Allnet ALL1682511 User Guide

Allnet ALL1682511 User Guide
ALL1682511
500Mbits Powerline WLAN N Access Point
User´s Manual
Contents
1.
Introduction ...........................................................................................................................1
2.
System Requirements ...........................................................................................................1
3.
Configuration .........................................................................................................................1
4.
WPS ........................................................................................................................................9
5.
Wireless AP Settings .............................................................................................................9
6.
FAQ.......................................................................................................................................15
7.
Glossary ...............................................................................................................................21
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1. Introduction
The purpose of this document is to present the details on how to use the Wireless AP. There are three
interfaces in the AP: Wireless, Ethernet and Powerline. As Figure 1 shows, you can use other Powerline
Bridge(s) to connect the AP through power line.
Figure 1. Powerline Access Point application example
2. System Requirements
An IBM PC compatible, with:

Processor: Pentium or higher, clock rate 2.6GHz or above recommended

Operating System : Windows XP/Vista/7

Memory: 128 MB or more

Browser: Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 or higher version, or Firefox 1.0 .
3. Configuration
In first time, please connect the AP with a PC via Ethernet port or PLC bridge. Then set your PC’s IP to 192.168.1.10 or
other in the same subnet 192.168.1.x except “192.168.1.2” .
Below is an example for Windows XP:
Right click on the Network
icon, choose “Open Network
Connections”.
Right click on the “Local Area
Connection” icon, choose
“Properties”.
Click on the “Internet
Protocol”, then click
“Properties”.
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Choose “Use the following IP
address”.
Set your PC’s IP to
192.168.1.10 or other in the
same subnet 192.168.1.x
except “192.168.1.2”.
Open the “Microsoft Internet
Explorer” window,
type ”http://192.168.1.2”
(default value, if not
changed.) in the “Address”
column and press Enter.
Type “admin” as the
Username and “12345” as
the Password in the login
page. (default value, if not
changed.)
Then click the “login” button.
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If pop up a “AutoComplete”
window, you can make the
choice by your need.
Then you can see the setup
menu.
You can click “Use Setup
Wizard” to set the AP easily
with security.
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Just assign a new name
(SSID) and input the security
password (8 to 63
characters, Alphanumeric).
Then click “Save” button to
save your settings.
Then click “Reboot” button to
apply your settings.
The AP will reboot.
Please wait about 20 sec.
You can click on the
“Network” item to set the IP
settings.
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You can click on the “AP”
item to set the wireless AP
settings.
Detailed settings are
described at next sections.
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You can click on the “Radio”
item to set the radio settings.
You can click on the “DHCP
Server” item to set the DHCP
Server settings.
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You can click on the
“Account” item to set the
login account and password.
You can click on the “AP
Status” item to see the
information of this device.
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4. WPS
If your wireless device supports WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) function, please click WPS button on wireless
device, then press WPS button on this wireless AP device for less than 2 seconds.
5. Wireless AP Settings
At “Radio” page:
Normally, no change is needed.
Channel
Please choose the channel for best performance. Normally, no change is needed.
Channels 1-11 approved for use in the United States, Canada, Latin America, and Taiwan.
Channels 1-14 approved for use in Japan.
Channels 1-13 approved for use in other countries.
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Wireless Mode
There are four choice: “WiFi 11g”, “WiFi 11gn HT20” , “WiFi 11gn HT40+”, “WiFi 11gn HT40-”. The default
value is “WiFi 11gn HT20”. Normally, no change is needed.
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At “AP” page:
ESSID
ESSID is the network name of the Access Point in the wireless network. You should set the same ESSID
name for all your wireless-equipped devices to allow dynamic clients to easily roam among them. The ESSID
name can be up to 32 characters in length and is case sensitive.
Security Settings (Authentication Mode/ Encryption Mode)
There are four basic security types you can set up:
Open: Allows any device to connect to the network, assuming the device’s ESSID matches the access point’s
ESSID.
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WEP: Only those devices that have the same key can join the network. To limit communication to only those
devices which share the same WEP settings.
Key Length:
64-bits - enter 5 ASCII characters or 10 hexadecimal digits.
128-bits - enter 13 ASCII characters or 26 hexadecimal digits.
Key Format:
Choose HEX or ASCII is up to your choice.
Hexadecimal digits consist of the numbers “0-9” and the letters “A~F”.
ASCII characters consist of the letters uppercase “A~Z”, lowercase “a~z”, or numbers “0~9”.
For example, please select MODE: “Shared”, type “12345” in “Key 1” field, then click “Primary Key” after “Key
1” field. Then click “Save” button.
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WPAPSK: To secure your network using a password and dynamic key changes with TKIP or AES algorithm.
(No RADIUS server required). Enter a WPA Personal Shared Key, at least 8 characters, up to 63 ASCII
characters.
For example, please select MODE: WPA”, CYPHER: “TKIP”, then select “Personal Shared Key”, type
“12345678” in “PSK KEY” field. Then click “Save” button.
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WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access)/WPA2: To secure your network via RADIUS server, input RADIUS server’s
information.
Auth Server: IP of Radius server.
Port: port number of Radius server.
Shared Secret: Enter a RADIUS Key up to 32 ASCII characters.
For example, please select MODE: WPA”, CYPHER: “TKIP”, then select “Enterprise/RADIUS”, type
“192.168.1.5” in “Auth Server” field, “1812” in port field, “testing123” in “Shared Secret” field. Then click “Save”
button.
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6. FAQ
Q1. You set Security Settings with WEP, but you can’t connect to AP.
Ans. Please check the properties of “Wireless Network Connection”. Below is an example for Windows XP.
Details as follow:
1.1 Right click on the “Network Connection” icon and choose “Open Network Connections”.
1.2 Right click on the “Wireless Network Connection” and choose “Properties”.
1.3 On the “Wireless Networks” tab, choose the preferred network and click “Properties” button.
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1.4 Make sure the Network Authentication is “Shared” and the Data encryption is “WEP”.
1.5 Don’t select the “Enable IEEE 802.1x authentication for this network”.
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Q3. How to use WPA with RADIUS?
Ans. You can download the win32 distribution of FreeRADIUS (FreeRADIUS.net) from
http://www.freeradius.net/ .
Below are some configurations for Windows XP client connected to the RADIUS with Files authentication mode.
3.1 On the “Wireless Networks” tab, choose the preferred network and click “Properties” button.
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3.2 Make sure the Network Authentication is “WPA” and the Data encryption is “AES” or “TKIP”.
3.3 On the “Authentication” tab, select “Protected EAP (PEAP)” on the drop-down list, then click “Properties”.
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3.4 Disable "Validate server certificate".
In Select Authentication Method, select "Secured password (EAP-MSCHAPv2)", then click “Configure…”
button.
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3.5 Disable "Automatically use my Windows logon name and password".
3.6 Then you can key in your “User name” and “Password” in the “Enter Credentials” dialog.
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7. Glossary
AES
AES stands for Advanced Encryption Standard. It is a preferred standard for the encryption of commercial
and government data using a symmetric block data encryption technique.
TKIP
TKIP stands for Temporal Key Integrity Protocol. It is a wireless security encryption mechanism in Wi-Fi
Protected Access. TKIP uses a key hierarchy and key management methodology that removes the
predictability that intruder relied upon to exploit the WEP key. It increases the size of the key from 40 to 128
bits and replaces WEP’s single static key with keys that are dynamically generated and distributed by an
authentication server, providing some 500 trillion possible keys that can be used on a given data packet. It
also includes a Message Integrity Check (MIC), designed to prevent an attacker from capturing data packets,
altering them and resending them. By greatly expanding the size of keys, the number of keys in use, and by
creating an integrity checking mechanism, TKIP magnifies the complexity and difficulty involved in decoding
data on a Wi-Fi network. TKIP greatly increases the strength and complexity of wireless encryption, making it
far more difficult—if not impossible—for a would-be intruder to break into a Wi-Fi network.
WEP
WEP stands for Wired Equivalent Privacy. It is a data privacy mechanism based on a 64/128-bit shared key
algorithm, defined in the IEEE 802.11 standard. WEP aims to provide security by encrypting data over radio
waves so that it is protected as it is transmitted from one end point to another. However, it has been found that
WEP is not as secure as once believed.
`
WPA
WPA stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access. It is a Wi-Fi standard that was designed to improve upon the security
features of WEP. The technology includes two improvements over WEP:

