Toro Gas-Powered FM 330 Fluid Mixer User manual

Toro Gas-Powered FM 330 Fluid Mixer User manual
Form No. 3383-875 Rev A
Gas-Powered FM 330 Fluid Mixer
Model No. 23890—Serial No. 313000001 and Up
G023981
Register at www.Toro.com.
Original Instructions (EN)
*3383-875* A
Read this information carefully to learn how to operate and
maintain your product properly and to avoid injury and
product damage. You are responsible for operating the
product properly and safely.
This product complies with all relevant European directives.
For details, please see the separate product-specific
Declaration of Conformity (DOC) sheet.
WARNING
You may contact Toro directly at www.Toro.com for product
and accessory information, help finding a dealer, or to register
your product.
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
Whenever you need service, genuine Toro parts, or additional
information, contact an Authorized Service Dealer or Toro
Customer Service and have the model and serial numbers of
your product ready. Write the numbers in the space provided.
This product contains a chemical or chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer,
birth defects, or reproductive harm.
The engine exhaust from this product
contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
Use of this product may cause exposure to
chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive harm.
1
This spark ignition system complies with Canadian ICES-002.
Because in some areas there are local, state, or federal
regulations requiring that a spark arrester be used on the
engine of this machine, a spark arrester is available as
an option. If you require a spark arrester, contact your
Authorized Toro Service Dealer.
Genuine Toro spark arresters are approved by the USDA
Forestry Service.
Important: It is a violation of California Public
Resource Code Section 4442 to use or operate the engine
on any forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered
land without a spark arrester muffler maintained in
working order, or the engine constricted, equipped, and
maintained for the prevention of fire. Other states or
federal areas may have similar laws.
G023835
Figure 1
1. Model and serial number location
Model No.
The enclosed Engine Owner's Manual is supplied for
information regarding the US Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and the California Emission Control
Regulation of emission systems, maintenance, and
warranty. Replacements may be ordered through the
engine manufacturer.
Serial No.
This manual identifies potential hazards and has safety
messages identified by the safety alert symbol (Figure 2),
which signals a hazard that may cause serious injury or death
if you do not follow the recommended precautions.
Introduction
Figure 2
This machine is designed to mix drilling-fluid products with
clean water. You can mount the machine onto a suitable
trailer and connect the machine to a suitable horizontal
directional drill. Read and understand the directional drill
Operator’s Manual.
© 2014—The Toro® Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
Bloomington, MN 55420
1. Safety alert symbol
This manual uses 2 words to highlight information.
Important calls attention to special mechanical information
2
Contact us at www.Toro.com.
Printed in the USA
All Rights Reserved
Safety
and Note emphasizes general information worthy of special
attention.
Improperly using or maintaining the machine can result
in injury. To reduce the potential for injury, comply with
these safety instructions and always pay attention to the
safety alert symbol , which means: Caution, Warning,
or Danger—personal safety instruction. Failure to
comply with the instruction may result in personal injury
or death.
Contents
Introduction .................................................................. 2
Safety ........................................................................... 3
Safe Operating Practices........................................... 3
Sound Power Level .................................................. 5
Sound Pressure Level............................................... 5
Safety and Instructional Decals ................................. 6
Setup ............................................................................ 7
Connecting the Battery............................................. 7
Connecting the Pump to the Tank.............................. 8
Product Overview .......................................................... 9
Controls ................................................................ 9
Specifications ........................................................11
Operation ....................................................................11
Preparing to Use the Machine...................................11
Grounding the Mixer and the Tank ...........................11
Adjusting the Valves ...............................................11
Adding Fuel...........................................................11
Checking the Engine-oil Level..................................13
Starting and Stopping the Engine..............................14
Mixing the Fluid.....................................................15
Pumping the Fluid to the Drill ..................................16
Draining the Tank ..................................................16
Protecting the Machine from Freezing .......................16
Operating Tips ......................................................17
Maintenance .................................................................18
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s) ......................18
Premaintenance Procedures ........................................19
Preparing the Machine for Maintenance.....................19
Disconnecting the Spark-plug Wire...........................19
Lubrication ...............................................................19
Lubricating the Pump .............................................19
Engine Maintenance ..................................................20
Servicing the Air Cleaner .........................................20
Changing the Engine Oil .........................................21
Servicing the Spark Plug ..........................................22
Servicing the Spark Arrester.....................................23
Fuel System Maintenance ...........................................24
Servicing the Fuel System ........................................24
Electrical System Maintenance ....................................25
Inspecting and Replacing the Fuse ............................25
Charging the Battery ...............................................26
Replacing the Battery ..............................................26
Checking and Cleaning the Battery............................27
Cleaning ...................................................................27
Cleaning the Machine..............................................27
Storage ........................................................................28
Storing the Machine................................................28
Troubleshooting ...........................................................29
Safe Operating Practices
Always follow all safety instructions to avoid serious injury
or death.
WARNING
Handling various drilling-fluid materials can
generate dust and fumes containing chemicals,
such as silica, known to cause serious or fatal injury
or illness, such as respiratory disease, silicosis,
cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
• Use good work practices and follow the
recommendations of the manufacturer or
suppliers, OSHA, and other occupational and
trade associations.
• Always follow respiratory precautions.
• When the hazards from inhalation cannot be
eliminated, the operator and any bystanders
should wear a respirator approved by OSHA for
the material being handled.
WARNING
Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an
odorless, deadly poison that can kill you.
Do not run the engine indoors or in an enclosed
area.
Training
• Read the Operator's Manual and other training material. If
•
•
•
•
3
the operator(s) or mechanic(s) cannot read or understand
the information, it is the owner's responsibility to explain
this material to them.
Become familiar with the safe operation of the equipment,
operator controls, and safety signs.
All operators and mechanics should be trained. The
owner is responsible for training the users.
Never let children or untrained people operate or service
the equipment. Local regulations may restrict the age of
the operator.
The owner/user can prevent and is responsible for
accidents or injuries to people or damage to property.
Preparation
• Do not touch parts which may be hot from operation.
Allow them to cool before attempting to maintain, adjust,
or service the machine.
Become familiar with the safe operation of the equipment,
operator controls, and safety signs.
• Never move the machine while the engine is running.
• Ensure that all the guards and shields are securely in place
• Use only accessories and attachments approved by the
manufacturer.
before operating the machine.
• Wear a respirator or a dust mask.
• Operating the equipment safely requires the full attention
• If the machine should start making an unusual noise or
vibration, stop the engine. Wait for all moving parts to
come to a complete stop and cool. Vibration is generally
a warning of trouble. Inspect for clogging or damage.
Clean and repair and/or replace damaged parts.
of the operator. Do not wear radio or music headphones
while operating the machine.
• Use extra care when handling fuels. They are flammable,
and the vapors are explosive. Use the following practices
when handling fuel:
• Do not change the engine governor setting or overspeed
the engine.
– Use only an approved fuel container.
• Lightning can cause severe injury or death. If you see
– Never remove the fuel cap or add fuel with the engine
running.
lightning or hear thunder in the area, do not operate the
machine; seek shelter.
