Allnet ALL0236 User Guide

Allnet ALL0236 User Guide
ALL0236
Wireless-N
Broadband Router
Pre-N Wireless Access Point
Broadband Internet Access
WPS
4-Port Switching Hub
User's Guide
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................. 1
Wireless-N Broadband Router Features ......................................................................... 1
Package Contents .............................................................................................................. 4
Physical Details.................................................................................................................. 5
CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION............................................................................................... 7
Requirements..................................................................................................................... 7
Procedure ........................................................................................................................... 7
CHAPTER 3 SETUP ................................................................................................................ 9
Overview ............................................................................................................................ 9
Configuration Program .................................................................................................. 11
Setup Wizard ................................................................................................................... 12
Home Screen .................................................................................................................... 14
LAN Screen...................................................................................................................... 15
Mode Screen..................................................................................................................... 17
Wireless Screen................................................................................................................ 18
Wireless Security ............................................................................................................. 21
Trusted Wireless Stations ............................................................................................... 25
Password Screen .............................................................................................................. 27
CHAPTER 4 PC CONFIGURATION .................................................................................. 28
Overview .......................................................................................................................... 28
Windows Clients .............................................................................................................. 28
Macintosh Clients............................................................................................................ 39
Linux Clients.................................................................................................................... 39
Other Unix Systems......................................................................................................... 40
Wireless Station Configuration...................................................................................... 41
Wireless Configuration on Windows XP....................................................................... 41
CHAPTER 5 OPERATION AND STATUS ......................................................................... 51
Operation - Router Mode ............................................................................................... 51
Status Screen.................................................................................................................... 51
Connection Status - PPPoE ............................................................................................ 54
Connection Status - PPTP .............................................................................................. 55
Connection Status - L2TP............................................................................................... 56
Connection Details - Dynamic IP Address .................................................................... 57
Connection Details - Fixed IP Address.......................................................................... 58
CHAPTER 6 ADVANCED FEATURES .............................................................................. 59
Overview .......................................................................................................................... 59
Internet............................................................................................................................. 59
Dynamic DNS (Domain Name Server) .......................................................................... 62
Options ............................................................................................................................. 64
Schedule............................................................................................................................ 65
Port Trigger ..................................................................................................................... 67
Single Port Forwarding................................................................................................... 69
Port Range Forwarding .................................................................................................. 71
QoS ................................................................................................................................... 72
CHAPTER 7 ADVANCED ADMINISTRATION ............................................................... 74
Overview .......................................................................................................................... 74
PC Database..................................................................................................................... 75
Config File........................................................................................................................ 78
Logs................................................................................................................................... 79
E-Mail............................................................................................................................... 81
Diagnostics ....................................................................................................................... 83
i
Remote Administration................................................................................................... 84
Routing ............................................................................................................................. 86
Upgrade Firmware .......................................................................................................... 90
CHAPTER 8 ACCESS POINT MODE ................................................................................ 91
Overview .......................................................................................................................... 91
Management Connections .............................................................................................. 91
Home Screen .................................................................................................................... 92
Mode Screen..................................................................................................................... 93
Operation ......................................................................................................................... 93
Status Screen.................................................................................................................... 94
APPENDIX A TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................ 96
Overview .......................................................................................................................... 96
General Problems ............................................................................................................ 96
Internet Access................................................................................................................. 96
Wireless Access ................................................................................................................ 97
APPENDIX B ABOUT WIRELESS LANS.......................................................................... 99
Modes ............................................................................................................................... 99
BSS/ESS............................................................................................................................ 99
Channels......................................................................................................................... 100
WEP................................................................................................................................ 100
WPA-PSK ...................................................................................................................... 100
WPA2-PSK .................................................................................................................... 101
WPA-802.1x ................................................................................................................... 101
Wireless LAN Configuration........................................................................................ 101
APPENDIX C SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................................... 102
Multi-Function Wireless-N Broadband Router.......................................................... 102
Wireless Interface.......................................................................................................... 102
Regulatory Approvals ................................................................................................... 103
P/N: 956YN70030
Copyright © 2008. All Rights Reserved.
Document Version: 2.0
All trademarks and trade names are the properties of their respective owners.
ii
Chapter 1
Introduction
1
This Chapter provides an overview of the Wireless-N Broadband Router's
features and capabilities.
Congratulations on the purchase of your new Wireless-N Broadband Router. The Wireless-N
Broadband Router is a multi-function device providing the following services:
•
•
•
Shared Broadband Internet Access for all LAN users.
Wireless Access Point for 802.11b, 802.11g and 802.11n Wireless Stations.
4-Port Switching Hub for 10BaseT or 100BaseT connections.
Figure 1: Wireless-N Broadband Router
Wireless-N Broadband Router Features
The Wireless-N Broadband Router incorporates many advanced features, carefully designed to
provide sophisticated functions while being easy to use.
Internet Access Features
•
Shared Internet Access. All users on the LAN or WLAN can access the Internet
through the Wireless-N Broadband Router, using only a single external IP Address. The
local (invalid) IP Addresses are hidden from external sources. This process is called NAT
(Network Address Translation).
•
DSL & Cable Modem Support. The Wireless-N Broadband Router has a 10/100BaseT
Ethernet port for connecting a DSL or Cable Modem. All popular DSL and Cable Modems are supported.
•
PPPoE, PPTP and L2TP Support. The Internet (WAN port) connection supports
PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet), PPTP (Peer-to-Peer Tunneling Protocol) and L2TP, as well as
"Direct Connection" type services.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
•
Fixed or Dynamic IP Address. On the Internet (WAN port) connection, the WirelessN Broadband Router supports both Dynamic IP Address (IP Address is allocated on connection) and Fixed IP Address.
Advanced Internet Functions
•
Application Level Gateways (ALGs). Applications which use non-standard connections or port numbers are normally blocked by the Firewall. The ability to define and
allow such applications is provided, to enable such applications to be used normally.
•
Port Triggering. This feature, also called Special Applications, allows you to use
Internet applications which normally do not function when used behind a firewall.
•
Port Forwarding. This feature allows Internet users to access Internet servers on your
LAN. The required setup is quick and easy.
•
Virtual Servers. This feature allows Internet users to access Internet servers on your
LAN. The required setup is quick and easy.
•
Dynamic DNS Support. DDNS, when used with the Virtual Servers feature, allows
users to connect to Servers on your LAN using a Domain Name, even if you have a dynamic IP address which changes every time you connect.
•
•
URL Filter. Use the URL Filter to block access to undesirable Web sites by LAN users.
Access Control. Using the Access Control feature, you can assign LAN users to different groups, and determine which Internet services are available to each group.
•
Scheduling. Both the URL Filter and Firewall rules can be scheduled to operate only at
certain times. This provides great flexibility in controlling Internet -bound traffic.
•
Logs. Define what data is recorded in the Logs, and optionally send log data to a Syslog
Server. Log data can also be E-mailed to you.
•
QoS Support Quality of Service can be used to handle packets so that more important
connections receive priority over less important one.
Wireless Features
•
Standards Compliant. The Wireless-N Broadband Router complies with the
IEEE802.11g (DSSS) specifications for Wireless LANs.
•
Supports Pre-N Wireless Stations. The 802.11n Draft standard provides for backward
compatibility with the 802.11b standard, so 802.11n, 802.11b and 802.11g Wireless stations can be used simultaneously.
•
Multi SSIDs Support. This feature can let you have 2 SSIDs on one AP, which provides
more easy way for Guest access and also secure your resource at the same time.
•
Speeds to 300Mbps. All speeds up to the 802.11N maximum of 300Mbps are supported.
WEP support. Support for WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is included. Key sizes of
•
64 Bit and 128 Bit are supported. WEP encrypts any data before transmission, providing
protection against snoopers.
•
WPA-PSK support. Like WEP, WPA-PSK encrypts any data before transmission,
providing protection against snoopers. The WPA-PSK is a later standard than WEP, and
provides both easier configuration and greater security than WEP.
•
WPA2-PSK support. Support for WPA2 is also included. WPA2 uses the extremely
secure AES encryption method.
•
802.1x Support. Support for 802.1x mode is included, providing for the industrialstrength wireless security of 802.1x authentication and authorization.
2
Introduction
•
•
Wireless MAC Access Control. The Wireless Access Control feature can check the
MAC address (hardware address) of Wireless stations to ensure that only trusted Wireless
Stations can access your LAN.
Simple Configuration. If the default settings are unsuitable, they can be changed
quickly and easily.
•
WPS Support. WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) can simplify the process of connecting any
device to the wireless network by using the push button configuration (PBC) on the Wireless Access Point, or entering a PIN code if there's no button.
•
WDS Support. Support for WDS (Wireless Distribution System) allows the Wireless
Access Point to act as a Wireless Bridge.
LAN Features
•
4-Port Switching Hub. The Wireless-N Broadband Router incorporates a 4-port
10/100BaseT switching hub, making it easy to create or extend your LAN.
•
DHCP Server Support. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol provides a dynamic IP
address to PCs and other devices upon request. The Wireless-N Broadband Router can act
as a DHCP Server for devices on your local LAN and WLAN.
Configuration & Management
•
Easy Setup. Use your WEB browser from anywhere on the LAN or WLAN for configuration.
•
Configuration File Upload/Download. Save (download) the configuration data from
the Wireless-N Broadband Router to your PC, and restore (upload) a previously-saved
configuration file to the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
•
Remote Management. The Wireless-N Broadband Router can be managed from any
PC on your LAN or Wireless LAN. And, if the Internet connection exists, it can also (optionally) be configured via the Internet.
•
Network Diagnostics. You can use the Wireless-N Broadband Router to perform a
Ping or DNS lookup.
•
UPnP Support. UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) allows automatic discovery and configuration of the Wireless-N Broadband Router. UPnP is supported by Windows ME, XP,
or later.
Security Features
•
Password - protected Configuration. Password protection is provided to prevent
unauthorized users from modifying the configuration data and settings.
•
Wireless LAN Security. WPA-PSK, WEP and Wireless access control by MAC address are all supported. The MAC-level access control feature can be used to prevent
unknown wireless stations from accessing your LAN.
•
NAT Protection. An intrinsic side effect of NAT (Network Address Translation) technology is that by allowing all LAN users to share a single IP address, the location and
even the existence of each PC is hidden. From the external viewpoint, there is no network,
only a single device - the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
•
Firewall. All incoming data packets are monitored and all incoming server requests are
filtered, thus protecting your network from malicious attacks from external sources.
•
Protection against DoS attacks. DoS (Denial of Service) attacks can flood your
Internet connection with invalid packets and connection requests, using so much bandwidth and so many resources that Internet access becomes unavailable. The Wireless-N
Broadband Router incorporates protection against DoS attacks.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Package Contents
The following items should be included. If any of these items are damaged or missing, please
contact your dealer immediately.
•
The Wireless-N Broadband Router Unit
•
1 Cat-5 Ethernet (LAN) cable
•
Power Adapter
•
Quick Installation Guide
•
CD-ROM containing the on-line manual.
4
Introduction
Physical Details
Front-mounted LEDs
Figure 2: Front Panel
Security
On - Wireless security is On.
Off - Wireless security is Off.
Flashing - When WPS button is pressed, this LED starts blinking.
WPS Button
Push the WPS button on the device and on your other wireless device to
perform WPS function that easily creates an encryption-secured wireless
connection automatically.
Wireless
On - Wireless enabled.
Off - No Wireless connections currently exist.
Flashing (Amber) - Problem occurred while trying to establish the
Wireless connection.
LAN
On - The LAN port(s) is active.
Off - No active connection on the LAN port(s).
Flashing (Amber) - Problem occurred while trying to connect to the
LAN.
Power
On - Power on.
Off - No power.
WAN
On - Connection to the ADSL/Broadband Modem attached to the WAN
(Internet) port is established.
Off - No connection to the ADSL/Broadband Modem.
Flashing (Amber) - Problem occurred while trying to connect to the
ADSL/Broadband Modem.
Internet
On - Internet connection is available.
Off - No Internet connection available.
Flashing (Amber) - Problem occurred while trying to establish the Internet connection.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Reset Button
This button has two (2) functions:
•
Reboot. When pressed and released, the Wireless-N Broadband
Router will reboot (restart).