Improved data encryption through the temporal key integrity protocol (TKIP). TKIP scrambles the
keys using a hashing algorithm and, by adding an integrity-checking feature, ensures that the keys
haven’t been tampered with.

User authentication, which is generally missing in WEP, through the extensible authentication
protocol (EAP). WEP regulates access to a wireless network based on a computer’s
hardware-specific MAC address, which is relatively simple to be sniffed out and stolen. EAP is built on
a more secure public-key encryption system to ensure that only authorized network users can access
the network.
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It should be noted that WPA is an interim standard that will be replaced with the IEEE’s 802.11i standard upon
its completion.
WPA2
WPA2 stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access 2, the follow on security method to WPA for wireless networks that
provides stronger data protection and network access control. It provides enterprise and consumer Wi-Fi
users with a high level of assurance that only authorized users can access their wireless networks. Based on
the IEEE 802.11i standard, WPA2 provides government grade security by implementing the National Institute
of Standards and Technology (NIST) FIPS 140-2 compliant AES encryption algorithm and 802.1x-based
authentication. [Adapted from Wi-Fi.org] There are two versions of WPA2: WPA2-Personal, and
WPA2-Enterprise. WPA2-Personal protects unauthorized network access by utilizing a set-up password.
WPA2-Enterprise verifies network users through a server. WPA2 is backward compatible with WPA.
RADIUS
RADIUS stands for Remote Access Dial-Up User Service. It is a standard technology used by many major corporations
to protect access to wireless networks. RADIUS is a user name and password scheme that enables only approved users
to access the network; it does not affect or encrypt data. The first time a user access to the network, he must input name
and password and submit it over the network to the RADIUS server. The server then verifies that the individual has an
account and, if so, ensures that the person uses the correct password before he can get on the network.
WMM
WMM stands for Wi-Fi Multimedia. It is a standard created to define quality of service (QoS) in
Wi-Fi networks. It is a precursor to the upcoming IEEE 802.11e WLAN QoS draft standard, which is
meant to improve audio, video and voice applications transmitted over Wi-Fi. WMM adds prioritized
capabilities to Wi-Fi networks and optimizes their performance when multiple concurring
applications, each with different latency and throughput requirements, compete for network
resources.
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CE-Declaration of Conformity
For the following equipment:
Germering, 1st of March, 2013
500Mbits Powerline WLAN N Access Point
ALL1682511
The safety advice in the documentation accompanying the products shall be obeyed.
The conformity to the above directive is indicated by the CE sign on the device.
The Allnet ALL1682511 conforms to the Council Directives of 2004/108/EC.
This equipment meets the following conformance standards:
EN60950-1:2006/A11:2009
EN62311:2008
EN301489-1 V1.8.1:2008-04
EN301489-17 V2.1.1:2009-05
EN300328 V1.7.1:2008-10
This equipment is intended to be operated in all countries.
This declaration is made by
ALLNET Computersysteme GmbH
Maistraße 2
82110 Germering
Germany
Germering, 01.03.2013
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