Toro 55cm Recycler Lawn Mower Walk Behind Mower Operator's Manual

Toro 55cm Recycler Lawn Mower Walk Behind Mower Operator's Manual
Form No. 3418-462 Rev B
55cm
Recycler®
Lawn Mower with SmartStow®
Model No. 20965—Serial No. 400000000 and Up
Operator's Manual
Introduction
g000502
This rotary-blade, walk-behind lawn mower is intended
to be used by residential homeowners. It is designed
primarily for cutting grass on well-maintained lawns
on residential properties. It is not designed for cutting
brush or for agricultural uses.
Read this information carefully to learn how to operate
and maintain your product properly and to avoid
injury and product damage. You are responsible for
operating the product properly and safely.
You may contact Toro directly at www.Toro.com for
product and accessory information, help finding a
dealer, or to register your product.
Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or
additional information, contact an Authorized Service
Dealer or Toro Customer Service and have the model
and serial numbers of your product ready. Figure 1
identifies the location of the model and serial numbers
on the product. Write the numbers in the space
provided.
Important: With your mobile device, you can
scan the QR code on the serial number decal (if
equipped) to access warranty, parts, and other
product information
g226627
Figure 1
1. Model and serial number location
Model No.
Serial No.
This manual identifies potential hazards and has
safety messages identified by the safety-alert symbol
(Figure 2), which signals a hazard that may cause
serious injury or death if you do not follow the
recommended precautions.
© 2017—The Toro® Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420
Register at www.Toro.com.
Figure 2
Safety-alert symbol
This manual uses 2 words to highlight information.
Important calls attention to special mechanical
information and Note emphasizes general information
worthy of special attention.
This product complies with all relevant European
directives; for details, please see the separate product
specific Declaration of Conformity (DOC) sheet.
Gross or Net Torque: The gross or net torque
of this engine was laboratory rated by the engine
manufacturer in accordance with the Society of
Automotive Engineers (SAE) J1940 or J2723. As
configured to meet safety, emission, and operating
requirements, the actual engine torque on this class
of mower will be significantly lower. Please refer to
the engine manufacturer’s information included with
the machine.
Do not tamper with or disable safety devices on the
machine, and check their proper operation regularly.
Do not attempt to adjust or tamper with the engine
speed control; doing so may create an unsafe
operating condition, resulting in personal injury.
Contents
Introduction ............................................................... 1
Safety ....................................................................... 2
General Safety ................................................... 2
Safety and Instructional Decals .......................... 3
Setup ........................................................................ 5
1 Unfolding the Handle ....................................... 5
2 Installing the Recoil-starter Rope in the
Rope Guide..................................................... 6
3 Filling the Engine with Oil ................................. 7
4 Assembling the Grass Bag............................... 7
Product Overview ..................................................... 8
Specifications .................................................... 8
Operation .................................................................. 8
Before Operation ................................................... 8
Before Operation Safety ..................................... 8
Filling the Fuel Tank ............................................ 9
Original Instructions (EN)
Printed in Mexico
All Rights Reserved *3418-462* B
Safety
Checking the Engine-Oil Level............................ 9
Adjusting the Handle Height ............................. 10
Adjusting the Cutting Height ..............................11
During Operation ................................................. 12
During Operation Safety ................................... 12
Starting the Engine ........................................... 12
Using the Self-Propel Drive............................... 13
Shutting Off the Engine..................................... 13
Recycling the Clippings .................................... 13
Bagging the Clippings....................................... 13
Operating the Bag-on-Demand Lever ............... 14
Side-Discharging the Clippings......................... 14
Operating Tips ................................................. 15
After Operation .................................................... 16
After Operation Safety ...................................... 16
Cleaning under the Machine ............................. 16
Folding the Handle ........................................... 17
Storing the Machine in the Vertical-Stow
Position ......................................................... 17
Maintenance ........................................................... 19
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s) ........... 19
Maintenance Safety.......................................... 19
Preparing for Maintenance ............................... 19
Servicing the Air Filter....................................... 20
Changing the Engine Oil ................................... 20
Replacing the Blade.......................................... 21
Adjusting the Self-Propel Drive ......................... 22
Storage ................................................................... 23
Preparing the Machine for Storage ................... 23
Removing the Machine from Storage ................ 23
This machine has been designed in accordance with
EN ISO 5395:2013.
