Toro Twister Utility Vehicle User manual

Toro Twister Utility Vehicle User manual
Form No. 3326-444
Utility Vehicle
Model No. 12003—210000001 and Up
Operator’s Manual
English (EN)
Pre-Starting Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stopping the Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking the Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cargo Bed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tailgate Latches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New Vehicle Break-In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transporting the Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading the Cargo Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Towing the Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . .
Heavy Duty Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jacking the Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking and Adjusting Neutral . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting the Ground Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Engine Cooling Areas . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Greasing the Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspecting the Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting the Front Suspension . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Drive Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting Front Wheel Toe-In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Transaxle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Headlight Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Washing the Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Toro Total Coverage Guarantee . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
Important The engine in this product is not equipped
with a spark arrester muffler. It is a violation of California
Public Resource Code Section 4442 to use or operate this
engine on any forest-covered, brush-covered, or
grass-covered land as defined in CPRC 4126. Other states
or federal areas may have similar laws.
This spark ignition system complies with Canadian
Ce système d’allumage par étincelle de véhicule est
conforme à la norme NMB-002 du Canada.
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Before Operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
While Operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slope Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety and Instruction Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loose Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Crankcase Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Think Safety First . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2001 by The Toro Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420-1196
All Rights Reserved
Printed in the USA
This manual uses two other words to highlight information.
Important calls attention to special mechanical
information and Note: emphasizes general information
worthy of special attention.
Read this manual carefully to learn how to operate and
maintain your product properly. The information in this
manual can help you and others avoid injury and product
damage. Although Toro designs and produces safe
products, you are responsible for operating the product
properly and safely.
Improper use or maintenance by the operator or owner
can result in injury. To reduce the potential for injury,
comply with these safety instructions and always pay
attention to the safety alert
symbol, which means
safety instruction.” Failure to comply with the
instruction may result in personal injury or death.
Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or
additional information, contact an Authorized Service
Dealer or Toro Customer Service and have the model and
serial numbers of your product ready. Figure 1 illustrates
the location of the model and serial numbers on the
This vehicle is an off-highway vehicle only and is
not designed, equipped, or manufactured for use
on public streets, roads, or highways.
Before Operating
• Operate the machine only after reading and
understanding the contents of this manual.
Figure 1
• Never allow children to operate the vehicle. Anyone
who operates the vehicle should have a motor vehicle
1. Location of the model and serial numbers
Write the product model and serial numbers in the space
• Never allow other adults to operate the vehicle without
first reading and understanding the Operator’s Manual.
Make sure that all operators are physically and mentally
capable of operating the vehicle.
Model No.
• This vehicle is designed to carry only you, the operator,
and one passenger in the seat provided by the
manufacturer. Never carry any other passengers on the
Serial No.
This manual identifies potential hazards and has special
safety messages that help you and others avoid personal
injury and even death. Danger, Warning, and Caution are
signal words used to identify the level of hazard. However,
regardless of the hazard, be extremely careful.
• Never operate the vehicle when under the influence of
drugs or alcohol. Even prescription drugs and cold
medicines can cause drowsiness.
• Do not drive the vehicle when you are tired. Be sure to
take occasional breaks. It is very important that you stay
alert at all times.
Danger signals an extreme hazard that will cause serious
injury or death if you do not follow the recommended
• Become familiar with the controls and know how to
stop the engine quickly.
Warning signals a hazard that may cause serious injury or
death if you do not follow the recommended precautions.
• Keep all shields, safety devices, and decals in place. If a
shield, safety device, or decal is malfunctioning,
illegible, or damaged, repair or replace it before
operating the machine.
Caution signals a hazard that may cause minor or moderate
injury if you do not follow the recommended precautions.
• Always watch out for and avoid low overhangs such as
tree limbs, door jambs, and over-head walkways. Make
sure there is enough room over head to easily clear the
vehicle and your head.
• Always wear substantial shoes. Do not operate the
machine while wearing sandals, tennis shoes, or
sneakers. Do not wear loose fitting clothing or jewelry
which could get caught in moving parts and cause
personal injury.
• Always shift into neutral and apply the parking brake
before leaving an idling vehicle, or else the vehicle may
• Wearing safety glasses and long pants is advisable.
• Avoid driving when it is dark, especially in unfamiliar
areas. If you must drive when it is dark, be sure to drive
cautiously, use the headlights, and even consider adding
additional lights.
• Failure to operate the vehicle safely may result in an
accident, tip over of the vehicle, and serious injury or
death. Drive carefully. To prevent tipping or loss of
• Be extremely careful when operating around people.
Always be aware of where bystanders might be.
– Use extreme caution and reduce speed around
unfamiliar areas or any areas that have abrupt
changes in ground conditions or elevation.
• Before operating the vehicle, always check the
designated areas of the vehicle that are stated in the
pre-starting section of this manual. If something is
wrong, do not use the vehicle. Make sure that the
problem is corrected before the vehicle or attachment is
– Watch for holes or other hidden hazards.
– Use extra caution when operating the vehicle on wet
surfaces, in adverse weather conditions, at higher
speeds, or with a full load. Stopping time and
distance will increase with a full load.
• Since gasoline is highly flammable, handle it carefully.
– Avoid sudden stops and starts. Do not go from
reverse to forward or forward to reverse without
first coming to a complete stop.
– Use an approved gasoline container.
– Do not remove the cap from the fuel tank when the
engine is hot or running.
– Slow down before turning. Do not attempt sharp
turns or abrupt maneuvers or other unsafe driving
actions that may cause a loss of vehicle control.
– Do not smoke while handling gasoline.
– Fill the fuel tank outdoors and to about one inch
below top of tank (bottom of the filler neck). Do not
– When dumping, do not let anyone stand behind the
vehicle and do not dump the load on anyone’s feet.
Release the tailgate latches from the side of box, not
from behind.
– Wipe up any spilled gasoline.
– Only operate the vehicle when the cargo box is
down and latched.
While Operating
– Before backing up, look to the rear and ensure no
one is behind the vehicle. Back up slowly.
– Watch out for traffic when near or crossing roads.
Always yield the right of way to pedestrians and
other vehicles. This vehicle is not designed for use
on streets or highways. Always signal your turns or
stop early enough so other persons know what you
plan to do. Obey all traffic rules and regulations.
Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, which
is an odorless, deadly poison that can kill you.
Do not run engine indoors or in an enclosed area.
• The operator and passenger should remain seated
whenever the vehicle is in motion. The operator should
keep both hands on the steering wheel, whenever
possible and the passenger should use the hand holds
provided. Keep your arms and legs within the vehicle
body at all times.
– The electrical and exhaust systems of the vehicle
can produce sparks capable of igniting explosive
materials. Never operate the vehicle in or near an
area where there is dust or fumes in the air which
are explosive.
• Do not touch the engine or muffler while the engine is
running or soon after it has stopped. These areas may be
hot enough to cause burns.
