Toro TX 427 Wide Track Compact Tool Carrier, TX 427 Compact Tool Carrier, TX 427 Narrow Track Compact Tool Carrier User manual

Toro TX 427 Wide Track Compact Tool Carrier, TX 427 Compact Tool Carrier, TX 427 Narrow Track Compact Tool Carrier User manual
Form No. 3438-332 Rev A
TX 427 Compact Tool Carrier
Model No.
Model No.
Model No.
Model No.
Register at www.Toro.com.
Original Instructions (EN)
22321—Serial No. 404684850 and Up
22321G—Serial No. 405700000 and Up
22322—Serial No. 405700000 and Up
22342HD—Serial No. 405700000 and Up
*3438-332* A
This product complies with all relevant European
directives; for details, please see the separate product
specific Declaration of Conformity (DOC) sheet.
Visit www.Toro.com for product safety and operation
training materials, accessory information, help finding
a dealer, or to register your product.
It is a violation of California Public Resource Code
Section 4442 or 4443 to use or operate the engine on
any forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered
land unless the engine is equipped with a spark
arrester, as defined in Section 4442, maintained in
effective working order or the engine is constructed,
equipped, and maintained for the prevention of fire.
Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or
additional information, contact an Authorized Service
Dealer or Toro Customer Service and have the model
and serial numbers of your product ready. Figure 1
identifies the location of the model and serial numbers
on the product. Write the numbers in the space
provided.
The enclosed engine owner's manual is supplied
for information regarding the US Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) and the California Emission
Control Regulation of emission systems, maintenance,
and warranty. Replacements may be ordered through
the engine manufacturer.
Important: With your mobile device, you can
scan the QR code on the serial number decal (if
equipped) to access warranty, parts, and other
product information.
WARNING
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
The engine exhaust from this product
contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead
compounds, chemicals known to
the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash
hands after handling.
Use of this product may cause exposure
to chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
g242614
Figure 1
1. Model and serial number location
Model No.
Serial No.
This manual identifies potential hazards and has
safety messages identified by the safety-alert symbol
(Figure 2), which signals a hazard that may cause
serious injury or death if you do not follow the
recommended precautions.
Introduction
This machine is a compact tool carrier intended for
use in various earth and materials moving activities for
landscaping and construction work. It is designed to
operate a wide variety of attachments each of which
perform a specialized function. Using this product
for purposes other than its intended use could prove
dangerous to you and bystanders.
g000502
Figure 2
1. Safety-alert symbol
This manual uses 2 words to highlight information.
Important calls attention to special mechanical
information and Note emphasizes general information
worthy of special attention.
Read this information carefully to learn how to operate
and maintain your product properly and to avoid
injury and product damage. You are responsible for
operating the product properly and safely.
© 2020—The Toro® Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420
2
Contact us at www.Toro.com.
Printed in the USA
All Rights Reserved
Contents
Replacing the Hydraulic Filter ........................... 44
Changing the Hydraulic Fluid ............................ 44
Cleaning .............................................................. 46
Removing Debris .............................................. 46
Cleaning the Chassis........................................ 46
Storage ................................................................... 48
Storage Safety.................................................. 48
Storage............................................................. 48
Troubleshooting ...................................................... 49
Safety ....................................................................... 4
General Safety ................................................... 4
Safety and Instructional Decals .......................... 5
Product Overview ..................................................... 9
Controls ............................................................. 9
Specifications .................................................. 13
Attachments/Accessories ................................. 13
Before Operation ................................................. 14
Before Operation Safety ................................... 14
Adding Fuel ...................................................... 14
Performing Daily Maintenance.......................... 15
During Operation ................................................. 15
During Operation Safety ................................... 15
Starting the Engine ........................................... 17
Driving the Machine .......................................... 17
Shutting Off the Engine..................................... 17
Using Attachments ........................................... 17
After Operation .................................................... 19
After Operation Safety ...................................... 19
Moving a Non-Functioning Machine.................. 19
Hauling the Machine ......................................... 20
Lifting the Machine ........................................... 21
Maintenance ........................................................... 22
Maintenance Safety.......................................... 22
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s) ........... 22
Pre-Maintenance Procedures .............................. 24
Using the Cylinder Lock .................................... 24
Accessing Internal Components ....................... 24
Lubrication .......................................................... 27
Greasing the Machine....................................... 27
Engine Maintenance ........................................... 28
Engine Safety ................................................... 28
Servicing the Air Cleaner .................................. 28
Servicing the Carbon Canister .......................... 29
Servicing the Engine Oil.................................... 29
Servicing the Spark Plug(s) .............................. 31
Fuel System Maintenance ................................... 32
Changing the Fuel Filter.................................... 32
Draining the Fuel Tank ...................................... 33
Electrical System Maintenance ........................... 33
Electrical System Safety ................................... 33
Servicing the Battery......................................... 33
Drive System Maintenance .................................. 35
Servicing the Tracks ......................................... 35
Brake Maintenance ............................................. 39
Testing the Parking Brake ................................. 39
Belt Maintenance ................................................ 39
Inspecting and Replacing the Drive
Belt................................................................ 39
Controls System Maintenance ............................. 41
Adjusting the Controls....................................... 41
Hydraulic System Maintenance ........................... 43
Hydraulic System Safety................................... 43
Relieving Hydraulic Pressure............................ 43
Hydraulic-Fluid Specifications .......................... 43
Checking the Hydraulic-Fluid Level................... 44
3
Safety
Improperly using or maintaining this machine can
result in injury. To reduce the potential for injury,
comply with these safety instructions and always
pay attention to the safety-alert symbol , which
means Caution, Warning, or Danger—personal safety
instruction. Failure to comply with these instructions
may result in personal injury or death.
General Safety
DANGER
There may be buried utility lines in the work
area. Digging into them may cause a shock
or an explosion.
Have the property or work area marked for
buried lines and do not dig in marked areas.
Contact your local marking service or utility
company to have the property marked (for
example, in the US, call 811 or in Australia,
call 1100 for the nationwide marking service).
Always follow all safety instructions to avoid serious
injury or death.
• Do not carry a load with the arms raised; always
carry loads close to the ground.
• Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control
and tip-over accidents, which can result in severe
injury or death. Operating the machine on any
slope or uneven terrain requires extra caution.
• Operate the machine up and down slopes with
the heavy end of the machine uphill and the load
close to the ground. Weight distribution changes
with attachments. An empty bucket makes the
rear of the machine the heavy end, and a full
bucket makes the front of the machine the heavy
end. Most other attachments make the front of the
machine the heavy end.
• Have the property or work area marked for buried
lines and other objects, and do not dig in marked
areas.
• Read and understand the content of this Operator’s
Manual before starting the engine.
• Use your full attention while operating the
machine. Do not engage in any activity that
causes distractions; otherwise, injury or property
damage may occur.
• Never allow children or untrained people to
operate the machine.
• Keep your hands and feet away from the moving
components and attachments.
• Do not operate the machine without the guards
and other safety protective devices in place and
working on the machine.
• Keep bystanders and children out of the operating
area.
• Stop the machine, shut off the engine, and remove
the key before servicing, fueling, or unclogging
the machine.
4
Safety and Instructional Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any area
of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or missing.
decalbatterysymbols
Battery Symbols
Some or all of these symbols are on your battery.
1. Explosion hazard
6. Keep bystanders away
from the battery.
2. No fire, open flame, or
smoking
7. Wear eye protection;
explosive gases can
cause blindness and other
injuries.
3. Caustic liquid/chemical
burn hazard
4. Wear eye protection.
8. Battery acid can cause
blindness or severe burns.
9. Flush eyes immediately
with water and get medical
help fast.
5. Read the Operator's
Manual.
decal93-9084
93-9084
1. Lift point/Tie-down point
10. Contains lead; do not
discard
decal100-4650
100-4650
1. Crushing hazard of hand—keep bystanders away.
2. Crushing hazard of foot—keep bystanders away.
decal93-6686
93-6686
1. Hydraulic fluid
2. Read the Operator's
Manual.
decal100-8821
100-8821
1. Crushing hazard from above; cutting hazard of hand—stay
away from the front of the traction unit when the loader
arms are raised.
decal93-7814
93-7814
1. Entanglement hazard, belt—stay away from moving parts;
keep all guards and shields in place.
decal100-8822
100-8822
1. Warning—do not carry passengers.
5
decal115-4020
115-4020
1. Turn right
3. Reverse
2. Forward
4. Turn left
decal115-4855
115-4855
1. Hot surface/burn hazard—wear protective gloves when
handling the hydraulic couplers and read the Operator's
Manual for information on handling hydraulic components.
decal115-4859
115-4859
1. Disengaged
3. Engaged
2. Parking brake
decal115-4857
115-4857
1. Lower the loader arms.
2. Dump the bucket.
4. Curl the bucket.
5. Float the bucket on the
ground.
decal115-4861
115-4861
3. Raise the loader arms.
decal115-4858
115-4858
1. Crushing hazard of hands or feet—install the cylinder lock.
6
1. Auxiliary hydraulics
3. Forward
2. Locked reverse (detent)
4. Neutral (off)
decal115-4862
115-4862
1. Loader-valve
lock—unlocked
2. Loader-valve lock—locked
decal139-8812
139-8812
decal115-4860
115-4860
1. Warning—read the Operator's Manual.
2. Warning—lower the loader arms, engage the parking brake, shut off the engine, and remove the key before leaving the machine.
3. Crushing hazard from above—install the cylinder lock and read the Operator’s Manual before performing maintenance.
4. Cutting hazard of hands or feet—wait for all moving parts to stop; stay away from moving parts; keep all guards and shields in
place.
5. Crushing/dismemberment hazard of bystanders—keep bystanders away.
6. Explosion hazard; electrical shock hazard—do not operate if power lines may be present; call your local utility company.
7
decal138-0799
138-0799
9. Hour meter
1. Read the Operator’s Manual stored in your machine.
2. Fast
10. Engine—start
3. Throttle
11. Engine—run
4. Slow
12. Engine—shut off
5. Choke—on
13. Warning—do not operate this machine unless you are trained.
6. Choke—off
14. Electrical shock hazard, overhead power lines—watch for
overhead power lines.
7. Fuel
15. Tipping hazard—move the traction unit with the heavy end
uphill; carry loads low; do not drive the machine with the load
raised.
16. Tipping hazard—drive slowly when turning; do not turn
sharply while traveling fast; look behind and down when
moving in reverse.
8. Hydraulic fluid temperature
8
Product Overview
g005550
Figure 3
1. Track
5. Loader arms
9. Mount plate
2. Track-adjustment chamber
6. Hood
3. Lift cylinder
7. Auxiliary hydraulic couplers 11. Control panel
4. Cylinder lock
8. Tilt cylinder
10. Tie-down/lift loop
13. Fuel tank
14. Reverse-safety plate
12. Rear-access cover
Controls
Key Switch
Become familiar with all the controls (Figure 4) before
you start the engine and operate the traction unit.
The key switch, used to start and shut off the engine,
has 3 positions: OFF, RUN, and START . Refer to
Starting the Engine (page 17).
Control Panel
Throttle Lever
Move the control forward to increase the engine speed
and rearward to decrease speed.
Choke Lever
Before starting a cold engine, move the choke lever
forward. After the engine starts, regulate the choke
to keep the engine running smoothly. As soon as
possible, move the choke lever all the way rearward.