•
Clear All Data. This button can also be used to clear ALL data and
restore ALL settings to the factory default values.
To Clear All Data and restore the factory default values:
1. Power On.
2. Keep holding the Reset Button down for 8 seconds.
3. Release the Reset Button. The Wireless-N Broadband Router is now
using the factory default values.
Rear Panel
Figure 3: Rear Panel
Power port
Connect the supplied power adapter here.
WAN port
(10/100BaseT)
Connect the DSL or Cable Modem here. If your modem came with a
cable, use the supplied cable. Otherwise, use a standard LAN cable.
10/100BaseT
LAN connections
Use standard LAN cables (RJ45 connectors) to connect your PCs to
these ports.
6
Chapter 2
Installation
2
This Chapter covers the physical installation of the Wireless-N Broadband
Router.
Requirements
•
Network cables. Use standard 10/100BaseT network (UTP) cables with RJ45 connectors.
•
TCP/IP protocol must be installed on all PCs.
•
For Internet Access, an Internet Access account with an ISP, and a DSL connection.
•
To use the Wireless Access Point, all Wireless devices must be compliant with the IEEE
802.11g, IEEE 802.11b or IEEE 802.11n Draft specifications.
Procedure
Figure 4: Installation Diagram
1. Choose an Installation Site
Select a suitable place on the network to install the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
For best Wireless reception and performance, the WirelessN Broadband Router should be positioned in a central location with minimum obstructions between the Wireless-N
Broadband Router and the PCs.
Also, if using multiple Access Points, adjacent Access
7
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Points should use different Channels.
2. Connect LAN Cables
Use standard LAN cables to connect PCs to the Switching Hub ports on the Wireless-N
Broadband Router. Both 10BaseT and 100BaseT connections can be used simultaneously.
3. Connect ADSL Cable
Connect the DSL or Cable modem to the WAN port on the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
Use the cable supplied with your DSL/Cable modem. If no cable was supplied, use a standard cable.
4. Power Up
Connect the supplied power adapter to the Wireless-N Broadband Router. Use only the
power adapter provided. Using a different one may cause hardware damage.
5. Check the LEDs
•
The Power LED should be ON.
•
The LAN LED should be ON (provided the PC is also ON.)
•
The Wireless LED should be ON if Wireless PC is connected.
•
The WAN LED should be ON if ADSL line is connected.
•
The Internet LED may be OFF. After configuration, it should come ON.
For more information, refer to Front-mounted LEDs in Chapter 1.
8
3
Chapter 3
Setup
This Chapter provides Setup details of the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
Overview
This chapter describes the setup procedure for:
•
Internet Access
•
LAN configuration
•
Wireless setup
•
Assigning a Password to protect the configuration data.
PCs on your local LAN may also require configuration. For details, see Chapter 4 - PC Configuration.
Other configuration may also be required, depending on which features and functions of the
Wireless-N Broadband Router you wish to use. Use the table below to locate detailed instructions for the required functions.
To Do this:
Refer to:
Configure PCs on your LAN.
Chapter 4:
PC Configuration
Check Wireless-N Broadband Router operation and
Status.
Chapter 5:
Operation and Status
Use any of the following Advanced features:
Chapter 6:
Advanced Features
•
Internet (DMZ, URL Filter)
•
Access Control
•
Dynamic DNS
•
Options
•
Schedule
•
Port Trigger
•
Single Port Forwarding
•
Port Range Forwarding
•
QoS
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Use any of the following Administration Configuration
settings or features:
•
PC Database
•
Config File
•
Logs
•
E-Mail
•
Diagnostics
•
Remote Administration
•
Routing
•
Upgrade Firmware
Chapter 7
Advanced Administration
10
Setup
Configuration Program
The Wireless-N Broadband Router contains an HTTP server. This enables you to connect to it,
and configure it, using your Web Browser. Your Browser must support JavaScript.
The configuration program has been tested on the following browsers:
•
Netscape 7.1 or later
•
Mozilla 1.6 or later
•
Internet Explorer V5.5 or later
Preparation
Before attempting to configure the Wireless-N Broadband Router, please ensure that:
•
Your PC can establish a physical connection to the Wireless-N Broadband Router. The PC
and the Wireless-N Broadband Router must be directly connected (using the Hub ports on
the Wireless-N Broadband Router) or on the same LAN segment.
•
The Wireless-N Broadband Router must be installed and powered ON.
•
If the Wireless-N Broadband Router's default IP Address (192.168.0.1) is already used by
another device, the other device must be turned OFF until the Wireless-N Broadband
Router is allocated a new IP Address during configuration.
Using your Web Browser
To establish a connection from your PC to the Wireless-N Broadband Router:
1. After installing the Wireless-N Broadband Router in your LAN, start your PC. If your PC
is already running, restart it.
2. Start your WEB browser.
3. In the Address box, enter "HTTP://" and the IP Address of the Wireless-N Broadband
Router, as in this example, which uses the Wireless-N Broadband Router's default IP Address:
HTTP://192.168.0.1
4.
When prompted for the User name and Password, enter values as follows:
•
User name
admin
•
Password
password
11
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
If you can't connect
If the Wireless-N Broadband Router does not respond, check the following:
•
The Wireless-N Broadband Router is properly installed, LAN connection is
OK, and it is powered ON. You can test the connection by using the "Ping"
command:
•
Open the MS-DOS window or command prompt window.
•
Enter the command:
ping 192.168.0.1
If no response is received, either the connection is not working, or your
PC's IP address is not compatible with the Wireless-N Broadband Router's
IP Address. (See next item.)
•
If your PC is using a fixed IP Address, its IP Address must be within the range
192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254 to be compatible with the Wireless-N Broadband
Router's default IP Address of 192.168.0.1. Also, the Network Mask must be
set to 255.255.255.0. See Chapter 4 - PC Configuration for details on checking your PC's TCP/IP settings.
•
Ensure that your PC and the Wireless-N Broadband Router are on the same
network segment. (If you don't have a router, this must be the case.)
•
Ensure you are using the wired LAN interface. The Wireless interface can only
be used if its configuration matches your PC's wireless settings.
Setup Wizard
The first time you connect to the Wireless-N Broadband Router, the Setup Wizard will run
automatically. (The Setup Wizard will also run if the Wireless-N Broadband Router's default
settings are restored.)
1. Step through the Wizard until finished.
•
2.
3.
You need to know the type of Internet connection service used by your ISP. Check
the data supplied by your ISP.
• The common connection types are explained in the tables below.
On the final screen of the Wizard, run the test and check that an Internet connection can be
established.
If the connection test fails:
•
Check your data, the Cable/DSL modem, and all connections.
•
Check that you have entered all data correctly.
•
If using a Cable modem, your ISP may have recorded the MAC (physical) address of
your PC. Run the Wizard, and use the "Copy from PC" button to copy the MAC address from your PC to the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
12
Setup
Common Connection Types
DSL Modems
Type
Details
ISP Data required
Dynamic
IP Address
Your IP Address is allocated
automatically, when you
connect to you ISP.
None.
Static (Fixed)
IP Address
Your ISP allocates a permanent IP Address to you.
IP Address allocated to you.
PPPoE
You connect to the ISP only
when required. The IP address
is usually allocated automatically.
User name and password.
PPTP, L2TP
PPTP is mainly used in
Europe.
•
Server IP Address.
•
User name and password.
You connect to the ISP only
when required. The IP address
is usually allocated automatically, but may be Static
(Fixed).
•
IP Address allocated to
you, if Static (Fixed).
13
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Home Screen
After finishing the Setup Wizard, you will see the Home screen. When you connect in future,
you will see this screen when you connect. An example screen is shown below.
Figure 5: Home Screen
Main Menu
The main menu, on the left, contains links to the most-commonly used screen.
The main menu also contains two (2) buttons:
•
Log Out - When finished, you should click this button to logout.
•
Restart - Use this if you wish to restart the Wireless-N Broadband Router. Note that
restarting the Router will break any existing connections to or through the Router.
Navigation & Data Input
•
Use the menu bar on the left of the screen, and the "Back" button on your Browser, for
navigation.
•
Changing to another screen without clicking "Save" does NOT save any changes you may
have made. You must "Save" before changing screens or your data will be ignored.
On each screen, clicking the "Help" button will
display help for that screen.
14
Setup
LAN Screen
Use the LAN link on the main menu to reach the LAN screen. An example screen is shown
below.
Figure 6: LAN Screen
Data - LAN Screen
TCP/IP
IP Address
IP address for the Wireless-N Broadband Router, as seen from the
local LAN. Use the default value unless the address is already in use or
your LAN is using a different IP address range. In the latter case, enter
an unused IP Address from within the range used by your LAN.
Subnet Mask
The default value 255.255.255.0 is standard for small (class "C")
networks. For other networks, use the Subnet Mask for the LAN
segment to which the Wireless-N Broadband Router is attached (the
same value as the PCs on that LAN segment).
DHCP Server
•
If Enabled, the Wireless-N Broadband Router will allocate IP
Addresses to PCs (DHCP clients) on your LAN when they start
up. The default (and recommended) value is Enabled.
•
If you are already using a DHCP Server, this setting must be
Disabled, and the existing DHCP server must be re-configured to
treat the Wireless-N Broadband Router as the default Gateway.
See the following section for further details.
•
The Start IP Address, Finish IP Address and Lease Time fields
set the values used by the DHCP server when allocating IP Addresses to DHCP clients. This range also determines the number of
DHCP clients supported.
See the following section for further details on using DHCP.
15
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
DHCP
What DHCP Does
A DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) Server allocates a valid IP address to a
DHCP Client (PC or device) upon request.
•
The client request is made when the client device starts up (boots).
•
The DHCP Server provides the Gateway and DNS addresses to the client, as well as
allocating an IP Address.
•
The Wireless-N Broadband Router can act as a DHCP server.
•
Windows 95/98/ME and other non-Server versions of Windows will act as a DHCP client.
This is the default Windows setting for the TCP/IP network protocol. However, Windows
uses the term Obtain an IP Address automatically instead of "DHCP Client".
•
You must NOT have two (2) or more DHCP Servers on the same LAN segment. (If your
LAN does not have other Routers, this means there must only be one (1) DHCP Server on
your LAN.)
Using the Wireless-N Broadband Router's DHCP Server
This is the default setting. The DHCP Server settings are on the LAN screen. On this screen,
you can:
•
Enable or Disable the Wireless-N Broadband Router's DHCP Server function.
•
Set the range of IP Addresses allocated to PCs by the DHCP Server function.
You can assign Fixed IP Addresses to some devices
while using DHCP, provided that the Fixed IP Addresses
are NOT within the range used by the DHCP Server.
Using another DHCP Server
You can only use one (1) DHCP Server per LAN segment. If you wish to use another DHCP
Server, rather than the Wireless-N Broadband Router's, the following procedure is required.
•
Disable the DHCP Server feature in the Wireless-N Broadband Router. This setting is on
the LAN screen.
•
Configure the DHCP Server to provide the Wireless-N Broadband Router's IP Address as
the Default Gateway.
To Configure your PCs to use DHCP
This is the default setting for TCP/IP for all non-Server versions of Windows.
See Chapter 4 - Client Configuration for the procedure to check these settings.
16
Setup
Mode Screen
Use this screen to change the mode between Router mode and Access Point mode.
Figure 7: Mode Screen
Select the desired option, and click "Save".
Router
In this mode, this device can provide shared Internet Access to all your LAN
users. Also, by default, it acts a DHCP Server, providing an IP address and
related information to all Wireless and LAN users.
Access
Point
The device links your Wireless Stations to your wired LAN. The Wireless
stations and devices on the wired LAN are then on the same network, and
can communicate with each other without regard for whether they are
connected to the network via a Wireless or wired connection.
You need to have a DHCP Server on your LAN to provide IP addresses to
the Wireless clients using this Access Point.
Notes:
•
Generally, you should NOT use access point mode. Only select this mode if you are sure
this is what you want.
•
After changing the mode, this device will restart, which will take a few seconds. The
menu will also be changed, depending on the mode you are in.
•
For details on using Access Point Mode, see Chapter 8.
