Allnet ALL0258N User Guide

Allnet ALL0258N User Guide
ALL0258N
Wireless 11N Outdoor
Access Point & Client Bridge
User’s Manual
Table of Contents
Inhaltsverzeichnis
Chapter 1 Product Overview ....................................................................................................... 7
1.1 Feature .............................................................................................................................. 7
1.2 Benefits.............................................................................................................................. 8
1.3 Package Contents.............................................................................................................. 9
1.3 System Requirement ......................................................................................................... 9
Chapter 2 Hardware Overview .................................................................................................. 10
2.1 Bottom View..................................................................................................................... 10
2.2 Back Panel....................................................................................................................... 10
Chapter 3 Installation ................................................................................................................ 10
3.1 Pre‐installation Guidelines ............................................................................................... 11
3.2 Installing the ALL0258N ................................................................................................... 11
3.2 Understanding the ALL0258N LEDs ................................................................................ 13
Chapter 4 Configuring Your Computer for TCP/IP ..................................................................... 13
4.1 Configuring Microsoft Windows 7 ..................................................................................... 14
4.2 Configuring Microsoft Windows Vista ............................................................................... 15
4.3 Configuring Microsoft Windows XP .................................................................................. 15
4.4 Configuring Microsoft Windows 2000 ............................................................................... 17
4.5 Configuring an Apple Macintosh Computer ...................................................................... 18
Chapter 5 Introducing the Web Configurator ............................................................................. 19
5.1 Logging in to the Web Configurator .................................................................................. 19
Chapter 6 Status ....................................................................................................................... 21
6.1 Save/Load........................................................................................................................ 21
6.2 Main ................................................................................................................................. 22
6.3 Wireless Client List .......................................................................................................... 23
6.4 System Log ...................................................................................................................... 23
6.5 Connection Status............................................................................................................ 23
6.6 DHCP Client Table........................................................................................................... 24
Chapter 7 System...................................................................................................................... 25
7.1 Changing Operating Modes ............................................................................................. 25
Chapter 8 Wireless Configuration .............................................................................................. 26
8.1 Wireless Settings ............................................................................................................. 26
8.1.1 Access Point Mode .................................................................................................... 26
8.1.2 Client Bridge Mode ...................................................................................................... 1
8.1.3 WDS Bridge Mode ..................................................................................................... 32
8.1.4 Client Router Mode.................................................................................................... 33
8.2 Wireless Security Settings ............................................................................................... 36
8.2.1 WEP ............................................................................................................................. 37
8.2.2 WPA-PSK.................................................................................................................. 38
8.2.3 WPA2-PSK ................................................................................................................ 39
8.2.4 WPA-PSK Mixed ....................................................................................................... 40
8.2.5 WPA .......................................................................................................................... 41
8.2.6 WPA2 ........................................................................................................................ 42
8.2.7 WPA Mixed................................................................................................................ 43
8.4 Wireless Advanced Settings .................................................................................................. 1
8.5 Wireless MAC Filter ............................................................................................................. 45
8.6 WDS Link Settings ........................................................................................................... 45
Chapter 9 LAN Setup ................................................................................................................ 47
9.1 IP Settings ....................................................................................................................... 47
9.2 Spanning Tree Settings .................................................................................................. 48
Chapter 10 Router Settings ....................................................................................................... 49
10.1 WAN Settings ................................................................................................................ 49
10.1.1 Static IP ................................................................................................................... 49
10.1.2 DHCP (Dynamic IP) ................................................................................................. 51
10.1.3 PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet) ........................................................ 52
10.1.4 PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol) ................................................................ 54
10.2 LAN Settings (Router Mode) ............................................................................................ 1
10.3 VPN Pass Through ........................................................................................................ 56
10.4 Port Forwarding ............................................................................................................. 58
10.5 DMZ ............................................................................................................................... 60
Chapter 11 Management Settings ............................................................................................. 61
11.1 Administration ................................................................................................................ 61
11.2 Management VLAN ........................................................................................................ 63
11.3 SNMP Settings............................................................................................................... 64
11.4 Backup/Restore Settings................................................................................................ 64
11.5 Firmware Upgrade ......................................................................................................... 66
11.6 Time Settings ................................................................................................................. 67
11.7 Log................................................................................................................................. 68
11.8 Diagnostics .................................................................................................................... 69
Chapter 12 Network Configuration Examples ............................................................................ 69
12.1 Access Point .................................................................................................................. 70
12.2 Client Bridge Mode ........................................................................................................ 70
12.3 WDS Bridge Mode ......................................................................................................... 70
12.4 Client Router .................................................................................................................. 70
Chapter 13 Building a Wireless Network ................................................................................... 71
13.1 Access Point Mode ........................................................................................................ 71
13.2 Access Point Mode with WDS Function ......................................................................... 72
13.3 Client Bridge Mode ........................................................................................................ 72
13.4 WDS Bridge Mode ......................................................................................................... 72
13.5 Client Router Mode ........................................................................................................ 72
13.6 RADIUS Connections .................................................................................................... 72
Appendix A – Troubleshooting................................................................................................... 74
A.1 Problem Solving ................................................................................................................ 1
A.2 Contacting Technical Support .......................................................................................... 74
Appendix B – Specifications ........................................................................................................ 1
Appendix C – Glossary ................................................................................................................ 1
Appendix D – FCC Interference Statement................................................................................ 82
About This Document
Audience
This document is written for networking professionals responsible for installing and managing the
ALLNET ALL0258N Wireless 11N Access Point / Client Bridge. To use this guide, you should
have knowledge about TCP/IP and IEEE 802.11 standards, and be familiar with the concepts and
terminology associated with wireless local-area networks (WLANs).
This document provides the information you need to install and configure your Access
Point/bridge.
Convention
This publication uses these conventions/symbols to convey instructions and information and
Caution: This symbol represents the important message on incorrect device
operation that might damage the device
Note: This symbol represents the important message for the settings.
Tip: This symbol represents the alternative choice that can save time or
resources.
highlight special message.
Chapter 1 Product Overview
Thank you for choosing ALL0258N. The ALL0258N is a long range, high‐performance IEEE 802.11b/g/n network
solution that provides Access Point, Client Bridge, WDS, and Client Router functions in a single device.
In addition to providing the latest wireless technology, the ALL0258N supports Power over Ethernet and Power
by Adapter capabilities, which allow the device to be installed easily in nearly any indoor or outdoor location.
Advanced features include power level control, narrow bandwidth selection, traffic shaping, and Real‐time RSSI
indication.
A variety of security features help to protect your data and privacy while you are online. Security features include
Wi‐Fi Protected Access (WPA‐PSK/WPA2‐PSK), 64/128/152‐bit WEP Encryption, and IEEE 802.1x with
RADIUS.
1.1 Feature
The following list summarizes the key features of the ALL0258N: -High-speed data rates up to 150 Mbps make
the ALL0258N ideally suited for handling heavy data payloads such as MPEG video streaming -High output
power up to 26 dBm delivers superior range and coverage -Fully Interoperable with IEEE 802.11b/IEEE
802.11g/IEEE 802.11n-compliant devices -Multi-function capabilities enable users to use different modes in
various environments -Point-to-point and point-to-multipoint wireless connectivity enable data transfers between
two or more buildings -Channel bandwidth selection allows the appropriate bandwidth to be used to reach
various distances -RSSI indicator makes it easy to select the best signal for Access Point connections
Power-over-Ethernet capabilities allow for flexible installation locations and cost savings -Four SSIDs let clients
access different networks through a single Access Point, and assign different policies and functions for each
SSID -WPA2/WPA/ WEP/ IEEE 802.1x support and MAC address filtering ensure secure network connections
-PPPoE/PPTP function support make it easy to access the Internet via Internet Service Provider (ISP) service
authentication -SNMP Remote Configuration Management helps administrators remotely configure or manage
the Access Point -QoS (WMM) support enhances performance and user experiences
1.2 Benefits
The ALL0258N is the ideal product around which you can build your WLAN. The following list
summarizes a few key advantages that WLANs have over wired networks:
Ideal for hard‐to‐wire environments
There are many scenarios where cables cannot be used to connect networking
devices. Historic and older buildings, open areas, and busy streets, for example, make
wired LAN installations difficult, expensive, or impossible.
Temporary workgroups
WLANs make it easy to provide connectivity to temporary workgroups that will later be
removed. Examples include parks, athletic arenas, exhibition centers,
disaster‐recovery shelters, temporary offices, and construction sites.
Ability to access real‐time information With a WLAN, workers who rely on access to real‐time
information, such as doctors and nurses, point‐of‐sale employees, mobile workers, and
warehouse personnel, can access the data they need and increase productivity,
without having to look for a place to plug into the network.
Frequently changed environments WLANs are well suited for showrooms, meeting rooms,
retail stores, and manufacturing sites where workplaces are rearranged frequently.