General Safety
This product is capable of amputating hands and
feet and of throwing objects. Always follow all safety
instructions to avoid serious personal injury.
Using this product for purposes other than its intended
use could prove dangerous to you and bystanders.
• Read, understand, and follow the instructions
and warnings in this Operator’s Manual and on
the machine and attachments before starting the
engine.
• Do not put your hands or feet near moving parts of
or under the machine. Keep clear of any discharge
opening.
• Do not operate the machine without all guards
and other safety protective devices in place and
working on the machine.
• Keep bystanders and children a safe distance
away from the machine. Do not allow children to
operate the machine. Allow only people who are
responsible, trained, familiar with the instructions,
and physically capable to operate the machine.
• Stop the machine, shut off the engine, and wait for
all moving parts to stop before servicing, fueling,
or unclogging the machine.
Improperly using or maintaining this machine can
result in injury. To reduce the potential for injury,
comply with these safety instructions and always pay
attention to the safety-alert symbol, which means
Caution, Warning, or Danger—personal safety
instruction. Failure to comply with these instructions
may result in personal injury or death.
You can find additional safety information where
needed throughout this manual.
2
Safety and Instructional Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any area
of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or missing.
decaloemmarkt
Manufacturer's Mark
1. This mark indicates that the blade is identified as a part
from the original machine manufacturer.
decal112-8760
112-8760
1. Thrown object hazard—keep bystanders a safe distance
away from the machine.
decal125-5026
2. Cutting/dismemberment of hand or foot—stay away from
moving parts.
125-5026
1. Recycling mode
2. Bagging mode
decal131-4514b
131-4514
1. Warning—read the Operator's Manual.
2. Cutting/dismemberment hazard of hand, mower
blade—stay away from moving parts; keep all guards and
shields in place.
3. Cutting/dismemberment hazard of hand, mower
blade—disconnect the spark-plug wire and read the
instructions before servicing or performing maintenance.
4. Thrown object hazard—keep bystanders a safe distance
away from the machine; shut off the engine before leaving
the operating position; pick up any debris before mowing.
5. Cutting/dismemberment hazard of foot, mower blade—do
not operate up and down slopes; operate side to side on
slopes; look behind you when backing up.
3
decal133-8198
133-8198
1. Warning—read the Operator's Manual; 1) Add fuel up to the
indicated level. 2) Tip the machine forward for storage.
decal138-3278
138-3278
1. Push the handle down to
move forward.
2. Pull the handle up to move
backward.
decal136-9096
136-9096
1. Attention—read the
Operator's Manual.
2. Scan the QR code for
more information on
traction adjustment.
decal137-9196
137-9196
1. Lock
2. Unlock
4
Setup
Important: Remove and discard the protective plastic sheet that covers the engine and any other
plastic or wrapping on the machine.
1
Unfolding the Handle
No Parts Required
Procedure
WARNING
Unfolding the handle improperly can damage the cables, causing an unsafe operating
condition.
• Do not damage the cable(s) when folding or unfolding the handle.
• Ensure that the cable(s) are routed to the outside of the handle.
• If a cable is damaged, contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
1.
Unlock the handle (A of Figure 3).
2.
Move the handle rearward to the operating position (B of Figure 3).
3.
Set the handle lock until the pin clicks in place to lock the handle into the operating position (C of Figure 3).
g232815
Figure 3
Note: To adjust the handle height, refer to Adjusting the Handle Height (page 10).
5
2
Installing the Recoil-starter Rope in the Rope Guide
No Parts Required
Procedure
Important: To start the engine safely and easily whenever you use the machine, install the recoil-starter
rope in the rope guide.
g230719
Figure 4
6
3
Filling the Engine with Oil
No Parts Required
Procedure
Important: Your machine does not come with oil in the engine. Before starting the engine, fill the
engine with oil.
g222533
Figure 5
4
Assembling the Grass Bag
No Parts Required
Procedure
g230447
Figure 6
7
Specifications
Product Overview
Model
20965
Weight
Length
Width
Height
38 kg
157 cm
61 cm
112 cm
(83 lb)
(62
inches)
(24
inches)
(44
inches)
Operation
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the
machine from the normal operating position.
