Allnet ALL1295 User guide

Allnet ALL1295 User guide
Multi-Function
Broadband Router
ALL1294A
ALL1295
User's Guide
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................. 1
Broadband Router Features............................................................................................. 1
Package Contents .............................................................................................................. 3
Physical Details - ALL1294A............................................................................................ 4
Physical Details - ALL1295 .............................................................................................. 6
CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION............................................................................................... 8
Requirements..................................................................................................................... 8
Procedure ........................................................................................................................... 8
CHAPTER 3 SETUP .............................................................................................................. 10
Overview .......................................................................................................................... 10
Configuration Program .................................................................................................. 11
Setup Wizard ................................................................................................................... 13
LAN Screen...................................................................................................................... 16
Password Screen .............................................................................................................. 18
CHAPTER 4 PC CONFIGURATION .................................................................................. 19
Overview .......................................................................................................................... 19
Windows Clients .............................................................................................................. 19
Printer Setup for Windows (ALL1295 only)................................................................. 31
Macintosh Clients............................................................................................................ 37
Linux Clients.................................................................................................................... 37
Other Unix Systems......................................................................................................... 38
CHAPTER 5 OPERATION AND STATUS ......................................................................... 39
Operation ......................................................................................................................... 39
Status Screen.................................................................................................................... 39
Connection Status - PPPoE ............................................................................................ 42
Connection Status - PPTP .............................................................................................. 44
Connection Status - Telstra Big Pond............................................................................ 45
Connection Details - SingTel RAS ................................................................................. 46
Connection Details - Fixed/Dynamic IP Address ......................................................... 47
CHAPTER 6 ADVANCED FEATURES .............................................................................. 49
Overview .......................................................................................................................... 49
Advanced Menu Screen .................................................................................................. 49
Advanced Internet Screen .............................................................................................. 50
Access Control ................................................................................................................. 54
Remote Management ...................................................................................................... 61
Virtual Servers................................................................................................................. 62
Dynamic DNS (Domain Name Server) .......................................................................... 65
Firmware Upgrade .......................................................................................................... 67
CHAPTER 7 ADVANCED CONFIGURATION................................................................. 68
Overview .......................................................................................................................... 68
PC Database..................................................................................................................... 69
Options ............................................................................................................................. 73
Security............................................................................................................................. 75
Logs................................................................................................................................... 77
Printer Port (ALL1295 only).......................................................................................... 79
MAC Address .................................................................................................................. 80
Routing ............................................................................................................................. 81
i
APPENDIX A TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................ 85
Overview .......................................................................................................................... 85
General Problems ............................................................................................................ 85
Internet Access................................................................................................................. 85
Printing (For ALL1295 only) ......................................................................................... 86
APPENDIX B SPECIFICATIONS........................................................................................ 89
ALL1294A........................................................................................................................ 89
ALL1295........................................................................................................................... 90
P/N: 9560J60130
Copyright  2003. All Rights Reserved.
Document Version: 1.0
All trademarks and trade names are the properties of their respective owners.
ii
Chapter 1
Introduction
1
This Chapter provides an overview of the Broadband Router's features and
capabilities.
Congratulations on the purchase of your new Broadband Router. The Broadband Router is a
multi-function device providing the following services:
•
•
•
Shared Broadband Internet Access for all LAN users.
4-Port Switching Hub for 10BaseT or 100BaseT connections.
Network Printer - LAN users can share the printer attached to the Broadband Router
(ALL1295 only).
Figure 1: Broadband Router
Broadband Router Features
The Broadband Router incorporates many advanced features, carefully designed to provide
sophisticated functions while being easy to use.
Internet Access Features
•
Shared Internet Access. All users on the LAN or WLAN can access the Internet
through the Broadband Router, using only a single external IP Address. The local (invalid)
IP Addresses are hidden from external sources. This process is called NAT (Network Address Translation).
•
DSL & Cable Modem Support. The Broadband Router has a 10BaseT Ethernet port
•
PPPoE, PPTP and Telstra Big Pond Support. The Internet (WAN port) connection
for connecting a DSL or Cable Modem. All popular DSL and Cable Modems are supported. SingTel RAS and Big Pond (Australia) login support is also included.
supports PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet), PPTP (Peer-to-Peer Tunneling Protocol) and Telstra
Big Pond (Australia), as well as "Direct Connection" type services.
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Broadband Router User Guide
•
Fixed or Dynamic IP Address. On the Internet (WAN port) connection, the Broadband Router supports both Dynamic IP Address (IP Address is allocated on connection)
and Fixed IP Address.
Advanced Internet Functions
•
Communication Applications. Support for Internet communication applications, such
•
Special Internet Applications. Applications which use non-standard connections or
•
Virtual Servers. This feature allows Internet users to access Internet servers on your
LAN. The required setup is quick and easy.
•
DMZ. One (1) PC on your local LAN can be configured to allow unrestricted 2-way
communication with Servers or individual users on the Internet. This provides the ability
to run programs which are incompatible with Firewalls.
•
URL Filter. Use the URL Filter to block access to undesirable Web sites by LAN users.
Internet Access Log. See which Internet connections have been made.
VPN Support. VPN (Virtual Private Networking) connections using PPTP and IPSec
•
•
as interactive Games, Telephony, and Conferencing applications, which are often difficult
to use when behind a Firewall, is included.
port numbers are normally blocked by the Firewall. The ability to define and allow such
applications is provided, to enable such applications to be used normally.
are transparently supported - no configuration is required.
LAN Features
•
4-Port Switching Hub. The Broadband Router incorporates a 4-port 10/100BaseT
switching hub, making it easy to create or extend your LAN.
•
DHCP Server Support. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol provides a dynamic IP
address to PCs and other devices upon request. The Broadband Router can act as a DHCP
Server for devices on your local LAN and WLAN.
•
Multi Segment LAN Support. LANs containing one or more segments are supported,
via the Broadband Router's RIP (Routing Information Protocol) support and built-in static
routing table.
Network Printer (ALL1295 only)
•
Shared Printer (Network Printer). A printer connected to the Broadband Router's
parallel port can be shared by all PCs on the LAN or WLAN.
•
Multiple OS Support. Clients may use any of the following operating systems:
•
•
Windows 95/98/ME
•
Windows NT 4.0, 2000, or XP.
•
Unix
Multi-protocol Support. The following printing methods are supported:
•
Windows peer-to-peer printing over TCP/IP, using the supplied port driver.
•
Windows LPD printing, using a Windows Server running NT 4.0 or Windows 2000
Server. In this situation, no software needs to be installed on the client PCs.
•
Unix LPD printing. No additional software needs to be installed.
2
Introduction
Configuration & Management
•
Easy Setup. Use your WEB browser from anywhere on the LAN or WLAN for configuration.
•
Remote Management. The Broadband Router can be managed from any PC on your
•
UPnP Support. UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) allows automatic discovery and configuration of the Broadband Router. UPnP is by supported by Windows ME, XP, or later.
LAN. And, if the Internet connection exists, it can also (optionally) be configured via the
Internet.
Security Features
•
Password - protected Configuration. Optional password protection is provided to
•
NAT Protection. An intrinsic side effect of NAT (Network Address Translation) tech-
•
Stateful Inspection Firewall. All incoming data packets are monitored and all incoming server requests are filtered, thus protecting your network from malicious attacks from
external sources.
•
Protection against DoS attacks. DoS (Denial of Service) attacks can flood your
Internet connection with invalid packets and connection requests, using so much bandwidth and so many resources that Internet access becomes unavailable. The Broadband
Router incorporates protection against DoS attacks.
prevent unauthorized users from modifying the configuration data and settings.
nology is that by allowing all LAN users to share a single IP address, the location and
even the existence of each PC is hidden. From the external viewpoint, there is no network,
only a single device - the Broadband Router.
Package Contents
The following items should be included:
•
The Broadband Router Unit
•
Power Adapter
•
Quick Installation Guide
•
CD-ROM containing the on-line manual. For the ALL1295, the Print Port Driver for
Windows is also included on the CD-ROM.
If any of the above items are damaged or missing, please contact your dealer immediately.
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Broadband Router User Guide
Physical Details - ALL1294A
Front-mounted LEDs - ALL1294A
Power
On - Power on.
Off - No power.
Status (Red)
On - Error condition.
Off - Normal operation.
Blinking - This LED blinks during start up.
LAN
For each port, there are 2 LEDs
•
•
WAN
Link/Act
•
On - Corresponding LAN (hub) port is active.
•
Off - No active connection on the corresponding LAN (hub) port.
•
Flashing - Data is being transmitted or received via the corresponding LAN (hub) port.
100
•
On - Corresponding LAN (hub) port is using 100BaseT.
•
Off - Corresponding LAN (hub) port connection is using
10BaseT, or no active connection.
On - Connection to the modem attached to the WAN (Internet) port is
established.
Flashing - Data is being transmitted or received via the WAN port.
4
Introduction
ALL1294A Rear Panel
RESET
WAN
LAN4
LAN3
LAN2
LAN1
Normal
Uplink
Reset WAN
button port
10/100BaseT
Connectors
POWER
Uplink
Button
Power
Input
Figure 2: ALL1294A Rear Panel
Reset Button
This button has two (2) functions:
•
Reboot. When pressed and released, the Broadband Router will
reboot (restart).
•
Clear All Data. This button can also be used to clear ALL data
and restore ALL settings to the factory default values.
To Clear All Data and restore the factory default values:
1. Power Off.
2. Hold the Reset Button down while you Power On.
3. Keep holding the Reset Button for a few seconds, until the RED
LED has flashed TWICE.
4. Release the Reset Button. The Broadband Router is now using
the factory default values.
WAN port
(10/100BaseT)
Connect the DSL or Cable Modem here. If your modem came with a
cable, use the supplied cable. Otherwise, use a standard LAN cable.
10/100BaseT
LAN connections
Use standard LAN cables (RJ45 connectors) to connect your PCs to
these ports.
The "LAN1" port can also be used as an "Uplink" port to connect to
another hub if required. See the "Uplink" button below.
Uplink Button
When depressed (in), then the "LAN 1" port becomes an "Uplink"
port, and must be connected to a normal port on another Hub, using a
standard LAN cable.
If this button is extended (out), then the "LAN 1" port acts as a
normal LAN port, and can be used just like the other LAN ports.
Power port
Connect the supplied power adapter here.
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Broadband Router User Guide
Physical Details - ALL1295
Front-mounted LEDs - ALL1295
Power
On - Power on.
Off - No power.
Status (Red)
On - Error condition.
Off - Normal operation.
Blinking - This LED blinks during start up.
LAN
For each port, there are 2 LEDs
•
•
WAN
Link/Act
•
On - Corresponding LAN (hub) port is active.
•
Off - No active connection on the corresponding LAN (hub) port.
•
Flashing - Data is being transmitted or received via the corresponding LAN (hub) port.
100
•
On - Corresponding LAN (hub) port is using 100BaseT.
•
Off - Corresponding LAN (hub) port connection is using
10BaseT, or no active connection.
On - Connection to the modem attached to the WAN (Internet) port is
established.
Flashing - Data is being transmitted or received via the WAN port.
Print Act
On - Connection to printer established.
Off - No connection to printer; printer is Off or Off-line.
Flashing - Data is being transmitted to the printer.
Print Error
On - Printer error detected.
Off - No printer error detected.
ALL1295 Rear Panel
RESET
WAN
LAN4
LAN3
LAN2
LAN1
Normal
Uplink
POWER
Printer
port
Reset WAN
button port
10/100BaseT
Connectors
Uplink
Button
Power
Input
Figure 3: ALL1295 Rear Panel
6
Introduction
Printer Port
Standard parallel printer port. If you wish to share a printer, connect
it here.
