Silicon Labs UG310 User's Guide

Silicon Labs UG310 User's Guide
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
The LTE-M Expansion Kit is an excellent way to explore and
evaluate the Digi XBee3™ LTE-M cellular module which allows
you to add low-power long range wireless connectivity to your
EFM32/EFR32 embedded application.
The Digi XBee3 LTE-M cellular module is an easy-to-use cellular module. The LTE-M
Expansion Kit easily integrates and brings LTE-M connectivity to compatible Silicon
Labs Wireless and MCU Starter Kits through the expansion header.
To get started with the LTE-M Expansion Kit go to http://www.silabs.com/start-efm32xbee.
LTE-M EXP BOARD FEATURES
• EXP connector for interfacing Silicon
Labs MCU and Wireless Starter Kits
• 2x10-pin socket supporting Digi XBee™
and Digi XBee Pro™ through-hole
modules
• Digi XBee module can be powered by
(W)STK supply rail or on-board DC-DC
regulator
• U-blox CAM-M8Q GNSS receiver
supporting GPS and GLONASS
SOFTWARE SUPPORT
• Software examples for the EFM32GG11
Starter Kit are available in Simplicity
Studio™
silabs.com | Building a more connected world.
Rev. 1.0
Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. Hardware Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.1 Hardware Layout .
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3. Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.1 EXP Header . . . . . . .
3.1.1 Pass-through EXP Header
3.1.2 EXP Header Pinout . . .
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3.2 Digi XBee Module Socket . . . .
3.2.1 Digi XBee Module Socket Pinout
3.2.2 Power Supply . . . . . . .
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4. Using the LTE-M Expansion Kit
4.1 Board Identification
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4.2 Digi XBee3 LTE-M Module .
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4.3 On-Board GNSS Receiver .
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5. Schematics, Assembly Drawings, and BOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
6. Kit Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
6.1 SLEXP8021A Revision History
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7. Document Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
silabs.com | Building a more connected world.
Rev. 1.0 | 2
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
Introduction
1. Introduction
This user guide covers the usage of the Silicon Labs LTE-M EXP Board together with the Digi XBee3 LTE-M cellular module. The LTEM EXP Board is designed to be compatible with all Digi XBee through-hole modules offering a wide array of wireless connectivity options, such as Zigbee, Wi-Fi, 3G and LTE cellular to name a few.
Software examples demonstrating how to use the LTE-M Expansion Kit with the EFM32GG11 Starter Kit are available through Simplicity Studio™.
For more information about the Digi XBee modules see https://www.digi.com/xbee.
silabs.com | Building a more connected world.
Rev. 1.0 | 3
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
Hardware Overview
2. Hardware Overview
2.1 Hardware Layout
The layout of the LTE-M Expansion Kit is shown in the figure below.
GNSS Receiver
Digi XBee Module Breakout Header
Not mounted
ASSOC Status LED
Digi XBee Module Socket
EXP-header for
Starter Kits
Digi XBee Module Reset
Digi XBee Module Breakout Header
Not mounted
Pass-through EXP-header
Not mounted
Power source
select switch
Figure 2.1. LTE-M Expansion Kit Hardware Layout
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Rev. 1.0 | 4
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
Connectors
3. Connectors
This chapter gives an overview of the LTE-M Expansion Kit connectivity and power connections.
Digi XBee Socket Breakout
(Not Mounted)
EXP Header
Digi XBee Socket
Digi XBee Socket Breakout
(Not Mounted)
Pass-through
EXP Header
(Not Mounted)
Figure 3.1. LTE-M Expansion Kit Connector Layout
3.1 EXP Header
On the left side of the LTE-M Expansion Kit, a right-angle female 20-pin EXP header is provided to allow connection to one of Silicon
Labs’ MCU or Wireless Starter Kits. The EXP header on the Starter Kits follows a standard which ensures that commonly used peripherals such as an SPI, a UART, and an I2C bus, are available on fixed locations on the connector. Additionally, the VMCU, 3V3 and 5V
power rails are also available on the EXP header. For detailed information regarding the pinout to the EXP header on a specific Starter
Kit, consult the accompanying kit user’s guide.
The figure below shows how the Digi XBee module socket and the on-board GNSS receiver are connected to the EXP header and the
peripheral functions that are available.
