Sick APS Operating instructions

Sick APS Operating instructions

APS Driver Assistance System

O P E R A T I N G I N S T R U C T I O N S

EN

Operating Instructions

APS

This work is protected by copyright. Any rights derived from the copyright shall be reserved for SICK AG. Reproduction of this document or parts of this document is only permissible within the limits of the legal determination of Copyright Law. Alteration or abridgment of the document is not permitted without the explicit written approval of SICK AG. 2

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Operating Instructions

APS 8018378/2015-10-22

Subject to change without notice

Contents

Contents

1

2

3

4

5

6

About these operating instructions ................................................................................. 6

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

Function of this document .................................................................................... 6 Target group .......................................................................................................... 6 Information depth ................................................................................................. 6

Abbreviations used ............................................................................................... 7 Symbols used ........................................................................................................ 7

Safety .................................................................................................................................. 8

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

2.5

Qualified safety personnel .................................................................................... 8 Applications of the system ................................................................................... 8

Intended use ......................................................................................................... 9 General safety notes and protective measures ...................................................... 9 2.4.1

2.4.2

2.4.3

Protection of the environment............................................................................13

2.5.1

2.5.2

Safety notes and symbols................................................................... 9

General safety notes .........................................................................10

Potential sources of danger .............................................................11

Power consumption ..........................................................................13

Disposal after final decommissioning ..............................................13

Product description .........................................................................................................14

3.1

Scope of delivery .................................................................................................14

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5

System components ...........................................................................................15

System functionality ............................................................................................17

Project planning ..................................................................................................18

Status indicators .................................................................................................19

Mounting ..........................................................................................................................21

4.1

Function test before mounting ...........................................................................21

4.2

4.3

4.4

4.5

Mounting the laser scanner ...............................................................................21

Mounting the bracket for the operator display ..................................................23

Mounting the tone buzzer ...................................................................................24

Mount the Ethernet switch .................................................................................24

Electrical installation ......................................................................................................25

5.1

Wiring plan ...........................................................................................................25

5.2

5.3

5.4

5.5

Connecting the laser scanner ............................................................................26

Connecting the Ethernet switch .........................................................................28

Connecting the operator display ........................................................................29

Connecting the tone buzzer ................................................................................32

Commissioning ................................................................................................................33

6.1

6.2

6.3

6.4

6.5

Launching the system .........................................................................................33

The operator display in configuration mode ......................................................34

Making system settings ......................................................................................35

Configuring the laser scanner ............................................................................37

6.4.1

6.4.2

6.4.3

6.4.4

6.4.5

6.4.6

Starting sensor setup ........................................................................37

Specifying mounting position of the laser scanner .........................37

Align laser scanner in the yaw axis ..................................................38

Align the laser scanner in the pitch and roll axis ............................42

Restrict angle range ..........................................................................45

Completing the configuration of the laser scanner .........................46

Expanding the warning zone ..............................................................................46

Operating Instructions | SICK

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4

Operating Instructions | SICK Contents

6.6

Operating Instructions

APS

Switch to the operating mode ............................................................................ 47 6.6.1

Quit configuration mode ................................................................... 47 6.6.2

6.6.3

Operating mode for person carrying out commissioning ............... 47

Enable operating mode for tug drivers ............................................ 49

7

8

9

Operation ......................................................................................................................... 50

7.1

Start the tug ........................................................................................................ 50

7.2

7.3

The operator display in the operating mode for tug drivers ............................. 51

Lifting the nose wheel ........................................................................................ 52 7.3.1

7.3.2

Determination of the aircraft type ................................................... 52

Confirm aircraft type ......................................................................... 53

7.4

Tug the aircraft ................................................................................................... 54 7.4.1

Display of the direction of travel ...................................................... 54

7.4.2

7.4.3

7.4.4

Switching between day/night mode ................................................ 55 Detecting objects outside of the warning zone ............................... 55

Collision warning in the event of obstacles in the warning zone ................................................................................................... 56

7.4.5

React to collision awareness ........................................................... 57

7.5

Release nose wheel drive unit again ................................................................. 58

Maintenance ................................................................................................................... 59

8.1

8.2

Overview of maintenance tasks ......................................................................... 59 Maintenance during operation .......................................................................... 59 8.2.1

Cleaning the laser scanners ............................................................ 59

8.2.2

Visual inspection of the cables ........................................................ 60

8.3

Replacing components ....................................................................................... 61 8.3.1

8.3.2

8.3.3

Replacing a laser scanner ................................................................ 61

Replacing the operator display ........................................................ 62 Replacing the Ethernet switch ......................................................... 62

8.4

Activities on the web interface ........................................................................... 63 8.4.1

Calling up the web interface ............................................................ 63

8.4.2

8.4.3

Enable configuration mode on the display ...................................... 64

Activating operating mode for tug drivers via the web interface ............................................................................................ 65

8.4.4

Updating aircraft database .............................................................. 66

Fault diagnosis ................................................................................................................ 67

9.1

9.2

9.3

Response to faults .............................................................................................. 67 Fault indicators of the LMS511 ......................................................................... 67

Typical fault situations during commissioning .................................................. 68 9.3.1

9.3.2

Configuration incomplete or incorrect ............................................. 68 Laser scanner not available ............................................................. 68

9.4

Typical fault situations during operation ........................................................... 70 9.4.1

Aircraft type not detected ................................................................. 70

9.4.2

9.4.3

Aircraft type lost during the tugging process .................................. 71

Viewing window of the laser scanner contaminated ...................... 73

9.4.4

9.4.5

9.4.6

Laser scanner not available ............................................................. 74

Display of the direction of travel suddenly switches ...................... 75

No image on display ......................................................................... 76 9.5

SICK support ....................................................................................................... 76

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Operating Instructions

APS Contents

10 Annex ................................................................................................................................77

10.1

Technical data .....................................................................................................77

10.2

10.3

10.4

10.5

Dimensional drawings ........................................................................................78

10.2.1

10.2.2

10.2.3

10.2.4

Dimensional drawing of the LMS511 laser scanner .......................78

Display dimensional drawing ............................................................79

Ethernet switch dimensional drawing ..............................................80

Tone buzzer dimensional drawing....................................................80

Using a connection box (optional) ......................................................................81

Tone selection for tone buzzer ...........................................................................82

Overview of operating processes .......................................................................83

11 Figures and tables ...........................................................................................................84

11.1

List of tables ........................................................................................................84

11.2

11.3

List of figures .......................................................................................................85

Keywords index ...................................................................................................87

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5

Chapter

1

1

About these operating instructions

About these operating instructions

1.1

Operating Instructions

APS

Please read through this chapter carefully before you use the documentation and work with the APS driver assistance system.

Function of this document

These operating instructions are designed to give maintenance of the

A

ircraft

P

rotection

S technical personnel

ystem APS. instructions on the safe mounting, configuration, electrical installation, commissioning, operation and These operating instructions do operating instructions.

not

provide information on operating the vehicle into which the APS is or will be integrated. For information about this, refer to the vehicle's

1.2

Target group

These operating instructions are intended for people who install, connect, commission, operate, and maintain APS.

1.3

Activities

Mounting, electrical installation, maintenance, and replacement of system components Commissioning and configuration Operating the system

Target group

Qualified personnel, such as service technicians or industrial electricians Qualified personnel, such as technicians or engineers Personnel qualified in running and operating the system (tug drivers)

Tab. 1 Target group

Information depth

Note

• • • • • These operating instructions contain information about the APS driver assistance system on the following topics: • Product description • • Mounting Electrical installation Commissioning and configuration Operation Maintenance and repairs Fault diagnosis and troubleshooting Technical data and dimensioned drawings When planning and using the APS driver assistance system, technical skills are required that are not covered by this document. The official and legal regulations for operating the APS must always be complied with. Further information on laser measurement technology can be obtained from the department for automatic detection and position determination at SICK AG or is available online at

www.sick.com

. 6

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Operating Instructions

APS

1.4

About these operating instructions

Abbreviations used

Chapter

1

1.5

APS LMS

Symbols used

Aircraft Protection System = driver assistance system for aircraft tugs Laser measurement sensor = laser scanner from SICK AG

Recommendation

  ,  

1. / 2. ... , Note

  Recommendations are designed to assist you in the decision-making process with respect to the use of a certain function or technical measure. Notes provide information about the features of a device, application tips, or other information that may come in useful. Instructions that must be carried out in the described order are referred to as step-by-step instructions and are indicated by numbered lists. Carefully read and follow the instructions for action. Instructions for taking action are indicated by an arrow. Carefully read and follow the instructions for action. LED symbols describe the status of a diagnostics LED. Examples:  The LED is illuminated continuously.  The LED is flashing.  The LED is off. Display symbols show the status of the 7-segment display:  Constant display of characters, e.

 g., U  Flashing display of characters, e.

 g., 8  Alternating display of characters, e.

 g., L and 2

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7

Chapter

2

2 Safety

2.1

Safety

Operating Instructions

APS

This chapter concerns your own safety and the safety of the system operator.  Please read this chapter carefully before you begin working with APS.

Qualified safety personnel

The APS must only be mounted, commissioned, and maintained by adequately qualified personnel.

2.2

A qualified person • has sufficient skills in the field of the respective equipment based on their technical training and experience

and

• • has been instructed by the manufacturer in system operation and all applicable safety guidelines

and

is familiar with all relevant country-specific occupational safety regulations, work safety regulations, guidelines, and generally accepted technical rules and standards (e.

is able to evaluate the safe condition of the power-operated equipment

and

 g., DIN standards, VDE regulations, country-specific rules) to such an extent that he/she if he/she • has access to and has read the operating instructions.

Applications of the system

Note Note

APS is a driver assistance system for

towbarless

aircraft tugs at airports. The system gives the driver visual and acoustic warnings of possible obstacles

during

the tugging process. The tugging processes

tug/maneuver

,

push-back

and

enter/exit hanger

are supported. Laser scanners mounted on the tail of the tug detect the aircraft type to be monitored during the lifting process of the nose landing gear. APS uses this to determine the size and shape of the

monitored area

for the hazardous points of the

wing

and

tail

. During the tugging process, APS constantly monitors the surroundings of the aircraft/tug combination. If an obstacle is detected in the monitored area, the assistance system promptly gives an

acoustic

and

visual warning

.

APS only detects objects which are visible in the measurement plane for the laser scanner. Therefore, the laser scanner must have a free view of the area to be monitored.