– Allow the engine to cool before refueling.
– Do not smoke.
Maintenance and Storage
– Never add fuel or drain the machine indoors.
• Before performing maintenance, do the following:
– Replace the fuel cap and tighten it securely.
– Ensure that the machine is on level ground.
– Keep the container nozzle in contact with the tank
during filling.
– Stop the engine. Wait for all movement to stop before
adjusting, cleaning, or repairing.
– Never fill a container while it is inside a vehicle, trunk,
pick-up bed, or any surface other than the ground.
– Let the engine cool before performing maintenance
or storing.
– Never store the machine or fuel container inside
where there is an open flame, such as near a water
heater or furnace.
– Disengage all power and operation controls.
• Never lubricate, service, repair, or adjust the machine
while it is running.
– If fuel is spilled, wipe it off the engine and equipment.
• Keep equipment materials clear from the muffler and
• Ensure that the machine is on a level surface before
engine to help prevent fires. Clean up any oil or fuel
spillage.
operating the machine.
• Before every use, ensure that the machine is properly
secured.
• Never allow untrained personnel to service the machine.
• Keep hands, feet, and clothing away from moving parts.
Operation
If possible, do not make adjustments with the engine
running.
• Never run an engine in an enclosed or poorly ventilated
• Keep all parts in good working condition and all hardware
area.
tightened. Replace all worn or damaged decals.
• Only operate the machine in good lighting conditions.
• Before starting the machine, make sure that there are no
• Remove any buildup of grease, oil, or debris from the
machine.
persons or obstacles near or under the machine.
• Stop and inspect the machine if a foreign object enters
• Stop the engine before leaving the machine for any
the hopper or causes another obstruction. Make any
necessary repairs before starting the machine.
reason.
Never leave a running machine unattended. Always stop
the engine and verify that all moving parts have stopped.
• Do not tamper with safety devices.
• Keep all nuts, bolts, screws, and hose clamps securely
• Avoid prolonged breathing of exhaust fumes. Engine
tightened. Keep equipment in good condition.
exhaust fumes can cause sickness or death.
• To best protect your investment and maintain optimal
• Do not operate the machine under the influence of
performance of your Toro equipment, count on Toro
genuine parts. When it comes to reliability, Toro delivers
replacement parts designed to the exact engineering
specifications of our equipment. For peace of mind, insist
on Toro genuine parts.
alcohol or drugs.
• Ensure that the area is clear of other people or pets before
operating the machine. Stop the machine if anyone enters
the area.
4
Hauling
1
2
• Ensure that the transport vehicle has a carrying capacity
to handle the weight of the machine and a full tank of
fluid—in addition to any other machines or materials
that the transport vehicle may need to carry. The mixing
system alone requires a carrying capacity of at least 2,268
kg (5,000 lb) for a system that uses a single 1,893 L
(500-gallon) tank, up to 9,072 kg (20,000 lb) for a system
that uses two 3,785 L (1000-gallon) tanks.
3
• Use care when loading or unloading the machine onto a
trailer or truck.
• Ensure that the tank is empty before loading the machine
onto a trailer or truck.
• Secure the machine using adequate bolts through all the
mounting holes of both the mixer frame and the tank
frame.
4
G024269
Figure 3
Sound Power Level
This unit has a sound power level of 103 dBA, which includes
an Uncertainty Value (K) of 1 dBA.
The sound power level was determined according to the
procedures outlined in EN/ISO 3744.
Sound Pressure Level
This unit has a sound pressure level at the operator’s ear of 90
dBA, which includes an Uncertainty Value (K) of 1 dBA.
As this product does not have a dedicated operator’s position,
the sound pressure level was determined according to the
procedures outlined in the Machinery Safety Directive
2006/42/EC.
Measurements were taken on all 4 sides of the machine with
the microphone positioned along the centerline of the area
facing the microphone. In each case, the microphone was
located at a height of 1.6 m from the ground and a distance
of 1 m from the surface area of the machine. For this model,
the loudest tested point is shown in Figure 3.
5
1. 1 m (39 inches)
3. 1.6 m (63 inches)
2. Measurement point
4. Centerline of the machine
Safety and Instructional Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any area of potential
danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or lost.
117-2718
119–0217
125–6156
1. Warning—stop the engine; keep away from moving parts;
keep all guards and shields in place.
1. Tank drain—read the Operator’s Manual.
125–6161
1. Use E10 fuel; do not use E15 or E85 fuel.
125–6155
1. Warning—read the
Operator’s Manual.
3. Explosion hazard;
electrical shock
hazard—Call local
utilities before digging
underground.
2. Electrical shock
hazard—ensure the
equipment is grounded
before starting drill
operation.
125-6171
1. Piercing hazard—wear hand protection.
6
Setup
Loose Parts
Use the chart below to verify that all parts have been shipped.
Description
Use
Qty.
2
2
1
3
Bolt (5/16 x 3/4 inch)
Nut (5/16 inch)
Circulation hose
Hose clamp
Connect the battery.
Connect the pump to the tank.
Media and Additional Parts
Description
Use
Qty.
1
Transfer hose
Connect the mixer to the drill.
A
Connecting the Battery
B
1
2
WARNING
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer and reproductive harm.
Wash hands after handling.
C
D
3
4
1. Remove the red plastic cover from the positive battery
terminal (Figure 4).
G024037
Figure 4
1. Red cover
2. Positive cable
3. Black cover
4. Negative cable
2. Use a bolt (5/16 x 3/4 inch) and a nut (5/16 inch)
to mount the positive cable to the positive battery
terminal.
3. Remove the black plastic cover from the negative
battery terminal.
4. Use a bolt (5/16 x 3/4 inch) and a nut (5/16 inch)
to mount the negative cable to the negative battery
terminal.
7
Connecting the Pump to the
Tank
Ensure that the frame of the fluid mixer and the frame of the
tank are secured to a strong surface, with an adequate fastener
through each mounting hole (Figure 5).
G025173
1
Note: Ensure that the mixer and the tank are in a position
that allows the hoses to connect them without stretching or
kinking.
1
2
3
Figure 7
1. Fitting
3. Hose
2. Hose clamp
1
G024041
1
Figure 8
1. Locknut
2
2
1
1
G024044
3. Tighten the hose clamp by tightening the locknut.
Figure 5
Underside shown
1. Mounting holes in tank
frame
4. Use 2 hose clamps (provided) to connect the other
hose to the top of the tank and the top of the mixer as
shown in Figure 6, Figure 7, and Figure 8.
2. Mounting holes in mixer
frame
5. Tighten the hose clamps by tightening the locknuts.
1. Locate the suction hose connected to the bottom of the
tank, and pull the loose end out from under the tank.
2. Use a hose clamp (provided) to connect the loose end
of the hose to the pump inlet on the mixer as shown
in Figure 6, Figure 7, and Figure 8.
1
2
G024043
Figure 6
1. Circulation hose
2. Suction hose
8
Circulation Valve
Product Overview
1
The circulation valve (Figure 10) controls the flow from the
pump to the tank.