Wireless extensions to Ethernet networks WLANs enable network managers in dynamic
environments to minimize overhead caused by moves, extensions to networks, and
other changes.
Wired LAN backup Network managers can implement WLANs to provide backup for
mission‐critical applications running on wired networks.
Mobility within training/educational facilities Training sites at corporations and students at
universities are a few examples where wireless connectivity can be used to facilitate
access to information, information exchanges, and learning.
1.3 Package Contents
Open the package carefully and make sure it contains all of the items listed below. ‐One ALLNET
ALL0258N Wireless 11N Access Point / Client Bridge ‐One 24V/0.6A power adapter ‐One PoE
injector (EPE‐24R) ‐One mast strap ‐One quick‐installation guide ‐One CD containing the user
manual
If any item is missing or damaged, contact your place of purchase immediately.
Keep all packing materials in case you need to return the ALL0258N. The ALL0258N must be
returned with its original packing materials.
Use only the power adapter supplied with your ALL0258N. Using a different power
adapter can damage the ALL0258N.
1.3 System Requirement
To install the ALL0258N, you need an Ethernet cable and a computer equipped with: ‐An
Ethernet interface ‐One of the following operating systems: Microsoft Windows XP, Vista, or 7; or
Linux ‐An Internet browser that supports HTTP and JavaScript
Chapter 2 Hardware Overview
The following figures show the key components on the ALL0258N.
2.1 Bottom View
The bottom panel of the ALL0258N contains two RJ‐45 ports, a PoE interface, and a Reset
button. A removable cover covers these components.
‐The RJ‐45 port connects to an Ethernet adapter in a computer you use to configure the
ALL0258N.For more information, see Chapter 4.
‐The PoE interface allows the ALL0258N to be powered using the supplied PoE injector.
‐The Reset button can be used to reboot the ALL0258N and return the device to its default
factory configuration, erasing any overrides you may have made to the device’s default settings.
The Reset button is recessed to prevent accidental resets. To reboot the ALL0258N, use a flat
object such as a pencil to press the Reset button for approximately 10 seconds and then stop
pressing the Reset button.
2.2 Back Panel
The back panel of the ALL0258N contains the LED indicators that show the link quality and status
of the ALL0258N.
Chapter 3 Installation
This chapter describes how to install the ALL0258N. It also describes the ALL0258N LEDs.
Only experienced installation professionals who are familiar with local building and safety
codes and, wherever applicable, are licensed by the appropriate government regulatory
authorities should install the ALL0258N.
3.1 Pre‐installation Guidelines
Select the optimal locations for the equipment using the following guidelines:
-The ALL0258N should be mounted on a 1"‐4" pole. Its location should enable easy access to
the unit and its connectors for installation and testing.
- The higher the placement of the antenna, the better the achievable link quality.
- The antenna should be installed to provide a direct, or near line of sight with the Base Station
antenna. The antenna should be aligned to face the general direction of the Base Station.
3.2 Installing the ALL0258N
To install the ALL0258N, use the following procedure to mount the device on a pole and refer to
the figure below.
1.
The bottom of the ALL0258N is a movable cover. Grab the cover and pull it back hard to
remove the cover.
2.
Insert a standard Ethernet cable into the RJ‐45 port labeled MAIN LAN.
3.
Slide the cover back to seal the bottom of the ALL0258N.
Remove the power cord and PoE injector from the box and plug the power cord into the
DC port of the PoE injector.
Only use the power adapter supplied with the ALL0258N. Using a different power
adapter might damage the ALL0258N.
1
2
Plug the other side of the Ethernet cable in step 3 into the PoE port of the PoE injector.
When you finish step 5, the installation will resemble the following picture.
Turn over the ALL0258N. Then insert the mast strap through the middle hole of the
ALL0258N. Use a screwdriver to unlock the pole‐mounting ring putting it through the
ALL0258N.
7. Mount the ALL0258N securely to the pole by locking the strap tightly. This
completes the installation procedure.
3.2 Understanding the ALL0258N LEDs
The rear of the ALL0258N has two groups of LEDs. One group, labeled INDICATORS, shows the
LED
Power
Color
Green
LAN
Green
WLAN
Green
Link Quality
See Status
column
Mode
Status
OFF= ALL0258N is not receiving power. ON= ALL0258N is receiving
power.
OFF = ALL0258N is not connected to the network. ON = ALL0258N is
connected to the network, but not sending or receiving data. Blink =
ALL0258N is sending or receiving data.
Access Point OFF = ALL0258N radio is off and the device is not
or Client
sending or receiving data over the wireless LAN. ON =
Bridge Mode ALL0258N radio is on, and the device is not sending or
receiving data over the wireless LAN. Blink =
ALL0258N radio is on, and the device is sending or
receiving data over the wireless LAN.
Access Point Shows the strength of the link between the ALL0258N
or Client
and the network. G = good quality (green). Y =
Bridge Mode medium quality (yellow). R = poor or no link (red).
status of the device. The second group, LINK QUALITY, shows the strength of the link between
the ALL0258N and the network. The following table describes the ALL0258N LEDs.
Chapter 4 Configuring Your Computer for TCP/IP
To configure the ALL0258N, use a computer that is configured for TCP/IP. This chapter describes
how to configure the TCP/IP settings on a computer that will be used to configure the ALL0258N.
4.1 Configuring Microsoft Windows 7
Use the following procedure to configure a computer running Microsoft Windows 7.
1
2
In the Start menu search box, type: ncpa.cpl
When the Network Connections List appears, right‐click the
Local Area Connection icon and click Properties.
3
In the Networking tab, click either Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) or Internet
Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6), and then click Properties.
4
In the properties dialog box, click Obtain an IP address automatically to configure your
computer for DHCP.
5
6
Click the OK button to save your changes and close the dialog box.
Click the OK button again to save your changes.
4.2 Configuring Microsoft Windows Vista
Use the following procedure to configure a
computer running Microsoft Windows Vista with
the default interface. If you use the Classic
interface, where the icons and menus resemble
previous Windows versions, perform the
procedure in section 4.4.
1
On the Windows taskbar, click Start,
click Control Panel, and then select the
Network and Internet icon.
2
Click View Networks Status and tasks
and then click Management Networks
Connections.
3
Right‐click the Local Area Connection
icon and click Properties.
4
Click Continue. The Local Area
Connection Properties dialog box
appears.
5
In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box, verify that Internet Protocol
(TCP/IPv4) is checked. Then select Internet Protocol (TCP/IPv4) and click the
Properties button. The Internet Protocol Version 4 Properties dialog box appears.
6
In the Internet Protocol Version 4 Properties dialog box, click Obtain an IP address
automatically to configure your computer for DHCP.
7
Click the OK button to save your changes and close the dialog box.
8
Click the OK button again to save your changes.
4.3 Configuring Microsoft Windows XP
Use the following procedure to configure a computer
running Microsoft Windows XP with the default
interface. If you use the Classic interface, where the
icons and menus resemble previous Windows
versions, perform the procedure in section 4.4.
1
On the Windows taskbar, click Start, click
Control Panel, and then click Network and
Internet Connections.
2
Click the Network Connections icon.
3
Click Local Area Connection for the Ethernet
adapter connected to the ALL0258N. The
Local Area Connection Status dialog box
appears.
4
In the Local Area Connection Status dialog box, click the Properties button. The Local
Area Connection Properties dialog box appears.
5
In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box, verify that Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP) is checked. Then select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click the Properties
button. The Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box appears.
6
In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box, click Obtain an IP address
automatically to configure your computer for DHCP. Click the OK button to save this
change and close the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box.
7
Click the OK button again to save your changes.
8
Restart your computer.
4.4 Configuring Microsoft Windows 2000
Use the following procedure to configure your computer if your computer has Microsoft Windows
2000 installed.
1
On the Windows taskbar, click Start, point to Settings, and then click Control Panel.
2
In the Control Panel window, double‐click the Network and Dial‐up Connections icon. If
the Ethernet adapter in your computer is installed correctly, the Local Area Connection
icon appears.
3
Double‐click the Local Area Connection icon for the Ethernet adapter connected to the
ALL0258N. The Local Area Connection Status dialog box appears.
4
In the Local Area Connection Status dialog box, click the Properties button. The Local
Area Connection Properties dialog box appears.
5
In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box, verify that Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP) is checked. Then select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click the Properties
button.
6
Click Obtain an IP address automatically to configure your computer for DHCP.
7
Click the OK button to save this change and close the Local Area Connection Properties
dialog box.
8
Click OK button again to save these new changes.
9
Restart your computer.
4.5 Configuring an Apple Macintosh Computer
The following procedure describes how to configure TCP/IP on an Apple Macintosh running Mac
OS
10.2. If your Apple Macintosh is running Mac OS 7.x or later, the steps you perform and the
screens you see may differ slightly from the following. However, you should still be able to use
this procedure as a guide to configuring your Apple Macintosh for TCP/IP.