Using APS means that hazardous situations, such as parked vehicles, ground equipment, staircases, landing gear blocks, insufficiently opened hanger doors or incorrectly positioned aircraft, are detected in good time and that accidents during the tugging process are avoided. APS is a

driver assistance system

the vehicle. . This means that at all times the driver bears the full responsibility for safe operation, in particular for people who are in the hazardous zones of 8

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Operating Instructions

APS

2.3

Intended use

Safety

2.4

2.4.1

Chapter

2 Note

APS may only be used as described in section instructions.

2.2 Applications of the system

. It may only be used by qualified personnel in the environment in which it was mounted and initially commissioned by qualified safety personnel in accordance with these operating

APS is not a safety device for human protection and it therefore does not comply with any safety standards. For safety applications, please contact SICK AG.

In the event of any other usage or of modification to the system – including in the context of mounting and installation – any claims against SICK AG under the warranty will be rendered void.

General safety notes and protective measures Safety notes and symbols

The following safety and hazard symbols are used for your own safety, for the safety of third parties, and for the safety of the machine. You must therefore observe these symbols at all times.

HAZARD

Denotes an immediate hazard that may result in severe to fatal injuries. The symbol shown on the left-hand side of the note refers to the type of hazard in question (the example here shows a risk of injury resulting from electrical current).

WARNING

Denotes a potentially dangerous situation that may result in severe to fatal injuries. The symbol shown on the left-hand side of the note refers to the type of hazard in question (the example here shows a risk of damage to the eye by laser beams).

CAUTION

Denotes a potentially dangerous situation that may result in minor personal injury or possible material damage.

NOTE

Denotes a potential risk of damage or functional impairment to the device or the devices connected to it. This symbol includes a reference to supplementary technical documentation.

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9

Chapter

2

2.4.2

Safety

General safety notes

Operating Instructions

APS

APS has been designed in a way that allows for safe operation. However, a certain level of risk will always remain. Awareness of potential sources of danger in the system will help you to work in a safer manner and thus prevent accidents. To avoid risks, please also observe the special warnings in each of the individual chapters.

WARNING

Safety notes

Observe the following to ensure the safe use of the system as intended. • • The notes in these operating instructions must be complied with. All official and statutory regulations governing the operation of the system must be complied with. • The national and international legal specifications apply to the installation and use of the system, to its commissioning, and to recurring technical inspections, in particular: – The accident prevention regulations and work safety regulations – Any other relevant safety regulations • The checks must be carried out by qualified safety personnel or specially qualified and authorized personnel, and must be recorded and documented to ensure that the tests can be reconstructed and retraced at any time. • These operating instructions must be made available to the operator of the system. The system operator must be instructed by qualified safety personnel and must read the operating instructions. • The driver must follow relevant instructions and conduct inspections in order to ensure that the screens of all laser scanners are clean and undamaged • The laser scanners must have a free field of vision. The sensor head must not be covered by other objects, for example. • SICK AG recommends carrying out a system check before commissioning the system.

WARNING

Risk resulting from improper operation

Improper installation and commissioning, damaged components, and unsuitable ambient conditions such as excessively cold or warm temperatures and high levels of dust, fog or spray, may cause faults and faulty alarms and may result in a complete system crash. 10

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Operating Instructions

APS Safety

Chapter

2

WARNING

System does not comply with safety standards

APS is not suitable for the protection of humans within the meaning of the applicable safety standards for machines. The system therefore does not comply with safety standards. APS is a driver assistance system. It provides the driver with visual and acoustic warnings about objects outside of the tug. At all times the driver bears the full responsibility for safe operation, in particular for people who are in the hazardous zones of the tug.

WARNING

Location of use

2.4.3

Potential sources of danger

Laser protection

WARNING

CAUTION Important

The LMS511 laser scanner used by APS conforms to laser class 1 (eye-safe) as per EN 60 825-1 (see laser warning label on the device for publication date). This ensures compliance with 21 CFR 1040.10 except for the tolerances according to Laser Notice No. 50 of July 26, 2001. The laser operates at a wavelength γ = 905 nm (invisible infrared light). The laser beam is not visible to the human eye. The radiation emitted in normal operation is harmless to human skin and eyes. Improper use (e.g., opening the housing and stopping the motor) can result in dangerous exposure to radiation.  Never open the laser scanner housing. Opening the housing does not interrupt the operation of the laser beam.  Observe the laser safety regulations as per IEC 60 825Q1 (latest version). • • • No maintenance is required to ensure compliance with laser class 1. The laser output aperture is the front screen on the LMS511 laser scanner. The laser warning is located on the right side of the laser scanner.

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11

Chapter

2 Safety

Operating Instructions

APS Electrical current

HAZARD

Risk of injury and damage caused by electrical current

Improper handling of live devices may lead to severe personal injury or death by electric shock.  Electrical installation and maintenance work must always be carried out by personnel authorized to do so.  The power supply must be disconnected when attaching and detaching electrical connections.  Select and implement wire cross-sections and their correct fuse protection in accordance with the applicable standards.  Do not touch any live components.  In the event of danger, immediately disconnect the system from the power supply.  Always use original fuses with the specified current rating.  Report any damaged cables to the maintenance team without delay.  Observe the current safety regulations when working on electrical systems.

Commissioning/Operation/Maintenance

WARNING

Risk resulting from incorrect commissioning and configuration

Do not commission without testing by qualified safety personnel! Before you operate the system or a device for the first time, you must have it checked and approved by qualified safety personnel.

NOTE

Claims under the warranty rendered void

Do not open the device housing. The devices are sealed.

WARNING

Risk resulting from faults

Cease operation if the cause of the malfunction has not been clearly identified. A defect in the system may result in fatal accidents or damage to the system.  Take the APS out of operation if you cannot clearly identify the fault and if you cannot safely remedy the problem. 12

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Operating Instructions

APS

2.5

Safety

Protection of the environment 2.5.1

Chapter

2

The system has been designed to minimize its impact on the environment. It consumes very little power. Always act in an environmentally responsible manner at work. For this reason, please note the following information regarding disposal.

Power consumption 2.5.2

Including its components, the system typically consumes 27 W. The peak power consumption when starting up or in the event of integrated sensor heating is 82 W.

Disposal after final decommissioning

Note

 Always dispose of unusable or irreparable devices in an environmentally safe manner in accordance with the relevant national waste disposal regulations.  Dispose of all electronic assemblies as hazardous waste. The electronic assemblies are easy to dismantle. SICK AG does not take back devices that are unusable or irreparable.

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13

Chapter

3

3

Product description

Product description

Operating Instructions

APS

This chapter provides information on the special properties of the APS driver assistance system. It describes the design and operating principle of the system.

3.1

Note

Always read this chapter before you mount, install and commission the system.

Scope of delivery

APS consists of an LMS511 laser scanner, an interactive operator display, an Ethernet switch, mounting kits and connecting cables as well as a tone buzzer. A connection box can be optionally used.

Important note

Fig. 1: Scope of delivery for APS

Thorough check for completeness

 It is recommended that you carefully check for and report transport damage of any kind as soon as possible after receiving the system.  Also verify that the delivery includes all components listed on the delivery note. 14

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Operating Instructions

APS

3.2

Product description

Chapter

3 Quantity Part no.

Description Optional

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1069176

1064730 2078363 6051544 6043994 2015623 2015624 5326406 6048243 6048251 6036160 6042564 2058813

Tab. 2: Scope of delivery for APS

APS

Laser scanner LMS511 Operator display Ethernet switch Tone buzzer Mounting kit 1 for mounting the LMS511 Mounting kit 2 for adjusting the LMS511 on mounting kit 1 Mounting system with swivel connector for mounting the operator display, incl. adapter for operator display with screws Ethernet cable for connection of the LMS511 to the Ethernet switch, 10 m, 2 M12 male connectors, straight Ethernet cable for connection of the operator display to the Ethernet switch, 5 m, M12 male connector, straight, M12 male connector, angled Power supply cable Ethernet switch with 5-pin M12 coupling/open cable end, 10 m Power supply cable LMS511 with 5-pin M12 coupling/open cable end (electronics and heating), 20 m Power supply cable for the operator display and for connection of the tone buzzer. You can optionally use a connection box if there are not enough terminals for connecting the devices to the power supply of the tug. 1 2070552 Connection box for power (sensors, display, tone buzzer, Ethernet switch)

System components

Laser scanner LMS511

The laser scanner mounted on the tail of the tug constantly monitors the entire surroundings behind the tug during the tugging process, in a radius of up to 80 m around the sensor. The laser scanner scans its surroundings using a laser beam in a plane in the time-of-flight process. The maximum scanning angle is 190°. If the emitted laser beam is reflected by an object, the distance to the object is calculated. The laser beam is emitted through the front screen. The scan plane position is indicated by a housing marking next to the front screen.

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Fig. 2: Laser output aperture of the LMS511

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15

Chapter

3 Product description

Operating Instructions

APS

The laser scanner features automatic contamination detection for the front screen and interior heating. The contamination notification is output on the operator display.

The operator display

The interactive operator display is the central component of the system. During the tugging process, it visualizes the outline of the aircraft/tug combination and the aircraft's towing corridor to the driver. Obstacles in the monitored area are identified, and therefore can be quickly localized. The display has a touch screen, which allows the user to make entries during initial commissioning and subsequent operation. The operator display is attached to a mounting kit with a swivel connector in the tug cab, within the driver's field of view.

Fig. 3: Operator display with mounting kit

Ethernet switch

An Ethernet switch connects the laser scanner with the operator display.

Tone buzzer

A tone buzzer supports the visual warning about an obstacle on the display with an acoustic warning. 16

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Operating Instructions

APS

3.3

Product description

System functionality

Chapter

3

APS is a driver assistance system for towbarless aircraft tugs at airfields. It supports the following processes:

Identification of the aircraft type

After the nose wheel is lifted by the tug, the system uses the measured values from the laser scanner to determine the track width of the main landing gear (track) and the distance to the nose wheel (wheelbase).

Fig. 4: Typical installation position of the LMS511 and definition of track and wheelbase

APS compares the measured values with those in the aircraft database saved in the system. Matching aircraft types are suggested. The tug driver selects the correct aircraft and confirms the selection.

Visualization of the tugging process

On the display, the driver can now see an outline display of the aircraft/tug combination with the warning zone. The size and shape of the warning zone are predefined when the aircraft type is selected. The warning zone is the area with a gray border that moves with the aircraft. The measured points of the main landing gear and hanging engines are hidden.

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Fig. 5: Visualization of the tugging process on the operator display

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Chapter

3 Product description

Operating Instructions

APS Collision awareness during the tugging process

During the tugging process, the laser scanner constantly monitors the surroundings of the aircraft. The warning zone automatically adjusts to the towing corridor of the aircraft. As soon as the laser scanner detects an obstacle in the warning zone, the driver is warned of a possible collision with other objects. The warning is carried out visually by showing the obstacle on the display. In addition, the system issues an acoustic warning via the tone buzzer installed in the tug cab.