2
8
Suction Valve
3
7
The suction valve (Figure 10) controls the flow from the tank
to the pump.
6
Hopper Valve
The hopper valve (Figure 10) controls the flow from the
hopper into the mixing system. The hopper valve is most
effective when it is just slightly open, as the fluid then
creates a vacuum effect and draws the bentonite and other
components into the flow.
5
4
Transfer Valve
G024034
Figure 9
Tank sold separately
The transfer valve (Figure 10) controls the flow from the
mixing system to the drill.
1. Access hatch
4. Forklift pockets
7. Hopper
2. Circulation
hose
3. Tank drain plug
5. Suction hose
8. Grate
Engine Controls
6. Engine
1
2
Controls
Become familiar with all the controls before you start the
engine and operate the machine.
1
3
5
4
4
G024047
Figure 11
2
1. Throttle lever
2. Electric-start switch
3. Recoil-start handle
4. Fuel valve
5. Choke lever
Fuel Valve
The fuel valve (Figure 12) is located underneath the choke
lever. Move the lever for the fuel valve to the On position
before attempting to start the engine. When you have finished
mixing, stop the engine and move the fuel valve lever to the
Off position.
3
G023834
Figure 10
1. Circulation valve
3. Hopper valve
2. Transfer valve
4. Suction valve
9
1
2
3
4
1
2
5
3
G019815
Figure 12
G023982
1. Choke lever
2. Fuel valve
3. Throttle lever
Figure 13
1. Start position
4. Ignition switch
2. On position
5. Circuit-protector button
3. Off position
Choke Lever
Use the choke lever (Figure 12) to start a cold engine. Before
pulling the recoil-start handle, move the choke lever to the
closed position. Once the engine is running, move the choke
lever to the open position. Do not use the choke if the engine
is already warmed up or the air temperature is high.
Circuit-protector Button
The engine has a circuit protector that is designed to protect
the battery-charging circuit. A short circuit, or a battery with
reverse polarity, will trip the circuit protector. If the green
indicator pops out, that indicates that the circuit protector
has switched off. If this occurs, determine the cause of the
problem, and correct it before resetting the circuit protector.
To reset the circuit protector, push the button (Figure 13).
Throttle Lever
The throttle lever (Figure 12) controls the speed (rpm) of the
engine. It is located next to the choke lever. It sets the engine
speed and therefore can increase and decrease the speed of
the pump.
Recoil-start Handle
If the battery is not charged, you can start the engine with the
recoil-start handle. To start the engine, pull the recoil-start
handle (Figure 11) quickly to turn the engine over. The
engine controls described above must all be set correctly for
the engine to start.
Electric-start Switch
The electric-start switch (Figure 13) allows the operator of the
machine to start and stop the engine. This switch is located
on the front of the engine. Rotate the On/Off switch to the
Start position to start the engine. Rotate the On/Off switch
to the On position to allow the engine to run. Rotate the
On/Off switch to the Off position to stop the engine.
Oil-level Switch
The oil-level switch is located inside the engine; it prevents
the engine from running if the oil level falls below the safe
operating limit.
10
Specifications
Mixer
Flow rate
Length
Up to 1249 L/minute (330 141 cm (55.4 inches)
gallons/minute)
Width
Height
Weight
90 cm (35.3 inches)
116 cm (45.8 inches)
209 kg (460 lb)
Tanks
Capacity
Length
Width
Height
Dry weight
1893 L (500 US gallons)
203 cm (80.0 inches)
79 cm (31.0 inches)
177.8 cm (70.0 inches)
241 kg (532 lb)
109 cm (42.8 inches)
191 cm (75.3 inches)
397 kg (876 lb)
3785 L (1000 US gallons) 257 cm (101.3 inches)
1
Operation
2
Preparing to Use the Machine
• Review all of the safety decals on the machine.
• Use a dust mask or respirator.
• Ensure that you are familiar with the safety regulations
•
•
•
G024050
Figure 14
and shutdown procedures described in the Operator’s
Manual and the engine owner’s manual.
Ensure that all guards are in place and in good condition.
Check the fuel and oil levels of the engine.
When preparing to mix fluid:
1. Closed position
2. Open position
Before starting the engine, ensure that the hopper valve and
the transfer valve are both closed, and the suction valve and
the circulation valve are both open (Figure 10).
1. Move the machine to a level job-site surface.
2. Ensure that the hoses are connected appropriately
and securely.
Adding Fuel
• For best results, use only clean, fresh (less than 30 days
old), unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of 87 or
higher ((R+M)/2 rating method).
Grounding the Mixer and the
Tank
• Ethanol: Gasoline with up to 10% ethanol (gasohol)
or 15% MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether) by volume
is acceptable. Ethanol and MTBE are not the same.
Gasoline with 15% ethanol (E15) by volume is not
approved for use. Never use gasoline that contains more
than 10% ethanol by volume, such as E15 (contains 15%
ethanol), E20 (contains 20% ethanol), or E85 (contains
85% ethanol). Using unapproved gasoline may cause
performance problems and/or engine damage which may
not be covered under warranty.
Ground the mixing system.
Connect a braided grounding strap or a jumper cable (sold
separately) from the mixer frame to the ground.
Adjusting the Valves
WARNING
If you run the engine when the mixing valves are not
adjusted as directed, the pump can direct fluid out
through the hopper and push the grate into the air.
• Do not use gasoline containing methanol.
Ensure that the mixing valves are adjusted
appropriately and that the grate is tethered to the
hopper, before starting the engine.
• Do not add oil to gasoline.
• Do not store fuel either in the fuel tank or fuel containers
over the winter unless a fuel stabilizer is used
To open a valve, turn the handle so that it is in line with
the pipe. To close a valve, turn the handle so that it is
perpendicular to the pipe (Figure 14).
11
DANGER
WARNING
In certain conditions, fuel is extremely flammable
and highly explosive. A fire or explosion from fuel
can burn you and others and can damage property.
Fuel is harmful or fatal if swallowed. Long-term
exposure to vapors can cause serious injury and
illness.
• Fill the fuel tank outdoors, in an open area, when
the engine is cold. Wipe up any fuel that spills.
• Avoid prolonged breathing of vapors.
• Keep your face away from the nozzle and the
fuel tank or conditioner opening.
• Never fill the fuel tank inside an enclosed trailer.
• Do not fill the fuel tank completely full. Add
fuel to the fuel tank until the level is no higher
than the screen on the filter in the fuel tank.
This empty space in the tank allows the fuel to
expand.
• Keep fuel away from your eyes and skin.
Important: Do not mix oil with fuel.
Recommended Fuel
Unleaded Gasoline
• Never smoke when handling fuel, and stay away
from an open flame or where fuel fumes may be
ignited by a spark.
• Store fuel in an approved container and keep it
out of the reach of children. Never buy more
than a 30-day supply of fuel.
U.S.
Pump octane rating 87 or higher
Except
U.S.
Research octane rating 92 or higher
Pump octane rating 87 or higher
Using Fuel Stabilizer/Conditioner
• Do not operate without the entire exhaust
system in place and in proper working condition.
