Silicon Labs UG149 User's Guide

Silicon Labs UG149 User's Guide

UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide

The Si5344H-EVB is used for evaluating the Si5344H Any-Frequency, Any-Output, Jit ter Attenuating Clock Multiplier. The Si5344H combines 4 th generation DSPLL and Mul tisynth ™ technologies to enable any-frequency clock generation for applications that re quire the highest level of jitter performance. The Si5344H-EVB has two independent in put clocks and four independent output clocks. The Si5344H-EVB can be controlled and configured using the ClockBuilder ® Pro (CBPro) software tool.

EVB FEATURES:

• Powered from USB port or external power supply.

• Onboard 48 MHz XTAL or Reference SMA Inputs allow holdover mode of operation on the Si5344H.

• CBPro GUI-programmable VDD supply allows the device to operate from 3.3, 2.5, or 1.8 V.

• CBPro GUI-programmable VDDO supplies allow each of the ten outputs to have its own supply voltage, selectable from 3.3, 2.5, or 1.8 V.

• CBPro GUI-controlled voltage, current, and power measurements of VDD and all VDDO supplies.

• Status LEDs for power supplies and control/status signals of Si5344H.

• SMA connectors for input clocks, output clocks, and optional external timing reference clock.

Si5344H Evaluation Board silabs.com

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Overview

1. Overview

1.1 Functional Block Diagram

A functional block diagram of the Si5344H-EVB is shown below. This EVB can be connected to a PC via the main USB connector for programming, control, and monitoring. See Section

1.2 Si5344H EVB Support Documentation or Section

1.3 Quick Start for more infor-

mation.

Main USB Connector Ext +5V Connector Power only +5V_USB +5V_Ext

Power Supply

VDDMCU I2C/SPI Bus VDDO_1 VDDO_2 VDDO_3

C8051F380 MCU + Peripherals

Input Clock 0 Input Clock 1

{ { 48 MHz XTAL Input Termination Input Termination VDDO_1 VDDO_2 VDDO_3 I2C/SPI Bus Control/ Status XA XB INTR Alarm_Status Si5344H IN_0 IN_0B IN_1 IN_1B OUT_0 OUT_0B OUT_1 OUT_1B OUT_2 OUT_2B OUT_3 OUT_3B

Figure 1.1. Si5344H-EVB Functional Block Diagram

Output Termination Output Termination Output Termination Output Termination } } } }

Output Clock 0 Output Clock 1 Output Clock 2 Output Clock 3 1.2 Si5344H EVB Support Documentation

The Si5344H EVB Schematic and Bill of Materials (BOM) can be found online at: http://www.silabs.com/products/clocksoscillators/ pages/si538x-4x-evb.aspx

. Contact Silicon labs for related user's guides, data sheets, and software.

Note:

The Si5344H EVB schematic is in OrCad Capture hierarchical format and not in a typical “flat” schematic format.

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Overview

1.3 Quick Start

1. Install ClockBuilder Pro desktop software: http://www.silabs.com/CBPro .

• Installation instructions and the user’s guide for ClockBuilder Pro can also be found at the download link shown above.

2. Connect a USB cable from the Si5344H-EVB to the PC where the software is installed.

3. Confirm jumpers are installed as shown in Table 1.1 Si5344H EVB Jumper Defaults on page 3 .

4. Launch the ClockBuilder Pro software.

5. You can use ClockBuilder Pro to create, download, and run a frequency plan on the Si5344H-EVB.

6. Contact Silicon Labs for the Si5344H data sheet.

1.4 Jumper Defaults Table 1.1. Si5344H EVB Jumper Defaults Location

JP1 JP2 JP3 JP4 JP5 JP6 JP7

Type

2 pin 2 pin 2 pin 2 pin 3 pin 2 pin 2 pin

I = Installed 0 = Open

I I I I 1 to 2 O O

Location

JP14 JP15 JP16 JP17 JP18 JP19 JP20 JP8 JP9 JP10 JP11 2 pin 2 pin 2 pin 2 pin O O O O JP21 JP22 JP23 JP24 JP12 JP13 2 pin 2 pin O O JP17