Note: A warm engine requires little or no choking.
g013120
Figure 4
1. Auxiliary hydraulics lever
2. Throttle lever
3. Choke lever
8. Loader-arm/attachment-tilt
lever
9. Loader-valve lock
10. Parking-brake lever
4. Fuel gauge
11. Traction control
Reference Bar
When driving the traction unit, use the reference bar
as a handle and a leverage point for controlling the
traction control and the auxiliary-hydraulics lever. To
ensure smooth, controlled operation, do not take
both hands off the reference bar while operating the
machine.
5. Hydraulic-fluid-temperature 12. Reference bar
light
6. Hour meter/tachometer
13. Loader-control-reference
bar
7. Key switch
9
Traction Control
• To turn right, rotate the traction control clockwise
(Figure 8).
g008128
g008131
Figure 5
Figure 8
1. Reference bar
2. Traction control
• To turn left, rotate the traction control
counterclockwise (Figure 9).
• To move forward, move the traction control forward
(Figure 6).
g008132
Figure 9
g008129
• To stop the machine, release the traction control
Figure 6
(Figure 5).
Note: The farther you move the traction control in
• To move rearward, move the traction control
any direction, the faster the machine moves in that
direction.
rearward (Figure 7).
Important: When reversing, look behind you
for obstructions and keep your hands on the
reference bar.
g008130
Figure 7
10
Loader Arm/Attachment-Tilt Lever
• To tilt the attachment forward, slowly move the
lever to the right (Figure 10).
• To tilt the attachment rearward, slowly move the
lever to the left (Figure 10).
• To lower the loader arms, slowly move the lever
forward (Figure 10).
• To raise the loader arms, slowly move the lever
g029981
rearward (Figure 10).
Figure 11
• To lower the loader arms to a detent (float)
1. Loader arm/attachment-tilt
lever
position, push the lever fully forward (Figure 10).
2. Loader-valve lock
Note: This allows attachments such as the leveler
and the hydraulic blade to follow the contours of
the ground (i.e., float) when grading.
Loader-Control-Reference Bar
The loader-control-reference bar helps stabilize your
hand while operating the loader arm/attachment-tilt
lever (Figure 4).
Auxiliary-Hydraulics Lever
• To operate a hydraulic attachment in the forward
direction, rotate the auxiliary-hydraulics lever
rearward and pull it down to the reference bar
(Figure 12, number 1).
• To operate a hydraulic attachment in the reverse
direction, rotate the auxiliary-hydraulics lever
rearward, then move it left into the upper slot
(Figure 12, number 2).
g004178
Figure 10
1. Detent (float) position
2. Lower the loader arms.
4. Tilt the attachment
rearward.
5. Tilt the attachment
forward.
Note: If you release the lever while in the FORWARD
position, the lever automatically returns to the
NEUTRAL position (Figure 12, number 3). If it is in the
REVERSE position, it remains there until you pull it out
of the slot.
3. Raise the loader arms.
By moving the lever to an intermediate position (e.g.,
forward and left), you can move the loader arms and
tilt the attachment at the same time.
Loader-Valve Lock
The loader-valve lock secures the loader
arm/attachment-tilt lever so that you cannot push it
forward. This helps to ensure that no one accidentally
lowers the loader arms during maintenance. Secure
the loader valve with the lock, in addition to the
cylinder locks, any time you need to shut off the
machine with the loader arms raised. Refer to Using
the Cylinder Lock (page 24).
g004179
Figure 12
1. Forward-flow hydraulics
2. Reverse-flow hydraulics
To set the lock, lift up on it so that it clears the hole in
the control panel and swing it to the left, in front of
the loader-arm lever, pushing it down into the locked
position (Figure 11).
11
3. Neutral
Hour Meter/Tachometer
Fuel Gauge
When the engine is off, the hour meter/tachometer
displays the number of hours of operation logged on
the machine. When the engine is running, it displays
the speed of the engine in revolutions per minute
(rpm).
This gauge measures the amount of fuel in the fuel
tank(s).
After 50 hours and then every 100 hours thereafter
(i.e., 150, 250, 350, etc.) the screen displays CHG
OIL to remind you to change the engine oil.
If the hydraulic fluid gets too hot, this light illuminates
and an audible alarm sounds. If this happens, shut off
the engine and allow the traction unit to cool.
Hydraulic-Fluid Temperature Light
After every 100 hours, the screen displays SVC
to remind you to perform the other maintenance
procedures based on a 100-, 200-, or 400-hour
schedule.
Note: These reminders appear 3 hours prior to the
service interval time and flash at regular intervals for
6 hours.
Parking-Brake Lever
• To engage the parking brake, push the lever
forward and to the left and then pull it rearward
(Figure 13).
Note: The traction unit may roll slightly before the
brakes engage in the drive sprocket.
• To release the brake, push the lever forward and
then right, into the notch (Figure 13).
g005552
Figure 13
12
Specifications
Attachments/Accessories
Note: Specifications and design are subject to
A selection of Toro approved attachments and
accessories is available for use with the machine
to enhance and expand its capabilities. Contact
your Authorized Service Dealer or authorized Toro
distributor or go to www.Toro.com for a list of all
approved attachments and accessories.
change without notice.
Model 22321, 22321G, 22342HD
Width
86 cm (34 inches)
Length
180 cm (71 inches)
Height
117 cm (46 inches)
Weight
853 kg (1,880 lb)
Operating capacity with
standard bucket
Tipping capacity with
standard bucket
Wheelbase
Dump height (with
standard bucket)
To ensure optimum performance and continued safety
certification of the machine, use only genuine Toro
replacement parts and accessories. Replacement
parts and accessories made by other manufacturers
could be dangerous, and such use could void the
product warranty.
227 kg (500 lb)
671 kg (1,480 lb)
79 cm (31 inches)
119 cm (47 inches)
Reach—fully raised (with
standard bucket)
55 cm (22 inches)
Height to hinge pin (with
standard bucket in highest
position)
168 cm (66 inches)
Model 22322
Width
104 cm (41 inches)
Length
180 cm (71 inches)
Height
117 cm (46 inches)
Weight
941 kg (2,075 lb)
Operating capacity with
standard bucket
Tipping capacity with
standard bucket
Wheelbase
Dump height (with
standard bucket)
227 kg (500 lb)
647 kg (1,427 lb)
79 cm (31 inches)
119 cm (47 inches)
Reach—fully raised (with
standard bucket)
55 cm (22 inches)
Height to hinge pin (with
standard bucket in highest
position)
168 cm (66 inches)
13
Fuel Safety
Operation
• Use extreme care when handling fuel. It is
flammable and its vapors are explosive.
Before Operation
• Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other
sources of ignition.
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the
• Use only an approved fuel container.
• Do not remove the fuel cap or fill the fuel tank
machine from the normal operating position.
while the engine is running or hot.
Before Operation Safety
• Do not add or drain fuel in an enclosed space.
• Do not store the machine or fuel container where
General Safety
there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light, such
as on a water heater or other appliance.
• Never allow children or untrained people to
operate or service the machine. Local regulations
may restrict the age or require certified training of
the operator. The owner is responsible for training
all operators and mechanics.
• If you spill fuel, do not attempt to start the engine;
avoid creating any source of ignition until the fuel
vapors have dissipated.
• Do not fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck
• Become familiar with the safe operation of the
or trailer bed with a plastic liner. Always place
containers on the ground, away from your vehicle
before filling.
equipment, operator controls, and safety decals.
• Always engage the parking brake (if equipped),
• Remove the equipment from the truck or trailer
shut off the engine, remove the key, wait for all
moving parts to stop, and allow the machine
to cool before adjusting, servicing, cleaning, or
storing the machine.
and refuel it while it is on the ground. If this is not
possible, then refuel from a portable container
rather than a fuel-dispenser nozzle.
• Keep the fuel-dispenser nozzle in contact with
• Know how to stop the machine and shut off the
the rim of the fuel tank or container opening at
all times until fueling is complete. Do not use a
nozzle lock-open device.
engine quickly.
• Check that the operator's presence controls, safety
switches, and shields are attached and functioning
properly. Do not operate the machine unless they
are functioning properly.
Adding Fuel
• Locate the pinch-point areas marked on the
machine and attachments; keep your hands and
feet away from these areas.
Recommended Fuel
• For best results, use only clean, fresh (less than
• Before operating the machine with an attachment,
30 days old), unleaded gasoline with an octane
rating of 87 or higher ((R+M)/2 rating method).
ensure that the attachment is properly installed
and that it is a genuine Toro attachment. Read all
the attachment manuals.
• Ethanol: Gasoline with up to 10% ethanol
(gasohol) or 15% MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl
ether) by volume is acceptable. Ethanol and
MTBE are not the same. Gasoline with 15%
ethanol (E15) by volume is not approved for use.
Never use gasoline that contains more than
10% ethanol by volume, such as E15 (contains
15% ethanol), E20 (contains 20% ethanol), or E85
(contains up to 85% ethanol). Using unapproved
gasoline may cause performance problems and/or
engine damage which may not be covered under
warranty.
• Evaluate the terrain to determine what accessories
and attachments you need to properly and safely
perform the job.
• Have the property or work area marked for buried
lines and other objects, and do not dig in marked
areas; note the location of unmarked objects and
structures, such as underground storage tanks,
wells, and septic systems.
• Inspect the area where you will use the equipment
and remove all debris.
• Do not use gasoline containing methanol.
• Do not store fuel either in the fuel tank or fuel
• Ensure that the area is clear of bystanders before
operating the machine. Stop the machine if
anyone enters the area.
containers over the winter unless you use a fuel
stabilizer.
• Do not add oil to gasoline.
14
Using Stabilizer/Conditioner
Performing Daily
Maintenance
Use fuel stabilizer/conditioner in the machine to keep
the fuel fresh longer when used as directed by the
fuel-stabilizer manufacturer.
Before starting the machine each day, perform the
Each Use/Daily procedures listed in the Maintenance
(page 22).
Important: Do not use fuel additives containing
methanol or ethanol.
Add the amount of fuel stabilizer/conditioner to fresh
fuel as directed by the fuel-stabilizer manufacturer.
Important: Check the hydraulic-fluid level before
starting the engine for the first time; refer to
Checking the Hydraulic-Fluid Level (page 44).
Filling the Fuel Tank
During Operation
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake (if equipped), and lower the boom.
2.
Shut off the engine, remove the key, and allow
the engine to cool.
3.
Clean around the fuel-tank cap and remove it
(Figure 14).
During Operation Safety
General Safety
• Do not carry a load with the arms raised. Always
•
•
•
g242641
Figure 14
1. Fuel-tank cap
4.
Add fuel to the tank until the level is 6 to 13 mm
(1/4 to 1/2 inch) below the bottom of the filler
neck.
•
Important: This space in the tank allows
fuel to expand. Do not fill the fuel tank
completely full.
5.
Install the fuel-tank cap securely, turning it until
it clicks.
6.
Wipe up any spilled fuel.
•
•
•
•
•
15
carry loads close to the ground.
Do not exceed the rated operating capacity, as the
machine may become unstable, which may result
in loss of control.
Use only Toro-approved attachments and
accessories. Attachments can change the stability
and the operating characteristics of the machine.
For machines with a platform:
– Lower the loader arms before stepping off the
platform.
– Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting
your foot on the ground. If you lose control of
the machine, step off the platform and away
from the machine.
– Do not place your feet under the platform.
– Do not move the machine unless you are
standing with both feet on the platform and your
hands are holding onto the reference bars.
Use your full attention while operating the
machine. Do not engage in any activity that
causes distractions; otherwise, injury or property
damage may occur.
Look behind and down before backing up to
ensure that the path is clear.
Never jerk the controls; use a steady motion.
The owner/user can prevent and is responsible
for accidents that may cause personal injury or
property damage.
Wear appropriate clothing including gloves, eye
protection, long pants, substantial slip-resistant
footwear, and hearing protection. Tie back long
hair and do not wear loose clothing or loose
jewelry.
Do not operate the machine when you are tired, ill,
or under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
• Never carry passengers and keep pets and
machine the heavy end. Most other attachments
make the front of machine the heavy end.
bystanders away from the machine.
• Raising the loader arms on a slope affects the
• Operate the machine only in good light, keeping
stability of the machine. Keep the loader arms in
the lowered position when on slopes.
away from holes and hidden hazards.
• Ensure that all the drives are in neutral and engage
• Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control
the parking brake (if equipped) before starting the
engine. Start the engine only from the operator's
position.
and tip-over accidents, which can result in severe
injury or death. Operating the machine on any
slope or uneven terrain requires extra caution.
• Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
• Establish your own procedures and rules for
trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.
• Stop the attachment when you are not working.
operating on slopes. These procedures must
include surveying the site to determine which
slopes are safe for machine operation. Always
use common sense and good judgment when
performing this survey.
• Stop the machine, shut off the engine, remove
• Slow down and use extra care on hillsides. Ground
• Slow down and use caution when making turns
and crossing roads and sidewalks. Watch for
traffic.
the key, and inspect the machine if you strike
an object. Make any necessary repairs before
resuming operation.
conditions can affect the stability of the machine.
• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If the
machine loses traction, proceed slowly, straight
down the slope.
• Never run an engine in an enclosed area.
• Never leave a running machine unattended.
• Avoid turning on slopes. If you must turn, turn
slowly and keep the heavy end of the machine
uphill.
• Before leaving the operating position, do the
following:
• Keep all movements on slopes slow and gradual.
– Park the machine on a level surface.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or
direction.
– Lower the loader arms and disengage the
auxiliary hydraulics.
• If you feel uneasy operating the machine on a
– Engage the parking brake (if equipped).
slope, do not do it.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps, as uneven terrain
– Shut off the engine and remove the key.
could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide
obstacles.
• Do not operate the machine when there is the risk
of lightning.
• Use caution when operating on wet surfaces.
• Operate the machine only in areas where there is
Reduced traction could cause sliding.
sufficient clearance for you to safely maneuver.
Be aware of obstacles in close proximity to you.
Failure to maintain adequate distance from trees,
walls, and other barriers may result in injury as the
machine backs up during operation if you are not
attentive to the surroundings.
• Evaluate the area to ensure that the ground is
stable enough to support the machine.
• Use caution when operating the machine near the
following:
– Drop-offs
• Check for overhead clearance (i.e., electrical
wires, branches, and doorways) before driving
under any objects and do not contact them.
– Ditches
– Embankments
• Do not overfill the attachment and always keep the
– Bodies of water
load level when raising the loader arms. Items in
the attachment could fall and cause injury.
The machine could suddenly roll over if a track
goes over the edge or the edge caves in. Maintain
a safe distance between the machine and any
hazard.
Slope Safety
• Operate the machine up and down slopes with
• Do not remove or add attachments on a slope.
the heavy end of the machine uphill. Weight
distribution changes with attachments. An empty
bucket makes the rear of the machine the heavy
end, and a full bucket makes the front of the
• Do not park the machine on a hillside or slope.
16
Shutting Off the Engine
Starting the Engine
1.
Ensure that the auxiliary hydraulics lever is in
the NEUTRAL position.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage
the parking brake (if equipped), and lower the
loader arms.
2.
Move the choke lever fully forward if you are
starting a cold engine.
Ensure that the auxiliary hydraulics lever is in
the NEUTRAL position.
3.
Move the throttle lever 3/4 of the way to the
FAST position.
1.
Stand on the platform (if equipped on your
machine).
2.
3.
Note: A warm or hot engine may not require
choking.
Note: If you set the throttle lower than halfway
4.
Move the throttle lever midway between the
SLOW and FAST positions.
to the FAST position, the engine may continue to
run for 1 second after turning the key to the OFF
position, preventing a loud after-fire bang.
5.
Insert the key into the key switch and turn it to
the START position. When the engines starts,
release the key.
4.
Important: Do not engage the starter for
more than 10 seconds at a time. If the engine
fails to start, wait 30 seconds for the starter
to cool down between attempts. Failure to
follow these instructions could burn out the
starter motor.
6.
7.
If the engine has been working hard or is hot, let
it idle for a minute before turning the key switch
to the OFF position.
Note: This helps to cool the engine before you
shut it off. In an emergency, you can shut off
the engine immediately.
5.
After the engine starts, gradually move the
choke lever back to the OFF position. If the
engine stalls or hesitates, move the choke
forward again until the engine warms up.
Turn the key switch to the OFF position and
remove the key.
CAUTION
Children or bystanders may be injured if they
move or attempt to operate the machine while
it is unattended.
Move the throttle lever to the desired setting.
Always remove the key and engage the
parking brake when leaving the machine
unattended.
Important: Running the engine at high
speeds when the hydraulic system is cold
(i.e., when the air temperature is at or
below freezing) could damage the hydraulic
system. When starting the engine in cold
conditions, allow it to run in the middle
throttle position for 2 to 5 minutes before
moving the throttle to the FAST position.
Using Attachments
Installing an Attachment
Note: If the outdoor temperature is below
Driving the Machine
Important: Use only Toro-approved attachments.
Attachments can change the stability and the
operating characteristics of the machine. The
warranty of the machine may be voided if you use
the machine with unapproved attachments.
Use the traction control to move the machine. The
farther you move the traction control in any direction,
the faster the machine moves in that direction.
Release the traction control to stop the machine.
Important: Before installing the attachment,
ensure that the mount plates are free of any dirt or
debris and that the pins rotate freely. If the pins
do not rotate freely, grease them.
freezing, store the machine in a garage to keep
it warmer and to aid in starting.
The throttle control regulates the engine speed as
measured in rpm (revolutions per minute). Place the
throttle lever in the FAST position for best performance.
You can, however, use the throttle position to operate
at slower speeds.
17
1.
Position the attachment on a level surface with
enough space behind it to accommodate the
machine.
2.
Start the engine.
3.
Tilt the attachment mount plate forward.
4.
Position the mount plate into the upper lip of the
attachment receiver plate (Figure 15).
g003710
Figure 15
1. Mount plate
5.
2. Receiver plate
Raise the loader arms while tilting back the
mount plate at the same time.
Important: Raise the attachment enough to
clear the ground and tilt the mount plate all
the way back.
6.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
7.
Engage the quick-attach pins, ensuring that they
are fully seated in the mount plate (Figure 16).
g003711
Figure 16
1. Quick-attach pins
(engaged position)
Important: If the pins do not rotate to the
3. Engaged position
2. Disengaged position
engaged position, the mount plate is not
fully aligned with the holes in the attachment
receiver plate. Check the receiver plate and
clean it if necessary.
WARNING
If you do not fully seat the quick-attach
pins through the attachment mount plate,
the attachment could fall off the machine,
crushing you or bystanders.
Ensure that the quick-attach pins are fully
seated in the attachment mount plate.
18
Removing an Attachment
Connecting the Hydraulic Hoses
WARNING
Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure can
penetrate skin and cause injury. Fluid injected
into the skin must be surgically removed
within a few hours by a doctor familiar with
this form of injury; otherwise, gangrene may
result.
• Ensure that all hydraulic-fluid hoses
and lines are in good condition and all
hydraulic connections and fittings are tight
before applying pressure to the hydraulic
system.
• Keep your body and hands away from
pinhole leaks or nozzles that eject
high-pressure hydraulic fluid.
• Use cardboard or paper to find hydraulic
leaks; never use your hands.
1.
Park the machine on a level surface.
2.
Lower the attachment to the ground.
3.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
4.
Disengage the quick-attach pins by turning them
to the outside.
5.
If the attachment uses hydraulics, move the
auxiliary-hydraulics lever forward, backward,
and back to the NEUTRAL position to relieve
pressure at the hydraulic couplers.
6.
If the attachment uses hydraulics, slide the
collars back on the hydraulic couplers and
disconnect them.
Important: Connect the attachment hoses
together to prevent hydraulic system
contamination during storage.
7.
Install the protective covers onto the hydraulic
couplers on the machine.
8.
Start the engine, tilt the mount plate forward, and
back the machine away from the attachment.
CAUTION
After Operation
Hydraulic couplers, hydraulic lines/valves,
and hydraulic fluid may be hot. If you contact
hot components, you may be burned.
• Wear gloves when operating the hydraulic
couplers.
• Allow the machine to cool before touching
hydraulic components.
• Do not touch hydraulic fluid spills.
After Operation Safety
General Safety
• Shut off the engine, remove the key, wait for all
movement to stop, and allow the machine to cool
before adjusting, cleaning, storing, or servicing it.
• Clean debris from the attachments, drives,
If the attachment requires hydraulics for operation,
connect the hydraulic hoses as follows:
1.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
2.
Move the auxiliary-hydraulics lever forward,
backward, and back to the NEUTRAL position to
relieve pressure at the hydraulic couplers.
3.
Remove the protective covers from the hydraulic
connectors on the machine.
4.
Ensure that all foreign matter is cleaned from
the hydraulic connectors.
5.
Push the attachment male connector into the
female connector on the machine.
mufflers, and engine to help prevent fires. Clean
up oil or fuel spills.
• Keep all parts in good working condition and all
hardware tightened.
• Do not touch parts that may be hot from operation.
Allow them to cool before attempting to maintain,
adjust, or service the machine.
• Use care when loading or unloading the machine
into a trailer or truck.
Moving a Non-Functioning
Machine
Note: When you connect the attachment male
connector first, you relieve any pressure built
up in the attachment.
6.
Push the attachment female connector onto the
male connector on the machine.
7.
Confirm that the connection is secure by pulling
on the hoses.
Important: Do not tow or pull the machine
without first opening the tow valves, or you will
damage the hydraulic system.
19
1.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
2.
Open the rear-access cover.
3.
Selecting a Trailer
Using a wrench, turn the tow valves on the
hydraulic pumps twice counter-clockwise (Figure
17).
WARNING
Loading a machine onto a trailer or truck
increases the possibility of tip-over and could
cause serious injury or death (Figure 18).
• Use only full-width ramps.
• Ensure that the length of ramp is at least 4
times as long as the height of the trailer or
truck bed to the ground. This ensures that
ramp angle does not exceed 15 degrees on
flat ground.
g004181
Figure 17
1. Left tow valve (right track)
2. Right tow valve (left track)
4.
Tow the machine as required.
5.
After repairing the machine, close the tow valves
before operating it.
Hauling the Machine
Use a heavy-duty trailer or truck to haul the machine.