• Drive slower and turn less sharply when you are
carrying a passenger. Remember your passenger may
not be expecting you to brake or turn and may not be
• If the machine ever vibrates abnormally, stop
immediately, wait for all motion to stop, and inspect for
damage. Repair all damage before commencing
• Before getting off of the seat:
These extra cautions need to be taken when operating the
vehicle on a hill:
A. Stop the movement of the machine.
• Slow down before starting up or down a hill.
B. Set the parking brake.
• If the engine stalls or you begin to lose headway while
climbing a hill, gradually apply the brakes and slowly
back straight down the hill.
C. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
D. Remove the key from the ignition.
• Turning while traveling up or down hills can be
dangerous. If you have to turn while on a hill, do it
slowly and cautiously. Never make sharp or fast turns.
Note: If the vehicle is on an incline, chock the wheels after
getting off of the vehicle.
• Heavy loads affect stability. Reduce the weight of the
load and your speed when operating on hills or if the
load has a high center of gravity. Secure the load to
prevent it from shifting.
• Slow down before you approach an obstacle. This gives
you extra time to stop or turn away. Hitting an obstacle
can damage the vehicle and its contents. More
important, it can injure you and your passenger.
• Avoid stopping on hills, especially with a load.
Stopping while going down a hill will take longer than
stopping on level ground. If the vehicle must be
stopped, avoid sudden speed changes, which may
initiate tipping or rolling of the vehicle. Do not slam on
the brakes when rolling backward, as this may cause the
vehicle to overturn.
• Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) has a major impact on
your ability to stop and/or turn. Heavy loads and
attachments make a vehicle harder to stop or turn. The
heavier the load, the longer it takes to stop.
• Decrease the vehicle speed if the cargo box has been
removed and there is no attachment on the vehicle. The
braking characteristics change and fast stops may cause
the rear wheels to lock up, which may affect the control
of the vehicle.
• Travel straight up and down slopes whenever possible.
• We strongly recommend installing the optional ROPS
Kit when operating on hilly terrain.
• Turf and pavement are much slipperier when they are
wet. It can take 2 to 4 times as long to stop on wet
surfaces as on dry surfaces. If you drive through
standing water deep enough to get the brakes wet, they
will not work well until they are dry. After driving
through water, you should test the brakes to make sure
they work properly. If they do not, drive slowly while
putting light pressure on the brake pedal. This will dry
the brakes out.
Operating on Rough Terrain
Reduce speed and load when operating on rough terrain,
uneven ground, and near curbs, holes, and other sudden
changes in terrain. Loads may shift, causing the vehicle to
become unstable.
We strongly recommend installing the optional ROPS Kit
when operating on rough terrain.
Operating on Hills
Sudden changes in terrain may cause abrupt
steering wheel movement, possibly resulting in
hand and arm injuries.
Operating the vehicle on a hill may cause tipping
or rolling of the vehicle, or the engine may stall
and you could lose headway on the hill. This could
result in personal injury.
• Reduce your speed when operating on rough
terrain and near curbs.
• Grip the steering wheel loosely around the
perimeter. Keep your hands clear of the steering
wheel spokes.
• Do not exceed slopes greater than 12.
• Do not accelerate quickly or slam on the brakes
when backing down a hill, especially with a load.
• If the engine stalls or you lose headway on a hill,
slowly back straight down the hill. Never
attempt to turn the vehicle around.
• Never drive across a steep hill; always drive
straight up or down or go around the hill.
• Avoid turning on a hill.
• Reduce your load and the speed of the vehicle.
• Avoid stopping on hills, especially with a load.
• Be aware that heavy loads increase your stopping
distance and reduce your ability to turn quickly without
tipping over.
Loading and Dumping
The weight and position of the cargo and passenger can
change the vehicle center of gravity and vehicle handling.
To avoid loss of control and personal injury, follow these
• The rear cargo space is intended for load carrying
purposes only, not for passengers.
• Do not carry loads which exceed the load limits
described on the vehicle weight label; refer to
Specifications, page 11, for vehicle weight limits. The
load rating is for level surfaces only.
• Never overload your vehicle. The name plate (located
under dash on center column) shows load limits for the
vehicle. Never overload the attachments or exceed the
Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW).
• Reduce the weight of the load when operating on hills
and rough terrain to avoid tipping or overturning of the
• Before servicing or making adjustments to the machine,
stop the engine, set the parking brake, and remove the
key from the ignition to prevent someone from
accidentally starting the engine.
• Reduce the weight of the load if the center of gravity is
high. Items such as bricks, fertilizer, or landscape
timbers stack higher in the box. The higher a load is
stacked, the more likely the vehicle is to tip over.
Distribute the load as low as possible, making sure that
the load does not affect rear visibility.
• To make sure the entire machine is in good condition,
keep all nuts, bolts, and screws properly tightened.
• Position the weight of the load evenly from side to side.
If you position the load toward one of the sides, the
vehicle is more likely to tip over while turning.
• To reduce potential fire hazard, keep the engine area
free of excessive grease, grass, leaves, and
accumulation of dirt.
• Position the weight of a load evenly from front to back.
If you position the load behind the rear axle, it will
reduce the weight on the front wheels. This may result
in a loss of steering control or cause the vehicle to tip
over on hills or bumpy terrain.
• Never use an open flame to check the level or leakage
of fuel or battery electrolyte.
• If the engine must be running to perform a maintenance
adjustment, keep hands, feet, clothing, and any parts of
the body away from the engine and any moving parts.
Keep everyone away.
• Use extra caution if the load exceeds the dimensions of
the box and when handling off-center loads that cannot
be centered. Keep loads balanced and secure to prevent
them from shifting.
• Do not use open pans of fuel or flammable cleaning
fluids for cleaning parts.
• If repairs are ever needed or assistance is required,
contact an Authorized Toro Dealer.
• Always secure loads so that they do not shift. If a load
is not secured, or you are transporting a liquid in a large
container such as a sprayer, the load can shift. This
shifting happens most often while turning, going up or
down hills, suddenly changing speeds, or while driving
over rough surfaces. Shifting loads can cause the
vehicle to tip over.
• To be sure of optimum performance and safety, always
purchase genuine Toro replacement parts and
accessories. Replacement parts and accessories made by
other manufacturers could be dangerous. Altering this
vehicle in any manner may affect vehicle operation,
performance, or durability. This may result in injury or
death. Such use could void the product warranty.
The weight of the box may be heavy. Hands or
other body parts could be crushed.
• Keep hands and other body parts clear when
lowering the box.
• Do not dump materials on bystanders.
• Never dump a loaded cargo box while the vehicle is
sideways on a hill. The change in weight distribution
may cause the vehicle to overturn.
• When operating with a heavy load in the cargo box,
reduce your speed and allow for sufficient braking
distance. Do not suddenly apply the brakes. Use extra
caution on slopes.
Slope Chart
Safety and Instruction Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any area
of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or lost.