3V3
5V
XBEE_PWM1
GNSS_TXD
GNSS_RXD
XBEE_RTS
XBEE_DIO4
XBEE_DOUT
XBEE_DIN
VMCU
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
19
17
15
13
11
9
7
5
3
1
BOARD_ID_SDA
BOARD_ID_SCL
XBEE_ADC1
XBEE_RSSI
XBEE_CTS
GNSS_VBCKP_EN
GNSS_POWER_EN
XBEE_DTR
GNSS_TIMEPULSE
GND
LTE-M EXP Board I/O Pin
Reserved (Board Identification)
Figure 3.2. EXP Header
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Rev. 1.0 | 5
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
Connectors
3.1.1 Pass-through EXP Header
The LTE-M Expansion Kit features a footprint for a secondary EXP header. All signals from the EXP header, including those that are
not connected to any features on the LTE-M Expansion Kit are directly tied to the corresponding pins in the footprint, allowing daisychaining of additional EXP boards if a connector is soldered in.
Pin 1 of the secondary EXP header is marked with a 1 in the silkscreen printing.
3.1.2 EXP Header Pinout
The table below shows the pin assignments of the EXP header.
Table 3.1. EXP Header Pinout
Pin
Signal Name
Function
2
VMCU
3.3V Input to low power side of power switch
4
XBEE_DIN
Digi XBee module UART input
6
XBEE_DOUT
Digi XBee module UART output
8
XBEE_DIO4
Digi XBee module digital I/O
10
XBEE_RTS
Digi XBee module UART RTS
12
GNSS_RXD
GNSS receiver UART input
14
GNSS_TXD
GNSS receiver UART output
16
XBEE_PWM1
Digi XBee module PWM output
18
5V
Board 5V supply. Used to supply DC-DC regulator.
20
3V3
Board 3V3 supply. Only used for board identification EEPROM.
1
GND
System ground
3
GNSS_TIMEPULSE GNSS receiver synchronized timepulse output
5
XBEE_DTR
7
GNSS_POWER_EN GNSS receiver main power enable
9
GNSS_VBCKP_EN
GNSS receiver backup power supply
11
XBEE_CTS
Digi XBee module UART CTS
13
XBEE_RSSI
Digi XBee module RSSI output
15
XBEE_ADC1
Digi XBee module analog input
17
BOARD_ID_SCL
Identification of expansion boards.
19
BOARD_ID_SDA
Identification of expansion boards.
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Digi XBee module UART DTR
Rev. 1.0 | 6
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
Connectors
3.2 Digi XBee Module Socket
The LTE-M Expansion Kit features two 1x10-pin 2mm pitch connectors for inserting a through-hole Digi XBee wireless module. There
are also two unpopulated footprint for 1x10-pin 2.54mm (0.1") pitch pin headers which breaks out the signals of the Digi XBee module
socket, an ASSOC status LED which indicates the wireless connection status of the Digi XBee module, and a reset button connected to
the Digi XBee module's reset signal input.
G
N
XBD
E
XB E_
D
XBEE TR
_B
XBEE KG
_P
XBEE W O
_R M
E
XB E SS 1
_R I
XBEE ES
_D E
E
XB E IO Tn
_D 1
XBEE IN 2
EE_DO
_V U
C T
C
The pinout of the socket is illustrated in the figure below. The pinout of the unpopulated breakout headers are identical to the adjacent
Digi XBee module socket connector.
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0
C
D 1
_A C
EE_AD 2
XBEE DC3
_A
XB E DC
E
_A
XBEE TS C
_R O
XB E SS
E
_A F
XBEE RE
_V
XB E N
E
_O
XBEE TS
C 4
_
XBEE IO
_D
XBEE
XB
Figure 3.3. Digi XBee Module Socket
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Rev. 1.0 | 7
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
Connectors
3.2.1 Digi XBee Module Socket Pinout
The pin assignment of the Digi XBee module socket is given in the table below.
