proof of their purchase of the product
within two years, and provides Woodstock International, Inc. reasonable opportunity to verify the
alleged defect through inspection. If it is determined there is no defect, or that the defect resulted
from causes not within the scope of Woodstock International Inc.'s warranty, then the original owner
must bear the cost of storing and returning the product.
This is Woodstock International, Inc.’s sole written warranty and any and all warranties that may be
implied by law, including any merchantability or fitness, for any particular purpose, are hereby limited
to the duration of this written warranty. We do not warrant that Shop Fox machinery complies with
the provisions of any law, acts or electrical codes. We do not reimburse for third party repairs. In no
event shall Woodstock International, Inc.’s liability under this limited warranty exceed the purchase
price paid for the product, and any legal actions brought against Woodstock International, Inc. shall be
tried in the State of Washington, County of Whatcom. We shall in no event be liable for death, injuries
to persons or property or for incidental, contingent, special or consequential damages arising from the
use of our products.
Every effort has been made to ensure that all Shop Fox machinery meets high quality and durability
standards. We are commited to continuously improving the quality of our products, and reserve the
right to change specifications at any time.
To register the warranty, go to https://www.woodstockint.com/warranty, or scan the QR code below.
You will be directed to the Warranty Registration page on www.woodstockint.com. Enter all applicable
production information.
WARRANTY
WOODSTOCKINT.COM
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