Before Operation
Before Operation Safety
General Safety
• Become familiar with the safe operation of the
•
•
g233307
Figure 7
1. Handle
9. Cutting-height lever (4)
2. Self-propel bar
10. Spark-plug wire
3. Blade-control bar
11. Side-discharge deflector
4. Adjustment knob for the
self-propel drive
12. Oil fill/dipstick
•
•
5. Rear deflector (not shown) 13. Bag-on-demand lever
6. Washout port (not shown) 14. Handle lock (2)
7. Fuel-tank cap
15. Recoil-start handle
8. Air filter
equipment, operator controls, and safety signs.
Check that all guards and safety devices, such as
deflectors and/or grass catcher, are in place and
working properly.
Always inspect the machine to ensure that the
blades, blade bolts, and cutting assembly are not
worn or damaged.
Inspect the area where you will use the machine,
and remove all objects that could interfere with
the operation of the machine or that the machine
could throw.
Adjusting the cutting height may bring you into
contact with the moving blade, causing serious
injury.
– Shut off the engine, remove the ignition key
(electric-start model only), and wait for all
moving parts to stop.
– Do not put your fingers under the housing
when adjusting the cutting height.
Fuel Safety
• Fuel is extremely flammable and highly explosive.
A fire or explosion from fuel can burn you and
others and can damage property.
– To prevent a static charge from igniting the fuel,
place the container and/or machine directly on
the ground before filling, not in a vehicle or on
an object.
– Fill the fuel tank outdoors, in an open area,
when the engine is cold. Wipe up any fuel that
spills.
– Do not handle fuel when smoking or around an
open flame or sparks.
g027237
Figure 8
1. Grass bag
2. Side-discharge chute
8
– Do not remove the fuel cap or add fuel to the
tank while the engine is running or hot.
– If you spill fuel, do not attempt to start the
engine. Avoid creating a source of ignition until
the fuel vapors have dissipated.
•
•
– Store fuel in an approved container and keep
it out of the reach of children.
•
• Fuel is harmful or fatal if swallowed. Long-term
volume. Performance problems and/or engine
damage may result, which may not be covered
under warranty.
Do not use gasoline containing methanol.
Do not store fuel either in the fuel tank or in fuel
containers over the winter unless fuel stabilizer
has been added to the fuel.
Do not add oil to gasoline.
exposure to vapors can cause serious injury and
illness.
Fill the fuel tank with fresh unleaded regular gasoline
from a major name-brand service station (Figure 9).
– Avoid prolonged breathing of vapors.
Important: To reduce starting problems, add
fuel stabilizer to the gasoline all season. Mix the
stabilizer with gasoline less than 30 days old.
– Keep your hands and face away from the
nozzle and the fuel-tank opening.
Refer to your engine owner’s manual for additional
information.
– Keep fuel away from your eyes and skin.
Filling the Fuel Tank
• For best results, use only clean, fresh, unleaded
gasoline with an octane rating of 87 or higher
((R+M)/2 rating method).
• Oxygenated fuel with up to 10% ethanol or 15%
MTBE by volume is acceptable.
g230458
Figure 9
• Do not use ethanol blends of gasoline, such
as E15 or E85, with more than 10% ethanol by
Checking the Engine-Oil Level
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Important: If the oil level in the crankcase is too low or too high and you run the engine, you may
damage the engine.
g222533
Figure 10
9
Adjusting the Handle
Height
You can raise or lower the handle in 1 of 3 positions
that is more comfortable for you (Figure 11).
g234641
Figure 11
1. Handle positions
2. Knob
1.
Remove both handle bolts and knobs (Figure
11).
2.
Move the handle to the desired height position.
3.
Secure the handle with the previously removed
handle knobs.
10
Adjusting the Cutting Height
WARNING
Adjusting the cutting height may bring you into contact with the moving blade, causing
serious injury.
• Shut off the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
• Do not put your fingers under the housing when adjusting the cutting height.
CAUTION
If the engine has been running, the muffler will be hot and can severely burn you.
Keep away from the hot muffler.
Adjust the cutting height as desired. Set all the wheels to the same height; refer to Figure 12.
g223084
Figure 12
11
During Operation
• Check the grass catcher components and
the discharge chute frequently for any wear
or deterioration and replace them with the
manufacturer's recommended parts when
necessary.
