Toro Brush Chipper User manual

Toro Brush Chipper User manual
Operator’s Manual
Form No. 3366-779 Rev B
Register your product at www.Toro.com
Brush Chipper
Model No. 22604-Serial No. 310000001 and Up
Model No. 22604THD-Serial No. 310000001 and Up
Original Instructions (EN)
This product complies with the US National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA) regulations for street legal
trailers.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth
defects, or other reproductive harm.
This Manual identifies potential hazards and has safety
messages identified by the safety alert symbol, (Figure 1)
which signals a hazard that may cause serious injury or death
if you do not follow the recommended precautions.
Figure 1
This spark ignition system complies with Canadian
ICES-002.
1. Safety alert symbol
In some areas, there are local, state, or federal regulations
requiring that a spark arrester be used on the engine of this
machine. A spark arrester is not incorporated with the muffler
assembly.
This manual uses two other words to highlight information.
Important calls attention to special mechanical information
and Note emphasizes general information worthy of special
attention.
Important This engine is not equipped with a spark arrester
muffler. It is a violation of California Public Resource Code
Section 4442 to use or operate the engine on any forestcovered, brush-covered, or grass-covered land without a spark
arrester muffler maintained in working order, or the engine
constricted, equipped, and maintained for the prevention of
fire. Other states or federal areas may have similar laws.
The enclosed Engine Owner’s Manual is supplied for
information regarding the US Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and the California Emission Control
Regulation of emission systems, maintenance, and
warranty. Replacements may be ordered through the
engine manufacturer.
Tire Information
The tire identification number (TIN) is branded into the
sidewall of all street legal tires (Figure 2).
Figure 2
1. Tire identification number (TIN)
INTRODUCTION
SAFETY
This brush chipper is designed to chip branches, vines, leaves,
and small tree limbs up to 6 in. (15.24 cm) in diameter. It is
not intended to chip rocks, wire, metal, or any materials other
than wood. The brush chipper can be towed behind a vehicle
equipped with an appropriate ball hitch.
Hazard control and accident prevention are dependent
upon the awareness, concern, and proper training of the
personnel involved in the operation, transport,
maintenance, and storage of the machine. Improper use or
maintenance of the machine can result in injury or death.
To reduce the potential for injury or death, comply with
the following safety instructions.
You may contact Toro directly at www.Toro.com for product
and accessory information, help finding a dealer, or to register
your product.
Read this information carefully to learn how to operate and
maintain your product properly and to avoid injury and
product damage. You are responsible for operating the
product properly and safely.
Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or additional
information, contact an Authorized Service Dealer or Toro
Customer Care and have the model and serial numbers of
your product ready. Write the numbers in the space provided.
Safe Operating Practices
This product is capable of crushing and amputating hands and
feet. Always follow all safety instructions to avoid serious
injury or death.
WARNING
Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an odorless,
deadly poison that can kill you.
Do not run the engine indoors or in an enclosed area.
If you believe that your vehicle* has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying The Toro
Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a
2
group of vehicles*, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer, or The Toro
Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle Safety Hotline
toll-free at 1–888–327–4236 (TTY: 1–800–424–9153); go to
http://www.safercar.gov ; or write to: Administrator, NHTSA,
400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590. You can
also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
http://www.safercar.gov.
* brush chipper trailer
Training
• Read the Operator’s Manual and other training material. If
the operator(s) or mechanic(s) can not read English, it is the
owner’s responsibility to explain this material to them.
• Do not allow anyone to operate the machine who has not
read the Operator’s Manual or has not been instructed on the
safe use of the machine.
• Never let children or untrained people operate or service the
equipment. Local regulations may restrict the age of the
operator.
• All operators and mechanics should be trained. The owner is
responsible for training the users.
• Keep the operator zone and adjacent area clear for safe,
secure footing.
Towing
Check with your local county or state safety towing
regulations, in addition to meeting Department of
Transportation (DOT) Safety Towing Regulations, before
towing the machine.
• In order to reduce the possibility of an accident while
transporting the machine on public roads, ALWAYS make
sure the towing vehicle is mechanically sound and in good
operating condition.
• ALWAYS shutdown engine before transporting the
machine.
• ALWAYS inspect the hitch and coupling for wear. NEVER
tow the machine with defective hitches, couplings, chains,
etc.
• Check the tire air pressure on both towing vehicle and
machine. The tires should be inflated to 60 psi (410 kpa) cold.
• Check the tire tread for wear.
• ALWAYS properly attach the safety chains to towing
vehicle.
• ALWAYS make sure that the towing vehicle’s directional,
backup, and brake lights are working properly.
• Avoid sudden stops and starts. This can cause skidding, or
jack knifing. Smooth, gradual starts and stops will improve
towing.
• Avoid sharp turns to prevent rolling. Tow only with a
vehicle that has a hitch designed for towing. Do not attach
towed equipment except at the hitch point.
Before towing check to make certain your machine is
correctly and securely attached to the towing vehicle.
3
• Be sure that the ball hitch you are using is the proper size
for the hitch coupler on the machine.
• Be sure the safety chains are properly hooked to the vehicle
leaving enough slack for turning.
• Be sure the jack stand is secured in the UP position.
• Do not tow the machine faster than 45 mph (75 km/h).
• Use caution when backing up; use a spotter outside the
vehicle to guide you.
• Do not allow anyone to sit or ride on unit when towing.
• Never carry any cargo or wood on unit when towing.
• Always disconnect the unit from the tow vehicle before
using it.
• Place chock blocks underneath wheel to prevent rolling
while unit is parked.