Note:

1. Refer to the Si5344H EVB Schematics for the functionality associated with each jumper.

Type

5x2 Hdr 2 pin 2 pin 3 pin 3 pin 2 pin 2 pin 3 pin 3 pin 2 pin 2 pin 3 pin

I = Installed 0 = Open

O O all open all open O O all open all open O O all open All 5 installed

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Overview

1.5 Status LEDs Table 1.2. Si5344H EVB Status LEDs Location

D5 D7 D8 D11 D12 D13

Silkscreen

INTRB LOLB LOSXAXBB +5V MAIN READY BUSY

Color

Blue Blue Blue Green Green Green

Status Function Indication

DUT Interrupt DUT Loss of Lock DUT Loss of Reference Main USB +5 V present MCU Ready MCU Busy D11 is illuminated when USB +5 V supply voltage is present. D12 and D13 are status LEDs showing on-board MCU activity.

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Figure 1.2. Status LEDs

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Overview

1.6 External Reference Input (XA/XB)

An external reference (XTAL) is used in combination with the internal oscillator to produce an ultra-low jitter reference clock for the DSPLL and for providing a stable reference for the free-run and holdover modes. The Si5344H-EVB can also accommodate an external reference clock instead of a crystal. To evaluate the device with a REFCLK, C93 and C94 must be populated and the XTAL removed (see the figure below). The REFCLK can then be applied to J25 and J26.

Figure 1.3. External Reference Input Circuit 1.7 Clock Input Circuits (INx/INxB and FB-IN/FB-INB)

The Si5344H-EVB has four SMA connectors (IN0/IN0B and IN1/IN1B) for receiving external clock signals. All input clocks are termina ted, as shown in the figure below.

Input clocks are AC coupled and 50 W terminated. This represents four differential input clock pairs. Single-ended clocks can be used by appropriately driving one side of the differential pair with a single-ended clock. See the Si5344H data sheet for details on how to configure inputs as single-ended.

Figure 1.4. Input Clock Termination Circuit silabs.com

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Overview

1.8 Clock Output Circuits (OUTx/OUTxB)

Each of the eight outputs (four differential pairs) is AC coupled to its respective SMA connector. The output clock termination circuit is shown in the figure below. The output signal has no DC bias. If DC coupling is required, the AC coupling capacitors can be replaced with a resistor of appropriate value. The Si5344H-EVB provides pads for optional output termination resistors and/or low frequency ca pacitors.

Note:

Components with schematic “NI” designation are not normally populated on the Si5344H-EVB and provide locations on the PCB for optional DC/AC terminations by the end user.

Figure 1.5. Output Clock Termination Circuit silabs.com

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB

2. Using Si5344H EVB

2.1 Connecting the EVB to Your Host PC

Once ClockBuilder Pro software is installed, connect the software to the EVB with a USB cable, as shown in the figure below.

Figure 2.1. EVB Connection Diagram silabs.com

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB

2.2 Main Features of ClockBuilder Pro Applications

The ClockBuilder Pro installer installs two main applications: the ClockBuilder Pro Wizard and the EVB GUI.

Figure 2.2. Application #1: ClockBuilder Pro Wizard

Use the CBPro Wizard to do the following: • Create a new design.

• Review or edit an existing design.

• Export: create in-system programming.

Figure 2.3. Application #2: EVB GUI

Use the EVB GUI to do the following: • Download configuration to EVB’s DUT (Si5344H).

• Control the EVB’s regulators.

• Monitor voltage, current, power on the EVB.

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB

2.3 Common ClockBuilder Pro Workflow Scenarios

There are three common workflow scenarios when using CBPro and the Si5344H EVB. These workflow scenarios are as follows: Workflow Scenario #1: Workflow Scenario #2: Workflow Scenario #3: Testing a Silicon Labs-created Default Configuration Modifying the Default Silicon Labs-created Device Configuration Testing a User-created Device Configuration Each scenario is described in more detail in the following sections.

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB

2.3.1 Workflow Scenario #1: Testing a Silicon Labs Created Default Configuration

The flow for using the EVB GUI to initialize and control a device on the EVB is as follows.