1
Pull down the Apple Menu, click System Preferences, and select Network.
2
Verify that the NIC connected to the ALL0258N is selected in the Show field.
3
In the Configure field on the TCP/IP tab, select Using DHCP.
4
Click Apply Now to apply your settings and close the TCP/IP dialog box.
Chapter 5 Introducing the Web Configurator
The ALL0258N has a built‐in Web Configurator that lets you manage the unit from any location
using a Web browser that supports HTTP and has JavaScript installed.
5.1 Logging in to the Web Configurator
After configuring the computer for TCP/IP using the procedure appropriate for your operating
system, use that computer’s Web browser to log in to the ALL0258N Web Configurator.
1
Launch your Web browser.
2
In the browser address bar, type 192.168.1.1 and press the Enter key.
If you changed the ALL0258N LAN IP address, enter the correct IP address.
1
When the Windows Security window appears, type admin as the username in the top
field and type admin as the password in the bottom field.
Click OK You are now ready to use the instructions in the following chapters to configure the
ALL0258N.
Perform the following procedures regularly to make the ALL0258N more secure and manage the
ALL0258N more effectively.
‐Change the default password. Use a password that is not easy to guess and that contains
different characters, such as numbers and letters. The ALL0258N username cannot be
changed. For more information, see page 73.
‐Back up the configuration and be sure you know how to restore it. Restoring an earlier working
configuration can be useful if the ALL0258N becomes unstable or crashes. If you forget your
password, you will have to reset the ALL0258N to its factory default settings and lose any
customized override settings you configured. However, if you back up an earlier configuration,
you will not have to completely reconfigure the ALL0258N. You can simply restore your last
configuration. For more information, see page 77.
Chapter 6 Status
The Status section on the navigation drop‐down menu contains the following options: -Main
-Wireless Client List -System Log -Connection Status
The following sections describe these options.
6.1 Save/Load
This page lets you save and apply the settings shown under Unsaved changes list, or cancel
the unsaved changes and revert to the previous settings that were in effect.
6.2 Main
Clicking the Main link under the Status drop-down menu or clicking Home at the top-right of the
Web Configurator shows status information about the current operating mode.
-The System Information section shows general system information such as operating mode,
system up time, firmware version, serial number, kernel version, and application version.
-The LAN Settings section shows Local Area Network setting such as the LAN IP address,
subnet mask, and MAC address.
-The Current Wireless Settings section shows wireless information such as frequency and
channel. Since the ALL0258N supports multiple-SSIDs, information about each SSID, such as its
ESSID and security settings, are displayed.
6.3 Wireless Client List
Clicking the Wireless Client List link under the Status drop-down menu displays the list of
clients associated to the ALL0258N, along with the MAC addresses and signal strength for each
client. Clicking the Refresh button updates (refreshes) the client list.
6.4 System Log
The ALL0258N automatically logs (records) events of possible interest in its internal memory. To
view the logged information, click the System Log link under the Status drop-down menu. If
there is not enough internal memory to log all events, older events are deleted from the log.
6.5 Connection Status
Clicking the Connection Status link under the Status drop-down menu displays the current
status of the network. The information shown includes network type, SSID, BSSID, connection
status, wireless mode, current channel, security, data rate, noise level, and signal strength.
6.6 DHCP Client Table
Clicking the DHCP Client List link under the Status drop-down menu displays the clients that are
associated to the ALL0258N through DHCP. The MAC addresses and signal strength for each
client are also shown. Clicking the Refresh button updates (refreshes) the client list.
Chapter 7 System
This chapter describes how to change the ALL0258N operating modes.
7.1 Changing Operating Modes
The ALL0258N supports four operating modes: -Access Point -Client Bridge -WDS Bridge -Client
Router
To select an operating mode, click System Properties under System Section. Then go to
System > Operation mode. .
Device Name: Enter a name for the device. The name you type appears in SNMP management.
This name is not the SSID and is not broadcast to other devices. Country/Region: Select a
Country/Region to conform to local regulations. Operation Mode: Use the radio button to select
an operating mode. To use Access Point mode with WDS, select Access Point here and then
enable the WDS function in the Wireless Network section (see section 8.6).
Click Accept to confirm the changes
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1)..
Chapter 8 Wireless Configuration
This chapter describes the ALL0258N’s wireless settings. Please read the information in this
chapter carefully. If you configure a setting improperly, it can impact performance and affect the
network adversely. Before you continue, be sure you selected the appropriate operating mode
(see Chapter 7).
8.1 Wireless Settings
This section describes basic wireless settings. For more information, see Chapter 12.
8.1.1 Access Point Mode
The ALL0258N supports Access Point Mode. In this mode, users with a wireless client device
within range can connect to the ALL0258N to access the WLAN. The following figure shows an
example of an ALL0258N operating in Access Point Mode.
The sections that follow the figure below describe how to configure your ALL0258N for Access
Point Mode.
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
Profile Isolation
Accept / Cancel
Restricted Client to communicate with different VID by Selecting
the radio button.
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
Wireless Mode
Channel HT Mode
Extension Channel
Channel / Frequency
Auto
AP Detection
Current Profile
SSID
VLAN ID
Suppressed SSID
Station Separation
Wireless Security
Save / Cancel
Wireless mode supports 802.11b/g/n mixed modes.
The default channel bandwidth is 40 MHz. The larger the channel,
the better the transmission quality and speed.
Select upper or lower channel. Your selection may affect the Auto
channel function.
Select the channel and frequency appropriate for your country’s
regulation.
Check this option to enable auto-channel selection.
AP Detection can select the best channel to use by scanning
nearby areas for Access Points.
Configure up to four different SSIDs. If many client devices will be
accessing the network, you can arrange the devices into SSID
groups. Click Edit to configure the profile and check whether you
want to enable extra SSID.
Specify the SSID for the current profile.
Specify the VLAN tag for the current profile.
Check this option to hide the SSID from clients. If checked, the
SSID will not appear in the site survey.
Click the appropriate radio button to allow or prevent
communication between client devices.
See the Wireless Security section.
Click Save to accept the changes or Cancel to cancel and return
previous settings.
8.1.2 Client Bridge Mode
Client Bridge Mode lets you connect two LAN segments via a wireless link as though they are on
the same physical network. Since the computers are on the same subnet, broadcasts will reach
all machines. As a result, DHCP information generated by the server will reach all client
computers as though the clients resided on one physical network.
The following figure shows an example of an ALL0258N communicating with an Access
Point/Wireless Router, such as the ALLNET ALL0279DSL, operating in Client Bridge Mode.
The sections that follow the figure below describe how to configure your ALL0258N for Client
Bridge Mode.
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
Wireless Mode
SSID
Site Survey
Prefer BSSID
WDS Client
Wireless Security
Accept / Cancel
Wireless mode supports 802.11b/g/n mixed modes.
Specify the SSID if known. This field is completed automatically if
you select an Access Point in the Site Survey.
Scans nearby locations for Access Points. You can select a
discovered Access Point to establish a connection.
Enter the MAC address if known. If you select an Access Point in
the Site Survey, this field is completed automatically.
Click the appropriate radio button to enable or disable WDS
Client.
See section 8.2 for information.
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
If the Access Point has been configured to suppress its SSID, the SSID section will be blank and
must be completed manually.
Profile
Wireless Security
Refresh
If you used the Site Survey, the Web Configurator shows nearby
Access Points. To connect to an Access Point, click the Access
Point’s BSSID.
See the Wireless Security section.
Click Refresh to scan again.
8.1.3 WDS Bridge Mode
Unlike traditional bridging. WDS Bridge Mode allows you to create large wireless networks by
linking several wireless access points with WDS links. WDS is normally used in large, open
areas, where pulling wires is cost prohibitive, restricted or physically impossible.
The following figure shows an example of three ALL0258N configured for WDS Bridge Mode
communicating with each other. In this configuration, the ALL0258N device on the left side of the
figure behaves as a standard bridge that forwards traffic between the WDS links (links that
connect to other ALL0258N WDS bridges).
The sections that follow the figure below describe how to configure your ALL0258N for WDS
MAC Address
Mode
Accept / Cancel
Bridge Mode.
Enter the MAC address of the Access Point to which you want to
extend wireless connectivity.
Select Disable or Enable to disable or enable WDS.
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
1. Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
2.
The Access Point to which you want to extend wireless connectivity
must enter the ALL0258N’s MAC address into its configuration. For more information, refer to
Wireless Mode
Channel HT Mode
Extension Channel
Channel / Frequency
Accept / Cancel
Wireless mode supports 802.11b/g/n mixed modes.