3.4

Fig. 6: Collision awareness during the tugging process

Note

The laser scanner must always identify the lifted aircraft type during the tugging process. In order to do this, the wheelbase of the main landing gear and the distance to the nose wheel are constantly measured and monitored.

Project planning

Reliable and problem-free use of APS depends on a number of different factors.

Aircraft tug requirement

APS has been designed exclusively for

aircraft tugs without tow bars

. In this tug type, the nose landing gear of the aircraft is grasped and lifted.

Requirements for objects to be protected

APS protects aircraft with the following features:

Dimension

Track

Meaning

Track width = distance between the wheels of the main landing gear

Min.

4.5 m

Max.

15 m Wheelbase Wheelbase = distance from the nose wheel to the main landing gear Fuselage height Distance from the ground to the body of the aircraft 10 m > 80 cm 32 m

Tab. 3: Requirements for objects to be protected

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Operating Instructions

APS

3.5

Product description

Chapter

3 Requirements for the detection of obstacles

APS provides warnings of all obstacles under the aircraft at the mounted height (scan plane) of the laser scanner. Objects which protrude into the field of vision above the mounted height (scan plane) cannot be detected by the laser scanner due to its mounting position.

Status indicators

Laser scanner

The laser scanner is fully automatic in normal operation — no operator intervention is required. The LEDs (1) signal the operational status of the laser scanner. In addition, the 7-segment display (2) is also available for diagnostics when errors or faults occur

(see chapter

9.2 Fault indicators of the LMS511

).

Fig. 7: Status indicators for the LMS511

Display Meaning

Laser scanner in operation, laser scanner running in measuring mode without any errors Laser scanner is either not in measuring mode (stopped by the user) or it is running in measuring mode, but errors have occurred Front screen dirty Not used Not used

Tab. 4: Status indicators of the LMS511

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Chapter

3 Product description

Operating Instructions

APS Operator display

The operator display distinguishes between two operating modes. The system enters

configuration mode

when it is first started or following unlocking via the web interface. It contains assistants for the configuration of the laser scanner and for the expansion of the side warning zone. In the

operating mode

, the display helps the driver with the tugging process and warns of possible obstacles.

Fig. 8: The operator display in configuration and operating mode

Tone buzzer

The tone buzzer does not have any status indicators. The DIP switch on the underneath of the housing can be used to set the tone selection (1) and the volume (2). Recommended settings: OFF, ON, ON, OFF, ON (01101)

Fig. 9: DIP switch on the tone buzzer

Additional information on this can be found in the appendix in chapter

10.4 Tone selection for tone buzzer

.

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Operating Instructions

APS

4

4.1

Mounting

Mounting

Function test before mounting 4.2

Chapter

4

Before mounting the APS components on the tug, it is recommended that the functional readiness of the devices should be checked. 1. Place the components on a table.

2. Connect the components according to the wiring diagram (see chapter

5.1 Wiring plan

).

3. Establish the supply voltage and check the general operational readiness of the

components (see chapter

6.1 Launching the system

).

Mounting the laser scanner

The reliable and problem-free operation of the system depends primarily on the proper mounting and alignment of the laser scanner. The laser scanner is attached to the tug tail at a mounted height of 20 cm to 60 cm. Mounting can be carried out on the right or left of the tail. The laser output is towards the back when viewed from the tug cab.

Fig. 10: Mounting position of the LMS511

Mounting is carried out using the two supplied mounting kits 1 and 2. The combination of the two mounting kits allows the laser scanner to be aligned in two planes. The maximum adjustment angle is ± 11° in both planes.

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Fig. 11: Mounting the LMS511 using mounting kits 1 and 2

The laser scanner is correctly aligned when the measuring plane runs parallel to the ground (no tilt in the pitch and roll axis) and the device is vertically aligned to the back (no rotation in the yaw axis).

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Chapter

4 Tip Mounting

Operating Instructions

APS

It is recommended that mounting kit 2 (1) should be mounted using an adapter plate (2) with a matching hole pattern. This makes it easier to align the laser scanner correctly.

Note

Fig. 12: Mounting the LMS511 using an adapter plate

WARNING

Be sure to closely observe the following notes during mounting:

 Mount the laser scanner so that it is protected from dirt and damage.  Ensure that the field of vision of the entire front screen is not restricted.  Always mount the laser scanner such that you are able to insert and remove the connector plug.  Avoid excessive shock and vibration loading on the laser scanner.  In the event of heavy vibration, prevent the fixing screws from accidentally coming loose using screw-locking devices.

Preparing the adapter plate

1. Produce an adapter plate with a matching hole pattern to accept mounting kit 2. 2. Weld the adapter plate to a suitable location on the tail of the tug.

Mounting the laser scanner

1. Mount mounting kit 2 on the adapter plate. 2. Then mount mounting kit 1 on mounting kit 2. 3. Mount the LMS511 on mounting kit 1. 4. Adjust the LMS511 in the roll and pitch plane. The fine alignment is carried out later during the commissioning with the support of a

setup assistant (see chapter

6.4.4 Align the laser scanner in the pitch and roll

).

Make sure that the screws are easily accessible for fine alignment. 22

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4.3

Mounting

Mounting the bracket for the operator display

Chapter

4

The operator display is mounted in the tug cab. It must be clearly visible for the tug driver without them having to turn their head. The operator display is mounted using the mounting kit included with delivery. This means that the display is additionally protected against mechanical shocks. The mounting kit is made up of the bracket (1) and an adapter (2) to hold the operator display.

Fig. 13: Mounting the operator display

Assemble the bracket and mount in the driver's cab

1. Assemble the individual components of the bracket as shown in the figure.

Note

2. Mount the bracket in the vehicle. In order to do this, screw the foot of the bracket tight in a suitable location in the tug cab. The adapter and operator display are mounted during the electrical installation, after the connecting cables have been inserted into the operator display (see chapter

5.4 Connecting the operator display)

.

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23

Chapter

4

4.4

Mounting

Mounting the tone buzzer

 Mount the tone buzzer in the tug cab behind the driver. Operating Instructions

APS

4.5

Fig. 14: Mounting the tone buzzer

Mount the Ethernet switch

The Ethernet switch should preferably be installed in a dry location protected against direct sunlight inside the cabin of the vehicle or in the control cabinet; e.g., in the tug cab behind the driver's seat. The Ethernet switch has protection class IP67, but external mounting is not recommended to avoid subjecting the male connector to mechanical stress.  Select the mounting location so that all devices can reach the Ethernet switch easily with the supplied connecting cables.

Fig. 15: Mounting the Ethernet switch

24

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5

Electrical installation

Electrical installation

HAZARD

Disconnect the power to the system

 Make sure that all APS components are disconnected from the power supply during electrical installation. Chapter

5

HAZARD

Risk of injury due to electrical current

 Standard safety requirements must be met when working on electrical systems.  The power supply must be disconnected when attaching and detaching electrical connections.

5.1

Wiring plan

Establish the connections in accordance with the following wiring plan.

Notes

Fig. 16: APS wiring plan

 You can also connect the individual components to the power supply via a connection

box. On this matter, refer to chapter

10.3 Using a connection box

.

 You can use a signaling device to automatically detect the direction of travel. In order to do this, connect, e.g. the output of the driver's seat with

cable 2 IN

and activate the direction of travel detection

Use driving direction signal

as per chapter

6.3 Making system settings

.

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Chapter

5

5.2

Electrical installation

Connecting the laser scanner

Operating Instructions

APS

The LMS511 mounted on the tug tail is connected to the power supply and the Ethernet switch. The LMS511 has the following connections:

Fig. 17: LMS511 connections

No. Connection

1 2 3 4 Ethernet I/O Data Power

Description

Ethernet connection to a switch Not assigned Not assigned Connection to the power supply

Tab. 5: LMS511 connections

Connection to power supply

The cable to connect the LMS511 to the power supply has an M12 plug connector on one side. The other side has an open end with a shield. The LMS511 has heating. The heating is connected to the tug power supply separately.

Fig. 18: Connecting the LMS511 to the power supply

26

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Operating Instructions

APS Note Electrical installation

Chapter

5

1. Screw the M12 round connector of the connecting cable on the LMS511 to the

Power

female connector. 2. Run the connecting cable from the laser scanner to the control cabinet of the tug. It is recommended that cable shielding should be used for bundled and safe installation of the cables. 3. Connect the LMS511 to the power supply. Place the wires in the control cabinet as follows.

Wire color

Brown White Blue (yellow) Black (green)

Connection

Voltage Heating Ground Heating ground

Tab. 6: Connecting the LMS511 to the power supply

Power supply

+24 V +24 V 0 V 0 V

Connection to Ethernet switch

Connect the laser scanner with the Ethernet switch. Use the connecting cable with the two M12 plug connectors.

Note

Fig. 19: Connecting the LMS511 to the Ethernet switch

1. Screw the M12 round connector into the female Ethernet connector of the laser scanner. 2. Run the Ethernet cable from the laser scanner to the Ethernet switch. It is recommended that cable shielding should be used for bundled and safe installation of the cables. 3. Screw the M12 round connector into a free female connector on the Ethernet switch.

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27

Chapter

5

5.3

Electrical installation

Connecting the Ethernet switch

Operating Instructions

APS

Connect the Ethernet switch to the tug power supply. The connecting cable has an M12 plug connector on one side. The other side has an open end with a shield.

Note

Fig. 20: Connecting the Ethernet switch to the power supply

1. Screw the M12 round connector of the connecting cable on the Ethernet switch to the

X6

female connector. 2. Run the connecting cable from the Ethernet switch to the control cabinet of the tug. It is recommended that cable shielding should be used for bundled and safe installation of the cables. 3. Connect the Ethernet switch to the power supply. Place the wires in the control cabinet as follows.

Wire color

Brown Blue (yellow)

Connection

Voltage Ground

Tab. 7: Connecting the Ethernet switch to the power supply

Power supply

+24 V 0 V 28

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5.4

Electrical installation

Connecting the operator display

Chapter

5

The operator display mounted in the driver's cab is connected to the power supply and the Ethernet switch. The tone buzzer is also connected to the operator display. It is optionally possible to connect the operator display to a signaling device, e.g., on the tug driver's swivel chair, via an input cable. This means that the direction of travel can be displayed on the operator display depending on the position of the tug driver's seat.