Table 3.2. Digi XBee Module Socket Pin Descriptions
Pin Number
Digi XBee Module Signal
Top row
1
Digi XBee VCC
2
DOUT (Module UART TXD)
3
DIN (Module UART RXD)
4
DIO12 (Digital IO 12)
5
RESETn
6
RSSI (Module RF Received Signal Strength Indicator output)
7
PWM1 (Module PWM output)
8
Not Connected
9
DTR (Module UART DTR)
10
GND
Bottom row
11
DIO4 (Digital IO 4)
12
CTS (Module UART CTS)
13
ON (Module status output)
14
VREF
15
ASSOC (Module wireless connection status output)
16
RTS (Module UART RTS)
17
ADC3 (Analog input 3)
18
ADC2 (Analog input 2)
19
ADC1 (Analog input 1)
20
ADC0 (Analog input 0)
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Rev. 1.0 | 8
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
Connectors
3.2.2 Power Supply
When connected to a Silicon Labs MCU or Wireless STK, the Digi XBee3 LTE-M cellular module can either be powered by the VMCU
rail present on the EXP header, or through a DC-DC regulator onboard the LTE-M Expansion Kit. If connected to the VMCU rail of the
starter kit, the current consumption of the Digi XBee3 LTE-M cellular module will be included in the starter kit's on-board Advanced
Energy Monitor (AEM). The DC-DC regulator draws power from the 5V net, and hence, the power consumption of the Digi XBee3 LTEM cellular module will not be included in any AEM measurements performed by the MCU STK.
A mechanical power switch on the LTE-M Expansion Kit is used to select between Low Power (AEM) mode and High Power (DC-DC)
mode. When the switch is set to Low Power (AEM) mode, the Digi XBee3 LTE-M cellular module is connected to the VMCU net on the
EXP header. For most MCU Starter Kits, the regulator supplying the VMCU net is capable of sourcing up to 300 mA, bearing in mind
that the MCU is also powered from this net. The EFM32GG11 starter kit and the Wireless Starter Kit main board are able to source up
to 800 mA on the VMCU net (provided that the kit's power source is able to supply this much current). When the switch is set to High
Power (DC-DC) mode, the Digi XBee3 LTE-M cellular module is connected to the output of the DC-DC converter, which is able to
source up to 2 A (again, limited by the capability of the source powering the starter kit). For applications requiring higher power than
what is available from the VMCU net, the power switch should be set to High Power (DC-DC) mode.
The on-board GNSS receiver is powered from the same rail as the Digi XBee3 LTE-M cellular module through an analog switch that
can be controlled by a GPIO pin on the EXP header.
The power topology is illustrated in the figure below.
EXP Header
VMCU 3.3V
5V
Low
Power
(AEM)
Power
Switch
XBEE_VCC
Digi XBee
Socket
5V
IN
3.3 V
OUT
High
Power
(DC-DC)
DC-DC
GNSS
Receiver
Figure 3.4. LTE-M Expansion Kit Power Topology
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Rev. 1.0 | 9
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
Using the LTE-M Expansion Kit
4. Using the LTE-M Expansion Kit
The Digi XBee3 LTE-M cellular module is a wireless module providing cellular connectivity using the low-power LTE-M technology.
4.1 Board Identification
The LTE-M EXP Board and the starter kit it is connected to are automatically identified by Simplicity Studio when connected to the
computer to present the correct documentation and software examples. Note however that Simplicity studio is not able to identify which
Digi XBee module is inserted into the LTE-M EXP Board's Digi XBee module socket.
4.2 Digi XBee3 LTE-M Module
The Digi XBee3 LTE-M module requires an external antenna to enable wireless connectivity. Connect the included patch antenna to the
module's u.FL connector labeled 'CELL' and insert the module into the socket as shown in the figure below, before connecting the
board to a Silicon Labs MCU or Wireless starter kit.
The kit also includes a SIM card, which needs to be activated before being inserted into the SIM slot of the Digi XBee3 LTE-M module.
Refer to the LTE-M Expansion Kit Quick Start Guide for information on how to activate the SIM card.
Figure 4.1. LTE-M Expansion Kit assembled for use
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Rev. 1.0 | 10
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
Using the LTE-M Expansion Kit
4.3 On-Board GNSS Receiver
The LTE-M Expansion Kit is equipped with a U-Blox Cam-M8Q Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver module that allows
the user to retrieve position and time information and use it in their embedded application.
The U-Blox Cam-M8Q can receive signals from both the GPS and GLONASS GNSS constellations, which provides good worldwide
coverage. A reasonably clear view of the sky is required to obtain signal reception, meaning the GNSS receiver will work best outdoors.
Indoor operation with reduced position accuracy is possible if the receiver has a reasonably clear view of the sky through a glass window, though the reliability will be unpredictable.