Use a fuel stabilizer/conditioner in the machine to keep the
fuel fresh during storage of 90 days or less. If you are storing
the machine for longer, drain the fuel tank; refer to Storing
the Machine (page 28).
DANGER
Important: Do not use fuel additives containing
methanol or ethanol.
In certain conditions during fueling, static
electricity can be released causing a spark which
can ignite the fuel vapors. A fire or explosion from
fuel can burn you and others and can damage
property.
Add the correct amount of fuel stabilizer/conditioner to the
fuel, and follow the directions of the manufacturer.
Note: Fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most effective when
mixed with fresh fuel. To minimize the chance of varnish
deposits in the fuel system, use fuel stabilizer at all times.
• Always place fuel containers on the ground away
from your vehicle before filling.
Filling the Fuel Tank
• Do not fill fuel containers inside a vehicle or on
a truck or trailer bed because interior carpets
or plastic truck bed liners may insulate the
container and slow the loss of any static charge.
Capacity: 6.1 L (1.6 US gallons)
1. Ensure that the machine is on a level surface, stop the
engine, and allow the engine to cool.
• When practical, remove fuel-powered equipment
from the truck or trailer and fuel the equipment
with the wheels on the ground.
2. Clean around the fuel cap and remove it (Figure 15).
• If this is not possible, then refuel such
equipment on a truck or trailer from a portable
container, rather than from a fuel dispenser
nozzle.
• If a fuel dispenser nozzle must be used, keep the
nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank
or container opening at all times until fueling is
complete.
12
1
1
G019799
Figure 15
1. Fuel cap
3. Add unleaded gasoline to the fuel tank, until the level
is at the bottom of the maximum fuel level, as shown
in Figure 16.
G020679
Figure 16
1. Maximum fuel level
Important: The extra space in the tank allows
gasoline to expand. Do not fill the fuel tank
completely full.
4. Install the fuel cap securely (Figure 15).
5. Wipe up any gasoline that may have spilled.
Checking the Engine-oil Level
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Important: Use 4-cycle motor oil that meets or exceeds
the requirements for API service category SJ, SL, SM,
or higher.
Crankcase Capacity: 1.1 L (1.2 US qt)
Important: If the oil level in the crankcase is too low
or too high and you run the engine, you may damage
the engine. This type of damage is not covered by the
warranty.
Note: Use SAE 10W-30 for general use. You can use
the other viscosities shown in the chart when the average
temperature in your area is within the indicated range (Figure
17).
13
Starting and Stopping the
Engine
30
5W - 30 / 10W - 30
0
20
40
-20 -10 0
60
10
80
20
30
WARNING
100 F
If you run the engine when the mixing valves are not
adjusted as directed, the pump can direct fluid out
through the hopper and push the grate into the air.
o
40 C o
Ensure that the mixing valves are adjusted
appropriately and that the grate is tethered to the
hopper, before starting the engine.
g013375
Figure 17
1. Place the machine on a flat, level surface, and stop the
engine.
Important: Because the fluid cools the pump seal, the
pump may overheat if you run the engine without fluid
in the mixer. Do not run the engine without fluid in the
mixer.
2. Allow the engine to cool.
3. Clean around the oil dipstick.
4. Remove the oil-fill cap/dipstick and wipe the end clean
(Figure 18).
1
Starting the Engine
1. On the engine, move the throttle lever away from the
Min position, 1/3 of the way toward the Max position
(Figure 19); refer to Throttle Lever (page 10).
2
3
4
G019746
1
Figure 18
1. Fill port
3. Oil-level upper limit
2. Dipstick
4. Oil-level lower limit
2
3
G019815
Figure 19
5. Slide the dipstick fully into the fill port without
threading it into the port (Figure 18).
1. Choke lever
2. Fuel valve
6. Remove the dipstick and look at the end. If the engine
oil level is low, slowly pour only enough oil into the fill
port to raise the level to the Full mark on the dipstick
(Figure 18).
3. Throttle lever
2. Move the lever of the fuel valve to the On position—all
the way to the right (Figure 19); refer to Fuel Valve
(page 9).
Note: Toro Premium Engine Oil is available from
your Authorized Toro Dealer.
3. Position the choke lever as follows:
7. Install and secure the dipstick (Figure 18).
14
Stopping the Engine
• To start a cold engine, move the choke lever to the
Closed position—all the way to the left (Figure 19);
refer to Choke Lever (page 10).
WARNING
• To start a warm engine, move the choke lever in
In an emergency situation, stop the engine
immediately.
the Open position—all the way to the right.
4. Rotate the engine switch to the On position (Figure
19); refer to Electric-start Switch (page 10).
Important: During normal operation, if the engine
has been working hard or is hot, let it idle for a minute
before stopping the engine. This helps to cool the
engine before stopping.
1. Ensure that the choke lever is in the Off position
(Figure 19); refer to Choke Lever (page 10).
2. Move the throttle lever to the Min position (Figure 19);
refer to Throttle Lever (page 10).
3. Rotate the engine switch to the Off position; refer to
Electric-start Switch (page 10).
5. Turn the key to the Start position, and hold it there
until the engine starts (Figure 20).
If the engine does not start within 5 seconds, release
the key, and wait at least 10 seconds before operating
the starter again.
Note: Using the electric starter for more than 5
seconds at a time will overheat the starter motor and
can damage it.
Mixing the Fluid
1
2
WARNING
If you run the engine when the mixing valves are not
adjusted as directed, the pump can direct fluid out
through the hopper and push the grate into the air.
3
Ensure that the mixing valves are adjusted
appropriately and that the grate is tethered to the
hopper, before starting the engine.
4
WARNING
Drilling fluid can be very slippery. If there are
drilling-fluid components on the ground or other
surfaces, someone could slip and fall, resulting in
serious personal injury.
5
Wear slip-resistant footwear and use caution while
working in areas with drilling-fluid components.
There is a variety of materials available for creating different
types of drilling fluid. Match the drilling fluid to suit the
needs of the soil conditions, and follow the manufacturer’s
instructions that are printed on the packaging of the product.
G023982
Figure 20
1. Start position
4. Ignition switch
2. On position
5. Circuit-protector button
Note: The order in which you add the components of
the fluid is important. Follow the instructions of the
manufacturers.
1. Ensure that the grate is tethered to the hopper and that
the valves are adjusted appropriately; refer to Adjusting
the Valves (page 11).
2. Start the engine; refer to Starting the Engine (page 14).
3. Add the appropriate amount of water to the tank
through the hatch (Figure 9).
3. Off position
Note: If the choke lever is set to the Closed position to start
the engine, gradually move it back toward the Open position
as the engine warms up. If the engine stalls or hesitates, move
the choke lever back toward the Closed position until the
engine runs smooth. Allow the engine to warm up, then
move the choke lever to the Open position; refer to Choke
Lever (page 10).
If you are using water from a ditch or a pond, place a
very fine screen over the inlet of the hose to prevent
unwanted material from entering the mixing system.
15
Ensure that there is enough room for additives in the
mixing system.