Connecting cable for power supply, tone buzzer, and signaling device

The connection of the operator display to the power supply (

power

cable), to the tone buzzer (

OUT

cable) and to the signaling device (

IN

cable) is carried out via three strands of the black connecting cable.

Pin assignment

Fig. 21: Connecting the operator display

Pin Wire no.

POWER 1 1 2 3 4 IN 20 21 19 22 OUT 25 26 24 – 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

Description

24 V 24 V GND GND In1 (optional: e.g. swivel chair) In2 (not used) In3 (not used) In4 (not used) Out1 Out2 Out3 (tone buzzer GND, blue) –

Tab. 8: Operator display – pin allocation of the connecting cable

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29

Chapter

5 Electrical installation

Operating Instructions

APS Ethernet connecting cable

The Ethernet cable for connecting the display and Ethernet switch has an angled M12 male connector (for connection on the display side) and a straight M12 male connector (for connection on the Ethernet switch).

Fig. 22: Connecting the operator display to the Ethernet switch

Inserting cables on the operator display

Fig. 23: Inserting connecting cables on the operator display

1. Run the two plug connectors through the opening of the adapter. 2. Connect the female connector of the connecting cable into the male connector of the operator display. Check that the plug connector is securely attached. 3. Insert the angled male connector of the connecting cable into the female connector of the operator display and screw together the plug connector.

Mounting the adapter

After the cabling, mount the adapter on the operator display. 30

Operating Instructions | SICK

Fig. 24: Mounting the adapter on the operator display

1. Place the adapter on the reverse of the operator display. 2. Secure the adapter to the operator display using the four supplied screws.

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Operating Instructions

APS Electrical installation Mounting the operator display on the bracket

Now mount the adapter with the operator display on the bracket. Chapter

5 Note Note

Fig. 25: Mounting the adapter with the operator display on the bracket

1. Turn the bracket for mounting the operator display into a suitable position. 2. Place the adapter on the support plate of the bracket 3. Secure the adapter using the three supplied screws.

Apply power supply to the control cabinet

1. Run the power cable from the display to the control cabinet of the tug. It is recommended that cable shielding should be used for bundled and safe installation of the cables. 2. Connect the power cable to the power supply. Place the wires in the control cabinet as follows.

Wire no.

1 2 3 4

Connection

Voltage Voltage Ground Ground

Power supply

+24 V +24 V 0 V 0 V

Tab. 9: Connecting the operator display to the power supply

Connecting the Ethernet cable to the Ethernet switch

1. Run the Ethernet cable from the operator display to the Ethernet switch. It is recommended that cable shielding should be used for bundled and safe installation of the cables. 2. Screw the straight M12 round connector into a free female connector on the Ethernet switch.

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Chapter

5

5.5

Electrical installation

Connecting the tone buzzer

The tone buzzer is connected to the display and the power supply. Operating Instructions

APS

32

Operating Instructions | SICK

Fig. 26: Connecting the tone buzzer

For the connection, the tone buzzer is produced in the factory with three wires coming out of it: • The connection to the

24 V

supply voltage is carried out via the

red

wire. The wire is extended using a conductor and run to the control cabinet of the tug. • • The

GND

connection is carried out via the wire 3 of the display. The black wire is not connected.

blue

wire. This is connected to the

OUT

cable

Accessories

The following accessories are required for connecting the tone buzzer: • • Wire Cable stripping knife • • • Wire stripper 2 connectors Flat-head screwdriver

Connection to 24 V power supply

1. Extend the red wire using a connector with a transmission line. 2. Run the transmission line to the control cabinet of the tug. 3. There, attach the cable to the 24 V supply voltage.

Connection to GND

1. Run the

OUT

cable of the operator display to the tone buzzer. 2. Connect the

blue wire

of the tone buzzer to wire no.

3

of the

OUT

cable using a connector.

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6

Commissioning

Commissioning

Chapter

6

No PC is required for initial commissioning.

WARNING

Do not commission without testing by qualified safety personnel

Before you commission the system for the first time, you must have it checked and

approved by qualified safety personnel. Observe the notes provided in Chapter

2 Safety

.

6.1

Launching the system

All system components are automatically launched when starting the tug and checked in a self-test.

Fig. 27: Self-test of the system on the operator display

The system is ready for operation after approx. 60 seconds. A notification appears informing you that the system has not yet been (completely) configured.

Fig. 28: Information about incomplete configuration

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33

Chapter

6 Commissioning

Operating Instructions

APS Start configuration

 Press

OK

to confirm you have seen the notification. APS is started in the configuration mode. An overview page with the individual setup steps is automatically displayed on the operator display.

Fig. 29: Configuration mode after launching for the first time

Display of the operational readiness of the devices

The LMS511 laser scanner visualizes operational readiness via the green LED (1). The

OK

LED (2) must also be illuminated. The 7-segment display is blank. The operation LED (3) must illuminate on the operator display.

6.2

Fig. 30: Testing operational readiness of the devices

The operator display in configuration mode

The following functions are available in configuration mode:

Function/symbol Meaning System setup

Allows for the specification of basic system settings. A specification is provided of whether and how the input signal should be processed. If the input signal is not assessed, then you can specify the displayed direction of travel on the display when the system starts. In addition, it is possible to set whether the system should start with day or night display.

Sensor setup

Opens the assistant for the configuration of the LMS511 laser scanner. 34

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6.3

Commissioning

Chapter

6 Zone setup

Opens the assistant for the expansion of the side warning zone.

Not OK

Indicates that the relevant setup step has not yet been completed or has not been completed successfully.

OK

Indicates that the relevant setup step has been completed successfully. The parameters are permanently saved.

Reset

Resets all parameters to their factory settings.

Info

Shows, among other things, the version of the software and aircraft database and the current system status of the LMS511. Quits the configuration mode and switches into the operating mode for the person carrying out commissioning. It is only possible for the person carrying out commissioning to switch to the operating mode if the two setup steps, mark.

Sensor setup

and

Zone setup

, have been successfully completed and marked with a green check

Tab. 10: Functions in the configuration mode

Making system settings

Make the basic system settings in the first step.  Click on the

System setup

icon. The

Customize Application

page is opened. The system is configured via four switches.

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35

Chapter

6 Commissioning

Operating Instructions

APS Configuring the system without an input signal

In the default setting, the system assumes that no input signal is assessed. • • The two switches

Use driving direction signal

and

Invert driving direction signal

set to

OFF

. They are not significant for this version of operation. are The

Pull direction on startup

switch specifies the direction in which the aircraft/tug combination should be shown on the display after starting up the system. In the default setting, the switch is set to

ON

. The display shows the tugging process

Tugging/maneuvering (Pull)

. Set the switch to

OFF

if the display needs to be started with the

Push-Back

tugging process. • Set the

Night view at startup

switch to

ON

if the aircraft/tug combination needs to be inverted after the system starts up, i.e. displayed in night view. In the standard setting, APS starts in the day view. The switch is set to

OFF

.

Configuring the system with an input signal

You can control the display of the direction of travel via a digital input signal. In this case the tug driver cannot influence the display of the direction of travel on the display. 36

Operating Instructions | SICK

• • • • Set the

Use driving direction signal

switch to

ON

. The display of the direction of travel on the display is determined by the input signal. Use the

Invert driving direction signal

switch to determine how the digital input signal should be assessed.  In the default setting, the switch is set to

ON

after activation of the input signal. If the signal delivers the value

0

(no current), then the display of the aircraft/tug combination is shown with the tugging process

Pull

, if the value is

1

(current) then the

Push-Back

tug process is displayed.  If you set the

Invert driving direction signal

switch to

ON

, then the value of the input signal is inverted. The value

0

now shows the tugging process

Push-Back

, and the value

1

displays the tugging process

Pull

. The

Pull direction on startup

direction of travel. switch is automatically set to

OFF

. As the tug driver is not able to determine the display of the direction of travel, it is also not possible to specify a The day/night setting specification is carried out as described above.

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Operating Instructions

APS Commissioning Saving settings

 Click on the

done

icon. The settings are permanently saved in the system. You will then be taken back to the overview page with the individual setup steps. The setup step

System setup

now has a green check mark. Chapter

6

6.4

6.4.1

6.4.2

Configuring the laser scanner Starting sensor setup

When setting up the parameters for the laser scanner, an assistant provides support on four pages.  Click on the

Sensor setup

icon.

Navigation

As soon as the entries have been completed on one assistant page, use the

next

icon to navigate to the following page. When changing the assistant page, the settings and information that have been provided are temporarily saved.

Specifying mounting position of the laser scanner

On the

Sensor mounting position

page, specify the side of the tug tail on which the LMS511 has been mounted. Determine the distance to the point of the nose wheel mount depending on the mounting position.

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37

Chapter

6 Commissioning

Operating Instructions

APS Defining the mounting position

 Click on the

switch side

icon to switch between mounting of the laser scanner on the left and right. The display will be adjusted accordingly on the assistant page.

6.4.3

Storing distances

Specify the distances from the laser scanner to the point of the nose wheel axle mount depending on the selected mounting position. Measuring has to begin at the axle of the nose wheel. This information will be used to clearly define the location of the laser scanner within the three-dimensional coordinate system. In this coordinate system, the point of the nose wheel axle is the origin, and the two distance values define the

roll

and

pitch coordinates

. The precise position of the laser scanner in the coordinate system is required for correctly determining the track width and the wheelbase. The aircraft type is determined based on these values.  Click on the plus or minus icon to set the distances. The value displayed increases or decreases by 5 cm with each click.  If you click and hold on the icon, the value automatically goes up or down in increments of 5 (auto repeat).

Align laser scanner in the yaw axis

On the

Yaw Angle Adjustment

page, check the horizontal alignment of the laser scanner (yaw axis). If rotation of the laser scanner in the yaw axis is identified (yawing), you can correct this using the software directly in the assistant. 38

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Operating Instructions

APS Commissioning

Chapter

6 Setting up test scenario

Check the rotation in the yaw axis using the following scenario.  Place an object (e.g., a traffic cone) at a distance of 5 m away on a line that starts at the laser scanner and runs to the rear in parallel to the alignment of the tug. The object height must be at least the same as the mounted height of the sensor.

Structure of the assistant page

The

Yaw Angle Adjustment

assistant page shows a top view with the laser scanner and the determined scan data of the object displayed. The alignment of the tug is shown using a red dashed line. The shorter red line represents the sensor phase displacement. This is initially 0.0 degrees when the assistant page is called up.

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Chapter

6 Commissioning

Operating Instructions

APS Correct alignment

The yaw angle is set correctly if the scan data of the object (shown in blue in the figure below) is on the dashed line, and therefore on the center line of the laser scanner.