Reset Button
This button has three (3) functions:
•
Reboot. When pressed and released, the Broadband Router will
reboot (restart).
•
Diagnostic print-out. If held down for 3 seconds, a diagnostic
print-out will be sent to the attached printer.
•
•
Ensure the printer is ready.
•
Both Print LEDs will flash simultaneously during the diagnostic printing.
Clear All Data. This button can also be used to clear ALL data
and restore ALL settings to the factory default values.
To Clear All Data and restore the factory default values:
5. Power Off.
6. Hold the Reset Button down while you Power On.
7. Keep holding the Reset Button for a few seconds, until the RED
LED has flashed TWICE.
8. Release the Reset Button. The Broadband Router is now using
the factory default values.
WAN port
(10BaseT)
Connect the DSL or Cable Modem here. If your modem came with a
cable, use the supplied cable. Otherwise, use a standard LAN cable.
10/100BaseT
LAN connections
Use standard LAN cables (RJ45 connectors) to connect your PCs to
these ports.
The "Uplink" port can be used to connect to a standard port on
another Hub, using a standard LAN cable.
Use EITHER "Port 1” OR the "Uplink" port.
You can NOT use both.
Uplink ButtonOptional
If this button is present, it allows LAN port 1 to be used as an Uplink
port for connecting directly to another hub.
When depressed (in), then the "LAN 1" port becomes an "Uplink"
port, and must be connected to a normal port on another Hub.
If this button is extended (out), then the "LAN 1" port acts as a
normal LAN port.
Power port
Connect the supplied power adapter here.
7
2
Chapter 2
Installation
This Chapter covers the physical installation of the Broadband Router.
Requirements
•
Network cables. Use standard 10/100BaseT network (UTP) cables with RJ45 connectors.
•
TCP/IP protocol must be installed on all PCs.
•
For Internet Access, an Internet Access account with an ISP, and either of a DSL or Cable
modem (for WAN port usage)
•
For shared access to the attached printer, the following clients are supported (ALL1295
only):
•
Windows 95/98/ME
•
Windows NT 4.0, 2000 or XP
•
Unix (LPD printing)
Procedure
Figure 4: Installation Diagram
1. Choose an Installation Site
Select a suitable place on the network to install the Broadband Router.
Ensure the Broadband Router and the DSL/Cable modem are powered OFF.
2. Connect LAN Cables
•
Use standard LAN cables to connect PCs to the Switching Hub ports on the Broadband
Router. Both 10BaseT and 100BaseT connections can be used simultaneously.
8
Installation
•
If required, you can connect the "LAN1" port to another Hub:
•
Depress the "Uplink" button beside the "LAN1" port.
•
Use a standard LAN cable to connect the "LAN1"port to a standard port on the other
hub.
3. Connect WAN Cable
Connect the DSL or Cable modem to the WAN port on the Broadband Router. Use the cable supplied with your DSL/Cable modem. If no cable was supplied, use a standard cable.
4. Connect Printer Cable (ALL1295 only)
Use a standard parallel printer cable to connect your printer to the Printer port on the
Broadband Router.
5. Power Up
•
Power on the Cable or DSL modem.
•
Connect the supplied power adapter to the Broadband Router and power up.
Use only the power adapter provided. Using a different one may cause hardware damage
6. Check the LEDs
•
The Power LED should be ON.
•
The Status LED should flash, then turn Off. If it stays on, there is a hardware error.
•
For each LAN (PC) connection, the LAN Link/Act LED should be ON (provided the PC is
also ON.)
•
The WAN LED should be ON.
•
For the ALL1295, the Print Act LED should be ON.
For more information, refer to Front-mounted LEDs in Chapter 1.
9
3
Chapter 3
Setup
This Chapter provides Setup details of the Broadband Router.
Overview
This chapter describes the setup procedure for:
•
Internet Access
•
LAN configuration
•
Assigning a Password to protect the configuration data.
PCs on your local LAN may also require configuration. For details, see Chapter 4 - PC Configuration.
Other configuration may also be required, depending on which features and functions of the
Broadband Router you wish to use. Use the table below to locate detailed instructions for the
required functions.
To Do this:
Refer to:
Configure PCs on your LAN.
Chapter 4:
PC Configuration
Check Broadband Router operation and Status.
Chapter 5:
Operation and Status
Use any of the following Internet features:
Chapter 6:
Advanced Features
•
Special Applications
•
DMZ
•
Virtual Servers
•
Dynamic DNS
•
Remote Management
•
Firmware Upgrade
Use any of the following Advanced Configuration
settings:
•
PC Database
•
Options (Backup DNS, TFTP, UPnP, Firewall)
•
Printer Port setup (ALL1295, Linux/Unix only)
•
Routing (RIP and static Routing)
Chapter 7
Advanced Configuration
Where use of a certain feature requires that
PCs or other LAN devices be configured, this
is also explained in the relevant chapter.
10
Setup
Configuration Program
The Broadband Router contains an HTTP server. This enables you to connect to it, and configure it, using your Web Browser. Your Browser must support JavaScript. The
configuration program has been tested on the following browsers:
•
Netscape V4.08 or later
•
Internet Explorer V4 or later
Preparation
Before attempting to configure the Broadband Router, please ensure that:
•
Your PC can establish a physical connection to the Broadband Router. The PC and the
Broadband Router must be directly connected (using the Hub ports on the Broadband
Router) or on the same LAN segment.
•
The Broadband Router must be installed and powered ON.
•
If the Broadband Router's default IP Address (192.168.0.1) is already used by another
device, the other device must be turned OFF until the Broadband Router is allocated a new
IP Address during configuration.
Using UPnP
If your Windows system supports UPnP, an icon for the Broadband Router will appear in the
system tray, notifying you that a new network device has been found, and offering to create a
new desktop shortcut to the newly-discovered device.
•
Unless you intend to change the IP Address of the Broadband Router, you can accept the
desktop shortcut.
•
Whether you accept the desktop shortcut or not, you can always find UPnP devices in My
Network Places (previously called Network Neighborhood).
•
Double - click the icon for the Broadband Router (either on the Desktop, or in My Network Places) to start the configuration. Refer to the following section Setup Wizard for
details of the initial configuration process.
Using your Web Browser
To establish a connection from your PC to the Broadband Router:
1. After installing the Broadband Router in your LAN, start your PC. If your PC is already
running, restart it.
2. Start your WEB browser.
3. In the Address box, enter "HTTP://" and the IP Address of the Broadband Router, as in
this example, which uses the Broadband Router's default IP Address:
HTTP://192.168.0.1
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Broadband Router User Guide
If you can't connect
If the Broadband Router does not respond, check the following:
•
The Broadband Router is properly installed, LAN connection is OK, and it is
powered ON. You can test the connection by using the "Ping" command:
•
Open the MS-DOS window or command prompt window.
•
Enter the command:
ping 192.168.0.1
If no response is received, either the connection is not working, or your
PC's IP address is not compatible with the Broadband Router's IP Address.
(See next item.)
•
If your PC is using a fixed IP Address, its IP Address must be within the range
192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254 to be compatible with the Broadband Router's
default IP Address of 192.168.0.1. Also, the Network Mask must be set to
255.255.255.0. See Chapter 4 - PC Configuration for details on checking your
PC's TCP/IP settings.
•
Ensure that your PC and the Broadband Router are on the same network
segment. (If you don't have a router, this must be the case.)
12
Setup
Setup Wizard
The first time you connect to the Broadband Router, the Setup Wizard will run automatically.
(The Setup Wizard will also run if the Broadband Router's default setting are restored.)
1. Step through the Wizard until finished.
•
2.
3.
You need to know the type of Internet connection service used by your ISP. Check
the data supplied by your ISP.
• The common connection types are explained in the tables below.
On the final screen of the Wizard, run the test and check that an Internet connection can be
established.
If the connection test fails:
•
Check your data, the Cable/DSL modem, and all connections.
•
Check that you have entered all data correctly.
•
If using a Cable modem, your ISP may have recorded the MAC (physical) address of
your PC. Run the Wizard, and on the Cable Modem screen, use the "Clone MAC address" button to copy the MAC address from your PC to the Wireless Router.
Common Connection Types
Cable Modems
Type
Details
ISP Data required
Dynamic
IP Address
Your IP Address is allocated
automatically, when you
connect to you ISP.
Usually, none.
Static (Fixed)
IP Address
Your ISP allocates a permanent IP Address to you.
IP Address allocated to you.
Type
Details
ISP Data required
Dynamic
IP Address
Your IP Address is allocated
automatically, when you
connect to you ISP.
None.
Static (Fixed)
IP Address
Your ISP allocates a permanent IP Address to you.
IP Address allocated to you.
PPPoE
You connect to the ISP only
when required. The IP address
is usually allocated automatically.
User name and password.
PPTP
Mainly used in Europe.
•
PPTP Server IP Address.
You connect to the ISP only
•
User name and password.
However, some ISP's may
require you to use a particular
Hostname, Domain name, or
MAC (physical) address.
Some ISP's may also require
you to use a particular Hostname, Domain name, or MAC
(physical) address.
DSL Modems
13
Broadband Router User Guide
when required. The IP address
is usually allocated automatically, but may be Static
(Fixed).
•
IP Address allocated to
you, if Static (Fixed).
Other Modems (e.g. Broadband Wireless)
Type
Details
ISP Data required
Dynamic
IP Address
Your IP Address is allocated
automatically, when you connect to you ISP.
None.
Static (Fixed)
IP Address
Your ISP allocates a permanent
IP Address to you.
IP Address allocated to you.
Big Pond (Australia)
For this connection method, the following data is required:
•
User Name
•
Password
•
Big Pond Server IP address
SingTel RAS
For this connection method, the following data is required:
•
User Name
•
Password
•
RAS Plan
14
Setup
Home Screen
After finishing the Setup Wizard, you will see the Home screen. When you connect in future,
you will see this screen when you connect. An example screen is shown below.
Figure 5: Home Screen
Navigation & Data Input
•
Use the menu bar on the top of the screen, and the "Back" button on your Browser, for
navigation.
•
Changing to another screen without clicking "Save" does NOT save any changes you may
have made. You must "Save" before changing screens or your data will be ignored.
On each screen, clicking the "Help" button will
display help for that screen.
From any help screen, you can access the list of all
help files (help index).
15
Broadband Router User Guide
LAN Screen
Use the LAN link on the main menu to reach the LAN screen An example screen is shown
below.
Figure 6: LAN Screen
Data - LAN Screen
TCP/IP
IP Address
IP address for the Broadband Router, as seen from the local LAN. Use
the default value unless the address is already in use or your LAN is
using a different IP address range. In the latter case, enter an unused IP
Address from within the range used by your LAN.
Subnet Mask
The default value 255.255.255.0 is standard for small (class "C")
networks. For other networks, use the Subnet Mask for the LAN
segment to which the Broadband Router is attached (the same value as
the PCs on that LAN segment).
DHCP Server
•
If Enabled, the Broadband Router will allocate IP Addresses to
PCs (DHCP clients) on your LAN when they start up. The default
(and recommended) value is Enabled.
•
If you are already using a DHCP Server, this setting must be
Disabled, and the existing DHCP server must be re-configured to
treat the Broadband Router as the default Gateway. See the following section for further details.
•
The Start IP Address and Finish IP Address fields set the values
used by the DHCP server when allocating IP Addresses to DHCP
clients. This range also determines the number of DHCP clients
supported.
See the following section for further details on using DHCP.
Buttons
Save
Save the data on screen.
Cancel
The "Cancel" button will discard any data you have entered and reload
the file from the Broadband Router.
16
Setup
DHCP
What DHCP Does
A DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) Server allocates a valid IP address to a
DHCP Client (PC or device) upon request.
•
The client request is made when the client device starts up (boots).