1
4. Test the pH of the water. If it is below 8, add soda ash
until the pH is 8 or higher.
Note: Supplies for testing pH are available where
swimming-pool supplies are sold.
5. Slightly open the valve at the bottom of the hopper.
Note: The valve works more effectively when it is
open only slightly; it creates a vacuum effect that allows
the dry components to enter the mixer at a faster rate.
2
6. Add the appropriate amount of bentonite to the
hopper.
Note: Add the bentonite slowly to avoid clumping—1
bag in approximately 3 to 5 minutes. Open the tank
cover and look to ensure that the fluid components
are mixing correctly. If you see any clumps, add the
components at a slower rate.
3
7. After you have added the appropriate amount of
bentonite, add any polymers that the particular soil
conditions require.
8. Lastly, add any other liquids that the soil conditions
require.
G024042
9. Allow the machine to thoroughly mix the fluid for
several minutes.
Figure 21
Pumping the Fluid to the Drill
2. Open the transfer valve to allow the fluid to flow to
the drill.
Note: Keep the circulation valve open so that the fluid
continues to circulate in the mixer.
DANGER
The fluid mixer will be electrified if the hose is
attached to the drill and the drill strikes an electrical
line. Contacting the fluid mixer during an electrical
strike may cause bodily harm.
Important: Unless you are using additional equipment
to thoroughly clean the drilling fluid, do not circulate
the used fluid through the mixer. Doing so may damage
the pump.
• Ensure that the fluid-mixer frame and the tank
frame are bonded to the ground rod.
Dispose of the used drilling fluid, as well as the unused fluid
left in the tank, according to environmental regulations.
• If a strike occurs, stay away from the fluid mixer
and the drill. Do not contact the mixer until the
electrical strike has been corrected.
Draining the Tank
To drain the tank, remove the drain plug from the side of the
tank frame (Figure 9).
1. Use the transfer hose (provided) to connect the mixer
and the drill.
Dispose of the used drilling fluid, as well as the unused fluid
left in the tank, according to environmental regulations.
Note: The mixer has a male camlock fitting (Figure
21) located after the transfer valve.
Protecting the Machine from
Freezing
1. Ensure that all the valves are open.
2. Rinse the tank with clean clear water and then pump
it through the system, removing as much of the slurry
mix in the system as possible.
16
3. Drain the tank; refer to Draining the Tank (page 16).
Operating Tips
4. Drain any remaining fluid from the pump by removing
the drain plug in the bottom of the pump (Figure 22).
• Use the correct fluid formula for the situation and the
soil conditions.
• When using fluid with any polymer in it, do not over-mix
the fluid, as over-mixing can lower the viscosity of it.
Partially close the circulation valve, or decrease the engine
speed; refer to Throttle Lever (page 10).
• Some types of polymers prevent additional bentonite
from mixing with the fluid. If the fluid contains polymer
and you need more fluid, drain the mixer and make a new
batch of fluid.
G023837
• Ensure that the valves are adjusted appropriately when
1
the machine is running; refer to Adjusting the Valves
(page 11).
Figure 22
• Clean the drilling fluid out and rinse the inside of the
1. Drain plug
hoses and the tank with water to prevent the fluid from
drying up and plugging the lines.
5. To prevent the valve at the base of the hopper from
freezing around the edges, either leave the valve open
half way, or close the valve and pour an environmentally
friendly antifreeze into the hopper until about 51 mm
(2 inches) of fluid covers the valve.
• Keep the hopper inlet clean to prevent the dry mix from
mixing with rain or dew and causing a plug.
17
Maintenance
Important: Before performing any maintenance procedures, first stop the engine, wait 5 minutes to allow all moving
parts to come to a complete stop and cool, and disconnect the spark-plug wire.
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s)
Maintenance Service
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
After the first 25 hours
• Change the engine oil.
Before each use or daily
• Check the engine-oil level.
• Inspect the air-cleaner elements.
After each use
• Clean the machine.
Every 50 hours
• Clean the air-cleaner elements. Clean them more frequently in dusty operating
conditions.
Every 100 hours
•
•
•
•
•
•
Every 300 hours
• Replace the paper air-cleaner element. Replace it more frequently in dusty operating
conditions.
• Replace the spark plug.
Yearly or before storage
Lubricate the pump.
Change the engine oil.
Check the spark plug.
Clean the spark arrester.
Clean the sediment cup.
Check the battery cable connections.
• Clean the fuel sediment cup.
Important: Refer to your engine Operator's Manual for additional maintenance procedures.
18
Premaintenance
Procedures
Lubrication
Preparing the Machine for
Maintenance
Service Interval: Every 100 hours
Lubricating the Pump
Grease Type: NLGI #1 heavy-duty EP grease (Toro part
505-162)
1. Park the transport vehicle on a level surface and chock
the tires, or remove the machine from the transport
vehicle.
Use a grease gun to pump grease into the grease fitting on the
side of the pump (Figure 24).
2. Ensure that the engine and muffler are cool.
3. Turn the electric-start switch to the Off position.
Disconnecting the Spark-plug
Wire
Disconnect the spark-plug wire from the terminal of the
spark plug (Figure 23).
G023836
Figure 24
1
G019281
Figure 23
1. Spark plug
19
Engine Maintenance
1
Servicing the Air Cleaner
2
Service Interval: Before each use or daily—Inspect the
air-cleaner elements.
Every 50 hours—Clean the air-cleaner elements. Clean
them more frequently in dusty operating conditions.
3
Every 300 hours/Yearly (whichever comes
first)—Replace the paper air-cleaner element. Replace
it more frequently in dusty operating conditions.
4
Important: Do not operate the engine without the
air-filter assembly; extreme engine damage will occur.
1. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
5
2. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug; refer to
Disconnecting the Spark-plug Wire (page 19).
3. Remove the nut that secures the cover (Figure 25).
6
G019728
Figure 25
1. Cover nut
2. Cover
4. Foam element
5. Paper element
3. Wing nut
6. Base
4. Remove the cover.
Note: Be careful to prevent dirt and debris from
falling into the base.
5. Remove the foam and paper elements from the base
(Figure 25).
6. Remove the foam element from the paper element
(Figure 25).
7. Inspect the foam and paper elements, and replace them
if they are damaged or excessively dirty.
8. If the paper element is excessively dirty, replace it.
Note: Never try to brush dirt off the paper element;
brushing forces the dirt into the fibers.
9. Clean the foam element in warm, soapy water or in a
nonflammable solvent.
Note: Do not use fuel to clean the foam element
because it could create a risk of fire or explosion.
20
Draining the Engine Oil
10. Rinse and dry the foam element thoroughly.
11. Dip the foam element in clean engine oil, then squeeze
out the excess oil.
WARNING
Oil may be hot after the engine has been run, and
contact with hot oil can cause severe personal injury.
Note: Excess oil in the foam element restricts the air
flow through the element and may reach the paper
filter and clog it.
12. Wipe dirt from the base and the cover with a moist rag.
Avoid contacting the hot engine oil when you drain
it.