Detecting a rotation

In the following example, the laser scanner has been mounted twisted to the right in the yaw axis. In this case, in the

Yaw Angle Adjustment

view, with a default scan angle of 0.0 degrees the scan data is on the

left

next to the line. 40

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Operating Instructions

APS Commissioning

Chapter

6 Correcting rotation

Correct the rotation directly via the assistant page using the two arrow keys. 1. In our example, click on the arrow key

Arrow pointing upwards

. The scanned points are shifted to the right. 2. Each click moves the sensor phase displacement by 0.5 degrees. The sensor phase displacement is indicated by the red solid line. exactly in the tug's direction of travel. 3. The rotation is completed when the scan points are on the dashed line, and therefore In the example, the yaw angle needs to be corrected by 2.5 degrees so that the scan data of the object are on the line.

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41

Chapter

6

6.4.4

Commissioning

Align the laser scanner in the pitch and roll axis

Operating Instructions

APS

On the

Roll and Pitch Angle Adjustment

page, check the correct alignment of the laser scanner in the roll and pitch axis. A tilting of the laser scanner in this axis (pitching and rolling) is corrected mechanically via fine adjustment of the laser scanner on the mounting kit.

Preparing the configuration scenario

Check the tilting of the laser scanner using the following scenario.  Place two objects (e.g. two traffic cones) 30 m away from the laser scanner at the side edge of the monitored area. There must be a distance of 10 m between the two objects. 42

Operating Instructions | SICK

The height of the two objects must be precisely at the mark where the laser beam is emitted. The tolerance is 10 cm.  Do not use any objects with a black, shiny or reflective surface.

Structure of the assistant page

The

Pitch and Roll Angle Adjustment

assistant page provides a top view with the laser scanner and the determined scan data of the two objects displayed. The section of the road behind the tug and the sections with the objects are displayed as rectangles.

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Operating Instructions

APS Commissioning

Chapter

6 Correct alignment

The laser scanner is correctly aligned in the roll and pitch axis when the measuring plane runs parallel to the ground. In this case, all areas shown on the

Pitch and Roll Angle Adjustment

assistant page are displayed in green. This means that: • • No measuring points are detected in the displayed section of the road. The detected measuring points of the objects set up at the side edge are within the section of the rectangles.

Detecting tilting

In the following example, the laser scanner has been tilted in the pitch axis so that the laser beam does not hit the positioned objects. In the

Pitch and Roll Angle Adjustment

view, the following display indicates this type of tilting:

8018378/2015-10-22

Subject to change without notice • • No measuring points are detected in the displayed section of the road. The area is shown in green. The positioned laser scanner does not detect the positioned objects. No measuring points are detected in the two rectangles. The rectangles are shown in red.

Operating Instructions | SICK

43

Chapter

6 Commissioning

Operating Instructions

APS

In the following example, the laser scanner has been tilted in the pitch axis so that the laser beam hits the ground in front of the positioned objects. In the

Pitch and Roll Angle Adjustment

view, the following display indicates this type of tilting: • In the section of the road that is shown, measuring points are detected due to the laser beam hitting the ground. The section is shown in red. • The positioned objects are not detected due to the fact that the laser beam hits the ground in front of them. No measuring points are detected in the two rectangles. The rectangles are shown in red. The following example assumes a tilting of the laser scanner in the roll axis. In the

Pitch and Roll Angle Adjustment

view, the following display indicates this type of tilting: 44

Operating Instructions | SICK

• • Measuring points are detected in the displayed section of the road due to the tilting of the measuring plane. The section is shown in red. Only one of the two objects is detected. The rectangle on the right in the viewing direction of the laser scanner therefore has no measuring points and is shown in red.

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Operating Instructions

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6.4.5

Commissioning

Chapter

6 Remedying tilting

Tilting can only be remedied mechanically by adjusting the laser scanner on mounting kit 2.  Align the laser scanner accordingly. The maximum adjustment angle is ±11° in both

planes (see also chapter

4.2 Mounting the laser scanner

).

Restrict angle range

Limit the field of vision of the laser scanner on the

field of vision

page. This means that parts of the tug which cause a disruption, and are in the field of vision of the laser scanner, can be faded out. All obstacles which the laser scanner detects in its field of vision are displayed as dots on the assistant page. 1. Check whether parts of the tug are being detected by the laser scanner and displayed as dots on the screen. 2. If necessary, reduce the angle range for each side of the angle. In order to do this, click on the relevant arrow keys until the disruptive points are no longer displayed.

Note

Ensure that you do not set the field of vision to be too small so that as many objects as possible can be safely detected in the monitored area during the tugging process.

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45

Chapter

6

6.4.6

Commissioning

Completing the configuration of the laser scanner

Operating Instructions

APS

Complete the configuration of the laser scanner on the

field of vision

page.  Click on the

done

icon. The parameters are permanently saved and transferred to the laser scanner. You will then be taken back to the overview page with the individual setup steps. The

Sensor setup

step now also has a green check mark.

6.5

Expanding the warning zone

Depending on the regulations and safety requirements on site, the person carrying out commissioning may expand the warning zone to the right and left of the wings by a maximum of 5 m per side. 1. Click the

Zone setup

icon on the setup overview page. 2. Adjust the warning zone accordingly using the plus/minus icon. 3. Confirm the adjusted warning zone using the

done

icon. The parameters are permanently saved in the system. 46

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Operating Instructions

APS

6.6

6.6.1

Commissioning

Switch to the operating mode Quit configuration mode

Chapter

6

As soon as all setup steps have been successfully completed and have a green check mark on the overview page, you can leave the configuration mode and switch to the operating mode for the person carrying out commissioning.

6.6.2

 Click the

done

icon on the overview page. This quits configuration mode. A note appears on the display stating that the system is ready to accept an aircraft. You are now in the operating mode for the person carrying out commissioning.

Operating mode for person carrying out commissioning

In the operating mode for the person carrying out commissioning, the user interface provides six functions accessible by symbols.

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Chapter

6 Commissioning

Operating Instructions

APS

The following three functions are only available to the person carrying out commissioning.

Function/symbol Meaning Switching to configuration mode

Allows you to switch back to the configuration mode. The icon is only visible if APS has been enabled for commissioning via the web interface (see also chapter

8.4.2 Enable configuration mode on the display

).

Switching the tone buzzer on/off

Switches the tone buzzer on and off. The tone buzzer is switched on when the system first starts. If there are obstacles in the monitored area, then there is an acoustic warning in addition to the visual indication on the display. The system saves the setting that has been made. The icon is only visible if APS has been enabled for commissioning via the web interface (see also chapter

8.4.2 Enable configuration mode on the display

).

Show measuring points on display

Displays the measuring points currently recorded by the laser scanner. The display can be used as part of fault analysis. The logo has no function in the operating mode for the tug driver.

Tab. 11: Functions in the operating mode for person carrying out commissioning

The other icons are also available in the operating mode for tug drivers. They are described

in detail in chapter

7 Operation

.

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Operating Instructions

APS

6.6.3

Commissioning

Enable operating mode for tug drivers

Chapter

6

Quit the commissioning and then enable the operating mode for tug drivers. 1. Switch off the tug. All APS components are shut down. 2. Switch the tug on again. All APS components are restarted. After starting up, a note appears on the operator display stating that the system is ready to accept an aircraft.

Note

The operator display has three icons. The tug driver is not able to switch to configuration mode or switch the tone buzzer on/off. The corresponding icons are hidden. It is also not possible to display the measuring points via the SICK logo. The logo functions are disabled. After enabling the operating mode for tug drivers, configuration mode can only be enabled

on the operator display again via a web interface using a PC (see chapter

8.4.2 Enable configuration mode on the display

).

It is also possible to enable the operating mode for tug drivers (as an alternative to the described procedure of starting up the system again) via the web interface (see chapter

8.4.3 Activating operating mode for tug drivers via the web interface

).

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49

Chapter

7

7 Operation

Operation Note

Operating Instructions

APS

WARNING

You are responsible!

Even when using APS, the following rules apply for you as a driver: 1. Always drive the aircraft/tug combination on the lines intended for this purpose. 2. Pay attention to the steering angle of the nose landing gear so that this is not oversteered. 3. Always keep an eye on the surroundings of the aircraft/tug combination. APS only has a

supporting role

: • It helps you as the driver to monitor the surroundings and warns you in good time if obstacles appear in the hazardous area. • It is intended to relieve pressure on you as the driver and ensure a greater level of safety when tugging and maneuvering aircraft. • At all times you, as the driver, bear the full responsibility for safe operation, in particular for people who are in the hazardous zones of the tug/aircraft combination.

WARNING

Personnel requirements

7.1

Start the tug

All system components are automatically launched when starting the tug. The devices are ready for operation after approx. 60 seconds. If the laser scanner does not detect an aircraft, then the following message will be shown on the display after starting up the system.

Note

After starting up, the laser scanner continuously identifies measuring points. However, if the recorded measuring points do not match a saved aircraft type, then the message will remain on the display unchanged, even in the event of empty running. 50

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7.2

Operation

The operator display in the operating mode for tug drivers

Chapter

7

The following functions are available in the operating mode for tug drivers:

Function/symbol Meaning Switch display of the direction of travel

Switches the display of the direction of travel between

Tug/maneuver (Pull)

and

Push

. Switching is possible even if the display of the direction of travel is determined by a digital input signal (e.g. by the current position of the driver's seat). If no digital input signal is used, then the display of the direction of travel can be preset when starting the system

(see chapter

6.3 Making system settings

). If the display of

the direction of travel is controlled via a digital input signal, then it is not possible to preset the display.

Day/night mode switching

Swaps (inverts) the screen colors: Black becomes white and white becomes black. This adjusts the display to the current light conditions. When the system starts, the inverted display (white on black) is always preset.

Cancel aircraft type

Cancels the aircraft type selection that has been made if an incorrect aircraft type has accidentally been confirmed after accepting the aircraft. This function may not be executed during the tugging process. It has no function in the operating mode for the tug driver.

Tab. 12: Functions in the operating mode for tug drivers

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Chapter

7

7.3

7.3.1

Operation

Lifting the nose wheel Determination of the aircraft type

Operating Instructions

APS

When the nose wheel landing gear is lifted by the tug, all objects in the laser scanner's field of vision are detected and assessed. The system uses the measuring points recorded to determine the track width of the main landing gear and its distance from the nose wheel, and uses this to deduce the aircraft type. 1. When the nose wheel is lifted and the cradle is locked, the measuring points recorded stabilize. 2. As soon as APS is able to provide information on the aircraft type on the basis of

constant

measured values, a sorted list of matching aircraft types will be shown on the display. 3. The aircraft type for which the track width and wheelbase are closest to the calculated measured values will be suggested at the top of the list.