The GNSS receiver will output the current time and position (given that a satellite fix has been aquired) as well as satellite fix status
over a UART interface using either the NMEA-0183 (default) or proprietary UBX protocol. Configuration commands can be input to the
receiver using the same protocols. In addition, the receiver supports input of Differential GPS (DGPS) correction data using the RTCM
10402.3 protocol.
For more information about the GNSS receiver refer to the following documents:
• U-Blox Cam-M8Q Datasheet
• U-Blox M8 Receiver Description Including Protocol Specification
The figure below shows how the GNSS receiver is connected to the rest of the board. The table below describes the signals:
XBEE_VCC
VDD
EXP Header
EXP_HEADER7
EXP_HEADER9
EXP_HEADER12
EXP_HEADER14
EXP_HEADER3
GNSS_PWR_ENABLE
GNSS_VBCKP
GNSS_RXD
GNSS
Receiver
GNSS_TXD
GNSS_TIMEPULSE
Figure 4.2. On-Board GNSS Receiver Connection Diagram
Table 4.1. GNSS Receiver Signal Descriptions
Signal
GNSS Power Enable
GNSS Backup Power (VBCKP)
Description
Connects the GNSS receiver's main power input to the same power rail as the
XBee module socket
GNSS receiver RAM and RTC backup power supply. Must be high in order to use
the GNSS receiver.
GNSS TXD
GNSS receiver UART output. 9600 bps 8N1 frame format.
GNSS RXD
GNSS receiver UART input.
GNSS Timepulse
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Provides an output pulse at a configurable interval (default: 1 second), synchronized to the received GNSS signal.
Rev. 1.0 | 11
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
Using the LTE-M Expansion Kit
The GNSS receiver can be enabled, disabled or kept in sleep mode with RAM powered and RTC running depending on the state of the
GNSS_PWR_ENABLE and GNSS_VBCKP pins according to the table below:
Table 4.2. GNSS Receiver Power Modes
GNSS_PWR_EN
GNSS_VBCKP
LOW
LOW
GNSS receiver powered off
LOW
HIGH
Sleep mode - GNSS receiver core, RF frontend and UART interface powered
off. RAM and RTC are powered. Time to re-acquire time and position fix is significantly reduced if the VBCKP power has not been removed since the last valid time and position fix. Current consumption at the VBCKP pin in this mode is
approx. 15 uA.
HIGH
HIGH
Active mode - GNSS receiver is active with all features available.
HIGH
LOW
Invalid mode - VBCKP needs to be high whenever the GNSS receiver is powered.
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Mode description
Rev. 1.0 | 12
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
Schematics, Assembly Drawings, and BOM
5. Schematics, Assembly Drawings, and BOM
Schematics, assembly drawings, and bill of materials (BOM) are available through Simplicity Studio when the kit documentation package has been installed. They are also available from the Silicon Labs website and kit page.
silabs.com | Building a more connected world.
Rev. 1.0 | 13
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
Kit Revision History
6. Kit Revision History
The kit revision can be found printed on the kit packaging label, as outlined in the figure below.
LTE-M Expansion Kit
SLEXP8021A
18-10-15
124802042
A00
Figure 6.1. Kit Label
6.1 SLEXP8021A Revision History
Kit Revision
Released
Description
A00
2018-10-15
Initial release.
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Rev. 1.0 | 14
UG310: LTE-M Expansion Kit User's Guide
Document Revision History
7. Document Revision History
Revision 1.0
October, 2018
• Initial document revision.
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Rev. 1.0 | 15
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Disclaimer
Silicon Labs intends to provide customers with the latest, accurate, and in-depth documentation of all peripherals and modules available for system and software implementers using or
intending to use the Silicon Labs products. Characterization data, available modules and peripherals, memory sizes and memory addresses refer to each specific device, and "Typical"
parameters provided can and do vary in different applications. Application examples described herein are for illustrative purposes only. Silicon Labs reserves the right to make changes
without further notice and limitation to product information, specifications, and descriptions herein, and does not give warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of the included
information. Silicon Labs shall have no liability for the consequences of use of the information supplied herein. This document does not imply or express copyright licenses granted
hereunder to design or fabricate any integrated circuits. The products are not designed or authorized to be used within any Life Support System without the specific written consent of
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