The default channel bandwidth is 40 MHz. The larger the channel,
the better the transmission quality and speed.
Select upper or lower channel. Your selection may affect the Auto
channel function.
Select the channel and frequency appropriate for your country’s
regulation.
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
the documentation for the Access Point. Not all Access Point supports this feature.
8.1.4 Client Router Mode
In Client Router Mode, you can access the Internet wirelessly with the support of a WISP. In AP
Router Mode, the ALL0258N can access the Internet via a cable or DSL modem. In this mode,
the ALL0258N can be configured to turn off the wireless network name (SSID) broadcast, so that
only stations that have the SSID can be connected. The ALL0258N also provides wireless LAN
64/128/152-bit WEP encryption security, WPA/WPA2, and WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK authentication,
as well as TKIP/AES encryption security. It also supports VPN pass-through for sensitive data
secure transmission.
The following figure shows an example of an ALL0258N communicating with a Wireless ISP
(WISP) Access Point in Client Router Mode. The sections that follow the figure below describe
how to configure your ALL0258N for Client Router Mode.
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
Wireless Mode
SSID
Site Survey
Prefer BSSID
Wireless Security
Accept / Cancel
Wireless mode supports 802.11b/g/n mixed modes.
Specify the SSID if known. This field is completed automatically if
you select an Access Point in the Site Survey.
Scans nearby locations for Access Points. You can select a
discovered Access Point to establish a connection.
Enter the MAC address if known. If you select an Access Point in
the Site Survey, this field is completed automatically.
See section 10.2.
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and return
previous settings.
If the Access Point has been configured to suppress its SSID, the SSID section must be
completed manually.
8.2 Wireless Security Settings
The Wireless Security Settings section lets you configure the ALL0258N’s security modes: WEP,
WPA-PSK, WPA2-PSK, WPA-PSK Mixed, WPA, WPA2, and WPA Mixed. We strongly
recommend you use WPA2-PSK.
Profile
Wireless Security
Refresh
If you used the Site Survey, the Web Configurator shows nearby
Access Points. To connect to an Access Point, click the Access
Point’s BSSID.
See the Wireless Security section.
Click Refresh to scan again.
8.2.1 WEP
Security Mode
Auth Type
Input Type
Key Length
Default Key
Key1
Select WEP from the drop-down list to begin the configuration.
Select Open System or Shared.
Select an input type of Hex or ASCII.
Level of WEP encryption applied to all WEP keys. Choices are
Select a 64/128/152-bit password lengths.
Specify which of the four WEP keys the ALL0258N uses as its
default.
Specify a password for security key index No.1. For security, each
typed character is masked by a dot (缈λ).
Key2
Specify a password for security key index No.2. For security, each
typed character is masked by a dot (缈λ).
Key3
Specify a password for security key index No.3. For security, each
typed character is masked by a dot (缈λ).
Key4
Specify a password for security key index No.4. For security, each
typed character is masked by a dot (缈λ).
802.11n does not allow WEP/WPA-PSK/WPA-PSK TKIP security mode. The
connection mode will drop from 802.11n to 802.11g.
8.2.2 WPA-PSK
Security Mode Select WPA-PSK from the drop-down list to begin the configuration.
Encryption Select Both, TKIP, or AES as the encryption type.
•
•
•
• Both = uses TKIP and AES.
• TKIP = automatic encryption with WPA-PSK; requires passphrase.
• AES = automatic encryption with WPA2-PSK; requires passphrase.
802.11n does not allow WEP/WPA-PSK/WPA-PSK TKIP security mode. The connection mode
will drops from 802.11n to 802.11g.
Passphrase
Group Key Update
Interval
Specify the security password. For security, each typed character
is masked by a dot.
Specify how often, in seconds, the group key changes.
8.2.3 WPA2-PSK
Security Mode Select WPA2-PSK from the drop-down list to begin the configuration.
Encryption Select Both, TKIP, or AES as the encryption type.
•
•
•
• Both = uses TKIP and AES.
• TKIP = automatic encryption with WPA-PSK; requires passphrase.
• AES = automatic encryption with WPA2-PSK; requires passphrase.
802.11n does not allow WEP/WPA-PSK/WPA-PSK TKIP security mode. The connection mode
will change from 802.11n to 802.11g.
Passphrase
Group Key Update
Interval
Specify the security password. For security, each typed character
is masked by a dot.
Specify how often, in seconds, the group key changes.
8.2.4 WPA-PSK Mixed
Security Mode Select WPA-PSK Mixed from the drop-down list to begin the configuration.
Encryption Select Both, TKIP, or AES as the encryption type.
•
•
•
• Both = uses TKIP and AES.
• TKIP = automatic encryption with WPA-PSK; requires passphrase.
• AES = automatic encryption with WPA2-PSK; requires passphrase.
WPA-PSK Mixed can allow multiple security modes at the same time. 802.11n does not allow
Passphrase
Specify the security password. For security, each typed character
is masked by a dot.
Group Key Update
Interval
Specify how often, in seconds, the group key changes.
WEP/WPA-PSK/WPA-PSK TKIP security mode. The connection mode will change from 802.11n
to 802.11g.
8.2.5 WPA
Security Mode Select WPA from the drop-down list to begin the configuration. Encryption
Select Both, TKIP, or AES as the encryption type.
•
•
Radius Server
Radius Port
Radius Secret
Group Key Update
Interval
TKIP = automatic encryption with WPA-PSK.
AES = automatic encryption with WPA2-PSK.
Specify the IP address of the RADIUS server.
Specify the port number that your RADIUS server uses for
authentication. Default port is 1812.
Specify RADIUS secret furnished by the RADIUS server.
Specify how often, in seconds, the group key changes.
• Both = uses TKIP and AES.
802.11n does not allow WEP/WPA-PSK/WPA-PSK TKIP security mode. The connection mode
will drops from 802.11n to 802.11g.
8.2.6 WPA2
Security Mode Select WPA2 from the drop-down list to begin the configuration. Encryption
Select Both, TKIP, or AES as the encryption type.
•
•
Radius Server
Radius Port
Radius Secret
Group Key Update
Interval
TKIP = automatic encryption with WPA-PSK.
AES = automatic encryption with WPA2-PSK.
Specify the IP address of the RADIUS server.
Specify the port number that your RADIUS server uses for
authentication. Default port is 1812.
Specify RADIUS secret furnished by the RADIUS server.
Specify how often, in seconds, the group key changes.
• Both = uses TKIP and AES.
802.11n does not allow WEP/WPA-PSK/WPA-PSK TKIP security mode. The date rate will drop
from 802.11n to 802.11g.
8.2.7 WPA Mixed
Security Mode Select WPA Mixed from the drop-down list to begin the configuration.
Encryption Select Both, TKIP, or AES as the encryption type.
• Both = uses TKIP and AES.
•
•
Radius Server
Radius Port
Radius Secret
Group Key Update
Interval
TKIP = automatic encryption with WPA-PSK.
AES = automatic encryption with WPA2-PSK.
Specify the IP address of the RADIUS server.
Specify the port number that your RADIUS server uses for
authentication. Default port is 1812.
Specify RADIUS secret furnished by the RADIUS server.
Specify how often, in seconds, the group key changes.
802.11n does not allow WEP/WPA-PSK/WPA-PSK TKIP security mode. The
connection mode will change from 802.11n to 802.11g.
8.4
reflections. Select the option that works best for your installation.
Aggregation
Merges data packets into one packet. This option reduces the
number of packets, but increases packet sizes.
Wireless Traffic
Check this option to enable wireless traffic shaping. Traffic
Shaping
shaping regulates the flow of packets leaving an interface to
deliver improved Quality of Service.
Incoming Traffic Limit Specify the wireless transmission speed used for downloading.
Outgoing Traffic Limit Specify the wireless transmission speed used for uploading.
Accept / Cancel
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
Wireless Advanced Settings
1. Changing Wireless Advanced Settings may adversely affect wireless performance. Please
accept all default settings, unless you are familiar with the wireless options.
2.
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
8.5 Wireless MAC Filter
Wireless MAC Filters are used to allow or deny network access to wireless clients according to
their MAC addresses. You can manually add a MAC address to restrict the permission to access
ALL0258N. The default setting is Disable Wireless MAC Filters.
Data Rate
Transmit Power
RTS/CTS Threshold
Distance
Antenna Selection
Short GI
Select a data rate from the drop-down list. The data rate affects
throughput. If you select a low data rate value, for example, the
throughput is reduced but the transmission distance increases.
Lets you increase or decrease transmit power. Higher transmit
power may prevent connections to the network, while the lower
transmit power can prevent clients from connecting to the device.
Specify the threshold package size for RTC/CTS. A small number
causes RTS/CTS packets to be sent more often and consumes more
bandwidth.
Specify the distance between Access Points and clients. Longer
distances may drop high-speed connections.