1. Parking brake
2. Parking brake on
3. Parking brake off
1. Choke
2. Reverse
3. Neutral
4. Forward
1. Maximum tongue weight
is 50 lb. (23 kg)
1. Unlock cargo bed
2. Maximum trailer weight is
400 lb. (181 kg)
2. Lock cargo bed
1. Danger—read the operator’s manual.
2. Do not carry passengers in the cargo bed.
3. Explosive hazard—remove fuel containers from the cargo bed
before filling.
Read the operator’s manual for information on fuses.
10 amp. fuse for optional Light Kit
15 amp. fuse for optional Rear Lift Kit
10 amp. fuse—open
15 amp. fuse for optional Electric Bed Lift Kit
10 amp. fuse for low oil light and hour meter
10 amp. fuse for headlights
25 amp. fuse for charge circuit
Danger—read the operator’s manual.
Hot surface hazard—keep hands away.
Entanglement hazard—stay away from moving parts.
Crushing hazard—use the prop rod to support the cargo bed.
1. Read the operator’s manual for further instructions.
2. The maximum combined operator and passenger weight
should not exceed 400 lb. (181 kg).
3. The maximum cargo weight should not exceed 1000 lb.
(454 kg).
4. The base weight of the vehicle is 1000 lb. (454 kg).
5. The maximum gross vehicle weight should not exceed 2400 lb.
(1089 kg).
Danger—read the operator’s manual.
Only drive this vehicle off-highway. This vehicle is not made for use on public streets, roads, or highways.
Do not carry passengers in the cargo bed. They may fall out of the vehicle.
Do not allow children to operate this vehicle.
Hour meter
Engine off
Engine on
Engine start
To start the vehicle, sit in the operator’s seat. Put the gear selector in Neutral. Turn the ignition On and pull the choke lever out. Depress
the accelerator.
11. To stop the vehicle, disengage the accelerator and engage the parking brake. Turn the ignition off and remove the key.
12. Power outlet
1. Danger—read the operator’s manual.
2. Fuel is flammable. Stop the engine before adding fuel.
3. Tipping hazard—do not drive across slopes that are greater than 15 degrees or up slopes greater than 12 degrees. Reduce speed when
turning, carrying heavy loads, or driving on rough terrain. Keep the engine speed under 16 MPH (26 km/h).
4. Passengers are at risk of falling from the vehicle. Do not carry passengers in the cargo bed. Keep arms and legs inside of the vehicle at all
Note: Specifications and design are subject to change without notice.
General Specifications
Base weight
Dry 1000 lbs. (454 kg)
Rated capacity
(on level ground)
1400 lb. (635 kg) total, including 200 lb. (91 kg) operator and 200 lb. (91 kg)
passenger, load, trailer tongue weight, gross trailer weight, accessories, and
Maximum gross vehicle
weight (GVW)
(on level ground)
2400 lb. (1089 kg) total, including all of the weights listed above
Maximum cargo capacity
(on level ground)
1000 lb. (454 kg) total, including trailer tongue weight and gross trailer weight
Tow capacity:
Standard Hitch
Tongue weight 50 lbs. (23 kg) Maximum trailer weight 400 lbs. (182 kg)
Heavy Duty Hitch
Tongue weight 100 lbs. (45 kg) Maximum trailer weight 800 lbs. (363 kg)
Overall width
60 in. (152.4 cm)
Overall length
117 in. (297.2 cm)
Ground clearance
9-1/4 in. (23.5 cm) at the front with no load or operator
6-1/2 in. (19.7 cm) at the rear with no load or operator
Wheel base
79 in. (200.7 cm)
Wheel tread
(center line to center line)
49 in. (124.5 cm) in the front
48-1/4 in. (122.6 cm) in the rear
Cargo box length
46 in. (116.8 cm) inside
51 in. (129.5 cm) outside
Cargo box width
49 in. (124.5 cm) inside
54 in. (137.2 cm) outside
Cargo box height
10 in. (25.4 cm) inside
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.
Loose Parts
Use in ignition.
Operator’s Manual
Read before operating the machine.
Engine Operator’s Manual
Read before operating the machine.
Operator Video
Watch before operating the machine.
Registration Card
Complete and return to Toro.
Checking the Crankcase Oil
opening until the oil level is up to the “FULL” mark on
the dipstick; refer to Engine Oil, page , for the proper
oil type and viscosity. Add the oil slowly and check the
level often during this process. Do not overfill.
The engine is shipped with oil in the crankcase; however,
the level of the oil must be checked before and after the
engine is first started.
5. Install the oil dipstick.
1. Position the machine on a level surface.
Checking the Tire Pressure
2. Clean around the oil dipstick (Fig. 2) so dirt cannot fall
into the hole and damage the engine.
Check the tire pressure every 8 hours or daily to ensure
proper levels.
The air pressure range for the front and rear tires is
8–22 psi (55–103 kPa).
The air pressure needed is determined by the payload
carried. The lower the air pressure, the less the compaction
and tire marks are minimized. Lower pressure should not
be used for heavy payloads at high speeds.
Higher pressures should be used for heavier payloads at
higher speeds. Do not exceed the maximum pressure.
Fuel Tank
Figure 2
1. Oil dipstick
Recommended Gasoline
2. Filler cap
3. Unscrew the oil dipstick and wipe the metal end clean.
Use fresh, clean, unleaded regular gasoline suitable for
automotive use (87 pump octane minimum). Leaded
gasoline may be used if unleaded regular is not available.
4. Slide the oil dipstick fully into the filler tube, but do not
thread it onto the tube. Pull the dipstick out and look at
the metal end. If the oil level is low, remove the filler
cap from the valve cover (Fig. 2) and pour oil into the
Important Never use gasoline containing methanol,
gasoline containing more than 10% ethanol, gasoline
additives, or white gas because engine fuel system damage
could result.
In certain conditions, gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive. A fire or
explosion from gasoline can burn you and others
and can damage property.
• Fill the fuel tank outdoors, in an open area,
when the engine is cold. Wipe up any gasoline
that spills.
• Do not fill the fuel tank completely full. Add
gasoline to the fuel tank until the level is to 1 in.
(25 mm) below the bottom of the filler neck.
This empty space in the tank allows gasoline to
• Never smoke when handling gasoline, and stay
away from an open flame or where gasoline
fumes may be ignited by a spark.
• Store gasoline in an approved container and
keep it out of the reach of children. Never buy
more than a 30-day supply of gasoline.
• Always place gasoline containers on the ground
away from your vehicle before filling.
• Do not fill gasoline containers inside a vehicle or
on a truck or trailer bed because interior
carpets or plastic truck bed liners may insulate
the container and slow the loss of any static
• When practical, remove gas-powered equipment
from the truck or trailer and refuel the
equipment with its wheels on the ground.
• If this is not possible, then refuel such
equipment on a truck or trailer from a portable
container, rather than from a gasoline dispenser
• If a gasoline dispenser nozzle must be used, keep
the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel
tank or container opening at all times until
fueling is complete.