Use a full-width ramp. Ensure that the trailer or truck
has all the necessary brakes, lighting, and marking as
required by law. Please carefully read all the safety
instructions. Knowing this information could help
you or bystanders avoid injury. Refer to your local
ordinances for trailer and tie-down requirements.
g229507
Figure 18
WARNING
Driving on the street or roadway without
turn signals, lights, reflective markings, or a
slow-moving-vehicle emblem is dangerous
and can lead to accidents causing personal
injury.
Do not drive the machine on a public street
or roadway.
20
1. Full-width ramp(s) in
stowed position
3. H=height of the trailer or
truck bed to the ground
2. Ramp is at least 4 times
as long as the height of
the trailer or truck bed to
the ground
4. Trailer
Loading the Machine
WARNING
Loading a machine onto a trailer or truck
increases the possibility of tip-over and could
cause serious injury or death.
• Use extreme caution when operating a
machine on a ramp.
• Load and unload the machine with the
heavy end up the ramp.
• Avoid sudden acceleration or deceleration
while driving the machine on a ramp as
this could cause a loss of control or a
tip-over situation.
g242654
Figure 20
1. Tie-down loops
1.
If using a trailer, connect it to the towing vehicle
and connect the safety chains.
2.
If applicable, connect the trailer brakes.
1.
Lower the ramp(s).
3.
Lower the ramp(s).
2.
4.
Lower the loader arms.
5.
Load the machine onto the trailer with the heavy
end up the ramp, carrying loads low (Figure 19).
Unload the machine from the trailer with the
heavy end up the ramp, carrying loads low
(Figure 21).
Unloading the Machine
• If the machine has a full load-bearing
attachment (e.g., bucket) or a
non-load-bearing attachment (e.g.,
trencher), back it down the ramp.
• If the machine has a full load-bearing
attachment (e.g., bucket) or a
non-load-bearing attachment (e.g.,
trencher), drive the machine forward up the
ramp.
• If the machine has an empty load-bearing
attachment or no attachment, drive it forward
down the ramp.
• If the machine has an empty load-bearing
attachment or no attachment, back the
machine up the ramp.
g317100
Figure 21
g317099
1. Machine with full
attachment or
non-load-bearing
attachment—back the
machine down the
ramp(s).
Figure 19
1. Machine with full
attachment or
non-load-bearing
attachment—drive the
machine forward up the
ramp(s).
2. Machine with empty or
no attachment—back the
machine up the ramp(s).
2. Machine with empty or
no attachment—drive the
machine forward down the
ramp(s).
6.
Lower the loader arms all the way down.
Lifting the Machine
7.
Engage the parking brake (if equipped), shut off
the engine, and remove the key.
You can lift the machine using the tie-down/lift loops
as lift points; refer to Figure 20.
8.
Use the metal tie-down loops on the machine
to securely fasten the machine to the trailer or
truck with straps, chains, cable, or ropes (Figure
20). Refer to local regulations for tie-down
requirements.
21
Maintenance
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.
Important: If you must tilt the machine more than 25°, clamp off the vent hose on the top of the fuel
tank(s) to prevent fuel from fouling the carbon canister.
Maintenance Safety
CAUTION
If you leave the key in the switch, someone could accidently start the engine and seriously
injure you or other bystanders.
Remove the key from the switch before you perform any maintenance.
• Keep your hands and feet away from the moving
• Park the machine on a level surface, disengage
the auxiliary hydraulics, lower the attachment,
engage the parking brake (if equipped), shut
off the engine, and remove the key. Wait for all
movement to stop and allow the machine to cool
before adjusting, cleaning, storing, or repairing it.
•
• Clean up oil or fuel spills.
•
•
• Do not allow untrained personnel to service the
machine.
• Use jack stands to support the components when
required.
• Carefully release pressure from components
•
•
with stored energy; refer to Relieving Hydraulic
Pressure (page 43).
• Disconnect the battery before making any repairs;
refer to Servicing the Battery (page 33).
parts. If possible, do not make adjustments with
the engine running.
Keep all parts in good working condition and all
hardware tightened. Replace all worn or damaged
decals.
Do not tamper with the safety devices.
Use only Toro-approved attachments.
Attachments can change the stability and the
operating characteristics of the machine. You may
void the warranty if you use the machine with
unapproved attachments.
Use only genuine Toro replacement parts.
If any maintenance or repair requires the loader
arms to be in the raised position, secure the arms
in the raised position with the hydraulic-cylinder
lock(s).
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s)
Maintenance Service
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
After the first 8 hours
• Replace the hydraulic filter.
After the first 50 hours
• Change the engine oil and filter.
• Check and adjust the track tension.
Before each use or daily
Every 25 hours
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Grease the machine. (Grease immediately after every washing.)
Check the air-filter-service indicator.
Check the engine-oil level.
Clean the tracks.
Check the tracks for excessive wear (If the tracks are worn, replace them).
Test the parking brake.
Remove debris from the machine.
Check for loose fasteners.
• Remove the air-cleaner cover, clean out debris, and check the air-filter-service
indicator.
• Inspect the drive belt for wear or damage.
• Check the hydraulic-fluid level.
22
Maintenance Service
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
Every 100 hours
• Change the engine oil. (Service more frequently if conditions are extremely dusty
or sandy.)
• Check and adjust the track tension.
• Check the hydraulic lines for leaks, loose fittings, kinked lines, loose mounting
supports, wear, weather, and chemical deterioration.
• Check for dirt buildup in the chassis.
Every 200 hours
• Replace the carbon-canister air filter (Service more frequently if conditions are
extremely dusty or sandy).
• Replace the carbon-canister purge-line filter (Service more frequently when using
the vibratory-plow attachment).
• Change the oil filter. (Service more frequently if conditions are extremely dusty
or sandy.)
• Check the spark plug(s).
• Change the fuel filter.
• Replace the drive belt.
• Replace the hydraulic filter.
Every 250 hours
• Check and grease the road wheels.
Every 400 hours
• Change the hydraulic fluid.
Every 500 hours
• Replace the spark plug.
Every 1,500 hours
• Replace all moving hydraulic hoses.
Yearly or before storage
• Check and adjust the track tension.
• Touch up chipped paint.
Important: Refer to your engine owner’s manual for additional maintenance procedures.
Note: After 50 hours and then every 100 hours thereafter (150, 250, 350, etc.), the hour meter displays CHG
OIL to remind you to change the engine oil. After every 100 hours, the screen displays SVC to remind you to
perform the other maintenance procedures based on a 100-, 200-, or 400-hour schedule. These reminders
come on starting 3 hours prior to the service interval time and flash at regular intervals for 6 hours.
23
Pre-Maintenance
Procedures
Removing and Storing the
Cylinder Lock
Important: Remove the cylinder lock from the rod
and fully secure it in the storage position before
operating the machine.
Using the Cylinder Lock
1.
Start the engine.
2.
Raise the loader arms to the fully raised position.
The loader arms may lower when in the raised
position, crushing anyone under them.
3.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
4.
Remove the lynch pin securing the cylinder lock.
Install the cylinder lock(s) before performing
maintenance that requires raised loader arms.
5.
Rotate the cylinder lock up to the loader arm
and secure it with the lynch pin.
6.
Lower the loader arms.
WARNING
Installing the Cylinder Lock
1.
Remove the attachment.
2.
Raise the loader arms to the fully raised position.
3.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
4.
Remove the lynch pin securing the cylinder lock
to the loader arm (Figure 22).
Accessing Internal
Components
WARNING
Opening or removing covers, hoods, and
screens while the engine is running could
allow you to contact moving parts, seriously
injuring you.
Before opening any of the covers, hoods, and
screens, shut off the engine, remove the key
from the key switch, and allow the engine to
cool.
g004182
Figure 22
1. Cylinder lock
3. Lynch pin
2. Lift cylinder
5.
Lower the cylinder lock over the cylinder rod and
secure it with the lynch pin (Figure 22).
6.
Slowly lower the loader arms until the cylinder
lock contacts the cylinder body and rod end.
24
Opening the Rear-Access Cover
Opening the Hood
1.
Loosen the hood-locking screw (Figure 23)
1.
Unscrew the 2 hand knobs securing the
rear-access cover to the machine (Figure 25).
g004185
Figure 25
1. Hand knobs
2.
g009691
Tilt the rear-access cover down and remove it to
access the internal components (Figure 25).
Figure 23
1. Hood
3. Hood-locking screw
Closing the Rear-Access Cover
2. Hood-latch lever
2.
Turn the hood latch clockwise (Figure 23).
3.
Swing the hood up (Figure 23).
4.
Swing the prop rod up and secure it in the
bracket on the hood (Figure 24).
1.
Move the rear-access cover in place over the
back of the machine; ensure that the tabs line
up in the slots.
2.
Push the access cover forward, lining up the
hand-knob screws with the threaded holes in
the machine.
3.
Screw the hand knobs tight to secure the
rear-access cover in place.
Removing the Side Screens
1.
Open the hood.
2.
Slide the side screens (Figure 26) up and out of
the slots in the front screen and frame.
g004184
Figure 24
1. Prop rod
3. Hood
2. Bracket
4. Prop-rod holder
Closing the Hood
1.
Pull the prop rod out of the bracket on the hood
and lower it into its holder.
2.
Lower the hood and secure it by pushing down
on the front of the hood until it locks in place.
3.
Tighten the hood-locking screw to secure the
latch (Figure 23).
g004186
Figure 26
1. Side screen
25
Installing the Side Screens
Slide the side screens into place in the slots in the
front screen and frame.
Removing the Front Screen
CAUTION
If the engine has been running, the heat shield
will be very hot and could burn you.
Allow the machine to cool completely before
touching the heat shield.
1.
Open the hood and remove both side screens.
2.
Loosen the bolts securing the weights (Figure
27).
g004188
Figure 28
1. Front screen
6.
2. Bolts (left side bolt not
shown)
Remove the shoulder bolts and nuts securing
the oil cooler to the top of the front screen
(Figure 29).
g013122
Figure 27
1. Front weight
4. Carriage bolts
2. Bolts
5. Rear weight
3. Sloped plate
g004189
3.
Remove the carriage bolts and nuts securing the
sloped plate (Figure 27).
4.
Lift the sloped plate up and off the machine.
1. Nut
2. Oil cooler
5.
Remove the 4 bolts securing the front screen to
the frame (Figure 28).
7.
Remove the front screen.
8.
When finished, install the front screen with the 4
bolts removed previously.
9.
Install the oil cooler to the front screen with the 4
shoulder bolts and nuts removed previously.
Figure 29
10.
26
3. Front screen
4. Shoulder bolts
Slide the sloped plate between the frame and
the weights; secure it to the front screen grill
using the carriage bolts and nuts removed
previously (Figure 27).
11.
Tighten the bolts securing the front weights
(Figure 27).
12.
Install the side screens and close the hood.
Lubrication
Greasing the Machine
Service Interval: Before each use or daily (Grease
immediately after every washing.)
Grease Type: General-purpose grease
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage
the parking brake (if equipped), and lower the
loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Clean the grease fittings with a rag.
4.
Connect a grease gun to each fitting (Figure 30
and Figure 31).
g005555
Figure 30
g004209
Figure 31
27
5.
Pump grease into the fittings until grease begins
to ooze out of the bearings (approximately 3
pumps).
6.
Wipe up any excess grease.
Engine Maintenance
Engine Safety
• Shut off the engine before checking the oil or
adding oil to the crankcase.
• Do not change the engine governor setting or
overspeed the engine.