Specify the internal antenna type.
Sets the time that the receiver waits for RF reflections to settle out
before sampling data. Using a short (400ns) guard interval can
increase throughput, but can also increase error rate in some
installations due to increased sensitivity to radio-frequency
8.6 WDS Link Settings
Using WDS Link Settings, you can create a wireless backbone link between multiple access
points that are part of the same wireless network. This allows a wireless network to be expanded
using multiple Access Points without the need for a wired backbone to link them, as is traditionally
required.
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
MAC Address
Mode
Accept / Cancel
Enter the Access Point’s MAC address to which you want to
extend the wireless area.
Select Disable or Enable from the drop-down list.
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
section 4.1).
The Access Point to which you want to extend wireless connectivity must enter
the ALL0258N’s MAC address into its configuration. For more information,
refer to the documentation for the Access Point. Not all Access Point supports
this feature.
Chapter 9 LAN Setup
This chapter describes the ALL0258N Local Area Network (LAN) settings.
9.1 IP Settings
This section is only available for Non-Router Mode. IP settings lets you configure the
IP Network Setting
IP Address
IP Suet Mask
Default Gateway
Primary DNS
Secondary DNS
Accept / Cancel
Select whether the ALL0258N IP address will use the static IP
address specified in the IP Address field or be obtained
automatically when the ALL0258N connects to a device that has a
DHCP server .
Enter the IP address of the ALL0258N.
Enter the ALL0258N subnet mask.
Enter the ALL0258N default gateway.
Enter the ALL0258N primary DNS.
Enter the ALL0258N secondary DNS.
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
9.2 Spanning Tree Settings
Spanning Tree Status
Bridge Hello Time
Bridge Max Age
Bridge Forward Delay
Priority
Accept / Cancel
Enable or disable the ALL0258N Spanning Tree function.
Specify Bridge Hello Time, in seconds. This value determine how
often the ALL0258N sends hello packets to communicate
information about the topology throughout the entire Bridged
Local Area Network
Specify Bridge Max Age, in seconds. If another bridge in the
spanning tree does not send a hello packet for a long period of
time, it is assumed to be dead.
Specify Bridge Forward Delay, in seconds. Forwarding delay time
is the time spent in each of the Listening and Learning states
before the Forwarding state is entered. This delay is provided so
that when a new bridge comes onto a busy network, it looks at
some traffic before participating.
Specify the Priority number. Smaller number has greater priority.
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
Chapter 10 Router Settings
This section is only available for AP Router Mode and Client Router Mode.
10.1 WAN Settings
This chapter describes the ALL0258N WAN settings. There are four types of WAN connections:
-Static IP -DHCP -PPPoE -PPTP Please contact your ISP to find out which settings you should
choose..
10.1.1 Static IP
Select Static IP for your WAN connection if your ISP provided information about which IP
address, subnet mask, default gateway, primary DNS, and secondary DNS to use.
Internet Connection
Type
Account Name
Domain Name
MTU
IP Address
IP Subnet Mask
Gateway IP Address
Primary DNS
Secondary DNS
Discard Ping on WAN
Select Static IP to begin configuration of the Static IP connection.
Enter the account name provided by your ISP.
Enter the domain name provided by your ISP.
Specify the Maximum Transmit Unit size. It is recommended you
accept the default setting of Auto. Otherwise, packets will be
fragmented downstream if the MTU is set too high or too low,
which impacts network performance. In extreme cases, an MTU
setting that is too low can prevent the ALL0258N from establishing
some connections.
Enter the WAN port IP address.
Enter the WAN IP subnet mask.
Enter the WAN gateway IP address.
Enter the primary DNS IP address.
Enter the secondary DNS IP address.
Check to Enable to recognize pings on the ALL0258N WAN
interface or Disable to block pings on the ALL0258N WAN
interface. Note: Pinging IP addresses is a common method used by hackers to test whether the
IP address is valid. Blocking pings provides some extra security from hackers.
Accept / Cancel Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and return previous
settings.
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status >
Save/Load (see section 4.1).
10.1.2 DHCP (Dynamic IP)
Select DHCP as your WAN connection type to obtain an IP address
automatically. You will need to enter account name as your hostname and,
optionally, DNS information.
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
10.1.3 PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet)
Select Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) if your ISP uses a PPPoE connection.
Your ISP will provide you with a username and password. This selection is typically used for DSL
services. Remove your PPPoE software from your computer, as it is not needed and will not work
with your ALL0258N.
Internet Connection
Type
MTU
Select PPPoE to begin configuration of the PPPoE connection.
Specify the Maximum Transmit Unit size. It is recommended you
accept the default setting of Auto. Otherwise, packets will be
fragmented downstream if the MTU is set too high or too low,
which impacts network performance. In extreme cases, an MTU
setting that is too low can prevent the ALL0258N from establishing
some connections.
Login
Enter the Username provided by your ISP.
Password
Enter the Password provided by your ISP.
Service Name
Enter the Service Name provided by your ISP.
Connect on Demand
Select the radio button to specify the maximum idle time.
Internet connection will disconnect when it reach the maximum
idle time, but it will automatically connect when user tries to
access the network.
Keep Alive
Select whether to keep the Internet connection always on, or
enter a redial period once the internet lose connection.
Get Automatically
Select whether to obtain the DNS automatically from the DHCP
From ISP
server.
Use These DNS
Click the radio button to set up the Primary DNS and Secondary
Servers
DNS servers manually.
Discard Ping on WAN Check to Enable to recognize pings on the ALL0258N WAN
interface or Disable to block pings on the ALL0258NWAN
interface. Note: Pinging IP addresses is a common method used
by hackers to test whether the IP address is valid. Blocking pings
provides some extra security from hackers.
Accept / Cancel
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
10.1.4 PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol)
Select PPTP as your WAN connection type if your ISP uses a Point-to-Point-Tunneling Protocol
(PPTP) connection. You will need to provide the IP address, subnet mask, default gateway
(optional), DNS (optional), server IP, username, and password provided by your ISP.
Internet Connection
MTU
IP Address
IP Subnet Mask
Gateway IP Address
PPTP Server
Username
Password
Connect on Demand
Keep Alive
Get Automatically
From ISP
Use These DNS
Servers
Discard Ping on WAN
Accept / Cancel
Specify the Maximum Transmit Unit size. It is recommended you
accept the default setting of Auto. Otherwise, packets will be
fragmented downstream if the MTU is set too high or too low,
which impacts network performance. In extreme cases, an MTU
setting that is too low can prevent the ALL0258N from
establishing
some connections.
Enter the WAN port IP address.
Enter the WAN IP subnet mask.
Enter the WAN gateway IP address.
Enter the IP address of the PPTP server.
Enter the username provided by your ISP.
Enter the password provided by your ISP.
If you want the ALL0258N to end the Internet connection after it
has been inactive for a period of time, select this option and enter
the number of minutes you want that period of inactivity to last.
If you want the ALL0258N to periodically check your Internet
connection, select this option. Then specify how often you want
the ALL0258N to check the Internet connection. If the connection
is
down, the ALL0258N automatically re-establishes your connection
Obtains the DNS automatically from DHCP server.
Click the radio button to set up the Primary DNS and Secondary
DNS servers manually.
Check to Enable to recognize pings on the ALL0258N WAN
interface or Disable to block pings on the ALL0258N WAN
interface. Note: Pinging IP addresses is a common method used
by hackers to test whether the IP address is valid. Blocking pings
provides some extra security from hackers.
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
Select PPTP to begin configuration of the PPTP connection.
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
10.2 LAN Settings (Router Mode)
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
IP Address
IP Subnet Mask
WINS Server IP
Use Router As DHCP
Server
Starting IP Address
Ending IP Address
WINS Server IP
Accept / Cancel
Enter the LAN port IP address.
Enter the LAN IP subnet mask.
Enter the WINS Server IP.
Check this option to enable the ALL0258N internal DHCP server.
Specify the starting IP address range for the pool of allocated for
private IP addresses. The starting IP address must be on the same
subnet as the ending IP address; that is the first three octets
specified here must be the same as the first three octets in End
IP Address.
Specify the ending IP address range for the pool of allocated for
private IP addresses. The ending IP address must be on the same
subnet as the starting IP address; that is the first three octets
specified here must be the same as the first three octets in Start
IP Address.
Enter the IP address of the WINS server.
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
10.3 VPN Pass Through
VPN Passthrough allows a secure virtual private network (VPN) connection between two
computers. Enabling the options on this page opens a VPN port and enables connections to pass
through the ALL0258N without interruption.
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
PPTP Pass Through
L2TP Pass Through
IPSec Pass Through
Accept / Cancel
Check this option to enable PPTP pass-through mode.
Check this option to enable L2TP pass-through mode.
Check this option to enable IPSec pass-through mode.