Preparation
Become familiar with the safe operation of the equipment,
operator controls, and safety signs.
• Always wear safety glasses or safety goggles while
operating this machine.
• Wear tight fitting gloves without draw strings or loose cuffs.
• Never wear jewelry or loose clothing that might become
entangled in moving or rotating parts of the machine.
• Wear shoes with non-slip treads when using your machine.
If you have safety shoes, we recommend wearing them. Do
not use the machine while barefoot or wearing open sandals.
• Wear long pants while operating the machine.
• Use ear protectors or ear plugs to protect your hearing.
• Make sure the machine is on level surface before operating.
• Always operate the machine from the side of the hopper.
• Block the wheels of the machine to prevent unintended
movement.
• Use extra care when handling gasoline and other fuels. They
are flammable and vapors are explosive.
• Use only an approved fuel container.
• Never remove the gas cap or add fuel when the engine is
running. Allow the engine to cool before refueling. Do not
smoke.
• Never refuel or drain the machine indoors.
• Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely.
• Keep container nozzle in contact with the tank during
filling.
• If gasoline is spilled, wipe it off the engine and equipment.
Operation
Before every use:
• Inspect the coupler, ball and hitch.
• Always use safety chains.
• Verify all lights are functioning properly.
• Verify the tires are properly inflated as recommended.
• Verify lug nuts are tight and torqued properly.
• Machine is properly secured.
• Before starting this machine, review the “Safety
Instructions.” Failure to follow these rules may result in
serious injury to the operator or bystanders.
• Never leave this machine unattended with the engine
running.
• Never operate machine while under the influence of alcohol,
drugs, or medication.
• Never allow anyone to operate this machine without proper
instruction.
• Always operate this machine with all safety equipment in
place and working.
• Do not change the engine governor setting or over speed the
engine.
• Never place your hands, feet, or any part of your body in the
hopper, discharge chute opening, or near or under any moving
part while the machine is running.
• Keep area of discharge clear of people, animals, buildings,
glass, or anything else that will obstruct clear discharge, cause
injury, or damage. Wind can also change discharge direction,
so be aware. If it becomes necessary to push material into the
hopper, use a small diameter stick, not your hands.
• Never use the machine with the hopper or discharge chute
removed.
• Always operate the machine from along side the hopper.
Never pass or stand on the discharge side of the machine
when the engine is running or the flywheel is turning.
• Clear the area of objects such as wire, rope, etc. Inserting
these objects into the hopper could damage the flywheel
and/or cause injury.
• Keep your face and body back from the hopper to avoid
accidental bounce back of any material.
• If you hear or see material being kicked back against the
rubber flap shut the feeder chute door until the debris has
passed.
• When feeding material into the hopper, be extremely careful
that pieces of metal, rocks or other foreign objects are not
included. Personal injury or damage to the machine could
result.
• Whenever you leave the operating position or if you have to
remove processed material, leaves, or debris from the
machine, always shut off the engine and wait five minutes to
make certain the flywheel and all moving parts have come to
a complete stop and cool. Remove the key, disconnect the
spark plug wires and keep the wire away from the spark plug
to prevent accidental starting before adjusting the machine.
• If the cutting mechanism strikes a foreign object or if your
machine should start making an unusual noise or vibration,
stop the engine and wait five minutes for all moving parts to
4
come to a complete stop and cool. Vibration is generally a
warning of trouble. Disconnect the spark plug wires and
inspect for clogging or damage. Clean and repair and/or
replace damaged parts.
• Do not touch parts that may be hot from operation. Allow
them to cool before attempting to maintain, adjust, or service.
• Never run an engine in an enclosed area.
• Never move this machine while the engine is running.
• Lightning can cause severe injury or death. If lightning is
seen or thunder is heard in the area, do not operate the
machine; seek shelter.
• Do not touch the engine or muffler while the engine
is running or soon after it is stopped. These areas
could be hot enough to cause a burn.
Maintenance and Storage
• Stop the engine and remove the spark plug wires before
making any repairs. Wait for all movement to stop before
adjusting, cleaning, or repairing.
• Inspect the machine before each use. Make sure all nuts,
bolts, screws, hydraulic fittings, hose clamps, are securely
tightened.
• Clean debris from the muffler and engine to help prevent
fires. Clean up oil or fuel spillage.
• Let the engine cool before storing and do not store near
flame.
• Do not store fuel near flames or drain indoors.
• Park the machine on level ground. Never allow untrained
personnel to service the machine.
• Keep hands and feet away from moving parts. If possible,
do not make adjustments with the engine running.
• Keep all parts in good working condition and all hardware
tightened. Replace all worn or damaged decals.
• Use extra care when handling gasoline and other fuels. They
are flammable and vapors are explosive.
• Never store the machine or fuel container inside where there
is an open flame, such as near a water heater or furnace.
• Use only genuine Toro replacement parts to ensure that
original equipment standards are maintained.
Safety and Instructional Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the
operator and are located near any area of potential danger.
Replace any decal that is damaged or lost.
117-4979
1. Belt entanglement hazard – keep hands away from moving parts.
119-4698
1. Warning – read the Operator’s Manual.
2. Warning – do not operate the brush chipper unless you have
been trained.
3. Thrown object hazard – wear safety glasses.
4. Thrown object hazard – keep bystanders a safe distance from
the machine.
5. Rotating flywheel hazard – keep hands away from moving parts.
119-4720
1. Cut hand hazard and thrown object hazard –
1 – stop the engine and remove the key
2 – wait for all moving parts to stop rotating
3 – before opening cover
119-4699
1. Warning – wear leather gloves with narrow cuffs.
2. Warning – operate from the side of the hopper.
3. Severed hand hazard – keep hands out of the hopper
4. Thrown object hazard – keep bystanders a safe distance from
the machine.