Figure 3
1. Fuel tank cap
3. Remove the fuel tank cap.
4. Fill the tank to about one inch below the top of tank,
(bottom of the filler neck). This space in the tank allows
gasoline to expand. Do not overfill.
5. Install the fuel tank cap securely. Wipe up any fuel that
may have spilled.
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine
from the normal operating position.
Think Safety First
Please carefully read all of the safety instructions and
symbols in the safety section. Knowing this information
could help you or bystanders avoid injury.
Filling the Fuel Tank
Accelerator Pedal
The fuel tank capacity is approximately 7 gallons.
The accelerator pedal (Fig. 4) gives the operator the ability
to vary the engine and ground speed of the vehicle.
Depressing the pedal increases the engine RPM and ground
speed. Releasing the pedal decreases the engine RPM and
ground speed. Maximum forward speed is 16 MPH
(26 km/h).
1. Shut the engine off and set the parking brake.
2. Clean the area around the fuel tank cap (Fig. 3).
Brake Pedal
The brake pedal is used to stop or slow the vehicle (Fig. 4).
Brakes can become worn or can be misadjusted
resulting in personal injury.
If brake pedal travels to within 1 in. of the vehicle
floor board, the brakes must be adjusted or
Figure 5
Parking Brake
1. Choke
The parking brake is a small plate at the top of the brake
pedal (Fig. 4). Whenever the engine is shut off or the
vehicle is parked, the parking brake must be engaged to
prevent accidental movement of the vehicle. To engage the
parking brake, step on the brake pedal firmly and roll
forward with the top of your foot. To disengage, depress the
accelerator pedal. If the vehicle is parked on a steep grade,
make sure the parking brake is applied. Place blocks at the
downhill side of wheels.
2. Gear shift selector
Gear Shift Selector
The gear shift selector has three positions: forward, reverse,
and neutral (Fig. 5). The gear shift selector must be in
neutral to start the engine.
Important The vehicle should always be stopped
before changing the gear selection and direction.
Ignition Switch
The ignition switch (Fig. 6), used to start and stop the
engine, has three positions: On, Off, and Start. Rotate the
key clockwise to the Start position to start the vehicle.
When the engine starts, release the key. When the vehicle is
stopped, rotate the key counterclockwise to the Off position
to shut the engine off. Remove the key from the ignition.
Hour Meter
The hour meter (Fig. 6) indicates the total number of hours
that the engine has run.
Figure 4
1. Accelerator pedal
2. Brake pedal
3. Parking brake
Oil Light
The oil light warns the operator if the engine oil pressure
drops below a safe level (Fig. 6). If the light comes on and
remains lit, the oil level should be checked and oil added if
necessary; see Engine Oil, page 21.
Choke Control
The choke control is located below and to the right of the
operator’s seat. To start a cold engine, close the carburetor
choke (Fig. 5) by pulling the choke control outward to the
ON position. After the engine starts, regulate the choke to
keep the engine running smoothly. As soon as possible,
open the choke by pushing the control in to the OFF
position. A warm engine requires little or no choking.
Note: The oil light may flicker. This is normal and no
action needs to be taken.
Light Switch
Toggle the switch to activate the headlights. Push to turn
the lights on (Fig. 6).
Power Point
Passenger Hand Holds
The power point is used to power 12 volt, optional
electrical accessories (Fig. 6).
The passenger hand holds are located on the right side of
the dash panel and at the outside of each seat (Fig. 8).
Figure 8
1. Passenger hand hold
Figure 6
1. Ignition switch
2. Hour meter
3. Light switch
2. Hip restraint
4. Oil light
5. Power point
Pre-Starting Checks
Safe operation begins before taking the vehicle out for a
day’s work. You should check these items each time:
Fuel Gauge
• Check the tire pressure.
The fuel gauge (Fig. 7) shows the amount of fuel in the
Note: These tires are different than car tires; they require
less pressure to minimize turf compaction and damage.
• Check all fluid levels and add the appropriate amount of
Toro specified fluids, if any are found to be low.
• Check the brake pedal operation.
• Ensure that the lights are working.
• Turn the steering wheel to the left and right to check
steering response.
• Check for oil leaks, loose parts, and any other
noticeable malfunctions. Make sure the engine is off
and all moving parts have stopped before checking for
oil leaks, loose parts, and other malfunctions.
If any of the above items are not correct and you are not
able to correct the problem, contact an Authorized Service
Figure 7
1. Fuel gauge
Starting the Engine
1. Sit in the operator’s seat.
2. Put the gear shift selector in Neutral.
Note: The engine will only start in Neutral.
3. Insert the key into the ignition switch, turn it clockwise
to the Start position, and pull the choke out. When the
engine starts, release the key.
Note: An engine that has been running and is warm may
not require pulling the choke out.
3. Raise the bed to its full height; then lower it slightly to
engage the prop rod (Fig. 10).
4. After the engine starts and warms up, slowly return the
choke knob to the Off position. If the engine stalls or
hesitates, pull the Choke out for a few seconds. Then
move it back to Off.
5. Slowly step on the accelerator pedal.
Note: The parking brake will automatically disengage
when the accelerator pedal is depressed.
Important Do not attempt to push or tow the vehicle to
get it started.
Stopping the Vehicle
To stop the vehicle, remove your foot from the accelerator
pedal and slowly depress the brake pedal.
Note: Stopping distance may vary depending on the vehicle
load and speed.
Figure 10
1. Prop rod
Parking the Vehicle
1. Engage the parking brake and rotate the ignition key to
Lowering the Bed
2. Remove the key from the switch to prevent accidental
1. Lift up the bed slightly with one hand while pressing
down on the prop rod.
2. Lower the bed until the latch engages.
Cargo Bed
3. To secure the bed tightly to the bed frame, move the
latch to the lower section of the cutout (Fig. 9).
Raising the Bed
1. Slide the latch upward toward the top of the cutout in
the bed frame (Fig. 9).
Tailgate Latches
1. To open the tailgate latches, lift the latch handles up
(Fig. 11). The latches will spring out toward the center
of the tailgate. Slowly lower the tailgate.
Note: You may need to push the end of the tailgate in
(especially if there is a load against the tailgate) before the
latches will spring toward the center of the tailgate and
Figure 9
1. Latch
2. Lift up on the latch with one hand while raising the bed
with the other hand.
Figure 11
1. Tailgate latch
2. To close the tailgate latches, lift the handles upward and
slide them toward the outside of the vehicle.
3. Push the latch handles downward to secure the latch and
New Vehicle Break-In
To provide proper performance and long vehicle life,
follow these guidelines for the first 100 operating hours.
• Check the fluid and engine oil levels regularly and be
alert for indications of overheating in any component of
the vehicle.
Figure 12
• After starting a cold engine, let it warm up for about 15
seconds before accelerating.