• Keep your hands, feet, face, clothing, and other
body parts away from the muffler and other hot
surfaces.
g031236
Figure 32
Servicing the Air Cleaner
Service Interval: Before each use or daily—Check
the air-filter-service indicator.
Every 25 hours—Remove the air-cleaner cover,
clean out debris, and check the air-filter-service
indicator.
1. Dust cap
4. Primary filter
2. Latch
5. Air-filter body
3. Air-cleaner cover
6. Service indicator
6.
Squeeze the dust cap sides to open it and knock
the dust out.
7.
Clean the inside of the air-cleaner cover with
compressed air that is under 205 kPa (30 psi).
Servicing the Air-Cleaner Cover
and Body
Important: Do not use compressed air on
the air-cleaner body.
8.
Important: Replace the air-cleaner filter only
when the service indicator shows red (Figure 32).
Changing the air filter before it is necessary only
increases the chance of dirt entering the engine
when you remove the filter.
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage
the parking brake (if equipped), and lower the
loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Open the hood and secure the prop rod (if
applicable).
4.
Replacing the Filter
Important: To prevent engine damage, always
operate the engine with the air filter and cover
installed.
Check the air-cleaner body for damage that
could cause an air leak. Check the whole intake
system for leaks, damage, or loose hose clamps.
1.
Replace or repair any damaged components.
5.
Check the service indicator.
• If the service indicator is clear, install the
air-cleaner cover with the dust cap oriented
downward and secure the latches (Figure
32).
• If the service indicator is red, replace the
air filter as described in Replacing the Filter
(page 28).
Gently slide the filter out of the air-cleaner body
(Figure 32).
Note: Avoid knocking the filter into the side of
Release the latches on the air cleaner and pull
the air-cleaner cover off the air-cleaner body
(Figure 32).
the body.
Important: Do not attempt to clean the filter.
2.
Important: Do not remove the air filter.
Inspect the new filter for tears, an oily film, or
damage to the rubber seal. Look into the filter
while shining a bright light on the outside of the
filter; holes in the filter appear as bright spots.
If the filter is damaged, do not use it.
3.
Carefully install the filter (Figure 32).
Note: Ensure that the filter is fully seated
by pushing on the outer rim of the filter while
installing it.
28
Replacing the Carbon-Canister
Purge-Line Filter
Important: Do not press on the soft inside
area of the filter.
4.
Install the air-cleaner cover with the dust cap
oriented downward and secure the latches
(Figure 32).
5.
Close the hood.
Service Interval: Every 200 hours—Replace
the carbon-canister purge-line filter
(Service more frequently when using
the vibratory-plow attachment).
Note: Check the purge-line filter occasionally for dirt.
If the filter looks dirty, replace it.
Servicing the Carbon
Canister
Replacing the Carbon-Canister Air
Filter
Service Interval: Every 200 hours—Replace the
carbon-canister air filter (Service
more frequently if conditions are
extremely dusty or sandy).
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, and lower the loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Remove the rear-access cover.
4.
Remove and discard the carbon-canister air
filter (Figure 33).
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, and lower the loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Remove the rear-access cover.
4.
Move the spring-type hose clamps on both sides
of the carbon-canister purge-line filter away from
the filter (Figure 33).
5.
Remove and discard the purge-line filter (Figure
33).
6.
Install a new filter into the hose with the arrow on
the filter pointing away from the carbon canister
and secure it with the hose clamps (Figure 33).
7.
Install the rear-access cover.
Servicing the Engine Oil
Service Interval: Before each use or daily—Check
the engine-oil level.
After the first 50 hours—Change the engine oil
and filter.
Every 100 hours—Change the engine oil.
(Service more frequently if conditions are
extremely dusty or sandy.)
Every 200 hours—Change the oil filter. (Service
more frequently if conditions are extremely
dusty or sandy.)
g018430
Figure 33
1. Hose clamp
4. Air filter
2. Hose to carbon canister
5. Purge-line filter
3. Carbon canister
6. Rear access door
5.
Install a new filter onto the carbon canister
(Figure 33).
6.
Install the rear-access cover.
29
Engine-Oil Specifications
Oil Type: Detergent oil (API service SG, SH, SJ, or
higher)
Crankcase Capacity: with filter, 2.0 L (2.1 US qt)
Viscosity: See table below
g004173
Figure 36
1. Fill cap
9.
2. Valve cover
Slowly pour only enough oil into the valve cover
to raise the level to the F (Full) mark.
Important: Do not overfill the crankcase
with oil to prevent damaging the engine.
g000650
Figure 34
Replace the fill cap and dipstick.
11.
Close the hood.
Changing the Engine Oil
Checking the Engine-Oil Level
1.
10.
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, and lower the loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine, remove the key, and allow
the engine to cool.
3.
Open the hood.
4.
Clean the area around the oil dipstick (Figure
35).
Start the engine and let it run for 5 minutes.
Note: This warms the oil so that it drains better.
2.
Park the machine so that the drain side is slightly
lower than the opposite side to ensure that the
oil drains completely.
3.
Lower the loader arms, engage the parking
brake, shut off the engine, and remove the key.
4.
Remove the drain plug (Figure 37).
g004172
g005556
Figure 35
1. Oil dipstick
Figure 37
2. Metal end
5.
Pull out the dipstick and wipe the metal end
clean (Figure 35).
6.
Slide the dipstick fully into the dipstick tube
(Figure 35).
7.
Pull the dipstick out and look at the metal end.
8.
If the oil level is low, clean around the oil-fill cap
and remove the cap (Figure 36).
1. Oil drain valve
5.
When the oil has drained completely, replace
the plug.
Note: Dispose of the used oil at a certified
recycling center.
6.
30
Remove the fill cap (Figure 36) and slowly pour
approximately 80% of the specified amount of oil
in through the valve cover.
Servicing the Spark Plug(s)
7.
Check the oil level.
8.
Slowly add additional oil to bring the level to the
F (Full) mark on the dipstick.
9.
Replace the fill cap.
Service Interval: Every 200 hours—Check the spark
plug(s).
Every 500 hours—Replace the spark plug.
Ensure that the air gap between the center and side
electrodes is correct before installing each spark plug.
Use a spark-plug wrench for removing and installing
each spark plug and a gapping tool/feeler gauge to
check and adjust the air gap. Install new spark plugs
if necessary.
Changing the Oil Filter
1.
Drain the oil from the engine; refer to Changing
the Engine Oil (page 30).
2.
When the oil has drained completely, replace
the plug.
Type: Champion XC12YC or equivalent.
Note: Dispose of the used oil at a certified
recycling center.
3.
4.
Air Gap: 0.75 mm (0.03 inch)
Place a shallow pan or rag under the filter to
catch oil.
Removing the Spark Plug
Remove the old filter (Figure 38) and wipe the
surface of the filter adapter gasket.
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage
the parking brake (if equipped), and lower the
loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine, remove the key, and allow
the engine to cool.
3.
Clean the area around the base of the plug(s) to
keep dirt and debris out of the engine.
4.
Remove the spark plug(s) as shown in Figure
39.
g004199
Figure 38
1. Oil filter
5.
Pour new oil of the proper type through the
center hole of the filter. Stop pouring when the
oil reaches the bottom of the threads.
6.
Allow 1 to 2 minutes for the oil to be absorbed
by filter material, then pour off the excess oil.
7.
Apply a thin coat of new oil to the rubber gasket
on the replacement filter.
8.
Install the replacement oil filter to the filter
adapter. Turn the oil filter clockwise until the
rubber gasket contacts the filter adapter, then
tighten the filter an additional 1/2 turn.
9.
Remove the fill cap (Figure 36) and slowly pour
approximately 80% of the specified amount of oil
in through the valve cover.
10.
Check the oil level.
11.
Slowly add additional oil to bring the level to the
F (Full) mark on the dipstick.
12.
Replace the fill cap.
g027478
Figure 39
31
Checking the Spark Plug
Fuel System
Maintenance
Important: Do not clean the spark plug(s).
Always replace the spark plug(s) when it has a
black coating, worn electrodes, an oily film, or
cracks.
DANGER
In certain conditions, fuel is extremely
flammable and highly explosive. A fire or
explosion from fuel can burn you and others
and can damage property.
• Drain fuel from the fuel tanks when the
engine is cold. Do this outdoors in an open
area. Wipe up any fuel that spills.
• Never smoke when draining fuel, and stay
away from an open flame or where a spark
may ignite the fumes.
• Refer to Fuel Safety (page 14) for a
complete list of fuel related precautions.
If you see light brown or gray on the insulator, the
engine is operating properly. A black coating on the
insulator usually means the air cleaner is dirty.
Set the gap to 0.75 mm (0.03 inch).
g206628
Figure 40
Changing the Fuel Filter
Service Interval: Every 200 hours/Yearly (whichever
comes first)
Installing the Spark Plug
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, and lower the loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Open the hood and remove the left side screen.
4.
Loosen the tank cap to relieve pressure.
5.
Clamp the fuel lines on both sides of the fuel
filter (Figure 42).
g028109
Figure 41
g005558
Figure 42
1. Filter
32
2. Hose clamp
6.
Squeeze the ends of the hose clamps together
and slide them away from the filter (Figure 42).
7.
Place a drain pan under the fuel lines to catch
any leaks, then remove the filter from the fuel
lines.
8.
Slide the fuel lines on the new fuel filter fittings,
ensuring that the arrow on the filter points away
from the fuel line coming from the fuel tank and
toward the line going to the fuel pump.
Electrical System
Maintenance
Important: Never install a dirty filter.
9.
Move the hose clamps close to the filter.
10.
Remove the clamp blocking fuel flow and open
the fuel valves.
11.
Secure the tank cap.
Electrical System Safety
12.
Replace the side screen and close the hood.
• Disconnect the battery before repairing the
Draining the Fuel Tank
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, and lower the loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Syphon the fuel from the tank using a pump-type
syphon.
machine. Disconnect the negative terminal first
and the positive last. Connect the positive terminal
first and the negative last.
Charge the battery in an open, well-ventilated
area, away from sparks and flames. Unplug the
charger before connecting or disconnecting the
battery. Wear protective clothing and use insulated
tools.
Battery acid is poisonous and can cause burns.
Avoid contact with skin, eyes, and clothing. Protect
your face, eyes, and clothing when working with a
battery.
Battery gases can explode. Keep cigarettes,
sparks, and flames away from the battery.
•
•
Note: Now is the best time to install a new fuel filter
because the fuel tank is empty.
•
Servicing the Battery
Always keep the battery clean and fully charged. Use
a paper towel to clean the battery case. If the battery
terminals are corroded, clean them with a solution of
4 parts water and 1 part baking soda. Apply a light
coating of grease to the battery terminals to reduce
corrosion.
Specifications: 12 V, 585 A (cold cranking)
Removing the Battery
WARNING
Battery terminals or metal tools could short
against metal machine components, causing
sparks. Sparks can cause the battery gasses
to explode, resulting in personal injury.
• When removing or installing the battery,
do not allow the battery terminals to touch
any metal parts of the machine.
• Do not allow metal tools to short between
the battery terminals and metal parts of the
machine.
1.
2.
3.
4.
33
Park the machine on a level surface, engage
the parking brake (if equipped), and lower the
loader arms.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
Open the hood.