120-3738
1. Maximum log size
119-4696
1. Warning – do not exceed 45 mph (72 km/h) when transporting
the machine.
*Kohler Part Number 24 113 176
1. Torque air filter nut to 60 in. lbs.
117-1754
1. Rotation – direction of flywheel.
117-2718
5
Product Overview
5
4
8
13
11
9
1
3
12
2
7
6
10
14
Figure 3
1. Coupler
2. Safety Chains
3. Jack stand
4. Chute locking pin
5. Deflector locking knob
6. Battery box
7. Flywheel bearing
8. Hopper
9. Key switch
10. Fuel cap
11. Air filter
12. Throttle
13. Choke
14. Fuel filter
Controls
Hopper Latch
The hopper, mounted on the side of the machine, swings
down for machine operation. The revolving blades mounted
on a flywheel behind the hopper turns branches fed into the
hopper into “chips”. The chipper can chip branches and vines
ranging in size up to 6” in diameter.
To release the hopper latch (Figure 4), pull on the handle and
rotate up or down to engage latch pin behind stop.
Pull hopper down to open.
6
Figure 4
1. Hopper latch
Specifications
Engine ......................................... 25 HP (18.6 kW) Kohler
Hopper Opening......................... 6 inch (15 cm) maximum
Wheels & Tires ............................... High-Speed, 4.80 x 12
Hitch Coupler ................................................2 inch (5 cm)
Safety Chains ........................................................ Standard
Jack Stand with two caster wheels ................. 4.10/3.50 x 4
Fuel Tank Capacity .................................. 5.5 Gal. (20.8 L)
Length ................................................ 101 inches (256 cm)
Width ................................................. 35.5 inches (90 cm)
Height .............................................. 79.4 inches (202 cm)
Weight ................................................... 1056 lbs (478 Kg)
WARNING
Failure to properly engage the hitch ball in the coupler
ball socket and securely lock the coupler latch mechanism
can cause the unit to become detached from the tow
vehicle while traveling, which may cause serious injury
and property damage.
5. Install the locking pin to secure the lever (Figure 5).
6. Cross or “X” the safety chains and attach them to the holes
on the hitch.
7. Plug tail light wire harness connector to the tow vehicle
connector. Check to make sure the brake lights illuminate
properly with the brake pedal applied and the taillights
flash when the turning signals are use.
Towing
WARNING
Do not tow over 45 mph (75 km/h).
IMPORTANT Always turn fuel valve to the OFF position
before transporting the machine.
1. Raise hopper and lock into the up position. Rotate the chute
toward the rear of the machine, lock in position with the
chute locking pin and tighten chute locking knob.
2. Crank the handle of the lift jack to align the coupler with
the ball of the tow vehicle.
3. Remove the locking pin from the lever, squeeze the latch
lock and lift the lever up to open the coupler (Figure 5).
Figure 6
1. Release pin
2. Jack stand
8. Raise jack stand (Figure 6) so caster wheels are free of the
ground, pull the release pin and rotate wheels rearward and
lock in the horizontal position.
Tires and Wheels
The most common cause of tire trouble is under-inflation. It is
important that you maintain full air pressure as indicated by
the tire manufacturer on the tire’s sidewall or on the trailer
manufacturer’s certification label.
Figure 5
1. Tongue
2. Lever in locked position
3. Locking pin
Inflate main axle tires to ....................... 60 psi (410 kpa)
4. Coupler
5. Safety chains
Check the torque of the wheel lug nuts initially and after the
first 10 hours of operation.
4. Attach coupler to a class I or higher 2 inch
(50.8 mm) ball on a towing vehicle and latch securely.
• If coupler does not fit over the ball, turn adjustment nut one
turn counter-clockwise.
• If coupler hitch is too loose on the ball, turn adjustment nut
one turn clockwise.
7
Torque wheel lug nuts to .... 80-90 ft. lbs (108-122 N·m)
• If a gasoline dispenser nozzle must be used, keep the
nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank or
container opening at all times until fueling is complete.
Operation
Before You Start
Do not use methanol, gasoline containing methanol, or
gasohol containing more than 10% ethanol because the fuel
system could be damaged. Do not mix oil with gasoline.
Review all the machine’s safety decals.
Disconnect the unit from the tow vehicle, position it on a
level location and block the wheels front and back to prevent
it from moving.
Ensure you are familiar with safety regulations and shutdown
procedures described in the Operator’s Manual.
Before operating the brush chipper, always wear protective
gear, such as safety goggles, face shield, hearing protection,
tight fitting gloves without draw strings or loose cuffs.
Check the fuel and oil level of the engine, and the hydraulic
fluid in the reservoir.
Adding Fuel
Use unleaded gasoline (87 pump octane minimum). Leaded,
regular gasoline may be used if unleaded us not available.
WARNING
In certain conditions, gasoline is extremely flammable
and highly explosive. A fire or explosion from gasoline
can burn you and others and can damage property.
• Fill the fuel tank outdoors, in an open area, when the
engine is cold. Wipe up any gasoline that spills.
• Never fill the fuel tank inside an enclosed trailer.
• Do not fill the fuel tank completely full. Add gasoline to
the fuel tank until the level is 1/4 to 1/2 inch (6 to 13 mm)
below the bottom of the filler neck. This empty space in
the tank allows gasoline to expand.
• Never smoke when handling gasoline, and stay away
from an open flame or where gasoline fumes may be
ignited by a spark.