Note: Be careful to prevent dirt and debris from
entering the air duct leading to the carburetor.
1. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
13. Install the air-cleaner elements and ensure that they are
properly positioned.
2. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug; refer to
Disconnecting the Spark-plug Wire (page 19).
14. Securely install the cover with the nut.
3. Place a suitable receptacle under the oil-drain hole of
the engine (Figure 27).
Changing the Engine Oil
Service Interval: After the first 25 hours
Every 100 hours
Toro Premium Engine Oil is available from your Authorized
Toro Dealer.
Important: Use 4-cycle motor oil that meets or exceeds
the requirements for API service category SJ, SL, SM,
or higher.
1
Crankcase Capacity: 1.1 L (1.2 US qt)
G025148
Important: If the oil level in the crankcase is too low
or too high and you run the engine, you may damage
the engine. This type of damage is not covered by the
warranty.
Figure 27
1. Oil-drain hole
Note: Use SAE 10W-30 for general use. You can use
the other viscosities shown in the chart when the average
temperature in your area is within the indicated range (Figure
26).
4. Remove the drain plug (Figure 27).
5. When the oil has drained completely, install the drain
plug with a new washer (Figure 27).
Note: Dispose of the used oil at a certified recycling
center.
30
5W - 30 / 10W - 30
0
20
40
-20 -10 0
60
10
80
20
30
100 F
o
40 C o
g013375
Figure 26
21
Filling the Engine Crankcase with Oil
1. Remove the dipstick (Figure 28) and slowly pour oil
into the fill hole until the oil reaches the upper-limit
mark (bottom edge of the oil-fill hole) on the dipstick.
1
2
3
Figure 29
1. Spark plug
4
2. Wire
4. Clean around the spark plug.
5. Rotate the spark plug counterclockwise using a 13/16
inch (21 mm) spark-plug wrench to remove the plug
and the sealing washer (Figure 30).
G019746
Figure 28
1. Oil-fill hole
3. Oil-level upper limit
2. Dipstick
4. Oil-level lower limit
2. Replace and secure the dipstick.
3. Wipe up any spilled oil.
G019749
Servicing the Spark Plug
Figure 30
Service Interval: Every 100 hours/Every 6 months
(whichever comes first)—Check the
spark plug.
Checking the Spark Plug
Every 300 hours/Yearly (whichever comes
first)—Replace the spark plug.
Note: Use a gapping tool/feeler gauge to check and adjust
the gap. Install a new spark plug if necessary.
Type: NGK BPR6ES or equivalent
1. Look at the center of the spark plug (Figure 31). If you
see light brown or gray on the insulator, the engine is
operating properly.
Gap: 0.7 to 0.8 mm (0.028 to 0.031 inch)
Note: Use a 13/16 inch (21 mm) spark-plug wrench for
removing and installing the spark plug.
Important: Never clean the spark plug. Always
replace the spark plug when it has a black coating,
worn electrodes, an oily film, or cracks.
Removing the Spark Plug
1. Ensure that the machine is on a level surface and turn
off the engine; refer to Stopping the Engine (page 15).
2. Ensure that the machine surfaces are cool.
3. Pull the spark-plug wire off the terminal of the spark
plug (Figure 29).
22
1
2
3
Servicing the Spark Arrester
4
Cleaning the Spark Arrester
Service Interval: Every 100 hours
Note: A spark arrester is available as an option. If you
require a spark arrester, contact your Authorized Toro Service
Dealer.
Genuine Toro spark arresters are approved by the USDA
Forestry Service.
G019300
Figure 31
1. Side electrode
2. Center electrode
WARNING
3. Insulator
4. 0.7 to 0.8 mm (0.028 to
0.031 inch) gap
If the engine has been running, the muffler will be
hot.
1. Remove the 2 nuts (8 mm) and remove the muffler
from the cylinder (Figure 32).
2. Use a gapping tool for spark plugs or a feeler gauge to
measure the gap between the side electrode and center
electrode (Figure 31).
10
1
3. If the gap is not within the specified range, do the
following:
2
A. If the gap is too small, carefully bend the side
electrode away from the center electrode until
the gap between the electrodes is 0.7 to 0.8 mm
(0.028 to 0.031 inch).
B.
If the gap is too large, carefully bend the side
electrode toward the center electrode until the
gap between the electrodes is 0.7 to 0.8 mm (0.028
to 0.031 inch).
12
11
3
Installing the Spark Plug
4
Important: Ensure that the gap between the side and
center electrodes is correct before installing the spark
plug.
5
G019331
1. Thread the spark plug clockwise into the spark-plug
hole by hand.
6
7
8
9
10
Figure 32
Note: Avoid cross-threading the spark plug with the
threads of the spark-plug hole.
2. Rotate spark plug clockwise using a 13/16 inch (21
mm) spark-plug wrench until the plug and sealing
washer are seated (Figure 30).
1. Deflector (if
applicable)
5. Exhaust pipe
9. Spark arrester
2. Protector
6. Nut, 8 mm (2)
10. Screws (5 mm)
3. Screw (6 mm)
7. Gasket
11. Exhaust port
4. Muffler
8. Bolt (8 mm)
12. Screw (4 mm)
2. Remove the 3 screws (4 mm) from the exhaust
deflector and remove the deflector (Figure 32).
3. Remove the screws (5 mm and 6 mm) from the muffler
protector, and remove the muffler protector (Figure
32).
4. Remove the screw (4 mm) from the spark arrester and
remove the spark arrester from the muffler (Figure 32).
5. Use a brush to carefully remove carbon deposits from
the spark-arrester screen (Figure 33).
3. Tighten the spark plug as follows:
• When installing an in-service spark plug, tighten
the plug an additional 1/8 to 1/4 turn.
• When installing a new spark plug, tighten the plug
an additional 1/2 turn.
4. Push the spark-plug wire onto the terminal of the spark
plug (Figure 29).
Note: Replace the spark arrester if it has breaks or
holes.
23
Fuel System
Maintenance
Servicing the Fuel System
1
G019332
Cleaning the Sediment Cup
2
Figure 33
1. Screen
Service Interval: Every 100 hours/Every 6 months
(whichever comes first)—Clean the
sediment cup.
Yearly or before storage—Clean the fuel sediment cup.
2. Brush
6. Install the spark arrester, muffler protector, exhaust
deflector, and muffler in the reverse order of
disassembly.
Underneath the fuel valve is a sediment cup to catch dirt in
the fuel.
1. Ensure that the machine is on a level surface and stop
the engine; refer to Stopping the Engine (page 15).
2. Ensure that the engine and the exhaust system surfaces
are cool.
3. Move the lever of the fuel valve to the Off position, all
the way to the left (Figure 34).
4. Unscrew the sediment cup (Figure 34).
5. Remove the fuel filter and O-ring (Figure 34).
Note: Do not misplace the O-ring.
1
2
3
4
G019333
Figure 34
1. Fuel valve (Off)
3. Fuel filter
2. O-ring
4. Sediment cup
6.
7.
8.
9.
24
Note: Do not clean the O-ring in solvent.