1. Tie down points
• Avoid hard braking situations for the first several hours
of new vehicle break-in operation. New brake linings
may not be at optimum performance until several hours
of use has caused the brakes to become burnished
Loading the Cargo Box
The capacity of the cargo box is 13 ft.3 (.37 m3). The
amount (volume) of material that can be placed in the box
without exceeding the vehicle load ratings can vary greatly
depending on the density of the material. For example, a
level box of wet sand weighs 1500 lb. (680 kg), which
exceeds the load rating by 500 lb. (227 kg). But a level box
of wood weights 650 lb. (295 kg), which is under the load
• Vary the vehicle speed during operation. Avoid fast
starts and quick stops.
• A break-in oil for engine is not required. Original
engine oil is the same type specified for regular oil
• Refer to the Maintenance section for any special low
hour checks.
See the table below for load volume limits with various
• Check the front suspension positioning and adjust it if
necessary; refer to Adjusting the Front Suspension,
page 24.
Max. cargo box
capacity (on level
3/4 full (approx.)
1/2 full (approx.)
3/4 full
1/2 full
Earth, packed
3/4 full (approx.)
Transporting the Vehicle
For moving the vehicle long distances, a trailer should be
used. Make sure that the vehicle is secured to the trailer.
Refer to Figures 12 and 13 for the location of tie-down
Loose seats may fall off of the vehicle and trailer
when transporting and land on another vehicle or
become an obstruction on the road.
Remove the seats or make sure that the seats are
securely fastened in the detents.
Towing the Vehicle
Trailer Towing
In case of an emergency, the vehicle can be towed for a
short distance. However, we do not recommend this as a
standard procedure.
The vehicle is capable of pulling trailers. Two types of tow
hitches are available for the vehicle, depending on your
application. Contact your Authorized Toro Dealer for
When hauling cargo or towing a trailer, do not overload
your vehicle or trailer. Overloading can cause poor
performance or damage to the brakes, axle, engine,
transaxle, steering, suspension, body structure, or tires.
Always load a trailer with 60% of the cargo weight in the
front of the trailer. This places approximately 10% of the
Gross Trailer Weight (GTW) on the tow hitch of the
Towing at excessive speeds could cause a loss of
steering control, resulting in personal injury.
Never tow the vehicle faster than 5 MPH.
Towing the vehicle is a two person job. If the machine must
be moved a considerable distance, transport it on a truck or
trailer; refer to Transporting the Vehicle, page 17.
The maximum cargo load shall not exceed 1000 lb.
(454 kg), including the GTW and tongue weight. For
example, if the GTW = 400 lb. and tongue weight = 50 lb.,
then the maximum cargo load = 550 lb.)
1. Remove the drive belt; refer to Replacing the Drive
Belt, page 25, steps 1 and 2.
To provide adequate braking and traction, always load the
cargo box when trailering. Do not exceed the GTW limits.
2. Affix a tow line to the tongue on the front of the frame
(Fig. 13).
Avoid parking a vehicle with a trailer on a hill. If you must
park on a hill, engage the parking brake and block the
trailer tires.
3. Put the vehicle in neutral and release the parking brake.
Figure 13
1. Towing tongue and tie down point
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.
Recommended Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Service
After first 8 hours
Every 8 hours
After first 20 hours
Maintenance Procedure
• Change the engine oil.
• Check the drive belt tension.
• Check the engine oil.
• Check the tire pressure.
• Check the front wheel toe-in at the proper ride height.
Every 50 hours
• Check the battery fluid level.
• Check the battery cable connections.
• Change the engine oil (includes synthetic oil).1
Every 100 hours
Every 200 hours
• Replace the air cleaner filter.
• Check the brake cable adjustments.
• Inspect the drive belt.
Lubricate all grease fittings.
Clean the engine rotating screen.2
Inspect the air cleaner filter.2
Replace the engine oil filter.
Inspect the brake and parking brake.
Inspect the condition and wear of the tires.
Torque the wheel lug nuts.
Check the front suspension toe-in and ride height.
Every 400 hours or
• Inspect the fuel lines.
Every 800 hours or
Replace the fuel filter.
Change the transaxle oil.
Replace the spark plugs.
Drain and flush the fuel tank.
Refer to your engine operator’s manual for additional maintenance procedures.
If you leave the key in the ignition switch, someone could accidently start the engine and
seriously injure you or other bystanders.
Remove the key from the ignition and disconnect the wire(s) from the spark plug(s) before you
do any maintenance. Set the wire(s) aside so that it does not accidentally contact the spark
The bed must be raised to perform some routine
maintenance. The bed could fall and injure
persons that are underneath it.
• Always use prop rod to hold bed up before
working under raised bed.
• Remove any load material from bed before
working under raised bed.
Figure 14
Heavy Duty Operation
1. Front jacking point
Important If vehicle is subjected to conditions listed
below, maintenance should be performed twice as
• Desert operation
• Cold climate operation (below 32° F [0° C])
• Trailer towing
• Frequent operation on dusty roads
• Construction work
• After extended operation in mud, sand, water, or similar
dirty conditions, have your brakes inspected and
cleaned as soon as possible. This will prevent any
abrasive material from causing excessive wear.
Figure 15
• Under frequent heavy duty operating conditions,
lubricate all grease fittings and inspect air cleaner daily
to prevent excessive wear.
1. Rear jacking points
Checking and Adjusting
Jacking the Vehicle
Whenever the engine is run for routine maintenance and/or
engine diagnostics, the rear wheels of the vehicle should be
1 in. (25 mm) off of the ground with the rear axle supported
on jack stands.
When performing routine maintenance and/or engine
diagnostics, the transaxle must be shifted into neutral
(Fig. 16). The vehicle has a neutral position on the shift
lever, which controls the neutral in the transaxle. The
following steps should be taken to make sure that the
neutral shift lever operates the transaxle neutral correctly:
1. Set the shift lever into the Neutral position.
A vehicle on a jack may be unstable and slip off of
the jack, injuring anyone beneath it.
2. Set the neutral bracket on the transaxle to the neutral
position (level) (Fig. 16).
• Do not start the engine while the vehicle is on a
• Always remove the key from the ignition before
getting off of the vehicle.
• Block the tires when the vehicle is on a jack.
3. Tighten one of the locknuts (Fig. 16) just enough to take
the slack out of the shift cable.
Note: You must hold the locknut below the bracket to
tighten the locknut on top.
4. Tighten the other locknut just enough to take the slack
out of the other shift cable.
The jacking point at the front of the vehicle is on the front
of the frame behind the towing tongue (Fig. 14) The
jacking point at the rear of the vehicle is under the axle
tubes (Fig. 15).
5. Check the first locknut to make sure that all of the slack
is taken out.
6. Start the engine and shift into Forward, Reverse, and
Neutral to ensure that the neutral bracket is operating
Viscosity: See the table below
Checking the Oil Level
To check the oil level, refer to Check the Crankcase Oil,
page 12.