• Store gasoline in an approved container and keep it out
of the reach of children. Never buy more than a 30-day
supply of gasoline.
• Do not operate without entire exhaust system in place
and in proper working condition.
WARNING
In certain conditions during fueling, static electricity can
be released causing a spark which can ignite the gasoline
vapors. A fire or explosion from gasoline can burn you
and others and can damage property.
• Always place gasoline containers on the ground away
from your vehicle before filling.
• Do not fill gasoline containers inside a vehicle or on a
truck or trailer bed because interior carpets or plastic
truck bed liners may insulate the container and slow the
loss of any static charge.
• When practical, remove gas-powered equipment from
the truck or trailer and refuel the equipment with its
wheels on the ground.
• If this is not possible, then refuel such equipment on a
truck or trailer from a portable container, rather than
from a gasoline dispenser nozzle.
Using Stabilizer/Conditioner
Use a fuel stabilizer/conditioner in the machine to provide the
following benefits:
• Keeps gasoline fresh during storage of 90 days or less. For
longer storage it is recommended that the fuel tank be
drained.
• Cleans the engine while it runs.
• Eliminates gum-like varnish buildup in the fuel system,
which causes hard starting.
Do not use fuel additives containing methanol or ethanol.
Add the correct amount of gas stabilizer/conditioner to the
gas.
A fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most effective when mixed
with fresh gasoline. To minimize the chance of varnish
deposits in the fuel system, use fuel stabilizer at all times.
Filling the Fuel Tank
1. Park the machine on a level surface and stop the engine.
2. Allow the engine to cool.
3. Clean around the fuel tank cap and remove it (Figure 7).
Figure 7
1. Fuel tank cap
4. Only fill tank to bottom of the fill neck tube, do not
overfill.
Hour Meter
The hour meter records the number of hours the engine has
operated. It operates when the engine is running.
Figure 8
1. Hourmeter
8
Checking the Engine Oil Level
Changing the Chute Position
The best time to check the engine oil is when the engine is
cool before it has been started for the day. If it has already
been run, allow the oil to drain back down to the sump for at
least 10 minutes before checking. If the oil level is at or
below the “L” mark on the dipstick, add oil to bring the oil
level to the “H” mark. Do not overfill. If the oil level is
between the “H” and “L” marks, no oil addition is required.
The chute on this machine can be rotated to use in various
positions. Rotate to the side, away from the hopper when
using the machine.
1. To rotate, loosen the clamp knob, then press the springloaded button on the locking pin handle IN and pull the
locking pin from the chute plate (Figure 10).
2. Set the chute in the position desired and secure with clamp
knob.
1. Place the machine on a flat level surface, and stop the
engine.
2. Allow the engine to cool.
3. Clean around the oil dipstick.
4. Remove the dipstick and wipe the end clean.
5. Slide the dipstick fully into the dipstick tube without
threading it into the filler neck.
6. Pull the dipstick out and look at the end. The oil should be
to the top of the upper limit range (Figure 9).
1
2
Figure 10
1. Locking Pin - Button
2. Clamp knob
Changing the Deflector Position
The deflector on the end of the chute can be rotated up and
down to direct the discharge of chips.
1. Loosen the deflector knob and rotate the chute into the
desired position (Figure 11).
2. Tighten the deflector knob.
Figure 9
1. Oil dipstick
2. Oil Fill
3. Valve cover
4. Metal end
Running the engine with low oil level can cause engine
damage. This type of damage is not covered by warranty.
7. If the oil level is low, slowly pour only enough oil into the
crankcase to raise the level to the upper limit. See
Maintenance section for oil specifications.
Do not overfill the crankcase with oil because the engine
may be damaged.
8. Replace the dipstick.
2
Figure 11
1. Chute deflector
9
2. Knob
Starting and Stopping the
Engine
Stopping the Engine
Starting the Engine
1. Move the choke lever left to the ON position if you are
starting a cold engine (Figure 12). A warm or hot engine
may not require choking.
2. Move the throttle lever 1/3 way to the FAST position
(Figure 12).
1. Move the throttle lever to the SLOW position. If the engine
has been working hard or is hot, let it run for a minute
before turning off. This helps to cool the engine before
stopping. In an emergency, the engine may be stopped
immediately.
2. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position.
Using the Brush Chipper
WARNING
Do not attempt to operate the brush chipper without fully
understanding all instructions, safety precautions, and/or
warnings.
1
2
• Always wear protective gear, such as safety goggles or
face shield, hearing protection, tight-fitting gloves without
draw strings or loose cuffs when using the machine.
• Make sure you are standing in the safe operating area,
as shown in pictures (Figure 15 and 16).
• Never place any part of your body into a position that
causes an unsafe operating condition.
Figure 12
1. Choke
2. Throttle
3. Turn the engine ignition switch to the START position
(Figure 13).
1. Place the brush chipper on level, dry ground, disconnect
from tow vehicle, and block the front and back of both
wheels to prevent any movement.
2. Make sure you read all the recommendations from the
“Safety” section before using the brush chipper.
3. Start the engine; refer to Starting the Engine and allow
engine to warm up at idle for two minutes.
4. Lower the hopper (Figure 14).
Figure 13
1. Ignition Switch
6. After the engine starts, release key to the RUN position.
7. Gradually move the choke lever back to the Off position. If
the engine stalls or hesitates, move the choke back to On
again until the engine warms up. Then move it to the Off
position.
8. When ready to chip brush, move the throttle lever to the
FAST position.
10
Figure 14
IMPORTANT:
• Do not force material into the chipper. If the machine does
not chip well, the chipper knife or cutter block may need to
be sharpened or replaced.