Clean the fuel filter and sediment cup using a
nonflammable solvent, and dry it carefully.
Wipe the O-ring with a clean, dry cloth.
Install the fuel filter in the bottom of the carburetor
(Figure 34).
Align the O-ring in to the groove in the sediment cup
and install the sediment cup to fuel valve housing.
Electrical System
Maintenance
10. Move the lever of the fuel valve to the On position (all
the way to the right) and check for leaks. If it leaks,
replace the O-ring.
Inspecting and Replacing the
Fuse
The engine has a fuse (Figure 35) that protects the
electric-starter relay circuit and the battery-charging circuit.
If the fuse burns out, the electric starter will not work. You
can still start the engine with the recoil-start handle, but the
engine will not charge the battery.
1
2
3
4
5
G023983
Figure 35
1. Fuse cap
4. Screw
2. Engine-switch housing
5. Fuse
3. Rear cover
1. Remove the screw from the rear cover of the housing
behind the electric-start switch.
2. Remove the rear cover.
3. Remove the fuse cap, then remove and inspect the fuse.
If the fuse is burnt out, discard it and install a new
fuse with the same rating; refer to the engine owner’s
manual.
Important: Do not use a fuse with a rating higher
than the original fuse; serious damage to the
electrical system or a fire could result.
4. Install the rear cover, and secure it with the screw.
25
Replacing the Battery
Charging the Battery
1. Remove the cover of the battery box.
WARNING
2. Disconnect the negative (black) ground cable from the
battery post.
Charging the battery produces gases that can
explode, seriously injuring you or bystanders.
WARNING
Never smoke near the battery, and keep sparks and
flames away from the battery.
Incorrect battery cable routing could damage
the machine and cables, causing sparks.
Sparks can cause the battery gases to explode,
resulting in personal injury.
Important: Always keep the battery fully charged. This
is especially important to prevent battery damage when
the temperature is below 0°C (32°F).
• Always disconnect the negative (black)
battery cable before disconnecting the
positive (red) cable.
1. Charge the battery for 10 to 15 minutes at 25 to 30
amps, or 30 minutes at 10 amps.
2. When the battery is fully charged, unplug the charger
from the electrical outlet, and disconnect the charger
leads from the battery posts (Figure 36).
• Always connect the positive (red) battery
cable before connecting the negative
(black) cable.
3. Install the battery in the machine and connect the
battery cables; refer to Replacing the Battery (page 26).
WARNING
Important: Do not run the machine with the
battery disconnected; electrical damage may
occur.
Battery terminals or metal tools could short
against metal machine components, causing
sparks. Sparks can cause the battery gases to
explode, resulting in personal injury.
• When removing or installing the battery,
do not allow the battery terminals to touch
any metal parts of the machine.
• Do not allow metal tools to short between
the battery terminals and metal parts of
the machine.
3. Remove the positive (red) battery cable.
4. Remove the battery.
5. Place the new battery in the tray.
Figure 36
1. Positive battery post
3. Red (+) charger lead
2. Negative battery post
4. Black (-) charger lead
6. Install the positive (red) battery cable to the positive
(+) battery terminal, and tighten the nut onto the bolt.
7. Install the negative (black) ground cable to the negative
(-) battery terminal, and tighten the nut onto the bolt.
If the battery no longer holds a charge, replace it; refer to
Replacing the Battery (page 26).
8. Install the cover of the battery box, and secure it with
the strap.
Recycle the old battery at an authorized facility.
26
Checking and Cleaning the
Battery
Cleaning
Cleaning the Machine
Service Interval: Every 100 hours—Check the battery cable
connections.
Regular cleaning and washing will increase the life span of
the machine. Clean the machine after each use, before the
dirt hardens.
Keep the top of the battery clean. If the machine is stored in
a location where temperatures are extremely high, the battery
will discharge more rapidly than if the machine is stored in
a cooler location.
Ensure that the fuel-tank cap and oil cap/dipstick are secure
to avoid getting water in the engine.
Keep the top of the battery clean by washing it with a brush
dipped in ammonia or a solution of sodium bicarbonate.
Flush the top surface with water after cleaning. Do not
remove the fill cap while cleaning the battery.
Use care when using a high-pressure sprayer, because it can
damage warning decals, instruction signs, and the engine.
The battery cables must be tight on the terminals to provide
good electrical contact.
If corrosion occurs at the battery terminals, disconnect the
cables, negative (-) cable first, and scrape the clamps and
terminals separately. Connect the cables, positive (+) cable
first, and coat the terminals with petroleum jelly.
27
Storage
Note: Do not install the wire on the spark plug.
10. Grease the machine; refer to Lubricating the Pump
(page 19).
Storing the Machine
11. Check and tighten all bolts, nuts, and screws. Repair or
replace any part that is damaged.
For storage over 30 days, prepare the machine as follows:
1. Remove dirt and grime from the external parts of the
entire machine, especially the engine. Clean dirt and
debris from the outside of the engine cylinder-head
fins and the blower housing.
12. Paint all scratched or bare metal surfaces. Paint is
available from your Authorized Toro Dealer.
13. Store the machine in a clean, dry garage or storage area.
14. Cover the machine to protect it and keep it clean.
Important: You can wash the machine with mild
detergent and water.
2. If necessary, protect the machine from freezing; refer
to Protecting the Machine from Freezing (page 16).
3. Drain the tank; refer to Draining the Tank (page 16).
4. Condition the fuel system as follows:
A. Add a petroleum-based stabilizer/conditioner to
fuel in the tank. Follow the mixing instructions
from the stabilizer manufacturer. Do not use an
alcohol-based stabilizer (ethanol or methanol).
Important: Do not store
stabilizer/conditioned fuel over 90 days.
Note: Fuel stabilizer/conditioner is most
effective when mixed with fresh fuel and used at
all times.
B.
Run the engine for 5 minutes to distribute the
conditioned fuel through the fuel system.
C.
Stop the engine, allow it to cool, and drain the
fuel tank using a pump-type siphon. Dispose of
fuel properly; recycle it according to local codes.
D.
Start the engine and run it until it stops.
E. Choke the engine.
F.
Start and run the engine until it will not start again.
5. Clean the sediment cup; refer to Cleaning the Sediment
Cup (page 24).
6. Service the air cleaner; refer to Servicing the Air
Cleaner (page 20).
7. Change the engine crankcase oil; refer to Changing the
Engine Oil (page 21).
8. Remove the spark plug and check the condition; refer
to Servicing the Spark Plug (page 22).
9. Condition the engine as follows:
A. Remove the spark plug and pour 2 tablespoons
of engine oil into the spark-plug hole; refer to
Servicing the Spark Plug (page 22).
B.
Pull the recoil-start handle slowly to crank the
engine and distribute the oil inside the cylinder.
C.
Install the spark plug; refer to Servicing the Spark
Plug (page 22).
28
Troubleshooting
Problem
The engine does not start.
Possible Cause
1. The fuel-valve lever is in the Off
position.
1. Move the fuel-valve lever to the On
position.