During Operation Safety
• Use accessories and attachments approved by
General Safety
The Toro® Company only.
• Wear appropriate clothing, including eye
protection; long pants; slip-resistant, substantial
footwear; and hearing protection. Tie back long
hair, secure loose clothing, and do not wear loose
jewelry.
Slope Safety
• Mow across the face of slopes; never up and
down. Use extreme caution when changing
direction on slopes.
• Do not operate the machine while ill, tired, or
under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
• Do not mow on excessively steep slopes. Poor
• The blade is sharp; contacting the blade can result
footing could cause a slip-and-fall accident.
in serious personal injury. Shut off the engine,
remove the ignition key (electric-start model only),
and wait for all moving parts to stop before leaving
the operating position.
• Mow with caution near drop-offs, ditches, or
embankments.
Starting the Engine
• When you release the blade-control bar, the
engine should shut off and the blade should stop
within 3 seconds. If not, stop using your machine
immediately and contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
• Keep bystanders, especially small children, out of
the operating area. Stop the machine if anyone
enters the area.
1.
Hold the blade-control bar against the handle
(A of Figure 13).
2.
Pull the recoil-start handle lightly until you feel
resistance, then pull it sharply, and allow it to
return to the rope guide on the handle slowly (B
of Figure 13).
• Always look down and behind you before moving
the machine in reverse.
• Operate the machine only in good visibility and
appropriate weather conditions. Do not operate
the machine when there is the risk of lighting.
• Wet grass or leaves can cause serious injury if
you slip and contact the blade. Avoid mowing in
wet conditions.
g230459
• Use extreme care when approaching blind
Figure 13
corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects that may
block your view.
Note: If the machine does not start after several
• Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other
attempts, contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
hidden objects. Uneven terrain could cause the
machine to overturn or cause you to lose your
balance or footing.
• If the machine strikes an object or starts to vibrate,
immediately shut off the engine, remove the key
(if equipped), wait for all moving parts to stop, and
disconnect the wire from the spark plug before
examining the machine for damage. Make all
necessary repairs before resuming operation.
• Before leaving the operating position, shut off
the engine, remove the ignition key (electric-start
model only), and wait for all moving parts to stop.
• If the engine has been running the muffler will be
hot and can severely burn you. Keep away from
the hot muffler.
12
Using the Self-Propel Drive
Bagging the Clippings
To operate the self-propel drive, simply walk forward
or backward with your hands on the upper handle
and your elbows at your sides, and the machine will
automatically keep pace with you (Figure 14).
Use the grass bag when you want to collect grass and
leaf clippings from the lawn.
If the side-discharge chute is on the machine, remove
it; refer to Removing the Side-Discharge Chute (page
14). If the bag-on-demand lever is in the recycling
position, move it to the bagging position; refer to
Operating the Bag-on-Demand Lever (page 14).
Installing the Grass Bag
1.
Raise and hold up the rear deflector (Figure 15).
g038503
Figure 14
Note: If the machine does not freely roll forward
or backward after using the self-propel drive, stop
walking, hold your hands in place, and allow the
machine to roll a couple of centimeters (inches)
forward to disengage the wheel drive. You can also
try reaching just under the upper handle to the metal
handle and pushing the machine forward a couple
of centimeters (inches). If you are having issues
propelling in reverse, slightly lift the handle. If the
machine still does not roll backward easily, you may
need to adjust the self-propel drive; refer to Adjusting
the Self-Propel Drive (page 22). Otherwise, contact
an Authorized Service Dealer.
g208184
Figure 15
Shutting Off the Engine
1. Rear deflector
3. Grass-bag pin (2)
2. Notches (2)
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
To shut off the engine, release the blade-control bar.
2.
Important: When you release the blade-control
bar, both the engine and blade should stop within
3 seconds. If they do not stop properly, stop
using your machine immediately and contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
Install the grass bag, ensuring that the pins on
the bag rest in the notches on the handle (Figure
15).
3.
Lower the rear deflector.
Removing the Grass Bag
Recycling the Clippings
To remove the bag, reverse the steps in Removing
the Grass Bag (page 13).
Your machine comes from the factory ready to recycle
the grass and leaf clippings back into the lawn.