• Extremely hard knots will not process very well. Short stubs
that have not self-fed through the chipper can be pushed
through with the next branch to be chipped, or simply close
the upper chute.
Figure 15
• Overloading the hopper will cause the rotor speed to
decrease. If you hear the engine RPM decreasing, stop
feeding material into the hopper until the engine has
returned to full speed (Figure 15).
• If you jam the machine and do not stop the engine, it can
damage the machine (Figure 16). For this reason, it is
important that you immediately stop the engine if the
machine becomes jammed, wait five minutes to make
certain the flywheel and all moving parts have come to a
complete stop and cool. Disconnect the spark plug wires,
keeping them away from the spark plugs to prevent
accidental starting.
Figure 16
• Never allow processed material to build up within 3in.
(76.2 mm) of the discharge chute opening. Move the Brush
Chipper or the pile as needed. Failure to do so could result
in unnecessary jamming of the machine.
• To move a pile of processed material, use a spade, rake, or
long handle tool. Never use you hands or feet!
• To stop the machine; refer to Stopping the Engine.
Maintenance
Maintenance Schedule
Daily - before each use
Check the engine oil level
Lubricate the cutter wheel bearings
Check the drive belt tension and condition
Remove debris from the unit
Check for loose fasteners or damaged components
Check cutter blades and clean inside the upper cutter housing
Every 25 hours
Clean the foam pre-cleaner
Check the air filter
First 50 hours
Change the engine oil and oil filter
Every 100 hours
Change the engine oil
Change the oil filter
Replace the air filter
Check/replace drive belt
Check tire pressure
Every 200 hours
Check and adjust the spark plugs
Replace the fuel filter
Every 500 hours
Replace the spark plugs
Grease wheel bearings
11
Servicing the Air Cleaner
Foam pre-filter: Clean every 25 hours.
Paper Filter: Check every 25 operating hours. Replace the
air filter every 100 hour.
4. Squeeze the pre-filter to distribute the oil.
5. Lightly tap the paper filter on a flat surface to remove
dust and dirt (Figure 19).
Note: Service the air cleaner more frequently if operating
conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
Removing the Filters
1. Clean around the air cleaner to prevent dirt from getting
into the engine and causing damage.
2. Unscrew the knob and remove the air cleaner cover
(Figure 17).
Figure 19
1. Paper element
2. Rubber seal
6. Inspect the paper filter for dirt, tears, an oily film, and
damage to the rubber seal.
Important: Never clean the paper element. Replace the
paper element if it is dirty or damaged.
Installing the Filters
Important: To prevent engine damage, always operate the
engine with the complete foam and paper air cleaner
assembly installed.
1. Carefully slide the foam pre-filter onto the paper filter
(Figure 17).
2. Place the air cleaner assembly onto the air cleaner base
(Figure 17).
3. Install the cover, spacer and secure it with the cover nut
(Figure 17). Torque the nut to 60 in-lb (6.8 N൉m).
4. Install the air cleaner cover and secure it with the knob
(Figure 17).
Figure 17
1. Knob
2. Air cleaner cover
3. Cover nut
4. Spacer
5. Cover
6. Foam pre-filter
7. Paper filter
8. Rubber seal
9. Air cleaner base
3. Carefully slide the foam pre-filter off of the paper
element (Figure 17).
4. Unscrew the cover nut and remove the cover, spacer and
paper filter (Figure 17).
Cleaning/Replacing the Filters
Service Interval: Clean every 25 hours
Replace every 100 hours.
Important: Replace the foam element if it is torn or worn.
Servicing the Engine Oil
Change oil and filter after the first 50 operating hours and
then every 100 operating hours thereafter.
Note: Change oil more frequently when operating
conditions are extremely dusty or sandy.
Oil Type: Detergent oil (API service SG, SH, SJ, or
higher)
Crankcase Capacity: w/filter, 2 qt. (1.9 l)
Viscosity: See table Figure 20).
1. Wash the foam pre-filter in liquid soap and warm water.
When clean, rinse it thoroughly.
2. Dry the pre-filter by squeezing it in a clean cloth (do not
wring).
3. Put one or two ounces of oil on the pre-filter (Figure 18).
Figure 18
1. Foam element
2. Oil
Figure 20
12
Changing the Oil and Filter
Service Interval: After the first 50 hours
Every 100 hours
1. Start the engine and let it run five minutes. This warms
the oil so it drains better.
2. Park the traction unit so that the drain side is slightly
lower than the opposite side to ensure that the oil drains
completely.
3. Place one end of a hose on the drain valve and the other
end in a pan (Figure 21).
4. Open the drain valve by turning it counterclockwise,
pulling out as you turn it (Figure 21).
10. Install the replacement oil filter to the filter adapter.
Turn the oil filter clockwise until the rubber gasket
contacts the filter adapter, then tighten the filter an
additional 3/4 turn (Figure 22).
11. Remove the oil fill cap and slowly pour approximately
80% of the specified amount of oil in through the valve
cover.
12. Check the oil level; refer to Checking the Oil Level,
Operation (page 9).
13. Slowly add additional oil to bring the level to the F (full)
mark on the dipstick.
14. Replace the fill cap.
Servicing the Spark Plug
Service Interval: Check the spark plugs every 200 hours.
Replace the spark plugs every 500 hours.
Type: Champion RC12YC or equivalent
Air Gap: 0.28–0.32 inch (0.70-0.80 mm)
Removing the Spark Plugs
1. Pull the wires off spark plugs (Figure 23).
Figure 21
1. Oil drain valve
2. Hose
5. When the oil has drained completely, close the drain
valve and remove the hose.