Remove the wing nuts and bar securing the
battery (Figure 43).
Charging the Battery
Important: Always keep the battery fully charged
(1.265 specific gravity). This is especially
important to prevent battery damage when the
temperature is below 0°C (32°F).
1.
Remove the battery from the machine; refer to
Removing the Battery (page 33).
2.
Charge the battery for 10 to 15 minutes at 25 to
30 A or 30 minutes at 4 to 6 A (Figure 44). Do
not overcharge the battery.
g005293
Figure 43
1. Battery
4. Rubber cover
2. Bar
5. Negative cable
3. Positive cable
5.
Disconnect the negative (black) ground cable
from the battery post (Figure 43). Retain the
fasteners.
g003792
Figure 44
1. Positive battery post
3. Red (+) charger lead
6.
Slide the rubber cover off the positive (red)
cable.
2. Negative battery post
4. Black (-) charger lead
7.
Disconnect the positive (red) cable from the
battery post (Figure 43). Retain the fasteners.
3.
8.
Gently push the hydraulic hoses aside and lift
the battery out of the chassis.
When the battery is fully charged, unplug
the charger from the electrical outlet, then
disconnect the charger leads from the battery
posts (Figure 44).
Cleaning the Battery
Note: Keep the terminals and the entire battery case
clean, because a dirty battery discharges slowly.
34
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage
the parking brake (if equipped), and lower the
loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Remove the battery from the machine;
Removing the Battery (page 33).
4.
Wash the entire case with a solution of baking
soda and water.
5.
Rinse the battery with clear water.
6.
Coat the battery posts and cable connectors with
Grafo 112X (skin-over) grease (Toro Part No.
505-47) or petroleum jelly to prevent corrosion.
7.
Install the battery; refer to Installing the Battery
(page 35).
Installing the Battery
Drive System
Maintenance
1.
Using the fasteners previously removed, install
the positive (red) battery cable to the positive (+)
battery terminal (Figure 43).
2.
Slide the red terminal boot onto the positive
battery post.
Servicing the Tracks
3.
Using the fasteners previously removed, install
the negative (black) battery cable to the negative
(-) battery terminal (Figure 43).
Service Interval: After the first 50 hours—Check and
adjust the track tension.
4.
Before each use or daily—Clean the tracks.
Secure the battery using the bar and wing nuts
(Figure 43).
Before each use or daily—Check the tracks for
excessive wear (If the tracks are worn, replace
them).
Important: Ensure that the battery cables do not
contact any sharp edges or each other.
Every 100 hours—Check and adjust the track
tension.
Servicing a Replacement Battery
Every 250 hours/Yearly (whichever comes
first)—Check and grease the road wheels.
The original battery is maintenance-free and does not
require service. For servicing a replacement battery,
refer to the battery manufacturer’s instructions.
Cleaning the Tracks
1.
Park the machine on a level surface and engage
the parking brake.
2.
With the bucket installed and pointing down,
lower it into the ground so that the front of the
traction unit lifts off the ground a few centimeters
(inches).
3.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
4.
Using a water hose or pressure washer, remove
dirt from each track system.
Important: Ensure that you use high-pressure
water to wash only the track area. Do not use
a high-pressure washer to clean the rest of the
machine. Do not use high pressure water between
the drive sprocket and the machine or you may
damage the motor seals. High-pressure washing
can damage the electrical system and hydraulic
valves or deplete grease.
Important: Ensure that you fully clean the road
wheels, the tension wheel, and the drive sprocket
(Figure 45). The road wheels should rotate freely
when clean.
35
g004202
g004200
Figure 47
Figure 45
1. Track
2. Drive sprocket
3. Road wheels
4. Tension wheel
1. Locking bolt
3. Tension tube
2. Tensioning screw
4. Tension wheel
5.
Using a 1/2-inch drive ratchet, turn the
tensioning screw counterclockwise until the
distance between the tension nut and the back
of the tension tube (Figure 46) is 7 cm (2-3/4
inches).
6.
Align the closest notch in the tension screw to
the locking bolt hole and secure the screw with
the locking bolt and nut (Figure 47).
7.
Lower the traction unit to the ground.
Adjusting the Track Tension
There should be 7 cm (2-3/4 inches) between the
tension nut and the back of the tension tube (Figure
46). If not, adjust the track tension using the following
procedure:
Replacing the Tracks
Replacing Narrow-Width Tracks
When the tracks are badly worn, replace them.
Note: You have narrow-width tracks if the front
tension wheels are mounted inside a fork on the end
of the tension tube (Figure 48).
g004201
Figure 46
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, and lower the loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Lift/support the side of the unit to be worked on
so that the track is 8 to 10 cm (3 to 4 inches)
off the ground.
4.
Remove the locking bolt and nut (Figure 47).
5.
Using a 1/2-inch drive ratchet, release the
drive tension by turning the tensioning screw
clockwise (Figure 47 and Figure 48).
1. 7 cm (2-3/4 inches)
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, and lower the loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Lift/support the side of the unit to be worked on
so that the track is off the ground.
4.
Remove the locking bolt and nut (Figure 47).
36
15.
Repeat steps 3 through 14 to replace the other
track.
Replacing Wide-Width Tracks
When the tracks are badly worn, replace them.
Note: You have wide-width tracks if the front tension
wheels are mounted on the sides of the end of the
tension tube (Figure 49).
g004203
Figure 48
1. Track
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, and lower the loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Lift/support the side of the unit to be worked on
so that the track is 8 to 10 cm (3 to 4 inches)
off the ground.
4.
Remove the locking bolt and nut (Figure 47).
5.
Using a 1/2-inch drive ratchet, release the
drive tension by turning the tensioning screw
clockwise (Figure 47 and Figure 49).
5. Track lug
2. Socket wrench (1/2 inch)
6. Drive sprocket
3. Tension wheel
7. Sprocket cog
4. Tension tube
8. Road wheels
6.
1.
Push the tension wheel toward the rear of the
unit to move the tension tube against the frame
(Figure 48).
If it does not touch the frame, continue turning
the tensioning screw until it does.
7.
Begin removing the track at the top of the
tension wheel, peeling it off the wheel while
rotating the track forward.
8.
When the track is off the tension wheel, remove
it from the drive sprocket and road wheels
(Figure 48).
9.
Beginning at the drive sprocket, coil the new
track around the sprocket, ensuring that the lugs
on the track fit between the cogs on the sprocket
(Figure 48).
10.
Push the track under and between the road
wheels (Figure 48).
11.
Starting at the bottom of the tension wheel,
install the track around the wheel by rotating
the track rearward while pushing the lugs into
the wheel.
12.
Turn the tensioning screw counterclockwise until
the distance between the tension nut and the
back of the tension tube (Figure 46) is 7 cm
(2-3/4 inches).
13.
14.
g004204
Figure 49
1. Track
6. Track lug
2. Socket wrench (1/2 inch)
7. Drive sprocket
3. Tension wheel nut
8. Sprocket cog
4. Outer tension wheel
5. Tension tube
6.
9. Road wheels
10. Inner tension wheel
Push the tension wheel toward the rear of the
unit to move the tension tube against the frame
(Figure 49).
If it does not touch the frame, continue turning
the tensioning screw until it does.
Align the closest notch in the tension screw to
the locking bolt hole and secure the screw with
the locking bolt and nut.
7.
Remove the nut securing the outer tension
wheel and remove the wheel (Figure 49).
Lower the traction unit to the ground.
8.
Remove the track (Figure 49).
37
9.
Remove the nut securing the inner tension
wheel and remove the wheel (Figure 49).
3.
10.
Pull the 4 large washers out of the 2 wheels, 1
on each side of each wheel.
11.
Clean the old grease and dirt out of the area
between where the washers were installed and
the bearings inside the wheels, then fill this area
on each side of each wheel with grease.
12.
Install the large washers on the wheels over the
grease.
13.
Install the inner tension wheel and secure it with
the nut removed previously (Figure 49).
14.
Torque the nut to 407 N∙m (300 ft-lb).
15.
Install the new track, ensuring that the lugs in
the track fit between the cogs in the middle of
the drive sprocket (Figure 49).
16.
Remove the snap ring and cap from a road
wheel (Figure 51).
g004206
Figure 51
Install the outer tension wheel and secure it with
the nut removed previously (Figure 49).
1. Road wheel
4. Road wheel cap
2. Gasket
5. Snap ring
3. Bolt
6. Add grease under the cap
17.
Torque the nut to 407 N∙m (300 ft-lb).
18.
Turn the tensioning screw counterclockwise until
the distance between the tension nut and the
back of the tension tube (Figure 46) is 7 cm
(2-3/4 inches).
4.
Check the grease under the cap and around
the gasket (Figure 51). If it is dirty, gritty, or
depleted, clean out all of the grease, replace the
gasket, and add new grease.
19.
Align the closest notch in the tension screw to
the locking bolt hole and secure the screw with
the locking bolt and nut.
5.
20.
Lower the traction unit to the ground.
21.
Repeat steps 3 through 20 to replace the other
track.
Ensure that the road wheel turns smoothly on
the bearing. If it is frozen, replace the road wheel
as described in the Road Wheel Kit Installation
Instructions or contact your Authorized Service
Dealer for repair.
6.
Place the greased road wheel cap over the bolt
head (Figure 48).
7.
Secure the road wheel cap with the snap ring
(Figure 48).
Maintaining the Road Wheels
1.
Remove the tracks; refer to Replacing the
Tracks (page 36).
8.
2.
Remove the 4 bolts securing each lower track
guide which contains the road wheels, and
remove them (Figure 50).
Repeat steps 3 through 7 for the other road
wheels.
9.
Install each track guide to the traction-unit frame
using the fasteners you removed previously.
Torque the bolts to 91 to 112 N∙m (67 to 83 ft-lb).
10.
g004205
Figure 50
1. Road wheels
3. Track guide bolts (only 2
shown)
2. Lower track guide
38
Install the tracks; refer to Replacing the Tracks
(page 36).
Brake Maintenance
Belt Maintenance
Testing the Parking Brake
Inspecting and Replacing
the Drive Belt
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1.
Engage the parking-brake; refer to
Parking-Brake Lever (page 12).
2.
Start the engine.
3.
Slowly attempt to drive the machine forward or
rearward.
4.
If the machine moves, contact your Authorized
Service Dealer for service.
Service Interval: Every 25 hours—Inspect the drive
belt for wear or damage.
Every 200 hours—Replace the drive belt.
To replace the drive belt, complete the following
procedure:
Note: To complete this procedure, you need a sturdy
metal hook to disconnect the idler-pulley spring, such
as the spring-removal tool (Toro Part No. 92-5771)
available for order from your Authorized Service
Dealer.
39
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, and lower the loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Open the hood.
4.
Connect the hook on the spring-removal tool
to the hook on the idler pulley spring, and
disconnect the spring from the stud as shown
in Figure 52.
g243518
Figure 53
Spring cover not shown
1. Idler-pulley assembly
6.
2. Drive-belt routing
Remove the belt from the 3 pulleys (Figure 54).
g005547
Figure 52
1. Spring-removal tool
4. Idler pulley
2. Drive belt
5. Engine (see-through for
illustrative purposes)
g005549
3. Idler pulley spring (spring
cover not shown)
5.
Figure 54
Spring cover not shown
Remove the idler pulley spring from the
idler-pulley assembly (Figure 53).