If the grass bag is on the machine and the
bag-on-demand lever is in the bagging position,
move the lever to the recycling position; refer to
Operating the Bag-on-Demand Lever (page 14). If
the side-discharge chute is on the machine, remove
it; refer to Removing the Side-Discharge Chute (page
14).
13
Operating the
Bag-on-Demand Lever
Side-Discharging the
Clippings
The bag-on-demand feature allows you to either
collect or recycle grass and leaf clippings while the
grass bag is attached to the machine.
Use side-discharging for cutting very tall grass.
If the grass bag is on the machine and the
bag-on-demand lever is in the bagging position, move
the lever to the recycling position; refer to Operating
the Bag-on-Demand Lever (page 14).
• To bag the grass and leaf clippings, press the
button on the bag-on-demand lever and move the
lever forward until the button on the lever pops up
(Figure 16).
Installing the Side-Discharge
Chute
Unlatch and lift up the side deflector and install the
side-discharge chute (Figure 18).
g234642
Figure 16
1. Bag-on-demand lever (in the recycling position)
• To recycle or side-discharge the grass and
g235646
Figure 18
leaf clippings, press the button on the lever and
move the lever rearward until the button on the
lever pops up.
Important: For proper operation, shut off
the engine, wait for all moving parts to stop,
and then remove any grass clippings and
debris from the bag-on-demand door and the
surrounding opening (Figure 17) before you
move the bag-on-demand lever from 1 position
to another.
Removing the Side-Discharge
Chute
To remove the side-discharge chute, lift up the side
deflector, remove the side-discharge chute, and lower
the side-discharge deflector until it latches securely.
g234643
Figure 17
1. Clean here
14
Operating Tips
• If there are more than 13 cm (5 inches) of leaves
on the lawn, mow at a higher cutting height and
then again at the desired cutting height.
General Mowing Tips
• Slow down your mowing speed if the machine
• Inspect the area where you will use the machine
does not cut the leaves finely enough.
and remove all objects that the machine could
throw.
• Avoid striking solid objects with the blade. Never
deliberately mow over any object.
• If the machine strikes an object or starts to vibrate,
immediately shut off the engine, remove the key
(if equipped), disconnect the wire from the spark
plug, and examine the machine for damage.
• For best performance, install a new blade before
the cutting season begins.
• Replace the blade when necessary with a Toro
replacement blade.
Cutting Grass
• Cut only about a third of the grass blade at a time.
Do not cut below 51 mm (2 inches) unless the
grass is sparse or it is late fall when grass growth
begins to slow down.
• When cutting grass over 15 cm (6 inches) tall,
mow at the highest cutting height setting and walk
slower; then mow again at a lower setting for the
best lawn appearance. If the grass is too long, the
machine may plug and cause the engine to stall.
• Wet grass and leaves tend to clump on the yard
and can cause the machine to plug or the engine
to stall. Avoid mowing in wet conditions.
• Be aware of a potential fire hazard in very dry
conditions, follow all local fire warnings, and keep
the machine free of dry grass and leaf debris.
• Alternate the mowing direction. This helps
disperse the clippings over the lawn for even
fertilization.
• If the finished lawn appearance is unsatisfactory,
try 1 or more of the following:
– Replace the blade or have it sharpened.
– Walk at a slower pace while mowing.
– Raise the cutting height on your machine.
– Cut the grass more frequently.
– Overlap cutting swaths instead of cutting a full
swath with each pass.
Cutting Leaves
• After cutting the lawn, ensure that half of the lawn
shows through the cut leaf cover. You may need
to make more than a single pass over the leaves.
15
After Operation
After Operation Safety
General Safety
• Clean grass and debris from the machine to help
prevent fires. Clean up oil or fuel spills.
• Allow the engine to cool before storing the machine
in any enclosure.
g189173
• Never store the machine or fuel container where
Figure 19
there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light, such
as on a water heater or on other appliances.
1. Washout port
Hauling Safety
6.
Turn the water on.
• Remove the ignition key (if equipped) before
7.
Start the engine and run it until the clippings no
longer come out from under the machine.
• Use care when loading or unloading the machine.
8.
Shut off the engine.
• Secure the machine from rolling.
9.
Shut off the water and disconnect the garden
hose from the machine.
10.
Start the engine and run it for a few minutes to
dry the underside of the machine to prevent it
from rusting.
11.