Note: Dispose of the used oil at a certified recycling center.
6. Remove the old filter and wipe the filter adapter
(Figure 22) gasket surface.
Figure 23
1. Spark plug wire
2. Spark plug
2. Clean around spark plugs.
3. Remove both spark plugs and metal washers.
Figure 22
1. Oil filter
3. Gasket
2. Adapter
7. Pour new oil of the proper type in through the center hole
of the filter. Stop pouring when the oil reaches the bottom
of the threads.
8. Allow a minute or two for the oil to be absorbed by filter
material, then pour off the excess oil.
9. Apply a thin coat of new oil to the rubber gasket on the
replacement filter (Figure 22).
13
Checking the spark Plugs
Service Interval: Every 200 Hours
Charging the Battery
1. Look at the center of both spark plugs (Figure 24). If you
see light brown or gray on the insulator, the engine is
operating properly. A black coating on the insulator
usually means the air cleaner is dirty.
Important: Never clean the spark plugs. Always replace
the spark plugs when they have a black coating, worn
electrodes, an oily film, or cracks.
2. Check the gap between the center and side electrodes
(Figure 24).
3. Bend the side electrode (Figure 24) if the gap is not
correct.
DANGER ARNING
Charging the battery produces gases that can explode.
Never smoke near the battery and keep sparks and
flames away from battery.
Important: Always keep the battery fully charged (1.265
specific gravity). This is especially important to prevent
battery damage when the temperature is below 32F (05C).
Figure 24
1. Center electrode insulator
2. Side electrode
3. Air gap (not to scale)
Installing the spark Plugs
1. Thread the spark plugs into the spark plug holes.
2. Torque the spark plugs to 18-22 ft.-lb (24.4-29.8 N൉m).
3. Push the wires onto the spark plugs (Figure 23).
Changing the Fuel Filter
Service Interval: Replace the fuel filter every 200 hours.
Important: Never install a dirty filter.
1. Clamp the fuel line between the carburetor and the fuel
filter to block the fuel flow.
2. Squeeze the ends of the hose clamps together and slide
away from the fuel filter (Figure 25).
1. Remove the battery cover.
2. Clean the top of the battery with a paper towel.
3. Check the electrolyte level of each cell.
4. Remove the filler caps from the battery.
5. Slowly pour distilled water into each battery cell until the
electrolyte level is up to the Upper line on the battery
case.
Important: Do not overfill the battery because electrolyte
(sulfuric acid) can cause severe corrosion and damage to the
chassis.
6. Wait five to ten minutes after filling the battery cells. Add
distilled water, if necessary, until the electrolyte level is
up to the Upper line on the battery case.
7. Install the battery filler caps.
W DANGER ING
Charging the battery produces gases that can
explode.
Never smoke near the battery and keep sparks and
flames away from battery.
8. Make sure the filler caps are installed in the battery.
Figure 25
1. Fuel filter
3. Fuel hose
2. Hose clamp
3. Place a drain pan under the fuel lines to catch any leaks,
then remove the filter from the fuel lines (Figure 25).
4. Install a new filter, with arrow pointing toward the
carburetor, and move the hose clamps close to the filter.
5. Remove the clamp blocking fuel flow and open the fuel
valve.
14
Figure 26
1. Positive battery post
2. Negative battery post
3. Red (+) charger lead
4. Black (-)charger lead
9. Charge the battery for 10 to 15 minutes at 25 to 30 amps
or 30 minutes at 4 to 6 amps (Figure 26). Do not
overcharge the battery.
10. When the battery is fully charged, unplug the charger
from the electrical outlet, then disconnect the charger
leads from the battery posts (Figure 26).
11. Install the battery cover.
3. Loosen four (4) engine plate mounting bolts and four (4)
bolts securing the rear of the belt guard to the engine.
4. Loosen the belt tension bolt and jam nut, slide the engine
toward the flywheel housing to loosen belt (Figure 29).
Lubricate the Cutter Wheel
Bearings
Service Interval: Lubricate before every use.
The cutter wheel bearings should be lubricated with No. 2
General Purpose lithium base grease (Figure 27).
1. Clean around grease zerk with a rag and lift the plastic
cap off the grease zerk.
2. Using a grease gun, pump several shots of grease into the
fitting until it starts to ooze out of the bearing.
Figure 29
1. Tension bolt and jam nut
2. Engine mounting bolt
5. Replace drive belt.
6. Adjust the drive belt tension by tightening tension bolt
and jam nut against the engine mounting plate.
7. Lay a straightedge across clutch and flywheel pulleys,
tighten belt tension bolt so there is 0.40 inch (1 cm) of
flex in the belt when pushing down with 15 lb. (6.8 kg)
pressure, at mid-span.
Figure 27
1. Cutter wheel bearing
2. Grease zerk
Replacing and Adjusting the
Drive Belt
Figure 30
Service Interval: Check belt before every use.
Replace when worn or every 100 hours.
1. Remove the nuts, washers, and top bolts securing the belt
guard to machine.
2. Remove the belt guard (Figure 28).
1. Straightedge
2. Flex of 0.40 in (1 cm)
8. Tighten the four (4) engine plate mounting bolts and four
(4) bolts securing the rear of the belt guard to the engine.
9. Install belt guard and secure with previously removed
washers and nuts.
3
Replacing the Cutter Blades
Service Interval: Before each use check the cutter blades
for nicks and sharpness.
NOTE: Using a dull knife will decrease performance and
cause excessive vibrations that will cause damage to the
Brush Chipper or engine.