Figure 16
1. Neutral bracket
2. Locknuts
Changing and Draining the Oil
1. Start the vehicle and let it run for a few minutes to
warm the oil.
Adjusting the Ground Speed
2. Park the machine on a level surface, set the parking
brake, turn the ignition off, and remove the key.
Ground speed is preset at the factory and should not need
adjusting. If you think the ground speed needs adjusting,
contact your local Authorized Toro Service Dealer.
3. Raise the bed and secure it with the prop rod.
4. Disconnect the spark plug wires and battery cables.
Servicing the Engine Oil
5. Remove the drain plug (Fig. 17) and let the oil flow into
a drain pan. When the oil drains completely, install the
drain plug.
Service Interval/Specification
Check the oil level before each use.
Note: Dispose of the used oil at a certified recycling center.
Change the oil after the first 8 operating hours and every 50
hours thereafter.
Replace the oil filter every 100 hours.
Note: Change the oil and oil filter more frequently when
operating conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
Oil Type: Detergent oil (API service SF, SG, SH, SJ, or
Crankcase Capacity: 48 oz./1-1/2 qt. (1.4 liters) when the
filter is changed
Figure 17
1. Engine oil drain plug
2. Engine oil filter
6. Pour oil into fill opening until the oil level is up to the
“FULL” mark on the dipstick. Add the oil slowly and
check the level often during this process. Do not
7. Reinstall the oil fill cap and dipstick firmly in place.
Changing the Oil Filter
3. Release the latches securing the air cleaner cover to the
air cleaner body. Separate the cover from the body.
Clean the inside of the air cleaner cover (Fig. 18).
Replace the oil filter every 100 operating hours or yearly,
whichever occurs first.
1. Drain the oil from the engine; refer to
Changing/Draining Oil, page 21.
2. Remove the existing oil filter (Fig. 17). Apply a light
coat of clean oil to the new filter gasket.
3. Screw filter on until gasket contacts mounting plate,
then tighten filter an additional 1/2 to 3/4 turn further.
Do not overtighten.
4. Fill the crankcase with the proper type of new oil; refer
to Engine Oil, page 21.
5. Start and run the engine to check for leaks.
6. Stop the engine and recheck the oil level. Add oil if
Figure 18
Cleaning the Engine Cooling
1. Air cleaner latches
2. Cover
Clean the rotating screen, cooling fins, and external
surfaces of the engine every 100 hours of operation or more
often under extremely dusty and dirty conditions.
3. Filter
4. Gently slide the filter out of the air cleaner body to
reduce the amount of dust dislodged (Fig. 18). Avoid
knocking the filter against the air cleaner body.
Important Operating the engine with a blocked
rotating screen, dirty or plugged cooling fins or cooling
shrouds removed, will cause engine damage due to
5. Inspect the filter and discard it if it is damaged.
Cleaning the Filter Element
Important Never clean the engine with pressurized
water because water could contaminate the fuel system.
Do not wash or reuse a damaged filter.
1. Washing method:
Air Cleaner
A. Prepare a solution of filter cleaner and water and
soak the filter element about 15 minutes; refer to the
directions on the filter cleaner carton for complete
Service Interval/Specification
Check the air cleaner body for damage which could
possibly cause an air leak. Replace a damaged air cleaner
B. After soaking the filter for 15 minutes, rinse it with
clear water. Rinse the filter from the clean side to
the dirty side.
Ensure that the cover is sealing around the air cleaner body.
Air Cleaner Filter: Inspect after every 100 operating hours;
replace after every 200 hours or sooner if dirty or damaged.
Important To prevent damage to the filter element,
maximum water pressure must not exceed 40 psi.
Note: Service the air cleaner more frequently (every few
hours) if operating conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
C. Dry the filter element using warm, flowing air at
160° F maximum, or allow the element to air-dry.
Removing the Filter Element
Important Do not use a light bulb to dry the filter
element because damage could result.
1. Park the machine on a level surface, set the parking
brake, turn the ignition off, and remove the key.
2. Raise the bed and secure it with the prop rod.
2. Compressed air method:
A. Blow compressed air from the inside to the outside
of the dry filter element. Keep the air hose nozzle at
least 2 inches from the filter and move the nozzle up
and down while rotating the filter element.
Important To prevent damage to the filter element,
do not exceed 100 psi air pressure.
B. Inspect the filter element for holes and tears by
looking through the filter toward a bright light.
Installing the Filter Element
Important To prevent engine damage, always operate
the engine with the complete air cleaner assembly installed.
Figure 19
1. Inspect the new filter for shipping damage. Check the
sealing end of the filter.
Do not install a damaged filter.
2. Insert the new filter properly into the air cleaner body.
Ensure that the filter is sealed properly by applying
pressure to the outer rim of the filter when installing it.
Do not press on the flexible center of the filter.
3. Install the cover and secure the latches.
Greasing the Machine
Service Interval/Specification
Figure 20
Lubricate all bearings and bushings after every 100 hours
or once a year, whichever occurs first. Grease more
frequently when using for heavy-duty vehicle operations.
Grease Type: No. 2 General Purpose Lithium Base Grease
Where to Add Grease
The grease fitting locations are at the tie rod ends (4)
(Fig. 19) and the king pins (2) (Fig. 20).
The throttle and brake pedal pivots (2) (Fig. 21) are not
greased at the factory and should only be greased when and
if the pedals begin to stick.
1. Wipe grease fitting clean so foreign matter cannot be
forced into the bearing or bushing.
Figure 21
2. Pump grease into the bearing or bushing.
3. Wipe off excess grease.
Servicing the Brakes
Check the wheels to ensure that they are mounted securely.
Torque the front bolts to 135–165 ft-lb. and the rear lug
nuts to 45–65 ft-lb.
Inspecting the Brakes
Brakes are a critical safety component of the vehicle. As
with all safety components, they should be closely
inspected at regular intervals to ensure optimum
performance and safety. The following inspections should
be done every 100 hours:
Adjusting the Front
• Inspect the brake shoes for wear or damage. If the
lining (brake pad) thickness is less than 1/16 in.
(1.6 mm), the brake shoes should be replaced.
1. Jack the front end of the vehicle off of the ground; refer
to Jacking the Vehicle, page 20.
The ride height of each side of the vehicle can be adjusted.
• Inspect the backing plate and other components for
signs of excessive wear or deformation. If any
deformation is found, the appropriate components must
be replaced.
2. Remove the travel limiting bolt (Fig. 23).
Adjusting the Brake Pedal
5. Rotate the front “A” frame to the desired position
(Fig. 23). The distance from the bottom side of the front
hitch to the ground should be 9-1/2 to 10-1/4 in. (24.1
to 26 cm) with the tires inflated to 12 psi (83 kPa).
3. Loosen the centering bolts in the front “A” frame
(Fig. 23).
4. Remove the ride height adjustment bolt (Fig. 23).
Adjust the brake if the parking brake does not hold, brake
pedal travel is excessive, or braking power is not sufficient
when the brake pedal is depressed. Check the adjustment
every 200 hours.