Note

If APS is not able to identify the aircraft type, then a corresponding message will be shown on the display. The actions that you should take in this case are described in detail in

chapter

9.4.1 Aircraft type not detected

.

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7.3.2

Operation

Confirm aircraft type

Chapter

7

As there may be different variants of an aircraft type with identical wheelbase and identical track width, as the tug driver you must check the proposed aircraft type and provide explicit confirmation. As the driver, you are responsible for selecting the correct aircraft type for collision monitoring during the tugging process. 1. If the proposed aircraft type matches the accepted aircraft, confirm this directly using

Confirm

. 2. If the accepted aircraft is a variant of the proposed aircraft type, click on this variant in the list. If there is a long list, then you can move the list contents using the arrow keys. Then confirm your selection with

Confirm

.

Result

The outlines of the aircraft/tug combination and the warning zone appear on the display. The size and shape of the aircraft and the warning zone are known in the system from the selection of the aircraft type.

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Cancel selection of the aircraft type

If you clicked the wrong option when selecting the aircraft type, then you can undo the selection that you made.  Click on the X icon. This will take you back to the list of aircraft types. The list contains all aircraft types which have been identified on the basis of the measuring points recorded.

NOTE

Never cancel the selected aircraft type during the tugging process without good reason.

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53

Chapter

7

7.4

Operation

Tug the aircraft 7.4.1

Operating Instructions

APS

The tugging process can start as soon as the confirmed aircraft type appears on the display.

Display of the direction of travel

The display shows a real image of the aircraft/tug combination. You can use the arrow symbol to adjust the display of the direction of travel to the tugging process and switch between

Tug/maneuver (Pull)

and

Push

. You can even switch the display of the direction of travel if it is determined by a digital input signal (e.g. by the current position of the driver's seat).  Click the arrow icon on the display.

Presetting the display

If the display of the direction of travel is setting, the system assumes there is a

not

controlled via a digital input signal, then the display when the system is started can be predefined in the configuration. In the default

tug/maneuver

tugging process after selection of the aircraft type. In the event of

Push-Back

, the aircraft/tug combination moves backwards from where the aircraft was parked. If the direction of travel is determined via a

digital input signal

principle dependent on the position of the tug driver's seat. (e.g., when the driver's seat is turned), then the display of the direction of travel on the operator display is in 54

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7.4.2

Operation

Switching between day/night mode

Chapter

7

You can switch between day/night mode to adjust the display on the screen to the current light conditions. Particularly at night, the white day display may be extremely bright.  Click the sun icon on the display. The display is inverted. This means that the colors on the screen are swapped. Black becomes white and white becomes black. In the following figure, the aircraft/tug combination is shown in gray on a black background.

7.4.3

Detecting objects outside of the warning zone

During the tugging process, the outline of the aircraft/tug combination is continuously shown on the display in the selected presentation. The warning zone automatically adjusts to the towing corridor of the aircraft. All obstacles which lie in the laser scanner's field of vision are detected and displayed on the screen. If these obstacles are outside/in the immediate vicinity of the warning zone, then there is no acute danger. The relevant objects are visible, but there is no warning. Parts of the aircraft which lie in the laser scanner's field of vision are hidden. The main landing gear and hanging engines may be detected by the laser scanner, but not shown as objects on the display.

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Chapter

7

7.4.4

Operation

Operating Instructions

APS Note

The laser scanner must always identify the accepted aircraft type during the tugging process. In order to do this, the wheelbase of the main landing gear and the distance to the nose wheel are constantly measured and monitored. Therefore the laser scanner's visual contact with the main landing gear of the aircraft must not be interrupted during the tugging process. • If the aircraft type is temporarily lost due to interrupted connection, then the message

Temporarily unavailable – Limited detection capabilities

is shown on the display. If the same aircraft type is recognized within 30 seconds, then the aircraft/tug combination automatically appears on the operator display again. • If the interruption lasts longer than 30 seconds, then the first message is replaced with the message

System ready – Waiting for aircraft

type must now be selected again. . As soon as the aircraft type is recognized again, the list of aircraft types appears on the display. The correct aircraft

Detailed information on this can be found in chapter

9.4.2 Aircraft type lost during the tugging process

.

Collision warning in the event of obstacles in the warning zone

As soon as an obstacle appears in the warning zone of the aircraft/tug combination, a visual warning is shown at the location of the obstacle. This means that the danger for the aircraft/tug combination can be quickly located. If the tone buzzer is connected and switched on, there is also an acoustic signal. 56

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Chapter

7 How is the risk visualized?

 On the display, the relevant

object point

that is closest to the aircraft outline is marked in

red

. The measuring point is also given a

red circle

. Objects which are beneath the aircraft (with the exception of parts belonging to the aircraft such as the main landing gear and engines) are also detected and displayed.  If the obstacle is at the side of the aircraft, the relevant

half of the aircraft is displayed in red

.  If the obstacle is

behind the tail

or in

the immediate vicinity of the tail

, then the entire outline of the aircraft is displayed in red.

7.4.5

React to collision awareness

Note

If it is reported that there is a danger in the warning zone, as the driver of the aircraft/tug combination, you must react

appropriately

. • • APS does not actively intervene in the tugging process even in hazardous situations. As the driver, you continue to be responsible for the safe driving of the aircraft/tug combination.

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Chapter

7

7.5

Operation

Release nose wheel drive unit again

Operating Instructions

APS

When the nose landing gear is released from cradle, the measuring points recorded by the laser scanner no longer allow any conclusion to be drawn about the aircraft type. The following message initially appears on the screen: After 30 seconds with no visual contact with the main landing gear,

Waiting for aircraft

appears on the operator display. 58

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8

8.1

Maintenance

Maintenance

Overview of maintenance tasks

Chapter

8

The following maintenance work must be carried out at the specified time intervals:

Device Laser scanner LMS511 Maintenance task

Cleaning the front screen

Interval

at the start of a shift

Completed by

Trained personnel

8.2

8.2.1

Optical inspection of the laser scanner for mechanical stability of the mounting brackets weekly Trained personnel

General

Visual inspection of the electrical wiring for damage 2x / year Trained personnel

Tab. 13: Maintenance intervals

Maintenance during operation Cleaning the laser scanners

The laser scanners are maintenance-free. Maintenance is not necessary to ensure compliance with laser class 1. To achieve the full optical output of the LMS511, the front screen must be regularly checked for contamination.

Note

Fig. 31: Cleaning the LMS511

The LMS511 features an integrated contamination detection function for the front screen. If the level of contamination is severe, the tug driver is informed of this via a message on the operator display. The status indicators on the LMS511 also signal a warning or, if the contamination is extreme, an error. Be aware that in the event of very severe contamination, measurement will not be possible and therefore collision protection will no longer be possible.

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Chapter

8 Maintenance

Operating Instructions

APS Clean the front screen

 Switch off the device during cleaning.  Get rid of any contamination on the front screen to avoid incorrect measurements.  Wipe the front screen with a soft, wet sponge.  Then dry the front screen with a clean cloth.

WARNING

Damage to the front screen

The front screen is made of polycarbonate. The optical output is weakened by scratches and streaks on the front screen.  Do not use aggressive cleaning agents.  Do not use abrasive cleaning agents.  Avoid scratching and chafing motion on the front screen.

8.2.2

Visual inspection of the cables

Regularly check the electrical installation. Check that all cable connections are securely attached.

WARNING

Loose connections or scorched cables

 Deficiencies such as loose connections or scorched cables must be rectified immediately.

HAZARD

Damaged cable insulation

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8.3

Maintenance

Replacing components

Chapter

8

Faulty or damaged components must be dismantled and replaced with new or repaired components.

HAZARD

Disconnect the power to the system

 Make sure the power supply for the entire system is disconnected while you are carrying out maintenance and repair work.

HAZARD

Risk of injury due to electrical current

Only a qualified electrician or trained person working under the guidance and supervision of a qualified electrician is permitted to work on electrical systems or equipment and they must comply with the electrical regulations.

8.3.1

Replacing a laser scanner

As all external cable connections terminate in the system plug or the plug connectors, there is no need to repeat the electrical installation when the device is replaced. The replacement device can simply be connected.

NOTE

Claims under the warranty rendered void

The housing screws on the laser scanners are sealed. Any claims against SICK AG under the warranty will be rendered void if the seals are damaged or if the device is opened.

Replace the device.

1. Loosen the M12 round connectors on the laser scanner and remove the connecting cables from the laser scanner. 2. Dismantle the defective laser scanner from the mounting. 3. Mount the replacement device. 4. Connect the cables to the new laser scanner and screw the plug connectors together.

Configuring the replacement device

1. The replacement device is configured via the configuration interface of the display

(see chapter

6.4 Configuring the laser scanner

).

2. The configuration interface must previously be enabled via the web interface.

The procedure for doing this is described in chapter

8.4 Activities on the web interface

.

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Chapter

8

8.3.2

Maintenance

Replacing the operator display

Operating Instructions

APS

1. Turn the display on the ball joint so that you can easily access the reverse. 2. Undo the three fixing screws that connect the operator display to the bracket.

Fig. 32: Removing the operator display from the bracket

3. Remove the defective display from the bracket. 4. Undo the four cover screws and remove the adapter from the housing of the operator display.

8.3.3

Fig. 33: Removing the adapter from the operator display

5. Unplug the plug connectors of the connecting cables. 6. Put the connecting cables into the new display. 7. Screw the adapter to the housing and mount the display in the bracket. 8. Turn the device until the driver has a good view of the screen.

Replacing the Ethernet switch

1. Loosen all M12 round connectors on the Ethernet switch and remove the connecting cables. 2. Dismantle the defective Ethernet switch from the mounting. 3. Mount the replacement device. 4. Connect the cables to the new Ethernet switch and screw the plug connectors together. 62

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8.4

Maintenance

Activities on the web interface

Chapter

8

APS features a web interface. This interface can be called up in a web browser using a PC connected via Ethernet. You need the web interface in order, for example, to activate configuration mode on the display. You can also use the web interface to install a software update with a new aircraft database, call up current system information or define the logging level.

8.4.1

Note

Fig. 34: The web interface

You need a cable with RJ-45 male connector and M12 plug connector for connecting the PC to the Ethernet switch.

Calling up the web interface

Proceed as follows to call up the APS web interface:

Prerequisites

• The PC may need to be switched from DHCP to a fixed IP address, such as 192.168.1.50. Subnet mask 255.255.255.0 must be used. • If a proxy server is configured on the PC, it may be necessary to deactivate it. 1. Connect the PC with the Ethernet switch via the network connection. 2. On the PC, open the address

http://192.168.1.10

with a web browser.