•
The DHCP Server provides the Gateway and DNS addresses to the client, as well as
allocating an IP Address.
•
The Broadband Router can act as a DHCP server.
•
Windows 95/98/ME and other non-Server versions of Windows will act as a DHCP
client. This is the default Windows setting for the TCP/IP network protocol. However,
Windows uses the term Obtain an IP Address automatically instead of "DHCP Client".
•
You must NOT have two (2) or more DHCP Servers on the same LAN segment. (If your
LAN does not have other Routers, this means there must only be one (1) DHCP Server on
your LAN.)
Using the Broadband Router's DHCP Server
This is the default setting. The DHCP Server settings are on the LAN screen. On this screen,
you can:
•
Enable or Disable the Broadband Router's DHCP Server function.
•
Set the range of IP Addresses allocated to PCs by the DHCP Server function.
You can assign Fixed IP Addresses to some devices
while using DHCP, provided that the Fixed IP Addresses
are NOT within the range used by the DHCP Server.
Using another DHCP Server
You can only use one (1) DHCP Server per LAN segment. If you wish to use another DHCP
Server, rather than the Broadband Router's, the following procedure is required.
1. Disable the DHCP Server feature in the Broadband Router. This setting is on the LAN
screen.
2. Configure the DHCP Server to provide the Broadband Router's IP Address as the Default
Gateway.
To Configure your PCs to use DHCP
This is the default setting for TCP/IP under Windows 95/98/ME.
See Chapter 4 - Client Configuration for the procedure to check these settings.
17
Broadband Router User Guide
Password Screen
The password screen allows you to assign a password to the Broadband Router.
Figure 7: Password Screen
Once you have assigned a password to the Broadband Router (on the Password screen above)
you will be prompted for the password when you connect, as shown below. (If no password
has been set, this dialog will not appear.)
Figure 8: Password Dialog
•
Leave the "User Name" blank.
•
Enter the password for the Broadband Router, as set on the Password screen above.
18
Chapter 4
PC Configuration
4
This Chapter details the PC Configuration required on the local ("Internal")
LAN.
Overview
For each PC, the following may need to be configured:
•
TCP/IP network settings
•
Internet Access configuration
•
Printer configuration (For ALL1295)
Windows Clients
This section describes how to configure Windows clients for:
•
Internet access via the Broadband Router
•
Sharing the Printer connected to the Broadband Router.
The first step is to check the PC's TCP/IP settings.
The Broadband Router uses the TCP/IP network protocol for all functions, so it is essential
that the TCP/IP protocol be installed and configured on each PC.
TCP/IP Settings - Overview
If using the default Broadband Router settings, and the default Windows
TCP/IP settings, no changes need to be made.
•
By default, the Broadband Router will act as a DHCP Server, automatically providing a
suitable IP Address (and related information) to each PC when the PC boots.
•
For all non-Server versions of Windows, the default TCP/IP setting is to act as a DHCP
client.
If using a Fixed (specified) IP address, the following changes are required:
•
The Gateway must be set to the IP address of the Broadband Router
•
The DNS should be set to the address provided by your ISP.
If your LAN has a Router, the LAN Administrator must reconfigure the Router itself. Refer to Chapter 8 - Advanced Setup for details.
19
Broadband Router User Guide
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 9x/ME:
1.
Select Control Panel - Network. You should see a screen like the following:
Figure 9: Network Configuration
2.
3.
Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
Figure 10: IP Address (Win 95)
Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct, as follows:
Using DHCP
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the default
Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Broadband Router will act as a
DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Broadband Router.
Using "Specify an IP Address"
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the
following changes:
20
PC Configuration
•
On the Gateway tab, enter the Broadband Router's IP address in the New Gateway field
and click Add, as shown below. Your LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address
they assigned to the Broadband Router.
Figure 11: Gateway Tab (Win 95/98)
•
On the DNS Configuration tab, ensure Enable DNS is selected. If the DNS Server Search
Order list is empty, enter the DNS address provided by your ISP in the fields beside the
Add button, then click Add.
Figure 12: DNS Tab (Win 95/98)
21
Broadband Router User Guide
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows NT4.0
1.
Select Control Panel - Network, and, on the Protocols tab, select the TCP/IP protocol, as
shown below.
Figure 13: Windows NT4.0 - TCP/IP
2.
Click the Properties button to see a screen like the one below.
22
PC Configuration
Figure 14: Windows NT4.0 - IP Address
3.
4.
Select the network card for your LAN.
Select the appropriate radio button - Obtain an IP address from a DHCP Server or Specify
an IP Address, as explained below.
Obtain an IP address from a DHCP Server
This is the default Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Broadband
Router will act as a DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Broadband Router.
Specify an IP Address
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the
following changes.
1.
The Default Gateway must be set to the IP address of the Broadband Router. To set this:
•
Click the Advanced button on the screen above.
•
On the following screen, click the Add button in the Gateways panel, and enter the
Broadband Router's IP address, as shown in Figure 15 below.
•
If necessary, use the Up button to make the Broadband Router the first entry in the
Gateways list.
23
Broadband Router User Guide
Figure 15 - Windows NT4.0 - Add Gateway
2.
The DNS should be set to the address provided by your ISP, as follows:
•
Click the DNS tab.
•
On the DNS screen, shown below, click the Add button (under DNS Service Search
Order), and enter the DNS provided by your ISP.
24
PC Configuration
Figure 16: Windows NT4.0 - DNS
25
Broadband Router User Guide
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 2000:
1.
2.
Select Control Panel - Network and Dial-up Connection.
Right - click the Local Area Connection icon and select Properties. You should see a
screen like the following:
Figure 17: Network Configuration (Win 2000)
3.
4.
Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
26
PC Configuration
Figure 18: TCP/IP Properties (Win 2000)
5.
Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct, as described below.
Using DHCP
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the default
Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Broadband Router will act as a
DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Broadband Router.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the
following changes.
•
Enter the Broadband Router's IP address in the Default gateway field and click OK. (Your
LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to the Broadband
Router.)
•
If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses, and
enter the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.
27
Broadband Router User Guide
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows XP
1.
2.
Select Control Panel - Network Connection.
Right click the Local Area Connection and choose Properties. You should see a screen
like the following:
Figure 19: Network Configuration (Windows XP)
3.
4.
Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
28
PC Configuration
Figure 20: TCP/IP Properties (Windows XP)
5.
Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct.
Using DHCP
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the default
Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Broadband Router will act as a
DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Broadband Router.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making the
following changes.
•
In the Default gateway field, enter the Broadband Router's IP address and click OK. Your
LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to the Broadband
Router.
•
If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses, and
enter the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.
29
Broadband Router User Guide
Internet Access
To configure your PCs to use the Broadband Router for Internet access:
•
Ensure that the DSL modem, Cable modem, or other permanent connection is functional.
•
Use the following procedure to configure your Browser to access the Internet via the
LAN, rather than by a Dial-up connection.
For Windows 9x/ME/2000
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Select Start Menu - Settings - Control Panel - Internet Options.
Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.
Select "I want to set up my Internet connection manually, or I want to connect through a
local area network (LAN)" and click Next.
Select "I connect through a local area network (LAN)" and click Next.
Ensure all of the boxes on the following Local area network Internet Configuration screen
are unchecked.
Check the "No" option when prompted "Do you want to set up an Internet mail account
now?".
Click Finish to close the Internet Connection Wizard.
Setup is now completed.
For Windows XP
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Select Start Menu - Control Panel - Network and Internet Connections.
Select Set up or change your Internet Connection.
Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.
Cancel the pop-up "Location Information" screen.
Click Next on the "New Connection Wizard" screen.
Select "Connect to the Internet" and click Next.
Select "Set up my connection manually" and click Next.
Check "Connect using a broadband connection that is always on" and click Next.
Click Finish to close the New Connection Wizard.
Setup is now completed.
Accessing AOL
To access AOL (America On Line) through the Broadband Router, the AOL for Windows
software must be configured to use TCP/IP network access, rather than a dial-up connection.
The configuration process is as follows:
•
Start the AOL for Windows communication software. Ensure that it is Version 2.5, 3.0 or
later. This procedure will not work with earlier versions.
•
Click the Setup button.
•
Select Create Location, and change the location name from "New Locality" to "Broadband Router".
•
Click Edit Location. Select TCP/IP for the Network field. (Leave the Phone Number
blank.)
•
Click Save, then OK.
Configuration is now complete.
•
Before clicking "Sign On", always ensure that you are using the "Broadband Router"
location.
30
PC Configuration
Printer Setup for Windows (ALL1295 only)
The ALL1295 Broadband Router provides printing support for 2 methods for printing from
Windows:
•
Print Port Driver. After installing the Print Port Driver, Windows users can print directly to the Broadband Router. Print jobs are spooled (queued) on each PC.
The supplied Print Port Driver supports Windows 95/98, Windows ME, Windows NT4.0,
Windows 2000 and Windows XP.
•
LPD/LPR Printing. If using Windows NT 4.0 Server or Windows 2000 Server,
LPD/LPR printing can be used. No software needs to be installed on either the Windows
Server or each client PC. Print jobs will be spooled (queued) on the Windows Server, and
can be managed using the standard Windows Server tools.
Print Port Driver Setup
The following procedure is for all versions of Windows (95/98/ME, NT4.0, 2000, XP). The
Windows "Add Printer" screens will vary depending on your version or Windows, but the
procedure is the same:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Insert the supplied CD-ROM into your drive. If the setup program does not start automatically, run SETUP.EXE in the root folder.
At the Select Components screen, select the Print Port Driver option.
Follow the prompts to complete the installation.
The Print Port Setup will then run, and the following screen will be displayed.123456
Figure 21: Print Port Setup
5.
Select the desired device and port, and then click the "Add" button.
31
Broadband Router User Guide
Under Windows 95, if you see the following error message,
either install Internet Explorer 4 or later, or follow the procedure in the "Trouble Shooting - Printing" section of
Appendix A.
6.
7.
A pop-up message will inform you if the port has been created successfully, and then the
Windows Add Printer wizard will start.
•
Select the correct Printer Manufacturer and Model, or use the "Have Disk" option if
appropriate.
•
If desired, change the Printer name so it indicates the device used (e.g. HP2100 on
SYA43600)
• If prompted about Sharing, do NOT enable Sharing.
Installation is now complete. You can now print using this printer.
•
To install additional Printers (on different devices), repeat steps 6 and 7.
•
Use the Start menu to run this program in future. The default installation is Start Programs - Broadband Internet Router - Add Port.
Management
•
Print jobs can be managed like any Windows printer. Open the Printers folder (Start Settings - Printers) and double-click any printer to see the current print jobs.
•
If the printer attached to the Broadband Router is changed, just run this program again,
and select the correct printer.
•
•
To delete a port created by this setup program, use the Windows Delete Port facility:
•
Right-click any printer in the Printers folder, and select Properties.
•
Locate the Delete Port button. This button is on the Details or Ports tab, depending
on your version or Windows.
If the Broadband Router's IP Address is changed, and you can no longer print, delete the
port (see procedure above) and re-install it.
Port Options
The options for the Print Port Driver are accessed via the Windows Port Settings button.
Use Start - Settings - Printers to open the Printers folder, then right-click the Printer, and select
Properties. The Port Settings button is on the Details or Port tab, depending on your version
of Windows.
An example screen is shown below:
32
PC Configuration
Figure 22: Print Port Configuration
Items shown on this screen are as follows:
Port
If desired, click Browse to select a different device. (The Select
Device Port button is provided to allow this software to work
with multi-port models.)
The Port Name is shown in the Printer's Properties.
Banner
Retry
Interval
Check this option to print a banner page before each print job.
•
If using a PostScript Printer, check the PostScript box.
•
The User Name will be printed on the banner page.
Sets how often Windows will poll the Broadband Router to
establish a connection when the printer is busy. Increase this
value if you get too many warning messages.