17
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Wireless Screen
The Wireless-N Broadband Router's settings must match the other Wireless stations.
Note that the Wireless-N Broadband Router will automatically accept both 802.11b and
802.11g connections, and no configuration is required for this feature.
To change the Wireless-N Broadband Router's default settings for the Wireless Access Point
feature, use the Wireless link on the main menu to reach the Wireless screen. An example
screen is shown below.
Figure 8: Wireless Screen
18
Setup
Data - Wireless Screen
Region
Region
Select the correct domain for your location. It is your responsibility to
ensure:
•
That the Wireless ADSL Router is only used in domains for which
is licensed.
•
That you select the correct domain, so that only the legal channels
for that domain can be selected.
Multi SSID
SSID
With Multiple SSIDs, you can have 2 SSIDs on one AP. For example,
a Guest SSID without encryption for visitors to have Internet access
only, and a Admin SSID with encryption for private use to secure your
company resources.
Select the desired SSID from the list to configure.
SSID 1/2
Broadcast SSID
This is also called the "Network Name".
•
If using an ESS (Extended Service Set, with multiple access
points) this ID is called an ESSID (Extended Service Set Identifier).
•
To communicate, all Wireless stations should use the same
SSID/ESSID.
If enabled, the Wireless ADSL Router will broadcast its SSID. This
allows PCs and other wireless stations to detect this Access Point and
use the correct SSID.
If disabled, PC users will have to manually enter the SSID and other
details of the wireless interface before they can connect to this Access
Point.
Isolation within
SSID
If Enabled, devices that have the same SSID will not be able to see
each other.
Security Setting
The current Wireless security is displayed. The default value is Disabled.
Configure SSID
1/2 Button
Click this button to access the Wireless security sub-screen, and view
or change the settings. See the following section for details.
Options
802.11 Mode
Select the desired mode:
•
Off - Wireless is disabled.
•
B only - Only 802.11b connections are available. 802.11g Wireless Stations will only be able to use the Wireless-N Broadband
Router if they are fully backward-compatible with the 802.11b
standard.
•
G only - Only 802.11g Wireless stations can use the Wireless-N
Broadband Router.
•
11b/g/n - 802.11.g, 802.11b and 802.11n Wireless stations can use
the Wireless Broadband Router.
19
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Channel NO.
Select the Channel you wish to use on your Wireless LAN.
•
If you experience interference (shown by lost connections and/or
slow data transfers) you may need to experiment with different
channels to see which is the best.
•
If using multiple Access Points, adjacent Access Points should use
different Channels to reduce interference.
Extension
Channel
Select either the Down channel or Up channel.
Isolation
between SSID
If Enabled, devices that have the different SSIDs will not be able to
communicate with each other.
WMM Support
Enable or disable this feature as required.
Bandwidth
Select the desired bandwidth from the list.
MAC Address Filter
Allow access
by …
Use this feature to determine which Wireless stations can use the
Access Point. The options are:
• All Wireless Stations - All wireless stations can use the access
point, provided they have the correct SSID and security settings.
•
Set Stations
Button
Trusted Wireless stations only - Only wireless stations you
designate as "Trusted" can use the Access Point, even if they have
the correct SSID and security settings.
This feature uses the MAC address to identify Wireless stations.
The MAC address is a low-level network identifier which is
unique to each PC or network device.
To define the trusted wireless stations, use the "Set Stations" button.
Click this button to manage the trusted PC database.
WiFi Protect Setup
Enable WPS
Enable this if you want to use Wireless WPS function.
AP PIN Code
Use the default displayed value or click the Regenerate button to have
the new pin code in the field.
Input Client PIN
Code
Enter the client’s PIN code in the field and click OK to add the client
device.
WDS
Enable WDS
This feature allows you to make a completely wireless network by
using multiple access points without connecting them with a wire
LAN.
In order to make the WDS working successfully, the access point must
use the same channel, SSID, as well as the wireless encryption method.
MAC Address
List
Enter the MAC address(es) of the AP(s) into the fields to allow the
following access points to be connected to the Wireless-N Broadband
Router.
20
Setup
Wireless Security
This screen is accessed by clicking the "Configure" button on the Wireless screen. There are 4
options for Wireless security:
•
Disabled - no data encryption is used.
•
WEP - data is encrypted using the WEP standard.
•
WPA-PSK - data is encrypted using the WPA-PSK standard. This is a later standard than
WEP, and provides much better security than WEP. If all your Wireless stations support
WPA-PSK, you should use WPA-PSK rather than WEP.
•
WPA2-PSK - This is a further development of WPA-PSK, and offers even greater security, using the AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) method of encryption.
•
WPA-802.1x - This version of WPA requires a Radius Server on your LAN to provide the
client authentication according to the 802.1x standard. Data transmissions are encrypted
using the WPA standard.
If this option is selected:
•
This Access Point must have a "client login" on the Radius Server.
•
Each user must have a "user login" on the Radius Server.
•
Each user's wireless client must support 802.1x and provide the login data when required.
•
All data transmission is encrypted using the WPA standard. Keys are automatically
generated, so no key input is required.
WEP Wireless Security
Figure 9: WEP
Data - WEP Screen
WEP Data Encryption
Authentication
Type
Normally, this should be left at the default value of "Automatic". If
changed to "Open System" or "Shared Key", ensure that your Wireless
Stations use the same setting.
21
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
WEP Data
Encryption
Key
Select the desired option, and ensure the Wireless Stations use the
same setting.
•
64 Bit - data is encrypted, using the default key, before being
transmitted. You must enter at least the default key. For 64 Bit Encryption, the key size is 10 chars in HEX (0~9 and A~F).
•
128 Bit - data is encrypted, using the default key, before being
transmitted. You must enter at least the default key. For 128 Bit
Encryption, the key size is 26 chars in HEX (0~9 and A~F).
Select the key you wish to be the default. Transmitted data is
ALWAYS encrypted using the Default Key; the other Keys are for
decryption only.
You must enter a Key Value for the Default Key.
Key Value
Enter the key value or values you wish to use. The Key is required, the
other keys are optional. Other stations must have the same key.
Passphrase
If desired, you can generate a key from a phrase, instead of entering
the key value directly. Enter the desired phrase, and click the "Generate Keys" button.
WPA-PSK Wireless Security
Figure 10: WPA-PSK
Data - WPA-PSK Screen
Security
System
WPA-PSK
PSK
Enter the PSK (network key). Data is encrypted using a key derived
from the network key. Other Wireless Stations must use the same
network key. The PSK must be from 8 to 63 characters in length.
Encryption
The WPA-PSK standard allows different encryption methods to be
used. Select the desired option. Wireless Stations must use the same
encryption method.
Like WEP, data is encrypted before transmission. WPA is more
secure than WEP, and should be used if possible. WPA-PSK is the
version of WPA, which does NOT require a Radius Server on your
LAN.
22
Setup
WPA2-PSK Wireless Security
Figure 11: WPA2-PSK
Data - WPA2-PSK Screen
Authentication
WPA2-PSK
This is a further development of WPA-PSK, and offers even greater
security.
PSK
Enter the PSK (network key). Data is encrypted using a key derived
from the network key. Other Wireless Stations must use the same
network key. The PSK must be from 8 to 63 characters in length.
Encryption
The WPA2-PSK standard allows different encryption methods to be
used. Select the desired option. Wireless Stations must use the same
encryption method.
WPA-802.1x Wireless Security
Figure 12: WPA-802.1x
Data - WPA-802.1x Screen
Server Address
Enter the server address here.
Radius Port
Enter the port number used for connections to the Radius Server.
23
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Shared Key
Enter the shared key. Data is encrypted using a key derived from the
network key. Other Wireless Stations must use the same key. The
key must be from 8 to 63 characters in length.
Encryption
The encryption method is TKIP. Wireless Stations must also use
TKIP.
24
Setup
Trusted Wireless Stations
This feature can be used to prevent unknown Wireless stations from using the Access Point.
This list has no effect unless the setting Allow access by trusted stations only is enabled.
To change the list of trusted wireless stations, use the Modify List button on the Access Control
screen. You will see a screen like the sample below.
Figure 13: Trusted Wireless Stations
Data - Trusted Wireless Stations
Trusted Wireless
Stations
This lists any Wireless Stations which you have designated as
“Trusted”.
Other Wireless
Stations
This list any Wireless Stations detected by the Access Point, which
you have not designated as "Trusted".
Name
The name assigned to the Trusted Wireless Station. Use this when
adding or editing a Trusted Station.
Address
The MAC (physical) address of the Trusted Wireless Station. Use
this when adding or editing a Trusted Station.
Buttons
<<
>>
Add a Trusted Wireless Station to the list (move from the "Other
Stations" list).
•
Select an entry (or entries) in the "Other Stations" list, and
click the " << " button.
•
Enter the Address (MAC or physical address) of the wireless
station, and click the "Add " button.
Delete a Trusted Wireless Station from the list (move to the "Other
Stations" list).
•
Select an entry (or entries) in the "Trusted Stations" list.
•
Click the " >> " button.
25
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Edit
Use this to change an existing entry in the "Trusted Stations" list:
1. Select the Station in the Trusted Station list.
2. Click the Edit button. The address will be copied to the "Address" field, and the Add button will change to Update.
3. Edit the address (MAC or physical address) as required.
4. Click Update to save your changes.
Add (Update)
To add a Trusted Station which is not in the "Other Wireless
Stations" list, enter the required data and click this button.
When editing an existing Wireless Station, this button will change
from Add to Update.
Clear
Clear the Name and Address fields.
26
Setup
Password Screen
The password screen allows you to assign a password to the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
Figure 14: Password Screen
Old Password
Enter the existing password in this field.
New password
Enter the new password here.
Verify password
Re-enter the new password here.
You will be prompted for the password when you connect, as shown below.
Figure 15: Password Dialog
•
The "User Name" is always admin
•
Enter the password for the Wireless-N Broadband Router, as set on the Password screen
above.
27
Chapter 4
PC Configuration
4
This Chapter details the PC Configuration required on the local ("Internal")
LAN.
Overview
For each PC, the following may need to be configured:
•
TCP/IP network settings
•
Internet Access configuration
•
Wireless configuration
Windows Clients
This section describes how to configure Windows clients for Internet access via the WirelessN Broadband Router.
The first step is to check the PC's TCP/IP settings.
The Wireless-N Broadband Router uses the TCP/IP network protocol for all functions, so it is
essential that the TCP/IP protocol be installed and configured on each PC.
TCP/IP Settings - Overview
If using the default Wireless-N Broadband Router settings, and the default Windows TCP/IP settings, no changes need to be made.
•
By default, the Wireless-N Broadband Router will act as a DHCP Server, automatically
providing a suitable IP Address (and related information) to each PC when the PC boots.
•
For all non-Server versions of Windows, the default TCP/IP setting is to act as a DHCP
client.
If using a Fixed (specified) IP address, the following changes are required:
•
The Gateway must be set to the IP address of the Wireless-N Broadband Router
•
The DNS should be set to the address provided by your ISP.
If your LAN has a Router, the LAN Administrator must reconfigure the Router itself. Refer to Chapter 8 - Advanced Setup for details.
28
PC Configuration
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows NT4.0
1.
Select Control Panel - Network, and, on the Protocols tab, select the TCP/IP protocol, as
shown below.
Figure 16: Windows NT4.0 - TCP/IP
2.
Click the Properties button to see a screen like the one below.
29
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Figure 17: Windows NT4.0 - IP Address
3.
4.
Select the network card for your LAN.
Select the appropriate radio button - Obtain an IP address from a DHCP Server or Specify
an IP Address, as explained below.
Obtain an IP address from a DHCP Server
This is the default Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Wireless-N
Broadband Router will act as a DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
Specify an IP Address
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the
following changes.
1.
The Default Gateway must be set to the IP address of the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
To set this:
•
Click the Advanced button on the screen above.
•
On the following screen, click the Add button in the Gateways panel, and enter the
Wireless-N Broadband Router's IP address, as shown in Figure 18 below.
•
If necessary, use the Up button to make the Wireless-N Broadband Router the first
entry in the Gateways list.
30
PC Configuration
Figure 18 - Windows NT4.0 - Add Gateway
2.