1. Once the PC and EVB are connected, launch ClockBuilder Pro by clicking on this icon on your PC’s desktop.

Figure 2.4. ClockBuilder Pro Desktop Icon

2. When the EVB is detected, select the "Open Default Plan" button on the Wizard’s main menu. CBPro automatically detects the EVB and device type.

Figure 2.5. Open Default Plan

3. Once you open the default plan (based on your EVB model number), a popup window opens.

Figure 2.6. Write Design to EVB Dialog silabs.com

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB 4. Select "Yes" to write the default plan to the Si5344H device mounted on your EVB. This ensures the device is completely reconfig ured per the Silicon Labs default plan for the DUT type mounted on the EVB.

Figure 2.7. Writing Design Status

5. After CBPro writes the default plan to the EVB, select "Open EVB GUI".

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Figure 2.8. Open EVB GUI

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB 6. The EVB GUI opens. All power supplies are set to the values defined in the device’s default CBPro project file created by Silicon Labs, as shown in the figure below.

Figure 2.9. EVB GUI Window Verify Free-run Mode Operation

Assuming no external clocks have been connected to the INPUT CLOCK differential SMA connectors (labeled “INx/INxB”) located around the perimeter of the EVB, the DUT should now be operating in free-run mode, as the DUT will be locked to the crystal in this case.

You can run a quick check to determine if the device is powered up and generating output clocks (and consuming power) by clicking on the "Read All" button (bottom right-hand corner of

Figure 2.9 EVB GUI Window on page 12 ) and then reviewing the voltage, current,

and power readings for each VDDx supply.

Note:

Shutting the VDD and VDDA power supplies “Off” and then “On” will power-down and reset the DUT. Every time you do this, to reload the Silicon Labs-created default plan into the DUT’s register space, you must go back to the Wizard’s main menu and select "Write Design to EVB".

Figure 2.10. Write Design to EVB

Failure to do the step above will cause the device to read in a pre-programmed plan from its non-volatile memory (NVM). However, the plan loaded from the NVM may not be the latest plan recommended by Silicon Labs for evaluation.

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB At this point, you should verify the presence and frequencies of the output clocks (running in free-run mode from the crystal) using ap propriate external instrumentation connected to the output clock SMA connectors. To verify the output clocks are toggling at the correct frequency and signal format, click on "View Design Report" as highlighted in the figure below.

Figure 2.11. View Design Report

Your configuration’s design report opens in a new window, as shown in the figure below. Compare the observed output clocks to the frequencies and formats noted in your default project’s Design Report.

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB

Figure 2.12. Design Report Window Verify Locked Mode Operation

Assuming you connect the correct input clocks to the EVB (as noted in the Design Report shown above), the DUT on your EVB will be running in “locked” mode.

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB

2.3.2 Workflow Scenario #2: Modifying the Default Silicon Labs Created Device Configuration

1. To modify the “default” configuration using the CBPro Wizard, select "Edit Configuration with Wizard".

Figure 2.13. Edit Configuration with Wizard silabs.com

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB 2. You will now be taken to the Wizard’s step-by-step menus to allow you to change any of the default plan’s operating configurations.

Figure 2.14. Design Wizard Note:

You can click on the icon on the lower left hand of the menu to confirm that your frequency plan is valid. After making your desired changes, you can click on "Write to EVB" to update the DUT to reconfigure your device in real-time. The Design Write status window opens each time you make a change.

Figure 2.15. Writing Design Status silabs.com

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB

2.3.3 Workflow Scenario #3: Testing a User Created Device Configuration

1. To test a previously-created user configuration, open the CBPro Wizard by clicking the icon on your desktop and then selecting "Open Design Project File".

Figure 2.16. pen Design Project File

2. Locate your CBPro design file (*.slabtimeproj or *.sitproj file) design file in the Windows file browser.

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Figure 2.17. Browse to Project File

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB 3. Select "Yes" when the WRITE DESIGN to EVB popup appears:

Figure 2.18. Write Design to EVB Dialog

4. The progress bar is launched. Once the new design project file has been written to the device, verify the presence and frequencies of your output clocks and other operating configurations using external instrumentation.