6. Replace the ride height adjustment bolt and the travel
limiting bolt (Fig. 23).
1. Turn the ignition off and remove the key.
7. Tighten and torque the centering bolts to 240–290 ft.-lb.
(325–393 N⋅m).
2. Raise the vehicle off of the ground; see Jacking the
Vehicle, page 20.
8. Tighten and torque the ride height adjustment bolt to
135–165 ft.-lb. (183–224 N⋅m).
3. Tighten the cable adjusting screw, located beneath the
floor panel, until the cables are snug in the brake
equalizer (Fig. 22). Do not overtighten. There should be
some free play in the brake pedal before the brake
9. Repeat the procedure on the opposite side of the
Figure 22
1. Cable adjusting screw
2. Brake equalizer
Figure 23
1. Travel limiting bolt
2. Centering bolt
Inspecting the Tires
Check tire condition at least every 100 hours of operation.
Operating accidents, such as hitting curbs, can damage a
tire or rim and also disrupt wheel alignment, so inspect tire
condition after an accident.
3. Ride height adjustment
Servicing the Drive Belt
Adjusting Front Wheel Toe-In
Service Interval/Specification
Check the front wheel toe-in after every 100 operating
hours or annually, whichever occurs first.
Check condition and tension of drive belt after first day of
operation and every 200 operating hours thereafter.
1. Ensure that the distance from the bottom of the tongue
to the ground is 9-1/2 to 10-1/4 in. (24.1 to 26 cm)
when the tires are inflated to 12 psi (83 kPa); refer to
Adjusting the Front Suspension, page 24.
1. Park the machine on a level surface, shift into Neutral,
set the parking brake, turn the ignition off, and remove
the key.
2. Measure the distance between both of the front tires at
axle height (at the front and rear of the wheels)
(Fig. 25). The front measurement must be equal to the
rear measurement ±1/4 in. (6.4 mm).
2. Raise bed and secure with prop rod.
3. Rotate and inspect belt for excessive wear or damage.
Replace as necessary.
Distance (rear of
Distance (front of
Figure 25
Figure 24
1. Drive belt
2. Primary clutch
3. Secondary clutch
3. To adjust, loosen jam nuts at both ends of tie rods
(Fig. 26).
4. Rotate both tie rods to move front of tire inward or
Replacing the Drive Belt
1. Rotate and route the belt over the secondary clutch
(Fig. 24).
2. Remove the belt from the primary clutch (Fig. 24).
3. To replace the belt, reverse the procedure.
Figure 26
1. Jam nut
2. Tie rod
5. Tighten tie rod jam nuts when adjustment is correct.
6. Ensure there is full travel of the steering in both
Servicing the Fuel System
Spark Plugs
Fuel Lines and Connections
Service Interval/Specification
Check lines and connections every 400 hours or yearly,
whichever occurs first. Inspect for deterioration, damage, or
loose connections.
Replace the spark plugs after every 800 operating hours or
yearly, whichever occurs first, to ensure proper engine
performance and reduce the exhaust emission level.
Type: Champion RC 12YC (or equivalent)
Replacing the Fuel Filter
Air Gap: 0.030 in. (0.76 mm)
Replace the fuel filter after every 800 operating hours or
yearly, whichever occurs first.
Note: The spark plug usually lasts a long time; however,
the plug should be removed and checked whenever the
engine malfunctions.
1. Raise the bed and support it with the prop rod.
2. Place a clean container under the fuel filter.
Checking and Replacing the Spark Plug
3. Remove the clamps securing the fuel filter to the fuel
1. Clean the area around the spark plugs so that foreign
matter cannot fall into the cylinder when the spark plug
is removed.
2. Pull the spark plug wires off of the spark plugs and
remove the plugs from the cylinder head.
3. Check the condition of the side electrode, center
electrode, and center electrode insulator to ensure that
there is no damage.
0.030 in.
(0.76 mm)
Figure 27
1. Fuel filter
4. Install the replacement fuel filter to the fuel lines with
the clamps previously removed. Mount the filter so that
the arrow points toward the carburetor.
Figure 28
Important A cracked, fouled, dirty or malfunctioning
spark plug must be replaced. Do not sand blast, scrape, or
clean the electrodes by using a wire brush because grit may
eventually release from the plug and fall into the cylinder.
The result is usually a damaged engine.
4. Set the air gap between the center and side electrodes at
0.030 in. (0.76 mm). Install the correctly gapped spark
plug and tighten the plug to 18–22 ft.-lb. (24–30 N⋅m).
If a torque wrench is not used, tighten the plug firmly.
5. Install the spark plug wires.
Changing the Transaxle Fluid
Replacing the Fuses
Change transaxle fluid every 800 operating hours or yearly,
whichever occurs first.
There are 4 fuses in the electrical system. They are located
beneath the bed in a box on the right hand side of the frame
(Fig. 31).
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface, set the parking
brake, turn the ignition off, and remove the key.
2. Remove the drain plug from the right side of the
reservoir (Fig. 29) and let the fluid flow into a drain
pan. Install and tighten the plug when the fluid stops
Low oil light, hour meter
10 amp.
10 amp.
Charge circuit
25 amp.
Power point
10 amp.
(15 amp. max.)
Note: Dispose of the used oil at a certified recycling center.
Figure 31
1. Charge circuit
2. Headlights
Figure 29
1. Drain plug
3. Power point
4. Low oil light, hour meter
2. Level indicator hole
Replacing the Headlight Bulbs
3. Fill the reservoir (Fig. 30) with approximately 1-1/2 qt.
(1.4 liters) of SAE 10W30 motor oil or until the oil
level is at the bottom of the level indicator hole
(Fig. 29).
Replacement bulb: GE #862
1. Set the parking brake, turn the ignition off, and remove
the key. Switch the headlights off.
2. Reach beneath the dash and rotate the lamp assembly
1/4 turn counterclockwise (Fig. 32). Pull the lamp
assembly out of the reflector.
3. Remove the lamp assembly from the wire harness.
Discard the lamp assembly.
Figure 30
1. Oil fill
Figure 32
4. Start engine and operate to fill system. Recheck oil
level and replenish, if required.
1. Lamp assembly
2. Reflector
3. Tabs
4. Slots
4. Push the replacement lamp assembly onto the wire
5. Reach beneath the dash and align the three tabs on the
lamp assembly with the slots in the reflector (Fig. 32).
Insert the lamp assembly into the reflector and rotate it
1/4 turn clockwise until it stops.
Battery terminals or metal tools could short
against metal vehicle components, causing sparks.
Sparks can cause the battery gasses to explode,
resulting in personal injury.
• When removing or installing the battery, do not
allow the battery terminals to touch any metal
parts of the vehicle.
• Do not allow metal tools to short between the
battery terminals and metal parts of the vehicle.