33
Broadband Router User Guide
LPD/LPR Printing
LPD/LPR printing can be used with Windows NT 4.0 Server or Windows 2000. No software
needs to be installed on client PCs.
Windows NT 4.0 Server Configuration
To use LPD printing, Microsoft TCP/IP Printing must be installed and enabled. This can be
checked using Start-Settings-Control Panel-Network - Services.
To install LPD printing using the Broadband Router, follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Go to Start-Settings-Printer and invoke the Add Printer wizard.
When prompted with "This printer will be managed by..", select My Computer and click
Next.
Select Add Port, then select LPR Port and click New Port.
In the Dialog requesting Name of Address of server providing lpd, enter the IP address of
the Broadband Router.
For Name of printer or print queue on that server, enter L1
Click OK. When returned to the Printer Ports window, simply select Close and then install
your printer driver as usual.
When prompted whether or not the printer will be shared, select the Sharing radio button.
In the Shared dialog box, enter the shared printer name. The shared name is how other
users will see this printer. You should advise client PCs of the Server name and this
printer name.
Click OK to save and exit.
34
PC Configuration
Windows 2000 Server Configuration
The LPD/LPR Port is not enabled by default. To enable it, use this procedure:
1.
2.
In Control Panel, select Add/Remove Programs, then Windows Components.
Select Other Network File and Print Services, then click the Details button.
Figure 23: Adding LPD/LPR Port (Win 2000)
3.
4.
Enable Print Services for Unix, and click OK.
Click Next and complete the Wizard.
Adding the Printer
1.
2.
3.
Open your Printers folder, and start the Add Printer Wizard.
When prompted, select Local Printer.
On the Select the Printer Port screen, select LPR Port, as shown below. Click Next to
continue.
35
Broadband Router User Guide
Figure 24: Windows 2000: Select Port
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
In the Dialog requesting Name or Address of server providing lpd, enter the IP address of
the Broadband Router.
For Name of printer or print queue on that server, enter L1
Click OK, and then Next, and continue the Wizard.
At the Select Sharing screen, select the Radio Button for Share As, and enter the shared
printer name. The shared name is how other users will see this printer. You should advise
client PCs of the Server name and this printer name.
Complete the Add Printer wizard.
Client PC Setup for LPD/LPR Printing
After configuring the Windows Server, client PCs on the LAN can install the new printer.
The following procedure is for Windows 95/98/ME, Windows NT4.0, and Windows 2000
workstation.
1. Open your Printers folder, and start the Add Printer Wizard.
2. When prompted, select Network Printer
3. When prompted for Network Path or Queue Name, click the Browse button, and locate the
Server and Printer which your Network Administrator advised you to use.
4. Click OK, then Next.
5. Select the correct printer Manufacturer and Model, as advised by your Network Administrator, and click Next.
6. Follow the prompts to complete the Wizard.
7. The new printer will be listed with any other installed printers, and may be selected when
printing from any Windows application.
36
PC Configuration
Macintosh Clients
From your Macintosh, you can access the Internet via the Broadband Router. The procedure is
as follows.
1. Open the TCP/IP Control Panel.
2. Select Ethernet from the Connect via pop-up menu.
3. Select Using DHCP Server from the Configure pop-up menu. The DHCP Client ID field
can be left blank.
4. Close the TCP/IP panel, saving your settings.
Note:
If using manually assigned IP addresses instead of DHCP, the required changes are:
•
Set the Router Address field to the Broadband Router's IP Address.
•
Ensure your DNS settings are correct.
Linux Clients
To access the Internet via the Broadband Router, it is only necessary to set the Broadband
Router as the "Gateway".
Ensure you are logged in as "root" before attempting any changes.
Fixed IP Address
By default, most Unix installations use a fixed IP Address. If you wish to continue using a
fixed IP Address, make the following changes to your configuration.
•
Set your "Default Gateway" to the IP Address of the Broadband Router.
•
Ensure your DNS (Name server) settings are correct.
To act as a DHCP Client (recommended)
The procedure below may vary according to your version of Linux and X -windows shell.
1. Start your X Windows client.
2. Select Control Panel - Network
3. Select the "Interface" entry for your Network card. Normally, this will be called "eth0".
4. Click the Edit button, set the "protocol" to "DHCP", and save this data.
5. To apply your changes
•
Use the "Deactivate" and "Activate" buttons, if available.
•
OR, restart your system.
Printing Setup on Linux (ALL1295 only)
The Broadband Router supports LPD Printing on Linux.
•
The Broadband Router supports 3 "Logical Printers" under LPD. To configure the "Logical Printers" on the Broadband Router, refer to Printer Port in Chapter 7.
•
The procedure to install a LPD printer is detailed below, but may vary according to your
version of Linux and X -windows shell.
1.
2.
In your X Windows shell, select Control Panel, then Printer Configuration.
Select Add. For the printer type, select Remote Unix (lpd) Queue.
37
Broadband Router User Guide
3.
Use the following data to complete the resulting dialog.
Field
Data
Example
Name
Enter a name for this printer
gw_prn
Spool Directory
/var/spool/lpd/printer_name
Where printer_name is the "Name"
entry above.
/var/spool/lpd/gw_prn
File Limit
Enter a suitable number.
0
Remote Host
Broadband Router's IP address
192.168.0.1
(no limit)
Note:
If you have made a host file entry, you can use the name from the
host file instead of the IP Address.
Remote Queue
4.
Ln
Where n is the Logical Printer number
(L1, L2, L3). Logical Printers can be
configured on the Broadband Router's
Options- Printer Port screen.
L1
Save this data, and exit the Printer Configuration. Configuration is now completed, and
the printer is now available for use.
Other Unix Systems
To access the Internet via the Broadband Router:
• Ensure the "Gateway" field for your network card is set to the IP Address of the Broadband Router.
•
Ensure your DNS (Name Server) settings are correct.
Printing Setup (ALL1295 only)
To use LPD printing to the Broadband Router's printer, install an LPD printer using the standard procedure for your system.
•
Use the Broadband Router's IP Address as the location of the remote host
•
Use L1, L2, or L3 for the name of the printer on the remote host.
On the Broadband Router, the logical printers (L1, L2, and L3) can be configured on the
Advanced - Printer Port screen. See Printer Port in Chapter 7 for details.
38
Chapter 5
Operation and Status
5
This Chapter details the operation of the Broadband Router and the status
screens.
Operation
Once both the Broadband Router and the PCs are configured, operation is automatic.
However, there are some situations where additional Internet configuration may be required:
•
If using Internet-based Communication Applications, it may be necessary to specify
which PC receives an incoming connection. Refer to Chapter 6 - Advanced Features for
further details.
•
Applications which use non-standard connections or port numbers may be blocked by the
Broadband Router's built-in firewall. You can define such applications as Special Applications to allow them to function normally. Refer to Chapter 6 - Advanced Features for
further details.
•
Some non-standard applications may require use of the DMZ feature. Refer to Chapter 6 Advanced Features for further details.
Status Screen
Use the Status link on the main menu to view this screen.
Figure 25: Status Screen
39
Broadband Router User Guide
Data - Status Screen
Internet
Connection Method
This indicates the current connection method, as set in the Setup
Wizard.
Broadband Modem
This shows the connection status of the modem.
Internet Connection
Current connection status:
•
Active
•
Idle
•
Unknown
•
Failed
If there is an error, you can click the "Connection Details" button
to find out more information.
Internet IP Address
This IP Address is allocated by the ISP (Internet Service Provider).
"Connection Details"
Button
Click this button to open a sub-window and view a detailed
description of the current connection. Depending on the type of
connection, a "log" may also be available.
LAN
IP Address
The IP Address of the Broadband Router.
Network Mask
The Network Mask (Subnet Mask) for the IP Address above.
DHCP Server
This shows the status of the DHCP Server function - either
"Enabled" or "Disabled".
For additional information about the PCs on your LAN, and the
IP addresses allocated to them, use the PC Database option on
the Advanced menu.
System
Device Name
This displays the current name of the Broadband Router.
Firmware Version
The current version of the firmware installed in the Broadband
Router.
"System Data"
Button
Clicking this button will open a Window which lists all system
details and settings.
Printer (ALL1295 only)
Printer Status
"Abort Current Print
Job" Button
This indicates the current status of the printer. Possible values
are:
•
Idle
•
Printing
•
Off-line
•
Out of paper
Click this button to terminate the current print job. This button
should be used if the current print job is not printing correctly.
40
Operation and Status
Buttons
Connection Details
View the details of the current Internet connection. The subscreen displayed will depend on the connection method used. See
the following sections for details of each sub-screen.
System Data
Display all system information in a sub-window.
Refresh Screen
Update the data displayed on screen.
41
Broadband Router User Guide
Connection Status - PPPoE
If using PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet), a screen like the following example will be displayed
when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
Figure 26: PPPoE Status Screen
Data - PPPoE
Connection
Physical Address
The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices
on the Internet. (This is different to the hardware address seen by
devices on the local LAN.)
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This
address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
Network Mask
The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.
PPPoE Link Status
This indicates whether or not the connection is currently established.
•
If the connection does not exist, the "Connect" button can be
used to establish a connection.
•
If the connection currently exists, the "Disconnect" button
can be used to break the connection.
•
The Connection Log shows status messages relating to the
existing connection.
•
The most common messages are listed in the table below.
•
The "Clear Log" button will restart the Log, while the Refresh button will update the messages shown on screen.
Connection Log
Connection Log
42
Operation and Status
Buttons
Connect
If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.
Disconnect
If connected to your ISP, hang up the connection.
Clear Log
Delete all data currently in the Log. This will make it easier to
read new messages.
Refresh
Update the data on screen.
Connection Log Messages
Message
Description
Connect on Demand
Connection attempt has been triggered by the "Connect
automatically, as required" setting.
Manual connection
Connection attempt started by the "Connect" button.
Reset physical connection
Preparing line for connection attempt.
Connecting to remote
server
Attempting to connect to the ISP's server.
Remote Server located
ISP's Server has responded to connection attempt.
Start PPP
Attempting to login to ISP's Server and establish a PPP
connection.
PPP up successfully
Able to login to ISP's Server and establish a PPP connection.
Idle time-out reached
The connection has been idle for the time period specified in
the "Idle Time-out" field. The connection will now be terminated.
Disconnecting
The current connection is being terminated, due to either the
"Idle Time-out" above, or "Disconnect" button being clicked.
Error: Remote Server not
found
ISP's Server did not respond. This could be a Server problem,
or a problem with the link to the Server.
Error: PPP Connection
failed
Unable to establish a PPP connection with the ISP's Server.
This could be a login problem (name or password) or a Server
problem.
Error: Connection to
Server lost
The existing connection has been lost. This could be caused
by a power failure, a link failure, or Server failure.
Error: Invalid or unknown
packet type
The data received from the ISP's Server could not be processed. This could be caused by data corruption (from a bad
link), or the Server using a protocol which is not supported by
this device.
43
Broadband Router User Guide
Connection Status - PPTP
If using PPTP (Peer-to-Peer Tunneling Protocol), a screen like the following example will be
displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
Figure 27: PPTP Status Screen
Data - PPTP
Connection
Physical Address
The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices on
the Internet. (This is different to the hardware address seen by
devices on the local LAN.)
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address
is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
PPTP Status
This indicates whether or not the connection is currently established.
•
If the connection does not exist, the "Connect" button can be
used to establish a connection.
•
If the connection currently exists, the "Disconnect" button can be
used to break the connection.
•
The Connection Log shows status messages relating to the
existing connection.
•
The "Clear Log" button will restart the Log, while the Refresh
button will update the messages shown on screen.
Connection Log
Connection Log
Buttons
Connect
If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.