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System

tab.

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63

Chapter

8

8.4.2

Maintenance

Operating Instructions

APS

3. Use this to find the system status, e.g. the current firmware, to help with remote support.

Enable configuration mode on the display

Enable configuration mode on the operator display. This is required, e.g., to configure the replacement device after the replacement of a defective laser scanner or in order to correct the field of vision of the laser scanner after modifications to the tug. 1. Switch to the

Unlock

tab. You will receive a notification there informing you that the operator display is currently locked. 2. Click on the

Unlock

button. 3. If release has been successful, then the message

Success! The panel is now unlocked

will be displayed. You are taken to the operating mode for the person carrying out commissioning. 64

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4. Click the tool icon on the operator display. The overview page for configuration mode is displayed.

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8.4.3

Maintenance

Chapter

8 Note

Further information on configuration mode can be found in chapter

6.2 The operator display in configuration mode

.

Activating operating mode for tug drivers via the web interface

The web interface allows you to easily switch between the operating mode for the person carrying out commissioning and the operating mode for tug drivers. You do not need to

restart the system in order to do this (see chapter

6.6.3 Enable operating mode for tug drivers

).

1. Switch to the

Unlock

tab in the web interface. 2. Click on the

Lock

button. You will receive a notification informing you that the operator display is now locked. The operating mode for tug drivers is displayed on the operator display.

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Chapter

8

8.4.4

Maintenance

Updating aircraft database

Operating Instructions

APS

The aircraft database is updated at the same time as a software update. The aircraft database is the basis for the automatic detection of the aircraft type on the basis of track width and wheelbase. 1. Switch to the

Packages

tab. The current version status is listed under

Package List

. 2. If one or more packages are already installed, check the box to the left of the package from which you wish to transfer the configuration. This renders configuration unnecessary. If you do not wish to transfer anything, do not select any of the packages. Following package installation, the system will need to be completely re-commissioned. 3. Click on the

Install new package

button and select the package file with the current software update. The file can be obtained directly from SICK support or via the homepage of your local SICK sales office. 66

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9

Fault diagnosis

Fault diagnosis

This chapter describes how to identify and remedy fault situations.

9.1

9.2

Chapter

9

Response to faults

WARNING

Risk resulting from faults

Cease operation if the cause of the malfunction has not been clearly identified. A defect in the system may result in fatal accidents or damage to the system.  Take the APS out of operation if you cannot clearly identify the fault and if you cannot safely remedy the problem.

Fault indicators of the LMS511

You can discern the following information from the LEDs:

Display

and off

Possible cause

No operating voltage or operating voltage too low

Remedy

 Check the power supply and switch it on if necessary. lights up Front screen slightly contaminated (warning)  Clean the front screen. flashes at 1 Hz Front screen contaminated(error)  Clean the front screen. flashes at 4 Hz System error  Refer to the fault indicator of the 7-segment display or run diagnostics from the SOPAS software.  Switch off the device and turn it on again, if necessary.

Tab. 14: LED display in the case of an error for the LMS511 laser scanner

The 7-segment display provides the following information:

Display Possible cause

No fault.

Remedy

Device is in measuring mode Idle mode, outputs are in the OFF state, laser is switched off. Motor starts No fault. If the criteria for IDLE mode are withdrawn, operational readiness is restored. No fault. Error in the laser scanner Temperature is too low  Send the laser scanner to the manufacturer for repair.  The ambient temperature is too low for the measuring mode.

Tab. 15: 7-segment display for the LMS511/LMS111 laser scanner

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Chapter

9

9.3

9.3.1

Fault diagnosis

Typical fault situations during commissioning Configuration incomplete or incorrect

Operating Instructions

APS Fault situation

The following error message is shown on the display screen after the system is started up:

9.3.2

Possible cause

• Not all setup steps have been carried out yet. • The configuration is incorrect. This may have been changed.

Remedy

Carry out all setup steps as described in chapter

6 Commissioning

.

Laser scanner not available

Fault situation

The display is not receiving any measured data from the laser scanner. The following error message appears on the operator display: 68

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APS Fault diagnosis

Chapter

9 Possible cause

• • The laser scanner is not connected to the supply voltage or is defective. The Ethernet switch is not connected to the supply voltage or is defective. • • The supply voltage is too high or too low. The Ethernet connection between the laser scanner, Ethernet switch, and operator display has been interrupted. • The Ethernet cable or the connecting cable for the power supply is defective.

Remedy

1. Check the cabling and close all components according to the wiring plan. On this

matter, refer to chapter

5 Electrical installation

.

2. Check the power supply to the system. The voltage must be 24 V. Switch on the correct power supply.

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Chapter

9

9.4

9.4.1

Fault diagnosis

Typical fault situations during operation Aircraft type not detected

Operating Instructions

APS Fault situation

The following error message appears on the display after the nose wheel has been accepted.

Background Note Possible cause

No matching aircraft type can be identified on the basis of the measured values. The APS aircraft database may need to be updated. APS contains a list with aircraft types which meet the system requirements in terms of track width, wheelbase and fuselage height. The characteristic data for the aircraft are saved for each aircraft type. During the process of accepting the aircraft, the values measured by the laser scanner are compared with the data saved in the system. If no corresponding data is found, then no matching aircraft type will be suggested. If this is the case, the tugging process is carried out without collision awareness.

Remedy

1. Contact the service technician responsible for your tug. 2. Ask them for an update to the aircraft database.

For more information on installing the update, see chapter

8.4.4 Updating aircraft database

.

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9.4.2

Fault diagnosis

Aircraft type lost during the tugging process

Fault situation (1)

The following message appears during the tugging process: Chapter

9 Note Possible cause

The visual contact between the laser scanner and the main landing gear was briefly interrupted. The interruption was no longer than 30 seconds. From this point onwards, the tugging process is carried out

without

collision awareness.

Remedy (1)

If the same aircraft type is recognized within 30 seconds, then the system automatically switches back to tugging mode. The outlines of the aircraft/tug combination and the warning zone appear on the display.

Fault situation (2)

If the visual contact with the main landing gear of the aircraft type is interrupted for longer than 30 seconds, then after the message

Temporarily unavailable

, the

System ready

message appears.

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Chapter

9 Note Fault diagnosis

Operating Instructions

APS Possible cause

If, during the tugging process, the visual contact between the laser scanner and the main landing gear is interrupted for longer than 30 seconds, then the aircraft type is lost completely. From this point onwards, the tugging process is carried out

without

collision awareness.

Remedy (2)

1. Reestablish free visual contact with the main landing gear as quickly as possible. 2. As soon as the laser scanner recognizes the main landing gear again, the selection list appears with the matching aircraft types. 3. Confirm the correct aircraft type with

Confirm

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9.4.3

Fault diagnosis

Viewing window of the laser scanner contaminated

Fault situation

The following error message appears on the operator display: Chapter

9 Note Possible cause

The system has integrated contamination detection. The laser scanner has reached a critical level of contamination. The detection performance of the laser scanner is severely restricted. Reliable operation is no longer guaranteed. The display informs you of this.

Remedy

1. Clean the front screen on the laser scanner. Read the notes provided in

Chapter

8.2.1 Cleaning the laser scanners

.

2. The message disappears once the front screen of the laser scanner has been cleaned. Acknowledge the message with system performance.

OK

. By doing so, the driver acknowledges that he/she has accepted the restriction in function and is currently continuing to drive with reduced

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Chapter

9

9.4.4

Fault diagnosis

Laser scanner not available

Fault situation

The display is not receiving any measured data from the laser scanner. The following error message appears on the operator display: Operating Instructions

APS

• • •

Possible cause

• The laser scanner is not connected to the supply voltage or is defective. The Ethernet switch is not connected to the supply voltage or is defective. The supply voltage is too high or too low. The Ethernet connection between the laser scanner, Ethernet switch, and operator display has been interrupted. • The Ethernet cable or the connecting cable for the power supply is defective.

Remedy

1. Check the cabling and close all components according to the wiring plan. On this

matter, refer to chapter

5 Electrical installation

.

2. Check the power supply to the system. The voltage must be 24 V. Switch on the correct power supply. 74

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9.4.5

Fault diagnosis

Display of the direction of travel suddenly switches

Chapter

9 Fault situation

During the tugging process, the display of the direction of travel on the operator display suddenly switches without you doing anything.

Possible cause

• The digital input signal for controlling the display on the operator display has been interrupted. • The input cable may be defective.

Remedy

1. Contact the service technician responsible for your tug.

2. Ask them to check the input cable (see also chapter

5.4 Connecting the operator display)

.

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Chapter

9

9.4.6

Fault diagnosis

No image on display 9.5

Operating Instructions

APS Note

SICK support

Fault situation

There is no image on the display after starting the tug.

Possible cause

• • • The operator display is not connected to the supply voltage. APS does not have any supply voltage, or the supply voltage is insufficient. The operator display is defective.

Remedy

1. Check the mains connection to the operator display and establish the correct

connection to the power supply. Read the notes provided in Chapter

8.2.2 Visual inspection of the cables

.

2. Check the power supply to the system. The voltage must be 24 V. Switch on the correct power supply. 3. If voltage is being supplied to the system, and at least the operation LED is illuminated, but no image appears, then the display may be defective. If possible, carry out a cross check with another display. If the display is defective, you will need to replace it with a replacement device. On this

matter, refer to chapter

8.3.2 Replacing the operator display

.