The DNS should be set to the address provided by your ISP, as follows:
•
Click the DNS tab.
•
On the DNS screen, shown below, click the Add button (under DNS Service Search
Order), and enter the DNS provided by your ISP.
Figure 19: Windows NT4.0 - DNS
31
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 2000:
1.
2.
Select Control Panel - Network and Dial-up Connection.
Right - click the Local Area Connection icon and select Properties. You should see a
screen like the following:
Figure 20: Network Configuration (Win 2000)
3.
4.
Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
Figure 21: TCP/IP Properties (Win 2000)
32
PC Configuration
5.
Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct, as described below.
Using DHCP
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the default
Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Wireless-N Broadband Router
will act as a DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the
following changes.
•
Enter the Wireless-N Broadband Router's IP address in the Default gateway field and click
OK. (Your LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to the Wireless-N Broadband Router.)
•
If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses, and
enter the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.
33
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows XP
1.
2.
Select Control Panel - Network Connection.
Right click the Local Area Connection and choose Properties. You should see a screen
like the following:
Figure 22: Network Configuration (Windows XP)
3.
4.
Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
34
PC Configuration
Figure 23: TCP/IP Properties (Windows XP)
5.
Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct.
Using DHCP
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the default
Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Wireless-N Broadband Router
will act as a DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the
following changes.
•
In the Default gateway field, enter the Wireless-N Broadband Router's IP address and
click OK. Your LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to the
Wireless-N Broadband Router.
•
If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses, and
enter the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.
35
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows Vista
1.
2.
Select Control Panel - Network Connections.
Right click the Local Area Connection Status and choose Properties. Click Continue to
the User Account Control dialog box, then you should see a screen like the following:
Figure 24: Network Configuration (Windows Vista)
3.
4.
Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
36
PC Configuration
Figure 25: TCP/IP Properties (Windows Vista)
5.
Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct.
Using DHCP
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the default
Windows setting. To work correctly, you need a DHCP server on your LAN.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")
If your PC is already configured for a fixed (specified) IP address, no changes are required.
(The Administrator should configure the Wireless Access Point with a fixed IP address from
the same address range used on the PCs.)
37
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Internet Access
To configure your PCs to use the Wireless-N Broadband Router for Internet access:
•
Ensure that the DSL modem, Cable modem, or other permanent connection is functional.
•
Use the following procedure to configure your Browser to access the Internet via the LAN,
rather than by a Dial-up connection.
For Windows 2000
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Select Start Menu - Settings - Control Panel - Internet Options.
Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.
Select "I want to set up my Internet connection manually, or I want to connect through a
local area network (LAN)" and click Next.
Select "I connect through a local area network (LAN)" and click Next.
Ensure all of the boxes on the following Local area network Internet Configuration screen
are unchecked.
Check the "No" option when prompted "Do you want to set up an Internet mail account
now?".
Click Finish to close the Internet Connection Wizard.
Setup is now completed.
For Windows XP
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Select Start Menu - Control Panel - Network and Internet Connections.
Select Set up or change your Internet Connection.
Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.
Cancel the pop-up "Location Information" screen.
Click Next on the "New Connection Wizard" screen.
Select "Connect to the Internet" and click Next.
Select "Set up my connection manually" and click Next.
Check "Connect using a broadband connection that is always on" and click Next.
Click Finish to close the New Connection Wizard.
Setup is now completed.
For Windows Vista
You might already be connected to the Internet if your PC is connected to a local area network.
Open your web browser and try accessing a website to find out.
1. Select Start - Control Panel - Network and Internet.
2. Select Network and Sharing Center.
3. Select Set up a connection or network
4. Select Connect to the Internet.
5. Select the desired method to fit your environment.
Accessing AOL
To access AOL (America On Line) through the Wireless-N Broadband Router, the AOL for
Windows software must be configured to use TCP/IP network access, rather than a dial-up
connection. The configuration process is as follows:
•
Start the AOL for Windows communication software. Ensure that it is Version 2.5, 3.0 or
later. This procedure will not work with earlier versions.
•
Click the Setup button.
38
PC Configuration
•
Select Create Location, and change the location name from "New Locality" to "WirelessN Broadband Router".
•
Click Edit Location. Select TCP/IP for the Network field. (Leave the Phone Number
blank.)
•
Click Save, then OK.
Configuration is now complete.
•
Before clicking "Sign On", always ensure that you are using the "Wireless-N Broadband
Router" location.
Macintosh Clients
From your Macintosh, you can access the Internet via the Wireless-N Broadband Router. The
procedure is as follows.
1. Open the TCP/IP Control Panel.
2. Select Ethernet from the Connect via pop-up menu.
3. Select Using DHCP Server from the Configure pop-up menu. The DHCP Client ID field
can be left blank.
4. Close the TCP/IP panel, saving your settings.
Note:
If using manually assigned IP addresses instead of DHCP, the required changes are:
•
Set the Router Address field to the Wireless-N Broadband Router's IP Address.
•
Ensure your DNS settings are correct.
Linux Clients
To access the Internet via the Wireless-N Broadband Router, it is only necessary to set the
Wireless-N Broadband Router as the "Gateway".
Ensure you are logged in as "root" before attempting any changes.
Fixed IP Address
By default, most Unix installations use a fixed IP Address. If you wish to continue using a
fixed IP Address, make the following changes to your configuration.
•
Set your "Default Gateway" to the IP Address of the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
•
Ensure your DNS (Name server) settings are correct.
To act as a DHCP Client (recommended)
The procedure below may vary according to your version of Linux and X -windows shell.
1. Start your X Windows client.
2. Select Control Panel - Network
3. Select the "Interface" entry for your Network card. Normally, this will be called "eth0".
4. Click the Edit button, set the "protocol" to "DHCP", and save this data.
5. To apply your changes
•
Use the "Deactivate" and "Activate" buttons, if available.
•
OR, restart your system.
39
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Other Unix Systems
To access the Internet via the Wireless-N Broadband Router:
• Ensure the "Gateway" field for your network card is set to the IP Address of the WirelessN Broadband Router.
•
Ensure your DNS (Name Server) settings are correct.
40
PC Configuration
Wireless Station Configuration
This section applies to all Wireless stations wishing to use the Wireless-N Broadband Router's
Access Point, regardless of the operating system which is used on the client.
To use the Wireless Access Point in the Wireless-N Broadband Router, each Wireless Station
must have compatible settings, as follows:
Mode
The mode must be set to Infrastructure (rather than Ad-hoc)
Access points only operate in Infrastructure mode.
SSID (ESSID)
This must match the value used on the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
Note! The SSID is case sensitive.
Wireless
Security
By default, Wireless security on the Wireless-N Broadband Router is
disabled.
•
If Wireless security remains disabled on the Wireless-N Broadband
Router, all stations must have wireless security disabled.
•
If Wireless security is enabled on the Wireless-N Broadband
Router, each station must use the same settings as the Wireless-N
Broadband Router.
Wireless Configuration on Windows XP
If using Windows XP to configure the Wireless interface on your PC, the configuration procedure is as follows:
1.
Open the Network Connections folder. (Start - Settings - Network Connections).
Figure 26: Network Connections (Windows XP)
2.
3.
Right-click the Wireless Network Connection, check that it is enabled (menu option says
Disable, rather than Enable) and then select View Available Wireless Networks.
You will then see a list of wireless networks.
41
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Figure 27 Wireless Networks (Windows XP)
If the "Broadcast SSID" setting on the Wireless-N Broadband Router has been disabled, its SSID will NOT be
listed.
See the following section "If the SSID is not listed" for
details of dealing with this situation.
4.
The next step depends on whether or not Wireless security has been enabled on the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
If Wireless Security is Disabled
If Wireless security on the Wireless-N Broadband Router is disabled, Windows will warn you
that the Wireless network is not secure.
Figure 28 Insecure Wireless Network (Windows XP)
42
PC Configuration
To connect:
•
Check the checkbox Allow me to connect to the selected wireless network, even though it
is not secure.
•
The Connect button will then be available. Click the Connect button, and wait a few
seconds for the connection to be established.
If using WEP Data Encryption
If WEP data encryption has been enabled on the Wireless-N Broadband Router, Windows will
detect this, and show a screen like the following.
Figure 29: WEP (Windows XP)
To connect:
•
Enter the WEP key, as set on the Wireless-N Broadband Router, in the Network Key field.
•
Re-enter the WEP key into the Confirm Network key field.
•
Disable the checkbox Enable IEEE 802.1x authentication for this network.
•
Click the Connect button.
If this fails, click the Advanced button, to see a screen like the following:
43
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Figure 30: Advanced - Wireless Networks
Select the SSID for the Wireless-N Broadband Router, and click Configure, to see a screen like
the following:
Figure 31: Wireless Network Properties - WEP
Configure this screen as follows:
•
Set Network Authentication to match the Wireless-N Broadband Router. (If the setting on
the Wireless-N Broadband Router is "Auto", then either Open or Shared can be used.)
•
For Data Encryption, select WEP.
44
PC Configuration
•
For the Network key and Confirm network key, enter the default key value used on the
Wireless-N Broadband Router. (Windows will determine if 64bit or 128bit encryption is
used.)
•
The Key index must match the default key index on the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
The default value is 1.
•
Ensure the options The key is provided for me automatically and This is a computer-tocomputer (ad hoc) network are unchecked.
•
Click OK to save and close this dialog.
•
This wireless network will now be listed in Preferred Networks on the screen below.
Figure 32: Preferred Networks
Click OK to establish a connection to the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
45
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
If using WPA-PSK Data Encryption
If WPA-PSK data encryption has been enabled on the Wireless-N Broadband Router, it does
not matter which network is selected on the screen below. Just click the Advanced button.
Figure 33: Wireless Networks (Windows XP)
You will then see a screen like the example below.
Figure 34: Advanced - Wireless Networks
Select the SSID for the Wireless-N Broadband Router, and click Configure, to see a screen like
the following:
46
PC Configuration
Figure 35: Wireless Network Properties- WPA-PSK
Configure this screen as follows:
•
Set Network Authentication to WPA-PSK.
•
For Data Encryption, select TKIP.
•
For the Network key and Confirm network key, enter the network key (PSK) used on the
Wireless-N Broadband Router.
•
Ensure the option This is a computer-to-computer (ad hoc) network is unchecked.
•
Click OK to save and close this dialog.
•
This wireless network will now be listed in Preferred Networks on the screen below.
47
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Figure 36: Preferred Networks
Click OK to establish a connection to the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
If the SSID is not listed
If the "Broadcast SSID" setting on the Wireless-N Broadband Router has been disabled, its
SSID will NOT be listed on the screen below.
Figure 37: Wireless Networks (Windows XP)
In this situation, you need to obtain the SSID from your network administrator, then follow
this procedure:
48
PC Configuration
1.
Click the Advanced button to see a screen like the example below.
Figure 38: Unlisted Wireless Network
2.
Click the Add button. You will see a screen like the example below.
Figure 39: Add Wireless Network
3.
Configure this screen as follows:
•
Enter the correct SSID, as used on the Wireless-N Broadband Router. Remember the
SSID is case-sensitive, so be sure to match the case, not just the spelling.
49
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
4.
•
Set Network Authentication and Data Encryption to match the Wireless-N Broadband
Router.
•
If using data encryption (WEP or WPA-PSK), enter the key used on the Wireless-N
Broadband Router. See the preceding sections for details of WEP and WPA-PSK.
•
Uncheck the options The key is provided for me automatically and This is a computer-to-computer (ad hoc) network.
• Click OK to save and exit.
This wireless network will then be listed in Preferred Networks on the screen below.
Figure 40: Preferred Networks
5.
Click OK to establish a connection to the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
50
Chapter 5
Operation and Status
5
This Chapter details the operation of the Wireless-N Broadband Router and
the status screens. For Details of operation in Access Point mode, see Chapter 8 - Access Point Mode.
Operation - Router Mode
Once both the Wireless-N Broadband Router and the PCs are configured, operation is
automatic.
However, there are some situations where additional Internet configuration may be required.
Refer to Chapter 6 - Advanced Features for further details.
Status Screen
Use the Status link on the main menu to view this screen.