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB

2.4 Exporting the Register Map File for Device Programming by a Host Processor

You can also export your configuration to a file format suitable for in-system programming by selecting "Export", as shown in the figure below.

Figure 2.19. Export Register Map File

You can now write your device’s complete configuration to file formats suitable for in-system programming.

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Using Si5344H EVB

Figure 2.20. Export Settings silabs.com

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Writing A New Frequency Plan or Device Configuration to Non-volatile Memory (OTP)

3. Writing A New Frequency Plan or Device Configuration to Non-volatile Memory (OTP)

Note:

Writing to the device non-volatile memory (OTP) is NOT the same as writing a configuration into the Si5344H using ClockBuilder Pro on the Si5344H EVB. Writing a configuration into the EVB from ClockBuilder Pro is done using Si5344H RAM space and can be done virtually unlimited number of times. Writing to OTP is limited, as described below.

Refer to the Si534x/8x Family Reference Manuals and device datasheets for information on how to write a configuration to the EVB DUT’s non-volatile memory (OTP). The OTP can only be programmed a maximum of two times. Care must be taken to ensure the configuration desired is valid when choosing to write to OTP.

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UG149: Si5344H Evaluation Board User’s Guide Serial Device Communications (Si5344H ↔ MCU)

4. Serial Device Communications (Si5344H ↔ MCU)

4.1 On-Board SPI Support

The MCU on-board the Si5344H-EVB communicates with the Si5344H device through a 4-wire SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface) link.

The MCU is the SPI master and the Si5344H device is the SPI slave. The Si5344H device can also support a 2-wire I2C serial inter face, although the Si5344H-EVB does NOT support the I2C mode of operation. SPI mode was chosen for the EVB because of the relatively higher speed transfers supported by SPI vs. I2C.

4.2 External I2C Support

I 2 C can be supported if driven from an external I of I 2 2 C controller. The serial interface signals between the MCU and Si5344H pass through shunts loaded on header J17. These jumper shunts must be installed in J17 for normal EVB operation using SPI with CBPro. If testing C operation via external controller is desired, the shunts in J17 can be removed thereby isolating the on-board MCU from the Si5344H device. The shunt at JP1 (I2C_SEL) must also be removed to select I 2 C as Si5344H interface type. An external I2C controller connected to the Si5344H side of J17 can then communicate to the Si5344H device. (For more information on I 2 C signal protocol, please refer to the Si5344H data sheet.) The figure below illustrates the J17 header schematic. J17 even numbered pins (2, 4, 6, etc.) connect to the Si5344H device and the odd numbered pins (1, 3, 5, etc.) connect to the MCU. Once the jumper shunts have been removed from J17 and JP1, I2C operation should use J17 pin 4 (DUT_SDA_SDIO) as the I 2 C SDA and J17 pin 8 (DUT_SCLK) as the I 2 C SCLK. Please note the external I 2 C controller will need to supply its own I 2 C signal pull-up resistors.

Figure 4.1. Serial Communications Header J17 silabs.com

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Disclaimer

Silicon Labs intends to provide customers with the latest, accurate, and in-depth documentation of all peripherals and modules available for system and software implementers using or intending to use the Silicon Labs products. Characterization data, available modules and peripherals, memory sizes and memory addresses refer to each specific device, and "Typical" parameters provided can and do vary in different applications. Application examples described herein are for illustrative purposes only. Silicon Labs reserves the right to make changes without further notice and limitation to product information, specifications, and descriptions herein, and does not give warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of the included information. Silicon Labs shall have no liability for the consequences of use of the information supplied herein. This document does not imply or express copyright licenses granted hereunder to design or fabricate any integrated circuits. The products are not designed or authorized to be used within any Life Support System without the specific written consent of Silicon Labs. A "Life Support System" is any product or system intended to support or sustain life and/or health, which, if it fails, can be reasonably expected to result in significant personal injury or death. Silicon Labs products are not designed or authorized for military applications. Silicon Labs products shall under no circumstances be used in weapons of mass destruction including (but not limited to) nuclear, biological or chemical weapons, or missiles capable of delivering such weapons.

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