7.
Install a new drive belt around the 3 pulleys
(Figure 53).
8.
Install the end of the idler pulley spring to the
arm on the idler-pulley assembly.
Important: If you have removed the spring
cover, ensure to install it over the spring at
this time.
9.
10.
40
Using the spring-removal tool, pull the idler
spring hook up and around the stud on the
traction unit, pulling the idler pulley tight.
Remove the spring-removal tool from the spring
and close the hood.
Controls System
Maintenance
Adjusting the Controls
The factory adjusts the controls before shipping the
machine. However, after many hours of use, you
may need to adjust the traction control alignment,
the NEUTRAL position of the traction control, and the
tracking of the traction control in the full forward
position.
g004191
Figure 56
1. Traction control
Important: To adjust the controls properly,
5.
complete each procedure in the order listed.
2. Stem, bolt, and nut
Adjust the traction control so that it rests flush
against the reference bar when you pull it
straight back (Figure 56 and Figure 57).
Adjusting the Traction Control
Alignment
If the traction control bar does not rest flush and
square with the reference bar when in the full
backward position, immediately complete the following
procedure:
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, and lower the loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Pull straight back on the traction control so the
front of the control contacts the reference bar
(Figure 55).
g004192
Figure 57
6.
Tighten the flange nut and bolt in the traction
control stem.
Adjusting the Traction Control
Neutral Position
If the machine creeps forward or backward when
the traction control is in the NEUTRAL position and
the unit is warm, immediately complete the following
procedure:
g004190
Figure 55
1. Front of the control (out of
alignment)
4.
2. Reference bar
If the front of the traction control does not rest
square and flush with the reference bar, loosen
the flange nut and bolt in the stem of the traction
control (Figure 56).
41
1.
Lift/support the machine so that both tracks are
off the ground.
2.
Open the rear-access cover.
3.
Loosen the jam nuts on the traction rods, under
the control panel (Figure 58).
Adjusting the Tracking of the
Traction Control, Full Forward
Position
If the machine does not drive straight when you
hold the traction control against the reference bar,
complete the following procedure:
1.
Drive the machine with the traction control
against the reference bar, noting which direction
the traction unit veers.
2.
Release the traction control.
3.
If the traction unit veers to the left, loosen the
right jam nut and adjust the tracking set screw
on the front of the traction control (Figure 59).
4.
If the traction unit veers to the right, loosen the
left jam nut and adjust the tracking set screw on
the front of the traction control (Figure 59).
g013014
Figure 58
1. Traction rod
4.
2. Jam nut
Start the traction unit and set the throttle to
about 1/3 open position.
WARNING
When the machine is running, you could
be caught and injured in moving parts or
burned on hot surfaces.
Stay away from pinch points, moving
parts, and hot surfaces when adjusting
the running machine.
5.
If the left track moves, lengthen or shorten the
right traction rod until the track stops moving.
6.
If the right track moves, lengthen or shorten the
left traction rod until the track stops moving.
7.
Tighten the jam nuts.
8.
Close the rear-access cover.
9.
Shut off the engine and lower the machine to
the ground.
10.
g004194
Figure 59
1. Set screw
3. Stop
2. Jam nut
5.
Repeat steps 1 through 4 until the machine
drives straight in the full forward position.
Important: Ensure that the tracking set
screws touch the stops in the full forward
position to avoid over stroking the hydraulic
pumps.
Drive the machine in full reverse, checking to
see if the unit tracks straight. If it does not, note
the direction it veers. Repeat the adjustment
previously described so that it tracks straight in
reverse.
42
Hydraulic-Fluid
Specifications
Hydraulic System
Maintenance
Hydraulic Tank Capacity: 45.4 L (12 US gallons)
Hydraulic System Safety
Use only 1 of the following fluids in the hydraulic
system:
• Seek immediate medical attention if fluid is injected
• Toro Premium Transmission/Hydraulic Tractor
into skin. Injected fluid must be surgically removed
within a few hours by a doctor.
Fluid (refer to your Authorized Toro Dealer for
more information)
• Ensure that all hydraulic-fluid hoses and lines are
• Toro PX Extended Life Hydraulic Fluid (refer to
in good condition and all hydraulic connections
and fittings are tight before applying pressure to
the hydraulic system.
your Authorized Toro Dealer for more information)
• If either of the above Toro fluids are not available,
you may use another Universal Tractor
Hydraulic Fluid (UTHF), but they must be only
conventional, petroleum-based products. The
specifications must fall within the listed range for
all the following material properties and the fluid
should meet the listed industry standards. Check
with your hydraulic fluid supplier to determine if the
fluid meets these specifications.
• Keep your body and hands away from pinhole
leaks or nozzles that eject high-pressure hydraulic
fluid.
• Use cardboard or paper to find hydraulic leaks.
• Safely relieve all pressure in the hydraulic system
before performing any work on the hydraulic
system.
Note: Toro does not assume responsibility for
damage caused by improper substitutions, so use
only products from reputable manufacturers who
will stand behind their recommendations.
Relieving Hydraulic
Pressure
To relieve hydraulic pressure while the engine is on,
disengage the auxiliary hydraulics and fully lower the
loader arms.
Material Properties
To relieve the pressure while the engine is off, move
the auxiliary-hydraulics lever between the forward and
reverse flow positions to relieve auxiliary hydraulic
pressure, and cycle the loader-arm/attachment-tilt
lever between the forward positions to lower the
loader arms (Figure 60).
Viscosity index, ASTM D2270
140 to 152
Pour Point, ASTM D97
-37 to -43°C (-35 to -46°F)
Viscosity, ASTM D445
cSt at 40°C: 55 to 62
cSt at 100°C: 9.1 to 9.8
Industry Standards
API GL-4, AGCO Powerfluid 821 XL, Ford New Holland
FNHA-2-C-201.00, Kubota UDT, John Deere J20C, Vickers
35VQ25 and Volvo WB-101/BM
Note: Many hydraulic fluids are almost colorless,
making it difficult to spot leaks. A red dye additive
for the hydraulic system fluid is available in 20 ml
(2/3 fl oz) bottles. One bottle is sufficient for 15 to
22 L (4 to 6 US gallons) of hydraulic fluid. Order
Part No. 44-2500 from your Authorized Service
Dealer.
g280733
Figure 60
43
Checking the
Hydraulic-Fluid Level
Important: Do not substitute an automotive oil
filter; otherwise, severe hydraulic system damage
may result.
Service Interval: Every 25 hours
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, and lower the loader arms.
Check the hydraulic-fluid level before the engine is
first started and after every 25 operating hours.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Open the rear access cover.
4.
Place a drain pan under the filter (Figure 62).
Refer to Hydraulic-Fluid Specifications (page 43) for
hydraulic-fluid specifications.
Important: Always use the correct hydraulic
fluid. Unspecified fluids will damage the hydraulic
system.
1.
Remove any attachments.
2.
Park the machine on a level surface, lower the
loader arms, and fully retract the tilt cylinder.
3.
Shut off the engine, remove the key, and allow
the engine to cool.
4.
Open the hood and remove the left side screen.
5.
Clean the area around the filler neck of the
hydraulic tank (Figure 61).
6.
Remove the filler-neck cap and check the fluid
level on the dipstick (Figure 61).
g004211
Figure 62
1. Hydraulic filter
The fluid level should be between the marks on
the dipstick.
g013121
Figure 61
1. Filler-neck cap
2. Dipstick
5.
Remove the old filter (Figure 62) and wipe the
surface of the filter adapter gasket clean.
6.
Apply a thin coat hydraulic fluid to the rubber
gasket on the replacement filter.
7.
Install the replacement hydraulic filter onto the
filter adapter (Figure 62). Tighten it clockwise
until the rubber gasket contacts the filter adapter,
then tighten the filter an additional 3/4 turn.
8.
Clean up any spilled fluid.
9.
Start the engine and let it run for about 2 minutes
to purge air from the system.
10.
Shut off the engine, remove the key, and check
for leaks.
11.
7.
If the level is low, add enough fluid to raise it to
the proper level.
Check the fluid level in the hydraulic tank
and add fluid to raise the level to the mark on
dipstick; refer to Checking the Hydraulic-Fluid
Level (page 44).
8.
Install the filler-neck cap.
Important: Do not overfill the tank.
9.
Replace the left side screen and close the hood.
12.
Close the rear-access cover.
Replacing the Hydraulic
Filter
Changing the Hydraulic
Fluid
Service Interval: After the first 8 hours
Service Interval: Every 400 hours/Yearly (whichever
comes first)
Every 200 hours
44
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, remove
any attachment, and engage the parking brake.
2.
Raise the loader arms and install the cylinder
lock.
3.
Shut off the engine, remove the key, and allow
the engine to cool.
4.
Open the hood and remove the left side screen.
5.
Remove the hydraulic-tank cap and dipstick
(Figure 63).
8.
Note: Dispose of the used oil at a certified
recycling center.
g013121
Figure 63
1. Hydraulic-tank cap
6.
2. Dipstick
Place a large drain pain capable of holding 57 L
(15 US gallons) under the drain plug on the front
of the machine (Figure 64).
Note: The drain plug is located behind the front
weights, under the sloped plate.
g004213
Figure 64
1. Drain plug
7.
When finished, install and tighten the drain plug.
Remove the drain plug and allow the oil to drain
into the pan (Figure 64).
45
9.
Fill the hydraulic tank with hydraulic fluid as
specified in Hydraulic-Fluid Specifications (page
43).
10.
Start the engine and let it run for a few minutes.
11.
Shut off the engine.
12.
Check the hydraulic-fluid level and add fluid to
fill the tank if necessary; refer to Checking the
Hydraulic-Fluid Level (page 44).
13.
Install the side screen and close the hood.
Cleaning the Chassis
Cleaning
Service Interval: Every 100 hours—Check for dirt
buildup in the chassis.
Removing Debris
Using a flashlight, open the hood and inspect the
area under the engine regularly. When the debris
is 2.5 to 5 cm (1 to 2 inches) deep, complete the
following procedure (refer to Figure 65 throughout this
procedure):
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Important: Operating the engine with blocked
screens and/or cooling shrouds removed will
result in engine damage from overheating.
1.
Park the machine on a level surface and lower
the loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine, remove the key, and allow
the engine to cool.
3.
Open the hood and secure the prop rod.
4.
Clean any debris from the front and side
screens.
5.
Wipe away debris from the air cleaner.
6.
Clean any debris buildup on the engine and in
the oil cooler fins with a brush or blower.
Important: Operating the engine with
blocked screens and/or cooling shrouds
removed will result in engine damage due to
overheating.
7.
8.
Clean debris from the hood opening, muffler,
heat shields, and radiator screen (if applicable).
g004214
Figure 65
Close the hood.
46
1. Side weights
3. Fuel tank
2. Rear panel
4. Chassis
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, and lower the loader arms.
2.
Lift and support the front of the machine.
3.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
4.
Disconnect the negative battery cable.
5.
Remove the bolts, washers, and lock washers
securing the 2 side weights, removing the
weights (Figure 65).
6.
Open the rear-access cover.
7.
Remove the 2 carriage bolts and washers from
the battery base.
8.
Remove the 6 nuts and bolts securing the rear
panel; remove the panel (Figure 65).
9.
Place a clamp on the fuel line, 2 inches from
where it comes out of the fuel tank.
10.