Shut off the engine and allow it to cool before
storing the machine in an enclosed area.
loading the machine for hauling.
Cleaning under the Machine
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Cleaning under the Machine Using
the Washout Port
Cleaning under the Machine in the
Vertical-stow Position
For best results, clean the machine soon after you
have completed mowing.
1.
Move the machine onto a flat paved surface.
2.
Shut off the engine and wait for all moving parts
to stop before leaving the operating position.
3.
Lower the machine to its lowest cutting-height
setting. Refer to Adjusting the Cutting Height
(page 11).
4.
Wash out the area under the rear door where the
clippings go from the underside of the machine
to the grass bag.
Note: Wash out the area with the
bag-on-demand (if equipped) in both the fully
forward and fully rearward positions.
5.
Attach a garden hose that is connected to a
water supply to the washout port (Figure 19).
16
1.
Set the machine in the vertical-stow position;
refer to Storing the Machine in the Vertical-Stow
Position (page 17).
2.
Wash out the clippings from under the machine.
Folding the Handle
Storing the Machine in the
Vertical-Stow Position
WARNING
During the mowing season or in the off-season, you
can store your machine in the vertical position to
minimize storage space.
Folding or unfolding the handle improperly
can damage the cables, causing an unsafe
operating condition.
DANGER
• Do not damage the cables when folding or
unfolding the handle.
Fuel is extremely flammable and explosive. A
fire or explosion from fuel can burn you and
others.
• Storing the machine in the vertical position
when there is too much fuel in the fuel tank
may cause fuel to leak from the fuel tank.
Fuel is extremely flammable and explosive.
A fire or explosion from fuel can burn you
and others.
• Store the machine in the vertical position
only when the level of fuel in the fuel tank
is no higher than what is recommended in
this Operator’s Manual.
• Do not store the machine in a position
that is beyond the vertical (90°) position;
otherwise, fuel may escape from the fuel
tank.
• Do not transport the machine in the
vertical-stow position.
• Do not attempt to start the machine in the
vertical-stow position.
• Do not attempt to store any machine with
fuel and oil in the vertical-stow position
that is not designed for that purpose.
• If a cable is damaged, contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
1.
Disengage the handle locks until you can move
the upper handle freely.
2.
Fold the handle forward either to the vertical
position or the fully forward position as shown
in Figure 20.
Important: Route the cables to the outside
of the handle locks as you fold the handle.
WARNING
Folding or unfolding the handle improperly
can damage the cables, causing an unsafe
operating condition.
• Do not damage the cables when folding or
unfolding the handle.
• If a cable is damaged, contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
g186137
Figure 20
3.
To unfold the handle, refer to 1 Unfolding the
Handle (page 5).
1.
Ensure that the level of fuel in the fuel tank is no
higher than what is recommended by the engine
manufacturer; refer to the engine manufacturer’s
decal on the engine (Figure 21).
Note: If there is the level of fuel in the fuel
tank is too high, drain the fuel from the fuel tank
into an approved fuel container until it is at or
below the level recommended by the engine
manufacturer.
17
decal133-8198
Figure 21
2.
Ensure that the cutting-height setting on the
machine is 35 mm (1-3/8 inches) or higher; if
it is not, raise it; refer to Adjusting the Cutting
Height (page 11).
3.
Disengage the handle locks (Figure 22).
g189217
Figure 23
g189218
Figure 22
1. Handle lock engaged
position
4.
2. Handle lock disengaged
positions
Fold the handle fully forward (Figure 22).
Important: Route the cables to the outside
of the handle knobs as you fold the handle.
5.
Engage the handle locks.
6.
Lift the front of the machine by the handle and
move it into a storage space (Figure 23).
18
Maintenance
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s)
Maintenance Service
Interval
Before each use or daily
Every 25 hours
Yearly
Yearly or before storage
Maintenance Procedure
• Check the engine-oil level.
• Ensure that the engine shuts off within 3 seconds after releasing the blade-control
bar.
• Clean grass clippings and dirt from under the machine.
• Service the air filter; service it more frequently in dusty operating conditions.
• Replace the air filter; replace it more frequently in dusty operating conditions.
• Replace the blade or have it sharpened (more frequently if the edge dulls quickly).
• Clean the engine by removing dirt and debris from its top and sides; clean it more
frequently in dusty operating conditions.