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
10.4 Port Forwarding
Port forwarding can be used to open a port or range of ports to a device on your network Using
port forwarding, you can set up public services on your network. When users from the Internet
make certain requests on your network, the ALL0258N can forward those requests to computers
equipped to handle the requests. If, for example, you set the port number 80 (HTTP) to be
forwarded to IP address 192.168.1.2, all HTTP requests from outside users are forwarded to
192.168.1.2.
Add Entry Click Add Entry to add port forwarding rules.
Accept Click Accept to confirm the changes.
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
Service Name
Protocol
Starting Port
Ending Port
IP Address
Save / Cancel
Enter a name for the port forwarding rule.
Select a protocol for the application: Choices are Both, TCP, and
UDP.
Enter a starting port number.
Enter an ending port number. All ports numbers between the
starting and ending ports will forward users to the IP address
specified in the IP Address field.
Enter the IP address of the server computer on the LAN network
where users will be redirected.
Click Save to apply the changes or Cancel to return previous
settings.
10.5 DMZ
If you have a computer that cannot run Internet applications properly from behind the ALL0258N,
you can allow the computer to have unrestricted Internet access. Enter the IP address of that
computer as a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) host with unrestricted Internet access. Adding a client to
the DMZ may expose that computer to a variety of security risks, so use this option as a last
DMZ Hosting
DMZ Address
Accept / Cancel
Enables or disables the ALL0258N DMZ function.
Enter an IP address of the computer that will have unlimited
Internet access.
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
resort.
Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
Chapter 11 Management Settings
The Management section lets you configure administration, management VLAN, SNMP settings,
backup/restore settings, firmware upgrade, time settings, and log settings. This chapter describes
these settings.
11.1 Administration
Click the Administration link under the Management menu to change the user name and
password used to log on to the ALL0258N Web Configurator . The default user name is admin
and the default password is admin. Changing these settings protects the ALL0258N
configuration settings from being accessed by unauthorized users.
Name
Password
Confirm Password
Remote Management
Remote Upgrade
Remote Management
Port
Enter a new username for logging in to the Web Configurator.
Enter a new password for logging in to the Web Configurator
Re-enter the new password for confirmation.
Enable or disable remote management.
Specify whether the ALL0258N firmware can be upgraded remotely.
If remote management is enabled, enter the port number to be
used for remote management. For example: If you specify the
port number 8080, enter http://<IP address>:8080 to access
the ALL0258N Web Configurator.
Save/Apply / Cancel Click Save/Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to return previous
settings.
Clicking Save/Apply changes the settings immediately. You cannot undo the
action.
11.2 Management VLAN
Click the Management VLAN link under the Management menu to assign a VLAN tag to the
packets. A VLAN is a group of computers on a network whose software has been configured so
that they behave as if they were on a separate Local Area Network (LAN). Computers on VLAN
Management VLAN ID If your network includes VLANs and if tagged packets need to
pass through the Access Point, enter the VLAN ID. Otherwise,
click No VLAN tag .
Accept / Cancel
Click Accept to confirm the changes or Cancel to cancel and
return previous settings.
do not have to be physically located next to one another on the LAN
1. If you reconfigure the Management VLAN ID, you may lose your connection to the
ALL0258N. Verify that the DHCP server supports the reconfigured VLAN ID and then
reconnect to the ALL0258N using the new IP address.
2. Clicking Accept does not apply the changes. To apply them, use Status > Save/Load (see
section 4.1).
11.3 SNMP Settings
Click the SNMP Settings link under the Management menu to monitor network-attached devices
using the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). SNMP allows messages (called
“protocol data unit’s) to be sent to various parts of a network. Upon receiving these messages,
SNMP-compatible devices (called agents) return data stored in their Management Information
Bases.
Clicking Save/Apply change the setting immediately. You cannot undo the action.
11.4 Backup/Restore Settings
Click the Backup/Restore Setting link under the Management menu to save the ALL0258N’s
current settings in a file on your local disk or load settings onto the device from a local disk. This
feature is particularly convenient administrators who have several ALL0258N devices that need
to be configured with the same settings.
SNMP Enable/Disable
Contact
Location
Community Name
Community Name
Trap Destination IP
Address
Trap Destination
Community Name
Save/Apply / Cancel
Enable or disable the ALL0258N SNMP function.
Enter the contact details of the device.
Enter the location of the device.
Enter the password for accessing the SNMP community for
read-only access.
Enter the password for accessing the SNMP community for read
and write access.
Enter the IP address where SNMP traps are to be sent.
Enter the password of the SNMP trap community.
Click Save/Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to return
previous settings.
This page also lets you return the ALL0258N to its factory default settings. If you perform this
procedure, any changes made to the ALL0258N default settings will be lost.
Save A Copy of
Current Settings
Restore Saved
Settings
from a File
Revert to Factory
Default Settings
Click Backup to save the current configured settings.
To restore settings that have been previously backed up, click
Browse, select the file, and click Restore.
Click this button to restore the ALL0258N to its factory default
settings.
11.5 Firmware Upgrade
Click the Firmware Upgrade link under the Management menu to upgrade the firmware of the
device. To perform this procedure, downloaded the appropriate firmware from your vendor.
The firmware upgrade procedure can take few minutes. Do not power off the ALL0258N during
the firmware upgrade, as it can cause the device to crash or become unusable. The ALL0258N
restarts automatically after the upgrade completes.
11.6 Time Settings
Click the Time Settings link under the Management menu to configure the ALL0258N system
time. You can enter the time manually or, to ensure accuracy, synchronize the ALL0258N with
Network Time Protocol (NTP) server.
Clicking Save/Apply changes the setting immediately. You cannot undo the action.
Manually Set Date
and Time
Automatically Get
Date and Time
Save/Apply / Cancel
Manually specify the date and time.
Select a time zone from the drop-down list and check whether
you want to enter the IP address of an NTP server or use the
default NTP server.
Click Save/Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to return
previous settings.
11.7 Log
Click the Log link under the Management menu to display a list of events that are triggered on
the ALL0258N Ethernet and wireless interfaces. You can consult this log if an unknown error
occurs on the system or when a report needs to be sent to the technical support department for
Syslog
Log Server IP Address
Local Log
Save/Apply / Cancel
Enable or disable the ALL0258N syslog function.
Enter the IP address of the log server.
Enable or disable the local log service.
Click Save/Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to return
previous settings.
debugging purposes.
Clicking Save/Apply changes the settings immediately. You cannot undo the
action.
11.8 Diagnostics
Click the Diagnostics link under the Management menu to ascertain connection quality and
Target IP
Ping Packet Size
Number of Pings
Start Ping
Traceroute Target
Start Traceroute
Enter the IP address you would like to search.
Enter the packet size of each ping.
Enter the number of times you want to ping.
Click Start Ping to begin pinging.
Enter an IP address or domain name you want to trace.
Click Start Traceroute to begin the trace route operation.
trace the routing table to the target.
Chapter 12 Network Configuration Examples
This chapter provides step-by-step descriptions for using the ALL0258N’s operating modes. The
Access Point Mode’s default configuration allows the ALL0258N to act as a central unit of a
WLAN or as a root device of a wired environment. Repeater mode and Mesh network mode are
reserved for future configuration.
12.1 Access Point
Access Point Mode does not provide DHCP server, so the Wireless Client IP address
must be configured manually using the same Local Area Network subnet.
12.2 Client Bridge Mode
Client Bridge Mode functions like a wireless dongle. It must connect to an Access Point/AP
Router to join the network.
Refer to Chapter 13 to check the Access Point’s configuration. The Client Bridge IP settings
must match the Access Point’s subnet.
12.3 WDS Bridge Mode
Use this feature to link multiple Access Points in a network. All clients associated with any Access
Points can communicate with each other in an ad-hoc manner.
Step1
Step2
Step3
Step4
Step5
Step6
Step7
Step8
WDS Bridge
Log in to the Web Configurator with the default IP address
192.168.1.1
Select your country or region’s regulation.
For Operation Mode, select WDS Bridge from System
Properties.
Select the channel you want to use.
Set up the authentication settings
Set up WDS Link Settings.
Specify the MAC address of the Access Point with which you want
to connect.
Click Apply to save all changes.
Each WDS bridge device must use the same Subnet, Wireless Mode, Wireless
Channel, and Security Setting.
12.4 Client Router
In Client Router Mode, the ALL0258N’s internal DHCP server allows LANs to automatically
generate an IP address to share the same Internet. Connect an Access Point/WISP wirelessly
and connect to LANs using a wired connection.
Refer to Chapter 13 to check the Access Point’s configuration.
Client Router’s IP setting must match to the Access Point’s subnet.
Chapter 13 Building a Wireless Network
With its ability to operate in various operating modes, your ALL0258N is the ideal device around
which you can build your WLAN. This appendix describes how to build a WLAN around your
ALL0258N using he device’s operating modes.