Figure 41: Status Screen
51
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Data - Status Screen
Internet
Connection Method
Displays the current connection method, as set in the Setup
Wizard.
Connection Status
This indicates the current status of the Internet Connection
•
Active - Connection exists
•
Idle - No current connection, but no error has been detected.
This condition normally arises when an idle connection is
automatically terminated.
•
Failed - The connection was terminated abnormally. This
could be caused by Modem failure, or the loss of the connection to the ISP's server.
If there is an error, you can click the "Connection Details" button
to find out more information.
Internet IP Address
This IP Address is allocated by the ISP (Internet Service Provider). If using a dynamic IP address, and no connection currently
exists, this information is unavailable.
WAN MAC Address
It displays the MAC address for the WAN.
Connection Details
Click this button to open a sub-window and view a detailed
description of the current connection. Depending on the type of
connection, a "log" may also be available.
LAN
IP Address
The IP Address of the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
Network Mask
The Network Mask (Subnet Mask) for the IP Address above.
DHCP Server
This shows the status of the DHCP Server function. The value
will be "Enabled" or "Disabled".
MAC Address
This shows the MAC Address for the Wireless-N Broadband
Router, as seen on the LAN interface.
Wireless
Region
The current region, as set on the Wireless screen.
Channel
This shows the Channel currently used, as set on the Wireless
screen.
Wireless AP
This indicates whether or not the Wireless Access Point feature is
enabled.
SSID 1/2
It displays the name of the SSID 1/2.
Broadcast Name
This indicates whether or not the SSID is Broadcast. This setting
is on the Wireless screen.
MAC Address
The MAC (physical) address of the Wireless Access Point.
System
Device Name
The current name of the Router. This name is also the "hostname"
for users with an "@Home" type connection.
52
Operation and Status
Firmware Version
The version of the current firmware installed.
Current Time
It displays the current time of the system.
Buttons
Connection Details
Click this button to open a sub-window and view a detailed
description of the current connection.
Refresh Screen
Update the data displayed on screen.
53
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Connection Status - PPPoE
If using PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet), a screen like the following example will be displayed
when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
Figure 42: PPPoE Status Screen
Data - PPPoE Screen
Connection Time
This indicates how long the current connection has been established.
Connection to Server
This indicates whether or not the connection is currently established.
Negotiation
This indicates the status of the Server login.
Authentication
This indicates the authentication currently used.
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This
address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
Network Mask
The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.
Buttons
Connect
If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.
Disconnect
If connected to your ISP, hang up the connection.
Close
Close this window.
54
Operation and Status
Connection Status - PPTP
If using PPTP (Peer-to-Peer Tunneling Protocol), a screen like the following example will be
displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
Figure 43: PPTP Status Screen
Data - PPTP Status Screen
Connection
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address
is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
PPTP Server IP
The IP Address of the PPTP server.
DNS Server
This indicates the DNS address provided by your ISP.
Buttons
Connect
If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.
Disconnect
If connected to your ISP, terminate the connection.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Connection Status - L2TP
If using L2TP, a screen like the following example will be displayed when the "Connection
Details" button is clicked.
Figure 44: L2TP Status Screen
Data - L2TP Screen
L2TP Status
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address
is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
L2TP Server IP
The IP Address of the L2TP server.
DNS Server
This indicates the DNS address provided by your ISP.
Buttons
Connect
If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.
Disconnect
If connected to your ISP, hang up the connection.
56
Operation and Status
Connection Details - Dynamic IP Address
If your access method is "Direct" (no login), with a Dynamic IP address, a screen like the
following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
Figure 45: Connection Details - Fixed/Dynamic IP Address
Data - Dynamic IP address
Internet
IP Address
The current IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This
address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
Subnet Mask
The Subnet Mask associated with the IP Address above.
Default Gateway
The IP address of the remote Gateway or Router associated with the
IP Address above.
DNS Server
The IP address of the Domain Name Server which is currently used.
DHCP Server
The IP address of your ISP's DHCP Server.
Lease Obtained
Lease Expires
This indicates when the current IP address was obtained, and how
long before this IP address allocation (the DCHP lease) expires.
Buttons
Release
If an IP Address has been allocated to the Wireless Broadband
Router (by the ISP's DHCP Server, clicking the "Release" button will
break the connection and release the IP Address.
Renew
If the ISP's DHCP Server has NOT allocated an IP Address for the
Wireless Broadband Router, clicking the "Renew" button will attempt to re-establish the connection and obtain an IP Address from
the ISP's DHCP Server.
Close
Close this window.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Connection Details - Fixed IP Address
If your access method is "Direct" (no login), with a fixed IP address, a screen like the following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
Figure 46: Connection Details - Fixed IP Address
Data - Fixed IP address Screen
Fixed IP Address
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address
is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
Subnet Mask
The Subnet Mask associated with the IP Address above.
Default Gateway
The IP Address of the remote Gateway or Router associated with the
IP Address above.
DNS Server
The IP Address of the Domain Name Server which is currently used.
58
Chapter 6
Advanced Features
6
This Chapter explains when and how to use the Wireless-N Broadband
Router's "Advanced" Features.
Overview
The following advanced features are provided:
•
Internet:
•
DMZ
•
URL filter
•
Access Control
•
Dynamic DNS
•
Options
•
Schedule
•
Port Trigger
•
Single Port Forwarding
•
Port Range Forwarding
•
QoS
Internet
This screen provides access to the DMZ, Special Applications and URL Filter features.
Figure 47: Internet Screen
DMZ
This feature, if enabled, allows the DMZ computer on your LAN to be exposed to all users on
the Internet.
•
This allows almost any application to be used on the "DMZ PC".
•
The "DMZ PC" will receive all "Unknown" connections and data.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
•
If the DMZ feature is enabled, you must enter IP address of the PC to be used as the
"DMZ PC".
The "DMZ PC" is effectively outside the Firewall, making it more vulnerable to attacks. For this reason, you
should only enable the DMZ feature when required.
URL Filter
If you want to limit access to certain sites on the Internet, you can use this feature. The URL
filter will check each Web site access. If the address, or part of the address, is included in the
block site list, access will be denied.
On the Advanced Internet screen, select the desired setting:
•
Disable - disable this feature.
•
Block Always - allow blocking all of the time, independent of the Schedule page.
•
Block By Schedule - block according to the settings on the Schedule page.
Click the Configure URL Filter button to open the URL Filter screen, allowing you to create
or modify the filter strings which determine which sites will be blocked.
The URL Filter screen is displayed when the Configure URL Filter button on the Advanced
Internet screen is clicked.
Figure 48: URL Filter Screen
60
Advanced Features
Data - URL Filter Screen
Current Filter Strings
Current Filter
Strings
Add Filter String
The list contains the current list of items to block.
•
To add to the list, use the "Add" option below.
•
To delete an entry, select it and click Delete button.
•
To delete all entries, click the Delete All button.
To add to the current list, type the word or domain name you want to
block into the field provided, then click the Add button.
Filter strings should be as specific as possible. Otherwise, you may
block access to many more sites than intended.
Trusted PC
Allow this PC to
Visit Blocked
Sites
Enable this to allow one computer to have unrestricted access to the
Internet. For this PC, the URL filter will be ignored.
Trusted PC
Select the PC to be the Trusted PC.
If enabled, you must select the PC to be the trusted PC.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Dynamic DNS (Domain Name Server)
This free service is very useful when combined with the Virtual Server feature. It allows
Internet users to connect to your Virtual Servers using a URL, rather than an IP Address.
This also solves the problem of having a dynamic IP address. With a dynamic IP address, your
IP address may change whenever you connect, which makes it difficult to connect to you.
DDNS Services work as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
You must register for the service at one of the listed DDNS Service providers.
After registration, use the Service provider's normal procedure to obtain your desired
Domain name.
Enter your DDNS data on the Wireless-N Broadband Router's DDNS screen, and enable
the DDNS feature.
The Wireless-N Broadband Router will then automatically ensure that your current IP
Address is recorded at the DDNS service provider's Domain Name Server.
From the Internet, users will be able to connect to your Virtual Servers (or DMZ PC)
using your Domain name, as shown on this screen.
Dynamic DNS Screen
Select Advanced on the main menu, then Dynamic DNS, to see a screen like the following:
Figure 49: DDNS Screen
Data - Dynamic DNS Screen
DDNS Service
Use a Dynamic
DNS Service
Use this to enable or disable the DDNS feature as required.
Service Provider
Select the desired DDNS Service provider.
Web Site
Click this button to open a new window and connect to the Web site
of the selected DDNS service provider.
62
Advanced Features
DDNS Data
Host Name
Enter the domain name allocated to you by the DDNS Service. If you
have more than one name, enter the name you wish to use.
User Name
Enter your Username for the DDNS Service. (TZO.com uses your Email address.)
Password
Enter your current password for the DDNS Service. (TZO.com calls
this a key.)
DDNS Status
•
This message is returned by the DDNS Server.
•
Normally, this message should be "Update successful"
•
If the message indicates some problem, you need to connect to
the DDNS Service provider and correct this problem.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Options
This screen allows advanced users to enter or change a number of settings. For normal operation, there is no need to use this screen or change any settings.
An example Options screen is shown below.
Figure 50: Options Screen
Data - Options Screen
Internet
Respond to Ping
MTU Size
•
If checked, the Wireless-N Broadband Router will respond to Ping
(ICMP) packets received from the Internet.
•
If not checked, Ping (ICMP) packets from the Internet will be
ignored. Disabling this option provides a slight increase in security.
Enter a value between 600 and 1500.
Note: MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) size should only be
changed if advised to do so by Technical Support.
UPnP
Enable UPnP
•
UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) allows automatic discovery and
configuration of equipment attached to your LAN. UPnP is by
supported Windows ME, XP, or later.
•
If Enabled, this device will be visible via UPnP.
•
If Disabled, this device will not be visible via UPnP.
Advertisement
Period
Enter the desired value, in minutes. The valid range is from 1 to 1440.
Advertisement
Time to Live
Enter the desired value, in hops. The valid range is from 1 to 255.
64
Advanced Features
Schedule
This Schedule can be used for the Firewall Rules and the URL filter.
Figure 51: Schedule Screen
Data - Schedule Screen
Schedule
Day
Each day of the week can be scheduled independently.
Session 1
Session 2
Two (2) separate sessions or periods can be defined. Session 2 can
be left blank if not required.
Start
Enter the start using a 24 hr clock.
Finish
Enter the finish time using a 24 hr clock.
Local Time
Time Zone
In order to display your local time correctly, you must select your
"Time Zone" from the list.
Adjust for Day-
If your region uses Daylight Savings Time, you must manually
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
light Savings Time
check "Adjust for Daylight Savings Time" at the beginning of the
adjustment period, and uncheck it at the end of the Daylight Savings
period.
Use this NTP
Server
If you prefer to use a particular NTP server as the primary NTP
server, check the checkbox "Use this NTP Server" and enter the
Server's IP address in the fields provided.
If this setting is not enabled, the default NTP Servers are used.
Current Time
This displays the current time on the Wireless-N Broadband Router,
at the time the page is loaded.
66
Advanced Features
Port Trigger
If you use Internet applications which use non-standard connections or port numbers, you may
find that they do not function correctly because they are blocked by the Wireless-N Broadband
Router's firewall. In this case, you can define the application as a "Port Trigger".
The Port Trigger screen can be reached by clicking the Port Trigger on the screen.
You can then define your Port Trigger. You will need detailed information about the application; this is normally available from the supplier of the application.
Also, note that the terms "Incoming" and "Outgoing" on this screen refer to traffic from the
client (PC) viewpoint
Figure 52: Port Trigger Screen
Data - Port Trigger Screen
Port Trigger
Enable
Use this to Enable or Disable this Special Application as required.
Name
Enter a descriptive name to identify this Special Application.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Outgoing
Ports
Incoming
Ports
•
Type - Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used when you send
data to the remote system or service.
•
Start - Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used
by the application server, for data you send to it. If the application uses a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and
"Finish" fields.
•
Finish - Enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the
application server, for data you send to it. If the application
uses a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.
•
Type - Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used when you
receive data from the special application or service. (Note:
Some applications use different protocols for outgoing and incoming data).