• Empty the fuel tank before repairs as directed and before yearly storage.
Maintenance Safety
• Disconnect the spark-plug wire from the spark plug
before performing any maintenance procedure.
• Wear gloves and eye protection when servicing
the machine.
• The blade is sharp; contacting the blade can result
in serious personal injury. Wear gloves when
servicing the blade. Do not repair or alter the
blade(s).
• Never tamper with safety devices. Check their
proper operation regularly.
• Tipping the machine may cause the fuel to leak.
Fuel is flammable and explosive, and can cause
personal injury. Run the engine dry or remove the
fuel with a hand pump; never siphon the fuel.
g189230
Figure 24
1. Spark-plug wire
• To ensure optimum performance and continued
safety certification of the machine, use only
genuine Toro replacement parts and accessories.
Replacement parts and accessories made by
other manufacturers could be dangerous, and
such use could void the product warranty.
3.
Important: Before tipping the machine to
change the oil or replace the blade, allow the
fuel tank to run dry through normal usage. If
you must tip the machine prior to running
out of fuel, use a hand fuel pump to remove
the fuel. Always tip the machine onto its
side, with the dipstick down.
Preparing for Maintenance
1.
Shut off the engine and wait for all moving parts
to stop.
2.
Disconnect the spark-plug wire from the spark
plug (Figure 24).
After performing the maintenance procedure(s),
connect the spark-plug wire to the spark plug.
19
Servicing the Air Filter
Changing the Engine Oil
Service Interval: Every 25 hours
Changing the engine oil is not required, but if
you want to change the oil, use the following
procedure.
Yearly
1.
Unclip the top of the air-filter cover (Figure 25).
Note: Run the engine a few minutes before changing
the oil to warm it. Warm oil flows better and carries
more contaminants.
Engine Oil Specifications
Engine oil capacity
0.44 L (15 fl oz)
Oil viscosity
SAE 30 or SAE 10W-30
detergent oil
API service classification
SJ or higher
1.
Move the machine to a level surface.
2.
Refer to Preparing for Maintenance (page 19).
3.
Remove the dipstick by rotating the cap
counterclockwise and pulling it out (Figure 26).
g189231
Figure 25
1. Clip
3. Air filter
2. Air-filter cover
g187518
2.
Remove the air filter (Figure 25).
3.
Inspect the air filter.
Figure 26
1. Dipstick
Note: If the air filter is excessively dirty, replace
it with a new filter. Otherwise, gently tap the air
filter on a hard surface to loosen debris.
4.
Install the air filter.
5.
Use the clip to install the air-filter cover.
3. Full
2. Add
4.
20
Tip the machine onto its side (so that the air
filter is up) to drain the used oil from the oil-fill
tube (Figure 27).
Replacing the Blade
Service Interval: Yearly
Important: You will need a torque wrench to
install the blade properly. If you do not have a
torque wrench or are uncomfortable performing
this procedure, contact an Authorized Service
Dealer.
Examine the blade whenever you run out of fuel. If the
blade is damaged or cracked, replace it immediately.
If the blade edge is dull or nicked, have it sharpened
and balanced, or replace it.
g027457
Figure 27
5.
After draining the used oil, return the machine to
the operating position.
6.
Carefully pour about 3/4 of the engine capacity
of oil into the oil-fill tube.
7.
Wait 3 minutes for the oil to settle in the engine.
8.
Wipe the dipstick clean with a clean cloth.
9.
Insert the dipstick into the oil-fill tube, then
remove the dipstick.
10.
WARNING
The blade is sharp; contacting the blade can
result in serious personal injury.
Wear gloves when servicing the blade.
1.
Refer to Preparing for Maintenance (page 19).
2.
Tip the machine onto its side with the air filter up.
3.
Use a block of wood to hold the blade steady
(Figure 28).
Read the oil level on the dipstick (Figure 26).
• If the oil level on the dipstick is too low,
carefully pour a small amount of oil into the
oil-fill tube, wait 3 minutes, and repeat steps
8 through 10 until the oil level on the dipstick
is correct.
• If the oil level on the dipstick is too high,
drain the excess oil until the oil level on the
dipstick is correct.
Important: If the oil level in the engine is too
low or too high and you run the engine, you
may damage the engine.
11.
12.