Step1
Step2
Step3
Step4
Step5
Step6
Step7
Step8
Step9
Client Router
Log in to the Web Configurator with the default IP address
192.168.1.1
Select your country or region’s regulation.
For Operation Mode, select Client Router from System
Properties.
Change your Local Area Network setting to Obtain an IP
Address Automatically.
Use site survey to scan Access Points that are available in nearby
areas.
Select the Access Point with you want to associate.
Set up authentication settings that match the Access Point’s settings.
Set your WAN connection type using the WAN settings provided
by your ISP.
Click Apply to save all changes.
13.1 Access Point Mode
In Access Point Mode, ALL0258N behaves likes a central connection for stations or clients that
support IEEE 802.11b/g/n networks. Stations and client must be configured to use the same
SSID and security password to associate with the ALL0258N. The ALL0258N supports four
SSIDs at the same time for secure guest access.
13.2 Access Point Mode with WDS Function
The ALL0258N Access Point Mode also supports WDS functionality. This operating mode allows
wireless connections to the ALL0258N using WDS technology. In this mode, configure the MAC
addresses in both Access Points to enlarge the wireless area by enabling WDS Link settings.
WDS supports eight AP MAC addresses.
Not every Access Point device supports WDS in Access Point Mode. As a result, to use WDS, we
recommend you use the ALL0258N.
13.3 Client Bridge Mode
In Client Bridge Mode, the ALL0258N behaves like a wireless client that connects to an Access
Point wirelessly and allows users to surf the Internet whenever they want. In this mode, use the
ALL0258N Site Survey to scan for Access Points within range. Then configure the ALL0258N
SSID and security password accordingly to associate with the Access Point. In this configuration,
the station has a wired Ethernet connection to the ALL0258N LAN port.
13.4 WDS Bridge Mode
In WDS Bridge Mode, the ALL0258N can wirelessly connect different LANs by configuring the
MAC address and security settings of each ALL0258N device. Use this mode when two wired
LANs located a small distance apart want to communicate with each other. The best solution is to
use the ALL0258N to wirelessly connect two wired LANs, as shown in the following figure. WDS
Bridge Mode can establish 16 WDS links, creating a star-like network.
WDS Bridge Mode is unlike Access Point. Access Points linked by WDS are using the same
frequency channel, more Access Points connected together may lower throughput. Please be
aware to avoid loop in your wireless connection, otherwise enable Spanning Tree Function.
13.5 Client Router Mode
In Client Router Mode, the ALL0258N’s internal DHCP server allows a number of LANs to
automatically generate IP addresses to share the same Internet. In this mode, connect an
AP/WISP wirelessly and connect to LANs via a wired connection.
13.6 RADIUS Connections
Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS) authentication is available when
configuring the ALL0258N wireless advanced settings (see Chapter 8). Use this feature if you
have a RADIUS server. WPA(TKIP), WPA2(AES), and WPA2 Mixed encryption types are also
supported.
The following figure shows an example of a RADIUS configuration, where two ALL0258N devices
installed at different locations communicate with each other wirelessly. In this configuration, one
ALL0258N is configured for Access Point Mode and connected to a RADIUS server via a switch,
while the other ALL0258N is configured for Client Bridge Mode. The RADIUS server uses an
authentication scheme such as PAP or CHAP to verify a user's identification, along with,
optionally, other information related to the request, such as the user's network address or phone
number, account status and specific network service access privileges. The RADIUS server then
returns one of three responses to the ALL0258N : Access Reject (user is denied access to all
requested network resources), Access Challenge (requests additional information from the user
such as a secondary password), PIN, token or card), or Access Accept (user is granted access).
Appendix A – Troubleshooting
This appendix provides problem‐solving information you may find useful in case you
need to troubleshoot your ALL0258N. It also includes information about contacting
technical support.
A.1 Problem Solving
Question
Answer
How do I reset the ALL0258N?
There are two ways to reset the ALL0258N, a
hardware method and a software method. Both
methods return the ALL0258N to its factory
default configuration. To use the hardware
method, open the cover on the bottom panel of
the ALL0258N and find the Reset button (see
section 2.1). Using a flat object such as a pencil,
press the Reset button for approximately 10
seconds and then stop pressing. To use the
software method, click Restore to Factory
Default in the Management menu.
The ALL0258N uses a proprietary PoE injector
and will not work with standard
802.3af‐compliant PoE switches.
The default IP address is 192.168.1.1
You need to plug the Ethernet cable connect to
PoE injector to the main LAN port. The
secondary Ethernet port is just an additional LAN
port for regular Ethernet connection such as IP
camera
The ALL0258N uses a proprietary PoE injector
and will not work with standard
802.3af‐compliant PoE switches.
Use the antenna appropriate for the frequency.
(2.4 GHz)
Why do I not see traffic pass after I connect the
ALL0258N to a PoE switch?
What is the default IP address of the ALL0258N?
I plugged the PoE to the second Ethernet port
on the back of ALL0258N but the unit is not on,
how come?
When I install the PoE connection to the
ALL0258N, what kind of PoE should I use?
I want to use higher gain antennas on the
ALL0258N, but I don’t know what antenna is
right.
I want to buy a high‐gain antenna for the
ALL0258N, but I don’t know what type of
antenna and RF connector to buy.
Use an antenna with a SMA connector to
connect to the ALL0258N.
93
A.2 Contacting Technical Support
If you encounter issues that cannot be resolved using this manual, please contact your vendor where you
purchase the device. If you cannot contact your vendor, you may also contact ALLNET Customer Service
department in the region where you purchased the device. Before you contact your local ALLNET office, please
prepare the following information:
•
Product model name and serial number
•
The place where you purchased the product
•
Warranty information
•
The date when you received the product
•
A brief description about the issue and the attempts you tried to resolve it To contact ALLNET
Customer Service office in the United States, please use either of the following methods:
•
Email: [email protected]
•
Telephone:
+49 89 894 222 15
Appendix B – Specifications
Standard:
Physical Interface:
IEEE 802.11 b/g/n
‐1 x Port with PoE support ‐1 x Port ‐1 x Reset
Max. Data rate:
LEDs status:
150 Mbps
‐Power Status ‐LAN1/LAN2 (10/100Mbps) ‐WLAN (Wireless is up) ‐3 x
Link Quality (Client Bridge mode)
Security:
‐WEP Encryption‐64/128/152 bit ‐WPA/WPA2 Personal (WPA‐PSK using
TKIP or AES) ‐WPA/WPA2 Enterprise (WPA‐EAP using TKIP) ‐802.1x
Authenticator ‐Hide SSID in beacons ‐MAC address filtering, up to 50
field ‐Wireless STA (Client) connected list
Power Requirements:
‐Active Ethernet (Power over Ethernet) ‐Proprietary PoE design ‐Power
Adapter 24VAC / 0.6A
Antenna:
Package Contents:
Internal Directional 10dBi
‐Wireless Long Range 11N CB/AP(ALL0258N) ‐PoE Injector (EPE‐24R)
‐Power Adaptor ‐CD with User’s Manual ‐QIG ‐Mounting Set ‐Special
screw set
FCC, CE, IC
Certifications:
RADIO FREQUENCY BAND
Channel
802.11b(2.412 ~ 2.472GHz)
1Mbps:
2Mbps:
5.5Mbps:
11Mbps:
802.11g(2.412 ~ 2.472GHz)
6Mbps:
Tx Avg. Power Optimal
(dBm)
Rx Sensitivity Optimal (dBm)
27
27
27
27
‐97
‐95
‐92
‐89
26
‐96
9Mbps:
26
‐93
12Mbps:
26
‐89
18Mbps:
26
‐85
24Mbps:
25
‐81
36Mbps:
24
‐79
48Mbps:
23
‐76
54Mbps:
22
‐75
MCS0 / MCS8:
26
‐95
MCS1 / MCS9:
26
‐92
MCS2 / MCS10:
26
‐87
MCS3 / MCS11:
26
‐85
MCS4 / MCS12:
24
‐80
MCS5 / MCS13:
23
‐79
MCS6 / MCS14:
22
‐74
MCS7 / MCS15:
ENVIRONMENT &
MECHANICAL
21
‐73
802.11n(2.412 ~ 2.472GHz)
Temperature Range:
Humidity (non‐condensing):
Waterproof:
Operating ‐20°C ~ 70°C (‐4°F to 158° F)
Storage ‐30°C ~ 80°C (‐22° F to 176°F)
0%~90 % typical
IP55
Appendix C – Glossary
Access Point
A base station in a WLAN that act as a central transmitter and receiver of WLAN radio signals.
Ad Hoc Network
A short-term WLAN framework created between two or more WLAN adapters, without going
through an Access Point. An ad hoc network lets computers send data directly to and from one
another. For an ad hoc network to work, each computer on the network needs a WLAN card
installed configured for Ad Hoc mode.