• Always keep the battery strap in place to protect
and secure the battery.
Servicing the Battery
Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories
contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer
and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
5. Disconnect the positive (red) cable from the battery
6. Remove the battery from the chassis.
Do not jump start the vehicle.
Installing the Battery
Service Interval/Specification
1. Set the battery on the battery base so the battery posts
are toward the rear of the vehicle.
Always keep the battery clean and fully charged. Use a
paper towel to clean the battery and battery box. If the
battery terminals are corroded, clean them with a solution
of four parts water and one part baking soda. Apply a light
coating of grease to the battery terminals to prevent
2. Connect the positive (red) cable to the positive (+)
battery post and the negative (black) cable to the
negative (–) battery post using the bolts and wing nuts.
Slide the rubber boot over the positive battery post.
Voltage: 12 volt with 280 cold cranking Amps @ 0° F
(–18° C).
3. Replace the rubber strap to secure the battery to the
Removing the Battery
Important Always keep the battery strap in place to
protect and secure the battery.
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface, set the parking
brake, turn the ignition off, and remove key.
Checking Electrolyte Level
2. Raise the bed and secure with the prop rod.
Check the electrolyte level every 50 operating hours or, if
the machine is in storage, every 30 days.
3. Unhook the battery strap.
1. Raise the bed and secure with the prop rod.
4. Disconnect the negative (black) ground cable from the
battery post.
2. Remove the filler caps. If the electrolyte is not up to the
fill line, add the required amount of distilled water;
refer to Adding Water to the Battery, page 29.
Incorrect battery cable routing could damage the
vehicle and cables, causing sparks. Sparks can
cause the battery gasses to explode, resulting in
personal injury.
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid which is a
deadly poison and causes severe burns.
• Always disconnect the negative (black) battery
cable before disconnecting the positive (red)
• Always reconnect the positive (red) battery cable
before reconnecting the negative (black) cable.
• Do not drink electrolyte and avoid contact with
skin, eyes or clothing. Wear safety glasses to
shield your eyes and rubber gloves to protect
your hands.
• Fill the battery where clean water is always
available for flushing the skin.
Adding Water to the Battery
Washing the Vehicle
The best time to add distilled water to the battery is just
before you operate the machine. This lets the water mix
thoroughly with the electrolyte solution.
The vehicle should be washed as needed. Use water alone
or with a mild detergent. A rag may be used, however the
hood will loose some of its luster.
1. Clean the top of the battery with a paper towel.
Important Pressurized water is not recommended when
washing the machine. It may damage the electrical system,
loosen important decals, or wash away necessary grease at
friction points. Avoid excessive use of water, especially
near the control panel, engine, and battery.
2. Remove the filler caps from the battery and slowly fill
each cell with distilled water until the level is up to the
fill line. Replace the filler caps.
Important Do not overfill the battery. Electrolyte will
overflow onto other parts of the vehicle and severe
corrosion and deterioration will result.
Charging the Battery
Important Always keep the battery fully charged
(1.260 specific gravity). This is especially important to
prevent battery damage when the temperature is below
32°F (0°C).
1. Remove the battery from the chassis; refer to Removing
the Battery, page 28.
2. Connect a 3 to 4 amp battery charger to the battery
posts. Charge the battery at a rate of 3 to 4 amperes for
4 to 8 hours (12 volts). Do not overcharge the battery.
Charging the battery produces gasses that can
Never smoke near the battery and keep sparks and
flames away from battery.
3. Install the battery in the chassis; refer to Installing the
Battery, page 28.
Storing the Battery
If the machine will be stored for more than 30 days, remove
the battery and charge it fully. Either store it on the shelf or
on the machine. Leave the cables disconnected if it is stored
on the machine. Store the battery in a cool atmosphere to
avoid quick deterioration of the charge in the battery. To
prevent the battery from freezing, make sure it is fully
10 A
10 A
25 A
STOP –––– (–M)+(+M)
RUN –––– B+A
F510 A
Electrical Schematic
The Toro Total Coverage Guarantee
A One-Year Limited Warranty
Conditions and Products Covered
Items and Conditions Not Covered
The Toro Company and its affiliate, Toro Warranty Company,
pursuant to an agreement between them, jointly promise to repair
any Toro Product used for residential or commercial use if
defective in materials or workmanship for a period of one year from
the date of purchase.
This warranty covers both the cost of parts and labor, but you must
pay transportation costs.
This warranty applies to all consumer vehicles and their attachments.
There is no other express warranty except for special emission
system coverage on some products. This express warranty does
not cover:
• Cost of regular maintenance service or parts, such as filters,
fuel, lubricants, tune-up parts, brake and clutch adjustments
• Any product or part which has been altered or misused or
required replacement or repair due to normal wear, accidents,
or lack of proper maintenance
• Repairs necessary due to improper fuel, contaminants in the
fuel system, or failure to properly prepare the fuel system prior
to any period of non-use over three months
• Pickup and delivery charges
All repairs covered by this warranty must be performed by an
Authorized Toro Service Dealer using Toro approved replacement
Instructions for Obtaining Warranty Service
Should you feel your Toro Product contains a defect in materials or
workmanship, contact the retailer who sold you the product or any
Authorized Service Dealer or Master Service Dealer. The Yellow
Pages of your telephone directory is a good reference source. The
dealer will either arrange service at his/her dealership or
recommend another Authorized Service Dealer who may be more
convenient. You may need proof of purchase (copy of registration
card, sales receipt, etc.) for warranty validation.
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the Service Dealer’s
analysis of the defect in materials or workmanship or if you need a
referral to a Toro Service Dealer, please feel free to contact us at:
Customer Service Department
Toro Warranty Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420-1196
952-888-8801 or 800-421-9684
Owner Responsibilities
You must maintain your Toro Product by following the maintenance
procedures described in the operator’s manual. Such routine
maintenance, whether performed by a dealer or by you, is at your
General Conditions
Repair by an Authorized Toro Service Dealer is your sole remedy
under this warranty.
Neither The Toro Company nor Toro Warranty Company is liable
for indirect, incidental or consequential damages in connection
with the use of the Toro Products covered by this warranty,
including any cost or expense of providing substitute equipment or
service during reasonable periods of malfunction or non-use
pending completion of repairs under this warranty.
All implied warranties of merchantability (that the product is fit for
ordinary use) and fitness for use (that the product is fit for a
particular purpose) are limited to the duration of the express
Some states do not allow exclusions of incidental or consequential
damages, or limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so
the above exclusions and limitations may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also
have other rights which vary from state to state.
Countries Other than the United States or Canada
Customers who have purchased Toro products exported from the United States or Canada should contact their Toro Distributor (Dealer)
to obtain guarantee policies for your country, province, or state. If for any reason you are dissatisfied with your Distributor’s service or
have difficulty obtaining guarantee information, contact the Toro importer. If all other remedies fail, you may contact us at Toro Warranty
Part No. 374-0038 Rev. –
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