Install the dipstick into the oil-fill tube securely.
g231389
Figure 28
Recycle the used oil properly.
21
4.
Remove the blade, saving all mounting hardware
(Figure 28).
5.
Install the new blade and all mounting hardware
(Figure 29).
Adjusting the Self-Propel
Drive
Whenever you install a new self-propel cable or if
the self-propel drive is out of adjustment, adjust the
self-propel drive.
1.
Turn the adjustment knob counterclockwise to
loosen the cable adjustment (Figure 30).
g231390
g208188
Figure 29
6.
Figure 30
1. Self-propel-drive cables
Important: Position the curved ends of the
blade to point toward the machine housing.
4. Turn the knob clockwise to
tighten the adjustment.
2. Handle (left side)
Use a torque wrench to tighten the blade bolt
to 82 N∙m (60 ft-lb).
5. Turn the knob
counterclockwise to
loosen the adjustment.
3. Adjustment knob
Important: A bolt torqued to 82 N∙m (60
2.
ft-lb) is very tight. While holding the blade
with a block of wood, put your weight
behind the ratchet or wrench and tighten the
bolt securely. This bolt is very difficult to
overtighten.
Adjust the tension on the cable (Figure 30) by
pulling it back or pushing it forward and holding
that position.
Note: Push the cable toward the engine to
increase the traction; pull the cable away from
the engine to decrease the traction.
3.
Turn the adjustment knob clockwise to tighten
the cable adjustment.
Note: Tighten the knob firmly by hand.
22
Storage
Store the machine in a cool, clean, dry place.
Preparing the Machine for
Storage
1.
On the last refueling of the year, add fuel
stabilizer (such as Toro Premium Fuel
Treatment) to the fuel as directed on the label.
2.
Dispose of any unused fuel properly. Recycle
it according to local codes or use it in your
automobile.
Note: Old fuel in the fuel tank is the leading
cause of hard starting. Do not store fuel without
fuel stabilizer more than 30 days, and do not
store stabilized fuel more than 90 days.
3.
Run the machine until the engine shuts off from
running out of fuel.
4.
Start the engine again and allow it to run until
it shuts off. When you can no longer start the
engine, it is sufficiently dry.
5.
Disconnect the wire from the spark plug and
connect the wire to the retaining post (if
equipped).
6.
Remove the spark plug, add 30 ml (1 fl oz) of
engine oil through the spark-plug hole, and pull
the starter rope slowly several times to distribute
oil throughout the cylinder to prevent cylinder
corrosion during the off-season.
7.
Loosely install the spark plug.
8.
Tighten all nuts, bolts, and screws.
Removing the Machine
from Storage
1.
Check and tighten all fasteners.
2.
Remove the spark plug and spin the engine
rapidly by pulling the recoil-start handle to blow
the excess oil from the cylinder.
3.
Install the spark plug and tighten it with a torque
wrench to 20 N∙m (15 ft-lb).
4.
Perform any maintenance procedures; refer to
Maintenance (page 19).
5.
Check the engine-oil level; refer to Checking the
Engine-Oil Level (page 9).
6.
Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel; refer to Filling
the Fuel Tank (page 9).
7.
Connect the wire to the spark plug.
23
European Privacy Notice
The Information Toro Collects
Toro Warranty Company (Toro) respects your privacy. In order to process your warranty claim and contact you in the event of a product recall, we ask you
to share certain personal information with us, either directly or through your local Toro company or dealer.
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AS DESCRIBED IN THIS PRIVACY NOTICE.
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Toro may use your personal information to process warranty claims, to contact you in the event of a product recall and for any other purpose which we tell
you about. Toro may share your information with Toro's affiliates, dealers or other business partners in connection with any of these activities. We will not
sell your personal information to any other company. We reserve the right to disclose personal information in order to comply with applicable laws and
with requests by the appropriate authorities, to operate our systems properly or for our own protection or that of other users.
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We will keep your personal information as long as we need it for the purposes for which it was originally collected or for other legitimate purposes
(such as regulatory compliance), or as required by applicable law.
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status of personal information.
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If you would like to review or correct your personal information, please contact us by email at legal@toro.com.
Australian Consumer Law
Australian customers will find details relating to the Australian Consumer Law either inside the box or at your local Toro Dealer.
374-0282 Rev C
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