•
Start - Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used
by the application server, for data you receive. If the application uses a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and
"Finish" fields.
•
Finish - Enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the
application server, for data you receive.
68
Advanced Features
Single Port Forwarding
This feature allows you to make Servers on your LAN accessible to Internet users. Normally,
Internet users would not be able to access a server on your LAN because:
•
Your Server does not have a valid external IP Address.
•
Attempts to connect to devices on your LAN are blocked by the firewall in this device.
Figure 53: Single Port Forwarding Screen
Data - Single Port Forwarding Screen
Single Port Forwarding
Application
Enter the desired application type.
External Port
Traffic from the Internet using this port number will be sent to the
Server. This is normally the same as the Internal Port Number. If it
is different, this device will perform a "mapping" or "translation"
function, allowing the server to use a different port to the clients.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Internal Port
Enter the port numbers which the Server software is configured to
use.
Protocol
Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used by the Server.
IP Address
Enter the desired IP address.
Enabled
Use this to Enable or Disable support for this Server, as required.
70
Advanced Features
Port Range Forwarding
This feature allows you to make Servers on your LAN accessible to Internet users. Normally,
Internet users would not be able to access a server on your LAN because:
Figure 54: Port Range Forwarding Screen
Data - Port Range Forwarding Screen
Port Range Forwarding
Application
Enter the desired application type.
Start
Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used by the
application server.
End
Enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the application
server.
Protocol
Select the protocol (TCP, UDP or Both) used by the Server.
IP Address
Enter the desired IP address.
Enable
Use this to Enable or Disable support for this Server, as required.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
QoS
The QoS (Quality of Service) feature allows you specify priorities for different traffic. Lower
priority traffic will be slowed down to allow greater throughput or less delay for high priority
traffic.
An example QoS screen is shown below.
Figure 55: QoS Screen
Data - QoS Screen
QoS Setting
QoS Setting
To disable QoS (Quality of Service), keep the default setting, Disable.
To enable QoS (Quality of Service), click Enable and follow these
instructions.
Management
Type
There are 2 options:
Bandwidth
•
Rate Control - The QoS will be managed by the size of the bandwidth.
•
Priority - The QoS will be managed by the priority.
Enter the desired value of the bandwidth.
72
Advanced Features
Category
•
•
Applications:
•
Add a New Application (Once selected, please complete the
following setups.)
•
Ip/Net: Enter the IP address.
•
Rate: Enter the desired rate value.
•
Priority: Select the desired option (High, Normal, Low)
•
Direct: Select Upstream or Downstream as required.
Self-Define
•
Name. Enter a name for your device.
•
Port Range: Enter the value for the desired port range.
•
Protocol: Select the desired option.
•
Ip/Net: Enter the IP address of your device.
•
Rate: Enter the desired rate value.
•
Priority: Select the option (High, Normal, Low) from the list.
•
Direct: Select Upstream or Downstream as required.
Summary
Priority
The general Information of this Application or IP Address.
Name
The Name of this Application or IP Address.
Information
The general Information of this Application or IP Address.
73
Chapter 7
Advanced Administration
7
This Chapter explains the settings available via the "Administration" section
of the menu.
Overview
Normally, it is not necessary to use these screens, or change any settings. These screens and
settings are provided to deal with non-standard situations, or to provide additional options for
advanced users.
The available settings and features are:
PC Database
This is the list of PCs shown when you select the "DMZ PC" or a
"Virtual Server". This database is maintained automatically, but
you can add and delete entries for PCs which use a Fixed (Static)
IP Address.
Config File
Backup or restore the configuration file for the Wireless-N
Broadband Router. This file contains all the configuration data.
Logs & E-mail
View or clear all logs, set E-Mailing of log files and alerts.
Diagnostics
Perform a Ping or DNS Lookup.
Remote Admin
Allow settings to be changed from the Internet.
Routing
Only required if your LAN has other Routers or Gateways.
Upgrade Firmware
Upgrade the Firmware (software) installed in your Wireless-N
Broadband Router.
74
Advanced Administration
PC Database
The PC Database is used whenever you need to select a PC (e.g. for the "DMZ" PC).
•
It eliminates the need to enter IP addresses.
•
Also, you do not need to use fixed IP addresses on your LAN.
However, if you do use a fixed IP address on some devices on your LAN, you should enter
details of each such device into the PC database, using the PC Database screen.
PC Database Screen
An example PC Database screen is shown below.
Figure 56: PC Database
•
PCs which are "DHCP Clients" are automatically added to the database, and updated as
required.
•
By default, non-Server versions of Windows act as "DHCP Clients"; this setting is called
"Obtain an IP Address automatically".
•
The Wireless-N Broadband Router uses the "Hardware Address" to identify each PC, not
the name or IP address. The "Hardware Address" can only change if you change the PC's
network card or adapter.
•
This system means you do NOT need to use Fixed (static) IP addresses on your LAN.
However, you can add PCs using Fixed (static) IP Addresses to the PC database if required.
Data - PC Database Screen
Known PCs
This lists all current entries. Data displayed is name (IP Address) type.
The "type" indicates whether the PC is connected to the LAN.
Button
Refresh
Update the data on screen.
Advanced
Click this to view the advanced "PC Database" screen.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
PC Database (Admin)
This screen is displayed if the "Advanced " button on the PC Database is clicked. It provides
more control than the standard PC Database screen.
Figure 57: PC Database (Admin)
Data - PC Database ( Admin) Screen
Known PCs
This lists all current entries. Data displayed is name (IP Address) type.
The "type" indicates whether the PC is connected to the LAN.
Edit
Use this to change the data for the selected PC in the list. The data for
the selected PC will then be shown in the "Properties" area, where it
may be edited. (Click "Update" to save any changes.)
Delete
Use this to Delete the selected PC from the list. This should be done in
2 situations:
•
The PC has been removed from your LAN.
•
The entry is incorrect.
PC Properties
Name
If adding a new PC to the list, enter its name here. It is best if this
matches the PC's "hostname".
76
Advanced Administration
IP Address
MAC Address
Select the appropriate option:
•
Automatic - The PC is set to be a DHCP client (Windows: "Obtain an IP address automatically"). The Wireless-N Broadband
Router will allocate an IP address to this PC when requested to do
so. The IP address could change, but normally won't.
•
DCHP Client - reserved IP address - Select this if the PC is set
to be a DCHP client, and you wish to guarantee that the WirelessN Broadband Router will always allocate the same IP Address to
this PC.
Enter the required IP address. Only the last field is required; the
other fields must match the Wireless-N Broadband Router's IP address.
•
Fixed IP Address - Select this if the PC is using a Fixed (Static)
IP address. Enter the IP address allocated to the PC. (The PC must
be configured to use this IP address.)
Select the appropriate option
•
Automatic discovery - Select this to have the Wireless-N Broadband Router contact the PC and find its MAC address. This is only
possible if the PC is connected to the LAN and powered On.
•
MAC address is - Enter the MAC address on the PC. The MAC
address is also called the "Hardware Address", "Physical Address", or "Network Adapter Address". The Broadband Router
uses this to provide a unique identifier for each PC. Because of
this, the MAC address can NOT be left blank.
Buttons
Add as New
Entry
Add a new PC to the list, using the data in the "Properties" box.
If "Automatic discovery" (for MAC address) is selected, the PC will be
sent a "ping" to determine its hardware address. This will fail unless
the PC is connected to the LAN, and powered on.
Update Selected
PC
Update (modify) the selected PC, using the data in the "Properties"
box.
Clear Form
Clear the "Properties" box, ready for entering data for a new PC.
Refresh
Update the data on screen.
Standard Screen
Click this to view the standard PC Database screen.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Config File
This feature allows you to download the current settings from the Wireless-N Broadband
Router, and save them to a file on your PC.
You can restore a previously-downloaded configuration file to the Wireless-N Broadband
Router, by uploading it to the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
This screen also allows you to set the Wireless-N Broadband Router back to its factory default
configuration. Any existing settings will be deleted.
An example Config File screen is shown below.
Figure 58: Config File Screen
Data - Config File Screen
Backup Config
Use this to download a copy of the current configuration, and store the
file on your PC. Click Backup to start the download.
Restore Config
This allows you to restore a previously-saved configuration file back to
the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
Click Browse to select the configuration file, then click Restore to
upload the configuration file.
WARNING!
Uploading a configuration file will destroy (overwrite) ALL of the
existing settings.
Default Config
Clicking the Factory Defaults button will reset the Wireless-N Broadband Router to its factory default settings.
WARNING!
This will delete ALL of the existing settings.
78
Advanced Administration
Logs
The Logs record various types of activity on the Wireless-N Broadband Router. This data is
useful for troubleshooting, but enabling all logs will generate a large amount of data and
adversely affect performance.
Since only a limited amount of log data can be stored in the Wireless-N Broadband Router, log
data can also be E-mailed to your PC. Use the E-Mail screen to configure this feature.
Figure 59: Logs Screen
Data - Logs Screen
Logs
Current Time
The current time on the Wireless-N Broadband Router is displayed.
Log Data
Current log data is displayed in this panel.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Buttons
There are three (3) buttons
•
Refresh - Update the log data.
•
Clear Log - Clear the log, and restart it. This makes new
messages easier to read.
•
Send Log - E-mail the log immediately. This is only functional if the E-mail screen has been configured.
Include in Logs
Include (Checkboxes)
Use these checkboxes to determine which events are included in
the log. Checking all options will increase the size of the log, so it
is good practice to disable any events which are not really required.
•
Attempted access to blocked sites - If checked, attempted
Internet accesses which were blocked are logged.
•
Connections to the Web-based interface of this Router - If
checked, this will log connections TO this Router, rather than
through this Router to the Internet.
•
Router operation - If checked, other Router operations (not
covered by the selections above) will be logged.
•
Known DoS attacks and Port Scans - If checked, Denial of
Service attacks, as well as port scans, will be logged.
•
Outgoing (Internet) connections - If checked, the outgoing
Internet connections are logged.
•
Access Control - If enabled, the log will include attempted
outgoing connections which have been blocked by the "Access Control" feature.
Syslog
Disable
Data is not sent to a Syslog Server.
Broadcast on LAN
The Syslog data is broadcast, rather than sent to a specific Syslog
server. Use this if your Syslog Server does not have a fixed IP
address.
Send to this Syslog
Server
If your Syslog server has a fixed IP address, select this option,
and enter the IP address of your Syslog server.
80
Advanced Administration
E-Mail
This screen allows you to E-mail Logs and Alerts. A sample screen is shown below.
Figure 60: E-Mail Screen
Data - E-Mail Screen
E-Mail Notification
Turn E-mail
Notification on
Check this box to enable this feature. If enabled, the E-mail address
information (below) must be provided.
Send to this Email Address
Enter the E-mail address the Log is to be sent to. The E-mail will also
show this address as the Sender's address.
Outgoing (SMTP)
Mail Server
Enter the address or IP address of the SMTP (Simple Mail Transport
Protocol) Server you use for outgoing E-mail.
Mail Sender
Address
Enter the mail address of the sender. The E-mail will also show this
address as the Sender's address.
My SMTP Mail
Server requires
authentication
To stop spanners, many SMTP mail servers require you to log in to
send mail. In this case, enable this checkbox, and enter the login
information (User name and Password) in the fields below.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
User Name
If you have enabled "My SMTP Mail Server requires authentication"
above, enter the User Name required to login to your SMTP Server.
Password
If you have enabled "My SMTP Mail Server requires authentication"
above, enter the password required to login to your SMTP Server.
E-mail Alerts
Send E-mail alerts
immediately
You can choose to have alerts E-mailed to you, by checking the
desired checkboxes. The Wireless-N Broadband Router can send an
immediate alert when it detects a significant security incident such as
•
A known hacker attack is directed at your IP address
•
A computer on the Internet scans your IP address for open ports
•
Someone on your LAN (Local Area Network) tries to visit a
blocked site.
E-mail Logs
Send Logs
Select the desired option for sending the log by E-mail.
•
Never (default) - This feature is disabled; Logs are not sent.
•
When log is full - The time is not fixed. The log will be sent
when the log is full, which will depend on the volume of traffic.
•
Hourly, Daily, Weekly... - The log is sent on the interval
specified.