Antenna
A device that sends and receives radio-frequency (RF) signals. Often camouflaged on existing
buildings, trees, water towers or other tall structures, the size and shape of antennas are
generally determined by the frequency of the signal they manage.
Authentication A process that verifies the identity of a wireless device or end-user. A common
form of authentication is to verify identities by checking a user name and password to allow
network access.
Backbone
A high‐speed line or series of connections that form a major pathway within a network.
Bandwidth
The part of the frequency spectrum required to transmit desired information. Each radio channel
has a center frequency and additional frequencies above and below this carrier frequency that
carry the transmitted information. The range of frequencies from the lowest to the highest used is
called the bandwidth.
Bridge
A wireless device that connects multiple networks that are physically separate or use
different media, but which use similar standards.
Bridge Mode
An Access Pointy in bridge mode can operate as a WLAN bridge that connects two wired network
segments. The peer device also must be in bridge mode. This wireless bridge connection is
equivalent to a Wireless Distribution System (WDS).
CHAP
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol. An alternative protocol that uses a
challenge/response technique instead of sending passwords over the wire.
Collision
Interference resulting from two network devices sending data at the same time. The network
detects the collision of the two transmitted packets and discards both of them.
Coverage
The region within which a paging receiver can reliably receive the transmission of paging signals.
Coverage Area
The geographical area that can be served by a mobile communications network or system.
Coverage Hole
An area within the radio coverage footprint of a wireless system where the RF signal level is
below the design threshold. Physical obstructions such as buildings, foliage, hills, tunnels,
and indoor parking garages are usually the cause of coverage holes.
Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC)
A common technique for detecting data transmission errors.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
A protocol that assigns temporary IP addresses automatically to client stations logging onto an
IP network, so the IP addresses do not have to be assigned manually. The ALL0258N contains
an internal DHCP server that automatically allocates IP address using a user-defined range of
IP addresses.
Dead Spot
An area within the coverage area of a WLAN where there is no coverage or transmission falling
off. Electronic interference or physical barriers such as hills, tunnels, and indoor parking
garages are usually the cause of dead spots. See also coverage area
802.11
A category of WLAN standards defined by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
(IEEE).
802.11a
An IEEE standard for WLANs that operate at 5 GHz, with data rates up to 54 Mbps.
802.11b
An IEEE standard for WLANs that operate at 2.4 GHz, with data rates up to 11 Mbps.
802.11g
An IEEE standard for WLANs that operates at 2.4 GHz, with data rate of 300 Mbps. The new
standard also raises the encryption bar to WPA2. The 40 HT option can be added to increase
the data rate.
Encryption
Translates data into a secret code to achieve data security. To read an encrypted file, you
must have a secret key or password for decryption. Unencrypted data is referred to as plain
text; encrypted data is referred to as cipher text
ESS ID
The unique identifier for an ESS. All Access Points and their associated wireless stations in
the same group must have the same ESSID.
Footprint
Geographical areas where an entity is licensed to broadcast its signal.
Gateway
A computer system or other device that acts as a translator between two systems that use
different communication protocols, data formatting structures, languages, and/or architecture.
HT mode
In the 802.11n system, two new formats, called High Throughput (HT), are defined for the
Physical Layer, Mixed Mode, and Green Field. If a system runs 40 HT, two adjacent 20 MHz
channels are used. The larger 40 MHz bandwidth can provide better transmit quality and speed.
Keys
Like passwords, keys open (decrypt) and close (encrypt) messages. While many
encryption algorithms are commonly known and public, the key must be kept secret.
Local‐Area Network (LAN)
A small data network covering a limited area, such as a building or group of buildings. Most LANs
connect workstations or personal computers. LANs let many users share devices such as
printers as well as data. LANs also facilitate communication through e‐mail or chat sessions.
Media Access Control (MAC) Address
Address associated with every hardware device on the network. Every 802.11 wireless device
has its own specific MAC address. This unique identifier is hard‐coded into the device and can be
used to provide security for WLANs. When a network uses a MAC table, only the 802.11 radios
that have their MAC addresses added to that network's MAC table can access the network.
Network Address Translation (NAT)
An Internet standard that lets a LAN use one set of IP addresses for internal traffic and a
second set of addresses for external traffic.
Network Time Protocol (NTP)
A protocol that lets devices synchronize their time with a time server. NTP uses TCP or UDP
port 123 by default.
Passphrase
A text string that automatically generates WEP keys on wireless client adapters.
Power Over Ethernet (PoE)
A PoE provides power to PoE‐enabled devices using an 8‐pin CAT 5 Ethernet cable, eliminating
the need for a power source.
Preamble
Synchronizes transmissions in a WLAN. The preamble type defines the length of the Cyclic
Redundancy Check block for communication between a device and roaming wireless
stations.
Protected Extensible Authentication Protocol (PEAP)
Authentication protocol of IEEE 802.1x used to send authentication data and passwords over
802.11 WLANs.
Quality of Service (QoS)
A network’s ability to deliver data with minimum delay. QoS also refers to the networking
methods used to provide bandwidth for real‐time multimedia applications.
Remote Authentication Dial‐In User Service (RADIUS)
Networking protocol that provides centralized authentication, authorization, and accounting
management for computers to connect and use a network service. Because of its broad
support and ubiquitous nature, the RADIUS protocol is often used by ISPs and enterprises to
manage access to the Internet or internal networks, WLANs, and integrated e‐mail services.
Service Set Identifier (SSID)
Name of a WLAN. All wireless devices on a WLAN must use the same SSID to communicate
with each other.
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
An Internet‐standard protocol for managing devices on IP networks.
Snooping
Passively watching a network for data, such as passwords, that can be used to benefit a hacker.
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP)
An encryption protocol that uses 128‐bit keys. Keys are dynamically generated and distributed by
the authentication server. TKIP regularly changes and rotates encryption keys, with an encryption
key never being used twice.
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
A protocol that allows communications over and between networks. TCP/IP is the basis
for Internet communications.
Weighted Fair Queuing (WFQ)
WFQ services queues are based on priority and queue weight. Queues with larger weights get
more service than queues with smaller weights. This highly efficient queuing mechanism divides
available bandwidth across different traffic queues.
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP)
Security protocol that provides a WLAN with a level of security and privacy comparable to that of
a wired LAN. WEP encrypts data sent between wired and WLANs to keep transmissions private.
Wireless Local‐Area Network (WLAN)
WLANs use RF technology to send and receive data wirelessly in a certain area. This lets users
in a small zone send data and share resources such as printers without using cables to physically
connect each computer.
Wi‐Fi Protected Access (WPA )
A subset of the IEEE 802.11i standard. WPA applies IEEE 802.1x and Extensible Authentication
Protocol (EAP) to authenticate wireless clients using an external RADIUS database. WPA uses
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP), Message Integrity Check (MIC), and IEEE 802.1x to
encrypt data. See also WPA‐PSK (WPA ‐Pre‐Shared Key).
Wi‐Fi MultiMedia (WMM)
Part of the IEEE 802.11e QoS enhancement to the Wi‐Fi standard that ensures quality of
service for multimedia applications in WLANs.
Wireless Client Supplicants
Software that runs on an operating system, instructing the wireless client how to use WPA.
WPA ‐Pre‐Shared Key (WPA‐PSK)
WPA‐PSK requires a single (identical) password entered into each Access Point, wireless
gateway, and wireless client. A client is granted access to a WLAN if the passwords match.
WPA2
A wireless security standard that defines stronger encryption, authentication, and key
management than WPA. It includes two data encryption algorithms, Temporal Key Integrity
Protocol (TKIP) and Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), in the Counter mode with Cipher
block chaining Message authentication Code Protocol (CCMP).
Wireless Distribution System (WDS)
A technology that lets Access Points communicate with one another to extend the range of a
WLAN.
Appendix D – FCC Interference Statement
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment
generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If
this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one of the following measures:
‐Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
‐Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
‐Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
‐Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible
for compliance could void the user's authority to operate this equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
IMPORTANT NOTE:
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance 20cm
between the radiator & your body.
This transmitter must not be co‐located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or
transmitter.
Copyright © 2011. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced, republished, or retransmitted in any form or
by any means whatsoever, whether electronically or mechanically, including, but not
limited to, by way of photocopying, recording, information recording, or through retrieval
systems without the express written permission of the owner. Product specifications
contained in this document are subject to change without notice. All other company or
product names mentioned are used for identification purposes only and may be
trademarks of their respective owners.
Manufacturer:
ALLNET GmbH
ALLNET Deutschland GmbH
Maistrasse 2
82110 Germering
Tel. +49 89 894 222 22
Fax +49 89 894 222 33
email: [email protected]
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