WARNING
Before performing any maintenance procedure or
inspection, stop the engine, wait five minutes to allow all
moving parts to come to a complete stop and cool.
Disconnect the spark plug wires, keeping them away
from the spark plugs.
Figure 28
1. Nuts and washers
2. Belt guard
3. Bolts
15
1. Remove the bolt and washer securing the flywheel
housing cover, swing it forward to expose the flywheel.
2. Rotate the flywheel using a stick until the bolts and lock
nuts attaching the cutter blades to the flywheel are
accessible (Figure 31).
2. Cutter block
Lubricate the Wheel Bearings
Service Interval: Every 500 hours.
Lubricate the wheel bearings with several pumps of No. 2
General Purpose lithium base grease (Figure 33).
3-2
1
Figure 32
1. Blade
3-3
3-1
3-1
1
2
Figure 31
Figure 33
1. Flywheel
2. Blade
3. Sequence for tightening (3-1, 3-2, 3-3)
1. Grease zerk
3. Reverse the cutting edge of the blades or remove the dull
or damaged cutter blades. Visually inspect the flywheel
slots for damage. The blade mounting areas must be clean
so the blades mount flush against the flywheel.
Inspecting the Tires
IMPORTANT: It is extremely important to consistently
maintain the 35-degree angle for proper chipping
performance.
4. Install reversed, new, or sharpened blades and finger
tighten the bolts and lock nuts to hold the blades to the
flywheel.
Service Interval: Every 100 hours.
IMPORTANT Keep tires properly inflated. Failure to
maintain correct pressure may result in tire failure and loss
of control resulting in serious injury and property damage.
Operating accidents can damage a tire or rim, so inspect tire
condition after an accident.
5. Tighten the center screws and nuts first, then tighten the
outer screws and nuts, and finally tighten the inner screw
and nut. See sequence for tightening (Figure 31).
Check the tire pressure frequently to ensure proper inflation.
If the tires are not inflated to the correct pressure, the tires
will wear prematurely.
6. Torque the blade bolts to 37-48 ft. lbs (51-65 N൉m).
7. Scrape any sap, mulch, and dirt from inside the top cover
of the housing to prevent the flywheel from rubbing on it.
Always replace worn or damaged tires with DOT approved
tires.
See (Figure 34) for the location of the tire identification
numbers.
Inspecting the Cutter Block
Check the gap between the blade and cutter block.
Make sure the cutter block has a crisp edge and is no farther
than 1/8” (3.2 mm) away from the blade (Figure 32). If the
cutter block is worn or chipped it should be replaced.
Figure 34
16
Figure 35 is an example of tire wear caused by under
inflation.
Storage
For storage over 30 days, prepare the unit as follows:
1. Remove dirt and grime from the external parts of the
entire unit, especially the engine. Clean dirt and wood
chips from the outside of the engine cylinder head fins
and blower housing.
2. Add a petroleum based stabilizer/conditioner to fuel in
the tank. Follow mixing instructions from stabilizer
manufacturer. (1 oz per US gallon). Do not use an
alcohol based stabilizer (ethanol or methanol).
NOTE: Fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most effective when
mixed with fresh gasoline and used at all times.
3. Run the engine to distribute conditioned fuel through the
fuel system (5 minutes).
4. Stop the engine, allow it to cool and drain the fuel tank
using a pump type siphon. Dispose of fuel properly.
Recycle as per local codes.
Figure 35
1. Under inflated tire
Figure 36 is an example of tire wear caused by over
inflation.
IMPORTANT: Do not store stabilizer/conditioned gasoline
over 90 days.
5. Restart the engine and run it until it stops.
6. Choke the engine.
7. Start and run the engine until it will not start again.
8. Change the fuel filter; refer to Changing the Fuel Filter.
9. Service the air cleaner; refer to Servicing the Air Cleaner.
10. Service the engine oil and filter; refer to Changing the
Engine Oil and Filter.
11. Remove the spark plugs and check the condition; refer
to Servicing the Spark Plug.
12. With the spark plugs removed from the engine, pour two
tablespoons of engine oil into each spark plug hole.
13. Place rags over the spark plug holes to catch any oil
spray, then use the starter to crank the engine and
distribute the oil inside the cylinder.
14. Install the spark plugs, but do not install the wires on the
spark plugs.
15. Check and tighten all bolts, nuts, and screws. Repair or
replace any damaged parts.
16. Paint all scratched or bare metal surfaces. Paint is
available from your Authorized Service Dealer.
17. Store the unit in a clean, dry garage or storage area.
18. Cover the unit to protect it and keep it clean.
Figure 36
1. Over inflated tire
17
Troubleshooting
Problem
Cause
Remedy
The engine will not start.
1. The engine switch is in the Off
position.
2. The choke is open.
1. Turn the engine switch to the ON position.
The engine runs rough.
Chipping action seems slow or
flywheel stalling.
Flywheel does not turn.
Drive belt worn, burned, or jumps off
of pulley.
The machine has excessive vibration.
3. The fuel tank is empty
4. Throttle is not in correct position.
5. The spark plug(s) are fouled, wire is
loose or disconnected.
1. The choke is on.
2. The air filter is clogged.
3. The fuel filter is clogged.
4. There is water or contaminants in the
fuel.
5. The spark plug(s) are worn or have
buildup on the electrodes.
1. The engine speed is too slow causing
the clutch to slip.
2. Check for loose or damaged drive
belt.
3. Check for a dull or damaged blades.
1. Build-up of chips and debris around
flywheel.
2. Check for loose or damaged drive
belt.