•
If Daily is selected, the log is sent at the time specified.
Select the time of day you wish the E-mail to be sent.
•
If Weekly is selected, the log is sent once per week, on the
specified day, at the specified time.
Select the day and the time of day you wish the E-mail to be
sent.
Note:
If the log is full before the time specified to send it, it will be sent
regardless of the day and time specified.
82
Advanced Administration
Diagnostics
This screen allows you to perform a "Ping" or a "DNS lookup". These activities can be useful
in solving network problems.
An example Network Diagnostics screen is shown below.
Figure 61: Network Diagnostics Screen
Data - Network Diagnostics Screen
Ping
IP Address
Enter the IP address you wish to ping. The IP address can be on your
LAN, or on the Internet. Note that if the address is on the Internet,
and no connection currently exists, you could get a "Timeout" error.
In that case, wait a few seconds and try again.
Ping Button
After entering the IP address, click this button to start the "Ping"
procedure. The results will be displayed in the Ping Results pane.
DNS Lookup
Internet Name
Enter the Domain name or URL for which you want a DNS (Domain
Name Server) lookup. Note that if the address in on the Internet, and
no connection currently exists, you could get a "Timeout" error. In
that case, wait a few seconds and try again.
Lookup Button
After entering the Domain name/URL, click this button to start the
"DNS Lookup" procedure.
Routing
Display
Click this button to display the internal routing table. This information can be used by Technical Support and other staff who
understand Routing Tables.
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Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Remote Administration
If enabled, this feature allows you to manage the Wireless-N Broadband Router via the Internet.
Figure 62: Remote Administration Screen
Data - Remote Administration Screen
Remote Administration
Enable Remote
Management
Check to allow administration/management via the Internet. (To
connect, see below).
If Disabled, this device will ignore Administration connection
attempts from the Internet.
Current
IP Address
This is the current address you will use when accessing this device
from the Internet. To connect, see details and an example below.
Port Number
Enter a port number between 1 and 65535. The default for HTTP
(Web) connections is port 80, but using port 80 will prevent the use
of a Web "Virtual Server" on your LAN. So using a different port
number is recommended. The default value is 8080.
The port number must be specified in your Browser when you
connect. See the following section for details.
Access Permission
Allow Remote
Access
Select the desired option.
•
Everyone - allow access by everyone on the Internet.
•
Only This Computer - allow access by only one IP address.
Enter the desired IP address.
•
IP Address Range - allow access from a range of IP addresses
on the Internet. Enter a beginning and ending IP address to de-
84
Advanced Administration
fine the allowed range.
For security, you should restrict access to as few external IP addresses as practical.
To connect from a remote PC via the Internet
1.
2.
Ensure your Internet connection is established, and start your Web Browser.
In the "Address" bar, enter "HTTP://" followed by the Internet IP Address of the WirelessN Broadband Router. If the port number is not 80, the port number is also required. (After
the IP Address, enter ":" followed by the port number.)
e.g.
HTTP://123.123.123.123:8080
This example assumes the WAN IP Address is 123.123.123.123, and the port number is
8080.
3. You will then be prompted for the login name and password for this device.
85
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Routing
Overview
•
If you don't have other Routers or Gateways on your LAN, you can ignore the "Routing"
page completely.
•
If the Wireless-N Broadband Router is only acting as a Gateway for the local LAN segment, ignore the "Routing" page even if your LAN has other Routers.
•
If your LAN has a standard Router (e.g. Cisco) on your LAN, and the Wireless-N Broadband Router is to act as a Gateway for all LAN segments, enable RIP (Routing
Information Protocol) and ignore the Static Routing table.
•
If your LAN has other Gateways and Routers, and you wish to control which LAN segments use each Gateway, do NOT enable RIP (Routing Information Protocol). Configure
the Static Routing table instead. (You also need to configure the other Routers.)
•
If using Windows 2000 Data center Server as a software Router, enable RIP on the Wireless-N Broadband Router, and ensure the following Windows 2000 settings are correct:
•
Open Routing and Remote Access
•
In the console tree, select Routing and Remote Access, [server name], IP Routing,
RIP
•
In the "Details" pane, right-click the interface you want to configure for RIP version 2,
and then click "Properties".
•
On the "General" tab, set Outgoing packet protocol to "RIP version 2 broadcast", and
Incoming packet protocol to "RIP version 1 and 2".
Routing Screen
The routing table is accessed by the Routing link on the Administration menu.
Using this Screen
Generally, you will use either RIP (Routing Information Protocol) OR the Static Routing Table,
as explained above, although is it possible to use both methods simultaneously.
Static Routing Table
•
If RIP is not used, an entry in the routing table is required for each LAN segment on your
Network, other than the segment to which this device is attached.
•
The other Routers must also be configured. See Configuring Other Routers on your LAN
later in this chapter for further details and an example.
86
Advanced Administration
Figure 63: Routing Screen
Data - Routing Screen
RIP
RIP Direction
Select the desired RIP Direction.
RIP Version
Choose the RIP Version for the Server.
Static Routing
Static Routing
Table Entries
This list shows all entries in the Routing Table.
•
This area shows details of the selected item in the list.
•
Change any the properties as required, then click the "Edit"
button to save the changes to the selected entry.
Buttons
Add
Add a new entry to the Static Routing table, using the data shown in
the "Properties" area on screen. The entry selected in the list is
ignored, and has no effect.
Edit
Update the current Static Routing Table entry, using the data shown
in the table area on screen.
Delete
Delete the current Static Routing Table entry.
Save
Save the RIP setting. This has no effect on the Static Routing Table.
Configuring Other Routers on your LAN
It is essential that all IP packets for devices not on the local LAN be passed to the Wireless-N
Broadband Router, so that they can be forwarded to the external LAN, WAN, or Internet. To
achieve this, the local LAN must be configured to use the Wireless-N Broadband Router as the
Default Route or Default Gateway.
87
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Local Router
The local router is the Router installed on the same LAN segment as the Wireless-N Broadband Router. This router requires that the Default Route is the Wireless-N Broadband Router
itself. Typically, routers have a special entry for the Default Route. It should be configured as
follows.
Destination IP Address
Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.
Network Mask
Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.
Gateway IP Address
The IP Address of the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
Metric
1
Other Routers on the Local LAN
Other routers on the local LAN must use the Wireless-N Broadband Router's Local Router as
the Default Route. The entries will be the same as the Wireless-N Broadband Router's local
router, with the exception of the Gateway IP Address.
•
For a router with a direct connection to the Wireless-N Broadband Router's local Router,
the Gateway IP Address is the address of the Wireless-N Broadband Router's local router.
•
For routers which must forward packets to another router before reaching the Wireless-N
Broadband Router's local router, the Gateway IP Address is the address of the intermediate router.
Static Routing - Example
Figure 64: Routing Example
For the Wireless-N Broadband Router's Routing Table
For the LAN shown above, with 2 routers and 3 LAN segments, the Wireless-N Broadband
Router requires 2 entries as follows.
Entry 1 (Segment 1)
Destination IP Address
192.168.1.0
Network Mask
255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)
88
Advanced Administration
Gateway IP Address
192.168.0.100 (Wireless-N Broadband
Router's local Router)
Metric
2
Entry 2 (Segment 2)
Destination IP Address
192.168.2.0
Network Mask
255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)
Gateway IP Address
192.168.0.100
Metric
3
For Router A's Default Route
Destination IP Address
0.0.0.0
Network Mask
0.0.0.0
Gateway IP Address
192.168.0.1 (Wireless-N Broadband Router's
IP Address)
For Router B's Default Route
Destination IP Address
0.0.0.0
Network Mask
0.0.0.0
Gateway IP Address
192.168.1.80 (Wireless-N Broadband Router's
local router)
89
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Upgrade Firmware
The firmware (software) in the Wireless-N Broadband Router can be upgraded using your
Web Browser.
You must first download the upgrade file, then select Upgrade Firmware on the Administration menu. You will see a screen like the following.
Figure 65: Router Upgrade Screen
To perform the Firmware Upgrade:
1.
2.
3.
Click the Browse button and navigate to the location of the upgrade file.
Select the upgrade file. Its name will appear in the Upgrade File field.
Click the Upload button to commence the firmware upgrade.
The Wireless-N Broadband Router is unavailable
during the upgrade process, and must restart when
the upgrade is completed. Any connections to or
through the Wireless-N Broadband Router will be
lost.
90
Chapter 8
Access Point Mode
8
This Chapter explains configuration and operation when in "Access Point".
Overview
There are two modes available on the Access Point screen.
•
Router - In this mode, this device can provide shared Internet Access to all your LAN
users. Also, by default, it acts a DHCP Server, providing an IP address and related information to all Wireless and LAN users.
•
Access Point - The device links your Wireless Stations to your wired LAN. The Wireless
stations and devices on the wired LAN are then on the same network, and can communicate with each other without regard for whether they are connected to the network via a
Wireless or wired connection.
This Chapter describes operation while in Access Point Mode.
Management Connections
•
You need to have a DHCP Server on your LAN to provide IP addresses to the Wireless
clients using this Access Point.
•
This AP must be a valid device on your LAN, to allow management connections. You
must assign a (fixed) IP address which is within the address range used on your LAN, but
not within the address range used by your DHCP server.
When you connect in future, just connect normally, using the IP address you assigned.
1.
2.
Start your WEB browser.
In the Address box, enter "HTTP://" and the current IP Address of the Wireless Access
Point, as in this example, which uses the Wireless Access Point's default IP Address:
HTTP://192.168.0.1
3.
When prompted for the User name and Password, enter admin for the user name, and the
current password, as set on the password screen. (The password is the same regardless of
the mode.)
91
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Home Screen
If in Access Point mode, the home screen will look like the example below.
Figure 66: Home Screen - Wireless AP Mode
Note that the menu has changed, many of the options in Router mode are not available. The
screens available are:
• Mode - change back to Router mode, if desired.
•
Wireless - this screen, and related sub-screens, is the same as in Router mode.
•
Password - this screen is the same as in Router mode.
•
Status - displays current settings and status. See the following section for details.
•
Config File - this screen is the same as in Router mode.
•
Upgrade Firmware - this screen is the same as in Router mode.
92
Access Point Mode
Mode Screen
This screen is change back to Router mode, if desired.
Figure 67: Mode Screen
Data - Mode Screen
Device Name
This field displays the current name of this device.
Device Mode
Select the desired device mode for the router:
•
Router - In this mode, this device can provide shared Internet Access
to all your LAN users. Also, by default, it acts a DHCP Server, providing an IP address and related information to all Wireless and LAN
users.
•
Access Point - The device links your Wireless Stations to your wired
LAN. The Wireless stations and devices on the wired LAN are then
on the same network, and can communicate with each other without
regard for whether they are connected to the network via a Wireless
or wired connection.
After changing the mode, this device will restart, which will take a few
seconds. The menu will also change, depending on the mode you are in.
IP Address
The IP Address of this device. Use the default value unless the address is
already in use or your LAN is using a different IP address range.
Subnet Mask
The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.
Operation
Operation is automatic.
• Wireless clients can connect to the Access Point if they have the correct SSID and security,
but they must obtain an IP address from the DHCP Server on your LAN.
93
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Status Screen
In AP mode, the Status screen looks like the example below.
Figure 68: Status Screen
Data - Status Screen
LAN
IP Address
The IP Address of the Wireless ADSL Router.
Network Mask
The Network Mask (Subnet Mask) for the IP Address above.
MAC Address
This shows the MAC Address for the Wireless ADSL Router, as
seen on the LAN interface.
Wireless
Region
The current region, as set on the Wireless screen.
Channel
This shows the Channel currently used, as set on the Wireless
screen.
Wireless AP
This indicates whether or not the Wireless Access Point feature is
enabled.
Name (SSID 1/2)
It displays the name of the SSID 1/2.
94
Access Point Mode
Broadcast Name
This indicates whether or not the SSID is Broadcast. This setting
is on the Wireless screen.
MAC Address
The MAC (physical) address of the Wireless Access Point.
System
Device Name
The current name of the Router. This name is also the "hostname"
for users with an "@Home" type connection.
Firmware Version
The version of the current firmware installed.
Current Time
It displays the current time of the system.