Disconnect
If connected to your ISP, hang up the connection.
44
Operation and Status
Clear Log
Delete all data currently in the Log. This will make it easier to read
new messages.
Refresh
Update the data on screen.
Connection Status - Telstra Big Pond
An example screen is shown below.
Figure 28: Telstra Big Pond Status Screen
Data - Big Pond
Connection
Physical Address
The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices.
(This is different to the hardware address seen by devices on the
local LAN.)
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This
address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
Connection Status
This indicates whether or not the connection is currently established.
•
If the connection does not exist, the "Connect" button can be
used to establish a connection.
•
If the connection currently exists, the "Disconnect" button can
be used to break the connection.
•
Normally, it is not necessary to use the Connect and Disconnect buttons unless the setting "Connect automatically, as
required" is disabled.
45
Broadband Router User Guide
Connection Log
Connection Log
•
The Connection Log shows status messages relating to the
existing connection.
•
The Clear Log button will restart the Log, while the Refresh
button will update the messages shown on screen.
Buttons
Connect
If not connected, establish a connection to Telstra Big Pond.
Disconnect
If connected to Telstra Big Pond, terminate the connection.
Clear Log
Delete all data currently in the Log. This will make it easier to read
new messages.
Refresh
Update the data on screen.
Connection Details - SingTel RAS
If using the SingTel RAS access method, a screen like the following example will be displayed
when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
Figure 29: Connection Details - RAS
Data - RAS
Internet
RAS Plan
The RAS Plan which is currently used.
Physical Address
The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices on
the Internet. (This is different to the hardware address seen by
devices on the local LAN.)
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address
is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
Network Mask
The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.
46
Operation and Status
Default Gateway
The IP Address of the remote Gateway or Router associated with the
IP Address above.
DNS IP Address
The IP Address of the Domain Name Server which is currently used.
DHCP Client
This will show "Enabled" or "Disabled", depending on whether or
not this device is functioning as a DHCP client.
If "Enabled" the "Remaining lease time" field indicates when the IP
Address allocated by the DHCP Server will expire. The lease is
automatically renewed on expiry; use the "Renew" button if you wish
to manually renew the lease immediately.
Buttons
Release/Renew
Button will display
EITHER
"Release"
OR
"Renew"
Refresh
This button is only useful if the IP address shown above is allocated
automatically on connection. (Dynamic IP address). If you have a
Fixed (Static) IP address, this button has no effect.
•
If the ISP's DHCP Server has NOT allocated an IP Address for
the Broadband Router, this button will say "Renew". Clicking
the "Renew" button will attempt to re-establish the connection
and obtain an IP Address from the ISP's DHCP Server.
•
If an IP Address has been allocated to the Broadband Router (by
the ISP's DHCP Server), this button will say "Release". Clicking
the "Release" button will break the connection and release the IP
Address.
Update the data shown on screen.
Connection Details - Fixed/Dynamic IP Address
If your access method is "Direct" (no login), a screen like the following example will be
displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
Figure 30: Connection Details - Fixed/Dynamic IP Address
47
Broadband Router User Guide
Data - Fixed/Dynamic IP address
Internet
Physical Address
The hardware address of this device, as seen by remote devices on
the Internet. (This is different to the hardware address seen by
devices on the local LAN.)
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This address
is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
Network Mask
The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.
Default Gateway
The IP Address of the remote Gateway or Router associated with the
IP Address above.
DNS IP Address
The IP Address of the Domain Name Server which is currently used.
DHCP Client
This will show "Enabled" or "Disabled", depending on whether or
not this device is functioning as a DHCP client.
If "Enabled" the "Remaining lease time" field indicates when the IP
Address allocated by the DHCP Server will expire. The lease is
automatically renewed on expiry; use the "Renew" button if you wish
to manually renew the lease immediately.
Buttons
Release/Renew
Button will display
EITHER
"Release"
OR
"Renew"
Refresh
This button is only useful if the IP address shown above is allocated
automatically on connection. (Dynamic IP address). If you have a
Fixed (Static) IP address, this button has no effect.
•
If the ISP's DHCP Server has NOT allocated an IP Address for
the Broadband Router, this button will say "Renew". Clicking
the "Renew" button will attempt to re-establish the connection
and obtain an IP Address from the ISP's DHCP Server.
•
If an IP Address has been allocated to the Broadband Router (by
the ISP's DHCP Server), this button will say "Release". Clicking
the "Release" button will break the connection and release the IP
Address.
Update the data shown on screen.
48
Chapter 6
Advanced Features
6
This Chapter explains when and how to use the Broadband Router's "Advanced" Features.
Overview
The following advanced features are provided.
•
Advanced Internet
•
Communication Applications
•
Special Applications
•
DMZ
•
URL filter
•
Access Control
•
Remote Management
•
Virtual Servers
•
Dynamic DNS
•
Firmware Upgrade
Advanced Menu Screen
This screen provides access to the advanced features. An example screen is shown below.
Figure 31: Advanced Menu
49
Broadband Router User Guide
Advanced Internet Screen
This screen allows configuration of all advanced features relating to Internet access.
•
Communication Applications
•
Special Applications
•
DMZ
•
URL filter
An example screen is shown below.
Figure 32: Internet Screen
Communication Applications
Most applications are supported transparently by the Broadband Router. But sometimes it is
not clear which PC should receive an incoming connection. This problem could arise with the
Communication Applications listed on this screen.
If this problem arises, you can use this screen to set which PC should receive an incoming
connection, as described below.
Communication Applications
Select an Application
This lists applications which may generate incoming connections,
where the destination PC (on your local LAN) is unknown.
Send incoming calls to
This lists the PCs on your LAN.
•
If necessary, you can add PCs manually, using the "PC
Database" option on the advanced menu.
•
For each application listed above, you can choose a destination PC.
•
There is no need to "Save" after each change; you can set the
destination PC for each application, then click "Save".
50
Advanced Features
Special Applications
If you use Internet applications which use non-standard connections or port numbers, you may
find that they do not function correctly because they are blocked by the Broadband Router's
firewall. In this case, you can define the application as a "Special Application".
Special Applications Screen
This screen can be reached by clicking the Special Applications button on the Internet screen.
You can then define your Special Applications. You will need detailed information about the
application; this is normally available from the supplier of the application.
Also, note that the terms "Incoming" and "Outgoing" on this screen refer to traffic from the
client (PC) viewpoint
Figure 33: Special Applications Screen
51
Broadband Router User Guide
Data - Special Applications Screen
Checkbox
Use this to Enable or Disable this Special Application as required.
Name
Enter a descriptive name to identify this Special Application.
Incoming
Ports
•
Type - Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used when you receive data
from the special application or service. (Note: Some applications use
different protocols for outgoing and incoming data).
•
Start - Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used by the
application server, for data you receive. If the application uses a single
port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.
•
Finish - Enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the application server, for data you receive.
•
Type - Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used when you send data to
the remote system or service.
•
Start - Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used by the
application server, for data you send to it. If the application uses a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.
•
Finish - Enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the application server, for data you send to it. If the application uses a single port
number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.
Outgoing
Ports
Using a Special Application
•
Configure the Special Applications screen as required.
•
On your PC, use the application normally. Remember that only one (1) PC can use each
Special application at any time. Also, when 1 PC is finished using a particular Special Application, there may need to be a "Time-out" before another PC can use the same Special
Application. The "Time-out" period may be up to 3 minutes.
If an application still cannot function correctly,
try using the "DMZ" feature.
DMZ
This feature, if enabled, allows one (1) computer on your LAN to be exposed to all users on
the Internet, allowing unrestricted 2-way communication between the "DMZ PC" and other
Internet users or Servers.
•
This allows almost any application to be used on the "DMZ PC".
•
The "DMZ PC" will receive all "Unknown" connections and data.
•
If the DMZ feature is enabled, you must select the PC to be used as the "DMZ PC".
•
The DMZ feature can be Enabled and Disabled on the Advanced Internet screen.
52
Advanced Features
The "DMZ PC" is effectively outside the Firewall, making it more vulnerable to attacks. For this reason, you
should only enable the DMZ feature when required.
URL Filter
The URL Filter allows you to block access to undesirable Web site
•
To use this feature, you must define "filter strings". If the "filter string" appears in a
requested URL, the request is blocked.
•
Enabling the URL Filter also affects the Internet Access Log. If Enabled, the "Destination"
field in the log will display the URL. Otherwise, it will display the IP Address.
•
The URL Filter can be Enabled or Disabled on the Advanced Internet screen.
URL Filter Screen
Click the "Configure URL Filter" button on the Internet screen to access the URL Filter
screen. An example screen is shown below.
Figure 34: URL Filter Screen
Data - URL Filter Screen
Filter Strings
Current Entries
This lists any existing entries. If you have not entered any values, this
list will be empty.
Add Filter String
To add an entry to the list, enter it here, and click the "Add" button.
An entry may be a Domain name (e.g. www.trash.com) or simply a
string. (e.g. ads/ )
Any URL which contains ANY entry ANYWHERE in the URL will
be blocked.
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Broadband Router User Guide
Buttons
Delete/Delete All
Use these buttons to delete the selected entry or all entries, as required.
Multiple entries can be selected by holding down the CTRL key while
selecting.(On the Macintosh, hold the SHIFT key while selecting.)
Add
Use this to add the current Filter String to the site list.
Access Control
This feature is accessed by the Access Control link on the Advanced menu.
Overview
The Access Control feature allows administrators to restrict the level of Internet Access available to PCs on your LAN. With the default settings, everyone has unrestricted Internet access.
To use this feature:
1.
2.
3.
Set the desired restrictions on the "Default" group. All PCs are in the "Default" group
unless explicitly moved to another group.
Set the desired restrictions on the other groups ("Group 1", "Group 2", "Group 3" and
"Group 4") as needed.
Assign PC to the groups as required.
Restrictions are imposed by blocking "Services", or types of
connections. All common Services are pre-defined.
If required, you can also define your own Services.
54
Advanced Features
Access Control Screen
To view this screen, select the Access Control link on the Advanced menu.
Figure 35: Access Control Screen
Data - Access Control Screen
Group
Group
Select the desired Group. The screen will update to display the
settings for the selected Group. Groups are named "Default",
"Group 1", "Group 2", "Group 3" and "Group 4", and cannot be renamed.
"Members" Button
Click this button to add or remove members from the current
Group.
•
If the current group is "Default", then members can not be
added or deleted. This group contains PCs not allocated to
any other group.
•
To remove PCs from the Default Group, assign them to
another Group.
•
To assign PCs to the Default Group, delete them from the
Group they are currently in.
See the following section for details of the Group Members screen.
55
Broadband Router User Guide
Internet Access
Restrictions
Select the desired options for the current group:
•
None - Nothing is blocked. Use this to create the least restrictive group.
•
Block all Internet access - All traffic via the WAN port is
blocked. Use this to create the most restrictive group.
•
Block selected Services - You can select which Services
are to block. Use this to gain fine control over the Internet
access for a group.
Block by Schedule
If Internet access is being blocked, you can choose to apply the
blocking only during scheduled times. (If access is not blocked, no
Scheduling is possible, and this setting has no effect.)
Define Schedule
Button
Clicking this will open a sub-window where you can define or
modify the Schedule.
Services
This lists all defined Services. Select the Services you wish to
block. To select multiple services, hold the CTRL key while
selecting. (On the Macintosh, hold the SHIFT key rather than
CTRL.)
Edit Service List
Button
If you wish to define additional Services, or manage the Service
list, click this button to open the "Services" screen.
Buttons
Members
Click this button to add or remove members from the current
Group.
If the current group is "Default", then members can not be added or
deleted. This group contains PCs not allocated to any other group.
See the following section for details of the Group Members screen.
Define Schedule
Click this to open a sub-window where you can define or modify
the Schedule.