Slide the fuel tank to the rear (Figure 65).
11.
Disconnect the fuel line from the fitting on the
fuel tank.
12.
Disconnect the 2 wires leading to the right side
of the tank (Figure 66).
19.
Connect the fuel line and remove the clamp.
20.
Secure the tank cap and tighten it until it clicks.
21.
On the right side of the tank, connect the orange
wire to the center post and the black wire to the
outside post (Figure 66).
22.
Slide the tank all the way into the machine.
Important: The fuel line and wires must be
away from the engine pulleys and the frame.
g013123
Figure 66
1. Black wire
2. Orange wire
4. Vent hose
5. To the carbon canister
3. Fuel-tank-vent fitting
13.
Disconnect the vent hose from the fitting on top
of the tank. Plug the fitting so that no fuel can
leak out during the procedure.
14.
Carefully remove the tank and set it upright to
keep from spilling the fuel.
DANGER
In certain conditions, fuel is extremely
flammable and highly explosive. A fire
or explosion from fuel can burn you and
others and can damage property.
Refer to Fuel Safety (page 14) for a
complete list of fuel related precautions.
15.
Remove any large deposits of debris.
16.
Wash out the chassis with water until the water
running out the back of the unit is clear.
Important: Take care not to get water into
the engine or electrical components.
17.
Slide the fuel tank part way into the chassis
(Figure 65).
18.
Remove the plug from the vent fitting and
connect the vent hose to it.
47
23.
Replace the rear panel and secure it with the 6
bolts and nuts removed previously (Figure 65).
24.
Secure the battery tray with the bolts and
washers removed previously.
25.
Install the side weights with the bolts, washers,
and lock washers removed previously (Figure
65).
26.
Close the rear-access cover.
27.
Lower the machine to the ground.
Storage
use an alcohol-based stabilizer (ethanol or
methanol).
Storage Safety
Note: A fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most
effective when you mix it with fresh fuel and
use it at all times.
• Shut off the engine, remove the key, wait for all
moving parts to stop, and allow the machine to
cool before storing it.
B.
Run the engine to distribute conditioned fuel
through the fuel system for 5 minutes.
• Do not store the machine or fuel near flames.
C.
Shut off the engine, allow it to cool and drain
the fuel tank using a pump-type syphon.
Storage
D.
Start the engine and run it until it shuts off.
E.
Choke the engine.
F.
Start and run the engine until it does not
start again.
G.
Dispose of fuel properly. Recycle it
according to local codes.
1.
Park the machine on a level surface, engage the
parking brake, and lower the loader arms.
2.
Shut off the engine and remove the key.
3.
Remove dirt and grime from the external parts
of the entire machine, especially the engine.
Clean dirt and chaff from the outside of both the
cylinder head fins and blower housing of the
engine.
Important: Do not store fuel containing
stabilizer/conditioner longer than the
duration recommended by the fuel-stabilizer
manufacturer.
Important: You can wash the machine
with mild detergent and water. Do not
pressure-wash the machine. Avoid
excessive use of water, especially near the
control panel, engine, hydraulic pumps, and
motors.
4.
Service the air cleaner; refer to Servicing the Air
Cleaner (page 28).
5.
Grease the machine; refer to Greasing the
Machine (page 27).
6.
Change the engine oil; refer to Changing the
Engine Oil (page 30).
7.
Remove the spark plugs and check the condition
of each; refer to Servicing the Spark Plug(s)
(page 31).
8.
With the spark plugs removed from the engine,
pour 30 ml (2 tablespoons) of engine oil into
each spark-plug hole.
9.
Place rags over the spark-plug holes to catch
any oil spray, then use the starter to crank the
engine and distribute the oil inside the cylinder.
10.
Install the spark plugs, but do not install the
wires on the spark plugs.
11.
Charge the battery; refer to Charging the Battery
(page 34).
12.
For storage over 30 days, prepare the machine
as follows:
A.
Add a petroleum-based
stabilizer/conditioner to fuel in the
tank. Follow the mixing instructions from
the fuel-stabilizer manufacturer. Do not
48
13.
Check and adjust the track tension; refer to
Servicing the Tracks (page 35).
14.
Check and tighten all fasteners. Repair or
replace any worn, damaged, or missing parts.
15.
Paint all scratched or bare metal surfaces with
paint s available from your Authorized Service
Dealer.
16.
Store the machine in a clean, dry garage or
storage area. Remove the key from the ignition
switch and keep it in a memorable place.
17.
Cover the machine to protect it and keep it clean.
Troubleshooting
Problem
The engine does not start, starts hard, or
fails to keep running.
Possible Cause
1. The starting procedure is incorrect.
1. Use the correct starting procedure.
2. The fuel tank is empty.
3. The choke is not engaged.
4. The air cleaner is dirty.
2. Fill the tank with fresh fuel.
3. Engage the choke.
4. Clean or replace the air-cleaner
elements.
5. Install the wires on the spark plugs.
5. The spark plug wires are loose or
disconnected.
6. The spark plugs are pitted, fouled, or
the gap is incorrect.
7. There is dirt in the fuel filter.
8. Dirt, water, stale fuel, or incorrect fuel
is in the fuel system.
The engine loses power.
6. Install new, correctly gapped spark
plugs.
7. Replace the fuel filter.
8. Contact your Authorized Service
Dealer.
1. The engine load is excessive.
1. Reduce the load; use a lower ground
speed.
2. The high-idle speed is low.
2. Contact your Authorized Service
Dealer.
3. Clean or replace the air cleaner
elements.
4. Fill or drain to the Full mark.
5. Remove any obstructions from the
cooling fins and air passages.
3. The air cleaner is dirty.
4. The engine-oil level is incorrect.
5. The cooling fins and air passages
under the engine blower housing are
plugged.
6. The spark plugs are pitted, fouled, or
the gap is incorrect.
7. There is dirt in the fuel filter.
8. Dirt, water, stale fuel, or incorrect fuel
is in the fuel system.
The engine overheats.
Corrective Action
6. Install new, correctly gapped spark
plugs.
7. Replace the fuel filter.
8. Contact your Authorized Service
Dealer.
1. The engine load is excessive.
1. Reduce the load; use a lower ground
speed.
2. The high-idle speed is low.
2. Contact your Authorized Service
Dealer.
3. Fill or drain to the Full mark.
4. Remove any obstructions from the
cooling fins and air passages.
3. The engine-oil level is incorrect.
4. The cooling fins and air passages
under the engine blower housing are
plugged.
There is abnormal vibration.
1. The engine mounting bolts are loose.
1. Tighten the engine mounting bolts.
The machine does not drive.
1. The parking brake is engaged.
1. Disengage the parking brake.
2. The hydraulic-fluid level is low.
3. The hydraulic system is damaged.
2. Add hydraulic fluid to the reservoir.
3. Contact your Authorized Service
Dealer.
49
Notes:
European Privacy Notice
The Information Toro Collects
Toro Warranty Company (Toro) respects your privacy. In order to process your warranty claim and contact you in the event of a product recall, we ask you
to share certain personal information with us, either directly or through your local Toro company or dealer.
The Toro warranty system is hosted on servers located within the United States where privacy law may not provide the same protection as applies
in your country.
BY SHARING YOUR PERSONAL INFORMATION WITH US, YOU ARE CONSENTING TO THE PROCESSING OF YOUR PERSONAL INFORMATION
AS DESCRIBED IN THIS PRIVACY NOTICE.
The Way Toro Uses Information
Toro may use your personal information to process warranty claims, to contact you in the event of a product recall and for any other purpose which we tell
you about. Toro may share your information with Toro's affiliates, dealers or other business partners in connection with any of these activities. We will not
sell your personal information to any other company. We reserve the right to disclose personal information in order to comply with applicable laws and
with requests by the appropriate authorities, to operate our systems properly or for our own protection or that of other users.
Retention of your Personal Information
We will keep your personal information as long as we need it for the purposes for which it was originally collected or for other legitimate purposes
(such as regulatory compliance), or as required by applicable law.
Toro's Commitment to Security of Your Personal Information
We take reasonable precautions in order to protect the security of your personal information. We also take steps to maintain the accuracy and current
status of personal information.
Access and Correction of your Personal Information
If you would like to review or correct your personal information, please contact us by email at [email protected]
Australian Consumer Law
Australian customers will find details relating to the Australian Consumer Law either inside the box or at your local Toro Dealer.
374-0282 Rev C
California Proposition 65 Warning Information
What is this warning?
You may see a product for sale that has a warning label like the following:
WARNING: Cancer and Reproductive Harm—www.p65Warnings.ca.gov.
What is Prop 65?
Prop 65 applies to any company operating in California, selling products in California, or manufacturing products that may be sold in or brought into
California. It mandates that the Governor of California maintain and publish a list of chemicals known to cause cancer, birth defects, and/or other
reproductive harm. The list, which is updated annually, includes hundreds of chemicals found in many everyday items. The purpose of Prop 65 is to
inform the public about exposure to these chemicals.
Prop 65 does not ban the sale of products containing these chemicals but instead requires warnings on any product, product packaging, or literature with
the product. Moreover, a Prop 65 warning does not mean that a product is in violation of any product safety standards or requirements. In fact, the
California government has clarified that a Prop 65 warning “is not the same as a regulatory decision that a product is ‘safe’ or ‘unsafe.’” Many of these
chemicals have been used in everyday products for years without documented harm. For more information, go to https://oag.ca.gov/prop65/faqs-view-all.
A Prop 65 warning means that a company has either (1) evaluated the exposure and has concluded that it exceeds the “no significant risk level”; or (2)
has chosen to provide a warning based on its understanding about the presence of a listed chemical without attempting to evaluate the exposure.
Does this law apply everywhere?
Prop 65 warnings are required under California law only. These warnings are seen throughout California in a wide range of settings, including but not
limited to restaurants, grocery stores, hotels, schools, and hospitals, and on a wide variety of products. Additionally, some online and mail order
retailers provide Prop 65 warnings on their websites or in catalogs.
How do the California warnings compare to federal limits?
Prop 65 standards are often more stringent than federal and international standards. There are various substances that require a Prop 65 warning
at levels that are far lower than federal action limits. For example, the Prop 65 standard for warnings for lead is 0.5 μg/day, which is well below
the federal and international standards.
Why don’t all similar products carry the warning?
•
•
Products sold in California require Prop 65 labelling while similar products sold elsewhere do not.
•
•
The enforcement of Prop 65 is inconsistent.
A company involved in a Prop 65 lawsuit reaching a settlement may be required to use Prop 65 warnings for its products, but other companies
making similar products may have no such requirement.
Companies may elect not to provide warnings because they conclude that they are not required to do so under Prop 65; a lack of warnings for a
product does not mean that the product is free of listed chemicals at similar levels.
Why does Toro include this warning?
Toro has chosen to provide consumers with as much information as possible so that they can make informed decisions about the products they buy and
use. Toro provides warnings in certain cases based on its knowledge of the presence of one or more listed chemicals without evaluating the level of
exposure, as not all the listed chemicals provide exposure limit requirements. While the exposure from Toro products may be negligible or well within the
“no significant risk” range, out of an abundance of caution, Toro has elected to provide the Prop 65 warnings. Moreover, if Toro does not provide these
warnings, it could be sued by the State of California or by private parties seeking to enforce Prop 65 and subject to substantial penalties.
Rev A
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