3. Clutch overheated or damaged.
1. Improper drive belt adjustment.
2. The drive belt may be stretched.
3. Pulleys out of alignment.
1. Check for a dull or damaged blades.
2. Blades may not be properly seated on
the flywheel.
3. Gap between the blades and cutter
block is too great.
18
2. Close the choke when starting a cold
engine.
3. Fill tank with fresh fuel.
4. Move throttle to correct position.
5. Check the electrode gap and clean or
replace the spark plug.
1. Open the choke.
2. Clean or replace the air filter.
3. Clean the fuel filter.
4. Drain and fill the tank with fresh fuel.
Clean the fuel filter.
5. Check electrode gap and clean or replace
the spark plug.
1. Run the engine at full throttle.
2. Tighten or replace drive belt.
3. Replace with sharp blades.
1. Remove any built-up debris from the
hopper inlet, flywheel housing, and
discharge chute.
2. Check the drive belt tension.
3. Replace clutch.
1. Check the drive belt tension.
2. Replace drive belt.
3. Align engine/clutch pulley with flywheel.
1. Replace with sharp blades.
2. Loosen the blade mounting screws, reset
the blades and tighten the screws.
3. Adjust the cutter block clearance or replace
the cutter block.
Notes:
19
Toro Compact Utility Equipment Warranty
A One-Year Limited Warranty
Conditions and Products Covered
The Toro® Company and its affiliate, Toro Warranty Company, pursuant
to an agreement between them, jointly warrant your Toro Compact Utility
Equipment (“Product”) to be free from defects in materials or workmanship.
The following time periods apply from the date of purchase:
Items and Conditions Not Covered
Not all product failures or malfunctions that occur during the warranty
period are defects in materials or workmanship. This express warranty
does not cover the following:
•
Product failures which result from the use of non-Toro replacement
parts, or from installation and use of add-on, modified, or unapproved
accessories
•
Product failures which result from failure to perform required
maintenance and/or adjustments
•
Product failures which result from operating the Product in an
abusive, negligent or reckless manner
•
Parts subject to consumption through use unless found to be
defective. Examples of parts which are consumed, or used up, during
normal Product operation include, but are not limited to, teeth, tines,
blades, spark plugs, tires, tracks, filters, chains, etc.
•
Contact any Authorized Toro Compact Utility Equipment (CUE)
Service Dealer to arrange service at their dealership. To locate a
dealer convenient to you, access our website at www.Toro.com.
You may also call our Toro Customer Care Department toll free
at 888-865-5676 (U.S. customers) or 888-865-5691 (Canadian
customers).
Failures caused by outside influence. Items considered to be outside
influence include, but are not limited to, weather, storage practices,
contamination, use of unapproved coolants, lubricants, additives, or
chemicals, etc.
•
Normal “wear and tear” items. Normal “wear and tear” includes, but is
not limited to, worn painted surfaces, scratched decals or windows,
etc.
Bring the product and your proof of purchase (sales receipt) to the
Service Dealer.
•
•
Any component covered by a separate manufacturer’s warranty
Products
Loaders, Trenchers, Stump Grinders,
Chippers, Log Splitters, and Attachments
Kohler Engines
All other Engines
Warranty Period
1 year or 1000 operating
hours, whichever occurs first
3 years
2 years
Where a warrantable condition exists, we will repair the Product at no cost
to you including diagnosis, labor, and parts.
Instructions for Obtaining Warranty Service
If you think that your Toro Product contains a defect in materials or
workmanship, follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
CUE Products
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the Service Dealer’s
analysis or with the assistance provided, contact us at:
LCB Customer Care Department
Toro Warranty Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420-1196
Toll Free: 888-865-5676 (U.S. customers)
Toll Free: 888-865-5691 (Canada customers)
Owner Responsibilities
You must maintain your Toro Product by following the maintenance
procedures described in the Operator’s Manual. Such routine
maintenance, whether performed by a dealer or by you, is at your expense.
Parts scheduled for replacement as required maintenance (“Maintenance
Parts”), are warranted for the period of time up to the scheduled
replacement time for that part. Failure to perform required maintenance
and adjustments can be grounds for disallowing a warranty claim.
Pickup and delivery charges
General Conditions
Repair by an Authorized Toro Compact Utility Equipment (CUE) Service
Dealer is your sole remedy under this warranty.
Neither The Toro® Company nor Toro Warranty Company is liable
for indirect, incidental or consequential damages in connection with
the use of the Toro Products covered by this warranty, including
any cost or expense of providing substitute equipment or service
during reasonable periods of malfunction or non-use pending
completion of repairs under this warranty. All implied warranties
of merchantability and fitness for use are limited to the duration
of this express warranty. Some states do not allow exclusions of
incidental or consequential damages, or limitations on how long
an implied warranty lasts, so the above exclusions and limitations
may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other
rights which vary from state to state.
Except for the engine warranty coverage and the Emissions warranty
referenced below, if applicable, there is no other express warranty. The
Emissions Control System on your Product may be covered by a separate
warranty meeting requirements established by the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) or the California Air Resources Board (CARB).
The hour limitations set forth above do not apply to the Emissions
Control System Warranty. Refer to the California Emission Control
Warranty Statement supplied with your Product or contained in the engine
manufacturer’s documentation for details.
Countries Other than the United States or Canada
Customers who have purchased Toro products exported from the United States or Canada should contact their Toro Distributor (Dealer) to obtain
guarantee policies for your country, province, or state. If for any reason you are dissatisfied with your Distributor’s service or have difficulty obtaining
guarantee information, contact the Toro importer. If all other remedies fail, you may contact us at Toro Warranty Company.
374-0261 Rev B
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