Edit Service List
If you wish to define additional Services, or manage the Service
list, click this button to open the "Services" screen.
Save
Save the data on screen.
Cancel
Reverse any changes made since the last "Save".
View Log
Click this to open a sub-window where you can view the "Access
Control" log. This log shows attempted Internet accesses which
have been blocked by the Access Control feature.
Clear Log
Click this to clear and restart the "Access Control" log, making new
entries easier to read.
56
Advanced Features
Group Members Screen
This screen is displayed when the Members button on the Access Control screen is clicked.
Figure 36: Group Members
Use this screen to add or remove members (PCs) from the current group.
•
The "Del >>" button will remove the selected PC (in the Members list) from the current
group.
•
The "<< Add" button will add the selected PC (in the Other PCs list) to the current group.
PCs not assigned to any group will be in the
"Default" group.
PCs deleted from any other Group will be added
to the "Default" group.
57
Broadband Router User Guide
Default Schedule Screen
This screen is displayed when the Define Schedule button on the Access Control screen is
clicked.
•
This schedule can be (optionally) applied to any Access Control Group.
•
Blocking will be performed during the scheduled time (between the "Start" and "Finish"
times.)
•
Two (2) separate sessions or periods can be defined.
•
Times must be entered using a 24 hr clock.
•
If the time for a particular day is blank, no action will be performed.
Figure 37: Default Schedule Screen
Data - Default Schedule Screen
Day
Each day of the week can scheduled independently.
Session 1
Session 2
Two (2) separate sessions or periods can be defined. Session 2 can be
left blank if not required.
Start Time
Enter the start using a 24 hr clock.
Finish Time
Enter the finish time using a 24 hr clock.
58
Advanced Features
Services Screen
This screen is displayed when the Edit Service List button on the Access Control screen is
clicked.
Figure 38: Access Control - Services
Data - Services Screen
Available Services
Available Services
This lists all the available services.
"Delete" button
Use this to delete any Service you have added. Pre-defined Services
can not be deleted.
Add New Service
Name
Enter a descriptive name to identify this service.
Type
Select the protocol (TCP, UDP, ICMP) used to the remote system or
service.
Start Port
For TCP and UDP Services, enter the beginning of the range of port
numbers used by the service. If the service uses a single port number,
enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.
Finish Port
For TCP and UDP Services, enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the service. If the service uses a single port number,
enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.
ICMP Type
For ICMP Services, enter the type number of the required service.
Buttons
Delete
Delete the selected service from the list.
59
Broadband Router User Guide
Save
Add a new entry to the Service list, using the data shown in the "Add
New Service" area on screen.
Cancel
Clear the " Add New Service " area, ready for entering data for a new
Service.
Access Control Log
To check the operation of the Access Control feature, an Access Control Log is provided.
Click the View Log button on the Access Control screen to view this log.
This log shows attempted Internet accesses which have been blocked by the Access Control
function.
Data shown in this log is as follows:
Date/Time
Date and Time of the attempted access.
Name
If known, the name of the PC whose access was blocked. This
name is taken from the Network Clients database
Source IP address
The IP Address of the PC or device whose access request was
blocked
MAC address
The hardware or physical address of the PC or device whose access
request was blocked
Destination
The destination URL or IP address
60
Advanced Features
Remote Management
This feature allows you to manage the Broadband Router via the Internet.
Figure 39: Remote Management Screen
Data - Remote Management Screen
Remote Management
Enable Remote
Management
Enable to allow management via the Internet. If Disabled, this device
will ignore management connection attempts from the Internet.
Port Number
Enter a port number between 1024 and 65535 (8080 is recommended). This port number must be specified when you connect (see
below).
Note: The default port number for HTTP (Web) connections is port
80, but using port 80 here will prevent the use of a Web "Virtual
Server" on your LAN. (See Advanced Internet - Virtual Servers)
Current IP Address
You must use this IP Address to connect (see below).
This IP Address is allocated by your ISP. But if using a Dynamic IP
Address, this value can change each time you connect to your ISP.
So it is better if your ISP allocates you a Fixed IP Address.
To connect from a remote PC via the Internet
1.
2.
Ensure your Internet connection is established, and start your Web Browser.
In the "Address" bar, enter "HTTP://" followed by the Internet IP Address of the Broadband Router. If the port number is not 80, the port number is also required. (After the IP
Address, enter ":" followed by the port number.)
e.g.
HTTP://123.123.123.123:8080
This example assumes the WAN IP Address is 123.123.123.123, and the port number is 8080.
61
Broadband Router User Guide
Virtual Servers
This feature allows you to make Servers on your LAN accessible to Internet users. Normally,
Internet users would not be able to access a server on your LAN because:
•
Your Server does not have a valid external IP Address.
•
Attempts to connect to devices on your LAN are blocked by the firewall in this device.
The "Virtual Server" feature solves these problems and allows Internet users to connect to your
servers, as illustrated below.
192.168.0.1
(LAN IP Address)
Broadband
Router
Web Server
(192.168.0.10)
203.70.212.52
FTP Server
(192.168.0.20)
(WAN IP Address)
Internet
Remote PC
Using Web Server
(http://203.70.212.52)
Remote PC
Using FTP Server
(ftp://203.70.212.52)
Figure 40: Virtual Servers
IP Address seen by Internet Users
Note that, in this illustration, both Internet users are connecting to the same IP Address, but
using different protocols.
To Internet users, all virtual Servers on your LAN have the same IP Address.
This IP Address is allocated by your ISP.
This address should be static, rather than dynamic, to make it easier for Internet users to
connect to your Servers.
However, you can use the DDNS (Dynamic DNS) feature to allow users to connect to your
Virtual Servers using a URL, instead of an IP Address.
62
Advanced Features
Virtual Servers Screen
The Virtual Servers screen is reached by the Virtual Servers link on the Advanced screen. An
example screen is shown below.
Figure 41: Virtual Servers Screen
This screen lists a number of pre-defined Servers, and allows you to define your own Servers.
Details of the selected Server are shown in the "Properties" area.
Data - Virtual Servers Screen
Servers
Servers
This lists a number of pre-defined Servers, plus any Servers you
have defined. Details of the selected Server are shown in the
"Properties" area.
Properties
Enable
Use this to Enable or Disable support for this Server, as required.
•
If Enabled, any incoming connections will be forwarded to the
selected PC.
•
If Disabled, any incoming connection attempts will be blocked.
PC (Server)
Select the PC for this Server. The PC must be running the appropriate Server software.
Protocol
Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used by the Server.
Internal Port No.
Enter the port number which the Server software is configured to
use.
External Port No.
The port number used by Internet users when connecting to the
Server. This is normally the same as the Internal Port Number. If it
is different, this device will perform a "mapping" or "translation"
function, allowing the server to use one port address, while clients
use a different port address.
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Broadband Router User Guide
Buttons
Defaults
This will delete any Servers you have defined, and set the predefined Servers to use their default port numbers.
Disable All
This will cause the "Enable" setting of all Virtual Servers to be set
OFF.
Add
Add a new entry to the Virtual Server list, using the data shown in
the "Properties" area on screen. The entry selected in the list is
ignored, and has no effect.
Update
Update the current Virtual Server entry, using the data shown in the
"Properties" area on screen.
Delete
Delete the current Virtual Server entry. Note that the pre-defined
Servers can not be deleted. Only Servers you have defined yourself
can be deleted.
Clear Form
Clear all data from the "Properties" area, ready for input of a new
Virtual Server entry.
For each entry, the PC must be running the
appropriate Server software.
Defining your own Virtual Servers
If the type of Server you wish to use is not listed on the Virtual Servers screen, you can define
and manage your own Servers:
Create a new Server:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Click "Clear Form"
Enter the required data, as described above.
Click "Add".
The new Server will now appear in the list.
Modify (Edit) a Server:
1.
2.
3.
Select the desired Server from the list
Make any desired changes (for example, change the
Enable/Disable setting).
Click "Update" to save changes to the selected Server.
1.
2.
Select the entry from the list.
Click "Delete".
Delete a Server:
Note: You can only delete Servers you have defined. Predefined Server cannot be deleted.
From the Internet, ALL Virtual Servers have the IP
Address allocated by your ISP.
64
Advanced Features
Connecting to the Virtual Servers
Once configured, anyone on the Internet can connect to your Virtual Servers. They must use
the Internet IP Address (the IP Address allocated to you by your ISP).
e.g.
http://203.70.212.52
ftp://203.70.212.52
It is more convenient if you are using a Fixed IP Address from your ISP, rather than Dynamic.
However, you can use the Dynamic DNS feature, described in the following section, to allow
users to connect to your Virtual Servers using a URL, rather than an IP Address.
Dynamic DNS (Domain Name Server)
This free service is very useful when combined with the Virtual Server feature. It allows
Internet users to connect to your Virtual Servers using a URL, rather than an IP Address.
This also solves the problem of having a dynamic IP address. With a dynamic IP address, your
IP address may change whenever you connect, which makes it difficult to connect to you.
The Service works as follows:
1. You must register for the service at http://www.dyndns.org (Registration is free). Your
password will be E-mailed to you.
2. After registration, use the "Create New Host" option (at www.dyndns.org) to request your
desired Domain name.
3. Enter your data from www.dyndns.org in the Broadband Router's DDNS screen.
4. The Broadband Router will then automatically ensure that your current IP Address is
recorded at http://www.dyndns.org
5. From the Internet, users will be able to connect to your Virtual Servers (or DMZ PC)
using your Domain name, as shown on this screen.
65
Broadband Router User Guide
Dynamic DNS Screen
Select Advanced on the main menu, then Dynamic DNS, to see a screen like the following:
Figure 42: DDNS Screen
Data - Dynamic DNS Screen
DDNS Service
DDNS Service
•
You must sign up first to create a new account before using the
service. The service is free.
•
Click this link to connect to the www.dyndns.org Web site.
•
Your initial password will be E-mailed to you; you can change
this later if you wish.
•
After registration, use the "Create New Host" link (on the
www.dyndns.org Web site) to request a domain name.
DDNS Data
User Name
Enter the "User name" specified at the www.dyndns.org Web site
when you registered.
Password
Enter your current password for www.dyndns.org
Domain Name
•
Enter your domain name, as allocated at www.dyndns.org.
•
The name should consist only of letters and the hyphen (dash).
Using any other characters may cause problems..
DDNS Status
This message is returned by the DDNS Server at www.dyndns.org
•
Normally, this message should be "Update successful" (current
IP address was updated on the www.dyndns.org server).
•
If the message is "No host", this indicates the host name entered
was not allocated to you. You need to connect to
www.dyndns.org and correct this problem.
66
Advanced Features
Firmware Upgrade
The firmware (software) in the Broadband Router can be upgraded using your Web Browser.
You must first download the upgrade file, then select Upgrade on the Advanced menu. You
will see a screen like the following.
Figure 43: Upgrade Firmware Screen
To perform the Firmware Upgrade:
1.
2.
3.
Click the "Browse" button and navigate to the location of the upgrade file.
Select the upgrade file. It's name will appear in the Upgrade File field.
Click the "Start Upgrade" button to commence the firmware upgrade.
The Broadband Router is unavailable during the
upgrade process, and must restart when the upgrade is completed. Any connections to or through
the Broadband Router will be lost.
67
Chapter 7
Advanced Configuration
7
This Chapter explains the settings available via the Advanced configuration
section of the "Advanced" menu.
Overview
Normally, it is not necessary to use these screens, or change any settings. These screens and
settings are provided to deal with non-standard situations, or to provide additional options for
advanced users.
The settings available are:
PC Database
This is the list of PCs shown when you select the "DMZ PC" or a "Virtual Server". This database is maintained automatically, but you can add
and delete entries for PCs which use a Fixed (Static) IP Address.