Buttons
Refresh Screen
Update the data displayed on screen.
95
Appendix A
Troubleshooting
A
This Appendix covers the most likely problems and their solutions.
Overview
This chapter covers some common problems that may be encountered while using the Wireless-N Broadband Router and some possible solutions to them. If you follow the suggested
steps and the Wireless-N Broadband Router still does not function properly, contact your
dealer for further advice.
General Problems
Problem 1:
Can't connect to the Wireless-N Broadband Router to configure it.
Solution 1:
Check the following:
•
The Wireless-N Broadband Router is properly installed, LAN connections are OK, and it is powered ON.
•
Ensure that your PC and the Wireless-N Broadband Router are on the
same network segment. (If you don't have a router, this must be the
case.)
•
If your PC is set to "Obtain an IP Address automatically" (DHCP
client), restart it.
•
If your PC uses a Fixed (Static) IP address, ensure that it is using an IP
Address within the range 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254 and thus compatible with the Wireless-N Broadband Router's default IP Address of
192.168.0.1.
Also, the Network Mask should be set to 255.255.255.0 to match the
Wireless-N Broadband Router.
In Windows, you can check these settings by using Control PanelNetwork to check the Properties for the TCP/IP protocol.
Internet Access
Problem 1:
When I enter a URL or IP address I get a time out error.
Solution 1:
A number of things could be causing this. Try the following troubleshooting
steps.
•
Check if other PCs work. If they do, ensure that your PCs IP settings
are correct. If using a Fixed (Static) IP Address, check the Network
Mask, Default gateway and DNS as well as the IP Address.
•
If the PCs are configured correctly, but still not working, check the
Wireless-N Broadband Router. Ensure that it is connected and ON.
Connect to it and check its settings. (If you can't connect to it, check the
LAN and power connections.)
•
Check the Wireless-N Broadband Router's status screen to see if it is
96
Appendix A - Troubleshooting
working correctly.
Problem 2:
Some applications do not run properly when using the Wireless-N
Broadband Router.
Solution 2:
The Wireless-N Broadband Router processes the data passing through it, so
it is not transparent.
For incoming connections, you must use the Virtual Server or Firewall
Rules to specify the PC which will receive the incoming traffic.
You can also use the DMZ function. This should work with almost every
application, but:
•
It is a security risk, since the firewall is disabled.
•
Only one (1) PC can use this feature.
Wireless Access
Problem 1:
My PC can't locate the Wireless Access Point.
Solution 1:
Check the following.
•
Your PC is set to Infrastructure Mode. (Access Points are always in
Infrastructure Mode)
•
The SSID on your PC and the Wireless Access Point are the same.
Remember that the SSID is case-sensitive. So, for example "Workgroup" does NOT match "workgroup".
•
Both your PC and the Wireless-N Broadband Router must have the
same setting for WEP. The default setting for the Wireless-N Broadband Router is disabled, so your wireless station should also have WEP
disabled.
•
If WEP is enabled on the Wireless-N Broadband Router, your PC must
have WEP enabled, and the key must match.
•
If the Wireless-N Broadband Router's Wireless screen is set to Allow
Trusted PCs only, then each of your Wireless stations must have been
designated as "Trusted", or the Wireless station will be blocked.
•
To see if radio interference is causing a problem, see if connection is
possible when close to the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
Remember that the connection range can be as little as 100 feet in poor
environments.
Problem 2:
Wireless connection speed is very slow.
Solution 2:
The wireless system will connect at the highest possible speed, depending
on the distance and the environment. To obtain the highest possible connection speed, you can experiment with the following:
•
Wireless-N Broadband Router location.
Try adjusting the location and orientation of the Wireless-N Broadband
Router.
•
Wireless Channel
If interference is the problem, changing to another channel may show a
marked improvement.
•
Radio Interference
Other devices may be causing interference. You can experiment by
switching other devices Off, and see if this helps. Any "noisy" devices
97
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
should be shielded or relocated.
•
RF Shielding
Your environment may tend to block transmission between the wireless
stations. This will mean high access speed is only possible when close
to the Wireless-N Broadband Router.
98
Appendix B
About Wireless LANs
B
This Appendix provides some background information about using Wireless
LANs (WLANs).
Modes
Wireless LANs can work in either of two (2) modes:
•
Ad-hoc
•
Infrastructure
Ad-hoc Mode
Ad-hoc mode does not require an Access Point or a wired (Ethernet) LAN. Wireless Stations (e.g. notebook PCs with wireless cards) communicate directly with each other.
Infrastructure Mode
In Infrastructure Mode, one or more Access Points are used to connect Wireless Stations
(e.g. Notebook PCs with wireless cards) to a wired (Ethernet) LAN. The Wireless Stations
can then access all LAN resources.
Access Points can only function in "Infrastructure" mode,
and can communicate only with Wireless Stations which are
set to "Infrastructure" mode.
BSS/ESS
BSS
A group of Wireless Stations and a single Access Point, all using the same ID (SSID), form a
Basic Service Set (BSS).
Using the same SSID is essential. Devices with different SSIDs are unable to communicate
with each other.
ESS
A group of Wireless Stations, and multiple Access Points, all using the same ID (ESSID), form
an Extended Service Set (ESS).
Different Access Points within an ESS can use different Channels. In fact, to reduce interference, it is recommended that adjacent Access Points SHOULD use different channels.
As Wireless Stations are physically moved through the area covered by an ESS, they will
automatically change to the Access Point which has the least interference or best performance.
This capability is called Roaming. (Access Points do not have or require Roaming capabilities.)
99
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
Channels
The Wireless Channel sets the radio frequency used for communication.
•
Access Points use a fixed Channel. You can select the Channel used. This allows you to
choose a Channel which provides the least interference and best performance. In the USA
and Canada, 11 channels are available. If using multiple Access Points, it is better if adjacent Access Points use different Channels to reduce interference.
•
In "Infrastructure" mode, Wireless Stations normally scan all Channels, looking for an
Access Point. If more than one Access Point can be used, the one with the strongest signal
is used. (This can only happen within an ESS.)
•
If using "Ad-hoc" mode (no Access Point), all Wireless stations should be set to use the
same Channel. However, most Wireless stations will still scan all Channels to see if there
is an existing "Ad-hoc" group they can join.
WEP
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is a standard for encrypting data before it is transmitted.
This is desirable because it is impossible to prevent snoopers from receiving any data which is
transmitted by your Wireless Stations. But if the data is encrypted, then it is meaningless
unless the receiver can decrypt it.
If WEP is used, the Wireless Stations and the Access Point must have the same settings
for each of the following:
WEP
Off, 64 Bit, 128 Bit
Key
For 64 Bit encryption, the Key value must match.
For 128 Bit encryption, the Key value must match
WEP Authentication
Open System or Shared Key.
WPA-PSK
WPA-PSK is another standard for encrypting data before it is transmitted. This is a later
standard than WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy), and provides greater security for your data.
Data is encrypted using a 256Bit key which is automatically generated and changed often.
If all your Wireless stations support WPA-PSK, you should use this instead of WEP.
If WPA-PSK is used, the Wireless Stations and the Access Point must have the same
settings for each of the following:
WPA PSK
(Pre-shared Key)
Enter the same value on every station and the AP. The PSK
must be from 8 to 63 characters in length. The 256Bit key
used for the actual encryption is derived from this key.
Encryption
The same encryption method must be used. The most
common encryption method is TKIP. Another widelysupported method is AES.
100
Appendix B - About Wireless LANs
WPA2-PSK
This is a later version of WPA (WPA-PSK). The major change is the use of AES (Advanced
Encryption System) for protecting data. AES is very secure, considered to be unbreakable. The
PSK (Pre-shared Key) must be entered on each Wireless station.
If WPA2-PSK is used, the Wireless Stations and the Access Point must have the same
settings for each of the following:
WPA2 PSK
(Pre-shared Key)
Enter the same value on every station and the AP. The PSK
must be from 8 to 63 characters in length. The 256Bit key
used for the actual encryption is derived from this key.
Encryption
The same encryption method must be used. The most
common encryption method is TKIP. Another widelysupported method is AES.
WPA-802.1x
WPA-802.1x - This version of WPA requires a Radius Server on your LAN to provide the
client authentication according to the 802.1x standard. Data transmissions are encrypted using
the WPA standard.
If this option is used:
•
The Access Point must have a "client login" on the Radius Server.
•
Each user must have a "user login" on the Radius Server.
•
Each user's wireless client must support 802.1x and provide the login data when required.
•
All data transmission is encrypted using the WPA standard. Keys are automatically
generated, so no key input is required.
Wireless LAN Configuration
To allow Wireless Stations to use the Access Point, the Wireless Stations and the Access Point
must use the same settings, as follows:
Mode
On client Wireless Stations, the mode must be set to "Infrastructure".
(The Access Point is always in "Infrastructure" mode.)
SSID (ESSID)
Wireless Stations should use the same SSID (ESSID) as the Access
Point they wish to connect to. Alternatively, the SSID can be set to
"any" or null (blank) to allow connection to any Access Point.
Wireless
Security
The Wireless Stations and the Access Point must use the same settings
for Wireless security. (None, WEP, WPA-PSK, WPA2-PSK, WPA802.1x)
•
If Wireless security remains disabled on the Wireless-N Broadband Router, all stations must have wireless security disabled.
•
If Wireless security is enabled on the Wireless-N Broadband
Router, each station must use the same settings as the Wireless
ADLS Router.
101
Appendix C
Specifications
C
Multi-Function Wireless-N Broadband Router
Model
ALL0236 Wireless-N Broadband Router
Dimensions
125mm(W) * 122mm(D) * 30mm(H)
Operating Temperature
0° C to 40° C
Storage Temperature
-20° C to 70° C
Network Protocol:
TCP/IP
Network Interface:
4 * 10/100BaseT (RJ45) LAN connection
1 * RJ-45 for ADSL/Broadband Modem
LEDs
6
Power Adapter
12 V DC External
Wireless Interface
Standards
IEEE802.11b, IEEE802.11g WLAN, 802.11n Draft
Frequency
2.4 to 2.485GHz
Channels
Maximum 13 Channels, depending on regulatory authorities
Modulation
CCK, DQPSK, DBPSK, BPSK, QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM, OFDM
Data Rate
Up to 300 Mbps (802.11n Draft)
Security
WEP 64/128Bit, WPA-PSK, WPA2-PSK, WPA-802.1x, MAC
address filtering, WPS button support
Antenna power
1.8dBi
Antenna type
Internal fixed x 2
102
Appendix C - Specifications
Regulatory Approvals
FCC Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one of the following measures:
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
•
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
•
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver
is connected.
•
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
To assure continued compliance, any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the
party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate this equipment.
(Example - use only shielded interface cables when connecting to computer or peripheral
devices).
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC RF radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with a minimum distance of 20
centimeters between the radiator and your body.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or
transmitter.
CE Approval
CE Standards
This product complies with the 99/5/EEC directives, including the following safety and EMC
standards:
•
EN300328-2
•
EN301489-1/-17
•
EN60950
103
Wireless-N Broadband Router User Guide
CE Marking Warning
This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference
in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
104
Appendix C - Specifications
Germering, October 2008
EC – Declaration of conformity
for
ALL0236 Wireless-N Broadband Router
This equipment conforms with the requirements of the Council
Directive
Applicable to R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC (The Radio and
Telecommumications Terminal Equipment Directive)
and the mutual recognition of their conformity.
The safety advice in the documentation accompanying the products shall be obeyed.
The conformity to the above directive is indicated by the CE sign on the device.
The ALLNET ALL0236 Wireless-N Broadband Router conform to the European
Directives R&TTE 1999/5/EC, and EC Low Voltage Directive, 2006/95/EC.
This equipment meets the following conformance standards:
EN 301 489-1 V1.6.1 : 2005
EN 301 489-17 V1.2.1 : 2002
EN 300 328 V1.7.1 : 2006
EN 50385: 2002
EN 60950-1: 2001+A11:2004
This equipment is intended to be operated in all countries.
This declaration is made by
ALLNET Computersysteme GmbH
Maistr. 2
82110 Germering
and can be downloaded from http://www.allnet.de/ce-certificates/ .
105
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