2. The choke is closed.
2. Open the choke when starting a hot
engine.
3. Close the choke when starting a cold
engine.
4. Rotate the switch to the On position.
3. The choke is open.
4. The engine On/Off switch is in the Off
position.
5. The engine oil level is low (engines
with the oil-level switch).
6. The fuel tank is empty.
7. The engine contains bad/old fuel.
8. The spark plug is fouled or improperly
gapped.
9. The spark plug is wet with fuel (flooded
engine).
10. The spark-plug wire is loose or
disconnected.
The engine lacks power or runs rough.
5. Fill the engine, with the recommended
oil, to the proper level.
6. Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel.
7. Drain the fuel tank and carburetor.
Refuel with fresh gasoline.
8. Gap or replace the spark plug.
9. Remove the spark plug, dry it, and
install the plug. Start the engine with
the throttle in the Max position.
10. Disconnect the spark-plug wire, clean
the spark-plug terminal and the terminal
socket in the boot of the spark-plug
wire, and connect the spark-plug wire.
1. The air filter is restricted.
1. Clean or replace the air filter element(s).
2. The engine contains bad/old fuel.
2. Drain the fuel tank and carburetor. Fill
the fuel tank with fresh fuel.
3. Drain the fuel tank and carburetor. Fill
the fuel tank with fresh fuel.
4. Clean the fuel filter and sediment cup.
5. Open the choke.
6. Check the electrode gap and adjust or
replace the spark plug.
7. Drain the oil to the proper level.
3. There is water or contamination in the
fuel.
4. The fuel line is restricted.
5. The choke is closed.
6. The spark plug is worn or has buildup
on the electrodes.
7. There is too much oil in the engine
crankcase.
The fluid does not circulate at full
efficiency.
Corrective Action
1. The pump inlet is clogged.
29
1. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
Notes:
30
Notes:
31
Underground
Equipment
The Toro Underground Warranty
A Limited Warranty
Conditions and Products Covered
The Toro Company and its affiliate, Toro Warranty Company, pursuant
to an agreement between them, jointly warrant your Toro Underground
Equipment (“Product”) to be free from defects in materials or workmanship.
Where a warrantable condition exists, we will repair the Product
at no cost to you including diagnostics, labor, and parts.
The following warranty applies from the date the Product is delivered to
the original retail purchaser or rental owner.
Products
RT600, RT1200, DD2024, and
DD4045
All Other Engine Powered Base
Units and Fluid Mixers
All Serialized Attachments
Rock Hammer
Engines
Warranty Period
2 years or 1500 operating hours,
whichever occurs first
1 year or 1000 operating hours,
whichever occurs first
1 year
6 months
Through engine manufacturers:
2 years or 2000 operating hours,
whichever occurs first
Instructions for Obtaining Warranty Service
You are responsible for notifying the Underground Dealer from whom you
purchased the Product as soon as you believe a warrantable condition
exists. If you need help locating a Underground Dealer, or if you have
questions regarding your warranty rights or responsibilities, you may
contact us at:
Toro Customer Care
Toro Warranty Company
8111 Lyndale Avenue South
filters, lights, bulbs, belts, tracks or tires, digging teeth, digging booms,
digging, drive, or track chains, track pads, drive sprockets, idlers,
rollers, blades, cutting edges, or other ground engaging components.
•
Failures caused by outside influence. Conditions considered to be
outside influence include, but are not limited to, weather, storage
practices, contamination, use of unapproved fuels, coolants,
lubricants, additives, water, or chemicals, etc.
•
Failure or performance issues due to the use of fuels (e.g. gasoline,
diesel, or biodiesel) that do not conform to their respective industry
standards.
•
•
Normal noise, vibration, wear and tear, and deterioration.
•
Normal “wear and tear” includes, but is not limited to, damage to seats
due to wear or abrasion, worn painted surfaces, scratched decals, etc.
Hauling expenses, travel time, mileage, or overtime associated with
transporting product to the authorized Toro dealer.
Parts
Parts scheduled for replacement as required maintenance in the
Operator’s Manual,are warranted for the period of time up to the scheduled
replacement time for that part. Parts replaced under this warranty are
covered for the duration of the original product warranty and become the
property of Toro. Toro will make the final decision whether to repair any
existing part or assembly or replace it. Toro may use remanufactured
parts for warranty repairs.
Maintenance is at Owner’s Expense
Bloomington, MN 55420-1196
Toll Free at 855-493-0088 (U.S. Customers)
1-952-948-4318 (International Customers)
Owner Responsibilities
As the Product owner, you are responsible for required maintenance
and adjustments stated in your Operator's Manual. Failure to perform
required maintenance and adjustments can be grounds for disallowing a
warranty claim.
Items and Conditions Not Covered
Not all product failures or malfunctions that occur during the warranty
period are defects in materials or workmanship. This warranty does not
cover the following:
•
Product failures which result from the use of non-Toro replacement
parts, or from installation and use of add-on, or modified non-Toro
branded accessories and products. A separate warranty may be
provided by the manufacturer of these items.
•
Product failures which result from failure to perform recommended
maintenance and/or adjustments. Failure to properly maintain your
Toro product per the Recommended Maintenance listed in the
Operator’s Manual can result in claims for warranty being denied.
•
Product failures which result from operating the Product in an
abusive, negligent, or reckless manner.
•
Parts subject to consumption through use unless found to be
defective. Examples of parts which are consumed, or used up, during
normal Product operation include, but are not limited to: brakes,
Engine tune-up, lubrication, cleaning and polishing, replacement of filters,
coolant, and completing recommended maintenance are some of the
normal services Toro products require that are at the owner’s expense.
General Conditions
Repair by an Authorized Toro Underground Dealer is your sole remedy
under this warranty.
Neither The Toro Company nor Toro Warranty Company is liable for
indirect, incidental or consequential damages in connection with the
use of the Toro Products covered by this warranty, including any
cost or expense of providing substitute equipment or service during
reasonable periods of malfunction or non-use pending completion
of repairs under this warranty. Except for the Emissions warranty
referenced below, if applicable, there is no other express warranty.
All implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for use are
limited to the duration of this express warranty.
Some states do not allow exclusions of incidental or consequential
damages, or limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the
above exclusions and limitations may not apply to you. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from state to state.
Note regarding engine warranty:
The Emissions Control System on your Product may be covered by
a separate warranty meeting requirements established by the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and/or the California Air
Resources Board (CARB). The hour limitations set forth above do not
apply to the Emissions Control System Warranty. Refer to the Engine
Emission Control Warranty Statement supplied with your product or
contained in the engine manufacturer’s documentation for details.
Countries Other than the United States or Canada
Customers who have purchased Toro products exported from the United States or Canada should contact their Toro Distributor (Dealer) to obtain
guarantee policies for your country, province, or state. If for any reason you are dissatisfied with your Underground Dealer’s service or have difficulty
obtaining guarantee information, contact the Toro importer.
Australian Consumer Law: Australian customers will find details relating to the Australian Consumer Law either inside the box or at your local Toro
Dealer.
374-0292 Rev A
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