Options
Various options, such as backup DNS, UPnP, and enable TFTP firmware upgrade option.
Security
Firewall and other security-related settings.
Logs
View or clear all logs, set E-Mailing of log files.
Printer Port
(ALL1295)
Configure Logical Printers for use under Unix
MAC Address
Set the MAC (hardware) address used on the Internet (WAN port)
interface. This is required only if your ISP has recorded the MAC
(hardware) address you should use.
Routing
Only required if your LAN has other Routers or Gateways.
68
Advanced Configuration
PC Database
The PC Database is used whenever you need to select a PC (e.g. for the "DMZ" PC). It eliminates the need to enter IP addresses. Also, you do not need to use fixed IP addresses on your
LAN.
PC Database Screen
An example PC Database screen is shown below.
Figure 44: PC Database
•
PCs which are "DHCP Clients" are automatically added to the database, and updated as
required.
•
By default, non-Server versions of Windows act as "DHCP Clients"; this setting is called
"Obtain an IP Address automatically".
•
The Broadband Router uses the "Hardware Address" to identify each PC, not the name or
IP address. The "Hardware Address" can only change if you change the PC's network card
or adapter.
•
This system means you do NOT need to use Fixed (static) IP addresses on your LAN.
However, you can add PCs using Fixed (static) IP Addresses to the PC database if required.
69
Broadband Router User Guide
Data - PC Database Screen
Known PCs
This lists all current entries. Data displayed is name (IP Address) type.
The "type" indicates whether the PC is connected to the LAN.
Name
If adding a new PC to the list, enter its name here. It is best if this
matches the PC's "hostname".
IP Address
Enter the IP Address of the PC. The PC will be sent a "ping" to determine its hardware address. If the PC is not available (not connected, or
not powered On) you will not be able to add it.
Buttons
Add
This will add the new PC to the list. The PC will be sent a "ping" to
determine its hardware address. If the PC is not available (not connected, or not powered On) you will not be able to add it.
Delete
Delete the selected PC from the list. This should be done in 2 situations:
•
The PC has been removed from your LAN.
•
The entry is incorrect.
Refresh
Update the data on screen.
Generate Report
Display a read-only list showing full details of all entries in the PC
database.
Advanced
Administration
View the Advanced version of the PC database screen. See below for
details.
70
Advanced Configuration
PC Database (Admin)
This screen is displayed if the "Advanced Administration" button on the PC Database is
clicked. It provides more control than the standard PC Database screen.
Figure 45: PC Database (Admin)
Data - PC Database ( Admin) Screen
Known PCs
This lists all current entries. Data displayed is name (IP Address) type.
The "type" indicates whether the PC is connected to the LAN.
PC Properties
Name
If adding a new PC to the list, enter its name here. It is best if this
matches the PC's "hostname".
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Broadband Router User Guide
IP Address
MAC Address
Select the appropriate option:
•
Automatic - The PC is set to be a DHCP client (Windows: "Obtain an IP address automatically"). The Broadband Router will
allocate an IP address to this PC when requested to do so. The IP
address could change, but normally won't.
•
DCHP Client - Reserved IP Address - Select this if the PC is set
to be a DCHP client, and you wish to guarantee that the Broadband Router will always allocate the same IP Address to this PC.
Enter the required IP address. Only the last field is required; the
other fields must match the Broadband Router's IP address.
•
Fixed IP Address - Select this if the PC is using a Fixed (Static)
IP address. Enter the IP address allocated to the PC. (The PC must
be configured to use this IP address.)
Select the appropriate option
•
Automatic discovery - Select this to have the Broadband Router
contact the PC and find its MAC address. This is only possible if
the PC is connected to the LAN and powered On.
•
MAC is - Enter the MAC address on the PC. The MAC address is
also called the "Hardware Address", "Physical Address", or "Network Adapter Address". The Broadband Router uses this to
provide a unique identifier for each PC. Because of this, the MAC
address can NOT be left blank.
Buttons
Add as New
Entry
Add a new PC to the list, using the data in the "Properties" box.
If "Automatic discovery" (for MAC address) is selected, the PC will be
sent a "ping" to determine its hardware address. This will fail unless
the PC is connected to the LAN, and powered on.
Update Selected
PC
Update (modify) the selected PC, using the data in the "Properties"
box.
Clear Form
Clear the "Properties" box, ready for entering data for a new PC.
Refresh
Update the data on screen.
Generate Report
Display a read-only list showing full details of all entries in the PC
database.
Standard Screen
Click this to view the standard "PC Database" screen.
72
Advanced Configuration
Options
This screen allows advanced users to enter or change a number of settings. For normal operation, there is no need to use this screen or change any settings.
An example Options screen is shown below.
Figure 46: Options Screen
Data - Options Screen
Backup DNS
IP Address
Enter the IP Address of the DNS (Domain Name Servers) here. These
DNS will be used only if the primary DNS is unavailable.
TFTP
Enable Firmware Upgrade
using TFTP
•
If enabled, TFTP (Trivial FTP) can be used to upgrade the firmware in this device. This is normally not required; a Windows
utility is available for this purpose.
•
You must obtain the firmware upgrade file first; instructions for
using TFTP will be available with the upgrade.
•
UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) allows automatic discovery and
configuration of equipment attached to your LAN. UPnP is by
supported by Windows ME, XP, or later.
•
If Enabled, this device will be visible via UPnP.
•
If Disabled, this device will not be visible via UPnP.
•
If checked, then UPnP users can change the configuration.
•
If Disabled, UPnP users can only view the configuration. But
currently, this restriction only applies to users running Windows
XP, who access the Properties via UPnP. (e.g. Right - click the
Broadband Router in My Network Places, and select Properties)
UPnP
Enable UPnP
Services
Allow Configuration...
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Broadband Router User Guide
Allow Internet
access to be
disabled
•
If checked, then UPnP users can disable Internet access via this
device.
•
If Disabled, UPnP users can NOT disable Internet access via this
device. But currently, this restriction only applies to users running
Windows XP, who access the Properties via UPnP. (e.g. Right click the Broadband Router in My Network Places, and select
Properties)
MTU
MTU size
MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) value should only be changed if
advised to do so by Technical Support.
•
Enter a value between 1 and 1500.
•
This device will still auto-negotiate with the remote server, to set
the MTU size. The smaller of the 2 values (auto-negotiated, or entered here) will be used.
•
For direct connections (not PPPoE or PPTP), the MTU used is
always 1500.
74
Advanced Configuration
Security
This screen allows you to set Firewall and other security-related options.
Figure 47: Security Screen
Data - Security Screen
Firewall
Enable DoS
Firewall
If enabled, DoS (Denial of Service) attacks will be detected and
blocked. The default is enabled. It is strongly recommended that this
setting be left enabled.
Note:
Threshold
•
A DoS attack does not attempt to steal data or damage your PCs,
but overloads your Internet connection so you can not use it - the
service is unavailable.
•
This device uses "Stateful Inspection" technology. This system can
detect situations where individual TCP/IP packets are valid, but
collectively they become a DoS attack.
This setting affects the number of "half-open" connections allowed.
•
A "half-open" connection arises when a remote client contacts the
Server with a connection request, but then does not reply to the
Server's response.
•
While the optimum number of "half-open" connections allowed
(the "Threshold") depends on many factors, the most important
factor is the available bandwidth of your Internet connection.
•
Select the setting to match the bandwidth of your Internet connection.
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Broadband Router User Guide
Options
Respond to
ICMP
Allow IPsec
Allow PPTP
Allow L2TP
The ICMP protocol is used by the "ping" and "traceroute" programs,
and by network monitoring and diagnostic programs.
•
If checked, the Broadband Router will repond to ICMP packets
received from the Internet.
•
If not checked, ICMP packets from the Internet will be ignored.
Disabling this option provides a slight increase in security.
The IPSec protocol is used to establish a secure connection, and is
widely used by VPN (Virtual Private Networking) programs.
•
If checked, IPSec connections are allowed.
•
If not checked, IPSec connections are blocked.
PPTP (Point to Point Tunneling Protocol) is widely used by VPN
(Virtual Private Networking) programs.
•
If checked, PPTP connections are allowed.
•
If not checked, PPTP connections are blocked.
L2TP is a protocol developed by Cisco for VPNs (Virtual Private
Networks).
•
If checked, L2TP connections are allowed.
•
If not checked, L2TP connections are blocked.
76
Advanced Configuration
Logs
The Logs record various types of activity on the Broadband Router. This data is useful for
troubleshooting, but enabling all logs will generate a large amount of data and adversely affect
performance.
Since only a limited amount of log data can be stored in the Broadband Router, log data can
also be E-mailed to your PC.
Figure 48: Logs Screen
Data - Logs Screen
Enable Logs
Outgoing Connections
If selected, Outgoing Internet connections are logged. Normally,
the (Internet) "Destination" will be shown as an IP address. But if
the "URL Filter" is enabled, the "Destination" will be shown as a
URL.
Access Control
If enabled, the log will include attempted outgoing connections
which have been blocked by the "Access Control" feature.
DoS Attacks
If enabled, this log will show details of DoS (Denial of Service)
attacks which have been blocked by the built-in Firewall.
Timezone
Select the correct Timezone for your location. This is required for
the date/time shown on the logs to be correct.
E-Mail Reports
Send E-mail alert
If enabled, an E-mail will be sent immediately if a DoS (Denial of
Service) attack is detected. If enabled, the E-mail address information must be provided.
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Broadband Router User Guide
E-mail Logs
You can choose to have the logs E-mailed to you, by enabling
either or both checkboxes. If enabled, the Log will sent to the
specified E-mail address. The interval between E-mails is determined by the "Send" setting.
Send
Select the desired option for sending the log by E-mail.
•
When log is full - The time is not fixed. The log will be sent
when the log is full, which will depend on the volume of traffic.
•
Every day, Every Monday ... - The log is sent on the
interval specified.
•
If "Every day" is selected, the log is sent at the time
specified.
•
If the day is specified, the log is sent once per week, on
the specified day.
•
Select the time of day you wish the E-mail to be sent.
•
If the log is full before the time specified to send it, it
will be sent regardless.
E-Mail Address
E-mail Address
Enter the E-mail address the Log is to be sent to. The E-mail will
also show this address as the Sender's address.
Subject
Enter the text string to be shown in the "Subject" field for the Email.
SMTP Server
Enter the address or IP address of the SMTP (Simple Mail Transport Protocol) Server you use for outgoing E-mail.
Port No.
Enter the port number used to connect to the SMTP Server. The
default value is 25.
78
Advanced Configuration
Printer Port (ALL1295 only)
These settings are only useful if using LPD printing under Unix. Normally, these settings do
not need to be changed.
Figure 49: Printer Port Screen
Data - Printer Port Screen
Logical Printers
No (L1, L2, L3)
Logical printer configuration is only required if using LPD
printing under Linux or Unix. Otherwise, these settings are
ignored
There are 3 Logical Printers (Ports), named L1, L2, and L3.
These names can not be changed, and must be used when selecting the logical printer from your Unix system.
Pre-string (HEX)
Enter (in HEX) the series of printer commands to be sent to the
attached printer BEFORE each print job.
Post-string (HEX)
Enter (in HEX) the series of printer commands to be sent to the
attached printer AFTER each print job.
LF to CR/LF
If checked, Unix-style LF (line feed) characters at the end of each
line will be converted to CR/LF (carriage return/line feed) pairs,
as used in MSDOS and Windows.
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Broadband Router User Guide
MAC Address
The MAC (hardware) address is a low-level network identifier. It may be called "MAC Address", "Hardware Address", or "Physical Address". On a PC, this address is associated with
the Network card or adapter. The address on the MAC Address screen is the address on the
Internet (WAN port) interface, and has no effect on the LAN interface.