If you cannot remedy the error with the help of the information provided in this chapter, please contact your respective SICK subsidiary. 76

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10

10.1

Annex

Annex

Technical data

Chapter

10 Features

Application Vehicle Requirements for objects to be protected Airports Aircraft tug without tow bar Aircraft properties: Aircraft fuselage height: > 80 cm Track: 4.5 m–15 m Wheelbase: 10 m–32 m 1 (IEC 60825-1 (2007-6)), eye-safe Laser class

Performance

Display Functions 4.3" touch display Acoustic and optical collision awareness and nose wheel angle monitoring during aircraft tugging processes 1 Number of laser scanners Monitored area Warning zones Self-diagnosis Web interface

Interfaces

Ethernet Function Operator interface

Mechanics/electronics

Supply voltage Ambient temperature, storage

Tab. 16: APS data sheet

Docked aircraft behind the aircraft tug 2  Software updates  Software updates Touch display 24 V DC, 19.2 V DC … 28.8 V DC Power consumption Weight Dimensions (L x W x H) Mounting position 27 W, +55 W heating (typical) Display LMS511 360 g, 600 g with bracket 3.7 kg, 4.286 kg with brackets Display LMS511 142 mm x 44 mm x 98 mm (with bracket 130 mm depth) 160 mm x 155 mm x 185 mm Display LMS511 Vehicle cab Aircraft tug tail, left rear or right rear, 20–60 cm from ground

Ambient data

Ambient temperature, operation –25 °C ... +50 °C –25 °C ... +60 °C

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Chapter

10 Annex

10.2

10.2.1

Dimensional drawings Dimensional drawing of the LMS511 laser scanner

Operating Instructions

APS

Fig. 35: Dimensional drawings of the LMS511 laser scanner

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Fig. 36: Dimensional drawings of the LMS511 with mounting kits 1 and 2

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APS Annex

10.2.2

Display dimensional drawing

Chapter

10 8018378/2015-10-22

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Fig. 37: Dimensional drawings of the operator display

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79

Chapter

10 Annex

Operating Instructions

APS

10.2.3

Fig. 38: Dimensional drawings of the mounting kit for the operator display

Ethernet switch dimensional drawing 10.2.4

Fig. 39: Dimensional drawings of Ethernet switch

Tone buzzer dimensional drawing

Fig. 40: Dimensional drawing of the tone buzzer

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10.3

Annex

Using a connection box (optional)

Chapter

10

If there are not enough terminals free for connecting the devices to the tug power supply, you can establish the connection using the connection box available as an accessory (part number 2070552).

Fig. 41: Connecting to power supply via connection box

Establish the connections in accordance with the following terminal assignment:

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Fig. 42: Connection box terminal assignment

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Chapter

10

10.4

Annex

Tone selection for tone buzzer

Recommended settings when using the

red

and

blue

cable: OFF, ON, ON, OFF, ON (01101) Operating Instructions

APS

Fig. 43: Tone selection for tone buzzer

Tone selection table

Tab. 17: Tone selection table

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10.5

Annex

Overview of operating processes

Chapter

10

Fig. 44: Overview of operating processes

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Chapter

11

11

11.1

Figures and tables

Operating Instructions

APS

Figures and tables

List of tables

Tab. 1

Tab. 2:

Tab. 3:

Tab. 4:

Tab. 5:

Tab. 6:

Tab. 7:

Tab. 8:

Tab. 9:

Tab. 10:

Tab. 11:

Tab. 12:

Tab. 13:

Tab. 14: Tab. 15:

Tab. 16:

Tab. 17:

Target group ........................................................................................................... 6

Scope of delivery for APS ..................................................................................... 15

Requirements for objects to be protected .......................................................... 18

Status indicators of the LMS511 ........................................................................ 19

LMS511 connections ........................................................................................... 26

Connecting the LMS511 to the power supply .................................................... 27

Connecting the Ethernet switch to the power supply ......................................... 28

Operator display – pin allocation of the connecting cable ................................ 29

Connecting the operator display to the power supply ........................................ 31

Functions in the configuration mode .................................................................. 35

Functions in the operating mode for person carrying out commissioning ........ 48

Functions in the operating mode for tug drivers ................................................ 51

Maintenance intervals ......................................................................................... 59

LED display in the case of an error for the LMS511 laser scanner .................. 67 7-segment display for the LMS511/LMS111 laser scanner ............................. 67

APS data sheet ..................................................................................................... 77

Tone selection table ............................................................................................. 82

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11.2

List of figures

Figures and tables

Fig. 1:

Fig. 2:

Fig. 3:

Fig. 4: Fig. 5:

Fig. 6:

Fig. 7:

Fig. 8: Fig. 9:

Fig. 10: Fig. 11:

Fig. 12:

Fig. 13:

Fig. 14: Fig. 15:

Fig. 16:

Fig. 17: Fig. 18:

Fig. 19:

Fig. 20:

Fig. 21:

Fig. 22: Fig. 23: Fig. 24:

Fig. 25:

Fig. 26:

Fig. 27: Fig. 28:

Fig. 29: Fig. 30:

Fig. 31:

Fig. 32: Fig. 33:

Fig. 34:

Fig. 35: Fig. 36:

Fig. 37:

Fig. 38: Fig. 39: Fig. 40:

Fig. 41:

Chapter

11

Scope of delivery for APS .....................................................................................14

Laser output aperture of the LMS511 .................................................................15

Operator display with mounting kit ......................................................................16

Typical installation position of the LMS511 and definition of track and wheelbase .............................................................................................................17

Visualization of the tugging process on the operator display ............................17

Collision awareness during the tugging process .................................................18

Status indicators for the LMS511 .......................................................................19

The operator display in configuration and operating mode ...............................20

DIP switch on the tone buzzer ..............................................................................20

Mounting position of the LMS511 .......................................................................21

Mounting the LMS511 using mounting kits 1 and 2 ..........................................21

Mounting the LMS511 using an adapter plate ...................................................22

Mounting the operator display .............................................................................23

Mounting the tone buzzer ....................................................................................24

Mounting the Ethernet switch ..............................................................................24

APS wiring plan .....................................................................................................25

LMS511 connections ...........................................................................................26

Connecting the LMS511 to the power supply .....................................................26

Connecting the LMS511 to the Ethernet switch .................................................27

Connecting the Ethernet switch to the power supply .........................................28

Connecting the operator display ..........................................................................29

Connecting the operator display to the Ethernet switch ....................................30

Inserting connecting cables on the operator display ..........................................30

Mounting the adapter on the operator display ...................................................30

Mounting the adapter with the operator display on the bracket .......................31

Connecting the tone buzzer .................................................................................32

Self-test of the system on the operator display ..................................................33

Information about incomplete configuration.......................................................33

Configuration mode after launching for the first time ........................................34

Testing operational readiness of the devices .....................................................34

Cleaning the LMS511 ...........................................................................................59

Removing the operator display from the bracket ...............................................62

Removing the adapter from the operator display ...............................................62

The web interface .................................................................................................63

Dimensional drawings of the LMS511 laser scanner ........................................78

Dimensional drawings of the LMS511 with mounting kits 1 and 2 ..................78

Dimensional drawings of the operator display ....................................................79

Dimensional drawings of the mounting kit for the operator display ..................80

Dimensional drawings of Ethernet switch ...........................................................80

Dimensional drawing of the tone buzzer .............................................................80

Connecting to power supply via connection box .................................................81

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Chapter

11 Figures and tables

Fig. 42:

Fig. 43:

Fig. 44:

Operating Instructions

APS

Connection box terminal assignment ................................................................. 81

Tone selection for tone buzzer ............................................................................ 82

Overview of operating processes ........................................................................ 83

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11.3

Figures and tables

Keywords index

A

Abbreviations ...........................................7 Aircraft tug requirements ..................... 18 Application areas .....................................8

C

Cleaning LMS511 ............................................ 59 Collision awareness .............................. 56 Commissioning ..................................... 33 Components .......................................... 15 Ethernet switch ................................. 16 LMS511 ............................................ 15 Operator display ............................... 16 Tone buzzer ....................................... 16 Configuration LMS511 ............................................ 37 Warning zone .................................... 46 Configuration mode Enabling ............................................ 64 Functions .......................................... 34 Confirm aircraft type ............................. 53 Connecting the Ethernet switch ........... 28 Connection Ethernet switch ................................. 28 LMS511 ............................................ 26 Operator display ............................... 29 Tone buzzer ....................................... 32 Connection box ..................................... 81 Contamination control .......................... 73

D

Day/night mode switching ................... 55 Dimensional drawings .......................... 78 DIP switch ............................................. 20 Direction of travel display .................... 54 Display of obstacles ............................. 55 Disposal ................................................ 13

E

Electrical installation ............................ 25 Environment .......................................... 13 Ethernet switch ..................................... 16 Mounting ........................................... 24

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Replacing .......................................... 62 Expanding the warning zone ................ 46

F

Fault diagnosis ..................................... 67 Fault situations Commissioning ................................. 68 Operation .......................................... 70 Functionality ......................................... 17

I

Information depth .................................... 6 Intended use ............................................ 9

K

Keywords index..................................... 87

L

Laser scanner ....................................... 15 List of figures ........................................ 85 List of tables ......................................... 84 LMS511 ................................................ 15 Cleaning ............................................ 59 Configuring ........................................ 37 Connecting ........................................ 26 Fault indicator ................................... 67 Mounting ........................................... 21 Replacing .......................................... 61 Status indicators .............................. 19

M

Maintenance ......................................... 59 Mounting ............................................... 21 Ethernet switch ................................. 24 LMS511 ............................................ 21 Operator display bracket .................. 23 Tone buzzer....................................... 24

N

Nose wheel drive unit Accepting .......................................... 52

O

Operating Collision awareness .......................... 56 Display of obstacles ......................... 55 Tugging process ................................ 54

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Chapter

11 Figures and tables

Operating mode Functions ........................................... 51 Operation ............................................... 50 Accepting nose wheel drive unit ...... 52 Confirm aircraft type ......................... 53 Releasing nose wheel drive unit ...... 58 Operational readiness .......................... 34 Operator display .................................... 16 Bracket mounting .............................. 23 Connecting......................................... 29 Day/night mode switching ................ 55 Direction of travel display ................. 54 Replacing ........................................... 62 Status indicators ............................... 20

P

Power consumption .............................. 13 Product description ............................... 14 Project planning .................................... 18 Protective measures ................................ 9

Q

Qualified safety personnel ...................... 8

R

Releasing nose wheel drive unit .......... 58 Repair .................................................... 59 Replacing components ......................... 61 Requirements Obstacle detection ............................ 19 Requirements for objects to be protected ........................................................... 18 Restrict angle range .............................. 45

S

Safety ....................................................... 8 Operating Instructions

APS

Safety notes ............................................. 9 Scope of delivery ................................... 14 SICK support ......................................... 76 Software update .................................... 66 Start the tug .......................................... 50 Starting up ............................................. 33 Status indicators LMS511 ............................................. 19 Operator display ................................ 20 Switching on .......................................... 33 Switching on the voltage ...................... 33 Symbols used .......................................... 7 System components ............................. 15

T

Target group ............................................ 6 Technical data ....................................... 77 Tone buzzer ........................................... 16 Connecting ........................................ 32 DIP switch .......................................... 20 Mounting ........................................... 24 Tugging process .................................... 54

U

Update ................................................... 66 Updating aircraft database................... 66

V

Visual inspection ................................... 60

W

Web interface ........................................ 63 Calling up ........................................... 63 Enabling configuration mode ........... 64 Software update ................................ 66 Wiring plan ............................................ 25 88

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Chapter

11 Figures and tables

Operating Instructions

APS

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