•
If your ISP asks for the "Network Adapter Address", "Physical Address", "Hardware
Address", or "MAC Address" for the PC the DSL/Cable modem is connected to, provide
this value.
•
If your ISP has already recorded a MAC address, you can change the address used by the
Broadband Router to match the address recorded by your ISP.
MAC Address Screen
Select MAC Address from the Advanced menu to reach a screen like the example below.
Figure 50: MAC address Screen
Data - MAC address Screen
MAC (hardware)
Address
The current MAC (hardware) address is displayed.
If your ISP has recorded a Hardware Address, you can "spoof" that
address by entering it in the address field. The hardware address
consists of 12 characters, where each character is a digit (0..9) or a
character between A and F.
Buttons
Default
Inserts the default MAC address into the MAC address field. You
must click "Save" to actually change the address used.
Copy from PC
Inserts the MAC address from your PC into the MAC address field.
You must click "Save" to actually change the address used.
Save
Save your changes to the Broadband Router.
Cancel
Reverse any changes made since the last "Save".
If the MAC address is changed, the Broadband
Router must restart.
80
Advanced Configuration
Routing
Overview
•
If you don't have other Routers or Gateways on your LAN, you can ignore the "Routing"
page completely.
•
If the Broadband Router is only acting as a Gateway for the local LAN segment, ignore
the "Routing" page even if your LAN has other Routers.
•
If your LAN has a standard Router (e.g. Cisco) on your LAN, and the Broadband Router
is to act as a Gateway for all LAN segments, enable RIP (Routing Information Protocol)
and ignore the Static Routing table.
•
If your LAN has other Gateways and Routers, and you wish to control which LAN segments use each Gateway, do NOT enable RIP (Routing Information Protocol). Configure
the Static Routing table instead. (You also need to configure the other Routers.)
•
If using Windows 2000 Data center Server as a software Router, enable RIP on the Broadband Router, and ensure the following Windows 2000 settings are correct:
•
Open Routing and Remote Access
•
In the console tree, select Routing and Remote Access , [server name], IP Routing,
RIP
•
In the "Details" pane, right-click the interface you want to configure for RIP version
2, and then click "Properties".
•
On the "General" tab, set Outgoing packet protocol to "RIP version 2 broadcast", and
Incoming packet protocol to "RIP version 1 and 2".
Routing Screen
The routing table is accessed by the Routing link on the Advanced screen.
Using this Screen
Generally, you will use either RIP (Routing Information Protocol) OR the Static Routing
Table, as explained above, although is it possible to use both methods simultaneously.
Static Routing Table
•
If RIP is not used, an entry in the routing table is required for each LAN segment on your
Network, other than the segment to which this device is attached.
•
The other Routers must also be configured. See Configuring Other Routers on your LAN
later in this chapter for further details and an example.
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Broadband Router User Guide
Figure 51: Routing Screen
Data - Routing Screen
RIP
Enable RIP
Check this to enable the RIP (Routing Information Protocol) feature
of the Broadband Router.
The Broadband Router supports RIP 1 only.
Static Routing
Static Routing
Table Entries
Properties
This list shows all entries in the Routing Table.
•
The "Properties" area shows details of the selected item in the
list.
•
Change any the properties as required, then click the "Update"
button to save the changes to the selected entry.
•
Destination Network - The network address of the remote LAN
segment. For standard class "C" LANs, the network address is
the first 3 fields of the Destination IP Address. The 4th (last)
field can be left at 0.
•
Network Mask - The Network Mask for the remote LAN
segment. For class "C" networks, the default mask is
255.255.255.0
•
Gateway IP Address - The IP Address of the Gateway or
Router which the Broadband Router must use to communicate
with the destination above. (NOT the router attached to the remote segment.)
•
Metric - The number of "hops" (routers) to pass through to
reach the remote LAN segment. The shortest path will be used.
The default value is 1.
82
Advanced Configuration
Buttons
Save
Save the RIP setting. This has no effect on the Static Routing Table.
Add
Add a new entry to the Static Routing table, using the data shown in
the "Properties" area on screen. The entry selected in the list is
ignored, and has no effect.
Update
Update the current Static Routing Table entry, using the data shown
in the "Properties" area on screen.
Delete
Delete the current Static Routing Table entry.
Clear Form
Clear all data from the "Properties" area, ready for input of a new
entry for the Static Routing table.
Generate Report
Generate a read-only list of all entries in the Static Routing table.
Configuring Other Routers on your LAN
It is essential that all IP packets for devices not on the local LAN be passed to the Broadband
Router, so that they can be forwarded to the external LAN, WAN, or Internet. To achieve this,
the local LAN must be configured to use the Broadband Router as the Default Route or Default
Gateway.
Local Router
The local router is the Router installed on the same LAN segment as the Broadband Router.
This router requires that the Default Route is the Broadband Router itself. Typically, routers
have a special entry for the Default Route. It should be configured as follows.
Destination IP Address
Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.
Network Mask
Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.
Gateway IP Address
The IP Address of the Broadband Router.
Metric
1
Other Routers on the Local LAN
Other routers on the local LAN must use the Broadband Router's Local Router as the Default
Route. The entries will be the same as the Broadband Router's local router, with the exception
of the Gateway IP Address.
•
For a router with a direct connection to the Broadband Router's local Router, the Gateway
IP Address is the address of the Broadband Router's local router.
•
For routers which must forward packets to another router before reaching the Broadband
Router's local router, the Gateway IP Address is the address of the intermediate router.
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Broadband Router User Guide
Static Routing - Example
Router A
(192.168.1.80)
(192.168.0.100)
Segment 1
Segment 0
(192.168.1.xx)
(192.168.0.xx)
Broadband
Router
Router B
(192.168.1.90)
(192.168.2.70)
(192.168.0.1)
Segment 2
(192.168.2.xx)
Figure 52: Routing Example
For the Broadband Router's Routing Table
For the LAN shown above, with 2 routers and 3 LAN segments, the Broadband Router requires 2 entries as follows.
Entry 1 (Segment 1)
Destination IP Address
192.168.1.0
Network Mask
255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)
Gateway IP Address
192.168.0.100 (Broadband Router's local
Router)
Metric
2
Entry 2 (Segment 2)
Destination IP Address
192.168.2.0
Network Mask
255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)
Gateway IP Address
192.168.0.100
Metric
3
For Router A's Default Route
Destination IP Address
0.0.0.0
Network Mask
0.0.0.0
Gateway IP Address
192.168.0.1 (Broadband Router's IP Address)
For Router B's Default Route
Destination IP Address
0.0.0.0
Network Mask
0.0.0.0
Gateway IP Address
192.168.1.80 (Broadband Router's local
router)
84
Appendix A
Troubleshooting
A
This Appendix covers the most likely problems and their solutions.
Overview
This chapter covers some common problems that may be encountered while using the Broadband Router and some possible solutions to them. If you follow the suggested steps and the
Broadband Router still does not function properly, contact your dealer for further advice.
General Problems
Problem 1:
Can't connect to the Broadband Router to configure it.
Solution 1:
Check the following:
•
The Broadband Router is properly installed, LAN connections are OK,
and it is powered ON.
•
Ensure that your PC and the Broadband Router are on the same network
segment. (If you don't have a router, this must be the case.)
•
If your PC is set to "Obtain an IP Address automatically" (DHCP
client), restart it.
•
If your PC uses a Fixed (Static) IP address, ensure that it is using an IP
Address within the range 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254 and thus compatible with the Broadband Router's default IP Address of 192.168.0.1.
Also, the Network Mask should be set to 255.255.255.0 to match the
Broadband Router.
In Windows, you can check these settings by using Control PanelNetwork to check the Properties for the TCP/IP protocol.
Internet Access
Problem 1:
When I enter a URL or IP address I get a time out error.
Solution 1:
A number of things could be causing this. Try the following troubleshooting
steps.
Problem 2:
•
Check if other PCs work. If they do, ensure that your PCs IP settings
are correct. If using a Fixed (Static) IP Address, check the Network
Mask, Default gateway and DNS as well as the IP Address.
•
If the PCs are configured correctly, but still not working, check the
Broadband Router. Ensure that it is connected and ON. Connect to it
and check its settings. (If you can't connect to it, check the LAN and
power connections.)
•
If the Broadband Router is configured correctly, check your Internet
connection (DSL/Cable modem etc) to see that it is working correctly.
Some applications do not run properly when using the Broadband
Router.
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Broadband Router User Guide
Solution 2:
The Broadband Router processes the data passing through it, so it is not
transparent.
Use the Special Applications feature to allow the use of Internet applications
which do not function correctly.
If this does solve the problem you can use the DMZ function. This should
work with almost every application, but:
•
It is a security risk, since the firewall is disabled.
•
Only one (1) PC can use this feature.
Printing (For ALL1295 only)
Problem 1:
When I tried to install the Printing software for Peer-to-Peer printing,
I received an error message and the installation was aborted..
Solution 1:
This may be caused by an existing installation of the printer port software.
Before attempting another installation:
•
Remove the existing installation
•
Restart your PC
To remove an existing printer port installation:
1. Open Start - Settings - Control Panel - Add/Remove Programs
2. Look for an entry with a name like "Shared Port", "Shared Printer
Port", "Print Server Driver" or "Print Server Port".
3. Select this item, click "Add/Remove", and confirm the deletion.
Problem 2:
I am using Windows 95, and the Printing software installed and ran,
but when I selected a port on a Broadband Router and clicked "Add",
the printer was not installed.
Solution 2:
Try installing the printer using the standard Windows tools, as follows:
1. Start the Add Printer Wizard.
2. Select Network Printer when prompted "How is the printer attached to
your Computer?", and click Next.
3. When prompted for the Network Path or Queue, enter a dummy value
such as \\123, as shown below. (Do NOT select Yes for "Do you print
for MS-DOS programs?")
86
Appendix A - Troubleshooting
4.
5.
6.
7.
The printer wizard will display a message stating that “The Network
Printer is off-line”. This is OK. Continue the Add Printer Wizard until
finished.
When finished, go to Control Panel-Printers. The printer icon will be
grayed out indicating the printer is not ready.
Right-click the Printer, and select Properties. Then select the Details
tab, as shown below.
Click the Add Port button. On the resulting screen, select Other, then
Shared Port, as the port to add, as shown below.
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Broadband Router User Guide
8.
Click OK to see the Print Port Configuration screen, as shown below.
9.
Click the Browse Device button, select the desired Multi-function
Broadband Router, and click OK.
10. Click OK to return to the Printers folders, and right-click on the
Printer. Ensure that the Work off-line option is NOT checked.
The Printer should no longer be grayed out, and is ready for use.
88
Appendix B
Specifications
B
ALL1294A
Model
Broadband Router
Dimensions
140mm(W) * 85mm(D) * 27mm(H)
Operating Temperature
0° C to 40° C
Storage Temperature
-10° C to 70° C
Network Protocol:
TCP/IP
Network Interface:
5 Ethernet:
4 * 10/100BaseT (RJ45) LAN connection
1 * 10/100BaseT (RJ45) for WAN
LEDs
11
Power Adapter
5 V DC External
FCC Statement:
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference.
(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
CE Marking Warning
This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference
in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
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Broadband Router User Guide
ALL1295
Model
Broadband Router
Dimensions
140mm(W) * 85mm(D) * 27mm(H)
Operating Temperature
0° C to 40° C
Storage Temperature
-10° C to 70° C
Network Protocol:
TCP/IP
Network Interface:
5 Ethernet:
4 * 10/100BaseT (RJ45) LAN connection
1 * 10BaseT (RJ45) for WAN
Printer Port
1 * parallel printer port
LEDs
13
Power Adapter
12 V DC External
FCC Statement:
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
(3) This device may not cause harmful interference.
(4) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
CE Marking Warning
This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference
in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
90
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